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Teks -- Numbers 26:1-65 (NET)

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Konteks
A Second Census Required
26:1 After the plague the Lord said to Moses and to Eleazar son of Aaron the priest, 26:2 “Take a census of the whole community of Israelites, from twenty years old and upward, by their clans, everyone who can serve in the army of Israel.” 26:3 So Moses and Eleazar the priest spoke with them in the plains of Moab, by the Jordan River across from Jericho. They said, 26:4 “Number the people from twenty years old and upward, just as the Lord commanded Moses and the Israelites who went out from the land of Egypt.”
Reuben
26:5 Reuben was the firstborn of Israel. The Reubenites: from Hanoch, the family of the Hanochites; from Pallu, the family of the Palluites; 26:6 from Hezron, the family of the Hezronites; from Carmi, the family of the Carmites. 26:7 These were the families of the Reubenites; and those numbered of them were 43,730. 26:8 Pallu’s descendant was Eliab. 26:9 Eliab’s descendants were Nemuel, Dathan, and Abiram. It was Dathan and Abiram who as leaders of the community rebelled against Moses and Aaron with the followers of Korah when they rebelled against the Lord. 26:10 The earth opened its mouth and swallowed them and Korah at the time that company died, when the fire consumed 250 men. So they became a warning. 26:11 But the descendants of Korah did not die.
Simeon
26:12 The Simeonites by their families: from Nemuel, the family of the Nemuelites; from Jamin, the family of the Jaminites; from Jakin, the family of the Jakinites; 26:13 from Zerah, the family of the Zerahites; and from Shaul, the family of the Shaulites. 26:14 These were the families of the Simeonites, 22,200.
Gad
26:15 The Gadites by their families: from Zephon, the family of the Zephonites; from Haggi, the family of the Haggites; from Shuni, the family of the Shunites; 26:16 from Ozni, the family of the Oznites; from Eri, the family of the Erites; 26:17 from Arod, the family of the Arodites, and from Areli, the family of the Arelites. 26:18 These were the families of the Gadites according to those numbered of them, 40,500.
Judah
26:19 The descendants of Judah were Er and Onan, but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. 26:20 And the Judahites by their families were: from Shelah, the family of the Shelahites; from Perez, the family of the Perezites; and from Zerah, the family of the Zerahites. 26:21 And the Perezites were: from Hezron, the family of the Hezronites; from Hamul, the family of the Hamulites. 26:22 These were the families of Judah according to those numbered of them, 76,500.
Issachar
26:23 The Issacharites by their families: from Tola, the family of the Tolaites; from Puah, the family of the Puites; 26:24 from Jashub, the family of the Jashubites; and from Shimron, the family of the Shimronites. 26:25 These were the families of Issachar, according to those numbered of them, 64,300.
Zebulun
26:26 The Zebulunites by their families: from Sered, the family of the Sardites; from Elon, the family of the Elonites; from Jahleel, the family of the Jahleelites. 26:27 These were the families of the Zebulunites, according to those numbered of them, 60,500.
Manasseh
26:28 The descendants of Joseph by their families: Manasseh and Ephraim. 26:29 The Manassehites: from Machir, the family of the Machirites (now Machir became the father of Gilead); from Gilead, the family of the Gileadites. 26:30 These were the Gileadites: from Iezer, the family of the Iezerites; from Helek, the family of the Helekites; 26:31 from Asriel, the family of the Asrielites; from Shechem, the family of the Shechemites; 26:32 from Shemida, the family of the Shemidaites; from Hepher, the family of the Hepherites. 26:33 Now Zelophehad son of Hepher had no sons, but only daughters; and the names of the daughters of Zelophehad were Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah. 26:34 These were the families of Manasseh; those numbered of them were 52,700.
Ephraim
26:35 These are the Ephraimites by their families: from Shuthelah, the family of the Shuthelahites; from Beker, the family of the Bekerites; from Tahan, the family of the Tahanites. 26:36 Now these were the Shuthelahites: from Eran, the family of the Eranites. 26:37 These were the families of the Ephraimites, according to those numbered of them, 32,500. These were the descendants of Joseph by their families.
Benjamin
26:38 The Benjaminites by their families: from Bela, the family of the Belaites; from Ashbel, the family of the Ashbelites; from Ahiram, the family of the Ahiramites; 26:39 from Shupham, the family of the Shuphamites; from Hupham, the family of the Huphamites. 26:40 The descendants of Bela were Ard and Naaman. From Ard, the family of the Ardites; from Naaman, the family of the Naamanites. 26:41 These are the Benjaminites, according to their families, and according to those numbered of them, 45,600.
Dan
26:42 These are the Danites by their families: from Shuham, the family of the Shuhamites. These were the families of Dan, according to their families. 26:43 All the families of the Shuhahites according to those numbered of them were 64,400.
Asher
26:44 The Asherites by their families: from Imnah, the family of the Imnahites; from Ishvi, the family of the Ishvites; from Beriah, the family of the Beriahites. 26:45 From the Beriahites: from Heber, the family of the Heberites; from Malkiel, the family of the Malkielites. 26:46 Now the name of the daughter of Asher was Serah. 26:47 These are the families of the Asherites, according to those numbered of them, 53,400.
Naphtali
26:48 The Naphtalites by their families: from Jahzeel, the family of the Jahzeelites; from Guni, the family of the Gunites; 26:49 from Jezer, the family of the Jezerites; from Shillem, the family of the Shillemites. 26:50 These were the families of Naphtali according to their families; and those numbered of them were 45,400.
Total Number and Division of the Land
26:51 These were those numbered of the Israelites, 601,730. 26:52 Then the Lord spoke to Moses: 26:53 “To these the land must be divided as an inheritance according to the number of the names. 26:54 To a larger group you will give a larger inheritance, and to a smaller group you will give a smaller inheritance. To each one its inheritance must be given according to the number of people in it. 26:55 The land must be divided by lot; and they will inherit in accordance with the names of their ancestral tribes. 26:56 Their inheritance must be apportioned by lot among the larger and smaller groups. 26:57 And these are the Levites who were numbered according to their families: from Gershon, the family of the Gershonites; of Kohath, the family of the Kohathites; from Merari, the family of the Merarites. 26:58 These are the families of the Levites: the family of the Libnites, the family of the Hebronites, the family of the Mahlites, the family of the Mushites, the family of the Korahites. Kohath became the father of Amram. 26:59 Now the name of Amram’s wife was Jochebed, daughter of Levi, who was born to Levi in Egypt. And to Amram she bore Aaron, Moses, and Miriam their sister. 26:60 And to Aaron were born Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar. 26:61 But Nadab and Abihu died when they offered strange fire before the Lord. 26:62 Those of them who were numbered were 23,000, all males from a month old and upward, for they were not numbered among the Israelites; no inheritance was given to them among the Israelites. 26:63 These are those who were numbered by Moses and Eleazar the priest, who numbered the Israelites in the plains of Moab along the Jordan River opposite Jericho. 26:64 But there was not a man among these who had been among those numbered by Moses and Aaron the priest when they numbered the Israelites in the wilderness of Sinai. 26:65 For the Lord had said of them, “They will surely die in the wilderness.” And there was not left a single man of them, except Caleb son of Jephunneh and Joshua son of Nun.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Aaron a son of Amram; brother of Moses,son of Amram (Kohath Levi); patriarch of Israel's priests,the clan or priestly line founded by Aaron
 · Abihu son of Aaron the high priest
 · Abiram son of Eliab (Reuben); a rebel against Moses,son of Hiel, who died when his father began rebuilding Jericho
 · Ahiram the clan of Ahiram
 · Ahiramite the clan of Ahiram
 · Amram son of Kohath son of Levi,an Israelite (Bani) who put away his heathen wife
 · Ard son of Benjamin,son of Bela of Benjamin
 · Ardites members of the clan of Ard
 · Areli son of Gad son of Jacob
 · Arelites members of the clan of Areli
 · Arod son of Gad son of Jacob
 · Arodite a descendant of Arod
 · Ashbel son of Benjamin son of Israel
 · Ashbelites descendants of Ashbel (HBD)
 · Asher a tribe of Israel that came from Asher; son of Jacob and Zilpah,the man; son of Jacob and Zilpah,a tribe of Israel or its land
 · Asriel son or clan of Gilead of Manasseh,son of Manasseh by his Aramean concubine
 · Asrielites members of the clan of Asriel of Manasseh
 · Becher son of Benjamin son of Israel,son of Ephraim son of Israel
 · Becherites members of the clan of Becher
 · Bela a town near the south end of the Dead Sea,son of Beor; first king of Edom,son of Benjamin son of Israel,son of Azaz; a leader in the tribe of Reuben
 · Belaites members of the clan of Bela
 · Benjamin the tribe of Benjamin of Israel
 · Beriah members of the clan of Beriah
 · Beriites members of the clan of Beriah
 · Caleb son of Hezron son of Perez son of Judah
 · Canaan the region ofeast Mediterranean coastal land from Arvad (modern Lebanon) south to Gaza,the coast land from Mt. Carmel north to the Orontes River
 · Carmi son of Zimri (Zerah Judah); father of Achan of Moses time,son of Hezron (Perez Judah); ancestor of Bezalel of Moses time,son of Reuben son of Jacob
 · Carmites members of the clan of Carmi
 · Dan residents of the town of Dan; members of the tribe of Dan,the tribe of Dan as a whole; the descendants of Dan in Israel
 · Dathan a man who was a son of Eliab of Reuben
 · Egypt descendants of Mizraim


Topik/Tema Kamus: Korah | Census | Genealogy | MOSES | DISCREPANCIES, BIBLICAL | Israel | GENESIS, 3 | Soldiers | NUMBERS, BOOK OF | GENEALOGY, 8 part 1 | GENEALOGY, 1-7 | Farm | Joseph | Ard | Nemuel | MANASSEH (2) | Eliab | Naphtali | Pallu | Machir | selebihnya
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Wesley: Num 26:2 - Take the sum They were numbered twice before, Exo 30:11-12; Num 1:1-2. Now they are numbered a third time, to demonstrate the faithfulness of God, both in cutting ...

They were numbered twice before, Exo 30:11-12; Num 1:1-2. Now they are numbered a third time, to demonstrate the faithfulness of God, both in cutting all those off whom he had threatened to cut off, Num 14:29, and in a stupendous increase of the people according to his promise, notwithstanding all their sins, and the sweeping judgments inflicted upon them; and to prepare the way for the equal division of the land, which they were now going to possess.

Wesley: Num 26:7 - Families The chief houses, which were subdivided into divers lesser families.

The chief houses, which were subdivided into divers lesser families.

Wesley: Num 26:7 - Forty three thousand seven hundred and thirty Whereas in their last numbering they were forty six thousand five hundred; for Korah's conspiracy, as well as other provocations of theirs, had cut of...

Whereas in their last numbering they were forty six thousand five hundred; for Korah's conspiracy, as well as other provocations of theirs, had cut off many of them.

Wesley: Num 26:10 - With Korah According to this translation Korah was not consumed by fire with his two hundred and fifty men, but swallowed up by the earth. But others rather thin...

According to this translation Korah was not consumed by fire with his two hundred and fifty men, but swallowed up by the earth. But others rather think he was devoured by the fire, and render these words, and the things of Korah, or belonging to Korah, namely, his tent and goods, and family, children excepted, as here follows.

Wesley: Num 26:10 - A sign God made them a monument or example, to warn others not to rebel against God, or magistracy, nor to usurp the priestly office.

God made them a monument or example, to warn others not to rebel against God, or magistracy, nor to usurp the priestly office.

Wesley: Num 26:11 - Died not God being pleased to spare them, because they disowned their father's fact, and separated themselves both from his tent and company. Hence the sons of...

God being pleased to spare them, because they disowned their father's fact, and separated themselves both from his tent and company. Hence the sons of Korah are mentioned, 1Ch 6:22, 1Ch 6:38, and often in the book of Psalms.

Wesley: Num 26:12 - Jachin Called also Jarib, 1Ch 4:24. And such names might be either added or changed upon some special occasion not recorded in scripture.

Called also Jarib, 1Ch 4:24. And such names might be either added or changed upon some special occasion not recorded in scripture.

Wesley: Num 26:14 - Twenty two thousand and two hundred No tribe decreased so much as Simeon's. From fifty nine thousand and three hundred it sunk to twenty two thousand and two hundred, little more than a ...

No tribe decreased so much as Simeon's. From fifty nine thousand and three hundred it sunk to twenty two thousand and two hundred, little more than a third part of what it was. One whole family of that tribe, (Ohad mentioned Exo 6:15) was extinct in the wilderness. Some think most of the twenty four thousand, cut off by the plague for the iniquity of Peor, were of that tribe. For Zimri, a ring - leader in that iniquity, was a prince of that tribe. Simeon is not mentioned in Moses's blessing, Deu. 33:1-29. And the lot of that tribe in Canaan was inconsiderable, only a canton out of Judah's lot, Jos 19:9.

Wesley: Num 26:18 - Children of Gad Fewer by above five thousand than there were in their last numbering.

Fewer by above five thousand than there were in their last numbering.

Wesley: Num 26:22 - The families of Judah About two thousand more than they were, Num 1:27, whereas the foregoing tribes were all diminished.

About two thousand more than they were, Num 1:27, whereas the foregoing tribes were all diminished.

Wesley: Num 26:34 - Fifty two thousand and seven hundred Whereas they were but thirty two thousand and two hundred, in Num 1:35. So they are now increased above twenty thousand, according to that prophecy, G...

Whereas they were but thirty two thousand and two hundred, in Num 1:35. So they are now increased above twenty thousand, according to that prophecy, Gen 49:22.

Wesley: Num 26:38 - The sons of Benjamin Who were ten, Gen 46:21, whereof only five are here mentioned, the rest probably, together with their families, being extinct.

Who were ten, Gen 46:21, whereof only five are here mentioned, the rest probably, together with their families, being extinct.

Wesley: Num 26:43 - Threescore and four thousand and four hundred All from one son and family, whereas of Benjamin who had ten sons, and five families, there were only forty five thousand and six hundred, to shew tha...

All from one son and family, whereas of Benjamin who had ten sons, and five families, there were only forty five thousand and six hundred, to shew that the increase of families depends singly upon God's blessing and good pleasure.

Wesley: Num 26:51 - These were the numbered Very nigh as many as there were before, Num 1:46. So wisely and marvellously did God at the same time manifest his justice in cutting off so vast a nu...

Very nigh as many as there were before, Num 1:46. So wisely and marvellously did God at the same time manifest his justice in cutting off so vast a number; his mercy in giving such a speedy and numerous supply; and his truth in both.

