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Teks -- Deuteronomy 9:1-29 (NET)

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Konteks
Theological Justification of the Conquest
9:1 Listen, Israel: Today you are about to cross the Jordan so you can dispossess the nations there, people greater and stronger than you who live in large cities with extremely high fortifications. 9:2 They include the Anakites, a numerous and tall people whom you know about and of whom it is said, “Who is able to resist the Anakites?” 9:3 Understand today that the Lord your God who goes before you is a devouring fire; he will defeat and subdue them before you. You will dispossess and destroy them quickly just as he has told you. 9:4 Do not think to yourself after the Lord your God has driven them out before you, “Because of my own righteousness the Lord has brought me here to possess this land.” It is because of the wickedness of these nations that the Lord is driving them out ahead of you. 9:5 It is not because of your righteousness, or even your inner uprightness, that you have come here to possess their land. Instead, because of the wickedness of these nations the Lord your God is driving them out ahead of you in order to confirm the promise he made on oath to your ancestors, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. 9:6 Understand, therefore, that it is not because of your righteousness that the Lord your God is about to give you this good land as a possession, for you are a stubborn people!
The History of Israel’s Stubbornness
9:7 Remember– don’t ever forget– how you provoked the Lord your God in the desert; from the time you left the land of Egypt until you came to this place you were constantly rebelling against him. 9:8 At Horeb you provoked him and he was angry enough with you to destroy you. 9:9 When I went up the mountain to receive the stone tablets, the tablets of the covenant that the Lord made with you, I remained there forty days and nights, eating and drinking nothing. 9:10 The Lord gave me the two stone tablets, written by the very finger of God, and on them was everything he said to you at the mountain from the midst of the fire at the time of that assembly. 9:11 Now at the end of the forty days and nights the Lord presented me with the two stone tablets, the tablets of the covenant. 9:12 And he said to me, “Get up, go down at once from here because your people whom you brought out of Egypt have sinned! They have quickly turned from the way I commanded them and have made for themselves a cast metal image.” 9:13 Moreover, he said to me, “I have taken note of these people; they are a stubborn lot! 9:14 Stand aside and I will destroy them, obliterating their very name from memory, and I will make you into a stronger and more numerous nation than they are.” 9:15 So I turned and went down the mountain while it was blazing with fire; the two tablets of the covenant were in my hands. 9:16 When I looked, you had indeed sinned against the Lord your God and had cast for yourselves a metal calf; you had quickly turned aside from the way he had commanded you! 9:17 I grabbed the two tablets, threw them down, and shattered them before your very eyes. 9:18 Then I again fell down before the Lord for forty days and nights; I ate and drank nothing because of all the sin you had committed, doing such evil before the Lord as to enrage him. 9:19 For I was terrified at the Lord’s intense anger that threatened to destroy you. But he listened to me this time as well. 9:20 The Lord was also angry enough at Aaron to kill him, but at that time I prayed for him too. 9:21 As for your sinful thing that you had made, the calf, I took it, melted it down, ground it up until it was as fine as dust, and tossed the dust into the stream that flows down the mountain. 9:22 Moreover, you continued to provoke the Lord at Taberah, Massah, and Kibroth-Hattaavah. 9:23 And when he sent you from Kadesh-Barnea and told you, “Go up and possess the land I have given you,” you rebelled against the Lord your God and would neither believe nor obey him. 9:24 You have been rebelling against him from the very first day I knew you!
Moses’ Plea on Behalf of the Lord’s Reputation
9:25 I lay flat on the ground before the Lord for forty days and nights, for he had said he would destroy you. 9:26 I prayed to him: O, Lord God, do not destroy your people, your valued property that you have powerfully redeemed, whom you brought out of Egypt by your strength. 9:27 Remember your servants Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; ignore the stubbornness, wickedness, and sin of these people. 9:28 Otherwise the people of the land from which you brought us will say, “The Lord was unable to bring them to the land he promised them, and because of his hatred for them he has brought them out to kill them in the desert.” 9:29 They are your people, your valued property, whom you brought out with great strength and power.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Aaron a son of Amram; brother of Moses,son of Amram (Kohath Levi); patriarch of Israel's priests,the clan or priestly line founded by Aaron
 · Abraham a son of Terah; the father of Isaac; ancestor of the Jewish nation.,the son of Terah of Shem
 · Anak the forefather of the Anakim people
 · Anakim descendents of Anak; an ancient people who lived around Hebron
 · Egypt descendants of Mizraim
 · Horeb a mountain; the place where the law was given to Moses
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Jacob the second so of a pair of twins born to Isaac and Rebeccaa; ancestor of the 12 tribes of Israel,the nation of Israel,a person, male,son of Isaac; Israel the man and nation
 · Jordan the river that flows from Lake Galilee to the Dead Sea,a river that begins at Mt. Hermon, flows south through Lake Galilee and on to its end at the Dead Sea 175 km away (by air)
 · Kadesh-barnea an oasis 100 km south of Gaza & 120 km NNW of Ezion-Geber, where Israel made an encampment
 · Kadesh-Barnea an oasis 100 km south of Gaza & 120 km NNW of Ezion-Geber, where Israel made an encampment
 · Kibroth-Hattaavah a place where the people of Israel made an encampment
 · Kibroth-hattaavah a place where the people of Israel made an encampment
 · Massah an encampment
 · Taberah an encampment (where Israel murmured)


Topik/Tema Kamus: Moses | Obligation | Humility | Intercession | Israel | Prayer | Reproof | Tablets of Law | Anger | Taberah | Table | Aaron | God | Self-righteousness | Grace of God | Self-will | Kibroth-hattaavah | Stones | Anakim | Zeal | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Calvin , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: Deu 9:1 - Hear, O Israel This seems to be a new discourse, delivered at some distance of time from the former, probably on the next sabbath-day.

This seems to be a new discourse, delivered at some distance of time from the former, probably on the next sabbath-day.

Wesley: Deu 9:1 - This day That is, shortly, within a little time, the word day being often put for time.

That is, shortly, within a little time, the word day being often put for time.

Wesley: Deu 9:1 - Nations That is, the land of those nations.

That is, the land of those nations.

Wesley: Deu 9:1 - Mightier than thyself This he adds, that they might not trust to their own strength, but rely upon God's help for the destroying them, and, after the work was done, might a...

This he adds, that they might not trust to their own strength, but rely upon God's help for the destroying them, and, after the work was done, might ascribe the glory of it to God alone, and not to themselves.

Wesley: Deu 9:2 - Who can stand This seems to be a proverb used in those times.

This seems to be a proverb used in those times.

Wesley: Deu 9:5 - Not for thy righteousness Neither for thy upright heart, nor holy life, which are the two things which God above all things regards. And consequently he excludes all merit. And...

Neither for thy upright heart, nor holy life, which are the two things which God above all things regards. And consequently he excludes all merit. And surely they who did not deserve this earthly Canaan, could not merit the kingdom of glory.

Wesley: Deu 9:5 - To perform the word To shew my faithfulness in accomplishing that promise which I graciously made and confirmed with my oath.

To shew my faithfulness in accomplishing that promise which I graciously made and confirmed with my oath.

Wesley: Deu 9:6 - Stiff-necked Rebellious and perverse, and so destitute of all pretence of righteousness. And thus our gaining possession of the heavenly Canaan, must be ascribed t...

Rebellious and perverse, and so destitute of all pretence of righteousness. And thus our gaining possession of the heavenly Canaan, must be ascribed to God's power, not our own might, and to God's Grace, not our own merit. In him we must glory.

Wesley: Deu 9:8 - In Horeb When your miraculous deliverance out of Egypt was fresh in memory; when God had but newly manifested himself to you in so stupendous and dreadful a ma...

When your miraculous deliverance out of Egypt was fresh in memory; when God had but newly manifested himself to you in so stupendous and dreadful a manner, and had taken you into covenant with himself, when God was actually conferring farther mercies upon you.

Wesley: Deu 9:10 - With the finger of God Immediately and miraculously, which was done not only to procure the greater reverence to the law, but also to signify, that it is the work of God alo...

Immediately and miraculously, which was done not only to procure the greater reverence to the law, but also to signify, that it is the work of God alone to write this law upon the tables of men's hearts.

Wesley: Deu 9:10 - In the day of the assembly That is, when the people were gathered by God's command to the bottom of mount Sinai, to hear and receive God's ten commandments from his own mouth.

That is, when the people were gathered by God's command to the bottom of mount Sinai, to hear and receive God's ten commandments from his own mouth.

Wesley: Deu 9:14 - Let me alone! Stop me not by thy intercession.

Stop me not by thy intercession.

Wesley: Deu 9:17 - I brake them before your eyes Not by an unbridled passion, but in zeal for God's honour, and by the direction of God's spirit, to signify to tine people, that the covenant between ...

Not by an unbridled passion, but in zeal for God's honour, and by the direction of God's spirit, to signify to tine people, that the covenant between God and them contained in those tables was broken and they were now cast out of God's favour, and could expect nothing from him but fiery indignation.

Wesley: Deu 9:18 - I fell down In a way of humiliation and supplication, on your behalf.

In a way of humiliation and supplication, on your behalf.

Wesley: Deu 9:21 - Into the brook That there might be no monument or remembrance of it left.

That there might be no monument or remembrance of it left.

Wesley: Deu 9:25 - I fell down forty days The same as were mentioned before, Deu 9:18, as appears by comparing this with Exodus, where this history is more fully related, and where this is sai...

The same as were mentioned before, Deu 9:18, as appears by comparing this with Exodus, where this history is more fully related, and where this is said to be done twice only.

Wesley: Deu 9:26 - Through thy greatness Through the greatness of thy power, which appeared most eminently in that work.

Through the greatness of thy power, which appeared most eminently in that work.

Wesley: Deu 9:27 - Thy servants That is, the promise made and sworn to thy servants.

That is, the promise made and sworn to thy servants.

Wesley: Deu 9:29 - Thy people Whom thou hast chosen to thyself out of all mankind, and publickly owned them for thine, and hast purchased and redeemed them from the Egyptians.

Whom thou hast chosen to thyself out of all mankind, and publickly owned them for thine, and hast purchased and redeemed them from the Egyptians.

JFB: Deu 9:1 - this day Means this time. The Israelites had reached the confines of the promised land, but were obliged, to their great mortification, to return. But now they...

Means this time. The Israelites had reached the confines of the promised land, but were obliged, to their great mortification, to return. But now they certainly were to enter it. No obstacle could prevent their possession; neither the fortified defenses of the towns, nor the resistance of the gigantic inhabitants of whom they had received from the spies so formidable a description.

JFB: Deu 9:1 - cities great and fenced up to heaven Oriental cities generally cover a much greater space than those in Europe; for the houses often stand apart with gardens and fields intervening. They ...

Oriental cities generally cover a much greater space than those in Europe; for the houses often stand apart with gardens and fields intervening. They are almost all surrounded with walls built of burnt or sun-dried bricks, about forty feet in height. All classes in the East, but especially the nomad tribes, in their ignorance of engineering and artillery, would have abandoned in despair the idea of an assault on a walled town, which to-day would be demolished in a few hours.

JFB: Deu 9:4-6 - Speak not thou in thine heart, . . . saying, For my righteousness the Lord hath brought me in to possess this land Moses takes special care to guard his countrymen against the vanity of supposing that their own merits had procured them the distinguished privilege. ...

Moses takes special care to guard his countrymen against the vanity of supposing that their own merits had procured them the distinguished privilege. The Canaanites were a hopelessly corrupt race, and deserved extermination; but history relates many remarkable instances in which God punished corrupt and guilty nations by the instrumentality of other people as bad as themselves. It was not for the sake of the Israelites, but for His own sake, for the promise made to their pious ancestors, and in furtherance of high and comprehensive purposes of good to the world, that God was about to give them a grant of Canaan.

JFB: Deu 9:7 - Remember, and forget not, how thou provokedst the Lord To dislodge from their minds any presumptuous idea of their own righteousness, Moses rehearses their acts of disobedience and rebellion committed so f...

