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Teks -- 2 Kings 21:1-26 (NET)

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Konteks
Manasseh’s Reign over Judah
21:1 Manasseh was twelve years old when he became king, and he reigned for fifty-five years in Jerusalem. His mother was Hephzibah. 21:2 He did evil in the sight of the Lord and committed the same horrible sins practiced by the nations whom the Lord drove out from before the Israelites. 21:3 He rebuilt the high places that his father Hezekiah had destroyed; he set up altars for Baal and made an Asherah pole just like King Ahab of Israel had done. He bowed down to all the stars in the sky and worshiped them. 21:4 He built altars in the Lord’s temple, about which the Lord had said, “Jerusalem will be my home.” 21:5 In the two courtyards of the Lord’s temple he built altars for all the stars in the sky. 21:6 He passed his son through the fire and practiced divination and omen reading. He set up a ritual pit to conjure up underworld spirits, and appointed magicians to supervise it. He did a great amount of evil in the sight of the Lord, provoking him to anger. 21:7 He put an idol of Asherah he had made in the temple, about which the Lord had said to David and to his son Solomon, “This temple in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, will be my permanent home. 21:8 I will not make Israel again leave the land I gave to their ancestors, provided that they carefully obey all I commanded them, the whole law my servant Moses ordered them to obey.” 21:9 But they did not obey, and Manasseh misled them so that they sinned more than the nations whom the Lord had destroyed from before the Israelites. 21:10 So the Lord announced through his servants the prophets: 21:11 “King Manasseh of Judah has committed horrible sins. He has sinned more than the Amorites before him and has encouraged Judah to sin by worshiping his disgusting idols. 21:12 So this is what the Lord God of Israel says, ‘I am about to bring disaster on Jerusalem and Judah. The news will reverberate in the ears of those who hear about it. 21:13 I will destroy Jerusalem the same way I did Samaria and the dynasty of Ahab. I will wipe Jerusalem clean, just as one wipes a plate on both sides. 21:14 I will abandon this last remaining tribe among my people and hand them over to their enemies; they will be plundered and robbed by all their enemies, 21:15 because they have done evil in my sight and have angered me from the time their ancestors left Egypt right up to this very day!’” 21:16 Furthermore Manasseh killed so many innocent people, he stained Jerusalem with their blood from end to end, in addition to encouraging Judah to sin by doing evil in the sight of the Lord. 21:17 The rest of the events of Manasseh’s reign and all his accomplishments, as well as the sinful acts he committed, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Judah. 21:18 Manasseh passed away and was buried in his palace garden, the garden of Uzzah, and his son Amon replaced him as king.
Amon’s Reign over Judah
21:19 Amon was twenty-two years old when he became king, and he reigned for two years in Jerusalem. His mother was Meshullemeth, the daughter of Haruz, from Jotbah. 21:20 He did evil in the sight of the Lord, just like his father Manasseh had done. 21:21 He followed in the footsteps of his father and worshiped and bowed down to the disgusting idols which his father had worshiped. 21:22 He abandoned the Lord God of his ancestors and did not follow the Lord’s instructions. 21:23 Amon’s servants conspired against him and killed the king in his palace. 21:24 The people of the land executed all those who had conspired against King Amon, and they made his son Josiah king in his place. 21:25 The rest of Amon’s accomplishments are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Judah. 21:26 He was buried in his tomb in the garden of Uzzah, and his son Josiah replaced him as king.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Ahab son and successor of Omri, king of Israel,son of Kolaiah; a false prophet in the time of King Zedekiah
 · Amon a son of Manasseh; the father of Josiah and an ancestor of Jesus,governor of the Town of Samaria under King Ahab,son and successor of King Manasseh,a man who, with his sons, were servants of Solomon
 · Amorites members of a pre-Israel Semitic tribe from Mesopotamia
 · Baal a pagan god,a title of a pagan god,a town in the Negeb on the border of Simeon and Judah,son of Reaiah son of Micah; a descendant of Reuben,the forth son of Jeiel, the Benjamite
 · David a son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel,son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel
 · Egypt descendants of Mizraim
 · Haruz a man of Jotbah; grandfather of King Amon of Judah
 · Hephzibah mother of King Manasseh of Judah,name of restored Jerusalem in future kingdom
 · Hezekiah the son of Ahaz who succeeded him as king of Judah; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Ahaz; king of Judah,forefather of the prophet Zephaniah,an Israelite chief who signed the covenant to obey God's law
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Jerusalem the capital city of Israel,a town; the capital of Israel near the southern border of Benjamin
 · Josiah the son who succeeded King Amon of Judah; the father of Jeconiah; an ancestor of Jesus,son and successor of Amon, King of Judah,son of Zephaniah; custodian of the temple treasures that were returned from Babylon
 · Jotbah a town of Zebulun, 20 km north of Nazareth
 · Judah the son of Jacob and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,a tribe, the land/country,a son of Joseph; the father of Simeon; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Jacob/Israel and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,the tribe of Judah,citizens of the southern kingdom of Judah,citizens of the Persian Province of Judah; the Jews who had returned from Babylonian exile,"house of Judah", a phrase which highlights the political leadership of the tribe of Judah,"king of Judah", a phrase which relates to the southern kingdom of Judah,"kings of Judah", a phrase relating to the southern kingdom of Judah,"princes of Judah", a phrase relating to the kingdom of Judah,the territory allocated to the tribe of Judah, and also the extended territory of the southern kingdom of Judah,the Province of Judah under Persian rule,"hill country of Judah", the relatively cool and green central highlands of the territory of Judah,"the cities of Judah",the language of the Jews; Hebrew,head of a family of Levites who returned from Exile,a Levite who put away his heathen wife,a man who was second in command of Jerusalem; son of Hassenuah of Benjamin,a Levite in charge of the songs of thanksgiving in Nehemiah's time,a leader who helped dedicate Nehemiah's wall,a Levite musician who helped Zechariah of Asaph dedicate Nehemiah's wall
 · Manasseh the tribe of Manasseh.
 · Meshullemeth mother of king Amon of Judah; daughter of Haruz
 · Moses a son of Amram; the Levite who led Israel out of Egypt and gave them The Law of Moses,a Levite who led Israel out of Egypt and gave them the law
 · Samaria residents of the district of Samaria
 · Solomon the tenth son of David; the father of Rehoboam; an ancestor of Jesus; the third king of Israel.,son of David and Bath-Sheba; successor of King David
 · Uzza son Abinadab, the Levite who kept the ark for David,son of Shimei, a Levite of the clan of Merari


Topik/Tema Kamus: JUDAH, KINGDOM OF | Israel | Kings, The Books of | Amon | MANASSES, THE PRAYER OF | ZEPHANIAH, BOOK OF | Rulers | Manasseh | Manaen | ALLIANCE | Idolatry | HIGH PLACE | HOST OF HEAVEN | Groves | TEMPLE, A1 | Haruz | JERUSALEM, 4 | Uzza | Temple | Meshullemeth | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: 2Ki 21:1 - Reigned In which time the years of his imprisonment are comprehended.

In which time the years of his imprisonment are comprehended.

Wesley: 2Ki 21:3 - He built, &c. _Trampling on the dust and affronting the memory of his worthy father.

_Trampling on the dust and affronting the memory of his worthy father.

Wesley: 2Ki 21:3 - All the host of heaven The sun, moon and stars.

The sun, moon and stars.

Wesley: 2Ki 21:6 - Through the fire Between two fires, by which he dedicated him to Molock, in contempt of the seal of circumcision by which he had been dedicated to God.

Between two fires, by which he dedicated him to Molock, in contempt of the seal of circumcision by which he had been dedicated to God.

Wesley: 2Ki 21:6 - Times Lucky, or unlucky days according to the superstitious practice of the heathens.

Lucky, or unlucky days according to the superstitious practice of the heathens.

Wesley: 2Ki 21:7 - An image The image of that Baal which was worshipped in the grove.

The image of that Baal which was worshipped in the grove.

Wesley: 2Ki 21:9 - More evil Partly, because they were not contented with those idols which the Canaanites worshipped, but either invented, or borrowed from other nations many new...

Partly, because they were not contented with those idols which the Canaanites worshipped, but either invented, or borrowed from other nations many new idols, and partly, because as their light was far more clear, their obligations to God infinitely higher, and their helps against idolatry much stronger than the Canaanites had; so their sins, though the same in kind, were unspeakably worse in respect of these dreadful aggravations.

Wesley: 2Ki 21:13 - The line She shall have the same measure, the same judgments which Samaria had. The line is often put for one's lot or portion, because mens portions or posses...

She shall have the same measure, the same judgments which Samaria had. The line is often put for one's lot or portion, because mens portions or possessions used to be measured by lines.

Wesley: 2Ki 21:13 - A dish As men do with a dish that hath been used, first wholly empty it of all that is in it, then throughly cleanse and wipe it; and lastly, turn it upside ...

As men do with a dish that hath been used, first wholly empty it of all that is in it, then throughly cleanse and wipe it; and lastly, turn it upside down, that nothing may remain in it; so will I deal with Jerusalem, throughly empty and purge it from all its wicked inhabitants. Yet the comparison intimates, that this should be in order to the purifying, not the final destruction of Jerusalem. The dish shall not be broken in pieces, or wholly cast away, but only wiped.

Wesley: 2Ki 21:15 - Since, &c. _This forejudgment, though it was chiefly inflicted for the sins of Manasseh and his generation, yet had a respect unto all their former sins.

_This forejudgment, though it was chiefly inflicted for the sins of Manasseh and his generation, yet had a respect unto all their former sins.

Wesley: 2Ki 21:16 - Blood The blood of those prophets and righteous men who either reproved his sinful practices, or refused to comply with his wicked commands.

The blood of those prophets and righteous men who either reproved his sinful practices, or refused to comply with his wicked commands.

Wesley: 2Ki 21:16 - His sin His idolatry, which is called sin, by way of eminency. The tradition of the Jews is, that he caused Isaiah in particular to be sawn asunder.

His idolatry, which is called sin, by way of eminency. The tradition of the Jews is, that he caused Isaiah in particular to be sawn asunder.

Wesley: 2Ki 21:18 - Garden Not in the sepulchre of the kings; probably, by his own choice and command, as a lasting testimony of his sincere repentance and abhorrence of himself...

Not in the sepulchre of the kings; probably, by his own choice and command, as a lasting testimony of his sincere repentance and abhorrence of himself for his former crime.

Wesley: 2Ki 21:21 - He walked, &c. _He revived that idolatry which Manasseh in the latter end of his reign had put down. Those who set bad examples, if they repent themselves, cannot be...

_He revived that idolatry which Manasseh in the latter end of his reign had put down. Those who set bad examples, if they repent themselves, cannot be sure that they whom their example has drawn into sin will repent. It is often otherwise.

