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Teks -- 2 Samuel 12:1-31 (NET)

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Konteks
Nathan the Prophet Confronts David
12:1 So the Lord sent Nathan to David. When he came to David, Nathan said, “There were two men in a certain city, one rich and the other poor. 12:2 The rich man had a great many flocks and herds. 12:3 But the poor man had nothing except for a little lamb he had acquired. He raised it, and it grew up alongside him and his children. It used to eat his food, drink from his cup, and sleep in his arms. It was just like a daughter to him. 12:4 “When a traveler arrived at the rich man’s home, he did not want to use one of his own sheep or cattle to feed the traveler who had come to visit him. Instead, he took the poor man’s lamb and cooked it for the man who had come to visit him.” 12:5 Then David became very angry at this man. He said to Nathan, “As surely as the Lord lives, the man who did this deserves to die! 12:6 Because he committed this cold-hearted crime, he must pay for the lamb four times over!” 12:7 Nathan said to David, “You are that man! This is what the Lord God of Israel says: ‘I chose you to be king over Israel and I rescued you from the hand of Saul. 12:8 I gave you your master’s house, and put your master’s wives into your arms. I also gave you the house of Israel and Judah. And if all that somehow seems insignificant, I would have given you so much more as well! 12:9 Why have you shown contempt for the word of the Lord by doing evil in my sight? You have struck down Uriah the Hittite with the sword and you have taken his wife as your own! You have killed him with the sword of the Ammonites. 12:10 So now the sword will never depart from your house. For you have despised me by taking the wife of Uriah the Hittite as your own!’ 12:11 This is what the Lord says: ‘I am about to bring disaster on you from inside your own household! Right before your eyes I will take your wives and hand them over to your companion. He will have sexual relations with your wives in broad daylight! 12:12 Although you have acted in secret, I will do this thing before all Israel, and in broad daylight.’” 12:13 Then David exclaimed to Nathan, “I have sinned against the Lord!” Nathan replied to David, “Yes, and the Lord has forgiven your sin. You are not going to die. 12:14 Nonetheless, because you have treated the Lord with such contempt in this matter, the son who has been born to you will certainly die.” 12:15 Then Nathan went to his home. The Lord struck the child that Uriah’s wife had borne to David, and the child became very ill. 12:16 Then David prayed to God for the child and fasted. He would even go and spend the night lying on the ground. 12:17 The elders of his house stood over him and tried to lift him from the ground, but he was unwilling, and refused to eat food with them. 12:18 On the seventh day the child died. But the servants of David were afraid to inform him that the child had died, for they said, “While the child was still alive he would not listen to us when we spoke to him. How can we tell him that the child is dead? He will do himself harm!” 12:19 When David saw that his servants were whispering to one another, he realized that the child was dead. So David asked his servants, “Is the child dead?” They replied, “Yes, he’s dead.” 12:20 So David got up from the ground, bathed, put on oil, and changed his clothes. He went to the house of the Lord and worshiped. Then, when he entered his palace, he requested that food be brought to him, and he ate. 12:21 His servants said to him, “What is this that you have done? While the child was still alive, you fasted and wept. Once the child was dead you got up and ate food!” 12:22 He replied, “While the child was still alive, I fasted and wept because I thought, ‘Perhaps the Lord will show pity and the child will live. 12:23 But now he is dead. Why should I fast? Am I able to bring him back? I will go to him, but he cannot return to me!’” 12:24 So David comforted his wife Bathsheba. He went to her and had marital relations with her. She gave birth to a son, and David named him Solomon. Now the Lord loved the child 12:25 and sent word through Nathan the prophet that he should be named Jedidiah for the Lord’s sake.
David’s Forces Defeat the Ammonites
12:26 So Joab fought against Rabbah of the Ammonites and captured the royal city. 12:27 Joab then sent messengers to David, saying, “I have fought against Rabbah and have captured the water supply of the city. 12:28 So now assemble the rest of the army and besiege the city and capture it. Otherwise I will capture the city and it will be named for me.” 12:29 So David assembled all the army and went to Rabbah and fought against it and captured it. 12:30 He took the crown of their king from his head– it was gold, weighed about seventy-five pounds, and held a precious stone– and it was placed on David’s head. He also took from the city a great deal of plunder. 12:31 He removed the people who were in it and made them do hard labor with saws, iron picks, and iron axes, putting them to work at the brick kiln. This was his policy with all the Ammonite cities. Then David and all the army returned to Jerusalem.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Ammonites the tribe/nation of people descended from Ben-Ammi, Lot's son,Territory of the tribe/nation of Ammon
 · Bathsheba daughter of Shua the Canaanite; wife of Judah,daughter of Ammiel/Eliam; the wife David took from Uriah
 · David a son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel,son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel
 · Hittite a person/people living in the land of Syro-Palestine
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Jedidiah son of David
 · Jerusalem the capital city of Israel,a town; the capital of Israel near the southern border of Benjamin
 · Joab son of Zeruiah, David's sister; commander of King David's army,son of Seraiah son of Kenaz of Judah; grand nephew of Caleb of Moses' time,a man whose descendants returned from exile in Babylon,ancestor of a family group who returned from exile headed by Obadiah the son of Jehiel
 · Judah the son of Jacob and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,a tribe, the land/country,a son of Joseph; the father of Simeon; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Jacob/Israel and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,the tribe of Judah,citizens of the southern kingdom of Judah,citizens of the Persian Province of Judah; the Jews who had returned from Babylonian exile,"house of Judah", a phrase which highlights the political leadership of the tribe of Judah,"king of Judah", a phrase which relates to the southern kingdom of Judah,"kings of Judah", a phrase relating to the southern kingdom of Judah,"princes of Judah", a phrase relating to the kingdom of Judah,the territory allocated to the tribe of Judah, and also the extended territory of the southern kingdom of Judah,the Province of Judah under Persian rule,"hill country of Judah", the relatively cool and green central highlands of the territory of Judah,"the cities of Judah",the language of the Jews; Hebrew,head of a family of Levites who returned from Exile,a Levite who put away his heathen wife,a man who was second in command of Jerusalem; son of Hassenuah of Benjamin,a Levite in charge of the songs of thanksgiving in Nehemiah's time,a leader who helped dedicate Nehemiah's wall,a Levite musician who helped Zechariah of Asaph dedicate Nehemiah's wall
 · Nathan a son of David; the father of Mattatha; an ancestor of Jesus.,son of David and Bathsheba,brother of Joel in David's army; a prophet,father of Igal, one of David's military elite; a man from Zobah,father of Azariah and Zabud, priestly officials of King Solomon,son of Attai of Judah,brother of Joel, one of David's military elite,one of the leaders Ezra sent to Iddo to ask for recruits,a layman of the Binnui Clan who put away his heathen wife
 · Rabbah a town; the capital of the nation of Ammon. It is now called Amman, the capital of Jordan.,a town in the hill country of Judah
 · Saul the sixth king of Edom,son of Simeon and a Canaanite woman,son of Uzziah of Kohath son of Levi
 · Solomon the tenth son of David; the father of Rehoboam; an ancestor of Jesus; the third king of Israel.,son of David and Bath-Sheba; successor of King David
 · Uriah the husband of Bathsheba with whom David committed adultery,a Hittite man who was one of David's military elite,the high priest who served under King Ahaz of Judah,father of Meremoth the priest who received the temple vessels,a man who stood with Ezra when he read the law to the assembly,son of Shemaiah from Kiriath-Jearim


Topik/Tema Kamus: David | SAMUEL, BOOKS OF | Nathan | Solomon | HEAD | GESTURE | PROPHECY; PROPHETS, 2 | SALVATION | URIAH | NATHAN (1) | Rabbah | Minister | SIN (1) | Reproof | Bereavement | Repentance | FAST; FASTING | Fasting | BATH-SHEBA | Parents | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , PBC , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
Maclaren , MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: 2Sa 12:1 - The Lord sent When the ordinary means did not awaken David to repentance, God takes an extraordinary course. Thus the merciful God pities and prevents him who had s...

When the ordinary means did not awaken David to repentance, God takes an extraordinary course. Thus the merciful God pities and prevents him who had so horribly forsaken God.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:1 - He said He prudently ushers in his reproof with a parable, after the manner of the eastern nations, that so he might surprize David, and cause him unawares to...

He prudently ushers in his reproof with a parable, after the manner of the eastern nations, that so he might surprize David, and cause him unawares to give sentence against himself.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:2 - Many flocks Noting David's many wives and concubines.

Noting David's many wives and concubines.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:3 - Bought As men then used to buy their wives: or, had procured.

As men then used to buy their wives: or, had procured.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:5 - Is worthy to die This seems to be more than the fact deserved, or than he had commission to inflict for it, Exo 22:1. But it is observable, that David now when he was ...

This seems to be more than the fact deserved, or than he had commission to inflict for it, Exo 22:1. But it is observable, that David now when he was most indulgent to himself, and to his own sin, was most severe and even unjust to others; as appears by this passage, and the following relation, 2Sa 12:31, which was done in the time of David's impenitent continuance in his sin.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:7 - Thus saith the Lord God Nathan now speaks, not as a petitioner for a poor man, but as an ambassador from the great God.

Nathan now speaks, not as a petitioner for a poor man, but as an ambassador from the great God.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:9 - To be thy wife To marry her whom he had defiled, and whose husband he had slain, was an affront upon the ordinance of marriage, making that not only to palliate, but...

To marry her whom he had defiled, and whose husband he had slain, was an affront upon the ordinance of marriage, making that not only to palliate, but in a manner to consecrate such villainies. In all this he despised the word of the Lord; (so it is in the Hebrew.) Not only his commandment in general, but the particular word of promise, which God had before sent him by Nathan, that he would build him an house: which sacred promise if he had had a due value for, he would not have polluted his house with lust and blood.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:10 - Never depart During the residue of thy life.

During the residue of thy life.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:11 - Own house From thy own children and family.

From thy own children and family.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:11 - Thine eyes Openly, so that thou shalt know it as certainly as if thou didst see it, and yet not be able to hinder it.

Openly, so that thou shalt know it as certainly as if thou didst see it, and yet not be able to hinder it.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:11 - And give them I shall by my providence, give him power over them.

I shall by my providence, give him power over them.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:11 - Neighbor To one who is very near thee. But God expresseth this darkly, that the accomplishment of it might not be hindered.

To one who is very near thee. But God expresseth this darkly, that the accomplishment of it might not be hindered.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:13 - I have sinned How serious this confession was, we may see, Psa. 51:1-19.

How serious this confession was, we may see, Psa. 51:1-19.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:13 - Put away thy sin That is, so far as concerns thy own life.

That is, so far as concerns thy own life.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:13 - Not die As by thy own sentence, 2Sa 12:5, thou dost deserve, and may expect to be done by my immediate stroke.

As by thy own sentence, 2Sa 12:5, thou dost deserve, and may expect to be done by my immediate stroke.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:16 - Besought Supposing the threatening might be conditional, and so the execution of it prevented by prayer.

Supposing the threatening might be conditional, and so the execution of it prevented by prayer.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:16 - Went Into his closet.

Into his closet.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:17 - Elders The chief officers of his kingdom and household.

The chief officers of his kingdom and household.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:17 - He would not This excessive mourning did not proceed simply from the fear of the loss of the child; but from a deep sense of his sin, and the divine displeasure ma...

This excessive mourning did not proceed simply from the fear of the loss of the child; but from a deep sense of his sin, and the divine displeasure manifested herein.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:18 - Seventh day From the beginning of the distemper.

From the beginning of the distemper.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:20 - And came That is, to the tabernacle, to confess his sin before the Lord, to own his justice in this stroke, to deprecate his just displeasure, to acknowledge G...

That is, to the tabernacle, to confess his sin before the Lord, to own his justice in this stroke, to deprecate his just displeasure, to acknowledge God's rich mercy, in sparing his own life; and to offer such sacrifices as were required in such cases.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:23 - I fast Seeing fasting and prayer cannot now prevail with God for his life.

Seeing fasting and prayer cannot now prevail with God for his life.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:23 - I shall go to him Into the state of the dead in which he is, and into heaven, where I doubt not I shall find him.

Into the state of the dead in which he is, and into heaven, where I doubt not I shall find him.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:24 - His wife Who was now much dejected, both for her former sin, and for the loss of the child.

Who was now much dejected, both for her former sin, and for the loss of the child.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:24 - Loved him That is, the Lord declared to David, that he loved his son, notwithstanding the just cause David had given to God to alienate his affections from him.

That is, the Lord declared to David, that he loved his son, notwithstanding the just cause David had given to God to alienate his affections from him.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:25 - Jedidiah That is, beloved of the Lord.

That is, beloved of the Lord.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:25 - Because Either, because of the Lord's love to him, or because the Lord commanded him to do so.

Either, because of the Lord's love to him, or because the Lord commanded him to do so.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:26 - Royal city That is, that part of the city where was the king's palace; though now it seems he was retired to a strong fort.

That is, that part of the city where was the king's palace; though now it seems he was retired to a strong fort.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:27 - Of waters Rabbah was so called because it was encompassed with water.

Rabbah was so called because it was encompassed with water.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:28 - Take it For having taken one part of the city, he concluded the remaining part of it could not long stand out.

For having taken one part of the city, he concluded the remaining part of it could not long stand out.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:28 - Lest Lest I have the honour of taking it.

Lest I have the honour of taking it.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:30 - The weight Or rather, the price whereof, &c. For the same words both in Hebrew, Greek and Latin, are used, to signify either weight, or price. And the addition o...

Or rather, the price whereof, &c. For the same words both in Hebrew, Greek and Latin, are used, to signify either weight, or price. And the addition of precious stones, which are never valued by the weight of gold, makes this signification most probable. Moreover, the weight might seem too great either for the king of Ammon, or for David to wear it upon his head.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:31 - The people The words are indefinite, and therefore not necessarily to be understood of all the people; but of the men of war, and especially of those who had bee...

The words are indefinite, and therefore not necessarily to be understood of all the people; but of the men of war, and especially of those who had been the chief actors of that villainous action against David's ambassadors, and of the dreadful war ensuing upon it; for which, they deserved severe punishments. Altho' indeed there seems to have been too much rigour used; especially, because these deaths were inflicted not only upon those counsellors, who were the only authors of that vile usage of the ambassadors; but upon some number of the people. And therefore it is probable, David exercised this cruelty whilst his heart was hardened, and impenitent; and when he was bereaved of that good spirit of God, which would have taught him more mercy.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:31 - Saws He sawed them to death of which punishment, we have examples both in scripture, and in other authors.

He sawed them to death of which punishment, we have examples both in scripture, and in other authors.

Wesley: 2Sa 12:31 - Brick kiln - Or, made them to pass through the furnace of Malchen: that is, of Moloch; punishing them with their own sin, and with the same kind of punishme...

kiln - Or, made them to pass through the furnace of Malchen: that is, of Moloch; punishing them with their own sin, and with the same kind of punishment which they had inflicted upon their own children.

JFB: 2Sa 12:1 - the Lord sent Nathan unto David The use of parables is a favorite style of speaking among Oriental people, especially in the conveyance of unwelcome truth. This exquisitely pathetic ...

The use of parables is a favorite style of speaking among Oriental people, especially in the conveyance of unwelcome truth. This exquisitely pathetic parable was founded on a common custom of pastoral people who have pet lambs, which they bring up with their children, and which they address in terms of endearment. The atrocity of the real, however, far exceeded that of the fictitious offense.

JFB: 2Sa 12:5 - the man that hath done this thing shall surely die This punishment was more severe than the case deserved, or than was warranted by the divine statute (Exo 22:1). The sympathies of the king had been de...

