kecilkan semua  

Teks -- Job 12:1-25 (NET)

Tampilkan Strong
Konteks
Job’s Reply to Zophar
12:1 Then Job answered: 12:2 “Without a doubt you are the people, and wisdom will die with you. 12:3 I also have understanding as well as you; I am not inferior to you. Who does not know such things as these? 12:4 I am a laughingstock to my friends, I, who called on God and whom he answered– a righteous and blameless man is a laughingstock! 12:5 For calamity, there is derision (according to the ideas of the fortunate)– a fate for those whose feet slip! 12:6 But the tents of robbers are peaceful, and those who provoke God are confident– who carry their god in their hands.
Knowledge of God’s Wisdom
12:7 “But now, ask the animals and they will teach you, or the birds of the sky and they will tell you. 12:8 Or speak to the earth and it will teach you, or let the fish of the sea declare to you. 12:9 Which of all these does not know that the hand of the Lord has done this, 12:10 in whose hand is the life of every creature and the breath of all the human race. 12:11 Does not the ear test words, as the tongue tastes food? 12:12 Is not wisdom found among the aged? Does not long life bring understanding? 12:13 “With God are wisdom and power; counsel and understanding are his. 12:14 If he tears down, it cannot be rebuilt; if he imprisons a person, there is no escape. 12:15 If he holds back the waters, then they dry up; if he releases them, they destroy the land. 12:16 With him are strength and prudence; both the one who goes astray and the one who misleads are his. 12:17 He leads counselors away stripped and makes judges into fools. 12:18 He loosens the bonds of kings and binds a loincloth around their waist. 12:19 He leads priests away stripped and overthrows the potentates. 12:20 He deprives the trusted advisers of speech and takes away the discernment of elders. 12:21 He pours contempt on noblemen and disarms the powerful. 12:22 He reveals the deep things of darkness, and brings deep shadows into the light. 12:23 He makes nations great, and destroys them; he extends the boundaries of nations and disperses them. 12:24 He deprives the leaders of the earth of their understanding; he makes them wander in a trackless desert waste. 12:25 They grope about in darkness without light; he makes them stagger like drunkards.
Paralel   Ref. Silang (TSK)   ITL  

Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Job a man whose story is told in the book of Job,a man from the land of Uz in Edom


Topik/Tema Kamus: Job | Philosophy | Atheism | God | Afflictions and Adversities | Wisdom | JOB, BOOK OF | Religion | Design | POETRY, HEBREW | Animals | PROVIDENCE, 1 | Geology | Persecution | BAREFOOT | AGE; OLD AGE | Girdle | Pride | Sarcasm | Self-righteousness | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: Job 12:2 - Ye You have engrossed all the reason of mankind; and each of you has as much wisdom as an whole people put together. All the wisdom which is in the world...

You have engrossed all the reason of mankind; and each of you has as much wisdom as an whole people put together. All the wisdom which is in the world, lives in you, and will be utterly lost when you die. When wise and good men die, it is a comfort to think that wisdom and goodness do not die with them: it is folly to think, that there will be a great, irreparable loss of us when we are gone, since God has the residue of the spirit, and can raise up others more fit to do his work.

Wesley: Job 12:3 - But In these things, which he speaks not in a way of boasting, but for the just vindication both of himself, and of that cause of God, which for the subst...

In these things, which he speaks not in a way of boasting, but for the just vindication both of himself, and of that cause of God, which for the substance of it he maintained rightly, as God himself attests, Job 42:7.

Wesley: Job 12:3 - Such things The truth is, neither you nor I have any reason to be puffed up with our knowledge of these things: for the most barbarous nations know that God is in...

The truth is, neither you nor I have any reason to be puffed up with our knowledge of these things: for the most barbarous nations know that God is infinite in wisdom, and power, and justice. But this is not the question between you and me.

Wesley: Job 12:4 - Upon God Even by my religious neighbours, by those who call upon God, and not in vain; whose prayers therefore I covet, not their reproaches.

Even by my religious neighbours, by those who call upon God, and not in vain; whose prayers therefore I covet, not their reproaches.

Wesley: Job 12:4 - The just I, who, notwithstanding all their hard censures dare still own it, that through God's grace I am an upright man.

I, who, notwithstanding all their hard censures dare still own it, that through God's grace I am an upright man.

Wesley: Job 12:5 - Slip with his feet And fall into trouble; tho' he had formerly shone as a lamp, he is then looked upon as a lamp going out, as the snuff of a candle, which we throw to t...

And fall into trouble; tho' he had formerly shone as a lamp, he is then looked upon as a lamp going out, as the snuff of a candle, which we throw to the ground and tread upon; and accordingly is despised in the thought of him that is at ease.

Wesley: Job 12:6 - Are secure Job's friends had all supposed, that wicked men cannot prosper long in the world. This Job opposes, and maintains, that God herein acts as sovereign, ...

Job's friends had all supposed, that wicked men cannot prosper long in the world. This Job opposes, and maintains, that God herein acts as sovereign, and reserves that exact distribution of rewards and punishments for the other world.

Wesley: Job 12:7 - But If thou observest the beasts, and their properties and actions, and events, from them thou mayst learn this lesson: that which Zophar had uttered with...

If thou observest the beasts, and their properties and actions, and events, from them thou mayst learn this lesson: that which Zophar had uttered with so much pomp and gravity, Job 11:7-9, concerning God's infinite wisdom, saith Job, thou needest not go into heaven or hell to know. but thou mayst learn it even from the beasts.

Wesley: Job 12:9 - Lord This is the only time that we meet with the name Jehovah in all the discourses between Job and his friends. For God in that age was more known by the ...

This is the only time that we meet with the name Jehovah in all the discourses between Job and his friends. For God in that age was more known by the name of Shaddai, the Almighty.

Wesley: Job 12:11 - Doth not This may be a preface to his following discourse; whereby he invites them to hear and judge of his words candidly and impartially; that they and he to...

This may be a preface to his following discourse; whereby he invites them to hear and judge of his words candidly and impartially; that they and he too might agree in disallowing what should appear to be false, and owning of every truth.

Wesley: Job 12:12 - Wisdom These words contain a concession of what Bildad had said, Job 8:8-9, and a joining with him in that appeal; but withal, an intimation that this wisdom...

These words contain a concession of what Bildad had said, Job 8:8-9, and a joining with him in that appeal; but withal, an intimation that this wisdom was but imperfect, and liable to many mistakes; and indeed mere ignorance and folly, if compared with the Divine wisdom, and therefore that antiquity ought not to be received against the truths of the most wise God.

Wesley: Job 12:14 - No opening Without God's permission. Yea, he shuts up in the grave, and none can break open those sealed doors. He shuts up in hell, in chains of darkness, and n...

Without God's permission. Yea, he shuts up in the grave, and none can break open those sealed doors. He shuts up in hell, in chains of darkness, and none can pass that great gulf.

Wesley: Job 12:15 - The waters Which are reserved its the clouds, that they may not fall upon the earth.

Which are reserved its the clouds, that they may not fall upon the earth.

Wesley: Job 12:15 - They The waters upon the earth, springs, and brooks, and rivers. As at the time of the general deluge, to which here is a manifest allusion.

The waters upon the earth, springs, and brooks, and rivers. As at the time of the general deluge, to which here is a manifest allusion.

Wesley: Job 12:16 - With him The same thing he had said before, Job 12:13, but he repeats it here to prepare the way for the following events, which are eminent instances, both of...

The same thing he had said before, Job 12:13, but he repeats it here to prepare the way for the following events, which are eminent instances, both of his power and wisdom.

Wesley: Job 12:16 - Are his Wholly subject to his disposal. He governs the deceiver and sets bounds to his deceits, how far they shall extend; he also over - rules all this to hi...

Wholly subject to his disposal. He governs the deceiver and sets bounds to his deceits, how far they shall extend; he also over - rules all this to his own glory, and the accomplishment of his righteous designs of trying the good, and punishing wicked men, by giving them up to believe lies. Yet God is not the author of any error or sin, but only the wise and holy governor of it.

Wesley: Job 12:17 - Spoiled The wise counsellors or statesmen, by whom the affairs of kings and kingdoms are ordered, he leadeth away as captives in triumph, being spoiled either...

The wise counsellors or statesmen, by whom the affairs of kings and kingdoms are ordered, he leadeth away as captives in triumph, being spoiled either of that wisdom which they had, or seemed to have; or of that power and dignity which they had enjoyed.

Wesley: Job 12:17 - Fools By discovering their folly, and by infatuating their minds, and turning their own counsels to their ruin.

By discovering their folly, and by infatuating their minds, and turning their own counsels to their ruin.

Wesley: Job 12:18 - Looseth He freeth them from that wherewith they bind their subjects to obedience, their power and authority, and that majesty which God stamps upon kings, to ...

He freeth them from that wherewith they bind their subjects to obedience, their power and authority, and that majesty which God stamps upon kings, to keep their people in awe.

Wesley: Job 12:18 - Girdeth He reduces them to a mean and servile condition; which is thus expressed, because servants did use to gird up their garments (that after the manner of...

He reduces them to a mean and servile condition; which is thus expressed, because servants did use to gird up their garments (that after the manner of those parts were loose and long) that they might be fitter for attendance upon their masters: he not only deposes them from their thrones, but brings them into slavery.

Wesley: Job 12:20 - The speech By taking away or restraining the gift of utterance from them. Or, by taking away their understanding which should direct their speech.

By taking away or restraining the gift of utterance from them. Or, by taking away their understanding which should direct their speech.

Wesley: Job 12:20 - Trusty Of those wise and experienced counsellors, that were trusted by the greatest princes.

Of those wise and experienced counsellors, that were trusted by the greatest princes.

Wesley: Job 12:22 - Darkness The most secret counsels of princes, which are contrived and carried on in the dark.

The most secret counsels of princes, which are contrived and carried on in the dark.

Wesley: Job 12:23 - Nations What hitherto he said of princes, he now applies to nations, whom God does either increase or diminish as he pleases.

What hitherto he said of princes, he now applies to nations, whom God does either increase or diminish as he pleases.

Wesley: Job 12:25 - Grope Thus are the revolutions of kingdoms brought about by an overruling providence. Heaven and earth are shaken: but the Lord remaineth a king forever.

Thus are the revolutions of kingdoms brought about by an overruling providence. Heaven and earth are shaken: but the Lord remaineth a king forever.

JFB: Job 12:2 - wisdom shall die with you Ironical, as if all the wisdom in the world was concentrated in them and would expire when they expired. Wisdom makes "a people:" a foolish nation is ...

Ironical, as if all the wisdom in the world was concentrated in them and would expire when they expired. Wisdom makes "a people:" a foolish nation is "not a people" (Rom 10:19).

JFB: Job 12:3 - not inferior Not vanquished in argument and "wisdom" (Job 13:2).

Not vanquished in argument and "wisdom" (Job 13:2).

JFB: Job 12:3 - such things as these Such commonplace maxims as you so pompously adduce.

Such commonplace maxims as you so pompously adduce.

JFB: Job 12:4 - -- The unfounded accusations of Job's friends were a "mockery" of him. He alludes to Zophar's word, "mockest" (Job 11:3).

The unfounded accusations of Job's friends were a "mockery" of him. He alludes to Zophar's word, "mockest" (Job 11:3).

JFB: Job 12:4 - neighbour, who calleth, &c. Rather, "I who call upon God that he may answer me favorably" [UMBREIT].

Rather, "I who call upon God that he may answer me favorably" [UMBREIT].

JFB: Job 12:5 - -- Rather, "a torch" (lamp) is an object of contempt in the thoughts of him who rests securely (is at ease), though it was prepared for the falterings of...

Rather, "a torch" (lamp) is an object of contempt in the thoughts of him who rests securely (is at ease), though it was prepared for the falterings of the feet [UMBREIT] (Pro 25:19). "Thoughts" and "feet" are in contrast; also rests "securely," and "falterings." The wanderer, arrived at his night-quarters, contemptuously throws aside the torch which had guided his uncertain steps through the darkness. As the torch is to the wanderer, so Job to his friends. Once they gladly used his aid in their need; now they in prosperity mock him in his need.

JFB: Job 12:6 - -- Job shows that the matter of fact opposes Zophar's theory (Job 11:14, Job 11:19-20) that wickedness causes insecurity in men's "tabernacles." On the c...

Job shows that the matter of fact opposes Zophar's theory (Job 11:14, Job 11:19-20) that wickedness causes insecurity in men's "tabernacles." On the contrary, they who rob the "tabernacles" ("dwellings") of others "prosper securely" in their own.

JFB: Job 12:6 - into whose hand, &c. Rather, "who make a god of their own hand," that is, who regard their might as their only ruling principle [UMBREIT].

Rather, "who make a god of their own hand," that is, who regard their might as their only ruling principle [UMBREIT].

JFB: Job 12:7-8 - -- Beasts, birds, fishes, and plants, reasons Job, teach that the violent live the most securely (Job 12:6). The vulture lives more securely than the dov...

Beasts, birds, fishes, and plants, reasons Job, teach that the violent live the most securely (Job 12:6). The vulture lives more securely than the dove, the lion than the ox, the shark than the dolphin, the rose than the thorn which tears it.

JFB: Job 12:8 - speak to the earth Rather, "the shrubs of the earth" [UMBREIT].

Rather, "the shrubs of the earth" [UMBREIT].

JFB: Job 12:9 - -- In all these cases, says Job, the agency must be referred to Jehovah, though they may seem to man to imply imperfection (Job 12:6; Job 9:24). This is ...

In all these cases, says Job, the agency must be referred to Jehovah, though they may seem to man to imply imperfection (Job 12:6; Job 9:24). This is the only undisputed passage of the poetical part in which the name "Jehovah" occurs; in the historical parts it occurs frequently.

JFB: Job 12:10 - the soul That is, the animal life. Man, reasons Job, is subjected to the same laws as the lower animals.

That is, the animal life. Man, reasons Job, is subjected to the same laws as the lower animals.

JFB: Job 12:11 - -- As the mouth by tasting meats selects what pleases it, so the ear tries the words of others and retains what is convincing. Each chooses according to ...

As the mouth by tasting meats selects what pleases it, so the ear tries the words of others and retains what is convincing. Each chooses according to his taste. The connection with Job 12:12 is in reference to Bildad's appeal to the "ancients" (Job 8:8). You are right in appealing to them, since "with them was wisdom," &c. But you select such proverbs of theirs as suit your views; so I may borrow from the same such as suit mine.

JFB: Job 12:12 - ancient Aged (Job 15:10).

Aged (Job 15:10).

JFB: Job 12:13 - -- In contrast to, "with the ancient is wisdom" (Job 12:12), Job quotes a saying of the ancients which suits his argument, "with Him (God) is (the true) ...

In contrast to, "with the ancient is wisdom" (Job 12:12), Job quotes a saying of the ancients which suits his argument, "with Him (God) is (the true) wisdom" (Pro 8:14); and by that "wisdom and strength" "He breaketh down," &c., as an absolute Sovereign, not allowing man to penetrate His mysteries; man's part is to bow to His unchangeable decrees (Job 1:21). The Mohammedan saying is, "if God will, and how God will."

JFB: Job 12:14 - shutteth up (Isa 22:22). Job refers to Zophar's "shut up" (Job 11:10).

(Isa 22:22). Job refers to Zophar's "shut up" (Job 11:10).

JFB: Job 12:15 - -- Probably alluding to the flood.

Probably alluding to the flood.

JFB: Job 12:16 - -- (Eze 14:9).

JFB: Job 12:18 - He looseth the bond of kings He looseth the authority of kings--the "bond" with which they bind their subjects (Isa 45:1; Gen 14:4; Dan 2:21).

He looseth the authority of kings--the "bond" with which they bind their subjects (Isa 45:1; Gen 14:4; Dan 2:21).

JFB: Job 12:18 - a girdle The cord, with which they are bound as captives, instead of the royal "girdle" they once wore (Isa 22:21), and the bond they once bound others with. S...

The cord, with which they are bound as captives, instead of the royal "girdle" they once wore (Isa 22:21), and the bond they once bound others with. So "gird"--put on one the bonds of a prisoner instead of the ordinary girdle (Joh 21:18).

JFB: Job 12:19 - princes Rather, "priests," as the Hebrew is rendered (Psa 99:6). Even the sacred ministers of religion are not exempt from reverses and captivity.

Rather, "priests," as the Hebrew is rendered (Psa 99:6). Even the sacred ministers of religion are not exempt from reverses and captivity.

JFB: Job 12:19 - the mighty Rather, "the firm-rooted in power"; the Arabic root expresses ever-flowing water [UMBREIT].

Rather, "the firm-rooted in power"; the Arabic root expresses ever-flowing water [UMBREIT].

