kecilkan semua  

Teks -- Numbers 33:1-56 (NET)

Tampilkan Strong
Konteks
Wanderings from Egypt to Sinai
33:1 These are the journeys of the Israelites, who went out of the land of Egypt by their divisions under the authority of Moses and Aaron. 33:2 Moses recorded their departures according to their journeys, by the commandment of the Lord; now these are their journeys according to their departures. 33:3 They departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the day after the Passover the Israelites went out defiantly in plain sight of all the Egyptians. 33:4 Now the Egyptians were burying all their firstborn, whom the Lord had killed among them; the Lord also executed judgments on their gods. 33:5 The Israelites traveled from Rameses and camped in Succoth. 33:6 They traveled from Succoth, and camped in Etham, which is on the edge of the wilderness. 33:7 They traveled from Etham, and turned again to Pi-hahiroth, which is before Baal-Zephon; and they camped before Migdal. 33:8 They traveled from Pi-hahiroth, and passed through the middle of the sea into the wilderness, and went three days’ journey in the wilderness of Etham, and camped in Marah. 33:9 They traveled from Marah and came to Elim; in Elim there are twelve fountains of water and seventy palm trees, so they camped there. 33:10 They traveled from Elim, and camped by the Red Sea. 33:11 They traveled from the Red Sea and camped in the wilderness of Zin. 33:12 They traveled from the wilderness of Zin and camped in Dophkah. 33:13 And they traveled from Dophkah, and camped in Alush. 33:14 They traveled from Alush and camped at Rephidim, where there was no water for the people to drink. 33:15 They traveled from Rephidim and camped in the wilderness of Sinai.
Wanderings in the Wilderness
33:16 They traveled from the desert of Sinai and camped at Kibroth Hattaavah. 33:17 They traveled from Kibroth Hattaavah and camped at Hazeroth. 33:18 They traveled from Hazeroth and camped in Rithmah. 33:19 They traveled from Rithmah and camped at Rimmon-perez. 33:20 They traveled from Rimmon-perez and camped in Libnah. 33:21 They traveled from Libnah and camped at Rissah. 33:22 They traveled from Rissah and camped in Kehelathah. 33:23 They traveled from Kehelathah and camped at Mount Shepher. 33:24 They traveled from Mount Shepher and camped in Haradah. 33:25 They traveled from Haradah and camped in Makheloth. 33:26 They traveled from Makheloth and camped at Tahath. 33:27 They traveled from Tahath and camped at Terah. 33:28 They traveled from Terah and camped in Mithcah. 33:29 They traveled from Mithcah and camped in Hashmonah. 33:30 They traveled from Hashmonah and camped in Moseroth. 33:31 They traveled from Moseroth and camped in Bene-jaakan. 33:32 They traveled from Bene-jaakan and camped at Hor-haggidgad. 33:33 They traveled from Hor-haggidgad and camped in Jotbathah. 33:34 They traveled from Jotbathah and camped in Abronah. 33:35 They traveled from Abronah and camped at Ezion-geber. 33:36 They traveled from Ezion-geber and camped in the wilderness of Zin, which is Kadesh.
Wanderings from Kadesh to Moab
33:37 They traveled from Kadesh and camped in Mount Hor at the edge of the land of Edom. 33:38 Aaron the priest ascended Mount Hor at the command of the Lord, and he died there in the fortieth year after the Israelites had come out of the land of Egypt on the first day of the fifth month. 33:39 Now Aaron was 123 years old when he died in Mount Hor. 33:40 The king of Arad, the Canaanite king who lived in the south of the land of Canaan, heard about the approach of the Israelites. 33:41 They traveled from Mount Hor and camped in Zalmonah. 33:42 They traveled from Zalmonah and camped in Punon. 33:43 They traveled from Punon and camped in Oboth. 33:44 They traveled from Oboth and camped in Iye-abarim, on the border of Moab. 33:45 They traveled from Iim and camped in Dibon-gad. 33:46 They traveled from Dibon-gad and camped in Almon-diblathaim. 33:47 They traveled from Almon-diblathaim and camped in the mountains of Abarim before Nebo. 33:48 They traveled from the mountains of Abarim and camped in the plains of Moab by the Jordan River across from Jericho. 33:49 They camped by the Jordan, from Beth-jeshimoth as far as Abel-shittim in the plains of Moab.
At the Border of Canaan
33:50 The Lord spoke to Moses in the plains of Moab by the Jordan, across from Jericho. He said: 33:51 “Speak to the Israelites and tell them, ‘When you have crossed the Jordan into the land of Canaan, 33:52 you must drive out all the inhabitants of the land before you. Destroy all their carved images, all their molten images, and demolish their high places. 33:53 You must dispossess the inhabitants of the land and live in it, for I have given you the land to possess it. 33:54 You must divide the land by lot for an inheritance among your families. To a larger group you must give a larger inheritance, and to a smaller group you must give a smaller inheritance. Everyone’s inheritance must be in the place where his lot falls. You must inherit according to your ancestral tribes. 33:55 But if you do not drive out the inhabitants of the land before you, then those whom you allow to remain will be irritants in your eyes and thorns in your side, and will cause you trouble in the land where you will be living. 33:56 And what I intended to do to them I will do to you.”
Paralel   Ref. Silang (TSK)   ITL  

Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Aaron a son of Amram; brother of Moses,son of Amram (Kohath Levi); patriarch of Israel's priests,the clan or priestly line founded by Aaron
 · Abarim a place where the Israelites made an encampment during the Exodus
 · Abel the second son of Adam and Eve; the brother of Cain,an English name representing two different Hebrew names,as representing the Hebrew name 'Hebel' or 'Habel',the second son of Adam,as representing the Hebrew name 'Abel',a town in northern Israel near Dan (OS)
 · Abronah a place, an encampment
 · Almon-Diblathaim a town in Moab between Dibon and Nebo (OS)
 · Almon-diblathaim a town in Moab between Dibon and Nebo (OS)
 · Alush a place in Sinai where Israel made an encampment
 · Arad a town of Canaanites in Judah 16 km east of Beer-Sheba,son of Beriah of Benjamin
 · Baal a pagan god,a title of a pagan god,a town in the Negeb on the border of Simeon and Judah,son of Reaiah son of Micah; a descendant of Reuben,the forth son of Jeiel, the Benjamite
 · Bene-Jaakan a place where Israel encamped in the wilderness of Sin
 · Bene-jaakan a place where Israel encamped in the wilderness of Sin
 · Beth-Jeshimoth a town of Moab near the mouth of the Jordan River
 · Beth-jeshimoth a town of Moab near the mouth of the Jordan River
 · Canaan the region ofeast Mediterranean coastal land from Arvad (modern Lebanon) south to Gaza,the coast land from Mt. Carmel north to the Orontes River
 · Canaanite residents of the region of Canaan
 · Dibon-Gad a place where Israel made an encampment during the Exodus
 · Dibon-gad a place in Moab where Israel encamped
 · Dophkah a place where Israel encamped after leaving the desert of Sin
 · Edom resident(s) of the region of Edom
 · Egypt descendants of Mizraim
 · Egyptians descendants of Mizraim
 · Elim a place (an oasis)
 · Etham a place where the Israelites made an early encampment
 · Ezion-geber a port town on gulf of Aqabah
 · Ezion-Geber a port town on gulf of Aqabah
 · Haradah a place where Israel made an encampment
 · Hashmonah a place where Israel made an encampment
 · Hazeroth a place where Israel made an encampment
 · Hor a mountain on border of Edom),a mountain (on the North border of Israel)
 · Hor-Haggidgad a place where the Israelites made an encampment
 · Hor-haggidgad a place where the Israelites made an encampment


Topik/Tema Kamus: Aaron | EXODUS, THE | Exodus | EXODUS, THE BOOK OF, 3-4 | EXODUS, THE BOOK OF, 2 | PENTATEUCH, 3 | ENCAMPMENT BY THE RED SEA | LEVITICUS, 2 | Israel | Itinerary | NUMBERS, BOOK OF | Wandering | WANDERINGS OF ISRAEL | Hor | Etham | Ebronah | Rithmah | Red Sea | ABARIM | Libnah | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Calvin , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: Num 33:2 - And Moses wrote their goings out When they set out, God ordered him to keep a journal of all the remarkable occurrences in the way, that it might be a satisfaction to himself and an i...

When they set out, God ordered him to keep a journal of all the remarkable occurrences in the way, that it might be a satisfaction to himself and an instruction to others. It may be of use to Christians, to preserve an account of the providences of God concerning them, the constant series of mercies they have experienced, and especially those turns which have made some days of their lives more remarkable.

Wesley: Num 33:4 - On their gods Their false gods, namely those beasts which the brutish Egyptians worshipped as gods, which were killed with the rest, for the first-born both of men ...

Their false gods, namely those beasts which the brutish Egyptians worshipped as gods, which were killed with the rest, for the first-born both of men and beasts were then killed. Probably their images likewise were thrown down, as Dagon afterward before the ark.

Wesley: Num 33:10 - By the Red sea - By another part of that sea which they passed over.

sea - By another part of that sea which they passed over.

Wesley: Num 33:48 - Shittim The place where the people sinned in the matter of Peor, is here called Abel - Shittim - Abel signifies mourning; and probably this place was so calle...

The place where the people sinned in the matter of Peor, is here called Abel - Shittim - Abel signifies mourning; and probably this place was so called, from the mourning of Israel for that sin, and the heavy punishment inflicted on the sinners.

Wesley: Num 33:52 - Drive out Not by banishing, but by destroying them.

Not by banishing, but by destroying them.

Wesley: Num 33:52 - Pictures Which seem to have been stones curiously engraven, and set up for worship.

Which seem to have been stones curiously engraven, and set up for worship.

Wesley: Num 33:52 - High Places Chapels, altars, groves, or other means of worship there set up.

Chapels, altars, groves, or other means of worship there set up.

JFB: Num 33:1 - These are the journeys of the children of Israel This chapter may be said to form the winding up of the history of the travels of the Israelites through the wilderness; for the three following chapte...

This chapter may be said to form the winding up of the history of the travels of the Israelites through the wilderness; for the three following chapters relate to matters connected with the occupation and division of the promised land. As several apparent discrepancies will be discovered on comparing the records here given of the journeyings from Sinai with the detailed accounts of the events narrated in the Book of Exodus and the occasional notices of places that are found in that of Deuteronomy, it is probable that this itinerary comprises a list of only the most important stations in their journeys--those where they formed prolonged encampments, and whence they dispersed their flocks and herds to pasture on the adjacent plains till the surrounding herbage was exhausted. The catalogue extends from their departure out of Egypt to their arrival on the plains of Moab.

JFB: Num 33:1 - went forth . . . with their armies That is, a vast multitude marshalled in separate companies, but regular order.

That is, a vast multitude marshalled in separate companies, but regular order.

JFB: Num 33:2 - Moses wrote their goings out according to their journeys by the commandment of the Lord The wisdom of this divine order is seen in the importance of the end to which it was subservient--namely, partly to establish the truth of the history...

The wisdom of this divine order is seen in the importance of the end to which it was subservient--namely, partly to establish the truth of the history, partly to preserve a memorial of God's marvellous interpositions on behalf of Israel, and partly to confirm their faith in the prospect of the difficult enterprise on which they were entering, the invasion of Canaan.

JFB: Num 33:3 - Rameses Generally identified with Heroopoils, now the modern Abu-Keisheid (see on Exo 12:37), which was probably the capital of Goshen, and, by direction of M...

Generally identified with Heroopoils, now the modern Abu-Keisheid (see on Exo 12:37), which was probably the capital of Goshen, and, by direction of Moses, the place of general rendezvous previous to their departure.

JFB: Num 33:4 - upon their gods Used either according to Scripture phraseology to denote their rulers (the first-born of the king and his princes) or the idolatrous objects of Egypti...

Used either according to Scripture phraseology to denote their rulers (the first-born of the king and his princes) or the idolatrous objects of Egyptian worship.

JFB: Num 33:5 - pitched in Succoth That is, "booths"--a place of no note except as a temporary halting place, at Birketel-Hadji, the Pilgrim's Pool [CALMET].

That is, "booths"--a place of no note except as a temporary halting place, at Birketel-Hadji, the Pilgrim's Pool [CALMET].

JFB: Num 33:6 - Etham Edge, or border of all that part of Arabia-Petræa which lay contiguous to Egypt and was known by the general name of Shur.

Edge, or border of all that part of Arabia-Petræa which lay contiguous to Egypt and was known by the general name of Shur.

JFB: Num 33:7 - Pi-hahiroth, Baal-zephon . . . Migdol (See on Exo 14:2).

(See on Exo 14:2).

JFB: Num 33:8 - Marah Thought to be Ain Howarah, both from its position and the time (three days) it would take them with their children and flocks to march from the water ...

Thought to be Ain Howarah, both from its position and the time (three days) it would take them with their children and flocks to march from the water of Ayun Musa to that spot.

JFB: Num 33:9 - Elim Supposed to be Wady Ghurundel (see on Exo 15:27).

Supposed to be Wady Ghurundel (see on Exo 15:27).

JFB: Num 33:10 - encamped by the Red Sea The road from Wady Ghurundel leads into the interior, in consequence of a high continuous ridge which excludes all view of the sea. At the mouth of Wa...

The road from Wady Ghurundel leads into the interior, in consequence of a high continuous ridge which excludes all view of the sea. At the mouth of Wady-et-Tayibeh, after about three days' march, it opens again on a plain along the margin of the Red Sea. The minute accuracy of the Scripture narrative, in corresponding so exactly with the geographical features of this region, is remarkably shown in describing the Israelites as proceeding by the only practicable route that could be taken. This plain, where they encamped, was the Desert of Sin (see on Exo 16:1).

JFB: Num 33:12-14 - Dophkah . . . Alush . . . Rephidim These three stations, in the great valleys of El Sheikh and Feiran, would be equivalent to four days' journey for such a host. Rephidim (Exo 17:6) was...

These three stations, in the great valleys of El Sheikh and Feiran, would be equivalent to four days' journey for such a host. Rephidim (Exo 17:6) was in Horeb, the burnt region--a generic name for a hot, mountainous country. [See on Exo 17:1.]

JFB: Num 33:15 - wilderness of Sinai The Wady Er-Raheh.|| 04777||1||22||0||@@FROM SINAI TO KADESH AND PLAINS OF MOAB.==== (Num. 33:16-56)

The Wady Er-Raheh.|| 04777||1||22||0||@@FROM SINAI TO KADESH AND PLAINS OF MOAB.==== (Num. 33:16-56)

JFB: Num 33:15 - Kibroth-Hattaavah ("the graves of lust," see on Num 11:34) The route, on breaking up the encampment at Sinai, led down Wady Sheikh; then crossing Jebel-et-Tih, which intersected the peninsula, they descended i...