To dislodge from their minds any presumptuous idea of their own righteousness, Moses rehearses their acts of disobedience and rebellion committed so frequently, and in circumstances of the most awful and impressive solemnity, that they had forfeited all claims to the favor of God. The candor and boldness with which he gave, and the patient submission with which the people bore, his recital of charges so discreditable to their national character, has often been appealed to as among the many evidences of the truth of this history.

JFB: Deu 9:8 - Also in Horeb Rather, "even in Horeb," where it might have been expected they would have acted otherwise.|| 05170||1||18||0||@Arise, get thee down quickly from henc...

Rather, "even in Horeb," where it might have been expected they would have acted otherwise.|| 05170||1||18||0||@Arise, get thee down quickly from hence; for thy people . . . have corrupted themselves==--With a view to humble them effectually, Moses proceeds to particularize some of the most atrocious instances of their infidelity. He begins with the impiety of the golden calf--an impiety which, while their miraculous emancipation from Egypt, the most stupendous displays of the Divine Majesty that were exhibited on the adjoining mount, and the recent ratification of the covenant by which they engaged to act as the people of God, were fresh in memory, indicated a degree of inconstancy or debasement almost incredible.

JFB: Deu 9:17 - I took the two tables, . . . and broke them before your eyes Not in the heat of intemperate passion, but in righteous indignation, from zeal to vindicate the unsullied honor of God, and by the suggestion of His ...

Not in the heat of intemperate passion, but in righteous indignation, from zeal to vindicate the unsullied honor of God, and by the suggestion of His Spirit to intimate that the covenant had been broken, and the people excluded from the divine favor.

JFB: Deu 9:18 - I fell down before the Lord The sudden and painful reaction which this scene of pagan revelry produced on the mind of the pious and patriotic leader can be more easily imagined t...

The sudden and painful reaction which this scene of pagan revelry produced on the mind of the pious and patriotic leader can be more easily imagined than described. Great and public sins call for seasons of extraordinary humiliation, and in his deep affliction for the awful apostasy, he seems to have held a miraculous fast as long as before.

JFB: Deu 9:20 - The Lord was very angry with Aaron to have destroyed him By allowing himself to be overborne by the tide of popular clamor, Aaron became a partaker in the guilt of idolatry and would have suffered the penalt...

By allowing himself to be overborne by the tide of popular clamor, Aaron became a partaker in the guilt of idolatry and would have suffered the penalty of his sinful compliance, had not the earnest intercession of Moses on his behalf prevailed.

JFB: Deu 9:21 - I cast the dust thereof into the brook that descended out of the mount That is, "the smitten rock" (El Leja) which was probably contiguous to, or a part of, Sinai. It is too seldom borne in mind that though the Israelites...

That is, "the smitten rock" (El Leja) which was probably contiguous to, or a part of, Sinai. It is too seldom borne in mind that though the Israelites were supplied with water from this rock when they were stationed at Rephidim (Wady Feiran), there is nothing in the Scripture narrative which should lead us to suppose that the rock was in the immediate neighborhood of that place (see on Exo 17:5). The water on this smitten rock was probably the brook that descended from the mount. The water may have flowed at the distance of many miles from the rock, as the winter torrents do now through the wadies of Arabia-Petræa (Psa 78:15-16). And the rock may have been smitten at such a height, and at a spot bearing such a relation to the Sinaitic valleys, as to furnish in this way supplies of water to the Israelites during the journey from Horeb by the way of mount Seir and Kadesh-barnea (Deu 1:1-2). On this supposition new light is, perhaps, cast on the figurative language of the apostle, when he speaks of "the rock following" the Israelites (1Co 10:4) [WILSON, Land of the Bible].

JFB: Deu 9:25 - Thus I fell down before the Lord forty days and forty nights, as I fell down at the first After the enumeration of various acts of rebellion, he had mentioned the outbreak at Kadesh-barnea, which, on a superficial reading of this verse, wou...

After the enumeration of various acts of rebellion, he had mentioned the outbreak at Kadesh-barnea, which, on a superficial reading of this verse, would seem to have led Moses to a third and protracted season of humiliation. But on a comparison of this passage with Num 14:5, the subject and language of this prayer show that only the second act of intercession (Deu 9:18) is now described in fuller detail.

Clarke: Deu 9:1 - Thou art to pass over Jordan this day Thou art to pass over Jordan this day - היום haiyom , this time; they had come thirty-eight years before this nearly to the verge of the promis...

Thou art to pass over Jordan this day - היום haiyom , this time; they had come thirty-eight years before this nearly to the verge of the promised land, but were not permitted at that day or time to pass over, because of their rebellions; but this time they shall certainly pass over. This was spoken about the eleventh month of the fortieth year of their journeying, and it was on the first month of the following year they passed over; and during this interim Moses died.

Clarke: Deu 9:5 - For the wickedness of these nations For the wickedness of these nations - So then it was not by any sovereign act of God that these people were cast out, but for their wickedness; they...

For the wickedness of these nations - So then it was not by any sovereign act of God that these people were cast out, but for their wickedness; they had transgressed the law of their Creator; they had resisted his Spirit, and could no longer be tolerated. The Israelites were to possess their land, not because they deserved it, but first, because they were less wicked than the others; and secondly, because God thus chose to begin the great work of his salvation among men. Thus then the Canaanites were cut off, and the Israelites were grafted in; and the Israelites, because of their wickedness, were afterwards cut off and the Gentiles grafted in. Let the latter not be high-minded, but fear; if God spared not the natural branches, take heed lest he spare not thee. But let it be remembered that this land was originally their own, and that the present possessors had no legal right to it.

Clarke: Deu 9:10 - Tables of stone Tables of stone - See the notes on Exo 31:18, Exo 32:15 (note), and Exo 32:16.

Tables of stone - See the notes on Exo 31:18, Exo 32:15 (note), and Exo 32:16.

Clarke: Deu 9:12 - Thy people - have corrupted themselves Thy people - have corrupted themselves - Debased themselves by making and worshipping an Egyptian idol. See on Exodus 32 (note).

Thy people - have corrupted themselves - Debased themselves by making and worshipping an Egyptian idol. See on Exodus 32 (note).

Clarke: Deu 9:21 - I took your sin, the calf which ye had made I took your sin, the calf which ye had made - See this fully explained Exo 32:20 (note).

I took your sin, the calf which ye had made - See this fully explained Exo 32:20 (note).

Clarke: Deu 9:22 - At Kibroth-hattaavah At Kibroth-hattaavah - See the note on Num 11:34.

At Kibroth-hattaavah - See the note on Num 11:34.

Clarke: Deu 9:27 - Remember thy servants, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob Remember thy servants, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob - As if he had said: "These are their descendants, and the covenant was made with those patriarchs ...

Remember thy servants, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob - As if he had said: "These are their descendants, and the covenant was made with those patriarchs in behalf of these."God bestows many blessings on comparatively worthless persons, either for the sake of their pious ancestors, or on account of the religious people with whom they are connected; therefore union with the Church of God is a blessing of no common magnitude. The reader will find the grand subject of this chapter explained at large in the notes on Exodus 31 and 32, to which he is particularly desired to refer.

Calvin: Deu 9:1 - Thou art to pass over Jordan this day 1.Thou art to pass over Jordan this day The whole of this passage contains an eulogy on the gratuitous liberality of God, whereby He had bound the pe...

1.Thou art to pass over Jordan this day The whole of this passage contains an eulogy on the gratuitous liberality of God, whereby He had bound the people to Himself unto the obedience of the Law. But this (as we have already seen) ought to have been a most pressing stimulus to incite the people, and altogether to ravish them to the worship and love of God, to whom they were under so great obligation. The design of Moses, then, was to shew that the Israelites, for no merit of their own, but by the signal bounty of God, would be heirs of the land of Canaan; and that this entirely flowed from the covenant and their gratuitous adoption; in order that, on their part, they should persevere in the faithful observation of the covenant, and so should be the more disposed to honor Him. For it would be too disgraceful that they, whom God had prevented by His grace, should not meet Him, as it were, by voluntarily submitting to His dominion. Moreover, lest they should arrogate anything to themselves, he commends the greatness of God’s power, in that they could not be victorious over so many nations, unless by the miraculous aid of heaven. With this view, he states that these nations excelled not only in greatness and multitude, but also in military valor. He adds that their cities were great and impregnable; and, finally, that in them were the children of the giants, formidable from their enormous stature. For Anak (as is related in Jos 15:0 246) was a celebrated giant, whose descendants were called Anakim. And, to take away all doubt about this, he cites themselves as witnesses, that they were so terrified by their appearance as to wish to turn back again. We now understand the object of all these details, viz., that God’s glory may shine forth in the victories and success of the people. The words “whom thou knowest, and of whom thou hast heard,” have reference to the spies; 247 for these giants had not yet become openly known to the people; but he transfers the case of a few to them all, because, by the account the spies had given, terror had invaded the whole camp, as though they had actually come into conflict with them. Since, then, they had been persuaded of their inferiority to their enemies, and utterly disheartened by the report they received, Moses convicts them on their own evidence, lest, perchance, they might hereafter assume to themselves the praise which was due to God alone. But we are taught in these words, that such is the ingratitude of mankind, that they obscure, as much as they can, God’s bounties, and never yield, except when driven to conviction.

Calvin: Deu 9:3 - Understand therefore this day 3.Understand therefore this day He concludes from what has preceded that the Israelites would be too perverse, unless they acknowledge that their ene...

3.Understand therefore this day He concludes from what has preceded that the Israelites would be too perverse, unless they acknowledge that their enemies were overcome by the hand of God; and, still more to heighten the miracle, he uses a similitude, comparing God to a fire, which consumes so many nations in an unwonted and incredible manner. It is as if he had said, that it could not be effected by human or ordinary means that so many and such warlike peoples could thus quickly perish. Elsewhere God is called “a consuming fire” in a different sense, that we may fear his wrath and power; but here Moses only means that the destruction of the Canaanitish nations was His wonderful work.

Calvin: Deu 9:4 - Speak not thou in thine heart 4.Speak not thou in thine heart He now more plainly warns the people not to exalt themselves in proud and foolish boasting. If they had not been natu...

4.Speak not thou in thine heart He now more plainly warns the people not to exalt themselves in proud and foolish boasting. If they had not been naturally so depraved and malignant, it would have been sufficient to point out God’s grace in a single word; but he could not induce them to gratitude except by correcting and destroying their pride. He therefore takes away this stumblingblock, in order that God’s generosity might be conspicuous among them. “To speak in the heart” is equivalent to reflecting or conceiving an opinion. Wherefore Moses not only reproves the boasting of the lips, but that hidden arrogance, wherewith men are puffed up, when they take to themselves the praise which is due to God. Moreover, he not only prohibits them from ascribing it to their own valor, that they had routed their enemies, and gained possession of the land, but also from imagining that this was the just recompense of their merits. For God is not less defrauded of His glory when men oppose their righteousness to His liberality, than when they boast that whatever blessings they have are obtained by their own industry. To make this more ‘clear, I will repeat it. Moses does not forbid the people from thinking that they had themselves acquired the land without God’s aid; nay, he takes it for granted that they themselves will acknowledge that it was by God’s help that they were victorious; but he is not contented with this limited gratitude unless they at the same time acknowledge that they had deserved nothing of the kind, and therefore that it was a mere and gratuitous act of His bounty. The reason given in the second clause does not appear sufficiently 248 conclusive, viz., that the nations were driven out on account of their own wickedness; for it might have been that what God took away from these wicked reprobates He transferred to those who were more worthy; but. it appears to be an indirect admonition, that the Israelites should compare themselves with these nations; because it was evidently to be gathered by them from thence, 249 that they had not acquired this foreign land, from which the former inhabitants had been ejected, by their own righteousness. And this is still more clearly expressed in the two next verses.

Calvin: Deu 9:5 - Not for thy righteousness 5.Not for thy righteousness First of all, he would have the punishment inflicted upon these nations awaken the Israelites to fear, and thus that they...

