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Teks -- 1 Samuel 3:1-21 (NET)

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Konteks
The Call of Samuel
3:1 Now the boy Samuel continued serving the Lord under Eli’s supervision. Word from the Lord was rare in those days; revelatory visions were infrequent. 3:2 Eli’s eyes had begun to fail, so that he was unable to see well. At that time he was lying down in his place, 3:3 and the lamp of God had not yet been extinguished. Samuel was lying down in the temple of the Lord as well; the ark of God was also there. 3:4 The Lord called to Samuel, and he replied, “Here I am!” 3:5 Then he ran to Eli and said, “Here I am, for you called me.” But Eli said, “I didn’t call you. Go back and lie down.” So he went back and lay down. 3:6 The Lord again called, “Samuel!” So Samuel got up and went to Eli and said, “Here I am, for you called me.” But Eli said, “I didn’t call you, my son. Go back and lie down.” 3:7 Now Samuel did not yet know the Lord; the word of the Lord had not yet been revealed to him. 3:8 Then the Lord called Samuel a third time. So he got up and went to Eli and said, “Here I am, for you called me!” Eli then realized that it was the Lord who was calling the boy. 3:9 So Eli said to Samuel, “Go back and lie down. When he calls you, say, “Speak, Lord, for your servant is listening.” So Samuel went back and lay down in his place. 3:10 Then the Lord came and stood nearby, calling as he had previously done, “Samuel! Samuel!” Samuel replied, “Speak, for your servant is listening!” 3:11 The Lord said to Samuel, “Look! I am about to do something in Israel; when anyone hears about it, both of his ears will tingle. 3:12 On that day I will carry out against Eli everything that I spoke about his house– from start to finish! 3:13 You should tell him that I am about to judge his house forever because of the sin that he knew about. For his sons were cursing God, and he did not rebuke them. 3:14 Therefore I swore an oath to the house of Eli, ‘The sin of the house of Eli can never be forgiven by sacrifice or by grain offering.’” 3:15 So Samuel lay down until morning. Then he opened the doors of the Lord’s house. But Samuel was afraid to tell Eli about the vision. 3:16 However, Eli called Samuel and said, “Samuel, my son!” He replied, “Here I am.” 3:17 Eli said, “What message did he speak to you? Don’t conceal it from me. God will judge you severely if you conceal from me anything that he said to you!” 3:18 So Samuel told him everything. He did not hold back anything from him. Eli said, “The Lord will do what he pleases.” 3:19 Samuel continued to grow, and the Lord was with him. None of his prophecies fell to the ground unfulfilled. 3:20 All Israel from Dan to Beer Sheba realized that Samuel was confirmed as a prophet of the Lord. 3:21 Then the Lord again appeared in Shiloh, for it was in Shiloh that the Lord had revealed himself to Samuel through the word of the Lord.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Beer-Sheba a famous well, its town and district in southern Judah
 · Beer-sheba a famous well, its town and district in southern Judah
 · Dan residents of the town of Dan; members of the tribe of Dan,the tribe of Dan as a whole; the descendants of Dan in Israel
 · Eli
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Samuel son of Ammihud; Moses' land distribution deputy for Simeon,son of Tola son of Issachar
 · Shiloh a town having the Tent of Meeting in the time of Judges (IBD)


Topik/Tema Kamus: Samuel | Eli | Children | Religion | Israel | Hophni | Prophets | HOPHNI AND PHINEHAS | Call | Minister | Afflictions and Adversities | Wicked | Coivance | Calling, the Believer | Ark | Vision | Parents | PROPHECY; PROPHETS, 1 | SHILOH (2) | BLINDNESS | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
Maclaren , MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: 1Sa 3:1 - Before Eli That is, under his inspection and direction.

That is, under his inspection and direction.

Wesley: 1Sa 3:1 - Word The word of prophecy, or the revelation of God's will to and by the prophets.

The word of prophecy, or the revelation of God's will to and by the prophets.

Wesley: 1Sa 3:1 - Precious Rare or scarce, such things being most precious in mens' esteem, whereas common things are generally despised.

Rare or scarce, such things being most precious in mens' esteem, whereas common things are generally despised.

Wesley: 1Sa 3:1 - Open vision God did not impart his Mind by way of vision or revelation openly, or to any public person, to whom others might resort for satisfaction, though he mi...

God did not impart his Mind by way of vision or revelation openly, or to any public person, to whom others might resort for satisfaction, though he might privately reveal himself to some pious persons for their particular direction. This is premised, as a reason why Samuel understood not, when God called him once or twice.

Wesley: 1Sa 3:2 - His place In the court of the tabernacle.

In the court of the tabernacle.

Wesley: 1Sa 3:3 - Went out Before the lights of the golden candlestick were put out in the morning.

Before the lights of the golden candlestick were put out in the morning.

Wesley: 1Sa 3:7 - Did not know He was not acquainted with God in that extraordinary or prophetical way. And this ignorance of Samuel's served God's design, that his simplicity might...

He was not acquainted with God in that extraordinary or prophetical way. And this ignorance of Samuel's served God's design, that his simplicity might give Eli the better assurance of the truth of God's call, and message to Samuel.

Wesley: 1Sa 3:10 - Came and stood Before, he spake to him at a distance, even from the holy oracle between the cherubim: but now, to prevent all farther mistake, the voice came near to...

Before, he spake to him at a distance, even from the holy oracle between the cherubim: but now, to prevent all farther mistake, the voice came near to him, as if the person speaking had been standing near him.

Wesley: 1Sa 3:12 - In that day In that time which I have appointed for this work, which was about twenty or thirty years after this threatning. So long space of repentance God allow...

In that time which I have appointed for this work, which was about twenty or thirty years after this threatning. So long space of repentance God allows to this wicked generation.

Wesley: 1Sa 3:12 - When I begin, &c. Tho' this vengeance shall be delayed for a season, to manifest my patience, and incite them to repentance; yet when once I begin to inflict, I shall n...

Tho' this vengeance shall be delayed for a season, to manifest my patience, and incite them to repentance; yet when once I begin to inflict, I shall not desist 'till I have made a full end.

Wesley: 1Sa 3:13 - Restrained them not He contented himself with a cold reproof, and did not punish, and effectually restrain them. They who can, and do not restrain others from sin, make t...

He contented himself with a cold reproof, and did not punish, and effectually restrain them. They who can, and do not restrain others from sin, make themselves partakers of the guilt. Those in authority will have a great deal to answer for, if the sword they bear be not a terror to evil - doers.

Wesley: 1Sa 3:14 - Have sworn Or, I do swear: the past tense being commonly put for the present in the Hebrew tongue.

Or, I do swear: the past tense being commonly put for the present in the Hebrew tongue.

Wesley: 1Sa 3:14 - Unto Or, concerning it.

Or, concerning it.

Wesley: 1Sa 3:14 - Purged That is, the punishment threatened against Eli and his family, shall not he prevented by all their sacrifices, but shall infallibly be executed.

That is, the punishment threatened against Eli and his family, shall not he prevented by all their sacrifices, but shall infallibly be executed.

Wesley: 1Sa 3:15 - Doors Altho' the tabernacle, whilst it was to be removed from place to place in the wilderness, had no doors, but consisted only of curtains, and had hangin...

Altho' the tabernacle, whilst it was to be removed from place to place in the wilderness, had no doors, but consisted only of curtains, and had hangings before the entrance, instead of doors; yet when it was settled in one place, as now it was in Shiloh, it was enclosed within some solid building, which had doors and posts, and other parts belonging to it.

Wesley: 1Sa 3:15 - Feared The matter of the vision or revelation, partly from the reverence he bore to his person, to whom he was loth to be a messenger of such sad tidings; pa...

The matter of the vision or revelation, partly from the reverence he bore to his person, to whom he was loth to be a messenger of such sad tidings; partly, lest if he had been hasty to utter it, Eli might think him guilty of arrogancy or secret complacency in his calamity.

Wesley: 1Sa 3:17 - God do so, &c. _God inflict the same evils upon thee, which I suspect he hath pronounced against me, and greater evils too.

_God inflict the same evils upon thee, which I suspect he hath pronounced against me, and greater evils too.

Wesley: 1Sa 3:18 - It is the Lord This severe sentence is from the sovereign Lord of the world, who hath an absolute right to dispose of me and all his creatures; who is in a special m...

This severe sentence is from the sovereign Lord of the world, who hath an absolute right to dispose of me and all his creatures; who is in a special manner the ruler of the people of Israel, to whom it properly belongs to punish all mine offences; whose chastisement I therefore accept.

Wesley: 1Sa 3:19 - Fail, &c. _That is, want its effect: God made good all his predictions. A metaphor from precious liquors, which when they are spilt upon the ground, are altoget...

_That is, want its effect: God made good all his predictions. A metaphor from precious liquors, which when they are spilt upon the ground, are altogether useless.

Wesley: 1Sa 3:20 - From Dan, &c. _Thro' the whole Land, from the northern bound Dan, to the southern, Beersheba; which was the whole length of the Land.

_Thro' the whole Land, from the northern bound Dan, to the southern, Beersheba; which was the whole length of the Land.

JFB: 1Sa 3:1 - the child Samuel ministered unto the Lord before Eli His ministry consisted, of course, of such duties in or about the sanctuary as were suited to his age, which is supposed now to have been about twelve...

His ministry consisted, of course, of such duties in or about the sanctuary as were suited to his age, which is supposed now to have been about twelve years. Whether the office had been specially assigned him, or it arose from the interest inspired by the story of his birth, Eli kept him as his immediate attendant; and he resided not in the sanctuary, but in one of the tents or apartments around it, assigned for the accommodation of the priests and Levites, his being near to that of the high priest.

JFB: 1Sa 3:1 - the word of the Lord was precious in those days It was very rarely known to the Israelites; and in point of fact only two prophets are mentioned as having appeared during the whole administration of...

It was very rarely known to the Israelites; and in point of fact only two prophets are mentioned as having appeared during the whole administration of the judges (Jdg 4:4; Jdg 6:8).

JFB: 1Sa 3:1 - there was no open vision No publicly recognized prophet whom the people could consult, and from whom they might learn the will of God. There must have been certain indubitable...

No publicly recognized prophet whom the people could consult, and from whom they might learn the will of God. There must have been certain indubitable evidences by which a communication from heaven could be distinguished. Eli knew them, for he may have received them, though not so frequently as is implied in the idea of an "open vision."

JFB: 1Sa 3:3 - ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the Lord The "temple" seems to have become the established designation of the tabernacle, and the time indicated was towards the morning twilight, as the lamps...