The route, on breaking up the encampment at Sinai, led down Wady Sheikh; then crossing Jebel-et-Tih, which intersected the peninsula, they descended into Wady Zalaka, pitching successively at two brief, though memorable, stations (Deu 9:22); then they encamped at Hazeroth ("unwalled villages"), supposed to be at Ain-Hadera (see on Num 11:35). Kadesh, or Kadesh-barnea, is supposed to be the great valley of the Ghor, and the city Kadesh to have been situated on the border of this valley [BURCKHARDT; ROBINSON]. But as there are no less than eighteen stations inserted between Hazeroth and Kadesh, and only eleven days were spent in performing that journey (Deu 1:2), it is evident that the intermediate stations here recorded belong to another and totally different visit to Kadesh. The first was when they left Sinai in the second month (Num 1:11; Num 13:20), and were in Kadesh in August (Deu 1:45), and "abode many days" in it. Then, murmuring at the report of the spies, they were commanded to return into the desert "by the way of the Red Sea." The arrival at Kadesh, mentioned in this catalogue, corresponds to the second sojourn at that place, being the first month, or April (Num 20:1). Between the two visits there intervened a period of thirty-eight years, during which they wandered hither and thither through all the region of El-Tih ("wanderings"), often returning to the same spots as the pastoral necessities of their flocks required; and there is the strongest reason for believing that the stations named between Hazeroth (Num 33:8) and Kadesh (Num 33:36) belong to the long interval of wandering. No certainty has yet been attained in ascertaining the locale of many of these stations. There must have been more than are recorded; for it is probable that those only are noted where they remained some time, where the tabernacle was pitched, and where Moses and the elders encamped, the people being scattered for pasture in various directions. From Ezion-geber, for instance, which stood at the head of the gulf of Akaba, to Kadesh, could not be much less than the whole length of the great valley of the Ghor, a distance of not less than a hundred miles, whatever might be the exact situation of Kadesh; and, of course, there must have been several intervening stations, though none are mentioned. The incidents and stages of the rest of the journey to the plains of Moab are sufficiently explicit from the preceding chapters.

JFB: Num 33:18 - Rithmah ("the place of the broom") A station possibly in some wady extending westward of the Ghor.

A station possibly in some wady extending westward of the Ghor.

JFB: Num 33:19 - Rimmon-parez, or Rimmon A city of Judah and Simeon (Jos 15:32); Libnah, so called from its white poplars (Jos 10:29), or, as some think, a white hill between Kadesh and Gaza ...

A city of Judah and Simeon (Jos 15:32); Libnah, so called from its white poplars (Jos 10:29), or, as some think, a white hill between Kadesh and Gaza (Jos 10:29); Rissah (El-arish); mount Shapher (Cassius); Moseroth, adjacent to mount Hor, in Wady Mousa. Ezion-geber, near Akaba, a seaport on the western shore of the Elanitic gulf; Wilderness of Zin, on the east side of the peninsula of Sinai; Punon, in the rocky ravines of mount Hor and famous for the mines and quarries in its vicinity as well as for its fruit trees, now Tafyle, on the border of Edom; Abarim, a ridge of rugged hills northwest of the Arnon--the part called Nebo was one of its highest peaks--opposite Jericho. (See on Deu 10:6).

JFB: Num 33:50-53 - ye shall drive out all the inhabitants of the land from before you Not, however, by expulsion, but extermination (Deu 7:1).

Not, however, by expulsion, but extermination (Deu 7:1).

JFB: Num 33:50-53 - and destroy all their pictures Obelisks for idolatrous worship (see on Lev 26:1).

Obelisks for idolatrous worship (see on Lev 26:1).

JFB: Num 33:50-53 - and destroy all their molten images, and quite pluck down all their high places By metonymy for all their groves and altars, and materials of worship on the tops of hills.

By metonymy for all their groves and altars, and materials of worship on the tops of hills.

JFB: Num 33:54 - ye shall divide the land by lot The particular locality of each tribe was to be determined in this manner while a line was to be used in measuring the proportion (Jos 18:10; Psa 16:5...

The particular locality of each tribe was to be determined in this manner while a line was to be used in measuring the proportion (Jos 18:10; Psa 16:5-6).

JFB: Num 33:55 - But if ye will not drive out the inhabitants of the land from before you No associations were to be formed with the inhabitants; otherwise, "if ye let remain, they will be pricks in your eyes, and thorns in your sides"--tha...

No associations were to be formed with the inhabitants; otherwise, "if ye let remain, they will be pricks in your eyes, and thorns in your sides"--that is, they would prove troublesome and dangerous neighbors, enticing to idolatry, and consequently depriving you of the divine favor and blessing. The neglect of the counsel against union with the idolatrous inhabitants became fatal to them. This earnest admonition given to the Israelites in their peculiar circumstances conveys a salutary lesson to us to allow no lurking habits of sin to remain in us. That spiritual enemy must be eradicated from our nature; otherwise it will be ruinous to our present peace and future salvation.

Clarke: Num 33:2 - And Moses wrote their goings out according to their journeys And Moses wrote their goings out according to their journeys - We may consider the whole book of Numbers as a diary, and indeed the first book of tr...

And Moses wrote their goings out according to their journeys - We may consider the whole book of Numbers as a diary, and indeed the first book of travels ever published. Dr. Shaw, Dr. Pococke, and several others, have endeavored to mark out the route of the Israelites, through this great, dreary, and trackless desert, and have ascertained many of the stages here described. Indeed there are sufficient evidences of this important journey still remaining, for the descriptions of many are so particular that the places are readily ascertained by them; but this is not the case with all. Israel was the Church of God in the wilderness, and its unsettled, wandering state under Moses may point out the unsettled state of religion under the law. Their being brought, after the death of Moses, into the promised rest by Joshua, may point out the establishment, fixedness, and certainty of that salvation provided by Jesus Christ, of whom Joshua, in name and conduct, was a remarkable type. Mr. Ainsworth imagines that the forty-two stations here enumerated, through which the Israelites were brought to the verge of the promised land, and afterwards taken over Jordan into the rest which God had promised, point out the forty-two generations from Abraham unto Christ, through whom the Savior of the world came, by whose blood we have an entrance into the holiest, and enjoy the inheritance among the saints in light. And Mr. Bromley, in his Way to the Sabbath of Rest, considers each name and place as descriptive of the spiritual state through which a soul passes in its way to the kingdom of God. But in cases of this kind fancy has much more to do than judgment.

Clarke: Num 33:3 - From Rameses From Rameses - This appears to have been the metropolis of the land of Goshen, and the place of rendezvous whence the whole Israelitish nation set o...

From Rameses - This appears to have been the metropolis of the land of Goshen, and the place of rendezvous whence the whole Israelitish nation set out on their journey to the promised land; and is supposed to be the same as Cairo. See the notes on Exo 12:37

Here Follow the Forty-Two Station

Station 1.

Clarke: Num 33:5 - And pitched in Succoth And pitched in Succoth - This name signifies booths or tents, and probably refers to no town or village, but simply designates the place where they ...

And pitched in Succoth - This name signifies booths or tents, and probably refers to no town or village, but simply designates the place where they pitched their tents for the first time after their departure from Rameses

Stat. 2.

Clarke: Num 33:6 - Etham, which is in the edge of the wilderness Etham, which is in the edge of the wilderness - This place is not well known; Dr. Shaw supposes it to have been one mile from Cairo. Calmet thinks i...

Etham, which is in the edge of the wilderness - This place is not well known; Dr. Shaw supposes it to have been one mile from Cairo. Calmet thinks it is the city of Buthum mentioned by Herodotus, which he places in Arabia, on the frontiers of Egypt

Stat. 3.

Clarke: Num 33:7 - Pi-hahiroth Pi-hahiroth - See on Exo 14:1 (note), and Exo 14:2 (note). Baal-zephon Calmet supposes to be the Clysma of the Greeks, and the Kolzum of the Arabian...

Pi-hahiroth - See on Exo 14:1 (note), and Exo 14:2 (note). Baal-zephon Calmet supposes to be the Clysma of the Greeks, and the Kolzum of the Arabians

Stat. 4.

Clarke: Num 33:8 - And went three days’ journey in the wilderness of Etham And went three days’ journey in the wilderness of Etham - Called the wilderness of Shur, Exo 15:22

And went three days’ journey in the wilderness of Etham - Called the wilderness of Shur, Exo 15:22

Clarke: Num 33:8 - And pitched in Marah And pitched in Marah - Dr. Shaw supposes this place to be at Sedur, over against the valley of Baideah, on the opposite side of the Red Sea Stat. 5...

And pitched in Marah - Dr. Shaw supposes this place to be at Sedur, over against the valley of Baideah, on the opposite side of the Red Sea

Stat. 5.

Clarke: Num 33:9 - And came unto Elim And came unto Elim - A place on the skirts of the deserts of Sin, two leagues from Tor, and nearly thirty from Corondel, a large bay on the east sid...

And came unto Elim - A place on the skirts of the deserts of Sin, two leagues from Tor, and nearly thirty from Corondel, a large bay on the east side of the Red Sea. Dr. Shaw, when he visited this place, found but nine of the twelve wells mentioned in the text, and instead of 70 palm trees, he found upwards of 2,000. See on Exo 15:27 (note)

Stat. 6.

Clarke: Num 33:10 - Encamped by the Red Sea Encamped by the Red Sea - It is difficult to assign the place of this encampment, as the Israelites were now on their way to Mount Sinai, which lay ...

Encamped by the Red Sea - It is difficult to assign the place of this encampment, as the Israelites were now on their way to Mount Sinai, which lay considerably to the east of Elim, and consequently farther from the sea than the former station. It might be called by the Red Sea, as the Israelites had it, as the principal object, still in view. This station however is mentioned nowhere else. By the Red Sea we are not to understand a sea, the waters of which are red, or the sand red, or any thing else about or in it red; for nothing of this kind appears. It is called in Hebrew ים סוף yam suph , which signifies the weedy sea. The Septuagint rendered the original by θαλασσα εραθρα, and the Vulgate after it by mare rubrum , and the European versions followed these, and, in opposition to etymology and reason, translated it the Red Sea. See the note on Exo 10:19

Stat. 7.

Clarke: Num 33:11 - The wilderness of Sin The wilderness of Sin - This lies between Elim and Mount Sinai. Dr. Shaw and his companions traversed these plains in nine hours Stat. 8.

The wilderness of Sin - This lies between Elim and Mount Sinai. Dr. Shaw and his companions traversed these plains in nine hours

Stat. 8.

Clarke: Num 33:12 - Dophkah Dophkah - This place is not mentioned in Exodus and its situation is not known Stat. 9.

Dophkah - This place is not mentioned in Exodus and its situation is not known

Stat. 9.

Clarke: Num 33:13 - Alush Alush - Neither is this mentioned in Exodus and its situation is equally unknown Stat. 10.

Alush - Neither is this mentioned in Exodus and its situation is equally unknown

Stat. 10.

Clarke: Num 33:14 - Rephidim Rephidim - Remarkable for the rebellion of the Israelites against Moses, because of the want of water, Exodus 17 Stat. 11.

Rephidim - Remarkable for the rebellion of the Israelites against Moses, because of the want of water, Exodus 17

Stat. 11.

Clarke: Num 33:15 - The wilderness of Sinai The wilderness of Sinai - Somewhere northward of Mount Sinai, on the straight road to the promised land, to which they now directed their course St...

The wilderness of Sinai - Somewhere northward of Mount Sinai, on the straight road to the promised land, to which they now directed their course

Stat. 12.

Clarke: Num 33:16 - Kibroth-hattaavah Kibroth-hattaavah - No city, village, etc., but a place in the open desert, which had its name from the plague that fell upon the Israelites, throug...

Kibroth-hattaavah - No city, village, etc., but a place in the open desert, which had its name from the plague that fell upon the Israelites, through their murmuring against God, and their inordinate desire of flesh. See on Numbers 11 (note). But it appears that the Israelites had traveled three days’ journey in order to reach this place, Num 10:33, and commentators suppose there must have been other stations which are not laid down here, probably because the places were not remarkable

Stat. 13.

Clarke: Num 33:17 - Hazeroth Hazeroth - This place Dr. Shaw computes to have been about thirty miles distant from Mount Sinai Stat. 14.

Hazeroth - This place Dr. Shaw computes to have been about thirty miles distant from Mount Sinai

Stat. 14.

Clarke: Num 33:18 - Rithmah Rithmah - This place lay somewhere in the wilderness of Paran, through which the Israelites were now passing. See Num 13:1, Num 13:3. The name signi...

Rithmah - This place lay somewhere in the wilderness of Paran, through which the Israelites were now passing. See Num 13:1, Num 13:3. The name signifies the juniper tree; and the place probably had its name from the great number of those trees growing in that district

Stat. 15.

Clarke: Num 33:19 - Rimmon-parez Rimmon-parez - Unknown Stat. 16.

Rimmon-parez - Unknown

Stat. 16.

Clarke: Num 33:20 - Libnah Libnah - The situation of this place is uncertain. A city of this name is mentioned Jos 10:29, as situated between Kadesh-barnea and Gaza Stat. 17.

Libnah - The situation of this place is uncertain. A city of this name is mentioned Jos 10:29, as situated between Kadesh-barnea and Gaza

Stat. 17.

Clarke: Num 33:21 - Bissah Bissah - A place mentioned nowhere else in the sacred writings. Its situation utterly uncertain Stat. 18.

Bissah - A place mentioned nowhere else in the sacred writings. Its situation utterly uncertain

Stat. 18.

Clarke: Num 33:22 - Kehelathah Kehelathah - Utterly unknown; though some conjecture that it might have been the place called Keilah, 1Sa 23:1, etc., but this is unlikely Stat. 19...

Kehelathah - Utterly unknown; though some conjecture that it might have been the place called Keilah, 1Sa 23:1, etc., but this is unlikely

Stat. 19.

Clarke: Num 33:23 - Shapher Shapher - Where this mountain lay cannot be determined Stat. 20.

Shapher - Where this mountain lay cannot be determined

Stat. 20.

Clarke: Num 33:24 - Haradah Haradah - Unknown, Calmet supposes that it may be the place called Bered, Gen 16:14, which was in the vicinity of Kadesh Stat. 21.

Haradah - Unknown, Calmet supposes that it may be the place called Bered, Gen 16:14, which was in the vicinity of Kadesh

Stat. 21.

Clarke: Num 33:25 - Makheloth Makheloth - A name found nowhere else in Scripture Stat. 22.

Makheloth - A name found nowhere else in Scripture

Stat. 22.

Clarke: Num 33:26 - Tahath Tahath - Unknown Stat. 23.

Tahath - Unknown

Stat. 23.

Clarke: Num 33:27 - Tarah Tarah - Also unknown Stat. 24.

Tarah - Also unknown

Stat. 24.

Clarke: Num 33:28 - Mithcah Mithcah - Calmet conjectures that this may be Mocha, a city in Arabia Petraea Stat. 25.

