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Teks -- 2 Chronicles 31:1-21 (NET)

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Konteks
31:1 When all this was over, the Israelites who were in the cities of Judah went out and smashed the sacred pillars, cut down the Asherah poles, and demolished all the high places and altars throughout Judah, Benjamin, Ephraim, and Manasseh. Then all the Israelites returned to their own homes in their cities.
The People Contribute to the Temple
31:2 Hezekiah appointed the divisions of the priests and Levites to do their assigned tasks– to offer burnt sacrifices and present offerings and to serve, give thanks, and offer praise in the gates of the Lord’s sanctuary. 31:3 The king contributed some of what he owned for burnt sacrifices, including the morning and evening burnt sacrifices and the burnt sacrifices made on Sabbaths, new moon festivals, and at other appointed times prescribed in the law of the Lord. 31:4 He ordered the people living in Jerusalem to contribute the portion prescribed for the priests and Levites so they might be obedient to the law of the Lord. 31:5 When the edict was issued, the Israelites freely contributed the initial portion of their grain, wine, olive oil, honey, and all the produce of their fields. They brought a tenth of everything, which added up to a huge amount. 31:6 The Israelites and people of Judah who lived in the cities of Judah also contributed a tenth of their cattle and sheep, as well as a tenth of the holy items consecrated to the Lord their God. They brought them and placed them in many heaps. 31:7 In the third month they began piling their contributions in heaps and finished in the seventh month. 31:8 When Hezekiah and the officials came and saw the heaps, they praised the Lord and pronounced blessings on his people Israel. 31:9 When Hezekiah asked the priests and Levites about the heaps, 31:10 Azariah, the head priest from the family of Zadok, said to him, “Since the contributions began arriving in the Lord’s temple, we have had plenty to eat and have a large quantity left over. For the Lord has blessed his people, and this large amount remains.” 31:11 Hezekiah ordered that storerooms be prepared in the Lord’s temple. When this was done, 31:12 they brought in the contributions, tithes, and consecrated items that had been offered. Konaniah, a Levite, was in charge of all this, assisted by his brother Shimei. 31:13 Jehiel, Azaziah, Nahath, Asahel, Jerimoth, Jozabad, Eliel, Ismakiah, Mahath, and Benaiah worked under the supervision of Konaniah and his brother Shimei, as directed by King Hezekiah and Azariah, the supervisor of God’s temple. 31:14 Kore son of Imnah, a Levite and the guard on the east side, was in charge of the voluntary offerings made to God and disbursed the contributions made to the Lord and the consecrated items. 31:15 In the cities of the priests, Eden, Miniamin, Jeshua, Shemaiah, Amariah, and Shecaniah faithfully assisted him in making disbursements to their fellow priests according to their divisions, regardless of age. 31:16 They made disbursements to all the males three years old and up who were listed in the genealogical records– to all who would enter the Lord’s temple to serve on a daily basis and fulfill their duties as assigned to their divisions. 31:17 They made disbursements to the priests listed in the genealogical records by their families, and to the Levites twenty years old and up, according to their duties as assigned to their divisions, 31:18 and to all the infants, wives, sons, and daughters of the entire assembly listed in the genealogical records, for they faithfully consecrated themselves. 31:19 As for the descendants of Aaron, the priests who lived in the outskirts of all their cities, men were assigned to disburse portions to every male among the priests and to every Levite listed in the genealogical records. 31:20 This is what Hezekiah did throughout Judah. He did what the Lord his God considered good and right and faithful. 31:21 He wholeheartedly and successfully reinstituted service in God’s temple and obedience to the law, in order to follow his God.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Aaron a son of Amram; brother of Moses,son of Amram (Kohath Levi); patriarch of Israel's priests,the clan or priestly line founded by Aaron
 · Amariah a Levite (Hebron Kohath); founder of a sub-clan of Hebron,the chief priest, Amariah I; son of Marioth I; 1100 BC,son of Azariah II; chief priest under Jehoshaphat; Amariah II,a Levite temple assistant to Kore under King Hezekiah; 725 BC,son of King Hezekiah; 700 BC,an Israelite (Binnui) who put away his heathen wife; 458 BC,a priestly leader who returned with Zerubbabel 537 BC (NIVsn),son of Shephatiah of Judah
 · Asahel son of Zeruiah, David's sister; brother of Joab,a Levite assigned to teach in Judah under Jehoshaphat,a Levite assistant to the temple treasurer under Hezekiah,father of Jonathan who opposed Ezra's policies
 · Azariah son of Ahimaaz; grandson and successor of Zadok I,son of Nathan; a priest who was chief of Solomons officers,son and successor of king Amaziah of Judah,son of Ethan son of Zerah of Judah,son of Jehu son of Obed of Judah,son of Johanan; descendant of Meraioth I,son of Hilkiah before the exile; high priest Azariah III,a descendant of Hilkiah the priest,son of Zephaniah/Uriel (Korah Levi); forefather of Samuel,son of Oded; prophet under King Asa,second son of Jehoshaphat; brother of King Jehoram,fifth son of Jehoshaphat; brother of King Jehoram,son of Jeroham; a commander who helped enthrone Joash,son of Obed; a commander who helped enthrone Joash,the priest who confronted Uzziah for offering incense,a chief of Ephraim under Israel's King Pekah,father of Joel (Kohath Levi), who served under Hezekiah,son of Jehallelel (Merari Levi). He served under Hezekiah,chief priest, of Zadok's line, under Hezekiah,son of Maaseiah son of Ananiah; a repairer of Nehemiah's wall,a man who accompanied Zerubbabel back to the land of Judah,a scribe who helped Ezra explain the reading of the Law,a priest who signed the covenant to keep God's law,a prince of Judah who led praises to God on the new city wall,son of Hoshaiah; one of the leaders rebelling against Jeremiah,a man exiled from Judah and trained with Daniel in Babylon
 · Azaziah a man of Levi; a lyre player in David's worship team,father of Hoshea, David's deputy over the Ephraimites,an officer over the temple store house under King Hezekiah
 · Benaiah son of Jehoiada; commander of King Solomon's army,son of Jehoiada of Pirathon in Ephraim; one of David's elite,head of a large influential family of Simeon in Hezekiah's time,a Levite worship leader in David's time,a priest in David's time,father of Jehoiada, one of king David's counselors,son of Jeiel; a priest under Jehoshaphat,a man who was a temple helper in the time of Hezekiah,a layman of the Parosh clan who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Pahath-Moab clan who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Bani clan who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Nebo clan who put away his heathen wife,the father of Pelatiah, a wicked counselor exposed by Ezekiel
 · Benjamin the tribe of Benjamin of Israel
 · Conaniah the chief of the temple store house under King Hezekiah,a chief officer of the house of God in Josiah's time
 · Eden a place near where the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers meet (NIVsn),son of Joah (Gershon Levi) in King Hezekiah's time,a district along the Euphrates River south of Haran (NIVsn)
 · Eliel son of Toah/Nahath/Tohu of Levi; Samuel's great grandfather,head of a large clan in eastern Manasseh in the time of Jotham,son of Shime-i of Benjamin,son of Shashak of Benjamin,a Mahavite man; one of David's military elite,a Mezobaite man; one of David's military elite,an officer from Gad who defected to David in the wilderness,chief of the Levite clan of Hebron under King David,an officer over the temple store house under King Hezekiah
 · Ephraim the tribe of Ephraim as a whole,the northern kingdom of Israel
 · Hezekiah the son of Ahaz who succeeded him as king of Judah; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Ahaz; king of Judah,forefather of the prophet Zephaniah,an Israelite chief who signed the covenant to obey God's law
 · Imnah son of Asher son of Jacob,father of Kore the Levite in the time of Hezekiah
 · Ismachiah officer of the temple treasures under King Hezekiah
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Jehiel son of Heman the Levite in Hezekiah's time
 · Jerimoth son of Bela son of Benjamin,one of the Benjamites who defected to David at Ziklag,son of Mushi son of Merari son of Levi,son of Heman the Levite and worship leader under Heman and King David,son of King David and father-in-law of King Rehoboam,an officer in charge of the temple store house under King Hezekiah
 · Jerusalem the capital city of Israel,a town; the capital of Israel near the southern border of Benjamin
 · Jeshua chief of a division of priests serving in David's sanctuary,a man a Levite assistant to Kore in managing the free will offerings of the temple under King Hezekiah,a chief priest and leader among those who returned from exile with Zerubbabel; son of Jozadak; father of Joiakim,father of Jozabad, a Levite on duty in the time of Ezra,a man whose descendants returned from exile in Babylon,the father of Ezer who helped to repair the wall,a Levite who helped Ezra explain the reading of the law; son of Kadmiel,son of Nun; successor of Moses,son of Azaniah; a Levite leader who signed the covenant to obey God's law,a town of Judah
 · Jozabad a man of Gederah; one of the Benjamites who defected to David at Ziklag,two commanders from Manasseh who defected to David in Ziklag,an officer in charge of the temple store house under King Hezekiah,a chief officer of the house of God in Josiah's time,son of Jeshua; a Levite on duty in the time of Ezra,a man who put away his heathen wife; a priest descended from Pashhur,a man who put away his heathen wife; a Levite,a Levite who helped Ezra explain the reading of the law,a chief Levite who helped supervise the outside work on the house of God in Nehemiah's time
 · Judah the son of Jacob and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,a tribe, the land/country,a son of Joseph; the father of Simeon; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Jacob/Israel and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,the tribe of Judah,citizens of the southern kingdom of Judah,citizens of the Persian Province of Judah; the Jews who had returned from Babylonian exile,"house of Judah", a phrase which highlights the political leadership of the tribe of Judah,"king of Judah", a phrase which relates to the southern kingdom of Judah,"kings of Judah", a phrase relating to the southern kingdom of Judah,"princes of Judah", a phrase relating to the kingdom of Judah,the territory allocated to the tribe of Judah, and also the extended territory of the southern kingdom of Judah,the Province of Judah under Persian rule,"hill country of Judah", the relatively cool and green central highlands of the territory of Judah,"the cities of Judah",the language of the Jews; Hebrew,head of a family of Levites who returned from Exile,a Levite who put away his heathen wife,a man who was second in command of Jerusalem; son of Hassenuah of Benjamin,a Levite in charge of the songs of thanksgiving in Nehemiah's time,a leader who helped dedicate Nehemiah's wall,a Levite musician who helped Zechariah of Asaph dedicate Nehemiah's wall
 · Kore son of Ebiasaph; a Levite gatekeeper whose descendants returned from exile,son of Imnah; keeper of the gate, and overseer of free will offerings under Hezekiah
 · Levite member of the tribe of Levi
 · Levites relating to Levi and the priesthood given to him,a tribal name describing people and ceremonies as sacred
 · Mahath son of Amasai (Kohath Levi), Hezekiah's chief temple restorer,officer in charge of the temple store house under King Hezekiah
 · Manasseh the tribe of Manasseh.
 · Miniamin a Levite who helped Kore manage temple offerings for Hezekiah,a priest leader of some who returned from exile with Zerubbabel
 · Nahath son of Reuel son of Esau,son of Zophai/Zuph (Kohath Levi); forefather of Samuel,an officer of the temple store house under King Hezekiah
 · Shecaniah son of Obadiah of Zerubbabel of David,the chief of a division of priests serving in David's sanctuary,a Levite assistant manager of temple offerings under Hezekiah,son of Jahaziel; post-exile leader of the Zattu Clan,son of Jehiel of the clan of Elam,father of Shemaiah, a wall rebuilder and guard of the east gate,son of Arah; father-in-law of Tobiah, Nehemiah's enemy,priestly leader of some who returned from exile with Zerubbabel
 · Shemaiah a prophet in the days of Rehoboam,son of Shecaniah (Hananiah Zerubbabel David Judah),forefather of Ziza, a prince of the tribe of Simeon,son of Joel of Reuben,son of Hasshub; a Levite leader of some returned exiles,son of Galal; a Levite whose descendants returned from exile,son of Elizaphan (Kohath Levi),son of Nethanel, a Levite and scribe in David's time,son of Obed-Edom; a pre-exile Levite gatekeeper,a Levite whom Jehoshaphat sent to teach the law around Judah,a Levite leader of the Jeduthun Clan in Hezekiah's time,a Levite manager of temple offerings under King Hezekiah,a chief officer of the house of God in Josiah's time,a leader of the Adonikam Clan back from exile,one of the leaders Ezra sent to Iddo to ask for recruits,a priest of the Harim Clan who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Harim Clan who put away his heathen wife,son of Shecaniah; keeper of the East Gate under Nehemiah,son of Delaiah son of Mehetabel; an agent of Nehemiah's enemies,son of Mattaniah; priestly leader among the returned exiles,a Levite musician who helped Zechariah dedicate Nehemiah's wall,a priest who helped dedicate the wall,father of a prophet (Uriah?) from Kiriath-Jearim that Jehoiakim executed,a deceived leader in exile who demanded Jeremiah's execution,father of Delaiah, a prince of Judah in the time of Jehoiakim
 · Shime-i son of Gershon/Gershom son of Levi,the son of Gera of Benjamin,son of Jesse (Judah); father of Jonathan who killed a giant,a man who was a friend of kings David and Solomon,son of Ela, Moses' land distribution deputy for Benjamin,son of Pedaiah son of King Jehoiachin,son of Zaccur of Simeon,son of Gog of Reuben,son of Libni of Merari of Levi,the head of a clan of Benjamin; son of Elpaal?,a man who was a descendant of Ladan/Libni son of Levi (WZ),son of Jeduthun (Levi); worship leader under Jeduthun and David,a man of Ramoth; David's supervisor of vineyards,son of Heman (David's seer) of Samuel of Kohath of Levi,an officer of the temple store house under King Hezekiah,a Levite who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Hashum Clan who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Binnui Clan who put away his heathen wife,son of Kish; founding father of the clan of Shime-i of Benjamin