The "temple" seems to have become the established designation of the tabernacle, and the time indicated was towards the morning twilight, as the lamps were extinguished at sunrise (see Lev 6:12-13).|| 07282||1||14||0||@he ran unto Eli, and said, Here am I; for thou calledst me==--It is evident that his sleeping chamber was close to that of the aged high priest and that he was accustomed to be called during the night. The three successive calls addressed to the boy convinced Eli of the divine character of the speaker, and he therefore exhorted the child to give a reverential attention to the message. The burden of [the Lord's message] was an extraordinary premonition of the judgments that impended over Eli's house; and the aged priest, having drawn the painful secret from the child, exclaimed, "It is the Lord; let him do what seemeth him good." Such is the spirit of meek and unmurmuring submission in which we ought to receive the dispensations of God, however severe and afflictive. But, in order to form a right estimate of Eli's language and conduct on this occasion, we must consider the overwhelming accumulation of judgments denounced against his person, his sons, his descendants--his altar, and nation. With such a threatening prospect before him, his piety and meekness were wonderful. In his personal character he seems to have been a good man, but his sons' conduct was flagrantly bad; and though his misfortunes claim our sympathy, it is impossible to approve or defend the weak and unfaithful course which, in the retributive justice of God, brought these adversities upon him.

Clarke: 1Sa 3:1 - Samuel ministered unto the Lord Samuel ministered unto the Lord - He performed minor services in the tabernacle, under the direction of Eli, such as opening the doors, etc. See 1Sa...

Samuel ministered unto the Lord - He performed minor services in the tabernacle, under the direction of Eli, such as opening the doors, etc. See 1Sa 3:15

Clarke: 1Sa 3:1 - The word of the Lord was precious The word of the Lord was precious - There were but few revelations from God; and because the word was scarce, therefore it was valuable. The author ...

The word of the Lord was precious - There were but few revelations from God; and because the word was scarce, therefore it was valuable. The author of this book probably lived at a time when prophecy was frequent, See the preface

Clarke: 1Sa 3:1 - There was no open vision There was no open vision - There was no public accredited prophet; one with whom the secret of the Lord was known to dwell, and to whom all might ha...

There was no open vision - There was no public accredited prophet; one with whom the secret of the Lord was known to dwell, and to whom all might have recourse in cases of doubt or public emergency.

Clarke: 1Sa 3:2 - Eli was laid down in his place Eli was laid down in his place - It is very likely that as the ark was a long time at Shiloh, they had built near to it certain apartments for the h...

Eli was laid down in his place - It is very likely that as the ark was a long time at Shiloh, they had built near to it certain apartments for the high priest and others more immediately employed about the tabernacle. In one of these, near to that of Eli, perhaps under the same roof, Samuel lay when he was called by the Lord.

Clarke: 1Sa 3:3 - Ere the lamp of God went out Ere the lamp of God went out - Before sunrise; for it is likely that the lamps were extinguished before the rising of the sun. See Exo 27:21; Lev 24...

Ere the lamp of God went out - Before sunrise; for it is likely that the lamps were extinguished before the rising of the sun. See Exo 27:21; Lev 24:3.

Clarke: 1Sa 3:4 - The Lord called Samuel The Lord called Samuel - The voice probably came from the holy place, near to which Eli and Samuel were both lying.

The Lord called Samuel - The voice probably came from the holy place, near to which Eli and Samuel were both lying.

Clarke: 1Sa 3:7 - Samuel did not yet know the Lord Samuel did not yet know the Lord - He had not been accustomed to receive any revelation from him. He knew and worshipped the God of Israel; but he d...

Samuel did not yet know the Lord - He had not been accustomed to receive any revelation from him. He knew and worshipped the God of Israel; but he did not know him as communicating especial revelation of His will.

Clarke: 1Sa 3:9 - Speak, Lord; for thy servant heareth Speak, Lord; for thy servant heareth - This was the usual way in which the prophets spoke, when they had intimations that the Lord was about to make...

Speak, Lord; for thy servant heareth - This was the usual way in which the prophets spoke, when they had intimations that the Lord was about to make some especial revelation.

Clarke: 1Sa 3:10 - The Lord came, and stood The Lord came, and stood - He heard the voice as if it was approaching nearer and nearer; till at last, from the sameness of the tone, he could imag...

The Lord came, and stood - He heard the voice as if it was approaching nearer and nearer; till at last, from the sameness of the tone, he could imagine that it ceased to approach: and this is what appears to be represented under the notion of God standing and calling.

Clarke: 1Sa 3:11 - The Lord said to Samuel The Lord said to Samuel - He probably saw nothing, and only heard the voice; for it was not likely that any extraordinary representation could have ...

The Lord said to Samuel - He probably saw nothing, and only heard the voice; for it was not likely that any extraordinary representation could have been made to the eyes of a person so young. He heard a voice, but saw no similitude

Clarke: 1Sa 3:11 - The ears - shall tingle The ears - shall tingle - It shall be a piercing word to all Israel; it shall astound them all; and, after having heard it, it will still continue t...

The ears - shall tingle - It shall be a piercing word to all Israel; it shall astound them all; and, after having heard it, it will still continue to resound in their ears.

Clarke: 1Sa 3:12 - I will perform - all things which I have spoken I will perform - all things which I have spoken - That is, what He had declared by the prophet, whose message is related 1Sa 2:27, etc

I will perform - all things which I have spoken - That is, what He had declared by the prophet, whose message is related 1Sa 2:27, etc

Clarke: 1Sa 3:12 - When I begin, I will also make an end When I begin, I will also make an end - I will not delay the execution of my purpose: when I begin, nothing shall deter me from bringing all my judg...

When I begin, I will also make an end - I will not delay the execution of my purpose: when I begin, nothing shall deter me from bringing all my judgments to a conclusion.

Clarke: 1Sa 3:13 - I will judge his house for ever I will judge his house for ever - I will continue to execute judgments upon it till it is destroyed

I will judge his house for ever - I will continue to execute judgments upon it till it is destroyed

Clarke: 1Sa 3:13 - His sons made themselves vile His sons made themselves vile - See 1Sa 2:12-17, 1Sa 2:22-25

His sons made themselves vile - See 1Sa 2:12-17, 1Sa 2:22-25

Clarke: 1Sa 3:13 - He restrained them not He restrained them not - He did not use his parental and juridical authority to curb them, and prevent the disorders which they committed. See at th...

He restrained them not - He did not use his parental and juridical authority to curb them, and prevent the disorders which they committed. See at the conclusion of the chapter, 1Sa 3:21 (note).

Clarke: 1Sa 3:14 - Shall not be purged with sacrifice nor offering Shall not be purged with sacrifice nor offering - That is, God was determined that they should be removed by a violent death. They had committed the...

Shall not be purged with sacrifice nor offering - That is, God was determined that they should be removed by a violent death. They had committed the sin unto death; and no offering or sacrifice could prevent this. What is spoken here relates to their temporal death only.

Clarke: 1Sa 3:15 - Samuel feared to show Eli Samuel feared to show Eli - He reverenced him as a father, and he feared to distress him by showing what the Lord had purposed to do. It does not ap...

Samuel feared to show Eli - He reverenced him as a father, and he feared to distress him by showing what the Lord had purposed to do. It does not appear that God had commanded Samuel to deliver this message: he, therefore, did not attempt it till adjured by Eli, 1Sa 3:17.

Clarke: 1Sa 3:17 - God do so to thee, and more also God do so to thee, and more also - This was a very solemn adjuration: he suspected that God had threatened severe judgments, for he knew that his ho...

God do so to thee, and more also - This was a very solemn adjuration: he suspected that God had threatened severe judgments, for he knew that his house was very criminal; and he wished to know what God had spoken. The words imply thus much: If thou do not tell me fully what God has threatened, may the same and greater curses fall on thyself.

Clarke: 1Sa 3:18 - Samuel told him every whit Samuel told him every whit - Our word whit, or wid, comes from the Anglo-Saxon, which signifies person, thing, etc.; every whit is every thing. The ...

Samuel told him every whit - Our word whit, or wid, comes from the Anglo-Saxon, which signifies person, thing, etc.; every whit is every thing. The Hebrew את כל הדברים et col haddebarim , "all these words.

Clarke: 1Sa 3:18 - It is the Lord It is the Lord - He is Sovereign, and will do what he pleases; he is righteous, and will do nothing but what is just

It is the Lord - He is Sovereign, and will do what he pleases; he is righteous, and will do nothing but what is just

Clarke: 1Sa 3:18 - Let him do what seemeth him good Let him do what seemeth him good - There is much of a godly submission, as well as a deep sense of his own unworthiness, found in these words. He al...

Let him do what seemeth him good - There is much of a godly submission, as well as a deep sense of his own unworthiness, found in these words. He also had sinned, so as to be punished with temporal death; but surely there is no evidence that the displeasure of the Lord against him was extended to a future state.

Clarke: 1Sa 3:19 - Samuel grew Samuel grew - Increased to manhood

Samuel grew - Increased to manhood

Clarke: 1Sa 3:19 - The Lord was with him The Lord was with him - Teaching him, and filling him with grace and holiness

The Lord was with him - Teaching him, and filling him with grace and holiness

Clarke: 1Sa 3:19 - None of his words fall None of his words fall - Whatever prediction he uttered, God fulfilled it; and his counsels were received as coming from the Lord.

None of his words fall - Whatever prediction he uttered, God fulfilled it; and his counsels were received as coming from the Lord.

Clarke: 1Sa 3:20 - All Israel from Dan even to Beer-sheba All Israel from Dan even to Beer-sheba - Through the whole extent of Palestine; Dan being at the northern, Beer-sheba at the southern extremity

All Israel from Dan even to Beer-sheba - Through the whole extent of Palestine; Dan being at the northern, Beer-sheba at the southern extremity

Clarke: 1Sa 3:20 - Was established to be a prophet Was established to be a prophet - The word נאמן neeman , which we translate established, signifies faithful: The faithful Samuel was a prophet ...

Was established to be a prophet - The word נאמן neeman , which we translate established, signifies faithful: The faithful Samuel was a prophet of the Lord.

Clarke: 1Sa 3:21 - The Lord appeared again The Lord appeared again - וישף יהוה להראה vaiyoseph Yehovah leheraoh , "And Jehovah added to appear;"that is, he continued to reveal h...

The Lord appeared again - וישף יהוה להראה vaiyoseph Yehovah leheraoh , "And Jehovah added to appear;"that is, he continued to reveal himself to Samuel at Shiloh

Clarke: 1Sa 3:21 - By the word of the Lord By the word of the Lord - By the spirit and word of prophecy In this chapter we read again of the fearful consequences of a neglected religious educ...