5.Not for thy righteousness First of all, he would have the punishment inflicted upon these nations awaken the Israelites to fear, and thus that they should attribute nothing to themselves; because it was God’s design not to reward their merits, but to shew the severity of His judgment. Secondly, he confirms this by two arguments; viz., because God thus had performed what He promised Abraham; (which promise, as has been already seen, was founded on mere grace;) and, again, because the people itself was naturally perverse and rebellious. Hence, it sufficiently appears that there was no room for merits, since by them God’s covenant would have been nullified, nor, if there were, could any such be found in so depraved and contumacious a nation. And besides, God had made His covenant with Abraham almost four centuries before they were born. Hence it follows that this benefit proceeded from some other source. But he still further represses their pride, by reproaching them with being “stiff-necked;” for it would have been too absurd to imagine that God, whom they had not ceased to provoke with their sins, was under obligation to them, as if they had duly discharged their duty. This metaphor is taken from oxen, which are useless until they are accustomed to bend their necks; it is then the same as saying that they were not only unsubmissive, but that in their obstinacy they shook off the yoke. By his impressing on them, for the third time, that the Israelites had not deserved the land by their righteousness, we learn that nothing is more difficult than for men to strip themselves of their blind arrogance, whereby they detract some portion of the praise from God’s mercies. Now, if in regard to an earthly inheritance God so greatly exalts His mercy, what must we think of the heavenly inheritance? 250 He would have it attributed to Himself alone, that the children of Israel possess the land of Canaan; how much less, then, will He tolerate the obtrusion of men’s merits in order to the acquisition of heaven? Nor is there anything in the pretense of the Papists that they attribute the first place to God’s bounty; because He claims altogether for Himself what they would share with Him. But if any object that this was only said to His ancient people, I reply, that we are no better than they. Let each retire into himself, 251 and he will not excuse the hardness of his neck. But they who are regenerated by God’s Spirit, know that they are not naturally formed unto obedience; and thus that it is only mercy which makes them to differ from the worst of men.

Calvin: Deu 9:7 - Remember, and forget not, how thou provokedst 7.Remember, and forget not, how thou provokedst In order to reprove the ingratitude of the people, Moses here briefly refers to some of their offense...

7.Remember, and forget not, how thou provokedst In order to reprove the ingratitude of the people, Moses here briefly refers to some of their offenses; but he principally insists on the history of their revolt, in which their extreme and most detestable impiety betrayed itself. He therefore narrates this crime in almost the identical words which he had previously used in Exodus. He begins by urging them often to reflect upon their sins, lest they should ever be forgotten; and this constant recollection of them not only tended to humiliate them, but also to teach them at length to lay aside their depraved nature, and to accustom themselves to become obedient to God. Afterwards he proceeds to the history itself, shewing that God had been provoked by their idolatry to destroy them. If a question be here put, how it was that God was prevailed upon by Moses to change His intention, our curiosity must be repressed, lest we should dispute more deeply than is fitting respecting the secret and incomprehensible decree of God. Sure it is that God did not act otherwise than He had determined; but Moses goes no deeper than the sentence that was revealed to him; just as we must assuredly conclude that destruction is prepared for us when we transgress; and that God’s anger is appeased when we fly to His mercy in true faith, and with sincere affections. The rest has been already expounded.

Calvin: Deu 9:17 - And I took the two tables, and cast them out 17.And I took the two tables, and cast them out Moses here accuses himself of no transgression; he does not, therefore, give us to understand that he...

17.And I took the two tables, and cast them out Moses here accuses himself of no transgression; he does not, therefore, give us to understand that he was urged to break the tables by the impetuosity of excessive anger; but rather he again repeats what they had deserved, and consequently that he discharged the office of a herald, 391 so as to denounce, not by word of mouth only, but by a solemn rite also, that God’s Covenant was broken and made void by their perfidiousness. For which reason also he cast down and broke the tables before their eyes, in order that being alarmed by so awful a punishment, they might more earnestly betake themselves to the expiation of their sins.

Calvin: Deu 9:18 - And I fell down before the Lord 18.And I fell down before the Lord The order of the narrative is confused; for this fact of which he speaks did not precede his second ascent into th...

18.And I fell down before the Lord The order of the narrative is confused; for this fact of which he speaks did not precede his second ascent into the mount, when he was commanded to prepare the second tables. If so, he would have fasted three times, which we gather from other passages not to have been the case; but we must not be surprised that the same thing should be often repeated, as we shall see at the beginning of chapter 10, as well as shortly afterwards. The mention of it here, however, is seasonable, because the Covenant was to be renewed, and therefore, as if nothing had been done, he again abstained from meat and drink for forty days. Yet we have elsewhere seen that there were other prayers which had intervened before He ascended the mount a second time; but He does not here distinctly record the details, nay, he mixes up the prayers, whereby he interceded with God, with the second fast, because this was the point most worthy of observation, that the first promulgation of the Law had failed of its effect, and the Covenant which they had violated was to be repeated, as it were, from its very commencement.

Although he says that “because of their sins” he had not eaten bread nor drunk water, he does not signify that this fast was a sign of grief and mourning, like as Joel invites the people to sackcloth and ashes, and urges them to weeping and fasting for the purpose of testifying their repentance. (Joe 2:12.) For abstinence, as I have already shewn, was no more difficult or grievous to Moses than to the angels. But he simply reminds them that so great a sin could not be expiated, unless he had again renounced the life of men and had been taken up to God. Meanwhile, it must be borne in mind that previously to this, he had already made entreaty for the people, and had also been accepted; inasmuch as it was a token that God was reconciled and appeased, when He called up Moses to receive the Law, and to bring it down to them a second time. To this refers what he adds in the next verse, “For I was afraid of the anger,” etc., for he was still in anxiety as to the welfare of the people, since God did not cease to menace them. We see, therefore, that this fear and anxious earnestness in prayer are separated from the fast, as different things; and assuredly he had already propitiated God, when, by His command he hewed out the new tables whereon the Covenant was to be renewed. Still, I do not deny that he labored also in the mount in the cause of obtaining pardon, just as believers, by continuing the requests which have already been granted, confirm their faith more and more. I only warn my readers to observe the distinction of time which I have noticed.

Calvin: Deu 9:20 - And the Lord was very angry with Aaron 20.And the Lord was very angry with Aaron It hence appears how vain are the pretexts whereby men endeavor to conceal their faults, until they are sub...

20.And the Lord was very angry with Aaron It hence appears how vain are the pretexts whereby men endeavor to conceal their faults, until they are subdued by genuine fear of God to acknowledge their guilt. Although Aaron did not boast that he was altogether innocent, still he endeavored to blot out, or at any rate to extenuate the enormity of his crime by alleging that he was under compulsion. But Moses declares that God was very angry with him. Whence it follows that he was guilty of a very gross sin, which is also more certainly declared by the greatness of its punishment; for God would never have been thus moved even to destroy him, unless because he was worthy of this condemnation.

In the next verse, the word sin is not applied to the act; itself, 392 but is transferred by metonymy to the calf, as its apposition shews. Again, by saying that he had thoroughly broken the calf to pieces by grinding it till it was reduced to powder, he signifies once more how abominable this idol was, especially when he adds, that the powder was cast into the stream, lest any memorial of it should continue in existence.

Calvin: Deu 9:22 - And at Taberah 22.And at Taberah He briefly adverts to several cases whereby he may convince the people of ingratitude and persevering obstinacy, and thus of a corr...

22.And at Taberah He briefly adverts to several cases whereby he may convince the people of ingratitude and persevering obstinacy, and thus of a corrupt nature: for it is just as if he had said, that they had been rebellious against God not once only, nor in one particular way, but that they had heaped together many offences, so that it was wonderful that God had so often pardoned them. He also recounts the names given to the places as memorials of their sins, in order that they may at length cease to transgress, since, although so often provoked, God had borne with them already too long.

Calvin: Deu 9:25 - Thus I fell down before the Lord forty days 25.Thus I fell down before the Lord forty days Again the narrative is blended together; for it is certain that this prayer was offered before he rema...

25.Thus I fell down before the Lord forty days Again the narrative is blended together; for it is certain that this prayer was offered before he remained fasting in the mount during the second forty days. But inasmuch as then also, being still in anxiety, he continued the same prayers, it is not to be wondered at that he should include in the forty days’ fast whatever had been done before. For there is no absurdity in supposing that after having obtained the safety of the people, for which he had petitioned, he should still be in trepidation. Moreover, that this fast was posterior to the prayer which he mentions at the same time, may be inferred from the beginning of the next chapter, where he records that the second tables were given to him, but says not a word of the fast. I have stated why he so often repeats his allusion to the forty days, viz., because it would not have been sufficient merely to intercede, unless this reconciliation had followed, which he obtained when he received the new covenant. The rest I have already expounded.

TSK: Deu 9:1 - to pass // this day // nations // cities to pass : Deu 3:18, Deu 11:31, Deu 27:2; Jos 1:11, Jos 3:6, Jos 3:14, Jos 3:16, Jos 4:5, Jos 4:19 this day : The Hebrew hyyom , ""this day,""frequen...

to pass : Deu 3:18, Deu 11:31, Deu 27:2; Jos 1:11, Jos 3:6, Jos 3:14, Jos 3:16, Jos 4:5, Jos 4:19

this day : The Hebrew hyyom , ""this day,""frequently denotes, as here, this time. They had come, 38 years before this, nearly to the verge of the promised land, but were not permitted, because of their unbelief and rebellion, at that day or time, to enter; but this time they shall certainly pass over. This was spoken in the eleventh month of the fortieth year of their journeying; and it was on the first month of the following year they passed over, and during this interval Moses died.

nations : Deu 4:38, Deu 7:1, Deu 11:23

cities : Deu 1:28; Num 13:22, Num 13:28-33

TSK: Deu 9:2 - great // Who can stand great : Deu 2:11, Deu 2:12, Deu 2:21 Who can stand : Deu 7:24; Exo 9:11; Job 11:10; Dan 8:4, Dan 11:16; Nah 1:6

TSK: Deu 9:3 - Understand // goeth over // a consuming fire // he shall Understand : Deu 9:6; Mat 15:10; Mar 7:14; Eph 5:17 goeth over : Deu 1:30, Deu 20:4, Deu 31:3-6; Jos 3:11, Jos 3:14; Mic 2:13; Rev 19:11-16 a consumin...

TSK: Deu 9:4 - Speak not // for the wickedness Speak not : Deu 9:5, Deu 7:7, Deu 7:8, Deu 8:17; Eze 36:22, Eze 36:32; Rom 11:6, Rom 11:20; 1Co 4:4, 1Co 4:7; Eph 2:4, Eph 2:5; 2Ti 1:9; Tit 3:3-5 for...

TSK: Deu 9:5 - Not for // that he may Not for : Though the Canaanites were expelled for their wickedness, it does not follow, that the Israelites were established in their room on account ...

Not for : Though the Canaanites were expelled for their wickedness, it does not follow, that the Israelites were established in their room on account of any distinguished virtue, or because they deserved it. On many occasions, it may be seen in the history of the world, that God punishes the wicked by the instrumentality of other men, who are as wicked as themselves. Not the Israelites’ righteousness, but the wickedness of the inhabitants, and the promise of God to their fathers, was the cause of their obtaining Canaan. Tit 3:5

that he may : Gen 12:7, Gen 13:15, Gen 15:7, Gen 17:8, Gen 26:4, Gen 28:13; Exo 32:13; Eze 20:14; Mic 7:20; Luk 1:54, Luk 1:55; Act 3:25, Act 13:32, Act 13:33; Rom 11:28, Rom 15:8

TSK: Deu 9:6 - Understand // giveth thee // a stiffnecked Understand : Deu 9:3, Deu 9:4; Eze 20:44 giveth thee : Moses repeats this a third time, that, if it were possible, he might root out of the Israelites...