JFB: Job 12:20 - the trusty Rather, "those secure in their eloquence"; for example, the speakers in the gate (Isa 3:3) [BEZA].

Rather, "those secure in their eloquence"; for example, the speakers in the gate (Isa 3:3) [BEZA].

JFB: Job 12:20 - understanding Literally, "taste," that is, insight or spiritual discernment, which experience gives the aged. The same Hebrew word is applied to Daniel's wisdom in ...

Literally, "taste," that is, insight or spiritual discernment, which experience gives the aged. The same Hebrew word is applied to Daniel's wisdom in interpretation (Dan 2:14).

JFB: Job 12:21 - -- Psa 107:40 quotes, in its first clause, this verse and, in its second, Job 12:24.

Psa 107:40 quotes, in its first clause, this verse and, in its second, Job 12:24.

JFB: Job 12:21 - weakeneth the strength Literally, "looseth the girdle"; Orientals wear flowing garments; when active strength is to be put forth, they gird up their garments with a girdle. ...

Literally, "looseth the girdle"; Orientals wear flowing garments; when active strength is to be put forth, they gird up their garments with a girdle. Hence here--"He destroyeth their power" in the eyes of the people.

JFB: Job 12:22 - -- (Dan 2:22).

JFB: Job 12:23 - -- Isa 9:3; Psa 107:38-39, which Psalm quotes this chapter elsewhere. (See on Job 12:21).

Isa 9:3; Psa 107:38-39, which Psalm quotes this chapter elsewhere. (See on Job 12:21).

JFB: Job 12:23 - straiteneth Literally, "leadeth in," that is, "reduces."

Literally, "leadeth in," that is, "reduces."

JFB: Job 12:24 - heart Intelligence.

Intelligence.

JFB: Job 12:24 - wander in a wilderness Figurative; not referring to any actual fact. This cannot be quoted to prove Job lived after Israel's wanderings in the desert. Psa 107:4, Psa 107:40 ...

Figurative; not referring to any actual fact. This cannot be quoted to prove Job lived after Israel's wanderings in the desert. Psa 107:4, Psa 107:40 quotes this passage.

JFB: Job 12:25 - -- Deu 28:29; Psa 107:27 again quote Job, but in a different connection.

Deu 28:29; Psa 107:27 again quote Job, but in a different connection.

Clarke: Job 12:2 - No doubt but ye are the people No doubt but ye are the people - Doubtless ye are the wisest men in the world; all wisdom is concentrated in you; and when ye die, there will no mor...

No doubt but ye are the people - Doubtless ye are the wisest men in the world; all wisdom is concentrated in you; and when ye die, there will no more be found on the face of the earth! This is a strong irony.

Clarke: Job 12:3 - I am not inferior to you I am not inferior to you - I do not fall short of any of you in understanding, wisdom, learning, and experience

I am not inferior to you - I do not fall short of any of you in understanding, wisdom, learning, and experience

Clarke: Job 12:3 - Who knoweth not such things as these? Who knoweth not such things as these? - All your boasted wisdom consists only in strings of proverbs which are in every person’ s mouth, and ar...

Who knoweth not such things as these? - All your boasted wisdom consists only in strings of proverbs which are in every person’ s mouth, and are no proof of wisdom and experience in them that use them.

Clarke: Job 12:4 - I am as one mocked of his neighbor I am as one mocked of his neighbor - Though I am invoking God for help and salvation, yet my friends mock me in this most solemn and sacred work. Bu...

I am as one mocked of his neighbor - Though I am invoking God for help and salvation, yet my friends mock me in this most solemn and sacred work. But God answereth me

Clarke: Job 12:4 - The just upright man is laughed to scorn The just upright man is laughed to scorn - This is a very difficult verse, on which no two critics seem to be agreed. Mr. Good translates the fourth...

The just upright man is laughed to scorn - This is a very difficult verse, on which no two critics seem to be agreed. Mr. Good translates the fourth and fifth verses thus: -

"Thus brother is become a laughing-stock to his companions

While calling upon God that he would succor him

The just, the perfect man, is a laughing-stock to the proud

A derision amidst the sunshine of the prosperous

While ready to slip with his foot

For a vindication of this version, I must refer to his notes. Coverdale gives at least a good sense. Thus he that calleth upon God, and whom God heareth, is mocked of his neighboure: the godly and innocent man is laughed to scorne. Godlynesse is a light despysed in the hertes of the rich; and is set for them to stomble upon. The fifth verse is thus rendered by Mr. Parkhurst: "A torch of contempt, or contemptible link, (see Isa 7:4; Isa 40:2, Isa 40:3), לעשתות leashtoth , to the splendours of the prosperous (is he who is) ready ( נכון nachon , Job 15:23; Job 18:12; Psa 38:17) to slip with his foot."The general sense is tolerably plain; but to emendations and conjectures there is no end.

Clarke: Job 12:6 - The tabernacles of robbers prosper The tabernacles of robbers prosper - Those who live by the plunder of their neighbors are often found in great secular prosperity; and they that pro...

The tabernacles of robbers prosper - Those who live by the plunder of their neighbors are often found in great secular prosperity; and they that provoke God by impiety and blasphemy live in a state of security and affluence. These are administrations of Providence which cannot be accounted for; yet the Judge of all the earth does right. Therefore prosperity and adversity are no evidences of a man’ s spiritual state, nor of the place he holds in the approbation or disapprobation of God.

Clarke: Job 12:7 - But ask now the beasts, and they shall teach thee But ask now the beasts, and they shall teach thee - Mr. Good’ s paraphrase here is very just: "Why tell ye me that the Almighty hath brought th...

But ask now the beasts, and they shall teach thee - Mr. Good’ s paraphrase here is very just: "Why tell ye me that the Almighty hath brought this calamity upon me? Every thing in nature, the beasts of the field, the fowls of the heaven, every inhabitant of earth and sea, and every thing that befalls them, are the work of his hands; and every thing feels and acknowledges him to be the universal Creator and Controller. It is the common doctrine of all nature; but to apply it as ye would apply it to me, and to assert that I am suffering from being guilty of hypocrisy, is equally impertinent. He ordains every thing in wisdom as well as in power; but why events happen as they happen, why good and evil are promiscuously scattered throughout nature or human life, ye are as ignorant of as myself."

Clarke: Job 12:10 - In whose hand is the soul of every living thing In whose hand is the soul of every living thing - נפש כל חי nephesh col chai , "the soul of all life.

In whose hand is the soul of every living thing - נפש כל חי nephesh col chai , "the soul of all life.

Clarke: Job 12:10 - And the breath of all mankind And the breath of all mankind - ורוח כל בשר veruach col besar , "and the spirit or breath of all flesh."Does not the first refer to the im...

And the breath of all mankind - ורוח כל בשר veruach col besar , "and the spirit or breath of all flesh."Does not the first refer to the immortal soul, the principle of all intellectual life; and the latter to the breath, respiration, the grand means by which animal existence is continued? See Job 10:1.

Clarke: Job 12:11 - Doth not the ear try words? Doth not the ear try words? - All these are common-place sayings. Ye have advanced nothing new; ye have cast no light upon the dispensations of Prov...

Doth not the ear try words? - All these are common-place sayings. Ye have advanced nothing new; ye have cast no light upon the dispensations of Providence.

Clarke: Job 12:12 - With the ancient is wisdom With the ancient is wisdom - Men who have lived in those primitive times, when the great facts of nature were recent, such as the creation, fall, fl...

With the ancient is wisdom - Men who have lived in those primitive times, when the great facts of nature were recent, such as the creation, fall, flood, confusion of tongues, migration of families, and consequent settlement of nations, had much knowledge from those facts; and their length of days - the many hundreds of years to which they lived, gave them such an opportunity of accumulating wisdom by experience, that they are deservedly considered as oracles.

Clarke: Job 12:13 - With him is wisdom and strength With him is wisdom and strength - But all these things come from God; he is the Fountain of wisdom and the Source of power. He alone can give us une...

With him is wisdom and strength - But all these things come from God; he is the Fountain of wisdom and the Source of power. He alone can give us unerring counsel, and understanding to comprehend and act profitably by it. See on Job 12:16 (note).

Clarke: Job 12:14 - He breaketh down He breaketh down - He alone can create, and he alone can destroy. Nothing can be annihilated but by the same Power that created it. This is a most r...

He breaketh down - He alone can create, and he alone can destroy. Nothing can be annihilated but by the same Power that created it. This is a most remarkable fact. No power, skill, or cunning of man can annihilate the smallest particle of matter. Man, by chemical agency, may change its form; but to reduce it to nothing belongs to God alone. In the course of his providence God breaks down, so that it cannot be built up again. See proofs of this in the total political destruction of Nineveh, Babylon, Persepolis, Tyre, and other cities, which have broken down never to be rebuilt; as well as the Assyrian, Babylonian, Grecian, and Roman empires, which have been dismembered and almost annihilated, never more to be regenerated

Clarke: Job 12:14 - He shutteth up a man He shutteth up a man - He often frustrates the best laid purposes, so that they can never be brought to good effect.

He shutteth up a man - He often frustrates the best laid purposes, so that they can never be brought to good effect.

Clarke: Job 12:15 - He withholdeth the waters He withholdeth the waters - This is, I think, an allusion to the third day’ s work of the creation, Gen 1:9 : And God said, Let the waters be g...

He withholdeth the waters - This is, I think, an allusion to the third day’ s work of the creation, Gen 1:9 : And God said, Let the waters be gathered together unto one place, and let the dry land appear. Thus the earth was drained, and the waters collected into seas, and bound to their particular places

Clarke: Job 12:15 - Also he sendeth them out Also he sendeth them out - Here is also an allusion to the flood, for when he broke up the fountains of the great deep, then the earth was overturne...

Also he sendeth them out - Here is also an allusion to the flood, for when he broke up the fountains of the great deep, then the earth was overturned.

Clarke: Job 12:16 - With him is strength and wisdom With him is strength and wisdom - עז ותושיה oz vethushiyah , strength and sufficiency. Strength or power, springing from an exhaustless and...

With him is strength and wisdom - עז ותושיה oz vethushiyah , strength and sufficiency. Strength or power, springing from an exhaustless and infinite source of potency. In the thirteenth verse it is said, With him is wisdom and strength; but the expressions are not the same, חכמה וגבורה chochmah ugeburah , intelligence and fortitude, or strength in action, the wisdom ever guiding the exertions of power; but here is strength or power in essence, and an eternal potentiality. With him is every excellence, in potentia and in esse. He borrows nothing, he derives nothing. As he is self-existent, so is he self-sufficient. We have had the word tushiyah before. See the note on Job 11:6

Clarke: Job 12:16 - The deceived and the deceiver are his The deceived and the deceiver are his - Some think this refers to the fall; even Satan the deceiver or beguiler, and Adam and Eve, the deceived or b...

The deceived and the deceiver are his - Some think this refers to the fall; even Satan the deceiver or beguiler, and Adam and Eve, the deceived or beguiled, are his. Satan, as this book shows, cannot act without especial permission; and man, whom the seducer thought to make his own property for ever, is claimed as the peculium or especial property of God, for the seed of the woman was then appointed to bruise the head of the serpent; and Jesus Christ has assumed the nature of man, and thus brought human nature into a state of fellowship with himself. Thus he who sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of one, for which cause he is not ashamed to call them brethren; Heb 2:11.

Clarke: Job 12:17 - He leadeth counsellors away spoiled He leadeth counsellors away spoiled - The events of war are also in his hand. It is he who gives victory; through him even the counsellors - the gre...

He leadeth counsellors away spoiled - The events of war are also in his hand. It is he who gives victory; through him even the counsellors - the great men and chief men, are often led into captivity, and found among the spoils

Clarke: Job 12:17 - And maketh the judges fools And maketh the judges fools - He infatuates the judges. Does this refer to the foolish conduct of some of the Israelitish judges, such as Samson?

And maketh the judges fools - He infatuates the judges. Does this refer to the foolish conduct of some of the Israelitish judges, such as Samson?

Clarke: Job 12:18 - He looseth the bond of kings He looseth the bond of kings - He takes away their splendid robes, and clothes them with sackcloth; or, he dissolves their authority, permits their ...

He looseth the bond of kings - He takes away their splendid robes, and clothes them with sackcloth; or, he dissolves their authority, permits their subjects to rebel and overthrow the state, to bind them as captives, and despoil them of all power, authority, and liberty. Many proofs of this occur in the Israelitish history and in the history of the principal nations of the earth, and not a few in the history of Britain.

Clarke: Job 12:19 - He leadeth princes away spoiled, and overthroweth the mighty He leadeth princes away spoiled, and overthroweth the mighty - What multitudes of proofs of this does the history of the world present! Even the lat...

He leadeth princes away spoiled, and overthroweth the mighty - What multitudes of proofs of this does the history of the world present! Even the late disastrous war with the French republic and empire, which began in 1793, and continued without intermission till 1814, was afterwards renewed, and had a catastrophe that went nearly to ruin Europe. How many princes, or rather priests, כהנים cohanim , have been spoiled of their power, influence, and authority; and how many mighty men - captains, generals, admirals, etc., have been overthrown! But supposing that the writer of the Book of Job lived, as some think, after the captivity, how many priests were led away spoiled, both from Israel and Judah; and how many kings and mighty men were overthrown in the disastrous wars between the Assyrians, Babylonians, and Jews!

Clarke: Job 12:20 - He removeth away the speech of the trusty He removeth away the speech of the trusty - The faithful counsellor and the eloquent orator avail nothing: Quos Deus vult perdere, prius dementat ;...

He removeth away the speech of the trusty - The faithful counsellor and the eloquent orator avail nothing: Quos Deus vult perdere, prius dementat ; "God infatuates those whom he is determined to destroy."The writer might have had his eyes on Isa 3:1-3, which the reader will do well to consult

Clarke: Job 12:20 - The understanding of the aged The understanding of the aged - זקנים zekenim signifies the same here as our word elders or elder-men; which includes in itself the two idea...

The understanding of the aged - זקנים zekenim signifies the same here as our word elders or elder-men; which includes in itself the two ideas of seniority, or considerably advanced age, and official authority. These can do no more to save a state which God designs to destroy, notwithstanding their great political wisdom and knowledge, than the child who can neither reason nor speak.

Clarke: Job 12:21 - He poureth contempt upon princes He poureth contempt upon princes - נדיבים nedibim , "those of royal extraction;"widely different from the כהנים cohanim mentioned Job...

He poureth contempt upon princes - נדיבים nedibim , "those of royal extraction;"widely different from the כהנים cohanim mentioned Job 12:19

Clarke: Job 12:21 - Weakeneth the strength of the mighty Weakeneth the strength of the mighty - אפיקים aphikim , the compact; the well-strung together; the nervous and sinewy. Perhaps there is a ref...

Weakeneth the strength of the mighty - אפיקים aphikim , the compact; the well-strung together; the nervous and sinewy. Perhaps there is a reference here to the crocodile, as the same term is applied, Job 40:13, to the compactness of his bones: and as רפה מזיח rippah meziach , which we translate weakeneth the strength, signifies more properly looseth the girdle, as the margin has properly rendered it, the reference seems still more pointed; for it is known that "the crocodile, from the shoulders to the extremity of the tail, is covered with large square scales, disposed like parallel girdles, fifty-two in number. In the middle of each girdle are four protuberances, which become higher as they approach the end of the tail, and compose four rows."See the quotation in Parkhurst, under the word אפק drow eh aphak . What is human strength against this? We may say as the Lord said, Job 40:19 : He that made him can make his sword to approach unto him. He alone can loose the girdles of this mighty one.

Clarke: Job 12:22 - He discovereth deep things out of darkness He discovereth deep things out of darkness - This may refer either to God’ s works in the great deep, or to the plots and stratagems of wicked ...

He discovereth deep things out of darkness - This may refer either to God’ s works in the great deep, or to the plots and stratagems of wicked men, conspiracies that were deeply laid, well digested, and about to be produced into existence, when death, whose shadow had hitherto concealed them, is to glut himself with carnage.

Clarke: Job 12:23 - He increaseth the nations He increaseth the nations - Mr. Good translates, He letteth the nations grow licentious. Pride, fullness of bread, with extensive trade and commerce...

He increaseth the nations - Mr. Good translates, He letteth the nations grow licentious. Pride, fullness of bread, with extensive trade and commerce, produce luxury; and this is ever accompanied with profligacy of manners. When, then, the cup of this iniquity is full, God destroys the nation, by bringing or permitting to come against it a nation less pampered, more necessitous, and inured to toil

Clarke: Job 12:23 - He enlargeth the nations He enlargeth the nations - Often permits a nation to acquire an accession of territory, and afterwards shuts them up within their ancient boundaries...

