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Teks -- Isaiah 54:1-17 (NET)

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Konteks
Zion Will Be Secure
54:1 “Shout for joy, O barren one who has not given birth! Give a joyful shout and cry out, you who have not been in labor! For the children of the desolate one are more numerous than the children of the married woman,” says the Lord. 54:2 Make your tent larger, stretch your tent curtains farther out! Spare no effort, lengthen your ropes, and pound your stakes deep. 54:3 For you will spread out to the right and to the left; your children will conquer nations and will resettle desolate cities. 54:4 Don’t be afraid, for you will not be put to shame! Don’t be intimidated, for you will not be humiliated! You will forget about the shame you experienced in your youth; you will no longer remember the disgrace of your abandonment. 54:5 For your husband is the one who made you– the Lord who commands armies is his name. He is your protector, the Holy One of Israel. He is called “God of the entire earth.” 54:6 “Indeed, the Lord will call you back like a wife who has been abandoned and suffers from depression, like a young wife when she has been rejected,” says your God. 54:7 “For a short time I abandoned you, but with great compassion I will gather you. 54:8 In a burst of anger I rejected you momentarily, but with lasting devotion I will have compassion on you,” says your protector, the Lord. 54:9 “As far as I am concerned, this is like in Noah’s time, when I vowed that the waters of Noah’s flood would never again cover the earth. In the same way I have vowed that I will not be angry at you or shout at you. 54:10 Even if the mountains are removed and the hills displaced, my devotion will not be removed from you, nor will my covenant of friendship be displaced,” says the Lord, the one who has compassion on you. 54:11 “O afflicted one, driven away, and unconsoled! Look, I am about to set your stones in antimony and I lay your foundation with lapis-lazuli. 54:12 I will make your pinnacles out of gems, your gates out of beryl, and your outer wall out of beautiful stones. 54:13 All your children will be followers of the Lord, and your children will enjoy great prosperity. 54:14 You will be reestablished when I vindicate you. You will not experience oppression; indeed, you will not be afraid. You will not be terrified, for nothing frightening will come near you. 54:15 If anyone dares to challenge you, it will not be my doing! Whoever tries to challenge you will be defeated. 54:16 Look, I create the craftsman, who fans the coals into a fire and forges a weapon. I create the destroyer so he might devastate. 54:17 No weapon forged to be used against you will succeed; you will refute everyone who tries to accuse you. This is what the Lord will do for his servants– I will vindicate them,” says the Lord.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Noah a son of Lamech and the father of Shem, Ham, and Japheth,son of Lamech; builder of the ark,daughter of Zelophehad


Topik/Tema Kamus: Righteous | Isaiah | Church | Isaiah, The Book of | ETHICS, III | God | STONES, PRECIOUS | Jesus, The Christ | PROVIDENCE, 1 | Afflictions and Adversities | Gentiles | Agate | Peace | Husband | Carbuncle | Heathen | Solomon, Song of | Marriage | Children | KINDNESS | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Calvin , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , PBC , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
Maclaren , MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: Isa 54:1 - Sing The prophet having largely discoursed of the sufferings of Christ, and of the blessed fruits thereof, and here foreseeing that glorious state of the c...

The prophet having largely discoursed of the sufferings of Christ, and of the blessed fruits thereof, and here foreseeing that glorious state of the church, he breaks forth into this song of triumph. And as the foregoing chapter literally speaks of Christ, so doth this of the church of Christ. This church, consisting at first of the Jews, and afterwards of the Gentiles, had been barren, 'till the coming of Christ.

Wesley: Isa 54:1 - The desolate The church of the Gentiles, which in the times of the Old Testament was desolate, does now bring forth to God a more numerous posterity than that of t...

The church of the Gentiles, which in the times of the Old Testament was desolate, does now bring forth to God a more numerous posterity than that of the Jews.

Wesley: Isa 54:2 - Enlarge That it may be capable of the Gentiles, who shall flock to thee in great numbers.

That it may be capable of the Gentiles, who shall flock to thee in great numbers.

Wesley: Isa 54:2 - Strengthen That they may be able to support that great weight which the tents thus enlarged, shall be upon them.

That they may be able to support that great weight which the tents thus enlarged, shall be upon them.

Wesley: Isa 54:3 - For Thou shalt bring forth a multitude of children; for this word is commonly used of any extraordinary propagation of living creatures.

Thou shalt bring forth a multitude of children; for this word is commonly used of any extraordinary propagation of living creatures.

Wesley: Isa 54:3 - On the left On every side, in all the parts of the world.

On every side, in all the parts of the world.

Wesley: Isa 54:3 - Thy seed Thy spiritual seed, the church of the New Testament, which is accounted Abraham's seed, or children.

Thy spiritual seed, the church of the New Testament, which is accounted Abraham's seed, or children.

Wesley: Isa 54:4 - Ashamed For the barrenness and widowhood, which once was the matter of thy grief and shame.

For the barrenness and widowhood, which once was the matter of thy grief and shame.

Wesley: Isa 54:4 - Forget Thou shalt not be upbraided with thy former barrenness in thy youthful state.

Thou shalt not be upbraided with thy former barrenness in thy youthful state.

Wesley: Isa 54:5 - Thy maker Will own thee for his spouse.

Will own thee for his spouse.

Wesley: Isa 54:5 - The Lord Who hath the sovereign command of all men and creatures, and therefore can subdue the Gentiles to thee, and can make thee to increase and multiply in ...

Who hath the sovereign command of all men and creatures, and therefore can subdue the Gentiles to thee, and can make thee to increase and multiply in so prodigious a measure, even in thine old age, notwithstanding thy barrenness in the days of thy youth, of which he speaks in the foregoing verse.

Wesley: Isa 54:5 - The God The God and father of all nations, whereas formerly he was called only the God of Israel.

The God and father of all nations, whereas formerly he was called only the God of Israel.

Wesley: Isa 54:6 - Called thee To return to him.

To return to him.

Wesley: Isa 54:6 - As forsaken When thou wast like a woman forsaken.

When thou wast like a woman forsaken.

Wesley: Isa 54:6 - And grieved For the loss of her husband's favour.

For the loss of her husband's favour.

Wesley: Isa 54:6 - Of youth As affectionately as an husband recalls his wife which he married in his youth.

As affectionately as an husband recalls his wife which he married in his youth.

Wesley: Isa 54:7 - For a moment In comparison of God's everlasting kindness.

In comparison of God's everlasting kindness.

Wesley: Isa 54:7 - Gather thee From all the places where thou art dispersed, from all parts of the world.

From all the places where thou art dispersed, from all parts of the world.

Wesley: Isa 54:8 - With everlasting kindness With kindness to thee and thy seed through all succeeding generations.

With kindness to thee and thy seed through all succeeding generations.

Wesley: Isa 54:9 - This This covenant of grace and peace made with thee shall be as certain and perpetual as that which I made with Noah, that there should never be another f...

This covenant of grace and peace made with thee shall be as certain and perpetual as that which I made with Noah, that there should never be another flood to drown the world.

Wesley: Isa 54:9 - Wrath So as to forsake thee utterly.

So as to forsake thee utterly.

Wesley: Isa 54:10 - The mountains Shall sooner depart from their places than any kindness shall depart from thee.

Shall sooner depart from their places than any kindness shall depart from thee.

Wesley: Isa 54:10 - The covenant That covenant whereby I have made peace and friendship with thee, and have promised to thee all manner of happiness. God will not cast off his Christi...

That covenant whereby I have made peace and friendship with thee, and have promised to thee all manner of happiness. God will not cast off his Christian church, as he cast off the church of the Jews, the New covenant is established upon better and surer promises than the Old.

Wesley: Isa 54:10 - The Lord Who doth this not for thine own merits, but merely for his own grace and mercy.

Who doth this not for thine own merits, but merely for his own grace and mercy.

Wesley: Isa 54:11 - O thou Who hast been, in a most afflicted and comfortless condition.

Who hast been, in a most afflicted and comfortless condition.

Wesley: Isa 54:11 - With sapphires I will make thee exceeding beautiful and glorious, by a plentiful effusion of excellent gifts, and graces.

I will make thee exceeding beautiful and glorious, by a plentiful effusion of excellent gifts, and graces.

Wesley: Isa 54:12 - Agates The proper signification of the Hebrew names of precious stones is unknown to the Jews themselves. It may suffice us to know that this was some very c...

The proper signification of the Hebrew names of precious stones is unknown to the Jews themselves. It may suffice us to know that this was some very clear and transparent, and precious stone.

Wesley: Isa 54:12 - Thy borders The utmost parts or walls.

The utmost parts or walls.

Wesley: Isa 54:13 - Taught Not only outwardly by his word, but inwardly by his spirit.

Not only outwardly by his word, but inwardly by his spirit.

Wesley: Isa 54:13 - The peace Inward peace arising from the clear discoveries of God's love and reconciliation to us, and wrought by the spirit of adoption, which is more abundantl...

Inward peace arising from the clear discoveries of God's love and reconciliation to us, and wrought by the spirit of adoption, which is more abundantly given to believers under the gospel, than under the law. Outward peace, safety, and happiness.

Wesley: Isa 54:14 - Established Thine affairs shall be managed with righteousness, which is the glory of any society.

Thine affairs shall be managed with righteousness, which is the glory of any society.

Wesley: Isa 54:14 - Oppression Either by thine own governors, or by foreign powers.

Either by thine own governors, or by foreign powers.

Wesley: Isa 54:15 - Behold It is true some will combine and make an attempt against thee.

It is true some will combine and make an attempt against thee.

Wesley: Isa 54:15 - But Without any such commission from me, as Sennacherib and Nebuchadnezzar had.

Without any such commission from me, as Sennacherib and Nebuchadnezzar had.

Wesley: Isa 54:16 - The smith Both the smith that makes warlike instruments, and the soldier that uses them, are my creatures, and totally at my command, and therefore they cannot ...

Both the smith that makes warlike instruments, and the soldier that uses them, are my creatures, and totally at my command, and therefore they cannot hurt you without my leave.

Wesley: Isa 54:16 - The waster To destroy only whom and when I please.

To destroy only whom and when I please.

Wesley: Isa 54:17 - Condemn And I will deliver thee not only from the fury of war, but also from the strife of tongues.

And I will deliver thee not only from the fury of war, but also from the strife of tongues.

Wesley: Isa 54:17 - This This blessed condition, is the portion allotted them by me.

This blessed condition, is the portion allotted them by me.

Wesley: Isa 54:17 - Righteousness The reward of their righteousness.

The reward of their righteousness.

Wesley: Isa 54:17 - Of me I give it, and I will continue it to them.

I give it, and I will continue it to them.

JFB: Isa 54:1 - Sing For joy (Zep 3:14).

For joy (Zep 3:14).

JFB: Isa 54:1 - barren The Jewish Church once forsaken by God, and therefore during that time destitute of spiritual children (Isa 54:6).

The Jewish Church once forsaken by God, and therefore during that time destitute of spiritual children (Isa 54:6).

JFB: Isa 54:1 - didst not bear During the Babylonian exile primarily. Secondarily, and chiefly, during Israel's present dispersion.

During the Babylonian exile primarily. Secondarily, and chiefly, during Israel's present dispersion.

JFB: Isa 54:1 - the children The Gentiles adopted by special grace into the original Church (Isa 54:3; Isa 49:20-21).

The Gentiles adopted by special grace into the original Church (Isa 54:3; Isa 49:20-21).

JFB: Isa 54:1 - than . . . married wife Than were her spiritual children, when Israel was still a married wife (under the law, before the Babylonian exile), before God put her away [MAURER]....

Than were her spiritual children, when Israel was still a married wife (under the law, before the Babylonian exile), before God put her away [MAURER]. So Paul contrasts the universal Church of the New Testament with the Church of the Old Testament legal dispensation, quoting this very passage (Gal 4:27). But the full accomplishment of it is yet future.

JFB: Isa 54:2 - -- (Isa 49:19-20; Jer 31:31-36, Jer 31:38-39). Thy children shall be so many that thy borders must be extended to contain them.

(Isa 49:19-20; Jer 31:31-36, Jer 31:38-39). Thy children shall be so many that thy borders must be extended to contain them.

JFB: Isa 54:2 - curtains The cloth forming the covering of the tent.

The cloth forming the covering of the tent.

JFB: Isa 54:2 - spare not Give abundantly the means for the enlargement of the Church (2Co 9:5-7).

Give abundantly the means for the enlargement of the Church (2Co 9:5-7).

JFB: Isa 54:2 - cords . . . stakes The more the tent is enlarged by lengthening the cords by which the cloth covering is fastened to the ground, the more the stakes supporting the tent ...

The more the tent is enlarged by lengthening the cords by which the cloth covering is fastened to the ground, the more the stakes supporting the tent need to be strengthened; the Church is not merely to seek new converts, but to strengthen those she has in the faith. The image is appropriate, as the tabernacle was the symbol of the old Israelitish Church (see on Isa 33:20).

JFB: Isa 54:3 - break forth Rather, "burst forth" with increase; thy offspring shall grow, answering to "thy seed" in the parallel clause.

Rather, "burst forth" with increase; thy offspring shall grow, answering to "thy seed" in the parallel clause.

JFB: Isa 54:3 - thy seed Israel and her children, as distinguished from "the Gentiles."

Israel and her children, as distinguished from "the Gentiles."

JFB: Isa 54:3 - desolate cities Of Israel (Isa 44:26).

Of Israel (Isa 44:26).

JFB: Isa 54:4 - -- (Isa 41:10, Isa 41:14).

JFB: Isa 54:4 - shame of thy youth Israel's unfaithfulness as wife of Jehovah, almost from her earliest history.

Israel's unfaithfulness as wife of Jehovah, almost from her earliest history.

JFB: Isa 54:4 - reproach of widowhood Israel's punishment in her consequent dismissal from God and barrenness of spiritual children in Babylon and her present dispersion (Isa 54:1; Isa 49:...

Israel's punishment in her consequent dismissal from God and barrenness of spiritual children in Babylon and her present dispersion (Isa 54:1; Isa 49:21; Jer 3:24-25; Jer 31:19; Hos 2:2-5).

JFB: Isa 54:5 - -- (Isa 62:5; Jer 3:14). That God was Israel's "Maker," both as individuals and as the theocratic kingdom, is the pledge of assurance that He will be her...

(Isa 62:5; Jer 3:14). That God was Israel's "Maker," both as individuals and as the theocratic kingdom, is the pledge of assurance that He will be her Redeemer (Isa 43:1-3). Hebrew, "makers . . . husbands"; plural for singular, to denote excellency.

JFB: Isa 54:5 - of Israel . . . whole earth Not until He manifests Himself as God of Israel shall He appear as God of the whole earth (Psa 102:13, Psa 102:15-16; Zec 14:5, Zec 14:9).

Not until He manifests Himself as God of Israel shall He appear as God of the whole earth (Psa 102:13, Psa 102:15-16; Zec 14:5, Zec 14:9).

JFB: Isa 54:6 - called That is, recalled: the prophetic past for the future.

That is, recalled: the prophetic past for the future.

JFB: Isa 54:6 - forsaken That had been forsaken.

That had been forsaken.

JFB: Isa 54:6 - when thou Or, "when she was rejected"; one who had been a wife of youth (Eze 16:8, Eze 16:22, Eze 16:60; Jer 2:2) at the time when (thou, or) she was rejected f...

Or, "when she was rejected"; one who had been a wife of youth (Eze 16:8, Eze 16:22, Eze 16:60; Jer 2:2) at the time when (thou, or) she was rejected for infidelity [MAURER]. "A wife of youth but afterwards rejected" [LOWTH].

JFB: Isa 54:7 - small moment As compared with Israel's coming long prosperity (Isa 26:20; Isa 60:10). So the spiritual Israel (Psa 30:5; 2Co 4:17).

As compared with Israel's coming long prosperity (Isa 26:20; Isa 60:10). So the spiritual Israel (Psa 30:5; 2Co 4:17).

JFB: Isa 54:7 - gather thee To Myself from thy dispersions.

To Myself from thy dispersions.

JFB: Isa 54:8 - In a little wrath Rather, "In the overflowing of wrath"; as Pro 27:4, Margin, [GESENIUS]. The wrath, though but "for a moment," was overflowing while it lasted.

Rather, "In the overflowing of wrath"; as Pro 27:4, Margin, [GESENIUS]. The wrath, though but "for a moment," was overflowing while it lasted.

JFB: Isa 54:8 - hid . . . face (Isa 8:17; Psa 30:7).

JFB: Isa 54:8 - everlasting In contrast to "for a moment."

In contrast to "for a moment."

JFB: Isa 54:9 - -- I am about to do the same in this instance as in Noah's flood. As I swore then that it should not return (Gen 8:21; Gen 9:11), and I kept that promise...