This punishment was more severe than the case deserved, or than was warranted by the divine statute (Exo 22:1). The sympathies of the king had been deeply enlisted, his indignation aroused, but his conscience was still asleep; and at the time when he was most fatally indulgent to his own sins, he was most ready to condemn the delinquencies and errors of others.

JFB: 2Sa 12:7 - Nathan said to David, Thou art the man These awful words pierced his heart, aroused his conscience, and brought him to his knees. The sincerity and depth of his penitent sorrow are evinced ...

These awful words pierced his heart, aroused his conscience, and brought him to his knees. The sincerity and depth of his penitent sorrow are evinced by the Psalms he composed (Psa 32:1-11; Psa. 51:1-19; Psa. 103:1-22). He was pardoned, so far as related to the restoration of the divine favor. But as from his high character for piety, and his eminent rank in society, his deplorable fall was calculated to do great injury to the cause of religion, it was necessary that God should testify His abhorrence of sin by leaving even His own servant to reap the bitter temporal fruits. David was not himself doomed, according to his own view of what justice demanded (2Sa 12:5); but he had to suffer a quadruple expiation in the successive deaths of four sons, besides a lengthened train of other evils.

JFB: 2Sa 12:8 - I gave thee thy master's house, and thy master's wives The phraseology means nothing more than that God in His providence had given David, as king of Israel, everything that was Saul's. The history furnish...

The phraseology means nothing more than that God in His providence had given David, as king of Israel, everything that was Saul's. The history furnishes conclusive evidence that he never actually married any of the wives of Saul. But the harem of the preceding king belongs, according to Oriental notions, as a part of the regalia to his successor.

JFB: 2Sa 12:11 - I will raise up evil against thee out of thine own house, &c. The prophet speaks of God threatening to do what He only permitted to be done. The fact is, that David's loss of character by the discovery of his cri...

The prophet speaks of God threatening to do what He only permitted to be done. The fact is, that David's loss of character by the discovery of his crimes, tended, in the natural course of things, to diminish the respect of his family, to weaken the authority of his government, and to encourage the prevalence of many disorders throughout his kingdom.

JFB: 2Sa 12:15-23 - the Lord struck the child . . . and it was very sick The first visible chastisement inflicted on David appeared on the person of that child which was the evidence and monument of his guilt. His domestics...

The first visible chastisement inflicted on David appeared on the person of that child which was the evidence and monument of his guilt. His domestics were surprised at his conduct, and in explanation of its singularity, it is necessary to remark that the custom in the East is to leave the nearest relative of a deceased person to the full and undisturbed indulgence of his grief, till on the third or fourth day at farthest (Joh 11:17). Then the other relatives and friends visit him, invite him to eat, lead him to a bath, and bring him a change of dress, which is necessary from his having sat or lain on the ground. The surprise of David's servants, then, who had seen his bitter anguish while the child was sick, arose apparently from this, that when he found it was dead, he who had so deeply lamented arose of himself from the earth, without waiting for their coming to him, immediately bathed and anointed himself, instead of appearing as a mourner, and after worshiping God with solemnity, returned to his wonted repast, without any interposition of others.

JFB: 2Sa 12:24-25 - Bath-sheba . . . bare a son, and he called his name Solomon That is, "peaceable." But Nathan gave him the name of Jedediah, by command of God, or perhaps only as an expression of God's love. This love and the n...

That is, "peaceable." But Nathan gave him the name of Jedediah, by command of God, or perhaps only as an expression of God's love. This love and the noble gifts with which he was endowed, considering the criminality of the marriage from which he sprang, is a remarkable instance of divine goodness and grace.

JFB: 2Sa 12:26 - Joab fought against Rabbah The time during which this siege lasted, since the intercourse with Bath-sheba, and the birth of at least one child, if not two, occurred during the p...

The time during which this siege lasted, since the intercourse with Bath-sheba, and the birth of at least one child, if not two, occurred during the progress of it, probably extended over two years.

JFB: 2Sa 12:27 - the city of waters Rabbah, like Aroer, was divided into two parts--one the lower town, insulated by the winding course of the Jabbok, which flowed almost round it, and t...

Rabbah, like Aroer, was divided into two parts--one the lower town, insulated by the winding course of the Jabbok, which flowed almost round it, and the upper and stronger town, called the royal city. "The first was taken by Joab, but the honor of capturing so strongly a fortified place as the other was an honor reserved for the king himself."

JFB: 2Sa 12:28 - encamp against the city, and take it It has always been characteristic of Oriental despots to monopolize military honors; and as the ancient world knew nothing of the modern refinement of...

It has always been characteristic of Oriental despots to monopolize military honors; and as the ancient world knew nothing of the modern refinement of kings gaining victories by their generals, so Joab sent for David to command the final assault in person. A large force was levied for the purpose. David without much difficulty captured the royal city and obtained possession of its immense wealth.

JFB: 2Sa 12:28 - lest I take the city, and it be called after my name The circumstance of a city receiving a new name after some great person, as Alexandria, Constantinople, Hyderabad, is of frequent occurrence in the an...

The circumstance of a city receiving a new name after some great person, as Alexandria, Constantinople, Hyderabad, is of frequent occurrence in the ancient and modern history of the East.

JFB: 2Sa 12:30 - he took their king's crown from off his head While the treasures of the city were given as plunder to his soldiers, David reserved to himself the crown, which was of rarest value. Its great weigh...

While the treasures of the city were given as plunder to his soldiers, David reserved to himself the crown, which was of rarest value. Its great weight makes it probable that it was like many ancient crowns, not worn, but suspended over the head, or fixed on a canopy on the top of the throne.

JFB: 2Sa 12:30 - the precious stones Hebrew, "stone"; was a round ball composed of pearls and other jewels, which was in the crown, and probably taken out of it to be inserted in David's ...

Hebrew, "stone"; was a round ball composed of pearls and other jewels, which was in the crown, and probably taken out of it to be inserted in David's own crown.

JFB: 2Sa 12:31 - he brought forth the people . . . and put them under saws, &c. This excessive severity and employment of tortures, which the Hebrews on no other occasion are recorded to have practised, was an act of retributive j...

This excessive severity and employment of tortures, which the Hebrews on no other occasion are recorded to have practised, was an act of retributive justice on a people who were infamous for their cruelties (1Sa 11:2; Amo 1:13).

Clarke: 2Sa 12:1 - There were two men in one city There were two men in one city - See a discourse on fables at the end of Jdg 9:56 (note), and a discourse on parabolic writing at the end of the thi...

There were two men in one city - See a discourse on fables at the end of Jdg 9:56 (note), and a discourse on parabolic writing at the end of the thirteenth chapter of Matthew

There is nothing in this parable that requires illustration; its bent is evident; and it was construed to make David, unwittingly, pass sentence on himself. It was in David’ s hand, what his own letters were in the hands of the brave but unfortunate Uriah.

Clarke: 2Sa 12:3 - And lay in his bosom And lay in his bosom - This can only mean that this lamb was what we call a pet or favourite in the family, else the circumstance would be very unna...

And lay in his bosom - This can only mean that this lamb was what we call a pet or favourite in the family, else the circumstance would be very unnatural, and most likely would have prevented David from making the application which he did, as otherwise it would have appeared absurd. It is the only part of this parable which is at variance with nature and fact.

Clarke: 2Sa 12:5 - The man - shall surely die The man - shall surely die - Literally בן מות ben maveth , "he is a son of death,"a very bad man, and one who deserves to die. But the law did...

The man - shall surely die - Literally בן מות ben maveth , "he is a son of death,"a very bad man, and one who deserves to die. But the law did not sentence a sheep-stealer to death; let us hear it: If a man steal an ox or a sheep, he shall restore Five Oxen for an ox, and Four Sheep for a sheep, Exo 22:1; and hence David immediately says, He shall restore the lamb Fourfold.

Clarke: 2Sa 12:7 - Thou art the man Thou art the man - What a terrible word! And by it David appears to have been transfixed, and brought into the dust before the messenger of God Thou...

Thou art the man - What a terrible word! And by it David appears to have been transfixed, and brought into the dust before the messenger of God

Thou Art this son of death, and thou shalt restore this lamb Fourfold. It is indulging fancy too much to say David was called, in the course of a just Providence to pay this fourfold debt? to lose four sons by untimely deaths, viz., this son of Bath-sheba, on whom David had set his heart, was slain by the Lord; Amnon, murdered by his brother Absalom; Absalom, slain in the oak by Joab; and Adonijah, slain by the order of his brother Solomon, even at the altar of the Lord! The sword and calamity did not depart from his house, from the murder of wretched Amnon by his brother to the slaughter of the sons of Zedekiah, before their father’ s eyes, by the king of Babylon. His daughter was dishonored by her own brother, and his wives contaminated publicly by his own son! How dreadfully, then, was David punished for his sin! Who would repeat his transgression to share in its penalty? Can his conduct ever be an inducement to, or an encouragement in, sin? Surely, No. It must ever fill the reader and the hearer with horror. Behold the goodness and severity of God! Reader, lay all these solemn things to heart.

Clarke: 2Sa 12:8 - Thy master’ s wives into thy bosom Thy master’ s wives into thy bosom - Perhaps this means no more than that he had given him absolute power over every thing possessed by Saul; a...

Thy master’ s wives into thy bosom - Perhaps this means no more than that he had given him absolute power over every thing possessed by Saul; and as it was the custom for the new king to succeed even to the wives and concubines, the whole harem of the deceased king, so it was in this case; and the possession of the wives was a sure proof that he had got all regal rights. But could David, as the son-in-law of Saul, take the wives of his father-in-law? However, we find delicacy was seldom consulted in these cases; and Absalom lay with his own father’ s wives in the most public manner, to show that he had seized on the kingdom, because the wives of the preceding belonged to the succeeding king, and to none other.

Clarke: 2Sa 12:9 - Thou hast killed Uriah Thou hast killed Uriah - Thou art the Murderer, as having planned his death; the sword of the Ammonites was Thy instrument only.

Thou hast killed Uriah - Thou art the Murderer, as having planned his death; the sword of the Ammonites was Thy instrument only.

Clarke: 2Sa 12:11 - I will take thy wives I will take thy wives - That is, In the course of my providence I will permit all this to be done. Had David been faithful, God, by his providence, ...

I will take thy wives - That is, In the course of my providence I will permit all this to be done. Had David been faithful, God, by his providence, would have turned all this aside; but now, by his sin, he has made that providence his enemy which before was his friend.

Clarke: 2Sa 12:13 - The Lord - hath put away thy sin The Lord - hath put away thy sin - Many have supposed that David’ s sin was now actually pardoned, but this is perfectly erroneous; David, as a...

The Lord - hath put away thy sin - Many have supposed that David’ s sin was now actually pardoned, but this is perfectly erroneous; David, as an adulterer, was condemned to death by the law of God; and he had according to that law passed sentence of death upon himself. God alone, whose law that was could revoke that sentence, or dispense with its execution; therefore Nathan, who had charged the guilt home upon his conscience, is authorized to give him the assurance that he should not die a temporal death for it: The Lord hath put away thy sin; thou shalt not die. This is all that is contained in the assurance given by Nathan: Thou shalt not die that temporal death; thou shalt be preserved alive, that thou mayest have time to repent, turn to God, and find mercy. If the fifty-first Psalm, as is generally supposed, was written on this occasion, then it is evident (as the Psalm must have been written after this interview) that David had not received pardon for his sin from God at the time he composed it; for in it he confesses the crime in order to find mercy

There is something very remarkable in the words of Nathan: The Lord also hath Put Away thy sin; thou shalt not die; גם יהוה העביר חטאתך לא תמות gam Yehovah heebir chattathecha lo thamuth , Also Jehovah Hath Caused thy sin To Pass Over, or transferred thy sin; Thou shalt not die. God has transferred the legal punishment of this sin to the child; He shall die, Thou shalt not die; and this is the very point on which the prophet gives him the most direct information: The child that is born unto thee shall Surely die; מות ימות moth yamuth , dying he shall die - he shall be in a dying state seven days, and then he shall die. So God immediately struck the child, and it was very sick.

Clarke: 2Sa 12:16 - David - besought God for the child David - besought God for the child - How could he do so, after the solemn assurance that he had from God that the child should die? The justice of G...

David - besought God for the child - How could he do so, after the solemn assurance that he had from God that the child should die? The justice of God absolutely required that the penalty of the law should be exacted; either the father or the son shall die. This could not be reversed.

Clarke: 2Sa 12:20 - David arose from the earth, and washed David arose from the earth, and washed - Bathing, anointing the body, and changing the apparel, are the first outward signs among the Hindoos of com...

David arose from the earth, and washed - Bathing, anointing the body, and changing the apparel, are the first outward signs among the Hindoos of coming out of a state of mourning or sickness.

Clarke: 2Sa 12:22 - Who can tell Who can tell - David, and indeed all others under the Mosaic dispensation, were so satisfied that all God’ s threatenings and promises were con...

Who can tell - David, and indeed all others under the Mosaic dispensation, were so satisfied that all God’ s threatenings and promises were conditional, that even in the most positive assertions relative to judgments, etc., they sought for a change of purpose. And notwithstanding the positive declaration of Nathan, relative to the death of the child, David sought for its life, not knowing but that might depend on some unexpressed condition, such as earnest prayer, fasting, humiliation, etc., and in these he continued while there was hope. When the child died, he ceased to grieve, as he now saw that this must be fruitless. This appears to be the sole reason of David’ s importunity.

Clarke: 2Sa 12:23 - I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me - It is not clear whether David by this expressed his faith in the immortality of the soul; going t...

I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me - It is not clear whether David by this expressed his faith in the immortality of the soul; going to him may only mean, I also shall die, and be gathered to my fathers, as he is. But whether David expressed this or not, we know that the thing is true; and it is one of the most solid grounds of consolation to surviving friends that they shall by and by be joined to them in a state of conscious existence. This doctrine has a very powerful tendency to alleviate the miseries of human life and reconcile us to the death of most beloved friends. And were we to admit the contrary, grief, in many cases, would wear out its subject before it wore out itself. Even the heathens derived consolation from the reflection that they should meet their friends in a state of conscious existence. And a saying in Cicero De Senectute, which he puts in the mouth of Cato of Utica, has been often quoted, and is universally admired: -

O praelarum diem, cum ad illud divinum animorum concilium coetumque proficiscar, cumque ex hac turba et colluvione discedam! Proficiscar enim non ad eos solum viros de quibus ante dixi; sed etiam ad Catonem meum quo nemo vir melior natus est, nemo pietate praestantior: cujus a me corpus crematum est; quod contra decuit ab illo meum. Animus vero non me deserens, sed respectans, in ea profecto loca discessit, quo mihi ipsi cernebat esse veniendum: quem ego meum catum fortiter ferre visus sum: non quod aequo animo ferrem: sed me ipse consolabar, existimans, non longinquum inter nos digressum et discessum fore . Cato Major, De Senectute, in fin

"O happy day, (says he), when I shall quit this impure and corrupt multitude, and join myself to that divine company and council of souls who have quitted the earth before me! There I shall find, not only those illustrious personages to whom I have spoken, but also my Cato, who I can say was one of the best men ever born, and whom none ever excelled in virtue and piety. I have placed his body on that funeral pyre whereon he ought to have laid mine. But his soul has not left me; and, without losing sight of me, he has only gone before into a country where he saw I should soon rejoin him. This my lot I seem to bear courageously; not indeed that I do bear it with resignation, but I shall comfort myself with the persuasion that the interval between his departure and mine will not be long.

And we well know who has taught us not to sorrow as those without hope for departed friends.

Clarke: 2Sa 12:24 - David comforted Bath-sheba David comforted Bath-sheba - His extraordinary attachment to this beautiful woman was the cause of all his misfortunes

David comforted Bath-sheba - His extraordinary attachment to this beautiful woman was the cause of all his misfortunes

Clarke: 2Sa 12:24 - He called his name Solomon He called his name Solomon - This name seems to have been given prophetically, for שלמה sholomah signifies peaceable, and there was almost un...