He enlargeth the nations - Often permits a nation to acquire an accession of territory, and afterwards shuts them up within their ancient boundaries, and often contracts even those. All these things seem to occur as natural events, and the consequences of state intrigues, and such like causes; but when Divine inspiration comes to pronounce upon them, they are shown to be the consequence of God’ s acting in his judgment and mercy; for it is by him that kings reign; it is he who putteth down one and raiseth up another.

Clarke: Job 12:24 - He taketh away the heart of the chief He taketh away the heart of the chief - Suddenly deprives the leaders of great counsels, or mighty armies of courage; so that, panic-struck, they fl...

He taketh away the heart of the chief - Suddenly deprives the leaders of great counsels, or mighty armies of courage; so that, panic-struck, they flee when none pursueth, or are confounded when about to enter on the accomplishment of important designs

Clarke: Job 12:24 - And causeth them to wander in a wilderness And causeth them to wander in a wilderness - A plain allusion to the journeyings of the Israelites in the deserts of Arabia, on their way to the pro...

And causeth them to wander in a wilderness - A plain allusion to the journeyings of the Israelites in the deserts of Arabia, on their way to the promised land. Their chief, Aaron, had his courage all taken away by the clamors of the people; and so made them a molten calf to be the object of their worship, which defection from God was the cause of their wandering nearly forty years in the trackless wilderness. The reference is so marked, that it scarcely admits of a doubt; yet Houbigant and some others have called it in question, and suppose that those chiefs or heads of families which led out colonies into distant parts are principally intended. It answers too well to the case of the Israelites in the wilderness to admit of any other interpretation.

Clarke: Job 12:25 - They grope in the dark They grope in the dark - The writer seems to have had his eye on those words of Moses, Deu 28:28, Deu 28:29 : The Lord shall smite thee with madness...

They grope in the dark - The writer seems to have had his eye on those words of Moses, Deu 28:28, Deu 28:29 : The Lord shall smite thee with madness, and blindness, and astonishment of heart; and thou shalt Grope At Noonday, as the Blind Gropeth In Darkness. And this also may refer to the unaccountable errors, transgressions, and judicial blindness of the Israelites in their journeying to the promised land: but it will apply also to the state of wicked nations under judicial blindness. The writer is principally indebted for his imagery, and indeed for the chief expressions used here, to Psa 107:27 : They reel to and fro, and stagger like a drunken man. Psa 107:39, Psa 107:40 : Again, they are minished and brought low through oppression, affliction, and sorrow. He Poureth Contempt Upon Princes, and Causeth Them To Wonder In The Wilderness, where there is No Way. Mr. Good has some judicious reflections on this chapter, particularly on Job 12:13-22 : "It should be observed,"says he, "that the entire passage has a reference to the machinery of a regular and political government; and that its general drift is to imprint on the mind of the hearer the important doctrine that the whole of the constituent principles of such a government, its officers and institutions; its monarchs and princes; its privy-counselors, judges, and ministers of state; its chieftains, public orators, and assembly of elders; its nobles, or men of hereditary rank; and its stout robust peasantry, as we should express it in the present day; nay, the deep designing villains that plot in secret its destruction; - that the nations themselves, and the heads or sovereigns of the nations, are all and equally in the hands of the Almighty: that with him human pomp is poverty; human excellence, turpitude; human judgment, error; human wisdom, folly; human dignity, contempt; human strength, weakness."

Defender: Job 12:7 - teach thee The beasts, the fowls, the fishes and the earth itself had been placed under man's dominion (Gen 1:26, Gen 1:28). To exercise that dominion, men would...

The beasts, the fowls, the fishes and the earth itself had been placed under man's dominion (Gen 1:26, Gen 1:28). To exercise that dominion, men would need first of all to learn from the creation its physical and biological processes."

Defender: Job 12:9 - Who knoweth not In the scientific study of zoology, geology and the other sciences, the most obvious lesson they will teach an honest student is the truth of their sp...

In the scientific study of zoology, geology and the other sciences, the most obvious lesson they will teach an honest student is the truth of their special creation by an omnipotent, omniscient Creator."

Defender: Job 12:10 - breath of all mankind Job's concept of God was different from the pantheism carried from Babel to most of the world. Job recognized God as creator, not as part of nature (c...

Job's concept of God was different from the pantheism carried from Babel to most of the world. Job recognized God as creator, not as part of nature (compare Act 17:28)."

Defender: Job 12:14 - no opening After speaking of the creation (Job 12:7-10), Job seems to have thought of his ancestor Noah, and the great Flood. The Lord permanently "broke down" t...

After speaking of the creation (Job 12:7-10), Job seems to have thought of his ancestor Noah, and the great Flood. The Lord permanently "broke down" the antediluvian civilization so that it could not be "built again." Then He "shut him in" (Gen 8:16) the ark, the one man in that world who had obeyed God."

Defender: Job 12:15 - overturn the earth God had "withheld the waters" in the primeval "waters which were above the firmament" (Gen 1:7), so that there was no "rain upon the earth" (Gen 2:5) ...

God had "withheld the waters" in the primeval "waters which were above the firmament" (Gen 1:7), so that there was no "rain upon the earth" (Gen 2:5) in the antediluvian period. But then, when their iniquity was full, He "sent them out" and they "overturned the earth.""

Defender: Job 12:20 - removeth away the speech This possibly refers to the confusion of tongues at Babel. The previous verse (Job 12:19) had said God "overthroweth the mighty," possibly referring t...

This possibly refers to the confusion of tongues at Babel. The previous verse (Job 12:19) had said God "overthroweth the mighty," possibly referring to Nimrod, the "mighty hunter before the Lord" (Gen 10:9), whose rebellion against God had led God to confuse the languages and disperse the nations from Babel."

Defender: Job 12:23 - increaseth the nations This verse may refer to the Table of Nations (Genesis 10), when suddenly the one nation at Babel was changed into about seventy nations.

This verse may refer to the Table of Nations (Genesis 10), when suddenly the one nation at Babel was changed into about seventy nations.

Defender: Job 12:23 - enlargeth the nations Japheth's descendants were to be "enlarged" (Gen 9:27)."

Japheth's descendants were to be "enlarged" (Gen 9:27)."

Defender: Job 12:24 - wander in a wilderness Except for the fertile plains of Shinar and the Nile Valley, the world after the Flood was largely an uncharted wilderness. It was into this that God ...

Except for the fertile plains of Shinar and the Nile Valley, the world after the Flood was largely an uncharted wilderness. It was into this that God scattered the rebelling tribes at Babel."

Defender: Job 12:25 - grope in the dark Many of the scattering tribes had to live in caves for a time. These may well have been the so-called "cave-men," exploited by the evolutionists as pr...

Many of the scattering tribes had to live in caves for a time. These may well have been the so-called "cave-men," exploited by the evolutionists as primitive ape-men, in spite of the fact that their remains and artifacts are fully human."

TSK: Job 12:2 - ye are the people ye are the people : Job 6:24, Job 6:25, Job 8:8-10, Job 11:2, Job 11:6, Job 11:12, Job 15:2, Job 17:4, Job 20:3, Job 32:7-13; Pro 28:11; Isa 5:21; 1Co...

TSK: Job 12:3 - But I have // understanding // I am not inferior to you But I have : Job 13:2-5; Pro 26:4; 2Co 11:5, 2Co 11:21-23 understanding : Heb. an heart I am not inferior to you : Heb. I fall not lower than you. wh...

But I have : Job 13:2-5; Pro 26:4; 2Co 11:5, 2Co 11:21-23

understanding : Heb. an heart

I am not inferior to you : Heb. I fall not lower than you. who knoweth not such things as these. Heb. with whom are not such as these. Job 6:6, Job 6:7, Job 26:2, Job 26:3

TSK: Job 12:4 - one mocked // calleth // the just one mocked : Job 11:3, Job 16:10, Job 17:2, Job 17:6, Job 21:3, Job 30:1; Psa 22:7, Psa 22:8, Psa 35:16; Mat 27:29; Heb 11:36 calleth : Job 16:20; Psa...

TSK: Job 12:5 - ready // a lamp // of him ready : Deu 32:35; Psa 17:5, Psa 94:18; Jer 13:16 a lamp : Job 18:5; Pro 13:9, Pro 20:20; Mat 25:8 of him : Job 6:5, Job 16:4; Psa 123:3, Psa 123:4; A...

TSK: Job 12:6 - tabernacles tabernacles : Job 9:24, Job 21:7-15; Psa 17:14, Psa 37:1, Psa 37:35, Psa 73:11, Psa 73:12; Jer 5:27

TSK: Job 12:7 - But ask But ask : Job 21:29, Job 21:30; Pro 6:6; Isa 1:3; Jer 8:7

TSK: Job 12:9 - Who // the hand Who : Job 12:3; Act 19:35 the hand : Job 22:18; Deu 8:17, Deu 8:18; 1Sa 2:7; Jer 27:5, Jer 27:6; Dan 9:17, Dan 5:18; Rom 11:36; Jam 2:5-7

TSK: Job 12:10 - whose hand // soul // the breath // mankind whose hand : Num 16:22; Dan 5:23; Act 17:25, Act 17:28 soul : or, life the breath : Job 27:3, Job 34:14, Job 34:15; Gen 2:7, Gen 6:17; Psa 104:29, Psa...

whose hand : Num 16:22; Dan 5:23; Act 17:25, Act 17:28

soul : or, life

the breath : Job 27:3, Job 34:14, Job 34:15; Gen 2:7, Gen 6:17; Psa 104:29, Psa 146:3, Psa 146:4

mankind : Heb. flesh of man, Joh 3:6

TSK: Job 12:11 - Doth // mouth Doth : Job 34:3; 1Co 10:15; Phi 1:10 *marg. Heb 5:14; 1Pe 2:3 mouth : Heb. palate, Job 6:30

Doth : Job 34:3; 1Co 10:15; Phi 1:10 *marg. Heb 5:14; 1Pe 2:3

mouth : Heb. palate, Job 6:30

TSK: Job 12:12 - -- Job 8:8, Job 15:10, Job 32:7

TSK: Job 12:13 - him // wisdom // counsel him : that is, God, Job 32:6-9 wisdom : Job 12:16, Job 9:4, Job 28:20-28, Job 36:5; Psa 147:5; Pro 2:6, Pro 2:7; Jer 10:12; Dan 2:20; Luk 21:15; 1Co 1...

TSK: Job 12:14 - he breaketh // he shutteth // up he breaketh : Job 9:12, Job 9:13, Job 11:10; Isa 14:23; Jer 51:58, Jer 51:64; Mal 1:4 he shutteth : Job 16:11; 1Sa 17:46, 1Sa 24:18, 1Sa 26:8 *marg. I...

he breaketh : Job 9:12, Job 9:13, Job 11:10; Isa 14:23; Jer 51:58, Jer 51:64; Mal 1:4

he shutteth : Job 16:11; 1Sa 17:46, 1Sa 24:18, 1Sa 26:8 *marg. Isa 22:22; Rom 11:32 *marg. Rev 3:7

up : Heb. upon

TSK: Job 12:15 - Behold // he sendeth Behold : Job 12:10; Gen 8:1, Gen 8:2; 1Ki 8:35, 1Ki 8:36, 1Ki 17:1; Jer 14:22; Nah 1:4; Luk 4:25; Jam 5:17, Jam 5:18; Rev 11:6 he sendeth : Gen 6:13, ...

TSK: Job 12:16 - With // the deceived With : Job 12:13; Mat 6:13 the deceived : 1Ki 22:22, 1Ki 22:23; Eze 14:9

With : Job 12:13; Mat 6:13

the deceived : 1Ki 22:22, 1Ki 22:23; Eze 14:9

TSK: Job 12:17 - -- 2Sa 15:31, 2Sa 17:14, 2Sa 17:23; Isa 19:12-14, Isa 29:14; 1Co 1:19, 1Co 1:20

TSK: Job 12:18 - -- 2Ch 33:11-14; Jer 52:31-34; Dan 2:21; Rev 19:16

TSK: Job 12:19 - -- Jos 10:24, Jos 10:42; 1Sa 17:45, 1Sa 17:46; Isa 37:36-38, Isa 45:1; Rev 17:14, Rev 19:19-21

TSK: Job 12:20 - the speech of the trusty // taketh the speech of the trusty : Heb. the lip of the faithful, Pro 10:21, Pro 12:19, Pro 12:22 taketh : Job 12:24, Job 17:4, Job 32:9, Job 39:17; Isa 3:1-3

the speech of the trusty : Heb. the lip of the faithful, Pro 10:21, Pro 12:19, Pro 12:22

taketh : Job 12:24, Job 17:4, Job 32:9, Job 39:17; Isa 3:1-3

TSK: Job 12:21 - poureth // weakeneth the strength of the mighty poureth : Exo 8:2, Exo 16:24; 1Ki 21:23, 1Ki 21:24; 2Ki 9:26, 2Ki 9:34-37; Psa 107:40; Isa 23:9; Isa 24:21, Isa 24:22, Isa 37:38; Dan 2:21, Dan 2:22, ...

poureth : Exo 8:2, Exo 16:24; 1Ki 21:23, 1Ki 21:24; 2Ki 9:26, 2Ki 9:34-37; Psa 107:40; Isa 23:9; Isa 24:21, Isa 24:22, Isa 37:38; Dan 2:21, Dan 2:22, Dan 4:32, Dan 4:33; Mat 2:12, Mat 2:13; Act 12:23

weakeneth the strength of the mighty : or, looseth the girdle of the strong, Isa 5:27, Isa 11:5, Isa 22:21; Eph 6:10, Eph 6:14

TSK: Job 12:22 - discovereth // bringeth discovereth : Job 11:6, Job 28:20-23; 2Ki 6:12; Psa 44:21, Psa 139:12; Dan 2:22; Mat 10:26; 1Co 2:10, 1Co 4:5 bringeth : Job 3:5, Job 24:17, Job 34:22...

TSK: Job 12:23 - increaseth // straiteneth them again increaseth : Exo 1:7, Exo 1:20; Psa 107:38; Isa 9:3, Isa 26:15, Isa 27:6, Isa 51:2, Isa 60:22; Jer 30:19; Jer 33:22; Zec 10:8 straiteneth them again :...

increaseth : Exo 1:7, Exo 1:20; Psa 107:38; Isa 9:3, Isa 26:15, Isa 27:6, Isa 51:2, Isa 60:22; Jer 30:19; Jer 33:22; Zec 10:8

straiteneth them again : Heb. leadeth in

TSK: Job 12:24 - He taketh // and causeth // in a wilderness He taketh : Job 12:20, Job 17:4; Isa 6:9, Isa 6:10, Isa 19:1; Dan 4:16, Dan 4:33; Hos 7:11 and causeth : Psa 107:4, Psa 107:40 in a wilderness : Betho...

He taketh : Job 12:20, Job 17:4; Isa 6:9, Isa 6:10, Isa 19:1; Dan 4:16, Dan 4:33; Hos 7:11

and causeth : Psa 107:4, Psa 107:40

in a wilderness : Bethohoo , ""in chaos,""i.e., in a state of utter confusion; it is the same word which is employed in Gen 1:2, to describe the chaotic state of the earth at the creation.

TSK: Job 12:25 - grope // maketh // stagger grope : Job 5:14; Gen 19:11; Deu 28:29; Isa 59:10; Act 13:11; 1Jo 2:11 maketh : Psa 107:27; Isa 19:14, Isa 24:20 stagger : Heb. wander

grope : Job 5:14; Gen 19:11; Deu 28:29; Isa 59:10; Act 13:11; 1Jo 2:11

maketh : Psa 107:27; Isa 19:14, Isa 24:20

stagger : Heb. wander

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: Job 12:2 - Ye are the people // Wisdom shall die with you Ye are the people you three, and you only, are the people , i.e. people of all people for eminency of wisdom, the only company of reasonable creatur...

Ye are the people you three, and you only, are the people , i.e. people of all people for eminency of wisdom, the only company of reasonable creatures; all others are but fools or beasts: you have engrossed all the reason of mankind; and each of you have as much wisdom as a whole people put together. It is an ironical expression, as the next verse showeth.

Wisdom shall die with you all the wisdom and knowledge of Divine things which is in the world lives in you, and will die and be utterly lost when you die. This you think of yourselves; and this makes you so confidently and peremptorily deliver your opinions, and give laws to me and all mankind, and even to God himself.

Poole: Job 12:3 - An understanding // I am not inferior to you // Who knoweth not such things as these? An understanding Heb. a heart ; which is oft put for the understanding , as Job 34:34 Jer 5:21 Act 8:22 ; i.e. God hath given me also the knowledge...

An understanding Heb. a heart ; which is oft put for the understanding , as Job 34:34 Jer 5:21 Act 8:22 ; i.e. God hath given me also the knowledge and ability to judge of these matters.

