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Teks -- Nehemiah 1:1-11 (NET)

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Konteks
A Prayer of Nehemiah
1:1 These are the words of Nehemiah son of Hacaliah: It so happened that in the month of Kislev, in the twentieth year, I was in Susa the citadel. 1:2 Hanani, who was one of my relatives, along with some of the men from Judah, came to me, and I asked them about the Jews who had escaped and had survived the exile, and about Jerusalem. 1:3 They said to me, “The remnant that remains from the exile there in the province are experiencing considerable adversity and reproach. The wall of Jerusalem lies breached, and its gates have been burned down!” 1:4 When I heard these things I sat down abruptly, crying and mourning for several days. I continued fasting and praying before the God of heaven. 1:5 Then I said, “Please, O LORD God of heaven, great and awesome God, who keeps his loving covenant with those who love him and obey his commandments, 1:6 may your ear be attentive and your eyes be open to hear the prayer of your servant that I am praying to you today throughout both day and night on behalf of your servants the Israelites. I am confessing the sins of the Israelites that we have committed against you– both I myself and my family have sinned. 1:7 We have behaved corruptly against you, not obeying the commandments, the statutes, and the judgments that you commanded your servant Moses. 1:8 Please recall the word you commanded your servant Moses: ‘If you act unfaithfully, I will scatter you among the nations. 1:9 But if you repent and obey my commandments and do them, then even if your dispersed people are in the most remote location, I will gather them from there and bring them to the place I have chosen for my name to reside.’ 1:10 They are your servants and your people, whom you have redeemed by your mighty strength and by your powerful hand. 1:11 Please, O Lord, listen attentively to the prayer of your servant and to the prayer of your servants who take pleasure in showing respect to your name. Grant your servant success today and show compassion to me in the presence of this man.” Now I was cupbearer for the king.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Chislev the 9th month of the Jewish calendar
 · Hacaliah father of Nehemiah, the governor of the returned exiles
 · Hanani son of Heman the Levite; worship leader under Heman and David,a prophet in the time of Asa King of Judah; father of Jehu,a priest of the Immer clan who put away his heathen wife,a man related to Nehemiah who was an administrator in Jerusalem; brother of Nehemiah,a Levite musician who helped Zechariah dedicate Nehemiah's wall
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Jerusalem the capital city of Israel,a town; the capital of Israel near the southern border of Benjamin
 · Jew the people descended from Israel
 · Judah the son of Jacob and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,a tribe, the land/country,a son of Joseph; the father of Simeon; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Jacob/Israel and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,the tribe of Judah,citizens of the southern kingdom of Judah,citizens of the Persian Province of Judah; the Jews who had returned from Babylonian exile,"house of Judah", a phrase which highlights the political leadership of the tribe of Judah,"king of Judah", a phrase which relates to the southern kingdom of Judah,"kings of Judah", a phrase relating to the southern kingdom of Judah,"princes of Judah", a phrase relating to the kingdom of Judah,the territory allocated to the tribe of Judah, and also the extended territory of the southern kingdom of Judah,the Province of Judah under Persian rule,"hill country of Judah", the relatively cool and green central highlands of the territory of Judah,"the cities of Judah",the language of the Jews; Hebrew,head of a family of Levites who returned from Exile,a Levite who put away his heathen wife,a man who was second in command of Jerusalem; son of Hassenuah of Benjamin,a Levite in charge of the songs of thanksgiving in Nehemiah's time,a leader who helped dedicate Nehemiah's wall,a Levite musician who helped Zechariah of Asaph dedicate Nehemiah's wall
 · Moses a son of Amram; the Levite who led Israel out of Egypt and gave them The Law of Moses,a Levite who led Israel out of Egypt and gave them the law
 · Nehemiah leader among those who returned from exile with Zerubbabel,son of Hacaliah; governor of the returned exiles,son of Azbuk, ruler of half the district of Beth-Zur
 · Susa capital city of Elam and winter home of the Persian kings (OS)


Topik/Tema Kamus: Nehemiah | Prayer | Shushan | Intercession | Country | Patriotism | Nation | Repentance | Hanani | Sin | Butler | Faith | God | JEHOIARIB | TRADE | Hachaliah | Chisleu | Cupbearer | Palace | Captivity | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
Maclaren , MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Wesley: Neh 1:1 - The words Or rather, the acts, as the word often signifies.

Or rather, the acts, as the word often signifies.

Wesley: Neh 1:1 - Chisleu Which is the ninth month, containing part of November, and part of December.

Which is the ninth month, containing part of November, and part of December.

Wesley: Neh 1:1 - Year Of Artaxerxes.

Of Artaxerxes.

Wesley: Neh 1:1 - Shushan The royal city of Persia.

The royal city of Persia.

Wesley: Neh 1:3 - The province In Judea, now a province under the Persian monarchs.

In Judea, now a province under the Persian monarchs.

Wesley: Neh 1:3 - The wall, &c. The walls and gates continue as Nebuchadnezzar left them; the Jews not being in a condition to rebuild them, nor having commission from the kings of P...

The walls and gates continue as Nebuchadnezzar left them; the Jews not being in a condition to rebuild them, nor having commission from the kings of Persia to do so.

Wesley: Neh 1:4 - The God of heaven Who seeth in secret; secret; having no opportunity of doing it openly.

Who seeth in secret; secret; having no opportunity of doing it openly.

Wesley: Neh 1:6 - Which I pray, &c. _He refers to all the prayers, which he had for some time been putting up.

_He refers to all the prayers, which he had for some time been putting up.

Wesley: Neh 1:11 - To fear thy name Those who truly desire to fear his name, shall be graciously accepted of God.

