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Teks -- Ezekiel 34:1-31 (NET)

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Konteks
A Prophecy Against False Shepherds
34:1 The word of the Lord came to me: 34:2 “Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel; prophesy, and say to them– to the shepherds: ‘This is what the sovereign Lord says: Woe to the shepherds of Israel who have been feeding themselves! Should not shepherds feed the flock? 34:3 You eat the fat, you clothe yourselves with the wool, you slaughter the choice animals, but you do not feed the sheep! 34:4 You have not strengthened the weak, healed the sick, bandaged the injured, brought back the strays, or sought the lost, but with force and harshness you have ruled over them. 34:5 They were scattered because they had no shepherd, and they became food for every wild beast. 34:6 My sheep wandered over all the mountains and on every high hill. My sheep were scattered over the entire face of the earth with no one looking or searching for them. 34:7 “‘Therefore, you shepherds, hear the word of the Lord: 34:8 As surely as I live, declares the sovereign Lord, my sheep have become prey and have become food for all the wild beasts. There was no shepherd, and my shepherds did not search for my flock, but fed themselves and did not feed my sheep, 34:9 Therefore, you shepherds, hear the word of the Lord: 34:10 This is what the sovereign Lord says: Look, I am against the shepherds, and I will demand my sheep from their hand. I will no longer let them be shepherds; the shepherds will not feed themselves anymore. I will rescue my sheep from their mouth, so that they will no longer be food for them. 34:11 “‘For this is what the sovereign Lord says: Look, I myself will search for my sheep and seek them out. 34:12 As a shepherd seeks out his flock when he is among his scattered sheep, so I will seek out my flock. I will rescue them from all the places where they have been scattered on a cloudy, dark day. 34:13 I will bring them out from among the peoples and gather them from foreign countries; I will bring them to their own land. I will feed them on the mountains of Israel, by the streams and all the inhabited places of the land. 34:14 In a good pasture I will feed them; the mountain heights of Israel will be their pasture. There they will lie down in a lush pasture, and they will feed on rich grass on the mountains of Israel. 34:15 I myself will feed my sheep and I myself will make them lie down, declares the sovereign Lord. 34:16 I will seek the lost and bring back the strays; I will bandage the injured and strengthen the sick, but the fat and the strong I will destroy. I will feed them– with judgment! 34:17 “‘As for you, my sheep, this is what the sovereign Lord says: Look, I am about to judge between one sheep and another, between rams and goats. 34:18 Is it not enough for you to feed on the good pasture, that you must trample the rest of your pastures with your feet? When you drink clean water, must you muddy the rest of the water by trampling it with your feet? 34:19 As for my sheep, they must eat what you trampled with your feet, and drink what you have muddied with your feet! 34:20 “‘Therefore, this is what the sovereign Lord says to them: Look, I myself will judge between the fat sheep and the lean sheep. 34:21 Because you push with your side and your shoulder, and thrust your horns at all the weak sheep until you scatter them abroad, 34:22 I will save my sheep; they will no longer be prey. I will judge between one sheep and another. 34:23 I will set one shepherd over them, and he will feed them– namely, my servant David. He will feed them and will be their shepherd. 34:24 I, the Lord, will be their God, and my servant David will be prince among them; I, the Lord, have spoken! 34:25 “‘I will make a covenant of peace with them and will rid the land of wild beasts, so that they can live securely in the wilderness and even sleep in the woods. 34:26 I will turn them and the regions around my hill into a blessing. I will make showers come down in their season; they will be showers that bring blessing. 34:27 The trees of the field will yield their fruit and the earth will yield its crops. They will live securely on their land; they will know that I am the Lord, when I break the bars of their yoke and rescue them from the hand of those who enslaved them. 34:28 They will no longer be prey for the nations and the wild beasts will not devour them. They will live securely and no one will make them afraid. 34:29 I will prepare for them a healthy planting. They will no longer be victims of famine in the land and will no longer bear the insults of the nations. 34:30 Then they will know that I, the Lord their God, am with them, and that they are my people, the house of Israel, declares the sovereign Lord. 34:31 And you, my sheep, the sheep of my pasture, are my people, and I am your God, declares the sovereign Lord.’”
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · David a son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel,son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel


Topik/Tema Kamus: Shepherd | Sheep | Ezekiel, Book of | Minister | EZEKIEL, 1 | EZEKIEL, 2 | TEACH; TEACHER; TEACHING | Righteous | Church | Gospel | God | Rulers | Levites | Nation | Wool | Jesus, The Christ | RIVER | SICK; SICKNESS | David | Symbols and Similitudes | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , PBC , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: Eze 34:2 - The shepherds The rulers of the people kings, magistrates, and princes; as also priests, and prophets.

The rulers of the people kings, magistrates, and princes; as also priests, and prophets.

Wesley: Eze 34:2 - Of Israel The two tribes, and the few out of the ten that adhere to the house of David.

The two tribes, and the few out of the ten that adhere to the house of David.

Wesley: Eze 34:2 - That feed Contrive their own ease, advantage, and honour.

Contrive their own ease, advantage, and honour.

Wesley: Eze 34:3 - Ye kill You contrive methods, to take first the life, and next the estate of the well - fed, the rich and wealthy.

You contrive methods, to take first the life, and next the estate of the well - fed, the rich and wealthy.

Wesley: Eze 34:3 - But You take care to lead, protect, provide for, and watch over them.

You take care to lead, protect, provide for, and watch over them.

Wesley: Eze 34:4 - The diseased The weak and languishing.

The weak and languishing.

Wesley: Eze 34:4 - Bound up Oppressors in the state, or church, broke many then, but these shepherds bound them not up.

Oppressors in the state, or church, broke many then, but these shepherds bound them not up.

Wesley: Eze 34:5 - No shepherd No vigilant, faithful shepherd.

No vigilant, faithful shepherd.

Wesley: Eze 34:5 - Became meat Were made a prey of, and devoured by all their neighbours.

Were made a prey of, and devoured by all their neighbours.

Wesley: Eze 34:12 - In the cloudy and dark day In the time of general distress.

In the time of general distress.

Wesley: Eze 34:16 - The fat The powerful and rich.

The powerful and rich.

Wesley: Eze 34:16 - I will feed I will judge and punish them.

I will judge and punish them.

Wesley: Eze 34:17 - I judge Between men and men, between the smaller and weaker, and the greater and stronger, as their different state requires I will do.

Between men and men, between the smaller and weaker, and the greater and stronger, as their different state requires I will do.

Wesley: Eze 34:17 - The rams Rulers, who also shalt be dealt with according to their behaviour.

Rulers, who also shalt be dealt with according to their behaviour.

Wesley: Eze 34:18 - But ye must tread down You great ones, eat the fat, and sweet; and what you cannot eat, you waste and spoil.

You great ones, eat the fat, and sweet; and what you cannot eat, you waste and spoil.

Wesley: Eze 34:18 - The deep waters Which are sufficient for all.

Which are sufficient for all.

Wesley: Eze 34:20 - I will judge I will vindicate the poor.

I will vindicate the poor.

Wesley: Eze 34:20 - The fat cattle The rich.

The rich.

Wesley: Eze 34:20 - The lean The poor.

The poor.

Wesley: Eze 34:23 - One shepherd Christ, the great good, chief, only shepherd, that laid down his life for his sheep.

Christ, the great good, chief, only shepherd, that laid down his life for his sheep.

Wesley: Eze 34:23 - My servant David The seed of David, the beloved one, who was typified by David, and is in other places called by his name, as Jer 30:9; Eze 37:24; Isa 37:35; Hos 3:5.

The seed of David, the beloved one, who was typified by David, and is in other places called by his name, as Jer 30:9; Eze 37:24; Isa 37:35; Hos 3:5.

Wesley: Eze 34:23 - He shall feed Do all the office of a good and faithful shepherd, and that for ever.

Do all the office of a good and faithful shepherd, and that for ever.

Wesley: Eze 34:24 - My servant Christ was in this great work his fathers servant, Isa 42:1.

Christ was in this great work his fathers servant, Isa 42:1.

Wesley: Eze 34:25 - A covenant A covenant of promises, which contain, and shall bring peace, that is all good.

A covenant of promises, which contain, and shall bring peace, that is all good.

Wesley: Eze 34:26 - Them My returned captives, The places - All the country.

My returned captives, The places - All the country.

Wesley: Eze 34:26 - My hill Jerusalem.

Jerusalem.

Wesley: Eze 34:29 - A plant The Messiah.

The Messiah.

Wesley: Eze 34:29 - The shame The reproach.

The reproach.

Wesley: Eze 34:30 - Their God By covenant, from their forefathers.

By covenant, from their forefathers.

Wesley: Eze 34:30 - Am with them Present with them, and reconciled to them.

Present with them, and reconciled to them.

JFB: Eze 34:3 - fat Or, by differently pointing the Hebrew, "milk" [Septuagint]. Thus the repetition "fat" and "fed" is avoided: also the eating of "fat" would not probab...

Or, by differently pointing the Hebrew, "milk" [Septuagint]. Thus the repetition "fat" and "fed" is avoided: also the eating of "fat" would not probably be put before the "killing" of the sheep. The eating of sheep's or goats' milk as food (Deu 32:14; Pro 27:27) was unobjectionable, had not these shepherds milked them too often, and that without duly "feeding" them [BOCHART], (Isa 56:11). The rulers levied exorbitant tributes.

JFB: Eze 34:3 - kill . . . fed Kill the rich by false accusation so as to get possession of their property.

Kill the rich by false accusation so as to get possession of their property.

JFB: Eze 34:3 - feed not . . . flock Take no care of the people (Joh 10:12).

Take no care of the people (Joh 10:12).

JFB: Eze 34:4 - The diseased Rather, those weak from the effects of "disease," as "strengthened" (that is, with due nourishment) requires [GROTIUS].

Rather, those weak from the effects of "disease," as "strengthened" (that is, with due nourishment) requires [GROTIUS].

JFB: Eze 34:4 - broken That is, fractures from wounds inflicted by the wolf.

That is, fractures from wounds inflicted by the wolf.

JFB: Eze 34:4 - brought again . . . driven away (Exo 23:4). Those "driven away" by the enemy into foreign lands through God's judgments are meant (Jer 23:3). A spiritual reformation of the state by...

(Exo 23:4). Those "driven away" by the enemy into foreign lands through God's judgments are meant (Jer 23:3). A spiritual reformation of the state by the rulers would have turned away God's wrath, and "brought again" the exiles. The rulers are censured as chiefly guilty (though the people, too, were guilty), because they, who ought to have been foremost in checking the evil, promoted it.

JFB: Eze 34:4 - neither . . . sought . . . lost Contrast the Good Shepherd's love (Luk 15:4).

Contrast the Good Shepherd's love (Luk 15:4).

JFB: Eze 34:4 - with force . . . ruled (Exo 1:13-14). With an Egyptian bondage. The very thing forbidden by the law they did (Lev 25:43; compare 1Pe 5:3).

(Exo 1:13-14). With an Egyptian bondage. The very thing forbidden by the law they did (Lev 25:43; compare 1Pe 5:3).

JFB: Eze 34:5 - scattered, because . . . no shepherd That is, none worthy of the name, though there were some called shepherds (1Ki 22:17; Mat 9:36). Compare Mat 26:31, where the sheep were scattered whe...

That is, none worthy of the name, though there were some called shepherds (1Ki 22:17; Mat 9:36). Compare Mat 26:31, where the sheep were scattered when the true Shepherd was smitten. God calls them "My sheep"; for they were not, as the shepherds treated them, their patrimony whereby to "feed themselves."

JFB: Eze 34:5 - meat to all . . . beasts They became a prey to the Syrians, Ammon, Moab, and Assyria.

They became a prey to the Syrians, Ammon, Moab, and Assyria.

JFB: Eze 34:6 - every high hill The scene of their idolatries sanctioned by the rulers.

The scene of their idolatries sanctioned by the rulers.

JFB: Eze 34:6 - search . . . seek Rather, "seek . . . search." The former is the part of the superior rulers to inquire after: to search out is the duty of the subordinate rulers [JUNI...

Rather, "seek . . . search." The former is the part of the superior rulers to inquire after: to search out is the duty of the subordinate rulers [JUNIUS].

JFB: Eze 34:10 - I will require my flock (Heb 13:17), rather, "I require," &c., for God already had begun to do so, punishing Zedekiah and the other princes severely (Jer 52:10).

(Heb 13:17), rather, "I require," &c., for God already had begun to do so, punishing Zedekiah and the other princes severely (Jer 52:10).

JFB: Eze 34:11 - I . . . will . . . search Doing that which the so-called shepherds had failed to do, I being the rightful owner of the flock.

Doing that which the so-called shepherds had failed to do, I being the rightful owner of the flock.

JFB: Eze 34:12 - in the day that he is among In the midst of (Hebrew) His sheep that had been scattered. Referring to Messiah's second advent, when He shall be "the glory in the midst of Israel" ...

In the midst of (Hebrew) His sheep that had been scattered. Referring to Messiah's second advent, when He shall be "the glory in the midst of Israel" (Zec 2:5).

JFB: Eze 34:12 - in the cloudy . . . day The day of the nation's calamity (Joe 2:2).

The day of the nation's calamity (Joe 2:2).

JFB: Eze 34:13 - And I will bring them out from the people, &c. (Eze 28:25; Eze 36:24; Eze 37:21-22; Isa 65:9-10; Jer 23:3).

JFB: Eze 34:14 - good pasture (Psa 23:2).

JFB: Eze 34:14 - high mountains of Israel In Eze 17:23; Eze 20:40, the phrase is "the mountain of the height of Israel" in the singular number. The reason for the difference is: there Ezekiel ...

In Eze 17:23; Eze 20:40, the phrase is "the mountain of the height of Israel" in the singular number. The reason for the difference is: there Ezekiel spoke of the central seat of the kingdom, Mount Zion, where the people met for the worship of Jehovah; here he speaks of the kingdom of Israel at large, all the parts of which are regarded as possessing a moral elevation.

JFB: Eze 34:16 - -- In contrast to the unfaithful shepherds (Eze 34:4). The several duties neglected by them I will faithfully discharge.

In contrast to the unfaithful shepherds (Eze 34:4). The several duties neglected by them I will faithfully discharge.

JFB: Eze 34:16 - fat . . . strong That is, those rendered wanton by prosperity (Deu 32:15; Jer 5:28), who use their strength to oppress the weak. Compare Eze 34:20, "the fat cattle" (I...

That is, those rendered wanton by prosperity (Deu 32:15; Jer 5:28), who use their strength to oppress the weak. Compare Eze 34:20, "the fat cattle" (Isa 10:16). The image is from fat cattle that wax refractory.

JFB: Eze 34:16 - with judgment That is, justice and equity, as contrasted with the "force" and "cruelty" with which the unfaithful shepherds ruled the flock (Eze 34:4).

That is, justice and equity, as contrasted with the "force" and "cruelty" with which the unfaithful shepherds ruled the flock (Eze 34:4).

JFB: Eze 34:17 - you, . . . my flock Passing from the rulers to the people.

Passing from the rulers to the people.

JFB: Eze 34:17 - cattle and cattle Rather, "sheep and sheep"; Margin, "small cattle," or "flocks of lambs and kids," that is, I judge between one class of citizens and another, so as to...

Rather, "sheep and sheep"; Margin, "small cattle," or "flocks of lambs and kids," that is, I judge between one class of citizens and another, so as to award what is right to each. He then defines the class about to be punitively "judged," namely, "the rams and he-goats," or "great he-goats" (compare Isa 14:9, Margin; Zec 10:3; Mat 25:32-33). They answer to "the fat and strong," as opposed to the "sick" (Eze 34:16). The rich and ungodly of the people are meant, who imitated the bad rulers in oppressing their poorer brethren, as if it enhanced their own joys to trample on others' rights (Eze 34:18).

JFB: Eze 34:18-19 - -- Not content with appropriating to their own use the goods of others, they from mere wantonness spoiled what they did not use, so as to be of no use to...

Not content with appropriating to their own use the goods of others, they from mere wantonness spoiled what they did not use, so as to be of no use to the owners.

JFB: Eze 34:18-19 - deep waters That is, "limpid," as deep waters are generally clear. GROTIUS explains the image as referring to the usuries with which the rich ground the poor (Eze...

That is, "limpid," as deep waters are generally clear. GROTIUS explains the image as referring to the usuries with which the rich ground the poor (Eze 22:12; Isa 24:2).

JFB: Eze 34:19 - they eat Scantily.

Scantily.

JFB: Eze 34:19 - they drink Sorrowfully.

Sorrowfully.

JFB: Eze 34:20 - fat . . . lean The rich oppressors . . . the humble poor.

The rich oppressors . . . the humble poor.

JFB: Eze 34:21 - scattered them abroad Down to the time of the carrying away to Babylon [GROTIUS].

Down to the time of the carrying away to Babylon [GROTIUS].

JFB: Eze 34:22 - -- After the restoration from Babylon, the Jews were delivered in some degree from the oppression, not only of foreigners, but also of their own great pe...

After the restoration from Babylon, the Jews were delivered in some degree from the oppression, not only of foreigners, but also of their own great people (Neh. 5:1-19). The full and final fulfilment of this prophecy is future.

JFB: Eze 34:23 - set up That is, raise up by divine appointment; alluding to the declaration of God to David, "I will set up thy seed after thee" (2Sa 7:12); and, "Yet have I...