By the word of the Lord - By the spirit and word of prophecy

In this chapter we read again of the fearful consequences of a neglected religious education. Eli’ s sons were wicked: their father knew the Lord; but he neither taught his children, nor restrained them by his parental authority. I have already had occasion to remark, that were a proper line of conduct pursued in the education of children, how few profligate sons and daughters, and how few broken-hearted parents should we find! The neglect of early religious education, connected with a wholesome and affectionate restraint, is the ruin of millions. Many parents, to excuse their indolence and most criminal neglect, say, "We cannot give our children grace."What do they mean by this? That God, not themselves, is the author of the irregularities and viciousness of their children. They may shudder at this imputation: but when they reflect that they have not given them right precepts, have not brought them under firm and affectionate restraint; have not showed them, by their own spirit, temper, and conduct, how they should be regulated in theirs; when either the worship of God has not been established in their houses, or they have permitted their children, on the most trifling pretenses, to absent themselves from it; when all these things are considered, they will find that, speaking after the manner of men, it would have been a very extraordinary miracle indeed if the children had been found preferring a path in which they did not see their parents conscientiously tread. Let those parents who continue to excuse themselves by saying, "We cannot give grace to our children,"lay their hand on their conscience, and say whether they ever knew an instance where God withheld his grace, while they were, in humble subserviency to him, performing their duty. The real state of the case is this: parents cannot do God’ s work, and God will not do theirs; but if they use the means, and train up the child in the way he should go, God will not withhold his blessing

It is not parental fondness, nor parental authority, taken separately, that can produce this beneficial effect. A father may be as fond of his offspring as Eli, and his children be sons of Belial; he may be as authoritative as the grand Turk, and his children despise and plot rebellion against him. But let parental authority be tempered with fatherly affection; and let the rein of discipline be steadily held by this powerful but affectionate hand; and there shall the pleasure of God prosper; there will he give his blessing, even life for evermore. Many fine families have been spoiled, and many ruined, by the separate exercise of these two principles. Parental affection, when alone, infallibly degenerates into foolish fondness; and parental authority frequently degenerates into brutal tyranny when standing by itself. The first sort of parents will be loved without being respected; the second sort will be dreaded, without either respect or esteem. In the first case obedience is not exacted, and is therefore felt to be unnecessary, as offenses of great magnitude pass without punishment or reprehension: in the second case, rigid exaction renders obedience almost impossible; and the smallest delinquency is often punished with the extreme of torture, which, hardening the mind, renders duty a matter of perfect indifference

Parents, lay these things to heart: remember Eli and his sons; remember the dismal end of both! Teach your children to fear God, use wholesome discipline, be determined, begin in time, mingle severity and mercy together in all your conduct, and earnestly pray to God to second your godly discipline with the power and grace of his Spirit

Education is generally defined that series of means by which the human understanding is gradually enlightened, and the dispositions of the heart are corrected, formed, and brought forth, between early infancy and the period when a young person is considered as qualified to take a part in active life. Whole nations have been corrupted, enfeebled, and destroyed, through the want of proper education: through this multitudes of families have degenerated; and a countless number of individuals have come to an untimely end. Parents who neglect this, neglect the present and eternal interests of their offspring.

Defender: 1Sa 3:1 - no open vision The fact that there "was no open vision" and "the word of the Lord was precious" indicates that God had not given any direct revelation to His people,...

The fact that there "was no open vision" and "the word of the Lord was precious" indicates that God had not given any direct revelation to His people, as He had in former times. This is the first occurrence of "vision" in this sense in the Bible."

Defender: 1Sa 3:3 - temple of the Lord By this time, the original tabernacle, or tent, would certainly have worn out, for the Israelites had been in Canaan for several centuries at least. E...

By this time, the original tabernacle, or tent, would certainly have worn out, for the Israelites had been in Canaan for several centuries at least. Evidently, since it had been established at Shiloh at what was assumed to be a permanent home, the tent had been replaced by a permanent structure of some kind, which was called a temple. The structure housed the ark of the covenant and the tables of the law. This was not the later temple built by Solomon at Jerusalem."

Defender: 1Sa 3:12 - concerning his house God had told Eli that he and his sons had forfeited their right to the priest's office (1Sa 2:30-33). Hophni, Phinehas and Eli all died the same day (...

God had told Eli that he and his sons had forfeited their right to the priest's office (1Sa 2:30-33). Hophni, Phinehas and Eli all died the same day (1Sa 4:11, 1Sa 4:18). Later, Saul slew Ahimelech, grandson of Phinehas, who had continued to serve as priest (1Sa 22:16-20), but his son Abiathar escaped and served as priest under David. Abiathar was in turn deposed by Solomon (1Ki 2:26-27), finally completing the prophecy. Thereafter Zadok and his descendants held the priests' office."

Defender: 1Sa 3:13 - restrained them not It was completely inexcusable for those who would be priests to behave as Eli's sons were doing (1Sa 2:12-17; 22), and it was Eli's duty to force them...

It was completely inexcusable for those who would be priests to behave as Eli's sons were doing (1Sa 2:12-17; 22), and it was Eli's duty to force them to behave responsibly. Their crimes were actually capital crimes and, if unrepented and uncorrected, it would have been his responsibility even to have them executed (Deu 21:18-21). Eli rebuked his sons verbally (1Sa 2:22-25), but they ignored him, and Eli allowed them to continue. God therefore sharply rebuked Eli himself (not just his sons) for honoring his sons more than the Lord (1Sa 2:29). Eli's descendants were eventually to be banned from the priesthood as a result."

TSK: 1Sa 3:1 - the child // the word the child : 1Sa 3:15, 1Sa 2:11, 1Sa 2:18 the word : 1Sa 3:21; Psa 74:9; Isa 13:12; Amo 8:11, Amo 8:12

TSK: 1Sa 3:2 - his eyes his eyes : 1Sa 2:22, 1Sa 4:15; Gen 27:1, Gen 48:19; Psa 90:10; Ecc 12:3

TSK: 1Sa 3:3 - ere // the lamp // the temple ere : Before sun-risecaps1 . fcaps0 or it is probable the lamps were extinguished before the rising of the sun; see the parallel passages. the lamp :...

ere : Before sun-risecaps1 . fcaps0 or it is probable the lamps were extinguished before the rising of the sun; see the parallel passages.

the lamp : Exo 27:20, Exo 27:21, Exo 30:7, Exo 30:8; Lev 24:2-4; 2Ch 13:11

the temple : 1Sa 1:6; Psa 5:7, Psa 27:4, Psa 29:9

TSK: 1Sa 3:4 - called Samuel called Samuel : Gen 22:1; Exo 3:4; Psa 99:6; Act 9:4; 1Co 12:6-11, 1Co 12:28; Gal 1:15, Gal 1:16

TSK: 1Sa 3:6 - -- 1Sa 4:16; Gen 43:29; 2Sa 18:22; Mat 9:2

TSK: 1Sa 3:7 - Now Samuel // did not yet Now Samuel : Or, Thus did Samuel before he knew the Lord, and before the word of the Lord was revealed unto him. did not yet : Samuel was not destitut...

Now Samuel : Or, Thus did Samuel before he knew the Lord, and before the word of the Lord was revealed unto him.

did not yet : Samuel was not destitute of the knowledge of God, in that sense which implies the total absence of true piety, as Eli’ s sons were; for he knew and worshipped the God of Israel, but he did not know him as communicating special revelations of his will to him, in the manner in which he made it known to the prophets. Jer 9:24; Act 19:2

TSK: 1Sa 3:8 - the third the third : Job 33:14, Job 33:15; Although Samuel did not apprehend the way in which God reveals himself to his servants the prophets - by the ""sti...

the third : Job 33:14, Job 33:15; Although Samuel did not apprehend the way in which God reveals himself to his servants the prophets - by the ""still small voice""- yet when this direct communication from the Almighty was made the third time, in a way altogether new and strange to him, it seems astonishing that he did not immediately apprehend. Perhaps he would have been sooner aware of a divine revelation, had it come in a dream or a vision. Those who have the greatest knowledge of divine things, should remember the time when they were as babes, unskilful in the word of righteousness. 1Co 13:11, 1Co 13:12

TSK: 1Sa 3:9 - Speak Speak : Exo 20:19; Psa 85:8; Isa 6:8; Dan 10:19; Act 9:6

TSK: 1Sa 3:10 - the Lord came // as at other the Lord came : This seems to imply a visible appearance, as well as an audible voice. as at other : 1Sa 3:4-6, 1Sa 3:8; Samuel did not now rise and r...

the Lord came : This seems to imply a visible appearance, as well as an audible voice.

as at other : 1Sa 3:4-6, 1Sa 3:8; Samuel did not now rise and run as before, when thought he Eli called, but lay still and listened. All must be silent, when God speaks. Observe, however, Samuel in his reply left out one wordcaps1 . hcaps0 e did not say, Speak, Lord, but only Speak, for thy servant heareth; perhaps, as Bp. Patrick suggests, out of uncertainty, whether it was God that spake to him or not. However, by this answer way was made for the message he was now to receive, and Samuel was brought acquainted with the words of God and visions of the Almighty.

TSK: 1Sa 3:11 - I will do // both the ears I will do : Isa 29:14; Amo 3:6, Amo 3:7; Hab 1:5; Act 13:41 both the ears : 2Ki 21:12; Isa 28:19; Jer 19:3; Luk 21:26

TSK: 1Sa 3:12 - I will perform // when I begin I will perform : 1Sa 2:27-36; Num 23:19; Jos 23:15; Zec 1:6; Luk 21:33 when I begin : etc. Heb. beginning and ending

I will perform : 1Sa 2:27-36; Num 23:19; Jos 23:15; Zec 1:6; Luk 21:33

when I begin : etc. Heb. beginning and ending

TSK: 1Sa 3:13 - For I have told him // I will // which he knoweth // his sons // vile // restrained them not For I have told him : or, And I will tell him, etc. 1Sa 2:27-30, 1Sa 2:31-36 I will : 2Ch 20:12; Eze 7:3, Eze 18:30; Joe 3:12 which he knoweth : 1Ki 2...

For I have told him : or, And I will tell him, etc. 1Sa 2:27-30, 1Sa 2:31-36

I will : 2Ch 20:12; Eze 7:3, Eze 18:30; Joe 3:12

which he knoweth : 1Ki 2:44; Ecc 7:22; 1Jo 3:20

his sons : 1Sa 2:12, 1Sa 2:17, 1Sa 2:22, 1Sa 2:23-26

vile : or, accursed

restrained them not : Heb. frowned not upon them, 1Sa 2:23-25; 1Ki 1:6; Pro 19:18, Pro 23:13, Pro 23:14, Pro 29:15; Mat 10:37

TSK: 1Sa 3:14 - the iniquity the iniquity : 1Sa 2:25; Num 15:30, Num 15:31; Psa 51:16; Isa 22:14; Jer 7:16, Jer 15:1; Eze 24:13; Heb 10:4-10, Heb 10:26-31

TSK: 1Sa 3:15 - opened // Samuel // feared opened : 1Sa 1:9; Mal 1:10 Samuel : Samuel reverenced Eli as a father, and feared to distress him by shewing what God had purposed to do. It does not...

opened : 1Sa 1:9; Mal 1:10

Samuel : Samuel reverenced Eli as a father, and feared to distress him by shewing what God had purposed to do. It does not appear that God commanded Samuel to deliver this message; he therefore did not attempt it till adjured by Eli. It might be supposed that Samuel would have been so full of ecstasy as to have forgotten his ordinary service, and run amongst his friends to tell them of the converse he had with God in the night, but he modestly keeps it to himself. Our secret communion with God is not to be proclaimed on the house-top.

feared : Jer 1:6-8; 1Co 16:10, 1Co 16:11

TSK: 1Sa 3:17 - I pray thee // God // more also // thing I pray thee : Psa 141:5; Dan 4:19; Mic 2:7 God : 1Sa 20:13; Rth 1:17; 2Sa 3:35, 2Sa 19:13; 1Ki 22:16; Mat 26:63 more also : Heb. so add thing : or, wo...