Topik/Tema Kamus: Hezekiah | Rulers | Revivals | Influence | Israel | Church and State | Priest | Liberality | Levites | Shimei | Tithes | Azariah | Amariah | TITHE | Shemaiah | Asahel | Eliel | GENEALOGY, 1-7 | Kore | Cononiah | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: 2Ch 31:1 - Manasseh By the special impulse and direction of God's spirit. And he knew Hoshea contented himself with the worship of the calves, and did not practise that g...

By the special impulse and direction of God's spirit. And he knew Hoshea contented himself with the worship of the calves, and did not practise that great idolatry which his predecessors had used, and therefore would patiently suffer the breaking of the images of Baal, and the things belonging to them.

Wesley: 2Ch 31:2 - The tents Within the gates of the house of the Lord: which is here called tents, because the host of the Lord, the priests and Levites, encamped there. And perh...

Within the gates of the house of the Lord: which is here called tents, because the host of the Lord, the priests and Levites, encamped there. And perhaps to intimate, that it was shortly to be removed.

Wesley: 2Ch 31:3 - Of his substance Which had hitherto been taken out of the treasures of the temple, but that he might ease the people in their present poverty, which his predecessor ha...

Which had hitherto been taken out of the treasures of the temple, but that he might ease the people in their present poverty, which his predecessor had brought upon them, and engage them to a more chearful attendance upon God's service, he took the burden upon himself.

Wesley: 2Ch 31:4 - Encouraged Freed them from worldly cares and distractions, and enabled to give up themselves entirely to the serious study of God's law, and to the instruction, ...

Freed them from worldly cares and distractions, and enabled to give up themselves entirely to the serious study of God's law, and to the instruction, and direction, and quickening of the people.

Wesley: 2Ch 31:5 - Came abroad As Soon as the king extended that command to all the parts of his kingdom, which, 2Ch 31:4, was confined to them that dwelt in Jerusalem.

As Soon as the king extended that command to all the parts of his kingdom, which, 2Ch 31:4, was confined to them that dwelt in Jerusalem.

Wesley: 2Ch 31:5 - Honey Or, dates, as the Hebrew writers generally, understand this word, which were given to them, because of the sweetness of their taste in some sort resem...

Or, dates, as the Hebrew writers generally, understand this word, which were given to them, because of the sweetness of their taste in some sort resembling honey. For the law requires no tithes, but of the fruits of trees, or of the earth, or of beasts.

Wesley: 2Ch 31:6 - By heaps What the priests and the Levites had occasion for, they made use of, and the overplus was laid in heaps.

What the priests and the Levites had occasion for, they made use of, and the overplus was laid in heaps.

Wesley: 2Ch 31:7 - Third month Of the sacred year, in which their harvest began.

Of the sacred year, in which their harvest began.

Wesley: 2Ch 31:7 - Seventh In which their harvest ended and the feast of tabernacles was kept.

In which their harvest ended and the feast of tabernacles was kept.

Wesley: 2Ch 31:8 - Blessed the Lord Both for giving such plentiful provisions to his land and for giving his people such liberal hearts. And they praised the people for their forwardness...

Both for giving such plentiful provisions to his land and for giving his people such liberal hearts. And they praised the people for their forwardness and faithfulness in it.

Wesley: 2Ch 31:9 - Questioned How it came to pass that no more of their provision was spent and that there yet remained such great heaps of it.

How it came to pass that no more of their provision was spent and that there yet remained such great heaps of it.

Wesley: 2Ch 31:14 - Most holy things The remainders of the freewill-offering, the sin-offering, and trespass-offering, and the shew - bread; to see that all had a competent maintenance fo...

The remainders of the freewill-offering, the sin-offering, and trespass-offering, and the shew - bread; to see that all had a competent maintenance for themselves and their families.

Wesley: 2Ch 31:15 - And next, &c. _These were intrusted with receiving and distributing the several portions belonging to the priests who abode in their several cities, whilst their br...

_These were intrusted with receiving and distributing the several portions belonging to the priests who abode in their several cities, whilst their brethren came up to Jerusalem.

Wesley: 2Ch 31:18 - For, &c. _This is alleged as a reason why their wives and children were provided for out of the holy things, because they sequestered themselves from worldly a...

_This is alleged as a reason why their wives and children were provided for out of the holy things, because they sequestered themselves from worldly affairs, by which they might otherwise have provided for their families.

JFB: 2Ch 31:1 - all Israel . . . present went out to the cities of Judah The solemnities of this paschal season left a deep and salutary impression on the minds of the assembled worshippers; attachment to the ancient instit...

The solemnities of this paschal season left a deep and salutary impression on the minds of the assembled worshippers; attachment to the ancient institutions of their country was extensively revived; ardor in the service of God animated every bosom; and under the impulse of the devout feelings inspired by the occasion, they took measures at the close of the passover for extirpating idolatrous statues and altars out of every city, as at the beginning of the festival they had done in Jerusalem.

JFB: 2Ch 31:1 - Judah and Benjamin Denote the southern kingdom.

Denote the southern kingdom.

JFB: 2Ch 31:1 - Ephraim also and Manasseh Refer to the northern kingdom. This unsparing demolition of the monuments of idolatry would receive all encouragement from the king and public authori...

Refer to the northern kingdom. This unsparing demolition of the monuments of idolatry would receive all encouragement from the king and public authorities of the former; and the force of the popular movement was sufficient to effect the same results among the tribes of Israel, whatever opposition the power of Hoshea or the invectives of some profane brethren might have made. Thus the reign of idolatry being completely overthrown and the pure worship of God re-established throughout the land, the people returned every one to his own home, in the confident expectation that, through the divine blessing, they would enjoy a happy future of national peace and prosperity.