Understand : Deu 9:3, Deu 9:4; Eze 20:44

giveth thee : Moses repeats this a third time, that, if it were possible, he might root out of the Israelites the opinion of their own deserts, before God rooted out the Canaanites from their country.

a stiffnecked : Deu 9:13, Deu 10:16, Deu 31:27; Exo 32:9, Exo 33:3, Exo 34:9; 2Ch 30:8, 2Ch 36:13; Psa 78:8; Isa 48:3, Isa 48:4; Eze 2:4; Zec 7:11, Zec 7:12; Act 7:51; Rom 5:20, Rom 5:21

TSK: Deu 9:7 - Remember // from the day Remember : In order to destroy the opinion which the Israelites had of their own righteousness, it was necessary to call to mind some of their most no...

Remember : In order to destroy the opinion which the Israelites had of their own righteousness, it was necessary to call to mind some of their most notorious provocations and rebellions, which Moses exhorts them to preserve in their mind, as a means to keep them humble. Deu 8:2; Eze 16:61-63, Eze 20:43, Eze 36:31; 1Co 15:9; Eph 2:11; 1Ti 1:13-15

from the day : Deu 31:27, Deu 32:5, Deu 32:6; Exo 14:11, Exo 16:2, Exo 17:2; Num 11:4, Num 14:1-10, 16:1-35; Num 20:2-5, Num 21:5, Num 25:2; Neh 9:16-18; Psa. 78:8-72, Psa 95:8-11

TSK: Deu 9:8 - Also in Horeb Also in Horeb : Or rather, ""Even at Horeb,""for there is a peculiar emphasis here, even there where they had lately received the law, attended with t...

Also in Horeb : Or rather, ""Even at Horeb,""for there is a peculiar emphasis here, even there where they had lately received the law, attended with the most astonishing appearances and circumstances. Exo 32:16; Psa 106:19-22

TSK: Deu 9:9 - I was // the tables // then I // I neither I was : Exo 24:12, Exo 24:15, Exo 24:18 the tables : Deu 9:15; Exo 31:18, Exo 34:28; Jer 31:31, Jer 31:32; Gal 4:24 then I : Exo 24:18, Exo 34:28; 1Ki...

TSK: Deu 9:10 - the Lord // written with // all the words the Lord : Exo 31:18 written with : Deu 10:4; Mat 12:28; Luk 11:20; 2Co 3:3; Heb 8:10 all the words : Deu 4:10-15, 5:6-21, Deu 18:16; Exo 19:17-19, 20...

the Lord : Exo 31:18

written with : Deu 10:4; Mat 12:28; Luk 11:20; 2Co 3:3; Heb 8:10

all the words : Deu 4:10-15, 5:6-21, Deu 18:16; Exo 19:17-19, 20:1-18

TSK: Deu 9:11 - the tables of the covenant the tables of the covenant : Deu 9:9; Num 10:33; Heb 8:6-10, Heb 9:4

the tables of the covenant : Deu 9:9; Num 10:33; Heb 8:6-10, Heb 9:4

TSK: Deu 9:12 - Arise // corrupted // are quickly Arise : Exo 32:7, Exo 32:8 corrupted : Deu 4:16, Deu 31:29, Deu 32:5; Gen 6:11, Gen 6:12; Jud 1:10 are quickly : Deu 9:16; Jdg 2:17; Psa 78:57; Hos 6:...

TSK: Deu 9:13 - I have // stiffnecked I have : Gen 11:5, Gen 18:21; Exo 32:9, Exo 32:10; Psa 50:7; Jer 7:11, Jer 13:27; Hos 6:10; Mal 3:5 stiffnecked : Deu 9:6, Deu 10:16, Deu 31:27; 2Ki 1...

TSK: Deu 9:14 - Let me // blot // and I will Let me : Exo 32:10-13; Isa 62:6, Isa 62:7; Jer 14:11, Jer 15:1; Luk 11:7-10, Luk 18:1-8; Act 7:51 blot : Deu 29:20; Exo 32:32, Exo 32:33; Psa 9:5, Psa...

TSK: Deu 9:15 - I turned // the mount I turned : Exo 32:14, 15-35 the mount : Deu 4:11, Deu 5:23; Exo 9:23, Exo 19:18; Heb 12:18

I turned : Exo 32:14, 15-35

the mount : Deu 4:11, Deu 5:23; Exo 9:23, Exo 19:18; Heb 12:18

TSK: Deu 9:16 - I looked I looked : Exo 32:19; Act 7:40, Act 7:41

I looked : Exo 32:19; Act 7:40, Act 7:41

TSK: Deu 9:17 - cast them cast them : Moses might have done this through distress and anguish of spirit, on beholding their abominable idolatry and dissolute conduct; or probab...

cast them : Moses might have done this through distress and anguish of spirit, on beholding their abominable idolatry and dissolute conduct; or probably he did it emblematically, and perhaps by the direction of God; intimating thereby, that as by this act of his the tables were broken in pieces, on which the Law of God was written, so they, by their present conduct, had made a breach in the covenant, and broken the laws of their Maker and Sovereign. Deu 9:17

TSK: Deu 9:18 - I fell down I fell down : The transgressions of the people rendered this second forty days’ fasting necessary to Moses. Their pardon was indeed in some sen...

I fell down : The transgressions of the people rendered this second forty days’ fasting necessary to Moses. Their pardon was indeed in some sense obtained before he ascended the mount; yet probably much of the time which he spent there was employed in supplication, and when he descended the second time, with the tables of the law in his hands, the pardon was, as it were, ratified and sealed. Deu 9:9; Exo 32:10-14, Exo 34:28; 2Sa 12:16; Psa 106:23

TSK: Deu 9:19 - For I // But the For I : Deu 9:8; Exo 32:10, Exo 32:11; Neh 1:2-7; Luk 12:4, Luk 12:5 But the : Deu 10:10; Exo 32:14, Exo 33:17; Psa 99:6, Psa 106:23; Amo 7:2, Amo 7:3...

TSK: Deu 9:20 - -- Exo 32:2-5, Exo 32:21, Exo 32:35; Heb 7:26-28

TSK: Deu 9:21 - I took // the brook I took : Exo 32:20; Isa 2:18-21, Isa 30:22, Isa 31:7; Hos 8:11 the brook : This was the stream which flowed from the rock that Moses smote with his ro...

I took : Exo 32:20; Isa 2:18-21, Isa 30:22, Isa 31:7; Hos 8:11

the brook : This was the stream which flowed from the rock that Moses smote with his rod (Exo 17:6), and to which the Psalmist alludes in Psa 78:16-20; Psa 105:41. Philo relates, that upon Moses’ striking the rock, the water poured out like a torrent, affording not only a sufficient quantity for allaying their present thirst, but to fill their water vessels, to carry with them on their journey.

TSK: Deu 9:22 - Taberah // Massah // Kibrothhattaavah Taberah : Num 11:1-5 Massah : Exo 17:7 Kibrothhattaavah : Num 11:4, Num 11:34

Taberah : Num 11:1-5

Massah : Exo 17:7

Kibrothhattaavah : Num 11:4, Num 11:34

TSK: Deu 9:23 - Likewise // ye rebelled // ye believed Likewise : Deu 1:19-33; Num. 13:1-33 ye rebelled : Num 14:1-4, 10-41; Isa 63:10 ye believed : Deu 1:32, Deu 1:33; Psa 78:22, Psa 106:24, Psa 106:25; H...

Likewise : Deu 1:19-33; Num. 13:1-33

ye rebelled : Num 14:1-4, 10-41; Isa 63:10

ye believed : Deu 1:32, Deu 1:33; Psa 78:22, Psa 106:24, Psa 106:25; Heb 3:18, Heb 3:19, Heb 4:2

TSK: Deu 9:24 - -- Deu 9:6, Deu 9:7, Deu 31:27; Act 7:51

TSK: Deu 9:25 - -- Deu 9:16, Deu 9:18

TSK: Deu 9:26 - prayed // thine inheritance // which thou hast redeemed // which thou hast brought forth prayed : Exo 32:11-13, Exo 34:9; Num 14:13-19; Psa 99:6, Psa 106:23; Jer 14:21 thine inheritance : 1Ki 8:51 which thou hast redeemed : Deu 9:29, Deu 3...

TSK: Deu 9:27 - Remember // look not Remember : Exo 3:6, Exo 3:16, Exo 6:3-8, Exo 13:5, Exo 32:13; Jer 14:21 look not : Exo 32:31, Exo 32:32; 1Sa 25:25; Psa 78:8; Pro 21:12; Isa 43:24, Is...

TSK: Deu 9:28 - the land // Because the land : Gen 41:57; Exo 6:6-8; 1Sa 14:25 Because : Deu 32:26, Deu 32:27; Exo 32:12; Num 14:15, Num 14:16; Jos 7:7-9; Psa 115:1, Psa 115:2; Isa 43:25...

TSK: Deu 9:29 - Yet they // which thou Yet they : Deu 9:26, Deu 4:20; 1Ki 8:15; Neh 1:10; Psa 95:7, Psa 100:3; Isa 63:19 which thou : Deu 9:26, Deu 4:34

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: Deu 9:1 - This day // Greater and mightier than thyself // Fenced up to heaven This day i.e. shortly, within a little time, the word day being oft put for time , as Joh 8:56 1Co 4:5 Rev 16:14 , within two months; for Moses s...

This day i.e. shortly, within a little time, the word day being oft put for time , as Joh 8:56 1Co 4:5 Rev 16:14 , within two months; for Moses spake this on the first day of the eleventh month, Deu 1:3 , and they passed over Jordan on the tenth day of the first month, Jos 4:19 . Nations i.e. the land of those nations; for that only they were to possess, but as for the nations or people they were not to possess, but to destroy them. Thus they are said to inherit Gad , Jer 49:1 , i.e. the country and cities of Gad, as it is there explained.

Greater and mightier than thyself: this he adds, partly that they might not be surprised when they find them to be such; partly that they might not trust to their own strength, but wholly rely upon God’ s help, for the destroying of them, and, after the work was done, might ascribe the praise and glory of it to God alone, and not to themselves.

Fenced up to heaven as the spies reported, Deu 1:28 . See on Gen 11:4 .

Poole: Deu 9:2 - -- Either from the spies, or rather from common fame, for this seems to be a proverb used. in those times.

Either from the spies, or rather from common fame, for this seems to be a proverb used. in those times.

Poole: Deu 9:3 - Quickly Quickly without great difficulty or long wars.

Quickly without great difficulty or long wars.

Poole: Deu 9:5 - -- Neither for thy upright heart, nor holy life, which are the two things which God above all things regards, 1Ch 29:17 Psa 15:1,2 ; and consequently h...

Neither for thy upright heart, nor holy life, which are the two things which God above all things regards, 1Ch 29:17 Psa 15:1,2 ; and consequently he excludes all merit. And surely they who did not deserve this earthly Canaan, could not merit the kingdom of glory. That he may perform the word which he sware; to show my faithfulness in accomplishing that promise which I graciously made and confirmed with my oath. By which words it is implied, that this land was not given to them for the righteousness of their fathers, though they were righteous and holy persons, and much less for their own righteousness, which they had not, as it follows.

Poole: Deu 9:6 - -- Rebellious and perverse, and so destitute of all pretence of righteousness; such were the people, but there were divers particular persons amongst t...

Rebellious and perverse, and so destitute of all pretence of righteousness; such were the people, but there were divers particular persons amongst them truly righteous and holy, and yet even their righteousness is denied to be the procuring cause of this land.

Poole: Deu 9:8 - -- When your miraculous deliverance out of Egypt was fresh in memory; when God had but newly manifested himself to you in so stupendous and dreadful a ...

When your miraculous deliverance out of Egypt was fresh in memory; when God had but newly manifested himself to you in so stupendous and dreadful a manner, and had taken you into covenant with himself; when God was actually conferring further mercies upon you.

Poole: Deu 9:9 - -- i.e. I wholly abstained from all meat and drink. Compare 1Ki 13:8,9,17 2Ki 6:22 .

i.e. I wholly abstained from all meat and drink. Compare 1Ki 13:8,9,17 2Ki 6:22 .