That is, raise up by divine appointment; alluding to the declaration of God to David, "I will set up thy seed after thee" (2Sa 7:12); and, "Yet have I set My king on My holy hill of Zion" (Psa 2:6; compare Act 2:30; Act 13:23).

JFB: Eze 34:23 - one shepherd Literally, "a Shepherd, one": singularly and pre-eminently one: the only one of His kind, to whom none is comparable (Son 5:10). The Lord Jesus refers...

Literally, "a Shepherd, one": singularly and pre-eminently one: the only one of His kind, to whom none is comparable (Son 5:10). The Lord Jesus refers to this prophecy (Joh 10:14), "I am THE Good Shepherd." Also "one" as uniting in one the heretofore divided kingdoms of Israel and Judah, and also "gathering together in one all things in Christ, both which are in heaven and on earth" (Eph 1:10); thus healing worse breaches than that between Israel and Judah (Col 1:20). "God by Him reconciling all things unto Himself, whether things in earth or in heaven."

JFB: Eze 34:23 - David The antitypical David, Messiah, of the seed of David, which no other king after the captivity was: who was fully, what David was only in a degree, "th...

The antitypical David, Messiah, of the seed of David, which no other king after the captivity was: who was fully, what David was only in a degree, "the man after God's own heart." Also, David means beloved: Messiah was truly God's beloved Son (Isa 42:1; Mat 3:17). Shepherd means King, rather than religious instructor; in this pre-eminently He was the true David, who was the Shepherd King (Luk 1:32-33). Messiah is called "David" in Isa 55:3-4; Jer 30:9; Hos 3:5.

JFB: Eze 34:24 - my servant Implying fitness for ruling in the name of God, not pursuing a self-chosen course, as other kings, but acting as the faithful administrator of the wil...

Implying fitness for ruling in the name of God, not pursuing a self-chosen course, as other kings, but acting as the faithful administrator of the will of God; Messiah realized fully this character (Psa 40:7-8; Isa 42:1; Isa 49:3, Isa 49:6; Isa 53:11; Phi 2:7), which David typically and partially represented (Act 13:36); so He is the fittest person to wield the world scepter, abused by all the world kings (Dan 2:34-35, Dan 2:44-45).

JFB: Eze 34:25 - covenant of peace . . . evil beasts . . . to cease . . . dwell safely The original promise of the law (Lev 26:6) shall be realized for the first time fully under Messiah (Isa 11:6-9; Isa 35:9; Hos 2:18).

The original promise of the law (Lev 26:6) shall be realized for the first time fully under Messiah (Isa 11:6-9; Isa 35:9; Hos 2:18).

JFB: Eze 34:26 - them and the places round about my hill The Jews, and Zion, God's hill (Psa 2:6), are to be sources of blessing, not merely to themselves, but to the surrounding heathen (Isa 19:24; Isa 56:6...

The Jews, and Zion, God's hill (Psa 2:6), are to be sources of blessing, not merely to themselves, but to the surrounding heathen (Isa 19:24; Isa 56:6-7; Isa 60:3; Mic 5:7; Zec 8:13). The literal fulfilment is, however, the primary one, though the spiritual also is designed. In correspondence with the settled reign of righteousness internally, all is to be prosperity externally, fertilizing showers (according to the promise of the ancient covenant, Lev 26:4; Psa 68:9; Mal 3:10), and productive trees and lands (Eze 34:27). Thus shall they realize the image of Eze 34:14; namely, a flock richly pastured by God Himself.

JFB: Eze 34:27 - served themselves of them Availed themselves of their services, as if the Jews were their slaves (Jer 22:13; Jer 25:14; compare Gen 15:13; Exo 1:14).

Availed themselves of their services, as if the Jews were their slaves (Jer 22:13; Jer 25:14; compare Gen 15:13; Exo 1:14).

JFB: Eze 34:28 - dwell safely (Jer 23:6).

JFB: Eze 34:29 - plant of renown Messiah, the "Rod" and "Branch" (Isa 11:1), the "righteous Branch" (Jer 23:5), who shall obtain for them "renown." FAIRBAIRN less probably translates,...

Messiah, the "Rod" and "Branch" (Isa 11:1), the "righteous Branch" (Jer 23:5), who shall obtain for them "renown." FAIRBAIRN less probably translates, "A plantation for a name," that is, a flourishing condition, represented as a garden (alluding to Eden, Gen 2:8-11, with its various trees, good for food and pleasant to the sight), the planting of the Lord (Isa 60:21; Isa 61:3), and an object of "renown" among the heathen.

JFB: Eze 34:31 - ye my flock . . . are men Not merely an explanation of the image, as JEROME represents. But as God had promised many things which mere "men" could not expect to realize, He sho...

Not merely an explanation of the image, as JEROME represents. But as God had promised many things which mere "men" could not expect to realize, He shows that it is not from man's might their realization is to be looked for, but from GOD, who would perform them for His covenant-people, "His flock" [ROSENMULLER]. When we realize most our weakness and God's power and faithfulness to His covenant, we are in the fittest state for receiving His blessings.

Another feature of Israel's prosperity; those who exulted over Israel's humiliation, shall themselves be a "prey." Already stated in Eze 25:12-14; properly repeated here in full detail, as a commentary on Eze 34:28. The Israelites "shall be no more a prey"; but Edom, the type of their most bitter foes, shall be destroyed irrecoverably.

Clarke: Eze 34:2 - Prophesy against the shepherds of Israel Prophesy against the shepherds of Israel - The shepherds include, first, the priests and Levites; secondly, the kings, princes, and magistrates. The...

Prophesy against the shepherds of Israel - The shepherds include, first, the priests and Levites; secondly, the kings, princes, and magistrates. The flock means the whole of the people. The fat and the wool, the tithes and offerings, the taxes and imposts. The reprehensible feeding and clothing with these, as to the priests and Levites, the using these tithes and offerings, not to enable them the better to fulfill the work of the ministry, but to pamper their own bodies, and support them in an idle voluptuous life; and in reference to the state, the employing the taxes and imposts, not for the support and administration of justice and good government, but to subsidize heathen powers, and maintain their own luxury and idolatrous prodigality.

Clarke: Eze 34:3 - Ye eat the fat Ye eat the fat - I think החלב hacheleb should be translated the milk, and so most of the Versions understand it. Or they lived on the fat she...

Ye eat the fat - I think החלב hacheleb should be translated the milk, and so most of the Versions understand it. Or they lived on the fat sheep, and took the wool of all

"The priests,"says Calmet, "ate the tithes, the first-fruits, and the offerings of the people; the princes received the tributes and imposts and instead of instructing and protecting them, the latter took away their lives by the cruelties they practiced against them: the former destroyed their souls by the poison of their doctrine, and by their bad example. The fat sheep point out the rich to whom these pastors often disguised the truth, by a cruel condescension and complaisance."

Clarke: Eze 34:4 - The diseased have ye not strengthened The diseased have ye not strengthened - No person is fit for the office of a shepherd, who does not well understand the diseases to which sheep are ...

The diseased have ye not strengthened - No person is fit for the office of a shepherd, who does not well understand the diseases to which sheep are incident, and the mode of cure. And is any man fit for the pastoral office, or to be a shepherd of souls, who is not well acquainted with the disease of sin in all its varieties, and the remedy for this disease, and the proper mode of administering it, in those various cases? He who does not know Jesus Christ as his own Savior, never can recommend him to others. He who is not saved, will not save

Clarke: Eze 34:4 - Neither have ye healed that which was sick Neither have ye healed that which was sick - The prophet first speaks of the general disease; next, of the different kinds of spiritual infirmity

Neither have ye healed that which was sick - The prophet first speaks of the general disease; next, of the different kinds of spiritual infirmity

Clarke: Eze 34:4 - Neither have ye bound up that which was broken Neither have ye bound up that which was broken - If a sheep have broken a leg, a proper shepherd knows how to set the bones, and splint and bind it ...

Neither have ye bound up that which was broken - If a sheep have broken a leg, a proper shepherd knows how to set the bones, and splint and bind it till the bones knit and become strong. And the skillful spiritual pastor knows, if one of the flock be overtaken in a fault, how to restore such. Those sudden falls, where there was not a strong propensity to sin, are, to the soul, as a broken bone to the body

Clarke: Eze 34:4 - Neither have ye brought again Neither have ye brought again - A proper shepherd loves his sheep: he feels interested for their welfare; he acquaints himself with them all, so tha...

Neither have ye brought again - A proper shepherd loves his sheep: he feels interested for their welfare; he acquaints himself with them all, so that he knows and can distinguish each. He knows also their number, and frequently counts to see that none is missing; if one be lost or strayed, he goes immediately and seeks it; and as he is constantly on the watch, it cannot have strayed far before he is apprised of its absence from the flock; and the less it has strayed, the sooner it is found and brought back to the fold

The shepherds of Israel knew nothing about their flock; they might have been diseased, infirm, bruised, maimed, their limbs broken, strayed, and lost; for they watched not over them. When they got fat sheep and wool for their table and their clothing, they regarded nothing else; as they considered the flock given them for their own use, and scarcely ever supposed that they were to give any thing in return for the milk and the wool

Clarke: Eze 34:4 - But with force and with cruelty But with force and with cruelty - Exacting tithes and dues by the strong arm of the law, with the most ungodly feeling; and with a cruelty of dispos...

But with force and with cruelty - Exacting tithes and dues by the strong arm of the law, with the most ungodly feeling; and with a cruelty of disposition that proved it was the fat and the wool they sought, and not the safety or comfort of the flock.

Clarke: Eze 34:5 - And they were scattered And they were scattered - There was no discipline kept up; and the flock, the Church, became disorganized, and separated from each other, both in af...

And they were scattered - There was no discipline kept up; and the flock, the Church, became disorganized, and separated from each other, both in affection and fellowship. And the consequence was, the grievous wolves, false and worldly interested teachers, seized on and made a prey of them. Of the communion of saints such shepherds know nothing, farther than that it makes a part of the common creed.

Clarke: Eze 34:6 - My sheep wandered through all the mountains My sheep wandered through all the mountains - They all became idolaters, and lost the knowledge of the true God. And could it be otherwise while the...

My sheep wandered through all the mountains - They all became idolaters, and lost the knowledge of the true God. And could it be otherwise while they had such pastors

"Himself a wanderer from the narrow way

His silly sheep, no wonder that they stray!

Reader, if thou be a minister, a preacher, or a person in holy orders, or pretended holy orders, or art one pretending to holy orders, look at the qualifications of a good shepherd as laid down by the prophet

1.    He professes to be a shepherd, and to be qualified for the office

2.    In consequence he undertakes the care of a flock. This supposes that he believes the great Bishop of souls has called him to the pastoral office; and that office implies that he is to give all diligence to save the souls of them that hear him

His Qualification

1.    He is skillful; he knows the disease of sin and its consequences; for the Eternal Spirit, by whom he is called, has convinced him of sin, of righteousness, and of judgment

2.    He knows well the great remedy for this disease, the passion and sacrificial death of the Lord Jesus Christ

3.    He is skillful, and knows how to apply this remedy

4.    The flock over which he watches is, in its individuals, either, -

1. Healthy and sound

2. Or, in a state of convalescence, returning to health

3. Or, still under the whole power of the general disease

4. Or, some are dying in a state of spiritual weakness

5. Or, some are fallen into sin, and sorely bruised and broken in their souls by that fall

6. Or, some have been driven away by some sore temptation or cruel usage

7. Or, some have wandered from the flock, are got into strange pastures, and are perverted by erroneous doctrines. Or

8. Some wolf has got among them, and scattered the whole flock. Now, the true shepherd, the pastor of God’ s choosing, knows: -

1. How to keep the healthy in health; and cause them to grow in grace, and in the knowledge of Jesus Christ

2. How to nourish, feed, and care for the convalescent, that they may be brought into a state of spiritual soundness

3. How to reprove, instruct, and awaken those who are still under the full power of the disease of sin

4. How to find out and remove the cause of all that spiritual weakness of which he sees some slowly dying

5. How to deal with those who have fallen into some scandalous sin, and restore them from their fall

6. How to find out and turn aside the sore temptation or cruel usage by which some have been driven away

7. How to seek and bring back to the fold those who have strayed into strange pastures, and have had their souls perverted by erroneous doctrines; and knows also how, by a godly discipline, to preserve him in the flock, and keep the flock honourably together

8. How to oppose, confound, and expel the grievous wolf, who has got among the flock, and is scattering them from each other, and from God. He knows how to preach, explain, and defend the truth. He is well acquainted with the weapons he is to use, and the spirit in which he is to employ them

In a word, the true shepherd gives up his life to the sheep; spends and is spent for the glory of God; and gives up his life for the sheep, in defense of them, and in laboring for their welfare. And while he is thus employed, it is the duty of the flock to feed and clothe him; and see that neither he nor his family lack the necessaries and conveniencies of life. The laborer is worthy of his meat. He who does not labor, or, because of his ignorance of God and salvation, cannot labor, in the word and doctrine, deserves neither meat nor drink; and if he exact that by law, which he has not honestly earned by a proper discharge of the pastoral function, let him read this chapter, and learn from it what a fearful account he shall have to give to the chief Shepherd at the great day; and what a dreadful punishment shall be inflicted on him, when the blood of the souls lost through his neglect or inefficiency is visited upon him! See the notes on Eze 3:17, etc.

Clarke: Eze 34:7 - Therefore, ye shepherds, (ye bad and wicked shepherds), hear the word of the Lord Therefore, ye shepherds, (ye bad and wicked shepherds), hear the word of the Lord - In the preceding character of the good shepherd the reader will ...

Therefore, ye shepherds, (ye bad and wicked shepherds), hear the word of the Lord - In the preceding character of the good shepherd the reader will find, by reversing the particulars, the character of a bad shepherd; and therefore I may be excused from entering into farther detail.

Clarke: Eze 34:10 - I will - cause them to cease from feeding the flock I will - cause them to cease from feeding the flock - God, in this country, unpriested a whole hierarchy who fed not the flock, but ruled them with ...

I will - cause them to cease from feeding the flock - God, in this country, unpriested a whole hierarchy who fed not the flock, but ruled them with force and cruelty; and he raised up a new set of shepherds better qualified, both by sound doctrine and learning, to feed the flock. Let these be faithful, lest God cause them to cease, and raise up other feeders.

Clarke: Eze 34:12 - Cloudy and dark day Cloudy and dark day - Times of general distress and persecution; in such times the shepherd should be especially watchful.

Cloudy and dark day - Times of general distress and persecution; in such times the shepherd should be especially watchful.

Clarke: Eze 34:13 - I will - feed them upon the mountains I will - feed them upon the mountains - When I bring back the people from their captivity, I will raise up to them a holy and diligent priesthood, w...

I will - feed them upon the mountains - When I bring back the people from their captivity, I will raise up to them a holy and diligent priesthood, who shall in all places give them sound instruction. But this, and some of the following promises, belong to the Christian Church, as we shall find below.

Clarke: Eze 34:16 - I will destroy the fat and the strong I will destroy the fat and the strong - I will destroy those cruel and imperious shepherds who abuse their authority, and tyrannize over the flock.

I will destroy the fat and the strong - I will destroy those cruel and imperious shepherds who abuse their authority, and tyrannize over the flock.

Clarke: Eze 34:17 - And as for you, O my flock And as for you, O my flock - After having spoken to the shepherds, he now addresses the flock

And as for you, O my flock - After having spoken to the shepherds, he now addresses the flock

Clarke: Eze 34:17 - I judge between cattle and cattle I judge between cattle and cattle - Between false and true professors; between them that have only the form and them that have the power of godlines...

I judge between cattle and cattle - Between false and true professors; between them that have only the form and them that have the power of godliness; between the backslider in heart and the upright man.

Clarke: Eze 34:18 - Have eaten up the good pasture Have eaten up the good pasture - Arrogate to yourselves all the promises of God, and will hardly permit the simple believer to claim or possess any ...

Have eaten up the good pasture - Arrogate to yourselves all the promises of God, and will hardly permit the simple believer to claim or possess any token of God’ s favor

Clarke: Eze 34:18 - Ye must foul the residue with your feet? Ye must foul the residue with your feet? - Ye abuse God’ s mercies; you consume much upon yourselves, and ye spoil more, on which the poor woul...

Ye must foul the residue with your feet? - Ye abuse God’ s mercies; you consume much upon yourselves, and ye spoil more, on which the poor would have been glad to feed. There are some who would rather give food to their sporting dogs than to the poor around them, who are ready to starve, and who would be glad of the crumbs that fall from the table of those masters!

Clarke: Eze 34:20 - I will judge between the fat cattle and between the lean cattle I will judge between the fat cattle and between the lean cattle - Between the rich and the poor; those who fare sumptuously every day and those who ...

I will judge between the fat cattle and between the lean cattle - Between the rich and the poor; those who fare sumptuously every day and those who have not the necessaries of life.

Clarke: Eze 34:23 - I will set up one Shepherd - my servant David I will set up one Shepherd - my servant David - David, king of Israel, had been dead upwards of four hundred years; and from that time till now ther...