JFB: 2Ch 31:2-5 - Hezekiah appointed the courses of the priests, &c. The king now turned his attention to provide for the orderly performance of the temple-worship--arranging the priests and Levites in their courses, as...

The king now turned his attention to provide for the orderly performance of the temple-worship--arranging the priests and Levites in their courses, assigning to every one his proper place and functions--and issuing edicts for the regular payment of those dues from which the revenues of the sanctuary were derived. To set a proper example to his subjects, his own proportion was announced in the first instance, for to the king it belonged, out of his privy purse, to defray the expenses of the altar, both stated and occasional (Num 28:3-4, Num 28:9, Num 28:11, Num 28:19); and in making this contribution from his own means, Hezekiah followed the course which David and Solomon had taken before him (see 2Ch 8:14; 1Ki 9:25). Afterwards he reappointed the people's dues to the temple; and from its being necessary to issue a royal mandate in reference to this matter, it appears that the sacred tribute had been either totally neglected, or (as the idolatrous princes were known to appropriate it to their own purposes) the people had in many cases refused or evaded the duty. But with the improved state of public feeling, Hezekiah's commandment was readily obeyed, and contributions of first-fruits and tithes were poured in with great liberality from all parts of Judah, as well as from Israel. The first-fruits, even of some articles of produce that were unfit for sacrifice (Lev 2:11), such as honey (Margin, "dates"), were appropriated to the priests (Num 18:12-13; Deu 18:4). The tithes (Lev 27:31) were intended for the support of the whole Levitical tribe (Num 18:8, Num 18:20, Num 18:24).

JFB: 2Ch 31:6-7 - and laid them by heaps The contributions began to be sent in shortly after the celebration of the passover, which had taken place in the middle of the second month. Some tim...

The contributions began to be sent in shortly after the celebration of the passover, which had taken place in the middle of the second month. Some time would elapse before the king's order reached all parts of the kingdom. The wheat harvest occurred in the third month, so that the sheaves of that grain, being presented before any other, formed "the foundation," an under-layer in the corn stores of the temple. The first-fruits of their land produce which were successively sent in all the summer till the close of the fruit and vintage season, that is, the seventh month, continued to raise heap upon heap.

JFB: 2Ch 31:9 - Hezekiah questioned with the priests and the Levites concerning the heaps The object of his enquiries was to ascertain whether the supplies afforded the prospect of a sufficient maintenance for the members of the sacred orde...

The object of his enquiries was to ascertain whether the supplies afforded the prospect of a sufficient maintenance for the members of the sacred order.

JFB: 2Ch 31:10 - Azariah . . . answered . . . we have had enough This is probably the person mentioned (2Ch 26:17), and his reply was to the following purport: There has been an abundant harvest, and a corresponding...

This is probably the person mentioned (2Ch 26:17), and his reply was to the following purport: There has been an abundant harvest, and a corresponding plenty in the incoming of first-fruits and tithes; the people have testified their gratitude to Him who has crowned the year with His goodness by their liberality towards His servants.

JFB: 2Ch 31:11-18 - Hezekiah commanded to prepare chambers in the house of the Lord Storehouses, granaries, or cellars; either the old ones, which had been allowed through neglect to fall into decay, were to be repaired, or additional...

Storehouses, granaries, or cellars; either the old ones, which had been allowed through neglect to fall into decay, were to be repaired, or additional ones built. Private individuals brought their own first-fruits to the temple; but the tithes were levied by the Levites, who kept a faithful account of them in their several places of abode and transmitted the allotted proportion to the priests. Officers were appointed to distribute equal rations to all in the cities of the priests who, from age or other reasons, could not repair to the temple. With the exception of children under three years of age--an exception made probably from their being considered too young to receive solid food--lists were kept of the number and age of every male; of priests according to their fathers' house, and Levites from twenty years (see Num 4:3; Num 28:24; 1Ch 23:24). But, besides, provision was also made for their wives, daughters, and servants.

JFB: 2Ch 31:18 - for in their set office they sanctified themselves This is the reason assigned for providing for the wives and children out of the revenues of the sanctuary, that priests, withdrawing from those secula...

This is the reason assigned for providing for the wives and children out of the revenues of the sanctuary, that priests, withdrawing from those secular pursuits by which they might have maintained their households, devoted themselves entirely to the functions of the ministry.

JFB: 2Ch 31:20 - Hezekiah . . . wrought that which was good and right He displayed the qualities of a constitutional king, in restoring and upholding the ancient institutions of the kingdom; while his zealous and perseve...

He displayed the qualities of a constitutional king, in restoring and upholding the ancient institutions of the kingdom; while his zealous and persevering efforts to promote the cause of true religion and the best interests of his subjects entitled him to be ranked with the most illustrious of his predecessors (2Ki 18:15).

Clarke: 2Ch 31:1 - Brake the images in pieces Brake the images in pieces - This species of reformation was not only carried on through Judah, but they carried it into Israel; whether through a t...

Brake the images in pieces - This species of reformation was not only carried on through Judah, but they carried it into Israel; whether through a transport of religious zeal, or whether with the consent of Hoshea the Israelitish king, we cannot tell.

Clarke: 2Ch 31:2 - In the gates of the tents of the Lord In the gates of the tents of the Lord - That is, in the temple; for this was the house, tabernacle, tent, and camp, of the Most High.

In the gates of the tents of the Lord - That is, in the temple; for this was the house, tabernacle, tent, and camp, of the Most High.

Clarke: 2Ch 31:3 - The king’ s portion of his substance for the burnt-offerings The king’ s portion of his substance for the burnt-offerings - It is conjectured that the Jewish kings, at least from the time of David, furnis...

The king’ s portion of his substance for the burnt-offerings - It is conjectured that the Jewish kings, at least from the time of David, furnished the morning and evening sacrifice daily at their own expense, and several others also.

Clarke: 2Ch 31:5 - Brought - the first-fruits Brought - the first-fruits - These were principally for the maintenance of the priests and Levites; they brought tithes of all the produce of the fi...

Brought - the first-fruits - These were principally for the maintenance of the priests and Levites; they brought tithes of all the produce of the field, whether commanded or not, as we see in the instance of honey, which was not to be offered to the Lord, Lev 2:11, yet it appears it might be offered to the priests as first-fruits, or in the way of tithes.

Clarke: 2Ch 31:7 - In the third month In the third month - "The month Sivan; the seventh, Tisri."- Targum

In the third month - "The month Sivan; the seventh, Tisri."- Targum

Clarke: 2Ch 31:7 - The heaps The heaps - The vast collections of grain which they had from the tithes over and above their own consumption; see 2Ch 31:10.

The heaps - The vast collections of grain which they had from the tithes over and above their own consumption; see 2Ch 31:10.

Clarke: 2Ch 31:11 - To prepare chambers To prepare chambers - To make granaries to lay up this superabundance.

To prepare chambers - To make granaries to lay up this superabundance.

Clarke: 2Ch 31:12 - Shimei - was the next Shimei - was the next - He was assistant to Cononiah.

Shimei - was the next - He was assistant to Cononiah.

Clarke: 2Ch 31:15 - And Miniamin And Miniamin - Instead of מנימן, Miniamin , בנימן, Benjamin , is the reading of three of Kennicott’ s and De Rossi’ s MSS.; an...

And Miniamin - Instead of מנימן, Miniamin , בנימן, Benjamin , is the reading of three of Kennicott’ s and De Rossi’ s MSS.; and this is the reading of the Vulgate, Syriac, Septuagint, and Arabic.

Clarke: 2Ch 31:17 - From twenty years old From twenty years old - Moses had ordered that the Levites should not begin their labor till they were thirty years of age; but David changed this o...

From twenty years old - Moses had ordered that the Levites should not begin their labor till they were thirty years of age; but David changed this order, and obliged them to begin at twenty.

Clarke: 2Ch 31:20 - Wrought - good and right and truth Wrought - good and right and truth - Here is the proper character of a worthy king: he is Good, and he does good; he is Upright, and he acts justly ...

Wrought - good and right and truth - Here is the proper character of a worthy king: he is Good, and he does good; he is Upright, and he acts justly and maintains justice; he is truly Religious, and he lives according to that truth which he receives as a revelation from God.

Clarke: 2Ch 31:21 - He did it with all his heart He did it with all his heart - In every respect he was a thoroughly excellent man, saw his duty to God and to his people, and performed it with beco...

He did it with all his heart - In every respect he was a thoroughly excellent man, saw his duty to God and to his people, and performed it with becoming zeal and diligence. May God ever send such kings to the nations of the world; and may the people who are blessed with such be duly obedient to them, and thankful to the God who sends them!

Defender: 2Ch 31:6 - cities of Judah This reference implies that "the children of Israel," as well as "the children of Judah," were included in those "that dwelt in the cities of Judah." ...

This reference implies that "the children of Israel," as well as "the children of Judah," were included in those "that dwelt in the cities of Judah." Probably some of those Israelites from the northern kingdom who had come to Jerusalem for the Passover were so convicted of its vital importance that they decided to make their permanent home in Judah. For example, Anna, the prophetess during the days of Christ, was from the tribe of Asher (Luk 2:36). It is very probable, if not certain, that all the tribes (in addition to Judah, Benjamin and Levi in the southern kingdom) were represented in the land of Israel during the days of Christ and thus are included among those known as the Jews today."

TSK: 2Ch 31:1 - Now when // all Israel // present // brake // images // in Ephraim // until Now when : 2Chr. 30:1-27 all Israel : 1Ki 18:38-40; 2Kings 23:2-20 present : Heb. found, Gen 19:15; Est 4:16 brake : 2Ch 14:3, 2Ch 23:17, 2Ch 32:12, 2...