JFB: 2Ki 21:1-3 - Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign He must have been born three years after his father's recovery; and his minority, spent under the influence of guardians who were hostile to the relig...

He must have been born three years after his father's recovery; and his minority, spent under the influence of guardians who were hostile to the religious principles and reforming policy of his father, may account in part for the anti-theocratic principles of his reign. The work of religious reformation which Hezekiah had zealously carried on was but partially accomplished. There was little appearance of its influence on the heart and manners of the people at large. On the contrary, the true fear of God had vanished from the mass of the people; corruption and vice increased, and were openly practised (Isa 28:7, &c.) by the degenerate leaders, who, having got the young prince Manasseh into their power, directed his education, trained him up in their views, and seduced him into the open patronage of idolatry. Hence, when he became sovereign, he introduced the worship of idols, the restoration of high places, and the erection of altars or pillars to Baal, and the placing, in the temple of God itself, a graven image of Asherah, the sacred or symbolic tree, which represented "all the host of heaven." This was not idolatry, but pure star-worship, of Chaldaic and Assyrian origin [KEIL]. The sun, as among the Persians, had chariots and horses consecrated to it (2Ki 23:11); and incense was offered to the stars on the housetops (2Ki 23:12; 2Ch 33:5; Jer 19:13; Zep 1:5), and in the temple area with the face turned toward the sunrise (Eze 8:16).

JFB: 2Ki 21:5 - the two courts of the house of the Lord The court of the priests, and the large court of the people.

The court of the priests, and the large court of the people.

JFB: 2Ki 21:6 - made his son pass through the fire (See on 2Ki 16:3).

(See on 2Ki 16:3).

JFB: 2Ki 21:6 - observed times From an observation of the clouds.

From an observation of the clouds.

JFB: 2Ki 21:6 - used enchantments Jugglery and spells.

Jugglery and spells.

JFB: 2Ki 21:6 - dealt with familiar spirits Septuagint, "ventriloquists," who pretended to ask counsel of a familiar spirit and gave the response received from him to others.

Septuagint, "ventriloquists," who pretended to ask counsel of a familiar spirit and gave the response received from him to others.

JFB: 2Ki 21:6 - and wizards Wise or knowing ones, who pretended to reveal secrets, to recover things lost and hidden treasure, and to interpret dreams. A great influx of these im...

Wise or knowing ones, who pretended to reveal secrets, to recover things lost and hidden treasure, and to interpret dreams. A great influx of these impostors had, at various times, poured from Chaldea into the land of Israel to pursue their gainful occupations, especially during the reigns of the latter kings; and Manasseh was not only their liberal patron, but zealous to appear himself an adept in the arts. He raised them to be an influential class at his court, as they were in that of Assyria and Babylon, where nothing was done till they had ascertained the lucky hour and were promised a happy issue.

JFB: 2Ki 21:7 - And he set a graven image The placing of the Asherah within the precincts of the temple, which was dedicated to the worship of the true God, is dwelt upon as the most aggravate...

The placing of the Asherah within the precincts of the temple, which was dedicated to the worship of the true God, is dwelt upon as the most aggravated outrage of the royal idolater.

JFB: 2Ki 21:8 - Neither will I make the feet of Israel move . . . out of the land which I gave their fathers Alluding to the promise (2Sa 7:10).

Alluding to the promise (2Sa 7:10).

JFB: 2Ki 21:8 - only if they will observe, &c. This condition was expressed from the first plantation of Israel in Canaan. But that people not only did not keep it, but through the pernicious influ...

This condition was expressed from the first plantation of Israel in Canaan. But that people not only did not keep it, but through the pernicious influence of Manasseh, were seduced into greater excesses of idolatrous corruption than even the original Canaanites.

JFB: 2Ki 21:10-17 - And the Lord spake by his servants the prophets These were Hosea, Joel, Nahum, Habakkuk, and Isaiah. Their counsels, admonitions, and prophetic warnings, were put on record in the national chronicle...

These were Hosea, Joel, Nahum, Habakkuk, and Isaiah. Their counsels, admonitions, and prophetic warnings, were put on record in the national chronicles (2Ch 33:18) and now form part of the sacred canon.

JFB: 2Ki 21:12 - whosoever heareth of it, both his ears shall tingle A strong metaphorical form of announcing an extraordinary and appalling event (see 1Sa 3:11; Jer 19:3; also Hab 1:5).

A strong metaphorical form of announcing an extraordinary and appalling event (see 1Sa 3:11; Jer 19:3; also Hab 1:5).

JFB: 2Ki 21:13 - the line of Samaria, and the plummet of the house of Ahab Captives doomed to destruction were sometimes grouped together and marked off by means of a measuring-line and plummet (2Sa 8:2; Isa 34:11; Amo 7:7); ...

Captives doomed to destruction were sometimes grouped together and marked off by means of a measuring-line and plummet (2Sa 8:2; Isa 34:11; Amo 7:7); so that the line of Samaria means the line drawn for the destruction of Samaria; the plummet of the house of Ahab, for exterminating his apostate family; and the import of the threatening declaration here is that Judah would be utterly destroyed, as Samaria and the dynasty of Ahab had been.

JFB: 2Ki 21:13 - I will wipe Jerusalem, &c. The same doom is denounced more strongly in a figure unmistakably significant.

The same doom is denounced more strongly in a figure unmistakably significant.

JFB: 2Ki 21:14 - I will forsake the remnant of mine inheritance The people of Judah, who of all the chosen people alone remained. The consequence of the Lord's forsaking them would be their fall into the power of t...

The people of Judah, who of all the chosen people alone remained. The consequence of the Lord's forsaking them would be their fall into the power of their enemies.

JFB: 2Ki 21:16 - Moreover Manasseh shed innocent blood Not content with the patronage and the practice of idolatrous abomination, he was a cruel persecutor of all who did not conform. The land was deluged ...

Not content with the patronage and the practice of idolatrous abomination, he was a cruel persecutor of all who did not conform. The land was deluged with the blood of good men; among whom it is traditionally said Isaiah suffered a horrid death, by being sawn asunder (see on Heb 11:37).

JFB: 2Ki 21:19-24 - Amon was twenty and two years old when he began to reign This prince continued the idolatrous policy of his father; and, after an inglorious reign of two years, he was massacred by some of his own domestics....

This prince continued the idolatrous policy of his father; and, after an inglorious reign of two years, he was massacred by some of his own domestics. The people slew the regicide conspirators and placed his son Josiah on the throne.

Clarke: 2Ki 21:1 - Manasseh was twelve years old Manasseh was twelve years old - He was born about three years after his father’ s miraculous cure; he was carried captive to Babylon, repented,...

Manasseh was twelve years old - He was born about three years after his father’ s miraculous cure; he was carried captive to Babylon, repented, was restored to his kingdom, put down idolatry, and died at the age of sixty-seven years. See 2 Chronicles 33:1-20.

Clarke: 2Ki 21:2 - After the abominations of the heathen After the abominations of the heathen - He exactly copied the conduct of those nations which God had cast out of that land.

After the abominations of the heathen - He exactly copied the conduct of those nations which God had cast out of that land.

Clarke: 2Ki 21:3 - Made a grove Made a grove - He made Asherah, the Babylonian Melitta or Roman Venus. See 2Ki 17:10, and the observations at the end of that chapter; and see here ...

Made a grove - He made Asherah, the Babylonian Melitta or Roman Venus. See 2Ki 17:10, and the observations at the end of that chapter; and see here on 2Ki 21:7 (note)

Clarke: 2Ki 21:3 - Worshipped all the host of heaven Worshipped all the host of heaven - All the stars and planets, but particularly the sun and the moon.

Worshipped all the host of heaven - All the stars and planets, but particularly the sun and the moon.

Clarke: 2Ki 21:4 - Built altars Built altars - He placed idolatrous altars even in the temple.

Built altars - He placed idolatrous altars even in the temple.

Clarke: 2Ki 21:6 - Made his son pass through the fire Made his son pass through the fire - Consecrated him to Moloch

Made his son pass through the fire - Consecrated him to Moloch

Clarke: 2Ki 21:6 - Observed times Observed times - ועונן veonen ; he practiced divination by the clouds; by observing their course at particular times, their different kinds, ...

Observed times - ועונן veonen ; he practiced divination by the clouds; by observing their course at particular times, their different kinds, contrary directions, etc., etc

Clarke: 2Ki 21:6 - Used enchantments Used enchantments - ונחש venichesh ; he used incantations, spells, and charms

Used enchantments - ונחש venichesh ; he used incantations, spells, and charms

Clarke: 2Ki 21:6 - Dealt with familiar spirits Dealt with familiar spirits - ועשה אוב veasah ob ; he was a necromancer; was a raiser of spirits, whom he endeavored to press into his serv...

Dealt with familiar spirits - ועשה אוב veasah ob ; he was a necromancer; was a raiser of spirits, whom he endeavored to press into his service; he had a Python

Clarke: 2Ki 21:6 - And wizards And wizards - וידענים veyiddeonim ; the knowing ones, the white witches, and such like; see on Lev 19:26-31 (note), where most of these ter...

And wizards - וידענים veyiddeonim ; the knowing ones, the white witches, and such like; see on Lev 19:26-31 (note), where most of these terms are particularly explained and illustrated.

Clarke: 2Ki 21:7 - He set a graven image of the grove that he had made in the house He set a graven image of the grove that he had made in the house - Every one may see that Asherah here must signify an idol, and not a grove; and fo...

He set a graven image of the grove that he had made in the house - Every one may see that Asherah here must signify an idol, and not a grove; and for the proof of this see the observations at the end of the chapter, 2Ki 21:26 (note).

Clarke: 2Ki 21:8 - Neither will I make the feet of Israel Neither will I make the feet of Israel - Had they been faithful to God’ s testimonies they never had gone into captivity, and should even at th...

Neither will I make the feet of Israel - Had they been faithful to God’ s testimonies they never had gone into captivity, and should even at this day have been in possession of the promised land.

Clarke: 2Ki 21:9 - Seduced them to do more evil Seduced them to do more evil - He did all he could to pervert the national character, and totally destroy the worship of the true God; and he succee...

Seduced them to do more evil - He did all he could to pervert the national character, and totally destroy the worship of the true God; and he succeeded.

Clarke: 2Ki 21:10 - The Lord spake by - the prophets The Lord spake by - the prophets - The prophets were Hosea, Joel, Nahum, Habakkuk, and Isaiah. These five following verses contain the sum of what t...

The Lord spake by - the prophets - The prophets were Hosea, Joel, Nahum, Habakkuk, and Isaiah. These five following verses contain the sum of what these prophets spoke. It is said that Isaiah not only prophesied in those days, but also that he was put to death by Manasseh, being sawn asunder by a wooden saw.