I will set up one Shepherd - my servant David - David, king of Israel, had been dead upwards of four hundred years; and from that time till now there never was a ruler of any kind, either in the Jewish church or state, of the name of David. This, then, must be some typical person; and from the texts marked in the margin we understand that Jesus Christ alone is meant, as both Old and New Testaments agree in this. And from this one Shepherd all Christian ministers must derive their authority to teach, and their grace to teach effectually

By the kind providence of God it appears that he has not permitted any apostolic succession to be preserved, lest the members of his Church should seek that in an uninterrupted succession which must be found in the Head alone. The papists or Roman Catholics, who boast of an uninterrupted succession, which is a mere fable that never was and never can be proved, have raised up another head, the Pope. And I appeal to themselves, in the fear of God, whether they do not in heart and in speech trace up all their authority to him, and only compliment Christ as having appointed Peter to be the first bishop of Rome, (which is an utter falsity, for he was never appointed to such an office there, nor ever held such an office in that city, nor, in their sense, any where else); and they hold also that the popes of Rome are not so much Peter’ s successors as God’ s vicars; and thus both God and Peter are nearly lost sight of in their papal enumerations. With them the authority of the Church is all in all; the authority of Christ is seldom mentioned.

Clarke: Eze 34:24 - I the Lord will be their God, and my Servant David a Prince I the Lord will be their God, and my Servant David a Prince - Here we find God and his Christ are all in all in his Church, and Jesus is still Princ...

I the Lord will be their God, and my Servant David a Prince - Here we find God and his Christ are all in all in his Church, and Jesus is still Prince among them; and to him the call and qualifications of all genuine pastors belong, and from him they must be derived. And he has blotted out what is called uninterrupted succession, that every Christian minister may seek and receive credentials from himself. Here is the grand reason why the uninterrupted succession cannot be made out. And here is the proof also that the Church that pretends to it, and builds upon it, must be a false Church; for it is founded on a falsity; an uninterrupted succession which does not exist either in history or in fact.

Clarke: Eze 34:25 - I will make with them a covenant of peace I will make with them a covenant of peace - The original is emphatic: וכרתי להם ברית שלום vecharatti lahem berith shalom , "And I w...

I will make with them a covenant of peace - The original is emphatic: וכרתי להם ברית שלום vecharatti lahem berith shalom , "And I will cut with them the peace covenant;"that is, a covenant sacrifice, procuring and establishing peace between God and man, and between man and his fellows. I need not tell the reader that the cutting refers to the ancient mode of making covenants. The blood was poured out; the animal was divided from mouth to tail, exactly in two; the divisions placed opposite to each other; the contracting parties entered into the space, going in at each end, and met in the middle, and there took the covenant oath. He is the Prince of peace, and through him come glory to God in the highest, and peace and good will to men upon earth

Clarke: Eze 34:25 - And will cause the evil beasts to cease And will cause the evil beasts to cease - These false and ravenous pastors. Christ purges them out of his Church, and destroys that power by which t...

And will cause the evil beasts to cease - These false and ravenous pastors. Christ purges them out of his Church, and destroys that power by which they lorded it over God’ s heritage.

Clarke: Eze 34:26 - The shower to come down The shower to come down - The Holy Spirit’ s influence

The shower to come down - The Holy Spirit’ s influence

Clarke: Eze 34:26 - There shall be showers of blessing There shall be showers of blessing - Light, life, joy, peace, and power shall be manifest in all the assemblies of Christ’ s people.

There shall be showers of blessing - Light, life, joy, peace, and power shall be manifest in all the assemblies of Christ’ s people.

Clarke: Eze 34:29 - I will raise up - a plant of renown I will raise up - a plant of renown - מטע לשם matta leshem , "a plantation to the name;"to the name of Christ. A Christian Church composed of...

I will raise up - a plant of renown - מטע לשם matta leshem , "a plantation to the name;"to the name of Christ. A Christian Church composed of men who are Christians, who have the spirit of Christ in them, and do not bear his name in vain. I believe the words might be applied to the Christian Church; but that Christ may be called a plant or plantation here, - as he is elsewhere called a branch and a rod, Isa 4:2; Isa 11:1; so Jer 23:5; Jer 35:15, - is most probable. He is the Person of name, לשם leshem , Jesus; the Savior, Christ; the Anointer, long spoken of before he was manifested in the flesh, and since the daily theme in the Church militant. It is he who hath loved us, and washed us from our sins in his own blood, no other name being given under heaven among men by which we can be saved; he who has a name above every name, and at whose name every knee shall bow; through whose name, by faith in his name, the diseased are healed; and in whose name all our prayers and supplications must be presented to God to make them acceptable. This is the Person of Name

Clarke: Eze 34:29 - They shall be no more consumed with hunger They shall be no more consumed with hunger - For this glorious plant of name is the Bread of life; and this is broken in all the assemblies of his p...

They shall be no more consumed with hunger - For this glorious plant of name is the Bread of life; and this is broken in all the assemblies of his people where his name is properly proclaimed.

Clarke: Eze 34:31 - And ye my flock And ye my flock - That is, under the allegory of a flock of sheep, I point out men; under that of a pasture, my Church, and under that of a shepherd...

And ye my flock - That is, under the allegory of a flock of sheep, I point out men; under that of a pasture, my Church, and under that of a shepherd, the Messiah, through whom I am become your God. And he who is your God is אדני יהוה Adonai Jehovah , the self-existent Being; the Governor and Director, as well as the Savior and Judge of men.

Defender: Eze 34:12 - sheep that are scattered Note the similarity here to Christ's parable of the shepherd seeking his sheep (Luk 15:3-7). Ezekiel here returns to the figure of God as a great Shep...

Note the similarity here to Christ's parable of the shepherd seeking his sheep (Luk 15:3-7). Ezekiel here returns to the figure of God as a great Shepherd who cares for his sheep, used before by David (Psa 23:1), Isaiah (Isa 40:11), and other prophets. Isaiah even used Christ's figure of the Shepherd dying to save His sheep (Isa 53:6, Isa 53:7; Joh 10:11, Joh 10:27-29)."

Defender: Eze 34:13 - to their own land The first 70 percent of Ezekiel's book was devoted largely to warnings and prophecies of coming judgment. The latter portion is occupied largely with ...

The first 70 percent of Ezekiel's book was devoted largely to warnings and prophecies of coming judgment. The latter portion is occupied largely with the restoration of Israel and its kingdom in the last days. It remained for our own day for this prophecy (and many others like it) to begin to be fulfilled."

Defender: Eze 34:24 - David In the coming eternal age of Christ's kingdom on the renewed Earth, the Lord Jesus will occupy "the throne of his father David" (Luk 1:32), which will...

In the coming eternal age of Christ's kingdom on the renewed Earth, the Lord Jesus will occupy "the throne of his father David" (Luk 1:32), which will continue "for ever" (Luk 1:33). In the millennial kingdom preceding this, it seems that David himself, resurrected from the dead with the other Old Testament saints when Christ was resurrected (Mat 27:52, Mat 27:53), will sit upon the physical throne in Jerusalem (Jer 30:9; Eze 37:24, Eze 37:25)."

Defender: Eze 34:26 - showers During the long centuries of Israel's worldwide dispersion, the promised land had become largely a desert, and the former rainfall regimes had failed....

During the long centuries of Israel's worldwide dispersion, the promised land had become largely a desert, and the former rainfall regimes had failed. With the modern return of the exiles, however, the lands have been substantially reclaimed, and the rains have returned in measure."

Defender: Eze 34:29 - plant of renown Literally, "a plant of the Name," prophesying the coming reign of Messiah, whose rule would assure full security and provision of all needs. When He c...

Literally, "a plant of the Name," prophesying the coming reign of Messiah, whose rule would assure full security and provision of all needs. When He came first, He was "as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground" (Isa 53:2), with "no beauty that we should desire him," (Isa 53:2) but then He shall be a Plant of Renown."

TSK: Eze 34:2 - the shepherds // Woe // feed the shepherds : The shepherds of Israel, signify their kings and princes, priests and prophets; the flock, the whole of the people; the fat and wool, ...

the shepherds : The shepherds of Israel, signify their kings and princes, priests and prophets; the flock, the whole of the people; the fat and wool, the tithes and offerings, taxes and imposts: these they exacted with great rigour, and even oppressed and destroyed the people to enrich themselves; but they bestowed no pains to provide for the welfare of the state, or for the souls of those entrusted to them. They knew nothing about their flockcaps1 . icaps0 t might be diseased, infirm, bruised, maimed, strayed, or lost, for they watched not over them. Eze 33:24; Jer 2:8, Jer 3:15, Jer 10:21, Jer 12:10; Joh 10:1, Joh 10:2, Joh 10:12

Woe : Eze 34:8-10, Eze 13:19; Jer 23:1; Mic 3:1-3, Mic 3:11, Mic 3:12; Zep 3:3, Zep 3:4; Zec 11:17; Mat 24:48-51; Luk 12:42-46, Luk 20:46, Luk 20:47; Rom 16:18; 2Pe 2:3

feed : 2Sa 5:2; Psa 78:71, Psa 78:72; Isa 40:11; Joh 21:15-17; Act 20:26, Act 20:29; 1Pe 5:2-4

TSK: Eze 34:3 - eat // ye kill eat : Isa 56:11, Isa 56:12; Zec 11:5, Zec 11:16 ye kill : Eze 19:3, Eze 19:6, Eze 22:25-28, Eze 33:25, Eze 33:26; 1Ki 21:13-16; 2Ki 21:16; Isa 1:10,Is...

TSK: Eze 34:4 - diseased // sought // but with diseased : Eze 34:16; Isa 56:10; Jer 8:22; Zec 11:15, Zec 11:16; Mat 9:36; Heb 12:12 sought : Mat 10:6, Mat 18:12, Mat 18:13; Luk 15:4-6 but with : Ex...

TSK: Eze 34:5 - they were // because there is no shepherd // and they became they were : Eze 34:6, Eze 33:21, Eze 33:28; 1Ki 22:17; 2Ch 18:16; Jer 23:2, Jer 50:6, Jer 50:17; Zec 13:7; Mat 9:36 because there is no shepherd : or,...

they were : Eze 34:6, Eze 33:21, Eze 33:28; 1Ki 22:17; 2Ch 18:16; Jer 23:2, Jer 50:6, Jer 50:17; Zec 13:7; Mat 9:36

because there is no shepherd : or, without a shepherd, and so Eze 34:8; Zec 10:2, Zec 10:3

and they became : Eze 34:8; Isa 56:9; Jer 12:9-12; Joh 10:2; Act 20:29-31

TSK: Eze 34:6 - wandered // my flock // and none wandered : Eze 7:16; Jer 13:16, Jer 40:11, Jer 40:12; Heb 11:37, Heb 11:38; 1Pe 2:25 my flock : Joh 10:16 and none : Psa 142:4; Jer 5:1

TSK: Eze 34:7 - -- Eze 34:9; Psa 82:1-7; Isa 1:10; Jer 13:13, Jer 13:18, Jer 22:2, Jer 22:3; Mic 3:8, Mic 3:9; Mal 2:1; Matt. 23:13-36; Luke 11:39-54

TSK: Eze 34:8 - prey // the shepherds prey : Eze 34:5, Eze 34:6, Eze 34:31 the shepherds : Eze 34:2, Eze 34:3, Eze 34:10,Eze 34:18; Act 20:33; 1Co 9:15; 2Pe 2:13; Jud 1:12

TSK: Eze 34:10 - I am // and I will // and cause // neither shall // for I will I am : Eze 5:8, Eze 13:8, Eze 21:3, Eze 35:3; Jer 21:13, Jer 50:31; Nah 2:13; Zec 10:3; 1Pe 3:12 and I will : Eze 3:18, Eze 3:20, Eze 33:6-8; Jer 13:1...

TSK: Eze 34:11 - I // search I : Eze 5:8, Eze 6:3; Gen 6:17; Lev 26:28; Deu 32:39; Isa 45:12, Isa 48:15, Isa 51:12; Hos 5:14 search : Psa 23:1-3, Psa 80:1, Psa 119:176; Isa 40:10,...

TSK: Eze 34:12 - As a shepherd seeketh out // in the cloudy As a shepherd seeketh out : Heb. According to the shepherd’ s seeking of, etc. 1Sa 17:34, 1Sa 17:35; Luk 15:4-6; Joh 10:11, Joh 10:12 in the clou...

As a shepherd seeketh out : Heb. According to the shepherd’ s seeking of, etc. 1Sa 17:34, 1Sa 17:35; Luk 15:4-6; Joh 10:11, Joh 10:12

in the cloudy : Eze 30:3; Isa 50:10; Jer 13:16; Joe 2:1-3; Amo 5:18-20; Zep 1:15; Act 2:19-21

TSK: Eze 34:13 - I will bring // and feed I will bring : Eze 11:17, Eze 20:41, Eze 28:25, Eze 28:26, Eze 36:24, Eze 37:21, Eze 37:22, Eze 38:8, Eze 39:27; Psa 106:47; Isa 11:11-16, Isa 65:9, I...

TSK: Eze 34:14 - feed them // there shall feed them : Eze 34:27; Psa 23:1, Psa 23:2, Psa 31:8-10; Isa 25:6, Isa 30:23, Isa 30:24, Isa 40:11; Jer 31:12-14, Jer 31:25; Joh 10:9; Rev 7:16 there s...

TSK: Eze 34:15 - -- Psa 23:2; Son 1:7, Son 1:8; Isa 11:6, Isa 11:7, Isa 27:10, Isa 65:9, Isa 65:10; Jer 3:15; Hos 2:18; Zep 3:13; Joh 21:15

TSK: Eze 34:16 - seek that // but I // I will feed seek that : Eze 34:4, Eze 34:11; Isa 40:11, Isa 61:1-3; Mic 4:6, Mic 4:7; Mat 15:24, Mat 18:11-14; Mar 2:17; Luk 5:31, Luk 5:32, Luk 15:4-7, Luk 19:10...

TSK: Eze 34:17 - I judge // cattle and cattle // he goats I judge : Eze 34:20-22, Eze 20:37, Eze 20:38; Zec 10:3; Mat 25:32, Mat 25:33 cattle and cattle : Heb. small cattle of lambs and kids he goats : Heb. g...

I judge : Eze 34:20-22, Eze 20:37, Eze 20:38; Zec 10:3; Mat 25:32, Mat 25:33

cattle and cattle : Heb. small cattle of lambs and kids

he goats : Heb. great he goats

TSK: Eze 34:18 - a small // to have a small : Eze 16:20,Eze 16:47; Gen 30:15; Num 16:9, Num 16:13; 2Sa 7:19; Isa 7:13 to have : Eze 34:2, Eze 34:3; Mic 2:2, bread, Eze 32:2; Mat 15:6-9, ...

TSK: Eze 34:20 - Behold Behold : Eze 34:10,Eze 34:17; Psa 22:12-16; Matt. 25:31-46

Behold : Eze 34:10,Eze 34:17; Psa 22:12-16; Matt. 25:31-46

TSK: Eze 34:21 - ye have // pushed ye have : Eze 34:3-5; Dan 8:3-10; Zec 11:5, Zec 11:16, Zec 11:17 pushed : Luk 13:14-16

TSK: Eze 34:22 - will I // and I will I : Eze 34:10; Psa 72:12-14; Jer 23:2, Jer 23:3; Zec 11:7-9 and I : Eze 34:17

TSK: Eze 34:23 - I will // my servant I will : Ecc 12:11; Isa 40:11; Jer 23:4-6; Mic 5:2-5; Zec 13:7; Joh 10:11; Heb 13:20; 1Pe 2:25, 1Pe 5:4 my servant : David king of Israel had been dea...

I will : Ecc 12:11; Isa 40:11; Jer 23:4-6; Mic 5:2-5; Zec 13:7; Joh 10:11; Heb 13:20; 1Pe 2:25, 1Pe 5:4

my servant : David king of Israel had been dead upwards of 400 years; and from that time till now there never has been a ruler of any kind in the Jewish nation of the name of David. By David, then, we must understand the Messiah, as the Jews themselves acknowledge, so called because descended from him, and also as being the well beloved, ο αγαπητος , Son of the Father, as the name imports, and in whom all the promises made to David were fulfilled. See the references. Eze 37:24, Eze 37:25; Isa 11:1, Isa 55:3, Isa 55:4; Jer 30:9; Hos 3:5; Rev 22:16

TSK: Eze 34:24 - I the Lord will // a prince I the Lord will : Eze 34:30,Eze 34:31, Eze 36:28, Eze 37:23, Eze 37:27, Eze 39:22; Exo 29:45, Exo 29:46; Isa 43:2, Isa 43:3; Jer 31:1, Jer 31:33; Jer ...

TSK: Eze 34:25 - I will make // and will // and they I will make : Eze 37:26; Isa 55:3; Jer 31:31-33; Zec 6:13; Heb 13:20 and will : Lev 26:6; Job 5:22; Isa 11:6-9, Isa 35:9; Hos 2:18-23 and they : Eze 3...

TSK: Eze 34:26 - make them // my hill // I will cause // shower make them : Gen 12:2; Isa 19:24; Zec 8:13, Zec 8:23 my hill : Eze 20:40; Psa 2:6, Psa 68:16, Psa 132:14-16, Psa 133:3; Isa 2:2-4, Isa 56:7; Mic 4:1, M...

TSK: Eze 34:27 - the tree // know that // when I // served the tree : Eze 47:12; Lev 26:4; Psa 85:12, Psa 92:12-14; Isa 4:2, Isa 35:1, Isa 35:2, Isa 61:3; Joh 15:5-8 know that : Eze 33:29, Eze 39:28 when I : E...