I am about to do the same in this instance as in Noah's flood. As I swore then that it should not return (Gen 8:21; Gen 9:11), and I kept that promise, so I swear now to My people, and will perform My promise, that there shall be no return of the deluge of My wrath upon them. LOWTH, on insufficient authority, reads (the same will I do now as), "in the days of Noah."

JFB: Isa 54:10 - -- (Isa 51:6; Psa 89:33-34; Rom 11:29).

JFB: Isa 54:10 - covenant of my peace (2Sa 23:5). The covenant whereby I have made thee at peace with Me.

(2Sa 23:5). The covenant whereby I have made thee at peace with Me.

JFB: Isa 54:11 - not comforted By anyone; none gave her help or comfort.

By anyone; none gave her help or comfort.

JFB: Isa 54:11 - lay . . . with fair colours Rather, "lay . . . in cement of vermilion" [LOWTH]. The Hebrew for "fair colors" means stibium, the paint with which Eastern women painted their eyeli...

Rather, "lay . . . in cement of vermilion" [LOWTH]. The Hebrew for "fair colors" means stibium, the paint with which Eastern women painted their eyelids and eyelashes (2Ki 9:30). The very cement shall be of the most beautiful color (Rev 21:18-21).

JFB: Isa 54:12 - windows Rather, "battlements"; literally, "suns"; applied to battlements from their radiated appearance.

Rather, "battlements"; literally, "suns"; applied to battlements from their radiated appearance.

JFB: Isa 54:12 - agates Rather, "rubies."

Rather, "rubies."

JFB: Isa 54:12 - carbuncles Literally, "sparkling gems"; the carbuncle when held to the sun becomes like a burning coal.

Literally, "sparkling gems"; the carbuncle when held to the sun becomes like a burning coal.

JFB: Isa 54:12 - all thy borders Rather, "thy whole circuit," consisting of precious stones. The glory of the Church on earth, when the Hebrew Church, according to the original design...

Rather, "thy whole circuit," consisting of precious stones. The glory of the Church on earth, when the Hebrew Church, according to the original design, shall be the metropolis of Christendom.

JFB: Isa 54:13 - -- Quoted by the Saviour (Joh 6:45), to prove that in order to come to Him, men must be "drawn" by the Father. So Jer 31:34; Mic 4:2; 1Co 2:10; Heb 8:10;...

Quoted by the Saviour (Joh 6:45), to prove that in order to come to Him, men must be "drawn" by the Father. So Jer 31:34; Mic 4:2; 1Co 2:10; Heb 8:10; Heb 10:16; 1Jo 2:20.

JFB: Isa 54:13 - great . . . peace Generally (Psa 119:165). Specially referring to the peaceful prosperity which shall prevail under Messiah in the latter days (Isa 2:4, Isa 9:6).

Generally (Psa 119:165). Specially referring to the peaceful prosperity which shall prevail under Messiah in the latter days (Isa 2:4, Isa 9:6).

JFB: Isa 54:14 - righteousness The characteristic of the reign of Messiah (Isa 11:4-5; Psa 72:2, Psa 72:4; Rev 19:11).

The characteristic of the reign of Messiah (Isa 11:4-5; Psa 72:2, Psa 72:4; Rev 19:11).

JFB: Isa 54:14 - far from oppression, &c. Far from suffering oppression; "for thou shall have nothing to fear."

Far from suffering oppression; "for thou shall have nothing to fear."

JFB: Isa 54:15 - gather together, &c. That is, If it should happen that enemies "gather together" against thee (Psa 2:2), they will not have been sent by Me (compare Hos 8:4) as instrument...

That is, If it should happen that enemies "gather together" against thee (Psa 2:2), they will not have been sent by Me (compare Hos 8:4) as instruments of My wrath (nay, it will be with My disapproval); for "whosoever shall gather together," &c. (Psa 59:3).

JFB: Isa 54:15 - fall for thy sake Rather, "shall come over to thy side" [LOWTH]. Literally, "fall to thee" (Jer 21:9; Jer 39:9). To be fully fulfilled to Jerusalem hereafter (Zec 14:16...

Rather, "shall come over to thy side" [LOWTH]. Literally, "fall to thee" (Jer 21:9; Jer 39:9). To be fully fulfilled to Jerusalem hereafter (Zec 14:16).

JFB: Isa 54:16 - -- The workman that forms "weapons against thee" (Isa 54:17) is wholly in My power, therefore thou needest not fear, having Me on thy side.

The workman that forms "weapons against thee" (Isa 54:17) is wholly in My power, therefore thou needest not fear, having Me on thy side.

JFB: Isa 54:16 - for his work Rather, "by his labor [HORSLEY]. "According to the exigencies of his work" [MAURER].

Rather, "by his labor [HORSLEY]. "According to the exigencies of his work" [MAURER].

JFB: Isa 54:16 - waster to destroy (Isa 10:5-7; Isa 37:26-27; Isa 45:1-6). Desolating conquerors who use the "instruments" framed by "the smith." The repetition of the "I" implies, how...

(Isa 10:5-7; Isa 37:26-27; Isa 45:1-6). Desolating conquerors who use the "instruments" framed by "the smith." The repetition of the "I" implies, however, something in the latter half of the verse contrasted with the former understand it, therefore, thus: "I have in My power both him who frames arms and him who destroys them (arms)" [ROSENMULLER].

JFB: Isa 54:17 - tongue . . . condemn Image from a court of justice. Those who desire to "condemn" thee thou shalt "condemn" (Exo 11:7; Jos 10:21; Psa 64:8; Rom 8:1, Rom 8:33).

Image from a court of justice. Those who desire to "condemn" thee thou shalt "condemn" (Exo 11:7; Jos 10:21; Psa 64:8; Rom 8:1, Rom 8:33).

JFB: Isa 54:17 - righteousness . . . of me (Isa 45:24; Isa 46:13). Rather, "(this is) their justification from Me." Their enemies would "condemn" them, but I justify and vindicate them, and so...

(Isa 45:24; Isa 46:13). Rather, "(this is) their justification from Me." Their enemies would "condemn" them, but I justify and vindicate them, and so they condemn their enemies.

Clarke: Isa 54:1 - -- Sing, O barren, thou that didst not bear "Shout for joy, O thou barren, that didst not bear"- The Church of God under the Old Testament, confined wi...

Sing, O barren, thou that didst not bear "Shout for joy, O thou barren, that didst not bear"- The Church of God under the Old Testament, confined within the narrow bounds of the Jewish nation, and still more so in respect of the very small number of true believers, and which sometimes seemed to be deserted of God her husband, is the barren woman, that did not bear, and was desolate. She is exhorted to rejoice, and to express her joy in the strongest manner, on the reconciliation of her husband, (see Isa 54:6), and on the accession of the Gentiles to her family. The converted Gentiles are all along considered by the prophet as a new accession of adopted children, admitted into the original Church of God, and united with it. See Isa 49:20, Isa 49:21.

Clarke: Isa 54:4 - For thou shalt forget the shame of thy youth For thou shalt forget the shame of thy youth - That is, "The bondage of Egypt: widowhood, the captivity of Babylon."- Secker.

For thou shalt forget the shame of thy youth - That is, "The bondage of Egypt: widowhood, the captivity of Babylon."- Secker.

Clarke: Isa 54:7 - -- For a small moment "In a little anger"- So the Chaldee and Syriac, either reading רגז regaz , for רגע rega ; or understanding the latter wo...

For a small moment "In a little anger"- So the Chaldee and Syriac, either reading רגז regaz , for רגע rega ; or understanding the latter word as meaning the same with the former, which they both make use of. See Psa 30:5; Psa 35:20, in the Septuagint, where they render רגע rega by οργη, anger.

Clarke: Isa 54:8 - I hid my face from thee for a moment I hid my face from thee for a moment - The word רגע rega is omitted by the Septuagint, Syriac, and two MSS. of Kennicott’ s, and two of D...

I hid my face from thee for a moment - The word רגע rega is omitted by the Septuagint, Syriac, and two MSS. of Kennicott’ s, and two of De Rossi’ s. It seems to embarrass rather than to help the sentence. Forte reponi debet pro שצף shetseph , quod potest a קצף ketseph errore scribae originem duxisse. "Perhaps it ought to be substituted for שצף shetseph , an error probably made by some scribe from its similarity to קצף ketseph ."- Secke

Clarke: Isa 54:8 - Thy Redeemer Thy Redeemer - גאלך goalech : but for this word three of De Rossi’ s MSS. have מרחמך merachamech , thy commiserator.

Thy Redeemer - גאלך goalech : but for this word three of De Rossi’ s MSS. have מרחמך merachamech , thy commiserator.

Clarke: Isa 54:9 - -- For this is as the waters of Noah unto me "The same will I do now, as in the days of Noah"- כימי kimey , in one word, in a MS., and some editio...

For this is as the waters of Noah unto me "The same will I do now, as in the days of Noah"- כימי kimey , in one word, in a MS., and some editions; and so the Syriac, Chaldee, Vulgate, Symmachus, Theodotion, Abarbanel, Sal. ben Melec, and Kimchi acknowledge that their copies vary in this place

It is certain that these two words כי מי ki mey , were written formerly as one. Taken as two כי מՀ™ ki mey , they signify for as the waters - when as one, כימי kimey , they signify as the days. This latter reading is found in about four of Kennicott’ s and De Rossi’ s MSS. In one of my own it appears to have been intended as one word: but he who added the points, which are by a much later hand than the MS. itself, has pointed the letters so as to make the two words which are commonly found in the text. For the waters, Symmachus, Theodotion, the Syriac, Vulgate, and Arabic have days. The former seems to make the best sense; and the ancient Versions, except the Septuagint, support it.

Clarke: Isa 54:11 - -- Behold, I will lay thy stones "Behold, I lay thy stones"- These seem to be general images to express beauty, magnificence, purity, strength, and sol...

Behold, I will lay thy stones "Behold, I lay thy stones"- These seem to be general images to express beauty, magnificence, purity, strength, and solidity, agreeably to the ideas of the eastern nations; and to have never been intended to be strictly scrutinized, or minutely and particularly explained, as if they had each of them some precise, moral, or spiritual meaning. Tobit, in his prophecy of the final restoration of Israel, describes the New Jerusalem in the same oriental manner: "For Jerusalem shall be built up with sapphires, and emeralds, and precious stones; thy walls, and towers, and battlements, with pure gold. And the streets of Jerusalem shall be paved with beryl, and carbuncle, and stones of ophir."Tob. 13:16, 17. Compare also Rev 21:18-21.

Clarke: Isa 54:15 - -- Shall fall for thy sake "Shall come over to thy side"- For יפול yippol , twenty-eight MSS. (eight ancient) have יפל yipal , in its more com...

Shall fall for thy sake "Shall come over to thy side"- For יפול yippol , twenty-eight MSS. (eight ancient) have יפל yipal , in its more common form. For the meaning of the word in this place, see Jer 37:13.

Calvin: Isa 54:1 - Shout // Thou barren, that didst not bear // The children of the widow 1.Shout After having spoken of the death of Christ, he passes on with good reason to the Church; that we may feel mere deeply in ourselves what is th...

1.Shout After having spoken of the death of Christ, he passes on with good reason to the Church; that we may feel mere deeply in ourselves what is the value and efficacy of his death. We cannot behold it in Christ, if he be viewed by himself; and therefore we must come to his body, which is the Church; because Christ suffered for the Church, and not for himself. And this is the order in our Confession of Faith 61 for, after having professed that we believe in Christ, who suffered and was crucified for us, we add that we believe in the Church, 62 which flowed, as it were, from his side. Accordingly, after having discoursed concerning the death and resurrection and triumph of Christ, he properly comes down to the Church, which ought never to be separated from her Head, that each individual believer may learn by his own experience that Christ has not suffered in vain. And if he had not mentioned this doctrine, believers could not have so well strengthened their hearts by the hope of restoring the Church. This congratulation plainly shows that, when Christ shall come forth as a conqueror over death, he will not merely conquer for himself as an individual, but will, at the same time, breathe life into his body.

Thou barren, that didst not bear He calls the Church “barren,” because no offspring could be expected from her, so long as she groaned under wretched bondage; for if any one had judged of her from her outward condition, he would have concluded that she was very near destruction. And even apart from her external wretchedness, there was nothing pure within; everything was corrupted and defiled by superstitions; for they had degenerated into the idolatrous rites of the Gentiles.

The children of the widow He calls the Church not merely “Barren,” but a “Widow,” though either of them might have taken away the hope of having offspring; but when these two are combined, what else can be looked for than wretched destruction? But against such accumulated distress he bids her be of good courage, because she shall have more children than the married woman.

This passage may be explained in two ways; either as a comparison of the Church with the Gentiles, who flourished like “a married woman,” or as a comparison with that condition in which the Church was before the captivity. Both senses will be perfectly admissible, but I prefer to adopt the more simple view; for I do not think that it is a comparison between two conditions of the Church, but that it is an ordinary form of expression which the Prophet employs in order to denote that this extraordinary fertility of the Church will be at variance with what usually takes place, so that men may not judge of her condition by the ordinary course of nature; because the work of God will be extraordinary and wonderful. And yet I acknowledge that she was at that time in widowhood; for God had long before sent to her by his servants a bill of divorcement, and had actually divorced that nation, by driving it into banishment. But the Prophet declares that this punishment will be temporary, as we shall immediately see more clearly.

Calvin: Isa 54:2 - Widen the place of thy tabernacles // The curtains of thy tents 2.Widen the place of thy tabernacles He continues his argument under other metaphors, and promises that the Lord will not only restore his Church, bu...

2.Widen the place of thy tabernacles He continues his argument under other metaphors, and promises that the Lord will not only restore his Church, but will bestow upon her a condition far more excellent. They who think that the Church is compared in this passage to a synagogue are, in my opinion, mistaken, and only succeed in increasing the obstinacy of the Jews, who perceive that the Prophet’s meaning is tortured. I do indeed acknowledge that these things relate to the kingdom of Christ, and that they were at length fulfilled as soon as the Gospel began to be preached; but it does not therefore follow that the Prophet did not, at the same time, keep his eye upon that period which preceded the coming of Christ.

This prophecy began to be fulfilled under Cyrus, who gave the people liberty to return, and afterwards extended to Christ, in whom it has its full accomplishment. The Church therefore conceived, when the people returned to their native country; for the body of the people was gathered together from which Christ should proceed, in order that the pure worship of God and true religion might again be revived. Hitherto, indeed, this fertility was not visible; for the conception was concealed, as it were, in the mother’s womb, and no outward appearance of it could be seen; but afterwards the people were increased, and after the birth the Church grew from infancy to manhood, till the Gospel was preached. This was the actual youth of the Church; and next follows the age of manhood, down to Christ’s last coming, when all things shall be fully accomplished.

All these things must be taken together, if we wish to learn the Prophet’s real meaning. In this way Zec 2:5 Mal 4:2 and Haggai encouraged the people by the hope of their future condition, when they saw that little progress was made in building the temple; for they promised that “the glory of the latter temple should be greater than the glory of the former.” (Hag 2:9) This was not at all visible, and therefore they extended those promises till Christ; and by hope and confidence in him the people must have been encouraged to build the temple. Consequently, this consolation was common to the Jews who lived under the Law, and to us who see more clearly in Christ this restoration of the Church.

The curtains of thy tents The metaphor is borrowed from tabernacles, which were extensively used in that country. The Church is compared to them, because it has no solid building in the world; for it appears to be wandering and unsettled, in consequence of being necessarily moved from one place to another on account of various changes. But still I am fully persuaded that the Prophet had in his eye that former deliverance (as we have stated to have been customary with the prophets) when, being led through the wilderness, they dwelt in tents for forty years; for which reason they kept a public festival every year by the command of God. (Lev 23:39 ­43)

It will be objected that the building which is erected by the ministers of the Word is so solid that it ought not to be compared to “tabernacles.” But I reply, this metaphor of “tabernacles” relates rather to the outward aspect of the Church than to its spiritual and (what, may be called) its internal condition; for the actual building of the Church is nothing else than the kingdom of God, which is not fading or similar to tents. Yet the Church does not cease to be conveyed from one place to another; for it has no stable or permanent habitation. In short, its solid firmness is such that it surpasses the best fortified citadels; for, relying on the invincible power of God, it scorns all danger. On the other hand, it resembles “tents,” because earthly wealth, forces, and strength are not its support.

Calvin: Isa 54:3 - Because thou shalt be multiplied 3.Because thou shalt be multiplied Now follows the reason why he commanded the cords to be lengthened for enlarging the tents. It is, that a moderate...

3.Because thou shalt be multiplied Now follows the reason why he commanded the cords to be lengthened for enlarging the tents. It is, that a moderate space would not contain a numerous people, whom the Lord will gather into one from every quarter. Now, because Judea was hideous on account of its ruins and desolation, he says that the forsaken cities shall be inhabited.