Mithcah - Calmet conjectures that this may be Mocha, a city in Arabia Petraea

Stat. 25.

Clarke: Num 33:29 - Hashmonah Hashmonah - Supposed by some to be the same as Azmon, Num 34:4 Stat. 26.

Hashmonah - Supposed by some to be the same as Azmon, Num 34:4

Stat. 26.

Clarke: Num 33:30 - Moseroth Moseroth - Situation unknown. In Deu 10:6 it is said that the Israelites took their journey from Beeroth, the wells of the children of Jaakan, to Mo...

Moseroth - Situation unknown. In Deu 10:6 it is said that the Israelites took their journey from Beeroth, the wells of the children of Jaakan, to Mosera, and there Aaron died. If so, Mosera, Moseroth, and Hor, must be different names of the same place; or Moseroth, or Mosera, must have been some town or village near Mount Hor, for there Aaron died. See Num 33:38

Stat. 27.

Clarke: Num 33:31 - Bene-jaakan Bene-jaakan - Unknown. The sons of Jaakan. See the preceding verse, Num 33:30 (note) Stat. 28.

Bene-jaakan - Unknown. The sons of Jaakan. See the preceding verse, Num 33:30 (note)

Stat. 28.

Clarke: Num 33:32 - Hor-hagidgad Hor-hagidgad - The hole or pit of Gidgad. Unknown. It was a place perhaps remarkable for some vast pit or cavern, from which it took its name Stat....

Hor-hagidgad - The hole or pit of Gidgad. Unknown. It was a place perhaps remarkable for some vast pit or cavern, from which it took its name

Stat. 29.

Clarke: Num 33:33 - Jotrathah Jotrathah - Situation unknown. It is said in Deu 10:7 to be a land of rivers of waters Stat. 30.

Jotrathah - Situation unknown. It is said in Deu 10:7 to be a land of rivers of waters

Stat. 30.

Clarke: Num 33:34 - Ebronah Ebronah - Nowhere else mentioned. Stat. 31.

Ebronah - Nowhere else mentioned. Stat. 31.

Clarke: Num 33:35 - Ezion-gaber Ezion-gaber - Dr. Shaw places this port on the western coast of the Elantic gulf of the Red Sea. It is now called Meenah el Dsahab, or the golden po...

Ezion-gaber - Dr. Shaw places this port on the western coast of the Elantic gulf of the Red Sea. It is now called Meenah el Dsahab, or the golden port, by the Arabs; because it was from this place that Solomon sent his ships for gold to Ophir, 1Ki 9:26. He supposes it to be about sixty miles distant from Mount Sinai - Travels, p. 322, 4th. edition

Stat. 32.

Clarke: Num 33:36 - Zin, which is Kadesh Zin, which is Kadesh - A place remarkable for the death of Miriam the prophetess, and bringing water out of the rock. As this place was on the borde...

Zin, which is Kadesh - A place remarkable for the death of Miriam the prophetess, and bringing water out of the rock. As this place was on the borders of Edom, the Israelites, being denied permission to pass through their land, which lay on the direct road to the promised land, were obliged to turn to the right to Mount Hor, now called Accaba by the Arabs

Stat. 33.

Clarke: Num 33:37 - Hor Hor - Famous for the death of Aaron. See on Numbers 20 (note). Perhaps Moseroth or Mosera, Num 33:30 (note), was a village near this mountain Stat....

Hor - Famous for the death of Aaron. See on Numbers 20 (note). Perhaps Moseroth or Mosera, Num 33:30 (note), was a village near this mountain

Stat. 34.

Clarke: Num 33:41 - Zalmonah Zalmonah - Probably in the neighborhood of the land of Edom. As צלם tselem signifies an image, this place probably had its name from the braze...

Zalmonah - Probably in the neighborhood of the land of Edom. As צלם tselem signifies an image, this place probably had its name from the brazen serpent set up by Moses. See Num 21:9 (note), etc. From the same root the word telesm , corruptly called talisman, which signifies a consecrated image, is derived

Stat. 35.

Clarke: Num 33:42 - Punon Punon - A place in Idumea. Nowhere else mentioned Stat. 36.

Punon - A place in Idumea. Nowhere else mentioned

Stat. 36.

Clarke: Num 33:43 - Oboth Oboth - Mentioned before, Num 21:10 Stat. 37.

Oboth - Mentioned before, Num 21:10

Stat. 37.

Clarke: Num 33:44 - Ije-abarim Ije-abarim - The heaps of Abarim. See Num 21:11. Situation uncertain. It is called Iim in the following verse. As the word signifies heaps or protub...

Ije-abarim - The heaps of Abarim. See Num 21:11. Situation uncertain. It is called Iim in the following verse. As the word signifies heaps or protuberances, it probably means tumuil or small hills near some of the fords of Jordan

Stat. 38.

Clarke: Num 33:45 - Dibon-gad Dibon-gad - Supposed to be the same as Dibon, Num 32:34, and to be situated on the brook Arnon Stat. 39.

Dibon-gad - Supposed to be the same as Dibon, Num 32:34, and to be situated on the brook Arnon

Stat. 39.

Clarke: Num 33:46 - Almon-diblathaim Almon-diblathaim - Situation not known. It belonged to the Moabites in the time of the prophet Jeremiah. Jer 48:22 Stat. 40.

Almon-diblathaim - Situation not known. It belonged to the Moabites in the time of the prophet Jeremiah. Jer 48:22

Stat. 40.

Clarke: Num 33:47 - Mountains of Abarim, before Nebo Mountains of Abarim, before Nebo - The mountain on which Moses died. They came to this place after the overthrow of the Amorites. See Numbers 21 St...

Mountains of Abarim, before Nebo - The mountain on which Moses died. They came to this place after the overthrow of the Amorites. See Numbers 21

Stat. 41.

Clarke: Num 33:48 - The Plains of Moab The Plains of Moab - This was the scene of the transactions between Balaam and Balak; see Numbers 23, 24, 25 Stat. 42.

The Plains of Moab - This was the scene of the transactions between Balaam and Balak; see Numbers 23, 24, 25

Stat. 42.

Clarke: Num 33:49 - From Beth-jesimoth even unto Abel-shittim From Beth-jesimoth even unto Abel-shittim - The former of these places fell to the Reubenites, Jos 13:15-20. The Israelites were now come to the edg...

From Beth-jesimoth even unto Abel-shittim - The former of these places fell to the Reubenites, Jos 13:15-20. The Israelites were now come to the edge of Jordan, over against Jericho, where they afterwards passed

For further information on the subject of these different encampments, the reader is requested to refer to the extracts from Dr. Shaw at the end of the book of Exodus.

Clarke: Num 33:52 - Ye shall - destroy all their pictures Ye shall - destroy all their pictures - משכיתם maskiyotham , from שחה sachah , to be like, or resemble, either pictures, carved work, or ...

Ye shall - destroy all their pictures - משכיתם maskiyotham , from שחה sachah , to be like, or resemble, either pictures, carved work, or embroidery, as far as these things were employed to exhibit the abominations of idolatry. Molten images צלמי מסכתם tsalmey massechotham , metallic talismanical figures, made under certain constellations, and supposed in consequence to be possessed of some extraordinary influences and virtues.

Clarke: Num 33:55 - Shall be pricks in your eyes Shall be pricks in your eyes - Under these metaphors, the continual mischief that should be done to them, both in soul and body, by these idolaters,...

Shall be pricks in your eyes - Under these metaphors, the continual mischief that should be done to them, both in soul and body, by these idolaters, is set forth in a very expressive manner. What can be more vexatious than a continual goading of each side, so that the attempt to avoid the one throws the body more forcibly on the other? And what can be more distressing than a continual pricking in the eye, harassing the mind, tormenting the body, and extinguishing the sight

1.    It has been usual among pious men to consider these Canaanites remaining in the land, as emblems of indwelling sin; and it must be granted that what those remaining Canaanites were to the people of Israel, who were disobedient to God, such is indwelling sin to all those who will not have the blood of the covenant to cleanse them from all unrighteousness. For a time, while conscience is tender, such persons feel themselves straitened in all their goings, hindered in all their religious services, and distressed beyond measure because of the law - the authority and power of sin, which they find warring in their members: by and by the eye of their mind becomes obscured by the constant piercings of sin, till at last, fatally persuaded that sin must dwell in them as long as they live, they accommodate their minds to their situation, their consciences cease to be tender, and they content themselves with expecting redemption where and when it has never been promised, viz., beyond the grave! On the subject of the journeyings of the Israelites, the following observations from old Mr. Ainsworth cannot fail to interest the reader

2.    "The Travels of Israel through that great and terrible wilderness, wherein were fiery serpents, and scorpions, and drought, where there was no water, Deu 8:15, which was a land of deserts, and of pits, a land of drought, and of the shadow of death, a land that no man passed through, and where no man dwelt, Jer 2:6, signified the many troubles and afflictions through which we must enter into the kingdom of God, Act 14:22. The helps, comforts, and deliverances which God gave unto his people in their distresses, are examples of his love and mercy towards his followers; for he comforts them in all their tribulation, that as the sufferings of Christ abound in them, so their consolation also abounds in Christ, 2Co 1:5. The punishments which God inflicted upon the disobedient, who perished in the wilderness for their sins, happened unto them for ensamples, and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come, 1Co 10:1, 1Co 10:11; Heb 3:17, Heb 3:18, Heb 3:19; Heb 4:1, Heb 4:2. By the names of their encamping places, and histories adjoined, it appears how Israel came sometimes into straits and troublesome ways, as at Pihahiroth, Exo 14:2, Exo 14:3, Exo 14:10, etc.; and at Zalmonah, Num 2:1, Num 2:4, etc.; sometimes into large and ample room, as at the plains of Moab; sometimes to places of hunger and thirst, as at Rephidim and Kadesh, Exodus 16, 17; Numbers 20; sometimes to places of refreshing, as at Elim and Beer, Exo 15:27; Num 21:16; sometimes where they had wars, as at Rephidim, Kadesh, Edrei, Exo 17:8; Num 21:1, Num 21:33; sometimes where they had rest, as at Mount Sinai: sometimes they went right forward, as from Sinai to Kadesh-barnea; sometimes they turned backward, as from Kadesh-barnea to the Red Sea: sometimes they came to mountains, as Sinai, Shapher, Hor-Gidgad; sometimes to valleys, as Tahath, etc.; sometimes to places of bitterness, as Marah; sometimes, of sweetness, as Mithcah

3.    "The Sins which they committed in the wilderness were many and great; as open Idolatry by the calf, at Horeb, Exodus 32, and with Baal-peor, Numbers 25. Unbelief, at Kadesh, Numbers 14; and afterwards Presumptuous Boldness in the same place; Murmuring against God sundry times, with tempting of Christ, (as the apostle speaks, 1 Corinthians 15). Contention and Rebellion against their governors often; lusting for flesh to fill their appetites, and loathing manna, the heavenly food; Whoredom with the daughters of Moab, and many other provocations; so that this complaint is after made of them, How oft did they provoke him in the wilderness, and grieve him in the desert! Psa 78:40. All sorts of persons sinned against God; the multitude of people very often; the mixed multitude of strangers among them, Numbers 11. The princes, as the ten spies, Dathan, Abiram, etc. The Levites, as Korah and his company; Miriam the prophetess, Numbers 12; Aaron the priest with her, besides his sin at Horeb, Exodus 32; and at the water of Meribah, Numbers 20. Moses also himself at the same place, for which he was excluded from the land of Canaan

4.    "The Punishments laid on them by the Lord for their disobedience were many. They died by the sword of the enemy, as of the Amalekites, Exodus 17, and of the Canaanites, Num 14:45; and some by the sword of their brethren, Exodus 32. Some were burned with fire, Numbers 11, 16; some died with surfeit, Numbers 11; some were swallowed up alive in the earth, Numbers 16; some were killed with serpents, Numbers 21; many died of the pestilence, Num 16:46, and Num 5:25; and generally all that generation which were first mustered, after their coming out of Egypt, perished, Num 26:64, Num 26:65. God consumed their days in vanity, and their years in terror, Psa 78:33

5.    "Nevertheless, for his name’ s sake, he magnified his Mercies unto them and their posterity. He had divided the sea, and led them through on dry land, drowning their enemies, Exodus 14. He led them with a cloud by day, and a pillar of fire by night, continually. He gave them manna from heaven daily. He clave the rock, and gave them water for their thirst. He fed them with quails, when they longed for flesh. He sweetened the bitter waters. He saved them from the sword of their enemies. He delivered them from the fiery serpents and scorpions. Their raiment waxed not old upon them, neither did their foot swell for forty years, Deu 8:4. He delivered them from the intended curse of Balaam, and turned it into a blessing, because he loved them, Numbers 22; Deu 23:5. He came down from Mount Sinai, and spake with them from heaven, and gave them right judgments and true laws, good statutes and commandments, and gave also his good Spirit to instruct them, Neh 9:13, Neh 9:20. In the times of his wrath he remembered mercy; his eye spared them from destroying them, neither did he make an end of them in the wilderness, Eze 20:17, Eze 20:22. He gave them kingdoms and nations, and they possessed the lands of their enemies; and he multiplied their children as the stars of heaven, and brought them into the land promised unto their forefathers. Neh 9:22, Neh 9:23. Now whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we, through patience and comfort of the Scriptures, might have hope, Rom 15:4."Let him that readeth understand."

Calvin: Num 33:1 - These are the journeys of the children of Israel 1.These are the journeys of the children of Israel Moses had not previously enumerated all the stations in which the people had encamped, but scarcel...

1.These are the journeys of the children of Israel Moses had not previously enumerated all the stations in which the people had encamped, but scarcely more than those in which something memorable had occurred, especially after the passage of the Red Sea; because it was of great importance that the actual localities should be set, as it were, before their eyes, until they were not only rescued from impending death by God’s amazing power, but a way unto life was opened to them through death and the lowest deep. In fact, in one passage he has as good as told us that he omitted certain stations, where he records that the people “journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, after their journeys, according to the commandment of the Lord,” to Rephidim, (Exo 17:1) here, however, he more accurately states every place at which they stopped, as if he were painting a picture of their journey of forty years. His object in this is, first, that the remembrance of their deliverance, and so many accompanying blessings, might be more deeply impressed upon them, since local descriptions have no little effect in giving certainty to history; and, secondly, that they might be reminded by the names of the places, how often and in how many ways they had provoked God’s anger against them; but especially that, now they were on the very threshold of the promised land, they might acknowledge that they had been kept back from it, and had been wandering by various tortuous routes, in consequence of their own depravity and stubbornness, until they had received the reward of their vile ingratitude. Whilst, at the same time, they might reflect that God had so tempered the severity of their punishment, that He still preserved and sustained the despisers of his grace, notwithstanding their iniquity and unworthiness; and also that He carried on to the children (of the transgressors) the covenant which He had made with Abraham.