TSK: Eze 34:28 - they shall // neither they shall : It is evident that this prophecy could at most have only a typical accomplishment in the return from captivity under Zerubbabel, and in t...

they shall : It is evident that this prophecy could at most have only a typical accomplishment in the return from captivity under Zerubbabel, and in their consequent prosperity; but the restoration of the Jews from their present captivity, and the consequent peace and prosperity of the church and world, fully answer to this energetic language. Eze 34:8, Eze 36:4, Eze 36:15

neither : Eze 34:25, Eze 34:29; Jer 30:10, Jer 46:27

TSK: Eze 34:29 - I will // of renown // consumed // neither I will : Isa 4:2, Isa 11:1-6, Isa 53:2; Jer 23:5, Jer 33:15; Zec 3:8, Zec 6:12 of renown : or, for renown, Psa 72:17; Isa 9:6 consumed : Heb. taken aw...

I will : Isa 4:2, Isa 11:1-6, Isa 53:2; Jer 23:5, Jer 33:15; Zec 3:8, Zec 6:12

of renown : or, for renown, Psa 72:17; Isa 9:6

consumed : Heb. taken away, Eze 34:26, Eze 34:27, Eze 36:29; Isa 49:9, Isa 49:10; Rev 7:16

neither : Eze 36:3-6, Eze 36:15

TSK: Eze 34:30 - -- Eze 34:24, Eze 16:62, Eze 37:27; Psa 46:7, Psa 46:11; Isa 8:9, Isa 8:10; Mat 1:23, Mat 28:20

TSK: Eze 34:31 - ye my // I ye my : Eze 36:38; Psa 78:52, Psa 80:1, Psa 95:7, Psa 100:3; Isa 40:11; Mic 7:14; Luk 12:32; Joh 10:11, Joh 10:16, Joh 10:26-30, Joh 20:15-17; Act 20:...

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Poole: Eze 34:2 - The shepherds // Israel // Prophesy // Thus saith the Lord God // Woe be to the shepherds! // Feed themselves // The flocks The shepherds the rulers of the people, both political, as kings, magicians, and princes, and also ecclesiastical, priests and prophets. Israel the...

The shepherds the rulers of the people, both political, as kings, magicians, and princes, and also ecclesiastical, priests and prophets.

Israel the two tribes, and the few that out of the ten did adhere to the house of David.

Prophesy the command is repeated to encourage and engage the prophet to his work.

Thus saith the Lord God: Ezekiel speaks, but these rulers must know it is God that speaks by him.

Woe be to the shepherds! they have been principal causes of many sins, and exemplary actors in other sins, for which many woes were threatened; many already are come, and the rest will come, in which woes these rulers shall have more than ordinary share.

Feed themselves contrive their own ease, advantage, honour, and ambitious projects. Let the consciences of these rulers, ecclesiastical and political, speak, ought they not, as shepherds, to take care of the sheep committed to their care?

The flocks the sheep, both whole flocks and the single sheep, whole societies and particular members of them.

Poole: Eze 34:3 - The fat // With the wool // Ye kill them The fat rather the milk, which insatiably and without measure you devour; you exhaust their purses and weaken their estates by tributes, exacted by e...

The fat rather the milk, which insatiably and without measure you devour; you exhaust their purses and weaken their estates by tributes, exacted by extortions: so the temporal rulers and the spiritual rulers had their methods and arts to milk them dry, these lived on the sins of the people.

With the wool with best and finest, as best suiting with your pride and luxury, on which you force the people to bestow so much that they have not to clothe themselves and theirs; this was mighty oppression.

Ye kill them contrive methods for a seeming legal course to forfeit first the life, and next the estate, of the well-fed, the rich, and wealthy, and then make merry and feast, as voluptuous, unfaithful shepherds feast on the fattest of the sheep in their masters’ fold. Ye feed not the flock; take no care to lead, protect, provide for, and watch over them, but, as idle shepherds feasted with the fattest, let the rest starve for any thing they care.

Poole: Eze 34:4 - The weak and languishing The weak and languishing ( such there are in the church and state,) with your hand, countenance, and counsel; so these metaphorical shepherds should a...

The weak and languishing ( such there are in the church and state,) with your hand, countenance, and counsel; so these metaphorical shepherds should as the other strengthen their sheep, with carrying them into good and quiet pastures. The sheep in our pastures are subject to many sicknesses, the sheep in church and state to more, and shepherds in both should be as physicians to heal them; but here these did not so. Sometimes violent and ravenous beasts break their bones, sometimes the stronger and fatter sheep bruise or break them, these should the shepherds bind up; violent oppressors in the state and in the church broke many of them, but these shepherds bound them not up. Sheep are often driven out of the pasture, frighted, hunted, and pursued by dogs, or other mischievous creatures; these the shepherd should find out, and bring back: in church and state there were many such, frighted and driven by fierce men like dogs running upon them, but the Jewish rulers took no care to inquire for them, or to bring them back to their own. country. Sheep wander and lose themselves, shepherds should seek such and bring them home; many political sheep among the Jews wandered from their country, their king, religion, and God, and these careless rulers never sought them, but ruled them with hard hand, that held fast all that should look like royal power and privilege, and rigorously executed all their grievous laws and edicts. With cruelty , such as the Egyptians used toward the Jews, Exo 1:13,14 ; instead of acting like shepherds, these tyrants in the Jewish polity acted like merciless butchers in church and state.

Poole: Eze 34:5 - They // No shepherd // Became meat // The beasts // When they were scattered They my neglected sheep, were scattered, by the inroads and invasions of their enemies, that broke in like devouring beasts. No shepherd no vigilan...

They my neglected sheep, were scattered, by the inroads and invasions of their enemies, that broke in like devouring beasts.

No shepherd no vigilant, faithful, good shepherd that loved the flock, and of love studied its welfare.

Became meat were made a prey of, and devoured by Syrians, Ammonites, Moabites, Edomites, &c., all their neighbours might the devour them.

The beasts signify men, troops of robbers, and spoilers.

When they were scattered as sheep scattered are easily devoured by every hungry wolf or fox.

Poole: Eze 34:6 - My sheep // Through all the mountains // Upon every high hill // My flock // Scattered upon all the face of the earth // None did search My sheep: these shepherds forgot the flock was not their property, but God will not lose his property in them, nor shall shepherds find at last they ...

My sheep: these shepherds forgot the flock was not their property, but God will not lose his property in them, nor shall shepherds find at last they were more than God’ s stewards, and accountable.

Through all the mountains when endangered, affrighted, pursued, they got upon the mountains by their own choice, or carried away by enemies; or it may refer to their wandering after idols worshipped in high places, or perhaps to kingdoms and states and great cities, compared to mountains, that there they might find what they could not at home, quiet and safety.

Upon every high hill the same thing in like words.

My flock they were, if any among the Jews could be called so, my flock that were so used; not the swine, and goats, and unclean beasts, that by whole herds rested undisturbed. It was Baruch and Jeremiah were fain to hide.

Scattered upon all the face of the earth they were dispersed through maladministration to all parts of the known world; it is a hyperbole that speaks a mighty scattering.

None did search the shepherds were contented, nay, glad they were rid of them, neither principal officers searched nor inferior sought after them.

Poole: Eze 34:7 - Ye shepherds Ye shepherds the rulers, king of Israel, princes priest and priests, and pretended prophets, hear ye. God speaks in the style and manner of one great...

Ye shepherds the rulers, king of Israel, princes priest and priests, and pretended prophets, hear ye. God speaks in the style and manner of one greatly incensed.

Poole: Eze 34:8 - My shepherds See Eze 34:2,3,5,6 . My shepherds: government governors are by God’ s appointment, and here he owns the careless, worst of rulers as his shep...

See Eze 34:2,3,5,6 .

My shepherds: government governors are by God’ s appointment, and here he owns the careless, worst of rulers as his shepherds.

Poole: Eze 34:10 - I am against // The shepherds // I will require my flock // I will deliver my flock // From their mouth // That they may not be meat for them I am against they have provoked me to displeasure to be their enemy, and I will appear and act so. They are enemies to my sheep, yet pretended to be ...

I am against they have provoked me to displeasure to be their enemy, and I will appear and act so. They are enemies to my sheep, yet pretended to be shepherds, I will be an open enemy to them.

The shepherds to Zedekiah, his princes, the priests, and prophets, all the ruling part in Jerusalem.

I will require my flock I will require both account first, and next by severe punishing, as Zedekiah, his children, &c, found. Cause them to cease from feeding the flock; turn them out of my service, that honorable employment; so was the king and princes of Judah turned out of all by the king of Babylon, by whom God made good this his word. Feed themselves any more; their profit ceased with the ceasing of their authority, and they could no more milk, fleece, or slay the flock, when it was taken out of their hand.

I will deliver my flock they should have delivered them out of the hands of violence; since they did not, I will deliver, save, and rescue this flock which is mine.

From their mouth: this speaks that those shepherds had been lions, or bears, or wolves, more than shepherds, and therefore out of their mouths, not hands, God will deliver.

That they may not be meat for them so the flock shall no more be devoured by them.

Poole: Eze 34:11 - I, even I // Search I, even I: the construction is emphatical in the Hebrew and well expressed here; I, the Owner, the Lover, the Maker, the great Shepherd, even I, who ...

I, even I: the construction is emphatical in the Hebrew and well expressed here; I, the Owner, the Lover, the Maker, the great Shepherd, even I, who committed them to your care, never submitted them to your rapine and cruelty, am as angry with you for devouring them as I am zealous for their welfare.

Search will demand the them of you. I know how many I delivered to your keeping and I expect an account of so many again; I will see in what state and condition they are too. Seek them out: see Eze 34:5,6 : under your hand many are, but under my hand not one shall be lost.

Poole: Eze 34:12 - Will deliver them // The cloudy day // Dark day As a shepherd doth gently gather them together, counteth them, brings them to the fold, views what they have suffered, whether lame or torn, and bin...

As a shepherd doth gently gather them together, counteth them, brings them to the fold, views what they have suffered, whether lame or torn, and binds up, and healeth; if any are wanting, he looks till he findeth them, and brings them back; so will I, saith the Lord. If the shepherd find the wolf or lion among them or near them, he will either kill or drive him away; so will God. If under-servants have been careless, they shall be warned or turned away; so here, &c.

Will deliver them they are wronged in all places where they were scattered, the places in which they are and should not be are part of that danger I will free them from.

The cloudy day when the storm first began to arise from abroad or at home; here in persecutions, there in warlike preparations.

Dark day that the land was invaded till the desolation of Jerusalem, the times of maladministration of their own governors, and violent irruption of their enemies.

Poole: Eze 34:13 - Gather them // Will bring them // Their own land // Feed them // The rivers // The inhabited places When Cyrus’ s proclamation came forth that the Jews might return, this prophecy was literally fulfilled, God did incline the minds of the Jews ...

When Cyrus’ s proclamation came forth that the Jews might return, this prophecy was literally fulfilled, God did incline the minds of the Jews to retire from the people amidst whom they had dwelt seventy years: see Ezr 1:5,6 7:13 .

Gather them assemble them together; so they did in a place appointed without the country, where they were, (as appears, Ezr 8:15 ) in their assembling at Ahava or Diava, near where it falls into Euphrates, in the country Adiabene, which was from the more inward recesses of the Babylonian kingdom onwards of their journey to Jerusalem.

Will bring them lead, conduct, and as a shepherd go before them, till I have put them into possession again of their own land.

Their own land Canaan, their own by grant from the crown of heaven, anciently possessed by their fathers, and out of which violence cast them.

Feed them God will provide, maintain, and nourish them. The mountains of Israel ; places proper for sheep, where now they shall once more be kept.

The rivers water-brooks, as Psa 42:1 ; which run down from the spring-heads in the sides and tops of the mountains, with some impetuousness and noise; or if greater rivers, they are those that run by the foot of the mountains, on which these sheep shall feed.

The inhabited places: this may explain the former. On such hills by rivers the returned captives would first settle their habitations, and here these sheep would be safest; thus literally: spiritually, it refers to the gathering the elect by the gospel out of the world, &c.

Poole: Eze 34:14 - In a good pasture // Their fold be // There they shall lie In a good pasture in fat, sweet, plentiful pastures. Their fold be to rest in there for safety; they shall settle their habitations upon their retu...

In a good pasture in fat, sweet, plentiful pastures.

Their fold be to rest in there for safety; they shall settle their habitations upon their return: or there my flock, my people, my church shall dwell and rest, where idolaters once had their high places; thus spiritually.

There they shall lie & c.: this and what follows is a confirmation of what before was promised, and it is assured to them by the Lord, who himself will see all this be done.

Poole: Eze 34:16 - I will destroy // The fat // The strong // I will feed them with judgment In the former part of the 16th verse, God promiseth to his people that he will do all the offices of a good, watchful, tender, and faithful shepherd...

In the former part of the 16th verse, God promiseth to his people that he will do all the offices of a good, watchful, tender, and faithful shepherd, which those shepherds did neglect. See also Eze 34:4 .

I will destroy severely punish; which is threatened, and was fulfilled in the ruin of the rulers of this people.

The fat the powerful and rich, who by oppressing and devouring my people grew fat, proud, troublesome, and dangerous to the poor sheep.

The strong by their authority I gave, and by the encroachments they have made to increase their power.

I will feed them with judgment: it is an irony; I will feed them, but with wormwood and gall, my sore but just judgments and displeasure, so some: but others refer judgment here to reason, decency, and fitness, the most convenient, beneficial, and safe way; as a wise shepherd will I feed these my sheep. And either may consist with the context.

Poole: Eze 34:17 - I judge between cattle and cattle // Rams I judge between cattle and cattle make a different estimate and judgment between men and men, between the smaller and weaker that need more tendernes...

I judge between cattle and cattle make a different estimate and judgment between men and men, between the smaller and weaker that need more tenderness, and the greater and stronger whose violence is to be restrained; and as becomes me, and their different state requires, I will do.

Rams the hieroglyphic of rulers in their authority, humours, and carriage towards their subjects, who are also observed and shall be dealt with accordingly, when God makes good all this his word.

Poole: Eze 34:18 - The deep waters // Ye must foul the residue with your feet God awakens them by this interrogatory to think first, and then speak what this is. When you are full fed, and others hungry and ready to starve, wh...

God awakens them by this interrogatory to think first, and then speak what this is. When you are full fed, and others hungry and ready to starve, who might live on that you leave if you did not spoil it, do you think such killing is no crime? Is it not a very great cruelty, and a most barbarous inhumanity? You great ones, who have much more than others, partly by the bounty of the Lord of the sheep, and partly by your injustice and rapine, you eat the fat and sweet, and what you cannot eat you waste and spoil; and what would you say, if your proud, fat, and spiteful servants in your houses should do so to their weaker, leaner, and modester servants?

The deep waters which are clear to the eye and pleasant, which are sweet to their palate, which are wholesome to the drinker.

Ye must foul the residue with your feet in spite as much as wantonness you stamp in them, raise all the mud from the bottom, that makes the waters unfit to be drunk: is this a trivial thing thus to starve and choke those you should feed and refresh? Such hath been the carriage of you rich, powerful, ruling, and governing part of my people, who have been forced either to live on what you made unwholesome and noxious, or to starve at home, or seek somewhat abroad; this hath destroyed many and dispersed more, but I will not always wink at and bear this.

Poole: Eze 34:20 - I, even I // The fat cattle // The lean cattle I, even I: see Eze 34:11,17 . I am judge by office and I will vindicate and right the poor by judgment. The fat cattle the rich, voluptuous, and wa...

I, even I: see Eze 34:11,17 . I am judge by office and I will vindicate and right the poor by judgment.

The fat cattle the rich, voluptuous, and wanton ones.

The lean cattle the poor and indigent, that are despised, oppressed, and injured; thus the Chaldee paraphrase, between the rich man and the poor man.

Poole: Eze 34:22 - -- In the 21st verse these metaphors and allusions do express the unmercifulness, injustice, pride, cruelty, and wanton tyranny of the rulers in church...

In the 21st verse these metaphors and allusions do express the unmercifulness, injustice, pride, cruelty, and wanton tyranny of the rulers in church and state against the meaner people, that as you see the greater cattle run against the lesser, and overturning, or laming, some way or other hurting them, by shouldering against them; or as horned cattle wound and tear the weaker, and make them run for it; so had these rulers used their power to the hurt and scattering of the people. Because I see they destroy who he should defend, I will interpose; they will not, but I will, be kind, just, and faithful to my people and promise; I will save from foreign violence and home oppressions. See Eze 34:2,5,10,17 .

Poole: Eze 34:23 - I will set // One shepherd // Feed them // My servant David // He shall I will set advance, establish, and make great; thus I will appoint and set up. One shepherd: formerly their many shepherds destroyed, as Jer 12:10 ...

I will set advance, establish, and make great; thus I will appoint and set up.

One shepherd: formerly their many shepherds destroyed, as Jer 12:10 ; now this one shall save. Literally and historically Zerubbabel may be somewhat intended, but principally and plenarily, as Christ is intended here, so in him it was accomplished; for he is the great, good, chief, only Shepherd, that laid down his life for his sheep.

Feed them give them best, most abundant, and most seasonable food, he also shall govern them in righteousness, and with equity.

My servant David Messiah, (as Kimchi on the place,) of the seed of David, the beloved One, who was typified by David, and in other places called by this name, as Isa 37:35 Jer 30:9 Eze 37:24 Hos 3:5 .

He shall do all the office of a good and faithful shepherd, and that for ever. I will trust them in his hands, for he will keep them, that not one of them shall be lost, but shall go in and out under his hand, and find pasture.