Calvin: Isa 54:4 - Fear not, for thou shalt not be ashamed // Blush not; // Yea, thou shalt forget the shame of thy youth 4.Fear not, for thou shalt not be ashamed Here, as formerly, he strengthens the hearts of believers, and addresses the whole Church; for the calamity...

4.Fear not, for thou shalt not be ashamed Here, as formerly, he strengthens the hearts of believers, and addresses the whole Church; for the calamity was universal, and the Church appeared to be totally ruined. He bids her be of good cheer, and next assigns the reason; that the issue of her troubles will be such that she “shall not be ashamed;” as if he had said, “Although for a time thou art wretched, yet thy affairs shall be prosperous;” and as it is elsewhere said, “They who hope in the Lord shall not be ashamed.” (Psa 25:3)

Blush not; that is, “cherish good hope, and be confident.” Those men “blush” who are ashamed, and who, being disappointed of their hope, suffer their hearts to be cast down. He next assigns the same reason, “for thou shalt not be exposed to shame.” I consider that here, as formerly, כי (ki) signifies for; and therefore the same sentence is twice repeated under a variety of expressions, except that the former clause may relate to the disposition of the heart, and the latter to the external cause. But the more simple meaning of both clauses is, that it is a promise of success and prosperity, as if he had said that the calamity shall be brought to an end.

Yea, thou shalt forget the shame of thy youth This is a confirmation of the former clause. He means the calamities which befell the Church while she was still young, and the remembrance of which will be wholly obliterated by the prosperity which she shall afterwards enjoy. We mentioned a little before, that widowhood is a term used in regard to her, because God had forsaken, and, so to speak, had divorced her.

Calvin: Isa 54:5 - For thy Maker is thy husband // Whose name is Jehovah of hosts // Thy Redeemer // Shall be called 5.For thy Maker is thy husband He assigns the reason why she will forget all the distresses and calamities which she formerly endured. It is because ...

5.For thy Maker is thy husband He assigns the reason why she will forget all the distresses and calamities which she formerly endured. It is because God will again receive her into favor; for captivity might be said to be a kind of divorce, as we formerly saw. (Isa 1:1) He now says, “He who created thee shall be thy husband;” for such is the import of the words. He calls himself the “Maker” of his Church, not only because he created the Church as he created other men, but because he condescended to adopt her as his heritage; and this privilege may be regarded as a new life. Although the Jews fell from their dignity, as men are speedily led to revolt, 63 if they are not renewed by the Spirit of strength, yet their spiritual creation was not wholly extinguished, for the remembrance of the covenant remained, and hence also God created them anew.

Whose name is Jehovah of hosts This refers to his power, that we may be permitted to glory in it., seeing that we are his children; for the greater the power of God, and the more honorable his name, so much the greater is our boasting, so long as we are his children and do not boast of an empty title. Now, the Prophet magnifies this kindness of God, that he condescends to have us instead of a wife, that we may be able to glory in his power and strength.

Thy Redeemer He calls himself the “Redeemer,” in order that he may more fully confirm the people in that hope; that, although the former deliverance appeared to be cancelled, because the people were again led into captivity, yet they shall be restored in such a manner as to know that the grace of God is not without effect.

Shall be called The verb, יקרא (yikkare) “shall be called,” may refer either to the name “Redeemer,” or to the name “Holy One,” or to both I willingly connect both together in this manner, “The Holy One of Israel shall be called thy Redeemer, and the God of the whole earth.” 64 He employs the expression, the whole earth, because the name of God had formerly been, in some respects, confined to Judea, but, by the preaching of the Gospel, the Gentiles have been called to the same hope of salvation. (Psa 76:2) The Lord is “the God of the Gentiles” (Rom 3:29) as well as “of the Jews;“ for the Gentiles, though formerly “far off,” (Eph 2:13,) have been united to the Jews under his government.

Calvin: Isa 54:6 - For as a woman forsaken // And a wife of youth 6.For as a woman forsaken He meets a doubt which might arise in the minds of believers amidst so distressing a calamity. It seemed as if the Lord had...

6.For as a woman forsaken He meets a doubt which might arise in the minds of believers amidst so distressing a calamity. It seemed as if the Lord had rejected them, so that they had nothing to look for but destruction. The Prophet therefore reminds them that they ought not to despair, because they have been thus forsaken; for God, according to his mercy, is ready to be reconciled, and is even willing to raise them from the dead. 65

And a wife of youth He employs this expression in order that, by this metaphor, he may more fully confirm their hearts in that hope; for the hearts of young husbands are more easily reconciled than the hearts of older husbands, being attracted, and, as it were, driven forward by youthful age and tender love. In like manner, he shows that God will be easily reconciled. “True, thou wast divorced; but the divorce shall not be of long duration. The Lord will show himself ready to be reconciled, and will even, of his own accord, be the first to invite thee to reconciliation.” 66

Calvin: Isa 54:7 - For a little moment I forsook thee 7.For a little moment I forsook thee The Prophet explains more fully the former statement, and shows what will be the nature of this divorce, namely,...

7.For a little moment I forsook thee The Prophet explains more fully the former statement, and shows what will be the nature of this divorce, namely, that she shall be speedily restored to her former condition. He magnifies the mercy of God, and extenuates the sorrow by which the hearts of believers might be oppressed. It was not enough for believers to expect some revival, if they were not convinced that God’s wrath would be of short duration. We quickly lose courage and faint, if the Lord be not nigh, and if he do not quickly stretch out his hand to us. For this reason Isaiah, after having spoken of restoring the Church, adds that this divorce shall last but “for a moment,” but that his mercy shall be everlasting

When he says that he forsook his people, it is a sort of admission of the fact. 67 We are adopted by God in such a manner that we cannot be rejected by him on account of the treachery of men; for he is faithful, so that he will not cast off or abandon his people. What the Prophet says in this passage must therefore refer to our feelings and to outward appearance, because we seem to be rejected by God when we do not perceive his presence and protection. And it is necessary that we should thus feel God’s wrath, even as a wife divorced by her husband deplores her condition, that we may know that we are justly chastised. But we must also perceive his mercy; and because it is infinite and eternal, we shall find that all afflictions in comparison of it are light and momentary. Whenever, therefore, we are pressed by adversity, we ought to betake ourselves to this consolation. At the same time it ought to be observed, that what was said was actually true as to the whole body of the people, who had been divorced on account of their wickedness; and although God did not receive all of them indiscriminately into favor with him, but only the elect remnant, yet there is nothing absurd or improper in addressing his discourse as if it had been to the same persons. 68

Calvin: Isa 54:8 - In a moment of wrath 8.In a moment of wrath He again repeats and enforces this statement, in order to impress it more deeply on the hearts of believers, that they may not...

8.In a moment of wrath He again repeats and enforces this statement, in order to impress it more deeply on the hearts of believers, that they may not be at all discouraged by adversity, and with good reason; for, amidst that frightful darkness, it was not easy for the captives to behold God’s smiling face. And although the literal sense in which the “wrath” is here said to last but for “a moment” 69 be, that God in due time brought back the captives to their native country, yet we draw from it a general doctrine, that the afflictions of the Church are always momentary, when we raise our eyes to its eternal happiness. We ought to remember what Paul has taught us, (2Co 4:17) that all the afflictions of believers are light and easy to be endured, and are justly considered to be momentary, while they look at the “eternal weight of glory;” for if we do not attend to this comparison, every day will seem to us like a year. There would be no propriety in comparing the seventy years of the captivity of the Jews to “a moment,” if it were not contrasted with the uninterrupted progress of the grace of God.

Calvin: Isa 54:9 - For the waters of Noah, // This is to me // That I will not be wroth with thee 9.For the waters of Noah, or, As the days of Noah. There are two readings of this passage; for if we read it כי מי (ki me), כי (ki) m...

9.For the waters of Noah, or, As the days of Noah. There are two readings of this passage; for if we read it כי מי (ki me), כי (ki) must be translated for; and if we read it כימי , (kime,) כ (caph) must be translated As, and ימי (yeme) must be translated Days. 70 As to the general meaning, it makes little difference; and therefore we ought chiefly to consider what the Prophet meant, for commentators do not appear to me to have caught his meaning. They explain it generally, that the Lord promised to: Noah by an oath, that there would never be a deluge, and that this oath would perpetually remain in force. (Gen 9:10) But for this, the good man might have trembled, and, at the approach of rain, might have dreaded a similar calamity, if the Lord had not sworn that this should never again happen. In like manner, when afflictions are at hand, we might dread that we should be ruined, if the Lord did not promise that the Church would be safe.

But I think that this ought to be limited to the period of the Babylonish captivity. He compares that captivity to a deluge, which destroyed the face of the earth; for it appeared as if the Church was utterly ruined. The people had almost entirely passed over to another nation, and had no kingdom and no civil government of their own; they underwent very hard bondage, and thought that their name was wholly extinguished. And at that time was actually fulfilled what the Prophet formerly declared,

“If the Lord had not left to us a seed, we should have been like Sodom and Gomorrah.” (Isa 1:9)

Justly, therefore, does he compare that calamity to “the waters of Noah,” that is, to the deluge; and on this account I rather agree with those who read כי מי (ki me) that is, “For the waters;” for I consider that reading to rest on better evidence than the other, and it is generally adopted by Jewish writers.

This is to me I think that we ought carefully to inquire into the meaning of these words, which are slightly passed over by commentators. He means that this calamity will resemble the deluge; so that, as he was satisfied with a single deluge, and would never again send another, so he is satisfied with this one destruction, so to speak, of the Church, and will never again permit the face of it to be destroyed. Such is therefore the manner in which I think that we ought to explain this passage and apply the metaphor, that the desolation of Judea will be to God like the deluge which happened in “the days of Noah;“ for as he swore at that time that he would never afterwards inflict such punishment on the crimes which stripped the earth of its inhabitants, so he will not again destroy the Church, as he did in the Babylonish captivity. And indeed, whatever might be any confused state of affairs that afterwards followed, still the Church retained some name, and preserved some form, until, at the manifestation of Christ in the flesh, the seed of the Gospel was everywhere scattered, that it might bring sons to God out of all nations. In a word, the Lord promises that henceforth he will restrain his wrath, and will not punish his people with so great severity.

It will be objected, that since that time the Church sustained very grievous calamities; from which it might be concluded, either that this oath failed of its accomplishment, or that this is not the Prophet’s meaning. I reply, the Church did not sustain so grievous a calamity as to have its face altogether destroyed, which happened when the people were carried away into Babylon. For although Antiochus and other tyrants brought upon it dreadful calamities, although afterwards there also happened those apostasies which Paul foretold, (2Th 2:3; 1Ti 4:1,) and everything was defiled by innumerable superstitions, so that the Christian name was nearly buried; yet still there remained some form of a Church, however disfigured, and the building was not in so ruinous a condition that there did not exist some remnants of Christianity above the deluge, so that this oath was in full force.

That I will not be wroth with thee This must not be taken in an absolute, but in a comparative sense. He contrasts this clause with the preceding; for he promises that he will never chastise his people so severely as not to mitigate the severity of the punishment. Although therefore tyrants indulge in wanton and unbridled rage, and Satan employ his utmost efforts in attacking the Church, and the Lord give him a loose rein, in order to punish our ingratitude, yet he will never suffer the Church to be ruined.

Calvin: Isa 54:10 - For the mountains shall indeed be moved // My mercy // The covenant of my peace // Saith Jehovah, who hath compassion on thee 10.For the mountains shall indeed be moved He confirms the former statement, and declares that sooner shall the whole world be turned upside down, th...

10.For the mountains shall indeed be moved He confirms the former statement, and declares that sooner shall the whole world be turned upside down, than his mercy shall fail. It would be idle to put the question here, how “the mountains shall be moved, or the hills shall shake;” for the comparison is drawn from those things which appear to be strongest and most deeply rooted, in order to show that the foundation of the Church is far more durable. “Mountains” are very strong, and earthquakes do not so frequently take place in them as in plains; and therefore the Lord declares that, although that vast and huge mass of “mountains be moved,” or the heavens fall, yet his covenant shall endure, and his mercy towards the Church shall not fail. In this sense it is said in the Psalm, “The Lord shall reign, the world shall be established.” (Psa 93:1) In another passage it is even said,

“Though the heavens pass away, the Church of God shall remain unshaken.”
(Psa 102:26)

My mercy In the word “mercy,” it ought to be remarked what is the nature of the foundation of the covenant; for we can have no friendship with God: unless he have mercy upon us, and receive us by free grace. 71

The covenant of my peace He calls it “the covenant of peace,” because the Lord offers to us all that belongs to perfect happiness; as the Hebrew writers also, under the word “peace,” include all posterity. Since therefore this covenant contains solid and perfect happiness, it follows that all who are excluded from it are miserable.

Saith Jehovah, who hath compassion on thee By saying that it is he “who hath compassion” on her, he again confirms what was formerly said, that he will be reconciled in no other way, and for no other reason, than because he is compassionate and ready to pardon.

Calvin: Isa 54:11 - Thou wretched 11.Thou wretched He continues the same subject, and promises not only that the Church shall be restored to her ancient splendor, but that God will ca...

11.Thou wretched He continues the same subject, and promises not only that the Church shall be restored to her ancient splendor, but that God will cause her to be adorned with attire of greater magnificence, as if it had been wholly composed of precious stones. All this was expressed by Haggai in a single word, when he said,

“The glory of the latter temple shall be greater than the glory of the former.”
(Hag 2:10)

As to the names of the jewels 72 which are here described by the Prophet, and about which even the Hebrew writers are not agreed, we need not give ourselves much trouble, provided we understand the meaning of the passage.

This earnest address is exceedingly well fitted for soothing the grief of believers; for it represents the Church, which was ready to be drowned, as being now rescued by him from shipwreck. Whenever therefore we shall see her violently shaken by tempests, and weighed down by a load of distresses, and deprived of all consolation, let us remember that these are the very circumstances which induce God to give assistance.

Calvin: Isa 54:12 - And I will lay thy windows with pearls 12.And I will lay thy windows with pearls By these metaphors he shows that the condition of the Church, as has been formerly said, will be far better...

12.And I will lay thy windows with pearls By these metaphors he shows that the condition of the Church, as has been formerly said, will be far better than at any former period. The Church is compared to a building, which is customary in every part of Scripture. (Jer 24:6; Mat 16:18.) For this reason he now draws a picture of a costly and magnificent structure. But it ought to be remarked, that the Prophet represents God as the architect of this building; for this work ought to be entirely ascribed to him alone.

But it may be asked what the Prophet means by “carbuncles, sapphires, pearls,” and other kinds of jewels; for by a similar metaphor Paul meant doctrine. “As a wise architect,” says he, “I have laid the foundation.” And again,

“If any man build on this foundation, gold, silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble, every man’s work shall be made manifest.” (1Co 3:10)

Whether or not this be the Prophet’s meaning, will appear from the following verse.

Calvin: Isa 54:13 - For all thy children // Taught by Jehovah // And great peace 13.For all thy children I consider that the copulative ו (vau,) “and,” here, as in many other passages, denotes for; and hence we may easi...

13.For all thy children I consider that the copulative ו (vau,) “and,” here, as in many other passages, denotes for; and hence we may easily conclude that Isaiah spoke not of doctrine, but of men, of which the spiritual building of the Church is reared. It is by doctrine, indeed, that the Church is built; but, the building of it is effected by assembling men together, and reducing them to a state of obedience to God. The difference then between Paul and Isaiah is this, that Paul makes those “precious stones” relate to doctrine, and Isaiah makes them relate to the gifts of the Holy Spirit, which are bestowed on men, in order that the Church may be built of them. It is proper to observe the diversity of gifts with which the Lord adorns his Church; for all are not “emeralds,” and all are not “carbuncles,” but the Lord assigns to every one his rank according’ to his own pleasure. (Eph 4:11)

Taught by Jehovah It deserves attention, that all that belongs to the ornament of the Church, proceeds from no other source than from the grace of God; for if we are “carbuncles” and “sapphires” in consequence of our being taught by the Lord, it follows that this does not proceed from nature. Now there are two ways in which the Lord teaches us; by external preaching, and by the secret revelation of the Holy Spirit. What kind of teaching the Prophet means is explained by Christ, when he quotes this passage; and therefore we ought not to seek a better interpreter. “It is written in the prophets,” says he, “All shall be taught by God. Every man who hath heard and learned from the Father cometh to me.” (Joh 6:45) If this passage were to be understood as relating to external preaching, the conclusion which Christ draws from it would not be well founded; for it does not follow, “The Gospel is preached, and therefore all believe.” Many oppose, others openly scorn, and others are hypocrites. Those only “who have been foreordained to life” (Act 13:48) are sincerely teachable, and are entitled to be ranked among the disciples. The Gospel is preached indiscriminately to the elect and the reprobate; but the elect alone come to Christ, because they have been “taught by God,” and therefore to them the Prophet undoubtedly refers.