Wesley: Num 26:53 - The land shall be divided The land was divided into nine parts and an half, respect being had in such division to the goodness as well as to the largeness of the several portio...

The land was divided into nine parts and an half, respect being had in such division to the goodness as well as to the largeness of the several portions, and the lot gave each tribe their part.

Wesley: Num 26:53 - Of names Of persons, the share of each tribe was divided amongst the several families, to some more, to some less, according to the number of the persons of ea...

Of persons, the share of each tribe was divided amongst the several families, to some more, to some less, according to the number of the persons of each family. And withal, if one of the portions proved too large or too little for the families and persons of that tribe, they might give part of their portion to another tribe, (as Simeon and Dan had part of Judah's share) or take away a part from the portion belonging to another tribe.

Wesley: Num 26:55 - By lot For the tribes, not for the several families; for the distribution of it to them was left to the rulers wisdom according to the rule now given.

For the tribes, not for the several families; for the distribution of it to them was left to the rulers wisdom according to the rule now given.

Wesley: Num 26:56 - Many and few That share, which shall by lot fall to each tribe, shall be distributed to the several families and persons in such proportions as their numbers shall...

That share, which shall by lot fall to each tribe, shall be distributed to the several families and persons in such proportions as their numbers shall require.

Wesley: Num 26:65 - Not left a man Only of the Levites, who being not guilty of that sin did not partake of their judgment.

Only of the Levites, who being not guilty of that sin did not partake of their judgment.

JFB: Num 26:1 - after the plague That terrible visitation had swept away the remnant of the old generation, to whom God sware in His wrath that they should not enter Canaan (Psa 95:11...

That terrible visitation had swept away the remnant of the old generation, to whom God sware in His wrath that they should not enter Canaan (Psa 95:11).

JFB: Num 26:2 - Take the sum of all the congregation The design of this new census, after a lapse of thirty-eight years, was primarily to establish the vast multiplication of the posterity of Abraham in ...

The design of this new census, after a lapse of thirty-eight years, was primarily to establish the vast multiplication of the posterity of Abraham in spite of the severe judgments inflicted upon them; secondarily, it was to preserve the distinction of families and to make arrangements, preparatory to an entrance into the promised land, for the distribution of the country according to the relative population of the tribes.

JFB: Num 26:7 - These are the families of the Reubenites The principal households, which were subdivided into numerous smaller families. Reuben had suffered great diminution by Korah's conspiracy and other o...

The principal households, which were subdivided into numerous smaller families. Reuben had suffered great diminution by Korah's conspiracy and other outbreaks [Num 16:1].

JFB: Num 26:10 - the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up together with Korah Rather, "the things of Korah." (See on Num 16:35; compare Psa 106:17).

Rather, "the things of Korah." (See on Num 16:35; compare Psa 106:17).

JFB: Num 26:11 - Notwithstanding the children of Korah died not Either they were not parties to their father's crime, or they withdrew from it by timely repentance. His descendants became famous in the time of Davi...

Either they were not parties to their father's crime, or they withdrew from it by timely repentance. His descendants became famous in the time of David, and are often mentioned in the Psalms [Psa 42:1; Psa 44:1; Psa 45:1; Psa 46:1; Psa 47:1; Psa 48:1; Psa 49:1; Psa 84:1; Psa 85:1; Psa 87:1; Psa 88:1], also in 1Ch 6:22, 1Ch 6:38.

JFB: Num 26:12 - The sons of Simeon It is supposed that this tribe had been pre-eminent in the guilt of Baal-peor and had consequently been greatly reduced in numbers. Thus God's justi...

It is supposed that this tribe had been pre-eminent in the guilt of Baal-peor and had consequently been greatly reduced in numbers.

Thus God's justice and holiness, as well as His truth and faithfulness, were strikingly displayed: His justice and holiness in the sweeping judgments that reduced the ranks of some tribes; and His truth and faithfulness in the extraordinary increase of others so that the posterity of Israel continued a numerous people.

JFB: Num 26:53 - the land shall be divided according to the number of names The portion of each tribe was to be greater or less, according to its populousness.

The portion of each tribe was to be greater or less, according to its populousness.

JFB: Num 26:54 - To many thou shalt give the more inheritance That is, to the more numerous tribes a larger allotment shall be granted.

That is, to the more numerous tribes a larger allotment shall be granted.

JFB: Num 26:54 - according to those that were numbered The number of persons twenty years old at the time of the census being made, without taking into account either the increase of those who might have a...

The number of persons twenty years old at the time of the census being made, without taking into account either the increase of those who might have attained that age, when the land should be actually distributed, or the diminution from that amount, occasioned during the war of invasion.

JFB: Num 26:55 - the land shall be divided by lot The appeal to the lot did not place the matter beyond the control of God; for it is at His disposal (Pro 16:33), and He has fixed to all the bounds of...

The appeal to the lot did not place the matter beyond the control of God; for it is at His disposal (Pro 16:33), and He has fixed to all the bounds of their habitation. The manner in which the lot was taken has not been recorded. But it is evident that the lot was cast for determining the section of the country in which each tribe should be located--not the quantity of their possessions. In other words, when the lot had decided that a particular tribe was to be settled in the north or the south, the east or the west, the extent of territory was allocated according to the rule (Num 26:54).

JFB: Num 26:58 - families of the Levites The census of this tribe was taken separately, and on a different principle from the rest. (See Exo 6:16-19).

The census of this tribe was taken separately, and on a different principle from the rest. (See Exo 6:16-19).

JFB: Num 26:62 - twenty and three thousand So that there was an increase of a thousand (Num 3:39).

So that there was an increase of a thousand (Num 3:39).

JFB: Num 26:62 - males from a month old and upward (See on Num 3:14).

(See on Num 3:14).

JFB: Num 26:64 - among these there was not a man . . . numbered . . . in the wilderness of Sinai The statement in this verse must not be considered absolute. For, besides Caleb and Joshua, there were alive at this time Eleazar and Ithamar, and in ...

The statement in this verse must not be considered absolute. For, besides Caleb and Joshua, there were alive at this time Eleazar and Ithamar, and in all probability a considerable number of Levites, who had no participation in the popular defections in the wilderness. The tribe of Levi, having neither sent a spy into Canaan, nor being included in the enumeration at Sinai, must be regarded as not coming within the range of the fatal sentence; and therefore it would exhibit a spectacle not to be witnessed in the other tribes of many in their ranks above sixty years of age.

Tribes Chap. 1 Chap. 26 Increase Decrease

Reuben 46,500 43,730 -- 2,770

Simeon 59,300 22,200 -- 37,100

Gad 45,650 40,500 -- 5,150

Judah 74,600 76,500 1,900 --

Issachar 54,400 64,300 9,900 --

Zebulun 57,400 60,500 3,100 --

Ephraim 40,500 32,500 -- 8,000

Manasseh 32,200 52,700 20,500 --

Benjamin 35,400 45,600 10,200 --

Dan 62,700 64,400 1,700 --

Asher 41,500 53,400 11,900 --

Naphtali 53,400 45,400 -- 8,000

Total 603,550 601,730 59,200 61,020

Total decrease 1,820

Clarke: Num 26:2 - Take the sum of all the congregation Take the sum of all the congregation - After thirty-eight years God commands a second census of the Israelites to be made, to preserve the distincti...

Take the sum of all the congregation - After thirty-eight years God commands a second census of the Israelites to be made, to preserve the distinction in families, and to regulate the tribes previously to their entry into the promised land, and to ascertain the proportion of land which should be allowed to each tribe. For though the whole was divided by lot, yet the portions were so disposed that a numerous tribe did not draw where the lots assigned small inheritances. See Num 26:53-56, and also see the note on Num 1:1.

Clarke: Num 26:10 - Together with Korah Together with Korah - The Samaritan text does not intimate that Korah was swallowed up, but that he was burnt, as appears in fact to have been the c...

Together with Korah - The Samaritan text does not intimate that Korah was swallowed up, but that he was burnt, as appears in fact to have been the case. And the earth swallowed them up, what time that company died; and the fire devoured Korah with the two hundred and fifty men, who became a sign.

Clarke: Num 26:11 - The children of Korah died not The children of Korah died not - It is difficult to reconcile this place with Num 16:27, Num 16:31-33, where it seems to be intimated that not only ...

The children of Korah died not - It is difficult to reconcile this place with Num 16:27, Num 16:31-33, where it seems to be intimated that not only the men, but the wives, and the sons, and the little ones of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, were swallowed up by the earthquake; see especially Num 16:27, collated with Num 16:33. But the text here expressly says, The children of Korah died not; and on a close inspection of Num 16:27, we shall find that the sons and the little ones of Dathan and Abiram alone are mentioned. So they gat up from the tabernacle of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, on every side: and Dathan and Abiram came out - and their wives, and their sons, and their little ones. Here is no mention of the children of Korah, they therefore escaped, while it appears those of Dathan and Abiram perished with their fathers. See the note on Num 16:30.

Clarke: Num 26:51 - These were the numbered of the children of Israel, six hundred thousand and a thousand seven hundred and thirty These were the numbered of the children of Israel, six hundred thousand and a thousand seven hundred and thirty - The following comparative statemen...

These were the numbered of the children of Israel, six hundred thousand and a thousand seven hundred and thirty - The following comparative statement will show how much some of the tribes had increased, and others had diminished, since the enumeration in Numbers 1

Reuben 43,730 to 46,5002,770 decrease
Simeon 22,200 to 59,30037,100 decrease
Gad 40,500 to 45,650 5,150 decrease
Judah 76,500 to 74,600 1,900 increase
Issachar 64,300 to 54,4009,900 increase
Zebulun 60,500 to 57,4003,100 increase
Manasseh 52,700 to 32,20020,500 increase
Ephraim 32,500 to 40,5008,000 decrease
Benjamin 45,600 to 35,40010,200 increase
Dan 64,400 to 62,7001,700 increase
Asher 53,400 to 41,50011,900 increase
Naphtali 45,400 to 53,4008,000 decrease
Total 601,730 to 603,5501,820 decrease
on the whole,
in 38 years.
Decrease in all, 61,020.
Increase in all, 59,200.

Let it be observed

1.    That among these there was not a man of the former census, save Joshua and Caleb, see Num 26:64, Num 26:65

2.    That though there was an increase in seven tribes of not less than 74,800 men, yet so great was the decrease in the other five tribes, that the balance against the present census is 1,820, as appears above: thus we find that there was an in crease of 601,728 from 603,550 in the space of thirty-eight years

Notwithstanding the amazing increase in some and decrease in other tribes, the same sort of proportion is preserved in the east, west, north, and south divisions, as before; so as to keep the division of Judah, which was always in the front or van, the largest; and the division of Dan, which was always in the rear, the next in number. But it is worthy of remark that as they are now, properly speaking, to commence their grand military operations, so their front, or advanced division, is increased from 186,400 to 201,300; and their rear from 157,600 to 163,200. The first division is strengthened 14,900 men, and the last division 5,600 men. The reasons for this are sufficiently obvious

Mr. Ainsworth has a curious remark on the number of families in the 12 tribes

1. Of Manasseh 87. Of Reuben 4
2. Of Benjamin 78. Of Issachar 4
3. Of Gad 79. Of Ephraim 4
4. Of Simeon 510. Of Naphtali 4
5. Of Judah 511. Of Zebulun 3
6. Of Asher 512. Of Dan 1

"In all 57; to whom if we add the 12 patriarchs, and Jacob their father, the whole number is 70, the exact number of the souls in Jacob’ s house that went down to Egypt, Gen 46:27."In a variety of things in this ancient economy there is a most surprising proportion kept up, which never could have been a fortuitous effect of general causes. But proportion, harmony, and order distinguish all the works of God, both in the natural and moral world.

Clarke: Num 26:55 - The land shall be divided by lot The land shall be divided by lot - The word גורל goral , translated lot, is supposed by some to signify the stone or pebble formerly used for t...

The land shall be divided by lot - The word גורל goral , translated lot, is supposed by some to signify the stone or pebble formerly used for the purpose of what we term casting lots. The word hlot is Anglo-Saxon, from to divide, or portion out, i. e., fortuitously: it answers to the Greek κληρος, which some think comes from κλαω to break; because the lot, being a sort of appeal to God, ("The lot is cast into the lap, but the whole disposing thereof is of the Lord,"Pro 16:33), broke off all contentions and litigations relative to the matter in dispute. From this original division of the promised land by lot to the children of Israel, all portions, appointments, offices, shares, or divisions in spiritual and ecclesiastical matters, were termed lots. So in the New Testament, the word κληρος, lot, is used to signify a portion of spiritual blessedness, and κληρονομια, a division by lot, an inheritance; and κληροι, the lotted or appointed persons to different works, shares, etc.; hence our word clergy, κληροι, persons appointed by lot to a lot, portion, or inheritance; see the case of Matthias, Act 1:26. Persons thus appointed were by accommodation termed inheritors, because originally, when there could be no claims of exclusive right, all lands where a wandering tribe chose to take up its residence were divided by lot, as the promised land in the case before us. So Judah says to Simeon his brother, Jdg 1:3 : "Come up with me into my lot."And as God was ever supposed to be the whole disposer in such matters, whatever fell out in the course of God’ s providence was called a lot. "This is the lot of them that rob us;"Isa 17:14. "Thou hast neither part nor lot in this matter;"Act 8:21. A lot in the promised land was evidently typical of a place in eternal glory. "That they may receive forgiveness of sins, and an inheritance ( κληρον, a lot) among them that are sanctified;"Act 26:18. "Who hath made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance, κληρου, of the lot) of the saints in light;"Col 1:12. "Which is the earnest of our inheritance, ( κληρονομιας, of our allotted portion;") Eph 1:4. "What is the riches of the glory of his inheritance,"( κληρονομιας, allotted portion); Eph 1:18. As therefore the promised land was divided by lot to the believing Israelites, God determining the lot as he saw good, none of the people having any claim on or right to it; so the kingdom of heaven is a lot given by the mere good will of God to them that believe and obey him; for as unbelief and disobedience threw 600,000 people out of the inheritance of the promised land; so none who disbelieve God’ s word, and rebel against his authority, shall ever enter into the kingdom of heaven - See Ainsworth. These things happened unto them for examples: see then, reader, that thou fall not after the same example of unbelief.

Calvin: Num 26:1 - And it came to pass after the plague 1.And it came to pass after the plague This is the second census which we read of having been made by Moses; nevertheless it is easy to perceive, f...