He called his name Solomon - This name seems to have been given prophetically, for שלמה sholomah signifies peaceable, and there was almost uninterrupted peace during his reign.

Clarke: 2Sa 12:25 - Called - Jedidiah Called - Jedidiah - ידידיה, literally, the beloved of the Lord. This is the first instance I remember of a minister of God being employed to ...

Called - Jedidiah - ידידיה, literally, the beloved of the Lord. This is the first instance I remember of a minister of God being employed to give a name to the child of one of his servants. But it is strange that the name given by the father was that alone which prevailed.

Clarke: 2Sa 12:26 - And took the royal city And took the royal city - How can this be, when Joab sent to David to come to take the city, in consequence of which David did come and take that ci...

And took the royal city - How can this be, when Joab sent to David to come to take the city, in consequence of which David did come and take that city? The explanation seems to be this: Rabbah was composed of a city and citadel; the former, in which was the king’ s residence, Joab had taken, and supposed he could soon render himself master of the latter, and therefore sends to David to come and take it, lest, he taking the whole, the city should be called after his name.

Clarke: 2Sa 12:27 - And have taken the city of waters And have taken the city of waters - The city where the tank or reservoir was that supplied the city and suburbs with water. Some think that the orig...

And have taken the city of waters - The city where the tank or reservoir was that supplied the city and suburbs with water. Some think that the original, לכדתי את עיר המים lachadti eth ir hammayim , should be translated I have intercepted, or cut off, the waters of the city: and Houbigant translates the place, et aquas ab urbe jam derivavi ; "And I have already drawn off the waters from the city."This perfectly agrees with the account in Josephus, who says των τε ὑδατων αυτους αποτεμνομενος, having cut off their waters, Antiq., lib. vii., cap. 7. This was the reason why David should come speedily, as the citadel, deprived of water, could not long hold out.

Clarke: 2Sa 12:30 - The weight whereof was a talent of gold The weight whereof was a talent of gold - If this talent was only seven pounds, as Whiston says, David might have carried it on his head with little...

The weight whereof was a talent of gold - If this talent was only seven pounds, as Whiston says, David might have carried it on his head with little difficulty; but this weight, according to common computation, would amount to more than one hundred pounds

If, however, משקלה mishkalah be taken for the value, not the weight then all is plain as the worth of the crown will be about £5075 15s. 7d. sterling. Now this seems to be the true sense, because of the added words with the precious stones; i.e., the gold of the crown, and the jewels with which it was adorned, were equal in value to a talent of gold.

Clarke: 2Sa 12:31 - He brought forth the people He brought forth the people - And put them under saws. From this representation a great cry has been raised against "David’ s unparalleled, if ...

He brought forth the people - And put them under saws. From this representation a great cry has been raised against "David’ s unparalleled, if not diabolic, cruelty."I believe this interpretation was chiefly taken from the parallel place, 1Ch 20:3, where it is said, he cut them with saws, and with axes, etc. Instead of וישר vaiyasar , he sawed, we have here (in Samuel) וישם vaiyasem , he put them; and these two words differ from each other only in a part of a single letter, ר resh for ם mem . And it is worthy of remark, that instead of וישר vaiyasar , he sawed, in 1Ch 20:3, six or seven MSS. collated by Dr. Kennicott have וישם vaiyasem , he put them; nor is there found any various reading in all the MSS. yet collated for the text in this chapter, that favors the common reading in Chronicles. The meaning therefore is, He made the people slaves, and employed them in sawing, making iron harrows, or mining, (for the word means both), and in hewing of wood, and making of brick. Sawing asunder, hacking, chopping, and hewing human beings, have no place in this text, no more than they had in David’ s conduct towards the Ammonites

It is surprising, and a thing to be deplored, that in this and similar cases our translators had not been more careful to sift the sense of the original words by which they would have avoided a profusion of exceptionable meanings with which they have clothed many passages of the sacred writings. Though I believe our translation to be by far the best in any language, ancient or modern, yet I am satisfied it stands much in need of revision. Most of the advantages which our unbelievers have appeared to have over certain passages of Scripture, have arisen from an inaccurate or false translation of the terms in the original; and an appeal to this has generally silenced the gainsayers. But in the time in which our translation was made, Biblical criticism was in its infancy, if indeed it did exist; and we may rather wonder that we find things so well, than be surprised that they are no better.

Defender: 2Sa 12:6 - fourfold David's pronouncement of a "fourfold" restoration against Nathan's hypothetical sinner came back on his own house. First there was the death of his ch...

David's pronouncement of a "fourfold" restoration against Nathan's hypothetical sinner came back on his own house. First there was the death of his child (2Sa 12:18); then came the rape of his virgin daughter Tamar by her half-brother Amnon (2Sa 13:1, 2Sa 13:14). This led to Amnon's vengeful murder by Tamar's brother Absalom (2Sa 13:28-29). Fourth was the treason and death of Absalom (2Sa 18:9, 2Sa 18:14). David was greatly blessed by God, but even the most godly of men, particularly if they are in positions of influence, cannot enter into such flagrant willful sin as David did without also receiving divine chastening."

Defender: 2Sa 12:13 - sinned against the Lord All sin is ultimately against the Lord, though many others may be hurt as well. In addition to the murder of Uriah and the tragic consequences in Davi...

All sin is ultimately against the Lord, though many others may be hurt as well. In addition to the murder of Uriah and the tragic consequences in David's own family, he had "given great occasion to the enemies of the Lord to blaspheme" (2Sa 12:14). Nevertheless, his attitude of confession and repentance is the God-ordained route to forgiveness and restoration (1Jo 1:9; Psa 32:1-5)."

Defender: 2Sa 12:23 - shall go to him David's infant son, dead before he was able to discern right from wrong, was safe in Christ, together with the departed spirits of all who had died in...

David's infant son, dead before he was able to discern right from wrong, was safe in Christ, together with the departed spirits of all who had died in true faith, resting in "Abraham's bosom" (Luk 16:22) and awaiting the coming of the promised Savior. David thus was confident he would be with his child in the ages to come, after the great resurrection day. He knew that he himself would "dwell in the house of the Lord forever" (Psa 23:6) and so would his infant son."

Defender: 2Sa 12:26 - Rabbah Rabbah was the chief city of the Ammonites, and it is today the city of Amman, capital of Jordan, a city of almost a million people."

Rabbah was the chief city of the Ammonites, and it is today the city of Amman, capital of Jordan, a city of almost a million people."

Defender: 2Sa 12:31 - pass through "Pass through" should be read as "cross over to." This verse is not describing a cruel genocide of the Ammonites, for they continued as a distinct and...

"Pass through" should be read as "cross over to." This verse is not describing a cruel genocide of the Ammonites, for they continued as a distinct and relatively strong nation for at least several centuries after David. However, he did place them under forced hard labor, wielding saws and axes, working the kilns, etc. The parallel passage in 1Ch 20:3 should also be understood in this way, with the verb "cut" understood as "vanquished.""

TSK: 2Sa 12:1 - the Lord // unto David // he came // There were am 2970, bc 1034, An, Ex, Is, 457 the Lord : 2Sa 7:1-5, 2Sa 24:11-13; 1Ki 13:1, 1Ki 18:1; 2Ki 1:3 unto David : 2Sa 11:10-17, 2Sa 11:25, 2Sa 14:14; Isa...

am 2970, bc 1034, An, Ex, Is, 457

the Lord : 2Sa 7:1-5, 2Sa 24:11-13; 1Ki 13:1, 1Ki 18:1; 2Ki 1:3

unto David : 2Sa 11:10-17, 2Sa 11:25, 2Sa 14:14; Isa 57:17, Isa 57:18

he came : Psa 51:1 *title

There were : There is nothing in this parable which requires illustration. Its bent is evident; and it was wisely constructed, by not having too near a resemblance, to make David unwittingly pass sentence on himself. The parable was in David’ s hand what his own letter was in the hands of the brave Uriah. Nathan at length closed in with him in the application of it. In beginning with a parable he shewed his prudence, and great need there is of prudence in giving reproof; but now he speaks as an ambassador from God. He reminds David of the great things God had designed and done for him, and then charges him with a high contempt of the Divine authority, and threatens an entail of judgments upon his family for this sin. Those who despise the word and law of God, despise God himself, and will assuredly suffer for such contempt. 2Sa 14:5-11; Jdg 9:7-15; 1Ki 20:35-41; Isa 5:1-7; Mat 21:33-45; Luke 15:11-32, Luk 16:19-31

TSK: 2Sa 12:2 - exceeding exceeding : 2Sa 12:8, 2Sa 3:2-5, 2Sa 5:13-16, 2Sa 15:16; Job 1:3

TSK: 2Sa 12:3 - one little // meat // lay in his one little : 2Sa 11:3; Pro 5:18, Pro 5:19 meat : Heb. morsel lay in his : Deu 13:6; Mic 7:5

one little : 2Sa 11:3; Pro 5:18, Pro 5:19

meat : Heb. morsel

lay in his : Deu 13:6; Mic 7:5

TSK: 2Sa 12:4 - a traveller // took the a traveller : Gen 18:2-7; Jam 1:14 took the : 2Sa 11:3, 2Sa 11:4

a traveller : Gen 18:2-7; Jam 1:14

took the : 2Sa 11:3, 2Sa 11:4

TSK: 2Sa 12:5 - David’ s // As the Lord // shall surely die David’ s : Gen 38:24; 1Sa 25:21, 1Sa 25:22; Luk 6:41, Luk 6:42, Luk 9:55; Rom 2:1 As the Lord : 1Sa 14:39 shall surely die : or, is worthy to die...

David’ s : Gen 38:24; 1Sa 25:21, 1Sa 25:22; Luk 6:41, Luk 6:42, Luk 9:55; Rom 2:1

As the Lord : 1Sa 14:39

shall surely die : or, is worthy to die, Heb. is a son of death, 1Sa 20:31, 1Sa 26:16 *marg.

TSK: 2Sa 12:6 - restore // because restore : Exo 22:1; Pro 6:31; Luk 19:8 because : Jam 2:13

restore : Exo 22:1; Pro 6:31; Luk 19:8

because : Jam 2:13

TSK: 2Sa 12:7 - Thou art // I anointed // I delivered Thou art : 1Sa 13:13; 1Ki 18:18, 1Ki 21:19, 1Ki 21:20; Mat 14:14 I anointed : 2Sa 7:8; 1Sa 15:17, 1Sa 16:13 I delivered : 2Sa 22:1, 2Sa 22:49; 1Sa 18:...

TSK: 2Sa 12:8 - thy master’ s wives // gave thee // I would thy master’ s wives : 2Sa 12:11; 1Ki 2:22 gave thee : 2Sa 2:4, 2Sa 5:5; 1Sa 15:19 I would : 2Sa 7:19; Psa 84:11, Psa 86:15; Rom 8:32

thy master’ s wives : 2Sa 12:11; 1Ki 2:22

gave thee : 2Sa 2:4, 2Sa 5:5; 1Sa 15:19

I would : 2Sa 7:19; Psa 84:11, Psa 86:15; Rom 8:32

TSK: 2Sa 12:9 - despised // to do evil // thou hast despised : 2Sa 12:10, 2Sa 11:4, 2Sa 11:14-17; Gen 9:5, Gen 9:6; Exo 20:13, Exo 20:14; Num 15:30, Num 15:31; 1Sa 15:19, 1Sa 15:23; Isa 5:24; Amo 2:4; H...

TSK: 2Sa 12:10 - the sword // because // hast taken the sword : 2Sa 13:28, 2Sa 13:29, 2Sa 18:14, 2Sa 18:15, 2Sa 18:33; 1Ki 2:23-25; Amo 7:9; Mat 26:52 because : Num 11:20; 1Sa 2:30; Mal 1:6, Mal 1:7; Ma...

TSK: 2Sa 12:11 - I will raise // I will take I will raise : 2Sa 13:1-14, 2Sa 13:28, 2Sa 13:29, 2Sa 15:6, 2Sa 15:10 I will take : That is, in the course of my providence I will permit this to be d...

I will raise : 2Sa 13:1-14, 2Sa 13:28, 2Sa 13:29, 2Sa 15:6, 2Sa 15:10

I will take : That is, in the course of my providence I will permit this to be done. Such phrases in Scripture do not mean that God either does or can do evil himself; but only that he permits such evil to be done as he foresaw would be done, and which, had he pleased, he might have prevented. 2Sa 16:21, 2Sa 16:22; Deu 28:30; Eze 14:9, Eze 20:25, Eze 20:26; Hos 4:13, Hos 4:14

TSK: 2Sa 12:12 - secretly secretly : 2Sa 11:4, 2Sa 11:8, 2Sa 11:13, 2Sa 11:15; Ecc 12:14; Luk 12:1, Luk 12:2; 1Co 4:5

TSK: 2Sa 12:13 - David // I have sinned // The Lord // thou David : 1Sa 15:20, 1Sa 15:24; 1Ki 13:4, 1Ki 21:20, 1Ki 22:8; 2Ki 1:9; 2Ch 16:10, 2Ch 24:20-22; 2Ch 25:16; Mat 14:3-5, Mat 14:10 I have sinned : 2Sa 24...

TSK: 2Sa 12:14 - by this deed // the child by this deed : Neh 5:9; Psa 74:10; Isa 52:5; Eze 36:20-23; Mat 18:7; Rom 2:24 the child : Psa 89:31-33, Psa 94:12; Pro 3:11, Pro 3:12; Amo 3:2; 1Co 11...

TSK: 2Sa 12:15 - struck the child struck the child : Deu 32:39; 1Sa 25:38, 1Sa 26:10; 2Ki 15:5; 2Ch 13:20; Psa 104:29; Act 12:23

TSK: 2Sa 12:16 - besought // fasted // lay all night besought : 2Sa 12:22; Psa 50:15; Isa 26:16; Joe 2:12-14; Jon 3:9 fasted : Heb. fasted a fast, Est 4:16; Psa 69:10; Isa 22:12; Act 9:9 lay all night : ...

besought : 2Sa 12:22; Psa 50:15; Isa 26:16; Joe 2:12-14; Jon 3:9

fasted : Heb. fasted a fast, Est 4:16; Psa 69:10; Isa 22:12; Act 9:9

lay all night : 2Sa 13:31; Job 20:12-14

TSK: 2Sa 12:17 - the elders the elders : 2Sa 3:35; 1Sa 28:23

the elders : 2Sa 3:35; 1Sa 28:23

TSK: 2Sa 12:18 - seventh day seventh day : vex, Heb. do hurt to, 2Sa 12:18; Num 20:15

seventh day : vex, Heb. do hurt to, 2Sa 12:18; Num 20:15

TSK: 2Sa 12:20 - arose // anointed // the house arose : Job 1:20, Job 2:10; Psa 39:9; Lam 3:39-41 anointed : Rth 3:3; Ecc 9:8 the house : 2Sa 6:17, 2Sa 7:18; Job 1:20

TSK: 2Sa 12:21 - What thing What thing : 1Co 2:15

What thing : 1Co 2:15

TSK: 2Sa 12:22 - I fasted I fasted : Isa 38:1-3, Isa 38:5; Joe 1:14, Joe 2:14; Amo 5:15; Jon 1:6, Jon 3:9, Jon 3:10; Jam 4:9, Jam 4:10

TSK: 2Sa 12:23 - I shall go // he shall not I shall go : Gen 37:35; Job 30:23; Luk 23:43 he shall not : Job 7:8-10

I shall go : Gen 37:35; Job 30:23; Luk 23:43

he shall not : Job 7:8-10

TSK: 2Sa 12:24 - she bare am 2971, bc 1033, An, Ex, Is, 458 she bare : 2Sa 7:12; 1Ch 3:5, 1Ch 22:9, 1Ch 22:10, 1Ch 28:5, 1Ch 28:6, 1Ch 29:1; Mat 1:6

am 2971, bc 1033, An, Ex, Is, 458

she bare : 2Sa 7:12; 1Ch 3:5, 1Ch 22:9, 1Ch 22:10, 1Ch 28:5, 1Ch 28:6, 1Ch 29:1; Mat 1:6

TSK: 2Sa 12:25 - Nathan // Jedidiah Nathan : 2Sa 12:1-14, 2Sa 7:4; 1Ki 1:11, 1Ki 1:23 Jedidiah : that is, Beloved of the Lord, Neh 13:26; Mat 3:17, Mat 17:5

Nathan : 2Sa 12:1-14, 2Sa 7:4; 1Ki 1:11, 1Ki 1:23

Jedidiah : that is, Beloved of the Lord, Neh 13:26; Mat 3:17, Mat 17:5

TSK: 2Sa 12:26 - Joab // Rabbah Joab : 2Sa 11:25; 1Ch 20:1 Rabbah : Rabbah, or Rabbath-Ammon, also called Philadelphia, from Ptolemy Philadelphus, king of Egypt, was situated east of...