Now when : 2Chr. 30:1-27

all Israel : 1Ki 18:38-40; 2Kings 23:2-20

present : Heb. found, Gen 19:15; Est 4:16

brake : 2Ch 14:3, 2Ch 23:17, 2Ch 32:12, 2Ch 34:3-7; Exo 23:24; Deu 7:5; 2Ki 18:4

images : Heb. statues, 2Ch 30:14

in Ephraim : 2Ch 30:1, 2Ch 30:18, 2Ch 34:6, 2Ch 34:7; 2Ki 17:2, 2Ki 18:4, 2Ki 23:15

until : etc. Heb. until to make an end

TSK: 2Ch 31:2 - the courses // to give thanks // in the gates of the tents of the Lord the courses : 2Ch 5:11, 2Ch 8:14, 2Ch 23:8; 1Ch 16:37, 1Ch 16:40, 23:1-26:32; Ezr 6:18; Luk 1:5 to give thanks : 2Ch 29:24-26; 1Ch 16:4-6, 1Ch 16:41, ...

the courses : 2Ch 5:11, 2Ch 8:14, 2Ch 23:8; 1Ch 16:37, 1Ch 16:40, 23:1-26:32; Ezr 6:18; Luk 1:5

to give thanks : 2Ch 29:24-26; 1Ch 16:4-6, 1Ch 16:41, 1Ch 23:30, 1Ch 25:1-3; Neh 11:17; Psa 134:1-3; Psa 135:1-3; Jer 33:11

in the gates of the tents of the Lord : Beshaarey machanoth Yehowah , ""within the gates of the camps of Jehovah;""which comprehended the whole of the buildings that surrounded the temple, in which the priests and Levites were stationed, and which resembled military encampments.

TSK: 2Ch 31:3 - the king’ s // for the morning // the burnt // for the new moons // the set feasts the king’ s : 2Ch 30:24; 1Ch 26:26; Eze 45:17, Eze 46:4-7, Eze 46:12-18 for the morning : Exo 29:38-42; Num 28:3-8 the burnt : Num 28:9, Num 28:1...

the king’ s : 2Ch 30:24; 1Ch 26:26; Eze 45:17, Eze 46:4-7, Eze 46:12-18

for the morning : Exo 29:38-42; Num 28:3-8

the burnt : Num 28:9, Num 28:10

for the new moons : Num. 28:11-31, 29:1-40; Deut. 16:1-17; Psa 81:1-4; Col 2:16, Col 2:17

the set feasts : Lev. 23:2-44

TSK: 2Ch 31:4 - the portion // that they might // the law the portion : 2Ch 31:16; Lev 27:30-33; Num 18:8-21, Num 18:26-28; Mal 3:8-10 that they might : Neh 13:10-13; 1Co 9:9-14; Gal 6:6 the law : Mal 2:7

TSK: 2Ch 31:5 - as soon // came abroad // honey as soon : 2Ch 24:10, 2Ch 24:11; Exo 35:5, Exo 35:20-29, Exo 36:5, Exo 36:6; 2Co 8:2-5 came abroad : Heb. brake forth, the first fruits, Exo 22:29, Exo...

as soon : 2Ch 24:10, 2Ch 24:11; Exo 35:5, Exo 35:20-29, Exo 36:5, Exo 36:6; 2Co 8:2-5

came abroad : Heb. brake forth, the first fruits, Exo 22:29, Exo 23:19, Exo 34:22, Exo 34:26; Num 18:12; Neh 10:35-39, Neh 12:44, Neh 13:12, Neh 13:31; Pro 3:9; 1Co 15:20; Jam 1:18; Rev 14:4

honey : or, dates, The word devash generally denotes the honey produced by bees; but as we have already observed (on Gen 43:11), the Jewish doctors are of opinion that it here signifies dates, of the fruit of the palm tree; which the Arabians call daboos , and the honey produced from them, dibs . ""This liquor,""says Dr. Shaw, ""which has a more luscious sweetness than honey, is of the consistence of a thin syrup, but quickly grows tart and ropy, acquiring an intoxicating quality, and giving by distillation an agreeable spirit, or araky, according to the general name of these people for all hot liquors, extracted by the alembic.""Though Jehovah forbad any devash , or honey, to offered to him upon the altar, yet it appears it might be presented as first-fruits, or in the way of tithes, which were designed for the sustenance of the priests.

TSK: 2Ch 31:6 - the children // the tithe // by heaps the children : 2Ch 11:16, 2Ch 11:17 the tithe : Lev 27:30; Deu 14:28 by heaps : Heb. heaps and heaps.

the children : 2Ch 11:16, 2Ch 11:17

the tithe : Lev 27:30; Deu 14:28

by heaps : Heb. heaps and heaps.

TSK: 2Ch 31:7 - -- Lev 23:16-24

TSK: 2Ch 31:8 - blessed // and his people blessed : Gen 14:20; Jdg 5:9; 1Ki 8:14, 1Ki 8:15; 1Ch 29:10-20; Ezr 7:27; 2Co 8:16; Eph 1:3; Phi 4:10, Phi 4:19; 1Th 3:9; 1Pe 1:3 and his people : 2Ch...

TSK: 2Ch 31:10 - Azariah // Since // we have had // the Lord Azariah : 2Ch 26:17; 1Ki 2:35; 1Ch 6:8, 1Ch 6:14; Eze 44:15 Since : Pro 3:9; Hag 2:18; Mal 3:10; 1Ti 4:8 we have had : 2Ki 4:43, 2Ki 4:44; Mat 15:37; ...

TSK: 2Ch 31:11 - chambers chambers : or, store-houses, Neh 10:38, Neh 10:39, Neh 13:5, Neh 13:12, Neh 13:13

chambers : or, store-houses, Neh 10:38, Neh 10:39, Neh 13:5, Neh 13:12, Neh 13:13

TSK: 2Ch 31:12 - the dedicated // over which the dedicated : 2Ki 12:15 over which : 1Ch 26:20-26

the dedicated : 2Ki 12:15

over which : 1Ch 26:20-26

TSK: 2Ch 31:13 - under // at the commandment // Azariah under : Heb. at at the commandment : 2Ch 31:4, 2Ch 31:11, 2Ch 30:12 Azariah : 2Ch 31:10; 1Ch 9:11, 1Ch 24:5; Neh 11:11

under : Heb. at

at the commandment : 2Ch 31:4, 2Ch 31:11, 2Ch 30:12

Azariah : 2Ch 31:10; 1Ch 9:11, 1Ch 24:5; Neh 11:11

TSK: 2Ch 31:14 - the porter // the freewill // to distribute // the most the porter : 1Ch 26:12, 1Ch 26:14, 1Ch 26:17 the freewill : Lev 22:18, Lev 23:38; Num 29:39; Deu 12:6, Deu 12:17, Deu 16:10; Ezr 1:4, Ezr 3:5, Ezr 7:1...

TSK: 2Ch 31:15 - next him // Miniamin // the cities // set office // as well next him : Heb. at his hand, 2Ch 31:13 *marg. Miniamin : Instead of Miniamin , Benjamin is the reading of three manuscripts, and of the Syriac, Arab...

next him : Heb. at his hand, 2Ch 31:13 *marg.

Miniamin : Instead of Miniamin , Benjamin is the reading of three manuscripts, and of the Syriac, Arabic, LXX, and Vulgate.

the cities : Jos 21:9-19; 1Ch 6:54-60

set office : or, trust, 1Ch 9:22 *marg.

as well : 1Ch 25:8

TSK: 2Ch 31:16 - his daily his daily : Lev 21:22, Lev 21:23

his daily : Lev 21:22, Lev 21:23

TSK: 2Ch 31:17 - genealogy // twenty // by their courses genealogy : Num 3:15, Num 3:20, Num 4:38, Num 4:42, Num 4:46, Num 17:2, Num 17:3; Ezr 2:59 twenty : Num 4:3, Num 8:24; 1Ch 23:24, 1Ch 23:27 by their c...

genealogy : Num 3:15, Num 3:20, Num 4:38, Num 4:42, Num 4:46, Num 17:2, Num 17:3; Ezr 2:59

twenty : Num 4:3, Num 8:24; 1Ch 23:24, 1Ch 23:27

by their courses : 2Ch 31:2; 1Ch 24:20-31, 25:1-26:32

TSK: 2Ch 31:18 - set office // they sanctified set office : or, trust, 2Ch 31:15; 1Ch 9:22 *marg. they sanctified : Isa 5:16; Rom 15:16

set office : or, trust, 2Ch 31:15; 1Ch 9:22 *marg.

they sanctified : Isa 5:16; Rom 15:16

TSK: 2Ch 31:19 - the fields // the men the fields : 2Ch 31:15; Lev 25:34; Num 35:2-5; 1Ch 6:54, 1Ch 6:60 the men : 2Ch 31:12-15, 2Ch 28:15

TSK: 2Ch 31:20 - wrought wrought : 1Ki 15:5; 2Ki 20:3, 2Ki 22:2; Joh 1:47; Act 24:16; 1Th 2:10; 3Jo 1:5

TSK: 2Ch 31:21 - in the law // he did it // prospered in the law : Psa 1:2, Psa 1:3 he did it : Deu 6:5, Deu 10:12; 1Ki 2:4; 1Ch 22:19; Ecc 9:10; Jer 29:13 prospered : 2Ch 14:7, 2Ch 20:26, 2Ch 26:5; Jos 1...

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: 2Ch 31:1 - In Ephraim also and Manasseh In Ephraim also and Manasseh either, 1. In those cities belonging to Ephraim and Manasseh, which the kings of Judah had formerly taken from the kin...