It is not without reason that Moses premises that “these were the journeys of the children of Israel;” for, at the period when they came out of the land of Goshen, they were affected with no ordinary fear and anxiety, when they saw themselves buried, as it were, in the grave; for they were shut in on every side either by the sea or the defiles of two mountains, or by the army of Pharaoh. Having entered the desert, they had seven stations before they arrived at Mount Sinai, in which they must have perished a hundred times over by hunger and thirst, and a dearth of everything, unless God had marvellously succoured them. And although they might have completed their whole journey in so many days, even then their obstinate perversity began to subject them to delay. If the lack of bread and water beset them, they ought to have been more effectually stirred up by it to have recourse humbly to God. So little disposed, however, were they to that humility, which might have taught them to ask of God by prayer and supplication a remedy for their need, that they rather rebelled against Moses: and not only so, but they petulantly assailed God Himself with their impious taunts, as if He were a cruel executioner instead of their Redeemer. Hence, therefore, it came to pass that it was not before the fortieth day that they were at length brought to Mount Sinai. Scarcely had the Law been promulgated, and whilst the awful voice of God was still ringing in their ears, whereby He had bound them to Himself as His people, when, behold, suddenly a base, nay, a monstrous falling away into idolatry, whence it was not their own fault that, having rejected God’s grace, and as far as depended upon themselves having annulled the promise, they did not perisist miserably as they deserved. By this impediment they were again withheld from further progress. With the same obstinacy they constantly raged against God, and, though warned by many instances of punishment, never returned to a sound mind. The climax of their insane contumacy was, that when arrived at the borders of the promised land, they repudiated God’s kindness, and exhorted each other to return, as if God were adverse to them, and His inestimable deliverance, which ought to have been a perpetual obligation to obedience, were utterly distasteful to them. The stations, which then follow, express in a more, lively manner how, — like a ship which is driven away from its port by a tempest, and whirled round by various currents, — they were carried away from approaching the land, and wandered by circuitous courses: as if they deserved that God should thus lead them about in mockery. It will be well for us to keep our eyes on this design of Moses, in order that we may read the chapter with profit.

He calls the order of their marches journeys (profectiones,) in contradistinction to their stations: for they did not strike their camp unless the signal were given, i.e., when the cloud left the sanctuary, and moved to another spot, as if God stretched forth His hand from heaven to direct their way: and hence it was more clearly apparent, that they were retained in the desert by this power.

Calvin: Num 33:3 - And they departed from Rameses 3.And they departed from Rameses I do not approve of their opinion, who think that the name of this city is used for the whole land of Goshen: since ...

3.And they departed from Rameses I do not approve of their opinion, who think that the name of this city is used for the whole land of Goshen: since it is not reasonable that they should have set forth at the same time from various distant and remote places. And this would still less accord with what presently follows, 222 that they went forth in orderly array; though it might not be the case that they all mustered together in the city, because it is hardly credible that so great a multitude could be received within its walls, but that by the order of Moses and Aaron, they were all assembled in the neighborhood of the city, so that they might be organized, lest in the confusion of their hurried march they should impede each other.

After having stated that they went out by “the high hand” of God, for the purpose of extolling still more His wonderful power, he adds that the Egyptians were witnesses and spectators of it: whence we conclude that they had at last yielded to God, 223 or were so thoroughly subdued, as not to dare to lift up a finger. Another circumstance is also added, viz., that the Egyptians were then burying all their first-born; by which words Moses does not mean to indicate that they forbore from hindering the departure of the Israelites, 224 because they were occupied with another matter; but rather signifies that, although they were exasperated by grief at the loss of their sons, still they lay stupified, as it were, since the power of God had enfeebled them, so that they had lost the ability to offer resistance.

When Moses says, that God “executed judgments” upon the gods of the Egyptians, it is with the object of recommending the true faith, lest the children of Israel should ever turn aside to the superstitions of the Gentiles, which, at the time of the deliverance, they had found to be mere delusions. For not only were Pharaoh and his troops overthrown, but their gods also put to shame, when they pretended to be the protectors of their land: and thus were all their superstitions refuted and convicted of error and folly. It is a silly imagination, that all the idols of Egypt fell down of themselves, 225 in order that the God of Israel might claim the glory of Deity for Himself alone. It is enough that God triumphed over the idols, when He effectively shewed that they had no power to aid their worshippers, and, at the same time, discovered the trickeries of the magicians. To this Isaiah appears to allude, when he says,

“Behold, the Lord shall come into Egypt, and the idols of Egypt shall be moved at His presence,” (Isa 19:1)

for he signifies that God will give such proofs of His power in Egypt, as shall demonstrate the vanity of all their errors, and overthrow all the superstitious fictions whereby the Israelites had been deceived.

Calvin: Num 33:8 - And they departed from before Pi-hahiroth 8.And they departed from before Pi-hahiroth He relates how the people marched forwards for three days; not so much in praise of their endurance, as i...

8.And they departed from before Pi-hahiroth He relates how the people marched forwards for three days; not so much in praise of their endurance, as in celebration of God’s wonderful power, who sustained so great a multitude without water. For we must bear in mind, what I have elsewhere shewn, that from the passage of the Red Sea to Marah there was no water found; whence the impiety of the people was the more detestable, since they there burst forth into rebellion on account of the bitter taste of the water. On the other side, the incomparable mercy of God shone forth, in that He condescended to refresh these churlish and provoking men in a pleasant and delightful station; for from their first encampment they were led on to Elim, where they found twelve fountains and seventy palm-trees. Moses passes briefly over the wilderness of Sin, as if nothing worthy of being recorded had occurred there; whereas the vile impiety of the people there betrayed itself, and the place was ennobled by a signal miracle, since the manna rained from heaven for the nourishment of the people, so that, the windows of heaven being opened, mortal man “did eat angels’ food.” He also briefly adverts to the want of water to drink at Rephidim: but he deemed it sufficient here to enumerate the stations, which might recall the various occurrences to the memory of the people. On the Graves of Concupiscence a memorial of God’s punishment was inscribed; but since he simply gives a list of other places, without any record of events, we may gather, as I have above stated, that he had no other design than to set before the eyes of the people the peregrination in which they had been engaged for forty years. He, however, cursorily mentions the death of Aaron; because his life had been prolonged, by God’s special blessing, for the good of the people, until the time approached when they were about to enter the promised land; since his authority was a useful and necessary restraint upon the ungovernable character of this headstrong people. At the same time the punishment inflicted upon the holy man should have reminded posterity that it was not without reason that their fathers had been so severely chastised, since they had not ceased to add sin to sin, when God had not spared even His own servant on account of a single transgression.

When he adds just afterwards, that the Canaanite then first heard of the coming the children of Israel, he indicates that God had put a veil over the eyes of their enemies, lest they should oppose them at an earlier period. For God so mitigated the severity of His judgment, that the exile of the Israelites was, at any rate, undisturbed, and free from outward molestation, as long as they had to wander in the desert.

Calvin: Num 33:39 - And Aaron was an hundred and twenty and three years old 39.And Aaron was an hundred and twenty and three years old It is not without reason that the great age of Aaron is expressly stated, inasmuch as his ...

39.And Aaron was an hundred and twenty and three years old It is not without reason that the great age of Aaron is expressly stated, inasmuch as his life had been prolonged to an unusual period, for the good of the people. At the age of an hundred he had already exceeded the ordinary extent of life; whereas, by God’s extraordinary blessing, he survived until the people were about to pass into the promised land. Hence their ingratitude was the more base in not acknowledging this paternal care of God, since it was for their advantage that He preserved so long the minister of His grace.

Calvin: Num 33:40 - And king Arad the Canaanite 40.And king Arad the Canaanite Although Moses gives no account of a battle, yet he briefly revives the recollection of the previous history; as much ...

40.And king Arad the Canaanite Although Moses gives no account of a battle, yet he briefly revives the recollection of the previous history; as much as to say, that in this part of their journey the Israelites at length met with their enemy, since they then began to fight with one of the nations of Canaan. In a word, the meaning is, that this was the beginning of their warfare, when the land which God had promised them as an inheritance was about to be occupied.

Calvin: Num 33:50 - And the Lord spake unto Moses 50.And the Lord spake unto Moses The end and design of God in willing that these nations should be expelled, I have elsewhere explained, 226 viz, les...

50.And the Lord spake unto Moses The end and design of God in willing that these nations should be expelled, I have elsewhere explained, 226 viz, lest they should adulterate the pure worship of God by their admixtures, should corrupt the people by their bad examples, and thus be pollutions to the Holy Land. But Moses now refers to another point, for, when about to speak of the division of the land, he begins by saying that it must be emptied of its inhabitants, that its free and full enjoyment may remain for the children of Israel. We must remark the connection here, for else this passage would have been a supplement of the First Commandment, to which I have indeed appended the latter part of the verse: but, since God declares connectedly, “Ye shall dispossess the inhabitants of the land, and dwell therein, for I have given you the land to possess it,” it would have been absurd that one clause should be disjoined from the other.

Calvin: Num 33:54 - And ye shall divide the land by lot 54.And ye shall divide the land by lot The mode of division is also stated, that each should possess what fell to him by lot; and this was the best p...

54.And ye shall divide the land by lot The mode of division is also stated, that each should possess what fell to him by lot; and this was the best plan, for the several tribes would never have allowed themselves to be sent here or there at the option of men: and even if the arrangement had been left to the voices of the judges, they would rather have quarreled with each other than determined what was right. But we must here take into consideration something deeper; viz., that by this method God gave certain proof that the children of Israel were the inheritors and masters of that land by His liberality and special blessing. And, in the first place, we must remember that, although men consider nothing more fortuitous than casting lots, still they are governed by God, as Solomon says. (Pro 16:33.) God, therefore, commanded the people to cast lots, reserving to Himself the judgment as to those to whom they should fall. For how came it to pass that Zebulun obtained his portion on the sea-shore, except because it had been thus predicted by the Patriarch Jacob? Why did a district productive of the best corn fall to the tribe of Asher, unless because it had been pronounced by the same lips, that

“Out of Asher his bread should be fat;
and he should yield royal dainties”? (Gen 49:20.)

By the same prophecy the tribe of Judah obtained an inheritance rich in vines, and abounding in the best of pastures. Thus the division of the land, by lot, clearly showed that God had not formerly promised that land to Abraham in vain; because the proclamation of the gift by the mouth of Jacob was actually confirmed. The pious old man had been expelled from hence by famine; he was but a sojourner in Egypt, and twice an exile, and yet he assigns their portions to his descendants in the most authoritative manner, just as the father of a family might divide his few acres of land among his heirs. Yet God finally sealed what then might have seemed ridiculous. Hence it appears that things which, in the feebleness of our senses, we imagine to move at the blind impulse of chance, are directed by God’s secret providence; and that His counsel always proceeds in such a regular course, that the end corresponds with the beginning. Again he recommends to them the law of proportion, so that, according to their numbers, a greater or a less allotment should be given to the several tribes. The allegory which some conceive to be indicated here, viz., that we obtain our heavenly inheritance by God’s gratuitous good pleasure, as if by lot, although at first sight plausible, is easily refuted. Hebron was a part of the inheritance, but Caleb obtained it without casting lots: and a still more decided exception appears in the case of the tribe of Reuben, Gad, and half Manasseh, who, by the consent of the rest, and not by lot, acquired by privilege, as it were, all the territory that had been won on the other side of Jordan. Let my readers, therefore, learn to abstain from such conceits, lest they should often be obliged to confess with shame, that they have caught at an empty shadow.

Calvin: Num 33:55 - But if ye will not drive out 55.But if ye will not drive out We have elsewhere seen why God’s wrath was so greatly aroused against those nations, that He desired them to be ext...

55.But if ye will not drive out We have elsewhere seen why God’s wrath was so greatly aroused against those nations, that He desired them to be exterminated. Even in Abraham’s time gross indulgence of sin had begun to prevail there, as we gather from God’s word, when He said that “their iniquity was not yet full.” After they had abused the forbearance of God Himself for 400 years, who will deny that their destruction was the just and reasonable reward of their long obstinacy? Still, in cutting them off, God had regard to His elect people, in order that they might be separated from the heathen, and never turn aside to foreign superstitions. But the punishment which is here threatened the Israelites deserved twice over by their remissness, for they neither performed their duty in executing God’s vengeance, and, as far as in them lay, they detracted from His grace. He had conferred upon them no common honor, when He appointed them to be His ministers for executing His judgments. It was therefore base supineness in them to be remiss on this point. But again, He had given them the whole land; when, then, they contented themselves with part of it, and neglected the rest, their perverse ingratitude betrayed itself by their indifference. Besides, they had willfully entangled themselves in deadly nerds, by mixing with heathen nations, from whom they had been separated by God, lest they should imitate their habits, and corrupt religious ceremonies. God, therefore, threatens that these nations shall be as prickles to pierce their eyes, and thorns in their sides. That this was fulfilled, the Book of Judges affords the clearest and most ample testimony, although, even to the days of David, this punishment was constantly in course of infliction upon their eyes and sides. Thus, also, is their untamable headstrongness proved, since such a solemn admonition had no effect in causing 227 them to go forwards, no less in the open punishment of iniquity, than in a course of victory and success.

Defender: Num 33:2 - Moses wrote Moses clearly states here that he was the one who wrote about the journey of Israel from Egypt to the promised land - Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and D...

Moses clearly states here that he was the one who wrote about the journey of Israel from Egypt to the promised land - Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. The assertion by critics that Moses' generation did not know how to write is universally refuted by both internal and external evidences."

Defender: Num 33:53 - given you the land This command to drive out the Canaanites was frequently given (Exo 23:24; Exo 34:11-13; Lev 20:22-24; Deuteronomy 7:1-26; Deu 20:16-18). The order was...

This command to drive out the Canaanites was frequently given (Exo 23:24; Exo 34:11-13; Lev 20:22-24; Deuteronomy 7:1-26; Deu 20:16-18). The order was accompanied by a serious warning that failure to do this would lead to continuing trouble from the Canaanites, a prophetic warning which was terribly fulfilled in later years."

TSK: Num 33:1 - with their armies // under the hand with their armies : Exo 12:37, Exo 12:51, Exo 13:18 under the hand : Jos 24:5; 1Sa 12:8; Psa 77:20; Mic 6:4

with their armies : Exo 12:37, Exo 12:51, Exo 13:18

under the hand : Jos 24:5; 1Sa 12:8; Psa 77:20; Mic 6:4

TSK: Num 33:2 - journeys journeys : Num 9:17-23, Num 10:6, Num 10:13; Deu 1:2, Deu 10:11

TSK: Num 33:3 - they departed // in the first // with an high they departed : Gen 47:11; Exo 1:11, Exo 12:37 in the first : Exo 12:2, Exo 13:4 with an high : Exo 14:8; Psa 105:38; Isa 52:12; Mic 2:13

they departed : Gen 47:11; Exo 1:11, Exo 12:37

in the first : Exo 12:2, Exo 13:4

with an high : Exo 14:8; Psa 105:38; Isa 52:12; Mic 2:13

TSK: Num 33:4 - buried // upon their gods buried : Exo 12:29, Exo 12:30; Psa 105:36 upon their gods : Exo 12:12, Exo 18:11; Isa 19:1; Zep 2:11; Rev 12:7-9

TSK: Num 33:5 - removed // Rameses removed : Exo 12:37 Rameses : This appears to have been the capital of the land of Goshen, and the rendezvous of the Israelites. It is placed by Jero...

removed : Exo 12:37

Rameses : This appears to have been the capital of the land of Goshen, and the rendezvous of the Israelites. It is placed by Jerome in the extremity of Egypt, in the Arsenoitic nome.