Those who truly desire to fear his name, shall be graciously accepted of God.

Wesley: Neh 1:11 - This man The king: who is but a man and therefore his heart is wholly at thy disposal. Favour with men is then comfortable, when we see it springing from the m...

The king: who is but a man and therefore his heart is wholly at thy disposal. Favour with men is then comfortable, when we see it springing from the mercy of God.

Wesley: Neh 1:11 - Cup bearer - Whereby I had opportunity to speak to him, and some favour with him.

bearer - Whereby I had opportunity to speak to him, and some favour with him.

JFB: Neh 1:1 - Nehemiah the son of Hachaliah This eminently pious and patriotic Jew is to be carefully distinguished from two other persons of the same name--one of whom is mentioned as helping t...

This eminently pious and patriotic Jew is to be carefully distinguished from two other persons of the same name--one of whom is mentioned as helping to rebuild the walls of Jerusalem (Neh 3:16), and the other is noticed in the list of those who accompanied Zerubbabel in the first detachment of returning exiles (Ezr 2:2; Neh 7:7). Though little is known of his genealogy, it is highly probable that he was a descendant of the tribe of Judah and the royal family of David.

JFB: Neh 1:1 - in the month Chisleu Answering to the close of November and the larger part of December.

Answering to the close of November and the larger part of December.

JFB: Neh 1:1 - Shushan the palace The capital of ancient Susiana, east of the Tigris, a province of Persia. From the time of Cyrus it was the favorite winter residence of the Persian k...

The capital of ancient Susiana, east of the Tigris, a province of Persia. From the time of Cyrus it was the favorite winter residence of the Persian kings.

JFB: Neh 1:2-3 - Hanani, one of my brethren, came, he and certain men of Judah Hanani is called his brother (Neh 7:2). But as that term was used loosely by Jews as well as other Orientals, it is probable that no more is meant tha...

Hanani is called his brother (Neh 7:2). But as that term was used loosely by Jews as well as other Orientals, it is probable that no more is meant than that he was of the same family. According to JOSEPHUS, Nehemiah, while walking around the palace walls, overheard some persons conversing in the Hebrew language. Having ascertained that they had lately returned from Judea, he was informed by them, in answer to his eager enquiries, of the unfinished and desolate condition of Jerusalem, as well as the defenseless state of the returned exiles. The commissions previously given to Zerubbabel and Ezra extending only to the repair of the temple and private dwellings, the walls and gates of the city had been allowed to remain a mass of shattered ruins, as they had been laid by the Chaldean siege.

JFB: Neh 1:4 - when I heard these words, that I sat down . . . and mourned . . . and fasted, and prayed The recital deeply affected the patriotic feelings of this good man, and no comfort could he find but in earnest and protracted prayer, that God would...

The recital deeply affected the patriotic feelings of this good man, and no comfort could he find but in earnest and protracted prayer, that God would favor the purpose, which he seems to have secretly formed, of asking the royal permission to go to Jerusalem.

JFB: Neh 1:11 - I was the king's cupbearer This officer, in the ancient Oriental courts, was always a person of rank and importance; and, from the confidential nature of his duties and his freq...

This officer, in the ancient Oriental courts, was always a person of rank and importance; and, from the confidential nature of his duties and his frequent access to the royal presence, he possessed great influence.

Clarke: Neh 1:1 - The words of Nehemiah The words of Nehemiah - That this book was compiled out of the journal or memoranda made by Nehemiah himself, there can be no doubt: but that he was...

The words of Nehemiah - That this book was compiled out of the journal or memoranda made by Nehemiah himself, there can be no doubt: but that he was not the compiler is evident from several passages in the work it. self. As it is written consecutively as one book with Ezra, many have supposed that this latter was the author: but whoever compares the style of each, in the Hebrew, will soon be convinced that this is not correct; the style is so very different, that they could not possibly be the work of the same person

It is doubtful even whether the Nehemiah who is mentioned Ezr 2:2, who came to Jerusalem with Zerubbabel, be the same with him who is the reputed author of this book. By the computation of the best chronologists, Zerubbabel came to Jerusalem in A. M. 3468; and Nehemiah, who is here mentioned, did not come before the twentieth year of the reign of Artaxerxes, which falls in with A. M. 3558, ninety years after: and as his account here is carried down to A. M. 3570, nearly twenty years later, he must at his death have been about a hundred and thirty, allowing him to have been only twenty years old at the time that Zerubbabel went up to Jerusalem. This is by no means likely, as this would make him the king’ s cupbearer when he was upwards of a hundred years of age! It seems, therefore, evident that the Nehemiah of Ezra cannot be the same with the reputed author of this book, and the cup-bearer of the Persian king

Clarke: Neh 1:1 - Son of Hachaliah Son of Hachaliah - Of what tribe or lineage he was, we cannot tell: this is all we know of his parentage. Some suppose he was a priest, and of the h...

Son of Hachaliah - Of what tribe or lineage he was, we cannot tell: this is all we know of his parentage. Some suppose he was a priest, and of the house of Aaron, on the authority of 2 Maccabees 1:18, 21; but this is but slender evidence. It is likely he was of a very eminent family, if not of the blood royal of Judah, as only persons of eminence could be placed in the office which he sustained in the Persian court

Clarke: Neh 1:1 - The month Chisleu The month Chisleu - Answering to a part of our November and December

The month Chisleu - Answering to a part of our November and December

Clarke: Neh 1:1 - Twentieth year Twentieth year - That is, of Artaxerxes, A. M. 3558, b.c. 446

Twentieth year - That is, of Artaxerxes, A. M. 3558, b.c. 446

Clarke: Neh 1:1 - Shushan the palace Shushan the palace - The ancient city of Susa; called in Persian Shuster : the winter residence of the Persian kings.

