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Teks -- 1 Kings 17:1-24 (NET)

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Konteks
Elijah Visits a Widow in Sidonian Territory
17:1 Elijah the Tishbite, from Tishbe in Gilead, said to Ahab, “As certainly as the Lord God of Israel lives (whom I serve), there will be no dew or rain in the years ahead unless I give the command.” 17:2 The Lord told him: 17:3 “Leave here and travel eastward. Hide out in the Kerith Valley near the Jordan. 17:4 Drink from the stream; I have already told the ravens to bring you food there.” 17:5 So he did as the Lord told him; he went and lived in the Kerith Valley near the Jordan. 17:6 The ravens would bring him bread and meat each morning and evening, and he would drink from the stream. 17:7 After a while, the stream dried up because there had been no rain in the land. 17:8 The Lord told him, 17:9 “Get up, go to Zarephath in Sidonian territory, and live there. I have already told a widow who lives there to provide for you.” 17:10 So he got up and went to Zarephath. When he went through the city gate, there was a widow gathering wood. He called out to her, “Please give me a cup of water, so I can take a drink.” 17:11 As she went to get it, he called out to her, “Please bring me a piece of bread.” 17:12 She said, “As certainly as the Lord your God lives, I have no food, except for a handful of flour in a jar and a little olive oil in a jug. Right now I am gathering a couple of sticks for a fire. Then I’m going home to make one final meal for my son and myself. After we have eaten that, we will die of starvation.” 17:13 Elijah said to her, “Don’t be afraid. Go and do as you planned. But first make a small cake for me and bring it to me; then make something for yourself and your son. 17:14 For this is what the Lord God of Israel says, ‘The jar of flour will not be empty and the jug of oil will not run out until the day the Lord makes it rain on the surface of the ground.’” 17:15 She went and did as Elijah told her; there was always enough food for Elijah and for her and her family. 17:16 The jar of flour was never empty and the jug of oil never ran out, just as the Lord had promised through Elijah. 17:17 After this the son of the woman who owned the house got sick. His illness was so severe he could no longer breathe. 17:18 She asked Elijah, “Why, prophet, have you come to me to confront me with my sin and kill my son?” 17:19 He said to her, “Hand me your son.” He took him from her arms, carried him to the upper room where he was staying, and laid him down on his bed. 17:20 Then he called out to the Lord, “O Lord, my God, are you also bringing disaster on this widow I am staying with by killing her son?” 17:21 He stretched out over the boy three times and called out to the Lord, “O Lord, my God, please let this boy’s breath return to him.” 17:22 The Lord answered Elijah’s prayer; the boy’s breath returned to him and he lived. 17:23 Elijah took the boy, brought him down from the upper room to the house, and handed him to his mother. Elijah then said, “See, your son is alive!” 17:24 The woman said to Elijah, “Now I know that you are a prophet and that the Lord really does speak through you.”
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Ahab son and successor of Omri, king of Israel,son of Kolaiah; a false prophet in the time of King Zedekiah
 · Cherith a brook flowing from Bethel, south of Jericho and into the Jordan
 · Elijah a prophet from the 9th century B.C.,a prophet from Tishbe in Gilead to Israel in King Ahab's time,son of Jeroham of Benjamin,a priest of the Harim clan who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Bani Elam clan who put away his heathen wife
 · Gilead a mountainous region east of the Jordan & north of the Arnon to Hermon,son of Machir son of Manasseh; founder of the clan of Gilead,father of Jephthah the judge,son of Michael of the tribe of Gad
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Jordan the river that flows from Lake Galilee to the Dead Sea,a river that begins at Mt. Hermon, flows south through Lake Galilee and on to its end at the Dead Sea 175 km away (by air)
 · Sidon residents of the town of Sidon
 · Tishbe a town in Gilead
 · Tishbite a resident of the town of Tishbe
 · Zarephath a town on the Mediterranean coast near Sidon,a town in Phoenicia between Tyre and Sidon; modern Sarafand


Topik/Tema Kamus: Elijah | Famine | Drought | Canaan | BOTANY | DANIEL, BOOK OF | Dearth | God | Ahab | Widow | KINGS, BOOKS OF | GOD, 2 | RAINFALL IN JERUSALEM IN INCHES | Zarephath | Miracles | Women | Readings, Select | Minister | ELISHA | Hospitality | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: 1Ki 17:1 - Elijah The most eminent of the prophets, who is here brought in, like Melchisedek, without any mention of his father, or mother, or beginning of his days; li...

The most eminent of the prophets, who is here brought in, like Melchisedek, without any mention of his father, or mother, or beginning of his days; like a man dropt out of the clouds, and raised by God's special providence as a witness for himself in this most degenerate time that by his zeal, and courage and miracles, he might give some check, to their various and abominable idolatries, and some reviving to that small number of the Lord's prophets, and people, who yet remained in Israel. He seems to have been naturally of a rough spirit. And rough spirits are called to rough services. His name signifies, my God Jehovah is he: he that sends me, and will own me, and bear me out.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:1 - Said to Ahab Having doubtless admonished him of his sin and danger before; now upon his obstinacy in his wicked courses, he proceeds to declare, and execute the ju...

Having doubtless admonished him of his sin and danger before; now upon his obstinacy in his wicked courses, he proceeds to declare, and execute the judgment of God upon him.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:1 - As the Lord, &c. I Swear by the God of Israel, who is the only true and living God; whereas the gods whom thou hast joined with him, or preferred before him, are dead ...

I Swear by the God of Israel, who is the only true and living God; whereas the gods whom thou hast joined with him, or preferred before him, are dead and senseless idols.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:1 - Before whom Whose minister I am, not only in general, but especially in this threatening, which I now deliver in his name and authority.

Whose minister I am, not only in general, but especially in this threatening, which I now deliver in his name and authority.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:1 - There shall not, &c. This was a prediction, but was seconded with his prayer, that God would verify it, Jam 5:17, And this prayer was truly charitable; that by this sharp ...

This was a prediction, but was seconded with his prayer, that God would verify it, Jam 5:17, And this prayer was truly charitable; that by this sharp affliction, God's honour, and the truth of his word (which was now so horribly and universally contemned) might be vindicated; and the Israelites (whom impunity had hardened in their idolatry) might be awakened to see their own wickedness, and the necessity of returning to the true religion.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:1 - Those years That is, These following years, which were three and an half, Luk 4:25; Jam 5:17.

That is, These following years, which were three and an half, Luk 4:25; Jam 5:17.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:1 - My word Until I shall declare, that this judgment shall cease, and shall pray to God for the removal of it.

Until I shall declare, that this judgment shall cease, and shall pray to God for the removal of it.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:3 - Hide thyself Thus God rescues him from the fury of Ahab and Jezebel, who, he knew, would seek to destroy him.

Thus God rescues him from the fury of Ahab and Jezebel, who, he knew, would seek to destroy him.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:3 - That Ahab did not seize on him immediately upon these words must be ascribed to God's over ruling providence.

ruling providence.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:4 - Have commanded Or, I shall command, that is, effectually move them, by instincts which shall be as forcible with them, as a law or command is to men. God is said to ...

Or, I shall command, that is, effectually move them, by instincts which shall be as forcible with them, as a law or command is to men. God is said to command both brute creatures, and senseless things; when he causeth them to do the things which he intends to effect by them.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:4 - The ravens Which he chuseth for this work; to shew his care and power in providing for the prophet by those creatures, which are noted for their greediness, that...

Which he chuseth for this work; to shew his care and power in providing for the prophet by those creatures, which are noted for their greediness, that by this strange experiment he might be taught to trust God in those many and great difficulties to which he was to be exposed. God could have sent angels to minister to him. But he chose winged messengers of another kind to shew he can serve his own purposes as effectually, by the meanest creatures as by the mightiest. Ravens neglect their own young, and do not feed them: yet when God pleaseth, they shall feed his prophet.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:6 - And flesh Not raw, but boiled by the ministry of some angel or man, and left in some place 'till the ravens came for it: in all which, there is nothing incredib...

Not raw, but boiled by the ministry of some angel or man, and left in some place 'till the ravens came for it: in all which, there is nothing incredible, considering the power and providence of God.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:7 - A while Heb. at the end of days; that is, of a year; for so the word days is often used.

Heb. at the end of days; that is, of a year; for so the word days is often used.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:7 - Dried God so ordering it, for the punishment of those Israelites who lived near it, and had hitherto been refreshed by it: and for the exercise of Elijah's ...

God so ordering it, for the punishment of those Israelites who lived near it, and had hitherto been refreshed by it: and for the exercise of Elijah's faith, and to teach him to depend upon God alone.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:9 - Zarephath A city between Tyre and Sidon, called Sarepta by St. Luk 4:26, and others.

A city between Tyre and Sidon, called Sarepta by St. Luk 4:26, and others.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:9 - Zidon To the jurisdiction of that city, which was inhabited by Gentiles. And God's providing for his prophet, first, by an unclean bird, and then by a Genti...

To the jurisdiction of that city, which was inhabited by Gentiles. And God's providing for his prophet, first, by an unclean bird, and then by a Gentile, whom the Jews esteemed unclean, was a presage of the calling of the Gentiles, and rejection of the Jews. So Elijah was the first prophet of the Gentiles.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:9 - Commanded Appointed or provided, for that she had as yet no revelation or command of God about it, appears from 1Ki 17:12.

Appointed or provided, for that she had as yet no revelation or command of God about it, appears from 1Ki 17:12.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:12 - She said Therefore though she was a Gentile, yet she owned the God of Israel as the true God.

Therefore though she was a Gentile, yet she owned the God of Israel as the true God.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:12 - Two sticks A few sticks, that number being often used indefinitely for any small number.

A few sticks, that number being often used indefinitely for any small number.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:12 - And die For having no more provision, we must needs perish with hunger. For though the famine was chiefly in the land of Israel, yet the effects of it were in...

For having no more provision, we must needs perish with hunger. For though the famine was chiefly in the land of Israel, yet the effects of it were in Tyre and Sidon, which were fed by the corn of that land. But what a poor supporter was this likely to be? who had no fuel, but what she gathered in the streets, and nothing to live upon herself, but an handful of meal and a little oil! To her Elijah is sent, that he might live upon providence, as much as he had done when the ravens fed him.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:13 - But make, &c. _This he requires as a trial of her faith, and obedience, which he knew God would plentifully reward; and so this would be a great example to encourag...

_This he requires as a trial of her faith, and obedience, which he knew God would plentifully reward; and so this would be a great example to encourage others to the practice of the same graces.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:14 - The barrel, &c. _The meal of the barrel So the cruse of oil for the oil of the cruse.

_The meal of the barrel So the cruse of oil for the oil of the cruse.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:15 - Many days A long time, even above two years, before the following event about her son happened. And surely the increase of her faith to such a degree, as to ena...

A long time, even above two years, before the following event about her son happened. And surely the increase of her faith to such a degree, as to enable her thus to deny herself and trust the promise, was as great a miracle in the kingdom of grace, as the increase of her oil in the kingdom of providence. Happy are they who can thus against hope believe and obey in hope.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:16 - Wasted not See how the reward answered the service. She made one cake for the prophet and was repaid with many for herself and her son. What is laid out in chari...

See how the reward answered the service. She made one cake for the prophet and was repaid with many for herself and her son. What is laid out in charity is set out to the best interest, an upon the best securities.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:17 - No breath That is, he died. We must not think it strange, if we meet with sharp afflictions, even when we are in the way of eminent service to God.

That is, he died. We must not think it strange, if we meet with sharp afflictions, even when we are in the way of eminent service to God.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:18 - She said Wherein have I injured thee? Or, why didst thou come to sojourn in my house, if this be the fruit of it? They are the words of a troubled mind.

Wherein have I injured thee? Or, why didst thou come to sojourn in my house, if this be the fruit of it? They are the words of a troubled mind.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:18 - Art thou come Didst thou come for this end, that thou mightest severely observe my sins, and by thy prayers bring down God's just judgment upon me, as thou hast bro...

Didst thou come for this end, that thou mightest severely observe my sins, and by thy prayers bring down God's just judgment upon me, as thou hast brought down this famine upon the nation?