Poole: Eze 34:24 - The Lord // Will be their God // My servant // Prince // I the Lord have spoken it The Lord the glorious, gracious, eternal One. Will be their God I so put them into Christ’ s hand, that still I am and will be their God; yea,...

The Lord the glorious, gracious, eternal One.

Will be their God I so put them into Christ’ s hand, that still I am and will be their God; yea, I will, through this my servant David, be their God.

My servant Christ was in this great work his Father’ s servant, Isa 42:1 52:13 Eze 37:24,25 . David ; as Eze 34:23 ; Christ, called David there as well as here.

Prince so Christ is Prince and Saviour to his church, Act 5:31 .

I the Lord have spoken it God seals it with this as his oath unchangeable.

Poole: Eze 34:25 - Will make // A covenant of peace // all good // Evil beasts // Safely // In the wilderness // In the woods Will make renew and confirm to them. A covenant of peace a covenant of promises, which contain and shall bring peace; in the Hebrew dialect, all g...

Will make renew and confirm to them.

A covenant of peace a covenant of promises, which contain and shall bring peace; in the Hebrew dialect,

all good This, as it refers to the state of this people after their return, comprehends that outward peace and prosperity that God gave them, but it hath a higher and more excellent import, better mercies of this covenant established on better promises, i.e. best, because spiritual and eternal.

Evil beasts: during the Babylonish captivity evil beasts had exceedingly increased, through seventy years’ desolation in Judea, but on the replanting and increasing of men these were diminished, and destroyed at last; thus literally. But mystically, under the bondage of Satan, worse beasts destroyed men; these Christ, who turns back that captivity, will destroy.

Safely without danger and without fear: see Eze 28:26 .

In the wilderness in which both wild and hurtful beasts, and wilder, more hurtful robbers, did haunt. There is somewhat of an hyperbole here; after the temporal redemption from Babylon, they should have such safety as they should account very great after such long and great troubles; in the spiritual redemption they should have greater safety, when, delivered from the hand of enemies, they serve God in holiness before him all their days.

In the woods places where venomous and devouring creatures usually lurk, yet there shall ye venture confidently to sleep, and without much danger.

Poole: Eze 34:26 - I will make them // The places round about // My hill // A blessing // I will cause the shower to come down in his season I will make them my returned captives, who were looked upon as cursed, reproached, and hated. The places round about all the country. My hill Jer...

I will make them my returned captives, who were looked upon as cursed, reproached, and hated.

The places round about all the country.

My hill Jerusalem, or the temple, Zion, which is called holy hill, Psa 2:6 .

A blessing very prosperous, that men shall report them to be in a blessed condition, or a blessing to others among whom they dwell, or a pattern of blessing others, whom we shall wish like to them, whom we wish greatest good to.

I will cause the shower to come down in his season their land shall be most fruitful in the products of it, corn, wine, oil, &c., and all these blessed to them; whereas formerly their blessings were so cursed that they were no blessings, now they shall be blessed, and so be double blessings to them.

Poole: Eze 34:27 - The tree of the field // The earth // Safe // The bands // Served themselves of them The tree of the field either those that are planted by man’ s industry in the field, or those that grow wild in the field, and yield fruit, as t...

The tree of the field either those that are planted by man’ s industry in the field, or those that grow wild in the field, and yield fruit, as the oak, pine, &c.

The earth tilled by man. Her increase ; great increase, as formerly, when I blessed it.

Safe: see Eze 34:25 , and Eze 28:26 .

The bands the power and tyranny of Babylon. Their yoke , which my people groaned under in captivity.

Served themselves of them made them slaves, and used them so.

Poole: Eze 34:28 - None shall make them afraid See Eze 34:5,10,25 , and Eze 28:26 . None shall make them afraid neither beasts nor men, for these shall be restrained if they would, those be des...

See Eze 34:5,10,25 , and Eze 28:26 .

None shall make them afraid neither beasts nor men, for these shall be restrained if they would, those be destroyed and cease that they cannot, endanger them.

Poole: Eze 34:29 - Raise // A plant // With hunger in the land // The shame of the heathen Raise establish and settle. A plant or plantation, so the word, so the Chaldee paraphrast, and so it best suits new planters as they now were; howe...

Raise establish and settle.

A plant or plantation, so the word, so the Chaldee paraphrast, and so it best suits new planters as they now were; however, as we read it, it is a promise of honour and fame to their posterity, as in the Maccabees’ time, and, which is more, it is a promise of the Messiah to be raised for them.

With hunger in the land by barrenness of a land cursed, or by wastes made by enemies, or by long siege, as formerly.

The shame of the heathen who reproached them; cast away, rejected of God, and accursed, so that they were a taunt and proverb among the heathen.

Poole: Eze 34:30 - Thus // The Lord // Their God // With them // That they // My people Thus by these many and great blessings I give them, shall they know the very heathen shall be convinced. The Lord who can do what I promise and m...

Thus by these many and great blessings I give them,

shall they know the very heathen shall be convinced.

The Lord who can do what I promise and my people expect.

Their God by covenant from their forefathers.

With them present with them, and reconciled to them, and do bless them.

That they whom they despised and injured, and ere while did make slaves, and used so.

My people my peculiar people above all people in the world; and that though he seemed to have cast him off, and they feared it, and the enemies boasted he had, yet he owns them for his, and will not break his covenant.

Poole: Eze 34:31 - -- Now, that neither you nor any else mistake the allegory, note, saith God, this flock of my pasture are not sheep literally, but they are men express...

Now, that neither you nor any else mistake the allegory, note, saith God, this flock of my pasture are not sheep literally, but they are men expressed by this emblem, and these men are those I am a God to, and will be so for ever.

PBC: Eze 34:2 - -- God has not called us, my brother, and appointed us overseers of the flock that we might only be fed and clothed with the wool of the flock, but to fe...

God has not called us, my brother, and appointed us overseers of the flock that we might only be fed and clothed with the wool of the flock, but to feed them, to strengthen the weak, pour the oil of gladness into the hearts of the sick, bind up those that are broken with tender words of His everlasting goodness and mercy; and if we should see a lamb or sheep that has been driven away from the fold, go after such a one with brotherly kindness and use the tender cords of love to lead it back into the fold.

Elder Euther Climer

PBC: Eze 34:4 - The diseased have ye not strengthened, neither have ye healed that which was sick, neither have ye bound up that which was broken, neither have ye brought again that which was driven away, neither have ye sought that which was lost; // with cruelty have ye ruled them " The diseased have ye not strengthened, neither have ye healed that which was sick, neither have ye bound up that which was broken, neither have ye b...

" The diseased have ye not strengthened, neither have ye healed that which was sick, neither have ye bound up that which was broken, neither have ye brought again that which was driven away, neither have ye sought that which was lost;"

When the minister of the Lord is being controlled by a spirit of lordship, of master or ruler, the diseased are not strengthened, the sick are not healed, that which is broken is not bound up, that which is driven away is not brought again, and those who are lost are not found; the Lord’s little children are scattered, and they wander in the desert hungry and crying for food, and are devoured by their adversaries. What a deplorable state and condition! Language fails me to describe the sorrows, distresses, sore afflictions and heartaches resulting from such a spirit! And such a great woe pronounced against the shepherds or ministers possessing such a spirit! Brethren, have we ever been possessed of it? Have any of us been " weighed in the balance and found wanting" along this line? If so, let us humble ourselves in dust and ashes; let us humble ourselves under the mighty hand of our God; let us humbiy beg Him to forgive our folly and our wrongs, and that His fierce anger may be turned away from us, and that He may restore unto us the joys of His salvation and pour out a blessing upon us; that He may bring our children and neighbors and their children into His blessed fold, and that He would help us to feed them upon the pure and sincere milk of the word.

Eld. C. H. Cayce

" with cruelty have ye ruled them"

The " them" were the children of Israel. By reading this chapter we will find that the children of Israel suffered as a result of the cruelty and the ruling of the shepherds. National Israel were a type of spiritual Israel. Surely no Primitive Baptist will deny this. As they were a type of spiritual Israel, and such a spirit among the shepherds in that day brought trouble, sorrow and distress, it will bring the same in this day among spiritual Israel. Perhaps it may not be amiss to call attention to the fact also that the Lord pronounced a curse upon the shepherds, and said, " Behold, I am against the shepherds, and I will require my flock at their hand."

Elder C. H. Cayce

Haydock: Eze 34:2 - Shepherds Shepherds. That is, princes, magistrates, chief priests, and scribes. (Challoner) --- Shepherds may lawfully take milk, (1 Corinthians ix. 7.) but...

Shepherds. That is, princes, magistrates, chief priests, and scribes. (Challoner) ---

Shepherds may lawfully take milk, (1 Corinthians ix. 7.) but the sheep and its wool belong to the master. (Worthington) ---

Excellent instructions are here given for all in authority. (Calmet)

Haydock: Eze 34:3 - Fat Fat. Pastors often disguise the truth to flatter the rich, or the more just souls are ruined by their negligence.

Fat. Pastors often disguise the truth to flatter the rich, or the more just souls are ruined by their negligence.

Haydock: Eze 34:4 - Healed // Hand Healed. God alone can restore to life. But pastors will not be excused by ignorance if they know not the maladies and the remedies of their flock. ...

Healed. God alone can restore to life. But pastors will not be excused by ignorance if they know not the maladies and the remedies of their flock. ---

Hand. This was blamed in the Pharisees, and is contrary to the spirit of the gospel, Matthew xxiii. 4., and 1 Peter v. 2.

Haydock: Eze 34:5 - Field Field. The people being neglected, followed false prophets and idols. Their teachers were so far from striving to reclaim them, that they perhaps s...

Field. The people being neglected, followed false prophets and idols. Their teachers were so far from striving to reclaim them, that they perhaps shewed them the example. (Calmet)

Haydock: Eze 34:8 - No shepherd No shepherd. Pastors who seek only their temporal advantage, (1 Timothy vi. 5., and Titus i. 7.; Haydock) are hirelings; and if they teach false doc...

No shepherd. Pastors who seek only their temporal advantage, (1 Timothy vi. 5., and Titus i. 7.; Haydock) are hirelings; and if they teach false doctrine, they are wolves, John x. (Worthington)

Haydock: Eze 34:10 - Cease Cease. Both the leaders and the people were led into captivity.

Cease. Both the leaders and the people were led into captivity.

Haydock: Eze 34:12 - Day Day, in persecution. I will count my sheep, lest any be lost.

Day, in persecution. I will count my sheep, lest any be lost.

Haydock: Eze 34:13 - Land Land. All this cannot be understood of the synagogue alone.

Land. All this cannot be understood of the synagogue alone.

Haydock: Eze 34:16 - Preserve Preserve, (Septuagint, Syriac) which seems more natural than Hebrew and Chaldean, "destroy." I will not eat them, like bad shepherds, ver. 3. (Calm...

Preserve, (Septuagint, Syriac) which seems more natural than Hebrew and Chaldean, "destroy." I will not eat them, like bad shepherds, ver. 3. (Calmet) ---

God and those whom he sends, will take care of the flock, Ephesians iv. (Worthington)

Haydock: Eze 34:17 - Cattle Cattle. The crimes of the pastors do not excuse the flock. In it there are people of different dispositions. The rich often destroy, and these are...

Cattle. The crimes of the pastors do not excuse the flock. In it there are people of different dispositions. The rich often destroy, and these are brought to an account, ver. 24. (Calmet)

Haydock: Eze 34:23 - David David; Christ, who is of the house of David. (Calmet) --- That king had been dead long before, so that no Jew or heretic can deny but that the Mess...

David; Christ, who is of the house of David. (Calmet) ---

That king had been dead long before, so that no Jew or heretic can deny but that the Messias is here meant, as [in] chap. xxxvii. 24., &c. (Worthington) ---

He possessed eminently all the virtues of David, and was of his seed. Zorobabel, &c., cannot be understood, as we have no proof that the governors after the captivity were chosen from the tribe of Juda, chap. xxi. 27.

Haydock: Eze 34:25 - Peace // Beasts Peace. Christ pacifies all, Romans xv. 33., Micheas v. 5., and Ephesians vi. 15. --- Beasts: those who promote idolatry; or, speaking of Christian...

Peace. Christ pacifies all, Romans xv. 33., Micheas v. 5., and Ephesians vi. 15. ---

Beasts: those who promote idolatry; or, speaking of Christians, who teach heretical doctrine and persecute the Church. (Calmet)

Haydock: Eze 34:26 - Make Make. Literally, "place." (Haydock) --- Septuagint read not a blessing, which seems superfluous. (Calmet) --- Yet Chaldean has it, and the ide...

Make. Literally, "place." (Haydock) ---

Septuagint read not a blessing, which seems superfluous. (Calmet) ---

Yet Chaldean has it, and the idea is more complete. (Haydock)

Haydock: Eze 34:29 - A bud of renown A bud of renown, ( germen nominatum. ) He speaks of Christ, our Lord, the illustrious bud of the house of David, renowned over all the earth. See J...

A bud of renown, ( germen nominatum. ) He speaks of Christ, our Lord, the illustrious bud of the house of David, renowned over all the earth. See Jeremias xxxiii. 15. (Challoner) ---

Septuagint, Syriac, "a plant of peace." Chaldean, "established." (Calmet)

Haydock: Eze 34:31 - Men // Am the Lord Men. What has been said of sheep (Menochius) relates to you. --- Am the Lord. This is not in Hebrew or Protestants. (Haydock) --- But it is fou...

Men. What has been said of sheep (Menochius) relates to you. ---

Am the Lord. This is not in Hebrew or Protestants. (Haydock) ---

But it is found in one Hebrew manuscript and Septuagint, as this version is thus frequently confirmed. (Kennicott, Dis. ii.)

Gill: Eze 34:1 - The word of the Lord came unto me // saying The word of the Lord came unto me,.... The date of this prophecy is not given; however, it seems to have been delivered after the destruction of Jerus...

The word of the Lord came unto me,.... The date of this prophecy is not given; however, it seems to have been delivered after the destruction of Jerusalem; the causes of which are mentioned, the sins of the people and their governors, which the prophet is directed to expose:

saying: as follows:

Gill: Eze 34:2 - Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel // prophesy, and say unto them, thus saith the Lord God unto the shepherds // woe be to the shepherds of Israel, that do feed themselves // should not the shepherds feed the flocks Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel,.... Or, "concerning" p them; the governors of them, as the Targum and Jarchi; their political go...

Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel,.... Or, "concerning" p them; the governors of them, as the Targum and Jarchi; their political governors, their kings, princes, and civil magistrates of every order and degree; so Kimchi interprets it of kings; and it was common with the eastern nations, and with the Greeks, to call kings shepherds; and one and the same word; in the Greek language, signifies to feed sheep, and to govern people; see Psa 78:72, also their ecclesiastical governors are intended, prophets, priests, Levites, scribes, and Pharisees; these were bad shepherds, or they would not have been prophesied against; and though they were shepherds of Israel, this must be done:

prophesy, and say unto them, thus saith the Lord God unto the shepherds: that the message to them might be the more regarded, it is ordered to be delivered in the name of the Lord; otherwise they would have been apt to have despised it, and charged the prophet with impertinence and rudeness:

woe be to the shepherds of Israel, that do feed themselves! that is, themselves only, and not the flock: had they fed the flock, as well as themselves, they would not have been blamed; but they took no care of the people over whom they were set only minded their own affairs, to get riches and honour, but neglected the good of the people, yea, cruelly oppressed them:

should not the shepherds feed the flocks? undoubtedly they should; it is their duty, the business of their office, so to do; kings to rule over their subjects, defend their persons and property, and secure their privileges and liberties to them; and ecclesiastical rulers, ministers of the word, should feed the flock or church of God committed to them with knowledge and understanding; see Jer 3:15.

Gill: Eze 34:3 - Ye eat the fat // who feedeth a flock, and eateth not of the milk of the flock // ye clothe you with the wool // ye kill them that are fed // but ye feed not the flock Ye eat the fat,.... The Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, and Arabic versions, render it, "the milk"; the words for fat and milk differ only in the points; a...

Ye eat the fat,.... The Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, and Arabic versions, render it, "the milk"; the words for fat and milk differ only in the points; and this was not unlawful, for

who feedeth a flock, and eateth not of the milk of the flock? 1Co 9:7, provided it was done with moderation, that they ate some, but not all; but these rulers milked their subjects too much, oppressed them with heavy taxes, and got their substance into their own hands. The Targum is,

"ye eat the good;''

they got possessed of the best of their substance; as did also their ecclesiastical rulers, who were greedy shepherds, that could never have enough; they looked for their gain from their quarter, and even devoured widows' houses, Isa 56:11,

ye clothe you with the wool: the pure wool, as the Targum, the finest of it; they fleeced the flock, and stripped the people of their riches; and minded nothing but their own backs and bellies:

ye kill them that are fed; or, that "are fat" q; the richest of the people they brought accusations and charges against for capital crimes; and so put them to death under a colour of justice, that they, might get their estates into their hands:

but ye feed not the flock; did not govern the people well, by doing justice and judgment among men, as became civil magistrates; did not deliver out words of faith and sound doctrine, to feed the souls of men with, which is the duty of those that preside in the church of God.

Gill: Eze 34:4 - The diseased have ye not strengthened // neither have ye healed that which was sick // neither have ye bound up that which was broken // neither have ye brought again that which was driven away // neither have ye sought that which was lost // but with force and with cruelty have ye ruled them The diseased have ye not strengthened,.... Such, in the civil polity, who were poor, and in necessitous circumstances, were not relieved; such who wer...