Shushan the palace - The ancient city of Susa; called in Persian Shuster : the winter residence of the Persian kings.

Clarke: Neh 1:2 - I asked them concerning the Jews I asked them concerning the Jews - Josephus gives a probable account of this business: "Nehemiah, being somewhere out of Susa, seeing some strangers...

I asked them concerning the Jews - Josephus gives a probable account of this business: "Nehemiah, being somewhere out of Susa, seeing some strangers, and hearing them converse in the Hebrew tongue, he went near; and finding they were Jews from Jerusalem, he asked them how matters went with their brethren in that city, and what was their state?"And the answer they gave him is, in substance, that recorded in the text; though with several aggravations in Josephus. - Joseph. Ant. lib. xi., c. 5.

Clarke: Neh 1:3 - The wall of Jerusalem also is broken down The wall of Jerusalem also is broken down - This must refer to the walls, which had been rebuilt after the people returned from their captivity: for...

The wall of Jerusalem also is broken down - This must refer to the walls, which had been rebuilt after the people returned from their captivity: for it could not refer to the walls which were broken down and levelled with the dust by Nebuchadnezzar; for to hear of this could be no news to Nehemiah.

Clarke: Neh 1:4 - And mourned certain days And mourned certain days - From the month Chisleu to the month Nisan; about four months from the time he received the above information, till the ti...

And mourned certain days - From the month Chisleu to the month Nisan; about four months from the time he received the above information, till the time that Artaxerxes noticed his grief, Neh 2:1. All this time he probably spent in supplication to God; waiting for a favorable opening in the Divine providence. Every good work is not to be undertaken hastily; prayer and watchfulness are necessary to its completion. Many good works have been ruined by making haste.

Clarke: Neh 1:5 - Lord God of heaven Lord God of heaven - What was, before the captivity, Jehovah, God of hosts or armies

Lord God of heaven - What was, before the captivity, Jehovah, God of hosts or armies

Clarke: Neh 1:5 - Great Great - Able to do mighty things

Great - Able to do mighty things

Clarke: Neh 1:5 - Terrible Terrible - able to inflict the heaviest judgments.

Terrible - able to inflict the heaviest judgments.

Clarke: Neh 1:6 - Let thine ear Let thine ear - Hear what we say and confess

Let thine ear - Hear what we say and confess

Clarke: Neh 1:6 - Thine eyes open Thine eyes open - see what we suffer.

Thine eyes open - see what we suffer.

Clarke: Neh 1:7 - Have not kept thy commandments Have not kept thy commandments - The moral precepts by which our lives should be regulated

Have not kept thy commandments - The moral precepts by which our lives should be regulated

Clarke: Neh 1:7 - Statutes Statutes - What refers to the rites and ceremonies of thy religion

Statutes - What refers to the rites and ceremonies of thy religion

Clarke: Neh 1:7 - Judgments Judgments - The precepts of justice relative to our conduct to each other.

Judgments - The precepts of justice relative to our conduct to each other.

Clarke: Neh 1:8 - Thy servant Moses Thy servant Moses - See the parallel places in Lev 26:33 (note), Deu 4:25-27 (note), Deu 28:64 (note), and the notes there. Though in an enemy’...

Thy servant Moses - See the parallel places in Lev 26:33 (note), Deu 4:25-27 (note), Deu 28:64 (note), and the notes there. Though in an enemy’ s country, and far from the ordinances of God, Nehemiah did not forget the law: he read his Bible well, and quotes correctly.

Clarke: Neh 1:11 - Mercy in the sight of this man Mercy in the sight of this man - Favour before the king, Ahasuerus. He seems then to have been giving him the cup

Mercy in the sight of this man - Favour before the king, Ahasuerus. He seems then to have been giving him the cup

Clarke: Neh 1:11 - For I was the king’ s cup-bearer For I was the king’ s cup-bearer - The king’ s butler, (the Persians call him saky ), which gave him the opportunity of being frequently ...

For I was the king’ s cup-bearer - The king’ s butler, (the Persians call him saky ), which gave him the opportunity of being frequently with the king; and to be in such a place of trust, he must be in the king’ s confidence. No Eastern potentate would have a cup-bearer with whom he could not trust his life, poison being frequently administered in this way. This verse seems to have been a mental prayer, which Nehemiah now put up as he was delivering the cup into the king’ s hand.

Defender: Neh 1:1 - twentieth year That is, the twentieth year of Artaxerxes' reign (Neh 2:1). This would be thirteen years after this same king sent Ezra to Jerusalem (Ezr 7:7).

That is, the twentieth year of Artaxerxes' reign (Neh 2:1). This would be thirteen years after this same king sent Ezra to Jerusalem (Ezr 7:7).

Defender: Neh 1:1 - Shushan Shushan is the same as Susa, the winter capital of the great Persian empire, about 250 miles east of Babylon, well identified and confirmed archaeolog...

Shushan is the same as Susa, the winter capital of the great Persian empire, about 250 miles east of Babylon, well identified and confirmed archaeologically."

Defender: Neh 1:3 - broken down The wall of Jerusalem had apparently been at least partially built by Zerubbabel (Ezr 4:12; Ezr 5:3, Ezr 5:8). Many years had passed, however, and the...

The wall of Jerusalem had apparently been at least partially built by Zerubbabel (Ezr 4:12; Ezr 5:3, Ezr 5:8). Many years had passed, however, and the returning exiles had encountered continuing serious opposition from the people of the land, so their wall had fallen into decay by Nehemiah's time. Therefore Nehemiah sought and obtained approval to rebuild and finish the wall (Neh 2:8)."