Wesley: 1Ki 17:18 - To call, &c. To God's remembrance: for God is said in scripture, to remember sins, when he punisheth them; and to forget them, when he spares the sinner.

To God's remembrance: for God is said in scripture, to remember sins, when he punisheth them; and to forget them, when he spares the sinner.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:19 - Into a loft A private place, where he might more freely pour out his soul to God, and use such gestures as he thought most proper.

A private place, where he might more freely pour out his soul to God, and use such gestures as he thought most proper.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:20 - He cried A prayer full of powerful arguments. Thou art the Lord, that canst revive the child: and my God; and therefore wilt not, deny me. She is a widow, add ...

A prayer full of powerful arguments. Thou art the Lord, that canst revive the child: and my God; and therefore wilt not, deny me. She is a widow, add not affliction to the afflicted; deprive her not of the support and staff of her age: she hath given me kind entertainment: let her not fare the worse for her kindness to a prophet, whereby wicked men will take occasion to reproach both her, and religion.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:21 - Come into him By which it is evident, that the soul was gone out of his body, this was a great request; but Elijah was encouraged to make it; by his zeal for God's ...

By which it is evident, that the soul was gone out of his body, this was a great request; but Elijah was encouraged to make it; by his zeal for God's honour, and by the experience which he had of his prevailing power with God in prayer.

Wesley: 1Ki 17:22 - Into him again This plainly supposes the existence of the soul in a state of separation, and consequently its immortality: probably God might design by this miracle ...

This plainly supposes the existence of the soul in a state of separation, and consequently its immortality: probably God might design by this miracle to give an evidence hereof, for the encouragement of his suffering people.

JFB: 1Ki 17:1 - Elijah the Tishbite This prophet is introduced as abruptly as Melchisedek--his birth, parents, and call to the prophetic office being alike unrecorded. He is supposed to ...

This prophet is introduced as abruptly as Melchisedek--his birth, parents, and call to the prophetic office being alike unrecorded. He is supposed to be called the Tishbite from Tisbeh, a place east of Jordan.

JFB: 1Ki 17:1 - who was of the inhabitants of Gilead Or residents of Gilead, implying that he was not an Israelite, but an Ishmaelite, as MICHAELIS conjectures, for there were many of that race on the co...

Or residents of Gilead, implying that he was not an Israelite, but an Ishmaelite, as MICHAELIS conjectures, for there were many of that race on the confines of Gilead. The employment of a Gentile as an extraordinary minister might be to rebuke and shame the apostate people of Israel.

JFB: 1Ki 17:1 - said unto Ahab The prophet appears to have been warning this apostate king how fatal both to himself and people would be the reckless course he was pursuing. The fai...

The prophet appears to have been warning this apostate king how fatal both to himself and people would be the reckless course he was pursuing. The failure of Elijah's efforts to make an impression on the obstinate heart of Ahab is shown by the penal prediction uttered at parting.

JFB: 1Ki 17:1 - before whom I stand That is, whom I serve (Deu 18:5).

That is, whom I serve (Deu 18:5).

JFB: 1Ki 17:1 - there shall not be dew nor rain these years Not absolutely; but the dew and the rain would not fall in the usual and necessary quantities. Such a suspension of moisture was sufficient to answer ...

Not absolutely; but the dew and the rain would not fall in the usual and necessary quantities. Such a suspension of moisture was sufficient to answer the corrective purposes of God, while an absolute drought would have converted the whole country into an uninhabitable waste.

JFB: 1Ki 17:1 - but according to my word Not uttered in spite, vengeance, or caprice, but as the minister of God. The impending calamity was in answer to his earnest prayer, and a chastisemen...

Not uttered in spite, vengeance, or caprice, but as the minister of God. The impending calamity was in answer to his earnest prayer, and a chastisement intended for the spiritual revival of Israel. Drought was the threatened punishment of national idolatry (Deu 11:16-17; Deu 28:23).

JFB: 1Ki 17:2-3 - the word of the Lord came unto him, saying, Get thee hence, and turn thee eastward, &c. At first the king may have spurned the prediction as the utterance of a vain enthusiast; but when he found the drought did last and increase in severi...

At first the king may have spurned the prediction as the utterance of a vain enthusiast; but when he found the drought did last and increase in severity, he sought Elijah, who, as it was necessary that he should be far removed from either the violence or the importunities of the king, was divinely directed to repair to a place of retreat, perhaps a cave on "the brook Cherith, that is, before [east of] Jordan." Tradition points it out in a small winter torrent, a little below the ford at Beth-shan.

JFB: 1Ki 17:6 - the ravens brought him bread The idea of such unclean and voracious birds being employed to feed the prophet has appeared to many so strange that they have labored to make out the...

The idea of such unclean and voracious birds being employed to feed the prophet has appeared to many so strange that they have labored to make out the Orebim, which in our version has been rendered "ravens," to be as the word is used (in Eze 27:27) "merchants"; or Arabians (2Ch 21:16; Neh 4:7); or, the citizens of Arabah, near Beth-shan (Jos 15:6; Jos 18:18). But the common rendering is, in our opinion, preferable to these conjectures. And, if Elijah was miraculously fed by ravens, it is idle to inquire where they found the bread and the flesh, for God would direct them. After the lapse of a year, the brook dried up, and this was a new trial to Elijah's faith.

JFB: 1Ki 17:8-16 - the word of the Lord came to him Zarephath, Sarepta, now Surafend, whither he was directed to go, was far away on the western coast of Palestine, about nine miles south of Sidon, and ...

Zarephath, Sarepta, now Surafend, whither he was directed to go, was far away on the western coast of Palestine, about nine miles south of Sidon, and within the dominions of Jezebel's impious father, where the famine also prevailed. Meeting, at his entrance into the town, the very woman who was appointed by divine providence to support him, his faith was severely tested by learning from her that her supplies were exhausted and that she was preparing her last meal for herself and son. The Spirit of God having prompted him to ask, and her to grant, some necessary succor, she received a prophet's reward (Mat 10:41-42), and for the one meal afforded to him, God, by a miraculous increase of the little stock, afforded many to her.

JFB: 1Ki 17:17-24 - the son of the woman, the mistress of the house, fell sick A severe domestic calamity seems to have led her to think that, as God had shut up heaven upon a sinful land in consequence of the prophet, she was su...

A severe domestic calamity seems to have led her to think that, as God had shut up heaven upon a sinful land in consequence of the prophet, she was suffering on a similar account. Without answering her bitter upbraiding, the prophet takes the child, lays it on his bed, and after a very earnest prayer, had the happiness of seeing its restoration, and along with it, gladness to the widow's heart and home. The prophet was sent to this widow, not merely for his own security, but on account of her faith, to strengthen and promote which he was directed to go to her rather than to many widows in Israel, who would have eagerly received him on the same privileged terms of exception from the grinding famine. The relief of her bodily necessities became the preparatory means of supplying her spiritual wants, and bringing her and her son, through the teachings of the prophet, to a clear knowledge of God, and a firm faith in His word (Luk 4:25).

Clarke: 1Ki 17:1 - Elijah the Tishbite Elijah the Tishbite - The history of this great man is introduced very abruptly; his origin is enveloped in perfect obscurity. He is here said to be...

Elijah the Tishbite - The history of this great man is introduced very abruptly; his origin is enveloped in perfect obscurity. He is here said to be a Tishbite. Tishbeh, says Calmet, is a city beyond Jordan, in the tribe of Gad, and in the land of Gilead. Who was his father, or from what tribe he sprang, is not intimated; he seems to have been the prophet of Israel peculiarly, as we never find him prophesying in Judah. A number of apocryphal writers have trifled at large about his parentage, miraculous birth, of his continual celibacy, his academy of the prophets, etc., etc., all equally worthy of credit. One opinion, which at first view appears strange, bears more resemblance to truth than any of the above, viz., that he had no earthly parentage known to any man; that he was an angel of God, united for a time to a human body, in order to call men back to perfect purity, both in doctrine and manners, from which they had totally swerved. His Hebrew name, which we have corrupted into Elijah and Elias, is אליהו Alihu , or, according to the vowel points, Eliyahu; and signifies he is my God. Does this give countenance to the supposition that this great personage was a manifestation in the flesh of the Supreme Being? He could not be the Messiah; for we find him with Moses on the mount of transfiguration with Christ. The conjecture that he was an angel seems countenanced by the manner of his departure from this world; yet, in Jam 5:17, he is said to be a man ὁμοιοπαθης, of like passions, or rather with real human propensities: this, however, is irreconcilable with the conjecture

Clarke: 1Ki 17:1 - There shall not be dew nor rain these years There shall not be dew nor rain these years - In order to remove the abruptness of this address, R. S. Jarchi dreams thus: - "Elijah and Ahab went t...

There shall not be dew nor rain these years - In order to remove the abruptness of this address, R. S. Jarchi dreams thus: - "Elijah and Ahab went to comfort Hiel in his grief, concerning his sons. And Ahab said to Elijah, Is it possible that the curse of Joshua, the son of Nun, who was only the servant of Moses, should be fulfilled; and the curse of Moses, our teacher, not be fulfilled; who said, Deu 11:16, Deu 11:17 : If ye turn aside, and serve other gods, and worship them, then the Lord’ s wrath shall be kindled against you; and he will shut up the heaven that there be no rain? Now all the Israelites serve other gods, and yet the rain is not withheld. Then Elijah said unto Ahab, As the Lord God of Israel liveth, before whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor rain these years, but according to my word."This same mode of connecting this and the preceding chapter, is followed by the Jerusalem and Babylonish Talmuds, Sedar Olam, Abarbanel, etc.

Clarke: 1Ki 17:3 - Hide thyself by the brook Cherith Hide thyself by the brook Cherith - This brook, and the valley through which it ran, are supposed to have been on the western side of Jordan, and no...

Hide thyself by the brook Cherith - This brook, and the valley through which it ran, are supposed to have been on the western side of Jordan, and not far from Samaria. Others suppose it to have been on the eastern side, because the prophet is commanded to go eastward, 1Ki 17:3. It was necessary, after such a declaration to this wicked and idolatrous king, that he should immediately hide himself; as, on the first drought, Ahab would undoubtedly seek his life. But what a proof was this of the power of God, and the vanity of idols! As God’ s prophet prayed, so there was rain or drought; and all the gods of Israel could not reverse it! Was not this sufficient to have converted all Israel?

Clarke: 1Ki 17:4 - I have commanded the ravens to feed thee I have commanded the ravens to feed thee - Thou shalt not lack the necessaries of life; thou shalt be supplied by an especial providence See more on...

I have commanded the ravens to feed thee - Thou shalt not lack the necessaries of life; thou shalt be supplied by an especial providence

See more on this subject at the end of the chapter, 1Ki 17:24 (note).

Clarke: 1Ki 17:6 - And the ravens brought him bread and flesh And the ravens brought him bread and flesh - The Septuagint, in the Codex Vaticanus, and some ancient fathers, read the passage thus: - Και οι...

And the ravens brought him bread and flesh - The Septuagint, in the Codex Vaticanus, and some ancient fathers, read the passage thus: - Και οἱ κορακες εφερον αυτῳ αρτους το πρωΐ, και κρεα το δειλης, And the crows brought him bread in the morning, and flesh in the evening: but all the other versions agree with the Hebrew text. This is the first account we have of flesh-meat breakfasts and flesh-meat suppers; and as this was the food appointed by the Lord for the sustenance of the prophet, we may naturally conjecture that it was the food of the people at large.

Clarke: 1Ki 17:7 - The brook dried up The brook dried up - Because there had been no rain in the land for some time, God having sent this drought as a testimony against the idolatry of t...

The brook dried up - Because there had been no rain in the land for some time, God having sent this drought as a testimony against the idolatry of the people: see Deu 11:16, Deu 11:17.

Clarke: 1Ki 17:9 - Get thee to Zarephath Get thee to Zarephath - This was a town between Tyre and Sidon, but nearer to the latter, and is therefore called in the text Zarephath which belong...