Poole: Deu 9:10 - In the day of the assembly Immediately and miraculously, which was done not only to procure the greater reverence to the law, but also to signify that it was the work of God a...

Immediately and miraculously, which was done not only to procure the greater reverence to the law, but also to signify that it was the work of God alone to write this law upon the tables of men’ s hearts. See Jer 31:33 2Co 3:3,7 .

In the day of the assembly i.e. when the people were gathered by God’ s command to the bottom of Mount Sinai, to hear and receive God’ s ten commandments from his own mouth.

Poole: Deu 9:14 - Let me alone Let me alone stop not the course of my fury by thy intercession.

Let me alone stop not the course of my fury by thy intercession.

Poole: Deu 9:17 - -- Not by an unbridled passion, but in zeal for God’ s honour, and by the direction of God’ s Spirit, to signify to the people, that the cove...

Not by an unbridled passion, but in zeal for God’ s honour, and by the direction of God’ s Spirit, to signify to the people, that the covenant between God and them contained in those tables was broken and made void, and they were now quite cast out of God’ s favour, and could expect nothing from him but fiery indignation and severe justice. See Poole "Exo 32:19" .

Poole: Deu 9:18 - I fell down I fell down in way of humiliation and supplication, on your behalf.

I fell down in way of humiliation and supplication, on your behalf.

Poole: Deu 9:20 - The Lord was very angry with Aaron The Lord was very angry with Aaron though he was only accessory, as being persuaded, and in a manner compelled, to comply with your desire.

The Lord was very angry with Aaron though he was only accessory, as being persuaded, and in a manner compelled, to comply with your desire.

Poole: Deu 9:21 - Your sin // I cast the dust thereof into the brook Your sin i.e. the object and matter of your sin, as sin is taken Isa 31:7 . I cast the dust thereof into the brook that there might be no monument ...

Your sin i.e. the object and matter of your sin, as sin is taken Isa 31:7 .

I cast the dust thereof into the brook that there might be no monument or remembrance of it left.

Poole: Deu 9:25 - Forty days and forty nights // as I fell down at first Forty days and forty nights the same mentioned before, Deu 9:18 , as appears, 1. By comparing this with Exodus, where this history is more fully rel...

Forty days and forty nights the same mentioned before, Deu 9:18 , as appears,

1. By comparing this with Exodus, where this history is more fully related, and where this is said to be done twice only.

2. By the occasion and matter of Moses’ s prayer here following, which is the same with the former.

3. By the words here following,

as I fell down at first , which show that this was the second time of his so doing.

Poole: Deu 9:26 - Through thy greatness Through thy greatness i.e. through the greatness of thy power, which appeared most eminently in that work, as is noted, Deu 9:29 .

Through thy greatness i.e. through the greatness of thy power, which appeared most eminently in that work, as is noted, Deu 9:29 .

Poole: Deu 9:27 - Thy servants Thy servants i.e. the promise made and sworn to thy servants, which was mentioned above, Deu 9:5 .

Thy servants i.e. the promise made and sworn to thy servants, which was mentioned above, Deu 9:5 .

Poole: Deu 9:29 - Thy people Thy people whom thou hast chosen to thyself out of all mankind, and publicly owned them for thine, and hast purchased and redeemed them from the Egyp...

Thy people whom thou hast chosen to thyself out of all mankind, and publicly owned them for thine, and hast purchased and redeemed them from the Egyptians.

Haydock: Deu 9:1 - This day // Sky This day, very soon, (Menochius) within the space of a month. (Calmet) --- Sky: an hyperbole to denote their surprising height. (Worthington)

This day, very soon, (Menochius) within the space of a month. (Calmet) ---

Sky: an hyperbole to denote their surprising height. (Worthington)

Haydock: Deu 9:2 - Stand Stand. Hebrew, "who can stand before the sons of Enak?" as if this were a sort of proverb. (Calmet) --- The spies had formerly terrified the peopl...

Stand. Hebrew, "who can stand before the sons of Enak?" as if this were a sort of proverb. (Calmet) ---

The spies had formerly terrified the people with the report of the high walls and gigantic inhabitants of Chanaan, Numbers xiii. 18.

Haydock: Deu 9:3 - Fire Fire. See chap. iv. 24. The conducting angel would fight for the Hebrews. (Haydock)

Fire. See chap. iv. 24. The conducting angel would fight for the Hebrews. (Haydock)

Haydock: Deu 9:7 - Strove Strove. Hebrew, "irritated." (Calmet) --- Septuagint, "continually disbelieved the Lord." Moses hence takes occasion to lay before the people the...

Strove. Hebrew, "irritated." (Calmet) ---

Septuagint, "continually disbelieved the Lord." Moses hence takes occasion to lay before the people their frequent and most heinous offences, on account of which they might justly have feared being destroyed, as much as the infamous nations whom they were about to supplant. They might thus be convinced that they had been chosen gratuitously. (Haydock) ---

For God hates nothing more than ingratitude and presumption. (Calmet)

Haydock: Deu 9:8 - Would Would, if He had not been appeased by earnest supplication, as [in] ver. 20.

Would, if He had not been appeased by earnest supplication, as [in] ver. 20.

Haydock: Deu 9:12 - Have quickly // Idol Have quickly. Hebrew, "have become corrupt; they have quickly abandoned the way which I commanded them." (Haydock) --- Septuagint, "the people hat...

Have quickly. Hebrew, "have become corrupt; they have quickly abandoned the way which I commanded them." (Haydock) ---

Septuagint, "the people hath sinned....they have quickly transgressed," &c. (Calmet) ---

Idol. Protestants have "image." The Hebrews had called the similitude of a calf their god, Exodus xxxii. (Haydock)

Haydock: Deu 9:16 - Sinned Sinned, by idolatry, which comprises every sort of sin. Hence the Scripture only specifies that Jeroboam caused Israel to sin, when it means to as...

Sinned, by idolatry, which comprises every sort of sin. Hence the Scripture only specifies that Jeroboam caused Israel to sin, when it means to assert that he engaged the people in the worship of idols. (Calmet)

Haydock: Deu 9:18 - Sins Sins. Many believe that Moses spent the whole time in obtaining pardon. Hiscuni agrees herein with the other Rabbins, only he thinks Moses was all ...

Sins. Many believe that Moses spent the whole time in obtaining pardon. Hiscuni agrees herein with the other Rabbins, only he thinks Moses was all the time in the tabernacle. Other 40 days, or a third rigid fast, were requisite to obtain the second tables of the law, as the text seems to insinuate, (ver. 25., and chap. x. 10,) unless Moses repeat what he has here asserted, as many able chronologers suppose. (Torneil; Usher; &c.) (Calmet) (Tirinus) ---

The former opinion is maintained, however, by Salien, &c., Exodus xxxiv. (Haydock)

Haydock: Deu 9:21 - Sin // The calf Sin. The Scripture designates by this name not only the evil action, but also the propensity to it, the object, matter, occasion, punishment , or vi...

Sin. The Scripture designates by this name not only the evil action, but also the propensity to it, the object, matter, occasion, punishment , or victim of sin. ---

The calf. He broke the idol in pieces, and then ground it small, Exodus xxxii. 20. (Calmet)

Haydock: Deu 9:22 - Burning Burning, &c. The places called in Hebrew, "Tabera, Masa, and Kibroth Hattaavah." (Haydock) --- At the first, the murmurers were burnt; (Numbers xi...

Burning, &c. The places called in Hebrew, "Tabera, Masa, and Kibroth Hattaavah." (Haydock) ---

At the first, the murmurers were burnt; (Numbers xi. 1) at the second or at Raphidim, (Calmet) the people demanded water, and were supplied from Horeb; (Exodus xvii. 2, 7.; Menochius) though some confound this with the former place. It seems rather to refer to the temptation, or murmur of the people, on account of quails, Numbers xi. 34., and Psalm lxxvii. 18. (Calmet)

Haydock: Deu 9:23 - Slighted Slighted. Hebrew, "rebelled against," &c., as [in] ver. 24. Septuagint, "you were incredulous to." See Numbers xiii. 3.

Slighted. Hebrew, "rebelled against," &c., as [in] ver. 24. Septuagint, "you were incredulous to." See Numbers xiii. 3.

Haydock: Deu 9:24 - To know you To know you. When Moses slew the Egyptian, and would have pacified two of his contending brethren, they refused to receive his mediation; so also, w...

To know you. When Moses slew the Egyptian, and would have pacified two of his contending brethren, they refused to receive his mediation; so also, when he returned from Madian, to rescue them from slavery, they presently began to murmur against him, and continued to do so frequently for 40 years. (Haydock) ---

Septuagint refers this to God, "from the day that he was known to you," and received you for his peculiar people, Exodus xi. 25.

Haydock: Deu 9:25 - Nights Nights. See ver. 18. (Calmet) --- After specifying various seditions of the people, Moses returns to what he had been saying respecting the tables...

Nights. See ver. 18. (Calmet) ---

After specifying various seditions of the people, Moses returns to what he had been saying respecting the tables of the law, and shews with what difficulty he obtained pardon for the people, and the second tables. (Haydock) ---

Some people believe that Moses was thrice 40 days in the mountain. He mentions the prayer which he addressed to God before his first descent, Exodus xxxii. 11. (Menochius)

Gill: Deu 9:1 - Hear, O Israel // thou art to pass over Jordan this day // to go in and possess nations greater and mightier than thyself // cities great and fenced up to heaven Hear, O Israel,.... A pause being made after the delivery of the preceding discourse; or perhaps what follows might be delivered at another time, at s...

Hear, O Israel,.... A pause being made after the delivery of the preceding discourse; or perhaps what follows might be delivered at another time, at some little distance; and which being of moment and importance to the glory of God, and that Israel might have a true notion of their duty, they are called upon to listen with attention to what was now about to be said:

thou art to pass over Jordan this day; not precisely that very day, but in a short time after this; for it was on the first day of the eleventh month that Moses began the repetition of the laws he was now going on with, Deu 1:3, and it was not until the tenth day of the first month of the next year that the people passed over Jordan, Jos 4:19 which was about two months after this:

to go in and possess nations greater and mightier than thyself; the seven nations named Deu 7:1 where the same characters are given of them:

cities great and fenced up to heaven; as they were said to be by the spies, Deu 1:28, and were no doubt both large and strongly fortified, and not to be easily taken by the Israelites, had not the Lord been with them, Deu 9:3.

Gill: Deu 9:2 - A people great and tall // the children of the Anakims, whom thou knowest // and of whom thou hast heard say, who can stand before the children, of Anak A people great and tall,.... Of a large bulky size, and of an high stature, so that the spies seemed to be as grasshoppers to them, Num 13:33, the ...

A people great and tall,.... Of a large bulky size, and of an high stature, so that the spies seemed to be as grasshoppers to them, Num 13:33,

the children of the Anakims, whom thou knowest; by report, having had an account of them by the spies, who described them as very large bodied men, and of a gigantic stature, the descendants of one Anak, a giant; and so the Targum of Jonathan,"a people strong and high like the giants;''from these Bene Anak, children of Anak, or Phene Anak, as the words might be pronounced, the initial letter of the first word being of the same sound, Bochart z thinks the country had its name of Phoenicia:

and of whom thou hast heard say, who can stand before the children, of Anak? or the children of the giants, as the Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan; which they had heard either from the spies who had suggested the same, Num 13:31 or as a common proverb in the mouths of most people in those days.

Gill: Deu 9:3 - Understand therefore this day // that the Lord thy God is he which goeth over before thee as a consuming fire // he shall destroy them, and he shall bring them down before thy face // so shalt thou drive them out, and destroy them quickly, as the Lord hath said unto thee Understand therefore this day,.... Or be it known to you for your encouragement, and believe it: that the Lord thy God is he which goeth over befo...