Joab : 2Sa 11:25; 1Ch 20:1

Rabbah : Rabbah, or Rabbath-Ammon, also called Philadelphia, from Ptolemy Philadelphus, king of Egypt, was situated east of Jordan, and, according to Eusebius, ten miles east from Jazer. It is sometimes mentioned as belonging to Arabia, sometimes to Coelo-Syria; and was one of the cities of the Decapolis east of Jordan. Josephus extends the region of Perea as far as Philadelphia. It is now, says Burckhardt, called Amman, distant about 19 miles to the se by e of Szalt, and lies along the banks of a river called Moiet Amman, which has its source in a pond, at a few hundred paces from the south-western end of the town, and empties itself in the Zerka, or Jabbok, about four hours to the northward. This river runs in a valley bordered on both sides by barren hills of flint, which advance on the south side close to the edge of the stream. The edifices which still remain, though in a decaying state, from being built of a calcareous stone of moderate hardness, sufficiently attest the former greatness and splendour of this metropolis of the children of Ammon.

TSK: 2Sa 12:27 - Rabbah // the city of waters Rabbah : 2Sa 11:1; Deu 3:11; Eze 21:20 the city of waters : Probably that part of the city situated near the pond, from which the rest received their ...

Rabbah : 2Sa 11:1; Deu 3:11; Eze 21:20

the city of waters : Probably that part of the city situated near the pond, from which the rest received their water.

TSK: 2Sa 12:28 - it be called after my name it be called after my name : Heb. my name be called upon it, Joh 7:18

it be called after my name : Heb. my name be called upon it, Joh 7:18

TSK: 2Sa 12:30 - took // the weight // in great abundance took : 1Ch 20:2 the weight : If this talent was only seven pounds, as Whiston says, David might have carried it on his head with little difficulty; bu...

took : 1Ch 20:2

the weight : If this talent was only seven pounds, as Whiston says, David might have carried it on his head with little difficulty; but this weight, according to common computation, would amount to nearly 114 pounds! Some, therefore, think, that mishkelah should be taken for its value, not weight; which renders it perfectly plain, as the worth of the crown will be about 5,074£, 15s, 7d sterling. The ancients mention several such large crowns, made more for sight than use. Atheneus describes a crown of gold that was 24 feet in circumference; and mentions others that were two, some four, and others five feet deep. Pliny takes notice of some that were no less than eight pounds weight. Besides the crown usually worn, it was customary for kings, in some nations, to have such large ones as described, either hung or supported over the throne, where they sat at their coronation or other solemn occasions.

in great abundance : Heb. very great

TSK: 2Sa 12:31 - and put them and put them : Rather, as the particle ב frequently signifies, ""And he put them to saws, and to harrows, and to axes,""etc., as we say, to put a p...

and put them : Rather, as the particle ב frequently signifies, ""And he put them to saws, and to harrows, and to axes,""etc., as we say, to put a person to the plough, to the anvil, to the last, etc. 1Ch 20:3, Also, 2Sa 8:2; Psa 21:8, Psa 21:9; Amo 1:3

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Poole: 2Sa 12:1 - Nathan Nathan the prophet, 2Sa 7:2 1Ki 1:8 . When the ordinary means did not awaken David to repentance, God useth an extraordinary course. Thus the mercif...

Nathan the prophet, 2Sa 7:2 1Ki 1:8 . When the ordinary means did not awaken David to repentance, God useth an extraordinary course. Thus the merciful God pities and prevents him who had so horribly forsaken and forgotten God.

Nathan prudently ushereth in his reproof with a parable, after the manner of the eastern nations and ancient times, that so he might surprise David, and cause him unawares to give sentence against himself. He manageth his relation as if it had been a real thing; and demands the king’ s justice in the case. Though the application of this parable to David be easy and obvious, yet it matters not if some circumstances be not so applicable; because it was fit to put in some such clauses, either for the decency of the parable, or that David might not too early discover his designs.

Poole: 2Sa 12:2 - -- Noting David’ s many wives and concubines.

Noting David’ s many wives and concubines.

Poole: 2Sa 12:3 - The poor man had nothing, save one little ewe lamb The poor man had nothing, save one little ewe lamb designing Uriah, with his own and only wife. Which he had bought; as men then used to buy their wi...

The poor man had nothing, save one little ewe lamb designing Uriah, with his own and only wife. Which he had bought; as men then used to buy their wives; or, had procured. Lay in his bosom; which David might take for hyperbolical expressions of his tender care of and affection to it; although there want not instances of some who have treated such brute creatures in this manner.

Poole: 2Sa 12:4 - A traveller A traveller: this some make to be the devil, whom David gratified by his sin; but it rather seems added for the decency of the parable.

A traveller: this some make to be the devil, whom David gratified by his sin; but it rather seems added for the decency of the parable.

Poole: 2Sa 12:5 - -- This seems to be more than the fact deserved, or than he had commission to inflict for it, Exo 22:1 . But it is observable, that David now, when he ...

This seems to be more than the fact deserved, or than he had commission to inflict for it, Exo 22:1 . But it is observable, that David now, when he was most indulgent to himself, and to his own sin, was most severe to others; as appears by this passage and the following relation, 2Sa 12:31 , which was done in the time of David’ s impenitent continuance in his sin.

Poole: 2Sa 12:7 - Thou art the man Thou art the man thou hast committed this crime with great aggravations; and out of thine own mouth thy sentence hath proceeded, and thou art worthy ...

Thou art the man thou hast committed this crime with great aggravations; and out of thine own mouth thy sentence hath proceeded, and thou art worthy of death.

Poole: 2Sa 12:8 - Thy master’ s wives Thy master’ s wives or, women , as that word is elsewhere used; as Num 31:18 . And though we read not a word of God’ s giving, or of David...

Thy master’ s wives or, women , as that word is elsewhere used; as Num 31:18 . And though we read not a word of God’ s giving, or of David’ s taking, any of Saul’ s wives into his bosom; or, which is all one, into his bed; yet (which I think to be aimed at here) it might be according to the manner of that time, that the wives and concubines of the precedent king belonged to the successor, to be at least at his dispose. And to pretend to them, was interpreted little less than pretending to the crown; which made it fatal to Adonijah to ask Abishag, 1Ki 2:23 ; and to Abner to be suspected for Rizpah, 2Sa 3:8 . And Absalom, usurping the crown, usurped the concubines also; which is looked on as a crime unpardonable, 2Sa 16:21 . Nor would this have been reckoned amongst the mercies and blessings which God here is said to give him, and which are opposed to that which he sinfully took. But we do read, that Merab, Saul’ s daughter, was given to him for his wife by Saul’ s promise, and consequently by God’ s grant; though afterwards Saul perfidiously gave her to another man; and that Michal, the other daughter, was actually given to him, 1Sa 18 . And it is very possible that some other of David’ s wives were nearly related to the house of Saul; whereby David might design to enlarge and strengthen his interest in the kingdom; although there is no absolute necessity of restraining this to Saul, seeing the word is plural, masters, and may belong to others also, who sometimes were owned by David as his masters, lords, or superiors, such as Nabal was, and some others not elsewhere named might be, whose houses and wives, or, at least, women, God might give to David. Such and such things; such other things as thou hadst wanted, or in reason desired.

Poole: 2Sa 12:9 - The commandment of the Lord // Uriah the Hittite // Hast taken his wife to be thy wife // Hast slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon The commandment of the Lord i. e. those laws of God which forbade thee to do this thing, by not giving them that respect and observance which they de...

The commandment of the Lord i. e. those laws of God which forbade thee to do this thing, by not giving them that respect and observance which they deserved.

Uriah the Hittite that valiant, and generous, and noble person.

Hast taken his wife to be thy wife: this he mentions amongst his other sins; partly because he had rewarded her, who by God’ s law should have been severely punished; partly because he compassed this marriage by wicked practices, even by Uriah’ s murder, and for sinful ends, even for the gratification of his inordinate and sensual lusts, and for the concealment of that sin which he was obliged to confess and lament.

Hast slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon those cursed enemies of God, and of his people, whom thou hast encouraged and hardened in their idolatry, by giving up him and others of God’ s people into their hands. And note here, that although David did not kill Uriah himself, nor command any to do it; but only that he should be put upon dangerous service (which a general of an army oft doth to soldiers under him, on justifiable accounts, without being therefore legally chargeable with murder, though the person so employed die in the service); yet in God’ s account, who judged of David’ s design therein, it is justly so reputed. And therefore, though the Ammonites slew Uriah, yet David is said to have killed him with their sword.

Poole: 2Sa 12:10 - Shall never depart from thine house Shall never depart from thine house during the residue of thy life; as appears from the following history.

Shall never depart from thine house during the residue of thy life; as appears from the following history.

Poole: 2Sa 12:11 - I will raise up evil // Out of thine own house // Before thine eyes // Give them // Unto thy neighbour // In the sight of the sun I will raise up evil to wit, the evil of punishment. Out of thine own house from thy own children and family. Before thine eyes i. e. openly, so ...

I will raise up evil to wit, the evil of punishment.

Out of thine own house from thy own children and family.

Before thine eyes i. e. openly, so as thou shalt know it as certainly as if thou didst see it, and yet not be able to hinder it.

Give them i.e. I shall by my providence give him power over them, which I know he will abuse; and I shall not restrain him from so doing, either by my grace or providence.

Unto thy neighbour to one who is very near to thee, even thy beloved son Absalom. But God expresseth this here darkly and doubtfully, that the accomplishment of it might not be hindered.

In the sight of the sun in the open day, and in a public place. The accomplishment hereof, see 2Sa 16:22 .

Poole: 2Sa 12:12 - I will do this thing I will do this thing i.e. I will execute this judgment. This God did by inclining David’ s heart to leave his concubines to keep his house, and ...

I will do this thing i.e. I will execute this judgment. This God did by inclining David’ s heart to leave his concubines to keep his house, and so to come into Absalom’ s power; by giving up Ahithophel to his own carnal policy, which readily suggested to him that wicked and desperate counsel; and by exposing Absalom to these temptations, and leaving him to his own vicious inclinations, which God certainly knew would in such circumstances produce that effect. So the sin was wholly from men, but the ordering and overruling their mistakes and miscarriages to this end was from God.

Poole: 2Sa 12:13 - I have sinned against the Lord // The Lord also hath put away thy sin // Thou shalt not die I have sinned against the Lord I now freely confess that sin which I have hitherto so wickedly smothered; and I have deserved all these and far heavi...

I have sinned against the Lord I now freely confess that sin which I have hitherto so wickedly smothered; and I have deserved all these and far heavier judgments for it; and I am more troubled for my sin against my sovereign Lord and gracious God, than for the shame and punishment that follow it. How serious and pathetical this confession was, we may see, Ps 51 .

The Lord also hath put away thy sin i.e. so far as concerns thy own life and eternal salvation; both which were forfeited by this sin.

Thou shalt not die as by thy own sentence, 2Sa 12:5 , thou didst deserve, and as thou mightest expect to do by my immediate stroke; though possibly thou mightest elude the law before a human judicature, or there be no superior to execute the law upon thee.

Poole: 2Sa 12:14 - To blaspheme // The child shall surely die To blaspheme i. e. to reproach both God and his people, and the true religion. For though these were not concerned in David’ s sin, the blame an...

To blaspheme i. e. to reproach both God and his people, and the true religion. For though these were not concerned in David’ s sin, the blame and shame of which should have been appropriated to him; yet heathens and wicked men would, according to their own evil minds and malicious hearts, fasten the reproach of this upon God and religion; as if God were unholy, because the man after God’ s own heart was so; and partial, in conniving at so great a crime, when Saul was cast off for a far less sin; and negligent in the government of the world, and of his church, in suffering such a wickedness as even heathens have abhorred to go unpunished; and as if all religion were but hypocrisy and imposture, and a pretence for villainies. Besides, the Ammonites, upon their success against Uriah and his party, did doubtless magnify and praise their idols, and blaspheme the God of Israel.

The child shall surely die which, considering his affection to it, and the punishment threatened to the poor innocent infant for his sake, must needs be grievous to him.

Poole: 2Sa 12:15 - The Lord struck the child The Lord struck the child with some sudden and dangerous distemper.

The Lord struck the child with some sudden and dangerous distemper.

Poole: 2Sa 12:16 - David besought God for the child // Went in David besought God for the child supposing the threatening might be conditional, and so the execution of it prevented by prayer. Went in to wit, in...

David besought God for the child supposing the threatening might be conditional, and so the execution of it prevented by prayer.

Went in to wit, into his closet, as Mat 6:6 , to pray solitarily and earnestly, as he had done with others. Or this word may only note his progress and continuance in the actions here expressed.

Poole: 2Sa 12:17 - The elders of his house The elders of his house the chief officers of his kingdom and household who were there present. This excessive mourning did not proceed simply from ...

The elders of his house the chief officers of his kingdom and household who were there present.

This excessive mourning did not proceed simply from the fear of the loss of the child; but from a deep sense of his sin, and from the Divine displeasure manifested herein; and particularly from a just apprehension of the injury which he had done to the child by his sin, which justice obliged him to do his utmost to repair by prayer or other means.

Poole: 2Sa 12:18 - On the seventh day // They said On the seventh day either, 1. From the beginning of the distemper. Or rather, 2. From the day of his birth, which is the most usual way of computat...

On the seventh day either,

1. From the beginning of the distemper. Or rather,

2. From the day of his birth, which is the most usual way of computation of men’ s days or years; for it is apparent that this happened during the time of David’ s fasting and lying upon the earth, 2Sa 12:20 , which it is not probable that it lasted for seven days.

They said whispering among themselves, 2Sa 12:19 .

Poole: 2Sa 12:20 - Into the house of the Lord Into the house of the Lord i. e. to the tabernacle, to confess his sin before the Lord, and to own his justice in this stroke and the other threateni...

Into the house of the Lord i. e. to the tabernacle, to confess his sin before the Lord, and to own his justice in this stroke and the other threatenings, and to deprecate his great and just displeasure, and to acknowledge God’ s rich mercy in sparing his own life, and to offer such sacrifices as were proper and required in such cases. Nor did David transgress that law, Num 19:14 , in going thither before the seven days were expired. For neither is there the same reason of a tent, and of a dwelling-house, where the several rooms of the house are as distinct as several tents; nor is it here said, that David was in the same room, or in the same house, where the child died.

Poole: 2Sa 12:22 - -- For God’ s threatening of the child’ s death might be conditional, as that was of Nineveh’ s destruction, Jon 3:4 .