Get thee to Zarephath - This was a town between Tyre and Sidon, but nearer to the latter, and is therefore called in the text Zarephath which belongeth to Sidon; or, as the Vulgate and other versions express it, Sarepta of the Sidonians. Sarepta is the name by which it goes in the New Testament; but its present name is Sarphan. Mr. Maundrell, who visited it, describes it as consisting of a few houses only on the tops of the mountains; but supposes that it anciently stood in the plain below, where there are still ruins of a considerable extent.

Clarke: 1Ki 17:12 - A handful of meal in a barrel A handful of meal in a barrel - The word כד cad is to be understood as implying an earthen jar; not a wooden vessel, or barrel of any kind. In ...

A handful of meal in a barrel - The word כד cad is to be understood as implying an earthen jar; not a wooden vessel, or barrel of any kind. In the East they preserve their corn and meal in such vessels; without which precaution the insects would destroy them. Travellers in Asiatic countries abound with observations of this kind

The word cruse, צפחת tsappachath , says Jarchi, signifies what in our tongue is expressed by bouteille, a bottle. Jarchi was a French rabbin.

Clarke: 1Ki 17:13 - But make me thereof a little cake first But make me thereof a little cake first - This was certainly putting the widow’ s faith to an extraordinary trial: to take and give to a strang...

But make me thereof a little cake first - This was certainly putting the widow’ s faith to an extraordinary trial: to take and give to a stranger, of whom she knew nothing, the small pittance requisite to keep her child from perishing, was too much to be expected.

Clarke: 1Ki 17:16 - The barrel of meal wasted not The barrel of meal wasted not - She continued to take out of her jar and out of her bottle the quantity of meal and oil requisite for the consumptio...

The barrel of meal wasted not - She continued to take out of her jar and out of her bottle the quantity of meal and oil requisite for the consumption of her household; and without carefully estimating what was left, she went with confidence each time for a supply, and was never disappointed. This miracle was very like that wrought by Jesus at the marriage at Cana in Galilee: as the servants drew the water out of the pots, they found it turned into wine; and thus they continued to draw wine from the water-pots till the guests had been sufficiently supplied.

Clarke: 1Ki 17:17 - There was no breath left in him There was no breath left in him - He ceased to breathe and died.

There was no breath left in him - He ceased to breathe and died.

Clarke: 1Ki 17:18 - To call my sin to remembrance To call my sin to remembrance - She seems to be now conscious of some secret sin, which she had either forgotten, or too carelessly passed over; and...

To call my sin to remembrance - She seems to be now conscious of some secret sin, which she had either forgotten, or too carelessly passed over; and to punish this she supposes the life of her son was taken away. It is mostly in times of adversity that we duly consider our moral state; outward afflictions often bring deep searchings of heart.

Clarke: 1Ki 17:21 - Stretched himself upon the child three times Stretched himself upon the child three times - It is supposed that he did this in order to communicate some natural warmth to the body of the child,...

Stretched himself upon the child three times - It is supposed that he did this in order to communicate some natural warmth to the body of the child, in order to dispose it to receive the departed spirit. Elisha, his disciple, did the same in order to restore the dead child of the Shunammite, 2Ki 4:34. And St. Paul appears to have stretched himself on Eutychus in order to restore him to life, Act 20:10

Clarke: 1Ki 17:21 - Let this child’ s soul come into him again Let this child’ s soul come into him again - Surely this means no more than the breath. Though the word נפש nephesh may sometimes signify...

Let this child’ s soul come into him again - Surely this means no more than the breath. Though the word נפש nephesh may sometimes signify the life, yet does not this imply that the spirit must take possession of the body in order to produce and maintain the flame of animal life? The expressions here are singular: Let his soul, נפש nephesh , come into him, על קרבו al kirbo , into the midst of him.

Clarke: 1Ki 17:22 - And the soul And the soul - נפש nephesh , of the child came into him again, על קרבו al kirbo , into the midst of him; and he revived, ויח vaiyechi...

And the soul - נפש nephesh , of the child came into him again, על קרבו al kirbo , into the midst of him; and he revived, ויח vaiyechi , and he became alive. Did he not become alive from the circumstance of the immaterial principle coming again into him

Although רוח ruach is sometimes put for the breath, yet נפש generally means the immortal spirit, and where it seems to refer to animal life alone, it is only such a life as is the immediate and necessary effect of the presence of the immortal spirit

The words and mode of expression here appear to me a strong proof, not only of the existence of an immortal and immaterial spirit in man, but also that that spirit can and does exist in a separate state from the body. It is here represented as being in the midst of the child, like a spring in the center of a machine, which gives motion to every part, and without which the whole would stand still.

Clarke: 1Ki 17:24 - The word of the Lord in thy mouth is truth The word of the Lord in thy mouth is truth - Three grand effects were produced by this temporary affliction 1.    The woman was led t...

The word of the Lord in thy mouth is truth - Three grand effects were produced by this temporary affliction

1.    The woman was led to examine her heart, and try her ways

2.    The power of God became highly manifest in the resurrection of the child

3.    She was convinced that the word of the Lord was truth, and that not one syllable of it could fall to the ground. Through a little suffering all this good was obtained

The subject in the fourth verse of this chapter deserves a more particular consideration

I have commanded the ravens to feed thee. - It is contended that if we consider ערבים orebim to signify ravens, we shall find any interpretation on this ground to be clogged with difficulties. I need mention but a few. The raven is an unclean bird, And these ye shall have in abomination among the fowls - every raven after his kind; Lev 11:13-15; that is, every species of this genus shall be considered by you unclean and abominable. Is it therefore likely that God would employ this most unclean bird to feed his prophet? Besides, where could the ravens get any flesh that was not unclean? Carrion is their food; and would God send any thing of this kind to his prophet? Again: If the flesh was clean which God sent, where could ravens get it? Here must be at least three miracles: one to bring from some table the flesh to the ravens; another, to induce the ravenous bird to give it up; and the third, to conquer its timidity towards man, so that it could come to the prophet without fear. Now, although God might employ a fowl that would naturally strive to prey on the flesh, and oblige it, contrary to its nature, to give it up; yet it is by no means likely that he would employ a bird that his own law had pronounced abominable. Again, he could not have employed this means without working a variety of miracles at the same time, in order to accomplish one simple end; and this is never God’ s method: his plan is ever to accomplish the greatest purposes by the simplest means

The original word orebim has been considered by some as meaning merchants, persons occasionally trading through that country, whom God directed, by inspiration, to supply the prophet with food. To get a constant supply from such hands in an extraordinary way was miracle enough; it showed the superintendence of God, and that the hearts of all men are in his hands

But in answer to this it is said, that the "original word never signifies merchants; and that the learned Bochart has proved this."I have carefully read over cap. 13, part. ii., lib. 2, of the Hierozoicon of this author, where he discusses this subject; and think that he has never succeeded less than in his attempt to prove that ravens are meant in this passage. He allows that the Tyrian merchants are described by this periphrasis, ערבי מערבך, the occupiers of thy merchandise, Eze 27:27; and asserts that ערבים orebim , per se, mercatores nusquam significat , "by itself, never signifies merchants."Now, with perfect deference to so great an authority, I assert that ערבי oreby , the contracted form of ערבים orebim , does signify merchants, both in Eze 27:9 and Eze 27:27, and that מערב maarab signifies a place for merchandise, the market-place or bazaar, in Eze 27:9, Eze 27:13, Eze 27:17, Eze 27:19; as also the goods sold in such places, Eze 27:33; and therefore that ערבים for aught proved to the contrary, signify merchants in the text

As to Bochart’ s objection, that, the prophet being ordered to go to the brook Cherith, that he might lie hid, and the place of his retreat not be known, if any traders or merchants supplied his wants, they would most likely discover where he was, etc., I think there is no weight in it; for the men might be as well bound by the secret inspiration of God not to discover the place of his retreat, as they were to supply his wants; besides, they might have been of the number of those seven thousand men who had not bowed their knees to the image of Baal, and consequently would not inform Ahab and Jezebel of their prophet’ s hiding place

Some have supposed that the original means Arabians; but Bochart contends that there were no Arabians in that district: this is certainly more than he or any other man can prove. Colonies of Arabs, and hordes and families of the same people, have been widely scattered over different places for the purpose of temporal sojournment and trade; for they were a wandering people, and often to be found in different districts remote enough from the place of their birth. But, letting this pass merely for what it is worth, and feeling as I do the weight of the objections that may be brought against the supposition of ravens being the agents employed to feed the prophet, I would observe that there was a town or city of the name of Orbo, that was not far from the place where Elijah was commanded to hide himself. In Bereshith Rabba, a rabbinical comment on Genesis, we have these words עיר היא בתחום ביתשאן ושמה ערבו ir hi bithchom Beithshean , veshemo Orbo ; "There is a town in the vicinity of Beth-shan, (Scythopolis), and its name is Orbo."We may add to this from St. Jerome, Orbim, accolae villae in finibus Arabum, Eliae dederunt alimenta ; "The Orbim, inhabitants of a town in the confines of the Arabs, gave nourishment to Elijah."Now, I consider Jerome’ s testimony to be of great worth, because he spent several years in the holy land, that he might acquire the most correct notion possible of the language and geography of the country, as well as of the customs and habits of the people, in order to his translating the sacred writings, and explaining them. Had there not been such a place in his time, he could not have written as above: and although in this place the common printed editions of the Vulgate have corvi , "crows or ravens;"yet in 2Ch 21:16, St. Jerome translates the same word ערבים, "the Arabians;"and the same in Neh 4:7; it is therefore most likely that the inhabitants of Oreb or Orbo, as mentioned above, furnished the aliment by which the prophet was sustained; and that they did this being specially moved thereto by the Spirit of the Lord. Add to all these testimonies that of the Arabic version, which considers the words as meaning a people, Orabim , and not ravens or fowls of any kind. In such a case this version is high authority

It is contended that those who think the miracle is lost if the ravens be not admitted, are bound to show

1.    With what propriety the raven, an unclean animal, could be employed

2.    Why the dove, or some such clean creature, was not preferred

3.    How the ravens could get properly dressed flesh to bring to the prophet

4.    From whose table it was taken; and by what means

5.    Whether it be consistent with the wisdom of God, and his general conduct, to work a tissue of miracles where one was sufficient

6.    And whether it be not best, in all cases of this kind, to adopt that mode of interpretation which is most simple; the wisdom, goodness, and providence of God being as equally apparent as in those cases where a multitude of miracles are resorted to in order to solve difficulties?

Defender: 1Ki 17:1 - Elijah "Elijah" means "Jehovah is God," a most appropriate name for a believer in the true God in a nation and time so thoroughly dominated by pagan apostasy...

"Elijah" means "Jehovah is God," a most appropriate name for a believer in the true God in a nation and time so thoroughly dominated by pagan apostasy.

Defender: 1Ki 17:1 - not be dew nor rain This remarkable prophecy was miraculously fulfilled. There was no rain in the land of Israel for 3 1/2 years (1Ki 18:1; compare Luk 4:25 and Jam 5:17)...

This remarkable prophecy was miraculously fulfilled. There was no rain in the land of Israel for 3 1/2 years (1Ki 18:1; compare Luk 4:25 and Jam 5:17) until Elijah confronted and defeated all the prophets of Baal on Mount Carmel (1 Kings 18:17-45). Yet James reminds us that Elijah was a man "subject to like passions as we are," (Jam 5:17) and that this miracle was simply an answer to his fervent prayer."

Defender: 1Ki 17:9 - Zarephath Zarephath, near Sidon, was 100 miles away, and Sidon was the homeland of Jezebel (1Ki 16:31). The Lord Jesus used this event as an illustration of God...

Zarephath, near Sidon, was 100 miles away, and Sidon was the homeland of Jezebel (1Ki 16:31). The Lord Jesus used this event as an illustration of God's concern for Gentiles and of the strange rejection of God by many of His own people of Israel."

Defender: 1Ki 17:16 - wasted not There were numerous miracles recorded in the days of Elijah and Elisha, perhaps in response to the deep apostasy in Israel at the time. This miracle o...