TSK: Neh 1:2 - Hanani // I asked // that had escaped Hanani : Neh 7:2 I asked : Psa 122:6-9, Psa 137:5, Psa 137:6 that had escaped : Ezr 9:8, Ezr 9:9, Ezr 9:14; Jer 44:14; Eze 6:9, Eze 7:16, Eze 24:26, E...

TSK: Neh 1:3 - the province // in great // reproach // the wall the province : Neh 7:6, Neh 11:3; Ezr 2:1, Ezr 5:8; Est 1:1 in great : Neh 9:36, Neh 9:37; Psa 44:11-14, Psa 137:1-3; Isa 32:9-14; Lam 1:7, Lam 3:61, ...

TSK: Neh 1:4 - I sat down // the God I sat down : 1Sa 4:17-22; Ezr 10:1; Psa 69:9, Psa 69:10, Psa 102:13, Psa 102:14, Psa 137:1; Dan 9:3; Zep 3:18; Rom 12:15 the God : Neh 2:4; Ezr 5:11, ...

TSK: Neh 1:5 - the great // keepeth the great : Neh 4:14; Deu 7:21; 1Ch 17:21; Psa 47:2; Dan. 9:4-19 keepeth : Exo 20:6; Deu 7:9; 1Ki 8:23; Heb 6:13-18

the great : Neh 4:14; Deu 7:21; 1Ch 17:21; Psa 47:2; Dan. 9:4-19

keepeth : Exo 20:6; Deu 7:9; 1Ki 8:23; Heb 6:13-18

TSK: Neh 1:6 - thine ear // day and night // confess // both I thine ear : 1Ki 8:28, 1Ki 8:29; 2Ch 6:40; Psa 34:15, Psa 130:2; Dan 9:17, Dan 9:18 day and night : 1Sa 15:11; Psa 55:17, Psa 88:1; Luk 2:37, Luk 18:7;...

TSK: Neh 1:7 - dealt // corruptly // the commandments // which thou dealt : Neh 9:29-35; Psa 106:6; Dan 9:5, Dan 9:6 corruptly : 2Ch 27:2; Hos 9:9; Zep 3:7; Rev 19:2 the commandments : Lev 27:34; Deu 4:1, Deu 5:1, Deu ...

TSK: Neh 1:8 - Remember // If ye transgress Remember : Psa 119:49; Luk 1:72 If ye transgress : Lev 26:33-46; Deu 4:25-27, Deu 28:64, Deu 32:26-28; 1Ki 9:6, 1Ki 9:7

TSK: Neh 1:9 - if ye turn // yet will I // will bring // the place if ye turn : Lev 26:39-42; Deu 4:29-31, Deu 30:2-5; Jer 29:11-14 yet will I : 1Ch 16:35; Psa 106:47, Psa 147:2; Isa 11:12, Isa 56:8; Jer 12:15, Jer 31...

TSK: Neh 1:10 - Now these // whom // thy strong Now these : Exo 32:11; Deu 9:29; Isa 63:16-19, Isa 64:9; Dan 9:15-27 whom : Exo 15:13; Deu 15:15; Psa 74:2 thy strong : Exo 6:1, Exo 13:9; Psa 136:12;...

TSK: Neh 1:11 - Let now // who desire // grant // For I was Let now : Neh 1:6; Psa 86:6, Psa 130:2 who desire : Pro 1:29; Isa 26:8, Isa 26:9; Heb 13:18 grant : Neh 2:8; Gen 32:11, Gen 32:28, Gen 43:14; Ezr 1:1,...

Let now : Neh 1:6; Psa 86:6, Psa 130:2

who desire : Pro 1:29; Isa 26:8, Isa 26:9; Heb 13:18

grant : Neh 2:8; Gen 32:11, Gen 32:28, Gen 43:14; Ezr 1:1, Ezr 7:6, Ezr 7:27, Ezr 7:28; Pro 21:1

For I was : The office of cup-bearer was one of great trust, honour, and emolument, in the Persian court. To be in such a place of trust he must have been in the king’ s confidence; for no eastern potentate would have a cup-bearer to whom he could not trust his life, poison being often administered in that way. It was an office much desired, because it gave access to the king in those seasons of hilarity when men are most disposed to grant favours. Neh 2:1; Gen 40:2, Gen 40:9-13, Gen 40:21, Gen 40:23, Gen 41:9

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Poole: Neh 1:2 - One of my brethren // That had escaped // Which, were left of the captivity One of my brethren of my family, or tribe, or nation. That had escaped out of the slavery which they endured in strange lands. Which, were left of...

One of my brethren of my family, or tribe, or nation.

That had escaped out of the slavery which they endured in strange lands.

Which, were left of the captivity the remnant of those numerous captives.

Poole: Neh 1:3 - In the province // In great affliction and reproach // The wall is broken down, and the gates thereof are burned In the province i.e. in Judea, which was now made a province under the Persian monarchs: See Poole "Ezr 5:8" . In great affliction and reproach de...

In the province i.e. in Judea, which was now made a province under the Persian monarchs: See Poole "Ezr 5:8" .

In great affliction and reproach despised and distressed by the neighbouring nations.

The wall is broken down, and the gates thereof are burned i.e. the walls and gates continue in the same woeful plight in which Nebuchadnezzar left them; the Jews not being yet in a condition to rebuild them, nor having commission from the kings of Persia to do so, but only to build the temple and their own private houses. And this made their enemies scorn them; who also would have ruined them, but for fear of offending the Persian king.