1.And it came to pass after the plague This is the second census which we read of having been made by Moses; nevertheless it is easy to perceive, from Exo 38:0, that it was at least the third; although it is more probable that either yearly, or at stated times, those who had arrived at the age of twenty gave in their names. Still the number of the people could not be thus obtained, unless there were also a comparison of the deaths. This, at any rate, is incontrovertible, that those who had grown up to manhood were three times numbered in the desert, for we gather thus much from the passage before us, since it is said in the fourth verse that this enrolment was made “as the Lord had commanded Moses, and the children of Israel, which went forth out of the land of Egypt;” from whence it is plain not only that they followed as their rule the custom established from the beginning, but that the census of the people was again taken, as it had been in the wilderness of Sinai. From hence again a probable conjecture may be made, that, from the time in which they came out from thence, nothing similar had taken place in the interval. For Moses there records how many talents were collected from the tribute of the people, and mentions their number, viz., 603,550 191 and he adds afterwards, when they moved their camp from Mount Sinai, how the census was taken according to God’s command; but I pass over this subject the more cursorily, as having been already spoken of elsewhere. 192

Now let us see with what object God desired to have His people numbered before He led them into the possession of the promised land. In less than forty years the whole generation of an age for military service had perished: many had been carried off by premature deaths; nay, a single scourge had lately destroyed 24,000; who would not have thought that the people must have been diminished by a fourth? We must then account it a remarkable miracle, that their numbers should be found as great as they were before. It was a memorable proof of God’s anger that only two of the 603,000 still survived; but that by continued generation the people were so renewed, as that, at the conclusion of the period, their posterity equalled their former number, was the work of God’s inestimable grace. Thus, in that awful judgment wherewith God punished His sinful people, the truth of His promise still shone forth. It had been said to Abraham,

“I will multiply thy seed as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea-shore,” (Gen 22:17;)

and it was by no means fitting that this blessing should be obscured at the time, when the other part of the promise was about to be fulfilled: “Unto thy seed will I give this land.” (Gen 12:7;) For, whilst the people had been instructed by punishments to fear God, still they were not to lose the savor of His paternal favor. And thus does God always temper His judgments towards His Church, so as in the midst of His indignation to remember mercy, as Habakkuk says, (Hab 3:2.) This was the reason why the people was numbered immediately after the plague, in order that it might be more conspicuous that God had marvellously provided lest any diminution should appear after the recent loss of so many men.

Calvin: Num 26:8 - And the sons of Pallu; Eliab 8.And the sons of Pallu; Eliab The curtailment which had occurred in the superior line is here introduced, either in exaltation of God’s grace, bec...

8.And the sons of Pallu; Eliab The curtailment which had occurred in the superior line is here introduced, either in exaltation of God’s grace, because, notwithstanding so great a loss, the tribe of Reuben was still numerous; or else to mark the cause of its diminution, for it might otherwise have seemed strange that other tribes exceeded in numbers that one whose founder and parent was Jacob’s first-born. But when he has narrated how the two sons of Eliab had been destroyed with their company, he briefly adverts to the clemency of God towards the sons of Korah, in that He spared them. And surely this was no common exercise of mercy not only to preserve them uninjured from the calamity, but afterwards to raise up shoots from the accursed root, in whom His spiritual riches might shine forth for the general advantage of the Church: for we know what honorable mention is often made of this family; and it is probable that certain of them were the authors of some of the Psalms, and thus were endued with the Spirit of prophecy, when possibly at that time none of the priests was possessed of this gift. This is that profound abyss in the various and unequal judgments of God, which it becomes us to adore with sober humility. Meanwhile, in a single word, Moses hints at the reason why he repeats this same history, whereby the formidable mode of their death might be held up as a perpetual example: for the Hebrew word נס , nes, which is primarily a standard 193 or banner, is often used for some portentous thing, which strikes men’s senses with astonishment, and at the same time fills their minds with fear.

Calvin: Num 26:19 - The sons of Judah were Er and Onan 19.The sons of Judah were Er and Onan Since the tribe of Judah was so numerous, Moses magnifies the greatness of God’s grace by this circumstance, ...

19.The sons of Judah were Er and Onan Since the tribe of Judah was so numerous, Moses magnifies the greatness of God’s grace by this circumstance, that of the three sons which he begat, two perished in the land of Canaan, by whose loss he might have appeared to be condemned to perpetual sterility. But the climax of God’s unparalleled mercy was this, that although two of his children were born of an incestuous connection, they grew up into so great a people.

Calvin: Num 26:28 - The sons of Joseph after their families 28.The sons of Joseph after their families The comparison of the two tribes, which sprang from the same head, is worthy of notice. By the fact that M...

28.The sons of Joseph after their families The comparison of the two tribes, which sprang from the same head, is worthy of notice. By the fact that Manasseh was the father of only one son, 194 the prophecy of Jacob, when he declared that the first-born should be inferior to his younger brother Ephraim, began already to receive its accomplishment. Nevertheless, God’s blessing extended far and wide for the increase of his family, so that they exceeded the tribe of Reuben in number. But further, though the larger number of children (πολυτεκνία) in which the descendants of Ephraim were superior, was a kind of type of his promised fecundity, still the excellency and dignity, of which Jacob prophesied, was deferred to a distant period; since in this respect the tribe of Ephraim was inferior by about a third, whereas a more numerous issue had been promised him. Although, therefore, God had not spoken in vain, yet the fulfillment of His promise did not immediately appear.

In the tribe of Dan, however, the incredible power of God was put forth. He was contemptible among his brethren; and thence it was an extraordinary blessing accorded to him in the shape of an honorable degree and name, when Jacob declares that “Dan shall judge his people.” (Gen 49:16.) He is said to have begotten only one son; yet his posterity exceeds 64,000.

Calvin: Num 26:51 - These are the numbered of the children of Israel 51.These are the numbered of the children of Israel By this sum total, what I have above adverted to is more clearly shewn, that amidst so many losse...

51.These are the numbered of the children of Israel By this sum total, what I have above adverted to is more clearly shewn, that amidst so many losses, and especially after the terrible vengeance which God had recently executed, the race of Abraham was preserved in an incredible manner, so that the fulfillment of the promise might not be brought about only towards a small body of persons. Nature itself and reason would have suggested that a few only should enjoy the promised land; but if the inheritance had been restricted to a small number of men, God’s promise would have lain, as it were, in obscurity and concealment. Yet within thirty-eight years, during which more than 603,000 men had fallen, God marvellously brought it to pass that the same number of persons should still remain, some 2500 only excepted. Assuredly they must be blind four times over, as it were, who do not behold in this bright mirror God’s wonderful providence, and the faithfulness of His gratuitous adoption, and His steadfastness in keeping His promises. At the same time, that which I have already referred to in Deuteronomy clearly appears, that those who survived, were strikingly admonished by this great loss, that they should not fall away at any time into superstition.

Calvin: Num 26:53 - Unto these the land shall be divided 53.Unto these the land shall be divided This must have had great influence towards encouraging believers, when they gave in their names before God, a...

53.Unto these the land shall be divided This must have had great influence towards encouraging believers, when they gave in their names before God, and professed that they were heirs of the land; since it was exactly the same as if they actually had it in their grasp, when God called them to its certain possession; for the demonstrative pronoun is used emphatically, lest they should suppose that they were to be put off any longer, and that what was promised them was still to be kept in store for their posterity. The actual fulfillment, therefore, and immediate presence of the thing is indicated, when God prescribes that the land was to be divided to those who were just numbered, and whose names appeared in the public registers. A proportionable mode of division is then enjoined, so that their share should be distributed to every tribe according to the number of their names. We now perceive that they were registered, and, so to speak, 195 lustrated, in order that they might more earnestly bestir themselves to take possession of the promised land.

Calvin: Num 26:57 - And these are they that were numbered of the Levites 57.And these are they that were numbered of the Levites He treats separately of the tribe of Levi, which God had dissevered from the rest of the peop...

57.And these are they that were numbered of the Levites He treats separately of the tribe of Levi, which God had dissevered from the rest of the people; and of the sons of Levi, the last mentioned is Kohath, the founder of the sacerdotal family. Hence we may probably conjecture that the law of primogeniture was not regarded when God deigned to take the priests from thence. But why Moses should expressly state the name of his mother, contrary to the usual custom of Scripture, does not dearly appear; for it is not likely that he did this as a distinction to his own family, because he at the same time shews how he himself, as well as his children, was deprived of the honor (of the priesthood,) 196 in which certainly there is no appearance of ambition. It is more probable, if the word daughter is literally taken, that he did not conceal a disgraceful circumstance, in order to extol more highly the indulgence of God; for, in this case, Moses and Aaron sprang of an incestuous marriage, since Amram, their father, must have married his aunt, which natural modesty forbade. It will, then, be rather an ingenuous confession of family dishonor, than an ambitious boast. If we inquire how this could have been tolerated, the answer will readily suggest itself, that this license had so largely prevailed among the oriental nations, that no one deemed that to be illicit which was in such universal use. And this we shall presently see 197 to be expressly referred to, when God, by forbidding incestuous marriages, distinguishes His people from other nations. It will be no matter of surprise, then, that those who were not yet prohibited from doing so by the law of God, had followed the general custom.

Calvin: Num 26:60 - And unto Aaron was born Nadab 60.And unto Aaron was born Nadab Since two of Aaron’s four sons were cut off by a sudden death, the dignity of the high-priesthood, which depended ...

60.And unto Aaron was born Nadab Since two of Aaron’s four sons were cut off by a sudden death, the dignity of the high-priesthood, which depended on the life of two persons, appeared to be endangered. And with this view Moses repeats the history already given, in order that God’s wonderful providence might be more clearly perceived in the preservation of this order, with which the safety of the whole Church was connected. Unquestionably, unless other families had been much more prolific, the whole tribe of Levi would have consisted of very few persons; yet, if we come to compare them, their fecundity will be incredible, inasmuch as 23,000 are numbered, whereas the sacerdotal race issued from only two heads. But God exalts His Church to pre-eminence by ways and means unknown to men, in order that His power may be magnified in this weakness. Moreover, the cause of their death is again recorded, that the priests, being admonished by this warning, may not only more diligently beware of wilful sacrilege, but also of error and negligence.

Calvin: Num 26:63 - These are they that were numbered 63.These are they that were numbered The former registration was made by Aaron. The difference between the two census is therefore specified, in or...

63.These are they that were numbered The former registration was made by Aaron. The difference between the two census is therefore specified, in order that Moses may take occasion to commemorate God’s judgment, which can never be sufficiently considered, that of 600,000, only two were found who had survived to the term prescribed by God. If any should object that the greater part would have died naturally, since they had arrived at their thirtieth: fortieth, and even fiftieth year, 198 and thus would have been some eighty years old before the completion of the forty years, I admit that such is the case; but many had not yet reached their twenty-fourth year. Nor can we doubt but that not a few of them were younger than Caleb and Joshua, whom we know to have been not only alive and well, but even strong and vigorous for many years afterwards. At any rate, therefore, not old age, but God’s vengeance, cut off half of them by an untimely death, as if he had openly put forth his hand from heaven and smitten them. It is not without reason, then, that Moses states that they were dead, as God had pronounced; not merely that by the punishment inflicted upon them he may inculcate upon us the fear of God, but also that we may learn to be aroused in earnest by his threats.

Defender: Num 26:2 - Take the sum The total adult male population at this time, forty years after the first census, was 601,730 (Num 26:51). The numbers were fewer than when Israel fir...

The total adult male population at this time, forty years after the first census, was 601,730 (Num 26:51). The numbers were fewer than when Israel first began wandering (603,550 - Num 1:46), in contrast to the rapid proliferation while in Egypt (Exo 1:7). Many had perished in the wilderness in the various plagues and judgments sent by God, including all who were twenty years old or more at the time when the spies brought back their fearful report from the promised land (Num 14:29; Num 26:63-65)."

TSK: Num 26:1 - -- Num 25:9

TSK: Num 26:2 - -- The plague having swept away the last of that devoted generation, which provoked the Lord to ""swear in his wrath that they should not enter""Canaan; ...

The plague having swept away the last of that devoted generation, which provoked the Lord to ""swear in his wrath that they should not enter""Canaan; he now, after an interval of 38 years, commands another census of the Israelites to be made, to preserve the distinction of families, and to regulate the tribes previous to their entry into the promised land, as well as to ascertain the proportion of land which should be allotted to each tribe. For, though the whole was divided by lot, yet the portions were so disposed, that a numerous tribe did not draw where the lots assigned small inheritances, or the contrary.

Num 1:2, Num 1:3; Exo 30:12, Exo 38:25, Exo 38:26

TSK: Num 26:3 - -- Num 26:63, Num 22:1, Num 31:12, Num 33:48, Num 35:1; Deu 4:46-49, Deu 34:1, Deu 34:6, Deu 34:8

TSK: Num 26:4 - -- Num 1:1; 1Ch 21:1

TSK: Num 26:5 - the eldest the eldest : Gen 29:32, Gen 49:2, Gen 49:3; 1Ch 5:1, thy children, Gen 46:8, Gen 46:9; Exo 6:14; 1Ch 5:3

the eldest : Gen 29:32, Gen 49:2, Gen 49:3; 1Ch 5:1, thy children, Gen 46:8, Gen 46:9; Exo 6:14; 1Ch 5:3

TSK: Num 26:7 - -- Num 26:1, Num 26:21, Num 2:11; Gen 46:9

TSK: Num 26:9 - -- Num 1:16, Num 16:1, 2-35; Psa 106:17; Jud 1:11

TSK: Num 26:10 - earth opened // together // they became a sign earth opened : Num 16:2, Num 16:31-35, Num 16:38, Num 27:3; Exo 16:35; Psa 106:17, Psa 106:18 together : The Samaritan text does not intimate that Kor...

earth opened : Num 16:2, Num 16:31-35, Num 16:38, Num 27:3; Exo 16:35; Psa 106:17, Psa 106:18

together : The Samaritan text does not intimate that Korah was swallowed up, but that he was burnt, as appears to have been the fact; and the Psalmist also (Psa 106:17), only mentions Dathan and Abiram as having been swallowed up. ""And the earth swallowed them up, what time that company died; and the fire devoured Korah with the 250 men, who became a sign."

they became a sign : Num 16:38; 1Sa 2:34; Jer 29:22; Eze 14:8; 1Co 10:6-10; 2Pe 2:6; Jud 1:7

TSK: Num 26:11 - -- It seems to be intimated in Num 16:27, Num 16:31-33, that the sons and the little ones of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, were swallowed up; but the text h...

It seems to be intimated in Num 16:27, Num 16:31-33, that the sons and the little ones of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, were swallowed up; but the text here expressly affirms, that the children of Korah ""died not;""and their descendants were famous even in David’ s time. On a close inspection, however, of Num 26:27, we shall find, that the sons and the little ones of Dathan and Abiram alone are mentioned.