There were numerous miracles recorded in the days of Elijah and Elisha, perhaps in response to the deep apostasy in Israel at the time. This miracle of the never-diminishing supply of food was a miracle of creation, superseding the normally impregnable physical law of conservation of matter. It was also significant in its application to a Gentile woman rather than to an Israelite. This widow of Sidon believed in the true God, and her faith was greatly rewarded while the people of Israel had defected to Baal. The Lord Jesus Himself cited her example (Luk 4:25, Luk 4:26)."

Defender: 1Ki 17:22 - and he revived This is the first of eight instances recorded in the Bible when a dead person was miraculously restored to life, and the departed soul returned to its...

This is the first of eight instances recorded in the Bible when a dead person was miraculously restored to life, and the departed soul returned to its body. One was accomplished through Elisha (2Ki 4:32-36), one at Elisha's tomb (2Ki 13:21), one each through Peter and Paul (Act 9:40; Act 20:9-12), and three through Christ (Mat 9:18-25; Luk 7:12-15; Joh 11:43, Joh 11:44). These were all "resuscitations," of course, and each of these people eventually died again. The first true resurrection was that of Christ Himself (1Co 15:20), who could say after His resurrection: "I am alive for evermore" (Rev 1:18). Accompanying and following His resurrection was that of "many" (perhaps all) of the Old Testament "saints" (Mat 27:52, Mat 27:53)."

TSK: 1Ki 17:1 - Elijah // As the Lord God // before whom // dew nor rain am 3094, bc 910 Elijah : Heb. Elijahu, Mat 11:14, Mat 16:14, Mat 27:47, Mat 27:49; Luk 1:17, Luk 4:25, Luk 4:26, Luk 9:30, Luk 9:33, Luk 9:54; Joh 1:2...

TSK: 1Ki 17:2 - -- 1Ki 12:22; 1Ch 17:3; Jer 7:1, Jer 11:1, Jer 18:1; Hos 1:1, Hos 1:2

TSK: 1Ki 17:3 - hide thyself hide thyself : 1Ki 22:25; Psa 31:20, Psa 83:3; Jer 36:19, Jer 36:26; Joh 8:59; Act 17:14; Heb 11:38; Rev 12:6, Rev 12:14

TSK: 1Ki 17:4 - I have commanded I have commanded : 1Ki 17:9, 1Ki 19:5-8; Num 20:8; Job 34:29, Job 38:8-13, Job 38:41; Psa 33:8, Psa 33:9, Psa 147:9; Amo 9:3, Amo 9:4; Mat 4:4, Mat 4:...

TSK: 1Ki 17:5 - did according did according : 1Ki 19:9; Pro 3:5; Mat 16:24; Joh 15:14; Many learned men have raised doubts on those parts of the Inspired Word, which may, by the pe...

did according : 1Ki 19:9; Pro 3:5; Mat 16:24; Joh 15:14; Many learned men have raised doubts on those parts of the Inspired Word, which may, by the perverseness of their argument and the ingenuity of their surmise, be made to appear inconsistent with fact. In this case, they are not satisfied with being expressly told by God that the ravens supplied Elijah with food, while the brook gave him drink, but apparently to mystify a manifest miracle, they suggest whether these ravens might not be merchantmen, or the inhabitants of a neighbouring town. Let any unprejudiced reader and lover of the Bible take the whole history of Elijah, and he will find that his life was almost a daily illustration of the power of God in his miraculous interpositions. Instance the supply of provision in the unwasting barrel of meal and cruse of oil, after the prophet had removed to Zarephathcaps1 . tcaps0 he power communicated to him to raise the widow’ s son from deathcaps1 . tcaps0 he wonderful interposition of the Lord to prove the folly of Baal’ s worshippers, in sending down fire from heaven to consume Elijah’ s sacrifice and lick up the water, although the sacrifice had been saturated therewith, and the altar surrounded by a deep trench to prevent its running away. The prayer for rain is another instancecaps1 . tcaps0 he sojourn in Horeb forty days and forty nights, after having eaten of the cake: the destruction of Ahaziah’ s messengers twicecaps1 . tcaps0 he smiting of the waters at Jordancaps1 . tcaps0 he fall of the mantle on Elisha, and finally, in the closing scene of life, he was taken to glory without tasting the pains of death, the sting was taken away.

TSK: 1Ki 17:6 - the ravens the ravens : Exo 16:35; Num 11:23; Jdg 14:14, Jdg 15:18, Jdg 15:19; Psa 34:9, Psa 34:10, Psa 37:3, Psa 37:19; Psa 78:15, Psa 78:16, Psa 78:23, Psa 78:...

TSK: 1Ki 17:7 - after a while // the brook am 3095, bc 909 after a while : Heb. at the end of days the brook : Isa 40:30, Isa 40:31, Isa 54:10

am 3095, bc 909

after a while : Heb. at the end of days

the brook : Isa 40:30, Isa 40:31, Isa 54:10

TSK: 1Ki 17:8 - the word the word : 1Ki 17:2; Gen 22:14; Isa 41:17; Heb 13:6

TSK: 1Ki 17:9 - Zarephath // which belongeth // widow woman Zarephath : Oba 1:20; Luk 4:26, Sarepta which belongeth : Mat 15:21, Mat 15:22 widow woman : 1Ki 17:4; Jdg 7:2, Jdg 7:4; Rom 4:17-21; 2Co 4:7

Zarephath : Oba 1:20; Luk 4:26, Sarepta

which belongeth : Mat 15:21, Mat 15:22

widow woman : 1Ki 17:4; Jdg 7:2, Jdg 7:4; Rom 4:17-21; 2Co 4:7

TSK: 1Ki 17:10 - Fetch me Fetch me : Gen 21:15, Gen 24:17; Joh 4:7; 2Co 11:27; Heb 11:37

TSK: 1Ki 17:11 - as she was going // a morsel as she was going : Gen 24:18, Gen 24:19; Mat 10:42, Mat 25:35-40; Heb 13:2 a morsel : 1Ki 17:9, 1Ki 18:4; Gen 18:5

TSK: 1Ki 17:12 - As the Lord // but an handful // that we may eat it As the Lord : 1Ki 17:1; 1Sa 14:39, 1Sa 14:45, 1Sa 20:3, 1Sa 20:21, 1Sa 25:26, 1Sa 26:10; 2Sa 15:21; Jer 4:2, Jer 5:2 but an handful : 2Ki 4:2-7; Mat 1...

TSK: 1Ki 17:13 - Fear not // make me thereof // first Fear not : Exo 14:13; 2Ki 6:16; 2Ch 20:17; Isa 41:10, Isa 41:13; Mat 28:5; Act 27:24 make me thereof : Gen 22:1, Gen 22:2; Jdg 7:5-7; Mat 19:21, Mat 1...

TSK: 1Ki 17:14 - thus saith // The barrel of meal // sendeth thus saith : 2Ki 3:16, 2Ki 7:1, 2Ki 9:6 The barrel of meal : 1Ki 17:4; 2Ki 4:2-7, 2Ki 4:42-44; Mat 14:17-20, Mat 15:36-38 sendeth : Heb. giveth

thus saith : 2Ki 3:16, 2Ki 7:1, 2Ki 9:6

The barrel of meal : 1Ki 17:4; 2Ki 4:2-7, 2Ki 4:42-44; Mat 14:17-20, Mat 15:36-38

sendeth : Heb. giveth

TSK: 1Ki 17:15 - did according // many days did according : Gen 6:22, Gen 12:4, Gen 22:3; 2Ch 20:20; Mat 15:28; Mar 12:43; Joh 11:40; Rom 4:19, Rom 4:20; Heb 11:7, Heb 11:8, Heb 11:17 many days ...

did according : Gen 6:22, Gen 12:4, Gen 22:3; 2Ch 20:20; Mat 15:28; Mar 12:43; Joh 11:40; Rom 4:19, Rom 4:20; Heb 11:7, Heb 11:8, Heb 11:17

many days : or, a full year

TSK: 1Ki 17:16 - the barrel // according // by Elijah the barrel : Mat 9:28-30, Mat 19:26; Luk 1:37, Luk 1:45; Joh 4:50, Joh 4:51 according : 1Ki 13:5 by Elijah : Heb. by the hand of Elijah, 1Ki 16:12

the barrel : Mat 9:28-30, Mat 19:26; Luk 1:37, Luk 1:45; Joh 4:50, Joh 4:51

according : 1Ki 13:5

by Elijah : Heb. by the hand of Elijah, 1Ki 16:12

TSK: 1Ki 17:17 - the son of the woman // that there was am 3096, bc 908 the son of the woman : Gen 22:1, Gen 22:2; 2Ki 4:18-20; Zec 12:10; Joh 11:3, Joh 11:4, Joh 11:14; Jam 1:2-4, Jam 1:12; 1Pe 1:7, 1Pe 4:...

am 3096, bc 908

the son of the woman : Gen 22:1, Gen 22:2; 2Ki 4:18-20; Zec 12:10; Joh 11:3, Joh 11:4, Joh 11:14; Jam 1:2-4, Jam 1:12; 1Pe 1:7, 1Pe 4:12

that there was : Job 12:10, Job 34:14; Psa 104:29; Dan 5:23; Jam 2:26 *marg.

TSK: 1Ki 17:18 - What have I // O thou man // art thou come What have I : 2Sa 16:10, 2Sa 19:22; 2Ki 3:13; 2Ch 35:21; Luk 4:34, Luk 5:8, Luk 8:28; Joh 2:4 O thou man : 1Ki 13:1 art thou come : 1Ki 18:9; Gen 42:2...

TSK: 1Ki 17:19 - into a loft into a loft : 2Ki 4:10, 2Ki 4:21, 2Ki 4:32; Act 9:37

into a loft : 2Ki 4:10, 2Ki 4:21, 2Ki 4:32; Act 9:37

TSK: 1Ki 17:20 - he cried // hast thou also he cried : 1Ki 18:36, 1Ki 18:37; Exo 17:4; 1Sa 7:8, 1Sa 7:9; 2Ki 19:4, 2Ki 19:15; Psa 99:6; Mat 21:22; Jam 5:15-18 hast thou also : Gen 18:23-25; Jos ...

TSK: 1Ki 17:21 - stretched himself // O Lord my God stretched himself : Heb. measured himself, 2Ki 4:33-35; Act 10:10 O Lord my God : Act 9:40; Heb 11:19

stretched himself : Heb. measured himself, 2Ki 4:33-35; Act 10:10

O Lord my God : Act 9:40; Heb 11:19

TSK: 1Ki 17:22 - into him // and he revived into him : Heb. into his inward parts and he revived : Deu 32:39; 1Sa 2:6; 2Ki 13:21; Luk 8:54; Joh 5:28, Joh 5:29, Joh 11:43; Act 20:12; Rom 14:9; Re...

into him : Heb. into his inward parts

and he revived : Deu 32:39; 1Sa 2:6; 2Ki 13:21; Luk 8:54; Joh 5:28, Joh 5:29, Joh 11:43; Act 20:12; Rom 14:9; Rev 11:11

TSK: 1Ki 17:23 - thy son liveth thy son liveth : 2Ki 4:36, 2Ki 4:37; Luk 7:15; Act 9:41; Heb 11:35

TSK: 1Ki 17:24 - Now by this // the word Now by this : Joh 2:11, Joh 3:2, Joh 4:42-48, Joh 11:15, Joh 11:42, Joh 15:24, Joh 16:30 the word : Ecc 12:10; 1Th 2:13; 1Jo 2:21

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Poole: 1Ki 17:1 - Elijah // The Tishbite // Of the inhabitants of Gilead // Said unto Ahab // As the Lord God of Israel liveth // Before whom I stand Elijah was the most eminent of the prophets, Mat 17:3 , who is here brought in, like Melchisedek, Gen 14:18 Heb 7:3 , without any mention of his fat...

Elijah was the most eminent of the prophets, Mat 17:3 , who is here brought in, like Melchisedek, Gen 14:18 Heb 7:3 , without any mention of his father, or mother, or beginning of his days; like a man dropped out of the clouds, and raised by God’ s special providence as a witness for himself in this most degenerate time and state of things; that by his zeal, and courage, and power of miracles, he might give some check to their various and abominable idolatries, and some reviving to that small number of the Lord’ s prophets and people who yet remained in Israel, as we shall see.