For God’ s threatening of the child’ s death might be conditional, as that was of Nineveh’ s destruction, Jon 3:4 .

Poole: 2Sa 12:23 - Wherefore should I fast // I shall go to him Wherefore should I fast seeing fasting and prayer cannot now prevail with God for his life? I shall go to him into the state of the dead, in which ...

Wherefore should I fast seeing fasting and prayer cannot now prevail with God for his life?

I shall go to him into the state of the dead, in which he is, and into heaven , where I doubt not I shall find him.

Poole: 2Sa 12:24 - David comforted Bathsheba David comforted Bathsheba who was now much dejected, both for her former sin, which she truly repented of, as may be gathered from Pro 31:1-3 , &c., ...

David comforted Bathsheba who was now much dejected, both for her former sin, which she truly repented of, as may be gathered from Pro 31:1-3 , &c., and for the loss of that child which was very dear to her, and which might seem to be the only tie of David’ s affection to her; which being now dead, she might think that David would utterly cast her off, and leave her to that shame and punishment which she had deserved. Went in unto her, to wit, into her chamber or bed. The Lord loved him, i.e. the Lord declared to David that he loved his son, notwithstanding the just cause which David had given to God to alienate his affections from him.

Poole: 2Sa 12:25 - -- Either because of the Lord’ s love to him, as the name signifies; or because the Lord commanded him to do so.

Either because of the Lord’ s love to him, as the name signifies; or because the Lord commanded him to do so.

Poole: 2Sa 12:26 - -- i.e. That part of the city where was the king’ s palace, where he ordinarily resided; though now it seems he was retired to a strong fort.

i.e. That part of the city where was the king’ s palace, where he ordinarily resided; though now it seems he was retired to a strong fort.

Poole: 2Sa 12:27 - I have taken The same royal city so called, because it either stood beside the river, or was encompassed with water, both for defence and delight. Although the w...

The same royal city so called, because it either stood beside the river, or was encompassed with water, both for defence and delight. Although the words are by some learned men rendered thus,

I have taken or intercepted , or cut off water from the city ; which well agrees, both with the words, eth being here put for meeth, which is frequent; as Gen 4:1 44:4 Exo 9:29 , &c.; and with the relation of Josephus the Jew, who saith, The conduits of water were cut off, and so the city was taken; and with a relation of Polybius concerning the same city, which was taken afterwards by Antiochus in the same manner, by cutting off water from the city.

Poole: 2Sa 12:28 - Take it // Lest it be called after my name Take it for having taken one part of the city, he concluded the remaining part of it could not long stand out. Lest it be called after my name ; les...

Take it for having taken one part of the city, he concluded the remaining part of it could not long stand out.

Lest it be called after my name ; lest I have the honour of taking it. Thus he seeks to ingratiate himself with the king, by pretending great care for his honour and interest.

Poole: 2Sa 12:29 - David, gathered all the people together David, gathered all the people together either because Joab needed more help for the storming of the city; or, at least, for the prosecution of the v...

David, gathered all the people together either because Joab needed more help for the storming of the city; or, at least, for the prosecution of the victory, and execution of justice upon the whole land; or because he would have them all to partake of the spoil of the city, which was there in great abundances, 2Sa 12:30 ; the rather because they were all exposed to the hazard of utter ruin, in case the Ammonites had prevailed against them.

Poole: 2Sa 12:30 - The weight whereof was a talent of gold // precious stones The weight whereof was a talent of gold or rather, the price whereof , &c. For as the Hebrew shekel signifies both a weight, and a piece of money ...

The weight whereof was a talent of gold or rather, the price whereof , &c. For as the Hebrew shekel signifies both a weight, and a piece of money of a certain price; so also may mishkal , as proceeding from the same root. And, in general, the same words both in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin are promiscuously used, to signify either weight or price, as is well known to the learned. And the addition of

precious stones which are never valued by the weight of gold, makes this signification here most proper and probable. Moreover, the weight might seem too great, either for the king of Ammon or for David, to wear it upon his head. Although, if this were meant of the weight, it might be said that this was not a crown to be worn ordinarily, but merely to be put on upon the king’ s head at his coronation, or upon solemn occasions, as here where this was done, in token of the translation of this kingdom to David; and, it may be, it was held up or supported by two officers of state, that it might not be too burdensome to him, and after a little while taken off.

Poole: 2Sa 12:31 - The people that were therein // Put them under saws The people that were therein: the words are indefinite, and therefore not necessarily to be understood of all the people; for it had been barbarous t...

The people that were therein: the words are indefinite, and therefore not necessarily to be understood of all the people; for it had been barbarous to use women and children thus; but of the men of war, and especially of those who had been the chief actors or abettors of that villainous action against David’ s ambassadors, (which was contrary to the law of nature, and of nations, and of all humanity,) and of the dreadful war ensuing upon it; for which they might seem to deserve the severest punishments. Although indeed there seems to have been too much rigour used; especially, because these dreadful deaths were inflicted not only upon those great counsellors, who were the only authors of that vile usage of the ambassadors; but upon a great number of the people, who were innocent from that crime. And therefore it is probably conceived that David exercised this cruelty whilst his heart was hardened and impenitent, and when he was bereaved of that free and good Spirit of God which would have taught him more mercy and moderation.

Put them under saws: he sawed them to death; of which punishment we have examples, both in Scripture, Heb 11:37 , and in other authors. Under harrows of iron, and under axes of iron he caused them to be laid down upon the ground, and torn by sharp iron harrows drawn over them, and hewed in pieces by keen axes. Made them pass through the brick-kiln i.e. to be burnt in brickkilns. Or, made them to pass through the furnace of Malchen , i.e. of Moloch , called also Milchom , and here Malchen ; punishing them with their own sin, and with the same kind of punishment which they inflicted upon their own children: see 2Ki 16:3 23:10 Lev 18:21 20:2 Deu 18:10 .

PBC: 2Sa 12:14 - -- See PB: Ps 32:3 from PBtop: PERSEVERANCE AND PRESERVATION 

See PB: Ps 32:3

from PBtop: PERSEVERANCE AND PRESERVATION 

Haydock: 2Sa 12:1 - The city of waters The city of waters. Rabbath, the royal city of the Ammonites, was called the city of waters, from being encompassed with waters. (Challoner) Se...

The city of waters. Rabbath, the royal city of the Ammonites, was called the city of waters, from being encompassed with waters. (Challoner) See chap. v. 8. ---

The Hebrew in the preceding verse seems to insinuate, (Haydock) that "he had taken the royal city." But he was only on the point of doing it, or had, perhaps, made himself master of some part of it. Here the Hebrew, "I have taken," may be explained in the same sense, unless the city of waters were the lower part of Rabbath, lying on the Jaboc. Junius translates, "He cut off the waters, which entered the city;" and Josephus favours this explanation. It seems the siege lasted about two years. (Calmet) ---

Antiochus took this city, by depriving the inhabitants of water. (Polybius v.)

Haydock: 2Sa 12:1 - Unto him Unto him, after the birth of the child. A whole year had nearly elapsed, and David continued blind and impenitent. The spirit of prophecy had left...

Unto him, after the birth of the child. A whole year had nearly elapsed, and David continued blind and impenitent. The spirit of prophecy had left him; and, though he was clear-sighted, and equitable enough to punish the faults of others, he could not discern his own picture, till Nathan had removed the veil. The prophet acted with the utmost prudence, and did not condemn the king till he had pronounced sentence on himself. It is commonly supposed that the interview was private. St. Chrysostom believes that the chief lords of the court were present; which would enhance the discretion of Nathan, as well as David's humility. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Sa 12:3 - Daughter Daughter. All these expressions tended to shew the affection of the owner for this pet lamb. (Haydock) --- In Arabia, one of the finest is commonl...

Daughter. All these expressions tended to shew the affection of the owner for this pet lamb. (Haydock) ---

In Arabia, one of the finest is commonly fed in the house along with the children. (Bochart, Anim. T. i. B. ii. 46.) ---

It is not necessary that every word of this parable should have been verified in Bethsabee. (Calmet) ---

Many things are usually added for ornament. (Menochius) ---

Yet she had been treated in the most tender manner by her husband, who had her alone, while David had eighteen wives. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Sa 12:4 - To him To him. This wanton cruelty caused David to pronounce him deserving of death; as simple theft was punished with only a four-fold restitution, Exodus...

To him. This wanton cruelty caused David to pronounce him deserving of death; as simple theft was punished with only a four-fold restitution, Exodus xxii. 1. Judges sometimes diminish, and at other times increase, the severity of the law, according to the dispositions of the offenders, which lawgivers could not exactly foresee. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Sa 12:6 - Fold Fold. Septuagint, "seven-fold," which Grabe corrects by the Hebrew. (Haydock) --- David lost four of his sons; the first born of Bethsabee, Amnon,...

Fold. Septuagint, "seven-fold," which Grabe corrects by the Hebrew. (Haydock) ---

David lost four of his sons; the first born of Bethsabee, Amnon, Absalon, and Adonias: and saw his daughter Thamar, (Calmet) and his ten inferior wives, dishonoured, in punishment of his crime. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Sa 12:7 - The man // Fabula narratur.----- The man, against whom thou hast pronounced sentence, and who has treated thy neighbour with still less pity. (Haydock) ----- Mutato nomine de te F...

The man, against whom thou hast pronounced sentence, and who has treated thy neighbour with still less pity. (Haydock) ----- Mutato nomine de te

Fabula narratur.----- (Horace)

Haydock: 2Sa 12:8 - Wives // Unto thee Wives. We know of none that David married. But, as king, he enjoyed alone that privilege. (Grotius) (Chap. ii. 7., and xvi. 21.) --- Unto thee. ...

Wives. We know of none that David married. But, as king, he enjoyed alone that privilege. (Grotius) (Chap. ii. 7., and xvi. 21.) ---

Unto thee. Hebrew, "I would have given thee such and such." (Calmet) ---

Septuagint, "I will moreover give thee like unto these;" a continuation of prosperity. (Haydock) ---

This singular love, which God was still disposed to manifest unto David, touched his heart with peculiar force. (Salien)

Haydock: 2Sa 12:10 - House House. What a dismal scene opens itself to our view during the remaining part of David's reign! (Haydock) --- Scarcely one of his successors was f...

House. What a dismal scene opens itself to our view during the remaining part of David's reign! (Haydock) ---

Scarcely one of his successors was free from war; even Solomon was disturbed by the rebellion of Jeroboam, &c., and many of David's family and descendants came to an untimely end, ver. 6. (Calmet) ---

Six sons of Josaphat, all Joram's, except one, Josias, the children of Sedecias, &c., 4 Kings xxv., &c. (Worthington)

Haydock: 2Sa 12:11 - I will raise // Neighbour I will raise, &c. All these evils, inasmuch as they were punishments, came upon Daivd by a just judgment of God, for his sin; and therefore God s...

I will raise, &c. All these evils, inasmuch as they were punishments, came upon Daivd by a just judgment of God, for his sin; and therefore God says, I will raise, &c. But inas much as they were sins, on the part of Absalom and his associates, God was not the author of them, but only permitted them. (Challoner) ---

God permitted the wicked prince to succeed for some time, that he might punish David. (Calmet) ---

Neighbour, most dearly beloved. To be treated ill by such a one, is doubly severe, Psalm liv. 15. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Sa 12:12 - Sun Sun, publicly, chap. xvi. 22. How abominable soever this conduct of an unnatural son must have been to God, he says, I will do this; because, when...

Sun, publicly, chap. xvi. 22. How abominable soever this conduct of an unnatural son must have been to God, he says, I will do this; because, when he might have prevented it by a more powerful grace, or by the death of the delinquent, he suffered him to carry his infernal project into execution. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Sa 12:13 - Sinned // Sin Sinned. His confession was sincere, and very different from that of Saul, 1 Kings xv. 24. "The expression was the same; but God saw the difference ...

Sinned. His confession was sincere, and very different from that of Saul, 1 Kings xv. 24. "The expression was the same; but God saw the difference of the heart." (St. Augustine, contra Faust. xxii. 27.) ---

Sin. He has remitted the fault and the eternal punishment, and he has greatly diminished the temporal chastisement, and will not inflict instant death, as he seemed to have threatened, ver. 10. (Calmet) ---

"The speedy remission shewed the greatness of the king's repentance." (St. Ambrose, Apol. 2.)

Haydock: 2Sa 12:14 - Occasion // Die Occasion. Literally, "made" almost, in the same sense, as God threatened to do, what was effected by Absalom, ver. 12. David did not co-operate wit...

Occasion. Literally, "made" almost, in the same sense, as God threatened to do, what was effected by Absalom, ver. 12. David did not co-operate with the malice of infidels; but he was responsible for it: in as much as he had committed an unlawful action, which gave them occasion to blaspheme God, as if he had not been able to foresee this scandalous transaction. Thus God and religion are often vilified, on account of the misconduct of those who have the happiness to be well informed, but do not live up to their profession: but this mode of argumentation is very fallacious and uncandid. It ought, however, to be a caution to the servants of the true God, never to do any thing which may have such fatal consequences; and alienate the minds of weak men for the truth. ---

Die. Thus infidels would see, that God did not suffer David to pass quite unpunished. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Sa 12:15 - Of Of. Hebrew, "it was sick" (Calmet) of a fever.

Of. Hebrew, "it was sick" (Calmet) of a fever.

Haydock: 2Sa 12:16 - A fast // By himself A fast, ( jejunavit jejunio ) denotes, with more than ordinary rigour. (Salien) --- By himself. Hebrew, "he went in, and lay all night upon the g...

A fast, ( jejunavit jejunio ) denotes, with more than ordinary rigour. (Salien) ---

By himself. Hebrew, "he went in, and lay all night upon the ground." (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Sa 12:18 - Day Day. After his birth, when he had received circumcision; (Salien) or on the 7th day since the commencement of his malady. (Calmet; Menochius)

Day. After his birth, when he had received circumcision; (Salien) or on the 7th day since the commencement of his malady. (Calmet; Menochius)

Haydock: 2Sa 12:23 - To me To me. No instance of any one being raised from the dead had yet occurred; though David did not disbelieve its possibility. (Menochius)

To me. No instance of any one being raised from the dead had yet occurred; though David did not disbelieve its possibility. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Sa 12:24 - Wife // Solomon Wife. She had partaken in his affliction and repentance. The Jews say that David told her the divine oracle, which is mentioned [in] 3 Kings i. 13,...

Wife. She had partaken in his affliction and repentance. The Jews say that David told her the divine oracle, which is mentioned [in] 3 Kings i. 13, 17., that her next son should succeed to the throne. Salien (the year of the world 3000) supposes that he was conceived in May, two months after the death of Bethsabee's first-born, and came into the world about he time of the Passover. ---

Solomon, "the pacific." See 1 Paralipomenon xxii. 9. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Sa 12:25 - Amiable to the Lord // Loved him Amiable to the Lord. Or beloved of the Lord. In Hebrew, Yedideya. (Challoner) --- Loved him, is not expressed in Hebrew, "because of the Lord....

Amiable to the Lord. Or beloved of the Lord. In Hebrew, Yedideya. (Challoner) ---

Loved him, is not expressed in Hebrew, "because of the Lord." (Haydock) ---

Theodotion, "in the word, or agreeably to, the order of the Lord." Solomon never went by the name which God here gives him, (Calmet) except in this place. (Menochius) ---

It shews the gratuitous predilection which God had for him; but affords no proof of his predestination to glory, of which there is too much reason to doubt. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Sa 12:28 - Take it Take it. The higher, and more impregnable part; which honour Joab reserved for David.

Take it. The higher, and more impregnable part; which honour Joab reserved for David.