Num 16:5; Exo 6:24; 1Ch 6:22-28; Psa 42:1, Psa 44:1, Psa 45:1, Psa 46:1, Psa 47:1 *titles Psa 48:1, Psa 49:1, Psa 50:1 *titles

TSK: Num 26:12 - Nemuel // Jachin Nemuel : Gen 46:10; Exo 6:15, Jemuel Jachin : 1Ki 7:21; 1Ch 4:24, Jarib

Nemuel : Gen 46:10; Exo 6:15, Jemuel

Jachin : 1Ki 7:21; 1Ch 4:24, Jarib

TSK: Num 26:13 - Zerah Zerah : Gen 46:10, Zohar

Zerah : Gen 46:10, Zohar

TSK: Num 26:14 - -- The immense decrease of this tribe, no less than 37,100, renders it highly probable, that, influenced by the bad example of Zimri, the Simeonites had ...

The immense decrease of this tribe, no less than 37,100, renders it highly probable, that, influenced by the bad example of Zimri, the Simeonites had been peculiarly criminal in the late wickedness, and that multitudes of them had died of the plague. It is remarkable, that Moses, in Deut. 33, bestows no blessing upon this tribe.

Num 1:22, Num 1:23, Num 2:12, Num 2:13

TSK: Num 26:15 - Zephon // Shuni Zephon : Num 2:14; Gen 46:16, Ziphion, Haggai Shuni : Ezbon, Eri, Arodi, Areli

Zephon : Num 2:14; Gen 46:16, Ziphion, Haggai

Shuni : Ezbon, Eri, Arodi, Areli

TSK: Num 26:16 - -- or, Ezbon, Gen 46:16

or, Ezbon, Gen 46:16

TSK: Num 26:17 - -- Gen 46:16, Arodi

Gen 46:16, Arodi

TSK: Num 26:18 - -- Num 1:24, Num 1:25, Num 2:14, Num 2:15

TSK: Num 26:19 - Er and Onan Er and Onan : Gen 38:1-10, Gen 46:12; 1Ch 2:3-8

Er and Onan : Gen 38:1-10, Gen 46:12; 1Ch 2:3-8

TSK: Num 26:20 - Shelah // Pharez // Zerah Shelah : Gen 38:5, Gen 38:11, Gen 38:14, Gen 38:26-30; 1Ch 4:21 Pharez : Gen 38:27-29, Gen 46:12; Rth 4:18-22; 1Ch 2:3-8; Neh 11:4, Neh 11:6, Neh 11:2...

TSK: Num 26:22 - -- Num 1:26, Num 1:27, Num 2:3, Num 2:4; Gen 49:8; 1Ch 5:2; Psa 115:14; Heb 7:14

TSK: Num 26:23 - the sons // Pua the sons : Num 2:5; Gen 30:17, Gen 30:18, Gen 46:13; 1Ch 7:1 Pua : or, Phuvah

the sons : Num 2:5; Gen 30:17, Gen 30:18, Gen 46:13; 1Ch 7:1

Pua : or, Phuvah

TSK: Num 26:24 - Jashub Jashub : or, Job, Gen 46:13

Jashub : or, Job, Gen 46:13

TSK: Num 26:25 - threescore threescore : Num 1:28, Num 1:29, Num 2:5, Num 2:6

threescore : Num 1:28, Num 1:29, Num 2:5, Num 2:6

TSK: Num 26:26 - -- Gen 30:19, Gen 30:20, Gen 46:14

TSK: Num 26:27 - -- Num 1:30, Num 1:31, Num 2:7, Num 2:8

TSK: Num 26:28 - -- Gen 41:51, Gen 41:52, Gen 46:20, Gen 48:5, Gen 48:13-20

TSK: Num 26:29 - Machir Machir : Num 32:39, Num 32:40, Num 36:1; Gen 48:14; Deu 3:15; Jos 17:1; Jdg 5:14; 1Ch 7:14-19

TSK: Num 26:30 - Jeezer Jeezer : called Abiezer, Jos 17:2; Jdg 6:11, Jdg 6:24, Jdg 6:34, Jdg 8:2

Jeezer : called Abiezer, Jos 17:2; Jdg 6:11, Jdg 6:24, Jdg 6:34, Jdg 8:2

TSK: Num 26:33 - Zelophehad Zelophehad : Num 27:1, Num 36:10-12

Zelophehad : Num 27:1, Num 36:10-12

TSK: Num 26:34 - -- Num 1:34, Num 1:35, Num 2:20, Num 2:21

TSK: Num 26:35 - Becher Becher : 1Ch 7:20, 1Ch 7:21, Bered, Tahath, Eladah, Tahath

Becher : 1Ch 7:20, 1Ch 7:21, Bered, Tahath, Eladah, Tahath

TSK: Num 26:37 - -- Num 1:32, Num 1:33, Num 2:18, Num 2:19

TSK: Num 26:38 - sons of Benjamin // Ahiram sons of Benjamin : 1Ch 7:6-12 Ahiram : Gen 46:2, Ehi, 1Ch 8:1, Aharah

sons of Benjamin : 1Ch 7:6-12

Ahiram : Gen 46:2, Ehi, 1Ch 8:1, Aharah

TSK: Num 26:39 - Shupham Shupham : Gen 46:21, Muppim, and Huppim

Shupham : Gen 46:21, Muppim, and Huppim

TSK: Num 26:40 - Ard and Naaman Ard and Naaman : 1Ch 8:3, Addar

Ard and Naaman : 1Ch 8:3, Addar

TSK: Num 26:41 - -- Num 1:36, Num 1:37, Num 2:22, Num 2:23; Gen 46:21

TSK: Num 26:42 - Shuham Shuham : Gen 46:23, Hushim

Shuham : Gen 46:23, Hushim

TSK: Num 26:43 - -- Num 1:38, Num 1:39, Num 2:25, Num 2:26

TSK: Num 26:44 - the children of Asher the children of Asher : Gen 46:17, Jimnah, Ishuah, Isui, 1Ch 7:30, Imnah, Isuah, Ishuai

the children of Asher : Gen 46:17, Jimnah, Ishuah, Isui, 1Ch 7:30, Imnah, Isuah, Ishuai

TSK: Num 26:46 - Sarah Sarah : Gen 46:17, Serah

Sarah : Gen 46:17, Serah

TSK: Num 26:47 - -- Num 1:40, Num 1:41, Num 2:27, Num 2:28

TSK: Num 26:48 - the sons of Naphtali the sons of Naphtali : Gen 46:24; 1Ch 7:13

the sons of Naphtali : Gen 46:24; 1Ch 7:13

TSK: Num 26:49 - Shillem Shillem : 1Ch 7:13, Shallum

Shillem : 1Ch 7:13, Shallum

TSK: Num 26:50 - -- Num 1:42, Num 1:43, Num 2:29, Num 2:30

TSK: Num 26:51 - -- The following comparative statement will show how much some of the tribes had increased, and others had diminished, since the enumeration in chapter 1...

The following comparative statement will show how much some of the tribes had increased, and others had diminished, since the enumeration in chapter 1. Thus we find there was the following increase and decrease in the several tribes:

Population Changes
Tribe Now Before Change+ / -
1. Judah 76,50074,6001,900 increase
2. Dan 64,40062,7001,700 increase
3. Simeon 22,20059,30037,100 decrease
4. Zebulun 60,50057,4003,100 increase
5. Issachar 64,30054,4009,900 increase
6. Naphtali 45,40053,4008,000 decrease
7. Reuben 43,73046,5002,770 decrease
8. Gad 40,50045,6505,150 decrease
9. Asher 53,40041,50011,900 increase
10. Ephraim 32,50040,5008,000 decrease
11. Benjamin 45,60035,40010,200 increase
12. Manasseh 52,70032,20020,500 increase
Totals : 601,730603,550Decreases 61,020
 Increases 59,200
Change -1,820
It should be observed, that among these there was not one of the former census, except Joshua and Caleb. (See note on Num 26:64, and see note on Num 26:65.) Thus, though there was such an amazing increase in seven tribes, yet so great was the decrease in the other five tribes, that the balance against the present census is 1,820, as appears above. Notwithstanding the amazing increase in some, and decrease in other tribes, the same sort of proportion is kept in their several divisions; so as to keep the division in the front the largest, and that in the rear the next.

Num 1:46, Num 2:32; Neh 9:23; Job 12:9, Job 12:10, Job 12:14, Job 12:20-23; Psa 77:20

TSK: Num 26:53 - -- Gen 12:2, Gen 12:7; Jos 11:23, Jos 14:1; Psa 49:14, Psa 105:44; Eze 47:22; Dan 7:27; Mat 5:5; Rev 5:10, Rev 21:27

TSK: Num 26:54 - many // give the more // give the less many : Num 32:3, Num 32:5, Num 33:54; Jos 17:14 give the more : Heb. multiply his give the less : Heb. diminish his.

many : Num 32:3, Num 32:5, Num 33:54; Jos 17:14

give the more : Heb. multiply his

give the less : Heb. diminish his.

TSK: Num 26:55 - by lot by lot : Num 26:56, Num 33:54, Num 34:13; Jos 11:23, Jos 14:2, Jos 17:14, Jos 18:6, Jos 18:10, Jos 18:11, Jos 19:1, Jos 19:10; Jos 19:17, Jos 19:24, J...

TSK: Num 26:56 - -- This division by lot seems to have respect only to the quarter, or situation, which each tribe was to possess, and not to the quantity or extent of la...

This division by lot seems to have respect only to the quarter, or situation, which each tribe was to possess, and not to the quantity or extent of land, which was to be proportioned to the numbers of each tribe, according to the register now formed. Thus, for instance, it was determined by lot which of the twelve tribes was to inherit in the south, which in the north, etc.caps1 . tcaps0 hen, in that quarter where the lot fell, a larger or smaller portion of land was assigned them, according to the goodness of the soil, and in proportion as they were more or less numerous. Thus the decreasing of any tribe in the wilderness, proved the decrease of their future political importance and affluence in all succeeding ages. This equal division of property was, under God, the great bulwark and strength of the Hebrew commonwealth. According to the most exact calculations, Canaan contained 14,976,000 acres; which, divided among 600,000 men, will allow of more than 21 acres and a half to each, with a remainder of 1,976,000 acres for the princes of tribes, Levitical cities, etc., so that there was an ample provision to enable each person, with all the advantages of that fertile country and fine climate, to live, if not in affluent, yet in very comfortable circumstances. Canaan lies between lat. 31 degrees and 33 degrees 30 minutes n, and long. 35 degrees and 37 degrees e; its length, from the city of Dan to Beersheba, is about 200 miles; and its breadth, from the shores of the Mediterranean to the eastern borders, about 90. The Canaanites, the descendants of Canaan, son of Ham, and the original inhabitants of the land, were divided into seven principal nations - the Amorites, Hittites, Jebusites, Girgashites, Canaanites, Perizzites, and Hivites, and formed themselves into almost as many kingdoms as they had cities. After their defeat by the Israelites, such as escaped the sword became tributary; but in process of time, having seduced them to their idolatries, they recovered many of the strongest places in the country; and even formed themselves into a mighty kingdom in Galilee. They were, however, again defeated by Barak, but were not finally subdued till the reign of David and Solomon; the latter of whom employed 153,600 in the most servile parts of the work of building the temple, palace, etc.

Rom 11:7; 1Co 12:4

TSK: Num 26:57 - these are // of Gershon these are : Num 35:2, Num 35:3; Gen 46:11; Exo 6:16-19; 1Ch 6:1, 1Ch 6:16-30 of Gershon : Num. 3:1-4:49

these are : Num 35:2, Num 35:3; Gen 46:11; Exo 6:16-19; 1Ch 6:1, 1Ch 6:16-30

of Gershon : Num. 3:1-4:49

TSK: Num 26:58 - -- Num 3:17-21, Num 16:1

TSK: Num 26:59 - -- Exo 2:1, Exo 2:2, Exo 6:20; Lev 18:12

TSK: Num 26:60 - -- Num 3:2, Num 3:8

TSK: Num 26:61 - -- Num 3:4; Lev 10:1, Lev 10:2; 1Ch 24:1, 1Ch 24:2

TSK: Num 26:62 - those that // they were not // because those that : Num 1:49, Num 3:39, Num 4:27, Num 4:48, Num 18:20-24, Num 35:2-8; Deu 10:9, Deu 14:27-29, Deu 18:1, Deu 18:2; Jos 13:14, Jos 13:33, Jos 1...

TSK: Num 26:63 - -- Num 26:3

TSK: Num 26:64 - -- Num. 1:1-2:34; Deu 2:14, Deu 2:15, Deu 4:3, Deu 4:4; 1Co 10:5

TSK: Num 26:65 - They shall // save Caleb They shall : Num 14:23, Num 14:24, Num 14:28-30, Num 14:35, Num 14:38; Exo 12:37; Deu 2:14, Deu 2:15, Deu 32:49, Deu 32:50; Psa 90:3-7; Rom 11:22; 1Co...

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: Num 26:1 - After the plague // Eleazar After the plague last mentioned, Num 25:8,9 . Eleazar his father being dead, was high priest.

After the plague last mentioned, Num 25:8,9 .

Eleazar his father being dead, was high priest.

Poole: Num 26:2 - -- They were numbered twice before, Exo 30:11,12 , and Num 1:1,2 . Now they are numbered a third time, partly to demonstrate the faithfulness of God, b...

They were numbered twice before, Exo 30:11,12 , and Num 1:1,2 . Now they are numbered a third time, partly to demonstrate the faithfulness of God, both in cutting all those off whom he had threatened to cut off, Num 14:29 , and in a stupendous increase and multiplication of the people according to his promise, notwithstanding all their sins, and the sweeping judgments inflicted upon them; and partly to prepare the way for the equal division of the land which they were now going to possess.

Poole: Num 26:3 - In the plains of Moab In the plains of Moab see Num 22:1 33:48

In the plains of Moab see Num 22:1 33:48

Poole: Num 26:4 - Take the sum of the people Take the sum of the people: these words are easily supplied and necessarily to be understood from Num 26:2 .

Take the sum of the people: these words are easily supplied and necessarily to be understood from Num 26:2 .

Poole: Num 26:7 - The families // Forty and three thousand and seven hundred and thirty The families i.e. the chief houses, which were subdivided into divers lesser families. Forty and three thousand and seven hundred and thirty wherea...

The families i.e. the chief houses, which were subdivided into divers lesser families.

Forty and three thousand and seven hundred and thirty whereas in their last numbering they were 46,500, Num 1:21 ; for Korah’ s conspiracy, as well as other provocations of theirs, had cut off many of them.