I am not inferior to you in these things; which he speaketh, not in a way of vain-glorious boasting, but for the just and necessary vindication both of himself; and of that cause of God, which for the matter and substance of it he maintained rightly, as God himself attests, Job 42:7 .

Who knoweth not such things as these? the truth is, neither you nor I have any reason to be puffed up with our knowledge of these things; for the most foolish and barbarous nations know that God is infinite in wisdom, and power, and justice. But this is not the question between you and me.

Poole: Job 12:4 - As one mocked of his neighbour // Who calleth upon God, and he answereth him // The just, upright man is laughed to scorn As one mocked of his neighbour Heb. I am a derision (the infinitive being put for a noun, as is usual both in the Hebrew and other languages) to m...

As one mocked of his neighbour Heb. I am a derision (the infinitive being put for a noun, as is usual both in the Hebrew and other languages) to my neighbour , i.e. to these three, who have pretended and would be thought to be my friends and neighbours; whom therefore such carriage doth very ill become. Instead of supporting and comforting me, they make a sport and scorn of me.

Who calleth upon God, and he answereth him This who belongs either,

1. To Job, who here declares his own practice in this case: When you mock me, I go to God with my complaints and prayers, and he hears me, though you will not. But this seems not to agree either with the context, or with other passages of Job; in which he constantly complains that God did not hear nor regard his prayers, nor pity and help him. Or,

2. To Job’ s friends; and so this is either,

1. An aggravation of their crime, that they should mock him who made a great profession of religion, who used duly to call upon God, and to receive answers from him, and therefore should have carried themselves more piously, and charitably, and compassionately towards their miserable brother. Or,

2. As the reason of their mockage of Job, because God, who neglected Job’ s prayers, heard theirs, and gave them those mercies for which they prayed; and therefore being themselves well and at ease, they were hard-hearted towards their poor afflicted brother, as the manner of men is. This seems to suit well with the following verse. Or,

3. As all argument against their scorning or slighting of him: God hears you when you pray, therefore you should turn your mocks of me into prayers for me; and you should pity me, whom God doth not hear when I pray; and as God hears you, so you should hear and comfort me, when I pour out my complaints to you. But these words may be brought in mimetically, as being some of their scoffing words: They say of me, Let him call upon God, and God will hear him ; for so they had suggested to Job, Job 5:8 8:5 11:13 . But this, saith Job, I take for a piece of mockery, and insulting over my miseries; for I know by sad experience, and they see the contrary, that though I call and cry again and again, yet God hath no regard to me.

The just, upright man is laughed to scorn i.e. I, who, notwithstanding all their hard censures and reproaches, must and dare still own it, that through God’ s grace I am a just and upright man, am derided by them. This he repeats again, because it was very grievous and burdensome to him.

Poole: Job 12:5 - As a lamp despised // In the thought of him that is at ease i.e. The just man last mentioned, who is upon the brink of the pit or grave, ready to fall into mischief, so as never to rise again in this world, w...

i.e. The just man last mentioned, who is upon the brink of the pit or grave, ready to fall into mischief, so as never to rise again in this world, which is my case, and the occasion of their scorn and contempt.

As a lamp despised i.e. like a lamp or torch, which whilst it shines clearly and in a dark night is very useful and comfortable; but when it draws towards an end, and is nigh extinct, and in the light, is neglected and despised, as that which is unnecessary, and troublesome, and offensive. So the same man, who, when his feet stand fast in a prosperous condition, is magnified and adored by all, when his feet slip or stumble , as the phrase is Psa 94:18 Jer 13:16 , when he is in misery, is commonly forsaken and despised.

In the thought of him that is at ease i.e. in the opinion of a man that lives in great ease and outward happiness, which generally makes persons to forget and despise those who are in affliction. But these words are a little otherwise rendered, and that agreeably to the order of the words in the Hebrew text, He (which is easily understood out of Job 12:4 , the just and upright man) is as a torch despised in the opinion or thought (as this or the like words coming from the same Hebrew root are used, Psa 146:4 Dan 6:3 Jon 1:6 . Or, because of the splendour ; for so this root and its derivatives elsewhere signify, as Son 5:14 Jer 5:28 Eze 27:19 . And either of these significations agree well with the place. Or, compared with the splendour or greater lustre and glory) of him that lives in tranquillity; he (i.e. the just man) is (or, because he is ; for this may be the reason of the contempt) ready to slip with his foot , i.e. ready to perish.

Poole: Job 12:6 - The tabernacles of robbers prosper // They that provoke God are secure // Into whose hand God bringeth abundantly The tabernacles of robbers prosper: thy opinion, delivered Job 11:14 , &c, is confuted by daily experience; which shows that the most wicked, and inj...

The tabernacles of robbers prosper: thy opinion, delivered Job 11:14 , &c, is confuted by daily experience; which shows that the most wicked, and injurious, and impudent oppressors, tyrants, and robbers, are so far from meeting with those disappointments and miseries wherewith thou didst threaten them, that they commonly succeed in their cursed enterprises, and flourish in wealth and glory, and fill their houses with the goods of others which they violently took away; whereof the Chaldeans and Sabeans, Job 1:15,17 , are a present and pregnant evidence.

They that provoke God are secure they whose common practice it is to despise and provoke God are confident and secure, live without danger or fear.

Into whose hand God bringeth abundantly so far is God from crushing such persons, that he seems to favour them with wonderful success, and by his special and more than common providence puts into their hands the opportunities which they seek, and the persons and goods of other more righteous men, which they lie in wait for.

Poole: Job 12:7 - They shall teach thee They shall teach thee to wit, objectively, i.e. if thou observest the beasts, and their properties, and actions, and events, from them thou mayst lea...

They shall teach thee to wit, objectively, i.e. if thou observest the beasts, and their properties, and actions, and events, from them thou mayst learn this lesson. What lesson? I answer, either,

1. That which was last mentioned, Job 12:5 . God’ s providence doth order things in the like manner among the very beasts, and fowls, and fishes; of which the most ravenous and mischievous fare the best, whilst those which are more harmless, and serviceable, and beneficial to men meet with the hardest usage. Or,

2. That which Zophar had uttered with so much pomp and gravity, Job 11:7-9 , concerning God’ s infinite wisdom; which, saith Job, thou needest not go into heaven or hell to know, but thou mayst learn it even from the beasts, &c.

Poole: Job 12:9 - In all these In all these or, by all these , brute creatures, that God by his power and wisdom hath created and ordered all this which is in them, or is done by ...

In all these or, by all these , brute creatures, that God by his power and wisdom hath created and ordered all this which is in them, or is done by and among them.

Poole: Job 12:10 - In whose hand // The soul // Of every living thing // The breath In whose hand i.e. at whose absolute disposal, it is to give it, or take it away, when and how it seemeth good to him. The soul the life, or the so...

In whose hand i.e. at whose absolute disposal, it is to give it, or take it away, when and how it seemeth good to him.

The soul the life, or the soul the principle of life.

Of every living thing i.e. of all unreasonable creatures, of which he spoke Job 12:7 , opposed to man in the last words.

The breath or, the spirit , as that word is commonly used, i.e. the immortal soul; which is no less a creature, and in God’ s power to dispose of it, than the animal soul of unreasonable creatures.

Poole: Job 12:11 - -- As the mouth tasteth and thereby judgeth of meats, and as it liketh or disliketh, so it receiveth or rejecteth, what is put into it; so it is the of...

As the mouth tasteth and thereby judgeth of meats, and as it liketh or disliketh, so it receiveth or rejecteth, what is put into it; so it is the office of the ear, or rather of the mind, which hears and receives the opinions and discourses of others by the ear, not rashly to approve or condemn every thing which it hears, but diligently and thoroughly to search and try whether it be true, and so to be embraced, or false, and to be rejected. Interpreters are much puzzled about the connexion and design of these words; but they seem to be either,

1. An apology for himself, why he did not comply with their opinion and all arguments, because they did not suit with his ear or mind; and though he had considered and tried them, he could not discern any weight in them. Or rather,

2. A reproof to his friends, that they did so hastily condemn his person and his doctrine without a strict and serious inquiry. Or,

3. A preface to his following discourse; whereby he invites them to hear and judge of his words and arguments more candidly and impartially; and not to scorn that he said because of his present poverty and misery, as men at ease used to do; nor to cast away the good for any mixture of bad with it; but calmly to weigh and debate things, both within and among themselves, and with him, that they and he too might all agree in disallowing whatsoever should appear to be false, and owning of every truth.

Poole: Job 12:12 - -- These words contain a concession of what Bildad had said Job 8:8,9 , and a joining with him in that appeal; but withal, an intimation that this wisd...

These words contain a concession of what Bildad had said Job 8:8,9 , and a joining with him in that appeal; but withal, an intimation that this wisdom was but finite, and imperfect, and liable to many mistakes; and indeed mere ignorance and folly, if compared with the Divine wisdom, of which he speaks in the next and following verses. And therefore that antiquity which they pretended for their opinion ought not to be received against the oracles or truths of the eternal and most wise God.

Poole: Job 12:13 - With him // Wisdom // Counsel and understanding With him i.e. with God; the relative being put for the antecedent, which is easily and necessarily understood out of the scope of the place, and all ...

With him i.e. with God; the relative being put for the antecedent, which is easily and necessarily understood out of the scope of the place, and all the following verses.

Wisdom perfect wisdom is only in him, and all wisdom in the world cometh from him, who giveth to old or young as it pleaseth him. The ancient are not wise without his gift and grace, and with that a younger man may be wiser than the ancients , as David was, Psa 119:100 .

Counsel and understanding counsel , i.e. practical wisdom to guide all the affairs of the world; and understanding , or a speculative knowledge of all persons and things.

Poole: Job 12:14 - He breaketh down // He shutteth up // There can be no opening He breaketh down to wit, houses, castles, cities, which God designeth to destroy utterly. He shutteth up if he will shut up a man in prison, or in ...

He breaketh down to wit, houses, castles, cities, which God designeth to destroy utterly.

He shutteth up if he will shut up a man in prison, or in any straits or troubles.

There can be no opening without God’ s permission and providence.

Poole: Job 12:15 - He withholdeth the waters // They dry up He withholdeth the waters which are reserved in the clouds, that they may not fall upon the earth. They dry up i.e. the waters upon the earth, pond...

He withholdeth the waters which are reserved in the clouds, that they may not fall upon the earth.

They dry up i.e. the waters upon the earth, ponds, and springs, and brooks, and rivers.

Poole: Job 12:16 - Are his He doth the things here mentioned in the foregoing and succeeding verses, and that both powerfully, so as no creature can resist and hinder him, and...

He doth the things here mentioned in the foregoing and succeeding verses, and that both powerfully, so as no creature can resist and hinder him, and wisely, so as none can prevent and overreach him. The same thing he had said before, Job 12:13 , but he repeats it here to prepare the way for the following events, which are eminent instances both of his power and wisdom.

Are his i.e. from or by him, and wholly subject to his disposal. That one man deceiveth another, and that the other is deceived by him, either in Divine or civil and worldly things, (which seem to be principally intended here, by comparing the following verses,) this is from God, and by the conduct of his wise and powerful providence. God giveth to the deceiver more wit, and knowledge, and art, and withal opportunity, and all favourable circumstances for his deceit. He also gives less understanding to the deceived, and withdraws from him, either wholly or in part, that common light of discretion which is his free gift; and he may justly give, or take away, as he pleaseth, and leaves him to his own ignorance and error, pride and self-conceit, and to all those prejudices, passions, and lusts which commonly corrupt men’ s minds, and to the power and crafts of Satan, that grand deceiver. He governs the deceiver, and sets bounds to his deceits, to whom, and when, and how far they shall extend; as is manifest from Deu 13:1 1Ki 22:20 Isa 19:14 Eze 14:9 Mat 24:24 2Th 2:11 Rev 20:3,8 . He also overrules all this to his own glory, and the accomplishment of his righteous designs of trying the good, and punishing wicked men, by giving them up to believe lies. Yet God is not the cause or author of any error or sin, but only the wise and holy governor and disposer of it.

Poole: Job 12:17 - Maketh the judges fools The wise counsellors or statesmen, by whom the affairs of kings and kingdoms are ordered, he leadeth away as captives in triumph, being spoiled ...

The wise counsellors or statesmen, by whom the affairs of kings and kingdoms are ordered, he leadeth away as captives in triumph, being spoiled either of that wisdom which they had, or seemed or pretended to have; or of that power and dignity which they had enjoyed.

Maketh the judges fools partly by discovering their folly, and partly by infatuating their minds, and turning their own counsels to their ruin; of which see 2Sa 15:31 17:14,23 Isa 19:11 1Co 1:19 .

Poole: Job 12:18 - He looseth the bond of kings // With a girdle He looseth the bond of kings either, 1. Passively, whereby they are bound. He freeth them from prison or restraint. Or rather, 2. Actively, that wh...

He looseth the bond of kings either,

1. Passively, whereby they are bound. He freeth them from prison or restraint. Or rather,

2. Actively, that wherewith they bind their subjects to obedience, to wit, their power and authority, and that majesty which God stamps upon kings to keep their people in awe; all which God can, and oft doth, take away from them, and freeth the people from their bonds, when it pleaseth him; of which all histories give instances. See Dan 2:21 .

With a girdle either,

1. With a girdle of dignity and glory, which was put upon the loins of men in great honour and authority, as Isa 11:5 22:21 Jer 13:1,2 . So this member of the verse is opposite to the; former, and the sense of the whole is, he either casteth down kings or raiseth them up, as he pleaseth. But the Scripture no where mentions this girdle as one of the ornaments of kings. Or rather,

2. With a servile girdle; for seeing all, both the foregoing and succeeding passages, do evidently note acts of judgment or punishments inflicted upon them, it seems improper to understand this alone of an act of God’ s favour to them. So the sense is, he reduceth them into a mean and servile condition; which is thus expressed, because servants did use to gird up their garments, (which after the manner of those parts and time were loose and long,) that they might be fitter for attendance upon their masters; of which see Luk 12:37 17:8 . And so this is an amplification of the former sentence. He not only deposeth them from their thrones, but brings them into bondage and slavery.

Poole: Job 12:19 - Princes Princes so this word, which usually signifies priests, is oft used, as Gen 41:45 47:22,26 Ex 2:16 2Sa 8:18 , compared with 1Ch 18:17 .

Princes so this word, which usually signifies priests, is oft used, as Gen 41:45 47:22,26 Ex 2:16 2Sa 8:18 , compared with 1Ch 18:17 .

Poole: Job 12:20 - Removeth away the speech // Of the trusty Removeth away the speech either, 1. By taking away or restraining the gift of utterance from them, that they should not be able to express their tho...

Removeth away the speech either,

1. By taking away or restraining the gift of utterance from them, that they should not be able to express their thoughts with such clearness and power as they used to do; which God oft doth to wise and eloquent men. Or,

2. By bringing them into such straits and troubles that they know not what to say or advise. Or,

3. By taking away their understanding, which should suggest and direct their speech, as it here follows. Or,

4. By permitting them to betray their trust, and either not to speak when they should, or to speak otherwise than they should and to use their wit and rhetoric not to direct, but to deceive, and so destroy a prince.

Of the trusty i.e. of those wise and eloquent counsellors that were, and for their great abilities might be, trusted by the greatest princes with all their affairs.

Poole: Job 12:21 - He poureth contempt upon princes // Weakeneth He poureth contempt upon princes i.e. he makes them contemptible to their subjects and others. Weakeneth Heb. he looseth the girdle ; which phrase...

He poureth contempt upon princes i.e. he makes them contemptible to their subjects and others.

Weakeneth Heb. he looseth the girdle ; which phrase signifies weakness, as Isa 5:27 ; as the girding of the girdle notes strength and power, as Isa 22:21 45:5 ; both these phrases being taken from the quality of their garments, which being loose and long, did disenable a man for travel or work.

Poole: Job 12:22 - Deep things out of darkness Deep things out of darkness i.e. the most secret and crafty counsels of princes, which are contrived and carried on in the dark.

Deep things out of darkness i.e. the most secret and crafty counsels of princes, which are contrived and carried on in the dark.

Poole: Job 12:23 - He enlargeth the nations // Straiteneth them again What hitherto he said of princes, he now applies to nations and people, whom God doth either increase or diminish as he pleaseth. He enlargeth the ...

What hitherto he said of princes, he now applies to nations and people, whom God doth either increase or diminish as he pleaseth.

He enlargeth the nations he multiplies them, so that they are forced to send forth colonies into other lands.

Straiteneth them again or, leadeth them in , or bringeth them back , into their own land, and confineth them there.