TSK: Num 33:6 - departed // Succoth // Etham departed : Exo 13:20 Succoth : Supposed to be the Suche mentioned by Pliny and the Scenas Mandrorum, in the Antonine Itinerary. The Editor of Calmet ...

departed : Exo 13:20

Succoth : Supposed to be the Suche mentioned by Pliny and the Scenas Mandrorum, in the Antonine Itinerary. The Editor of Calmet places it at Birket el Hadji, or ""the Pilgrims’ pool,""a few miles east of Cairo.

Etham : This was evidently situated towards the north point of the Red sea. Calmet supposes it to be the same as Buthus or Butham, mentioned by Herodotus, who places it in Arabia, on the frontiers of Egypt.

TSK: Num 33:7 - they removed // Baalzephon they removed : Num 33:8; Exo 14:2, Exo 14:9 Baalzephon : Calmet supposes this to be the Clysma of the Greeks, and the Kolzum of the Arabians. His lea...

they removed : Num 33:8; Exo 14:2, Exo 14:9

Baalzephon : Calmet supposes this to be the Clysma of the Greeks, and the Kolzum of the Arabians. His learned Editor thinks the true situation of Baal-zephon was some miles more northerly than the present Suez.

TSK: Num 33:8 - departed // Etham departed : Exo 14:21, Exo 14:22-31, Exo 15:22-26 Etham : Called Shur in Exodus; but Dr. Shaw says that Shur is a particular district of the wilderness...

departed : Exo 14:21, Exo 14:22-31, Exo 15:22-26

Etham : Called Shur in Exodus; but Dr. Shaw says that Shur is a particular district of the wilderness of Etham.

TSK: Num 33:9 - -- Exo 15:27

TSK: Num 33:10 - Elim Elim : Exo 16:1, Exo 17:1

Elim : Exo 16:1, Exo 17:1

TSK: Num 33:14 - Rephidim Rephidim : Exo 17:1-8, Exo 19:2

Rephidim : Exo 17:1-8, Exo 19:2

TSK: Num 33:15 - -- Exo 16:1, Exo 19:1, Exo 19:2

TSK: Num 33:16 - they removed // Kibrothhattaavah they removed : Num 10:11-13, Num 10:33; Deu 1:6 Kibrothhattaavah : That is, the graves of lust. Num 11:4, Num 11:34

they removed : Num 10:11-13, Num 10:33; Deu 1:6

Kibrothhattaavah : That is, the graves of lust. Num 11:4, Num 11:34

TSK: Num 33:17 - -- Num 11:35

TSK: Num 33:18 - they departed // Rithmah they departed : Num 12:16 Rithmah : Rithmah was a place in the wilderness of Paran, near Kadesh Barnea; probably so called from the great number of ju...

they departed : Num 12:16

Rithmah : Rithmah was a place in the wilderness of Paran, near Kadesh Barnea; probably so called from the great number of juniper trees, as the name signifies, growing in that district.

TSK: Num 33:19 - Rimmonparez Rimmonparez : Probably the same as Rimmon, a city of Judah and Simeon, Jos 15:32, Jos 19:7. Num 33:19

Rimmonparez : Probably the same as Rimmon, a city of Judah and Simeon, Jos 15:32, Jos 19:7. Num 33:19

TSK: Num 33:21 - Libnah // Rissah Libnah : Deu 1:1, Laban Rissah : This is supposed, apparently with good reason, by the Editor of Calmet, to be the same with the present El Arish, a v...

Libnah : Deu 1:1, Laban

Rissah : This is supposed, apparently with good reason, by the Editor of Calmet, to be the same with the present El Arish, a village three quarters of a league from the Mediterranean, and the last stage in Syria, on the road to Egypt.

TSK: Num 33:24 - Shapher Shapher : The Editor of Calmet, who supposes the Israelites to be now in the regular track from Gaza to Egypt, is of opinion that mount Shapher is the...

Shapher : The Editor of Calmet, who supposes the Israelites to be now in the regular track from Gaza to Egypt, is of opinion that mount Shapher is the ancient name of mount Cassius, Catjeh, or Catie, a huge mole of sand, almost surrounded by the Mediterranean, on which was built a temple to Jupiter Cassius. Thevenot states, that at the village of Catie there is a well of water unpleasant for drinking; but two miles off, another whose water is good after standing a little. Num 33:24

TSK: Num 33:30 - Moseroth Moseroth : This is supposed by Mr. C. Taylor, to be Ain el Mousa (probably a corruption of Moseroth) or fountains of Moses, at the head of the western...

Moseroth : This is supposed by Mr. C. Taylor, to be Ain el Mousa (probably a corruption of Moseroth) or fountains of Moses, at the head of the western gulf of the Red sea, about seven or eight miles east from Suez, seven or eight days’ journey from Gaza, and five or six from Sinai. Deu 10:5, Mosera

TSK: Num 33:31 - Benejaakan Benejaakan : Gen 36:27; Deu 10:6; 1Ch 1:43

Benejaakan : Gen 36:27; Deu 10:6; 1Ch 1:43

TSK: Num 33:32 - -- Hor-hagid-gad, Deu 10:7, Gudgodah

Hor-hagid-gad, Deu 10:7, Gudgodah

TSK: Num 33:33 - Jotbathah Jotbathah : Mr. Taylor, who imagines the Israelites to be now in the track of the Mecca pilgrims, supposes Jotbathah, which is described as ""a land o...

Jotbathah : Mr. Taylor, who imagines the Israelites to be now in the track of the Mecca pilgrims, supposes Jotbathah, which is described as ""a land of brooks of water,""to be Callah Nahar, a torrent, said to be good water by Dr. Shaw. Deu 10:7, Jotbath

TSK: Num 33:34 - Ebronah Ebronah : Probably at Abiah Ailana, or Sat el Acaba, stations nearer Accaba. Num 33:34

Ebronah : Probably at Abiah Ailana, or Sat el Acaba, stations nearer Accaba. Num 33:34

TSK: Num 33:35 - Eziongaber Eziongaber : Dr. Shaw places this port on the western shore of the Elanitic gulf of the Red Sea. He says it is now called Meenah el Dsahab, or the go...

Eziongaber : Dr. Shaw places this port on the western shore of the Elanitic gulf of the Red Sea. He says it is now called Meenah el Dsahab, or the golden port, by the Arabs; because it was from this place that Solomon sent his ships to Ophir. He supposes it to be about sixty miles from Sinai; and it is probable that it was near the present Accaba, i.e., the end (of the sea). Num 14:25; Deu 2:8; 1Ki 9:26, 1Ki 22:48, Ezion-geber, 2Ch 20:36

TSK: Num 33:36 - the wilderness of Zin the wilderness of Zin : Num 13:21, Num 20:1, Num 27:14; Deu 32:51

the wilderness of Zin : Num 13:21, Num 20:1, Num 27:14; Deu 32:51

TSK: Num 33:37 - Kadesh Kadesh : Num 20:22, Num 20:23, Num 21:4

TSK: Num 33:38 - -- Num 20:24-28; Deu 10:6, Deu 32:50

TSK: Num 33:40 - -- Num 21:1-3, Num 21:4-9

TSK: Num 33:41 - -- Num 21:4

TSK: Num 33:42 - Punon Punon : Called Phainon by Eusebius, who places it between Petra and Zoar. Perhaps it is the present Tafyle, mentioned by Burckhardt. Num 33:42

Punon : Called Phainon by Eusebius, who places it between Petra and Zoar. Perhaps it is the present Tafyle, mentioned by Burckhardt. Num 33:42

TSK: Num 33:43 - pitched in Oboth pitched in Oboth : Num 21:10

pitched in Oboth : Num 21:10

TSK: Num 33:44 - Ijeabarim Ijeabarim : or, heaps of Abarim, Num 21:11

Ijeabarim : or, heaps of Abarim, Num 21:11

TSK: Num 33:46 - Dibongad // Almondiblathaim Dibongad : Num 32:34; Isa 15:2; Jer 48:18 Almondiblathaim : Jer 48:22, Beth-diblathaim, Eze 6:14, Diblath

Dibongad : Num 32:34; Isa 15:2; Jer 48:18

Almondiblathaim : Jer 48:22, Beth-diblathaim, Eze 6:14, Diblath

TSK: Num 33:47 - the mountains the mountains : These mountains were a ridge of rugged hills east of Jordan, and north and west of the Arnon. Nebo, Pisgah, and Peor, were but differ...

the mountains : These mountains were a ridge of rugged hills east of Jordan, and north and west of the Arnon. Nebo, Pisgah, and Peor, were but different names of the hills of which they were composed. Eusebius and Jerome inform us, that some part of them, as one went up to Heshbon, retained the old name of Abarim in their time; and that the part called Nebo was opposite Jericho, not far from the Jordan, six miles west from Heshbon, and seven east from Livias. Dr. Shaw describes them as ""an exceeding high ridge of desolate mountains, no otherwise diversified than by a succession of naked rocks and precipices; rendered in some places the more frightful by a multiplicity of torrents, which fall on each side of them. This ridge is continued all along the eastern coast of the Dead sea.""Mount Nebo is now called Djebel Attarous; and is described as a barren mountain, the highest point in the neighbourhood, with an uneven plain on the top. Burckhardt, Travels , pp. 369, 370. Num 21:20; Deu 32:49, Deu 34:1

TSK: Num 33:48 - in the plains in the plains : Num 22:1

in the plains : Num 22:1

TSK: Num 33:49 - Bethjesimoth // Abelshittim Bethjesimoth : Probably the place called Bethsimath by Eusebius, east of Jordan, and about ten miles south of Jericho. Jos 13:20; Eze 25:9 Abelshittim...

Bethjesimoth : Probably the place called Bethsimath by Eusebius, east of Jordan, and about ten miles south of Jericho. Jos 13:20; Eze 25:9

Abelshittim : or, the plains of Shittim, This place, according to Josephus (Ant. 1. v. c. 1, § 1. Bell. 1. iv. c. 7 sec. 6), who calls it Abila, was 60 furlongs east of Jordan. Num 25:1-9; Exo 25:5, Exo 25:10, Exo 25:23; Jos 2:1

TSK: Num 33:50 - -- Num 33:48, Num 33:49

TSK: Num 33:51 - -- Deu 7:1, Deu 9:1; Jos 3:17

TSK: Num 33:52 - -- Exo 23:24, Exo 23:31-33, Exo 34:12-17; Deu 7:2-5, Deu 7:25, Deu 7:26, Deu 12:2, Deu 12:3, Deu 12:30, Deu 12:31, Deu 20:16-18; Jos 11:11, Jos 11:12, Jo...

TSK: Num 33:53 - -- Deu 32:8; Psa 24:1, Psa 24:2, Psa 115:16; Jer 27:5, Jer 27:6; Dan 4:17, Dan 4:25, Dan 4:32; Mat 20:15

TSK: Num 33:54 - ye shall divide // give the more inheritance // give the less inheritance ye shall divide : Num 26:53-56 give the more inheritance : Heb. multiply his inheritance, Num 26:54 give the less inheritance : Heb. diminish his inhe...

ye shall divide : Num 26:53-56

give the more inheritance : Heb. multiply his inheritance, Num 26:54

give the less inheritance : Heb. diminish his inheritance in the place, Jos 15:1-12, Jos 16:1-4, Jos 17:1-13, 18:11-28, 19:1-48

TSK: Num 33:55 - shall be pricks shall be pricks : Exo 23:33; Deu 7:4, Deu 7:16; Jos 23:12, Jos 23:13; Judg. 1:21-36, Jdg 2:3; Psa 106:34-36; Eze 28:24

shall be pricks : Exo 23:33; Deu 7:4, Deu 7:16; Jos 23:12, Jos 23:13; Judg. 1:21-36, Jdg 2:3; Psa 106:34-36; Eze 28:24

TSK: Num 33:56 - -- Lev 18:28, Lev 20:23; Deu 28:63, Deu 29:28; Jos 23:15, Jos 23:16; 2Ch 36:17-20; Eze 33:24-29; Luk 21:23, Luk 21:24

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: Num 33:1 - With their armies With their armies i.e. in great number and exact order, as armies march, and they did, Exo 12:37,38 13:18 .

With their armies i.e. in great number and exact order, as armies march, and they did, Exo 12:37,38 13:18 .

Poole: Num 33:2 - Moses Moses would have this done, partly to evince the truth of the history, partly to preserve the remembrance of God’ s glorious and miraculous work...

Moses would have this done, partly to evince the truth of the history, partly to preserve the remembrance of God’ s glorious and miraculous works both of judgment and mercy towards his people, and thereby to confirm their faith in their present difficult undertaking.

Poole: Num 33:3 - Rameses // In the sight of all the Egyptians They all repaired to Rameses by Moses’ s order from all parts of the land. In the sight of all the Egyptians See Exo 14:8 Num 15:30 .

They all repaired to

Rameses by Moses’ s order from all parts of the land.

In the sight of all the Egyptians See Exo 14:8 Num 15:30 .

Poole: Num 33:4 - Upon their gods Upon their gods either, 1. Their princes and rulers, who are sometimes called gods in Scripture; and so this is added by way of amplification, God...

Upon their gods either,

1. Their princes and rulers, who are sometimes called gods in Scripture; and so this is added by way of amplification, God slew their first-born; not only of the meaner sort, but even of their king and princes. Or,

2. Their false gods, to wit, those beasts which the brutish Egyptians worshipped as gods, which were killed with the rest, for the first-born both of men and beasts were then killed, Exo 13:5 . See Poole "Exo 12:12" ; See Poole "Exo 18:11" .

Poole: Num 33:18 - Ritmah Ritmah a place in the wilderness of Paran, near Kadesh-barnea.

Ritmah a place in the wilderness of Paran, near Kadesh-barnea.

Poole: Num 33:31 - -- Called more fully Beeroth-bene-jaacan , Deu 10:6 .

Called more fully Beeroth-bene-jaacan , Deu 10:6 .

Poole: Num 33:32 - -- Called Gudgodah , as Jotbathah is called Jotbath , Deu 10:7 .

Called Gudgodah , as Jotbathah is called Jotbath , Deu 10:7 .