In Ephraim also and Manasseh either,

1. In those cities belonging to Ephraim and Manasseh, which the kings of Judah had formerly taken from the kings of Israel. Or,

2. In the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh. For although these were a part of Hoshea’ s kingdom, yet Hezekiah presumed to do this, partly, by virtue of the law of God, to which both Israel and Judah owed subjection, which commanded the extirpation of these things out of the whole land of Canaan; partly, by the special impulse and direction of God’ s Spirit, which sometimes did put persons upon heroical and extraordinary actions, not to be drawn into imitation; and partly, because he knew that Hoshea contented himself with the worship of the calves, and did not practise that great idolatry which his predecessors had used, and therefore would patiently suffer the breaking of these images of Baal, and the things belonging to them; which is all that was done at this time.

Poole: 2Ch 31:2 - tents i.e. Within the gates of the house of the Lord; which is here called tents partly because all houses are oft so called, as Jud 19:9 20:8 Psa 69:25...

i.e. Within the gates of the house of the Lord; which is here called

tents partly because all houses are oft so called, as Jud 19:9 20:8 Psa 69:25 ; and partly because the host of the Lord, to wit, the priests and Levites, frequently so called, encamped there, and kept their stations and orders there by course.

Poole: 2Ch 31:3 - For the burnt-offerings For the burnt-offerings which had hitherto been, and were to be, taken out of the treasures of the temple which were collected from the people, 1Ch 2...

For the burnt-offerings which had hitherto been, and were to be, taken out of the treasures of the temple which were collected from the people, 1Ch 26:20 Neh 10:32,33 ; but that he might ease them in their present poverty, which his predecessor had brought upon them, and engage them to a more cheerful attendance upon God’ s service, he took the burden upon himself.

Poole: 2Ch 31:4 - -- i.e. Freed from worldly cares and distractions, and enabled to give up themselves entirely to the serious study of God’ s law, in which many of...

i.e. Freed from worldly cares and distractions, and enabled to give up themselves entirely to the serious study of God’ s law, in which many of them were ignorant, and to the instruction, and direction, and quickening of the people in their several duties.

Poole: 2Ch 31:5 - As soon as the commandment came abroad As soon as the commandment came abroad either, 1. As soon as the report of this command of the king, 2Ch 31:4 , was got abroad into other parts. Or,...

As soon as the commandment came abroad either,

1. As soon as the report of this command of the king, 2Ch 31:4 , was got abroad into other parts. Or,

2. As soon as the king enlarged and extended that command to all the parts of his kingdom, which, 2Ch 31:4 , was confined to them that dwell in Jerusalem. Honey , or, dates , as the Hebrew writers generally, and many other learned Hebricians, understand this word, which is given to them because of the sweetness of their taste, in some sort resembling honey. For the law requires no tithes but of the fruits of trees, or of the earth, or of beasts.

Poole: 2Ch 31:6 - Also the tithe of oxen and sheep // And the tithe of holy things // the tithe of all holy things which were consecrated unto the Lord Also the tithe of oxen and sheep they brought in not only the same tithes which the dwellers in Jerusalem did, to wit, of corn, and wine, and oil , ...

Also the tithe of oxen and sheep they brought in not only the same tithes which the dwellers in Jerusalem did, to wit, of corn, and wine, and oil , &c., which they had in their own storehouses in that city; but also oxen and sheep, which were more proper to the country; for under the cities of Judah are comprehended the suburbs and territories adjacent and belonging to them, as is evident from the nature of the thing, and the law of God.

And the tithe of holy things: this may be taken either,

1. By way of explication, even the tithe of holy things , &c. Or rather,

2. By way of addition,

the tithe of all holy things which were consecrated unto the Lord whether by vow, or voluntary promise, or otherwise; as the tithes of gains by merchandise, or spoils of war, &c.; of which see Gen 14:20 28:22 Num 31:28,30 .

Poole: 2Ch 31:7 - In the third month // In the seventh month In the third month to wit, of the sacred year, Exo 12:2 in which their harvest began. In the seventh month in which their harvest ended and the fe...

In the third month to wit, of the sacred year, Exo 12:2 in which their harvest began.

In the seventh month in which their harvest ended and the feast of tabernacles was kept, Exo 23:16 Lev 23:34 .

Poole: 2Ch 31:8 - They blessed the Lord // And his people Israel They blessed the Lord both for giving such plentiful provisions to his land in this year, and for giving his people such liberal and pious hearts tow...

They blessed the Lord both for giving such plentiful provisions to his land in this year, and for giving his people such liberal and pious hearts towards this good work.

And his people Israel they praised them for their forwardness and faithfulness in it.

Poole: 2Ch 31:9 - -- How it came to pass that no more of their provision was spent, and that there yet remained such great heaps of it.

How it came to pass that no more of their provision was spent, and that there yet remained such great heaps of it.

Poole: 2Ch 31:10 - The chief priest of the house of Zadok // Since the people began to bring the offerings // The Lord hath blessed his people The chief priest of the house of Zadok either, 1. The high priest, called also Zadok, 1Ch 6:12 , because he was of his line and family. Or, 2. The ...

The chief priest of the house of Zadok either,

1. The high priest, called also Zadok, 1Ch 6:12 , because he was of his line and family. Or,

2. The chief priest, or the head of that family of Zadok, or of Eleazar; as there was another chief priest of the family of Abiathar, or of Ithamar; see 2Sa 8:17 1Ch 24:3 ; but both subject to the high priest.

Since the people began to bring the offerings which they did from the beginning of the harvest, according to the manner.

The Lord hath blessed his people in an extraordinary degree.

Poole: 2Ch 31:11 - In the house of the Lord In the house of the Lord largely so called, to wit, in the courts, or in the chambers adjoining to the house.

In the house of the Lord largely so called, to wit, in the courts, or in the chambers adjoining to the house.

Poole: 2Ch 31:13 - Overseers under the hand of Cononiah and Shimei his brother // The ruler of the house of God Overseers under the hand of Cononiah and Shimei his brother i.e. to dispose of those provisions by their direction, and to be accountable to them the...

Overseers under the hand of Cononiah and Shimei his brother i.e. to dispose of those provisions by their direction, and to be accountable to them therein.

The ruler of the house of God either the supreme ruler, to wit, the high priest; or the chief ruler under him, and in his stead, being appointed by him to inspect this work. See above, 2Ch 31:10 1Ch 9:11 Jer 20:1 .

Poole: 2Ch 31:14 - Toward the east // To distribute // The most holy things Toward the east at the east gate of the Lord’ s house; of which See Poole "2Ch 23:5" . To distribute to the priests and Levites, to whom they...

Toward the east at the east gate of the Lord’ s house; of which See Poole "2Ch 23:5" .

To distribute to the priests and Levites, to whom they were appropriated by God.

The most holy things to wit, the remainders of the free-will-offering, Lev 2:3,10 , the sin-offering and trespass-offering, Lev 6:18,22 Le 7:1 , and the shew-bread, Lev 24:9 .

Poole: 2Ch 31:15 - -- These were intrusted with the receiving and distributing of the several portions belonging to the priests who abode in their several cities, whilst ...

These were intrusted with the receiving and distributing of the several portions belonging to the priests who abode in their several cities, whilst their brethren came up to Jerusalem.

Poole: 2Ch 31:16 - From three years old and upward // Unto every one that entereth into the house of the Lord From three years old and upward to whom a portion of these things was allotted, as is here implied. Unto every one that entereth into the house of t...

From three years old and upward to whom a portion of these things was allotted, as is here implied.

Unto every one that entereth into the house of the Lord that were capable of entering thither and doing service there, which they were at twenty years old, as is expressed here, 2Ch 31:17 , and 1Ch 23:24 , through the whole company of the priests and Levites.

Poole: 2Ch 31:18 - -- This is alleged as a reason why their wives and children were provided for out of the holy things, because they sequestered themselves from worldly ...

This is alleged as a reason why their wives and children were provided for out of the holy things, because they sequestered themselves from worldly affairs, by which they might otherwise have provided for their families, and entirely devoted themselves to holy administrations.

Poole: 2Ch 31:19 - The priests, which were in the fields The priests, which were in the fields who are opposed to those that lived in or resorted to the great city Jerusalem.

The priests, which were in the fields who are opposed to those that lived in or resorted to the great city Jerusalem.

Haydock: 2Ch 31:1 - Manasses Manasses, whether king Osee consented, or the people of Juda followed the dictates of their zeal, neglecting the regular order of things, which forbi...

Manasses, whether king Osee consented, or the people of Juda followed the dictates of their zeal, neglecting the regular order of things, which forbids the subjects of one kingdom to interfere thus with those of another. Grotius) S. Aug., q. in Deut. vii., and 12. ---

If Ezechias gave orders, we may suppose that he was assured of his neighbour's consent. Josias (chap. xxxiv. 6.) followed his example after most part of Israel was led away captive, and the country obeyed the king of Assyria. C.

Haydock: 2Ch 31:2 - Praise // Gates // Camp Praise: literally, "confess." H. --- There is a confession of God's perfections, as well as of sin. W. --- Gates, within their respective courts...

Praise: literally, "confess." H. ---

There is a confession of God's perfections, as well as of sin. W. ---

Gates, within their respective courts. C. ---

The Turks style the palace of their emperor, "the sublime porte." H. ---

Camp, or temple. Sept. "in the gates, in the courts of the house of the Lord." M. ---

Grabe has not in the gates. H. ---

We know that they did not sing there, but in the courts, (C.) or halls. H.

Haydock: 2Ch 31:3 - Substance Substance. Since David had place the ark in the palace of Sion, it seems the kings had furnished the solemn victims for morning and evening, on all ...