I pray thee : Psa 141:5; Dan 4:19; Mic 2:7

God : 1Sa 20:13; Rth 1:17; 2Sa 3:35, 2Sa 19:13; 1Ki 22:16; Mat 26:63

more also : Heb. so add

thing : or, word

TSK: 1Sa 3:18 - every whit // It is the Lord every whit : Heb. all the things, or, words, Whit, or wid, comes from the Anglo-Saxon wiht , which signifies person, thing, etc.caps1 . ecaps0 very...

every whit : Heb. all the things, or, words, Whit, or wid, comes from the Anglo-Saxon wiht , which signifies person, thing, etc.caps1 . ecaps0 very whit is every thing: equivalent to every jot.

It is the Lord : Gen 18:25; Jdg 10:15; 2Sa 16:10-12; Job 1:21, Job 2:10; Psa 39:9; Isa 39:8; Lam 3:39; 1Pe 5:6

TSK: 1Sa 3:19 - grew // the Lord // let none grew : 1Sa 2:21; Jdg 13:24; Luk 1:80, Luk 2:40, Luk 2:52 the Lord : 1Sa 18:14; Gen 39:2, Gen 39:21-23; Isa 43:2; Mat 1:23; Luk 1:28; 2Co 13:11, 2Co 13...

TSK: 1Sa 3:20 - Dan // established Dan : Jdg 20:1; 2Sa 3:10, 2Sa 17:11 established : or, faithful, 1Ti 1:12

Dan : Jdg 20:1; 2Sa 3:10, 2Sa 17:11

established : or, faithful, 1Ti 1:12

TSK: 1Sa 3:21 - And the Lord // appeared // the word And the Lord : Wyyoseph yehowah lehairaoh , ""And Jehovah added to appear:""that is, He continued to reveal himself to Samuel at Shiloh. appeared ...

And the Lord : Wyyoseph yehowah lehairaoh , ""And Jehovah added to appear:""that is, He continued to reveal himself to Samuel at Shiloh.

appeared : Gen 12:7, Gen 15:1; Num 12:6; Amo 3:7; Heb 1:1

the word : 1Sa 3:1, 1Sa 3:4

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: 1Sa 3:1 - Before Eli // The word of the Lord // Was precious // There was no open vision Before Eli i.e. under his inspection and direction, which, being so young, he needed. The word of the Lord to wit, the word of prophecy , or the ...

Before Eli i.e. under his inspection and direction, which, being so young, he needed.

The word of the Lord to wit, the word of prophecy , or the revelation of God’ s will to and by the prophets.

Was precious i, e. rare or scarce, such things being most precious in men’ s esteem, whereas common things are generally despised.

There was no open vision God did not impart his mind by way of vision or revelation openly, or to any public person. to whom others might resort for satisfaction, though he might or did privately reveal himself to some pious persons for their particular direction. This is here premised as a reason why Samuel understood not, when God called him once or twice.

Poole: 1Sa 3:2 - In his place // He could not see In his place in the court of the tabernacle. He could not see to wit, clearly and distinctly. This is added as an evidence of his old age, partly t...

In his place in the court of the tabernacle.

He could not see to wit, clearly and distinctly. This is added as an evidence of his old age, partly to show God’ s contempt of him, notwithstanding his venerable age, and his preferring the child Samuel before him in this vision; and partly as the reason why Samuel so readily ran to him upon the first call, because his great age made him more to need his servants’ help.

Poole: 1Sa 3:3 - Ere the lamp of God went out // In the temple // Samuel was laid down to sleep Ere the lamp of God went out before the lights of the golden candlestick were put out, i.e. in the night season, or before the morning, when they wer...

Ere the lamp of God went out before the lights of the golden candlestick were put out, i.e. in the night season, or before the morning, when they were put out, as they were lighted in the evening, Exo 27:21 Lev 24:3 2Ch 13:11 .

In the temple i.e. in the tabernacle, which is sometimes called the temple, as being of the same use and significancy.

Samuel was laid down to sleep not that this happened when he first lay down, but whilst he was lying there.

Poole: 1Sa 3:5 - He ran He ran showing his great faithfulness and diligence in the service, either of the Lord, or of his master Eli.

He ran showing his great faithfulness and diligence in the service, either of the Lord, or of his master Eli.

Poole: 1Sa 3:7 - -- Either, first, He was not acquainted with God in that extraordinary or prophetical way. Or rather, secondly, He did not yet understand, any more tha...

Either, first, He was not acquainted with God in that extraordinary or prophetical way. Or rather, secondly, He did not yet understand, any more than before, that it was not Eli, but God, who spake to him. And this ignorance of Samuel’ s served God’ s design, that his simplicity might give Eli the better assurance of the truth of God’ s call and message to Samuel.

Poole: 1Sa 3:8 - He arose and went to Eli // Eli perceived He arose and went to Eli he persists in the same readiness to obey and serve him and was not discouraged or driven from his duty by his double mistak...

He arose and went to Eli he persists in the same readiness to obey and serve him and was not discouraged or driven from his duty by his double mistake and disappointment.

Eli perceived by the consideration of Samuel’ s piety, of the sanctity of the place adjoining, from whence God had oft-times spoken, and of the solitude of the place, where there was no human person besides himself who could or would have called Samuel in that manner.

Poole: 1Sa 3:9 - Thy servant heareth Thy servant heareth i.e. I am ready to hear what thou speakest, and to do what thou requirest.

Thy servant heareth i.e. I am ready to hear what thou speakest, and to do what thou requirest.

Poole: 1Sa 3:10 - The Lord came // And stood // As at other times // Samuel, Samuel The Lord came ; before, he spake to him at a distance, even from the holy oracle between the cherubims; but now, to prevent all further mistakes, the ...

The Lord came ; before, he spake to him at a distance, even from the holy oracle between the cherubims; but now, to prevent all further mistakes, the voice came near to him, as if the person speaking had been present with him.

And stood ; before, the voice passed by him, now the speaker fixeth his abode with him for a time, till he had uttered his whole mind to him.

As at other times ; as he had done before.

Samuel, Samuel ; his name is here doubled, to engage him to the more speedy and diligent attention.

Poole: 1Sa 3:11 - I will do a thing // Both the ears of every one that heareth it shall tingle I will do a thing: those things which are related in the next chapter, which though done by the Philistines, God here ascribes to himself, because he...

I will do a thing: those things which are related in the next chapter, which though done by the Philistines, God here ascribes to himself, because he was the first and chief cause of it, by withdrawing his helping hand from Israel, and by delivering the ark, and Eli’ s two sons, and the rest of people, into his and their enemies’ hands.

Both the ears of every one that heareth it shall tingle which will be so terrible, that not only those that feel it shall groan under it, but those that only hear the report of it shall be struck with such amazement and horror, which will make their heads and hearts ache. A metaphor from him, who being surprised with some great and hideous noise, such as thunder or great guns, his head is much affected with it, and the sound or tingling of it abides in his ears a good while after it. This phrase is used also 2Ki 21:12 Jer 19:3 .

Poole: 1Sa 3:12 - In that day // All things which I have spoken // When I begin, I will also make an end In that day in that time which I have appointed for this work, which was about twenty or thirty years after this threatening. So long space of repent...

In that day in that time which I have appointed for this work, which was about twenty or thirty years after this threatening. So long space of repentance God allows to this wicked generation to make their peace with God, and prevent the execution, as others did in like cases.

All things which I have spoken by that prophet, 1Sa 2:27 .

When I begin, I will also make an end though this vengeance may and shall be delayed for a season, to manifest my patience, and incite them to repentance; yet when once I begin to inflict, I shall certainly go on with it, and not desist till I have made a full end.

Poole: 1Sa 3:13 - I will judge // His house // For ever // Which he knoweth // that his sons // Vile // He restrained them not I will judge i.e. condemn and punish or destroy, as the word judge is oft used, as Gen 15:14 Joh 3:18 16:11 . His house his children and posterit...

I will judge i.e. condemn and punish or destroy, as the word judge is oft used, as Gen 15:14 Joh 3:18 16:11 .

His house his children and posterity, as is manifest by the story; as the word house is frequently taken, as 2Sa 7:11 1Ki 21:29 . So the house of Judah, of Aaron, of David , are oft taken for their posterity. And to build a house , in Scripture use, is to increase their posterity, as Exo 1:21 Deu 25:9 Rth 4:11 . Compare Gen 16:2 30:3 .

For ever till they be utterly rooted out; or for a long time, as that phrase is oft used.

Which he knoweth either by the information of the prophet, 1Sa 2:27 , &c., or by his own guilty and self-accusing conscience. But these and the foregoing and following words may well be and are rendered thus;

for this iniquity, because he knew (both by common fame, and by his own observation)

that his sons & c. He cannot pretend ignorance, or want of proof of their wickedness, which aggravates his sin.

Vile not only hateful to God, but contemptible to all the people, whereby they also brought their sacred office and God’ s holy ordinances into contempt. Heb. cursed themselves, or made themselves execrable or accursed , both to God and men: by their lewd and cursed practices they put themselves under the curse of God, by such a gross violation of God’ s commands: compare Jos 6:18 7:12,13 . This expression may be used by way of reflection upon their father, because he did not denounce the curse of God against them, nor put them out of the priesthood, as accursed persons, although they were so vile, that they had prevented their father’ s censure, and meritoriously cast themselves out, and cut themselves off from the priesthood and congregation of the Lord, which their father should have done judicially.

He restrained them not ; he contented himself with a cold and gentle reproof, and did not severely rebuke, and punish, and effectually restrain them from their abominable courses, nor use that authority which God had given him, as a father, as a high priest, and as a judge, or chief magistrate, against them, as by the law of God he was obliged to do.

Poole: 1Sa 3:14 - I have sworn // Shall not be purged with sacrifice I have sworn which might be done before, though it be mentioned here only. Or, I do swear ; the past tense being commonly put for the present in the...

I have sworn which might be done before, though it be mentioned here only. Or, I do swear ; the past tense being commonly put for the present in the Hebrew tongue. Unto the house , or, concerning , as the prefix lamed is oft used, as Exo 14:3 18:7 2Sa 11:7 Psa 91:11 , compared with Mat 4:6 .

Shall not be purged with sacrifice i.e. the punishment threatened against Eli and his family shall not be prevented or hindered by all their sacrifices, as they fondly imagine, but shall infallibly be executed.

Poole: 1Sa 3:15 - Opened the doors of the house of the Lord // The vision Opened the doors of the house of the Lord: although the tabernacle, whilst it was to be removed from place to place in the wilderness, had no doors, ...

Opened the doors of the house of the Lord: although the tabernacle, whilst it was to be removed from place to place in the wilderness, had no doors, but consisted only of curtains, and had only hangings before the entrance, instead of doors; yet when it was settled in one place, as now it was in Shiloh, where it had been for a long time, it is more than probable, both from this place, and by comparing 1Sa 1:9 2Sa 6:17 , and from the nature and reason of the thing, that it was enclosed within some solid building, which had doors, and posts, and other parts belonging to it.