Clarke: 2Ki 21:12 - Both his ears shall tingle Both his ears shall tingle - תצלנה titstsalnah ; something expressive of the sound in what we call, from the same sensation, the tingling of ...

Both his ears shall tingle - תצלנה titstsalnah ; something expressive of the sound in what we call, from the same sensation, the tingling of the ears. This is the consequence of having the ears suddenly pierced with a loud and shrill noise; the ears seem to ring for some time after. The prophets spoke to them vehemently, so that the sound seemed to be continued even when they had left off speaking. This was a faithful and solemn testimony.

Clarke: 2Ki 21:13 - The line of Samaria The line of Samaria - I will treat Jerusalem as I have treated Samaria. Samaria was taken, pillaged, ruined, and its inhabitants led into captivity;...

The line of Samaria - I will treat Jerusalem as I have treated Samaria. Samaria was taken, pillaged, ruined, and its inhabitants led into captivity; Jerusalem shall have the same measure

Clarke: 2Ki 21:13 - And the plummet of the house of Ahab And the plummet of the house of Ahab - The house of Ahab was totally destroyed, and not a man of his race left to sit upon the throne of Israel: so ...

And the plummet of the house of Ahab - The house of Ahab was totally destroyed, and not a man of his race left to sit upon the throne of Israel: so shall it be done to the house or royal family of Judah; they shall be all finally destroyed, and not a man of their race shall any more sit on the throne of Judah; nor shall Judah have a throne to sit on. Thus Jerusalem shall have the same weight as well as the same measure as Samaria, because it has copied all the abominations which brought that kingdom to total destruction

Clarke: 2Ki 21:13 - I will wipe Jerusalem as a man wipeth a dish I will wipe Jerusalem as a man wipeth a dish - The Vulgate translates this clause as follows: Delebo Jerusalem, sicut deleri solent tabulae ; "I wi...

I will wipe Jerusalem as a man wipeth a dish - The Vulgate translates this clause as follows: Delebo Jerusalem, sicut deleri solent tabulae ; "I will blot out Jerusalem as tablets are wont to be blotted out."This is a metaphor taken from the ancient method of writing: they traced their letters with a stile on boards thinly spread over with wax; for this purpose one end of the stile was sharp, the other end blunt and smooth, with which they could rub out what they had written, and so smooth the place and spread back the wax, as to render it capable of receiving any other word. Thus the Lord had written down Jerusalem, never intending that its name or its memorial should be blotted out. It was written down The Holy City, The City of the Great King; but now God turns the stile and blots this out; and the Holy Jerusalem, the City of the Great King, is no longer to be found! This double use of the stile is pointed out in this ancient enigma: -

De summo planus; sed non ego planus in imo

Versor utrinque manu, diverso et munere fungor

Altera pars revocat, quicquid pars altera fecit

"I am flat at the top, but sharp at the bottom

I turn either end, and perform a double function

One end destroys what the other end has made.

But the idea of emptying out and wiping a dish expresses the same meaning equally well. Jerusalem shall be emptied of all its wealth, and of all its inhabitants, as truly as a dish turned up is emptied of all its contents; and it shall be turned upside down, never to be filled again. This is true from that time to the present hour. Jerusalem is the dish turned upside down, the tablet blotted out to the present day! How great are God’ s mercies! and how terrible his judgments!

Clarke: 2Ki 21:14 - I will forsake the remnant of mine inheritance I will forsake the remnant of mine inheritance - One part (the ten tribes) was already forsaken, and carried into captivity; the remnant (the tribe ...

I will forsake the remnant of mine inheritance - One part (the ten tribes) was already forsaken, and carried into captivity; the remnant (the tribe of Judah) was now about to be forsaken.

Clarke: 2Ki 21:16 - Shed innocent blood very much Shed innocent blood very much - Like the deities he worshipped, he was fierce and cruel; an unprincipled, merciless tyrant: he slew innocent people ...

Shed innocent blood very much - Like the deities he worshipped, he was fierce and cruel; an unprincipled, merciless tyrant: he slew innocent people and God’ s prophets.

Clarke: 2Ki 21:17 - Now the rest of the acts Now the rest of the acts - In 2Ch 33:11, etc., we read that the Assyrians took Manasseh, bound him with fetters, and took him to Babylon; that there...

Now the rest of the acts - In 2Ch 33:11, etc., we read that the Assyrians took Manasseh, bound him with fetters, and took him to Babylon; that there he repented, sought God, and was, we are not told how, restored to his kingdom; that he fortified the city of David, destroyed idolatry, restored the worship of the true God, and died in peace

In 2Ch 33:18, 2Ch 33:19, His prayer unto God is particularly mentioned. What is called his prayer, is found in the Apocrypha, just before the first book of the Maccabees. There are some good sentiments in it; but whether it be that which was made by Manasseh is more than can be proved. Even the Romish Church have not received it among the canonical books

Clarke: 2Ki 21:17 - Are they not written Are they not written - There are several particulars referred to here, and in 2Ch 33:11-19, which are not found in any chronicles or books which now...

Are they not written - There are several particulars referred to here, and in 2Ch 33:11-19, which are not found in any chronicles or books which now remain, and what the books of the seers were, mentioned in Chronicles, we cannot tell.

Clarke: 2Ki 21:18 - In the garden of his own house In the garden of his own house - It was probably a burying-place made for his own family, for Amon his son is said to be buried in the same place, 2...

In the garden of his own house - It was probably a burying-place made for his own family, for Amon his son is said to be buried in the same place, 2Ki 21:26.

Clarke: 2Ki 21:19 - He reigned two years in Jerusalem He reigned two years in Jerusalem - The remark of the rabbins is not wholly without foundation, that the sons of those kings who were idolaters, and...

He reigned two years in Jerusalem - The remark of the rabbins is not wholly without foundation, that the sons of those kings who were idolaters, and who succeeded their fathers, seldom reigned more than two years. So Nadab, the son of Jeroboam, 1Ki 15:25; Elah, the son of Baasha, 1Ki 16:8; Ahaziah, the son of Ahab, 1Ki 22:51; and Amon, the son of Manasseh, as mentioned here, 2Ki 21:19.

Clarke: 2Ki 21:23 - The servants of Amon conspired The servants of Amon conspired - What their reason was for slaying their king we cannot tell. It does not seem to have been a popular act, for the p...

The servants of Amon conspired - What their reason was for slaying their king we cannot tell. It does not seem to have been a popular act, for the people of the land rose up and slew the regicides. We hear enough of this man when we hear that he was as bad as his father was in the beginning of his reign, but did not copy his father’ s repentance.

Clarke: 2Ki 21:26 - The garden of Uzza The garden of Uzza - The family sepulcher or burying-place It is said 2Ki 21:3, 2Ki 21:7, that "Manasseh made a grove; and he set a graven image of ...

The garden of Uzza - The family sepulcher or burying-place

It is said 2Ki 21:3, 2Ki 21:7, that "Manasseh made a grove; and he set a graven image of the grove,"etc. וישם את פסל האשרה אשר עשה vaiyasem eth pesel haasherah , asher asah : "And he put the graven image of Asherah, which he had made,"into the house

Asherah, which we translate grove, is undoubtedly the name of an idol; and probably of one which was carved out of wood

R. S. Jarchi, on Gen 12:3, says, "that אשרה asherah means a tree which was worshipped by the Gentiles;"like as the oak was worshipped by the ancient Druids in Britain

Castel, in Lex. Hept. sub voce אשר, defines אשרה asherah thus, Simulacrum ligneum Astartae dicatum ; "A wooden image dedicated to Astrate or Venus.

The Septuagint render the words by αλσος ; and Flamminius Nobilis, on 2Ki 23:4, says Rursus notat Theodoretus < esse Astartem et Venerem, et ab aliis interpretibus dictum Ashatroth ; i.e. "Again Theodoret observes, αλσος is Astarte and Venus; and by other interpreters called Ashtaroth.

The Targum of Ben Uzziel, on Deu 7:5, ואשירהם תגדעון vaasheyrehem tegaddeun ; i.e., "Their groves shall ye cut down"- translates the place thus, ואילני סיגדיהון תקצצון ,suht ecalp e veilaney sigedeyhon tekatsetsun ; "And the oaks of their adoration shall ye cut down.

From the above it is pretty evident that idols, not groves, are generally intended where אשרה asherah and its derivatives are used

Here follow proofs: -

In 2Ki 23:6, it is said that "Josiah brought out the grove from the house of the Lord."This translation seems very absurd; for what grove could there be in the temple? There was none planted there, nor was there room for any. The plain meaning of ויצא את השרה מבית יהוה vaiyotse eth haasherah mibbeyth Jehovah , is, "And he brought out the (goddess) Asherah from the house of the Lord, and burnt it,"etc

That this is the true meaning of the place appears farther from 2Ki 23:7, where it is said, "He broke down the houses of the sodomites,"( הקדשים hakkedeshim , of the whoremongers), "where the women wove hangings for the grove"( בתים לאשרה bottim laasherah , "houses or shrines for Asherah.") Similar perhaps to those which the silversmiths made for Diana, Act 19:24. It is rather absurd to suppose that the women were employed in making curtains to encompass a grove

The Syriac and Arabic versions countenance the interpretation I have given above. In 2Ki 23:6, the former says, "He cast out the idol, dechlotho , from the house of the Lord;"and in 2Ki 23:7 : "He threw down the houses, dazoine , of the prostitutes; and the women who wove garments, ledechlotho , for the idols which were there."The Arabic is exactly the same

From the whole it is evident that Asherah was no other than Venus; the nature of whose worship is plain enough from the mention of whoremongers and prostitutes

I deny not that there were groves consecrated to idolatrous worship among the Gentiles, but I am sure that such are not intended in the above-cited passages; and the text, in most places, reads better when understood in this way.

Defender: 2Ki 21:1 - twelve years old Manasseh was evidently born three years after Hezekiah's supernatural healing and God's promise of a fifteen year extension of his life (2Ki 20:6). Wi...

Manasseh was evidently born three years after Hezekiah's supernatural healing and God's promise of a fifteen year extension of his life (2Ki 20:6). Without this miracle, the Davidic line of kings in Israel would have been stopped, and God's promise to David (2Sa 7:12-16) would have failed. But God's promises are sure, even if miracles are necessary to keep them!"

Defender: 2Ki 21:6 - wizards Manasseh, despite his godly father, soon took up the abominable practices of his grandfather Ahaz and the kings of Israel (2Ki 16:3; 2Ki 17:17). His f...

Manasseh, despite his godly father, soon took up the abominable practices of his grandfather Ahaz and the kings of Israel (2Ki 16:3; 2Ki 17:17). His father died when he was only twelve years old (2Ki 22:1) and evidently had devoted little time to Manasseh's religious instruction. Nothing is known about his mother except her name, which means "My delight is in her."