Poole: Job 12:24 - The heart // The chief // Causeth them to wander in a wilderness The heart which signifies either, 1. Their courage, as Psa 76:12 ; or rather, 2. Their wisdom and counsel, as Job 5:13 Isa 3:4 , as the following w...

The heart which signifies either,

1. Their courage, as Psa 76:12 ; or rather,

2. Their wisdom and counsel, as Job 5:13 Isa 3:4 , as the following words show.

The chief either for place and power, or for wisdom and conduct.

Causeth them to wander in a wilderness i.e. fills them with confusion, and uncertainty, and perplexity of mind, so that they know not how to govern themselves or their people.

Poole: Job 12:25 - They grope // In the dark without light // Like a drunken man They grope like men that cannot see their way. In the dark without light two phrases expressing the same thing, emphatically to express their profo...

They grope like men that cannot see their way.

In the dark without light two phrases expressing the same thing, emphatically to express their profound darkness.

Like a drunken man who reels hither and thither without any certainty. So they sometimes take one course, and sometimes another, as resolving to try all experiments, and indeed not knowing what to do.

Haydock: Job 12:1 - Speakers // Neemanim Speakers. Permitting them to speak deceitfully, (Calmet) or causing their oracles to be contemned. (Haydock) --- Hebrew, "he withdraws speech from...

Speakers. Permitting them to speak deceitfully, (Calmet) or causing their oracles to be contemned. (Haydock) ---

Hebrew, "he withdraws speech from men of confidence." (Calmet) ---

Neemanim, (Haydock) ambassadors or prime ministers, Numbers xii. 7. He disconcerteth the best concerted plans.

Haydock: Job 12:2 - You You. Hebrew, "truly you are the people, and wisdom will die with you!" This irony is very sharp. (Calmet) --- "Are you alone men? or shall?" &c. ...

You. Hebrew, "truly you are the people, and wisdom will die with you!" This irony is very sharp. (Calmet) ---

"Are you alone men? or shall?" &c. (Septuagint; Syriac)

Haydock: Job 12:4 - Mocked Mocked. He retaliates on Sophar, (chap. xi. 3.; Haydock) who had very seriously exhorted Job to call on God, as if he had been ignorant of this duty...

Mocked. He retaliates on Sophar, (chap. xi. 3.; Haydock) who had very seriously exhorted Job to call on God, as if he had been ignorant of this duty. (Calmet) ---

God will one day force the wicked to retract their false notion, in despising his servants, Wisdom v. 3. (Worthington)

Haydock: Job 12:5 - The lamp // For The lamp. Such is the just man, who under affliction is (Haydock) exposed to the ridicule of men who live at their ease. --- For. Hebrew, "to fal...

The lamp. Such is the just man, who under affliction is (Haydock) exposed to the ridicule of men who live at their ease. ---

For. Hebrew, "to fall." (Calmet) Septuagint, "It was appointed for me to fall under others at the time fixed."

Haydock: Job 12:6 - Abound Abound. Hebrew, "are at peace." (Calmet) --- The prosperity of the wicked is therefore no proof that they are pleasing to him. (Haydock) --- All...

Abound. Hebrew, "are at peace." (Calmet) ---

The prosperity of the wicked is therefore no proof that they are pleasing to him. (Haydock) ---

All nature testifies that God exercises a sovereign dominion over his works. He may therefore cause the just to suffer, though they be guiltless. This is one of Job's grand maxims. (Calmet)

Haydock: Job 12:11 - Taste Taste. For this no master is requisite; so I stood in no need of your information, (Calmet) of such trite remarks. (Haydock)

Taste. For this no master is requisite; so I stood in no need of your information, (Calmet) of such trite remarks. (Haydock)

Haydock: Job 12:12 - Ancient Ancient. He rather chides the youth of Sophar for offering to give him lessons. Old age is indeed commonly wiser and more experienced. Yet, what i...

Ancient. He rather chides the youth of Sophar for offering to give him lessons. Old age is indeed commonly wiser and more experienced. Yet, what is man's knowledge compared to that of God! ver. 3.

Haydock: Job 12:17 - To a To a. Hebrew, "to be despoiled" of their wisdom and riches. (Calmet) --- Septuagint, "into captivity." (Haydock) --- Crafty plotters at last fal...

To a. Hebrew, "to be despoiled" of their wisdom and riches. (Calmet) ---

Septuagint, "into captivity." (Haydock) ---

Crafty plotters at last fall into such misconduct, as to be derided by men of the meanest capacity. (Worthington)

Haydock: Job 12:18 - Looseth // Belt Looseth. Septuagint, "setteth kings upon the throne," &c. --- Belt. This was usually very magnificent, and a military ornament. See that of Pall...

Looseth. Septuagint, "setteth kings upon the throne," &c. ---

Belt. This was usually very magnificent, and a military ornament. See that of Pallas described. (Virgil, Æneid x.) Job intimates that God derives kings of their authority, at pleasure. Hebrew may also signify that he looseth the bond or prisoner of kings, and reduces themselves to slavery. (Calmet) ---

Things never remain long in the same state. (Haydock) ---

Even kings are sometimes obliged to beg. (Menochius)

Haydock: Job 12:19 - Without Without. Hebrew, "despoiled." Septuagint, "captives." Cohanim, may comprise both sacred ministers and civil princes, 1 Kings viii. 18. All are ...

Without. Hebrew, "despoiled." Septuagint, "captives." Cohanim, may comprise both sacred ministers and civil princes, 1 Kings viii. 18. All are equally subject to God. (Calmet)

Haydock: Job 12:21 - Relieveth Relieveth. Hebrew, "ungirdeth (disarms) the strong." (Calmet) --- Septuagint, "but the lowly (humble) he has healed."

Relieveth. Hebrew, "ungirdeth (disarms) the strong." (Calmet) ---

Septuagint, "but the lowly (humble) he has healed."

Haydock: Job 12:22 - Of death. Tsalmaveth Of death. Tsalmaveth (Haydock) may perhaps simply denote darkness. (Calmet) --- God bringeth to light the most hidden things. (Haydock)

Of death. Tsalmaveth (Haydock) may perhaps simply denote darkness. (Calmet) ---

God bringeth to light the most hidden things. (Haydock)

Haydock: Job 12:23 - Multiplieth Multiplieth. Hebrew, Septuagint, and Syriac, "deceiveth," (Calmet) suffering them to confide too much in their strength, so that they fall an easy p...

Multiplieth. Hebrew, Septuagint, and Syriac, "deceiveth," (Calmet) suffering them to confide too much in their strength, so that they fall an easy prey. (Haydock) ---

How many nations, once so powerful, are now fallen; while others of no account have risen to eminence!

Haydock: Job 12:24 - Changeth // No way Changeth. Hebrew, "taketh away the heart," or prudence "of princes." Hence they follow the most absurd counsels, Isaias xxix. 19. (Calmet) --- No...

Changeth. Hebrew, "taketh away the heart," or prudence "of princes." Hence they follow the most absurd counsels, Isaias xxix. 19. (Calmet) ---

No way. This was the case of Pharao, when he pursued the Israelites into the sea; (Tirinus) and the like may rationally be feared by those princes, who attempt to make innovations in the true religion, or in the sound laws of a kingdom. (Menochius)

Gill: Job 12:1 - And Job answered and said. And Job answered and said. In reply to Zophar, and in defence of himself; what is recorded in this and the two following chapters.

And Job answered and said. In reply to Zophar, and in defence of himself; what is recorded in this and the two following chapters.

Gill: Job 12:2 - No doubt but ye are the people // and wisdom shall die with you No doubt but ye are the people,.... Which is said not seriously, meaning that they were but of the common people, that are generally ignorant, and ha...

No doubt but ye are the people,.... Which is said not seriously, meaning that they were but of the common people, that are generally ignorant, and have but little knowledge, at least of things sublime, especially in matters of religion; wherefore, though they took upon them to be his teachers and dictators to him, and censors of him, they were not above the rank, but in the class of people of low and mean understandings; see Joh 7:49; this sense indeed agrees with what is after said, "who knoweth not such things as these?" but since Job compares himself with them, and asserts he is not inferior to them, it supposes them to have a degree of knowledge and understanding of things somewhat above the common people; wherefore these words are to be taken ironically, exposing their vanity and self-conceit: "ye are the people"; the only, and all the people in the world of importance and consequence for good sense and wisdom; the only wise and knowing folk, the men of reason and understanding; all the rest are but fools and asses, or like the wild ass's colt, as Zophar had said, and which Job took as pointing to him; so the word in the Arabic language c signifies the more excellent and better sort of people; or, ye are the only people of God, his covenant people, his servants; that are made acquainted with the secrets of wisdom, as none else are:

and wisdom shall die with you; you have all the wisdom of the world, and when you die it will be all gone; there will be none left in the world: thus he represents them as monopolizers and engrossers of wisdom and knowledge, full of it in their conceit, allowing none to have any share with them: and by all this he not only upbraids them with their vanity and self-conceit, but puts them in mind, that, as wise as they were, they must die; and that, though their wisdom with respect to them, or any use they could make of it in the grave, where there is none, would die too; or that their wisdom was but the wisdom of the world, which comes to nought; yet there would be wisdom still in the world, and that which is true, which God makes known to men, even the wisdom of God in a mystery, the wisdom hid in himself; and who has the residue of the Spirit and his gifts to instruct men in it, and qualify them to be teachers of others; by which means, though men, even the best of men, die, yet the word of God, the means of true wisdom and knowledge, will always abide.

Gill: Job 12:3 - But I have understanding as well as you // I am not inferior unto you // yea, who knoweth not such things as these But I have understanding as well as you,.... A natural understanding, or an understanding of natural things, which distinguishes a man from a brute; a...

But I have understanding as well as you,.... A natural understanding, or an understanding of natural things, which distinguishes a man from a brute; and a spiritual understanding, an understanding enlightened by the spirit of God, which is naturally dark as to divine things; but he had an understanding given him, to know himself, his state and condition by nature; to know God, his love and grace to men, and, as his covenant God, to know Christ his living Redeemer, who should stand on the earth in the latter day, both to be his Redeemer and his Judge; to know his interest in him, and in the blessings of grace and glory by him: or, "I have an heart as well as you" d; a wise and an understanding one; a new heart, and a right spirit; an heart to fear and serve the Lord, a sincere and upright one, and devoid of hypocrisy and deceit; and as good an one as theirs:

I am not inferior unto you: he was indeed as to estate and substance, being now reduced; though he had been, in that sense, the greatest man in all the east; but in wisdom and knowledge, in gifts and grace: thus a modest man, when oppressed and insulted by the speeches of overbearing men, may be obliged and see it necessary to say some things of himself, in his own vindication, which he otherwise would not; see 2Co 11:15; or, "I am not falling before you"; or "by you" e; as one intimidated, conquered, and yielding; I stand my ground, and will not gave way or submit to you, or allow you to have the superiority of me: or, "I am falling no more than you"; they took him for an apostate from God, and the fear of him, and the true religion he had professed, which Job denies; he held fast his integrity; and though he was fallen into calamities and afflictions, he was not fallen from God; from his fear of him, faith in him, and love and obedience to him; he was a holy, good man, a persevering saint; and though he had slips and falls in common with good men, yet fell not finally and totally, or was an apostate from the faith:

yea, who knoweth not such things as these? or, "with whom are not as these" f? the things you have been discoursing of, which you would fain have pass for the secrets of wisdom, deep and mysterious things, hid from vulgar eyes, which none have and know but yourselves, are common things, what everyone is possessed of, and understands as well as you; that there is a God that has made the world, and governs it; that he himself is unsearchable, infinite and incomprehensible; a sovereign Being that does according to his will and pleasure, and sees and knows all things, and does all things well and wisely, and according to the counsel of his will: though some think Job has reference not to what Zophar had been discoursing concerning the infinity and wisdom of God, but to the thing or things in dispute between them, or to the assertions of his friends; that it is always well with good men, and ill with bad men, or that wicked men only are punished and afflicted, and particularly what Zophar concluded his speech with, Job 11:20. Now these were vulgar notions, which the common people had taken up, and were vulgar errors, as he proves in the following verses, by giving instances of good men, being afflicted, and of bad men being in prosperity.

Gill: Job 12:4 - I am as one mocked of his neighbour // who calleth upon God, and he answereth him I am as one mocked of his neighbour,.... That is, according to Sephorno, if I knew not, or denied those things you have been speaking of concerning G...

I am as one mocked of his neighbour,.... That is, according to Sephorno, if I knew not, or denied those things you have been speaking of concerning God, his immensity, sovereignty, and wisdom, I should be derided by all my friends and acquaintance; but rather the sense is, Job instances in himself as a proof that good men are afflicted by God in this life; he was once in a very prosperous condition, when he was caressed by all, but now was fallen into such low and miserable circumstances as to be the scorn and contempt of his friends and neighbours; and even his being mocked was no small part of his afflictions; to endure cruel mockings has been the common lot of good men in all ages, and is reckoned one part of their distresses and sufferings for righteousness sake, Heb 11:36; and to be mocked by a neighbour, or a "friend" g, as it may be rendered, greatly aggravates the affliction, see Psa 55:12; which was Job's case; his friends that came to comfort him mocked at him, at least so he understood them, and interpreted what they said unto him, see Job 16:20; and what made it still the heavier to bear, he was mocked by such a neighbour or friend,

who calleth upon God, and he answereth him; he was mocked at not by profane men only, but by a professor of religion, ong swept away with the flood, were cast into hell, where they have lain ever since, and will lie unto the judgment of the great day; between the place of the damned, and of the happy, in Abraham's bosom, is a great gulf, that there is no passing from one to the other, which is the immutable and unalterable decree of God, which has fixed the everlasting states of men, Luk 16:26.

Gill: Job 12:5 - He that is ready to slip with his feet // is as a lamp despised in the thought of him that is at ease He that is ready to slip with his feet,.... Not into sin, though this is often the case of good men, but into calamities and afflictions; and Job mea...

He that is ready to slip with his feet,.... Not into sin, though this is often the case of good men, but into calamities and afflictions; and Job means himself, and every just upright man in the like circumstances: or he that is "prepared" or "destined" to be among them, that "totter" and stagger in their "feet" i; that cannot stand upon their feet, but fall to the ground; which may describe man in declining and distressing circumstances; or that is appointed to be the laughing stock of such as are unstable in the word and ways of God; double minded men, hypocrites, and formal professors, that totter and stagger at everything they meet with disagreeable to the flesh: with such, a poor afflicted saint is laughed to scorn; he

is as a lamp despised in the thought of him that is at ease; who are in affluent circumstances, enjoy great prosperity, live in plenty, and are not in trouble as others; their hearts are at ease: now with such, poor good men are had in great contempt; they are despised at heart, in the thoughts of such persons, if they do not in words express it; they are like a lamp just going out, which is neglected, and looked upon as useless; or like a torch burnt to the end, when it is thrown away; and thus it is with men, while the lamp of prosperity burns clear and bright, they are valued and had in esteem, but when their lamp becomes dim, and is almost, or quite extinguished, they are despised, see Psa 123:3; some apply this to Christ, who was a lamp or light, a great one, but despised of men, and even as a light; they loved darkness rather than light; and especially by the Pharisees, who were at ease, settled on their lees, that trusted in themselves that they were righteous, and despised others; and this is true of Gospel ministers, though bright and burning lights, and even of every good man, in whom the true light of grace, and of the Gospel, shines, and especially when under afflictive circumstances. Some, instead of a "lamp despised", read, "for" or "because of calamity despised" k; so Aben Ezra, which conveys the same sense, that an afflicted man is despised for his affliction; and this being the case of good men confutes the notion of Job's friends, that it always goes well with such; and their other notion of its going ill with bad men is refuted in Job 12:6.

Gill: Job 12:6 - The tabernacles of robbers prosper // and they that provoke God are secure // into whose hand God bringeth abundantly The tabernacles of robbers prosper,.... Such as the Chaldeans and Sabeans, who had robbed Job of his substance, and filled their houses with the spoil...

The tabernacles of robbers prosper,.... Such as the Chaldeans and Sabeans, who had robbed Job of his substance, and filled their houses with the spoils of others, and lived in the greatest fulness and prosperity, and whom he might have in his view; and the like is what has been since observed by good men, and has been a trial and temptation to them, not knowing well how to reconcile this to the justice and wisdom of God in providence, yet so it is, a fact that cannot be denied, see Psa 73:2;

and they that provoke God are secure; all sin is abominable to God, contrary to his nature, will, and law, and so provoking; yet there are some sins that are more provoking than others, as idolatry, blasphemy, murder, theft, robbery, rapine, and oppression, and the like, as well as attended with more aggravating circumstances; and yet many who are guilty of such enormous crimes, and God provoking iniquities, are "secure", live in the greatest tranquillity and safety, free from the incursions, invasions, and insults of others: "their houses", as Job elsewhere says, "are safe from fear", Job 21:9;

into whose hand God bringeth abundantly; an abundance of the good things of this world, who have as much or more than heart can wish; whose belly is filled with hid treasure, whose grounds and fields bring forth plentifully, that they have no room to bestow their fruits; this, as it is an aggravation of their sin in provoking the God of their mercies, who is so liberal and bountiful to them, so it is the more full and express for the point in hand Job is confuting. Some, as Aben Ezra and Ben Gersom, understand this of idol makers and idol worshippers, and render the words, "who makes a god with his hand", or "carries a god in his hand" l, and worships it; which others interpret of his doing what he will with God, having him, as it were, in his hand, or reckoning his hands his god, and thinks to do what he pleases m.