The vision i.e. the matter of the vision or revelation, partly from the reverence and respect he bore to his person, to whom he was loth to be a messenger of such sad tidings; partly lest if he had been hasty to utter it, Eli might think him guilty of arrogancy or secret complacency in his calamity, which was like to tend to Samuel’ s advancement. And not being commanded by God to acquaint Eli herewith, he prudently suspended the publication of it till a fit occasion were offered, which he might reasonably expect in a very little time, knowing that Eli would be greedy to know the matter of that revelation, the preface whereof he was acquainted with; and that it would be less offensive, and therefore more useful to Eli, when he saw that Samuel was not puffed up with it, nor forward to vent it, until Eli forced it from him.

Poole: 1Sa 3:17 - -- God inflict the same evils upon thee, which I suspect he hath pronounced against me, and greater evils too. Or, God do so , i.e. let God deal with ...

God inflict the same evils upon thee, which I suspect he hath pronounced against me, and greater evils too. Or, God do so , i.e. let God deal with thee so severely, as I cannot, or am loth to express. So it is a kind of aposiopesis, usual in oaths and in adjurations. The same phrase is in Rth 1:17 . Thus he adjures him to utter the whole truth, as was usual among the Hebrews, as 1Ki 22:16 Mat 26:63 .

Poole: 1Sa 3:18 - -- This severe sentence is from the sovereign Lord of the world, who hath an absolute power and right to dispose of me and all his creatures as he plea...

This severe sentence is from the sovereign Lord of the world, who hath an absolute power and right to dispose of me and all his creatures as he pleaseth, to whose good pleasure I therefore freely submit: from Israel’ s God, who was known by this name of Jehovah, who is in a special manner the ruler of the people of Israel, to whom it properly belongs to punish all mine offences, whose chastisement I therefore accept.

Poole: 1Sa 3:19 - Samuel grew // Fall to the ground Samuel grew as in stature, so in wisdom and piety, and God’ s favour, and reputation with the people. Fall to the ground i.e. want its effect ...

Samuel grew as in stature, so in wisdom and piety, and God’ s favour, and reputation with the people.

Fall to the ground i.e. want its effect or success; God made good all his predictions. A metaphor from precious liquors, which when they are spilt upon the ground, are altogether useless and ineffectual. This phrase is oft used, as Jos 21:45 Est 6:10 , &c.

Poole: 1Sa 3:20 - From Dan even to Beer-sheba // Dan // Beer-sheba // Knew From Dan even to Beer-sheba through the whole land, from the northern bound, Dan to the southern, Beer-sheba which was the whole length and large...

From Dan even to Beer-sheba through the whole land, from the northern bound,

Dan to the southern,

Beer-sheba which was the whole length and largest extent of the land. See Jud 20:1,2 2Sa 17:11 .

Knew both by Eli’ s testimony, and particular relation of the foregoing history, to the people that came from all parts; and by succeeding revelations made to him, whereof mention is made in the next verse, which though placed after, might be done before.

Poole: 1Sa 3:21 - By the word of the Lord Or, did use to reveal his mind to Samuel. By the word of the Lord i.e. by his word, the noun for the pronoun, which is frequent, as Lev 14:15 , &c...

Or, did use to reveal his mind to Samuel.

By the word of the Lord i.e. by his word, the noun for the pronoun, which is frequent, as Lev 14:15 , &c.; by his word of command, which he chose to deliver to Israel by his mouth, as it here follows; or by his word of prophecy concerning future events.

Haydock: 1Sa 3:1 - Before // Precious // Vision Before. Chaldean, "in the days of Heli." The young Levite slept in an adjoining chamber, to wait on the high priest, not far from the sanctuary. --...

Before. Chaldean, "in the days of Heli." The young Levite slept in an adjoining chamber, to wait on the high priest, not far from the sanctuary. ---

Precious; that is, rare: (Challoner) as such things are generally more esteemed, (Haydock) which are granted to few. (Worthington) ---

Some prophets had appeared under the former judges: but they were not so common as they were from the days of Samuel, till a little after the captivity. St. Peter ranks Samuel in the first place, Acts iii. 24. (Calmet) ---

Vision. No prophet was publicly recognized, to whom the people might have recourse. (Menochius)

Haydock: 1Sa 3:3 - Out // Samuel slept Out, towards morning, (Calmet; Exodus xxvii. 20.) when some of the lamps were to be extinguished. (Worthington) --- Samuel slept. Some would tran...

Out, towards morning, (Calmet; Exodus xxvii. 20.) when some of the lamps were to be extinguished. (Worthington) ---

Samuel slept. Some would transpose these words to the end of the verse, as they think it improbable that Samuel should be in the place where the high priest himself could enter only once a year. (Vatable, &c.) ---

But this change seems harsh and unnecessary, as Heli and Samuel might be in apartments contiguous to the holy place. (Sanctius; Menochius; Calmet) ---

During the night none of the priests would be in the sanctuary, so that Heli might form a judgment that not of them had called Samuel. (Tirinus)

Haydock: 1Sa 3:7 - Him Him. He had not before an experimental knowledge of the manner in which God revealed his will to men. (Calmet)

Him. He had not before an experimental knowledge of the manner in which God revealed his will to men. (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Sa 3:9 - Heareth Heareth; ready to comply with whatever may be required. (Haydock)

Heareth; ready to comply with whatever may be required. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Sa 3:10 - Times Times, ( secundo: ) a second time, or repeatedly, or mentioning the name twice, (Menochius) as God does sometimes in urgent cases, Genesis xxii. 11. ...

Times, ( secundo: ) a second time, or repeatedly, or mentioning the name twice, (Menochius) as God does sometimes in urgent cases, Genesis xxii. 11. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Sa 3:11 - Tingle Tingle, through astonishment and fright, Jeremias xix. 3., and 4 Kings xxi. 12.

Tingle, through astonishment and fright, Jeremias xix. 3., and 4 Kings xxi. 12.

Haydock: 1Sa 3:12 - House House, by the prophet, chap. ii. 27.

House, by the prophet, chap. ii. 27.

Haydock: 1Sa 3:13 - Wickedly // Judge // Chastise them // Ciha Wickedly. Septuagint, "were cursing God." This is one of the places which the Jews have corrected. (Du Hamel) --- Judge; or condemn and punish, ...

Wickedly. Septuagint, "were cursing God." This is one of the places which the Jews have corrected. (Du Hamel) ---

Judge; or condemn and punish, Proverbs xix. 29. (Calmet) ---

Chastise them, not in words only, or in a soft manner, as he had done. Hebrew, "because his sons made themselves despicable, and he did not frown upon them." (Haydock) ---

Ciha denotes, to correct with a wrinkled face. (Menochius) ---

Aquila, "he did not look black at them," nor avert his eyes with horror. All this iniquity was done publicly, and in his presence; (Calmet) and he suffered his children to proceed without any restraint. It is not sufficient to reprove, when a father can correct. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Sa 3:14 - Sworn // Iniquity Sworn. We read not of an express oath; (Calmet) but the denunciation of God was equivalent. (Haydock) --- Iniquity, or punishment. Nothing could...

Sworn. We read not of an express oath; (Calmet) but the denunciation of God was equivalent. (Haydock) ---

Iniquity, or punishment. Nothing could withhold the indignation of the Lord, in correcting the sinner, though he would shew mercy eternally to the penitent. But he saw the obstinacy of these priests, and their unhappy end. The sacrifices of the old law always presupposed suitable internal sentiments, to grant the remission of sin; and even for the avoiding of the legal punishments, they must have been offered in a true spirit of religion, which these abandoned wretches despised and neglected. (Calmet) ---

God threatens that he will punish their crimes for ever, as he abominates the contempt of priest. (Tirinus)

Haydock: 1Sa 3:15 - Slept // Doors Slept. Hebrew and Septuagint, "laid himself down to sleep." For how could he take any rest after such terrible threats? (Calmet) particularly as li...

Slept. Hebrew and Septuagint, "laid himself down to sleep." For how could he take any rest after such terrible threats? (Calmet) particularly as light was beginning to appear, when he was called by God, ver. 3. ---

Doors. Some walls had probably been built, to enclose the curtains of the tabernacle. A priest would have been employed to open the sanctuary. (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Sa 3:17 - And so And so. Literally, "May God do these things to thee, and add these also." It is not certain that he mentioned the particular punishment, (Haydock) ...

And so. Literally, "May God do these things to thee, and add these also." It is not certain that he mentioned the particular punishment, (Haydock) though it is most probable. The Scripture refrains from repeating them. (Grotius) ---

Ruth i. 17. (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Sa 3:18 - Sight // Years Sight. Some of the Fathers think that these words proceeded from an habitual indifference, as he was not disposed to molest his sons any farther, le...

Sight. Some of the Fathers think that these words proceeded from an habitual indifference, as he was not disposed to molest his sons any farther, let the consequences be what they might. (St. Gregory; St. Ephrem, &c.) ---

But others believe, that Heli was actuated by the spirit of humanity and resignation, and saved his soul. (Calmet) See chap. iv. 18. ---

Years. The author of the Concord. between the Books of Kings and of Chronicles, thinks Samuel was then 39. (Du Hamel)

Haydock: 1Sa 3:19 - Ground Ground, unfulfilled. This may be understood of the words of the Lord, (Calmet) which Samuel had announced. His other predictions were constantly ve...

Ground, unfulfilled. This may be understood of the words of the Lord, (Calmet) which Samuel had announced. His other predictions were constantly verified, so that he was justly regarded as a true prophet. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Sa 3:20 - Faithful // According to // Israel Faithful. Hebrew Neeman, may be a title of dignity, or may signify that Samuel was confirmed and continued to be a prophet. (Calmet) --- Accordi...

Faithful. Hebrew Neeman, may be a title of dignity, or may signify that Samuel was confirmed and continued to be a prophet. (Calmet) ---

According to, or by. God revealed his will to him by word, and not by visions. (Sanchez) ---

Israel. The whole people suffered along with their leaders. (Haydock) ---

They were concerned in the prediction which was denounced against the house of Heli. (Menochius) ---

Septuagint, "and Samuel was entrusted to the prophet of the Lord, to all Israel, from the ends of the earth to the ends: And Heli was very old, and his sons going went forward, and their way was wicked before the Lord." Thus they usher in the following catastrophe. (Haydock)

Gill: 1Sa 3:1 - And the child Samuel ministered unto the Lord before Eli // and the word of the Lord was precious in those days // there was no open vision And the child Samuel ministered unto the Lord before Eli,.... Under his direction and instruction; the Targum is, in the life of Eli, and in such part...