Defender: 2Ki 21:6 - much wickedness Manasseh shed much "innocent blood" (2Ki 21:16) and according to Jewish tradition, this may even have included the prophet Isaiah, who was supposed to...

Manasseh shed much "innocent blood" (2Ki 21:16) and according to Jewish tradition, this may even have included the prophet Isaiah, who was supposed to have been "sawn asunder" (Heb 11:37)."

TSK: 2Ki 21:1 - was twelve // Hephzibah am 3306-3361, bc 698-643 was twelve : 2Ki 20:21; 1Ch 3:13; 2Ch 32:33, 2Ch 33:1-9; Mat 1:10, Manasses Hephzibah : Pro 5:19; Isa 62:4 *marg.

am 3306-3361, bc 698-643

was twelve : 2Ki 20:21; 1Ch 3:13; 2Ch 32:33, 2Ch 33:1-9; Mat 1:10, Manasses

Hephzibah : Pro 5:19; Isa 62:4 *marg.

TSK: 2Ki 21:2 - And he did // after the abominations And he did : 2Ki 21:7, 2Ki 21:16, 2Ki 16:2-4, 2Ki 22:17; 2Ch 33:2-4 after the abominations : Lev 18:25-29; Deu 12:31; 2Ch 36:14; Eze 16:51

TSK: 2Ki 21:3 - the high places // he reared // a grove // Ahab // and worshipped the high places : 2Ki 18:4, 2Ki 18:22; 2Ch 32:12, 2Ch 34:3 he reared : 2Ki 10:18-20; 1Ki 16:31-33, 1Ki 18:21, 1Ki 18:26 a grove : Rather, as we have b...

the high places : 2Ki 18:4, 2Ki 18:22; 2Ch 32:12, 2Ch 34:3

he reared : 2Ki 10:18-20; 1Ki 16:31-33, 1Ki 18:21, 1Ki 18:26

a grove : Rather, as we have before remarked, Asherah or Astarte. So Castel defines Asherah to be Simulacrum ligneum Astarte dicatum ; ""A wooden image dedicated to Astarte."

Ahab : 2Ki 8:18, 2Ki 8:27; Mic 6:16

and worshipped : 2Ki 17:16, 2Ki 23:4; Deu 4:19, Deu 17:3; 2Ch 33:3-5; Job 31:26

TSK: 2Ki 21:4 - he built // In Jerusalem he built : 2Ki 16:10-16; Jer 32:34 In Jerusalem : Exo 20:24; Deu 12:5; 2Sa 7:13; 1Ki 8:29, 1Ki 9:3; Psa 78:68, Psa 78:69, Psa 132:13, Psa 132:14

TSK: 2Ki 21:5 - in the two courts in the two courts : 2Ki 23:4, 2Ki 23:6; 1Ki 6:36, 1Ki 7:12; 2Ch 33:5, 2Ch 33:15; Eze 40:28, Eze 40:32, Eze 40:37, Eze 40:47, Eze 42:3, Eze 43:5; Eze 4...

TSK: 2Ki 21:6 - he made // observed times // familiar // wrought am 3321, bc 683 he made : 2Ki 16:3, 2Ki 17:17; Lev 18:21, Lev 20:2, Lev 20:3; 2Ch 28:3, 2Ch 33:6; Mic 6:7 observed times : Lev 19:26, Lev 19:31; Deu 1...

TSK: 2Ki 21:7 - he set // In this house am 3306-3327, bc 698-677 he set : 2Ki 23:6; 2Ch 33:7, 2Ch 33:15 In this house : 2Ki 21:4, 2Ki 23:27; 2Sa 7:13; 1Ki 8:29, 1Ki 8:44, 1Ki 9:3, 1Ki 9:7; 2...

TSK: 2Ki 21:8 - will I make // only if they will I make : 2Ki 18:11; 2Sa 7:10; 1Ch 17:9; 2Ch 33:8 only if they : Lev 26:3-13; Deu 5:28, Deu 5:29, Deu 28:1-14; Jos 23:11-13; Psa 37:3, Psa 81:11-1...

TSK: 2Ki 21:9 - they hearkened // seduced // more evil they hearkened : 2Ch 36:16; Ezr 9:10, Ezr 9:11; Neh 9:26, Neh 9:29, Neh 9:30; Psa 81:10; Dan 9:6, Dan 9:10, Dan 9:11; Luk 13:34; Joh 15:22; Jam 4:17 s...

TSK: 2Ki 21:10 - -- 2Ch 33:10, 2Ch 36:15; Neh 9:26, Neh 9:30; Mat 23:34-37; In the following verses the doom of Judah and Jerusalem is passed, and it is a heavy doom. Th...

2Ch 33:10, 2Ch 36:15; Neh 9:26, Neh 9:30; Mat 23:34-37; In the following verses the doom of Judah and Jerusalem is passed, and it is a heavy doom. The prophets were sent in the first place to teach them the knowledge of God, to remind them of their duty, and direct them in itcaps1 . icaps0 f they succeeded not in that, their next work was to reprove them for their sins, and to set them in view before them, that they might repent and reform, and return to their dutycaps1 . icaps0 f in this they prevailed not, their next work was to foretell the judgments of God, that the terror of them might awaken to repentance those who would not be made sensible of the obligations of his love; or else that the execution of them, in their season, might be a demonstration of the divine mission of the prophets who foretold them. They were made judges to those who would not hear and receive them as teachers. - Henry.

TSK: 2Ki 21:11 - Because // above all // made Judah Because : 2Ki 23:26, 2Ki 23:27, 2Ki 24:3, 2Ki 24:4; Jer 15:4 above all : 2Ki 21:9; 1Ki 21:26; Eze 16:3, Eze 16:45 made Judah : 2Ki 21:9; 1Ki 14:16, 1K...

TSK: 2Ki 21:12 - I am bringing // whosoever I am bringing : 2Ki 22:16; Dan 9:12; Mic 3:12 whosoever : 1Sa 3:11; Isa 28:16; Jer 19:3; Amo 3:2; Mat 24:21, Mat 24:22; Luk 23:28, Luk 23:29; Rev 6:15...

TSK: 2Ki 21:13 - I will stretch // the plummet // I will wipe // wiping it I will stretch : This metaphor is taken from the custom of using a line in measuring land, and in dividing portions of it among several persons. Sama...

I will stretch : This metaphor is taken from the custom of using a line in measuring land, and in dividing portions of it among several persons. Samaria was taken, pillaged, and ruined, and its inhabitants carried into captivity: Jerusalem shall have the same measure. 2Ki 17:6; Isa 10:22, Isa 28:17, Isa 34:11; Lam 2:8; Eze 23:31-34; Amo 7:7, Amo 7:8; Zec 1:16

the plummet : 2Ki 10:11; 1Ki 21:21-24

I will wipe : I will empty Jerusalem of all its wealth and inhabitants, as truly as a dish turned up and wiped is emptied of its contents. 1Ki 14:10; Isa 14:23; Jer 25:9; Eze 24:10, Eze 24:11; Rev 18:21-23

wiping it, and turning it upside down : Heb. he wipeth and turneth it upon the face thereof

TSK: 2Ki 21:14 - And I will // the remnant // deliver And I will : Deu 31:17; 2Ch 15:2; Psa 37:28, Psa 89:38-45; Jer 12:7, Jer 23:33; Lam 5:20; Amo 5:2 the remnant : 2Ki 19:4, 2Ki 19:30, 2Ki 19:31, 2Ki 24...

TSK: 2Ki 21:15 - since the day since the day : Deu 9:21, Deu 31:27, Deu 31:29; Jdg 2:11-13; Psa 106:34-40; Eze 16:15-22; Eze 20:4, Eze 20:13, Eze 20:21, Eze 20:30, Eze 23:3, Eze 23:...

TSK: 2Ki 21:16 - Manasseh // one end to another // beside his sin Manasseh : 2Ki 24:3, 2Ki 24:4; Num 35:33; Deu 21:8, Deu 21:9; Jer 2:34, Jer 7:6, Jer 15:4, Jer 19:4; Mat 23:30, Mat 23:31; Mat 27:6; Luk 13:34; Heb 11...

TSK: 2Ki 21:17 - the rest the rest : 2Ki 20:20, 2Ki 20:21; 2Chr. 33:1-20

the rest : 2Ki 20:20, 2Ki 20:21; 2Chr. 33:1-20

TSK: 2Ki 21:18 - and was buried am 3361, bc 643 and was buried : 2Ch 21:20, 2Ch 24:16, 2Ch 24:25, 2Ch 28:27, 2Ch 32:33, 2Ch 33:20; Jer 22:19

am 3361, bc 643

and was buried : 2Ch 21:20, 2Ch 24:16, 2Ch 24:25, 2Ch 28:27, 2Ch 32:33, 2Ch 33:20; Jer 22:19

TSK: 2Ki 21:19 - Amon // two years am 3361-3363, bc 643-641 Amon : 1Ch 3:14; 2Ch 33:21-23; Mat 1:10 two years : 2Ki 15:23; 1Ki 15:25, 1Ki 16:8, 1Ki 22:51

am 3361-3363, bc 643-641

Amon : 1Ch 3:14; 2Ch 33:21-23; Mat 1:10

two years : 2Ki 15:23; 1Ki 15:25, 1Ki 16:8, 1Ki 22:51

TSK: 2Ki 21:20 - as his father as his father : 2Ki 21:2-7; Num 32:14; 2Ch 33:22, 2Ch 33:23; Mat 23:32; Act 7:51

TSK: 2Ki 21:22 - -- 2Ki 22:17; Deu 32:15; 1Ki 11:33; 1Ch 28:9; Jer 2:13; Jon 2:8

TSK: 2Ki 21:23 - -- am 3363, bc 641, 2Ki 12:20, 2Ki 14:19, 2Ki 15:25, 2Ki 15:30; 1Ki 15:27, 1Ki 16:9; 2Ch 33:24, 2Ch 33:25

TSK: 2Ki 21:24 - the people of the land slew // made Josiah the people of the land slew : 2Ki 14:5 made Josiah : 2Ki 11:17, 2Ki 14:21; 1Sa 11:15; 2Sa 5:3; 1Ki 12:1, 1Ki 12:20; 2Ch 22:1, 2Ch 26:1, 2Ch 33:25

the people of the land slew : 2Ki 14:5

made Josiah : 2Ki 11:17, 2Ki 14:21; 1Sa 11:15; 2Sa 5:3; 1Ki 12:1, 1Ki 12:20; 2Ch 22:1, 2Ch 26:1, 2Ch 33:25

TSK: 2Ki 21:25 - -- 2Ki 21:17, 2Ki 20:20

TSK: 2Ki 21:26 - in the garden // Josiah in the garden : 2Ki 21:18 Josiah : 1Ki 13:5; Mat 1:10

in the garden : 2Ki 21:18

Josiah : 1Ki 13:5; Mat 1:10

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: 2Ki 21:1 - Reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem Reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem in which time the years of his imprisonment are comprehended, 2Ch 33:11 .