Gill: Job 12:7 - But ask now the beasts, and they shall teach thee // and the fowls of the air, and they will tell thee But ask now the beasts, and they shall teach thee,.... And so the fowls of the air, and the fishes of the sea, in this and Job 12:8; from those instru...

But ask now the beasts, and they shall teach thee,.... And so the fowls of the air, and the fishes of the sea, in this and Job 12:8; from those instructions may be learned, of instances taken, and examples given, which may illustrate and confirm the same things that had been treated of: either what had been just now confuted, that it is always well with good men, and ill with bad men; the reverse of which had been affirmed and proved, that good men are afflicted, and wicked men prosper; something like to which may be seen in the creatures, and learned of them; thus those creatures that are the most harmless and innocent, and most useful and beneficial, are a prey to others, as sheep and lambs to lions, wolves, and bears, while they range about forests, fields, and plains, fearless and unmolested; and doves and turtles to hawks and vultures; and the lesser fish to the greater, by whom they are devoured, see Hab 1:13; and moreover, these creatures which are most useful and profitable, or are for pleasure and delight, fall more to the share of wicked men than good men; when droves of cattle and flocks of sheep are observed, and the question is put, to whom do they belong? the answer for the most part must be given, to such and such wicked men; and if the gold and silver, and other valuable things the earth produces, should be inquired about whose they are, it must be said, that they are, generally speaking, the property of the men of the world, the profane part of it; or if the fowls of the air, and fishes of the sea, could speak, when asked the question, whose food they commonly were? the answer would be, of the carnal, sensual, and voluptuous men: or rather this may refer to what Job first takes notice of in this answer of his, that his friends represented what they said as uncommon things, deep mysteries, and out of the reach of the vulgar, and which did not fall under common observation; whereas Job suggests he was as well acquainted with them as they were, yea, they were such that almost everybody knew; nay, they might be learnt from the creatures, to which Job here sends them for instruction; the beasts, birds, and fishes, all proclaim that they did not make themselves, nor did their fellow creatures, but some first cause, who is God: that they are sustained, supported, and provided for by him, and are governed, directed, and disposed of as he pleases, and so furnishes out documents of his sovereignty, wisdom, power, and providence:

and the fowls of the air, and they will tell thee: the same things; that God made them, and that they are dependent on him, and are fed and cared for by him, see Mat 6:26.

Gill: Job 12:8 - Or speak to the earth, and it shall teach thee // and the fishes of the sea shall declare unto thee Or speak to the earth, and it shall teach thee,.... Or ask "a sprig of the earth" n, any shrub, or tree, or whatsoever grows out of it, and they will ...

Or speak to the earth, and it shall teach thee,.... Or ask "a sprig of the earth" n, any shrub, or tree, or whatsoever grows out of it, and they will all unite in this doctrine, that they are raised and preserved by the power of God, and are so many instances of his wisdom, power, and goodness:

and the fishes of the sea shall declare unto thee; as mute as they are, they will proclaim this truth, that God is the mighty Maker and wise Disposer of them.

Gill: Job 12:9 - Who knoweth not in all these // that the hand of the Lord hath wrought this Who knoweth not in all these,.... Or "by" or "from all these" o creatures; what man is there so stupid and senseless, that does not discern, or cannot...

Who knoweth not in all these,.... Or "by" or "from all these" o creatures; what man is there so stupid and senseless, that does not discern, or cannot learn, even from irrational creatures, the above things, even what Zophar had discoursed concerning God and his perfections, his power, wisdom and providence? for, by the things that are made, the invisible things of God are clearly seen and understood, even his eternal power and Godhead, Rom 1:20; particularly it may be known by these, and who is it that does not know thereby,

that the hand of the Lord hath wrought this? made this visible world, and all things in it, to which Job then pointed as it were with his finger, meaning the heavens, earth, and sea, and all that in them are, which were all created by him: hence he is called the Former and Maker of all things; and which are all the works of his hand, that is, of his power, which is meant by his hand, that being the instrument of action. This is the only place where the word "Jehovah" is used in this book by the disputants.

Gill: Job 12:10 - In whose hand is the soul of every living thing // and the breath of all mankind In whose hand is the soul of every living thing,.... Of every animal, of every brute creature, as distinct from man, in the next clause: the life of ...

In whose hand is the soul of every living thing,.... Of every animal, of every brute creature, as distinct from man, in the next clause: the life of everyone of them is from him, and it is continued by him as long as he pleases, nor can it be taken away without his leave; two sparrows, which are not worth more than a farthing, not one of them falls to the ground, or dies without the knowledge and will of God, Mat 10:29; of the soul or spirit of beasts, see Ecc 3:21;

and the breath of all mankind; the breath of man is originally from God, he at first breathed into man the breath of life; and though this is in his nostrils, which makes him of little account, yet it would not continue there long, was it not in the hand, and under the care and providence of God; the breath of a king, as well as the heart of a king, is in the hand of the Lord: the breath of that great monarch Belshazzar, king of Babylon, was in the hand of God, Dan 5:23; and so is the breath of every peasant; and as when he takes away the breath of other creatures, they die and return to the dust; such is the case of man when God takes away his breath; all our times are in his hand, to be born, to live and die, all is at his dispose: or "the spirit of all the flesh of men" p, or of all men's flesh; his rational soul, as distinguished from his flesh or body, this is from God, supported in its being by him, and ever will be, being immortal, and will never die.

Gill: Job 12:11 - Doth not the ear try words // and the mouth taste his meat Doth not the ear try words?.... Articulate sounds; and the mind by them judges whether what is expressed and designed by them is right or wrong, true ...

Doth not the ear try words?.... Articulate sounds; and the mind by them judges whether what is expressed and designed by them is right or wrong, true or false, to be received or rejected; so such that have spiritual ears to hear, try the words of God and men, the wholesome words of Christ, and those of false teachers, which eat as a canker; and by their spiritual judgment can distinguish between the one and the other, discern those that differ, and approve those that are excellent, by bringing them to the standard of the word, the balance of the sanctuary, the Scriptures of truth:

and the mouth taste his meat? and judge of it, whether good or bad, or savoury or unsavoury, and so receive or reject it: thus such who have their taste changed, and relish spiritual things, can distinguish between the meat that perishes, and that which endures to everlasting life, even Christ, whose flesh is meat indeed; and those that have tasted that the Lord is gracious, and to whose taste the fruits of Christ and the doctrines of grace are sweet; these will desire the sincere milk of the word, and that strong meat in it, which belongs to discerning and experienced souls; and will feed by faith upon the pure word of the Gospel, and mix it with it, and reject all others. Job by this would signify, that the things his friends had been discoursing of, and which they thought were such deep and wonderful things, were as easy to be searched and found out, tried and judged of, as sounds by the ear, or food by the taste; and it may be also that hereby he suggests, that his doctrine, if it was impartially examined and tried by proper judges, it would appear as plain as anything tried by the ear, or tasted by the mouth. Some think that Job intends by this, that from the senses of hearing and tasting in men might be inferred the omniscience of God, his knowledge of all things, and his quick discernment of men, and their actions, since "he that planted the ear, shall he not hear? he that formed the eye, shall not he see?" Psa 94:9. Some versions read the whole, "doth not the ear try words, as the mouth tastes his meat" q? as in Job 34:3. Saadiah Gaon connects these words "as the ear tries words", &c. with Job 12:12, "so with the ancient is wisdom".

Gill: Job 12:12 - With the ancient is wisdom // and in length of days is understanding With the ancient is wisdom,.... Meaning not himself, who was not very ancient; though some think Eliphaz so understood him; hence those words of his,...

With the ancient is wisdom,.... Meaning not himself, who was not very ancient; though some think Eliphaz so understood him; hence those words of his, in Job 15:9; rather, as others, Job tacitly wishes that some ancient man, with whom wisdom was, would undertake to examine the affair between him and his friends, and judge of it, and decide the point; or, as others, he has respect to Bildad's advice to search the fathers, and learn their sentiments, and be determined by them; to which he replies, that though it will be allowed that wisdom is with them, for the most part, yet their judgment of things is no further to be regarded than as it agrees with the wisdom of God, and the revelation he has made of his will; though it seems best of all to consider these words as an adage or proverbial sentence generally agreed to, that it often is, as it might be expected it should, though it is not always, that men well advanced in years are wise; that as they have lived long in the world, they have learned much by observation and experience, and have attained to a considerable share of wisdom and knowledge in things, natural, civil, and religious:

and in length of days is understanding; the understandings of men are improved and enriched, and well stored with useful science, having had the opportunity of much reading, hearing, and conversation; by this Job would suggest, that if his friends had more knowledge of hidden and recondite things, beyond common people, which yet they had not, it was not so wonderful, since they were aged men, and had lived long in the world; or rather it may be that this is mentioned, to observe that from hence, seeing it is so among men, that ancient men have, or it may be expected they should have, a considerable share of wisdom and understanding; it may be most easily and strongly concluded, that God, who is the Ancient of days, has the most perfect and consummate wisdom and knowledge, which is asserted in Job 12:13.

Gill: Job 12:13 - With him is wisdom and strength // he hath counsel and understanding With him is wisdom and strength,.... Not with the ancient and long lived man, but with God, who has made the whole universe, and in whose hand and at...

With him is wisdom and strength,.... Not with the ancient and long lived man, but with God, who has made the whole universe, and in whose hand and at whose dispose all creatures are, Job 12:9; with him wisdom is originally, essentially, and inderivatively, as the fountain and fulness of it; he is the only and all wise God; his wisdom is displayed in making the world, and all things in it, in the beautiful manner they are set, and in their subserviency to each other; in all the dispensations of his providence, having all a "bathos", a depth of wisdom and knowledge in them, being all according to the counsel of his will; and in the work of redemption and salvation by Christ, in which he has abounded in all wisdom and prudence; in finding out and appointing a Redeemer, mighty and strong, equal to the work; in contriving and bringing it about, in such a manner as to glorify all his perfections; hence the Gospel, which is the publication of this grace, is called the wisdom of God: and with him is wisdom to communicate to his people, to direct them how to behave under every providence, in every station of life, in the church, and in the world, see Jam 1:5; and he has "strength", which he has shown in making the world out of nothing, in upholding it, and all things in it in being, in executing his designs, decrees, and purposes, in fulfilling his promises, and in supporting and strengthening his people, under all their trials and exercises, to withstand every enemy, and perform every duty; ancient men, though they may increase in wisdom, they decline in strength, but God has both, in infinite perfection:

he hath counsel and understanding; his decrees and purposes, wisely formed within himself, are his counsels of old, and which are truly and punctually performed in time; his plan of peace, reconciliation, and salvation by Christ, may, with propriety, be called the counsel of peace between them both; and the Gospel, and the various doctrines of it, are the whole counsel of God, and so are the ordinances of it; and besides these, by which he counsels and advises his people, he has counsel with him, and which he gives unto them by his spirit, for which they bless his name; and so even did Christ as man and Mediator, Psa 16:7; he has counsel to give, and does give in things temporal, relating to the common affairs of life, and in things concerning the good and welfare of immortal souls; all which comes from him who is "wonderful in counsel, and excellent in working", Isa 28:29; and he has an "understanding" that is infinite and unsearchable; he has an understanding of himself, his nature, perfections, and persons of all his creatures, and of all things past, present, and to come; the same things are said of Christ, the wisdom of God, Pro 8:14. Job, having observed these things of God, passes on to discourse most admirably and excellently of the power and wisdom of God in various instances, especially in the dispensations of his providence, by which he appears to have known the secrets of wisdom, and not so ignorant as represented by Zophar.

Gill: Job 12:14 - Behold, he breaketh down, and it cannot be built again // he shutteth up a man, and there can be no opening Behold, he breaketh down, and it cannot be built again,.... Which some restrain to the tower of Babel; but though the builders of it were obliged to d...

Behold, he breaketh down, and it cannot be built again,.... Which some restrain to the tower of Babel; but though the builders of it were obliged to desist from building, it does not appear that it was broken down, but seems to have continued many ages after: others more probably refer it to the destruction of Sodom, as Sephorno, which was an utter destruction, a perpetual desolation, and that city never was rebuilt to this day; and the same may be observed of many other cities that have had their foundations razed up, and have never been rebuilt, Thebes, Tyre, &c. and as will be the case of Rome, or the great city of Babylon, when once destroyed; yea, this has been true of kingdoms and states, such as Jeremiah was to root out, pull down, and destroy; that is, by prophesying of their destruction, as the Ammonites, Moabites, Edomites, and others, whose names and nations are no more, see Jer 1:10; and the four monarchies broken down and destroyed, and made as the chaff of the summer threshing floor, by the kingdom of Christ, Dan 2:35; and may be exemplified in particular persons and families; in Job and his family, the Lord broke him with breach upon breach; he broke him in his estate and substance; he broke down the hedge about him, and exposed him to thieves and robbers that plundered him of his substance; he broke down his family, that had been so largely and happily built up, by taking away his children by death; and he broke his constitution by diseases, afflictions, and sorrows, to which Job may have here respect, when he at this time never expected to have his losses in his substance, and in his family, and in his health, repaired, as they were; nor could it have been done without the will and pleasure of God; and oftentimes, when such breaches are made, there is no reparation; a man's wealth, and health, and family, are never built up again:

he shutteth up a man, and there can be no opening; if he shut up a man in a prison, there is no opening the doors of it to let out unless he pleases; whether it be the prison of sin, in which all are concluded, in the fetters and with the cords of which they are held, and will continue, unless those shackles are broken off by powerful and efficacious grace, and the Lord proclaims liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound, and gives it; or whether it be the prison of the law, in which sinners are shut up, and held as condemned malefactors; there is no deliverance from it but by Christ, who has redeemed his people from the curse and condemnation of it; and by his Spirit, as a spirit of adoption, who delivers them from the bondage of it, and makes them free indeed; or whether it be the prison of afflictions, straits, and difficulties in life, with which even good men are surrounded, being bound in fetters, and holden in cords of affliction; there is no opening for them, or getting out of them, unless the Lord breaks their bands asunder, and brings them out of darkness and distress, as out of prison houses, and so opens and makes a way for their escape; or whether he shuts them up, and they are so straitened in their souls that they cannot come forth in the free exercise of grace, and discharge of duty, as it was with Heman, when he said, "I am shut up, and I cannot come forth", Psa 88:8; and as it was with David, when he prayed, "bring my soul out of prison, that I may praise thy name", Psa 142:7; there is no opening for them till the spirit of the Lord opens their hearts and their graces, and brings them forth into exercise; and "where he is there is liberty", 2Co 3:17; or if he shuts up a man in the grave, as the Targum paraphrases it, brings him to the house appointed for all living, and locks him up in it; there can be no opening for him till the resurrection morn, when Christ, who has the keys of hell and death, will unlock the graves, and the dead shall come forth, as Lazarus did at his call, Joh 11:43, or if "he shuts upon a man" r, as the words may be rendered; shuts the gates of heaven upon a man, as the door into the marriage chamber of the Lamb will be shut upon and against the foolish virgins, as well as profane sinners, there can be no opening, cry as long as they will; see Mat 25:10; and as God shut the door of Eden, or the earthly paradise, against Adam, when he drove him out, Gen 3:23, to which Sephorno refers this passage; or if the Lord shuts up a man in hell, there is no opening, no way of escape from thence. We read of "spirits in prison", 1Pe 3:19, which is to be understood not of the limbus or purgatory of the Papists, but of hell; and these "spirits" are the disobedient in the times of Noah, who dying, or being swept away with the flood, were cast into hell, where they have lain ever since, and will lie unto the judgment of the great day; between the place of the damned, and of the happy, in Abraham's bosom, is a great gulf, that there is no passing from one to the other, which is the immutable and unalterable decree of God, which has fixed the everlasting states of men, Luk 16:26.

Gill: Job 12:15 - Behold, he withholdeth the waters, and they dry up // also he sendeth them out, and they overturn the earth Behold, he withholdeth the waters, and they dry up,.... Or "lays a restraint in" or "on the waters" s; either in the ocean, as he did at the creation,...