This makes it evident in what way we become living and precious stones for building the temple of God. It is when the Lord has formed and polished us by his Spirit, and has added to the external preaching of the word the internal efficacy of the Spirit. Hence we learn how great is the depravity of the human mind, which cannot be bent and formed anew, unless the Lord move it by the power and efficacy of his Spirit. Isaiah has connected both modes of teaching, the internal and the external; for he gives the appellation of “children of the Church” to those who are “taught by the Lord.” If they are her children, they must then have been conceived in her womb and nourished by her, first “with milk, and next with solid food,” as Paul says, (1Co 3:2) till they “grow up and arrive at manhood.” (Eph 4:13)

Thus the external administration of the word is necessary if we wish to be disciples; and this shows the extreme madness of fanatics, who abuse this passage for the purpose of overturning the preaching of the word and the ministry which the Church enjoys; for they cannot be “the children” of the Church, if they do not allow themselves to be educated in her. In vain will they boast of secret revelations; for the Spirit does not teach any but those who submit to the ministry of the Church, and consequently they are the disciples of the devil, and not of God, who reject the order which he has appointed; for we see that these two things, “Children of the Church” and “Taught by God,” are united in such a manner that they cannot be God’s disciples who refuse to be taught in the Church. They ought likewise to be properly distinguished, as Isaiah also distinguishes them, that we may not apply to men what ought to be ascribed to the efficacy of the Spirit; but at the same time they ought to be joined together, so that we may know that in this matter God chooses to employ the agency of men.

Besides, we are taught by this passage that the calling of God is efficacious in the elect. Augustine examines this passage judiciously, and applies it skillfully against the Pelagians, who extolled man’s free­will in opposition to the grace of God. They appeared, indeed, to ascribe something to the grace of God, but in such a manner that, when they brought it forward, they gave to it an inferior place to man’s free­will; just as the Papists do, who assert that any person can either receive or reject it. “But” (says Augustine) “all shall be taught by God. Now, God’s disciples are efficaciously taught, and follow his calling.” He likewise adds that passage of John’s Gospel which we have quoted. This shows clearly that it is not from free choice made by man, and which is capable of being bent in either direction, that it proceeds.

From these words it ought also to be observed how highly the Lord values his doctrine, by means of which he admits us into his building, so that we become “pearls, sapphires, and carbuncles;” for they who wish to build the Church by rejecting the doctrine of the word, build a hog’s sty, and not the Church of God. We see also what opinion we ought to form about implicit faith, about which the Papists yelp, who wish men to become fools, that they may suffer themselves to be imposed upon; for, since we must be taught by God, it is not reasonable that we should resemble beasts.

It may be asked, were not the prophets also, and the patriarchs, and other believers under the Law, taught by God? They undoubtedly were; but here the Prophet spoke by comparison, because there is a more abundant revelation in Christ, and the Lord hath spoken so plainly as to give a public manifestation that he is the teacher of the Church, and also to gain many disciples. This passage agrees with one in the Prophet Jeremiah.

“Every one shall not teach his neighbor, nor a man his brother; for all shall know me from the least even to the greatest, saith Jehovah.” (Jer 31:34)

Accordingly, if in ancient times it was necessary that all the children of God should be disciples of the Holy Spirit, much more in the present day, seeing that this prediction relates strictly to the kingdom of Christ.

And great peace By the word “peace” he denotes happiness, that is, all prosperity. And hence we may infer what is the true happiness of men. It is, when God enlightens our understandings, so that we embrace the salvation which has been revealed to us in Christ; for, so long as we are destitute of that knowledge, we are at the greatest possible distance from happiness; because even God’s blessings, till they are sanctified by faith, become a curse to us.

Calvin: Isa 54:14 - In righteousness 14.In righteousness He means that God will be the maker and architect of his Church. I am aware that there are some who explain it differently, and w...

14.In righteousness He means that God will be the maker and architect of his Church. I am aware that there are some who explain it differently, and who think that “righteousness” means “good­works.” And indeed that exposition has some plausibility, arising from the Prophet having spoken about doctrine; for we are taught for this very purpose, that we may lead a pious and holy life. But the Prophet’s meaning was different, namely, that the Church shall be restored under God’s guidance, who wishes to be its guardian and defender, he contrasts “righteousness” with the violence and oppression by which the Church has been thrown down, or, at least, he expresses “stability,” as if he had said that it shall not be a frail building, or one that might impose on men for a short time by mere deceitfulness of appearance; because God will sincerely defend his work, and, being “righteous,” will not only restore it completely, but will afterwards preserve it in safety for a long period. Thus, although men are leagued in every way for the destruction of the Church, they will gain nothing; for the Lord guards her by his “righteousness.” We have formerly 73 seen this form of expression; and on this account I think that the interpretation which I have given is more simple, though some may think that another interpretation is more plausible.

Calvin: Isa 54:15 - Behold, he who assembleth shall assemble // Without me // He who shall assemble in thee shall fall against thee 15.Behold, he who assembleth shall assemble The general import is, that, although many rise up for the purpose of overwhelming the Church, yet all th...

15.Behold, he who assembleth shall assemble The general import is, that, although many rise up for the purpose of overwhelming the Church, yet all their efforts and attacks shall fail; and he appears to promise God’s assistance not only against external foes, but against foes that are domestic and internal. Many “assemble” in the bosom of the Church, as if they wished to join themselves to her, but afterwards carry on internal war. These words are commonly translated, “By gathering he shall gather himself against thee,” and are generally understood to relate to all the enemies of the Church of every kind. That interpretation is most generally approved; nor do I object to it, provided that it be acknowledged to include the fraud, and ambush, and treachery by which the Church is attacked. Yet I have no doubt that here the meaning is the same as in Psa 2:1, namely, the conspiracies and insurrections of the Gentiles against Christ and the Church of God; for not a single nation only, but various nations rise up against, her.

It is probable, however, that here he expressly joins together domestic foes and those who from without had penetrated even into her bosom; for he says, In thee, Against thee, that is, “They shall attack thee within, in the midst of thee.” In a word, he shows that the Church will not enjoy such peace as not to be attacked by many adversaries. But it may be thought that these statements are contradictory; for he formerly said that she would be far from terror and oppression, and now he says that there shall be conspiracies within her bosom. I reply, the Prophet instantly added this, that believers might not promise to themselves a state of peace in the world, as if they had no annoyance to suffer from wicked men and hypocrites. The defense of the Church against oppression and slander shall be of such a kind as not to preserve her from carrying on uninterrupted war with enemies; for Satan will raise up against her every day new attacks, so that she can never be at rest. These words may therefore be regarded as a correction of the preceding statement, in order that believers may always carry their weapons of war, and may not promise to themselves repose.

Without me A promise is added, that the Lord will nevertheless preserve them in the midst of dangers. Without God signifies “in vain” or “unsuccessfully;“ for he means that the attacks of wicked men, though they do their utmost 74 shall utterly fail. They rush forward with blind fury, but it is the Lord’s hand alone that gives prosperity. He alludes to what was formerly said, (Isa 41:25) that the Babylonians should come, under God’s guidance, to destroy Judea. At that time the people were ruined, because they had God for their enemy; but now, because “without God,” that is, without his guidance, the enemies shall attack her, they shall be ashamed and turn back. This is more fully expressed by what immediately follows —

He who shall assemble in thee shall fall against thee That is, “All that he shall attempt against thee shall fall back on his own head. Though the whole world rise up against thee, it shall be crushed by its own weight.” The phrase, in thee, deserves notice; for when the Lord drives our enemies to a distance, we are confident, but if they come near us, we fall into despair. Therefore he says, “Although they penetrate even into thy bowels, the Lord will destroy them, and will deliver thee.”

Calvin: Isa 54:16 - Behold, I have created the workmen // I have created the waster to destroy 16.Behold, I have created the workmen The Lord shows how easily and readily he delivers his Church from the base attacks of wicked men; for they can ...

16.Behold, I have created the workmen The Lord shows how easily and readily he delivers his Church from the base attacks of wicked men; for they can do nothing but so far as the Lord permits them, though he makes use of them as instruments for chastising his people. Moreover, this may be appropriately viewed as referring both to the Babylonians and to other foes who afterwards distressed the elect people. If the former sense be preferred, God undertakes to prove that he can easily drive away those whom he led against them, and east down those whom he raised up. If it be supposed to refer to Antiochus and others of the same description, the meaning will not be very different; namely, that they too shall not be permitted to hurt them, because they cannot even move a finger but by God’s direction.

But it may be thought that the Prophet contradicts himself; for in the former verse he said, that wicked men attack the Church “without the Lord,” and now he says that they fight under God as their leader, that under his guidance and direction they may waste and destroy. I reply, we must keep in view the contrast; namely, that the Lord had raised up the Babylonians to destroy the Church. We must observe the metaphor of the deluge, by which he denoted utter extermination; for at that time the Church might be said to have been drowned, and he made use of the Babylonians as his agents for that purpose. But he solemnly declares that henceforth he is resolved to restrain his anger, so as never to permit the Church to be destroyed by her enemies, though he chastise her by his own hand. The object at which the enemies of the Church aim, and which they labor with all their might to accomplish, is to ruin and destroy the Church; but the Lord restrains their attacks; for “without him,” that is, without his command, they do nothing. Some explain the meaning to be, that. “the workman has been created for his work,” that is, that he may effect his own destruction, and the waster, to destroy himself. But the former sense appears to me more simple.

I have created the waster to destroy When the Lord says that he “createth the waster,” this does not refer merely to the nature with which men are born, but to the very act of “wasting.” And yet we must not, on that account, lay blame on God, as if he were the author of the unjust cruelty which dwells in men alone; for God does not give assent to their wicked inclinations, but regulates their efforts by his secret providence, and employs them as the instruments of his anger. But on this subject we have treated in the exposition of other passages.

Calvin: Isa 54:17 - Every weapon // And every tongue // That shall rise up against thee in judgment // This is the inheritance // And their righteousness from me 17.Every weapon He again infers what has been already said, that wicked men, even though they exert themselves to the utmost, will gain nothing; for ...

17.Every weapon He again infers what has been already said, that wicked men, even though they exert themselves to the utmost, will gain nothing; for their attacks are guided and restrained by the secret, purpose of God. He makes use of the word “every,” meaning by it that wicked men will have the means of attempting many and diversified methods for destroying the Church, but that their efforts shall be vain and fruitless, 75 for the Lord will restrain them. Heaven permits them, indeed, to a great extent, in order to try the patience of believers; but, when God thinks proper, he strips them of their strength and armor.

And every tongue After having spoken of the “weapons” with which wicked men attack the Church, he expressly mentions the “tongue;“ because no other “weapon” is so deadly and destructive. Not only do they revile, and slander, and defame the servants of God, but, as far as lies in their power, they extinguish the truth of God, and alienate the hearts of men from it; which ought to distress us more than if life were taken from us a hundred times. Besides, good and upright men find slander to be more distressing, and to inflict more severe pain than any bodily stroke; and, therefore, there was good reason for mentioning this deadly “weapon.”

That shall rise up against thee in judgment When he says that tongues “rise up in judgment,” he means that wicked men are so daring and insolent, that they openly attack and annoy the children of God. He adds that this is done “in judgment;“ because they hold out plausible pretexts, which give them the appearance of having a just cause. In like manner, the Papists, when they call us heretics, schismatics, and dogs, plead against us, as it were, “in judgment,” and wish to be regarded as the defenders of catholic truth, though they maintain falsehood and idolatry. And yet so plausible are the pretexts by which their slanders are covered, that they produce very strong hatred against us among those who are ignorant of our cause. But although they assail us by arms, and by the “tongue,” and by “weapons” of every kind, yet, relying on this prediction, let us hope that we shall be victorious; for victory is here promised to us, and, since we are certain of it, we ought to fight valiantly and with unshaken courage.

This is the inheritance He shows that the Lord has granted this to believers, as it were, by a right of “inheritance,” so that they shall never be deprived of it; for, as no title is more certain than that of an heir, so he shows that there is nothing of which the Lord’s servants ought to be more certain than of his constant guardianship and preservation, by which he defends them against all dangers.

And their righteousness from me “Righteousness” here denotes what is conveyed by us in the ordinary expression, ( Leur droit ,) “Their right.” In a word, he means that the Lord will defend his people, so as to protect their innocence. Whenever, therefore, we are attacked and injured by men, let us learn to betake ourselves forthwith to the Lord; for, when we seek other assistance, the consequence is, that we are deprived of his guardianship and protection.

Defender: Isa 54:5 - thy Maker The God of all the earth is also the "Maker" of Israel, as well as her Redeemer. Note that, symbolically, Israel is sometimes pictured as the wife of ...

The God of all the earth is also the "Maker" of Israel, as well as her Redeemer. Note that, symbolically, Israel is sometimes pictured as the wife of Jehovah, just as in the New Testament the church is called the Bride of Christ."

Defender: Isa 54:9 - waters of Noah Note that Isaiah here attests to the historical reality of the worldwide Flood and the perpetuity of the Noahic covenant."

Note that Isaiah here attests to the historical reality of the worldwide Flood and the perpetuity of the Noahic covenant."

Defender: Isa 54:13 - taught of the Lord Although the specific promise is to Israel, the principle is eternal. When we diligently instruct our children concerning the Lord, they will surely h...

Although the specific promise is to Israel, the principle is eternal. When we diligently instruct our children concerning the Lord, they will surely have eternal peace of soul through Christ."

TSK: Isa 54:1 - O barren // break // for more O barren : Isa 62:4; Son 8:8; Gal 4:27 break : Isa 42:10,Isa 42:11, Isa 44:23, Isa 49:13, Isa 55:12, Isa 55:13; Psa 67:3-5, Psa 98:3-9; Zep 3:14; Zec ...

TSK: Isa 54:2 - -- Isa 33:20, Isa 49:19, Isa 49:20; Jer 10:20

TSK: Isa 54:3 - thou shalt // and thy // make thou shalt : Isa 2:2-4, Isa 11:9-12, Isa 35:1, Isa 35:2, Isa 42:1-12, Isa 43:5, Isa 43:6, Isa 49:12, Isa 60:3-11; Gen 49:10; Psa 72:8-11; Rom 9:25, Ro...

TSK: Isa 54:4 - Fear not // thou shalt forget Fear not : Isa 41:10,Isa 41:14, Isa 45:16, Isa 45:17, Isa 61:7; 1Pe 2:6 thou shalt forget : Jer 31:19; Eze 16:22, Eze 16:43, Eze 16:60-63; Hos 3:1-5

TSK: Isa 54:5 - thy Maker // the Lord // The God thy Maker : Psa 45:10-17; Jer 3:14; Eze 16:8; Hos 2:19, Hos 2:20; Joh 3:29; 2Co 11:2, 2Co 11:3; Eph 5:25-27, Eph 5:32 the Lord : Isa 48:2, Isa 51:15; ...

TSK: Isa 54:6 - a woman // a wife a woman : Isa 49:14, Isa 62:4; Hos 2:1, Hos 2:2, Hos 2:14, Hos 2:15; Mat 11:28; 2Co 7:6, 2Co 7:9, 2Co 7:10 a wife : Pro 5:18; Ecc 9:9; Mal 2:14

TSK: Isa 54:7 - a small // with a small : Isa 26:20, Isa 60:10; Psa 30:5; 2Co 4:17; 2Pe 3:8 with : Isa 11:11, Isa 27:12, Isa 40:11, Isa 43:5, Isa 43:6, Isa 56:8, Isa 60:4, Isa 66:18;...

TSK: Isa 54:8 - a little // I hid // but // the Lord a little : Isa 47:6, Isa 57:16, Isa 57:17; Zec 1:15 I hid : Isa 8:17, Isa 45:15; Psa 13:1, Psa 27:9; Eze 39:23, Eze 39:24 but : Isa 55:3; Psa 103:17; ...

TSK: Isa 54:9 - -- Isa 12:1, Isa 55:11; Gen 8:21, Gen 9:11-16; Psa 104:9; Jer 31:35, Jer 31:36, Jer 33:20-26; Eze 39:20; Heb 6:16-18

TSK: Isa 54:10 - the mountains // the covenant // that hath the mountains : Isa 51:6, Isa 51:7; Psa 46:2; Mat 5:18, Mat 16:18, Mat 24:35; Rom 11:29; 2Pe 3:10-13 the covenant : Isa 55:3; 2Sa 23:5; Psa 89:33, Psa...