Substance. Since David had place the ark in the palace of Sion, it seems the kings had furnished the solemn victims for morning and evening, on all the festivals. Solomon also engaged to do it every day; and his magnificence herein astonished the queen of Saba, C. viii. 13., and ix. 4., and 3 K. ix. 25. Ezechiel (xlv.) assigns revenues to the prince for this purpose; but, as the people were often without any, they paid each the third part of a sicle, to furnish the victims, 2 Esdras x. 32. C. ---

The king did not wish to exempt himself from contributing, while he required that the people should support the priests. The troublesome times had greatly impaired the revenues of the temple, &c. T.

Haydock: 2Ch 31:4 - Portion // Lord Portion. Literally, "parts," (H.) first-fruits and tithes. M. --- Lord, without being taken off by worldly cares. It would be well if Christian ...

Portion. Literally, "parts," (H.) first-fruits and tithes. M. ---

Lord, without being taken off by worldly cares. It would be well if Christian princes would make an adequate provision for the ministers of religion: (v. 16.; T.) as the law of nature dictates, that those who serve the public should be supported by it. D.

Haydock: 2Ch 31:5 - Honey // Forth Honey for the priests, not for sacrifice, Lev. ii. 11. It may include dates, or palm wine. See Pliny xiii. 4. C. --- Forth; only wheat, barley, ...

Honey for the priests, not for sacrifice, Lev. ii. 11. It may include dates, or palm wine. See Pliny xiii. 4. C. ---

Forth; only wheat, barley, the fruits of vine, olive, pomegranate, fig, and palm-trees. R. Solomon) Lev. xxvii. 30. C.

Haydock: 2Ch 31:6 - Things // Vowed Things, out of which the Levites had to give tithes to the priests. Lyranus) Num. xviii. 26. M. --- Vowed. Heb. "consecrated to....God, and lai...

Things, out of which the Levites had to give tithes to the priests. Lyranus) Num. xviii. 26. M. ---

Vowed. Heb. "consecrated to....God, and laid them in heaps." H.

Haydock: 2Ch 31:7 - Them Them, bringing from Pentecost till the harvest was ended.

Them, bringing from Pentecost till the harvest was ended.

Haydock: 2Ch 31:10 - Sadoc // People Sadoc, being his grandson, (1 Paralipomenon vi. 12.; C.) or the father of Sellum. Junius --- People, with abundance; so that more would belong to...

Sadoc, being his grandson, (1 Paralipomenon vi. 12.; C.) or the father of Sellum. Junius ---

People, with abundance; so that more would belong to the priests. C.

Haydock: 2Ch 31:11 - Storehouses Storehouses. Sept. Greek: pastophoria. Solomon had prepared such. T. --- But they had gone to ruin, and others might be requisite. C. --- The...

Storehouses. Sept. Greek: pastophoria. Solomon had prepared such. T. ---

But they had gone to ruin, and others might be requisite. C. ---

The old granaries were to be repaired. M. ---

People brought their first-fruits to the temple: but the Levites gathered the tithes, and gave a share to the priests, and to those who were on duty, 2 Esdras x. 36.

Haydock: 2Ch 31:12 - Second Second; his vicar or coadjutor. C. C. xxvi. 11., and xxviii. 7. M.

Second; his vicar or coadjutor. C. C. xxvi. 11., and xxviii. 7. M.

Haydock: 2Ch 31:13 - High // To whom High: literally, "pontiff." H. --- Heb. "captain." He is styled first priest, v. 10. C. --- To whom, &c. is neither in Hebrew nor in the Sept. ...

High: literally, "pontiff." H. ---

Heb. "captain." He is styled first priest, v. 10. C. ---

To whom, &c. is neither in Hebrew nor in the Sept. M. C. D.

Haydock: 2Ch 31:14 - And of And of. Prot. "To distribute the oblations of the Lord, and the most holy things," (H.) to the priests.

And of. Prot. "To distribute the oblations of the Lord, and the most holy things," (H.) to the priests.

Haydock: 2Ch 31:16 - Besides Besides, ( exceptis. ; C.) not to mention. H. See Lev. xxiii. 38. Girls are included, v. 18. It is supposed (C.) that children were at the breast...

Besides, ( exceptis. ; C.) not to mention. H. See Lev. xxiii. 38. Girls are included, v. 18. It is supposed (C.) that children were at the breast till they were three years old, and therefore no portion is assigned them before. (Mariana)

Haydock: 2Ch 31:17 - Upward Upward. Ezechias followed the regulation of David, rather than that of Moses, who deferred the service till the 25th or 30th year, Num. iv. 3., and ...

Upward. Ezechias followed the regulation of David, rather than that of Moses, who deferred the service till the 25th or 30th year, Num. iv. 3., and viii. 24., and 1 Paralipomenon xxiii. 24.

Haydock: 2Ch 31:18 - To all To all. Prot. "the genealogy of all their little ones, their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, through all the congregation: for in their ...

To all. Prot. "the genealogy of all their little ones, their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, through all the congregation: for in their set office they sanctified themselves in holiness." H. ---

All complied with their respective duties; the people, the distributors, and the priests. C.

Haydock: 2Ch 31:19 - Aaron // And in Aaron. Heb. and Sept. add, "the priests," (M.) which is sufficiently understood. --- And in. Heb. "of." H.

Aaron. Heb. and Sept. add, "the priests," (M.) which is sufficiently understood. ---

And in. Heb. "of." H.

Haydock: 2Ch 31:20 - God God. This is the highest praise that can be given to a prince; and, in effect, we read there was none like him, 4 K. xviii. 5. C. --- Sept. omit ...

God. This is the highest praise that can be given to a prince; and, in effect, we read there was none like him, 4 K. xviii. 5. C. ---

Sept. omit and truth. Ezechias loved it, and sincerely desired to serve the Lord. H.

Gill: 2Ch 31:1 - Now when all this was finished // all Israel that were present went out to the cities of Judah, and brake the images in pieces, and cut down the groves, and threw down the high places and the altars out of all Judah and Benjamin // in Ephraim also and Manasseh, until they had utterly destroyed them all // then all the children of Israel returned every man to his possession into their own cities Now when all this was finished,.... The temple cleansed, the priests and Levites sanctified, the passover and feast of unleavened bread observed, and ...

Now when all this was finished,.... The temple cleansed, the priests and Levites sanctified, the passover and feast of unleavened bread observed, and other seven days of rejoicing kept:

all Israel that were present went out to the cities of Judah, and brake the images in pieces, and cut down the groves, and threw down the high places and the altars out of all Judah and Benjamin; which had been erected by Ahaz, 2Ch 28:2 at or about this time also the brasen serpent was broke to pieces, 2Ki 18:4,

in Ephraim also and Manasseh, until they had utterly destroyed them all; which must be understood of such cities in those tribes that had been taken in former times by the kings of Judah from the kings of Israel; or such as were now in the hands of the Assyrians, who might not concern themselves in matters of religion; or this might be done at the connivance of Hoshea king of Israel, who had no regard to any other idolatry than the worship of the calves; and besides, having met with trouble from the Assyrians, and fearing more, might be willing to have his kingdom cleared of idolatry, in hope the divine displeasure would be removed:

then all the children of Israel returned every man to his possession into their own cities; and not till then, when all monuments of idolatry were removed.

Gill: 2Ch 31:2 - And Hezekiah appointed the courses of the priests, and the Levites after their courses // every man according to his service, the priests and Levites for burnt offerings, and for peace offerings, to minister and to give thanks, and to praise in the gates of the tents of the Lord And Hezekiah appointed the courses of the priests, and the Levites after their courses,.... As they were fixed by David, and were in the times of Jeho...

And Hezekiah appointed the courses of the priests, and the Levites after their courses,.... As they were fixed by David, and were in the times of Jehoshaphat, and had been since interrupted, and which Hezekiah now restored, and placed them in their regular order:

every man according to his service, the priests and Levites for burnt offerings, and for peace offerings, to minister and to give thanks, and to praise in the gates of the tents of the Lord; or camp of the Lord, where they were posted, and lay as an host encamped, to keep the watch of the house of the Lord; the priests, they were appointed to offer the sacrifices of every sort; the Levites to minister to them in what they needed and required of them, and others of them to be singers in time of service, and others to be porters at the gate.

Gill: 2Ch 31:3 - He appointed also the king's portion of his substance // for the burnt offerings, to wit, for the morning and evening burnt offerings // and the burnt offerings for the sabbaths, and for the new moons, and for the set feasts He appointed also the king's portion of his substance,.... Out of his own treasury, of his royal bounty, over and above what was usual for kings to gi...

He appointed also the king's portion of his substance,.... Out of his own treasury, of his royal bounty, over and above what was usual for kings to give for their own sacrifices, the treasury of the temple being exhausted, and the people being brought into low circumstances in the last reign:

for the burnt offerings, to wit, for the morning and evening burnt offerings; the daily sacrifice offered morning and evening, which had been neglected, but now revived:

and the burnt offerings for the sabbaths, and for the new moons, and for the set feasts; when beside the daily sacrifice there were additional ones: as it is written in the law of the Lord; in Num 28:9.

Gill: 2Ch 31:4 - Moreover, he commanded the people that dwelt in Jerusalem to give the portion of the priests and the Levites // that they might be encouraged in the law of the Lord Moreover, he commanded the people that dwelt in Jerusalem to give the portion of the priests and the Levites,.... What was assigned unto them by the l...

Moreover, he commanded the people that dwelt in Jerusalem to give the portion of the priests and the Levites,.... What was assigned unto them by the law of God by tithes, firstfruits, &c.

that they might be encouraged in the law of the Lord; in the study of it; that they might gain greater knowledge of it themselves, and be better able to instruct the people, which of late had been much neglected; and that they might be more at leisure for such service, and be free from all worldly business, care, and distraction of mind, was the design of this edict.