The diseased have ye not strengthened,.... Such, in the civil polity, who were poor, and in necessitous circumstances, were not relieved; such who were injured and oppressed by others were not vindicated; and such as were forced to flee to other countries, or were carried captive, no care was taken, or methods used, to ransom them, and, bring them back; all which may be meant by this and the following metaphors, taken from the evil things that befall a flock of sheep: and such who were weak through spiritual diseases, their prophets and teachers took no care to cure them of their diseases, and to strengthen these feeble minded ones with divine cordials and spiritual food, and confirm them in the faith:

neither have ye healed that which was sick; by directing them to the great Physician of souls, and to his precious blood for healing and pardon of sin:

neither have ye bound up that which was broken; whose consciences were wounded, and hearts broken, with a sense of sin; or who had fallen to the breaking of their bones, and should be restored in a spirit of meekness and dealt gently with, as surgeons do in setting and binding up broken bones:

neither have ye brought again that which was driven away; or, "was gone astray" r; being seduced by false teachers; and yet, though it was known they were, no care nor pains were taken to reclaim and restore them:

neither have ye sought that which was lost; that wandered of their own accord, and perished for want of knowledge, and were lost for lack of a guide to direct them, and no one would do this good office to them:

but with force and with cruelty have ye ruled them; in an arbitrary and tyrannical way, lording it over God, s heritage, 1Pe 5:3.

Gill: Eze 34:5 - And they were scattered because there is no shepherd // And they became meat to all beasts of the field when they were scattered And they were scattered because there is no shepherd,.... No good one; there were shepherds, but they were idol shepherds, good for nothing, and it wa...

And they were scattered because there is no shepherd,.... No good one; there were shepherds, but they were idol shepherds, good for nothing, and it was all one as if there were none: so, in Christ's time, there were the Scribes and Pharisees; yet, since these did not feed the people with wholesome doctrine, they are said to be as sheep without a shepherd, and scattered abroad, as here from the fold, and from one another; dispersed here and there, seeking food, and none, which moved his compassion, Mat 9:36, in the political sense it may refer to their captivity, and their dispersion among the nations, having no king: So the Targum,

"and they were scattered without a governor.''

And they became meat to all beasts of the field when they were scattered; the Targum is,

"and they were delivered to all the kingdoms of the people to be consumed;''

such as the Assyrians, Babylonians, Ammonites, Moabites, and others; and may be applied to false teachers, those grievous wolves, which spare not the flock, into whose hands members of churches, professors of religion, fall, when neglected by their shepherds.

Gill: Eze 34:6 - My sheep wandered through all the mountains, and upon every high hill // yea, my flock was scattered upon all the face of the earth // and none did search or seek after them My sheep wandered through all the mountains, and upon every high hill,.... As sheep do, when gone astray, go from mountain to hill; so the people of I...

My sheep wandered through all the mountains, and upon every high hill,.... As sheep do, when gone astray, go from mountain to hill; so the people of Israel fled from place to place, through the cruelty of their rulers, or through the force of the enemy, being carried captive into many kingdoms and nations, signified by mountains; and perhaps there is some allusion, to their worshipping of idols on hills and mountains, being drawn into it by the false prophets:

yea, my flock was scattered upon all the face of the earth; so great and general was the dispersion by the several captivities: the Lord has sheep, or some of his elect, some that belong to his flock, in all parts of the world:

and none did search or seek after them; but he will himself, as in Eze 34:11, for he will lose none of them; but this does not excuse the shepherds.

Gill: Eze 34:7 - Therefore, ye shepherds, hear the word of the Lord. Therefore, ye shepherds, hear the word of the Lord. Or, "ye governors", as the Targum, both civil and ecclesiastical; ye kings, princes, and magistrat...

Therefore, ye shepherds, hear the word of the Lord. Or, "ye governors", as the Targum, both civil and ecclesiastical; ye kings, princes, and magistrates; ye prophets and teachers of the people, who ought to have attended to the word of grace, to the doctrines of the Scriptures, and fed the people with them; but, since you have not, hear the word of threatening from the Lord, and the just punishment that shall be inflicted on you.

Gill: Eze 34:8 - As I live, saith the Lord // surely, because my flock became a prey, and my flock became meat to every beast of the field, because there was no shepherd // neither did my shepherds search for my flock // but the shepherds fed themselves, and fed not my flock As I live, saith the Lord,.... It is an oath, and which he swore in his wrath, being provoked with the shepherds for their misadministration: surel...

As I live, saith the Lord,.... It is an oath, and which he swore in his wrath, being provoked with the shepherds for their misadministration:

surely, because my flock became a prey, and my flock became meat to every beast of the field, because there was no shepherd; a prey to all the kingdoms of the people, being without a governor, as the Targum; or to false teachers, there being no spiritual pastors to take care of them:

neither did my shepherds search for my flock; that was scattered, and carried captive, and became a prey to others; even those that were of God's appointing, as the kings of Israel, their priests and prophets; for both their civil polity and ecclesiastical hierarchy were of God, though the ends thereof were not answered, or the persons put into office did not do their duty:

but the shepherds fed themselves, and fed not my flock: See Gill on Eze 34:2, Eze 34:3.

Gill: Eze 34:9 - Therefore, O ye shepherds, hear the word of the Lord. Therefore, O ye shepherds, hear the word of the Lord. This is repeated, that it might be observed, and for the confirmation of it; it might be depende...

Therefore, O ye shepherds, hear the word of the Lord. This is repeated, that it might be observed, and for the confirmation of it; it might be depended upon that what follows would be accomplished, unless they changed their conduct and behaviour; and, to leave them inexcusable, they are again called upon to hear what the Lord should say unto them. The Targum is,

"therefore, O ye wicked governors, return to the law, and I will have mercy on you; hearken to the doctrine of the law, and receive the word of the Lord.''

Gill: Eze 34:10 - Thus saith the Lord God, behold, I am against the shepherds // and I will require my flock at their hand // and cause them to cease from feeding the flock // neither shall the shepherds feed themselves any more // for I will deliver my flock from their mouth, that they may not be meat for them Thus saith the Lord God, behold, I am against the shepherds,.... His heart was against them; his hand was against them; his face was against them, to ...

Thus saith the Lord God, behold, I am against the shepherds,.... His heart was against them; his hand was against them; his face was against them, to cut them off. The Targum is,

"behold, I will send my fury upon the governors;''

and there was good reason for it, they were against him and his glory, against his flock, his people, his cause, and interest; sad it is for any to have God against them, and to be against God; for none ever hardened themselves against him and prospered, Job 9:4,

and I will require my flock at their hand; the full tale of them that have been committed to their care, and will punish them for the neglect of them; their blood, their life, and the loss of them, I will require at their hands; thus he punished Zedekiah and his princes, and the priests and prophets:

and cause them to cease from feeding the flock; take the kingdom from them, as he did from Zedekiah; abolish the ecclesiastical hierarchy among the Jews; cut off three shepherds in one month, the priests, prophets, and scribes of the people; and put the flock into other hands, the apostles and ministers of the Gospel:

neither shall the shepherds feed themselves any more; enrich themselves with the substance of the people:

for I will deliver my flock from their mouth, that they may not be meat for them; who, instead of being shepherds to feed the flock, were no other than wolves in sheep's clothing, and ravenous lions and bears, which devoured the flock; but this they should do no longer.

Gill: Eze 34:11 - For thus saith the Lord God // behold, I, even I, will both search my sheep, and seek them out For thus saith the Lord God,.... Since the shepherds are so negligent, careless, and cruel: behold, I, even I, will both search my sheep, and seek ...

For thus saith the Lord God,.... Since the shepherds are so negligent, careless, and cruel:

behold, I, even I, will both search my sheep, and seek them out; as he did the Jews, in all countries where they were, so his elect in all places where they are: he is the omniscient God, and knows them that are his, and can call his own sheep by name; he knows the places where they are; for he has fixed the bounds of their habitation, and was delighting himself in the habitable parts of the earth, where he knew they would be, even before the world was; he knows the time of finding them, which he himself has fixed, and which is a time of love, and a time of life; and he can distinguish them, notwithstanding the filth they have contracted by their sins and transgressions, and from the crowd they are among: and he is the omnipotent God, that can take them out of what hands soever they may be, or in whatsoever state and condition they are; though in the hands of Satan, in the paws of that devouring lion, and in a pit wherein is no water, in a horrible pit, the mire and clay: he that says this is the owner and proprietor of them; and that is the reason why he searches and seeks them out; and which he repeats for the confirmation of it, and to show the vehemence of his affection towards them, and how bent he is upon it, and how eager and resolute in his pursuit after them: he searches for his chosen people among the ruins of Adam's fall, in whom they fell as others; among the men of the world, where they are; among the dust of the earth, where his lost piece of silver and those pearls lie; among the mountains of sin or self-righteousness, where these sheep are wandering; and he never leaves off seeking and searching till he has found them: and what moves him to it is not their nature, for they are no better than others; nor their numbers, for they are few; but his love to them, the relation he stands in to them as their shepherd, his interest and property in them, his covenant on their account, and also his own glory.

Gill: Eze 34:12 - As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among his sheep that are scattered // so will I seek out my sheep, and deliver them out of all places where they have been scattered in the cloudy and dark day As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among his sheep that are scattered,.... That is, when they have been scattered, and are got ...

As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among his sheep that are scattered,.... That is, when they have been scattered, and are got together again; then he goes among them, to see if there are any missing, and in wheat condition they are, and what they want:

so will I seek out my sheep, and deliver them out of all places where they have been scattered in the cloudy and dark day; such as, in a literal sense, the time of the captivity was, when the Jews were dispersed in the various provinces of Babylon, and other countries; and which was a time of darkness and affliction to them. The time of Adam's fall was a dark and cloudy day; when all sinned in him, and were made sinners by his disobedience; when the sentence of condemnation and death passed upon all, and they became liable to utter ruin and destruction; when darkness and ignorance seized all human nature; when all mankind were separated from God, and set at a distance from him; in consequence of which the children of God, his sheep, were scattered abroad. A time of unregeneracy is a cloudy and dark day with God's elect; they are in darkness, and walk in darkness, and are darkness itself, till made light in the Lord: and so is a time of desertion; when the Lord's people are laid in darkness, and the deeps, and both sit and walk therein, and see no light; when they can neither see the Lord, nor hear from him, nor have any communion with him; when the sun of righteousness is withdrawn or eclipsed; and they cannot see their interest clear in spiritual and eternal things: as is also a time of persecution with the churches of Christ; when both ministers and people are scattered abroad, and their eyes cannot behold their teachers; and moon and stars are not seen for many days, Gospel ministers and Gospel ordinances: and the same is a time of blasphemy and error; and when it is neither day nor night, as is the present season; but there is no day so cloudy and dark but the shepherd can see his sheep, and will look them out, though they cannot see him.

Gill: Eze 34:13 - And I will bring them out from the people, and gather them from the countries, and will bring them to their own land // and feed them upon the mountains of Israel by the rivers // and in all the inhabited places of the country And I will bring them out from the people, and gather them from the countries, and will bring them to their own land,.... Which was in part fulfilled ...

And I will bring them out from the people, and gather them from the countries, and will bring them to their own land,.... Which was in part fulfilled when the Jews were delivered from the Babylonish captivity; and which may well be ascribed to the Lord, since it was he that stirred up Cyrus, king of Persia, to proclaim their liberty; and which raised the spirit of the people to go up upon it, and build the temple in Jerusalem, Ezr 1:1, though it will have a more full accomplishment in the latter day, when these people shall be gathered out of all countries where they are dispersed, and return to their own land, and embrace the true Messiah, and be all saved; of which there was a pledge and presage in the apostles' time, on the day of Pentecost; when some out of all nations were collected together at Jerusalem, and heard the wonderful things of God in their own language, and were converted; and afterwards, wherever the Gospel came in the Gentile world, it was first preached to the Jews, and was the power of God to salvation first to them; by which means the sheep of Christ, the elect of God among them, in each of the parts of the world, were gathered in: but this need not be confined to the Jews only; since the Lord had other sheep beside them, even among the Gentiles, in all parts of the world; whom he searches for, and effectually calls by his grace, and separates them from the rest of the world, and brings them into his churches, and among his people:

and feed them upon the mountains of Israel by the rivers: not upon the barren mountains of Sinai and Horeb, or with the works of the law; for there is no righteousness, life, and salvation by them, and so no peace and comfort, or food for faith; but upon the mountains of Israel, the churches of Christ, comparable to mountains for their height, visibility, immovableness, and for their pasturage: here the great Shepherd, the Lamb Christ Jesus, is, even on Mount Zion; here his under shepherds are, who feed the flock with knowledge and understanding; here the word of God is preached, the wholesome words of our Lord Jesus, by which souls are nourished up to everlasting life; in these mountains the feast of fat things is made; here the green pastures are, the sheep are made to lie down in; and here the lilies grow, among whom Christ feeds; and by these mountains run the "rivers" of everlasting love and covenant grace, the streams of Gospel doctrines, and the waters of Gospel ordinances, to the great refreshment of the saints; here the Lord feeds his people:

and in all the inhabited places of the country; in the private dwellings of the saints, as well as in public assemblies.

Gill: Eze 34:14 - I will feed them in a good pasture // And upon the high mountains of Israel shall their fold be; there shall they lie in a good fold // And in a fat pasture shall they feed on the mountains of Israel I will feed them in a good pasture,.... Or with good food, as the Targum: such as the fulness of grace in Christ, where believers go in and out, and f...

I will feed them in a good pasture,.... Or with good food, as the Targum: such as the fulness of grace in Christ, where believers go in and out, and find pasture; and where they may feed to the full, have bread enough, and to spare; and may draw water with joy out of the full wells of salvation: this is good food; food indeed, in opposition to that which was typical, or is imaginary; this is spiritual food, suitable to the spirits of men, brought by the Spirit of God, and relished by a spiritual man; this is savoury food, soul satisfying and soul strengthening food; this is nourishing food, and what will endure to everlasting life: and such is the Gospel, the promises and doctrines of it, in which there is a variety of food; milk for babes, and meat for strong men; sweet to the taste, and health to the bones; salutary and nourishing, and which makes glad the heart; and of the same kind are the ordinances of the Gospel, the breasts of consolation, the goodness and fatness of the Lord's house; which he makes his people partakers of, and satisfies them with.

And upon the high mountains of Israel shall their fold be; there shall they lie in a good fold; of the same nature and use are the churches of Christ as a fold is to the sheep; as that they are separated, divided, and distinguished from others; as into a fold, the sheep of Christ are gathered into churches; where they lie together, are united and knit together in love, and where they have communion with one another, and keep each other warm, and stir up one another to love and good works; whereby the vitals of religion are preserved; here they are kept in the night season, and fed in the winter; these like a fold are a sort of fence unto them, and a preservation of them from wolves and bears; and here they lie down, and have spiritual rest, ease, and safety: and as in a fold there are lambs, and sheep, and goats, so in churches there are different sorts folded together, weaker and stronger Christians; and some only nominal ones, who will be separated at the last day. A fold may be taken down, and removed from place to place, and so may visible congregated churches; the candlestick may be removed out of its place, the word and ordinances; and so a Gospel church state may be carried from place to place; and there is but one fold for Jews and Gentiles, and this is a good one; see Joh 10:16.

And in a fat pasture shall they feed on the mountains of Israel; on the feast of fat things there, and so become fat and flourishing; See Gill on Eze 34:13.

Gill: Eze 34:15 - I will feed my flock // and I will cause them to lie down, saith the Lord I will feed my flock,.... This is repeated for the further confirmation of it, that it might be depended upon that the Lord would feed his people in t...

I will feed my flock,.... This is repeated for the further confirmation of it, that it might be depended upon that the Lord would feed his people in the manner before promised; and it gives a reason why he would do it, because they were his flock; he had a right unto them, a property in them; they were separated and distinguished from others by him, as the church of God is; and which is also purchased by Christ, and gathered out of the world by his Spirit and grace; and therefore he will feed them, or take care that they shall be fed, Act 20:28,

and I will cause them to lie down, saith the Lord; in the good fold provided for them; where they have both rest and safety, and also plenty of suitable food; See Gill on Eze 34:14. The Targum is,

"I will govern my people, and will cause them to dwell safely, saith the Lord God;''

The Septuagint and Arabic versions add, "and they shall know that I am the Lord".

Gill: Eze 34:16 - And I will seek that which was lost // and bring again that which was driven away // and will bind up that which was broken // and will strengthen that which was sick // but I will destroy the fat and the strong And I will seek that which was lost,.... As all men are in Adam, and through his fall, and by their own actual transgressions; and so the elect of God...