Understand therefore this day,.... Or be it known to you for your encouragement, and believe it:

that the Lord thy God is he which goeth over before thee as a consuming fire: did not only go before them over the river Jordan, in a pillar of cloud and fire, to guide and direct them, and was a wall of fire around them to protect and defend them, but as a consuming fire, before which there is no standing, to destroy their enemies; see Deu 4:24,

he shall destroy them, and he shall bring them down before thy face; be they as great and as mighty, as large and as tall as they may, they will not be able to stand before the Lord, but will soon be made low, and be easily brought down to the earth by him, and to utter destruction; which would be done in a public and visible manner, so as that the hand of the Lord would be seen in it by the Israelites:

so shalt thou drive them out, and destroy them quickly, as the Lord hath said unto thee; that is, the far greater part of them, and so many as to make room for the Israelites, and which was quickly done. The Jews commonly say a, that they were seven years in subduing the land; otherwise they were not to be driven out and destroyed at once, but by little and little: see Deu 7:22.

Gill: Deu 9:4 - Speak not thou in thine heart // after that the Lord thy God hath cast them out from before thee // saying, for my righteousness the Lord hath brought me in to possess this land // but for the wickedness of these nations the Lord doth drive them out from before thee Speak not thou in thine heart,.... Never once think within thyself, or give way to such a vain imagination, and please thyself with it: after that ...

Speak not thou in thine heart,.... Never once think within thyself, or give way to such a vain imagination, and please thyself with it:

after that the Lord thy God hath cast them out from before thee; to make way for the Israelites, and put them into the possession of their land; which is to be ascribed not to them, but to the Lord:

saying, for my righteousness the Lord hath brought me in to possess this land; such a thought as this was not to be secretly cherished in their hearts, and much less expressed with their lips; nothing being more foreign from truth than this, and yet a notion they were prone to entertain. They were always a people, more or less, from first to last, tainted with a conceit of their own righteousness, and goodness, which they laboured to establish, and were ready to attribute all the good things to it they enjoyed, and nothing is more natural to men, than to fancy they shall be brought to the heavenly Canaan by and for their own righteousness; which is contrary to the perfections of God, his purity, holiness, and justice, which can never admit of an imperfect righteousness in the room of a perfect one; to justify anyone thereby, is contrary to the Gospel scheme of salvation; which is not by works of righteousness men have done, but by the grace and mercy of God through Christ; it would make useless, null, and void, the righteousness of Christ, which only can justify men in the sight of God, give a title to heaven and happiness, and an abundant entrance into it; and would occasion boasting, not only in the present state, but even in heaven itself; whereas the scheme of salvation is so framed and fixed, that there may be no room for boasting, here or hereafter, see Rom 3:27,

but for the wickedness of these nations the Lord doth drive them out from before thee; namely, their idolatry, incest, and other notorious crimes; see Lev 18:3, which sufficiently justifies God in all his dealings with these nations.

Gill: Deu 9:5 - Not for thy righteousness, or for the uprightness of thine heart // dost thou go to possess their land // but for the wickedness of those nations the Lord thy God doth drive them out from before thee // and that he may perform the word which the Lord sware unto thy fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob Not for thy righteousness, or for the uprightness of thine heart,.... Neither for their external righteousness before men, or their outward conformity...

Not for thy righteousness, or for the uprightness of thine heart,.... Neither for their external righteousness before men, or their outward conformity to the law, nor for the inward sincerity of their hearts, and their upright intentions in doing good, in which they were defective:

dost thou go to possess their land; this is repeated, and enlarged on, and explained, that this notion might be entirely removed from them, and not entertained by them; similar to which is that of men, who fancy that their sincere obedience, though imperfect, will be accepted of God instead of a perfect one, on account of which they shall be justified and saved; but by the deeds of the law no flesh living can be justified in the sight of God, nor by any works of righteousness done by the best of men, and in the best manner they are capable of, will any be saved:

but for the wickedness of those nations the Lord thy God doth drive them out from before thee; which is repeated, that it might be taken notice of as the true reason of the Lord's dealing with them in such severity; and which because it would be now doing, when the Israelites passed over Jordan, and went in to possess the land, it is expressed in the present tense, "doth drive", the work being not yet finished; sin was the cause of their ejection out of their land, and another thing was the reason of the Israelites possessing it, and not their righteousness next expressed:

and that he may perform the word which the Lord sware unto thy fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; it was to fulfil his covenant, and make good his word of promise to their fathers, and not on account of any righteousness of theirs; and the salvation of the Lord's people in a spiritual sense, and their enjoyment of the heavenly Canaan, are owing to the gracious purposes and promises of God, and to his covenant engagements, as well as to the undertakings, obedience, and righteousness of his Son, and not to any righteousness of theirs.

Gill: Deu 9:6 - Understand therefore that the Lord thy God giveth thee not this good land to possess it for thy righteousness // for thou art a stiffnecked people Understand therefore that the Lord thy God giveth thee not this good land to possess it for thy righteousness,.... This is again repeated to impress i...

Understand therefore that the Lord thy God giveth thee not this good land to possess it for thy righteousness,.... This is again repeated to impress it upon their minds, that it was not for any goodness of theirs, but as a gift of divine goodness to them, that they were put into the possession of the good land, which greatly exceeded any merits of theirs, and was entirely owing to the kindness of God to them, and not to any righteousness of theirs; and this he frequently inculcates, that they might have a thorough understanding of it. And so the doctrines of justification by the righteousness of Christ, and not man's, and of salvation by the grace of God, and not the works of men, are points of knowledge and understanding; and to lead men into an acquaintance with them is the general design of the Gospel; and he cannot be reckoned an understanding man, but ignorant of God and his righteousness, of the law and the spirituality of it, of Christ and the way of salvation by him, of the Spirit and of spiritual things, of the Gospel and its doctrines, nor can he be wise unto salvation, who expects to get to heaven by his own works of righteousness; and it might be added, that he is ignorant of himself, of his state and condition, of his sinfulness and vileness, and of the nature of his best works; as the Israelites in a good measure seemed to be, whose conviction is laboured in the following part of this chapter:

for thou art a stiffnecked people; refractory and unruly, like an heifer unaccustomed to the yoke, that draws back from it, and wriggles its neck out of it; so untoward and perverse were this people, and disobedient to the commands of God; wherefore there was no show of reason that they were put into the possession of Canaan for their righteousness; and to make it appear that they were such a people as here described, several instances are given.

Gill: Deu 9:7 - Remember, and forget not how thou provokedst the Lord thy God to wrath in the wilderness // from the day that thou didst depart out of the land of Egypt until ye came unto this place, ye have been rebellious against the Lord Remember, and forget not how thou provokedst the Lord thy God to wrath in the wilderness,.... Aben Ezra remarks that this was after they journeyed fro...

Remember, and forget not how thou provokedst the Lord thy God to wrath in the wilderness,.... Aben Ezra remarks that this was after they journeyed from Horeb; but before they came thither, even as soon as, they were in the wilderness, they provoked the Lord, as by their murmuring for water at Marah, when they had been but three days in the wilderness; and for bread in the wilderness of Sin, and for water again at Rephidim; all which were before they came to Horeb or Sinai, and which agrees with what follows:

from the day that thou didst depart out of the land of Egypt until ye came unto this place, ye have been rebellious against the Lord; though they had such a series of mercies, yet their life was a continued course of rebellion against the Lord: which is a sad character of them indeed, and given by one that thoroughly knew them, was an eyewitness of facts, and had a hearty respect for them too, and cannot be thought to exaggerate things; so that they were far from being righteous persons in themselves, nor was there any reason to conclude it was for their righteousness the land of Canaan was given them.

Gill: Deu 9:8 - Also in Horeb ye provoked the Lord to wrath // so that the Lord was angry with you, to have destroyed you Also in Horeb ye provoked the Lord to wrath,.... The word "also" shows that they had provoked him before, but this instance is given as a very notorio...

Also in Horeb ye provoked the Lord to wrath,.... The word "also" shows that they had provoked him before, but this instance is given as a very notorious one; here they made the golden calf and worshipped it, while Moses was on the mount with God, receiving instructions from him for their good. Near to this place a rock had been smitten for them, from whence flowed water for the refreshment of them and their cattle; here the Lord appeared in the glory of his majesty to them, and from hence, for it is the same mount with Sinai, the law was given to them in such an awful and terrible manner; and yet none of these things were sufficient to restrain them from provoking the Lord to wrath by their sins:

so that the Lord was angry with you, to have destroyed you; so very angry with them, and so justly, that he proposed to Moses to destroy them, and make of him a great nation in their stead, Exo 32:10.

Gill: Deu 9:9 - When I was gone up into the mount to receive the tables of stone // the tables of the covenant which the Lord made with you // then I abode in the mount forty days and forty nights // I neither did eat bread nor drink water When I was gone up into the mount to receive the tables of stone,.... The tables of the law, the same law which forbid idolatry, and which they had la...

When I was gone up into the mount to receive the tables of stone,.... The tables of the law, the same law which forbid idolatry, and which they had lately heard from the mouth of God himself: even

the tables of the covenant which the Lord made with you; which they had agreed unto, and solemnly promised they would observe and do, Exo 24:7,

then I abode in the mount forty days and forty nights; and this long stay was one reason of their falling into idolatry, not knowing what was become of him, Exo 24:18.

I neither did eat bread nor drink water; all those forty days and nights, Exo 34:28.

Gill: Deu 9:10 - And the Lord delivered unto me two tables of stone, written with the finger of God // and on them was written according to all the words which the Lord spake with you in the mount // out the midst of the fire // in the day of the assembly And the Lord delivered unto me two tables of stone, written with the finger of God,.... The letters were of his devising and forming, the writing was ...

And the Lord delivered unto me two tables of stone, written with the finger of God,.... The letters were of his devising and forming, the writing was his, the engraving them on the stones was his own doing; and which was done to show its original, to stamp a divine authority on it, and to denote its duration; see Exo 31:18.

and on them was written according to all the words which the Lord spake with you in the mount; the ten commands, exactly in the same order, and in the same words, without any variation, as they were delivered to them with an articulate voice in their hearing; but now were written in this manner, that they might be read by them, and remain with them, see Exo 34:28.

out the midst of the fire; in which the Lord was, and whence he spake:

in the day of the assembly; when all the people of Israel were gathered together at the foot of the mount; see Exo 19:17.

Gill: Deu 9:11 - And it came to pass at the end of forty days and forty nights // the Lord gave me the two tables of stone, even the tables of the covenant And it came to pass at the end of forty days and forty nights,.... The time of Moses's stay in the mount, when it was just up, and not before: that ...

And it came to pass at the end of forty days and forty nights,.... The time of Moses's stay in the mount, when it was just up, and not before: that

the Lord gave me the two tables of stone, even the tables of the covenant, as in Deu 9:9. Aben Ezra observes, that this shows that the day the tables were given to Moses the calf was made.

Gill: Deu 9:12 - And the Lord said unto me // arise, get thee down quickly from hence // for thy people, which thou hast brought forth out of Egypt, have corrupted themselves // they are quickly turned aside out of the way which I commanded them // and they have made them a molten image And the Lord said unto me,.... The omniscient God, who knew what was doing in the camp of Israel, though Moses did not, of which he informs him: ar...

And the Lord said unto me,.... The omniscient God, who knew what was doing in the camp of Israel, though Moses did not, of which he informs him:

arise, get thee down quickly from hence; from the mount where he was; and the word "arise" does not suppose him to be sitting or lying along, neither of which postures would have been suitable, considering in whose presence he was; but is only expressive of urgency and haste of his departure; it is not used in Exo 32:7.

for thy people, which thou hast brought forth out of Egypt, have corrupted themselves; their way, as the Targum of Jonathan; that is, by idolatry, than which nothing is more corrupting and defiling; the Lord calls them not his people, but the people of Moses, being highly displeased with them; and ascribes their coming out of Egypt to Moses the instrument, and not to himself, as if he repented of bringing them from thence:

they are quickly turned aside out of the way which I commanded them: it being but about six weeks ago, that the command forbidding idolatry, the sin they had fallen into, had been given them:

and they have made them a molten image; the image of a calf made of melted gold.