Poole: Num 33:35 - -- A place upon the Red Sea, as appears from 1Ki 9:26 22:48

A place upon the Red Sea, as appears from 1Ki 9:26 22:48

Poole: Num 33:45 - Iim Iim rather Ijim , i.e. the heaps, as the word signifies, even the heaps of Abarim , last mentioned; the Hebrew word is the same with Ije , Num 33:...

Iim rather Ijim , i.e. the heaps, as the word signifies, even the heaps of Abarim , last mentioned; the Hebrew word is the same with Ije , Num 33:44 , only there it is in the construed, and here in the absolute, form. Dibon-gad ; so called partly by way of distinction of this from another Dibon, in the portion of Reuben, Jos 13:17 , and partly, because it was rebuilt by the tribe of Gad.

Poole: Num 33:47 - -- Of which see Num 27:12 Deu 32:49,50 34:1

Poole: Num 33:49 - Abel-shittim Abel-shittim called Shittim , Num 25:1 , and here Abel-shittim , for the grievous mourning which there was both for the heinous crimes committed, a...

Abel-shittim called Shittim , Num 25:1 , and here Abel-shittim , for the grievous mourning which there was both for the heinous crimes committed, and horrible judgments there inflicted.

Poole: Num 33:52 - Ye shall drive out // Molten images // High places Ye shall drive out not by banishing, but by destroying them, as it is explained, Deu 7:1,2 , and elsewhere. Their pictures seem to have been stones...

Ye shall drive out not by banishing, but by destroying them, as it is explained, Deu 7:1,2 , and elsewhere. Their pictures seem to have been stones curiously engraven, and set up for worship. See Deu 16:22 .

Molten images See Exo 23:24,32 De 7:5 .

High places i.e. by a metonymy, the chapels, altars, groves, or other means of worship there set up, for the hills themselves could not be destroyed by them. See Poole "Deu 12:2" .

Poole: Num 33:55 - Pricks in your eyes Pricks in your eyes i.e. both vexatious and pernicious, for the eye is a tender part, and a wound there is very mischievous.

Pricks in your eyes i.e. both vexatious and pernicious, for the eye is a tender part, and a wound there is very mischievous.

Haydock: Num 33:1 - The mansions // Conduct The mansions. These mansions, or journeys of the children of Israel from Egypt to the land of promise, were figures, according to the Fathers, of th...

The mansions. These mansions, or journeys of the children of Israel from Egypt to the land of promise, were figures, according to the Fathers, of the steps and degrees by which Christians, leaving sin, are to advance from virtue to virtue, till they come to the heavenly mansions, after this life, to see and enjoy God. (Challoner) ---

Conduct. Literally, "hand." Aaron died before they came to the last of these 42 stations, or encampments. (Haydock) ---

The observance of the law, and the true worship of God, can alone insure us eternal happiness, and enable us to sing Holy, &c. (St. Jerome, ep. ad Fab.) (Worthington)

Haydock: Num 33:2 - Which Which. Hebrew, "and Moses wrote down their departure and their marches, by the commandment of the Lord; and these are their journeys, according to t...

Which. Hebrew, "and Moses wrote down their departure and their marches, by the commandment of the Lord; and these are their journeys, according to their going out." These are the places of any note in that wide and dreary desert, near which the Israelites passed. All the encampments are not intended to be specified. The people marched on slowly, and sought for pasturage, with all diligence. The names of these more remarkable places, have been so differently pronounced, that many of them have been greatly confounded; (Calmet) and interpreters vary so much in their situation, that nothing can be decided with certainty. (Haydock)

Haydock: Num 33:3 - Ramesses Ramesses, a city of great note, about 60 miles from the Red Sea, Exodus i. 11. (Calmet)

Ramesses, a city of great note, about 60 miles from the Red Sea, Exodus i. 11. (Calmet)

Haydock: Num 33:4 - Gods Gods. Their idols were thrown down. (St. Jerome, ep. 127.) See Exodus xii. 12. (Menochius)

Gods. Their idols were thrown down. (St. Jerome, ep. 127.) See Exodus xii. 12. (Menochius)

Haydock: Num 33:6 - Soccoth // Etham Soccoth, the second station. (Haydock) --- Etham. Septuagint, "Butham," the Butum of Herodotus, (ii. 75,) situated in a plain.

Soccoth, the second station. (Haydock) ---

Etham. Septuagint, "Butham," the Butum of Herodotus, (ii. 75,) situated in a plain.

Haydock: Num 33:7 - Beelsephon Beelsephon; perhaps the city of Clysma, or Colzan, where the Hebrews crossed the sea.

Beelsephon; perhaps the city of Clysma, or Colzan, where the Hebrews crossed the sea.

Haydock: Num 33:8 - Etham // Mara Etham, or Sur. Exodus xv. 22. --- Mara, 60 miles to the south of the Red Sea. (Calmet)

Etham, or Sur. Exodus xv. 22. ---

Mara, 60 miles to the south of the Red Sea. (Calmet)

Haydock: Num 33:9 - Elim Elim. "The wood of palm-trees, five days' journey from Jericho." (Strabo) See Exodus xv.

Elim. "The wood of palm-trees, five days' journey from Jericho." (Strabo) See Exodus xv.

Haydock: Num 33:10 - Red Sea Red Sea. This encampment is not specified before. (Calmet) --- It was the seventh in order. (Haydock)

Red Sea. This encampment is not specified before. (Calmet) ---

It was the seventh in order. (Haydock)

Haydock: Num 33:11 - Sin Sin. Farther from the promised land than that of Tsin, (chap. xx. 1,) or Cades-barne.

Sin. Farther from the promised land than that of Tsin, (chap. xx. 1,) or Cades-barne.

Haydock: Num 33:12 - -- Daphca. Septuagint and Eusebius read, Raphca; (Calmet) D and R, in Hebrew, are easily confounded. (Haydock) --- This encampment is passed over in E...

Daphca. Septuagint and Eusebius read, Raphca; (Calmet) D and R, in Hebrew, are easily confounded. (Haydock) ---

This encampment is passed over in Exodus, as well as the following at Alus.

Haydock: Num 33:14 - Raphidim Raphidim and Sinai. See Exodus xvii., and xix. 1.

Raphidim and Sinai. See Exodus xvii., and xix. 1.

Haydock: Num 33:16 - Lust Lust. After three days' journey, passing by the station of burning, chap. x. 33., and xi. 3.

Lust. After three days' journey, passing by the station of burning, chap. x. 33., and xi. 3.

Haydock: Num 33:17 - Haseroth Haseroth, near Cades-barne, the same as Aserim, ("the unwalled towns" of the Heveans, extending as far as Gaza,) or Asor, called afterwards Esron, on...

Haseroth, near Cades-barne, the same as Aserim, ("the unwalled towns" of the Heveans, extending as far as Gaza,) or Asor, called afterwards Esron, on the south of Chanaan, Josue xi. 10. Moses does not specify here the memorable encampment at Cades-barne, where the Israelites arrived, after 11 days' march from Horeb, Deuteronomy i. 2, 19. It was not far from Asor, on the frontiers of Idumea, (Calmet) in the desert of Pharan, chap. xiii. 1.

Haydock: Num 33:19 - Rethma Rethma. The situation of this and the following station, cannot be fixed.

Rethma. The situation of this and the following station, cannot be fixed.

Haydock: Num 33:21 - Lebna Lebna . A strong place besieged by Sennacherib, (4 Kings xix. 8,) between Cades and Gaza, Josue x. 29. The Hebrews encamped a long while about Mount...

Lebna . A strong place besieged by Sennacherib, (4 Kings xix. 8,) between Cades and Gaza, Josue x. 29. The Hebrews encamped a long while about Mount Seir, Deuteronomy ii. 1.

Haydock: Num 33:22 - Ressa Ressa was in the same neighbourhood. St. Hirarion converted its inhabitants.

Ressa was in the same neighbourhood. St. Hirarion converted its inhabitants.

Haydock: Num 33:24 - Arada Arada. Herad, Adar, or Barad, are probably the same place, on the southern limits of Chanaan, four miles from Maceloth, the Malatis of Eusebius.

Arada. Herad, Adar, or Barad, are probably the same place, on the southern limits of Chanaan, four miles from Maceloth, the Malatis of Eusebius.

Haydock: Num 33:30 - Hesmona Hesmona, or Asemona, a city of the tribe of Juda, towards Egypt, chap. xxxiv. 4.

Hesmona, or Asemona, a city of the tribe of Juda, towards Egypt, chap. xxxiv. 4.

Haydock: Num 33:32 - Gadgad Gadgad. These three stations are placed in a different order, Deuteronomy x. 6. But some word has been transposed, as Aaron died on Mount Hor, when...

Gadgad. These three stations are placed in a different order, Deuteronomy x. 6. But some word has been transposed, as Aaron died on Mount Hor, when the Hebrews encamped at Mosera, or Moseroth, a second time. (Calmet)

Haydock: Num 33:34 - Jetebatha Jetebatha. It may be rendered also "Hills of concupiscence," famous for torrents of water, Deuteronomy x. 7.

Jetebatha. It may be rendered also "Hills of concupiscence," famous for torrents of water, Deuteronomy x. 7.

Haydock: Num 33:35 - Asiongaber Asiongaber. Some place this station on the Mediterranean, where Strabo fixes the city of Gassion Gaber, the Beto Gabria of Ptolemy. But the Scriptu...

Asiongaber. Some place this station on the Mediterranean, where Strabo fixes the city of Gassion Gaber, the Beto Gabria of Ptolemy. But the Scripture informs us it lay on the Red Sea, 3 Kings ix. 16. Cellarius thinks most probably upon the Elanitic gulf, to the east of that of Suez, or Heroopolis, where Josephus maintains Asiongaber or Bernice stood. The Hebrews came to this station from that of Elat, Deuteronomy ii. 8. (Calmet)

Haydock: Num 33:36 - Sin Sin, or Tsin. Cades is another name of the same desert. Near the city of Cades-barne, the Hebrews encamped a long while, and had plenty of water;...

Sin, or Tsin. Cades is another name of the same desert. Near the city of Cades-barne, the Hebrews encamped a long while, and had plenty of water; but here they murmured for want of it, and Mary departed this life, chap. xx. (Calmet)

Haydock: Num 33:37 - Hor Hor, at a place called Mosera, Deuteronomy x. 6. This was the road from Arabia to Chanaan, and the Hebrews attempted to enter by it, but were repuls...

Hor, at a place called Mosera, Deuteronomy x. 6. This was the road from Arabia to Chanaan, and the Hebrews attempted to enter by it, but were repulsed by the king of Arad, though they afterwards defeated him at Horma, chap. xxi. 3.

Haydock: Num 33:41 - Salmona Salmona, where it is thought by some that God sent the fiery serpents, chap. xxi. 6. The Israelites being refused a passage by the Idumeans and Moab...

Salmona, where it is thought by some that God sent the fiery serpents, chap. xxi. 6. The Israelites being refused a passage by the Idumeans and Moabites, God orders them to measure back their steps towards Asiongaber, and to go round their territories. (Calmet)

Haydock: Num 33:45 - Dibongad Dibongad, is often called Dibon. Moses observes, (chap. xxi.) that the Hebrews passed by or encamped at various places, before they came to this t...

Dibongad, is often called Dibon. Moses observes, (chap. xxi.) that the Hebrews passed by or encamped at various places, before they came to this town. It is sometimes attributed to Ruben, and at other times to Gad, being on the confines of both tribes. (Calmet)

Haydock: Num 33:49 - Moabites Moabites. Here they were deluded by wicked women, chap. xxv. (Haydock) --- From these 42 stations, the Fathers take occasion to shew, how we must ...

Moabites. Here they were deluded by wicked women, chap. xxv. (Haydock) ---

From these 42 stations, the Fathers take occasion to shew, how we must advance in a spiritual life. (Du Hamel)

Haydock: Num 33:52 - Pillars Pillars. Hebrew, stones placed on high "to be seen." Septuagint, "towers of the sentinels." Chaldean, "temples, where they adore their idols."

Pillars. Hebrew, stones placed on high "to be seen." Septuagint, "towers of the sentinels." Chaldean, "temples, where they adore their idols."

Haydock: Num 33:53 - Land Land of its old inhabitants, and of the places dedicated to superstitious purposes. (Haydock) --- Hebrew, "occupy the land." Septuagint, "drive ou...

Land of its old inhabitants, and of the places dedicated to superstitious purposes. (Haydock) ---

Hebrew, "occupy the land." Septuagint, "drive out the inhabitants, and dwell there."

Haydock: Num 33:55 - Nails Nails. Septuagint, "goads," &c., by which they will force you in a manner to gratify your curiosity, by an imitation of their idol worship; and thus...

Nails. Septuagint, "goads," &c., by which they will force you in a manner to gratify your curiosity, by an imitation of their idol worship; and thus will prove to you more dangerous, than if you had nails piercing your eyes. See Josue xxiii. 13., and Ezechiel xxviii. 24. These abandoned nations must not be spared through a false pity, Deuteronomy xx. 16. (Calmet) ---

The Israelites, however, proved negligent, and God made use of the remains of these nations to scourge his people, and to train them for war. (Du Hamel)

Gill: Num 33:1 - These are the journeys of the children of Israel // which went forth out of the land of Egypt // with their armies These are the journeys of the children of Israel,.... Which are related in this chapter following: which went forth out of the land of Egypt: whith...

These are the journeys of the children of Israel,.... Which are related in this chapter following:

which went forth out of the land of Egypt: whither their fathers went and stayed, and were kept in hard bondage, but in due time were delivered from it, and came out from thence:

with their armies; in great numbers, and in an orderly manner, in rank and file, and like so many squadrons, see Exo 7:4, under the hand of Moses and Aaron: who were sent to the king of Egypt to require their dismission, and who were the instruments under God of their deliverance, and were the leaders of them; as of them out of Egypt, so through the wilderness, in their, several journeys here recorded.

Gill: Num 33:2 - And Moses wrote their goings out according to their journeys, by the commandment of the Lord // and these are their journeys according to their goings out And Moses wrote their goings out according to their journeys, by the commandment of the Lord,.... Which may be understood, either that their journeys ...

And Moses wrote their goings out according to their journeys, by the commandment of the Lord,.... Which may be understood, either that their journeys were by the commandment of the Lord; so Aben Ezra takes the connection to be, and which is undoubtedly true, and which is expressed plainly elsewhere; for so it was, that when the cloud abode on the tabernacle they rested, and had their stations, and continued as long as the cloud tarried on it, and when that was taken up, then they marched; and thus at the commandment of the Lord they rested, and at the commandment of the Lord they journeyed, see Num 9:17 or that Moses wrote the account of their journeys, and several stations, at the commandment of the Lord, that it might be on record, and be read in future ages, and appear to be a fact, that they were led about in a wilderness, in places which were unknown to others, and had no names but what they gave them:

and these are their journeys according to their goings out; from place to place; some of the ancients, as Jerom z particularly, and some modern writers, have allegorized these journeys of the children of Israel, and have fancied that there is something in the signification of the names of the places they came to, and abode in, suitable to the cases and circumstances of the people of God in their passage through this world; but though the travels of the children of Israel in the wilderness may in general be an emblem of the case and condition of the people of God in this world, and there are many things in them, and which they met with, and befell them, that may be accommodated to them; yet the particulars will never hold good of individual saints, since they are not all led exactly in the same path of difficulties and troubles, but each have something peculiar to themselves; and it will be difficult to apply these things to the church of God in general, in the several stages and periods of time, and which I do not know that any have attempted; and yet, if there is anything pointed out by the travels, one would think it should be that.