Gill: 2Ch 31:5 - And as soon as the commandment came abroad // the children of Israel brought in abundance the firstfruits of corn, wine, and oil, and honey // and of all the increase of the field // and the tithe of all things // brought they in abundantly And as soon as the commandment came abroad,.... Not only was published in the city of Jerusalem, but the report of it, or rather that itself, was spre...

And as soon as the commandment came abroad,.... Not only was published in the city of Jerusalem, but the report of it, or rather that itself, was spread throughout the cities of Judah:

the children of Israel brought in abundance the firstfruits of corn, wine, and oil, and honey; the three first of these are expressed in the law, Deu 18:4 but not honey; wherefore the Targum here, and the Jewish writers in general, interpret it of the "dubsa" of the palm tree, as they call it, the fruit and liquor of that, which is of a sweet taste, and which the Scenite Arabs called "dabusa", as Pliny w from Juba relates; for so it should be read, and not "dabulan" or "dablan", as in some copies: but though honey was forbid to be used in sacrifice, it was not forbidden to be eaten; and as the land of Judea abounded with honey, properly so called, the priests might have the firstfruits of that as of other liquors; See Gill on Deu 8:8,

and of all the increase of the field; of the trees of it, vines, fig trees, pomegranates, &c. as Kimchi:

and the tithe of all things; even of herbs, as the same writer, and so the Talmud x, which were free from tithes by the law, see Mat 23:23,

brought they in abundantly; even of all that their vineyards, oliveyards, and fields produced.

Gill: 2Ch 31:6 - And concerning the children of Israel and Judah, that dwelt in the cities of Judah // they also brought in the tithes of oxen, and sheep // and the tithe of holy things, which were consecrated unto the Lord their God // and laid them by heaps And concerning the children of Israel and Judah, that dwelt in the cities of Judah,.... As for the supplement "concerning", I see no need of it; the s...

And concerning the children of Israel and Judah, that dwelt in the cities of Judah,.... As for the supplement "concerning", I see no need of it; the sense is, that when the king's edict was known by the inhabitants of the cities in the country, as well as at Jerusalem:

they also brought in the tithes of oxen, and sheep; according to the law in Lev 27:32.

and the tithe of holy things, which were consecrated unto the Lord their God; which Jarchi understands of the second tithe the Levites were to give to the priests; but Kimchi of things consecrated to sacred uses, and no longer for their own, and which were even free from tithing:

and laid them by heaps: heaps upon heaps, such large quantities were brought in.

Gill: 2Ch 31:7 - In the third month they began to lay the foundation of the heaps // and finished them in the seventh month In the third month they began to lay the foundation of the heaps..... The month Sivan, as the Targum, in which month was the feast of Pentecost, calle...

In the third month they began to lay the foundation of the heaps..... The month Sivan, as the Targum, in which month was the feast of Pentecost, called the feast of the harvest, Exo 23:16, for then barley harvest was ended, and wheat harvest began, and the firstfruits were brought:

and finished them in the seventh month; the month Tisri, as the Targum, in which was the feast of tabernacles, sometimes called the feast of ingathering, of the fruits of the earth, the wine, oil, &c. and so a proper time for bringing the tithes of all.

Gill: 2Ch 31:8 - And when Hezekiah and the princes came and saw the heaps, // they blessed the Lord // and his people Israel And when Hezekiah and the princes came and saw the heaps,.... Of the tithes and firstfruits: they blessed the Lord; for the great increase of the f...

And when Hezekiah and the princes came and saw the heaps,.... Of the tithes and firstfruits:

they blessed the Lord; for the great increase of the fruits of the earth, and for making the people so willing to bring in the dues to the priests and Levites:

and his people Israel; wished all happiness and prosperity to them, being found in the way of their duty.

Gill: 2Ch 31:9 - Then Hezekiah questioned with the priests and the Levites concerning the heaps. Then Hezekiah questioned with the priests and the Levites concerning the heaps. How they came to be so large, or why they let them lie where they did.

Then Hezekiah questioned with the priests and the Levites concerning the heaps. How they came to be so large, or why they let them lie where they did.

Gill: 2Ch 31:10 - And Azariah the chief priest of the house of Zadok answered him // and said, since the people began to bring the offerings into the house of the Lord we have had enough to eat, and have left plenty // for the Lord hath blessed his people // and that which is left is this great store And Azariah the chief priest of the house of Zadok answered him,.... Who was the high priest of the family of Eleazar, in the line of Zadok, made high...

And Azariah the chief priest of the house of Zadok answered him,.... Who was the high priest of the family of Eleazar, in the line of Zadok, made high priest in Solomon's time, when Abiathar was thrust out; Jarchi takes him to be the same Azariah that was in the days of Uzziah, 2Ch 26:17,

and said, since the people began to bring the offerings into the house of the Lord we have had enough to eat, and have left plenty; which were now four mouths since; and the priests and Levites, and their families, had partaken of them, and eat to satiety, and yet there was great plenty remaining:

for the Lord hath blessed his people: the Targum is,"the Word of the Lord has blessed them,''given them large crops this year, and a ready willing mind to bring in what is due for the service of the temple:

and that which is left is this great store; the heaps the king and princes saw, and inquired about; or what is left is for the great multitude of the priests and Levites, and their families, both at Jerusalem, and in the cities in the country; so Kimchi interprets it.

Gill: 2Ch 31:11 - Then Hezekiah commanded to prepare chambers in the house of the Lord // and they prepared them Then Hezekiah commanded to prepare chambers in the house of the Lord,.... Either to build new ones, or fit up those that were built: and they prepa...

Then Hezekiah commanded to prepare chambers in the house of the Lord,.... Either to build new ones, or fit up those that were built:

and they prepared them; got them ready to lay up the stores in.

Gill: 2Ch 31:12 - And brought in the offerings, and the tithes, and the dedicated things, faithfully // over which Cononiah the Levite was ruler, and Shimei his brother was the next And brought in the offerings, and the tithes, and the dedicated things, faithfully,.... Kept nothing back for their own private use, but faithfully de...

And brought in the offerings, and the tithes, and the dedicated things, faithfully,.... Kept nothing back for their own private use, but faithfully delivered in and laid up the whole that was brought which remained; this was done by the priests and Levites, in whose hands and care they were:

over which Cononiah the Levite was ruler, and Shimei his brother was the next; these two had the charge and care of the whole, the one as deputy to the other.

Gill: 2Ch 31:13 - And Jehiel, and Azaziah, and Nahath, and Asahel, and Jerimoth, and Jozabad, and Eliel, and Ismachiah, and Mahath, and Benaiah, were overseers under the hand of Cononiah and Shimei his brother // at the commandment of Hezekiah the king, and Azariah the ruler of the house of God And Jehiel, and Azaziah, and Nahath, and Asahel, and Jerimoth, and Jozabad, and Eliel, and Ismachiah, and Mahath, and Benaiah, were overseers under th...

And Jehiel, and Azaziah, and Nahath, and Asahel, and Jerimoth, and Jozabad, and Eliel, and Ismachiah, and Mahath, and Benaiah, were overseers under the hand of Cononiah and Shimei his brother,.... These ten were assistants to the other two, were under them, and at their command, and were to be ready at hand to do what they should order and direct them:

at the commandment of Hezekiah the king, and Azariah the ruler of the house of God; these were fixed in their post under the other two by the king and the high priest, to whom also the other two were accountable.

Gill: 2Ch 31:14 - And Kore the son of Imnah the Levite, the porter towards the east // was over the freewill offerings of God, to distribute the oblations of the Lord // and the most holy things And Kore the son of Imnah the Levite, the porter towards the east,.... At the east gate of the temple; see 1Ch 26:17. was over the freewill offerin...

And Kore the son of Imnah the Levite, the porter towards the east,.... At the east gate of the temple; see 1Ch 26:17.

was over the freewill offerings of God, to distribute the oblations of the Lord; to the priests and Levites, for whose use they were; or to deliver out the fine flour, oil, and wine, and frankincense, for the meat and drink offerings:

and the most holy things; which belonged to the priests only to eat of, as the remainder of the meat offerings, the sin and trespass offerings, and the shewbread.

Gill: 2Ch 31:15 - And next to him were Eden and Mijamin, and Jeshua, and Shemaiah, Amariah, and Shecaniah // in the cities of the priests // in their set office // to give to their brethren by courses And next to him were Eden and Mijamin, and Jeshua, and Shemaiah, Amariah, and Shecaniah,.... As Kore was the principal, and his business lay chiefly w...

And next to him were Eden and Mijamin, and Jeshua, and Shemaiah, Amariah, and Shecaniah,.... As Kore was the principal, and his business lay chiefly with the priests in the temple, and in Jerusalem, these men under him were employed in distributing to the priests:

in the cities of the priests; in the several parts of the country:

in their set office; or faithfully:

to give to their brethren by courses, as well to the great as to the small; to communicate of the stores under their hands, according to their several courses, both priests and Levites, and to all in their families, small and great.

Gill: 2Ch 31:16 - Beside their genealogy of males, from three years old and upwards // even unto everyone that entereth into the house of the Lord // his daily portion for their service in their charges, according to their courses Beside their genealogy of males, from three years old and upwards,.... Their office was not only to give to the priests, but to those of their males i...

Beside their genealogy of males, from three years old and upwards,.... Their office was not only to give to the priests, but to those of their males in their genealogy, who were three years old and upwards; for under that age, according to Kimchi, they were not fit to come into the temple; nor have they knowledge to keep what is put into their hands; nor fit to handle offerings, lest they should defile them; but at that age they might be taught how to hold them, and be used to it; but as for females, he says, they were not admitted at any age:

even unto everyone that entereth into the house of the Lord; of the said age, and in the genealogy and register of the priests:

his daily portion for their service in their charges, according to their courses; food for every day, in consideration of their service in their several wards, according to their courses in turn.