TSK: Isa 54:11 - thou afflicted // tossed // not comforted // I will lay // sapphires thou afflicted : Isa 54:6, Isa 49:14, Isa 51:17-19, Isa 51:23, Isa 52:1-5, Isa 60:15; Exo 2:23, Exo 3:2, Exo 3:7; Deu 31:17; Psa 34:19, Psa 129:1-3; J...

TSK: Isa 54:13 - all // great all : Isa 2:3, Isa 11:9; Psa 25:8-12, Psa 71:17; Jer 31:34; Mat 11:25-29, Mat 16:17; Luk 10:21, Luk 10:22, Luk 24:45; Joh 6:45, Joh 14:26; 1Co 2:10; E...

TSK: Isa 54:14 - righteousness // thou shalt be // for thou righteousness : Isa 1:26, Isa 45:24, Isa 52:1, Isa 60:21, Isa 61:10,Isa 61:11, Isa 62:1; Jer 31:23; Eze 36:27, Eze 36:28; Eze 37:23-26; Joe 3:17-21; Z...

TSK: Isa 54:15 - they shall // shall fall they shall : Ezek. 38:8-23; Joe 3:9-14; Rev 16:14, Rev 19:19-21, Rev 20:8, Rev 20:9 shall fall : Isa 43:3, Isa 43:4, Isa 43:14; Psa 37:12, Psa 37:13; ...

TSK: Isa 54:16 - I have I have : Isa 10:5, Isa 10:6, Isa 10:15, Isa 37:26, Isa 46:11; Exo 9:16; Pro 16:4; Dan 4:34, Dan 4:35; Joh 19:11

TSK: Isa 54:17 - weapon // every // the heritage // and their weapon : Isa 54:15; Psa 2:1-6; Eze 38:9, Eze 38:10; Mat 16:18; Joh 10:28-30; Rom 8:1, Rom 8:28-39 every : Isa 50:8; Job 1:11, Job 2:5, 22:5-30, Job 42...

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Poole: Isa 54:1 - Sing, O barren // More are the children of the desolate than the children of the married wife Sing, O barren The prophet having largely discoursed of the sufferings of Christ, and of the blessed fruits or effects thereof, among which one is, ...

Sing, O barren The prophet having largely discoursed of the sufferings of Christ, and of the blessed fruits or effects thereof, among which one is, that he should have a numerous seed that should believe on him, and that when the Jews rejected him, the Gentiles should gladly receive him, and here foreseeing by the Spirit of God that glorious state of the church, he rejoiced in it, as Abraham did upon the like occasion, Joh 8:56 , and breaks forth into this song of triumph. He turneth his speech to the church and spouse of God, or of Christ, as is manifest from the following words, and especially from Isa 54:5 , and from Gal 4:27 , where it is so expounded. And although this chapter is by some understood of the flourishing condition of the Jewish church and state after their return from Babylon, yet the magnificent and glorious promises here following do so vastly exceed their condition at that time, which was full of uncertainties, and distractions, and troubles, as all the histories of those times assure us, and far from that glory and lasting tranquillity which is here assured to her, that it must necessarily be referred to the times of the gospel, in which all that is here said was or will be remarkably fulfilled. And therefore as the foregoing chapter doth directly and literally speak of Christ, so doth this literally speak of the church of Christ, or of the kingdom of the Messiah, of whom the ancient Hebrew doctors understood it. And this church, consisting at first of the Jews, and afterwards of the Gentiles, who were incorporated with them into the same body, he calleth barren , not because it now was so, but because before and until the coming of Christ it had been so; as Simon is called the leper, Mat 26:6 , after he was cured. Now this church of the Jews might well be called, and had been, barren, because the sincere converts brought forth to God by her ministry had been but few among the Jews comparatively, and simply few among the Gentiles.

More are the children of the desolate than the children of the married wife: the church or congregation of the Gentiles, which in the times of the Old Testament was desolate, having neither husband nor children, doth now under the gospel bring forth unto God a far more numerous posterity than the church of the Jews, which had been married to God for many ages, until by her apostacy from God, and from her Messiah, she provoked God to put her away, He alludeth here either to the history of Sarah, who was long and naturally barren, but by the supernatural power of God was enabled to bring forth a numberless issue; or to that remarkable passage of God’ s providence concerning Hannah and Peninnah, 1Sa 2:5 , The barren hath born seven, and she that hath many children is waxed feeble .

Poole: Isa 54:2 - Enlarge the place of thy tent // Let them // Lengthen thy cords, and strengthen thy stakes Enlarge the place of thy tent that it may be capable of the Gentiles, which shall flock to thee in great numbers, and desire to associate themselves ...

Enlarge the place of thy tent that it may be capable of the Gentiles, which shall flock to thee in great numbers, and desire to associate themselves with thee.

Let them those to whom that work belongs, stretch forth. The meaning is, they must and shall be stretched out.

Lengthen thy cords, and strengthen thy stakes that they may be able to support that great weight which the tents this enlarged shall be upon them.

Poole: Isa 54:3 - Thou shalt break forth // On the right hand and on the left // Thy seed // Shall inherit the Gentiles // The desolate cities Thou shalt break forth thou shalt bring forth a multitude of children; for this word is commonly used of any great and extraordinary propagation of l...

Thou shalt break forth thou shalt bring forth a multitude of children; for this word is commonly used of any great and extraordinary propagation of living creatures, whether beasts or men, Gen 30:30 Exo 1:12 .

On the right hand and on the left on every side, in all the parts of the world.

Thy seed either,

1. Thy spiritual seed, the church of the new testament, which is accounted Abraham’ s seed, or children, Gal 3:7-9,29 . Or,

2. Thy natural seed, Christ and his apostles, and other ministers, who were Jews, by whom this work was first and most eminently done.

Shall inherit the Gentiles shall subdue the Gentile world to the church, and to the obedience of the faith.

The desolate cities those cities and countries which in a spiritual sense were desolate and forsaken by God.

Poole: Isa 54:4 - Thou shalt not be ashamed // Thou shalt forget the shame of thy youth // The reproach of thy widowhood Thou shalt not be ashamed for that barrenness and widowhood, which once was the matter of thy grief and shame, because now thou shalt be delivered fr...

Thou shalt not be ashamed for that barrenness and widowhood, which once was the matter of thy grief and shame, because now thou shalt be delivered from it, and God will own thee for his wife, and beget children of thee; as it is explained in the following words.

Thou shalt forget the shame of thy youth it shall be forgotten both by thee and others: thou shalt not be upbraided with thy former barrenness in thy youthful state, nor confounded and tormented with the remembrance of it; both remembering and forgetting in Scripture use connote or comprehend those affections which naturally and usually follow upon them; so great shall be thy fertility and felicity, that it shall cause thee to forget thy former unfruitfulness and misery, as men commonly do in like cases, as Gen 41:51 Job 11:16 Isa 65:16 Joh 16:21 .

The reproach of thy widowhood that time and state when thou wert like a widow, disconsolate and desolate, forsaken by her husband, and having in a manner no children; which was a great reproach, especially among the Jews.

Poole: Isa 54:5 - Thy Maker // Is thine husband // The Lord of hosts // The God of the whole earth // the God of Israel Thy Maker he who made thee out of nothing, and therefore can easily fulfil all these promises, how unlikely soever they seem to be; and he who made t...

Thy Maker he who made thee out of nothing, and therefore can easily fulfil all these promises, how unlikely soever they seem to be; and he who made thee a people, and, which is far more and better, his people, and therefore will not easily nor utterly forsake thee.

Is thine husband he will own thee for his spouse, and will do the part of a husband to thee.

The Lord of hosts who hath the sovereign command of all men and creatures, and therefore can subdue the Gentiles to thee, and can make thee to increase and multiply in so prodigious a measure, even in thine old age, notwithstanding thy barrenness in the days of thy youth, of which he speaketh in the foregoing verse.

The God of the whole earth the God and Father of all nations; whereas formerly he was called only

the God of Israel and the Gentiles had no special relation to him, nor interest in his covenant and favour, as was observed, Psa 147:19,20 , and elsewhere.

Poole: Isa 54:6 - The Lord hath called thee // Grieved in spirit // And a wife of youth // When thou wast refused The Lord hath called thee to return and come again to him. As a woman forsaken ; when thou wast like a woman forsaken. Or, as a husband recalleth hi...

The Lord hath called thee to return and come again to him. As a woman forsaken ; when thou wast like a woman forsaken. Or, as a husband recalleth his wife. Forsaken by her husband, who hath given her a bill of divorce.

Grieved in spirit for the loss of her husband’ s flavour and society, and for the reproach attending upon it.

And a wife of youth or, and as (which note of similitude is supplied here by the LXX. and Chaldee interpreters, and is easily understood out of the foregoing clause, in which it is expressed) a wife of youth , i.e. as readily and affectionately as a husband recalleth his wife which no married in her and his own youth, of whom see on Pro 5:18 , whom though he might through a sudden and violent passion put away, yet he soon repents of it, and his affections work towards her, and he invites her to return to him.

When thou wast refused when thou wast in a desolate estate, and hadst been for some time rejected by me, then I recalled thee. Or, although thou wast refused , or dismissed , or despised by me, and that justly; yet I had mercy upon thee, and freely offered reconciliation to thee. Saith thy God; who will again be, and still show himself to be, thy God, and will renew his covenant with thee.

Poole: Isa 54:7 - For a small moment // Forsaken thee // With great mercies // will I gather thee For a small moment for the space of some few years, as seventy years in Babylon, and some such intervals, which may well be called a small moment in ...

For a small moment for the space of some few years, as seventy years in Babylon, and some such intervals, which may well be called a small moment in comparison of God’ s everlasting kindness mentioned in the next verse.

Forsaken thee withdrawn my favour and help from thee, and left thee in thine enemies’ hands.

With great mercies such as are most precious and sweet for quality, as is here said, and such as are of long continuance, as is said in the following verse,

will I gather thee from all the places where thou art dispersed, from all the parts of the world.

Poole: Isa 54:8 - I hid my face // With everlasting kindness I hid my face I removed the means and pledges of my presence and kindness. With everlasting kindness with kindness to thee and thy seed through all...

I hid my face I removed the means and pledges of my presence and kindness.

With everlasting kindness with kindness to thee and thy seed through all succeeding generations, here and unto all eternity.

Poole: Isa 54:9 - This is as the waters of Noah unto me // Would not be wroth with thee This is as the waters of Noah unto me this covenant of grace and peace made with thee shall be as certain and perpetual as that which I made with Noa...

This is as the waters of Noah unto me this covenant of grace and peace made with thee shall be as certain and perpetual as that which I made with Noah, that there should never be another flood of waters to drown the world; of which see Gen 9:11 .

Would not be wroth with thee to wit, so as I have been, or so as to forsake thee utterly.

Poole: Isa 54:10 - The mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed // The covenant of my peace // That hath mercy on thee The mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed which hath been verified in some mountains and hills, that by earthquakes, or otherwise, have be...

The mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed which hath been verified in some mountains and hills, that by earthquakes, or otherwise, have been removed from their places. But these kind of absolute expressions are ofttimes comparatively understood, of which See Poole "Isa 51:6" ; and so the sense is, The mountains shall sooner depart from their places, than my kindness shall depart from thee. As when it is said absolutely, I desired mercy, and not sacrifice , it is meant comparatively, I desired mercy more than sacrifice, as it is explained in the following clause.

The covenant of my peace that covenant whereby I have made peace and friendship with thee, and have promised unto thee all manner of happiness, which frequently comes under the name of peace in Scripture. The sense of the place is, that God will not cast off his Christian church, as he did cast off the church of the Jews; and that the new covenant is established upon better and surer promises than the old, as is observed, Heb 8:6,7 , &c., and elsewhere.

That hath mercy on thee who doth thus with thee not for thine own merits, but merely for his own grace and mercy.

Poole: Isa 54:11 - O thou afflicted // I will lay thy stones with fair colours, and lay thy foundations with sapphires O thou afflicted tossed with tempests, and not comforted; O thou my poor church, vho hast frequently been, and wilt again and again be, in a most aff...

O thou afflicted tossed with tempests, and not comforted; O thou my poor church, vho hast frequently been, and wilt again and again be, in a most afflicted and comfortless condition for a time, be not discouraged thereby.

I will lay thy stones with fair colours, and lay thy foundations with sapphires I will make thee exceeding beautiful and glorious. Which yet is not to be understood of outward pomp and worldly glory, as is evident from many places of Scripture, which assure us that Christ’ s kingdom is of another nature, and that the external condition of God’ s church is, and for the most part will be, mean and calamitous in this world; but of a spiritual beauty and glory, consisting in the plentiful effusion of excellent gifts, and graces, and comforts; although these shall be followed with eternal glory in heaven. See the like description of the church’ s glory, Rev 21:11 , &c.

Poole: Isa 54:12 - Agates // Thy borders Agates one kind of which stones was transparent like glass, as Pliny writes in his Natural History, b. 37. ch. 10. But some render this word crystal...

Agates one kind of which stones was transparent like glass, as Pliny writes in his Natural History, b. 37. ch. 10. But some render this word crystal , and the LXX., and some other of the ancients, translate it jasper . But the proper signification of the Hebrew names of precious stones is unknown to the Jews themselves, as hath been noted before. It may suffice us to know that this was some very clear, and transparent, and precious stone.

Thy borders the utmost parts or walls. The church is here evidently compared to a building, whose foundation, pavement, gates, and windows were named before.

Poole: Isa 54:13 - Shall be taught of the Lord // The peace Shall be taught of the Lord not only outwardly by his word, which was made known to all the Jews under the Old Testament, but inwardly by his Spirit,...

Shall be taught of the Lord not only outwardly by his word, which was made known to all the Jews under the Old Testament, but inwardly by his Spirit, which is poured forth under the New Testament, both upon a far greater number of persons, and in a far higher measure, and with much more efficacy and success, than it was under the Old.

The peace:

1. Inward peace of mind or conscience arising from the clear discoveries of God’ s love and reconciliation to us, and wrought by the Spirit of adoption, which is more abundantly given to believers under the gospel, whereas the spirit of bondage was more common and prevalent under the law.

2. Outward peace, safety, and happiness, which is more fully promised in the following verses, and which God, when he sees fit, will confer upon his church.

Poole: Isa 54:14 - In righteousness // Thou shalt be far from oppression // Thou shalt not fear In righteousness either, 1. As the means of thy establishment. This kingdom shall not be set up and settled by fraud or tyranny, as other kingdoms f...

In righteousness either,

1. As the means of thy establishment. This kingdom shall not be set up and settled by fraud or tyranny, as other kingdoms frequently are, but by justice. Or rather,

2. As the effect of the establishment. Thine affairs shall be managed with righteousness, which is the glory and felicity of any society, and not with oppression, as it follows. Justice shall be freely and impartially executed.

Thou shalt be far from oppression either by thine own governors, or by foreign powers.

Thou shalt not fear thou shalt neither have any just cause of fear, nor be given up to the torment of fear without cause.

Poole: Isa 54:15 - They shall surely gather together // But not by me // Whosoever shall gather together to battle // Shall fall for thy sake They shall surely gather together it is true, there will not want some that shall combine and make an attempt against thee. But not by me as they d...

They shall surely gather together it is true, there will not want some that shall combine and make an attempt against thee.

But not by me as they do this without any such commission from me, as Sennacherib and Nebuchadnezzar had, Isa 10:6,7 Jer 25:9 ; so they shall not have my help in it, without which all their endeavours will be vain and unsuccessful.

Whosoever shall gather together to battle as is manifest from the following words, of which kind of gathering this word is used, Psa 140:2 , and elsewhere. Against thee , Heb. with thee . But to fight with a man is all one with fighting against him .

Shall fall for thy sake for that respect and love which I bear to thee. Or before thee , as this particle is sometimes used, so as thine eyes shall behold it.

Poole: Isa 54:16 - -- Both the smith that maketh all warlike instruments, and the soldier that useth them, are my creatures, and totally at my command, and therefore they...

Both the smith that maketh all warlike instruments, and the soldier that useth them, are my creatures, and totally at my command, and therefore they cannot hurt you without my leave. To destroy ; to destroy only whom and when I please.

Poole: Isa 54:17 - No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper // And every tongue that shall rise against thee in judgment thou shalt condemn // This is the heritage // Their righteousness No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper and as they cannot do any thing against thee without my leave, so I assure thee I will not suffer...

No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper and as they cannot do any thing against thee without my leave, so I assure thee I will not suffer them to do it; and if any smith shall make any weapons to be employed against thee, he shall not succeed in it.

And every tongue that shall rise against thee in judgment thou shalt condemn and I will deliver thee not only from the fury of the war, but also from the strife of tongues, from all the threatenings, and boasts, and reproaches of thine enemies, and from all the claims and pretences which they have of any right and power over thee. So thine enemies shall neither prevail against thee by violence, nor by pretences of justice.