Poole: Neh 1:7 - We have dealt very corruptly We have dealt very corruptly or we have wholly corrupted , to wit, ourselves , and our ways, and thy worship.

We have dealt very corruptly or we have wholly corrupted , to wit, ourselves , and our ways, and thy worship.

Poole: Neh 1:11 - In the sight of this man // I was the king’ s cup-bearer In the sight of this man the king; who though a god by office, is but a man by nature, and therefore his heart is wholly at thy disposal. I was the ...

In the sight of this man the king; who though a god by office, is but a man by nature, and therefore his heart is wholly at thy disposal.

I was the king’ s cup-bearer whereby I had opportunity to speak to him, and some favour and freedom with him; which encouraged me to make this prayer, and to hope for some success.

Haydock: Neh 1:1 - Words // Helcias // Casleu // Year // Susa Words, or transactions written by Nehemias. (Menochius) --- Helcias, or Hebrew and Septaugint, "Chelcias." --- Casleu, the third of the civil ...

Words, or transactions written by Nehemias. (Menochius) ---

Helcias, or Hebrew and Septaugint, "Chelcias." ---

Casleu, the third of the civil year, 1 Esdras x. 9. ---

Year of Artaxerxes, (Calmet) after he was associated with his father on the throne; (Tirinus) or rather the death of Xerxes. From this period the seventy weeks of Daniel are dated, (Du Hamel) or from the 23rd of Artaxerxes, and the 28th of Xerxes, (Tirinus) as above three years must have been consumed in making preparations for the walls, &c. (Josephus, [Antiquities?] xi. 5.) ---

The name of Nehemias, "comforter of God," as well as his being sent by a king to build, &c., prefigured Jesus Christ, sent by God to comfort and establish his Church. (Ven. Bede) (Worthington) (Haydock) ---

Susa. Hebrew, "in Susa, the palace," where the kings of Persia resided in the months of winter, (Atheneus xii. 1.) and of spring. (Xenophon) (Cyr. viii.) (Curtius v. 8.) ---

Here Darius probably kept his court at other times, Esther i. 2. (Calmet) ---

Susa was situated on the river Coaspes, between the provinces of Babylon and Persia. (Du Hamel)

Haydock: Neh 1:2 - Hanani // Came Hanani, a relation, whom Nehemias brought back, chap. vii. 2. --- Came. Some Latin copies add, "to me," (Lyranus) as if a deputation had been sent...

Hanani, a relation, whom Nehemias brought back, chap. vii. 2. ---

Came. Some Latin copies add, "to me," (Lyranus) as if a deputation had been sent; but of this the text is silent. (Calmet)

Haydock: Neh 1:3 - Province // Reproach // Fire Province of Judea, subject to the Persians, as it was afterwards to the Romans; though, at present, they were allowed to have governors of their own ...

Province of Judea, subject to the Persians, as it was afterwards to the Romans; though, at present, they were allowed to have governors of their own nation. (Menochius) ---

Reproach, on account of the surrounding enemies. (Haydock) ---

Fire, recently; (Menochius. See 1 Esdras iv. 12., and xi. 9.) or rather by Nabuchodonosor; as the kings of Persia would not suffer the city to be fortified, for fear of a fresh rebellion. (Lyranus) (Tirinus) ---

We find that little progress (chap. ii., and iv.; Calmet) had at least been made in the work, though the blame must rather be laid on the enemies of Israel, than on several of the kings of Persia, who seem to have authorized the undertaking, which Cambyses, or Smerdis, had for a time interrupted. They only specify, indeed, that leave was granted to build the temple. But they allowed them to erect houses for themselves, which could not have been done to any purpose, among so many enemies, unless they had been defended by some sort of fortifications. (Haydock)

Haydock: Neh 1:4 - Days Days; about four months, till Nisan. (Calmet)

Days; about four months, till Nisan. (Calmet)

Haydock: Neh 1:6 - They They. Hebrew and Septuagint, "we have sinned." (Menochius)

They. Hebrew and Septuagint, "we have sinned." (Menochius)

Haydock: Neh 1:7 - Vanity Vanity. Hebrew, "we have been corrupted." (Vatable) "we have dealt very corruptly." (Protestants) (Haydock) --- The author of the Vulgate has r...

Vanity. Hebrew, "we have been corrupted." (Vatable) "we have dealt very corruptly." (Protestants) (Haydock) ---

The author of the Vulgate has read e for e. (Calmet) ---

Septuagint, "we have been very dissolute, or weak."

Haydock: Neh 1:9 - World World. Literally, "of heaven, or the sky," (Haydock) which seems to the vulgar (Calmet) to rest upon the horizon. (Tirinus) See Deuteronomy xxx....

World. Literally, "of heaven, or the sky," (Haydock) which seems to the vulgar (Calmet) to rest upon the horizon. (Tirinus) See Deuteronomy xxx. 4.

Haydock: Neh 1:10 - Redeemed Redeemed, or liberated from great evils. (Menochius)

Redeemed, or liberated from great evils. (Menochius)

Haydock: Neh 1:11 - Man // Cup-bearer Man; ( virum ) the great king, (Haydock) Artaxerxes. (Calmet) --- Cup-bearer; Athersatha, 1 Esdras ii. 63., and 2 Esdras vii. 65.

Man; ( virum ) the great king, (Haydock) Artaxerxes. (Calmet) ---

Cup-bearer; Athersatha, 1 Esdras ii. 63., and 2 Esdras vii. 65.

Gill: Neh 1:1 - The words of Nehemiah the son of Hachaliah // and it came to pass in the month Chisleu // in the twentieth year // as I was in Shushan the palace The words of Nehemiah the son of Hachaliah,.... Or his transactions and deeds; for דברי "dibre" signifies things done, as well as words spoken; wh...