And the child Samuel ministered unto the Lord before Eli,.... Under his direction and instruction; the Targum is, in the life of Eli, and in such parts of service, relating to the tabernacle of the Lord, as he was capable of, such as opening and shutting the doors of it, lighting the lamps, singing the praises of God, &c. according to Josephus n, and others, he was now about twelve years of age:

and the word of the Lord was precious in those days; that is, a word from the Lord in a dream or vision, directing, informing, instructing, or reproving, this was very rarely had; of late there had been but very few instances; and which accounts for it why not only the child Samuel knew not that it was the voice of the Lord that called to him, but Eli himself thought nothing of it until he had called a third time, so rare and scarce was any instance of this kind; for which reason these words are premised in the following narration: and as everything that is scarce and rare is generally precious, so the word of God in this way also was; and so it is as considered in every view of it; as the written word of God; when there was but little of it penned, as at this time, and few or none to teach and instruct in it, Eli being old, and his sons so vile; or when it is forbidden to be read, and the copies of it destroyed, and become scarce, as in the times of Dioclesian; or when there are but very few faithful evangelical ministers of the word; which, though it is always precious to them that have precious faith in it, the promises of it being exceeding great and precious, and the truths of it more precious than fine gold, and the grand subject of it a precious Saviour, who is so in his person, offices, blood, righteousness, and sacrifice; yet is generally more precious when there is a scarcity of it, when God makes a man, a Gospel minister, more precious than fine gold, even than the golden wedge of Ophir, see Isa 13:12 where the word is used in the same sense as here:

there was no open vision; or prophecy, as the Targum; no publicly known prophet raised up, to whom the people could apply for counsel, direction, and instruction in divine things; in all the times of the judges we read only of Deborah the prophetess, and one prophet more, Jdg 4:14, excepting the man of God lately sent to Eli, 1Sa 2:27, and this want of prophecy served to set off with greater foil the glory of Samuel as a prophet of the Lord, when he was an established one; there having been none of that character in the memory of man, and therefore he is spoken of as at the head of the prophets, Act 3:24, for though there might be some private visions to particular persons, or God might appear in vision to private persons for their own special use and instruction; yet there was no public vision, or what was for public good and general use: some render it, "no broken up vision" o; it lay hid, concealed out of sight, as if it was immured and shut up within walls, or like water pent up, that cannot break through its fences, and spread itself; or "not multiplied", as R. Isaiah, not frequent and repeated, the instances of it few and rare; the sense of this clause is much the same as the former.

Gill: 1Sa 3:2 - And it came to pass at that time // when Eli was laid down in his place // and his eyes began to wax dim, that he could not see And it came to pass at that time,.... When the word of the Lord was scarce and precious, and there was no open vision; or, as Ben Gersom, the same day...

And it came to pass at that time,.... When the word of the Lord was scarce and precious, and there was no open vision; or, as Ben Gersom, the same day the man of God came to Eli at night, the following affair happened:

when Eli was laid down in his place; on his bed to sleep, in one of the chambers or apartments of the tabernacle; for as there were such in the temple for the priests, so in that:

and his eyes began to wax dim, that he could not see; to help himself to anything he might want when in bed; which seems to be the reason Samuel lay near him, and why, when he heard his voice, he immediately ran to him, supposing he needed his assistance. Some, as Kimchi and others, understand this not of the eyes of his body, but of his mind; and that the Holy Spirit, as a spirit of prophecy, was departing from him, because of his connivance at the sins of his sons; and so the following prophecy came not to him, but to Samuel.

Gill: 1Sa 3:3 - And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the Lord // where the ark of God was And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the Lord,.... The tabernacle so called; lamp is put for the lamps in the candlestick in the tabernac...

And ere the lamp of God went out in the temple of the Lord,.... The tabernacle so called; lamp is put for the lamps in the candlestick in the tabernacle, which were lighted every evening, and burnt till morning; by which time some of them at least usually went out, only it is said the western lamp never went out. Now the reason why this is observed is to show that it was in the night, before morning, that the following transaction was: some by this lamp understand the lamp of prophecy, that before that was quite extinct in Eli, only began to depart, as his eyes are said to begin to wax dim, the spirit of prophecy came to Samuel; so that, as the Jews express it, before one sun was set another arose; thus before the sun of Moses set, the sun of Joshua arose; and before the sun of Eli set, the sun of Samuel arose:

where the ark of God was; that is, in the temple or tabernacle; not in that part of it where the lamps were burning in the candlestick, that was in the holy place; but the ark was in the holy of holies, where the Lord dwelt, and was the symbol of his presence; and which is observed to point out the place from whence the voice came, after mentioned; and which the Targum expresses here,"and a voice was heard out of the temple of the Lord, where the ark of the Lord was:''and Samuel was laid down to sleep; after Eli was in bed, and Samuel had done all his business, he laid himself down to sleep in his place; in the court of the Levites, as the Targum, with which the Jewish commentators in general agree: it must be somewhere near to Eli, so that he could quickly come at him, when he needed his assistance; though, according to the Misnah p, the priests shut the doors of the court within, and the Levites slept without. It is highly probable that Samuel's apartment was near to Eli, or he could not have so readily come to him, as it is plain he did. This circumstance is also observed, to show that it was in the night, and before morning, that the following vision was; and, as Kimchi thinks, about cock crowing; and it may be from hence Strabo q had the notion, that Moses ordered such to sleep (in the temple) for themselves, and others, who were fit to receive good dreams, and who might expect from God a good gift, who lived soberly and righteously; and because the tabernacle was covered with skins, hence might spring the notion of others to sleep in temples, for the above reason, under the skins of the sacrifices; see Gill on Amos 2:8, though they seem rather to have slept upon them, for the above purposes, namely, to converse with their deities, and get knowledge from them r.

Gill: 1Sa 3:4 - That the Lord called Samuel // and he answered, here am I That the Lord called Samuel,.... By a voice which came forth from the most holy place, from between the cherubim, the seat of the divine Majesty: a...

That the Lord called Samuel,.... By a voice which came forth from the most holy place, from between the cherubim, the seat of the divine Majesty:

and he answered, here am I; which was not intended to declare the place where he was, but to express his readiness and cheerfulness to do any thing that was required of him.

Gill: 1Sa 3:5 - And he ran unto Eli, and said here am I // for thou calledst me // and he said, I called not, lie down again // and he went and lay down And he ran unto Eli, and said here am I,.... He got out of his bed as fast as he could, and put on his clothes, and ran with all haste to the apartme...

And he ran unto Eli, and said here am I,.... He got out of his bed as fast as he could, and put on his clothes, and ran with all haste to the apartment where Eli lay, supposing he wanted some immediate assistance, which he was there ready to give him to the utmost of his ability; and he made the more haste, as knowing his age and infirmities, and being desirous, out of affection to him, to help him as soon as possible:

for thou calledst me; he took it to be the voice of Eli, partly because there was no other man in the tabernacle, it being in the middle of the night, or early in the morning, before the doors were opened, or any of the priests were come in to minister, and partly because the voice might be very much like Eli's, and which was done to direct him to him:

and he said, I called not, lie down again; he signified he wanted nothing, and so had no occasion to call him, nor had he, but bid him go to bed again, and sleep quietly:

and he went and lay down; and very probably fell asleep again.

Gill: 1Sa 3:6 - And the Lord called yet again // and Samuel arose, and went to Eli // and said, here am I, for thou didst call me // and he answered, I called not, my son, lie down again And the Lord called yet again, Samuel,.... Called him a second time by his name, with a like audible voice as before: and Samuel arose, and went to...

And the Lord called yet again, Samuel,.... Called him a second time by his name, with a like audible voice as before:

and Samuel arose, and went to Eli; did not run as before, being perhaps more thoughtful of this affair, that he should be called a second time, and careful not to awake Eli, should he be mistaken again, and find him asleep:

and said, here am I, for thou didst call me; perceiving that he was awake, he desired to know what he wanted, and he was ready to help him; for he was now certain of it that he did call him:

and he answered, I called not, my son, lie down again; by this appellation, my son, he expresses his affection to him, and signifies he took it kindly that he should show such readiness to do anything for him and would not have him be discouraged and abashed, because he was mistaken, but return to his bed and rest again.

Gill: 1Sa 3:7 - Now Samuel did not yet know the Lord // neither was the word of the Lord yet revealed unto him Now Samuel did not yet know the Lord,.... He knew that Jehovah, the God of Israel, was the true God; he had spiritual knowledge of him, and knew somew...

Now Samuel did not yet know the Lord,.... He knew that Jehovah, the God of Israel, was the true God; he had spiritual knowledge of him, and knew somewhat of his word and worship, ways and ordinances, in which he had been instructed by Eli; wherefore, though the Targum is,"Samuel had not yet learned to know doctrine from the Lord;''it can only be understood, that he had not learnt it perfectly; somewhat he knew of it, but in an imperfect manner, being a child: but the sense of the word is, that as yet he was ignorant that God had used to speak with ordinary and familiar voice to men, as Maimonides says s; he perhaps had never heard of any such thing, and much less was experimentally acquainted with it, that God ever did speak after such a manner to men, and could not distinguish between the voice of God and the voice of Eli:

neither was the word of the Lord yet revealed unto him; what of the written word that was in being he had, and read, as the law of Moses; but the meaning is, that no word of prophecy of the Lord was revealed unto him, as the Targum; he never had prophesied as yet, and knew not the form and manner of prophecy, as the above writer observes, or what methods God took to reveal himself, his mind and will, to men, at least not this by an audible voice.

Gill: 1Sa 3:8 - And the Lord called Samuel again the third time // and he arose and went to Eli, and said, here am I, for thou didst call me // and Eli perceived that the Lord had called the child And the Lord called Samuel again the third time,.... In the same manner he had done before, expressing his name no doubt: and he arose and went to ...

And the Lord called Samuel again the third time,.... In the same manner he had done before, expressing his name no doubt:

and he arose and went to Eli, and said, here am I, for thou didst call me; as if he should say, it must certainly be so, I cannot be mistaken a third time:

and Eli perceived that the Lord had called the child; he was satisfied now that Samuel must have heard a voice, and he knew there was no man in the tabernacle but himself, and therefore it must be the voice of the Lord out of the most holy place; and he had formerly been acquainted with such voices, and used to them, and now called them to mind; and besides, as Aben Ezra observes, he was the rather confirmed in this, that the Lord called Samuel, because Samuel heard the voice, and not Eli, though Eli lay nearer the most holy place than Samuel did; which showed that this must be the voice of prophecy the Lord makes whom he pleases to hear; and that Eli might be fully persuaded of this, before the matter of the prophecy was delivered to him, Samuel was so often directed to him.

Gill: 1Sa 3:9 - Therefore Eli said unto Samuel, go, lie down // and it shall be, if he call thee // that thou shalt say, speak, Lord, for thy servant heareth // so Samuel went and lay down in his place Therefore Eli said unto Samuel, go, lie down,.... Once more: and it shall be, if he call thee; the voice, or the Lord by it: that thou shalt say...

Therefore Eli said unto Samuel, go, lie down,.... Once more:

and it shall be, if he call thee; the voice, or the Lord by it:

that thou shalt say, speak, Lord, for thy servant heareth; his meaning is, that he should not rise and come to him, as he had done, but continue on his bed, on hearing the voice again, but desire the Lord to speak to him what he had to say, to which he was ready to attend:

so Samuel went and lay down in his place; which, as commonly understood, was in the court of the Levites; see Gill on 1Sa 3:3.

Gill: 1Sa 3:10 - And the Lord came, and stood // and called as at other times, Samuel, Samuel // then Samuel answered, speak, for thy servant heareth And the Lord came, and stood,.... At the place where Samuel lay; either there was, as Kimchi, a form before his eyes in the vision of prophecy, some v...