Haydock: 2Sa 12:30 - King King. Hebrew, Malcam, "their king." Moloc, "king," or the chief idol of the Ammonites. It was forbidden to use the ornaments of the idols on Cha...

King. Hebrew, Malcam, "their king." Moloc, "king," or the chief idol of the Ammonites. It was forbidden to use the ornaments of the idols on Chanaan, but not of other nations. This crown might be worth a talent, on account of the gold and precious stones; (1 Paralipomenon xx. 2.; Sanchez; Bochart,) or it might weigh so much as almost 87 pounds, (Calmet) or above 113 pounds English. (Haydock) ---

such immence crowns were sometimes suspended for ornament, over the throne; as Benjamin of Tudela says was done by the emperor Commenes. Pliny describes one of nine pounds; and Athenæus (v. 8,) another of 80 cubits, or 40 yards (Haydock) in circumference. (Calmet) ---

The idol, or the king of Ammon, (Menochius) might have one of the like nature, suspended. The Rabbins say David caused it to hand in the air by means of a load-stone; as if it would attract gold! (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Sa 12:31 - Sawed // Brick-kilns Sawed. Hebrew, "he put them under saws, and under rollers of iron, and under knives," &c. (Haydock) --- The Jews say that Isaias was killed by b...

Sawed. Hebrew, "he put them under saws, and under rollers of iron, and under knives," &c. (Haydock) ---

The Jews say that Isaias was killed by being sawed asunder; to which punishment St. Paul alludes, Hebrews xi. 37. (Menochius) ---

Brick-kilns, or furnaces, Psalm xx. 10. (Muis) ---

David and his companions were thrown into the fiery furnace, Daniel iii. 6, 11., and Esther xiii. 7. (Calmet) ---

Some condemn David of excessive cruelty on this occasion. (Tirinus; Sanctius) ---

But the Scripture represents his conduct as irreproachable, except in the affair of Urias; (3 Kings xv. 5,) and at this distance of time, we know not the motives which might have actuated him to treat his enemy with such severity. The Ammonites had probably exercised similar cruelties on his subjects. See 1 Kings xi. 2., and Amos i. 13. (Calmet) ---

They had shamefully violated the law of nations, and had stirred up various kings against David. (Menochius) ---

Salien blames Joab for what may seem too cruel. But, though he was barbarous and vindictive, we need not condemn him on this occasion, no more than his master; as we are not to judge of former times by our own manners. (Haydock) ---

War was then carried on with great cruelty. (Calmet)

Gill: 2Sa 12:1 - And the Lord sent Nathan unto David // and he came unto him, and said unto him // there were two men in one city // the one rich and the other poor And the Lord sent Nathan unto David,.... Quickly after the child was born begotten on Bathsheba, and when it was known and became the public talk of p...

And the Lord sent Nathan unto David,.... Quickly after the child was born begotten on Bathsheba, and when it was known and became the public talk of people, and the enemies of religion were full of it, and blasphemed on account of it, 2Sa 12:14; so that David was nine months or more without any true sense of his sin, his heart hardened, his graces dormant, the joys of salvation taken from him, and he without any communion with God, and having little concern about it; though perhaps he might have some pangs at times, which quickly went off; though some think he exercised repentance in a private way before; acknowledged his sin to the Lord, and had a sense of pardon, and before this time penned the thirty second and the hundred thirtieth psalms on this occasion, Psa 32:1; but Nathan is sent to awaken and arouse him, to express a sense of his sin, and repentance for it in public, which he did by penning and publishing the fifty first psalm after Nathan had been with him, Psa 51:1; for though the Lord may leave his people to fall into sin, and suffer them to continue therein some time, yet not always; they shall rise again through the assistance of his Spirit and grace, in the acts of repentance and faith, both in private and public:

and he came unto him, and said unto him: he came as if he had a case to lay before him, and to have justice done, and he told the story as if it was a real fact, and so David understood it:

there were two men in one city: pointing at David and Uriah, who both lived in Jerusalem:

the one rich and the other poor; David the rich man, king over all Israel; Uriah a subject, an officer in his army, comparatively poor.

Gill: 2Sa 12:2 - The rich man had exceeding many flocks and herds. The rich man had exceeding many flocks and herds. In which the wealth of men lay in those times and countries; these in the parable signify David's w...

The rich man had exceeding many flocks and herds. In which the wealth of men lay in those times and countries; these in the parable signify David's wives and concubines, which were many; he had six wives in Hebron, and he took more wives and concubines out of Jerusalem, when he was come from Hebron, 2Sa 3:2; and besides his master's, or Saul's wives, given to him, 2Sa 12:8.

Gill: 2Sa 12:3 - But the poor man had nothing, save one little ewe lamb // which he had bought // and nourished up // and it grew up together with him, and with his children // it did eat of his own meat, and drink of his own cup, and lay in his bosom, and was unto him as a daughter But the poor man had nothing, save one little ewe lamb,.... Uriah had but one wife, who was much younger than he, called a lamb, an ewe lamb, a littl...

But the poor man had nothing, save one little ewe lamb,.... Uriah had but one wife, who was much younger than he, called a lamb, an ewe lamb, a little one. Abarbinel thinks Uriah had been a widower; and had children by another wife, supposed in the parable, and was much older than Bathsheba:

which he had bought; for men in those times and countries did not receive portions with their wives, but gave dowries to them, and for them:

and nourished up; as his own flesh, as husbands should their wives, Eph 5:29,

and it grew up together with him, and with his children; which Kimchi also supposes Uriah had by a former wife:

it did eat of his own meat, and drink of his own cup, and lay in his bosom, and was unto him as a daughter; all which are expressive of the care, kindness, love, and tenderness of a loving husband, whose affections are endeared to his wife, making her partaker of all he has, and to share in whatever he eats and drinks, and in his dearest embraces; and as there were instances of creatures, lambs and others, particularly tame or pet lambs, used in this way in a literal sense, to which the reference in the parable is, David had no suspicion of its being a parable. Bochart q has given many instances of creatures nourished and brought up in such a familiar manner.

Gill: 2Sa 12:4 - And there came a traveller unto the rich man // and he spared to take of his own flock, and of his own herd, to dress for the wayfaring man that came unto him // but took the poor man's lamb, and dressed it for the man that came to him And there came a traveller unto the rich man,.... By which some understand Satan, who came to David, and stirred up his lust by the temptations that o...

And there came a traveller unto the rich man,.... By which some understand Satan, who came to David, and stirred up his lust by the temptations that offered; who is a walker, as the word used signifies, that goes about seeking whom he may devour, and is with good men only as a wayfaring man, who does not abide with them; and whose temptations, when they succeed with such, are as meat and drink to him, very entertaining but the Jews generally understand it of the evil imagination or concupiscence in man, the lustful appetite in David, that wandered after another man's wife, and wanted to be satiated with her:

and he spared to take of his own flock, and of his own herd, to dress for the wayfaring man that came unto him; when his heart was inflamed with lust at the sight of Bathsheba, he did not go as he might, and take one of his wives and concubines, whereby he might have satisfied and repressed his lust:

but took the poor man's lamb, and dressed it for the man that came to him; sent for Bathsheba and lay with her, for the gratification of his lust, she being a young beautiful woman, and more agreeable to his lustful appetite. The Jews, in their Talmud r, observe a gradation in these words that the evil imagination is represented first as a traveller that passes by a man, and lodges not with him; then as a wayfaring man or host, that passes in and lodges with him; and at last as a man, as the master of the house that rules over him, and therefore called the man that came to him.

Gill: 2Sa 12:5 - And David's anger was greatly kindled against the man // and he said to Nathan, as the Lord liveth, the man that hath done this thing shall surely die And David's anger was greatly kindled against the man,.... That had done this, taking it for a real fact: and he said to Nathan, as the Lord livet...

And David's anger was greatly kindled against the man,.... That had done this, taking it for a real fact:

and he said to Nathan, as the Lord liveth, the man that hath done this thing shall surely die; which be said in the transport of his wrath and fury; otherwise a thief, according to the law of Moses, was not to be put to death, but to make restitution; and if he was not able to make it, then to be sold, but he was not to die for it; but David thought the crime was so greatly aggravated by being done by a rich man, and by the loss the poor man sustained, it being his all, and the fact, in all its circumstances, so cruel and barbarous, that the guilty person ought to die: how much more vehemently, and indeed with justice, would he have passed the sentence of death on him, or condemned him to it, had it been put in the parable, that the rich man not only took the poor man's ewe lamb, but killed the poor man himself? but this Nathan left out, that David might not take his meaning, as Abarbinel thinks, who then would have been upon his guard, and not have condemned himself; and hereby also Nathan had this advantage against him, that if this man deserved to die, who had only taken the poor man's ewe lamb, then how much more ought he to die, who had not only committed adultery with Bathsheba, but had slain Uriah?

Gill: 2Sa 12:6 - And he shall restore the lamb fourfold // because he did this thing // and because he had no pity And he shall restore the lamb fourfold,.... Which was according to the law in Exo 22:1; but Kimchi thinks, because the word is of the dual number, it ...

And he shall restore the lamb fourfold,.... Which was according to the law in Exo 22:1; but Kimchi thinks, because the word is of the dual number, it signifies double the number, and that the sentence was to restore eight lambs, because he being a rich man stole from the poor man; so Mr. Weemse s renders it, twice four, twice as much as was commanded in the law; for the Hebrews, he observes, double in the dual number till they come to seven:

because he did this thing; committed this theft:

and because he had no pity; on the poor man, but took his all. The Jews observe, that accordingly David was punished with the loss of four of his children, that which was born of Bathsheba, Ammon, Tamar, and Absalom; so most of the commentators, but Ben Gersom, instead of Tamar, has Adonijah.

Gill: 2Sa 12:7 - And Nathan said to David, thou art the man // thus saith the Lord God of Israel, I anointed thee king over Israel // and I delivered thee out of the hand of Saul And Nathan said to David, thou art the man,.... The rich man, or who is designed by him in the parable, and answers to him t: thus saith the Lord ...

And Nathan said to David, thou art the man,.... The rich man, or who is designed by him in the parable, and answers to him t:

thus saith the Lord God of Israel, I anointed thee king over Israel; that is, ordered Samuel to anoint him, who did, 1Sa 16:1; to which this chiefly refers; and after that he was anointed first by the tribe of Judah, and then by all the tribes of Israel, by the appointment and providence of God; and this was great dignity he designed for him, and raised him to:

and I delivered thee out of the hand of Saul; when he persecuted him, and sought to take away his life.

Gill: 2Sa 12:8 - And I gave thee thy master's house // and thy master's wives into thy bosom // and gave thee the house of Israel and of Judah // and if that had been too little // I would moreover have given unto thee such and such things And I gave thee thy master's house,.... Not his palace at Gibeah, but rather his family, his wives, servants, wealth, and riches, all being confiscate...

And I gave thee thy master's house,.... Not his palace at Gibeah, but rather his family, his wives, servants, wealth, and riches, all being confiscated through the rebellion of Ishbosheth; or rather his kingdom he succeeded him in:

and thy master's wives into thy bosom; though we read of no more than one that belonged to Saul, if he is meant by his master, excepting Rizpah his concubine, nor ever of David taking them into his bosom and bed; wherefore this can be understood only of his having them at his disposal, to give them to whom he pleased; the word may be rendered his "women", as well as his "wives", and may design his daughters, Merab and Michal, who were both given to David, though taken again and given to others: the Jews say, that Eglah, David's sixth wife, was the wife of Saul; see Gill on 2Sa 3:5,

and gave thee the house of Israel and of Judah; the kingdom of both; gave him to be king over all the tribes of Israel:

and if that had been too little; either his wives too few, as the Jews interpret it, or his kingdom too small:

I would moreover have given unto thee such and such things; more and greater favours; and indeed such he had promised him, as a firm or stable house or kingdom, and that the Messiah should spring from him.

Gill: 2Sa 12:9 - Wherefore hast thou despised the commandment of the Lord, to do evil in his sight // thou hast killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword // and hast taken his wife to be thy wife // and hast slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon Wherefore hast thou despised the commandment of the Lord, to do evil in his sight?.... The commandment referred to is the law of God, particularly the...

Wherefore hast thou despised the commandment of the Lord, to do evil in his sight?.... The commandment referred to is the law of God, particularly the sixth and seventh precepts of it, Exo 20:13; which David had shown no regard unto, and by his breaking them had slighted and despised them:

thou hast killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword; and so had despised and broken the sixth command, Exo 20:13; for though he had not taken away his life with his own hand, he had plotted and contrived it, and had given orders to put him in such a position as would issue in it:

and hast taken his wife to be thy wife; after he had defiled her, being another man's wife, and had taken such unlawful methods to make her his wife, whereby he had despised and broken both the sixth and the seventh commands, Exo 20:13,

and hast slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon; though he had not put him to death with his own sword, he had done that which was as bad or worse in some respects, he had exposed him to the sword of the Ammonites, by which it was taken away; and not his only, but that of some of the Israelites also, which gave that uncircumcised people reason to triumph over the children of Israel, and even to blaspheme the God of Israel.

Gill: 2Sa 12:10 - Now therefore the sword shall never depart from thine house // because thou hast despised me // and hast taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be thy wife Now therefore the sword shall never depart from thine house,.... During his life, and as appeared in the slaughter of his sons Ammon and Absalom befor...

Now therefore the sword shall never depart from thine house,.... During his life, and as appeared in the slaughter of his sons Ammon and Absalom before his death, and of Adonijah quickly after, and in his posterity through their wars with the children of Israel, and other nations:

because thou hast despised me; his commandments, and that in effect was despising him the lawgiver:

and hast taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be thy wife; which being repeated shows that it was very displeasing to God, and a very heinous crime in his sight.

Gill: 2Sa 12:11 - Thus saith the Lord // behold, I will raise up evil against thee out of thine own house // and I will take thy wives before thine eyes // and give them unto thy neighbour // and he shall lie with thy wives in the sight of this sun Thus saith the Lord,.... For what he said was not of himself, but under a spirit of prophecy: behold, I will raise up evil against thee out of thin...

Thus saith the Lord,.... For what he said was not of himself, but under a spirit of prophecy:

behold, I will raise up evil against thee out of thine own house: that is, evil persons, who should be guilty of evil things, and that as a chastisement of him for the sins he had committed, and those out of his own family, as Amnon and Absalom:

and I will take thy wives before thine eyes; which is so expressed, because it was done in his lifetime, and he knowing it, but not able to hinder it, though he did not, strictly speaking, see it with his eyes:

and give them unto thy neighbour; or friend, meaning his son Absalom, as they were:

and he shall lie with thy wives in the sight of this sun; pointing to the sun in the firmament, and which might be then shining in the room where they were: and which is represented by Homer u as seeing all things, "and eyes" are ascribed to it here in the original; the meaning is, that this fact should be done in the daytime, openly and publicly, and was fulfilled, when by the advice of Ahithophel a tent was spread on the top of the house, and Absalom went in to his father's concubines in the sight of all Israel, 2Sa 16:22.

Gill: 2Sa 12:12 - For thou didst it secretly // but one will do this thing before all Israel, and before the sun For thou didst it secretly,.... Committed adultery with Bathsheba privately, and endeavoured to conceal it, by getting her husband killed in battle, ...

For thou didst it secretly,.... Committed adultery with Bathsheba privately, and endeavoured to conceal it, by getting her husband killed in battle, and then marrying her as soon as he could to hide the shame of it:

but one will do this thing before all Israel, and before the sun; as the above fact was; that is, he would suffer it to he done, and so order it in his providence, that everything should concur to the doing of it; as David's leaving his wives behind him, Ahithophel's wicked counsel he was suffered to give, and the lustful inclination Absalom was left unto, and not any of the people of Israel having religion, spirit, and courage enough to remonstrate against it.