Reigned fifty and five years in Jerusalem in which time the years of his imprisonment are comprehended, 2Ch 33:11 .

Poole: 2Ki 21:2 - Did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord Did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord partly by the instigation of the wicked princes of Judah, who in Hezekiah’ s time were secret e...

Did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord partly by the instigation of the wicked princes of Judah, who in Hezekiah’ s time were secret enemies to his reformation, and now, when their fetters were knocked off by Hezekiah’ s death, break forth into open hostility against it, and corrupt the king’ s tender years with their wicked counsel; and principally by his own vicious inclination.

Poole: 2Ki 21:3 - The host of heaven The host of heaven the stars, which the Gentiles had transformed into gods. See Poole "Deu 4:19" .

The host of heaven the stars, which the Gentiles had transformed into gods. See Poole "Deu 4:19" .

Poole: 2Ki 21:4 - In the house of the Lord // In Jerusalem will I put my name In the house of the Lord i.e. in the temple itself, in the holy place, because this is distinguished from the courts of the house, 2Ki 21:5 . In Jer...

In the house of the Lord i.e. in the temple itself, in the holy place, because this is distinguished from the courts of the house, 2Ki 21:5 .

In Jerusalem will I put my name that place I have peculiarly consecrated to my worship and honour; which made it the greater injustice, and impiety, and sacrilege to alienate it from God, and to dedicate it, or any part of it, especially the temple, to the service of idols, whom God abhorreth.

Poole: 2Ki 21:5 - -- The one of the priests, the other of the people, 1Ki 6:36 .

The one of the priests, the other of the people, 1Ki 6:36 .

Poole: 2Ki 21:6 - Made his son pass through the fire // Observed times Made his son pass through the fire of which See Poole "Lev 18:21 2Ki 16:3" . Observed times , i.e. lucky or unlucky days or seasons for the despatc...

Made his son pass through the fire of which See Poole "Lev 18:21 2Ki 16:3" .

Observed times , i.e. lucky or unlucky days or seasons for the despatch of businesses, according to the superstitious practice of the heathens. See Est 3:7 : see also Lev 19:26 Deu 18:10,11 .

Poole: 2Ki 21:7 - He set a graven image of the grove He set a graven image of the grove either, first, The image of that Baal which was worshipped in the grove. Or, secondly, A representation of the gro...

He set a graven image of the grove either, first, The image of that Baal which was worshipped in the grove. Or, secondly, A representation of the grove, as may seem by comparing 2Ki 23:6 . Or, thirdly, The graven image of Asherah, a god or goddess so called, possibly the same called elsewhere Ashtaroth. See Jud 6:25,28 2Ki 23:6 2Ch 15:16 .

Poole: 2Ki 21:8 - Move any more out of the land Move any more out of the land they shall no more be carried captives into a strange land, as it had happened before.

Move any more out of the land they shall no more be carried captives into a strange land, as it had happened before.

Poole: 2Ki 21:9 - -- Partly because they were not contented with those idols which the Canaanites worshipped, but either themselves invented, or they borrowed from other...

Partly because they were not contented with those idols which the Canaanites worshipped, but either themselves invented, or they borrowed from other nations, many new idols and kinds of idolatry; and partly because as their light was far more clear, their obligations to God infinitely higher, and their helps and antidotes against idolatry much stronger than the Canaanites had; so their sins, though the same in kind, were unspeakably worse in respect of these dreadful aggravations.

Poole: 2Ki 21:11 - Above all that the Amorites did // Hath made Judah also to sin with his idols Above all that the Amorites did i.e. the Canaanitish nations, all so called from one eminent part of them. See Poole "Gen 15:16" . Hath made Judah ...

Above all that the Amorites did i.e. the Canaanitish nations, all so called from one eminent part of them. See Poole "Gen 15:16" .

Hath made Judah also to sin with his idols by his example, encouragement, counsel, authority, and command.

Poole: 2Ki 21:12 - -- By the great commotion which such terrible reports shall cause in the hearts and heads of the hearers. See Poole "1Sa 3:11" ; See Poole "Jer 19:3"...

By the great commotion which such terrible reports shall cause in the hearts and heads of the hearers. See Poole "1Sa 3:11" ; See Poole "Jer 19:3" .

Poole: 2Ki 21:13 - Jerusalem // Wiping it, and turning it upside down Jerusalem shall have the same measure and lot, i.e. the same judgments, which Samaria had. The line is oft put for one’ s lot or portion, as Psa...

Jerusalem shall have the same measure and lot, i.e. the same judgments, which Samaria had. The line is oft put for one’ s lot or portion, as Psa 16:6 2Co 10:16 , because men’ s portions or possessions used to be measured by lines, Psa 78:55 Amo 7:17 . Or it is a metaphor from workmen who mark out by lines what part of the building they would have thrown down, and what they would have stand. See Isa 34:11 Lam 2:8 Amo 7:7,8 Zec 1:16 . Or it is an allusion to that fact of David, who destroyed the Moabites by a measuring line, 2Sa 8:2 .

Wiping it, and turning it upside down as men do with a dish that hath been used; first wholly empty it of all that is in it, then thoroughly cleanse and wipe it, and lastly turn it upside down, that nothing may remain in it: so will I deal with Jerusalem, thoroughly empty and purge it from all its wicked inhabitants, and that so as to cut off all hopes of restitution.

Poole: 2Ki 21:14 - The remnant of mine inheritance The remnant of mine inheritance i.e. the kingdom of Judah, the only remainder of all the tribes of Israel, which I did once choose for my inheritance...

The remnant of mine inheritance i.e. the kingdom of Judah, the only remainder of all the tribes of Israel, which I did once choose for my inheritance, but now, notwithstanding that privilege, will utterly reject and forsake them.

Poole: 2Ki 21:15 - -- This sore judgment, though it was chiefly inflicted for the sins of Manasseh and his generation, yet had a respect unto all their former sins, the g...

This sore judgment, though it was chiefly inflicted for the sins of Manasseh and his generation, yet had a respect unto all their former sins, the guilt whereof was upon this occasion revived. See Exo 32:31 .

Poole: 2Ki 21:16 - Innocent blood // Beside his sin Innocent blood the blood of those prophets and righteous men who either reproved his sinful practices, or refused to comply with his wicked commands ...

Innocent blood the blood of those prophets and righteous men who either reproved his sinful practices, or refused to comply with his wicked commands and worship.

Beside his sin i.e. his idolatry, which is elsewhere called evil , and corruption , and here sin, by way of eminency; which is the more considerable, because it is here compared with horrid cruelty, and implied to be worse than that, and more abominable in God’ s sight, because it doth more directly and immediately strike at the glory and purity of the Divine Majesty, by respect unto which all sins are to be measured. And this expression God here useth in opposition to the gross error of most men, who look upon idolatry as a small sin, as a mere mistake of the mind, as the fruit of a good intention, and as an excess proceeding from zeal in religion.

Poole: 2Ki 21:18 - In the garden of his own house // In the garden of Uzza In the garden of his own house not in the sepulchre of the kings; either by the people’ s designation, who judged him unworthy of that honour; o...

In the garden of his own house not in the sepulchre of the kings; either by the people’ s designation, who judged him unworthy of that honour; or rather, by his own choice and command, as a lasting testimony of his sincere repentance and abhorrency of himself for his former crimes.

In the garden of Uzza or, of king Uzziah, who possibly planted or enlarged it.

Haydock: 2Ki 21:1 - Done Done, in his youth, flattering himself that he should also repent, when he had gratified his passions (Glycas) but God presently chastised this presu...

Done, in his youth, flattering himself that he should also repent, when he had gratified his passions (Glycas) but God presently chastised this presumption, after suffering him to reign only two years. (Tirinus)

Haydock: 2Ki 21:1 - Twelve // Fifty Twelve. Being born three years after his father's recovery. --- Fifty. Including the years of captivity.

Twelve. Being born three years after his father's recovery. ---

Fifty. Including the years of captivity.

Haydock: 2Ki 21:2 - Idols Idols. Hebrew, "abominations," (Calmet) as their worship was attended with the greatest infamy and dissolution, and was in itself the source of God'...

Idols. Hebrew, "abominations," (Calmet) as their worship was attended with the greatest infamy and dissolution, and was in itself the source of God's chastisements. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Ki 21:3 - Groves // Achab Groves. Hebrew Ashera, "the grove," or the idol of Astarte, (Calmet) as both were worshipped. (Haydock) --- Achab, whom he imitated also in spi...

Groves. Hebrew Ashera, "the grove," or the idol of Astarte, (Calmet) as both were worshipped. (Haydock) ---

Achab, whom he imitated also in spilling the blood of the saints. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Ki 21:4 - Altars Altars, in honour of the sun, moon, and stars, (Haydock) in the courts of the priests and of the people, 2 Paralipomenon xxxiii. 4.

Altars, in honour of the sun, moon, and stars, (Haydock) in the courts of the priests and of the people, 2 Paralipomenon xxxiii. 4.

Haydock: 2Ki 21:6 - Fire // Divination // Omens // Pythons // Soothsayers Fire, for purification, or as a holocaust to Moloch. See chap. xvi. 3. --- Divination, or, "he observed times," Arabic. (Montanus) --- Omens. ...

Fire, for purification, or as a holocaust to Moloch. See chap. xvi. 3. ---

Divination, or, "he observed times," Arabic. (Montanus) ---

Omens. Protestants, "used enchantments," (Haydock) by means of brass or of serpents, &c. (Calmet) ---

Septuagint agrees with the Vulgate, "he took notice of birds." (Haydock) ---

Pythons. That is, diviners by spirits (Challoner) particularly by Apollo. He authorized and encouraged such ventriloquists, &c., Leviticus xix. 31. ---

Soothsayers, who inspected the entrails of victims, to foretell future things. (Calmet) ---

Protestants, "He dealt with familiar spirits and wizards." (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Ki 21:7 - Of the grove // My name Of the grove. Hebrew, "a graven thing of Ashera," the grove or Astarte, (Haydock) ver. 3. This was an engraving in sculpture of a sacred grove. (S...

Of the grove. Hebrew, "a graven thing of Ashera," the grove or Astarte, (Haydock) ver. 3. This was an engraving in sculpture of a sacred grove. (Sa) (Chap. xxiii. 6.) (Tirinus) ---

My name. I alone will be adored, and there allow an altar to be erected. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Ki 21:9 - More More, because they had received more favours and instructions from above. (Worthington)

More, because they had received more favours and instructions from above. (Worthington)

Haydock: 2Ki 21:10 - Prophets Prophets, Joel, Osee, Amos, Nahum, Jonas, Abdias, Micheas, and particularly by Isaias, who was related to the king. (Tirinus) --- Tradition informs...