And the Lord came, and stood,.... At the place where Samuel lay; either there was, as Kimchi, a form before his eyes in the vision of prophecy, some visible corporeal shape assumed; or a bright splendour an illustrious appearance of the glory of God; or it may be rather the voice, which before seemed to be at some distance whereabout Eli lay; it now seemed nearer, and was as the voice of one just by him, that sounded in his ears:

and called as at other times, Samuel, Samuel: repeating his name, in order the more to excite his attention:

then Samuel answered, speak, for thy servant heareth; he leaves out the word Lord, which Eli bid him use; for he might be afraid as yet to make mention of the name of the Lord in the vision of prophecy, as Kimchi speaks; or lest it should be the voice of another, as Jarchi; as yet he might not be quite certain whether it was the voice of the Lord, or the voice of a man; for that he should have any mistrust of its being the voice of a demon or spectre, there is no reason to believe.

Gill: 1Sa 3:11 - And the Lord said to Samuel // I will do a thing in Israel // at which both the ears of everyone that heareth it shall tingle And the Lord said to Samuel,.... The voice of the Lord continued speaking to him: behold: I will do a thing in Israel; which may be particularly in...

And the Lord said to Samuel,.... The voice of the Lord continued speaking to him: behold:

I will do a thing in Israel; which may be particularly interpreted of the taking of the ark, and the slaying of the two sons of Eli; and which is elsewhere represented as the Lord's doing, for the sins of Eli's family, Psa 78:61.

at which both the ears of everyone that heareth it shall tingle; be struck with horror and amazement, and quite stunned, and know not what to think or say, like persons surprised with a violent clap of thunder, which strikes their ears so strongly, that the noise of it is not soon gone from them; this was verified in Eli, and in his daughter-in-law particularly, who, at the news of the above things, the one fell backwards and broke his neck, and the other fell into labour and died; and all Israel were struck with astonishment at these things.

Gill: 1Sa 3:12 - In that day I will perform against Eli all things which I have spoken concerning his house // when I begin, I will also make an end In that day I will perform against Eli all things which I have spoken concerning his house,.... Or family, that is, by the man of God, 1Sa 2:27 as tha...

In that day I will perform against Eli all things which I have spoken concerning his house,.... Or family, that is, by the man of God, 1Sa 2:27 as that he would cut off the strength of it, that there should not be an old man in it; and such as remained should be reduced to the utmost poverty and meanness; this shows that that prophecy was antecedent to this, contrary to the sense of some:

when I begin, I will also make an end; not immediately, and at once, but by degrees; he began in the death of Hophni and Phinehas, and went on in the slaughter of Abimelech, and the eighty five priests at Nob, in the times of Saul, and finished in the thrusting out of Abiathar from the priesthood, in the times of Solomon, whereby that family was brought to disgrace and poverty.

Gill: 1Sa 3:13 - For I have told him that I will judge his house for ever // for the iniquity which he knoweth // because his sons made themselves vile // and he restrained them not For I have told him that I will judge his house for ever,.... That is, bring his judgments upon them, which should continue on them to their utter des...

For I have told him that I will judge his house for ever,.... That is, bring his judgments upon them, which should continue on them to their utter destruction; this, as to the substance, he said before by the man of God:

for the iniquity which he knoweth; for the iniquity of his sons, which he thoroughly informed of, and fully acquainted with by others; and somewhat of which he must have been sensible of, and seen with his own eyes, and therefore was inexcusable:

because his sons made themselves vile; mean and contemptible in the sight of men, abhorred and accursed in the sight of God, by taking the flesh of the sacrifices of the people, which did not belong to them, who came to sacrifice, and by debauching the women that came to the door of the tabernacle for religious service. It is said this clause was originally written, "because his sons made light of me"; or cursed the Lord, and is one of the eighteen places called the correction of the Scribes, who corrected it as we have it; and it may be observed, the Septuagint version is, "because his sons spake ill of God"; or cursed him; however, this they did, they preferred their lusts, and the indulging of them, to the honour and glory of God: this Eli knew:

and he restrained them not; from their evil practices; he did not make use of his authority, neither as a father, and especially not as high priest, and the judge of Israel, who ought not only to have sharply reproved them, which he did not, but to have censured or punished them, and turned them out of their office: "or did not frown upon them" t, as in the margin of our Bibles; he did not knit his brows, or wrinkle up his face, and by his countenance show his displeasure at their proceedings, but in an easy, smooth, gentle manner, expostulated with them about them.

Gill: 1Sa 3:14 - And therefore I have sworn unto the house of Eli // that the iniquity of Eli's house shall not be purged with sacrifice nor offering for ever And therefore I have sworn unto the house of Eli,.... Either had done this before, which was signified to him by the man of God, or did swear now for ...

And therefore I have sworn unto the house of Eli,.... Either had done this before, which was signified to him by the man of God, or did swear now for the confirmation of his threatenings, and to assure the certain performance of them:

that the iniquity of Eli's house shall not be purged with sacrifice nor offering for ever: not even typically, which was all that legal sacrifice could do; and not so that the priesthood should ever return to the family again, as the office of high priesthood never did; or, as Abarbinel interprets it, because of sacrifice and offering, that the iniquity Eli's sons were guilty of in taking the flesh of the sacrifices and offerings, which did not belong to them, and before the Lord had his part, should never be expiated. (There are some sins that are not covered in the atonement of Jesus Christ. This is one of them and the sin against the Holy Ghost is another. Mat 12:31. Editor.)

Gill: 1Sa 3:15 - And Samuel lay until the morning // and opened the doors of the house of the Lord // and Samuel feared to show Eli the vision And Samuel lay until the morning,.... It is not said he slept; it can hardly be thought he should, when it is considered what a new, strange, and unco...

And Samuel lay until the morning,.... It is not said he slept; it can hardly be thought he should, when it is considered what a new, strange, and uncommon thing had befallen him; what honour had been conferred on him a child, that the Lord should vouchsafe to speak and communicate his mind to him, and what dreadful things were said of Eli's family; all which must greatly affect his mind, and keep him waking: however, he lay musing thereon until morning, and then arose:

and opened the doors of the house of the Lord; as he had used to do, and which was the business of the Levites; though he had been so highly honoured, he was not elated with it, nor thought himself above so low and mean an employment in the house of God; nor did he run to Eli or others, boasting of what he had met with that night, but modestly and carefully attended to what was his common and constant employment every morning:

and Samuel feared to show Eli the vision; the vision of prophecy, as the Targum; what God had foretold should befall him and his family, lest he should be grieved on more accounts than one; partly because he, an old man, an high priest, and judge of Israel, was overlooked and neglected, and the prophecy was delivered to a child, and not to him; and partly because of the sad things that should come upon his family.

Gill: 1Sa 3:16 - Then Eli called Samuel // and he said, Samuel, my son // and he answered, here am I Then Eli called Samuel,.... Perceiving he was risen by the opening of the doors of the tabernacle, which he might hear; and observing he did not come ...

Then Eli called Samuel,.... Perceiving he was risen by the opening of the doors of the tabernacle, which he might hear; and observing he did not come to him as usual, to know whether he wanted anything, and being impatient to hear what was said to him of the Lord:

and he said, Samuel, my son; called him by his name, and in a very tender and affectionate manner, the more to engage him to hasten to him, and thereby also putting him in mind of his filial duty to obey him:

and he answered, here am I; ready to attend and perform any service enjoined him.

Gill: 1Sa 3:17 - And he said, what is the thing that the Lord hath said unto thee // I pray thee, hide it not from me // God do so to thee, and more also, if thou hide anything from me of all the things that said unto thee And he said, what is the thing that the Lord hath said unto thee?.... The word "Lord" is not in the text, but it is "that it hath said"; the voice th...

And he said, what is the thing that the Lord hath said unto thee?.... The word "Lord" is not in the text, but it is "that it hath said"; the voice that had so often called him in the night, and which yet Eli knew was the voice of the Lord; and as it was, he was sensible there was something of importance said, and he had great reason to believe it respected him and his family; and the rather he might conclude this, by what the man of God had lately said to him, whose words perhaps he had too much slighted, questioning his authority; and therefore the Lord took this way and method to assure him that what was said came from him; for hereby Eli was fully convinced that this voice Samuel heard was of the Lord, and so what was said must be from him, and this he was impatient to know:

I pray thee, hide it not from me; and he not only beseeched and entreated him, but adjured him, as in the next clause:

God do so to thee, and more also, if thou hide anything from me of all the things that said unto thee; it is the form of an oath or curse, wishing that God would do some great evil to him, and more than he chose to express, if he concealed anything from him that had been told him. So Kimchi and Abarbinel take it to be an oath; and Josephus, u and Procopius Gazaeus on the place say, that Eli obliged Samuel by oaths and curses to declare what had been said to him.

Gill: 1Sa 3:18 - And Samuel told him every whit, and hid nothing from him // and he said, it is the Lord // let him do what seemeth him good And Samuel told him every whit, and hid nothing from him,.... And so approved himself to be a faithful prophet of God, and man of God, as he is afterw...

And Samuel told him every whit, and hid nothing from him,.... And so approved himself to be a faithful prophet of God, and man of God, as he is afterwards called; the whole counsel of God is to be declared by his servants the prophets, and the ministers of his word; nothing is to be concealed, which it is the will of God should be made known, whether it be pleasing or displeasing to man:

and he said, it is the Lord; that has said it, and there is nothing to be said against it, and that will do it; and there is no resisting him: or "the Lord is he" w; who has a sovereign right to all his creatures, and may dispose of them as he pleases; he is all wise, and does all things well; he is holy and righteous in all his ways and works, and there is no unrighteousness in him; he is faithful to his word, whether in a way of promise or threatening; and all he does to his people is in love, mercy, and kindness:

let him do what seemeth him good; not what seems good to men, or is so in their esteem, but what seems good to the Lord, who knows what is best for his people, and can do nothing but what is good; all is good he does; there is nothing but goodness in him, and nothing but goodness comes from him; he does good, and nothing else, and even when he afflicts his people; all he does is well done in creation, providence, and grace: and Eli's desire is, that he would fulfil the good pleasure of his will; he appears to be in an excellent temper, not surly and morose, taking it ill that such a message should be sent him by a child; nor was he unaffected with the case of his family, but humbly submitted to the will of God, and acquiesces in it as good, and neither arraigns his justice, nor murmurs at his providences.

Gill: 1Sa 3:19 - And Samuel grew // and the Lord was with him // and did let none of his words fall to the ground And Samuel grew,.... Not only in years and stature, but in grace and goodness, in wisdom, knowledge, and understanding, both with respect to things na...