The Tishbite so called, either from the place of his birth or habitation, or for some other reason not now known.

Of the inhabitants of Gilead which was the land beyond Jordan. See Gen 31:21 .

Said unto Ahab having doubtless admonished him of his sin and danger before this; and now, upon his obstinacy in his wicked courses, he proceeds to declare and execute the judgment of God upon him.

As the Lord God of Israel liveth: I swear by the God of Israel, who, is the only true and living God; when the gods whom thou hast joined with him, or preferred before him, are dead and senseless idols.

Before whom I stand either,

1. Whose minister I am, (as this phrase is oft used, as Num 3:6 Deu 10:8 17:12 18:5 ) not only in general, but especially in this threatening, which I now deliver in his name and authority, and not from my own imagination or passion. Or,

2. Who is now present with me, and a witness of what I say; and let him punish me severely, if I speak not the truth. There shall not be dew nor rain: this was a prediction, but was seconded with his prayer, that God would verify it, as it is recorded, Jam 5:17 . And this prayer of his was not voluntary and malicious, but necessary, and (all things considered) truly charitable; that by this sharp and long affliction God’ s honour, and the truth of his word and threatenings, (which was now so horribly and universally contemned,) might be vindicated, and the Israelites (whom their present impunity and prosperity had hardened in their idolatry) might hereby be awakened to see their own wickedness, and the vanity of their calves and other idols, and their dependence upon God, and the necessity of returning to the true religion. These years , i.e. these following years, which were three and a half, Luk 4:25 Jam 5:17 . But according to my word i.e. until I shall declare that this judgment shall cease, and shall pray to God for the removal of it.

Poole: 1Ki 17:3 - Quest // Answ Thus God rescues him from the fury of Ahab and Jezebel, who he knew would seek to destroy him. Quest. Why did not Ahab seize upon him immediately...

Thus God rescues him from the fury of Ahab and Jezebel, who he knew would seek to destroy him.

Quest. Why did not Ahab seize upon him immediately upon these words?

Answ 1. This must be ascribed to God’ s overruling providence, who hath the hearts of all men in his hands, and hath oft protected his prophets and servants in such cases.

2. He might say this not by word of mouth, but by letter and message sent to him; as that word is sometimes used, as Exo 18:6 .

Poole: 1Ki 17:4 - I have commanded the ravens // Object // Answ i.e. I have decreed or appointed. Or, I shall command , i.e. effectually move them, by instincts and inclinations which I shall put into them, whic...

i.e. I have decreed or appointed. Or, I shall command , i.e. effectually move them, by instincts and inclinations which I shall put into them, which shall be as forcible with them as a law or command is to men. God is said to command both brute creatures, as Amo 9:3 Jon 2:10 , and senseless things, as Job 38:11,12 Ps 78:23 Isa 5:6 45:12 , when he causeth them to do the things which he intends to effect by them.

I have commanded the ravens which he names, and chooseth for this work; partly to succour the prophet’ s faith against human infirmity, by the credibility of the thing; there being many ravens in those parts, and those delighting to reside near brooks of water; and that sort of creatures being apt and accustomed to seek provisions, and to carry them away to the places of their abode; and partly to show his care and power in providing for the prophet by those creatures, which are noted for their greediness in monopolizing provision to themselves, and for their malignity and unnaturalness towards their own young; that by this strange and noble experiment he might be taught to trust God in those many and great difficulties to which he was likely to be exposed.

Object. The ravens were unclean, Lev 11:15 .

Answ They were unclean for meat, but not for the touch. But howsoever, that ceremonial law was overruled by necessity, and by the Lawgiver’ s dispensation.

Poole: 1Ki 17:6 - Bread and flesh // In the morning and in the evening Bread and flesh not raw, but boiled by the ministry of some angel or man, and left in some place or places till the ravens came for it, in all which ...

Bread and flesh not raw, but boiled by the ministry of some angel or man, and left in some place or places till the ravens came for it, in all which there is nothing incredible, considering the power and providence of God.

In the morning and in the evening i.e. for dinner and supper, according to the custom. See Gen 43:25 Rth 2:14 Luk 14:12 Act 10:9,10 .

Poole: 1Ki 17:7 - After a while // in the third year // The brook dried up After a while Heb. at the end of days , i.e. of a year; for so the word days is oft used, as in Exo 13:10 Lev 25:29 Num 9:22 Jud 17:10 1Sa 1:3 27:7 ...

After a while Heb. at the end of days , i.e. of a year; for so the word days is oft used, as in Exo 13:10 Lev 25:29 Num 9:22 Jud 17:10 1Sa 1:3 27:7 . And this seems to be a convenient time for the drying up of the brook, which was gradually dried up; and so this agrees well with 1Ki 18:1 ,

in the third year of which See Poole "1Ki 18:1" .

The brook dried up God so ordering it, partly, for the punishment of those Israelites who lived near it, and had hitherto been refreshed by it; partly, for the trial and exercise of Elijah’ s faith, and to teach him to depend upon God alone, not on any creature, for his support; and partly, to show his own all-sufficiency in providing for his people.

Poole: 1Ki 17:9 - Zarephath // To Zidon // I have commanded Zarephath a city between Tyrus and Sidon, called Sarepta by Luk 4:26 , by Pliny, and others. To Zidon to the jurisdiction of that city, which the...

Zarephath a city between Tyrus and Sidon, called Sarepta by Luk 4:26 , by Pliny, and others.

To Zidon to the jurisdiction of that city, which therefore was inhabited by Gentiles. See Luk 4:25 . And God’ s providing for his prophet, first by an unclean bird, and then by a Gentile, whom the Jews esteemed unclean, was a notable presage of the calling of the Gentiles, and of the rejection of the Jews.

I have commanded i.e. appointed or provided, as before, 1Ki 17:4 ; for that she had as yet no revelation or command of God about it, appears from 1Ki 17:12 .

Poole: 1Ki 17:10 - He called to her He called to her knowing by Divine suggestion that this was the woman designed.

He called to her knowing by Divine suggestion that this was the woman designed.

Poole: 1Ki 17:11 - -- Which he said only to try her, and to make way for what follows.

Which he said only to try her, and to make way for what follows.

Poole: 1Ki 17:12 - As the Lord thy God liveth // Two sticks As the Lord thy God liveth by which she discovers, that though she was a Gentile, yet she owned the God of Israel as the true God. Two sticks i.e. ...

As the Lord thy God liveth by which she discovers, that though she was a Gentile, yet she owned the God of Israel as the true God.

Two sticks i.e. a few sticks, that number being oft used indefinitely for any small number, both in Scripture, as Hos 6:2 , and by other authors. That we may eat it, and die; for having no more provision, we must needs perish with hunger. For though the famine was only in the land of Israel, yet the effects of it were in Tyre and Zidon, which were fed by the corn of that land. See Act 12:20 . Or the same famine might be in those parts also; the chief cause of the famine, to wit, the worship of Baal, being common to both places.

Poole: 1Ki 17:13 - Make me thereof a little cake first Make me thereof a little cake first which he requires as a trial and exercise of her faith, and charity, and obedience, which he knew God would graci...

Make me thereof a little cake first which he requires as a trial and exercise of her faith, and charity, and obedience, which he knew God would graciously and plentifully reward; and so this would be a great example to encourage others to the practice of the same graces upon like occasions.

Poole: 1Ki 17:14 - Thus saith the Lord God of Israel // The barrel of meal // the cruse of oil Thus saith the Lord God of Israel in whom I perceive thou trustest. The barrel of meal i.e. the meal of the barrel; an hypallage or metonymy. So t...

Thus saith the Lord God of Israel in whom I perceive thou trustest.

The barrel of meal i.e. the meal of the barrel; an hypallage or metonymy. So

the cruse of oil for the oil of the cruse .

Poole: 1Ki 17:15 - She did according to the saying of Elijah // Many days She did according to the saying of Elijah giving glory to the God of Israel, by believing his prophet. Many days i.e. a long time, even above two y...

She did according to the saying of Elijah giving glory to the God of Israel, by believing his prophet.

Many days i.e. a long time, even above two years: see 1Ki 18:1 . Heb. days , i.e. a full year ; as 1Ki 17:7 ; namely, before the following event about her son happened, and the rest of the time of the famine after it.

Poole: 1Ki 17:16 - -- God still creating new, as fast as the old was spent.

God still creating new, as fast as the old was spent.

Poole: 1Ki 17:17 - -- Or, no soul , or life , as this Hebrew word oft signifies, i.e. he died, as is manifest from the following verses. See also Heb 11:35 .

Or, no soul , or life , as this Hebrew word oft signifies, i.e. he died, as is manifest from the following verses. See also Heb 11:35 .

Poole: 1Ki 17:18 - What have I to do with thee? // Art thou come unto me? // To remembrance What have I to do with thee? wherein have I injured or provoked thee? or, why didst thou come to sojourn in my house, (as the following words seem to...

What have I to do with thee? wherein have I injured or provoked thee? or, why didst thou come to sojourn in my house, (as the following words seem to explain these,) if this be the fruit of it? They are words of a troubled mind, savouring of some rashness and impatience.

Art thou come unto me? didst thou come for this end, that thou mightest severely observe my sins, and by thy prayers bring down God’ s just judgment upon me for them, as thou hast for the like cause brought down this famine upon the nation?

To remembrance either,

1. To my remembrance; that I should by this dreadful judgment be brought to the knowledge and remembrance of my sins, which have procured it. Or rather,

2. To God’ s remembrance; for God is oft said in Scripture to remember sins, when he punisheth them; and to forget them, when he spares the sinner. See 2Sa 16:10 . Have I, instead of the blessing which I expected from thy presence, met with a curse?

Poole: 1Ki 17:19 - Give me thy son // Into a loft Give me thy son into mine arms . Into a loft ; a private place, where he might more freely and fully pour out his soul to God, and use such gesture...

Give me thy son into mine arms .

Into a loft ; a private place, where he might more freely and fully pour out his soul to God, and use such gestures or methods as he thought most proper, without any offence or observation.

Poole: 1Ki 17:20 - -- A prayer full of powerful arguments. Thou art the Lord , that canst revive the child; and my God , and therefore wilt not, do not, deny me. She is...

A prayer full of powerful arguments. Thou art the Lord , that canst revive the child; and my God , and therefore wilt not, do not, deny me. She is a widow ; add not affliction to the afflicted; deprive her not of the great support and staff of her age. She hath given me kind entertainment; let her not fare the worse for her kindness to a prophet, whereby wicked men will take occasion to reproach both her and religion.

Poole: 1Ki 17:21 - He stretched himself upon the child // And cried unto the Lord // Let this child’ s soul come into him again He stretched himself upon the child not as if he thought this could contribute any warmth or life to the child; but partly to express, and withal to ...

He stretched himself upon the child not as if he thought this could contribute any warmth or life to the child; but partly to express, and withal to increase, his grief for the child’ s death, and his desire of its reviving; that thereby his prayers might be more fervent, and consequently more prevalent with God; and partly that it might appear that this miracle, though wrought by God alone, yet was done for the sake of Elijah, and in answer to his prayers. Compare 2Ki 4:34 Joh 9:6 Act 20:10 .

And cried unto the Lord: first he stretched himself, then he prayed, and that for three times successively.

Let this child’ s soul come into him again by which it is evident that the soul was gone out of his body, and therefore doth subsist without it after death. Compare Gen 35:18 . This was a great request; but Elijah was encouraged to make it; partly, by his zeal for God’ s honour, which he thought was concerned in it, and would be eclipsed by it; partly, by the experience which he had of his prevailing power with God in prayer; and partly, by a Divine impulse moving him to desire it.

Poole: 1Ki 17:24 - Now by this I know // That the word of the Lord in thy mouth is truth Now by this I know now I am assured of that concerning which I began upon this sad occasion to doubt. That the word of the Lord in thy mouth is trut...

Now by this I know now I am assured of that concerning which I began upon this sad occasion to doubt.

That the word of the Lord in thy mouth is truth that the God whom thou professest is the true God, and the doctrine and religion which thou teachest is the only true religion; and therefore henceforth I wholly renounce the worship of idols.