Gill: Deu 9:13 - Furthermore the Lord spake unto me, saying // I have seen this people // and, behold, it is a stiffnecked people Furthermore the Lord spake unto me, saying,.... After he had given him the two tables, and before his departure from the mount: I have seen this pe...

Furthermore the Lord spake unto me, saying,.... After he had given him the two tables, and before his departure from the mount:

I have seen this people; took notice of them, their ways, and their works:

and, behold, it is a stiffnecked people; unwilling to submit to, and bear the yoke of my commandments; see Exo 32:9.

Gill: Deu 9:14 - Let me alone, that I may destroy them // and blot out their name from under heaven // and I will make of thee a nation mightier and greater than they Let me alone, that I may destroy them,.... Do not say one word to me on their behalf, or entreat me to spare them, and not destroy them: and blot o...

Let me alone, that I may destroy them,.... Do not say one word to me on their behalf, or entreat me to spare them, and not destroy them:

and blot out their name from under heaven; that no such nation may be heard of, or known by the name of Israel:

and I will make of thee a nation mightier and greater than they; of his family, whereby the Lord's promise to Abraham would not have been made void, but equally firm and sure, since this mightier and greater nation would have been of his seed; See Gill on Exo 32:10.

Gill: Deu 9:15 - So I turned and came down from the mount // and the mount burned with fire // and the two tables of the covenant were in my two hands So I turned and came down from the mount,.... As the Lord commanded: and the mount burned with fire; as it had for six weeks past, ever since the L...

So I turned and came down from the mount,.... As the Lord commanded:

and the mount burned with fire; as it had for six weeks past, ever since the Lord's descent upon it; and so it continued, for the words may be rendered, "and the mount was burning" b; and yet this did not deter the Israelites from idolatry:

and the two tables of the covenant were in my two hands: one table in one hand, and the other in the other hand.

Gill: Deu 9:16 - And I looked // and, behold, ye had sinned against the Lord your God // and made you a molten calf // ye had turned aside quickly out of the way which the Lord had commanded you And I looked,.... When he was come down from the mount, and was nigh the camp: and, behold, ye had sinned against the Lord your God; that plainly a...

And I looked,.... When he was come down from the mount, and was nigh the camp:

and, behold, ye had sinned against the Lord your God; that plainly appeared by what they had done, and at which he was amazed; and therefore a behold is prefixed to it, it being such a gross sin, having so much impiety and ingratitude, and stupidity in it:

and made you a molten calf; that he saw with his eyes, and them dancing about it; see Exo 32:19.

ye had turned aside quickly out of the way which the Lord had commanded you; see Deu 9:7.

Gill: Deu 9:17 - And I took the two tables, and cast them out of my two hands // and brake them before your eyes And I took the two tables, and cast them out of my two hands,.... In wrath and indignation at the sin they were guilty of: and brake them before yo...

And I took the two tables, and cast them out of my two hands,.... In wrath and indignation at the sin they were guilty of:

and brake them before your eyes; as an emblem of their breach of them by transgressing them.

Gill: Deu 9:18 - And I fell down before the Lord // as at the first forty days and forty mights // because of all your sins which ye sinned, in doing wickedly in the sight of the Lord, to provoke him to anger And I fell down before the Lord,.... In prayer for Israel who had sinned; but this he did not immediately after he had broken the tables, but when he ...

And I fell down before the Lord,.... In prayer for Israel who had sinned; but this he did not immediately after he had broken the tables, but when he had first ground the calf to powder, strewed it on the water, and made the children of Israel drink it; and when he had chided Aaron, and ordered the sons of Levi to slay every man his brother:

as at the first forty days and forty mights; which is to be connected, I think, not with what goes before; for we read not that he fell down before the Lord, at the first time he was with him so long in the mount; but with what follows: "I did neither eat bread nor drink water"; as he neither ate nor drank the first forty days, so neither did he these second forty; see Deu 9:9.

because of all your sins which ye sinned, in doing wickedly in the sight of the Lord, to provoke him to anger; for they were guilty of more sins than one; besides idolatry, they were guilty of unbelief, ingratitude, &c. which were notorious and flagrant, were done openly and publicly, in sight of his glory and majesty on the mount; all which must be very provoking to him, and on account of these Moses prayed and fasted.

Gill: Deu 9:19 - For I was afraid of the anger and hot displeasure wherewith the Lord was wroth against you // to destroy you // but the Lord hearkened unto me at that time also For I was afraid of the anger and hot displeasure wherewith the Lord was wroth against you,.... Which was exceeding vehement, as appeared by his words...

For I was afraid of the anger and hot displeasure wherewith the Lord was wroth against you,.... Which was exceeding vehement, as appeared by his words to Moses, forbidding to intercede for them, that he might consume them, and make of him a greater nation; wherefore he dreaded the issue of it, lest it should be

to destroy you; that that should be his full resolution and determination; however, he made use of means, and betook himself to fasting and prayer; so heartily affected was he to this people when his temptations lay another way:

but the Lord hearkened unto me at that time also; as he had at other times, when this people had sinned, and he entreated for them; in which he was a type of Christ, the Mediator and Advocate, whom the Father always hears.

Gill: Deu 9:20 - And the Lord was very angry with Aaron, to have destroyed him // and I prayed for Aaron also the same time And the Lord was very angry with Aaron, to have destroyed him,.... For complying with the request of the people in making a calf for them, and for tha...

And the Lord was very angry with Aaron, to have destroyed him,.... For complying with the request of the people in making a calf for them, and for that miserable shift he made to excuse himself; which so provoked the Lord, that he threatened to destroy him, and he was in danger of being cut off, had it not been for the intercession of Moses:

and I prayed for Aaron also the same time: who either was included in the general prayer for the people, Exo 32:31 or a particular prayer was made for him, though not recorded, and which also succeeded.

Gill: Deu 9:21 - And I took your sin, the calf which ye had made // and burnt it with fire, and stamped it // and ground it very small // even until it was as small as dust // and I cast the dust thereof into the brook that descended out of the mount And I took your sin, the calf which ye had made,.... Which was the object of their sin, which lay in making and worshipping it; see Isa 31:7. and b...

And I took your sin, the calf which ye had made,.... Which was the object of their sin, which lay in making and worshipping it; see Isa 31:7.

and burnt it with fire, and stamped it; with his feet after it was burnt, to bring it into small pieces:

and ground it very small; or, as the Targum of Jonathan,"ground it in a mortar well;''the burnt and broken pieces:

even until it was as small as dust; being ground to powder, as in Exo 32:20.

and I cast the dust thereof into the brook that descended out of the mount; and made the children of Israel to drink of it, as in the previously mentioned place; See Gill on Exo 32:2; all this was done before the prayer for Aaron and the people.

Gill: Deu 9:22 - And at Taberah, and at Massah, and at Kibrothhattaavah, ye provoked the Lord to wrath. And at Taberah, and at Massah, and at Kibrothhattaavah, ye provoked the Lord to wrath. These places are not mentioned in the strict order in which the...

And at Taberah, and at Massah, and at Kibrothhattaavah, ye provoked the Lord to wrath. These places are not mentioned in the strict order in which the provocations were made at them; for they provoked the Lord at Massah by murmuring for water, before they provoked him at Taberah, by complaining as it should seem of their journeying; for Massah was before they came to Sinai, and Taberah after they departed from thence; though some, as Aben Ezra observes, say that Taberah is Massah; but it could not be the Massah in Rephidim, for that was on one side of Mount Sinai, and Taberah on another; though different places might be so called from their tempting the Lord at them; rather Taberah and Kibrothhattaavah seem to be the same; where the people died with the flesh in their mouths they lusted after, and were buried; since no mention is made of their removal at that time from the one place to the other, nor of Taberah in the account of their journeys, only Kibrothhattaavah; see Exo 17:7.

Gill: Deu 9:23 - Likewise when the Lord sent you from Kadeshbarnea // saying, go up and possess the land which I have given you // then ye rebelled against the commandment of the Lord your God; refusing to go up into it: and ye believed him not // nor hearkened to his voice Likewise when the Lord sent you from Kadeshbarnea,.... From whence the spies were sent to search the land, though previous to it they had the followin...

Likewise when the Lord sent you from Kadeshbarnea,.... From whence the spies were sent to search the land, though previous to it they had the following order to go up and possess it; see Num 32:8.

saying, go up and possess the land which I have given you; this they were bid to do, before they desired the spies might be sent to search it first; and after they had returned and made their report, they were encouraged to go up and take possession of it:

then ye rebelled against the commandment of the Lord your God; refusing to go up into it: and ye believed him not; that he would cast out and destroy the inhabitants of it, and put them into the possession of it; which they distrusted by reason of the gigantic stature of some that dwelt in it, and their fortified cities:

nor hearkened to his voice; whether commanding or encouraging.

Gill: Deu 9:24 - You have been rebellious against the Lord from the day that I knew you. You have been rebellious against the Lord from the day that I knew you. Either from the time he first had and took knowledge of them and visited them,...

You have been rebellious against the Lord from the day that I knew you. Either from the time he first had and took knowledge of them and visited them, before his departure from Egypt to the land of Midian; (see Exo 2:11 compared with Act 7:25); or from the time that he was sent to them to deliver them out of Egypt; see Exo 5:20 and especially from the time he brought them into the wilderness.

Gill: Deu 9:25 - Thus I fell down before the Lord forty days and forty nights, as I fell down at the first // because the Lord had said he would destroy you Thus I fell down before the Lord forty days and forty nights, as I fell down at the first,.... Which Jarchi says are the selfsame said above, Deu 9:18...

Thus I fell down before the Lord forty days and forty nights, as I fell down at the first,.... Which Jarchi says are the selfsame said above, Deu 9:18, but doubled or repeated, because of the order of his prayer. The words "at the first" are not in the text; and, as before observed, we do not read that Moses fell down at the first forty days he was in the mount, unless it can be thought he did, Exo 32:11, wherefore this falling down seems to be as he fell down at the second forty days; and so this was a third forty days, according to the Jewish writers, and of which opinion were Dr. Lightfoot and others; See Gill on Exo 34:28,

because the Lord had said he would destroy you; threatened them with destruction, and seemed as if it was his intention to destroy them; nay, even after Moses's first prayer, though he bid him go and lead the people on, yet he declared that he would visit their sin upon them, Exo 32:34.

Gill: Deu 9:26 - And I prayed therefore unto the Lord // and said, O Lord God, destroy not thy people, and thine inheritance // which thou hast redeemed through thy greatness // which thou hast brought forth out of Egypt with a mighty hand And I prayed therefore unto the Lord,.... What follows is a different prayer from that in Exo 32:31 and agrees better with that in Deu 9:11, delivered...

And I prayed therefore unto the Lord,.... What follows is a different prayer from that in Exo 32:31 and agrees better with that in Deu 9:11, delivered before he came down from the mount, yet could not be the same, because delivered at another forty days and nights:

and said, O Lord God, destroy not thy people, and thine inheritance: because they were his inheritance, a people whom he had chosen for his peculiar treasure; this is the first argument used, another follows:

which thou hast redeemed through thy greatness; redeemed out of the house of bondage, the land of Egypt, by his great power, as next explained:

which thou hast brought forth out of Egypt with a mighty hand: inflicting plagues on the Egyptians, particularly destroying their firstborn, which made them the Israelites urge to depart.

Gill: Deu 9:27 - Remember thy servants, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob // look not unto the stubbornness of this people, nor to their wickedness, nor to their sin Remember thy servants, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob,.... The covenant he had made with them, the promises he had made to them of the multiplication of th...

Remember thy servants, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob,.... The covenant he had made with them, the promises he had made to them of the multiplication of their seed, and of giving the land of Canaan to them; which is a third argument used with the Lord not to destroy them:

look not unto the stubbornness of this people, nor to their wickedness, nor to their sin; nor to the natural temper and disposition of the people, which was to be stubborn, obstinate, stiffnecked, and self-willed; nor to their wickedness, which appears in various instances; nor to that particular sin of idolatry they had now been guilty, of; tacitly owning that if God looked to these things, there was sufficient reason to destroy them.