Poole: Num 26:8 - Sons for son Sons for son of which change of the number see Gen 12:7 Gen 46:7

Sons for son of which change of the number see Gen 12:7 Gen 46:7

Poole: Num 26:10 - Swallowed them up together with Korah // And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them // and the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up // They became a sign Swallowed them up together with Korah: according to this translation Korah was not consumed by fire with his two hundred and fifty men, Nu 16 , but s...

Swallowed them up together with Korah: according to this translation Korah was not consumed by fire with his two hundred and fifty men, Nu 16 , but swallowed up by the earth. But others rather think he was devoured by the fire, of which see on Num 16:32,35 , and render these words, and the things of Korah , or belonging to Korah, to wit, his tent, and goods, and family, children excepted, as here follows; which interpretation receives strength by comparing this place with Num 16:32 ,

And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them (to wit, Dathan and Abiram , as is manifest from Num 26:24,25,27 ) up, and their houses, and all the men that appertained unto Korah ; which variation of the phrase plainly shows that Korah himself was not swallowed up with them, but only his men and his tabernacle, which is mentioned there together with the tabernacles of Dathan and Abiram, Num 26:24,27 , but his person is not there mentioned with their persons. Nor is it unusual both in sacred and profane authors, by the name of a man who is the head and master, to understand only his house and family, though himself be not included. But this difficulty may be cleared another way. The Hebrew particle eth may? be here the note of a nominative case, as it is 2Ki 6:5 Neh 9:19 Jer 38:16 Eze 39:14 43:7 , and there may be a defect of a verb, which is most frequent; and so the place may be rendered thus,

and the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up to wit, Dathan and Abiram, Num 26:9 , and Korah , or, and as for Korah , he died (which verb is easily understood out of the following noun, of which ellipsis there are many instances in Scripture, some whereof have been given before, and more will follow in their places) in the death of that company, or when that company died, what time the fire devoured the two hundred and fifty men . And so this place, and Num 16:35 , explain one another; and whereas there. is mention only of two hundred and fifty men consumed by that fire, Korah is here added to the number.

They became a sign i.e. God made them a monument or example, to warn others not to rebel against God nor against magistracy, nor to usurp the priestly office.

Poole: Num 26:11 - -- God being pleased to spare them, either because they disowned their father’ s act, and thereupon separated themselves both from his tent and co...

God being pleased to spare them, either because they disowned their father’ s act, and thereupon separated themselves both from his tent and company, or because Moses interceded for them, or because God would glorify his own free mercy in sparing some, while he punished others, according to his declaration in a like case, Exo 33:19 . Hence the sons of Korah are mentioned 1Ch 6:22,37 , and oft in the book of Psalms.

Poole: Num 26:12 - Nemuel // Jachin Nemuel called Jemuel , Gen 46:10 Exo 6:15 . Jachin called also Jarib , 1Ch 4:24 . And such names might be either added or changed upon some speci...

Nemuel called Jemuel , Gen 46:10 Exo 6:15 .

Jachin called also Jarib , 1Ch 4:24 . And such names might be either added or changed upon some special occasion not recorded in Scripture.

Poole: Num 26:13 - Zerah Zerah called also Zohar , Gen 46:10 Exo 6:15 . There is another of his sons, Ohad , mentioned Gen 46:10 , not here, possibly because his family was...

Zerah called also Zohar , Gen 46:10 Exo 6:15 . There is another of his sons, Ohad , mentioned Gen 46:10 , not here, possibly because his family was extinct before this time.

Poole: Num 26:14 - -- Whereas there were 35,400 in Num 1:23 . It is thought the example of Zimri, one of their princes, Nu 25 , and some others among them, did infect the...

Whereas there were 35,400 in Num 1:23 . It is thought the example of Zimri, one of their princes, Nu 25 , and some others among them, did infect the generality of the tribe, and so caused this great diminution in their numbers.

Poole: Num 26:15 - Gad // Zephon Gad is placed next, because he was joined with Reuben and Simeon in the same camp and quarters, Num 2:10,14 . Zephon called Ziphion , Gen 46:16 .

Gad is placed next, because he was joined with Reuben and Simeon in the same camp and quarters, Num 2:10,14 .

Zephon called Ziphion , Gen 46:16 .

Poole: Num 26:16 - Ozni Ozni called Ezbon , Gen 46:16 .

Ozni called Ezbon , Gen 46:16 .

Poole: Num 26:17 - Arod Arod called Arodi , Gen 46:16

Arod called Arodi , Gen 46:16

Poole: Num 26:18 - -- Fewer by above five thousand than there were in their last numbering, Num 2:15 .

Fewer by above five thousand than there were in their last numbering, Num 2:15 .

Poole: Num 26:21 - The sons of Pharez The sons of Pharez though Judah’ s grandchildren, are here mentioned among his sons, because they are put in the stead of Er and Onan, which die...

The sons of Pharez though Judah’ s grandchildren, are here mentioned among his sons, because they are put in the stead of Er and Onan, which died before.

Poole: Num 26:22 - -- About two thousand more than they were Num 1:27 ; whereas the foregoing tribes were all diminished, this tribe was now increased, and the blessing p...

About two thousand more than they were Num 1:27 ; whereas the foregoing tribes were all diminished, this tribe was now increased, and the blessing promised to that tribe above the rest, Gen 49:8 , doth herein begin to show itself.

Poole: Num 26:23 - Pua Pua called also Phuvah , Gen 46:13 ; as his brother Jashub , Num 26:24 , is called Job , Gen 46:13 .

Pua called also Phuvah , Gen 46:13 ; as his brother Jashub , Num 26:24 , is called Job , Gen 46:13 .

Poole: Num 26:25 - -- A great increase. Compare Num 2:6 .

A great increase. Compare Num 2:6 .

Poole: Num 26:27 - -- Whereas before they were but 57,400 in Num 1:31 2:8 . So that Judah’ s camp was much increased, as Reuben’ s was much diminished.

Whereas before they were but 57,400 in Num 1:31 2:8 . So that Judah’ s camp was much increased, as Reuben’ s was much diminished.

Poole: Num 26:29 - -- Gilead is here mentioned as Machir’ s only son, and therefore some conceive that the family of the Machirites, and of the Gileadites, are one a...

Gilead is here mentioned as Machir’ s only son, and therefore some conceive that the family of the Machirites, and of the Gileadites, are one and the same family, only called by two names; first Machirites, but afterwards Gileadites. Others make them distinct families, because Machir had other children, Gen 1:23 1Ch 7:14-16 , which are called by their father’ s name, Machirites, whereas the children of his eldest son Gilead are called by his name, Gileadites. But though Machir had other children, it seems they and their posterity were extinct at this time, and that Machir alone was left and his posterity, as may be gathered by comparing this and the following verses with Jos 17:1-3 1Ch 7:14-19 .

Poole: Num 26:30 - Jeezer Jeezer called also Abiezer , Jos 17:2 Jud 6:11,34 1Ch 7:18 .

Jeezer called also Abiezer , Jos 17:2 Jud 6:11,34 1Ch 7:18 .

Poole: Num 26:34 - -- Whereas they were but 32,200 in Num 1:35 . So they are now increased above 50,000, according to that prophecy, Gen 49:22 .

Whereas they were but 32,200 in Num 1:35 . So they are now increased above 50,000, according to that prophecy, Gen 49:22 .

Poole: Num 26:35 - Becher Becher called also Bered , 1Ch 7:20 .

Becher called also Bered , 1Ch 7:20 .

Poole: Num 26:36 - Eran Eran called Edan or Laadan , 1Ch 7:26 ; the letters daleth and resh being alike in the Hebrew tongue, and therefore oft changed, as is evident...

Eran called Edan or Laadan , 1Ch 7:26 ; the letters daleth and resh being alike in the Hebrew tongue, and therefore oft changed, as is evident from Scripture instances.

Poole: Num 26:38 - Ashbel The sons of Benjamin were ten, Gen 46:21 , whereof only five are here mentioned, the rest probably, together with their families, being extinct ere ...

The sons of Benjamin were ten, Gen 46:21 , whereof only five are here mentioned, the rest probably, together with their families, being extinct ere this time.

Ashbel called also Jediael , 1Ch 7:6 . Ahiram , called also Aharah , 1Ch 8:1 and Ehi , Gen 46:21 .

Poole: Num 26:39 - Shupham // Hupham Shupham called also Shuppim , 1Ch 7:12 , and Muppim , Gen 46:21 . Hupham called Huppim , Gen 46:21 1Ch 7:12 .

Shupham called also Shuppim , 1Ch 7:12 , and Muppim , Gen 46:21 .

Hupham called Huppim , Gen 46:21 1Ch 7:12 .

Poole: Num 26:40 - Ard Ard or Arde , and by transposition, Addar , 1Ch 8:3 .

Ard or Arde , and by transposition, Addar , 1Ch 8:3 .

Poole: Num 26:42 - Shuham // After their families Shuham called, by transposition, Hushim , Gen 46:23 . After their families the greater families subdivided into lesser families.

Shuham called, by transposition, Hushim , Gen 46:23 .

After their families the greater families subdivided into lesser families.

Poole: Num 26:43 - All from one son and family All from one son and family whereas of Benjamin, who had ten sons, and here five families, there were only 45,600, to show that the increase of famil...

All from one son and family whereas of Benjamin, who had ten sons, and here five families, there were only 45,600, to show that the increase of families depends singly upon God’ s blessing and good pleasure.

Poole: Num 26:44 - Of Jesui Of Jesui called Isui , Gen 46:17 , where also there is another son of Asher named, to wit, Ishuah , whose family seems now to be lost.

Of Jesui called Isui , Gen 46:17 , where also there is another son of Asher named, to wit, Ishuah , whose family seems now to be lost.

Poole: Num 26:46 - -- Who seems to be here mentioned because she was a woman of masculine wisdom, or courage, or other virtue.

Who seems to be here mentioned because she was a woman of masculine wisdom, or courage, or other virtue.

Poole: Num 26:47 - -- Whereas they were only 41,500 in Num 1:41 .

Whereas they were only 41,500 in Num 1:41 .

Poole: Num 26:51 - -- Very nigh as many as there were before, Num 1:46 . So wisely and marvellously did God at the same time manifest his justice in cutting off so vast a...

Very nigh as many as there were before, Num 1:46 . So wisely and marvellously did God at the same time manifest his justice in cutting off so vast a number, and his mercy in giving such a speedy and numerous supply, and his truth in both.

Poole: Num 26:53 - Unto these // The land shall be divided // Of names Unto these to these families now mentioned. The land shall be divided by lot, Num 26:55 . The land was divided into nine parts and a half, respect ...

Unto these to these families now mentioned.

The land shall be divided by lot, Num 26:55 . The land was divided into nine parts and a half, respect being had in such division to the goodness as well as to the largeness of the several portions, and the lot gave each tribe their part.

Of names i.e. of the persons, names being oft put for persons, as Act 1:15 Phi 2:9 Rev 3:4 11:13 . The meaning is, that the share of each tribe was divided amongst the several families, to some more, to some less, according to the number of the persons of each family, Num 33:54 . And withal, if one of the lots or portions proved too large or too little for all the families and persons of that tribe, in this case they might either give part of their portion to another tribe, as Simeon and Dan had parts of Judah’ s share, Jos 19:1,40 , or take away a part from the portion belonging to another tribe.

Poole: Num 26:54 - Thou shalt give // According to those that were numbered of him Thou shalt give thou, Moses, partly by thyself, for he divided the land beyond Jordan to the two tribes and a half; and partly by thy successor Joshu...

Thou shalt give thou, Moses, partly by thyself, for he divided the land beyond Jordan to the two tribes and a half; and partly by thy successor Joshua, whom thou shalt empower and command to do it.

According to those that were numbered of him according to the number of the families and persons now numbered, and being twenty years old, no regard being to be had either to any increase of the number by those who came up to that age between this time and the division of the land, or to the diminution of this number by the sword of Canaanites or otherwise.

Poole: Num 26:55 - By lot // According to the names of the tribes By lot which lots seem to have been cast only for the tribes, not, as some would have it, for the several families, for the distribution of it to the...

By lot which lots seem to have been cast only for the tribes, not, as some would have it, for the several families, for the distribution of it to them was left to the ruler’ s wisdom, according to the rule now given, Num 26:54 . Yet if any lot was too large for the tribe, they might give up part of their right to others, with the ruler’ s consent, as Judah gave a share to Simeon and to Dan within his lot.

According to the names of the tribes i.e. the lots shall go under the names of each tribe or each patriarch.

Poole: Num 26:56 - -- i.e. That share which shall by lot fall to each tribe, shall be distributed to the several families and persons in such proportions as their numbers...

i.e. That share which shall by lot fall to each tribe, shall be distributed to the several families and persons in such proportions as their numbers shall require.

Poole: Num 26:58 - -- The families of the Levites are here numbered by themselves, because they were not to have a distinct share of the land, whence it is that they are ...

The families of the Levites are here numbered by themselves, because they were not to have a distinct share of the land, whence it is that they are not so distinctly and exactly mentioned as the other tribes, but confusedly and imperfectly, some of them being wholly omitted here. See Exo 6:17-19 .

Poole: Num 26:59 - Her mother Her mother to wit, Levi’ s wife, which must necessarily be understood.

Her mother to wit, Levi’ s wife, which must necessarily be understood.

Poole: Num 26:62 - Twenty and three thousand Twenty and three thousand one thousand more than they were Num 3:39 . The reason of which different way of numbering, see on Num 3:15 .

Twenty and three thousand one thousand more than they were Num 3:39 . The reason of which different way of numbering, see on Num 3:15 .

Poole: Num 26:65 - There was not left a man of them There was not left a man of them to wit, of those who then murmured and rebelled against God, as plainly appears, both because this threatening and p...

There was not left a man of them to wit, of those who then murmured and rebelled against God, as plainly appears, both because this threatening and punishment is confined to those transgressors, and because otherwise this had not been true; for of those that were then numbered there were now left Eleazar and Ithamar, and possibly many of the Levites, and some others, who being not guilty of that sin, did not partake of their judgment. Caleb and Joshua are mentioned here, as also Nu 14 , not by way of exception, as if these were murmurers, which is utterly denied, Num 14:24 , but by way of opposition, to signify that they, though they were two of the spies, and companions of them who were the chief authors and ringleaders of that mutiny, yet they kept themselves from their sin, and therefore God kept them from their plague and destruction, as also he did some others for the same reason.

Haydock: Num 26:1 - Shed Shed. Hebrew and Septuagint, "after the plague," which destroyed so many. (Chaldean) After all who had murmured were cut off, the new progeny is n...

Shed. Hebrew and Septuagint, "after the plague," which destroyed so many. (Chaldean) After all who had murmured were cut off, the new progeny is numbered. (St. Jerome) (Worthington)

Haydock: Num 26:2 - Number Number. This was done that the general might know what forces he could muster to attack the nations of Chanaan on the west side of the Jordan, and a...