Haydock: 1Ki 17:1 - Elias // I stand // Mouth Elias means, "the strong God." Some Greeks derive the name of the prophet from Greek: elios, "the sun," improperly. His parentage is not known, n...

Elias means, "the strong God." Some Greeks derive the name of the prophet from Greek: elios, "the sun," improperly. His parentage is not known, nor even his tribe. Thesbe was situated in the tribe of Gad. The Fathers agree that Elias never was married. He seems to have had no fixed abode; but was sent to the house of Israel, to maintain the cause of the true God, with the most active and generous zeal. He may have presided over the colleges of the prophets, (Calmet) which were then numerous in Israel, particularly at Mount Carmel, (Tirinus) notwithstanding the general corruption, chap. xviii. 13., and xix. 10. (Haydock) ---

I stand, to serve (Numbers iii. 6.) and pray, James v. 17., and Luke iv. 25. He calls God to witness, like St. Paul, Galatians i. 20. ---

Mouth. Stupendous power and assurance of the prophet, with which the pagans have nothing to compare. (Calmet) ---

God had threatened his people with drought, if they proved faithless, Deuteronomy xxviii. 24. Elias begs that this punishment may now serve to open their eyes. (Tirinus)

Haydock: 1Ki 17:3 - Carith Carith, between Samaria and the Jordan. It was a torrent or valley. (Calmet)

Carith, between Samaria and the Jordan. It was a torrent or valley. (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Ki 17:4 - Ravens Ravens. Hebrew horebim, (Haydock) is sometimes rendered "Arabs," by the Vulgate, 2 Paralipomenon xxi. 16. Others would translate, "merchants," or...

Ravens. Hebrew horebim, (Haydock) is sometimes rendered "Arabs," by the Vulgate, 2 Paralipomenon xxi. 16. Others would translate, "merchants," or the inhabitants of Arabo, which was near Carith. They suppose that the ravens, being unclean birds, would never have been employed. But they were only forbidden to be eaten or touched, when dead; and God is not restricted by his own laws. He might thus chose to display his wonderful providence. St. Jerome relates how St. Paul, the first hermit, was fed thus by a raven, with half a loaf a day; and a whole one was sent, when St. Anthony went to see him. (Calmet) ---

Yet Kennicott mentions this as one of the improvements which might be now made in the Protestant version, "the Orbim," or inhabitants of Oreb, or Orbo. Orbim, accolæ villæ in finibus Arabum Eliæ dederunt alimenta. (Jerom iii. 119.) ---

It is not clear to what passage he refers. (Diss. ii. p. 581.) Another instance occurs, Judges xv. 4., where instead of foxes, he would substitute "300 sheaves of corn, placed end to end." But if there were no mistranslations of great importance, the version might subsist. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Ki 17:6 - And flesh And flesh. So the Hebrew, &c. But some copies of the Septuagint have, "bread in the morning, and flesh in the evening." (Theodoret, q. 52.) --- I...

And flesh. So the Hebrew, &c. But some copies of the Septuagint have, "bread in the morning, and flesh in the evening." (Theodoret, q. 52.) ---

It is idle to inquire whence the ravens took this food. (Calmet) ---

Some say from the kitchen of Achab. (Abulensis) ---

The minister of angels undoubtedly intervened. (Tirinus) ---

God provides his servant with what may support nature, without any wine or delicacies. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Ki 17:7 - Some time Some time. Literally, "after days," (Haydock) which some explain of a year; others, of half that time, or less, as the torrent would not be long sup...

Some time. Literally, "after days," (Haydock) which some explain of a year; others, of half that time, or less, as the torrent would not be long supplied with water.

Haydock: 1Ki 17:9 - Sidonians // Commanded Sidonians, and nearer their city than it was to Tyre. (Calmet) --- Commanded, or provided that she shall feed thee. So he commanded the ravens, v...

Sidonians, and nearer their city than it was to Tyre. (Calmet) ---

Commanded, or provided that she shall feed thee. So he commanded the ravens, ver. 4. (Menochius) ---

It appears that the widow had received no precise intimation, ver. 12. She was not an Israelite, (Luke iv. 25.) but probably a pagan. (St. Chrysostom, &c.) ---

Many suppose that Elias did not know, at first, that she was to entertain him. (Calmet) ---

But both the one and the other might be divinely instructed how to act. In due time the widow and the prophet became acquainted with the will of God, and complied with it. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Ki 17:13 - First First. He puts the faith of the widow to a severe trial; and the gospel requires nothing more perfect than what she practised. The true faith, whic...

First. He puts the faith of the widow to a severe trial; and the gospel requires nothing more perfect than what she practised. The true faith, which she then received, was her first and most precious recompense; and we shall soon see, that her guest drew down blessings upon her. (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Ki 17:14 - Until Until, nor for some time afterwards; otherwise they would still have been in danger of perishing, as the corn could not grow immediately. (Salien, t...

Until, nor for some time afterwards; otherwise they would still have been in danger of perishing, as the corn could not grow immediately. (Salien, the year before Christ 929.)

Haydock: 1Ki 17:17 - In him In him. He died. (Haydock) --- The Jews, followed by some Christians, assert that this boy was the prophet Jonas. But Jonas was a Hebrew, from Ge...

In him. He died. (Haydock) ---

The Jews, followed by some Christians, assert that this boy was the prophet Jonas. But Jonas was a Hebrew, from Geth-opher, 4 Kings xiv. 25., and Jonas i. 9. (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Ki 17:18 - Remembered Remembered. Have I not waited upon thee with sufficient attention? or have not thine eyes been able to bear with my imperfections? (Haydock) --- B...

Remembered. Have I not waited upon thee with sufficient attention? or have not thine eyes been able to bear with my imperfections? (Haydock) ---

Before thy arrival, God seemed not to notice my transgressions. She is convinced that "all just punishment presupposes an offence." (St. Augustine, Retract. i. 9.) This child died like Lazarus for the greater glory of God. (St. Augustine, ad Simp. ii. 5.) (John xi. 4.) (Worthington)

Haydock: 1Ki 17:20 - Her son Her son. He speaks in the most earnest and familiar manner, shewing his confidence in God. (Salien)

Her son. He speaks in the most earnest and familiar manner, shewing his confidence in God. (Salien)

Haydock: 1Ki 17:21 - Times Times, in honour of the blessed Trinity. (Menochius) --- He puts himself in this posture, as if the co-operate with God in warming the child; as El...

Times, in honour of the blessed Trinity. (Menochius) ---

He puts himself in this posture, as if the co-operate with God in warming the child; as Eliseus did, (4 Kings iv. 34,) as well as St. Paul, (Acts xx. 10,) and St. Benedict. (St. Gregory, Dial. ii. 32.) This posture represented the condescension of Jesus Christ in assuming our nature, to give us life; and the Old Testament affords few more striking figures of this union. (Calmet) (St. Augustine, ser. 201. de Temp.; St. Bernard xvi. in Cant.) (Tirinus)

Haydock: 1Ki 17:24 - True True. She saw the force of miracles; (Haydock) and now was, at least, thoroughly converted. (Salien)

True. She saw the force of miracles; (Haydock) and now was, at least, thoroughly converted. (Salien)

Gill: 1Ki 17:1 - And Elijah the Tishbite, who was of the inhabitants of Gilead // said unto Ahab // as the Lord God of Israel liveth, before whom I stand // there shall not be dew nor rain these years // but according to my word And Elijah the Tishbite, who was of the inhabitants of Gilead,.... Which belonged partly to the Reubenites and Gadites, and partly to the half-tribe ...

And Elijah the Tishbite, who was of the inhabitants of Gilead,.... Which belonged partly to the Reubenites and Gadites, and partly to the half-tribe of Manasseh on the other side Jordan, where this prophet dwelt; but why he is called the Tishbite is not easy to say; what Kimchi observes seems right, that he was at first of a city called Toshab, and afterward's dwelt at Gilead; which city perhaps is the same with Thisbe, in the tribe of Naphtali, the native place of Tobit,

"Who in the time of Enemessar king of the Assyrians was led captive out of Thisbe, which is at the right hand of that city, which is called properly Nephthali in Galilee above Aser.'' (Tobit 1:2)

and, if so, is an instance of a prophet, even the prince of prophets, as Abarbinel calls him, coming out of Galilee, contrary to the suggestions of the Jews, Joh 7:52. R. Elias Levita l observes, that after the affair of Gibeah an order was given to smite the inhabitants of Jabeshgilead, Jdg 21:8, and that as it is reasonable to suppose some might escape, he thinks Elijah was one of them; and that when this began to be inhabited again, they that returned were called the inhabitants of Gilead, of whom Elijah was, who lived in those times, being, as the Jews suppose, Phinehas, the son of Eleazar the son of Aaron, see Jdg 20:28, but that he should be Elijah, and live to the times of Ahab, is beyond belief. By Origen m he is said to be in Thesbon of Gilead; and by Epiphanius n to be of Thesbis, of the land of the Arabians, Gilead bordering upon it: the same

said unto Ahab; who perhaps had been with him before, and reproved him for idolatry, warned him of the evil consequences of it, but to no purpose, and therefore now threatened in a very solemn manner:

as the Lord God of Israel liveth, before whom I stand; he swears by the living God, in whose presence he was, and to whom he appeals as the omniscient God, whose minister and prophet he was, and in whose name he came and spoke, and to whom he prayed; for standing was a prayer gesture, and sometimes put for it; see Gill on Mat 6:5 and it was at the prayer of Elijah that rain was withheld, as follows, see Jam 5:17.

there shall not be dew nor rain these years; for some years to come, even three years and a half:

but according to my word; in prayer, or as he should predict, in the name of the Lord.

Gill: 1Ki 17:2 - And the word of the Lord came to him // saying And the word of the Lord came to him,.... The word of prophecy, as the Targum; this shows that by word, in the former verse, he means the word of the ...

And the word of the Lord came to him,.... The word of prophecy, as the Targum; this shows that by word, in the former verse, he means the word of the Lord by him:

saying; as follows.

Gill: 1Ki 17:3 - Get thee hence, and turn thee eastward // and hide thyself by the brook Cherith, that is before Jordan Get thee hence, and turn thee eastward,.... From the place where he was, being in danger from Ahab and Jezebel, provoked by his reproofs, threatenings...

Get thee hence, and turn thee eastward,.... From the place where he was, being in danger from Ahab and Jezebel, provoked by his reproofs, threatenings, and prophecies:

and hide thyself by the brook Cherith, that is before Jordan; in some wood or cave near it, or among the reeds and rushes that grew on the banks of it; and Bochart o takes it to be the same with the river Kanah, on the borders of Ephraim, which has its name from reeds, Jos 16:8, and Cherith by anticipation, from the prophet's being fed there; and Adrichomius p places this brook in the tribe of Ephraim; though Fuller q in the half tribe of Manasseh, beyond Jordan; but Bunting says r it runs from Mount Ephraim between Bethel and Jericho, eight miles from Jerusalem towards the north, and so, passing along towards the east, falls into Jordan.

Gill: 1Ki 17:4 - And it shall be, that thou shalt drink of the brook // and I have commanded the ravens to feed thee there And it shall be, that thou shalt drink of the brook,.... The water of that was to be his drink: and I have commanded the ravens to feed thee there;...

And it shall be, that thou shalt drink of the brook,.... The water of that was to be his drink:

and I have commanded the ravens to feed thee there; whereby he should be provided with food to eat; by whom are meant not angels in the form of ravens, as some; nor, as others, Arabians, for there were none of that people near him; nor, as others, merchants, the word being sometimes used of them, for this was not a likely method for privacy; nor, as others, the inhabitants of a place called Oreb, or Orbo; so the Arabic version calls them Orabimi; but we read of no such place near Jordan; the Jews s speak of a city of this name near Bethshean, from whence these Orebim came; and some of them t think they had their name from Oreb, in Jdg 7:25 it seems better to interpret them of ravens, as we do, these creatures delighting to be in solitary places, in valleys, and by brooks; nor need it be any objection that they were unclean creatures by the law, since Elijah did not feed upon them, but was fed by them; and supposing any uncleanness by touch, the ceremonial law might be dispensed with in an extraordinary case, as it sometimes was; though it is very remarkable that such creatures should be employed in this way, which are birds of prey, seize on anything they can, live on carrion, and neglect their own young, and yet feed a prophet of the Lord; which shows the power and providence of God in it. Something like this Jerom u relates, of a raven bringing a whole loaf of bread, and laying it before the saints, Paulus and Antonius.