Gill: 2Sa 12:13 - And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the Lord // and Nathan said unto David // the Lord hath put away thy sin // thou shall not die And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the Lord,.... Which confession, though short, was a full one, arising from a thorough conviction of ...

And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the Lord,.... Which confession, though short, was a full one, arising from a thorough conviction of the evil of the sin he had been guilty of, accompanied with real brokenness of heart, sincere humiliation, and a sorrow after a godly sort, as the fifty first psalm, that penitential psalm composed upon this occasion shows, Psa 51:1,

and Nathan said unto David; being fully satisfied with the sincerity and genuineness of his repentance, of which he gave proof by words and deeds, and being under the direction and impulse of the Spirit of God:

the Lord hath put away thy sin; would not charge it upon him, impute it to him, or punish him for it, but freely and fully forgive it, cast it behind his back, and into the depth of the sea; cause it to pass from him and never more bring it against him, and which is the Lord's act, and his only, against whom sin is committed:

thou shall not die; though he should die a corporeal death, yet not by the immediate hand of God, or by the sword of justice as a malefactor, a murderer, and adulterer, as he, according to the law, deserved to die; nor should he die a spiritual death, though his grace had been so low, and his corruptions had risen so high; nor an eternal death, the second death, the lost wages of sin.

Gill: 2Sa 12:14 - Howbeit, because by this deed // thou hast given great reason to the enemies of the Lord to blaspheme // the child also that is born unto thee shall surely die Howbeit, because by this deed,.... This complicated wickedness, adultery with Bathsheba, and the murder of her husband, and occasioning the death of o...

Howbeit, because by this deed,.... This complicated wickedness, adultery with Bathsheba, and the murder of her husband, and occasioning the death of others:

thou hast given great reason to the enemies of the Lord to blaspheme; to insult over Israel, and the God of Israel, and to magnify their own idols on account of the advantage they got when Uriah and other Israelites were slain; and to speak ill of God as a respecter of persons, who had cast off Saul and his family from the kingdom, and yet established David in it, guilty of crimes the other was not; and of the word, ways, and worship of God, and of the true religion, as all hypocrisy and deceit, when men that made such pretensions to it were guilty of such atrocious crimes; wherefore to let such see and know that the Lord did not approve of and countenance such actions, but abhorred and resented them:

the child also that is born unto thee shall surely die; which would be a visible testimony of God's displeasure at his sin, to all men that should hear of it, and know it; and being taken away in such a manner would be a great affliction to him, and the more as his affections were much towards the child, as appears by what follows; or otherwise the removal of it might have been considered as a mercy, since its life would have kept up the remembrance of the sin, and have been a standing reproach to him.

Gill: 2Sa 12:15 - And Nathan departed unto his house // and the Lord struck the child that Uriah's wife bare unto David // and it was very sick And Nathan departed unto his house,.... His own house, which probably was in the city of Jerusalem, having delivered his message, and brought David to...

And Nathan departed unto his house,.... His own house, which probably was in the city of Jerusalem, having delivered his message, and brought David to a sense of his sin, and declared to him from the Lord the forgiveness of it; yet for the honour of religion, and the stopping of the mouths of blasphemers, the death of the child is threatened and foretold, and then Nathan took his leave of him, having nothing more from the Lord to say to him:

and the Lord struck the child that Uriah's wife bare unto David; for so she was, and not David's wife, when this child was begotten of her; and, as a mark of God's displeasure at the sin of adultery, the child was struck with a sore disease by the immediate hand of God:

and it was very sick; even unto death, as the event showed.

Gill: 2Sa 12:16 - David therefore besought God for the child // and David fasted // and went in // and lay all night upon the earth David therefore besought God for the child,.... Perhaps went into the tabernacle he had built for the ark, and prayed to the Lord to restore the child...

David therefore besought God for the child,.... Perhaps went into the tabernacle he had built for the ark, and prayed to the Lord to restore the child, and spare its life; for though the Lord had said it should die, he might hope that that was a conditional threatening, and that the Lord might be gracious and reverse it, 2Sa 12:22,

and David fasted: all that day:

and went in; to his own house from the house of God:

and lay all night upon the earth; would neither go into, nor lie upon a bed, but lay on the floor all night, weeping and praying for the child's life, and especially for its eternal welfare: he having through sin been the means of its coming into a sinful and afflicted state.

Gill: 2Sa 12:17 - And the elders of his house arose, and went to him, to raise him up from the earth // but he would not // neither did he eat bread with them And the elders of his house arose, and went to him, to raise him up from the earth,.... To persuade him to rise up, and sit upon a seat, and go to be...

And the elders of his house arose, and went to him, to raise him up from the earth,.... To persuade him to rise up, and sit upon a seat, and go to bed, after having taken some food; these were some of the chief officers at court, and had the management of the affairs of his household:

but he would not; they could not persuade him to it:

neither did he eat bread with them; that evening, as he had used to do; they being the princes of his court, who were wont to sit at table with him.

Gill: 2Sa 12:18 - And it came to pass on the seventh day, that the child died // and the servants of David feared to tell him that the child was dead // for they said, behold, while the child was yet alive, we spake unto him // and he would not hearken unto our voice // how will he then vex himself if we tell him that the child is dead And it came to pass on the seventh day, that the child died,.... Not the seventh day from its being taken ill, but from its birth; for it cannot be th...

And it came to pass on the seventh day, that the child died,.... Not the seventh day from its being taken ill, but from its birth; for it cannot be thought that David should fast seven days:

and the servants of David feared to tell him that the child was dead; lest he should be overwhelmed with too much sorrow:

for they said, behold, while the child was yet alive, we spake unto him; to rise from the ground, and eat food:

and he would not hearken unto our voice; we could not prevail upon him to do the one nor the other:

how will he then vex himself if we tell him that the child is dead? or should we acquaint him with it, "he will do mischief" w to himself, to his body; he will tear his flesh to pieces, and cut and kill himself; this they were afraid of, observing the distress and agony he was in while it was living, and therefore they concluded these would increase upon hearing of its death.

Gill: 2Sa 12:19 - And when David saw that his servants whispered // David perceived the child was dead // therefore David said unto his servants, is the child dead? and they said, he is dead And when David saw that his servants whispered,.... For they said the above to one another with a low voice, that he might not hear them, though in th...

And when David saw that his servants whispered,.... For they said the above to one another with a low voice, that he might not hear them, though in the same room with them:

David perceived the child was dead; he guessed it was, and that this was the thing they were whispering about among themselves:

therefore David said unto his servants, is the child dead? and they said, he is dead; for putting the question to them so closely, they could not avoid giving the answer they did, and which he was prepared to receive, by what he had observed in them.

Gill: 2Sa 12:20 - Then David arose from the earth // and washed, and anointed himself, and changed his apparel // and came into the house of the Lord, and worshipped // then he, came to his own house // and when he required // they set bread before him, and he did eat Then David arose from the earth,.... From the floor on which he lay: and washed, and anointed himself, and changed his apparel; neither of which h...

Then David arose from the earth,.... From the floor on which he lay:

and washed, and anointed himself, and changed his apparel; neither of which he had done during his time of fasting:

and came into the house of the Lord, and worshipped; went into the tabernacle he had built for the ark of God, and then in prayer submitted himself to the will of God, and acknowledged his justice in what he had done; gave thanks to God that he had brought him to a sense of his sin, and repentance for it, and had applied his pardoning grace to him, and given him satisfaction as to the eternal welfare and happiness of the child, as appears from 2Sa 12:23,

then he, came to his own house; from the house of God, having finished his devotion there:

and when he required; ordered food to be brought in:

they set bread before him, and he did eat: whereas before, while the child was living, he refused to eat.

Gill: 2Sa 12:21 - Then said his servants unto him, what thing is this that thou hast done // thou didst fast and weep for the child, while it was alive // but when the child was dead thou didst rise and eat bread Then said his servants unto him, what thing is this that thou hast done?.... Or what is the reason of such conduct and behaviour? they knew what was ...

Then said his servants unto him, what thing is this that thou hast done?.... Or what is the reason of such conduct and behaviour? they knew what was done, but they did not know the meaning of it, which is what they inquired after:

thou didst fast and weep for the child, while it was alive; prayed with fasting and weeping for it, that it might live and not die:

but when the child was dead thou didst rise and eat bread; and appeared cheerful; this seemed strange to them, when they expected his sorrow would be increased.

Gill: 2Sa 12:22 - And he said, while the child was yet alive // I fasted and wept // for I said // who can tell whether God will be gracious to me, that the child may live And he said, while the child was yet alive,.... And so there was hope it might be continued: I fasted and wept; or sought the Lord by prayer, and f...

And he said, while the child was yet alive,.... And so there was hope it might be continued:

I fasted and wept; or sought the Lord by prayer, and fasting, and weeping, that the threatening might not take place, that the child's life might be spared:

for I said; within himself, thus he reasoned in his own mind:

who can tell whether God will be gracious to me, that the child may live? and in hope of this he kept praying, fasting, and weeping; he could not tell but God might repent of the evil he had threatened, as in some cases he has done; see Joe 2:13. Abarbinel thinks that David fasted and wept to hide this matter from his wife, and his servants, and did not let them know that this was in his punishment, that the child should die.

Gill: 2Sa 12:23 - But now he is dead, wherefore should I fast // can I bring him back again // I shall go to him // but he shall not return to me But now he is dead, wherefore should I fast?.... And pray; it is to no purpose, no end can be thought to be answered by it: can I bring him back ag...

But now he is dead, wherefore should I fast?.... And pray; it is to no purpose, no end can be thought to be answered by it:

can I bring him back again? from the state of the dead, bring him to life by fasting, and praying, and weeping; that is not to e expected:

I shall go to him; to the state of the dead, to the grave, where his body was, or would be; to heaven and eternal happiness, where his soul was, as he comfortably hoped and believed: from whence it appears, that the Old Testament saints did not suppose an annihilation at death; but believed the immortality of the soul, a future state after death of eternal life and bliss:

but he shall not return to me; in the present mortal state, though at the resurrection they should meet again.

Gill: 2Sa 12:24 - And David comforted Bathsheba his wife // and went in unto her, and lay with her // and she bare a son // and he called his name Solomon // and the Lord loved him And David comforted Bathsheba his wife,.... Which is the first time she is so called, Uriah being dead, and David having married her; which though at ...

And David comforted Bathsheba his wife,.... Which is the first time she is so called, Uriah being dead, and David having married her; which though at first displeasing to the Lord, because the circumstances attending it, was afterwards confirmed by him. Bathsheba no doubt was very much distressed, and greatly disconsolate, on account of the sin she had committed, and because of the wrath and displeasure of God, and because of the death of the child, which was a token of it; and she might have some scruples in her mind whether it was lawful to continue cohabiting with David. Now David comforted her, by telling her that God had pardoned that iniquity they had been guilty of, and that he would give them another son, who should succeed him in the throne, and build an house for his name:

and went in unto her, and lay with her, as his wife:

and she bare a son; at the proper time:

and he called his name Solomon; either the Lord called him so, or David by his direction; for this name was given before his birth, 1Ch 22:9; the Keri or marginal reading is, "and she called his name", &c. that is, Bathsheba, who had been informed by David that this was the name the Lord would have him called by, which signifies "peaceable"; and the birth of this son was a confirmation of the peace and reconciliation between God and them, and which his name carried in it; as well as pointed to the peaceable times that should be during his reign, and in which be was a type of Christ, the Prince; of peace; who is the author of peace between God and men by the blood of his cross, and from whom spiritual peace flows, and by whom eternal peace and happiness is:

and the Lord loved him; and was to him a father, and he to him a son, as was promised, 2Sa 7:14. This love and affection of the Lord to Solomon was signified to David by Nathan, as follows.

Gill: 2Sa 12:25 - And he sent by the hand of Nathan the prophet // and he called his name Jedidiah, because of the Lord And he sent by the hand of Nathan the prophet,.... Either David did; he sent by him to Bathsheba, to acquaint her with the name of the child, that it ...

And he sent by the hand of Nathan the prophet,.... Either David did; he sent by him to Bathsheba, to acquaint her with the name of the child, that it was to be Solomon; which is not so likely: or "he, David, delivered it into the hand of Nathan the prophet"; to educate it, instruct it, and bring it up in the nurture of the Lord; or rather the Lord sent a message by Nathan the prophet to David, that he loved Solomon:

and he called his name Jedidiah, because of the Lord: that is, David also called him by this name, because of the love of the Lord unto him; for Jedidiah signifies "the beloved of the Lord"; a name and character which well agrees with the Messiah, Solomon's antitype, Mat 3:17.

Gill: 2Sa 12:26 - And Joab fought against Rabbah of the children of Ammon // and took the royal city And Joab fought against Rabbah of the children of Ammon,.... Of his being sent against it, and of his besieging it, we read in 2Sa 11:1; but it can ha...

And Joab fought against Rabbah of the children of Ammon,.... Of his being sent against it, and of his besieging it, we read in 2Sa 11:1; but it can hardly be thought that he had been so long besieging it, as that David had two children by Bathsheba; but the account of the finishing of it is placed here, that the story concerning Bathsheba might lie together without any interruption:

and took the royal city; or that part of it in which the king's palace was, and which, as Abarbinel observes, was without the city, as the palaces of kings now usually are.

Gill: 2Sa 12:27 - And Joab sent messengers to David // and said, I have fought against Rabbah // and have taken the city of waters And Joab sent messengers to David,.... To acquaint him how he had proceeded, and what success he had had: and said, I have fought against Rabbah; l...

And Joab sent messengers to David,.... To acquaint him how he had proceeded, and what success he had had:

and said, I have fought against Rabbah; laid siege to it, and skirmished with parties that sallied out upon them:

and have taken the city of waters; the same with the royal city, and so the Targum here renders it; so called because situated by the waterside; Adrichomius says x the river Jabbok flowed round about it: or it abounded with fountains of water, from whence the other part of the city, or what was properly the city Rabbah, was supplied with water; and which communication being cut off, it could not hold out long, which Joab being sensible of, therefore sent for David. Junius and Tremellius render the words, "I have intercepted the water from the city"; with which the account of Josephus y agrees, who says, that he cut off the water from them, and precluded other supplies, so that they were in great distress for want of food and drink; and in like manner it was taken by Antiochus some hundreds of years later; for that; historian says z the siege by him lasted long, and they could not prevail, because of the multitude of men it, until one of the prisoners showed them a subterraneous passage, through which they came and fetched water; which they stopped up with stones and such like things, and then through want of water yielded.

Gill: 2Sa 12:28 - Now therefore gather the rest of the people together // and encamp against the city // and take it // lest I take the city, and it be called after my name Now therefore gather the rest of the people together,.... The rest of the soldiers in the land of Israel, and come to Rabbah: and encamp against th...

Now therefore gather the rest of the people together,.... The rest of the soldiers in the land of Israel, and come to Rabbah:

and encamp against the city; invest it in form:

and take it; upon a surrender or by storm; for it could not hold out long:

lest I take the city, and it be called after my name; so great a regard had Joab, though an ambitious man, to the fame and credit of David his king: so Craterus a at the siege of Artacacna, being prepared to take it, waited the coming of Alexander, that he might have the honour of it.

Gill: 2Sa 12:29 - And David gathered all the people together // and went to Rabbah // and fought against it, and took it And David gathered all the people together,.... The soldiers that were with him, or near him; which was done partly to recruit Joab's troops, who, by ...

And David gathered all the people together,.... The soldiers that were with him, or near him; which was done partly to recruit Joab's troops, who, by the continuance of the siege, and the sallies of the enemy on them, might be greatly diminished; and partly to make conquests of other cities of the Ammonites, and to carry off the spoil of them:

and went to Rabbah; which must be after the death of Uriah, and very probably during the time of Bathsheba's mourning for him:

and fought against it, and took it; by assault.