Gill: Num 33:3 - And they departed from Rameses // in the first month // on the fifteenth of the first month, on the morrow after the passover // the children of Israel went out with an high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians And they departed from Rameses,.... A city in Egypt, where the children of Israel, a little before their departure, seem to have been gathered togethe...

And they departed from Rameses,.... A city in Egypt, where the children of Israel, a little before their departure, seem to have been gathered together in a body, in order to march out all together, as they did. This place the Targum of Jonathan calls Pelusium. Dr. Shaw a thinks it might be Cairo, from whence they set forward; see Exo 12:37 and it was

in the first month; in the month Nisan, as the same Targum, or Abib, which was appointed the first month on this account, and answers to part of our March and April:

on the fifteenth of the first month, on the morrow after the passover; that was kept on the fourteenth, when the Lord passed over the houses of the Israelites, and slew all the firstborn in Egypt, which made way for their departure the next morning; the Egyptians being urgent upon them to be gone:

the children of Israel went out with an high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians; openly and publicly, with great courage and boldness, without any fear of their enemies; who seeing them march out, had no power to stop them, or to move their lips at them, nay, were willing to be rid of them; see Exo 11:7.

Gill: Num 33:4 - For the Egyptians buried all their firstborn, which the Lord had smitten among them // upon their gods also the Lord executed judgments For the Egyptians buried all their firstborn, which the Lord had smitten among them,.... Which contributed much to the more easy and safe deliverance ...

For the Egyptians buried all their firstborn, which the Lord had smitten among them,.... Which contributed much to the more easy and safe deliverance of the children of Israel; for their hearts were heavy with sorrow, and their hands were full, and they had other work to do, namely, to bury their dead, than to molest Israel; and besides, they knew it was for detaining them this stroke came upon them:

upon their gods also the Lord executed judgments; they were moved at the presence, and by the power of God, and fell and were dashed to pieces, as the idols of the same land were in later times, see Isa 19:1 and this still the more intimidated and frightened the Egyptians, that they dared not attempt to hinder the departure of the Israelites from them. The Targum of Jonathan says, the Word of the Lord did this; and adds, their molten idols became soft, their strong idols were mutilated, their earthen idols were diminished, their wooden idols became ashes, and those of beasts died.

Gill: Num 33:5 - And the children of Israel removed from Rameses // and pitched in Succoth And the children of Israel removed from Rameses,.... Or Pelusium, as the same Targum again: and pitched in Succoth: where, as the same paraphrase s...

And the children of Israel removed from Rameses,.... Or Pelusium, as the same Targum again:

and pitched in Succoth: where, as the same paraphrase says, they were covered with the clouds of glory, suggesting that to be the reason of its name; but that was rather because of the booths or tents the Israelites erected, pitched, and dwelt in, during their abode there: this, according to Bunting b, was eight miles from Rameses; according to whose computation, for want of a better guide, the distances of the several stations from each other will be given.

Gill: Num 33:6 - And they departed from Succoth, and pitched in Etham // which is in the edge of the wilderness And they departed from Succoth, and pitched in Etham,.... Which was eight miles from Succoth: which is in the edge of the wilderness; of the name, ...

And they departed from Succoth, and pitched in Etham,.... Which was eight miles from Succoth:

which is in the edge of the wilderness; of the name, see Exo 13:20 but Dr. Shaw c makes this particular portion of the wilderness to be fifty miles from Cairo or Rameses.

Gill: Num 33:7 - And they removed from Etham, and turned again to Pihahiroth // which is before Baalzephon // and they pitched before Migdol And they removed from Etham, and turned again to Pihahiroth,.... Which was sixteen miles from Etham. This turning, Aben Ezra says, respects the cloud,...

And they removed from Etham, and turned again to Pihahiroth,.... Which was sixteen miles from Etham. This turning, Aben Ezra says, respects the cloud, or Israel; and indeed it may respect both, for, as the cloud turned, Israel turned, being directed by it; and this does not mean that they had been at Pihahiroth before, and now returned to it again; but that they by direction turned out of the straight way in which they were to go to Pihahiroth; for the word "again" may as well, or better, be left out; see Gill on Exo 14:2,

which is before Baalzephon; the name of an idol, as the Targums of Jonathan and Jerusalem, supposed to be placed here, to watch and guard the passage, as Zephon signifies:

and they pitched before Migdol: which was either the name of a city, the same with Migdol, Jer 44:1 or it was a tower, as the word signifies, placed here on the borders of the land, for the defence of it.

Gill: Num 33:8 - And they departed from before Pihahiroth // and passed through the midst of the sea // into the wilderness // and went three days' journey in the wilderness of Etham, and pitched in Marah And they departed from before Pihahiroth,.... Being forced by Pharaoh's army pressing upon them: and passed through the midst of the sea; from shor...

And they departed from before Pihahiroth,.... Being forced by Pharaoh's army pressing upon them:

and passed through the midst of the sea; from shore to shore, as on dry laud:

into the wilderness: that part of it which lay on the other side, for still it was the wilderness of Etham they went into, as follows:

and went three days' journey in the wilderness of Etham, and pitched in Marah; so called from the bitterness of the waters there, and which is computed to be forty miles from Pihahiroth.

Gill: Num 33:9 - And they removed from Marah, and came unto Elim // and in Elim were twelve fountains of water, and three score and ten palm trees, and they pitched there And they removed from Marah, and came unto Elim,.... Which was eight miles from Marah: and in Elim were twelve fountains of water, and three score ...

And they removed from Marah, and came unto Elim,.... Which was eight miles from Marah:

and in Elim were twelve fountains of water, and three score and ten palm trees, and they pitched there; being a convenient place of water for them,

Gill: Num 33:10 - And they removed from Elim, and encamped by the Red sea. And they removed from Elim, and encamped by the Red sea. This encampment, is omitted in the book of Exodus, see Exo 16:1 this part or arm of the Red s...

And they removed from Elim, and encamped by the Red sea. This encampment, is omitted in the book of Exodus, see Exo 16:1 this part or arm of the Red sea, whither they came, was six miles from Elim.

Gill: Num 33:11 - And they removed from the Red sea, and encamped in the wilderness of Sin. And they removed from the Red sea, and encamped in the wilderness of Sin. Sixteen miles from the Red sea, where they were last; see Exo 16:1.

And they removed from the Red sea, and encamped in the wilderness of Sin. Sixteen miles from the Red sea, where they were last; see Exo 16:1.

Gill: Num 33:12 - And they took their journey out of the wilderness of Sin // and encamped at Dophkah And they took their journey out of the wilderness of Sin,.... According to the account in Exodus, this was after they had the manna given them, see Ex...

And they took their journey out of the wilderness of Sin,.... According to the account in Exodus, this was after they had the manna given them, see Exo 17:1.

and encamped at Dophkah; twelve miles from the wilderness of Sin; and of this, and the next encampment, no mention is made in Exodus.

Gill: Num 33:13 - And they departed from Dophkah, and encamped in Alush. // and the people rested on the seventh day And they departed from Dophkah, and encamped in Alush. The strong fort, as the Targum of Jonathan calls it; this was twelve miles from Dophkah: accord...

And they departed from Dophkah, and encamped in Alush. The strong fort, as the Targum of Jonathan calls it; this was twelve miles from Dophkah: according to the Jewish chronology d, this Alush is the wilderness of Sin, where the Israelites came on the fifteenth day of the seventh month from their going out of Egypt; and they say, that in Alush the sabbath was given them, and that there they kept the first sabbath, as it is said:

and the people rested on the seventh day, Exo 16:30.

Gill: Num 33:14 - And they removed from Alush, and encamped at Rephidim // where was no water for the people to drink And they removed from Alush, and encamped at Rephidim,.... Eight miles from Alush: where was no water for the people to drink; and they murmured, a...

And they removed from Alush, and encamped at Rephidim,.... Eight miles from Alush:

where was no water for the people to drink; and they murmured, and a rock here was smitten by Moses at the command of God, and waters gushed out sufficient for them and their flocks, Exo 17:1.

Gill: Num 33:15 - And they departed from Rephidim, and pitched in the wilderness of Sinai. And they departed from Rephidim, and pitched in the wilderness of Sinai. Eight miles from Rephidim; and from a mount of this name here were given the ...

And they departed from Rephidim, and pitched in the wilderness of Sinai. Eight miles from Rephidim; and from a mount of this name here were given the decalogue, with all other statutes and ordinances, judicial and ceremonial, and orders and directions for building the tabernacle, and making all the vessels appertaining to it, and which were all made during their stay here.

Gill: Num 33:16 - And they removed from the desert of Sinai, and pitched at Kibrothhattaavah. And they removed from the desert of Sinai, and pitched at Kibrothhattaavah. Eight miles from the desert of Sinai; here the people lusted after flesh, ...

And they removed from the desert of Sinai, and pitched at Kibrothhattaavah. Eight miles from the desert of Sinai; here the people lusted after flesh, and murmured, which, though given them, a pestilence came and destroyed many of them, and here they were buried, whence the place was so called, which signifies the "graves of lust", i.e. of those that lusted: no mention is made of Taberah, either because it was the same with Kibroth, or near it; or, as Aben Ezra on Deu 9:22 says, they encamped there but one day, and so is not mentioned in the journeys, though it was one of the three they journeyed from Mount Sinai to Kibrothhattaavah, see Num 11:1.

Gill: Num 33:17 - And they departed from Kibrothhattaavah, and encamped at Hazeroth. And they departed from Kibrothhattaavah, and encamped at Hazeroth. Eight miles from Kibrothhattaavah, where Miriam was smote with leprosy, Num 12:1.

And they departed from Kibrothhattaavah, and encamped at Hazeroth. Eight miles from Kibrothhattaavah, where Miriam was smote with leprosy, Num 12:1.

Gill: Num 33:18 - And they departed from Hazeroth, and pitched at Rithmah. And they departed from Hazeroth, and pitched at Rithmah. Eight miles from Hazeroth: Rethem, from whence this place seems to have had its name, is gene...

And they departed from Hazeroth, and pitched at Rithmah. Eight miles from Hazeroth: Rethem, from whence this place seems to have had its name, is generally rendered by "juniper", 1Ki 19:4 and the Targum of Jonathan here adds, where the juniper trees grew; and, perhaps, it is the same with the valley of Retheme, of which some travellers e thus write, "this valley", called in the Hebrew Retheme, and commonly Ritma, derives its name from a yellow flower, with which the valley is covered; we found here, on the left hand, two cisterns of excellent water; and water being to be had here, might be the reason of the Israelites pitching in this place. Some learned men f think it is the same with Kadeshbarnea, from whence the spies were sent, that being the next remove from Hazeroth, as this was; see Num 12:16, with which agrees the remark of Jarchi, that this place was so called, because of the evil tongue of the spies, as it is said, Psa 120:3 "what shall be done unto thee, thou false tongue? sharp arrows of the mighty, with coals of juniper"; alluding to the signification of Rithmah; perhaps this is the same place, which by Josephus g is called Dathema, and so in the Apocrypha:"Then the heathen that were at Galaad assembled themselves together against the Israelites that were in their quarters, to destroy them; but they fled to the fortress of Dathema.'' (1 Maccabees 5:9)

Gill: Num 33:19-29 - And they departed from Rithmah, and pitched at Rimmonparez. And they departed from Rithmah, and pitched at Rimmonparez. Six miles from Rithmah, and then from Rimmon to Libnah, which was six miles also; and from...

And they departed from Rithmah, and pitched at Rimmonparez. Six miles from Rithmah, and then from Rimmon to Libnah, which was six miles also; and from thence to Rissah, which was six miles more; and from Rissah to, Kehelathah, which was the same number of miles; and from thence to Shapher, which was six miles also; and then they came to Haradah, which was four miles from thence; the next remove was to Makheloth, which was four miles and a half from the last place; then they went to Tahath, which was four miles more; and from thence to Tarah, which also was four miles; the next place they came to was Mithcah, four miles from Tarah; and then to Hashmonah, which was eight miles more.

Gill: Num 33:30-31 - And they departed from Hashmonah, and encamped at Moseroth. And they departed from Hashmonah, and encamped at Moseroth. Thirty two miles from Hashmonah. In Deu 10:6 it is called Mosera; and according to the acc...

And they departed from Hashmonah, and encamped at Moseroth. Thirty two miles from Hashmonah. In Deu 10:6 it is called Mosera; and according to the account there, they came hither from the following place, Benejaakan; probably they went first thither from Hashmonah, and then from Mosera or Moserot, and so to Benejaakan again, going backwards and forwards, so Jarchi; the distance of the two places was twenty four miles; for the further reconciliation this; see Gill on Deu 10:6 and the Samaritan version there.

Gill: Num 33:32-37 - And they removed from Benejaakan, and encamped at Horhagidgad. // in the edge of the land of Edom And they removed from Benejaakan, and encamped at Horhagidgad. In the Targum Jonathan called Gudgod, as it is Gudgodah in Deu 10:7, where the remove t...

And they removed from Benejaakan, and encamped at Horhagidgad. In the Targum Jonathan called Gudgod, as it is Gudgodah in Deu 10:7, where the remove to this place is said to be from Mosera; it was twenty miles from Benejaaken; from thence they went to Jotbathah, twenty four miles from Horhagidgad; and from thence to Ebronah, twenty miles more; and so to Eziongeber, of which see 1Ki 9:26 which was twenty eight miles from Ebrorah; and their next remove was to the wilderness of Zin, which was Kadesh, forty eight miles from Eziongeber; and from Kadesh they went to Mount Hor, forty eight miles more: which was

in the edge of the land of Edom; as Kadesh also was; see Num 20:16.

Gill: Num 33:38 - And Aaron the priest went up into Mount Hor, at the commandment of the Lord // and died there in the fortieth year after the children of Israel were come out of Egypt // on the first day of the fifth month And Aaron the priest went up into Mount Hor, at the commandment of the Lord,.... Delivered to Moses: and died there in the fortieth year after the ...

And Aaron the priest went up into Mount Hor, at the commandment of the Lord,.... Delivered to Moses:

and died there in the fortieth year after the children of Israel were come out of Egypt; not being suffered to go with them into the land of Canaan, because of his sin of unbelief at Kadesh, the last place from whence they came: in Mount Hor he died:

on the first day of the fifth month; the month Ab, answering to part of July and part of August; so that he lived but four months after his sister Miriam; see Num 20:1.