Gill: 2Ch 31:17 - Both to the genealogy of the priests by the house of their fathers // from twenty years old and upward, in their charges, by their courses Both to the genealogy of the priests by the house of their fathers,.... As to the priests registered according to their families from the age before o...

Both to the genealogy of the priests by the house of their fathers,.... As to the priests registered according to their families from the age before observed, a portion was given: so to the Levites:

from twenty years old and upward, in their charges, by their courses; for though originally they were not admitted into the tabernacle till twenty five years of age, nor to officiate till thirty, but in David's time they were allowed at twenty years of age and upwards, 1Ch 23:24.

Gill: 2Ch 31:18 - And to the genealogy of all their little ones, their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, through all the congregation // for in their set office they sanctified themselves in holiness And to the genealogy of all their little ones, their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, through all the congregation,.... These were all gene...

And to the genealogy of all their little ones, their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, through all the congregation,.... These were all genealogized and registered, wives and children, sons and daughters, whether small or grown up; and a portion was distributed to them according to their number, greater or lesser:

for in their set office they sanctified themselves in holiness; which is to be understood either of the overseers, who, in their set office, faithfully distributed the holy things to the persons before described; or else to the priests, and Levites, to whom, and to whose families, the distribution was made, because they wholly devoted themselves to the holy service of God.

Gill: 2Ch 31:19 - Also of the sons of Aaron the priests, which were in the fields of the suburbs of their cities, in every several city // the men that were expressed by name // to give portions to all the males among the priests, and to all that were reckoned by genealogies among the Levites Also of the sons of Aaron the priests, which were in the fields of the suburbs of their cities, in every several city,.... Which were allowed to them ...

Also of the sons of Aaron the priests, which were in the fields of the suburbs of their cities, in every several city,.... Which were allowed to them out of the several tribes, and where they dwelt, when it was not the turn of their course to officiate in the temple; now to these, as well as to those in Jerusalem, a portion was distributed for the support of them and their families:

the men that were expressed by name; before mentioned, 2Ch 31:13, though some understand it of such as were nominated and appointed by them, and to act under them in the country:

to give portions to all the males among the priests, and to all that were reckoned by genealogies among the Levites: as before declared.

Gill: 2Ch 31:20 - And thus did Hezekiah throughout all Judah // and wrought that which was good and right and truth before the Lord his God And thus did Hezekiah throughout all Judah,.... Settled the courses of the priests and Levites, and made a provision for them and their families: a...

And thus did Hezekiah throughout all Judah,.... Settled the courses of the priests and Levites, and made a provision for them and their families:

and wrought that which was good and right and truth before the Lord his God: or did that which was truly right and good, according to the law and will of God, in the sincerity and uprightness of his soul, and as in the presence of the omniscient God, he approving and accepting it for Christ's sake.

Gill: 2Ch 31:21 - And in every work that he began in the service of the house of God // and in the law and in the commandments // to seek his God // he did it with all his heart // and prospered And in every work that he began in the service of the house of God,.... In cleansing the temple, providing sacrifices, placing the priests and Levites...

And in every work that he began in the service of the house of God,.... In cleansing the temple, providing sacrifices, placing the priests and Levites order, taking care of the maintenance of them:

and in the law and in the commandments; in the observation of all the laws, statutes, and judgments of God, moral, ceremonial, and judicial:

to seek his God; and serve and worship him, and therein his honour and glory:

he did it with all his heart; in the most cordial, sincere, and upright manner:

and prospered; he succeeded in all he undertook, God being with him, and blessing him in his civil and religious concerns.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: 2Ch 31:1 Heb “and the sons of Israel returned, each to his possession to their cities.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 31:2 Heb “in the gates of the encampments of the Lord.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 31:3 Heb “as written.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 31:4 Heb “might hold firmly.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 31:5 Heb “the sons of Israel multiplied.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 31:6 Heb “heaps, heaps.” Repetition of the noun draws attention to the large number of heaps.

NET Notes: 2Ch 31:7 Heb “they began the heaps, to establish.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 31:8 Heb “they blessed the Lord and his people Israel.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 31:11 Heb “and they prepared.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 31:12 Heb “and holy things in faithfulness.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 31:15 Heb “like great, like small” (i.e., old and young alike).

NET Notes: 2Ch 31:16 Heb “in addition enrolling them by males from a son of three years and upwards, to everyone who enters the house of the Lord for a matter of a d...

NET Notes: 2Ch 31:19 Heb “designated by names.”

NET Notes: 2Ch 31:21 Heb “and in all the work which he began with regard to the service of the house of God and with respect to the law and with respect to the comma...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 31:1 Now when all this was finished, all Israel that were present went out to the cities of Judah, and ( a ) brake the images in pieces, and cut down the g...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 31:2 And Hezekiah appointed the courses of the priests and the Levites after their courses, every man according to his service, the priests and Levites for...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 31:4 Moreover he commanded the people that dwelt in Jerusalem to give the ( d ) portion of the priests and the Levites, that they might be ( e ) encouraged...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 31:6 And [concerning] the children of Israel and Judah, that dwelt in the cities of Judah, they also brought in the tithe of oxen and sheep, and the tithe ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 31:8 And when Hezekiah and the princes came and saw the heaps, they ( h ) blessed the LORD, and his people Israel. ( h ) They praised the Lord and prayed ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 31:10 And Azariah the chief priest of the house of Zadok answered him, and said, Since [the people] began to bring the offerings into the house of the LORD,...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 31:16 Beside their genealogy of males, ( k ) from three years old and upward, [even] unto every one that entereth into the house of the LORD, his daily port...

Geneva Bible: 2Ch 31:18 And to the genealogy of all their little ones, their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, through all the congregation: for in their ( l ) set ...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: 2Ch 31:1-21 - --After the passover, the people of Israel applied with vigour to destroy the monuments of idolatry. Public ordinances should stir us up to cleanse our ...

Matthew Henry: 2Ch 31:1-10 - -- We have here an account of what was done after the passover. What was wanting in the solemnities of preparation for it before was made up in that wh...

Matthew Henry: 2Ch 31:11-21 - -- Here we have, I. Two particular instances of the care of Hezekiah concerning church matters, having put them into good order, to keep them so. The t...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ch 31:1 - -- Destruction of the idols and the altars of the high places. Provisions for the ordering and maintenance of the temple worship, and the attendants u...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ch 31:2-21 - -- Restoration of order in the public worship, and of the temple revenues and those of the priests . - 2Ch 31:2. Hezekiah appointed the courses of the...

Constable: 2Ch 10:1--36:23 - --IV. THE REIGNS OF SOLOMON'S SUCCESSORS chs. 10--36 "With the close of Solomon's reign we embark upon a new phase...

Constable: 2Ch 29:1--32:33 - --M. Hezekiah chs. 29-32 In contrast to Ahaz, we can see Hezekiah's love for Yahweh in how he cared for th...

Constable: 2Ch 30:1--31:2 - --2. Hezekiah's Passover 30:1-31:1 "Following the restoration of the temple and its services in ch...

Constable: 2Ch 31:2-21 - --3. Re-establishment of proper worship 31:2-21 The king organized the priests and Levites again i...

Guzik: 2Ch 31:1-21 - Provision for the Priests 2 Chronicles 31 - Provision for the Priests A. The aftermath of Hezekiah's Passover. 1. (1) The work against idolatry. Now when all this was finis...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: 2 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF CHRONICLES were also considered as one by the ancient Jews, who called them "words of days," that is, diaries or journal...

JFB: 2 Chronicles (Garis Besar) SOLEMN OFFERING OF SOLOMON AT GIBEON. (2Ch 1:1-6) HIS CHOICE OF WISDOM IS BLESSED BY GOD. (2Ch 1:7-13) HIS STRENGTH AND WEALTH. (2Ch 1:14-17) SOLOMON...

TSK: 2 Chronicles 31 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview 2Ch 31:1, The people is forward in destroying idolatry; 2Ch 31:2, Hezekiah orders the courses of the priests and Levites, and provides fo...

Poole: 2 Chronicles 31 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHRONICLES CHAPTER 31 The people forward in destroying idolatry: Hezekiah ordereth the courses of the priests and Levites; and provideth for their ...

MHCC: 2 Chronicles 31 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Hezekiah destroys idolatry.

Matthew Henry: 2 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Second Book of Chronicles This book begins with the reign of Solomon and the building of the temple...

Matthew Henry: 2 Chronicles 31 (Pendahuluan Pasal) We have here a further account of that blessed reformation of which Hezekiah was a glorious instrument, and of the happy advances he made in it. I...

Constable: 2 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction For an explanation of the title, writer, date, scope, and purpose of this book, see my comments in my notes...

Constable: 2 Chronicles (Garis Besar) Outline (Continued from notes on 1 Chronicles) III. The reign of Solomon chs. 1-9 ...

Constable: 2 Chronicles 2 Chronicles Bibliography Ackroyd, Peter R. I and II Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah. London: SCM Press, 1973. ...

Haydock: 2 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE SECOND BOOK OF PARALIPOMENON. INTRODUCTION. As the former Book shews how David was chosen to rule over God's peculiar people, so this [Book]...

Gill: 2 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO 2 CHRONICLES This, and the preceding, were but one book originally, but divided into two because of the size of it, so that this is...

Gill: 2 Chronicles 31 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO 2 CHRONICLES 31 This chapter begins with the destruction of idolatrous worship, the appointment of the courses of the priests and L...

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