This is the heritage this blessed condition described in this chapter is the portion allotted to them by me.

Their righteousness either,

1. The reward or fruit of their righteousness, as righteousness is used, Psa 112:3,9 . Or,

2. Their right or the righteous administration of all their concerns, whereby they are preserved from all manner of oppressions, as righteousness was used, Isa 54:14 . Is of me ; I give it, and I will continue it to them; and who then can take it away from them?

PBC: Isa 54:11 - -- See Philpot: ZION’S FOUNDATIONS, WINDOWS, GATES, AND BORDERS

See Philpot: ZION’S FOUNDATIONS, WINDOWS, GATES, AND BORDERS

PBC: Isa 54:13 - -- See Philpot: HEAVENLY TEACHING

See Philpot: HEAVENLY TEACHING

Haydock: Isa 54:1 - Bulwarks Bulwarks. Hebrew, windows of crystal; (Ezechiel xxvii. 1[].; Calmet) Protestants, "of agate." (Haydock) --- All this is allegorical, like the rede...

Bulwarks. Hebrew, windows of crystal; (Ezechiel xxvii. 1[].; Calmet) Protestants, "of agate." (Haydock) ---

All this is allegorical, like the redemption of the new Jerusalem, Apocalypse. xxi.

Haydock: Isa 54:1 - Barren Barren Jews in captivity, or Church of the Gentiles, to which alone the expressions can be applied. (Calmet) --- The Gentiles were before unfruitfu...

Barren Jews in captivity, or Church of the Gentiles, to which alone the expressions can be applied. (Calmet) ---

The Gentiles were before unfruitful, as the Jews will be till towards the latter times. (Worthington)

Haydock: Isa 54:2 - Stakes Stakes, to receive so great a family. All the Israelites did not return, and it does not appear that many embraced their religion, as they have done...

Stakes, to receive so great a family. All the Israelites did not return, and it does not appear that many embraced their religion, as they have done that of Christ.

Haydock: Isa 54:3 - Left Left. To the north and south. Jerusalem increased. But what was it compared with the Christians establishment!

Left. To the north and south. Jerusalem increased. But what was it compared with the Christians establishment!

Haydock: Isa 54:4 - Widowhood Widowhood. Thy former excesses shall be forgotten. (Calmet)

Widowhood. Thy former excesses shall be forgotten. (Calmet)

Haydock: Isa 54:5 - Thee Thee. Hebrew, " Bohalaic (Haydock) shall be your Baalim," or husband, who was styled Lord, 1 Peter iii. 6. Perhaps he may allude to the two wi...

Thee. Hebrew, " Bohalaic (Haydock) shall be your Baalim," or husband, who was styled Lord, 1 Peter iii. 6. Perhaps he may allude to the two wives, the synagogues and the Church, or to the idols, which should be adored no more.

Haydock: Isa 54:6 - Youth Youth. This enhances her fault. God is pleased to overlook it, in the captives (chap. l. 1.) and Gentiles.

Youth. This enhances her fault. God is pleased to overlook it, in the captives (chap. l. 1.) and Gentiles.

Haydock: Isa 54:9 - Earth Earth. Giving him the rainbow for a sign. My covenant with the Church is equally irrevocable: she is founded on a rock, Matthew xvi. 18. (Calmet) ...

Earth. Giving him the rainbow for a sign. My covenant with the Church is equally irrevocable: she is founded on a rock, Matthew xvi. 18. (Calmet) ---

Christ will no more abandon her than he will drown the world. Some mountains shall be moved out of their place, but she shall not. (Worthington)

Haydock: Isa 54:11 - Sapphires Sapphires. Hebrew, "antimony," a mineral shining like silver, 4 Kings ix. 30.

Sapphires. Hebrew, "antimony," a mineral shining like silver, 4 Kings ix. 30.

Haydock: Isa 54:13 - Lord Lord, Christ, Jeremias xxxi. 33., and John vi. 45.

Lord, Christ, Jeremias xxxi. 33., and John vi. 45.

Haydock: Isa 54:14 - Thee Thee. The Cutheans rendered the Jews suspected, 1 Esdras iv. 2., and vi. 1

Thee. The Cutheans rendered the Jews suspected, 1 Esdras iv. 2., and vi. 1

Haydock: Isa 54:15 - To thee To thee, in the inheritance. This was verified in the Church. We have no accout of many being converted before.

To thee, in the inheritance. This was verified in the Church. We have no accout of many being converted before.

Haydock: Isa 54:16 - Destroy Destroy. I can give peace or war. (Calmet) --- Septuagint, "but I have created thee not for utter destruction." (Haydock)

Destroy. I can give peace or war. (Calmet) ---

Septuagint, "but I have created thee not for utter destruction." (Haydock)

Gill: Isa 54:1 - Sing, O barren, thou that didst not bear // break forth into singing, and cry aloud, thou that didst not travail with child // for more are the children of the desolate than the children of the married wife, saith the Lord Sing, O barren, thou that didst not bear,.... The Targum interprets this of Jerusalem, paraphrasing the words thus, "sing praise, O Jerusalem, whic...

Sing, O barren, thou that didst not bear,.... The Targum interprets this of Jerusalem, paraphrasing the words thus,

"sing praise, O Jerusalem, which was as a barren woman that bears not;''

and so the apostle applies the words of the text to the Jerusalem above, the mother of us all, the then present Gospel church, Gal 4:26, which, at the first setting of it up, in the times of Christ, during his life and at the time of his death, and before the day of Pentecost, was like a barren woman; the number of converts were very small; few believed the report of the Gospel, professed Christ, and submitted to his ordinances; the names of the disciples were but a hundred and twenty. Though some understand this of the Jewish church, under the Old Testament dispensation, whose members were not many, and whose proselytes from the Gentiles were but few; and others of the Gentile world, before the coming of Christ, and the preaching of the Gospel in it; but the former sense is to be preferred, having the suffrage of the apostle:

break forth into singing, and cry aloud, thou that didst not travail with child; among whom there were few instances of conversion, scarce any begotten and born again of incorruptible seed by the word of God, and no signs thereof; but now it being otherwise, and multitudes being converted both in Judea and in the Gentile world, the church and its members are called upon to express their joy aloud in songs of praise, setting forth the glory of efficacious grace, in the regeneration of men; for as this is matter of joy to the angels of heaven, so to the saints on earth:

for more are the children of the desolate than the children of the married wife, saith the Lord; more souls were born again, and added to the church after the death of Christ, when she was in a desolate condition, like a woman deprived of her husband, and in a widowhood state, then there were while Christ was here on earth, personally present with his people, and preaching the Gospel himself unto men; three thousand were converted under one sermon, and great numbers afterwards were added, so that the church at Jerusalem was in a much more flourishing condition after the death of Christ than before; more fruitful when it was become like a widow than when the bridegroom was with her; and the church of Christ still increased yet more and more afterwards, as the following verses predict. The Targum is,

"more shall be the children of Jerusalem than the children of the habitable city.''

The edition of it, in the king of Spain's Bible, has it,

"than the children of Rome;''

and so it is quoted by R. Elias h, and by Buxtorf i. The Jews understand this prophecy of their deliverance from their present condition by the Messiah; and of the rebuilding of Jerusalem, and the prosperity of it.

Gill: Isa 54:2 - Enlarge the place of thy tent // and let them stretch forth the curtains of thine habitation // spare not // lengthen thy cords, and strengthen thy stakes Enlarge the place of thy tent,.... To which the church is compared, because of its uncertain and movable condition, being sometimes in one place, and ...

Enlarge the place of thy tent,.... To which the church is compared, because of its uncertain and movable condition, being sometimes in one place, and sometimes in another; and because of its outward meanness and weakness, as well as its small extent; but now it is signified that it should be enlarged, and room be made for an accession of in habitants to it; or, in other words, that the Gospel church state should not be confined to Jerusalem, but should take place in other parts of Judea, and in Galilee, and in Samaria; hence we read of churches in those places, Act 9:31,

and let them stretch forth the curtains of thine habitation; alluding to the curtains of which tents or tabernacles were made, which used to be stretched out on poles or stakes, in order to make more room, and hold more people. This may respect the spreading of the Gospel by the apostles, who may be here meant, and the success of it, especially among the Gentiles; who may be said to stretch out the curtains of the tent, the church, when, according to their commission, they went and preached the Gospel to every creature. First they travelled as far as Phoenicia, Cyprus, and Antioch, preaching to the Jews only; but when they wholly rejected the Gospel, they turned to the Gentiles, and went everywhere preaching the word, Act 11:19, and their ministry was blessed to the conversion of multitudes, and Gospel churches were set up in all parts of the world. The Apostle Paul was an eminent instrument of stretching these curtains, who went from Jerusalem, round about to Illyricum, fully preaching the Gospel of Christ, Rom 15:19,

spare not: any cost or pains, to spread the Gospel, enlarge the interest of Christ, and increase his church and people; as did not the apostles of Christ, who may be supposed to be the persons here addressed:

lengthen thy cords, and strengthen thy stakes; the curtains being stretched out, it was necessary the cords, to which they were fastened, should be lengthened, that they might reach further, and take in a greater compass; and the wider the tent is made by such means, the stronger should be the staves, and the more surely should they be drove and fixed in the earth, to hold the cords with the curtains bound unto them; all which express the enlargement of the church in the Gentile world, by means of the Gospel ministry and discipline. The Targum is,

"multiply the people of thy camp, and strengthen the governors.''

Gill: Isa 54:3 - For thou shall break forth on the right hand and on the left // and thy seed shall inherit the Gentiles // and make the desolate cities to be inhabited For thou shall break forth on the right hand and on the left,.... To the south, and to the north, as the Targum, like an inundation of water, that bre...

For thou shall break forth on the right hand and on the left,.... To the south, and to the north, as the Targum, like an inundation of water, that breaks through and overflows the banks of the river, and spreads itself in the adjacent countries; or like a warehouse overstocked with goods, bursts the walls in which they are pent up; or rather as infants break forth from the womb at the time of birth, as Pharez did, from whence he had his name, Gen 38:29 see Hos 13:13, or as, when a country is become exceeding numerous, the inhabitants break out, and go forth beyond their borders, and seek new settlements, the place of their abode being too small for them; so it shall be in the latter day, through the vast number of converts that will be made; see Isa 49:19,

and thy seed shall inherit the Gentiles; where formerly only Heathens lived, there the Gospel of Christ shall be carried by his apostles and other ministers; and being succeeded to the conversion of many souls, through the power of divine grace accompanying it, a spiritual seed, the seed of the church, shall take place, and dwell there; this was true in the first ages of Christianity, more especially in Constantine's time; and will be more fully accomplished in the latter day, when the fulness of the Gentiles shall be brought in:

and make the desolate cities to be inhabited: such cities as were destitute of the knowledge of Christ and his salvation, and of all divine and spiritual things, shall now be inhabited by spiritual men, such as believe in Christ, and profess his name; such cities as Rome, Corinth, Ephesus, Colosse, Philippi, Thessalonica, and many others.

Gill: Isa 54:4 - Fear not // for thou shall not be ashamed // neither be thou confounded, for thou shalt not be put to shame // for thou shalt forget the shame of thy youth // and shalt not remember the reproach of thy widowhood any more Fear not,.... The fulfilment of these things; however unlikely and unpromising they might seem, yet God was able to perform them; and therefore way sh...

Fear not,.... The fulfilment of these things; however unlikely and unpromising they might seem, yet God was able to perform them; and therefore way should not be given to a fearful, distrustful, and unbelieving heart:

for thou shall not be ashamed; as men are, when disappointed of what they have been hoping for and expecting; but so it should not be with the church, she should not be ashamed of her hope, faith, and confidence; for there would be a performance of all that the Lord had spoken: nor should she be ashamed of her barrenness, which should cease; and of the fewness of her children or converts, which would be many; and of the straitness of the place of her tent or habitation, which would now be enlarged:

neither be thou confounded, for thou shalt not be put to shame; other words made use of to express the same thing, and for the further confirmation of it, that she needed not, and that she should not be put to the blush, or to shame and confusion, on the above accounts:

for thou shalt forget the shame of thy youth; by which may be meant either the small number of converts at the first preaching of the Gospel; or more especially that there were so few of the wise and learned, the rich and noble, that embraced it, with which the first Christians were greatly upbraided; or those persecutions which attended them the three first centuries, which, being now at an end, shall be forgotten:

and shalt not remember the reproach of thy widowhood any more; which signifies much the same as before, the seeming desolate estate of the church upon the death of Christ; when she seemed to be deprived of her husband, and forsaken by him, and left as a widow, and without children, barren and unfruitful; which was reckoned reproachful with the Jews, Luk 1:25.

Gill: Isa 54:5 - For thy Maker is thine Husband // the Lord of hosts is his name // thy Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel // the God of the whole earth shall he be called For thy Maker is thine Husband,.... That is, Christ, the Husband of the church, and of every true believer; who secretly betrothed them to himself in...

For thy Maker is thine Husband,.... That is, Christ, the Husband of the church, and of every true believer; who secretly betrothed them to himself in eternity, having asked him of his father; and, being given to him, openly espouses them in conversion, one by one, as a chaste virgin; which he will do more publicly in a body at the last day, when the marriage of the Lamb will be come, when he will appear as the bridegroom of his people; and to which character he acts up, by loving them with a love of complacency and delight, most affectionately and constantly; by sympathizing with them in all their troubles; by nourishing and cherishing them as his own flesh, and interesting them in all he is and has. It is, in the Hebrew text k "thy Makers, thy Husbands", Father, Son, and Spirit; though the relation of a husband is more peculiar to Christ; and the words are a reason of the church's fruitfulness, and why she need not fear the performance of what was promised her; and which is wonderful and amazing; he who stands in such a near and endearing relation to his church and people, is the "Maker" of all things, yea, their Maker, both as creatures, and as new creatures:

the Lord of hosts is his name; of armies above and below, in heaven, and in earth; how great therefore must this their Husband be! to what honour and dignity are they advanced! how safe must they be under his protection! nor need they fear any enemy:

thy Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel; he who is the church's Husband is her Redeemer; and who so fit as he to redeem her from sin, Satan, and the law, and every enemy; who is of the same nature with her, so dearly loves her, and so able to save her? for which he is also abundantly qualified, being holy in both his natures, in his person and offices, in his birth, life, and death; for this seems greatly to respect him as man, as he was a descendant of the Israelitish nation, and of the seed of Abraham:

the God of the whole earth shall he be called: not of Israel only, but of all the nations of the world, of the Gentiles as well as of the Jews; the earth was made by him; the world and all that are in it are his: he is the Governor among the nations; and in the latter day will appear to be the King over all the earth, and will be owned as such; so great and illustrious a Person is the church's Husband. These words are applied by the Jews to the times of the Messiah l.

Gill: Isa 54:6 - For the Lord hath called thee as a woman forsaken and grieved in spirit // and a wife of youth, when thou wast refused, saith thy God For the Lord hath called thee as a woman forsaken and grieved in spirit,.... That has lost her husband by death, is solitary upon it, is like one fors...

For the Lord hath called thee as a woman forsaken and grieved in spirit,.... That has lost her husband by death, is solitary upon it, is like one forsaken, and mourns for the loss of him; or is forsaken by a living husband, rejected by him, having a bill of divorce from him, and so she grieves at his unkindness to her, and the reproach cast upon her; as such an one was the church when it was first constituted, when the members of which it consisted were called out of the world by the grace of God, and formed into a church state; almost as soon as ever they were thus embodied together, Christ was taken from them by death, and they were left alone, and filled with grief and trouble: the apostles and first preachers of the Gospel were persecuted from place to place, and all of them lost their lives for the cause in which they were engaged; and the church endured grievous persecutions during the three first centuries, when she seemed to be forsaken of God, and was greatly oppressed and grieved in spirit. Some understand this of the Gentiles, and of their state and condition when called, as described in Eph 2:10, but rather it may be interpreted of the Jews, now cut off and forsaken; and who, when they come to be sensible of their case, will be grieved and mourn, even when they shall be called and converted in the latter day; but I think the first sense is best:

and a wife of youth, when thou wast refused, saith thy God; or, "and as a wife of youth m"; whom a man marries in his youth, and she a young woman herself, which makes it the more grievous to be despised, refused, and forsaken, or to seem to be so. The words may be rendered thus, "and", or "but, a wife of youth thou art, though thou wast despised" n, or "refused, saith thy God"; that is, though thou hast been seemingly despised and cast off, my providential dispensations towards thee may be so interpreted by thyself and others; yet I am thy God, thy Maker, Redeemer, and Husband, and thou art as dear to me as the wife of a man's youth, for whom he has the most passionate love; and which agrees with what follows.