Behold, he withholdeth the waters, and they dry up,.... Or "lays a restraint in" or "on the waters" s; either in the ocean, as he did at the creation, when he gathered the waters that were upon the face of the earth into one place, and restrained them there, even in the decreed place he broke up for them, called the sea, and set bars and doors to keep them within bounds, whereby the places they left became dry and the dry land appeared called earth; and so at the time of the flood, when the waters which covered the earth and drowned the world were called off again, the face of it was dry, and so it remains, the waters of the great ocean being restrained from overflowing it; and also when God rebukes the see, and smites the waves of it, or withholds the ebbing and flowing of the tides brooks and rivers of water dry up; see Nah 1:4; or else this may be understood of God's withholding and restraining the waters in the clouds, and not suffering them to let down rain on the earth; when not only brooks dry up, as the brook Cherith did, where Elijah abode for sometime, but the fruits of the earth, trees, plants, and herbs dry up, wither and die; see 1Ki 17:7; and this is an emblem in a spiritual sense of God's withholding the word and ordinances, the waters of the sanctuary the means of grace, and of fruitfulness; which when he does, the consequence of it is barrenness and unfruitfulness in kingdoms, cities, towns, families, sad particular persons; and of his withholding the communications of his grace, often compared to water in Scripture, even from his people; the effect of which is, that they are in, withering circumstances, the things that revive seem ready to die, though they shall not; love waxes cold, faith is ready to fail, and hope and strength seem perishing from the Lord:

also he sendeth them out, and they overturn the earth; as at the time of the flood, when the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened, and such vast quantities of water issued out as overflowed the whole world, by which it was overturned; and as the Apostle Peter says, "perished", 2Pe 3:5; though this is also true of inundations that may have been since, which though not universal as that, yet so far as they have reached have overturned all in their way, and carried off the fruits of the earth, the habitations of men, and men themselves; whole countries, cities and towns, have been carried away by the waters of the sea, or sunk into it, particularly all that space. Where now is the Atlantic sea, as Pliny t, from Plato, relates. It is well when the grace of God flows, and overflows, and superabounds abounding sin, and overpowers and overcomes carnal, earthly, and sensual lusts, and reigns where sin did, and teaches to deny ungodliness and worldly lusts, and to mortify the members on the earth.

Gill: Job 12:16 - With him is strength and wisdom // the deceived and the deceiver are his With him is strength and wisdom,.... Which is repeated from Job 12:13; though different words are used but expressive of the same things; of the grea...

With him is strength and wisdom,.... Which is repeated from Job 12:13; though different words are used but expressive of the same things; of the greatest strength might, and power of God, as the above instances show and of his most consummate, solid and substantial wisdom, as appears by what follows:

the deceived and the deceiver are his: the wisdom, knowledge, sagacity and penetration into affairs, which the one has not, and the other has are from him; he withholds them from the one, who are simple and void of understanding, and so are easily imposed upon and deceived, and he given them to others, who make as ill use of them, deceive their fellow creatures some are deceivers in civil things, in the business and affairs of life, who circumvent, trick, cheat, and defraud their neighbours in buying and selling, using deceitful weights and measures, and by many other artful methods; others are deceivers in religious affairs, such are false teachers, deceitful workers, that lie in wait deceive; their intention into deceive, they do it knowingly, and on purpose; they walk in craftiness, and handle the word of God deceitfully; there were many of these in the times of the apostles that had then entered into the world, but never more than now; the great impostor and deceiver of all is. Satan, to whom Jarchi restrains the words, who beguiled Eve, and indeed deceives the whole world, Rev 12:9. Multitudes are deceived by him, as well as by, his emissaries, false teachers, and by their own hearts lusts; and even God's elect themselves, while in a state of unregeneracy, bear this character of "deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures", Tit 3:3. Now these are "his", the Lord's; which Mr. Broughton interprets, "from him", "by him", and "for him"; the wit, wisdom, subtlety, and sagacity of deceivers, are from him; gifts of nature, in themselves good, bestowed on them by him; the ill use they make of it is from themselves, and owing to the vitiosity of their nature; nay, it is not only by his permission, but according to his ordination and will, that there are such persons in the world: in some cases they appear not only to have leave or permission, but an order to seduce, as to the, lying spirit sent forth to seduce Ahab, 1Ki 22:20; yea, the princes of Noph being deceived, and they seducing Egypt, it is ascribed to the Lord's mingling a perverse spirit in the midst thereof, Isa 19:13; nay, when a prophet is deceived, God himself is said to deceive that prophet, Eze 14:9; so much is there of the permissive and efficacious will of God in this matter; not that he is the author of error and deceit, or infuses these into men, only the orderer, disposer, and, overruler of these things to some purposes orb is; he has power over them, and counterworks them, when he pleases; he can and does restrain them, and stops them, that they shall proceed no further, than he wills; false teachers would, if possible, deceive the very elect, Mat 24:24, but they cannot, and the reason is, God hinders them; Satan can go on no longer deceiving the world than it is the pleasure of God; a notorious instance of, hindering and, restraining him may be seen in Rev 20:3; and all the deceptions that are suffered to be among men they are all, wisely ordered, and overruled to good purposes, so as to issue well; the deception of our first parents was suffered and willed, that the grace of God might be displayed in the salvation of, men; errors and heresies are and must be for the trial and discovery of sound believers that they which are approved might be manifest; and men that like not to retain God in their knowledge reject both the light of nature and revelation, are left in righteous judgment to a reprobate mind, to give heed to seducing spirits, and are given up to strong delusions to believe a lie, that they might be damned, see 1Co 11:19, Rom 1:28. Now all this shows the infinite and consummate wisdom of God; it is brought to prove, not only that he "knows" deceivers, and all their arts and tricks, through which men are deceived by them, as Aben Ezra interprets it, and so the Vulgate Latin version renders it; but he is the fountain of all that wisdom and knowledge in them, superior to others, which they abuse, nor can they use it without his leave; and he can and does counterwork them, and restrains them as he pleases, and makes all to work for and issue in his own glory.

Gill: Job 12:17 - He leadeth counsellors away spoiled // and maketh the judges fools He leadeth counsellors away spoiled,.... Such who have the greatest share of knowledge and wisdom in civil things, and are capable of giving advice to...

He leadeth counsellors away spoiled,.... Such who have the greatest share of knowledge and wisdom in civil things, and are capable of giving advice to others, and are very useful in commonwealths, in cities, towns, and neighbourhoods; wherefore it is a judgment on a people when such are removed, Isa 3:3; these God can spoil at once of all their wisdom and knowledge, and render them unfit to give advice and counsel to others; or he can confound their schemes, disappoint their devices, carry their counsel headlong, and make it of none effect, and so spoil them of their ends and views, and of their fame, credit, and reputation:

and maketh the judges fools; men of great parts, abilities, and capacities, whereby they are qualified to sit upon the bench, preside in courts of judicature, and judge in all matters of controversy that come before them; and it is a happiness to a country to have such persons, as it is a judgment to have them removed, see Isa 3:2; yet God can take away the wisdom of such men, deprive them of their natural abilities, and so infatuate them, that they shall not be able to understand a cause, but pass a foolish sentence, to their own shame and disgrace, as well as to the injury of others; see Isa 40:23.

Gill: Job 12:18 - He looseth the bonds of kings // and girdeth their loins with a girdle He looseth the bonds of kings,.... Not with which they themselves may be bound, being taken prisoners, or being so before made kings, and brought from...

He looseth the bonds of kings,.... Not with which they themselves may be bound, being taken prisoners, or being so before made kings, and brought from thence to reign, as in Ecc 4:14; but that which they bind on their subjects, a yoke of bondage, tyranny, and oppression; so that to loose their bond is to loose their subjects from it, and free them from their arbitrary and despotic power, and from the burdens they lay upon them: unless rather it should be understood of loosing their waistbands, as an emblem of their government, ungirding them, or unkinging them, stripping them of their royal power and authority, called a "loosing of their loins", Isa 45:1; and this power God has over such great personages, as to set up kings, and remove them at his pleasure, Dan 2:21; which shows that strength and power, as well as wisdom, are with him; this may respect Chedorlaomer casting off the yoke of Nimrod, and the kings of Canaan casting off the yoke of Chedorlaomer, and being loosed from it, Gen 14:1;

and girdeth their loins with a girdle; not with a royal waistband, as an ensign of government; see Isa 11:5; which he looses, and strips them of, but another instead of that; he girds them with the girdle of a servant or traveller; the allusion being to the custom in those eastern countries, where they wore long garments, for servants to gird them up, when they waited on their masters, or when men went long journeys, see Luk 17:7; and so may signify that kings sometimes become servants, or go into captivity, and there be used as such, as they sometimes are; the Vulgate Latin version is, "he girds their reins with a rope".

Gill: Job 12:19 - He leadeth princes away spoiled // and overthroweth the mighty He leadeth princes away spoiled,.... Of their principalities and dominions, of their wealth and riches, and of their honour and glory; or "priests" u,...

He leadeth princes away spoiled,.... Of their principalities and dominions, of their wealth and riches, and of their honour and glory; or "priests" u, as some choose to render the word, against whom God has indignation for their sins, and leads them into captivity with others; so the Septuagint version, "he leads the priests captives"; for no office, ever so sacred, can protect wicked men, see Lam 2:6; and from these sometimes the law perishes, and they are spoiled of their wisdom and knowledge, and made unfit to instruct the people, and so of their credit and reputation among them. Sephorno interprets it of the priests spoiled of their prophesying, they prophesying false things to kings:

and overthroweth the mighty; the mighty angels from heaven when they sinned, and mighty men on earth, kings and princes, whom he puts down from their seats of majesty and grandeur. Sephorno interprets this of kings, whose ways are perverted, by being led by false prophets, as Ahab was. Some w understand this of ecclesiastical men, mighty in word and doctrine, well grounded in theology, yet their wisdom being taken away from them, they turn aside into wicked paths, practices, and principles, and fall from their steadfastness in truth and holiness.

Gill: Job 12:20 - He removeth away the speech of the trusty // and taketh away the understanding of the aged He removeth away the speech of the trusty,.... Speech is proper to mankind, and a benefit unto them, whereby they can converse together, and communica...

He removeth away the speech of the trusty,.... Speech is proper to mankind, and a benefit unto them, whereby they can converse together, and communicate their minds to each other; this is the gift of God, he gives to men in common the faculty of speaking; to some the tongue of the learned to speak various tongues, either in an ordinary or in an extraordinary manner; and he that gives can take away; he that made man's mouth or lip can make it speechless, as he does at death; when he takes away man's breath, he takes away his speech; the state of the dead is a state of silence; and sometimes he does it while living, by striking dumb, as he did Zechariah the father of John the Baptist; and even without so doing, as in the builders of Babel, he took away the speech they had, and gave them another; and sometimes he suffers not men to speak what they would, but what is contrary to their inclinations and desires, as in Balaam, who would willingly have cursed Israel, but could not. Now that God should take away by any means the speech of liars, and faithless persons, as Ananias and Sapphira, by striking them dead, Act 5:1; and of false teachers, deceivers, and bold blasphemers of God, and of his Son, and of the blessed Spirit, whose mouths ought to be stopped, is no wonder; but it seems strange that he should remove the speech of "trusty" or "faithful" x men, that speak the truth, and are to be credited and believed; and as the preceding words are understood of ecclesiastic persons, these may be continued concerning them; and the character agrees with ministers of the word, who are in trusted with the rich treasure of it; that is put in earthen vessels, and committed to the trust of faithful men; who appear to be such when they speak the word faithfully, declare the whole counsel of God, and keep back nothing profitable to men; when they speak plainly, without ambiguity, and sincerely, without mixing or adulterating it; and are faithful as to God, who has appointed them, and put them into the ministry, so to the souls of men under their care: now God sometimes takes away the speech of these, not by changing their voice, or ordering them, instead of the gracious promises of the Gospel, to deliver out the menaces and threatenings of the law; but either by commanding them to be dumb and silent, and speak no more to an incorrigible and rebellious people; as Ezekiel was bid to prophesy no more to the house of Israel, and the apostles to preach no more to the Jews; or by suffering them to be silenced by the edicts of wicked princes, and their violent persecutions of them, so that the teachers of men are removed into corners, and not to be seen or heard; and also by death, when their faces are no more seen, and their speech no more heard. Some, both Jewish and Christian interpreters, derive the word here used from the root נאם, "to speak", and render it "speakers" or "orators" y; so Mr. Broughton translates the words, "he bereaveth the orators of lip"; he takes away their eloquence from them, deprives them of their speaking well, and strips them of their natural and acquired abilities, by which they have become good speakers; and such who use their talents well in this way are beneficial to a commonwealth, and it is a loss when they are removed, or their speech removed from them, see Isa 3:3;

and taketh away the understanding of the aged; or "elders" z, as Mr. Broughton, either in age or office; elders in age, with whom understanding, reason, judgment, counsel, and wisdom, by all which the word is interpreted, may be thought to be, and it is expected they should, and oftentimes are, though not always; yet all this God can take away, and does when he pleases, and they become like children in understanding; through the infirmities of old age their memories fail them, their reason is impaired, their understanding and judgment are weakened, and they become unfit to give advice themselves, and are easily imposed on, and drawn aside by others, as may be observed in Solomon, the wisest of men, when he was grown old. This is to be understood of the natural understanding in things natural and civil, but not of the spiritual understanding, which is never taken away, but rather increased in old age; the true light of grace shines more and more unto the perfect day; it is a gift of God without repentance, which he never revokes and removes: it may intend the natural "taste" a, as the word may be rendered; this is often and generally taken away from the aged, as in old Barzillai, who could not taste what he ate and drank, as to distinguish and relish it, 2Sa 19:35; but not the spiritual taste, of the Lord as gracious, of the good word of God, and the fruits of divine grace; the taste and savour of which remain with the people of God in old age; or this may design men in office, either civil magistrates, called senators, the elders of the people, judges, and counsellors, who instead of being taught more wisdom, which their offices require, sometimes become infatuated, their understanding of civil things is taken away from them, their wise counsels become brutish, and they like children; or ecclesiastic persons, elders of churches, who, having talents for public usefulness, either neglect them, or make an ill use of them, and therefore are taken away from them; their right arm is dried up, and their right eye darkened, Mat 25:28.

Gill: Job 12:21 - He poureth contempt upon princes // and weakeneth the strength of the mighty He poureth contempt upon princes,.... Not on good princes, such as rule in righteousness, and decree judgment and govern their subjects according to g...

He poureth contempt upon princes,.... Not on good princes, such as rule in righteousness, and decree judgment and govern their subjects according to good laws, in a mild and gentle manner, and answer to their name of free, liberal, beneficent and munificent. These, as there is an honour due unto them, it is the will of God they should have it; much less are princes, in a figurative sense, meant, good men, the children of God, who are born of him the King of kings, and so princes in all the earth; but, in a literal sense, bad princes, that oppress their subjects, and rule them with rigour, and persecute good men; such as rose up against Christ, as Herod and Pontius Pilate; persecutors of the saints, as the Roman emperors, and the antichristian princes in the papacy; these God sometimes brings into contempt with their subjects, deposes them from their government, reduces them to a mean, abject, and servile state; or they die a shameful death, as Herod was eaten with worms, and many of the Heathen emperors died miserable deaths; and the vials of God's wrath will be poured out upon all the antichristian states, and their princes: pouring denotes the abundance of shame they are put to, as if they were clothed and covered with it, it being plentifully poured out like water, or as water was poured upon them, which is sometimes done by way of contempt, see Psa 107:40;

and weakeneth the strength of the mighty; the strength of men, hale and robust, by sending one disease or another upon them, which takes it away from them; or by "the mighty" are meant men in power and authority; kings, as the Targum paraphrases it, mighty monarchs, whose strength lies in their wealth and riches, in their fortresses and powerful armies; all which God can deprive them of in an instant, and make them as weak as other men. Some render it, "and looseneth the girdle of the mighty" b, the same as loosening the loins of kings, Isa 14:1; ungirding them, and taking away their power and authority from them, rendering them unfit for business, or unable to keep their posts and defend their kingdom.

Gill: Job 12:22 - He discovereth deep things out of darkness // and bringeth but to light the shadow of death He discovereth deep things out of darkness,.... The deep things of God, his own deep things which lie in his heart, wrapped up in darkness impenetrabl...