Number. This was done that the general might know what forces he could muster to attack the nations of Chanaan on the west side of the Jordan, and also in order that the lands might be properly distributed. The war lasted seven years, and the distribution of lands was not completed till some time afterwards. It is not clear that those who were not enrolled at this time, as being 20 years of age, would have any portion, except that of their fathers, allotted to them; but it seems, however, rational that those who were arrived at that age when the distribution was made, would have their share like the rest. There were 1820 people fewer than in the register which was taken before, (chap. i.,) thirteen months after the departure from Egypt. The Levites seem not to have been numbered with the utmost exactitude, as only five families are mentioned, (ver. 58, Jansenius,) though there were many more, 1 Paralipomenon xxiii. 6, &c. Their numbers amount to only 23,000. (Calmet) ---

They had rather increased in the desert during 38 years; (see chap. iii. 39,) as had also the tribes of Juda, Issachar, and Zabulon, which lay to the east; of Manasses (who perhaps on that account precedes Ephraim ) and Benjamin to the west; Dan and Aser to the north. Nephtali proved deficient; so did likewise the tribes of Ruben, Simeon, and Gad, who were stationed to the south of the tabernacle. When they were numbered the first and the second time (Exodus xxxviii. 25, and Numbers i. 46,) they amounted to 603,550, exclusively of the Levites. Now they could only count 601,730 men fit for war. Considering their frequent disasters, it is even a matter of surprise that their ranks were not thinned still more, particularly as we are assured that all who had been numbered before, except Josue and Caleb, the Levites, and such as had kept themselves free from murmuring, had perished, ver. 64. (Haydock) ---

In the particular accounts of the tribes, and in the names of persons, the Septuagint frequently differ from the Hebrew. But the total amount agrees.

Haydock: Num 26:4 - Them Them. Hebrew, "commanded Moses and the children of Israel, who came forth out of the land of Egypt." The same plan was now to be pursued as formerl...

Them. Hebrew, "commanded Moses and the children of Israel, who came forth out of the land of Egypt." The same plan was now to be pursued as formerly.

Haydock: Num 26:7 - Thirty Thirty. They had lost therefore 2870 men, chap. i. 21.

Thirty. They had lost therefore 2870 men, chap. i. 21.

Haydock: Num 26:9 - Princes Princes. Hebrew, "men of name in the congregation," senators. (Vatable) (Chap. xvi. 2.)

Princes. Hebrew, "men of name in the congregation," senators. (Vatable) (Chap. xvi. 2.)

Haydock: Num 26:10 - Miracle Miracle. Hebrew, "they became a sign," of reproach, and a memorial of God's just judgments, who caused the earth to swallow up Core and his companio...

Miracle. Hebrew, "they became a sign," of reproach, and a memorial of God's just judgments, who caused the earth to swallow up Core and his companions alive, by a most disgraceful kind of death, to which the faithless vestal virgins were condemned at Rome, being buried alive; while those who had offered incense were consumed by fire. Many of the ancients assert that Core was also burnt, meaning perhaps by the fire of hell; to which he descended. (Josephus, [Antiquities?] iv. 3.) ---

Others have thought that the children of Core were swallowed up with their father. But this is not true, with respect to some of them at least, (Haydock) who by a miracle of divine grace and goodness, were preserved from joining in his sedition; (Calmet) while Core, his wife and servants, all concurred to shew them such a pernicious example. (Haydock) ---

Lyranus and the Rabbins tell us, that the children stopped to intreat their father to repent; and while the earth opened under them, God supported them in the air, and gave them the spirit of prophecy; so that they sung, (Psalm xlv.) God is our refuge, &c., or, according to others, the Psalm xli. which has their name in the title. But these accounts are to be received with caution. The Samaritan text, fuerunt in fugam, (Calmet) may be translated, "out of this world they fled away, (11) and the sons of Core did not perish."

Haydock: Num 26:12 - Namuel Namuel. N has been substituted for i, in the name of Iamuel, as it is read elsewhere, and in the Syriac, both here and 1 Paralipomenon iv. 24, whe...

Namuel. N has been substituted for i, in the name of Iamuel, as it is read elsewhere, and in the Syriac, both here and 1 Paralipomenon iv. 24, where Ahod is by mistake written with r, instead of d. See also the Arabic. (Kennicott) (Haydock)

Haydock: Num 26:14 - Families // Hundred Families. Ahod is not mentioned, as he, probably, died without children. See Genesis xlvi. 10. (Menochius) --- Hundred. Their numbers were the ...

Families. Ahod is not mentioned, as he, probably, died without children. See Genesis xlvi. 10. (Menochius) ---

Hundred. Their numbers were the most reduced. See chap. xxv. 9. (Haydock)

Haydock: Num 26:18 - Hundred Hundred. Septuagint add, "4000." This tribe had formerly 45,650. It had lost 5100.

Hundred. Septuagint add, "4000." This tribe had formerly 45,650. It had lost 5100.

Haydock: Num 26:22 - Hundred Hundred. Juda had increased 1900.

Hundred. Juda had increased 1900.

Haydock: Num 26:25 - Issachar Issachar had also 9900 more.

Issachar had also 9900 more.

Haydock: Num 26:27 - Zabulon Zabulon was more numerous by 3100; so that this division had an additional strength of 13,100, while the former was diminished by 45,070 men. (Haydo...

Zabulon was more numerous by 3100; so that this division had an additional strength of 13,100, while the former was diminished by 45,070 men. (Haydock)

Haydock: Num 26:29 - Machir Machir: 1 Paralipomenon vii. 20, we find Ezriel also mentioned. See chap. xxxi. 39.

Machir: 1 Paralipomenon vii. 20, we find Ezriel also mentioned. See chap. xxxi. 39.

Haydock: Num 26:30 - Jezer Jezer, who is called Abihezer, Josue xvii. 2, and Paralipomenon.

Jezer, who is called Abihezer, Josue xvii. 2, and Paralipomenon.

Haydock: Num 26:34 - Hundred Hundred. Manasses had increased his numbers by 20,500, while

Hundred. Manasses had increased his numbers by 20,500, while

Haydock: Num 26:37 - Ephraim Ephraim had lost 8000. (Haydock)

Ephraim had lost 8000. (Haydock)

Haydock: Num 26:38 - Bela Bela was the father of two families, ver. 40. The other five children of Benjamin probably left no issue, Genesis xlvi. 21. (Du Hamel)

Bela was the father of two families, ver. 40. The other five children of Benjamin probably left no issue, Genesis xlvi. 21. (Du Hamel)

Haydock: Num 26:41 - Benjamin Benjamin had 10,200 added to his former number. Hence this division of the army, though hurt by Ephraim, (ver. 37,) had an increase of 22,700.

Benjamin had 10,200 added to his former number. Hence this division of the army, though hurt by Ephraim, (ver. 37,) had an increase of 22,700.

Haydock: Num 26:43 - Suhamites Suhamites. Their father is called Huthim in Genesis, and also by the Septuagint. This branch of Dan was more numerous than formerly by 1700 soldier...

Suhamites. Their father is called Huthim in Genesis, and also by the Septuagint. This branch of Dan was more numerous than formerly by 1700 soldiers.

Haydock: Num 26:47 - Aser Aser had an addition of 11,900; and, both together, 13,600. But they were let down by

Aser had an addition of 11,900; and, both together, 13,600. But they were let down by

Haydock: Num 26:50 - Nephtali Nephtali, who had lost 8000; so that this division had only 5600 more. (Haydock)

Nephtali, who had lost 8000; so that this division had only 5600 more. (Haydock)

Haydock: Num 26:54 - A less A less. God introduced among his people that equality, which was so much desired by Lycurgus, Solon, &c. The fertility of the land assigned to Benj...

A less. God introduced among his people that equality, which was so much desired by Lycurgus, Solon, &c. The fertility of the land assigned to Benjamin, compensated for the smallness of its quantity.

Haydock: Num 26:55 - Lot Lot. Josue appointed commissioners, who measured the land, and divided it according to its fertility; and the portions assigned to each of the tribe...

Lot. Josue appointed commissioners, who measured the land, and divided it according to its fertility; and the portions assigned to each of the tribes by lot, corresponded with the predications of Jacob and of Moses; God so regulating the lots by his allwise Providence, in order that the people might be more convinced of the truth of the prophecies, and that no undue favour was shewn to any one by Josue, Eleazar, or by the other men in authority. He took the whole upon himself, that none might complain of their rulers. (Calmet) ---

Masius supposes that the different divisions of the land were written down, and placed in an urn, and that the heads of the tribes drew according to their birth, Josue xv. 1. ---

The heads of families, such as Henoch, &c., (ver. 5.) probably also drew lots, to know what part of territory allotted to the tribe, should fall to their share; (Haydock) and they parcelled out their land among their children. (Menochius)

Haydock: Num 26:58 - Core Core. Three other families are mentioned, Exodus vi. 17, &c. They were not going out to war. (Du Hamel)

Core. Three other families are mentioned, Exodus vi. 17, &c. They were not going out to war. (Du Hamel)

Haydock: Num 26:59 - Levi Levi. Septuagint, "who bore these ( Lobni, &c.) to Levi, in Egypt; and she bore to Amram, Aaron," &c., as if Jochabed had been wife both of Levi an...

Levi. Septuagint, "who bore these ( Lobni, &c.) to Levi, in Egypt; and she bore to Amram, Aaron," &c., as if Jochabed had been wife both of Levi and of Amram, which is very improbable. It is more likely that the wives of these two bore the same name. The Hebrew may agree very well with the Vulgate. See Exodus ii. 1. (Calmet) ---

It was afterwards forbidden for a person to marry his aunt, Leviticus xviii. (Worthington)

Haydock: Num 26:64 - Sinai Sinai, if we except the Levites. (Menochius) See chap. xiv. 23. --- Origen (hom. 21.) makes a very good remark on this subject. This circumcised,...

Sinai, if we except the Levites. (Menochius) See chap. xiv. 23. ---

Origen (hom. 21.) makes a very good remark on this subject. This circumcised, but rebellious people, conducted by Moses into the desert, clearly points out the Hebrews, who come to the frontiers of the promised land, but are not suffered to cross the Jordan. The uncircumcised are introduced into the land flowing with milk and honey, not by Moses, but by Josue, the figure of our Saviour, who opens heaven to true believers. "The first people is rejected, which had received circumcision, and the second is introduced, which is gathered from the Gentiles; and it is the people which obtains its father's inheritance....If Moses give any inheritance, it is not within the Jordan....it is a land fit for cattle....he does not distribute it by lot....nor can he know the merits of each. This is done by Jesus only, to whom his Father has given all judgment ." (Haydock)

Gill: Num 26:1 - And it came to pass after the plague // that the Lord spake unto Moses // and unto Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest // saying And it came to pass after the plague,.... Related in the preceding chapter; how long after is not certain, perhaps before the war with Midian, exhorte...

And it came to pass after the plague,.... Related in the preceding chapter; how long after is not certain, perhaps before the war with Midian, exhorted to in the latter part of the foregoing chapter, and of which an account is given, Num 31:1,

that the Lord spake unto Moses; out of the tabernacle, or out of the cloud:

and unto Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest; the Lord had been used to speak to Moses and to Aaron; but now Aaron being dead, and Eleazar his son succeeding him in the priesthood, is joined with Moses, and the order here given is directed to them both:

saying: as follows.

Gill: Num 26:2 - Take the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel // from twenty years old and upwards, throughout their father's house // all that are able to go to war in Israel Take the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel,.... Excepting the Levites, who were to be numbered by themselves, and at a different a...

Take the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel,.... Excepting the Levites, who were to be numbered by themselves, and at a different age; this sum was to be taken, that it might appear that all of the old generation that came out of Egypt, of the age at which this sum was taken, were now dead, excepting two, as the Lord had threatened; and partly that as they were now about to enter the land of Canaan, it might be divided to them according to their number; as well as to show the faithfulness of God to his word and promise, that he would multiply and make them fruitful, notwithstanding all their provoking sins and transgressions:

from twenty years old and upwards, throughout their father's house; all of that age in every tribe, house, and family:

all that are able to go to war in Israel; for which they must prepare, being about to enter the land of Canaan, and dispossess and drive out the inhabitants of it.

Gill: Num 26:3 - And Moses and Eleazar the priest spake with them // in the plains of Moab, by Jordan, near Jericho // saying And Moses and Eleazar the priest spake with them,.... With the children of Israel, with the heads of them, their chief and principal, to assist in tak...

And Moses and Eleazar the priest spake with them,.... With the children of Israel, with the heads of them, their chief and principal, to assist in taking the number of the people; as when they were numbered thirty years ago, when a prince out of each tribe was taken to be with Aaron and Moses in doing that business; but those princes were now all dead, and another race succeeded, who were now employed in this service; so the Targum of Jonathan says, they spoke with the rulers, and ordered them to number them:

in the plains of Moab, by Jordan, near Jericho: or of Jericho, as the same Targum, on the other side of Jordan to that on which Jericho stood; for as yet the children of Israel had not passed that river, nor entered into the land of Canaan, in which Jericho was, but they were now opposite it; See Gill on Num 22:1,

saying; as follows.

Gill: Num 26:4 - Take the sum of the people, from twenty years old and upward // and the Lord commanded Moses, and the children of Israel, which went forth out of the land of Egypt Take the sum of the people, from twenty years old and upward,.... At the same age at which the sum was taken before, Num 1:3 so that there could not ...

Take the sum of the people, from twenty years old and upward,.... At the same age at which the sum was taken before, Num 1:3 so that there could not be one that was more than sixty years of age, of all those that went into the land of Canaan, except Joshua and Caleb, and besides some few in the tribe of Levi, which did not come into either of these musters:

and the Lord commanded Moses, and the children of Israel, which went forth out of the land of Egypt; as Moses had a command to number the people before, so he had now. The sin of David was, that he numbered the people when he had no command for it; Moses, when he brought the people out of Egypt, had them committed to him by number; and now being about to die, he delivers them up as it were by number again, as Jarchi observes.

Gill: Num 26:5-7 - Reuben, the eldest son of Israel Reuben, the eldest son of Israel,.... the number of his tribe is taken first on that account; there were four families that descended from him, the Ha...

Reuben, the eldest son of Israel,.... the number of his tribe is taken first on that account; there were four families that descended from him, the Hanochite, Palluite, Hesronite, and Carmite, and the number of men from twenty years old and upwards, fit for war, were 43,730; so that, since the last numbering, this tribe was decreased 2770; which may in part be accounted for by the families of Dathan and Abiram being cut off for their rebellion, who were this tribe, and whose affair is briefly related in the following verses, and it may be to point out this unto us.