Gill: Isa 54:7 - For a small moment have I forsaken thee // but with great mercies will I gather thee For a small moment have I forsaken thee,.... The people of God seem to be forsaken by him when he hides his face from them, as it is afterwards explai...

For a small moment have I forsaken thee,.... The people of God seem to be forsaken by him when he hides his face from them, as it is afterwards explained; when they are in distress, and he does not immediately appear for them; when they are afflicted in body and mind, though these afflictions are but for a moment; nor are they really forsaken, not as to things temporal or spiritual; God never forsakes the work of his own hands, nor his people, at least for ever, or so as that they shall perish. Some interpret this of the seventy years' captivity of the Jews in Babylon, which was but a very short time; others of the times of ignorance in the Gentile world before the coming of Christ, which God winked at, when he overlooked them, and took no notice of them; but I choose to understand it of the time and state of the Christian church, during the ten persecutions of Rome Pagan, when it seemed to be forsaken of God, and to be triumphed over by her enemies:

but with great mercies will I gather thee; they had been scattered about by persecution, but now should be gathered together in bodies, and have their public assemblies, and worship God openly, none making them afraid; which was fulfilled in Constantine's time, when Paganism was abolished, and Christianity established throughout the Roman empire; when public places for Christian worship were opened everywhere, the Gospel was freely preached, and multitudes were gathered by effectual calling, and brought into the Gospel church, which was now in a very flourishing condition; for this is not to be understood of the gathering of the captive Jews from Babylon, nor of the calling of the Gentiles by the ministry of the apostles, nor of the restoration and conversion of the Jews in the latter day, though this is more eligible than the former, and much less of the gathering of the saints at the last day.

Gill: Isa 54:8 - In a little wrath I hid my face from thee for a moment // but with everlasting kindness will I have mercy on thee, saith the Lord thy Redeemer In a little wrath I hid my face from thee for a moment,.... This signifies much the same as before, when God hides his face from his people, withdraws...

In a little wrath I hid my face from thee for a moment,.... This signifies much the same as before, when God hides his face from his people, withdraws his gracious presence, and does not grant the discoveries of his love; or they are under the frowns of his providence, and have not the smiles of his face and the light of his countenance as formerly, then they think they are forsaken by him; though all this is but for a moment, a small period of time; and though it seems to be in "wrath", it is but "little wrath"; and this wrath is no other than the displeasure of a loving and tender hearted father. The Syriac version renders it, "great wrath"; and so Schultens o thinks the word signifies "overflowing wrath" p, and the vehemency of it; to which agrees R. Menachem q, who interprets it, "the heat of wrath"; so the Lord's suffering such a scene of bloody persecutions to attend his church in the first ages of Christianity might seem to be:

but with everlasting kindness will I have mercy on thee, saith the Lord thy Redeemer; all the dealings of God with his people, however dark and dismal they be, whatever appearances there are in them of wrath and displeasure, they are all agreeable to, and do not contradict, his everlasting love; and sooner or later he will make it manifest, he has mercy in store for his people, which he does and will exercise towards them; this mercy flows from his love and kindness to them, which kindness is everlasting, and continues in and through all states and conditions into which they come; the consideration of which is very comfortable and encouraging, and of which they may be assured from the relation the Lord stands in to them as their Redeemer; for, having redeemed them at the expense of his blood, he will effectually gather them by grace in calling, and will never lose them, or suffer them to perish here or hereafter.

Gill: Isa 54:9 - For this is as the waters of Noah unto me // for as I have sworn that the waters of Noah should no more go over the earth // so have I sworn that I would not be wroth with thee, nor rebuke thee For this is as the waters of Noah unto me,.... Some copies, as Kimchi and Ben Melech observe, read these two words, כי מי, as one, thus, כימי,...

For this is as the waters of Noah unto me,.... Some copies, as Kimchi and Ben Melech observe, read these two words, כי מי, as one, thus, כימי, "as the days of Noah"; and this is followed by the Targum, Vulgate Latin, and Syriac versions; both readings may be kept, and joined in one, and the sense be, "for this is as the waters that were in the days of Noah unto me"; so Kimchi and Menachem join them. The meaning is, that God's dispensation towards his people, at the time the prophecy refers to, is like that of his to Noah and his family; and the love he bears to them is like that which he bore to him; and the covenant he has made with them is as that he made with him:

for as I have sworn that the waters of Noah should no more go over the earth; he gave his word for it, which is as firm as his oath; he made a covenant with Noah, and confirmed it by a rainbow, that the waters should no more go over the earth as they had, and that the world should be no more destroyed by a flood, Gen 9:9,

so have I sworn that I would not be wroth with thee, nor rebuke thee; for though the Lord's people are by nature children of wrath, as others, he has not appointed them to it, nor will he suffer it to fall upon them, but saves them from it through the righteousness of Christ, who has borne it for them; and though he rebukes by his Spirit, by his word and ministers, and by his providences, yet not in wrath, but in love; and of this he has given the strongest assurances; he has not only said it, but swore to it in covenant, Psa 89:3. The Jews r refer this prophecy to the times of the Messiah.

Gill: Isa 54:10 - For the mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed // but my kindness shall not depart from thee // neither shall the covenant of my peace be removed // saith the Lord, that hath mercy on thee For the mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed,.... As sometimes by earthquakes, and as they will at the last day, when the earth shall be d...

For the mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed,.... As sometimes by earthquakes, and as they will at the last day, when the earth shall be dissolved, and all in it, things the most solid, firm, and durable: it may be understood comparatively; sooner shall these depart and be removed than the kindness and covenant of God: it may be interpreted figuratively of revolutions in kingdoms and states, and particularly of the abolition of Paganism in the times of Constantine; and which is expressed in much such language; "the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together, and every mountain and island were moved out of their places", Rev 6:14. Kimchi observes, that mountains and hills may be interpreted of the kings of the nations; with this compare Rev 6:15,

but my kindness shall not depart from thee; the love of God to his people is an everlasting love; it always continues; it never did, nor never will depart, notwithstanding their fall in Adam, their depraved state by nature, their actual sins and transgressions, their many revoltings and backslidings; though the Lord may hide his face from them, and afflict them, still he loves them; whatever departs from them, his kindness shall not; though riches may flee away from them, friends stand aloof off from them, health may be taken away, and life itself, yet the love of God is always the same; and so, whatever providences may attend his church and interest in any period of time, he has the same paternal care for it, and kindness for his people, as ever:

neither shall the covenant of my peace be removed; the covenant of grace made with Christ and his people in him from everlasting, so called, because peace is a considerable article of it; even that peace which was upon the heart and thought of God from everlasting; the scheme of which was drawn by him; all things relating to it were settled in this covenant, as that Christ should be the Maker of it, and that it should be made by his blood; besides, peace includes all the blessings of grace which that covenant is stored with; and the covenant is the spring and source of all peace, spiritual and eternal: moreover, as this refers to Gospel times, the new covenant is here meant, and the publication of it, in which the Gospel of peace, or peace by Jesus Christ, is preached unto men; to which may be added, that one part, at least, of the sense of the passage, may be, that notwithstanding all the troubles and exercises the church of Christ should meet with from Rome Pagan or Papal, yet the promise and covenant of God, that it should enjoy peace and prosperity in the latter day, should never be made void, but should have its sure and certain accomplishment:

saith the Lord, that hath mercy on thee; for all springs from the mercy of God, and not the merits of men; and therefore the fulfilment of the covenant and promises may be depended upon.

Gill: Isa 54:11 - O thou afflicted, tossed with tempests, and not comforted // behold, I will lay thy stones with fair colours // I will lay thy pavement with glistering stones // are built up a spiritual house // and lay thy foundations with sapphires O thou afflicted, tossed with tempests, and not comforted,.... Or, "O thou poor" s church; for the first Christian churches chiefly consisted of poor ...

O thou afflicted, tossed with tempests, and not comforted,.... Or, "O thou poor" s church; for the first Christian churches chiefly consisted of poor persons, not many mighty and noble being called; and which were greatly "afflicted" with false teachers, who broached errors and heresies, and made schisms among them; and "tossed with tempests" like a ship at sea; or "stormed" t with the rage and fury of violent persecutors, such as the Roman emperors were; and not "comforted", having none to administer any external comfort or relief to them; none of the kings or princes of the earth, or any civil magistrate to protect and defend them; what comfort they had was internal and spiritual; what they had from Christ and his Spirit, and by the word and ordinances; or rather this may describe the state of the church under Papal tyranny and persecution, which brings it nearer to the times of peace and prosperity after promised:

behold, I will lay thy stones with fair colours; or, "with paint" u; such as women used to paint their faces or eyes with, 2Ki 9:30. The Targum is,

"behold, I will lay with paint the stones of thy pavement;''

and the words seem plainly to design the stones of a pavement, and perhaps by an hypallage or transposition may be rendered,

I will lay thy pavement with glistering stones; so the word is translated 1Ch 29:2 or, "with stones of paint" w; which are of the colour of the "stibium", or paint before mentioned, and which was of a black colour; and Aben Ezra says the word here signifies a precious stone of a black colour; perhaps black marble is meant, a stone fit for pavements; but, be these stones what they will, they design in the spiritual sense the materials of a Gospel church, those "lively stones" which

are built up a spiritual house, and which are beautified with the gifts and graces of the Spirit of God; and may also denote that the lowest and meanest of the Lord's people, pointed out by stones of the pavement, should be thus adorned:

and lay thy foundations with sapphires; a precious stone of a white colour, according to R. Saadiah Gaon; but, according to Aben Ezra, of a red colour; though the sapphire is usually said to be of a sky colour, shining with specks of gold. The Targum renders it, "with precious stones"; and so the foundation of the wall of the New Jerusalem is said to be garnished with all manner of precious stones, Rev 21:19, this may respect Christ, the sure foundation God has laid in Zion, the foundation of the apostles and prophets; the one and only foundation of the church of Christ, and all true believers, who is more precious than sapphires, or all the most precious stones; he always has been the foundation of his church in all ages; but the meaning is, that he shall now appear most clearly and manifestly to be the foundation, and to be a firm, rich, and glorious one; see Exo 24:10.

Gill: Isa 54:12 - And I will make thy windows of agates // and all thy borders of pleasant stones And I will make thy windows of agates,.... Some sort of which stones, Pliny x says, were valued for their clearness like glass; but the stone which be...

And I will make thy windows of agates,.... Some sort of which stones, Pliny x says, were valued for their clearness like glass; but the stone which bears this name with us is not clear and lucid enough to make windows of. The Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, Syriac, and Arabic versions, render it, "of jasper", a stone more fit for that purpose; and it is interpreted of the jasper in the Talmud y; so "the light" of the New Jerusalem is said to be like unto the "jasper stone", Rev 21:11. Some take the crystal to be meant, which suits well with windows; the word z for which has its name from the sun, because by means of them the rays and light of the sun are let into a house, and illuminate it; these in a figurative sense may design the ministers of the Gospel, who are the lights of the world, especially of the church; and the word and ordinances administered by them, by means of which the light of spiritual knowledge, joy, and comfort, is let into the churches, and into the souls of men, from Christ, the sun of righteousness. The phrase signifies, that in the latter day their ministrations should be very clear and bright, and be greatly owned, and be very successful: "and thy gates of carbuncles"; precious stones so called from their fiery flaming colour. The gates of the New Jerusalem are said to be so many pearls, Rev 21:21 which there, as here, signify the entrance into the church of God, which is through Christ, who is the door into it, and through faith in him, which works by love; these gates will be open in the latter day to receive many, who will come in great numbers, and are called "praise", Isa 60:11, which will be expressed in very warm and lively strains of love and affection, of which the carbuncle may be a symbol:

and all thy borders of pleasant stones; true believers, called "lively stones", and who are pleasant in the sight of God and Christ, and are taken pleasure in by one another; see Psa 102:14. The Septuagint and Arabic versions render it, "thy wall", which agree with Rev 21:18, where the wall of the New Jerusalem is said to be of jasper.

Gill: Isa 54:13 - And all thy children shall be taught of the Lord // and great shall be the peace of thy children And all thy children shall be taught of the Lord,.... The children of the church, who are born in her, and nursed up at her side, and who are the chil...

And all thy children shall be taught of the Lord,.... The children of the church, who are born in her, and nursed up at her side, and who are the children of God by adoption, which is made manifest by regeneration; these the Lord will take care of that they be "taught", even "all" of them, from the least to the greatest, Jer 31:34, they shall be taught of the Lord himself, by his ministers, word, and ordinances, as means, and by his Spirit, as the efficient; by whom they are taught to know themselves, their vileness and sinfulness, their folly and weakness, their want of right counsels, and the insufficiency of their own to know Christ, and the way of salvation by him; him as the only Saviour, able and willing so to know him as to believe in him, receive him, and walk on in him; this had an accomplishment in the first times of the Gospel; see Joh 6:45 and will have a further one in the latter day, when there will be a greater effusion of the Spirit, when the doctrines of the Gospel will be taught and understood more clearly, fully, and largely:

and great shall be the peace of thy children; the inward peace of their minds in and from Christ, arising from a view of their justification by his righteousness, from the sprinklings of his blood upon their consciences, and from the discoveries of his love to their souls, enjoyed in a way of believing, and by means of the word and ordinances; also peace among themselves, harmony and concord, and no more strifes, contentions, and animosities; likewise outward peace from enemies, no more persecution or war. This word includes all kind of prosperity, external and internal, temporal and spiritual. This, with the following verses, explain the figurative phrases used in the foregoing. These words are applied by the Jews a to the times of the Messiah, when all Israel shall learn the law from the Lord; so the Targum,

"all thy children shall know the law of the Lord;''

but it is much better understood of all the children of the church, the true Israel of God, whether Jews or Gentiles, learning the Gospel of Christ.

Gill: Isa 54:14 - In righteousness shalt thou be established // thou shalt be far from oppression, for thou shall not fear // and from terror; it shall not come near thee In righteousness shalt thou be established,.... In the righteousness of Christ, from whence flows the peace before spoken of, and which is the stabili...

In righteousness shalt thou be established,.... In the righteousness of Christ, from whence flows the peace before spoken of, and which is the stability of the church of Christ, and the security of it and its members from condemnation. The doctrine of justification by Christ's righteousness is, as Luther calls it, "articulus stantis vel cadentis ecclesiae", the article of the church, by which, as it is held fast or neglected, it stands or falls: or be established in exercising righteousness, doing justice and judgment, which, as it is the support and establishment of a kingdom and state, so of the church; for if purity of manners, holiness and righteousness, are neglected, a church soon comes to decay and ruin; but such will be the holiness of the professors of religion in the latter day, that every pot and vessel in it shall be holiness to the Lord, Zec 14:20,

thou shalt be far from oppression, for thou shall not fear; so far from it, that thou shalt not be in the least afraid of it, neither from within nor from without; not from false teachers that oppress the mind with legal doctrine; nor from persecutors that oppress and injure in person and property: the church will be now free from the oppression and tyranny of Rome, or mystical Babylon, which will now fall, and from the persecution of the antichristian states, on whom the vials of God's wrath will be poured, and so the church will be no more in fear of them; the words may be rendered, "therefore thou shalt not fear" b; there will be no cause for it, no occasion of it:

and from terror; it shall not come near thee; the terror of the antichristian beast and powers, which shall be no more, after their last effort next mentioned.

Gill: Isa 54:15 - Behold, they shall surely gather together, but not by me // whosoever shall gather together against thee shall fall for thy sake Behold, they shall surely gather together, but not by me,.... Not by the Lord, by his command or order to do his will, and execute his pleasure, which...

Behold, they shall surely gather together, but not by me,.... Not by the Lord, by his command or order to do his will, and execute his pleasure, which sometimes was the case, as in Sennacherib, Nebuchadnezzar, and others; but so it shall not be, when the enemies of Christ and his people gather together against them in the latter day; this will be by the means of three unclean spirits like frogs that will come out of the mouth of the dragon, beast, and false prophet; even spirits of devils, Popish priests, and Jesuits, who will instigate, stir up, and get together the antichristian kings of the earth to the battle of almighty God, Rev 16:14. Aben Ezra, Kimchi, and Ben Melech, interpret them of Gog and Magog:

whosoever shall gather together against thee shall fall for thy sake; because of the love that I bear to thee, they shall not succeed, or do thee any hurt, but shall perish; or, "shall fall to thee" c; so far from doing thee any hurt, they shall come over to thee, and be on thy side; be joined to thee, as the Vulgate Latin version; that is, the remnant that shall escape, and be converted, and give glory to God, Rev 11:13 or rather, "shall fall before thee" d, in thy sight; or, as the Targum, in the midst of thee; which remarkably paraphrases the words thus,

"at the end the kings of the nations, which are gathered together to afflict thee, O Jerusalem, shall fall in the midst of thee;''

for the kings of the earth that shall be gathered together against Christ and his church shall fall in battle before them, and their flesh shall become meat for the fowls of the heaven; the beast and false prophet, in company with them, will be taken and cast alive into the lake of fire, and the remnant be slain with the sword of Christ, Rev 19:17.