The words of Nehemiah the son of Hachaliah,.... Or his transactions and deeds; for דברי "dibre" signifies things done, as well as words spoken; who Hachaliah his father was is not known; the Arabic version adds, the high priest, without any foundation; though some have thought that Nehemiah was a priest, from a passage in"Therefore whereas we are now purposed to keep the purification of the temple upon the five and twentieth day of the month Chisleu, we thought it necessary to certify you thereof, that ye also might keep it, as the feast of the tabernacles, and of the fire, which was given us when Neemias offered sacrifice, after that he had builded the temple and the altar.'' (2 Maccabees 1:18)and from signing and sealing the covenant at the head of priests, Neh 10:1, but he rather seems to be of the tribe of Judah, see Neh 2:3, and Nehemiah may be the same that went up with Zerubbabel, and returned again, and then became the king's cupbearer; though some are of another opinion; see Gill on Ezr 2:2,

and it came to pass in the month Chisleu; the ninth month, as the Arabic version; of which see Ezr 10:9,

in the twentieth year; not of Nehemiah's age, for, if he went up with Zerubbabel, he must be many years older; but in the twentieth year of the reign of Artaxerxes, Neh 1:1,

as I was in Shushan the palace; a city in Persia, the royal seat of the kings of it; as Ecbatana was in the summer time, this in the spring, as Cyrus made it, according to Xenophon b; but others say c it was their seat in winter, and this was the season now when Nehemiah was with the king there; for Chisleu was a winter month, answering to part of November and of December; of Shushan; see Gill on Dan 8:2, to which may be added what a traveller of the last century says d of it,"we rested at Valdac, once the great city Susa, but now very ruinous; it was first built by Tythonus, and his son Memnon, but enlarged by Darius the son of Hystaspes; in the building whereof Memnon was so exceeding prodigal, that, as Cassiodorus writeth, he joined the stones together with gold--such was the beauty and delectableness of it for situation, that they called it "Susa", which in the Persian tongue signified a "lily", but now it is called Valdac, because of the poverty of the place;''and it is generally supposed to have its name from the abundance of lilies about it; but Dr. Hyde e gives another signification of its name, he says the Persians called it, "Sus", which signifies "liquorice", but for what reasons he says not. There is a city now called Shustera, and is thought by some travellers to be built at least very near where Shushan formerly stood f.

Gill: Neh 1:2 - That Hanani, one of my brethren // he and certain men of Judah // and I asked them concerning the Jews that had escaped, which were left of the captivity // and concerning Jerusalem That Hanani, one of my brethren,.... Either in natural relation, Neh 7:2, or being a Jew of the same nation and religion; so Jarchi interprets it, one...

That Hanani, one of my brethren,.... Either in natural relation, Neh 7:2, or being a Jew of the same nation and religion; so Jarchi interprets it, one of my companions or acquaintance:

he and certain men of Judah; who came from thence to Shushan on some account or another:

and I asked them concerning the Jews that had escaped, which were left of the captivity; who were returned from it to their own land; he inquired of their health and prosperity, in what circumstances they were, whether prosperous or adverse, whether they flourished, or were in distress:

and concerning Jerusalem; whether it was rebuilt, the houses and walls of it, and in what condition it was.

Gill: Neh 1:3 - And they said unto me, the remnant that are left of the captivity there in the province // are in great affliction and reproach // the wall of Jerusalem also is broken down, and the gates thereof are burnt with fire And they said unto me, the remnant that are left of the captivity there in the province,.... In Judea, now reduced to a province of the Persian empire...

And they said unto me, the remnant that are left of the captivity there in the province,.... In Judea, now reduced to a province of the Persian empire:

are in great affliction and reproach; harassed and distressed, calumniated and vilified, by their enemies the Samaritans:

the wall of Jerusalem also is broken down, and the gates thereof are burnt with fire; that is, its wall and gates were in the same condition in which Nebuchadnezzar had left them, for since his times as yet they had never been set up; for this is not to be understood of what was lately done by their adversaries, which is not at all probable.

Gill: Neh 1:4 - And it came to pass, when I heard these words // that I sat down and wept, and mourned certain days // and fasted and prayed before the God of heaven And it came to pass, when I heard these words,.... This sad and melancholy account of things: that I sat down and wept, and mourned certain days; s...

And it came to pass, when I heard these words,.... This sad and melancholy account of things:

that I sat down and wept, and mourned certain days; sat down upon the ground in dust and ashes, after the manner of mourners, and wept bitterly, and mourned in a most sorrowful manner, see Job 2:8,

and fasted and prayed before the God of heaven; that made it, and dwells in it.

Gill: Neh 1:5 - And said, I beseech thee, O Lord God of heaven // the great and terrible God // that keepeth covenant and mercy for them that love him, and observe his commandments And said, I beseech thee, O Lord God of heaven,.... He prayed not to the host of heaven, the sun in it, as the Persians, but to the God of it, in an h...

And said, I beseech thee, O Lord God of heaven,.... He prayed not to the host of heaven, the sun in it, as the Persians, but to the God of it, in an humble supplicant manner:

the great and terrible God; who is to be feared, and had in reverence of all his creatures, because of his greatness and glory, being God over all, blessed for ever, and his name holy and reverend:

that keepeth covenant and mercy for them that love him, and observe his commandments; who keep them from a principle of love to him; to those he has made gracious promises in his covenant, which he truly and faithfully performs; and the consideration of these perfections in God animates and encourages good men in prayer to him.