Gill: Num 26:8 - And the sons of Pallu And the sons of Pallu,.... Or son, the plural for the singular, Pallu having but one son, whose name was Eliab, the father of Dathan and Abiram; Num 2...

And the sons of Pallu,.... Or son, the plural for the singular, Pallu having but one son, whose name was Eliab, the father of Dathan and Abiram; Num 26:9.

Gill: Num 26:9 - And the sons of Eliab; Nemuel, and Dathan, and Abiram // this is that Dathan and Abiram, which were famous in the congregation // who strove against Moses and against Aaron in the company of Korah, when they strove against the Lord And the sons of Eliab; Nemuel, and Dathan, and Abiram,.... Of Nemuel we nowhere else read either he died without children, or he and his family perish...

And the sons of Eliab; Nemuel, and Dathan, and Abiram,.... Of Nemuel we nowhere else read either he died without children, or he and his family perished with his brethren, being concerned with them in the conspiracy; or the family of the Palluite was in his line; one of the same name may be observed in the tribe of Simeon:

this is that Dathan and Abiram, which were famous in the congregation; either before their rebellion, for their power and authority, being heads of their fathers' houses; or for their parts and abilities, being men of great wisdom and sense; or for their zeal, activity, and usefulness; or after it, and became famous, or rather infamous, on account of it, see Num 16:2.

who strove against Moses and against Aaron in the company of Korah, when they strove against the Lord; who joined with Korah and his company, and quarrelled with Moses and Aaron about the priesthood; with Moses for putting Aaron into it, and with Aaron for accepting it, and officiating in it; and so with the Lord himself, by whose orders he was invested with it.

Gill: Num 26:10 - And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up // what time the fire devoured two hundred and fifty men // and they became a sign And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up,.... Not only Dathan and Abiram, but their wives and children, their houses and tents, and all t...

And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up,.... Not only Dathan and Abiram, but their wives and children, their houses and tents, and all their goods, see Num 16:32 together with Korah; the words being thus rendered, and standing in such close connection with the preceding, some have concluded from hence that Korah was swallowed up with them in the earth; whereas he seems rather to have been at that time with the two hundred and fifty men that had censers at the door of the tabernacle, and was consumed by fire with them, see Num 16:16 and, indeed, it is suggested here, for the phrase may be rendered, "and the things of Korah" m; what appertained unto him, his men, tents, goods, and substance, which agrees with Num 16:32 or, "and as for Korah" n; with respect to him: "when that company died": he was at the head of, he died also, the same death they died, by fire, as follows:

what time the fire devoured two hundred and fifty men; which was the number his company consisted of, who took censers, and offered incense, and were consumed by fire, Num 16:2, and with whom, in all probability, he perished:

and they became a sign, were made an example of, to deter others from the like practices, and particularly usurping any part of the priest's office: some connect the words with the following, and take the sense to be, that this was the sign or miracle, that when they perished, Korah's sons died not, but were preserved; which sense is countenanced by the Vulgate Latin, but the other sense is best.

Gill: Num 26:11 - Notwithstanding, the children of Korah died not. Notwithstanding, the children of Korah died not. Neither of the pestilence, nor by fire, nor by the swallowing up of the earth; they not being in the ...

Notwithstanding, the children of Korah died not. Neither of the pestilence, nor by fire, nor by the swallowing up of the earth; they not being in the counsel of their father, but followed the doctrine of Moses the prophet, as the Targum of Jonathan; they either disliked their father's scheme, or, if they engaged with him in it, they repented and departed from him, and were not present when the judgments of God came upon him and his company; there were several of his posterity who were singers in the times of David, and to whom many of the psalms were sent to be sung.

Gill: Num 26:12-14 - The sons of Simeon, after their families The sons of Simeon, after their families,.... This tribe was next numbered, not only because Simeon was next to Reuben by birth, but because his tribe...

The sons of Simeon, after their families,.... This tribe was next numbered, not only because Simeon was next to Reuben by birth, but because his tribe was under the standard of Reuben; two of his sons are a little differently named here than they are in Gen 46:10, there the eldest is called Jemuel, here Nemuel; there the youngest but one is named Zohar, here Zerah; and one of them is here omitted, namely Ohad, perhaps because he died without children, and so no family sprang from him; wherefore the families of Simeon were but five, and the number of them were 22,200; by which it appears there was a very great decrease in this tribe since the last muster, even 37,100 which in some measure is to be accounted for by the great number of this tribe supposed to have died of the plague, on account of fornication and idolatry, made mention of in the preceding chapter; a prince in this tribe having set a bad example, it is probable he was followed in it by many of it, for which great numbers were cut off. Jarchi, from Tanchuma, says, that all the 24,000 that died of the plague was of the tribe of Simeon; and so says the Samaritan Chronicle o; but that is not likely.

Gill: Num 26:15-18 - The children of Gad, after their families tribe was numbered next to Simeon The children of Gad, after their families tribe was numbered next to Simeon,.... because it lay encamped with that under the standard of Reuben. There...

The children of Gad, after their families tribe was numbered next to Simeon,.... because it lay encamped with that under the standard of Reuben. There is a little variation in the names of two or three of his sons, from those by which they are called Gen 46:16, instead of Ziphion, here Zephon; and for Haggai, here Haggi; and what is much wider, for Ezbon, here Ozni. Seven families sprang from Gad, whose number now was 40,500; they were diminished since their last numbering 5150; it is probable this tribe, being a warlike tribe, suffered very much in their attempt to enter the land of Canaan contrary to the will of God, and were repulsed and defeated by the Amalekites, Num 16:40.

Gill: Num 26:19-22 - And the sons of Judah were Er and Onan // Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan // Ge 38:7-10 And the sons of Judah were Er and Onan,.... And besides these he had Shelah, Pharez, and Zerah, from whom families sprang, but none from the two first...

And the sons of Judah were Er and Onan,.... And besides these he had Shelah, Pharez, and Zerah, from whom families sprang, but none from the two first: for

Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan; where they were born; and that because of their sins, as the Targum of Jonathan adds, see

Ge 38:7-10 so that there were but three families sprang from Judah, the Shelanites, Pharzites, and Zarhites; only the family of the Pharzites was divided into two families, the Hesronites and the Hamulites, so called from two sons of Pharez; the number of these families amounted to 76,500, so that there was an increase of 1900 since the last muster, which answers to Jacob's blessing, that he should be a praise among his brethren, Gen 49:8.

Gill: Num 26:23-25 - Of the sons of Issachar, after their families Of the sons of Issachar, after their families,.... This tribe was numbered next to Judah, because it was under his standard. Two of his sons are a lit...

Of the sons of Issachar, after their families,.... This tribe was numbered next to Judah, because it was under his standard. Two of his sons are a little differently named than they are Gen 46:13 instead of Phuvah one is called Pua, and instead of Job another is called here Jashub; this tribe consisted of four families, and the number of warlike men in it was 64,300; their increase since the last numbering of them is 9900.

Gill: Num 26:26-27 - Of he sons of Zebulun, after their families Of he sons of Zebulun, after their families,.... This is numbered next to Issachar, because it was encamped under the standard of Judah; it consisted ...

Of he sons of Zebulun, after their families,.... This is numbered next to Issachar, because it was encamped under the standard of Judah; it consisted of three families, whose numbers were 60,500, so that this tribe was increased 3100.

Gill: Num 26:28-34 - The sons of Joseph, after their families, were Manasseh and Ephraim. The sons of Joseph, after their families, were Manasseh and Ephraim. Manasseh is here mentioned first, though Ephraim was preferred to him by Jacob, a...

The sons of Joseph, after their families, were Manasseh and Ephraim. Manasseh is here mentioned first, though Ephraim was preferred to him by Jacob, and the standard belonged to him; not because he was the firstborn, but because he had now the greater increase, though he had but one son, Machir, of whom was the family of the Machirites, and a grandson, whose name was Gilead, from whom was the family of the Gileadites, and who had six sons; of whom were the families of the Jeezerite, Halekite, Asrielite, Shechemite, Shemidaite, and Hepherite. Hepher, of whom was the last, had a son named Zelophehad, but he had no son, only five daughters, whose names are given; the number of men in this tribe, of twenty years old and upwards, fit for war, was 52,700, so that the increase was 20,500, a large increase indeed!

Gill: Num 26:35-37 - These are the sons of Ephrain, after their families These are the sons of Ephrain, after their families,.... Which were but three, the Shuthalhite, the Bachrite, and the Tahanite, only from the former s...

These are the sons of Ephrain, after their families,.... Which were but three, the Shuthalhite, the Bachrite, and the Tahanite, only from the former sprung another family, called the Eranite; the number of the whole was 32,500; there was a decrease in this tribe of 8000.

Gill: Num 26:38-41 - The sons of Benjamin, after their families The sons of Benjamin, after their families,.... This tribe was numbered next to Ephraim, being under his standard. Five of the sons of Benjamin are om...

The sons of Benjamin, after their families,.... This tribe was numbered next to Ephraim, being under his standard. Five of the sons of Benjamin are omitted, perhaps because they died without issue, and so no families sprang from them; the names of the five sons mentioned vary a little from the names of them in Gen 46:21 instead of Ehi, it is here Ahiram; and instead of Huppim and Muppim, it is here Shupham and Hupham; from these last five were the families of the Belaite, Ashbelite, Ahiramite, Shuphamite, and Huphamite; and from the eldest of them sprang two other families, the Ardite and Naamite, from Ard and Naaman, two sons of Bela; the number of men in these families was 45,600, so that here was an increase of 10,200.

Gill: Num 26:42-43 - These are the sons of Dan, after their families These are the sons of Dan, after their families,.... Though he had but one son, the plural being put for the singular; or by sons are meant his poster...

These are the sons of Dan, after their families,.... Though he had but one son, the plural being put for the singular; or by sons are meant his posterity; his son's name was Shuham, and by transposition Hushim, in Gen 46:23 from him was the family of the Shulamite; and yet, though but one, consisted of 64,400 men; there was an increase of 1700 in this tribe.

Gill: Num 26:44-47 - Of the children of Asher, after their families Of the children of Asher, after their families,.... This tribe was numbered next to Dan, because it was under his standard; one of his sons is omitted...

Of the children of Asher, after their families,.... This tribe was numbered next to Dan, because it was under his standard; one of his sons is omitted, very probably dying childless, and so had no family; from the rest sprang the families of the Iimnite, Jesuite, and Benite; and, from the latter, two others, the Heberite and Malchielite; and it is remarked that Asher had a daughter named Serah, and who also is particularly mentioned as a sister of Asher's sons in Gen 46:17 no doubt but she was a remarkable woman, either for religion, or for wisdom and prudence, or some amiable virtue or grace or another, that she is so particularly taken notice of: according to Maimonides p she was an heiress; for though Asher had many sons, this was his wife's daughter by another man, who had no sons, and the inheritance was his daughter's, and therefore is so particularly mentioned; she inheriting as the daughters of Zelophehad did: the number of persons in this tribe was 53,400, the increase was 11,900.

Gill: Num 26:48-50 - Of the sons of Naphtali, after their families Of the sons of Naphtali, after their families,.... This tribe, which is the last of them, was numbered next to Asher, because it was with that under t...

Of the sons of Naphtali, after their families,.... This tribe, which is the last of them, was numbered next to Asher, because it was with that under the standard of Dan; it had four families in it, the Jahzeelite, Gunite, Jezerite, and Shillemite, and its number was 45,400, being less by 8000 than it was when first numbered.

Gill: Num 26:51 - These were the numbered of the children of Israel // six hundred and one thousand and seven hundred and thirty These were the numbered of the children of Israel,.... The twelve tribes, consisting of so many families, as above named; and the sum total of persons...

These were the numbered of the children of Israel,.... The twelve tribes, consisting of so many families, as above named; and the sum total of persons in them of twenty years old and upwards, and fit for war, was

six hundred and one thousand and seven hundred and thirty; so that though all those that were numbered thirty years ago were now dead, excepting Joshua and Caleb, yet there wanted but 1820 of that number; so mindful was the Lord of his promise, and so faithful to keep it, notwithstanding the provocations of these people, to increase and multiply them, that they had pretty near the number to go into the land of Canaan which they had when they came out of Egypt.

Gill: Num 26:52 - And the Lord spake unto Moses // saying And the Lord spake unto Moses,.... After the sum of the people of Israel had been taken: saying; as follows.

And the Lord spake unto Moses,.... After the sum of the people of Israel had been taken:

saying; as follows.

Gill: Num 26:53 - Unto these the land shall be divided for an inheritance // according to the number of their names Unto these the land shall be divided for an inheritance,.... That were numbered, and to none else: according to the number of their names; and for ...

Unto these the land shall be divided for an inheritance,.... That were numbered, and to none else:

according to the number of their names; and for this end was the number of them now taken, that the land might be equally divided among them; women and minors, or such as were under twenty years of age, had no share in it; and even only those who were at that age at this time; so Jarchi says, it was not divided to any that were less than twenty years of age, even though they came to be full twenty before the division of the land; for they were seven years subduing it, and seven years dividing it, yet none took any part of it but these 601,730: nay, he says, if a man had six children they took but their father's part only.

Gill: Num 26:54 - To many thou shalt give the more inheritance, and to few thou shalt give the less inheritance // to everyone shall his inheritance be given, according to those that were numbered of him To many thou shalt give the more inheritance, and to few thou shalt give the less inheritance,.... To a tribe more numerous, and consisting of more an...

To many thou shalt give the more inheritance, and to few thou shalt give the less inheritance,.... To a tribe more numerous, and consisting of more and larger families, a greater part of the land was to be given to them to possess; and to a smaller tribe, and of the fewer families and persons in them, a lesser share of it: this direction is given to Moses, but is not designed for him personally, for he never entered the land, but died before Israel went into it; but for the chief ruler that would be then in being, namely, Joshua, his successor:

to everyone shall his inheritance be given, according to those that were numbered of him; that is, to every tribe, and so to every family in it, according to the number of men in it, that were of the above age when the sum of them was taken: because it is in the original text, "to a man according to those numbered of him", &c. q; hence the Jewish writers r gather, that the land was distributed not to women, but to men only.

Gill: Num 26:55 - Notwithstanding, the land shall be divided by lot // according to the names of the tribes of their fathers they shall inherit Notwithstanding, the land shall be divided by lot,.... That the division might appear to be according to the determination and will of God, and not le...