Gill: 1Ki 17:5 - So he went, and did according to the word of the Lord // for he went and dwelt by the brook Cherith, that is before Jordan So he went, and did according to the word of the Lord,.... Took his journey eastward, and hid himself in the place directed to: for he went and dwe...

So he went, and did according to the word of the Lord,.... Took his journey eastward, and hid himself in the place directed to:

for he went and dwelt by the brook Cherith, that is before Jordan; see Gill on 1Ki 17:3.

Gill: 1Ki 17:6 - And the ravens brought him bread and flesh in the morning, and bread and flesh in the evening // and he drank of the brook And the ravens brought him bread and flesh in the morning, and bread and flesh in the evening,.... For his breakfast and supper, the two principal mea...

And the ravens brought him bread and flesh in the morning, and bread and flesh in the evening,.... For his breakfast and supper, the two principal meals then in use; and as there were several employed, they could bring a sufficiency in a short time for each meal; and these provisions were ready prepared, the bread made and baked, and the flesh boiled, broiled, or roasted; from whence they had it need not be inquired after; the Jews say w they were fetched from Ahab's table, and others from Jehoshaphat's, and others, as probable as any, from the tables of the 7000 who had not bowed the knee to Baal:

and he drank of the brook; at his meals.

Gill: 1Ki 17:7 - And it came to pass after a while // that the brook dried up // because there had been no rain in the land And it came to pass after a while,.... Or "at the end of days" x, perhaps a year, which sometimes is the sense of this phrase, see Exo 13:10, that ...

And it came to pass after a while,.... Or "at the end of days" x, perhaps a year, which sometimes is the sense of this phrase, see Exo 13:10,

that the brook dried up; through the excessive heat, and for want of supplies from the springs and fountains with which it was fed, and for the following reason:

because there had been no rain in the land; from the time Elijah prayed and prophesied; of this drought mention is made in profane history: Menander, a Phoenician writer, speaks y of a drought in the times of Ithobalus (the same with Ethbaal the father of Jezebel), which lasted a whole year, and upon prayer being made there were thunder, &c.

Gill: 1Ki 17:8 - And the word of the Lord came unto him // saying And the word of the Lord came unto him,.... As before, after he had been a year at the brook, and that was dried up: saying; as follows.

And the word of the Lord came unto him,.... As before, after he had been a year at the brook, and that was dried up:

saying; as follows.

Gill: 1Ki 17:9 - Arise, get thee to Zarephath, which belongeth to Zidon, and dwell there // behold, I have commanded a widow woman there to sustain thee Arise, get thee to Zarephath, which belongeth to Zidon, and dwell there,.... This might be a trial of the prophet's faith, to be sent to dwell in a pl...

Arise, get thee to Zarephath, which belongeth to Zidon, and dwell there,.... This might be a trial of the prophet's faith, to be sent to dwell in a place belonging to the Zidonians, among whom Jezebel had an interest, being the daughter of their king, 1Ki 16:31, the place is so called, to distinguish it from another Zarephath, Oba 1:20, Kimchi interprets it, near to Zidon, yet not as belonging to it, but of the land of Israel; though it rather seems to be a Gentile city; it is called, in Luk 4:26 Sarepta of Sidon; and also by Pliny z; according to Josephus a, it was not far either from Sidon or Tyre, and lay between them; it was three quarters of a mile from Sidon; and so Mr. Maundrell b speaks of it as in the way from Sidon to Tyre, and which is now called Sarphan; of which he says, the place shown us for this city consisted only of a few houses, on the tops of the mountains, within about half a mile from the sea; but it is more probable the principal part of the city stood below in the space between the hills and the sea, there being ruins still to be seen in that place of a considerable extent; and a traveller into those parts many years before him says c, that he saw nothing of any building on the shore, but some small houses in the place where formerly the town of Sarepta did stand; and Bunting says d, there are at this time but eight houses in all the town, though by the ruins it seems to have been in times past a very fair city; and another e observes, that it is about three miles from Berytus:

behold, I have commanded a widow woman there to sustain thee; not that this was declared to the woman, or that she had any orders from the Lord to support him; but that he had determined it in his mind, and would take care in his providence that he should be supplied by her: this was another trial of the prophet's faith, that he should be sent to a poor widow woman for his support, and she a Gentile; but he that had been so long fed by ravens, could have no reason to doubt of his being provided for in this way.

Gill: 1Ki 17:10 - So he arose, and went to Zarephath // and when he came to the gate of the city, behold, the widow woman was there gathering sticks // and he called to her, and said, fetch me, I pray thee, a little water in a vessel, that I may drink So he arose, and went to Zarephath,.... Which, according to Bunting f, was one hundred miles from the brook Cherith: and when he came to the gate o...

So he arose, and went to Zarephath,.... Which, according to Bunting f, was one hundred miles from the brook Cherith:

and when he came to the gate of the city, behold, the widow woman was there gathering sticks: perhaps out of an hedge just without the city this shows her to be a poor woman, who had no other way of coming at fuel but this, and no servant to fetch it for her: Bunting tells us, that now before the gate of the city there is showed a certain chapel, where they say Elias first spoke with the widow:

and he called to her, and said, fetch me, I pray thee, a little water in a vessel, that I may drink; being thirsty through travelling, and supposing this to be the woman he was directed to, made trial of her this way; some render it, "in this vessel" g, which he had with him, and made use of at the brook Cherith.

Gill: 1Ki 17:11 - And as she was going to fetch it // and said, bring me, I pray thee, a morsel of bread in thine hand And as she was going to fetch it,.... For she made no difficulty of granting his request, but immediately set out to fetch him some water from the cit...

And as she was going to fetch it,.... For she made no difficulty of granting his request, but immediately set out to fetch him some water from the city, or some spring close by, or her own house; being very ready to do an hospitable act to a stranger, and especially to a good man, and a prophet, as she might perceive by his habit he was, as it seems by what follows:

and said, bring me, I pray thee, a morsel of bread in thine hand; to eat before he drank; this he said still further to try her whether she was the person that was to sustain him, as well as in order to lead on to more discourse with her.

Gill: 1Ki 17:12 - And she said, as the Lord thy God liveth // I have not a cake // but a handful of meal in a barrel, and a little oil in a cruse // and, behold, I am gathering two sticks // that I may go in and dress it for me, and my son, that we may eat it, and die And she said, as the Lord thy God liveth,.... Which shows her to be a good woman, swearing by the living God, and him only, and that she took Elijah t...

And she said, as the Lord thy God liveth,.... Which shows her to be a good woman, swearing by the living God, and him only, and that she took Elijah to be a good man, and a prophet of the Lord:

I have not a cake; greater or less, not a morsel of bread in the house:

but a handful of meal in a barrel, and a little oil in a cruse; these separate and unmixed, and not made into a cake, and dressed as she intended to do with them:

and, behold, I am gathering two sticks; or a few, which would be sufficient to bake such a quantity as her meal and oil would make; she speaks by the figure "meiosis", which expresses less than what is meant, as Ben Melech observes:

that I may go in and dress it for me, and my son, that we may eat it, and die; having nothing more left, and no expectation of any elsewhere, and the famine strong in the land; so that she could look for nothing but death after this was eaten.

Gill: 1Ki 17:13 - And Elijah said unto her, fear not // go and do as thou hast said // but make thereof a little cake first, and bring it unto me, and after make for thee and for thy son And Elijah said unto her, fear not,.... That she and her son should die, it would not be the case: go and do as thou hast said: mix her meal and he...

And Elijah said unto her, fear not,.... That she and her son should die, it would not be the case:

go and do as thou hast said: mix her meal and her oil, and make a cake thereof, and bake it:

but make thereof a little cake first, and bring it unto me, and after make for thee and for thy son: which was not said from a selfish spirit of the prophet, but to try the faith of the woman; and besides, as Abarbinel observes, the prophet was not only hungry and thirsty through his journey, and so required to be served first, but it was for the sake of his sustenance, that the Lord would command a blessing on the meal and oil; wherefore, if she dressed it for herself and her son first, there would have been none left for the divine blessing to descend upon.

Gill: 1Ki 17:14 - For thus saith the Lord God of Israel // the barrel of meal shall not waste, neither shall the cruse of oil fail // until the day that the Lord sendeth rain upon the earth For thus saith the Lord God of Israel,.... Whom the prophet perceived she had knowledge of, and faith in: the barrel of meal shall not waste, neith...

For thus saith the Lord God of Israel,.... Whom the prophet perceived she had knowledge of, and faith in:

the barrel of meal shall not waste, neither shall the cruse of oil fail; that is, the meal in the barrel, and the oil in the cruse, by an hypallage, or change of words:

until the day that the Lord sendeth rain upon the earth; which was assuring her the rain would be sent, and that the Lord, who had the sole command of it, would send it; and that, until that time it should be sent, she would have no lack of provisions, and therefore need not scruple dressing for the prophet first.

Gill: 1Ki 17:15 - And she went, and did according to the saying of Elijah // and she, and he, and her house, did eat And she went, and did according to the saying of Elijah,..... Made a cake for him first, and brought it to him, which showed great faith in the word o...

And she went, and did according to the saying of Elijah,..... Made a cake for him first, and brought it to him, which showed great faith in the word of the Lord by him:

and she, and he, and her house, did eat; many days, a year at least, if not two years, see 1Ki 17:7 the widow, the prophet, and her family, lived upon the meal and oil so long; we read but of one son, but she might have more.

Gill: 1Ki 17:16 - And the barrel of meal wasted not, neither did the cruse of oil fail, according to the word of the Lord, which he spake by Elijah. And the barrel of meal wasted not, neither did the cruse of oil fail, according to the word of the Lord, which he spake by Elijah. There being a conti...

And the barrel of meal wasted not, neither did the cruse of oil fail, according to the word of the Lord, which he spake by Elijah. There being a continual increase and supply of both, through the mighty power of God working a continued miracle; just as the loaves and fishes were increased while the disciples were eating, Mat 14:19.

Gill: 1Ki 17:17 - And it came to pass after these things // that the son of the woman, the mistress of the house, fell sick // and his sickness was so sore that there was no breath left in him And it came to pass after these things,.... Not only after the conversation that passed between the prophet, and the widow, but after they had lived t...

And it came to pass after these things,.... Not only after the conversation that passed between the prophet, and the widow, but after they had lived together many days, a year or years, upon the miraculous provision made for them:

that the son of the woman, the mistress of the house, fell sick; that is, the son of the widow woman in whose house the prophet dwelt; the Jews say h this woman was the mother of Jonah, and that he was this son of her's:

and his sickness was so sore that there was no breath left in him: it was a sickness unto death, it issued in it; for that he was really dead appears from all that follows.

Gill: 1Ki 17:18 - And she said unto Elijah, what have I to do with thee, O thou man of God! // art thou come unto me to call my sin to remembrance, and to slay my son And she said unto Elijah, what have I to do with thee, O thou man of God!.... As if she should say, it would have been well for me if I had never seen...

And she said unto Elijah, what have I to do with thee, O thou man of God!.... As if she should say, it would have been well for me if I had never seen thy face, or had any conversation with thee; this she said rashly, and in her passion and agony, being extremely affected with the death of her child, which made her forget and overlook all the benefits she had received through the prophet's being with her:

art thou come unto me to call my sin to remembrance, and to slay my son? to punish her for her former sins, she was conscious she had been guilty of; for she supposed, that as it was by his prayer that the drought and famine were come upon the land, so it was in the same way that her son's death came, namely, through the prayer of the prophet.

Gill: 1Ki 17:19 - And he said unto her, give me thy son, and he took him out of her bosom // and carried him up into a loft, where he abode, and laid him upon his own bed And he said unto her, give me thy son, and he took him out of her bosom,.... Where she had laid him, mourning over him; from thence the prophet took h...