Gill: Neh 1:6 - Let thine ear be now attentive // and thine eyes open // I pray before thee now, day and night, for the children of Israel thy servants // and confess the sins of the children of Israel, which we have sinned against thee: both I and my father's house have sinned Let thine ear be now attentive,.... To his prayer, as in Neh 1:11, and thine eyes open; to behold with pity and compassion the distressed case of J...

Let thine ear be now attentive,.... To his prayer, as in Neh 1:11,

and thine eyes open; to behold with pity and compassion the distressed case of Jerusalem, and the Jews in it:

I pray before thee now, day and night, for the children of Israel thy servants; this he had continued to do ever since he heard of their trouble and calamity:

and confess the sins of the children of Israel, which we have sinned against thee: both I and my father's house have sinned; he considered sin as the cause of all this evil that had befallen his people, and confesses it with sorrow and humiliation, and not their sins only, but his own personal and family sins.

Gill: Neh 1:7 - We have dealt very corruptly against thee // and have not kept the commandments, nor the statutes, nor the judgments, which thou commandedst thy servant Moses We have dealt very corruptly against thee,.... Corrupted his covenant, laws, and precepts, as well as themselves, ways, and works; all which were agai...

We have dealt very corruptly against thee,.... Corrupted his covenant, laws, and precepts, as well as themselves, ways, and works; all which were against the Lord, contrary to his nature, mind, and will:

and have not kept the commandments, nor the statutes, nor the judgments, which thou commandedst thy servant Moses; the laws, moral, ceremonial, and judicial.

Gill: Neh 1:8 - Remember, I beseech thee, the word that thou commandedst thy servant Moses // saying, if ye transgress // I will scatter you abroad among the nations Remember, I beseech thee, the word that thou commandedst thy servant Moses,.... To publish and declare to the children of Israel, Deu 28:64, saying...

Remember, I beseech thee, the word that thou commandedst thy servant Moses,.... To publish and declare to the children of Israel, Deu 28:64,

saying, if ye transgress; the law of God:

I will scatter you abroad among the nations; as now they had been among the Assyrians, Chaldeans, Medes, and Persians.

Gill: Neh 1:9 - But if ye return unto me, and keep my commandments, and do them // though there were of you cast out unto the uttermost part of the heaven // yet will I gather them from thence and will bring them unto the place that I have chosen to set my name there But if ye return unto me, and keep my commandments, and do them,.... Return by repentance, and, as a proof of the genuineness of it, yield obedience t...

But if ye return unto me, and keep my commandments, and do them,.... Return by repentance, and, as a proof of the genuineness of it, yield obedience to the commands of God, and continue therein:

though there were of you cast out unto the uttermost part of the heaven; that is, the uttermost parts of the earth, the most distant regions; so called, because at the extreme parts of the horizon, according to our apprehension, the heavens and earth touch each other; so that what is the uttermost part of the one is supposed to be of the other:

yet will I gather them from thence and will bring them unto the place that I have chosen to set my name there; that is to Jerusalem where the temple was built, and his name was called upon.

Gill: Neh 1:10 - Now these are thy servants, and thy people // whom thou hast redeemed by thy great power, and by thy strong hand Now these are thy servants, and thy people,.... Meaning those that were in Jerusalem and Judah, gathered out of several countries, and returned to Jer...

Now these are thy servants, and thy people,.... Meaning those that were in Jerusalem and Judah, gathered out of several countries, and returned to Jerusalem:

whom thou hast redeemed by thy great power, and by thy strong hand; touching and moving the heart of Cyrus to proclaim liberty to them.

Gill: Neh 1:11 - O Lord, I beseech thee, let now thine ear be attentive to the prayer of thy servant // and to the prayer of thy servants, who desire to fear thy name // and prosper, I pray thee, thy servant this day // and grant him mercy in the sight of this man // for I was the king's cupbearer O Lord, I beseech thee, let now thine ear be attentive to the prayer of thy servant,.... To the prayer of Nehemiah, put up at this time: and to the...

O Lord, I beseech thee, let now thine ear be attentive to the prayer of thy servant,.... To the prayer of Nehemiah, put up at this time:

and to the prayer of thy servants, who desire to fear thy name; the prayer of the Jews in Judea, whose desire was to worship the Lord in his temple, according to his will:

and prosper, I pray thee, thy servant this day; meaning himself, who was to wait on the king of Persia that day, and, if he had opportunity, intended to lay the case of the Jews before him, and therefore entreats he might meet with success:

and grant him mercy in the sight of this man; King Artaxerxes, who was but a man, and whose heart was in the hands of God, and he could easily move him to pity and compassion towards his poor people the Jews:

for I was the king's cupbearer; in the execution of which office he was often in the king's presence, and hoped to have an opportunity of speaking to him in the behalf of the Jews; this with the Persians was reckoned a very honourable office g. A son of Prexaspes, a very honourable man, was made cupbearer to Cambyses; and so it was with the Greeks and Romans h; and the poets not only make Ganymedes to be Jupiter's cupbearer i, but even Vulcan himself is put into this office k.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Neh 1:1 Heb “Shushan.”

NET Notes: Neh 1:2 For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

NET Notes: Neh 1:3 Heb “have been burned with fire” (so also in Neh 2:17). The expression “burned with fire” is redundant in contemporary English...

NET Notes: Neh 1:4 Heb “sat down.” Context suggests that this was a rather sudden action, resulting from the emotional shock of the unpleasant news, so ̶...

NET Notes: Neh 1:5 Heb “keep.” The Hebrew verb שָׁמַר (shamar, “to observe; to keep”) is often used as an idi...

NET Notes: Neh 1:6 Heb “the house of my father.”