Notwithstanding, the land shall be divided by lot,.... That the division might appear to be according to the determination and will of God, and not left to the judgment and discretion of the chief magistrate, though bound by the above rule:

according to the names of the tribes of their fathers they shall inherit; that is, according as to whatsoever name of a tribe such a part or portion of the land comes up by lot, that shall their inheritance be: Jarchi says, the names of the twelve tribes were written on twelve scrolls of parchment, and twelve borders or limits of land on twelve others, and they were mixed together in an urn, and the prince put his hand into it and took two scrolls; a scroll came up with the name of a tribe, and a scroll with a border or limit expressed on it; and the lot, he says, was by the Holy Ghost, for Eleazar, at the same time, was clothed with Urim and Thummim s; so that the people were certain that the disposition and division of the land was of God; but there were but nine tribes and a half, among whom the land of Canaan was divided, two tribes and a half settled on the other side Jordan, namely, the tribes of Reuben and Gad, and half the tribe of Manasseh.

Gill: Num 26:56 - According to the lot shall the possession thereof be divided // between many and few According to the lot shall the possession thereof be divided,.... It was by the determination of the lot that the land was divided by inheritance, and...

According to the lot shall the possession thereof be divided,.... It was by the determination of the lot that the land was divided by inheritance, and that was by the Lord, according to Pro 16:33.

between many and few; it was so ordered of the Lord by the lot, that the many should have a larger share, and the few a lesser.

Gill: Num 26:57-62 - And these are they that were numbered of the Levites, after their families And these are they that were numbered of the Levites, after their families,.... And they were numbered not with the rest of the tribes of Israel, but ...

And these are they that were numbered of the Levites, after their families,.... And they were numbered not with the rest of the tribes of Israel, but by themselves, as they were at the first numbering of the tribes; the three principal families of which were, the Gershonite, the Kohathite, and Merarite, so called from the three sons of Levi; but all their sons are not mentioned, of the sons of Gershon only Libni, from whom was the family of the Libnites; not Shimei, because, as Aben Ezra conjectures, either he had no sons, or, if he had, they died without any, and so there was no family from them; and of the sons of Kohath no mention is made of Uzziel, nor of Izhar, but in the Korhites, only of the Hebronite family from Hebron; and of Amram, whose wife Jochebed is spoken of as a daughter of Levi, whom Levi's wife, as Jarchi rightly supplies it, bore to him in Egypt, and which Jochebed was the mother of Aaron, Moses, and Miriam; and it is observed that Aaron had four sons, Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar, the two first of which died for offering strange fire to the Lord, and the two last were now living: from Merari, another son of Levi, sprang two families, the Mahlite, and the Mushite; and the whole number of the Levites at this time taken was 23,000 males of a month old and upward; so that here was an increase of 1,000 males since the former numbering of them: the reason why they were not numbered with the other tribes was, because they had no part of the land of Israel divided to them, and had no inheritance in it.

Gill: Num 26:63 - These are they that were numbered by Moses and Eleazar the priest // who also numbered the children of Israel // in the plains of Moab, by Jordan, near Jericho These are they that were numbered by Moses and Eleazar the priest,.... That is, these were the Levites, their families, and the number of males in the...

These are they that were numbered by Moses and Eleazar the priest,.... That is, these were the Levites, their families, and the number of males in them, which was taken by Moses and Eleazar, who might be only concerned in numbering the Levites, of which tribe they were: and

who also numbered the children of Israel; all the tribes of them, with the assistance of their princes:

in the plains of Moab, by Jordan, near Jericho; as they were commanded by the Lord.

Gill: Num 26:64 - But among these there was not a man of them whom Moses and Aaron the priest numbered // when they numbered the children of Israel in the wilderness of Sinai But among these there was not a man of them whom Moses and Aaron the priest numbered..... About thirty eight years before this time: this, as Aben Ezr...

But among these there was not a man of them whom Moses and Aaron the priest numbered..... About thirty eight years before this time: this, as Aben Ezra observes, respects the numbering of the Israelites, not of the Levites; for there were some of the tribe of Levi numbered then who were living, as Eleazar, and very probably Ithamar, and perhaps some few more, though it may be Eleazar, being now a numberer, was not reckoned among the numbered:

when they numbered the children of Israel in the wilderness of Sinai; see Num 1:1 for as there were none of the tribe of Levi among the spies, there might be but few of them among the murmurers.

Gill: Num 26:65 - For the Lord had said of them, they shall surely die in the wilderness // and there was not left a man of them, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun For the Lord had said of them, they shall surely die in the wilderness,.... This was threatened them, Num 14:32 and now it was fulfilled: and there...

For the Lord had said of them, they shall surely die in the wilderness,.... This was threatened them, Num 14:32 and now it was fulfilled:

and there was not left a man of them, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun; the only two of the spies that brought a good report of the land of Canaan; all the rest of them, and those that murmured on the ill report of theirs, were now dead.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Num 26:1 The MT has also “saying.”

NET Notes: Num 26:2 Heb “everyone who goes out in the army in Israel.”

NET Notes: Num 26:3 For the location of Jericho see Map5 B2; Map6 E1; Map7 E1; Map8 E3; Map10 A2; Map11 A1.

NET Notes: Num 26:4 “Number the people” is added here to the text for a smooth reading.

NET Notes: Num 26:5 The Hebrew text has no preposition here, but one has been supplied in the translation for clarity. Cf. vv. 23, 30, 31, 32.

NET Notes: Num 26:7 The Reubenites had decreased from 46,500 to 43,730.

NET Notes: Num 26:8 The MT has “and the sons of Pallu.”

NET Notes: Num 26:9 Or “company” (so KJV, NASB, NRSV); Heb “congregation.”

NET Notes: Num 26:13 This is “Zohar” in Exod 6:15 and Gen 46:10.

NET Notes: Num 26:14 Before entering Sinai the tribe numbered 59,300, the third largest. Now it was about one-third its original size.

NET Notes: Num 26:16 The Greek version and Smr have “Ad[d]i,” probably by confusion of letters.

NET Notes: Num 26:17 Gen 46:16 and the LXX here read “Arodi.”

NET Notes: Num 26:18 The Gadites decreased from 45,650 to 40,500.

NET Notes: Num 26:21 Smr and the Greek version have “Hamuel.”

NET Notes: Num 26:22 The Judahites increased from 74,600 to 76,500.

NET Notes: Num 26:25 The Issacharites increased from 54,400 to 64,300.

NET Notes: Num 26:27 The Zebulunites showed a slight increase from 57,400 to 60,500.

NET Notes: Num 26:34 The Manassehites increased from 32,200 to 52,700.

NET Notes: Num 26:37 This is a significant reduction from the first count of 40,500.

NET Notes: Num 26:39 With the exception of a few manuscripts the MT has Shephupham. The spelling in the translation above is supported by Smr and the ancient versions.

NET Notes: Num 26:40 “From Ard” is not in the Hebrew text.

NET Notes: Num 26:41 The Benjaminites increased from 35,400 to 45,600. The Greek version has here 35,500.

NET Notes: Num 26:43 The Danites increased from 62,700 to 64,400.

NET Notes: Num 26:46 Also mentioned in 1 Chr 7:30.

NET Notes: Num 26:47 The Asherites increased from 41,500 to 53,400.

NET Notes: Num 26:50 The Naphtalites decreased from 53,400 to 45,400.

NET Notes: Num 26:51 This number shows only a slightly smaller total in the second census; the first was 603,550.

NET Notes: Num 26:54 Heb “according to those that were numbered of him,” meaning, in accordance with the number of people in his clan.

NET Notes: Num 26:56 Heb “divided.”

NET Notes: Num 26:59 Heb “who she bore him to Levi.” The verb has no expressed subject. Either one could be supplied, such as “her mother,” or it c...

NET Notes: Num 26:61 This event is narrated in Lev 10:1-7.

NET Notes: Num 26:63 For the location of Jericho see Map5 B2; Map6 E1; Map7 E1; Map8 E3; Map10 A2; Map11 A1.

NET Notes: Num 26:64 “who had been” is added to clarify the text.

Geneva Bible: Num 26:1 And it came to pass after the ( a ) plague, that the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest, saying, ( a ) Which came bec...

Geneva Bible: Num 26:3 And Moses and Eleazar the priest spake with them in the plains of Moab by Jordan ( b ) [near] Jericho, saying, ( b ) Where the river is near to Jeric...

Geneva Bible: Num 26:9 And the sons of Eliab; Nemuel, and Dathan, and Abiram. This [is that] Dathan and Abiram, [which were] famous in the congregation, who strove against M...

Geneva Bible: Num 26:10 And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up together with Korah, when that company died, what time the fire devoured two hundred and fifty m...

Geneva Bible: Num 26:19 The sons of Judah [were] Er and Onan: and Er and Onan died in the land of ( e ) Canaan. ( e ) Before Jacob went into Egypt, (Gen 38:3, Gen 38:7, Gen ...

Geneva Bible: Num 26:51 These [were] the ( f ) numbered of the children of Israel, six hundred thousand and a thousand seven hundred and thirty. ( f ) This is the third time...

Geneva Bible: Num 26:64 But among these there was not a man of them ( g ) whom Moses and Aaron the priest numbered, when they numbered the children of Israel in the wildernes...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: Num 26:1-51 - --Moses did not number the people but when God commanded him. We have here the families registered, as well as the tribes. The total was nearly the same...

MHCC: Num 26:52-56 - --In distributing these tribes, the general rule of equity is prescribed; that to many should be given more, and to fewer less. Though it seems left to ...

MHCC: Num 26:57-62 - --Levi was God's tribe; therefore it was not numbered with the rest, but alone. It came not under the sentence, that none of them should enter Canaan ex...

MHCC: Num 26:63-65 - --The execution of the sentence passed on the murmurers, Num 14:29, is observable. There was not one man numbered now, who was numbered then, but Caleb ...

Matthew Henry: Num 26:1-4 - -- Observe here, 1. That Moses did not number the people but when God commanded him. David in his time did it without a command, and paid dearly for it...

Matthew Henry: Num 26:5-51 - -- This is the register of the tribes as they were now enrolled, in the same order that they were numbered in ch. 1. Observe, I. The account that is he...

Matthew Henry: Num 26:52-56 - -- If any ask why such a particular account is kept of the tribes, and families, and numbers, of the people of Israel, here is an answer for them; as t...

Matthew Henry: Num 26:57-62 - -- Levi was God's tribe, a tribe that was to have no inheritance with the rest in the land of Canaan, and therefore was not numbered with the rest, but...

Matthew Henry: Num 26:63-65 - -- That which is observable in this conclusion of the account is the execution of the sentence passed upon the murmurers (Num 14:29), that not one of t...

Keil-Delitzsch: Num 26:1-51 - -- Mustering of the Twelve Tribes. - Num 26:1-4. The command of God to Moses and Eleazar is the same as in Num 1, 2, and 3, except that it does not ent...

Keil-Delitzsch: Num 26:52-56 - -- Instructions concerning the Distribution of the Land. - In Num 26:53, Num 26:54, the command is given to distribute the land as an inheritance among...

Keil-Delitzsch: Num 26:57-59 - -- Mustering of the Levites. - The enumeration of the different Levitical families into which the three leading families of Levi, that were founded by ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Num 26:60-61 - -- Sons of Aaron: cf. Num 3:2 and Num 3:4; Exo 6:23; Lev 10:1, Lev 10:2.

Keil-Delitzsch: Num 26:62 - -- The Levites were not mustered along with the rest of the tribes of Israel, because the mustering took place with especial reference to the conquest ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Num 26:63-65 - -- Concluding formula with the remark in Num 26:65, that the penal sentence which God had pronounced in Num 14:29 and Num 14:38 upon the generation whi...

Constable: Num 26:1--36:13 - --II. Prospects of the younger generation in the land chs. 26--36 The focus of Numbers now changes from the older ...

Constable: Num 26:1--32:42 - --A. Preparations for entering the Promised Land from the east chs. 26-32 The first section of this second...

Constable: Num 26:1-65 - --1. The second census ch. 26 Before going into battle against the Midianites as God commanded (25:18), the Lord directed Moses to take another census o...

Guzik: Num 26:1-65 - The Second Census Numbers 26 - The Second Census A. The second census of Israel in the wilderness. 1. (1-4) The command to take the census. And it came to pass, aft...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: Numbers (Pendahuluan Kitab) NUMBERS. This book is so called because it contains an account of the enumeration and arrangement of the Israelites. The early part of it, from the fi...

JFB: Numbers (Garis Besar) MOSES NUMBERING THE MEN OF WAR. (Num. 1:1-54) THE ORDER OF THE TRIBES IN THEIR TENTS. (Num. 2:1-34) THE LEVITES' SERVICE. (Num. 3:1-51) OF THE LEVITE...

TSK: Numbers (Pendahuluan Kitab) The book of Numbers is a book containing a series of the most astonishing providences and events. Every where and in every circumstance God appears; ...

TSK: Numbers 26 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Num 26:1, The sum of all Israel is taken in the plains of Moab; Num 26:52, The law of dividing among them the inheritance of the land; Nu...

Poole: Numbers (Pendahuluan Kitab) FOURTH BOOK OF MOSES, CALLED NUMBERS THE ARGUMENT This Book giveth us a history of almost forty years travel of the children of Israel through th...

Poole: Numbers 26 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHAPTER 26 Israel numbered, such as were fit for war, of every tribe; Levi excepted: their number, Num 26:1-51 . The land to be distributed accordi...

MHCC: Numbers (Pendahuluan Kitab) This book is called NUMBERS from the several numberings of the people contained in it. It extends from the giving of the law at Sinai, till their arri...

MHCC: Numbers 26 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (v. 1-51) Numbering of Israel in the plains of Moab. (Num 26:52-56) The division of the land. (Num 26:57-62) Number of the Levites. (Num 26:63-65) ...

Matthew Henry: Numbers (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Fourth Book of Moses, Called Numbers The titles of the five books of Moses, which we use in our Bib...

Matthew Henry: Numbers 26 (Pendahuluan Pasal) This book is called Numbers, from the numberings of the children of Israel, of which it gives an account. Once they were numbered at Mount Sinai, i...

Constable: Numbers (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title The title the Jews used in their Hebrew Old Testament for this book...

Constable: Numbers (Garis Besar) Outline I. Experiences of the older generation in the wilderness chs. 1-25 A. Preparations f...

Constable: Numbers Numbers Bibliography Aharoni, Yohanan. The Land of the Bible. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1979. ...

Haydock: Numbers (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION. This fourth Book of Moses is called Numbers , because it begins with the numbering of the people. The Hebrews, from its first words...

Gill: Numbers (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO NUMBERS This book has its name from the account it gives of the "numbers" of the children of Israel, twice taken particularly; whic...

Gill: Numbers 26 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO NUMBERS 26 In this chapter an order is given to number the people of Israel a second time, Num 26:1 and the account begins with Reu...

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