Gill: Num 33:39 - And Aaron was one hundred and twenty three years old when he died in Mount Hor. And Aaron was one hundred and twenty three years old when he died in Mount Hor. He was eighty three when he stood before Pharaoh, Exo 7:7, and forty y...

And Aaron was one hundred and twenty three years old when he died in Mount Hor. He was eighty three when he stood before Pharaoh, Exo 7:7, and forty years he had been with Israel since, which make this number; he was three years older than Moses.

Gill: Num 33:40-44 - And King Arad the Canaanite // which dwelt in the land of Canaan, he heard of the coming of the children of Israel // to Ijeabarim, in the border of Moab And King Arad the Canaanite,.... Or the king of Arad the Canaanite: which dwelt in the land of Canaan, he heard of the coming of the children of Is...

And King Arad the Canaanite,.... Or the king of Arad the Canaanite:

which dwelt in the land of Canaan, he heard of the coming of the children of Israel; towards the land of Canaan, in order to possess it, and he came out and fought with them, and was vanquished; see Num 21:1, this was when Israel was at Mount Hor; from whence they departed to Zalmonah, twenty eight miles from the mount; and from thence to Punon, which was twenty more; and so to Oboth, which was twenty four miles from Punon: and thence

to Ijeabarim, in the border of Moab, which was sixteen miles, see Num 21:9.

Gill: Num 33:45 - And they departed from Ijim, and pitched in Dibongad. And they departed from Ijim, and pitched in Dibongad. Sixteen miles from Ijim; the remove from whence is said to be to the valley of Zared, Num 21:12 ...

And they departed from Ijim, and pitched in Dibongad. Sixteen miles from Ijim; the remove from whence is said to be to the valley of Zared, Num 21:12 in which Dibongad was, so called perhaps because rebuilt by Gad afterwards.

Gill: Num 33:46 - And they removed from Dibongad, and encamped in Almondiblathaim. And they removed from Dibongad, and encamped in Almondiblathaim. Sixteen miles from Dibon, perhaps the same with Diblath, Eze 6:14, according to the a...

And they removed from Dibongad, and encamped in Almondiblathaim. Sixteen miles from Dibon, perhaps the same with Diblath, Eze 6:14, according to the account in Num 21:16, &c. they went from hence to Beer, a place where they found a well, which gave it this name; and several other removes are mentioned there, which are not here, and which, perhaps, were small removes, and not properly stations.

Gill: Num 33:47 - And they removed from Almondiblathaim, and pitched in the mountains of Abarim // before Nebo And they removed from Almondiblathaim, and pitched in the mountains of Abarim,.... Sixteen miles from Almondiblathaim; these were so called from passa...

And they removed from Almondiblathaim, and pitched in the mountains of Abarim,.... Sixteen miles from Almondiblathaim; these were so called from passages near them over the river Jordan: and this station was pitched

before Nebo; one of those mountains, whither Moses went up and died.

Gill: Num 33:48 - And they departed from the mountains of Abarim, and pitched in the plains of Moab And they departed from the mountains of Abarim, and pitched in the plains of Moab,.... Sixteen miles from Abarim, where all those things were transact...

And they departed from the mountains of Abarim, and pitched in the plains of Moab,.... Sixteen miles from Abarim, where all those things were transacted, which make the history of Balak and Balaam, Num 22:1 and where the Israelites now were by Jordan near Jericho; not on that side Jordan where Jericho stood, but on the other; Jericho, according to Eusebius, was ten miles from Bethjesimoth, where Israel now were, as follows.

Gill: Num 33:49 - And they pitched by Jordan from Bethjesimoth, even unto Abelshittim, in the plains of Moab. And they pitched by Jordan from Bethjesimoth, even unto Abelshittim, in the plains of Moab. Their camp reached twelve miles, as the Jews commonly say...

And they pitched by Jordan from Bethjesimoth, even unto Abelshittim, in the plains of Moab. Their camp reached twelve miles, as the Jews commonly say, which we may suppose was the distance of these two places, which were both in the plains of Moab; and the Jerusalem Targum is express for it, for mentioning Israel's encampment from Bethjesimoth to Abelshittim, it asks, how far is that? twelve miles: the latter is sometimes called Shittim, from the shittim wood which grew there, Num 25:1 and here it has the addition of Abel to it, to signify mourning, from the mourning of the children of Israel on account of the plague, in which 24,000 persons died, Num 25:1.

Gill: Num 33:50 - And the Lord spake unto Moses in the plains of Moab by Jordan, near Jericho // saying And the Lord spake unto Moses in the plains of Moab by Jordan, near Jericho,.... See Gill on Num 33:48; see Gill on Num 22:1, saying; as follows.

And the Lord spake unto Moses in the plains of Moab by Jordan, near Jericho,.... See Gill on Num 33:48; see Gill on Num 22:1,

saying; as follows.

Gill: Num 33:51 - Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them // when ye are passed over Jordan into the land of Canaan Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them,.... What was to be said, being what concerned the whole body of the people: when ye are passe...

Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them,.... What was to be said, being what concerned the whole body of the people:

when ye are passed over Jordan into the land of Canaan; near to which they now were, and Moses was about to leave them; and therefore it was the more necessary to give them some instructions and directions what they should do, when they were come into it.

Gill: Num 33:52 - Then ye shall drive out all the inhabitants of the land from before you // and destroy all their pictures // and destroy all their molten images // and quite pluck down all their high places Then ye shall drive out all the inhabitants of the land from before you,.... Not at once, but gradually; and the sense is, that they should use their ...

Then ye shall drive out all the inhabitants of the land from before you,.... Not at once, but gradually; and the sense is, that they should use their utmost endeavours wholly to extirpate them:

and destroy all their pictures; their idolatrous ones; the pictures of their gods, or the statues and figured stones of them: the Targum of Jonathan interprets it,"all the temples of their worship;''and the Jerusalem Targum,"all their idols;''so called, as Jarchi notes, because they covered the floor with a pavement of marble stones, to worship upon them by the stretching out of their hands and feet, according to Lev 26:1,

and destroy all their molten images; of gold, silver, &c.

and quite pluck down all their high places; their temples, groves, and altars built upon them.

Gill: Num 33:53 - And ye shall dispossess the inhabitants of the land, and dwell therein // for I have given you the land to possess it And ye shall dispossess the inhabitants of the land, and dwell therein,.... Turn them out of their cities, towns, and houses, and inhabit them: for...

And ye shall dispossess the inhabitants of the land, and dwell therein,.... Turn them out of their cities, towns, and houses, and inhabit them:

for I have given you the land to possess it; who had a right to dispose of it, and a better title they needed not desire than the Lord could and did make them.

Gill: Num 33:54 - And ye shall divide the land by lot And ye shall divide the land by lot,.... What is said in this verse is the same with Num 26:53, where it has been explained; See Gill on Num 26:53; se...

And ye shall divide the land by lot,.... What is said in this verse is the same with Num 26:53, where it has been explained; See Gill on Num 26:53; see Gill on Num 26:54; see Gill on Num 26:55; see Gill on Num 26:56.

Gill: Num 33:55 - But if ye will not drive out the inhabitants of the land before you // then it shall come to pass, that those which ye let remain of them // shall be pricks in your eyes, and thorns in your sides // and shall vex you in the land wherein ye dwell But if ye will not drive out the inhabitants of the land before you,.... Should be remiss and careless about it, and indifferent to it, and not make u...

But if ye will not drive out the inhabitants of the land before you,.... Should be remiss and careless about it, and indifferent to it, and not make use of the proper means to get rid of them, but, on the contrary, make covenants with them, and intermarry among them; or, however, become friendly to them, and suffer them to dwell among them:

then it shall come to pass, that those which ye let remain of them; sparing their lives, and permitting them to dwell among them:

shall be pricks in your eyes, and thorns in your sides; which figurative expressions show that they should be very troublesome and distressing to them, even in their most tender and nearest concerns, and dearest relations, and which are explained and more properly expressed as follows:

and shall vex you in the land wherein ye dwell; among other things by their wicked conversation, and by drawing them into sin through their ill examples, and so bring the displeasure of God upon them, and punishment for their evil doings.

Gill: Num 33:56 - Moreover, it shall come to pass // I shall do unto you as I thought I should do unto them Moreover, it shall come to pass,.... This being the case, they suffering the Canaanites to dwell among them, and they mingling with them, learning the...

Moreover, it shall come to pass,.... This being the case, they suffering the Canaanites to dwell among them, and they mingling with them, learning their works, and serving their gods: that

I shall do unto you as I thought I should do unto them; deliver them up into the hands of their enemies, who should carry them captive into other lands.

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Num 33:1 Heb “hand.”

NET Notes: Num 33:2 Heb “mouth.”

NET Notes: Num 33:3 Heb “in the eyes.”

NET Notes: Num 33:8 So many medieval Hebrew manuscripts, Smr, Syriac, and Latin Vulgate. Other witnesses have “from before Hahiroth.”

NET Notes: Num 33:38 Heb “mouth.”

NET Notes: Num 33:45 Iim is a shortened form of the name Iye-abarim mentioned in v. 44.

NET Notes: Num 33:48 For the location of Jericho see Map5 B2; Map6 E1; Map7 E1; Map8 E3; Map10 A2; Map11 A1.

NET Notes: Num 33:52 The Hebrew text repeats the verb “you will destroy.”

NET Notes: Num 33:54 Heb “of your fathers.”

Geneva Bible: Num 33:1 These [are] the ( a ) journeys of the children of Israel, which went forth out of the land of Egypt with their armies under the hand of Moses and Aaro...

Geneva Bible: Num 33:4 For the Egyptians buried all [their] firstborn, which the LORD had smitten among them: upon their ( b ) gods also the LORD executed judgments. ( b ) ...

Geneva Bible: Num 33:7 And they removed from Etham, and turned again unto ( c ) Pihahiroth, which [is] before Baalzephon: and they pitched before Migdol. ( c ) At the comma...

Geneva Bible: Num 33:38 And Aaron the priest went up into mount Hor at the commandment of the LORD, and died there, in the fortieth year after the children of Israel were com...

Geneva Bible: Num 33:52 Then ye shall drive out all the inhabitants of the land from before you, and destroy all their ( e ) pictures, and destroy all their molten images, an...

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: Num 33:1-49 - --This is a brief review of the travels of the children of Israel through the wilderness. It is a memorable history. In their travels towards Canaan the...

MHCC: Num 33:50-56 - --Now that they were to pass over Jordan, they were entering again into temptation to follow idols; and they are threatened that, if they spared either ...

Matthew Henry: Num 33:1-49 - -- This is a review and brief rehearsal of the travels of the children of Israel through the wilderness. It was a memorable history and well worthy to ...

Matthew Henry: Num 33:50-56 - -- While the children of Israel were in the wilderness their total separation from all other people kept them out of the way of temptation to idolatry,...

Keil-Delitzsch: Num 33:1-49 - -- As the Israelites had ended their wanderings through the desert, when they arrived in the steppes of Moab by the Jordan opposite to Jericho (Num 22:...

Keil-Delitzsch: Num 33:50-56 - -- These instructions, with which the eyes of the Israelites were directed to the end of all their wandering, viz., the possession of the promised land...

Constable: Num 26:1--36:13 - --II. Prospects of the younger generation in the land chs. 26--36 The focus of Numbers now changes from the older ...

Constable: Num 33:1--36:13 - --B. Warning and encouragement of the younger generation chs. 33-36 God gave the final laws governing Isra...

Constable: Num 33:1-49 - --1. Review of Israel's journey from Egypt 33:1-49 Forty-two stations appear in the list. Eighteen do not appear elsewhere in the record of the journey ...

Constable: Num 33:50--Deu 1:1 - --2. Anticipation of the Promised Land 33:50-36:13 "The section breaks down into two groups of thr...

Constable: Num 33:50-56 - --Instructions to drive out the Canaanites 33:50-56 This brief section of instructions int...

Guzik: Num 33:1-56 - Review of the Exodus, Preview of the Conquest Numbers 33 - Review of the Exodus, Preview of the Conquest A. Looking back: What God had already done. 1. (1-2) The account of Israel's journey, wri...

buka semua
Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: Numbers (Pendahuluan Kitab) NUMBERS. This book is so called because it contains an account of the enumeration and arrangement of the Israelites. The early part of it, from the fi...

JFB: Numbers (Garis Besar) MOSES NUMBERING THE MEN OF WAR. (Num. 1:1-54) THE ORDER OF THE TRIBES IN THEIR TENTS. (Num. 2:1-34) THE LEVITES' SERVICE. (Num. 3:1-51) OF THE LEVITE...

TSK: Numbers (Pendahuluan Kitab) The book of Numbers is a book containing a series of the most astonishing providences and events. Every where and in every circumstance God appears; ...

TSK: Numbers 33 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Num 33:1, The two and forty journeys of the Israelites; Num 33:50, The Canaanites are to be destroyed.

Poole: Numbers (Pendahuluan Kitab) FOURTH BOOK OF MOSES, CALLED NUMBERS THE ARGUMENT This Book giveth us a history of almost forty years travel of the children of Israel through th...

Poole: Numbers 33 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHAPTER 33 A relation of the marches and campings of the Israelites from Egypt to Canaan, Num 33:1-49 . They are commanded to drive out the Canaani...

MHCC: Numbers (Pendahuluan Kitab) This book is called NUMBERS from the several numberings of the people contained in it. It extends from the giving of the law at Sinai, till their arri...

MHCC: Numbers 33 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (v. 1-49) Encampments of the Israelites. (Num 33:50-56) The Canaanites to be destroyed.

Matthew Henry: Numbers (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Fourth Book of Moses, Called Numbers The titles of the five books of Moses, which we use in our Bib...

Matthew Henry: Numbers 33 (Pendahuluan Pasal) In this chapter we have, I. A particular account of the removals and encampments of the children of Israel, from their escape out of Egypt to thei...

Constable: Numbers (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title The title the Jews used in their Hebrew Old Testament for this book...

Constable: Numbers (Garis Besar) Outline I. Experiences of the older generation in the wilderness chs. 1-25 A. Preparations f...

Constable: Numbers Numbers Bibliography Aharoni, Yohanan. The Land of the Bible. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1979. ...

Haydock: Numbers (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION. This fourth Book of Moses is called Numbers , because it begins with the numbering of the people. The Hebrews, from its first words...

Gill: Numbers (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO NUMBERS This book has its name from the account it gives of the "numbers" of the children of Israel, twice taken particularly; whic...

Gill: Numbers 33 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO NUMBERS 33 This chapter gives an account of the journeys of the people of Israel, from their first coming out of Egypt, to their ar...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


TIP #01: Selamat Datang di Antarmuka dan Sistem Belajar Alkitab SABDA™!! [SEMUA]
dibuat dalam 2.19 detik
dipersembahkan oleh
bible.org - YLSA