And he said unto her, give me thy son, and he took him out of her bosom,.... Where she had laid him, mourning over him; from thence the prophet took him with her leave:

and carried him up into a loft, where he abode, and laid him upon his own bed; an upper room, which was his bedchamber; hither he carried him, that he might be alone, and use the greater freedom both in his expressions and gestures.

Gill: 1Ki 17:20 - And he cried unto the Lord // and said, O Lord, my God, hast thou also brought evil upon the widow, with whom I sojourn, by slaying her son And he cried unto the Lord,.... Or prayed unto him, as the Targum, with great vehemence and importunity: and said, O Lord, my God, hast thou also b...

And he cried unto the Lord,.... Or prayed unto him, as the Targum, with great vehemence and importunity:

and said, O Lord, my God, hast thou also brought evil upon the widow, with whom I sojourn, by slaying her son? he pleads his interest in the Lord, and makes use of it as an argument with him to hear his prayer; he observes the character and condition of the woman, a widow, such as the Lord has a compassionate regard for; and he urges the kindness of her to him, with whom he had sojourned so long; and seems to represent the case as an additional evil or affliction to him, as well as to the widow.

Gill: 1Ki 17:21 - And he stretched himself upon the child three times // and cried unto the Lord, and said, O Lord my God, I pray thee, let this child's soul come into him again And he stretched himself upon the child three times,.... Or "measured himself" i on it, or put himself into a posture in some respects equal to the ch...

And he stretched himself upon the child three times,.... Or "measured himself" i on it, or put himself into a posture in some respects equal to the child; putting his mouth on its mouth, his eyes on its eyes, his hands on its hands, as Elisha afterwards did in a like case, perhaps in imitation of him, 2Ki 4:34, thereby showing his great affection to the child, and in order to increase it the more, and to make him the more fervent and importunate in his prayers for its life; and hereby signifying also that he would if he could infuse his breath and life into it, and warm it with his own heat:

and cried unto the Lord, and said, O Lord my God, I pray thee, let this child's soul come into him again: which shows that the child was really dead; and a proof this that the soul dies not with the body, but exists in a separate state without it.

Gill: 1Ki 17:22 - And the Lord heard the voice of Elijah // and the soul of the child came into him again, and he revived And the Lord heard the voice of Elijah,.... In prayer, and answered it: and the soul of the child came into him again, and he revived; this is the ...

And the Lord heard the voice of Elijah,.... In prayer, and answered it:

and the soul of the child came into him again, and he revived; this is the first instance of anyone being raised from the dead; this Satan has imitated; hence the many fabulous stories with the Heathens of persons being raised to life after death k.

Gill: 1Ki 17:23 - And Elijah took the child, and brought him down out of the chamber into the house // and delivered him unto his mother: and Elijah said, see, thy son liveth And Elijah took the child, and brought him down out of the chamber into the house,.... Being come to life, he took it off of the bed in his bedchamber...

And Elijah took the child, and brought him down out of the chamber into the house,.... Being come to life, he took it off of the bed in his bedchamber, and brought it down to the lower part of the house, where the woman was:

and delivered him unto his mother: and Elijah said, see, thy son liveth; which no doubt was to her great surprise, and was a wonderful instance of divine power and goodness, and to which the apostle may have respect, Heb 11:35, Bunting l says, the inhabitants of this place now take upon them to show the chamber wherein the prophet Elias lived, when he raised the widow's child to life.

Gill: 1Ki 17:24 - And the woman said to Elijah, now by this I know that thou art a man of God // and that the word of the Lord in thy mouth is truth And the woman said to Elijah, now by this I know that thou art a man of God,.... She took him to be one at his first coming to her; she was in a great...

And the woman said to Elijah, now by this I know that thou art a man of God,.... She took him to be one at his first coming to her; she was in a great measure confirmed in it by the miracle of the barrel of meal and cruse of oil; but upon the death of her son, which she was ready to impute to the prophet, she was staggered at it; but now, by his resurrection from the dead, was fully assured of it:

and that the word of the Lord in thy mouth is truth; she had known before that what he said concerning the meal and oil not failing was true; but now she was more and more convinced and assured that the God, whose prophet he was, was the true God, and that the religion he professed was the true religion, and he a true prophet, and that all his prophecies would be exactly fulfilled.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: 1Ki 17:1 Heb “except at the command of my word.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 17:2 Heb “and the word of the Lord came to him, saying.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 17:4 Heb “to provide for you.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 17:5 Heb “So he went and did.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 17:7 Heb “And it came about at the end of days.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 17:8 Heb “And the word of the Lord came to him, saying.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 17:9 Heb “Look, I have commanded.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 17:10 Heb “a little.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 17:11 The Hebrew text also includes the phrase “in your hand.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 17:12 Heb “Look, I am gathering two sticks and then I will go and make it for me and my son and we will eat it and we will die.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 17:13 Heb “according to your word.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 17:15 Heb “and she ate, she and he and her house [for] days.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 17:16 Heb “out, according to the word of the Lord which he spoke.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 17:17 Heb “after these things.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 17:18 Heb “to make me remember.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 17:24 This episode is especially significant in light of Ahab’s decision to promote Baal worship in Israel. In Canaanite mythology the drought that sw...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 17:1 And Elijah the Tishbite, [who was] of the inhabitants of Gilead, said unto Ahab, [As] the LORD God of Israel liveth, before whom I ( a ) stand, there ...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 17:4 And it shall be, [that] thou shalt drink of the brook; and I have commanded the ( c ) ravens to feed thee there. ( c ) To strengthen his faith agains...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 17:8 And the ( d ) word of the LORD came unto him, saying, ( d ) As the troubles of the saints of God are many, so his mercy is always at hand to deliver ...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 17:10 So he arose and went to Zarephath. And when he came to the gate of the city, behold, the widow woman [was] there ( e ) gathering of sticks: and he cal...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 17:12 And she said, [As] the LORD thy God liveth, I have not a cake, but an handful of meal in a barrel, and a little oil in a cruse: and, behold, I [am] ga...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 17:14 For thus saith the LORD God of Israel, ( g ) The barrel of meal shall not waste, neither shall the cruse of oil fail, until the day [that] the LORD se...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 17:15 And she went and did according to the saying of Elijah: and she, and he, and her house, did eat ( h ) [many] days. ( h ) That is, till he had rain an...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 17:17 And it came to pass after these things, [that] the son of the woman, the mistress of the house, fell sick; and his sickness was so sore, that there wa...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 17:20 And he cried unto the LORD, and said, O LORD my God, hast thou also ( k ) brought evil upon the widow with whom I sojourn, by slaying her son? ( k ) ...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 17:24 And the woman said to Elijah, Now by this ( l ) I know that thou [art] a man of God, [and] that the word of the LORD in thy mouth [is] truth. ( l ) I...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: 1Ki 17:1-7 - --God wonderfully suits men to the work he designs them for. The times were fit for an Elijah; an Elijah was fit for them. The Spirit of the Lord knows ...

MHCC: 1Ki 17:8-16 - --Many widows were in Israel in the days of Elias, and some, it is likely, would have bidden him welcome to their houses; yet he is sent to honour and b...

MHCC: 1Ki 17:17-24 - --Neither faith nor obedience shut out afflictions and death. The child being dead, the mother spake to the prophet, rather to give vent to her sorrow, ...

Matthew Henry: 1Ki 17:1-7 - -- The history of Elijah begins somewhat abruptly. Usually, when a prophet enters, we have some account of his parentage, are told whose son he was and...

Matthew Henry: 1Ki 17:8-16 - -- We have here an account of the further protection Elijah was taken under, and the further provision made for him in his retirement. At destruction ...

Matthew Henry: 1Ki 17:17-24 - -- We have here a further recompence made to the widow for her kindness to the prophet; as if it were a small thing to be kept alive, her son, when dea...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ki 17:1 - -- Elijah the Tishbite is introduced without the formula "The word of the Lord came to ...,"with which the appearance of the prophets is generally anno...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ki 17:2-6 - -- After the announcement of this judgment, Elijah had to hide himself, by the command of God, until the period of punishment came to an end, not so mu...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ki 17:7-9 - -- After some time this brook dried up for want of rain. Then the Lord directed His servant to go to the Sidonian Zarephath , and to live with a widow...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ki 17:10-12 - -- When Elijah arrived at the city gate, he met a widow engaged in gathering wood. To discover whether it was to her that the Lord had sent him, he ask...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ki 17:13-16 - -- In order, however, to determine with indisputable certainty whether this believing Gentile was the protectress assigned him by the Lord, Elijah comf...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ki 17:17-24 - -- The widow's deceased son raised to life again . - 1Ki 17:17. After these events, when Elijah had taken up his abode in the upper room of her house,...

Constable: 1Ki 16:29--22:41 - --1. Ahab's evil reign in Israel 16:29-22:40 Ahab ruled Israel from Samaria for 22 years (874-853 ...

Constable: 1Ki 17:1-24 - --II. THE DIVIDED KINGDOM 1 Kings 12--2 Kings 17 The second major part of the Book of Kings records the histories ...

Constable: 1Ki 17:1-7 - --Elijah's announcement of God's judgment 17:1-7 Again God raised up a prophet to announce...

Constable: 1Ki 17:8-24 - --God's revelation of His power 17:8-24 God had a very unusual ministry for Elijah to perf...

Guzik: 1Ki 17:1-24 - The Early Ministry of Elijah 1 Kings 17 - The Early Ministry of Elijah A. Elijah prays for drought and experiences God's provision. 1. (1) Elijah tells of the LORD's judgment. ...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF KINGS, in the ancient copies of the Hebrew Bible, constitute one book. Various titles have been given them; in the Septu...

JFB: 1 Kings (Garis Besar) ABISHAG CHERISHES DAVID IN HIS EXTREME AGE. (1Ki 1:1-4) ADONIJAH USURPS THE KINGDOM. (1Ki. 1:5-31) SOLOMON, BY DAVID'S APPOINTMENT, IS ANOINTED KING....

TSK: 1 Kings 17 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview 1Ki 17:1, Elijah, having prophesied against Ahab, is sent to Cherith where the ravens feed him; 1Ki 17:8, He is sent to the widow of Zare...

Poole: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) FIRST BOOK OF KINGS COMMONLY CALLED THE THIRD BOOK OF THE KINGS THE ARGUMENT THESE two Books called Of the Kings, because they treat of the kings of...

Poole: 1 Kings 17 (Pendahuluan Pasal) KINGS CHAPTER 17 Elijah foretelleth, Ahab that there shall be a great drought; is sent to Cherith, where the ravens feed him, 1Ki 17:1-7 . He is se...

MHCC: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) The history now before us accounts for the affairs of the kingdoms of Judah and Israel, yet with special regard to the kingdom of God among them; for ...

MHCC: 1 Kings 17 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (1Ki 17:1-7) Elijah fed by ravens. (1Ki 17:8-16) Elijah sent to Zarephath. (1Ki 17:17-24) Elijah raises the widow's son to life.

Matthew Henry: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The First Book of Kings Many histories are books of kings and their reigns, to which the affairs of the...

Matthew Henry: 1 Kings 17 (Pendahuluan Pasal) So sad was the character both of the princes and people of Israel, as described in the foregoing chapter, that one might have expected God would ca...

Constable: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title The Books of 1 and 2 Kings received their names because they docume...

Constable: 1 Kings (Garis Besar) Outline I. The reign of Solomon chs. 1-11 A. Solomon's succession to David's throne 1:1-2:12...

Constable: 1 Kings 1 Kings Bibliography Aharoni, Yohanan. "The Building Activities of David and Solomon." Israel Exploration Journ...

Haydock: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE THIRD BOOK OF KINGS. INTRODUCTION. This and the following Book are called by the holy Fathers, The Third and Fourth Book of Kings; but b...

Gill: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO 1 KINGS This, and the following book, properly are but one book, divided into two parts, and went with the Jews under the common na...

Gill: 1 Kings 17 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO 1 KINGS 17 This chapter begins with a prophecy of Elijah, that there should be want of rain for some years to come, and he is direc...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


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