Prophets, Joel, Osee, Amos, Nahum, Jonas, Abdias, Micheas, and particularly by Isaias, who was related to the king. (Tirinus) ---

Tradition informs us, that Manasses was so irritated, that he ordered Isaias to be slain with a wooden saw, (St. Augustine, City of God xviii. 24.) for greater torment; (Calmet) and his companions were daily executed, Josephus, [Antiquities?] x. 3. ---

Isaias (xxii. 13.) seems to pronounce his sin irremissible, (Calmet) or that he should not, at least, escape the punishment of it, as long as he lived. But we are assured that the eyes of Manasses were at last opened by adversity, and that he performed many laudable things after his return from captivity; (2 Paralipomenon xxxiii.) so that the latter part of his reign resembled that of his father; though the beginning had been like that of the impious Achab. His coming to the throne so soon, before his pious father could have time to impress upon his mind the truths of salvation, had nearly proved his ruin. The sins of my youth, and my ignorances, remember not, O Lord, Psalm xxiv. 7. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Ki 21:11 - Doings Doings. Hebrew, "idols," ver. 2. See chap. xvii. 12. (Haydock)

Doings. Hebrew, "idols," ver. 2. See chap. xvii. 12. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Ki 21:12 - Tingle Tingle, through astonishment, as if he had been stunned with too loud a noise, 1 Kings iii. 11. (Calmet)

Tingle, through astonishment, as if he had been stunned with too loud a noise, 1 Kings iii. 11. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Ki 21:13 - The line // Table // Often The line, or rope, to pull down the walls, Lamentations ii. 8., (Calmet) and 2 Kings xvii. 13. Jerusalem, which has imitated Samaria in sinning, sh...

The line, or rope, to pull down the walls, Lamentations ii. 8., (Calmet) and 2 Kings xvii. 13. Jerusalem, which has imitated Samaria in sinning, shall experience the same fate; the same weight of punishment shall fall upon the royal family, as upon the house of Achab. (Haydock) ---

The prophets frequently entitle their menaces a weight, or burden, Isaias xiii. 1. (Menochius) ---

Septuagint have, "the balance of the house," &c., as if God had weighed all the good and evil, and would now reward the people accordingly, (Haydock) with judgment. (Du Hamel) ---

Table, or board, covered with wax. The ancients were accustomed to write in this manner with a style which was sharp at one end and blunt at the other. Altera pars revocat quicquid pars altera fecit. (Ænig. Symponii.) When the wax was rendered smooth, no vestige of the former writing could appear, and God threatened to destroy Jerusalem, in like manner. Hebrew is variously translated. (Calmet) ---

Septuagint, "I will wipe out Jerusalem as an alabaster vase is wiped, and turned downwards." Protestants, "as a man wipeth a dish, wiping it and turning it upside down." (Haydock) ---

Often. 1. Under Manasses; 2. under Josias and Joachaz; 3. under the last kings of Juda, 2 Paralipomenon xxiii., &c. (Tirinus)

Haydock: 2Ki 21:14 - Leave // Remnants Leave. Septuagint, "with horror," Greek: apeasomai (Haydock) "I will cast off." So Chaldean, Syriac, &c. --- Remnants. Juda, &c., who shall b...

Leave. Septuagint, "with horror," Greek: apeasomai (Haydock) "I will cast off." So Chaldean, Syriac, &c. ---

Remnants. Juda, &c., who shall be treated like the ten tribes. (Calmet) ---

All shared in the punishment, though some preserved the true religion, Psalm lxxxviii. 35. (Worthington)

Haydock: 2Ki 21:16 - Mouth // Besides Mouth. Chaldean, "extremity." All was full of blood, and impure idols, ver. 11. --- Besides, ( absque ) "without" mentioning his other scandalous...

Mouth. Chaldean, "extremity." All was full of blood, and impure idols, ver. 11. ---

Besides, ( absque ) "without" mentioning his other scandalous sins of idolatry.

Haydock: 2Ki 21:17 - Sinned Sinned. It is rather wonderful that his repentance is not here noticed; but we find it mentioned [in] 2 Paralipomenon xxxiii. 12. (Haydock) --- He...

Sinned. It is rather wonderful that his repentance is not here noticed; but we find it mentioned [in] 2 Paralipomenon xxxiii. 12. (Haydock) ---

He was probably taken prisoner by Thartan, general of Sargon, or Asarhaddon, who had reunited the two kingdoms of Assyria and Babylon, Isaias xx. 1. In prison Manasses composed a penitential prayer, which is not absolutely rejected by the Church, but left in the rank of Apocryphal writings; (Calmet) the authority of which is not clearly ascertained. (Haydock) ---

The Greek church admits this prayer into her Euchologium, (Calmet) or Office-book. (Haydock) ---

Being liberated, probably by Saosduchin, Manasses did all things well, only he left the high places, where the people had been accustomed to sacrifice to the Lord. Hozai wrote his history, 2 Paralipomenon xxxiii. 19.

Haydock: 2Ki 21:18 - Oza Oza, a private man, to whom it had belonged; (Menochius) or the place where the Levite had been punished for touching the ark; (1 Kings vi. 8.) or, i...

Oza, a private man, to whom it had belonged; (Menochius) or the place where the Levite had been punished for touching the ark; (1 Kings vi. 8.) or, in fine, the garden to which king Ozias had retired after he became a leper. (Calmet) ---

It is said, that Manasses chose this place for his tomb out of humility. (Grotius)

Gill: 2Ki 21:1 - Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign // and reigned fifty five years in Jerusalem Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign,.... So that he was born three years after Hezekiah's recovery from his sickness, and in the seve...

Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign,.... So that he was born three years after Hezekiah's recovery from his sickness, and in the seventeenth year of his reign:

and reigned fifty five years in Jerusalem: among which must be reckoned the time of his captivity in Babylon; his reign was the longest of any of the kings of Judah: and his mother's name was Hephzibah; the name the church goes by, and signifies, "my delight or pleasure is in her", Isa 62:4, no doubt she was a good woman, or Hezekiah would not have made choice of her for a wife; it is a tradition of the Jews a, that she was the daughter of Isaiah, whose name, they say, is not mentioned, because so wicked a king was unworthy of such a grandfather.

Gill: 2Ki 21:2 - And he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord // after the abomination of the Heathen, whom the Lord cast out before the children of Israel And he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord,.... Was guilty of idolatry: after the abomination of the Heathen, whom the Lord cast out b...

And he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord,.... Was guilty of idolatry:

after the abomination of the Heathen, whom the Lord cast out before the children of Israel: the old Canaanites; he committed idolatry in imitation of them, and as the Phoenicians now did before the children of Israel: the old Canaanites; he committed idolatry in imitation of them, and as the Phoenicians now did.

Gill: 2Ki 21:3 - For he built up again the high places which Hezekiah his father had destroyed // and he reared up altars for Baal // and made a grove, as did Ahab king of Israel // and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served them For he built up again the high places which Hezekiah his father had destroyed,.... The temples and altars upon them, see 2Ki 18:4, and he reared up...

For he built up again the high places which Hezekiah his father had destroyed,.... The temples and altars upon them, see 2Ki 18:4,

and he reared up altars for Baal; in the high places he rebuilt:

and made a grove, as did Ahab king of Israel: which was either an idol itself, or a shade of trees where idols were placed; or rather Asherah, rendered "a grove", is the same with Astarte, the goddess of the Zidonians, the figure of which he made and worshipped; for groves were not so soon and easily planted, raised, and made; so the same in 1Ki 16:33.

and worshipped all the host of heaven, and served them: the sun, moon, and stars, particularly the planets Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Mercury, and Venus.

Gill: 2Ki 21:4 - And he built altars in the house of the Lord // of which the Lord said, in Jerusalem will I put my name And he built altars in the house of the Lord,.... In the holy place, as distinct from the courts in the next verse; and these were sacred to the idols...

And he built altars in the house of the Lord,.... In the holy place, as distinct from the courts in the next verse; and these were sacred to the idols of the Gentiles:

of which the Lord said, in Jerusalem will I put my name; in the temple there, devoted to his service, called by his name, and where his name was called upon, see Deu 12:5 and to erect altars to idols here must be very abominable to him.

Gill: 2Ki 21:5 - And he built altars for all the host of heaven // in the two courts of the house of the Lord And he built altars for all the host of heaven,.... Sun, moon, and stars: in the two courts of the house of the Lord; in the court of the priests, ...

And he built altars for all the host of heaven,.... Sun, moon, and stars:

in the two courts of the house of the Lord; in the court of the priests, and in the court of the people; and all this must be supposed to be done, not as soon as he began to reign, but when he was grown up to man's estate, and had children, as the next verse shows; unless it can be thought that those nobles in Judah, who liked not the reformation made by Hezekiah, took the advantage of his youth, and advised him to these idolatries.

Gill: 2Ki 21:6 - And he made his son pass through the fire // and observed times // and used enchantments, and dealt with familiar spirits and wizards // he wrought much wickedness in the sight of the Lord, to provoke him to anger And he made his son pass through the fire,.... To Molech, after the manner of the old Canaanites and Phoenicians; his son Amon, that succeeded him, an...

And he made his son pass through the fire,.... To Molech, after the manner of the old Canaanites and Phoenicians; his son Amon, that succeeded him, and other children, as appears from 2Ch 33:6, where mention is made of the place where it was done, the valley of the son of Hinnom:

and observed times; lucky or unlucky, which was judged of by omens, and by the position of the stars:

and used enchantments, and dealt with familiar spirits and wizards; to get knowledge of things to come; all which are forbid and condemned by the law of Moses; see Deu 18:10,

he wrought much wickedness in the sight of the Lord, to provoke him to anger; in all those evils before mentioned, which were very abominable in the sight of God.

Gill: 2Ki 21:7 - of which the Lord said to David, and to Solomon his son // in this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, will I put my name forever Which was either an image that had been placed in a grove planted by him, and now removed into the house or temple of the Lord; or, as some think, thi...

Which was either an image that had been placed in a grove planted by him, and now removed into the house or temple of the Lord; or, as some think, this was a representation of a grove, a carved grove of gold or silver, in the midst of which an image was placed in the temple; though what Selden observes b, seems best of all, that this was an image of Asherah, as in the original text; that is, of Astarte or Ashtoreth, the goddess of the Zidonians, 1Ki 11:5, the same the Phoenicians are said to call Astroarche, and affirm it to be the moon c: in 2Ch 33:7 it is called a carved image the idol he had made; and an Arabic writer d says, it had four faces, which seems to be a figure of the cherubim; but, according to Suidas e, it was the statue of Jupiter, who also says it had four faces:

of which the Lord said to David, and to Solomon his son: that is, of which house or temple:

in this house, and in Jerusalem, which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel, will I put my name forever; see 1Ki 8:29; see Gill on 2Ki 21:3.