Gill: Deu 9:28 - Lest the land whence thou broughtest us out say // because the Lord was not able to bring them into the land which he promised them // and because he hated them, he hath brought them out to slay them in the wilderness Lest the land whence thou broughtest us out say,.... The land of Egypt, the inhabitants of it: because the Lord was not able to bring them into the...

Lest the land whence thou broughtest us out say,.... The land of Egypt, the inhabitants of it:

because the Lord was not able to bring them into the land which he promised them; the land of Canaan, the inhabitants of it being so mighty, and their cities so strongly fortified. Here Moses expresses his concern for the glory of God, and the honour of his perfections, and makes that a fourth argument why he should not destroy them:

and because he hated them, he hath brought them out to slay them in the wilderness; out of Egypt, a plentiful country, into a wilderness where nothing was to be had; but his choice of them for his inheritance, his redemption of them out of bondage and misery, the care he took of them, and the provision he had made for them in the wilderness, clearly showed that they were not the objects of his hatred, but of his love.

Gill: Deu 9:29 - Yet they are thy people // and thine inheritance // which thou broughtest out by thy mighty power and stretched out arm Yet they are thy people,.... Though they had sinned against him: and thine inheritance; which he would not forsake and cast off; at least Moses hop...

Yet they are thy people,.... Though they had sinned against him:

and thine inheritance; which he would not forsake and cast off; at least Moses hoped on this account he would not, and makes use thereof as an argument with him why he should not, and which he repeats, adding in effect what he had said before:

which thou broughtest out by thy mighty power and stretched out arm; even out of the land of Egypt; the doing of which was plainly the effect of his almighty power, and an evidence of it, considering the weakness of Israel and the strength of Egypt, and the manner in which the Lord brought about this surprising event.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Deu 9:1 Heb “fortified to the heavens” (so NRSV); NLT “cities with walls that reach to the sky.” This is hyperbole.

NET Notes: Deu 9:2 Heb “great and tall.” Many English versions understand this to refer to physical size or strength rather than numbers (cf. “strong,&...

NET Notes: Deu 9:3 Heb “the Lord.” The pronoun has been used in the translation in keeping with contemporary English style to avoid redundancy.

NET Notes: Deu 9:5 Heb “fathers.”

NET Notes: Deu 9:6 The Hebrew word translated stubborn means “stiff-necked.” The image is that of a draft animal that is unsubmissive to the rein or yoke and...

NET Notes: Deu 9:7 Heb “the Lord” (likewise in the following verse with both “him” and “he”). See note on “he” in 9:3.

NET Notes: Deu 9:9 Heb “in the mountain.” The demonstrative pronoun has been used in the translation for stylistic reasons.

NET Notes: Deu 9:10 Heb “the Lord” (likewise at the beginning of vv. 12, 13). See note on “he” in 9:3.

NET Notes: Deu 9:12 Heb “a casting.” The MT reads מַסֵּכָה (massekhah, “a cast thing”) but some ms...

NET Notes: Deu 9:13 Heb “stiff-necked.” See note on the word “stubborn” in 9:6.

NET Notes: Deu 9:14 Heb “from under heaven.”

NET Notes: Deu 9:15 Heb “the mountain.” The translation uses a pronoun for stylistic reasons to avoid redundancy.

NET Notes: Deu 9:16 Heb “the Lord.” See note on “he” in 9:3.

NET Notes: Deu 9:17 The Hebrew text includes “from upon my two hands,” but as this seems somewhat obvious and redundant, it has been left untranslated for sty...

NET Notes: Deu 9:19 Heb “the Lord.” See note on “he” in 9:3.

NET Notes: Deu 9:20 Heb “Aaron.” The pronoun is used in the translation to avoid redundancy.

NET Notes: Deu 9:21 Heb “burned it with fire.”

NET Notes: Deu 9:22 Kibroth-Hattaavah. This place name means in Hebrew “burial places of appetite,” that is, graves that resulted from overindulgence. The ref...

NET Notes: Deu 9:23 Heb “the mouth of the Lord your God,” that is, against the commandment that he had spoken.

NET Notes: Deu 9:24 Heb “the Lord.” See note on “he” in 9:3.

NET Notes: Deu 9:25 Heb “the Lord.” See note on “he” in 9:3.

NET Notes: Deu 9:26 Heb “by your strong hand.”

NET Notes: Deu 9:28 Or “wilderness” (so KJV, NASB, NRSV, NLT).

NET Notes: Deu 9:29 Heb “an outstretched arm.”

Geneva Bible: Deu 9:1 Hear, O Israel: Thou [art] to pass over Jordan ( a ) this day, to go in to possess nations greater and mightier than thyself, cities great and fenced ...

Geneva Bible: Deu 9:2 A people great and tall, the children of the Anakims, whom thou knowest, and [of whom] thou hast ( b ) heard [say], Who can stand before the children ...

Geneva Bible: Deu 9:3 Understand therefore this day, that the LORD thy God [is] he which ( c ) goeth over before thee; [as] a consuming fire he shall destroy them, and he s...

Geneva Bible: Deu 9:4 Speak not thou in thine heart, after that the LORD thy God hath cast them out from before thee, saying, For my ( d ) righteousness the LORD hath broug...

Geneva Bible: Deu 9:6 Understand therefore, that the LORD thy God giveth thee not this good land to possess it for thy righteousness; for thou [art] a ( e ) stiffnecked peo...

Geneva Bible: Deu 9:7 Remember, [and] forget not, how thou provokedst the LORD thy God to wrath in the wilderness: ( f ) from the day that thou didst depart out of the land...

Geneva Bible: Deu 9:10 And the LORD delivered unto me two tables of stone written with the ( g ) finger of God; and on them [was written] according to all the words, which t...

Geneva Bible: Deu 9:12 And the LORD said unto me, Arise, get thee down quickly from hence; for thy people which thou hast brought forth out of Egypt have ( h ) corrupted [th...

Geneva Bible: Deu 9:14 ( i ) Let me alone, that I may destroy them, and blot out their name from under heaven: and I will make of thee a nation mightier and greater than the...

Geneva Bible: Deu 9:16 And I looked, and, behold, ye had sinned against the LORD your God, [and] had made you a molten calf: ye had turned aside quickly out of the ( k ) way...

Geneva Bible: Deu 9:20 And the LORD was very angry with Aaron to have ( l ) destroyed him: and I prayed for Aaron also the same time. ( l ) By which he shows the danger the...

Geneva Bible: Deu 9:21 And I took your sin, the calf which ye had made, and burnt it with fire, and stamped it, [and] ground [it] very small, [even] until it was as small as...

Geneva Bible: Deu 9:23 Likewise when the LORD sent you from Kadeshbarnea, saying, Go up and possess the land which I have given you; then ye ( n ) rebelled against the comma...

Geneva Bible: Deu 9:25 Thus I fell down before the LORD ( o ) forty days and forty nights, as I fell down [at the first]; because the LORD had said he would destroy you. ( ...

Geneva Bible: Deu 9:27 ( p ) Remember thy servants, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; look not unto the stubbornness of this people, nor to their wickedness, nor to their sin: ( p...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: Deu 9:1-6 - --Moses represents the strength of the enemies they were now to encounter. This was to drive them to God, and engage their hope in him. He assures them ...

MHCC: Deu 9:7-29 - --That the Israelites might have no pretence to think that God brought them to Canaan for their righteousness, Moses shows what a miracle of mercy it wa...

Matthew Henry: Deu 9:1-6 - -- The call to attention (Deu 9:1), Hear, O Israel, intimates that this was a new discourse, delivered at some distance of time after the former, pro...

Matthew Henry: Deu 9:7-29 - -- That they might have no pretence to think that God brought them to Canaan for their righteousness, Moses here shows them what a miracle of mercy i...

Keil-Delitzsch: Deu 9:1-6 - -- Deu 9:1-3 Warning against a conceit of righteousness, with the occasion for the warning. As the Israelites were now about to cross over the Jordan ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Deu 9:7-24 - -- He reminded the people how they had provoked the Lord in the desert, and had shown themselves rebellious against God, from the day of their departur...

Keil-Delitzsch: Deu 9:25-29 - -- After vindicating in this way the thought expressed in Deu 9:7, by enumerating the principal rebellions of the people against their God, Moses retur...

Constable: Deu 5:1--26:19 - --IV. MOSES' SECOND MAJOR ADDRESS: AN EXPOSITION OF THE LAW chs. 5--26 ". . . Deuteronomy contains the most compre...

Constable: Deu 5:1--11:32 - --A. The essence of the law and its fulfillment chs. 5-11 "In seven chapters the nature of Yahweh's demand...

Constable: Deu 7:1--11:32 - --3. Examples of the application of the principles chs. 7-11 "These clearly are not laws or comman...

Constable: Deu 9:1--10:12 - --Warning against self-righteousness 9:1-10:11 "From a literary standpoint Deut 9:1-10:11 is a travel narrative much like Deut 1:6-3:29, with which, in ...

Guzik: Deu 9:1-29 - The Battles Ahead and the Failures Behind Deuteronomy 9 - The Battles Ahead and the Failures Behind A. Considering the battles ahead. 1. (1-2) The difficulty of the battles ahead. Hear, O ...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: Deuteronomy (Pendahuluan Kitab) DEUTERONOMY, the second law, a title which plainly shows what is the object of this book, namely, a recapitulation of the law. It was given in the for...

JFB: Deuteronomy (Garis Besar) MOSES' SPEECH AT THE END OF THE FORTIETH YEAR. (Deu. 1:1-46) THE STORY IS CONTINUED. (Deu. 2:1-37) CONQUEST OF OG, KING OF BASHAN. (Deu. 3:1-20) AN E...

TSK: Deuteronomy (Pendahuluan Kitab) The book of Deuteronomy marks the end of the Pentateuch, commonly called the Law of Moses; a work every way worthy of God its author, and only less th...

TSK: Deuteronomy 9 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Deu 9:1, Moses dissuades them from the opinion of their own righteousness, by rehearsing their several rebellions.

Poole: Deuteronomy (Pendahuluan Kitab) FIFTH BOOK of MOSES, CALLED DEUTERONOMY THE ARGUMENT Moses, in the two last months of his life, rehearseth what God had done for them, and their ...

Poole: Deuteronomy 9 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHAPTER 9 Israel’ s march over Jordan to possess Canaan, Deu 9:1-3 . But must not ascribe it to their own righteousness, Deu 9:4-6 . A rehears...

MHCC: Deuteronomy (Pendahuluan Kitab) This book repeats much of the history and of the laws contained in the three foregoing books: Moses delivered it to Israel a little before his death, ...

MHCC: Deuteronomy 9 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (Deu 9:1-6) The Israelites not to think their success came by their own worthiness. (v. 7-29) Moses reminds the Israelites of their rebellions.

Matthew Henry: Deuteronomy (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Fifth Book of Moses, Called Deuteronomy This book is a repetition of very much both of the history ...

Matthew Henry: Deuteronomy 9 (Pendahuluan Pasal) The design of Moses in this chapter is to convince the people of Israel of their utter unworthiness to receive from God those great favours that we...

Constable: Deuteronomy (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title The title of this book in the Hebrew Bible was its first two words,...

Constable: Deuteronomy (Garis Besar) Outline I. Introduction: the covenant setting 1:1-5 II. Moses' first major address: a review...

Constable: Deuteronomy Deuteronomy Bibliography Adams, Jay. Marriage, Divorce and Remarriage in the Bible. Phillipsburg, N.J.: Presbyt...

Haydock: Deuteronomy (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION. THE BOOK OF DEUTERONOMY. This Book is called Deuteronomy, which signifies a second law , because it repeats and inculcates the ...

Gill: Deuteronomy (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO DEUTERONOMY This book is sometimes called "Elleh hadebarim", from the words with which it begins; and sometimes by the Jews "Mishne...

Gill: Deuteronomy 9 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO DEUTERONOMY 9 In this chapter the Israelites are assured of the ejection of the Canaanites, though so great and mighty, to make roo...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


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