And I will seek that which was lost,.... As all men are in Adam, and through his fall, and by their own actual transgressions; and so the elect of God among the rest; who are lost not with respect to God's knowledge of them, love to them, and care for them; but with respect to their knowledge of him, affection for him, and regard to his will, service, and glory; they are lost to themselves, they know not where they are, what is their state and condition, and how to get out of it; they cannot help themselves, nor can any other creature help them; and they see themselves to be in this lost and undone condition, when they are enlightened by the Spirit of God: but they are not irretrievably lost, for they are preserved in Christ Jesus; and he has been sent to seek and to save them; which he has done by redeeming them from sin, Satan, and the law; and, in the effectual calling, he goes after them, he sends his Gospel to them, and his Spirit unto them, and returns them to himself, the Shepherd and Bishop of souls; and whereas after this they go astray like lost sheep, he seeks and looks them up, and restores their souls, Psa 119:176,

and bring again that which was driven away; through the power and prevalence of unbelief, from holding fast to the head Christ, departing at least partially from the living God; from dealing by faith with his precious person, blood, and righteousness; and from the precious promises, as not belonging to them, and refusing to be comforted by them; but the Lord brings back such again, and causes them to believe: Thomas is a notorious instance of this, Joh 20:24, such also who are driven away through the force of Satan's temptations from the throne of grace; from the word and ordinances; and from private conversation with the saints, being hypocrites, as he suggests unto them; these the Lord brings back, by rebuking the tempter, and delivering out of his temptations: likewise such as are driven out of the right way of truth, and carried away with the error of the wicked, through the influence of bad pastors or false teachers, Jer 23:1, these will he restore again; for it is impossible the elect of God should be finally deceived: moreover, such as are driven away by the force of persecution, and scattered abroad, in God's due time have rest, and return to their folds again; see Jer 50:17,

and will bind up that which was broken; such who have broken hearts, broken with a sense of sin; made truly contrite by the Spirit and grace of God, through the word; which is a hammer to them, that breaks the rocky heart in pieces; to these the Lord has respect; their broken hearts are acceptable to him; he dwells with them, to revive them; he speaks and restores comforts to them; pours in oil and wine into their wounds, like the good Samaritan, and binds them up; see Psa 147:3 and such who have broken bones, who have fallen into sin to the breaking of their bones, to the destroying of their peace, joy, and comfort, as David, Peter, and others have done; he sets their broken bones, and restores the joys of his salvation; and causes the bones which were broken to rejoice; at the discoveries of his pardoning grace and mercy, Psa 51:8,

and will strengthen that which was sick; sick through sin, as all men are; sick of sin, as sensible sinners be; sickly and weak, and ready to die, as fallen professors, backsliders, are; sick of love, through want of the discoveries of it; long after them; cannot be easy without them, as Christ's spouse sometimes is; and sick for want of food, faint and languid for want of spiritual refreshment; as the persons were Christ had compassion on, being as sheep without a shepherd, Mat 9:36 each of these the Lord strengthens with the discoveries and applications of pardoning grace; with the flagons of his love, and apples of his promises; with the food of the Gospel, which strengthens men's hearts; and with grace out of his fulness, whereby they are strengthened against sin, snares, and temptations, and to exercise grace, and do the will of God:

but I will destroy the fat and the strong; that are full of themselves, lifted up with pride, conceited with their riches or righteousness, and despise others, whom they thrust with side and shoulder, and push with their horns, Eze 34:21. So the Targum interprets it of wicked men,

"and I will consume the ungodly and sinners;''

but the Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, Syriac, and Arabic versions, render it, "I will keep the fat and the strong"; in the plight and condition in which they are, and make them still stronger, and more fat and flourishing; so Jerom interprets it of saints and godly persons; and this agrees with the preceding clauses; only the original Hebrew text is against it, which does not admit of a various reading; and this rendering seems to arise in the Septuagint, the others follow, from the mistake of a similar letter: "I will feed them with judgment"; meaning either the whole flock, consisting of fat and lean cattle, making a distinction between them, Eze 34:17, feeding them with discretion, and judging them according to their deserts; or else the fat and the strong ones, by inflicting righteous vengeance on them, feeding them with wormwood and gall; or his own people and sheep only. So the Targum, "I will govern my people with judgment"; in righteousness, goodness, truth, and faithfulness.

Gill: Eze 34:17 - And as for you, O my flock, thus saith the Lord God // behold, I judge between cattle and cattle, between the rams and the he goats And as for you, O my flock, thus saith the Lord God,.... Having done with the shepherds, and the complaint against them, the Lord proceeds to take not...

And as for you, O my flock, thus saith the Lord God,.... Having done with the shepherds, and the complaint against them, the Lord proceeds to take notice of the flock, or the people themselves, and the evils that were among them; for in the Lord's own flock, in the nation and church of Israel, as now in the visible congregated churches of Christ, there were two sorts of persons, some good, others bad; some that behaved well, and others ill; some were sheep, and others goats:

behold, I judge between cattle and cattle, between the rams and the he goats: between the smaller and weaker cattle, the sheep and the lambs; and the larger and stronger cattle, the rams and he goats; by which latter may he meant persons of superior power and authority, of greater wealth and riches, and of more wisdom and knowledge, at least in their own conceits; and who were oppressive and injurious to the poor and common people, and less knowing, at least as they thought; who may be intended by the former: now, the Lord, as he observed a difference between them, he would make this manifest, and take the part of the one against the other; even the part of the weaker against the stronger. The Targum is,

"behold, judge between man and man, sinners and the ungodly.''

Gill: Eze 34:18 - Seemeth it a small thing unto you to have eaten up the good pasture // but ye must tread down with your feet the residue of your pastures? and to have drunk of the deep waters, but ye must foul the residue with your feet Seemeth it a small thing unto you to have eaten up the good pasture,.... This is directed to the rams and he goats, to the people of power and wealth,...

Seemeth it a small thing unto you to have eaten up the good pasture,.... This is directed to the rams and he goats, to the people of power and wealth, or who had the key of knowledge and instruction; who, by their conduct, showed as if it was not enough for them to eat and drink the best of things themselves, to enjoy their wealth and riches, and keep their posts of honour and profit, and the revenues of them, in church and state:

but ye must tread down with your feet the residue of your pastures? and to have drunk of the deep waters, but ye must foul the residue with your feet? but they must oppress the poor, by taking away from them that little they have; or by making their lives uncomfortable to them, by their severities and exactions; so that that small pittance they had, they cannot enjoy with any pleasure, The allusion is to beasts in pasture, which tread down and put dung what they do not eat, which makes what is left unfit for others; and to cattle, at ponds of water, which having drank, foul the rest with their feet; as camels particularly are said to do; so that others cannot drink after them, at least not so agreeably: this may be applied to the Scribes and Pharisees, and such as they were, who devoured widows' houses, and made void the word and commandments of God, by their traditions; teaching for doctrines the commandments of men; and so polluted the pure waters of the sanctuary; defiled the Scriptures of truth, and delivered out such doctrines as were not food and drink to the souls of men, and yet were obliged to receive them; and such are heretical persons, who sometimes arise out of the churches, are a part of the flock, that corrupt the word of God, pervert the Scriptures, and handle them deceitfully; and may be said to tread down and trample upon the wholesome truths of the Gospel, and to muddy the clear doctrines of grace; so that the children of God cannot, as they desire, have the pure, unmixed, sincere milk of the word.

Gill: Eze 34:19 - And as for my flock, they eat that which ye have trodden with your feet // and they drink that which ye have fouled with your feet And as for my flock, they eat that which ye have trodden with your feet,.... They are forced to do it, not being able to come at any thing else; being...

And as for my flock, they eat that which ye have trodden with your feet,.... They are forced to do it, not being able to come at any thing else; being as sheep without a shepherd, or worse:

and they drink that which ye have fouled with your feet; which, as it cannot be agreeable and relishing, so neither wholesome; as the leaven of the Scribes and Pharisees; the traditions of the elders; the false doctrines of false teachers, whose words eat as do a canker. The Targum of the whole verse is,

"and my people eat the residue of the food of your ministers, and drink the residue of the drink of your ministers.''

Gill: Eze 34:20 - Therefore thus saith the Lord God unto them // behold, I, even I, will judge between the fat cattle and between the lean cattle Therefore thus saith the Lord God unto them,.... To the rams and he goats of the flock, that use the pastures and defile the waters after this manner,...

Therefore thus saith the Lord God unto them,.... To the rams and he goats of the flock, that use the pastures and defile the waters after this manner, and make them unfit for the lesser cattle; or that use the poor people of God after this sort:

behold, I, even I, will judge between the fat cattle and between the lean cattle. The Targum is,

"between the rich man and the poor man;''

this is repeated, and in very strong terms, for the confirmation of it: this the Lord promised to do, and he has done it by his son, to whom he committed all judgment; and who, in the days of his flesh, made a difference between those who were full of themselves, self-righteous persons; who were self-sufficient, and needed not repentance, nor any other righteousness but their own; who trusted in themselves, and despised others: and may be meant by the "fat cattle": and between those who were low and mean in their own eyes, humble and meek, weary and heavy laden, hungering and thirsting after the righteousness of another: now for judgment did Christ come, that they which see not might see, and those who saw might be made blind; he called the one, and not the other, to repentance; made known the things of the Gospel to babes, and hid them from the wise and prudent; rejected the one, and had compassion on the other; see Joh 5:22, and when he comes a second time, he will judge between these, and separate them; and set the sheep on his right hand, and the goats on the left, Mat 25:31.

Gill: Eze 34:21 - Because ye have thrust with side and with shoulder // and pushed all the diseased with your horns // till he have scattered them abroad Because ye have thrust with side and with shoulder,.... As the stronger cattle do the lesser: and pushed all the diseased with your horns; as horne...

Because ye have thrust with side and with shoulder,.... As the stronger cattle do the lesser:

and pushed all the diseased with your horns; as horned cattle do those they dislike, and bear an antipathy to; which to do to the diseased is great cruelty: sheep, it is said, will take some care of those that are diseased among them, and bring them to places of sunshine and shelter; but here the horned part of the flock, and in health, are represented as acting a barbarous part to the weak and diseased: this may denote such as are in power and authority, using it to the hurt and detriment of those that are under them, and whom they should relieve and protect: it may be applied to the anathemas and excommunications of the Jews, who pronounced those an accursed and ignorant people that believed in Christ, and expelled such out of their synagogues that professed his name; and to their persecutions of the apostles and first Christians:

till he have scattered them abroad; or "without" s; that is, without the land. The Targum is,

"through the provinces;''

obliged them to quit their country, and go unto other parts, as the first preachers of the word did; who, upon the persecution at the death of Stephen, were scattered abroad everywhere, Act 8:1.

Gill: Eze 34:22 - Therefore will I save my flock // and they shall no more be a prey // and I will judge between cattle and cattle Therefore will I save my flock,.... Or redeem my people, as the Targum; that is, by his son, after described, as his shepherd and servant: and they...

Therefore will I save my flock,.... Or redeem my people, as the Targum; that is, by his son, after described, as his shepherd and servant:

and they shall no more be a prey: to Satan the roaring lion; nor to such horned cattle, their persecutors; nor to false teachers, who lie in wait to deceive; nor shall they ever perish, being the sheep of Christ, hand, and under the care of him the shepherd, spoken of in the next verse:

and I will judge between cattle and cattle; between man and man, as the Targum; that is, between good and bad men, the persecutors and the persecuted. See Gill on Eze 34:17. See Gill on Eze 34:20.

Gill: Eze 34:23 - And I will set up one shepherd over them // and he shall feed them // shall do // even my servant David // he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd And I will set up one shepherd over them,.... Or governor, as the Targum; an excellent one of a thousand, the only one; in comparison of whom others a...

And I will set up one shepherd over them,.... Or governor, as the Targum; an excellent one of a thousand, the only one; in comparison of whom others are not to be named; for though there are under shepherds, as magistrates and ministers of the word, he is the principal one; that is, Christ, called the good Shepherd, the great Shepherd, and the chief Shepherd, and the only one; and who became so by the constitution and appointment of Jehovah the Father; who chose him, called him, and intrusted him with all his sheep: who sent him to seek and save his lost sheep; for whom he died, rose again, and is accountable: he is more particularly called the one Shepherd, with respect to Jew and Gentile; see Joh 10:16,

and he shall feed them; the flock, even the poor of the flock, thrust at and pushed by others: he shall feed them by his ministers, as under shepherds in his churches, where his word is preached, and his ordinances are administered; he shall feed them with himself, the bread of life; with his flesh and blood, which are meat and drink indeed; with covenant grace, blessings, and promises; with the Gospel, and the doctrines of it; he feeds his babes with milk, his strong men with meat, and all with the wholesome words of faith and good doctrine, whereby he nourishes them up to everlasting life; and this he

shall do, not by force, but willingly: it denotes the certainty of it; it may be depended on:

even my servant David; not David himself literally; who though a shepherd, and the servant of the Lord, yet had been dead many years before this prophecy was delivered; nor Zerubbabel, who was of his seed; for though a servant of the Lord, and a prince or governor of Judah, yet not a king, and much less a king or prince for ever; as this person is said to be, Eze 37:24, but the Messiah, as is expressly owned by Kimchi; who says, this is the Messiah that shall arise from his seed in the time of salvation: he is called David because his name agrees with him, which signifies "beloved", he being beloved of God and man; and because the son of David, of his seed according to the flesh; and because David was an eminent type of him, in his person, offices, afflictions, wars, victories, and exaltation; and because he was David's Lord and representative, and in whom his everlasting kingdom is established. The same is called the servant of the Lord, as he often is in Scripture, being so in his office capacity as Mediator; and because he took upon him the form of a servant; did the work of one; and was of the Lord's choosing, calling, supporting, and glorifying:

he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd; which is repeated for the greater confirmation of it.

Gill: Eze 34:24 - And I the Lord will be their God // and my servant David a Prince among them // I the Lord have spoken it And I the Lord will be their God,.... The God of them Christ is the shepherd of, and whom he feeds; the sheep and poor of the flock: this is the great...

And I the Lord will be their God,.... The God of them Christ is the shepherd of, and whom he feeds; the sheep and poor of the flock: this is the great blessing of the everlasting covenant, and than which there cannot be a greater, to have the Lord, the everlasting and unchangeable Jehovah, to be a covenant God and Father:

and my servant David a Prince among them; who should reside among them, dwell with them, by granting them his spiritual presence, and so rule over them, protect and defend them; even he who is the Prince of the kings of the earth, and is exalted, a Prince and a Saviour of his people Israel; he is such a Shepherd as that he is a Prince; and such a Prince as that he is a Saviour and under whose princely government is the greatest safety:

I the Lord have spoken it; and therefore it shall assuredly be. The Targum is,

"I the Lord have decreed it in my word;''

he had determined it within himself, and promised it in covenant, and spoke of it in prophecy, and it should be fulfilled.

Gill: Eze 34:25 - And I will make with them a covenant of peace // and will cause the evil beasts to cease out of the land // and they shall dwell safely in the wilderness, and sleep in the woods And I will make with them a covenant of peace,...., Such the covenant of grace is, made with Christ from everlasting; in which Jehovah proposed terms ...

And I will make with them a covenant of peace,...., Such the covenant of grace is, made with Christ from everlasting; in which Jehovah proposed terms of peace, and which Christ undertook to answer, and became the peacemaker; and from this article concerning the peace and reconciliation of men the covenant is so called; see Isa 54:10, this the Lord promises to make known to his people his flock, to show them their interest in it, and to make it good unto them; for otherwise it was made with Christ, and with them in Christ from all eternity. The Septuagint and Arabic versions read,

"I will make with David a covenant of peace:''

and will cause the evil beasts to cease out of the land; which was literally fulfilled when the Jews returned from Babylon; during their captivity, the land being uninhabited, evil beasts increased in it, and possessed it; but upon their return these ceased, being either destroyed, or driven away: but figuratively these design wicked men, who, for the malignity of their nature, manners, and conversation, are called evil beasts, as the Cretians were, Tit 1:12, particularly false teachers may be designed; those grievous wolves that spare not, but wrong the flock; but now shall be no more, being either forced to quit their place, or truly converted; so that the wolf shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard lie down with the kid; which will be the peaceable and comfortable state of the church in the latter day; when there will be none to hurt and destroy in the Lord's holy mountain, Isa 11:6,

and they shall dwell safely in the wilderness, and sleep in the woods; not only in their houses, but in the fields, and even in the wilderness, and in the woods, where wild beasts used to resort; but now being clear of all, and under the protection of such a Shepherd and Prince as David the servant of the Lord, they shall have no dread upon their mind, no fear of any danger; but dwell in the utmost security, lie down and sleep in peace and safety, the Lord sustaining them; and whom they shall serve without fear of any enemy all their days, in righteousness and holiness, being delivered out of the hands of them all.

Gill: Eze 34:26 - And I will make them, and the places round about my hill, a blessing // and I will cause the shower to come down in his season // there shall be showers of blessings And I will make them, and the places round about my hill, a blessing,.... Alluding either to the city of Jerusalem, and the places adjacent; or to the...