NET Notes: Neh 1:8 Heb “peoples.”

NET Notes: Neh 1:9 Heb “at the end of the heavens.”

NET Notes: Neh 1:11 The vav (ו) on וַאֲנִי (va’ani, “Now, I”) introduces a disjunctive parenthetical cla...

Geneva Bible: Neh 1:1 The words of Nehemiah the son of Hachaliah. And it came to pass in the month ( a ) Chisleu, in the twentieth year, as I was in Shushan the palace, Th...

Geneva Bible: Neh 1:2 That Hanani, one of my ( b ) brethren, came, he and [certain] men of Judah; and I asked them concerning the Jews that had escaped, which were left of ...

Geneva Bible: Neh 1:3 And they said unto me, The remnant that are left of the captivity there in the ( c ) province [are] in great affliction and reproach: the wall of Jeru...

Geneva Bible: Neh 1:11 O Lord, I beseech thee, let now thine ear be attentive to the prayer of thy servant, and to the prayer of thy servants, who desire to ( d ) fear thy n...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

Maclaren: Neh 1:11 - A Libation To Jehovah A Reformer's Schooling The words of Nehemiah the son of Hachaliah. And it came to pass in the month Chisleu, in the twentieth year, as I was in Shush...

MHCC: Neh 1:1-11 - --Nehemiah was the Persian king's cup-bearer. When God has work to do, he will never want instruments to do it with. Nehemiah lived at ease, and in hono...

Matthew Henry: Neh 1:1-4 - -- What tribe Nehemiah was of does nowhere appear; but, if it be true (which we are told by the author of the Maccabees, 2 Macc. 1:18) that he offered ...

Matthew Henry: Neh 1:5-11 - -- We have here Nehemiah's prayer, a prayer that has reference to all the prayers which he had for some time before been putting up to God day and nigh...

Keil-Delitzsch: Neh 1:1-4 - -- In the twentieth year of the reign of Artaxerxes, Nehemiah,being then at Susa, received from one of his brethren, and other individualsfrom Judah, i...

Keil-Delitzsch: Neh 1:5-11 - -- Nehemiah's prayer , as given in these verses, comprises the prayers whichhe prayed day and night, during the period of his mourning and fasting (Ne...

Constable: Neh 1:1--7:73 - --I. THE FORTIFICATION OF JERUSALEM chs. 1--7 "The first seven chapters of Nehemiah as well as 12:31-13:31 are wri...

Constable: Neh 1:1--2:20 - --A. The Return under Nehemiah chs. 1-2 The focus of restoration activities in Nehemiah is on the walls of...

Constable: Neh 1:1-3 - --1. The news concerning Jerusalem 1:1-3 The month Chislev (v. 1) corresponds to our late November...

Constable: Neh 1:4-11 - --2. The response of Nehemiah 1:4-11 Nehemiah's reaction to this bad news was admirable. He made i...

Guzik: Neh 1:1-11 - Nehemiah's Prayer Nehemiah 1 - Nehemiah's Prayer A. Nehemiah hears of Jerusalem's crisis condition. 1. Some 1,000 years after the time of Moses and some 400 years bef...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: Nehemiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) NEHEMIAH appears to have been the author of this book, from his usually writing in his own name, and indeed, except in those parts which are unmistaka...

JFB: Nehemiah (Garis Besar) NEHEMIAH, UNDERSTANDING BY HANANI THE AFFLICTED STATE OF JERUSALEM, MOURNS, FASTS, AND PRAYS. (Neh 1:1-3) HIS PRAYER. (Neh 1:4-11) ARTAXERXES, UNDERS...

TSK: Nehemiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) Of Nehemiah, the author and principal actor in the events recorded in this book, the Jews speak as one of the greatest men of their nation. His conce...

TSK: Nehemiah 1 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Neh 1:1, Nehemiah, understanding by Hanani the misery of Jerusalem, mourns, fasts, and prays; Neh 1:5, His prayer.

Poole: Nehemiah 1 (Pendahuluan Pasal) BOOK OF NEHEMIAH THIS book seems not to have been written by Ezra, because it is written in a quite differing and more plain and easy style, and wi...

MHCC: Nehemiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) The Old Testament history closes with the book of Nehemiah, wherein is recorded the workings of his heart, in the management of public affairs; with m...

MHCC: Nehemiah 1 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Nehemiah's distress for the misery of Jerusalem, His prayer.

Matthew Henry: Nehemiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Book of Nehemiah This book continues the history of the children of the captivity, the poor Jews,...

Matthew Henry: Nehemiah 1 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Here we first meet with Nehemiah at the Persian court, where we find him, I. Inquisitive concerning the state of the Jews and Jerusalem (Neh 1:1, ...

Constable: Nehemiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title This book, like so many others in the Old Testament, received its t...

Constable: Nehemiah (Garis Besar) Outline I. The fortification of Jerusalem chs. 1-7 A. The return under Nehemiah chs. 1-2 ...

Constable: Nehemiah Nehemiah Bibliography Ackroyd, Peter R. I and II Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah. London: SCM Press, 1973. ...

Haydock: Nehemiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE BOOK OF NEHEMIAS; commonly called THE SECOND BOOK OF ESDRAS. INTRODUCTION. This Book takes its name from the writer, who was cup-bearer t...

Gill: Nehemiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO NEHEMIAH This book is, by the authors of the Vulgate Latin and Arabic versions, called the "Second" Book of Ezra, it being a contin...

Gill: Nehemiah 1 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO NEHEMIAH 1 This chapter relates how that Nehemiah, being at Shushan in Persia, and meeting with some Jews, inquired of the state of...

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