Gill: Isa 54:16 - Behold, I have created the smith that bloweth the coals in the fire // and that bringeth forth an instrument for his work // and I have created the waster to destroy Behold, I have created the smith that bloweth the coals in the fire,.... Into which he puts his iron to soften it, that he may beat it, and form it in...

Behold, I have created the smith that bloweth the coals in the fire,.... Into which he puts his iron to soften it, that he may beat it, and form it into what shape he pleases; which descriptive clause is added to show that it is a blacksmith that is intended, and to distinguish him from the carpenter and mason, of whom this word is also used, who deal, the one in wood, and the other in stone, and neither of which requires fire: now the Lord observes, to the comfort of his people, surrounded by enemies with instruments of war in their hands, that he made the smith that made these, not only as a man, but as an artificer gave him all the skill he has in making military weapons; and therefore could take away his skill, or hinder him from making any, or destroy and defeat, and render useless those that are made; and therefore they had nothing to fear from warlike preparations. Some understand this of the devil, that great incendiary of mankind; and others of a council of war, that forms the design, blows up the coals of contention, and brings forth the plan of operation in war, it follows, as a further description of the smith,

and that bringeth forth an instrument for his work: who takes the iron out of the fire which he blows, as an instrument to work upon, and which he forms into a military weapon, as an arrow, a sword, a spear, or shield; or, "for their work" e; for the use of the enemies of Christ and his church:

and I have created the waster to destroy; military men, soldiers that use the above weapons of destruction for that purpose; these are God's creatures, and he can destroy or disappoint them, so that their hands cannot perform their enterprise. Some understand this also of the devil, who is by way of eminence the waster of mankind; others of tyrannical princes; I should choose to interpret it of the Romish antichrist, that waster and destroyer of the souls of men, and of the antichristian states that destroy the earth, and shall be destroyed themselves; or of the Turk, the locust, whose king is called Apollyon and Abaddon, which signifies a waster and a destroyer, Rev 11:18. These are said to be "created" by the Lord, not only because they are his creatures, the work of his hands, but because they are raised up by his providence, according to his secret purpose, as Pharaoh was, to show his power in them; and are permitted by him to continue for awhile to fulfil his will, being entirely dependent upon him, and subject to his influence, direction, and overruling providence; and therefore his people had no reason to be afraid of them.

Gill: Isa 54:17 - No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper // and every tongue that shall rise against thee in judgment // thou shalt condemn // this is the heritage of the servants of the Lord // and their righteousness is of me, saith the Lord No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper,.... All weapons of war, as the Targum, which are made with a design to hurt and destroy the peopl...

No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper,.... All weapons of war, as the Targum, which are made with a design to hurt and destroy the people of God, shall be rendered useless; not one of them shall prosper to the advantage of their enemies, or so as to answer their design; nor to the hurt and prejudice, ruin and destruction, of the saints:

and every tongue that shall rise against thee in judgment; that shall raise any calumny upon thee, or bring any charge against thee, or enter into a lawsuit with thee, litigate a point with thee in any court of judicature, or claim, in right and law, a power, authority, and dominion over thee, as the pope of Rome does over the consciences of men:

thou shalt condemn; disprove and roll off the calumny, refute the charge and accusation, put to silence the clamours and pretences of wicked men, carry the cause against them, and shake off the yoke of bondage they would bring them under; and, instead of being condemned by them, condemn them. By "weapon" may be meant all the attempts made by force to ruin the interest and church of Christ in the world, such as the bloody persecutions of the Roman emperors, who, though they made sad havoc of the professors of Christianity, and designed hereby to have rooted it out of the world, and thought they should have accomplished it, yet could not do it; so far from it, that the Christians yet more and more increased, insomuch that it became a common saying, that the blood of the martyrs was the seed of the church; also the wars of the Papists with the Albigenses and Waldenses, and all the cruel methods they have taken by fire and faggot, and the bloody inquisition, to hinder the growth of what they call heresy; yet all have been in vain, a reformation has taken place, and many nations have embraced the truth, and shook off the yoke of Popery; together with all their efforts since to crush the Protestant interest; and though the kings of the earth will be stirred up, and gather together to the battle of the Lord God Almighty, they will not succeed, but be overcome and slain, and the beast and false prophet at the head of them will be taken and cast alive into the lake of fire: and by the "tongue" may be designed the edicts of the Pagan emperors, forbidding the exercise of the Christian religion, and threatening the preachers and professors of it with imprisonment, confiscation of goods, and death itself; and the anathemas, bulls, and interdicts of the popes of Rome, as well as the reproaches, scandals, and calumnies uttered by the emissaries of that church against all that depart from it; together with the errors and heresies of false teachers of all sorts in all ages of the world, which, though levelled against the faith and doctrine of the church of Christ, have not been able to subvert it, nor ever will:

this is the heritage of the servants of the Lord; this, with all that is said in this chapter, is the part, portion, and privilege, that such shall enjoy who serve the Lord Christ, and not antichrist; they shall be treated rather as sons than as servants, and have an inheritance assigned them; not only protection from all enemies, and absolution from all charges, but they shall receive the reward of the inheritance in heaven, that which is incorruptible and undefiled, and reserved there, since they serve the Lord Christ:

and their righteousness is of me, saith the Lord; the vindication of their righteousness, of their cause, and of their character; or the reward of their righteous works in a way of grace; even all that righteousness and true holiness that is in them, and that righteousness which is imputed to them, and by which they are justified, are from the Lord; by which they are secured from all the charges of law and justice, and, from all the accusations of men and devils, and which will answer for them in a time to come, and acquit them at the bar of God before men and angels; see Rom 8:33.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Isa 54:2 Heb “your stakes strengthen.”

NET Notes: Isa 54:3 Or “take possession of”; NAB “shall dispossess.”

NET Notes: Isa 54:4 Another option is to translate, “the disgrace of our widowhood” (so NRSV). However, the following context (vv. 6-7) refers to Zion’s...

NET Notes: Isa 54:5 See the note on the phrase “the Holy One of Israel” in 1:4.

NET Notes: Isa 54:6 Heb “like a woman abandoned and grieved in spirit.”

NET Notes: Isa 54:7 Or “forsook” (NASB).

NET Notes: Isa 54:8 Or “redeemer.” See the note at 41:14.

NET Notes: Isa 54:9 Heb “the waters of Noah” (so NAB, NIV, NRSV).

NET Notes: Isa 54:10 Heb “peace” (so many English versions); NLT “of blessing.”

NET Notes: Isa 54:11 Or, more literally, “windblown, storm tossed.”

NET Notes: Isa 54:12 Heb “delightful”; KJV “pleasant.”

NET Notes: Isa 54:13 Heb “and great [will be] the peace of your sons.”

NET Notes: Isa 54:14 Heb “it,” i.e., the “terror” just mentioned.

NET Notes: Isa 54:15 Heb “will fall over you.” The expression נָפַל עַל (nafal ’al) can mean “attac...

NET Notes: Isa 54:16 Heb “who brings out an implement for his work.”

NET Notes: Isa 54:17 Heb “this is the inheritance of the servants of the Lord, and their vindication from me.”

Geneva Bible: Isa 54:1 Sing, O ( a ) barren, thou [that] didst not bear; break forth into singing, and cry aloud, thou [that] didst not travail with child: for more [are] th...

Geneva Bible: Isa 54:2 ( c ) Enlarge the place of thy tent, and let them extend the curtains of thy habitations: spare not, lengthen thy cords, and strengthen thy stakes; (...

Geneva Bible: Isa 54:4 Fear not; for thou shalt not be ashamed: neither be thou confounded; for thou shalt not be put to shame: for thou shalt forget the shame of thy ( d ) ...

Geneva Bible: Isa 54:5 For thy ( f ) Maker [is] thy husband; the LORD of hosts [is] his name; and thy Redeemer the Holy One of Israel; The God of the whole ( g ) earth shall...

Geneva Bible: Isa 54:6 For the LORD hath called thee as a woman forsaken and grieved in spirit, and a ( h ) wife of youth, when thou wast refused, saith thy God. ( h ) As a...

Geneva Bible: Isa 54:9 For this [is as] the ( i ) waters of Noah to me: for [as] I have sworn that the waters of Noah shall no more overflow the earth; so have I sworn that ...

Geneva Bible: Isa 54:11 O thou afflicted, tossed with tempest, [and] not comforted, behold, I will lay thy stones with ( k ) fair colours, and lay thy foundations with sapphi...

Geneva Bible: Isa 54:13 And all thy children [shall be] ( l ) taught from the LORD; and great [shall be] the peace of thy children. ( l ) By the hearing of his word and inwa...

Geneva Bible: Isa 54:14 In ( m ) righteousness shalt thou be established: thou shalt be far from oppression; for thou shalt not fear: and from terror; for it shall not come n...

Geneva Bible: Isa 54:15 Behold, they shall surely assemble, [but] not by ( n ) me: whoever shall assemble ( o ) against thee shall fall for thy sake. ( n ) And therefore wil...

Geneva Bible: Isa 54:16 Behold, I have created the ( p ) smith that bloweth the coals in the fire, and that bringeth forth an instrument for his work; and I have created the ...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

Maclaren: Isa 54:10 - A Libation To Jehovah The Passing And The Permanent For the mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed; but My kindness shall not depart from thee, neither shall the...

MHCC: Isa 54:1-5 - --Observe the low state of religion in the world, for a long time before Christianity was brought in. But by preaching the gospel, multitudes were conve...

MHCC: Isa 54:6-10 - --As God is slow to anger, so he is swift to show mercy. And how sweet the returns of mercy would be, when God should come and comfort them! He will hav...

MHCC: Isa 54:11-17 - --Let the people of God, when afflicted and tossed, think they hear God speaking comfortably to them by these words, taking notice of their griefs and f...

Matthew Henry: Isa 54:1-5 - -- If we apply this to the state of the Jews after their return out of captivity, it is a prophecy of the increase of their nation after they were sett...

Matthew Henry: Isa 54:6-10 - -- The seasonable succour and relief which God sent to his captives in Babylon, when they had a discharge from their bondage there, are here foretold, ...

Matthew Henry: Isa 54:11-17 - -- Very precious promises are here made to the church in her low condition, that God would not only continue his love to his people under their trouble...

Keil-Delitzsch: Isa 54:1 - -- After the "Servant of God"has expiated the sin of His people by the sacrifice of Himself, and Israel has acknowledged its fault in connection with t...

Keil-Delitzsch: Isa 54:2 - -- With this prospect before her, even her dwelling-place would need enlarging. "Enlarge the space of thy tent, and let them stretch out the curtains ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Isa 54:3 - -- The reason why the tent is to be so large and strong is given in Isa 54:3 : "For thou wilt break forth on the right and on the left; and thy seed w...

Keil-Delitzsch: Isa 54:4 - -- The encouraging promise is continued in Isa 54:4 : "Fear not, for thou wilt not be put to shame; and bid defiance to reproach, for thou wilt not bl...

Keil-Delitzsch: Isa 54:5 - -- It was no real widowhood, however, but only an apparent one (Jer 51:5), for the husband of Jerusalem was living still, "For thy husband is thy Crea...

Keil-Delitzsch: Isa 54:6 - -- And this relation He now renews. "For Jehovah calleth thee as a wife forsaken and burdened with sorrow, and as a wife of youth, when once she is de...

Keil-Delitzsch: Isa 54:7-8 - -- Thus does Jehovah's displeasure towards Jerusalem pass quickly away; and all the more intense is the manifestation of love which follows His merely ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Isa 54:9 - -- The ground of this "everlasting kindness"is given in Isa 54:9 : "For it is now as at the waters of Noah, when I swore that the waters of Noah shoul...

Keil-Delitzsch: Isa 54:10 - -- "For the mountains may depart, and the hills may shake; my grace will not depart from thee, and my covenant of peace will not shake, saith Jehovah ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Isa 54:11-12 - -- "O thou afflicted, tossed with tempest, not comforted, behold, I lay thy stones in stibium, and lay thy foundations with sapphires; and make thy mi...

Keil-Delitzsch: Isa 54:13 - -- The outward glory of the city is only the manifestation, which strikes the senses, of the spiritual glory of the church dwelling therein. "And all ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Isa 54:14-15 - -- In perfect keeping with this grace through righteousness, Jerusalem will then stand firm and impregnable. "Through righteousness wilt thou be forti...

Keil-Delitzsch: Isa 54:16-17 - -- Jerusalem will be thus invincible, because Jehovah, the Almighty One, is its protector. "Behold, I have created the smith who bloweth the coal-fire...

Constable: Isa 40:1--55:13 - --IV. Israel's calling in the world chs. 40--55 This part of Isaiah picks up a theme from chapters 1-39 and develo...

Constable: Isa 49:1--55:13 - --B. God's atonement for Israel chs. 49-55 In the previous section (chs. 40-48), Isaiah revealed that God ...

Constable: Isa 52:13--54:1 - --2. Announcement of salvation 52:13-53:12 The second segment of the section in Isaiah dealing wit...

Constable: Isa 54:1--55:13 - --3. Invitation to salvation chs. 54-55 This section of Isaiah's prophecy joyfully announces Yahwe...

Constable: Isa 54:1-17 - --Yahweh's everlasting love ch. 54 The theme of this segment is God's love for His people....

Constable: Isa 54:1-10 - --The restored wife 54:1-10 The prophet emphasized the gracious character of Yahweh as the source of restoration for His people. Returning to the metaph...

Constable: Isa 54:11-17 - --The rebuilt city 54:11-17 Isaiah changed his illustration from a restored wife to a rebuilt city, but the point remains the same.613 The people of God...

Guzik: Isa 54:1-17 - The Restoration of Israel, the Wife of the LORD Isaiah 54 - The Restoration of Israel, the Wife of the LORD "Try and suck all the sweetness that you can out of this chapter while we read it. Th...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: Isaiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) ISAIAH, son of Amoz (not Amos); contemporary of Jonah, Amos, Hosea, in Israel, but younger than they; and of Micah, in Judah. His call to a higher deg...

JFB: Isaiah (Garis Besar) PARABLE OF JEHOVAH'S VINEYARD. (Isa. 5:1-30) SIX DISTINCT WOES AGAINST CRIMES. (Isa. 5:8-23) (Lev 25:13; Mic 2:2). The jubilee restoration of posses...

TSK: Isaiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) Isaiah has, with singular propriety, been denominated the Evangelical Prophet, on account of the number and variety of his prophecies concerning the a...

TSK: Isaiah 54 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Isa 54:1, The prophet, for the comfort of the Gentiles, prophesies the amplitude of their church; Isa 54:4, their safety; Isa 54:6, their...

Poole: Isaiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE ARGUMENT THE teachers of the ancient church were of two sorts: 1. Ordinary, the priests and Levites. 2. Extraordinary, the prophets. These we...

Poole: Isaiah 54 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHAPTER 54 The blessings and fulness of the gospel church, Isa 54:1-3 ; the Gentiles becoming Christ’ s spouse; to whom his love is everlastin...

MHCC: Isaiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) Isaiah prophesied in the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah. He has been well called the evangelical prophet, on account of his numerous and...

MHCC: Isaiah 54 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (Isa 54:1-5) The increase of the church by the conversion of the Jews and Gentiles. (Isa 54:6-10) Its certain deliverance. (Isa 54:11-17) Its triump...

Matthew Henry: Isaiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, With Practical Observations, of The Book of the Prophet Isaiah Prophet is a title that sounds very great to those that understand it, t...

Matthew Henry: Isaiah 54 (Pendahuluan Pasal) The death of Christ is the life of the church and of all that truly belong to it; and therefore very fitly, after the prophet had foretold the suff...

Constable: Isaiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title and writer The title of this book of the Bible, as is true of the o...

Constable: Isaiah (Garis Besar) Outline I. Introduction chs. 1-5 A. Israel's condition and God's solution ch. 1 ...

Constable: Isaiah Isaiah Bibliography Alexander, Joseph Addison. Commentary on the Prophecies of Isaiah. 1846, 1847. Revised ed. ...

Haydock: Isaiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE PROPHECY OF ISAIAS. INTRODUCTION. This inspired writer is called by the Holy Ghost, (Ecclesiasticus xlviii. 25.) the great prophet; from t...

Gill: Isaiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO ISAIAH This book is called, in the New Testament, sometimes "the Book of the Words of the Prophet Esaias", Luk 3:4 sometimes only t...

Gill: Isaiah 54 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO ISAIAH 54 As the former chapter is a prophecy of the humiliation and exaltation of Christ, of his sufferings and death, and the glo...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


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