Gill: 2Sa 12:30 - And he took their king's crown from off his head // (the weight whereof was a talent of gold with the precious stones) // and it was set on David's head // and he brought forth the spoil of the city in great abundance And he took their king's crown from off his head,.... The crown of Hanun the king of the Ammonites, who now fell into his hands, and whom he stripped ...

And he took their king's crown from off his head,.... The crown of Hanun the king of the Ammonites, who now fell into his hands, and whom he stripped of his ensigns of royalty, who had so shamefully abused his ambassadors, 2Sa 10:4,

(the weight whereof was a talent of gold with the precious stones): or, "and a precious stone"; there might be more, as our version suggests, but there was one in it remarkably large and valuable; Josephus b says it had in it a very precious stone, a sardonyx; and this, according to the Talmud c was of the value of a talent of gold. A talent was equal to three thousand shekels, as appears from Exo 38:25; and was in value, according to Brerewood d of our money, 4500 pounds; but according to Bishop Cumberland e 5067 pounds, three shillings and ten pence. This crown was of the same value with the golden candlestick in the tabernacle, Exo 25:39; and some think that value here is meant, and not the weight, a talent of gold being very heavy; according to Bishop Cumberland f, ninety three and three quarter pounds; some say an hundred thirteen pounds ten ounces, and more; too great a weight to be borne on the head by Hanun or David; but, what with the gold and precious stones about it, it might be equal in value to a talent of gold; but weight is expressly mentioned, and the crowns of the eastern princes were of great bulk and weight, as well as value: Athenaeus g makes mention of one made of ten thousand pieces of gold, placed on the throne of King Ptolemy, and of some of two cubits, of six, yea, of sixteen cubits. Some h are of opinion that this crown was not the crown of the king of Ammon, but of Milcom or Molech, their idol, and that the proper name should be retained in the version, and that David had a crown made of it he could bear; but if, as others i, the Syriac talent is meant, which was but the fourth part of an Hebrew one, the difficulty is greatly lessened; for it seems to be the same crown David afterwards wore, as follows:

and it was set on David's head; to show that the kingdom was translated to him, or was become subject to him; as Alexander, on the conquest of Darius, put the Persian diadem on his own head k, in token of that monarchy being translated to him: though, after all, the phrase, "from off", may be rendered "from above" or "over" l his head, and so it was set "above" or "over" the head of David, being supported by some means or other, that its weight did not bear thereon however, Paschalius, who wrote a learned work, "De Coronis", must be mistaken when be says m this seems to be the first use of a crown in the kingdom of Judah, there being no mention of a crown before, either of Saul or David, only of anointing; since express mention is made of Saul's crown, 2Sa 1:10; though his observation may be just, that this crown, allowed to be worn by David, was a pledge of the renewal of his royal dignity, and of his acceptance with God upon his repentance for his above sins:

and he brought forth the spoil of the city in great abundance; which, or at least part of it, was dedicated to the building of the sanctuary, 2Sa 8:11.

Gill: 2Sa 12:31 - And he brought forth the people that were therein // and put them under saws, and under harrows of iron, and under axes of iron // and made them pass through the brickkiln // and thus did he unto all the cities of the children of Ammon // So David and all the people returned unto Jerusalem And he brought forth the people that were therein,.... Not all the inhabitants of the place, but the princes of the children of Ammon, the counsellor...

And he brought forth the people that were therein,.... Not all the inhabitants of the place, but the princes of the children of Ammon, the counsellors of Hattun, who advised him to use David's ambassadors in so shameful a manner, and others that expressed their pleasure and satisfaction in it:

and put them under saws, and under harrows of iron, and under axes of iron; whereby they were cut asunder, as some were by the Romans and others n, or their flesh torn to pieces, and they put to extreme pain and agony, and so died most miserably; see 1Ch 20:3,

and made them pass through the brickkiln; where they burnt their bricks, by which they were not only scorched and blistered, but burnt to death; so the word in the "Keri", or margin, signifies, which we follow; but in the text it is, they caused them to pass through Malcem, the same with Milcom or Molech, the abomination of the children of Ammon, 1Ki 11:5; unto which they made their children pass through the fire, and burnt them; and now in the same place they themselves are made to pass through, and be burnt, as a righteous punishment of them for their barbarous and wicked idolatry. The word used in the Greek version, according to Suidas o, signifies an army, or a battalion of men drawn up in a quadrangular form, like a brick; and in the same sense Josephus p uses it; hence a learned man q conjectures that David's army was drawn up in the like form, through which the Ammonites were obliged to pass, and as they passed were assailed with darts, and killed; a like punishment to which is what the Italians call "passing through the pikes":

and thus did he unto all the cities of the children of Ammon; to the inhabitants of them; that is, the chief, who bad expressed their joy at the ill usage of his ambassadors: this he did to strike terror into other nations, that they might fear to use his ambassadors in such like manner. This action of David's showing so much severity, is thought by most to be done when under the power of his lust with Bathsheba, in an hardened and impenitent state, when he had no sense of mercy himself, and so showed none; which is too injurious to his character; for this was a righteous retaliation of this cruel people, 1Sa 11:2. Which may be observed in other instances, Jdg 8:6; but the charge of cruelty in David will be easily removed by following the translation of a learned r man, and which I think the words will bear, "and he obliged the people that were in it to go out, and put them to the saw", to cut stones; "and to the iron mines", to dig there; "and to the axes of iron", to cut wood, with; "after he had made them to pass with their king" out of the city.

So David and all the people returned unto Jerusalem; in triumph, and with great spoil.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:1 The Hebrew text repeats “to him.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:3 Heb “and on his chest [or perhaps, “lap”] it would lay.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:4 Heb “and prepared.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:5 Heb “the man doing this [is] a son of death.” See 1 Sam 20:31 for another use of this expression, which must mean “he is as good as ...

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:6 Heb “the lamb he must repay fourfold because he did this thing and because he did not have compassion.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:7 Heb “anointed.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:8 Heb “and the wives of your lord into your chest [or “lap”].” The words “I put” are supplied in the translation for...

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:9 Heb “to you for a wife.” This expression also occurs at the end of v. 10.

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:11 Heb “in the eyes of this sun.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:12 Heb “and before the sun.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:13 Heb “removed.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:14 The MT has here “because you have caused the enemies of the Lord to treat the Lord with such contempt.” This is one of the so-called tiqqu...

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:15 Heb “and the Lord struck the child…and he was ill.” It is necessary to repeat “the child” in the translation to make cle...

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:16 The three Hebrew verbs that follow in this verse are perfects with prefixed vav. They may describe repeated past actions or actions which accompanied ...

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:18 Heb “he will do harm.” The object is not stated in the Hebrew text. The statement may be intentionally vague, meaning that he might harm h...

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:19 Heb “David.” The name has been replaced in the translation by the pronoun (“he”) for stylistic reasons.

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:21 For the MT בַּעֲבוּר (ba’avur, “for the sake of”) we should probably read ...

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:22 Heb “Who knows?”

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:24 Heb “him,” referring to the child.

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:25 The name Jedidiah means “loved by the Lord.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:26 Here the narrative resumes the battle story that began in 11:1 (see 11:25). The author has interrupted that story to give the related account of David...

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:27 The expression translated the water supply of the city (Heb “the city of the waters”) apparently refers to that part of the fortified city...

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:28 Heb “people.” So also in vv. 29, 31.

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:30 Heb “and its weight [was] a talent of gold.” The weight of this ornamental crown was approximately 75 lbs (34 kg). See P. K. McCarter, II ...

NET Notes: 2Sa 12:31 For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 12:1 And the LORD sent ( a ) Nathan unto David. And he came unto him, and said unto him, There were two men in one city; the one rich, and the other poor. ...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 12:8 And I gave thee thy master's ( b ) house, and thy master's ( c ) wives into thy bosom, and gave thee the house of Israel and of Judah; and if [that ha...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 12:9 Wherefore hast thou despised the commandment of the LORD, to do evil in his sight? thou hast killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword, and hast taken h...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 12:11 Thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will raise up evil against thee out of thine own house, and I will take thy wives before thine eyes, and give [them] un...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 12:13 And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the LORD. And Nathan said unto David, The LORD also hath ( g ) put away thy sin; thou shalt not die....

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 12:14 Howbeit, because by this deed thou hast given great occasion to the enemies of the LORD to ( h ) blaspheme, the child also [that is] born unto thee sh...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 12:16 David therefore besought God for the child; and David fasted, and ( i ) went in, and lay all night upon the earth. ( i ) That is, to his private cham...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 12:17 And the elders of his house arose, [and went] to him, to raise him up from the earth: but he would not, neither did he eat ( k ) bread with them. ( k...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 12:20 Then David ( l ) arose from the earth, and washed, and anointed [himself], and changed his apparel, and came into the house of the LORD, and worshippe...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 12:21 Then ( m ) said his servants unto him, What thing [is] this that thou hast done? thou didst fast and weep for the child, [while it was] alive; but whe...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 12:23 But now he is dead, wherefore should I fast? ( n ) can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me. ( n ) By this consid...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 12:24 And David comforted Bathsheba his wife, and went in unto her, and lay with her: and she bare a son, and ( o ) he called his name Solomon: and the LORD...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 12:25 And he sent by the hand of Nathan the ( p ) prophet; and ( q ) he called his name Jedidiah, because of the LORD. ( p ) To call him Solomon. ( q ) Me...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 12:27 And Joab sent messengers to David, and said, I have fought against Rabbah, and have taken the city of ( r ) waters. ( r ) That is, the chief city and...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 12:30 And he took their king's crown from off his head, the weight whereof [was] a ( s ) talent of gold with the precious stones: and it was [set] on David'...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 12:31 And he brought forth the people that [were] therein, and put [them] under ( t ) saws, and under harrows of iron, and under axes of iron, and made them...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

Maclaren: 2Sa 12:5-7 - Thou Art The Man 2 Samuel 12:5-7 Nathan's apologue, so tenderly beautiful, takes the poet-king on the most susceptible side of his character. All his history shows him...

Maclaren: 2Sa 12:13 - David And Nathan 2 Samuel 12:13 We ought to be very thankful that Scripture never conceals the faults of its noblest men. High among the highest of them stands the poe...

MHCC: 2Sa 12:1-14 - --God will not suffer his people to lie still in sin. By this parable Nathan drew from David a sentence against himself. Great need there is of prudence...

MHCC: 2Sa 12:15-25 - --David now penned the Psa 51:1, in which, though he had been assured that his sin was pardoned, he prays earnestly for pardon, and greatly laments his ...

MHCC: 2Sa 12:26-31 - --To be thus severe in putting the children of Ammon to slavery was a sign that David's heart was not yet made soft by repentance, at the time when this...

Matthew Henry: 2Sa 12:1-14 - -- It seems to have been a great while after David had been guilty of adultery with Bath-sheba before he was brought to repentance for it. For, when Na...

Matthew Henry: 2Sa 12:15-25 - -- Nathan, having delivered his message, staid not at court, but went home, probably to pray for David, to whom he had been preaching. God, in making u...

Matthew Henry: 2Sa 12:26-31 - -- We have here an account of the conquest of Rabbah, and other cities of the Ammonites. Though this comes in here after the birth of David's child, ye...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 12:1-14 - -- 2Sa 12:1-4 Nathan's Reproof. - 2Sa 12:1. To ensure the success of his mission, viz., to charge the king with his crimes, Nathan resorted to a para...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 12:15-25 - -- David's Penitential Grief, and the Birth of Solomon. - 2Sa 12:15. The last-mentioned punishment was inflicted without delay. When Nathan had gone ho...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 12:26-28 - -- Conquest of Rabbah, and Punishment of the Ammonites (comp. 1Ch 20:1-3). - "Joab fought against Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and took the king's...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 12:29 - -- Accordingly David "gathered together all the people," - i.e., all the men of war who had remained behind in the land; from which we may see that Jo...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 12:30 - -- He then took their king's crown ( "their king," viz., the king of the Ammonites) from off his (the king's) head; so that he had either been taken pr...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 12:31 - -- He also had the inhabitants executed, and that with cruel tortures. "He sawed them in pieces with the saw and with iron harrows." בּמּגרה ו...

Constable: 2Sa 9:1--20:26 - --VI. DAVID'S TROUBLES chs. 9--20 Chapters 9-20 contrast with chapters 2-8 in that this later section is negative ...

Constable: 2Sa 10:1--12:31 - --B. God's Faithfulness despite David's Unfaithfulness chs. 10-12 These chapters form a sub-section within...

Constable: 2Sa 11:1--12:31 - --2. David's unfaithfulness to God chs. 11-12 These two chapters form a unit as is clear from thei...

Constable: 2Sa 11:26--12:16 - --David's response to his sins 11:26-12:15a At first, David piously tried to salve Joab's ...

Constable: 2Sa 12:15-25 - --The death of one child and the birth of another 12:15b-25 Why did God take the life of t...

Constable: 2Sa 12:26-31 - --God's faithfulness to David 12:26-31 In spite of David's rebellion God granted his army ...

Guzik: 2Sa 12:1-31 - Nathan Confronts David 2 Samuel 12 - Nathan Confronts David A. Nathan's confrontation. 1. (1-4) Nathan's parable. Then the LORD sent Nathan to David. And he came to him,...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: 2 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF SAMUEL. The two were, by the ancient Jews, conjoined so as to make one book, and in that form could be called the Book o...

JFB: 2 Samuel (Garis Besar) AN AMALEKITE BRINGS TIDINGS OF SAUL'S DEATH. (2Sa. 1:1-16) DAVID LAMENTS SAUL AND JONATHAN. (2Sa 1:17-27) DAVID, BY GOD'S DIRECTION, GOES UP TO HEBRO...

TSK: 2 Samuel 12 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview 2Sa 12:1, Nathan’s parable of the ewe lamb causes David to be his own judge; 2Sa 12:7, David, reproved by Nathan, confesses his sin, an...

Poole: 2 Samuel 12 (Pendahuluan Pasal) SAMUEL CHAPTER 12 Nathan by a parable reproveth and threateneth David, 2Sa 12:1-12 . He confesseth his sin, and is pardoned, but the child must die...

MHCC: 2 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) This book is the history of the reign of king David. It relates his victories, the growth of the prosperity of Israel, and his reformation of the stat...

MHCC: 2 Samuel 12 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (2Sa 12:1-14) Nathan's parable-David confesses his sin. (2Sa 12:15-25) The birth of Solomon. (2Sa 12:26-31) David's severity to the Ammonites.

Matthew Henry: 2 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Second Book of Samuel This book is the history of the reign of king David. We had in the foregoing ...

Matthew Henry: 2 Samuel 12 (Pendahuluan Pasal) The foregoing chapter gave us the account of David's sin; this gives us the account of his repentance. Though he fell, he was not utterly cast down...

Constable: 2 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Second Samuel continues the history begun in 1 Samuel. Please see my comments regarding 2 Samuel's title, d...

Constable: 2 Samuel (Garis Besar) Outline (Continued from notes on 1 Samuel) V. David's triumphs chs. 1-8 ...

Constable: 2 Samuel 2 Samuel Bibliography Achtemeier, Paul J., and Elizabeth Achtemeier. The Old Testament Roots of Our Faith. Phil...

Haydock: 2 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE SECOND BOOK OF SAMUEL; otherwise called, THE SECOND BOOK OF KINGS. INTRODUCTION. This Book contains the transactions of David till the end ...

Gill: 2 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO 2 SAMUEL This book, in many copies of the Hebrew Bible, is carried on without any new title put unto it; the reason of it is, becau...

Gill: 2 Samuel 12 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO SECOND SAMUEL 12 Nathan is sent to David to charge him with his sin, and convince him of it by a parable, 2Sa 12:1; which being acc...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


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