Gill: 2Ki 21:8 - Neither will I make the feet of Israel move any more out of the land which I gave their fathers // only if they will observe to do according to all the law that my servant Moses commanded them Neither will I make the feet of Israel move any more out of the land which I gave their fathers,.... Or suffer them to be carried captive into another...

Neither will I make the feet of Israel move any more out of the land which I gave their fathers,.... Or suffer them to be carried captive into another land, as in the times of the judges; that is, on the following condition:

only if they will observe to do according to all the law that my servant Moses commanded them by obedience to which they had the tenure of the land of Canaan, Isa 1:19.

Gill: 2Ki 21:9 - But they hearkened not // and Manasseh seduced them to do more evil than did the nations whom the Lord destroyed before the children of Israel But they hearkened not,.... To the voice of God in his law by Moses, and were not obedient to it: and Manasseh seduced them to do more evil than di...

But they hearkened not,.... To the voice of God in his law by Moses, and were not obedient to it:

and Manasseh seduced them to do more evil than did the nations whom the Lord destroyed before the children of Israel: he set up more idols, and drew the people into more and greater idolatries, than the old Canaanites; and these were the more aggravated by having a law given to them, and prophets sent to instruct them in it, and by the benefits and blessings bestowed upon them by the lawgiver, which laid them under greater obligations to him; see Jer 2:11.

Gill: 2Ki 21:10 - And the Lord spake by his servants the prophets // saying And the Lord spake by his servants the prophets,.... Who prophesied in the days of Manasseh; and were, according to the Jewish chronology f, Joel, Nah...

And the Lord spake by his servants the prophets,.... Who prophesied in the days of Manasseh; and were, according to the Jewish chronology f, Joel, Nahum, and Habakkuk:

saying: as follows.

Gill: 2Ki 21:11 - Because Manasseh king of Judah hath done these abominations // and hath done wickedly above all that the Amorites did that were before him // and hath made Judah also to sin with his idols Because Manasseh king of Judah hath done these abominations,.... Before named, 2Ki 21:3, and hath done wickedly above all that the Amorites did tha...

Because Manasseh king of Judah hath done these abominations,.... Before named, 2Ki 21:3,

and hath done wickedly above all that the Amorites did that were before him; one of the seven nations of Canaan, a principal of them, and which is put for all the rest:

and hath made Judah also to sin with his idols: the worship of them, as the Targum; which he did both by his edicts, and by his example.

Gill: 2Ki 21:12 - Therefore thus saith the Lord God of Israel // behold, I am bringing such evil upon Jerusalem and Judah, that whosoever heareth of it, both his ears shall tingle Therefore thus saith the Lord God of Israel,.... Who, though kind and gracious to Israel as their covenant God, is yet just and righteous, as well as ...

Therefore thus saith the Lord God of Israel,.... Who, though kind and gracious to Israel as their covenant God, is yet just and righteous, as well as he is a sovereign Being and Lord of all:

behold, I am bringing such evil upon Jerusalem and Judah, that whosoever heareth of it, both his ears shall tingle; it will make such a noise in the world, and be so horrible and terrible; and if, he report of it would be so dreadful as to make a man's ears tingle, and his heart tremble, what must it be to endure it! Eze 22:14.

Gill: 2Ki 21:13 - And I will stretch over Jerusalem the line of Samaria // and the plummet of the house of Ahab // and I will wipe Jerusalem, as a man wipeth a dish, wiping it, and turning it upside down And I will stretch over Jerusalem the line of Samaria,.... The Targum is, the line of destruction; and the sense is, that the same measure should be m...

And I will stretch over Jerusalem the line of Samaria,.... The Targum is, the line of destruction; and the sense is, that the same measure should be measured to Jerusalem as was to Samaria; that is, the same lot and portion should befall one as the other, that is, be utterly destroyed:

and the plummet of the house of Ahab; the Targum is, the weight or plummet of tribulation; signifying, that the same calamities should come upon the families of Jerusalem, and especially on the family of Manasseh as came upon the family of Ahab. It is a metaphor from builders that take down as well as raise up buildings by rule and measure, see 2Sa 8:2.

and I will wipe Jerusalem, as a man wipeth a dish, wiping it, and turning it upside down; as when one takes a dish or cup that has broth in it, or any liquid, as oil; and the Septuagint render it alabaster, in which ointment used to be put; and wipes it clean, that nothing may appear in it; and then turns it with its mouth downward, that, if any thing should remain, it might drain out; signifying hereby the emptying o Jerusalem of its palaces and houses, wealth and riches and of all its inhabitants; and yet the empty dish being preserved, seems to denote the restoration of Jerusalem after the seventy years' captivity. According to the Vulgate Latin version, the metaphor is taken from the blotting out of writing tables, and turning and rubbing the style upon them till the writing is no more seen.

Gill: 2Ki 21:14 - And I will forsake the remnant of mine inheritance // and deliver them into the hands of their enemies, and they shall become a prey and spoil to all their enemies And I will forsake the remnant of mine inheritance,.... The whole land of Canaan was the Lord's inheritance; ten tribes in it were already removed, on...

And I will forsake the remnant of mine inheritance,.... The whole land of Canaan was the Lord's inheritance; ten tribes in it were already removed, only Judah with Benjamin was left, and the Lord threatens to forsake that remnant:

and deliver them into the hands of their enemies, and they shall become a prey and spoil to all their enemies; which was fulfilled in their captivity in Babylon.

Gill: 2Ki 21:15 - Because they have done that which was evil in my sight // and have provoked me to anger, since the day their fathers came forth out of Egypt, even to this day Because they have done that which was evil in my sight,.... Committed idolatry: and have provoked me to anger, since the day their fathers came for...

Because they have done that which was evil in my sight,.... Committed idolatry:

and have provoked me to anger, since the day their fathers came forth out of Egypt, even to this day; being always prone to idolatry, so provoking to God, and which they were guilty of quickly after they came out of Egypt, in the worship of the golden calf, and had ever since at times been criminal this way; and now the measure of their iniquity being almost up, would be reckoned for together.

Gill: 2Ki 21:16 - Moreover, Manasseh shed innocent blood very much // till he had filled Jerusalem from one end to another // beside his sin wherewith he made Judah to sin, in doing that which was evil in the sight of the Lord Moreover, Manasseh shed innocent blood very much,.... Putting to death the prophets that reproved him and his people for their idolatries, and such wh...

Moreover, Manasseh shed innocent blood very much,.... Putting to death the prophets that reproved him and his people for their idolatries, and such who would not comply therewith; and it is commonly said, both by Jewish and Christian writers, that Isaiah was slain, and even sawn asunder by him; see Gill on Heb 11:37,

till he had filled Jerusalem from one end to another; a metaphor taken from filling a vessel brimful:

beside his sin wherewith he made Judah to sin, in doing that which was evil in the sight of the Lord; the sin of idolatry he drew them into, and even obliged them to commit.

Gill: 2Ki 21:17 - Now the rest of the acts of Manasseh and all that he did // and his sin that he sinned // are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah Now the rest of the acts of Manasseh and all that he did,.... Both good and bad, for he repented, and was humbled, and did many good things afterwards...

Now the rest of the acts of Manasseh and all that he did,.... Both good and bad, for he repented, and was humbled, and did many good things afterwards, though not recorded in this book:

and his sin that he sinned; his idolatry:

are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? in which were recorded the most memorable events of their reigns; and in the canonical book of Chronicles are many things concerning Manasseh, which are not written here; see 2Ch 33:11.

Gill: 2Ki 21:18 - And Manasseh slept with his fathers // and was buried in the garden of his own house, in the garden of Uzza // and Amon his son reigned in his stead And Manasseh slept with his fathers,.... Or died, after a reign of fifty five years, and a life of sixty seven: and was buried in the garden of his...

And Manasseh slept with his fathers,.... Or died, after a reign of fifty five years, and a life of sixty seven:

and was buried in the garden of his own house, in the garden of Uzza; whether the burial of him here was his own choice, judging himself unworthy to lie with the kings of Judah, who had been guilty of such great sins, or whether the will of others, on the same account, is not certain; and as much at a loss are we for the reason of this garden being called the garden of Uzza, whether from Uzzah that died for touching the ark, 2Sa 6:6 or from King Uzziah, 2Ki 15:7. The Jews buried in gardens in the times of Christ, who himself was buried in one, Joh 19:41. The Romans had sometimes sepulchres in their gardens g, Galba the emperor was buried in his gardens h; and so had other nations. Cyrus king of Persia was buried in a garden i:

and Amon his son reigned in his stead; of whom we have the following account.

Gill: 2Ki 21:19 - And Amon was twenty two years old when he began to reign // and he reigned two years in Jerusalem // and his mother's name was Meshullemeth, the daughter of Haruz of Jotbah And Amon was twenty two years old when he began to reign,.... Being born in the forty fifth of his father's life, and in the thirty third of his reign...

And Amon was twenty two years old when he began to reign,.... Being born in the forty fifth of his father's life, and in the thirty third of his reign:

and he reigned two years in Jerusalem; which, as Abarbinel observes, was the usual time the sons of wicked kings reigned, and instances in the son of Jeroboam, Baasha, and Ahab, 1Ki 15:25. An Arabic writer k says, he reigned twelve years, but according to the Jews only two:

and his mother's name was Meshullemeth, the daughter of Haruz of Jotbah; there was a place called Jotbath, which was one of the stations of the children of Israel in the wilderness, Num 33:33 but it can scarcely be thought to be the same place.

Gill: 2Ki 21:20 - And he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord // as his father Manasseh did And he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord,.... Committed idolatry: as his father Manasseh did: he imitated him in that, but not in hi...

And he did that which was evil in the sight of the Lord,.... Committed idolatry:

as his father Manasseh did: he imitated him in that, but not in his repentance and humiliation, 2Ch 33:23.

Gill: 2Ki 21:21 - And he walked in all the ways that his father walked in // and served the idols that his father served, and worshipped them And he walked in all the ways that his father walked in,.... In his wicked way, his idolatry, witchcraft, and murders: and served the idols that hi...

And he walked in all the ways that his father walked in,.... In his wicked way, his idolatry, witchcraft, and murders:

and served the idols that his father served, and worshipped them; Baal, Ashtoreth, and all the host of heaven, and all the carved images his father made, which it seems he only removed, but did not break in pieces, 2Ch 33:22.