And Samuel grew,.... Not only in years and stature, but in grace and goodness, in wisdom, knowledge, and understanding, both with respect to things natural and spiritual, and in esteem, credit, and reputation among men:

and the Lord was with him; he was not only in favour with men, but with God; and had fresh and repeated tokens of the grace and good will of God towards him; he indulged him with his presence, and assisted him in his service, and prospered and succeeded him in all things in which he was engaged. The Targum is,"the Word of the Lord was his help;''the essential Word of God, the Messiah:

and did let none of his words fall to the ground x; in allusion either to water that falls to the ground, and becomes useless, or to an arrow falling out of the bow, and to the ground, before it reaches the mark, and so unsuccessful y; or to any weapon of war, sword or spear, falling out of the hand of the soldier, whereby he is disarmed and rendered unserviceable: and these words, according to Kimchi, and in which he is followed by Abarbinel, are to be understood, not only of the words which he spake by the Holy Ghost under a spirit of prophecy, and had their exact accomplishment; but his common words, which were spoken by weight and measure, as the last expresses it, and which were delivered out according to the rules of justice, probity, and truth; and so he failed not of performing that which he had said, or of doing what was right, whereby Israel knew he was fit, prepared, and designed to be a prophet of the Lord, as in the following verse; but it seems rather to have respect to the things predicted by him under a spirit of prophecy concerning Eli and his house, which soon began to be fulfilled.

Gill: 1Sa 3:20 - And all Israel, from Dan even unto Beersheba // knew that Samuel was established to be a prophet of the Lord And all Israel, from Dan even unto Beersheba,.... That is, from the most northern border of the land of Israel, on which Dan lay, to the utmost border...

And all Israel, from Dan even unto Beersheba,.... That is, from the most northern border of the land of Israel, on which Dan lay, to the utmost border of it southward, where Beersheba was, the fame of Samuel for his piety, prudence, and prophecy, was spread abroad; so that all

knew that Samuel was established to be a prophet of the Lord; or that he was faithful z to God and man, to be credited in what he said; and so a fit man to be a prophet of the Lord, being eminently qualified with gifts by him for that office; the Targum is,"that Samuel was faithful in the words of the prophecy of the Lord,''in relating them.

Gill: 1Sa 3:21 - And the Lord appeared again in Shiloh // for the Lord revealed himself to Samuel by the Word of the Lord And the Lord appeared again in Shiloh,.... In the tabernacle there; he had appeared before to Samuel, when he called him, and declared to him what he ...

And the Lord appeared again in Shiloh,.... In the tabernacle there; he had appeared before to Samuel, when he called him, and declared to him what he designed and resolved to do to Eli and his family, and now appeared again to him in the same place before the battle of the Israelites with the Philistines, of which there is an account in the following chapter. Such appearances had not been usual in Shiloh for a long time, but were now renewed and repeated:

for the Lord revealed himself to Samuel by the Word of the Lord; by Christ, the Word of the Lord, who appeared to him, it is probable, in an human form, as he was wont to do to the patriarchs and prophets, and by whom the Lord revealed his mind and will unto them, being the Angel of his presence, and the messenger of his covenant; or by giving him a word of command to be delivered by him to the children of Israel, and which is expressed and delivered, in the next chapter.

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: 1Sa 3:1 Heb “before Eli.”

NET Notes: 1Sa 3:5 Heb “he”; the referent (Eli) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

NET Notes: 1Sa 3:6 Heb “he”; the referent (Eli) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

NET Notes: 1Sa 3:11 The Hebrew text adds “so that” here, formally connecting this clause with the next.

NET Notes: 1Sa 3:12 Or “fulfill.”

NET Notes: 1Sa 3:13 The translation follows the LXX θεόν (qeon, “God”) rather than the MT לָהֶם (lahem, R...

NET Notes: 1Sa 3:17 Heb “So God will do to you and thus he will add.” The verbal forms in this pronouncement are imperfects, not jussives, but the statement h...

NET Notes: 1Sa 3:18 Heb “what is good in his eyes.”

NET Notes: 1Sa 3:19 Heb “and he did not cause to fall from all his words to the ground.”

NET Notes: 1Sa 3:21 The chapter division at this point is inappropriate. 1 Sam 4:1a is best understood as the conclusion to chap. 3 rather than the beginning of chap. 4.

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 3:1 And the child Samuel ministered unto the LORD ( a ) before Eli. And the word of the LORD was ( b ) precious in those days; [there was] no open vision....

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 3:2 And it came to pass at that time, when Eli [was] laid down in his ( c ) place, and his eyes began to wax dim, [that] he could not see; ( c ) In the c...

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 3:3 And ere the ( d ) lamp of God went out in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God [was], and Samuel was laid down [to sleep]; ( d ) That is, the...

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 3:4 That the LORD ( e ) called Samuel: and he answered, Here [am] I. ( e ) Josephus writes that Samuel was 12 years old when the Lord appeared to him.

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 3:7 Now Samuel did not yet know ( f ) the LORD, neither was the word of the LORD yet revealed unto him. ( f ) By vision.

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 3:8 And the LORD called Samuel again the third time. And he arose and went to Eli, and said, Here [am] I; for thou didst call me. And Eli ( g ) perceived ...

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 3:11 And the LORD said to Samuel, Behold, I will do a thing in Israel, at which both the ears of every one that heareth it shall ( h ) tingle. ( h ) God d...

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 3:14 And therefore I have sworn unto the house of Eli, that the iniquity of Eli's house shall not be purged with sacrifice nor offering for ( i ) ever. ( ...

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 3:17 And he said, What [is] the thing that [the LORD] hath said unto thee? I pray thee hide [it] not from me: God ( k ) do so to thee, and more also, if th...

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 3:19 And Samuel grew, and the LORD was with him, and did let none of his words ( l ) fall to the ground. ( l ) The Lord accomplished whatever he had said....

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

Maclaren: 1Sa 3:1-14 - The Child Prophet 1 Samuel 3:1-14 The opening words of this passage are substantially repeated from 1 Samuel 2:11-18. They come as a kind of refrain, contrasting the qu...

MHCC: 1Sa 3:1-10 - --The call which Divine grace designs shall be made effectual; will be repeated till it is so, till we come to the call. Eli, perceiving that it was the...

MHCC: 1Sa 3:11-18 - --What a great deal of guilt and corruption is there in us, concerning which we may say, It is the iniquity which our own heart knoweth; we are consciou...

MHCC: 1Sa 3:19-21 - --All increase in wisdom and grace, is owing to the presence of God with us. God will graciously repeat his visits to those who receive them aright. Ear...

Matthew Henry: 1Sa 3:1-10 - -- To make way for the account of God's revealing himself first to Samuel, we are here told, 1. How industrious Samuel was in serving God, according as...

Matthew Henry: 1Sa 3:11-18 - -- Here is, I. The message which, after all this introduction, God delivered to Samuel concerning Eli's house. God did not come to him now to tell him ...

Matthew Henry: 1Sa 3:19-21 - -- Samuel being thus brought acquainted with the visions of God, we have here an account of the further honour done him as a prophet. I. God did him ho...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Sa 3:1-9 - -- At the time when Samuel served the Lord before Eli, both as a boy and asa young man (1Sa 2:11, 1Sa 2:21, 1Sa 2:26), the word of the Lord had become ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Sa 3:10-11 - -- When Samuel had lain down again, "Jehovah came and stood," sc., beforeSamuel. These words show that the revelation of God was an objectivelyreal aff...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Sa 3:12-14 - -- On that day I will perform against Eli all that I have spoken concerning hishouse (see 1Sa 2:30.), beginning and finishing it ,"i.e., completely. ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Sa 3:15 - -- Samuel then slept till the morning; and when he opened the doors of thehouse of Jehovah, he was afraid to tell Eli of the revelation which he hadrec...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Sa 3:16-18 - -- When Samuel was called by Eli and asked concerning the divine revelationthat he had received, he told him all the words, without concealinganything;...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Sa 3:19-21 - -- Thus Samuel grew, and Jehovah was with him, and let none of his wordsfall to the ground, i.e., left no word unfulfilled which He spoke throughSamuel...

Constable: 1Sa 1:1--3:21 - --I. ELI AND SAMUEL chs. 1--3 First Samuel first contrasts Israel's last two judges (Eli, a failure, and Samuel, a...

Constable: 1Sa 3:1-21 - --C. God's First Revelation to Samuel ch. 3 This chapter records how God's blessing of and through Samuel ...

Constable: 1Sa 3:1-18 - --1. Samuel's call 3:1-18 The Hebrew word used to describe Samuel in verse 1 (naar) elsewhere refe...

Constable: 1Sa 3:19--4:2 - --2. Samuel's ministry 3:19-4:1a These verses summarize Samuel's continuing ministry as a prophet ...

Guzik: 1Sa 3:1-21 - God Speaks to Samuel 1 Samuel 3 - God Speaks to Samuel A. Samuel is unable to recognize God's voice. 1. (1) The scarcity of revelation in Israel. Then the boy Samuel m...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: 1 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF SAMUEL. The two were, by the ancient Jews, conjoined so as to make one book, and in that form could be called the Book o...

JFB: 1 Samuel (Garis Besar) OF ELKANAH AND HIS TWO WIVES. (1Sa 1:1-8) HANNAH'S PRAYER. (1Sa 1:9-18) SAMUEL BORN. (1Sa 1:20) HANNAH'S SONG IN THANKFULNESS TO GOD. (1Sa 2:1-11) TH...

TSK: 1 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) The First Book of SAMUEL, otherwise called " The First Book of the KINGS."

TSK: 1 Samuel 3 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview 1Sa 3:1, How the word of the Lord was first revealed to Samuel; 1Sa 3:11, God tells Samuel the destruction of Eli’s house; 1Sa 3:15, Sa...

Poole: 1 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) FIRST BOOK OF SAMUEL OTHERWISE CALLED THE FIRST BOOK OF THE KINGS. THE ARGUMENT. IT is not certainly known who was the penman of this Book, or whe...

Poole: 1 Samuel 3 (Pendahuluan Pasal) SAMUEL CHAPTER 3 The Lord calleth Samuel three times; he knows not God’ s voice, but thinks it to be Eli who calls him; runs to him, who instr...

MHCC: 1 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) In this book we have an account of Eli, and the wickedness of his sons; also of Samuel, his character and actions. Then of the advancement of Saul to ...

MHCC: 1 Samuel 3 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (1Sa 3:1-10) The word of the Lord first revealed to Samuel. (1Sa 3:11-18) God tells Samuel the destruction of Eli's house. (1Sa 3:19-21) Samuel esta...

Matthew Henry: 1 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The First Book of Samuel This book, and that which follows it, bear the name of Samuel in the title, ...

Matthew Henry: 1 Samuel 3 (Pendahuluan Pasal) In the foregoing chapter we had Samuel a young priest, though by birth a Levite only, for he ministered before the Lord in a linen ephod; in this c...

Constable: 1 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title First and Second Samuel were originally one book called the Book of...

Constable: 1 Samuel (Garis Besar) Outline I. Eli and Samuel chs. 1-3 A. The change from barrenness to fertility 1:1-2:10 ...

Constable: 1 Samuel 1 Samuel Bibliography Ackroyd, Peter R. The First Book of Samuel. Cambridge Bible Commentary on the New English...

Haydock: 1 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST BOOK OF SAMUEL; otherwise called, THE FIRST BOOK OF KINGS. INTRODUCTION. This and the following Book are called by the Hebrews, the...

Gill: 1 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO 1 SAMUEL This book, in the Hebrew copies, is commonly called Samuel, or the Book of Samuel; in the Syriac version, the Book of Samu...

Gill: 1 Samuel 3 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO FIRST SAMUEL 3 This chapter gives an account of the Lord's calling to Samuel in the night season, which he first took for the voice...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


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