He discovereth deep things out of darkness,.... The deep things of God, his own deep things which lie in his heart, wrapped up in darkness impenetrable to creatures, and which could never be known unless he had discovered them; such as the thoughts of his heart, which are very deep, Psa 92:5; the deep things of God, which the Spirit of God only knows, searches, and reveals, 1Co 2:10; even his thoughts of peace, and good things for his people, which are many and precious, are known to himself, and made known to them, or otherwise must have remained in darkness, and out of their reach, being as high as the heavens are from the earth; the decrees and purposes of God, which he hath purposed in himself, are deep things in his own breast, and lie concealed in darkness there, until discovered by the accomplishment of them; such as his decrees of election in Christ, redemption by him, and the effectual calling by his grace; all which are revealed and made known by the execution of them: the love of God to his people, which lay hid in his heart from everlasting; this is discovered by the gift and mission of his Son; in the regeneration and quickening of his people, and of which he makes still larger discoveries to them in the course of their lives: likewise the mysteries of the Gospel, unknown to natural men, even the wise and prudent, only known to such to whom it is given to know them, to whom they are revealed by the Father of Christ, and by the Spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of the mystery of God, and of the Father, and of Christ; respecting the persons in the Godhead, the grace of each person, the incarnation of Christ, the union of the two natures in him, redemption and justification by him, regeneration by the Spirit of God, union to Christ, and communion with him, and conformity to him in soul and body, now and hereafter: likewise the secrets of his providence, in which there is a great depth of his wisdom and knowledge, and is in great obscurity; his path is in the great waters, and his footsteps are not known; his judgments are unsearchable, and his ways past finding out, but before long they will be made manifest, and lie open to view. There are also the deep things of others, which he discovers, as the depth of sin in the deceitful heart of man, which none knows as himself; and which lie hid there until they are discovered in the light of the divine Spirit, who convinces of them, enlightens the understanding to behold those swarms of lusts and corruptions it never discerned before; and then a man comes to see and know the plague of his own heart, he was before a stranger to; also the depths of Satan, his deep laid schemes, his wiles and stratagems, to draw into sin, and so to ruin; these are unknown to natural men, but saints are made acquainted with them, so that they are not altogether ignorant of his devices, Rev 2:24; likewise the secret plots, counsels, and combinations of wicked men, which they lay deep, and seek to hide from the Lord, being formed in the dark; but he sees and knows them, discovers and confounds them: to which may be added all the wicked actions of men done in the dark, but cannot be hid from God, with whom the darkness and the light are both alike; and who, sooner or later, brings them to light, even the hidden things of darkness, and makes manifest the counsels of the heart, as he will do more especially at the day of judgment, to which every secret thing will be brought:

and bringeth but to light the shadow of death; not only life and immortality, as by the Gospel, but death, and the shadow of it, even deadly darkness, the grossest of darkness; such who are darkness itself he makes light, and out of the darkness in them commands light to shine, as in the first creation; to them that sit in darkness, and in the shadow of death, he causes a great light to arise, the light of the Gospel, and the light of grace, yea, Christ himself, the light of the world; he calls and brings them out of it into marvellous light, out of the dark dungeon and prison of sin and unbelief, to the enjoyment of spiritual light and life here, and to everlasting light and glory hereafter.

Gill: Job 12:23 - He increaseth the nations, and destroyeth them // he enlargeth the nations, and straiteneth them again He increaseth the nations, and destroyeth them,.... As he did before the flood, when the earth was tilled, and all over peopled with them, but at the ...

He increaseth the nations, and destroyeth them,.... As he did before the flood, when the earth was tilled, and all over peopled with them, but at the flood he destroyed them at once. Sephorno interprets it of the seven nations in the land of Canaan, which were increased in it, and destroyed, to make way for the Israelites to inhabit it; and this has since been verified in other kingdoms, large and populous, and brought to destruction, particularly in the four monarchies, Babylonian, Persian, Grecian, and Roman, and will be in the antichristian states and nations of the world:

he enlargeth the nations, and straiteneth them again; or "stretcheth" or "spreadeth out the nations" c, as he did all over the earth before the deluge, and then most remarkably straitened them, when they were reduced to so small a number as to be contained in a single ark: "or leads them" d; that is, "governs them", as Mr. Broughton renders the word, rules and overrules them, as large as they are; or leads them into captivity, as some Jewish writers e, as the Israelites; though they have been enlarged, and became numerous, as it was promised they should, yet have been led into captivity, first the ten tribes by the Assyrians, and then the two tribes by the Chaldeans; the Targum is, "he spreadeth out a net for the nations, and leadeth them", that is, into it, so that they are taken in it, see Eze 12:13.

Gill: Job 12:24 - He taketh away the heart of the chief of the people of the earth // and caused them to wander in a wilderness where there is no way He taketh away the heart of the chief of the people of the earth,.... The people of the earth are the common people; the "chief" or "heads" f of them,...

He taketh away the heart of the chief of the people of the earth,.... The people of the earth are the common people; the "chief" or "heads" f of them, as it may be rendered, are kings, princes and generals of armies; whose "hearts" may be said to be "taken away" when they are dispirited, and deprived both of courage and conduct; have neither valour nor wisdom, neither fortitude of mind, nor military skill to defend themselves and their people against their enemies. Sephorno interprets this of Sihon and Og, whose spirits the Lord hardened, and made their hearts obstinate to war with Israel, Deu 2:30; but it may be better understood of the Israelites, and the heads of them, when they were discomfited by the Amalekites, quickly after their coming out of Egypt, see Num 14:45; about which time Job lived: and the rather, since it follows,

and caused them to wander in a wilderness where there is no way: no track, no beaten path to follow, to be a guide to them, and direct their way; in such a wilderness the Israelites wandered near forty years, see Psa 107:40.

Gill: Job 12:25 - They grope in the dark without light // and he maketh them to stagger like a drunken man They grope in the dark without light,.... Like blind men, as the men of Sodom, when they were struck with blindness; or "they grope", or "feel the dar...

They grope in the dark without light,.... Like blind men, as the men of Sodom, when they were struck with blindness; or "they grope", or "feel the dark, and not light" g, as the Targum; as the Egyptian, did when such gross darkness was upon them as might be felt:

and he maketh them to stagger like a drunken man; that has lost his sight, his senses, and his feet, and knows not where he is, which way to go, nor how to keep on his legs, but reels to and fro, and is at the utmost loss what to do; all this is said of the heads or chief of the people, in consequence of their hearts being taken away, and so left destitute of wisdom and strength.

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Job 12:1 This long speech of Job falls into three parts: in 12:2-25 Job expresses his resentment at his friends’ attitude of superiority and acknowledges...

NET Notes: Job 12:2 The sarcasm of Job admits their claim to wisdom, as if no one has it besides them. But the rest of his speech will show that they do not have a monopo...

NET Notes: Job 12:3 Heb “With whom are not such things as these?” The point is that everyone knows the things that these friends have been saying – they...

NET Notes: Job 12:4 The two words, צַדִּיק תָּמִים (tsadiq tamim), could be understood...

NET Notes: Job 12:5 The form has traditionally been taken to mean “is ready” from the verb כּוּן (kun, “is fixed, sureR...

NET Notes: Job 12:6 The line is perhaps best understood as describing one who thinks he is invested with the power of God.

NET Notes: Job 12:7 The singular verb is used here with the plural collective subject (see GKC 464 §145.k).

NET Notes: Job 12:8 A. B. Davidson (Job, 90) offers a solution by taking “earth” to mean all the lower forms of life that teem in the earth (a metonymy of sub...

NET Notes: Job 12:9 The expression “has done this” probably refers to everything that has been discussed, namely, the way that God in his wisdom rules over th...

NET Notes: Job 12:10 Human life is made of “flesh” and “spirit.” So here the line reads “and the spirit of all flesh of man.” If the te...

NET Notes: Job 12:11 In the rest of the chapter Job turns his attention away from creation to the wisdom of ancient men. In Job 13:1 when Job looks back to this part, he r...

NET Notes: Job 12:12 The statement in the Hebrew Bible simply has “among the aged – wisdom.” Since this seems to be more the idea of the friends than of ...

NET Notes: Job 12:13 A. B. Davidson (Job, 91) says, “These attributes of God’s [sic] confound and bring to nought everything bearing the same name among men.&#...

NET Notes: Job 12:14 The verse employs antithetical ideas: “tear down” and “build up,” “imprison” and “escape.” The Niphal ...

NET Notes: Job 12:15 The verb הָפַךְ (hafakh) means “to overthrow; to destroy; to overwhelm.” It was used in Job 9:5 for &#...

NET Notes: Job 12:16 The Hebrew text uses a wordplay here: שֹׁגֵג (shogeg) is “the one going astray,” i.e., the one who is ...

NET Notes: Job 12:17 Some translate this “makes mad” as in Isa 44:25, but this gives the wrong connotation today; more likely God shows them to be fools.

NET Notes: Job 12:18 Some commentators want to change אֵזוֹר (’ezor, “girdle”) to אֵסוּ...

NET Notes: Job 12:19 The original meaning of אֵיתָן (’eytan) is “perpetual.” It is usually an epithet for a torrent t...

NET Notes: Job 12:20 Heb “taste,” meaning “opinion” or “decision.”

NET Notes: Job 12:21 The word אָפַק (’afaq, “to be strong”) is well-attested, and the form אָפִ...

NET Notes: Job 12:22 The Hebrew word is traditionally rendered “shadow of death” (so KJV, ASV); see comments at Job 3:3.

NET Notes: Job 12:23 The rise and fall of nations, which does not seem to be governed by any moral principle, is for Job another example of God’s arbitrary power.

NET Notes: Job 12:24 The text has בְּתֹהוּ לֹא־דָרֶךְ (bÿt...

NET Notes: Job 12:25 The verb is the same that was in v. 24, “He makes them [the leaders still] wander” (the Hiphil of תָּעָ•...

Geneva Bible: Job 12:2 No doubt but ye [are] the people, and ( a ) wisdom shall die with you. ( a ) Because you do not feel what you speak, you think the whole stands in wo...

Geneva Bible: Job 12:4 I am ( b ) [as] one mocked of his neighbour, who calleth upon God, and he ( c ) answereth him: the just upright [man is] laughed to scorn. ( b ) He r...

Geneva Bible: Job 12:5 ( d ) He that is ready to slip with [his] feet [is as] a lamp despised in the thought of him that is at ease. ( d ) As the rich do not esteem a light...

Geneva Bible: Job 12:7 But ask now the beasts, ( e ) and they shall teach thee; and the fowls of the air, and they shall tell thee: ( e ) He declares to them that disputed ...

Geneva Bible: Job 12:11 Doth not the ear ( f ) try words? and the mouth taste his meat? ( f ) He exhorts them to be wise in judging, and as well to know the right use of the...

Geneva Bible: Job 12:12 With the ( g ) ancient [is] wisdom; and in length of days understanding. ( g ) Though men by age and continuance of time attain wisdom, yet it is not...

Geneva Bible: Job 12:16 With him [is] strength and wisdom: the deceived and the ( h ) deceiver [are] his. ( h ) He shows that there is nothing done in this world without God...

Geneva Bible: Job 12:18 ( i ) He looseth ( k ) the bond of kings, and girdeth their loins with a girdle. ( i ) He takes wisdom from them. ( k ) He abates the humour of prin...

Geneva Bible: Job 12:20 He removeth away the speech of the ( l ) trusty, and taketh away the understanding of the aged. ( l ) He causes their words to have no credit, which ...

Geneva Bible: Job 12:23 He ( m ) increaseth the nations, and destroyeth them: he enlargeth the nations, and straiteneth them [again]. ( m ) In this discourse of God's wonder...

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: Job 12:1-5 - --Job upbraids his friends with the good opinion they had of their own wisdom compared with his. We are apt to call reproofs reproaches, and to think ou...

MHCC: Job 12:6-11 - --Job appeals to facts. The most audacious robbers, oppressors, and impious wretches, often prosper. Yet this is not by fortune or chance; the Lord orde...

MHCC: Job 12:12-25 - --This is a noble discourse of Job concerning the wisdom, power, and sovereignty of God, in ordering all the affairs of the children of men, according t...

Matthew Henry: Job 12:1-5 - -- The reproofs Job here gives to his friends, whether they were just or no, were very sharp, and may serve for a rebuke to all that are proud and scor...

Matthew Henry: Job 12:6-11 - -- Job's friends all of them went upon this principle, that wicked people cannot prosper long in this world, but some remarkable judgment or other will...

Matthew Henry: Job 12:12-25 - -- This is a noble discourse of Job's concerning the wisdom, power, and sovereignty of God, in ordering and disposing of all the affairs of the childre...

Keil-Delitzsch: Job 12:1-3 - -- 1 The Job began, and said: 2 Truly then ye are the people, And wisdom shall die with you! 3 I also have a heart as well as you; I do not stand b...

Keil-Delitzsch: Job 12:4-6 - -- 4 I must be a mockery to my own friend, I who called on Eloah and He heard me; A mockery - the just, the godly man. 5 Contempt belongs to misfort...

Keil-Delitzsch: Job 12:7-10 - -- 7 But ask now even the beasts - they shall teach it thee; And the birds of heaven - they shall declare it to thee: 8 Or look thoughtfully to the g...

Keil-Delitzsch: Job 12:11-13 - -- 11 Shall not the ear try sayings, As the palate tasteth food? 12 Among the ancients is wisdom, And long life is understanding. 13 With Him is wi...

Keil-Delitzsch: Job 12:14-16 - -- 14 Behold, He breaketh down and it cannot be built again, He shutteth up, and it cannot be opened. 15 Behold, He restraineth the waters and they d...

Keil-Delitzsch: Job 12:17-21 - -- 17 He leadeth away counsellors stripped of their robes, And maketh judges fools. 18 The authority of kings He looseth, And bindeth their loins wi...

Keil-Delitzsch: Job 12:22-25 - -- 22 He discovereth deep things out of darkness, And bringeth out to light the shadow of death; 23 He giveth prosperity to nations and then destroye...

Constable: Job 4:1--14:22 - --B. The First Cycle of Speeches between Job and His Three Friends chs. 4-14 The two soliloquies of Job (c...

Constable: Job 12:1--14:22 - --6. Job's first reply to Zophar chs. 12-14 In these chapters Job again rebutted his friends and t...

Constable: Job 12:1--13:20 - --Job's repudiation of his friends 12:1-13:19 Verse 2 is irony; his companions were not as...

buka semua
Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: Job (Pendahuluan Kitab) JOB A REAL PERSON.--It has been supposed by some that the book of Job is an allegory, not a real narrative, on account of the artificial character of ...

JFB: Job (Garis Besar) THE HOLINESS OF JOB, HIS WEALTH, &c. (Job 1:1-5) SATAN, APPEARING BEFORE GOD, FALSELY ACCUSES JOB. (Job 1:6-12) SATAN FURTHER TEMPTS JOB. (Job 2:1-8)...

TSK: Job (Pendahuluan Kitab) A large aquatic animal, perhaps the extinct dinosaur, plesiosaurus, the exact meaning is unknown. Some think this to be a crocodile but from the desc...

TSK: Job 12 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Job 12:1, Job maintains himself against his friends that reprove him; Job 12:7, He acknowledges the general doctrine of God’s omnipoten...

Poole: Job 12 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHAPTER 12 Job’ s answer: his friends’ self-conceit: the miserable always despised, though upright; the wicked prosper, Job 12:1-6 . God...

MHCC: Job (Pendahuluan Kitab) This book is so called from Job, whose prosperity, afflictions, and restoration, are here recorded. He lived soon after Abraham, or perhaps before tha...

MHCC: Job 12 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (Job 12:1-5) Job reproves his friends. (Job 12:6-11) The wicked often prosper. (Job 12:12-25) Job speaks of the wisdom and power of God.

Matthew Henry: Job (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Book of Job This book of Job stands by itself, is not connected with any other, and is therefore to...

Matthew Henry: Job 12 (Pendahuluan Pasal) In this and the two following chapters we have Job's answer to Zophar's discourse, in which, as before, he first reasons with his friends (see Job ...

Constable: Job (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title This book, like many others in the Old Testament, got its name from...

Constable: Job (Garis Besar) Outline I. Prologue chs. 1-2 A. Job's character 1:1-5 B. Job's calamitie...

Constable: Job Job Bibliography Andersen, Francis I. Job. Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries series. Leicester, Eng. and Downe...

Haydock: Job (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE BOOK OF JOB. INTRODUCTION. This Book takes its name from the holy man, of whom it treats; who, according to the more probable opinion, was ...

Gill: Job (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO JOB This book, in the Hebrew copies, generally goes by this name, from Job, who is however the subject, if not the writer of it. In...

Gill: Job 12 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO JOB 12 In this and the two following chapter Job makes answer to Zophar's discourse in the former; who having represented him as an...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


TIP #08: Klik ikon untuk memisahkan teks alkitab dan catatan secara horisontal atau vertikal. [SEMUA]
dibuat dalam 1.16 detik
dipersembahkan oleh
bible.org - YLSA