Gill: 2Ki 21:22 - And he forsook the Lord God of his fathers // and walked not in the way of the Lord And he forsook the Lord God of his fathers,.... Of David, Solomon, &c. and walked not in the way of the Lord; prescribed by him in his law for the ...

And he forsook the Lord God of his fathers,.... Of David, Solomon, &c.

and walked not in the way of the Lord; prescribed by him in his law for the worship of him.

Gill: 2Ki 21:23 - And the servants of Amon conspired against him // and slew the king in his own house And the servants of Amon conspired against him,.... Some of his domestic servants, and perhaps his courtiers, not on account of his idolatry, but for ...

And the servants of Amon conspired against him,.... Some of his domestic servants, and perhaps his courtiers, not on account of his idolatry, but for some ill usage of them:

and slew the king in his own house: which they had an opportunity to do, being his servants.

Gill: 2Ki 21:24 - And the people of the land slew all them that had conspired against King Amon // and the people of the land made Josiah his son king in his stead And the people of the land slew all them that had conspired against King Amon,.... On occasion of his death, there seems to have been an insurrection ...

And the people of the land slew all them that had conspired against King Amon,.... On occasion of his death, there seems to have been an insurrection of the people in a body, to avenge the death of their king, who might be beloved on account of his idolatry, so depraved was the nation; or it may be only to avenge his death because he was their king, whose life these men ought not to have taken away: and the rather this may be thought to be the reason by what follows:

and the people of the land made Josiah his son king in his stead; who had been prophesied of by name above three hundred years before, see 1Ki 13:2.

Gill: 2Ki 21:25 - Now the rest of the acts of Amon which he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? Now the rest of the acts of Amon which he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? See Gill on 2Ki 21:17.

Now the rest of the acts of Amon which he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? See Gill on 2Ki 21:17.

Gill: 2Ki 21:26 - And he was buried in his sepulchre, in the garden of Uzza // and Josiah his son reigned in his stead And he was buried in his sepulchre, in the garden of Uzza,.... Where his father Manasseh was buried, 2Ki 21:18, and Josiah his son reigned in his s...

And he was buried in his sepulchre, in the garden of Uzza,.... Where his father Manasseh was buried, 2Ki 21:18,

and Josiah his son reigned in his stead; of whom many things are said in the two following chapters.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: 2Ki 21:1 Heb “the name of his mother.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 21:2 Heb “like the abominable practices of the nations.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 21:3 Or “served.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 21:4 Heb “In Jerusalem I will place my name.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 21:6 Heb “and he multiplied doing what is evil in the eyes of the Lord, angering.” The third masculine singular pronominal suffix (“him&#...

NET Notes: 2Ki 21:7 Heb “In this house and in Jerusalem, which I chose from all the tribes of Israel, I will place my name perpetually (or perhaps “forever...

NET Notes: 2Ki 21:8 Heb “I will not again make the feet of Israel wander from the land which I gave to their fathers.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 21:9 Heb “listen.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 21:10 Heb “spoke by the hand of.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 21:11 See the note at 1 Kgs 15:12.

NET Notes: 2Ki 21:12 Heb “so that everyone who hears it, his two ears will quiver.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 21:13 Heb “just as one wipes a plate, wiping and turning [it] on its face.” The word picture emphasizes how thoroughly the Lord will judge the c...

NET Notes: 2Ki 21:14 Heb “they will become plunder and spoils of war for all their enemies.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 21:15 Heb “in my eyes.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 21:16 Heb “apart from his sin which he caused Judah to commit, by doing what is evil in the eyes of the Lord.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 21:17 Heb “As for the rest of the events of Manasseh, and all which he did, and his sin which he committed, are they not written on the scroll of the ...

NET Notes: 2Ki 21:18 Heb “lay down with his fathers.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 21:19 Heb “the name of his mother.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 21:20 Heb “in the eyes of.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 21:21 Heb “and he served the disgusting idols which his father served and he bowed down to them.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 21:22 Heb “and did not walk in the way of the Lord.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 21:24 Heb “the people of the land.” The pronoun “they” has been used in the translation for stylistic reasons, to avoid the repetiti...

NET Notes: 2Ki 21:25 Heb “As for the rest of the things of Amon which he did, are they not written on the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Judah?R...

NET Notes: 2Ki 21:26 Heb “he buried him.” Here “he” probably refers to Amon’s son Josiah.

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 21:6 And he made his son ( a ) pass through the fire, and observed times, and used enchantments, and dealt with familiar spirits and wizards: he wrought mu...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 21:8 Neither will I make the feet of Israel move any more out of the land which I gave their fathers; only if they will ( b ) observe to do according to al...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 21:12 Therefore thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Behold, I [am] bringing [such] evil upon Jerusalem and Judah, that whosoever heareth of it, both his ears...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 21:13 And I will stretch over Jerusalem the line ( d ) of Samaria, and the plummet of the house of Ahab: and I will wipe Jerusalem as [a man] wipeth a dish,...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 21:14 And I will forsake the ( e ) remnant of mine inheritance, and deliver them into the hand of their enemies; and they shall become a prey and a spoil to...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 21:16 Moreover Manasseh shed ( s ) innocent blood very much, till he had filled Jerusalem from one end to another; beside his sin wherewith he made Judah to...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 21:22 And he forsook the LORD God of his fathers, and walked not in the ( g ) way of the LORD. ( g ) That is, according to his commandment.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: 2Ki 21:1-9 - --Young persons generally desire to become their own masters, and to have early possession of riches and power. But this, for the most part, ruins their...

MHCC: 2Ki 21:10-18 - --Here is the doom of Judah and Jerusalem. The words used represent the city emptied and utterly desolate, yet not destroyed thereby, but cleansed, and ...

MHCC: 2Ki 21:19-26 - --Amon profaned God's house with his idols; and God suffered his house to be polluted with his blood. How unrighteous soever they were that did it, God ...

Matthew Henry: 2Ki 21:1-9 - -- How delightful were our meditations on the last reign! How many pleasing views had we of Sion in its glory (that is, in its purity and in its triump...

Matthew Henry: 2Ki 21:10-18 - -- Here is the doom of Judah and Jerusalem read, and it is heavy doom. The prophets were sent, in the first place, to teach them the knowledge of God, ...

Matthew Henry: 2Ki 21:19-26 - -- Here is a short account of the short and inglorious reign of Amon, the son of Manasseh. Whether Manasseh, in his blind and brutish zeal for his idol...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 21:1-18 - -- Reign of Manasseh (cf. 2 Chron 33:1-20). - 2Ki 21:1. Manasseh was twelve years old when he began to reign, so that he was not born till after Hezeki...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 21:19-22 - -- Reign of Amon (cf. 2Ch 33:21-25). - Amon reigned only two years, and that in the spirit of his father, that is to say, worshipping all his idols. Th...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 21:23-25 - -- His servants conspired against him and slew him in his palace; whereupon the people of the land, i.e., the population of Judah ( הארץ עם = ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 21:26 - -- Amon was buried "in his grave in the garden of Uzza,"i.e., in the grave which he had had made in the garden of Uzza by the side of his father's grav...

Constable: 2Ki 18:1--25:30 - --III. THE SURVIVING KINGDOM chs. 18--25 In this third major section of 1 and 2 Kings the writer showed that the c...

Constable: 2Ki 21:1-18 - --B. Manasseh's Evil Reign 21:1-18 Manasseh began reigning as vice-regent with his father Hezekiah when he...

Constable: 2Ki 21:19-26 - --C. Amon's Evil Reign 21:19-26 Amon reigned two years (642-640 B.C.). Rather than continuing the repentan...

Guzik: 2Ki 21:1-26 - The Wicked Reigns of Manasseh and Amon 2 Kings 21 - The Wicked Reigns of Manasseh and Amon A. The reign of Manasseh, son of Hezekiah. 1. (1-2) A summary of the reign of Manasseh, a 55 yea...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF KINGS, in the ancient copies of the Hebrew Bible, constitute one book. Various titles have been given them; in the Septu...

JFB: 2 Kings (Garis Besar) MOAB REBELS. (2Ki 1:1) AHAZIAH'S JUDGMENT BY ELIJAH. (2Ki 1:2-8) ELIJAH BRINGS FIRE FROM HEAVEN ON AHAZIAH'S MESSENGERS. (2Ki 1:9-16) AHAZIAH DIES, A...

TSK: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) The events detailed in these books (Kings) are highly interesting and important. The account of the wisdom, magnificence, and extended commerce of So...

TSK: 2 Kings 21 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview 2Ki 21:1, Manasseh’s reign; 2Ki 21:3, His great idolatry; 2Ki 21:10, His wickedness causes prophecies against Judah; 2Ki 21:17, Amon su...

Poole: 2 Kings 21 (Pendahuluan Pasal) KINGS CHAPTER 21 Manasseh’ s idolatry, 2Ki 21:1-9 . Judgments prophesied against Judah, 2Ki 21:10-15 . Manasseh shed innocent blood; dieth, 2K...

MHCC: 2 Kings 21 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (2Ki 21:1-9) Wicked reign of Manasseh. (2Ki 21:10-18) The prophetic denunciations against Judah. (2Ki 21:19-26) Wicked reign and death of Amon.

Matthew Henry: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Second Book of Kings This second book of the Kings (which the Septuagint, numbering from Samuel, ca...

Matthew Henry: 2 Kings 21 (Pendahuluan Pasal) In this chapter we have a short but sad account of the reigns of two of the kings of Judah, Manasseh and Amon. I. Concerning Manasseh, all the acc...

Constable: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Second Kings continues the narrative begun in 1 Kings. It opens with the translation of godly Elijah to hea...

Constable: 2 Kings (Garis Besar) Outline (Continued from notes on 1 Kings) 3. Ahaziah's evil reign in Israel -1 Kings 22:51-2...

Constable: 2 Kings 2 Kings Bibliography Ackroyd, Peter R. "An Interpretation of the Babylonian Exile: A Study of 2 Kings 20, Isaia...

Haydock: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FOURTH BOOK OF KINGS. INTRODUCTION. This Book brings us to the conclusion of the kingdom of Israel, (chap. xvii.) and to the captivity of ...

Gill: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO 2 KINGS This, and the preceding book, are properly but one book divided into two parts, because of the size of it, as the book of S...

Gill: 2 Kings 21 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO 2 KINGS 21 In this chapter a short history is given of the two wicked reigns of Manasseh and Amon; Manasseh is charged with great i...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


TIP #32: Gunakan Pencarian Khusus untuk melakukan pencarian Teks Alkitab, Tafsiran/Catatan, Studi Kamus, Ilustrasi, Artikel, Ref. Silang, Leksikon, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, Gambar, Himne, Topikal. Anda juga dapat mencari bahan-bahan yang berkaitan dengan ayat-ayat yang anda inginkan melalui pencarian Referensi Ayat. [SEMUA]
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