And I will make them, and the places round about my hill, a blessing,.... Alluding either to the city of Jerusalem, and the places adjacent; or to the temple, and the houses about it. So the Targum,

"I will cause them to dwell round about the house of my sanctuary;''

and so Kimchi interprets it of the temple. Some Christian interpreters, by the "hill" or mountain, understand Christ; and not amiss; who may be compared to one for height; he being higher than the kings of the earth, or than the heavens and angels there, as man and Mediator; as well as is God over all, blessed for ever; and for fruitfulness, from whom the saints have all theirs, either in grace or good works; and for shade, he being the shadow of a great rock in a weary land; which yields delight and refreshment, and is a protection from the heat of a fiery law, flaming justice, the wrath of God and man, and the fiery darts of Satan; and for shelter and security, there being salvation in him, when none in other hills and mountains; and for duration and immovableness, being the same today, yesterday, and for ever: and now the persons about him are such who are made nigh by his blood; brought to him by his powerful and efficacious grace; are worshippers about the throne where he sits; such as cleave to him, and follow him wherever he goes, and shall be with him to all eternity; these he makes a blessing, or most blessed. So the Targum renders it,

"and they shall be blessed;''

they are blessed in Christ their head; they are blessed through him as their Redeemer and Saviour, who was made a curse for them; they are blessed through being in him, and by the imputation of blessings to them from him, and through the application of them by his Spirit; their persons are blessed, and so are the places or habitations where they dwell: or rather this may be understood of the church of God, often compared to a hill for its height and eminence; for its fertility and fruitfulness; for its stability and firmness; and in allusion to the hill of Zion for its holiness, and being the place of the divine residence; see Psa 15:1 now, the persons about this hill are those who are come to Mount Zion the church of God; being brought there by the Lord himself, and who take up their abode there; who lie about this hill, as flocks of sheep, in their several folds or congregated churches; see Jer 23:3 and these the Lord makes a blessing to one another, by their spiritual conversation, prayers, and services of love; and to the world, to kingdoms and states, to cities, towns, and neighbourhoods, and to particular families, where they are placed; and even to the world in general; for they are the light, stay, and stability of it; and without which it would be in darkness, corrupt and putrefy, and not continue long:

and I will cause the shower to come down in his season; which, in the spiritual sense, may design the Gospel; which, like a shower of rain, comes from God; descends from heaven; is a gift of God; which falls according to divine direction; refreshes, revives, and makes fruitful; brings a plenty of divine blessings with it; and comes in season, at its proper time; and is a word in season to weary souls:

there shall be showers of blessings; which the Gospel brings with it; spiritual blessings, blessings of grace; such as peace, pardon, righteousness, and eternal life: these, like showers, come from God; are free grace gifts of his, of which there is a large abundance; and which descend on Mount Zion the church of God; which is another Gerizim, on which the blessings are pronounced, Psa 133:3.

Gill: Eze 34:27 - And the tree of the field shall yield her fruit // and the earth shall yield her increase // and they shall be safe in their land // and shall know that I am the Lord // when I have broken the bands of their yoke // and delivered them out of the hand of those that served themselves of them And the tree of the field shall yield her fruit,.... Such as are trees of righteousness, rooted in Christ, and planted in his church, and watered with...

And the tree of the field shall yield her fruit,.... Such as are trees of righteousness, rooted in Christ, and planted in his church, and watered with his grace; these bring forth, bear, and are filled with the fruits of righteousness by him:

and the earth shall yield her increase; the fallow ground of men's hearts being broke up, and the seed of the word and of divine grace being sown in them, they bring forth fruit, some thirty, some sixty, and some an hundred fold; see Psa 67:1, this, and what goes before, may be literally understood of the land of Canaan, and the fruitfulness of it, when the Jews shall again possess it; to which the next clause seems to have some respect:

and they shall be safe in their land; no enemy to disturb them, to invade or do any acts of violence to them: this will be when the Jews are converted, and become Christians; and antichrist destroyed; they will have none but Christian powers about them, who will be their protection. This is true, in a spiritual sense, of all the saints, who are under the care and government of Christ their Shepherd and Prince:

and shall know that I am the Lord; Jehovah their righteousness, Saviour and Redeemer:

when I have broken the bands of their yoke; of sin, Satan, and the law, and of all enemies:

and delivered them out of the hand of those that served themselves of them; or made them their servants, to whom they were subject; literally, the nations of the world, among whom they are dispersed; and figuratively, sin, whose servants men in a state of nature are; and Satan, by whom they are led captive; and the law, under which they are held as transgressors; and all other spiritual enemies; see Luk 1:74.

Gill: Eze 34:28 - And they shall no more be a prey to the Heathen // neither shall, the beasts of the land devour them // but they, shall dwell safely, and none shall make them afraid And they shall no more be a prey to the Heathen,.... To the Papists, who shall now be perished out of the land, Psa 10:16, neither shall, the beast...

And they shall no more be a prey to the Heathen,.... To the Papists, who shall now be perished out of the land, Psa 10:16,

neither shall, the beasts of the land devour them; neither that beast which rose up out of the sea, nor that which came up out of the earth, Rev 13:1, the pope, both in his secular and ecclesiastic power, being destroyed. So the Targum,

"and the kingdoms of the earth shall not consume them;''

the antichristian kingdoms:

but they, shall dwell safely, and none shall make them afraid; See Gill on Eze 34:25; See Gill on Eze 34:27.

Gill: Eze 34:29 - And I will raise up for them a plant of renown // and they shall be no more consumed with hunger in the land // neither bear the shame of the Heathen any more And I will raise up for them a plant of renown,.... Or, "for a name"; or, "of a name" t; a famous one: this is to be understood, not of the Jewish nat...

And I will raise up for them a plant of renown,.... Or, "for a name"; or, "of a name" t; a famous one: this is to be understood, not of the Jewish nation itself, as the Targum,

"and I will raise up for them a plantation for standing;''

or which shall continue; but of the Messiah, and not of his incarnation, when he sprung up as a tender plant out of the dry ground, and as a branch out of the roots of Jesse, being on that account often spoken of as a branch; see Isa 11:1, but of him in a more raised and exalted state, as grown up to a stately tree, a goodly cedar, as in Eze 17:23 when his interest and kingdom should be great and glorious in the world, as it will be at the time of the conversion of the Jews; and it is spoken of his manifestation to them as a plant of renown, or as a renowned plant, the true vine and tree of life; or as a famous renowned person, one of name; whose glorious names and titles are Shiloh, the Messiah, Immanuel, Jehovah our righteousness, Jesus the Saviour, the Word of God, the King of kings, and Lord of lords:

and they shall be no more consumed with hunger in the land; the Targum is,

"they shall no more move from place to place through famine in the land;''

and which is to be understood, not of hunger through a famine of bread and water, but of hearing the word of the Lord; which they shall now have, and hear, and believe, and so have food for their souls, and hunger no more; as those do not who believe in Christ, Joh 6:35, for this plant raised up for them, and pointed out to them, the tree of life, Christ Jesus, bears all manner of precious fruit, sweet to the taste, and nourishing to the souls of his people; under his shadow they sit, and his fruit is sweet to them; and with him is bread enough, and to spare; so that there is no want, nor fear of consumption with hunger, where he is:

neither bear the shame of the Heathen any more; being called by them Jews, in away of taunt, a proverb, and a curse; and outcasts, whom none seek after; but now they shall no more be termed forsaken, or called desolate, but instead thereof Hephzibah and Beulah; see Jer 30:17.

Gill: Eze 34:30 - Thus shall they know that I the Lord their God am with them // and that they, even the house of Israel, are my people, saith the Lord God Thus shall they know that I the Lord their God am with them,.... Granting them his gracious and powerful presence, by all the above instances of his g...

Thus shall they know that I the Lord their God am with them,.... Granting them his gracious and powerful presence, by all the above instances of his goodness and favour to them:

and that they, even the house of Israel, are my people, saith the Lord God: and not utterly cast off, as they seemed to be; the divine Shechinah now being returned to them, which had departed from them; the "loammi" that was written on them being now wiped off from them.

Gill: Eze 34:31 - And ye my flock, the flock of my pasture, are men // and I am your God, saith the Lord God And ye my flock, the flock of my pasture, are men,.... This is observed, to show that all that had been said in this chapter concerning sheep, and a f...

And ye my flock, the flock of my pasture, are men,.... This is observed, to show that all that had been said in this chapter concerning sheep, and a flock of sheep, was to be understood, not in a literal sense, but in a figurative one, of such as were rational and spiritual persons; a set of men whom the Lord had chosen, and separated from others, as his peculiar flock; and whom he took a special care of, and led them to, and fed them in, green pastures of his own providing; they are the souls of men that Christ is the Shepherd and Bishop of, 1Pe 2:25. The Talmudists u frequently make use of this text, to prove that Israelites are only called men, and not the Gentiles; see Mat 15:26.

and I am your God, saith the Lord God; which is often repeated for the certainty of it, because a blessing of the greatest importance, and which includes all others in it; see Eze 34:24.

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Eze 34:2 The term shepherd is applied to kings in the ancient Near East. In the OT the Lord is often addressed as shepherd of Israel (Gen 49:24; Ps 8:1). The i...

NET Notes: Eze 34:4 The term translated “harshness” is used to describe the oppression the Israelites suffered as slaves in Egypt (Exod 1:13).

NET Notes: Eze 34:5 As a case of dittography, the MT repeats “and they were scattered” at the end of the verse.

NET Notes: Eze 34:10 Heb “I will cause them to cease from feeding sheep.”

NET Notes: Eze 34:12 The imagery may reflect the overthrow of the Israelites by the Babylonians in 587/6 b.c.

NET Notes: Eze 34:14 Heb “good.”

NET Notes: Eze 34:21 Heb “outside.”

NET Notes: Eze 34:23 The messianic king is here called “David” (see Jer 30:9 and Hos 3:5, as well as Isa 11:1 and Mic 5:2) because he will fulfill the Davidic ...

NET Notes: Eze 34:24 The messianic king (“David”) is called both “king” and “prince” in 37:24-25. The use of the term “princeR...

NET Notes: Eze 34:25 The woods were typically considered to be places of danger (Ps 104:20-21; Jer 5:6).

NET Notes: Eze 34:26 Heb “showers of blessing.” Abundant rain, which in turn produces fruit and crops (v. 27), is a covenantal blessing for obedience (Lev 26:4...

NET Notes: Eze 34:29 Heb “those gathered” for famine.

NET Notes: Eze 34:30 The blessings described in vv. 25-30 are those promised for obedience in Lev 26:4-13.

NET Notes: Eze 34:31 Heb, “the sheep of my pasture, you are human.” See 36:37-38 for a similar expression. The possessive pronoun “my” is supplied ...

Geneva Bible: Eze 34:2 Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel, prophesy, and say to them, Thus saith the Lord GOD to the shepherds; Woe [be] to the ( a ) sheph...

Geneva Bible: Eze 34:3 Ye eat the ( b ) fat, and ye clothe yourselves with the wool, ye kill them that are fed: [but] ye feed not the flock. ( b ) You seek to enrich yourse...

Geneva Bible: Eze 34:4 The ( c ) diseased ye have not strengthened, neither have ye healed that which was sick, neither have ye bound up [that which was] broken, neither hav...

Geneva Bible: Eze 34:5 And they were scattered, because [there is] no shepherd: and they ( d ) became food to all the beasts of the field, when they were scattered. ( d ) F...

Geneva Bible: Eze 34:10 Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I [am] against the shepherds; and I will require my flock at their hand, and cause them to cease from feeding the flo...

Geneva Bible: Eze 34:12 As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among his sheep [that are] scattered; so will I seek out my sheep, and will deliver them out...

Geneva Bible: Eze 34:16 I will seek that which was lost, and bring again that which was driven away, and will bind up [that which was] broken, and will strengthen that which ...

Geneva Bible: Eze 34:18 [Seemeth it] a small thing to you to have eaten up the good ( i ) pasture, but ye must tread down with your feet the rest of your pastures? and to hav...

Geneva Bible: Eze 34:23 And I will set up one shepherd over them, and he shall feed them, [even] my servant ( k ) David; he shall feed them, and he shall be their shepherd. ...

Geneva Bible: Eze 34:25 And I will make with them a covenant of peace, and will cause the evil beasts to cease out of the land: and they shall ( l ) dwell safely in the wilde...

Geneva Bible: Eze 34:27 And the ( m ) tree of the field shall yield her fruit, and the earth shall yield her increase, and they shall be safe in their land, and shall know th...

Geneva Bible: Eze 34:29 And I will raise up for them a ( n ) plant of renown, and they shall be no more consumed with hunger in the land, neither bear the shame of the nation...

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: Eze 34:1-6 - --The people became as sheep without a shepherd, were given up as a prey to their enemies, and the land was utterly desolated. No rank or office can exe...

MHCC: Eze 34:7-16 - --The Lord declared that he intended mercy towards the scattered flock. Doubtless this, in the first place, had reference to the restoration of the Jews...

MHCC: Eze 34:17-31 - --The whole nation seemed to be the Lord's flock, yet they were very different characters; but he knew how to distinguish between them. By good pastures...

Matthew Henry: Eze 34:1-6 - -- The prophecy of this chapter is not dated, nor any of those that follow it, till ch. 40. It is most probable that it was delivered after the complet...

Matthew Henry: Eze 34:7-16 - -- Upon reading the foregoing articles of impeachment drawn up, in God's name, against the shepherds of Israel, we cannot but look upon the shepherds w...

Matthew Henry: Eze 34:17-31 - -- The prophet has no more to say to the shepherds, but he has now a message to deliver to the flock. God had ordered him to speak tenderly to them, an...

Keil-Delitzsch: Eze 34:1-10 - -- Woe to the Bad Shepherds Eze 34:1. And the word of Jehovah came to me, saying, Eze 34:2. Son of man, prophesy concerning the shepherds of Israe...

Keil-Delitzsch: Eze 34:11-22 - -- Jehovah Himself will seek His flock, gather it together from the dispersion, lead it to good pasture, and sift it by the destruction of the bad shee...

Keil-Delitzsch: Eze 34:23-31 - -- Appointment of David as Shepherd, and Blessing of the People Eze 34:23. And I will raise up one shepherd over them, who shall feed them, my servan...

Constable: Eze 33:1--48:35 - --IV. Future blessings for Israel chs. 33--48 "This last major division of the book focuses on the restoration of ...

Constable: Eze 33:21--40:1 - --B. Restoration to the Promised Land 33:21-39:29 "The concept of the land is particularly significant to ...

Constable: Eze 34:1-31 - --2. False and true shepherds ch. 34 Previously the Lord had said that the Israelites would not oc...

Constable: Eze 34:1-7 - --The accusation against Israel's unfaithful rulers 34:1-7 34:1-2 The Lord gave Ezekiel a message for the shepherds (leaders, rulers, cf. Ps. 23) of Isr...

Constable: Eze 34:7-10 - --The verdict concerning the leadership of Israel 34:7-10 The Lord repeated His accusation against Israel's leaders (vv. 7-8) and then announced what He...

Constable: Eze 34:11-24 - --The Lord's intervention for Israel 34:11-24 34:11-12 The Lord further promised to search for His wandering sheep Himself, to care for them, and to del...

Constable: Eze 34:25-31 - --The covenant of peace 34:25-31 "The themes of regathering as sheep and of covenant merge in Ezekiel 34:25-31. The Lord promises to make a covenant of ...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: Ezekiel (Pendahuluan Kitab) The name Ezekiel means "(whom) God will strengthen" [GESENIUS]; or, "God will prevail" [ROSENMULLER]. His father was Buzi (Eze 1:3), a priest, and he ...

JFB: Ezekiel (Garis Besar) EZEKIEL'S VISION BY THE CHEBAR. FOUR CHERUBIM AND WHEELS. (Eze. 1:1-28) EZEKIEL'S COMMISSION. (Eze 2:1-10) EZEKIEL EATS THE ROLL. IS COMMISSIONED TO ...

TSK: Ezekiel (Pendahuluan Kitab) The character of Ezekiel, as a Writer and Poet, is thus admirably drawn by the masterly hand of Bishop Lowth: " Ezekiel is much inferior to Jeremiah ...

TSK: Ezekiel 34 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Eze 34:1, A reproof of the shepherds; Eze 34:7, God’s judgment against them; Eze 34:11, His providence over his flock; Eze 34:20, The k...

Poole: Ezekiel (Pendahuluan Kitab) BOOK OF THE PROPHET EZEKIEL THE ARGUMENT EZEKIEL was by descent a priest, and by commission a prophet, and received it from heaven, as will appea...

Poole: Ezekiel 34 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHAPTER 34 A reproof of the shepherds of Israel, Eze 34:1-6 . God’ s judgment against them, Eze 34:7-10 . His providence over his flock, Eze 3...

MHCC: Ezekiel (Pendahuluan Kitab) Ezekiel was one of the priests; he was carried captive to Chaldea with Jehoiachin. All his prophecies appear to have been delivered in that country, a...

MHCC: Ezekiel 34 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (Eze 34:1-6) The rulers reproved. (Eze 34:7-16) The people are to be restored to their own land. (Eze 34:17-31) The kingdom of Christ.

Matthew Henry: Ezekiel (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Book of the Prophet Ezekiel When we entered upon the writings of the prophets, which speak of the ...

Matthew Henry: Ezekiel 34 (Pendahuluan Pasal) The iniquities and calamities of God's Israel had been largely and pathetically lamented before, in this book. Now in this chapter the shepherds of...

Constable: Ezekiel (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title and Writer The title of this book comes from its writer, Ezekiel, t...

Constable: Ezekiel (Garis Besar) Outline I. Ezekiel's calling and commission chs. 1-3 A. The vision of God's glory ch. 1 ...

Constable: Ezekiel Ezekiel Bibliography Ackroyd, Peter R. Exile and Restoration. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1968. ...

Haydock: Ezekiel (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE PROPHECY OF EZECHIEL. INTRODUCTION. Ezechiel, whose name signifies the strength of God, was of the priestly race, and of the number of t...

Gill: Ezekiel (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO EZEKIEL This book is rightly placed after Jeremiah; since Ezekiel was among the captives in Chaldea, when prophesied; whereas Jerem...

Gill: Ezekiel 34 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO EZEKIEL 34 In the former chapter the prophet prophesies against the people of the Jews, both those of the captivity, and those who ...

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