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Teks -- Ezra 2:1-70 (NET)

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Konteks
The Names of the Returning Exiles
2:1 These are the people of the province who were going up, from the captives of the exile whom King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon had forced into exile in Babylon. They returned to Jerusalem and Judah, each to his own city. 2:2 They came with Zerubbabel, Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, Reelaiah, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar, Bigvai, Rehum, and Baanah. The number of Israelites was as follows: 2:3 the descendants of Parosh: 2,172; 2:4 the descendants of Shephatiah: 372; 2:5 the descendants of Arah: 775; 2:6 the descendants of Pahath-Moab (from the line of Jeshua and Joab): 2,812; 2:7 the descendants of Elam: 1,254; 2:8 the descendants of Zattu: 945; 2:9 the descendants of Zaccai: 760; 2:10 the descendants of Bani: 642; 2:11 the descendants of Bebai: 623; 2:12 the descendants of Azgad: 1,222; 2:13 the descendants of Adonikam: 666; 2:14 the descendants of Bigvai: 2,056; 2:15 the descendants of Adin: 454; 2:16 the descendants of Ater (through Hezekiah): 98; 2:17 the descendants of Bezai: 323; 2:18 the descendants of Jorah: 112; 2:19 the descendants of Hashum: 223; 2:20 the descendants of Gibbar: 95. 2:21 The men of Bethlehem: 123; 2:22 the men of Netophah: 56; 2:23 the men of Anathoth: 128; 2:24 the men of the family of Azmaveth: 42; 2:25 the men of Kiriath Jearim, Kephirah and Beeroth: 743; 2:26 the men of Ramah and Geba: 621; 2:27 the men of Micmash: 122; 2:28 the men of Bethel and Ai: 223; 2:29 the descendants of Nebo: 52; 2:30 the descendants of Magbish: 156; 2:31 the descendants of the other Elam: 1,254; 2:32 the descendants of Harim: 320; 2:33 the men of Lod, Hadid, and Ono: 725; 2:34 the men of Jericho: 345; 2:35 the descendants of Senaah: 3,630. 2:36 The priests: the descendants of Jedaiah (through the family of Jeshua): 973; 2:37 the descendants of Immer: 1,052; 2:38 the descendants of Pashhur: 1,247; 2:39 the descendants of Harim: 1,017. 2:40 The Levites: the descendants of Jeshua and Kadmiel (through the line of Hodaviah): 74. 2:41 The singers: the descendants of Asaph: 128. 2:42 The gatekeepers: the descendants of Shallum, the descendants of Ater, the descendants of Talmon, the descendants of Akkub, the descendants of Hatita, and the descendants of Shobai: 139. 2:43 The temple servants: the descendants of Ziha, the descendants of Hasupha, the descendants of Tabbaoth, 2:44 the descendants of Keros, the descendants of Siaha, the descendants of Padon, 2:45 the descendants of Lebanah, the descendants of Hagabah, the descendants of Akkub, 2:46 the descendants of Hagab, the descendants of Shalmai, the descendants of Hanan, 2:47 the descendants of Giddel, the descendants of Gahar, the descendants of Reaiah, 2:48 the descendants of Rezin, the descendants of Nekoda, the descendants of Gazzam, 2:49 the descendants of Uzzah, the descendants of Paseah, the descendants of Besai, 2:50 the descendants of Asnah, the descendants of Meunim, the descendants of Nephussim, 2:51 the descendants of Bakbuk, the descendants of Hakupha, the descendants of Harhur, 2:52 the descendants of Bazluth, the descendants of Mehida, the descendants of Harsha, 2:53 the descendants of Barkos, the descendants of Sisera, the descendants of Temah, 2:54 the descendants of Neziah, and the descendants of Hatipha. 2:55 The descendants of the servants of Solomon: the descendants of Sotai, the descendants of Hassophereth, the descendants of Peruda, 2:56 the descendants of Jaala, the descendants of Darkon, the descendants of Giddel, 2:57 the descendants of Shephatiah, the descendants of Hattil, the descendants of Pokereth-Hazzebaim, and the descendants of Ami. 2:58 All the temple servants and the descendants of the servants of Solomon: 392. 2:59 These are the ones that came up from Tel Melah, Tel Harsha, Kerub, Addon, and Immer (although they were unable to certify their family connection or their ancestry, as to whether they really were from Israel): 2:60 the descendants of Delaiah, the descendants of Tobiah, and the descendants of Nekoda: 652. 2:61 And from among the priests: the descendants of Hobaiah, the descendants of Hakkoz, and the descendants of Barzillai (who had taken a wife from the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite and was called by that name). 2:62 They searched for their records in the genealogical materials, but did not find them. They were therefore excluded from the priesthood. 2:63 The governor instructed them not to eat any of the sacred food until there was a priest who could consult the Urim and Thummim. 2:64 The entire group numbered 42,360, 2:65 not counting their male and female female servants, who numbered 7,337. They also had 200 male and female singers 2:66 and 736 horses, 245 mules, 2:67 435 camels, and 6,720 donkeys. 2:68 When they came to the Lord’s temple in Jerusalem, some of the family leaders offered voluntary offerings for the temple of God in order to rebuild it on its site. 2:69 As they were able, they gave to the treasury for this work 61,000 drachmas of gold, 5,000 minas of silver, and 100 priestly robes. 2:70 The priests, the Levites, some of the people, the singers, the gatekeepers, and the temple servants lived in their towns, and all the rest of Israel lived in their towns.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Adin head of an Israelite clan that returned from exile in Babylon,head of an Israelite clan who pledged to obey God's law
 · Adonikam father of a clan that returned from exile
 · Ai a town of Canaanites in Benjamin
 · Akkub son of Eli-O-Enai (Hananiah Zerubbabel David Judah); Akkub I,a Levite who was chief gate keeper under Nehemiah; Akkub II,a chief Temple Servant under Nehemiah; Akkub III,a Levite scribe who helped Ezra explain the law; Akkub IV
 · Ami head of the descendants of Solomon's servants
 · Anathoth a town of Benjamin 10 km NE of Jerusalem, given to the priests,son of Becher, a Benjamite,an Israelite chief who signed the covenant to obey God's law
 · Arah a town in northern Palestine belonging to the Sidonians
 · Asaph father of Joah, Hezekiah's recorder,son of Berechiah the Levite; music minister under David,father of Zichri; a Levite ancestor of some returnees,an official over the (Persian) king's forest in Judah
 · Asnah a Levite; head of a group of temple servants in Ezra's time
 · Ater a man whose descendants returned from exile in Babylon,a Levite; head of a group of gatekeepers in Ezra's time,an Israelite chief who signed the covenant to obey God's law
 · Azgad forefather of a group that returned from exile,an Israelite chief who signed the covenant to obey God's law
 · Azmaveth a town of Benjamin 7 km NNW of Jerusalem
 · Baanah son of Rimmon and a Benjamite captain of Ishbosheth's army,a man of Netophah; father of Heled, one of David's mighty men.,a leader returned exiles who pledged to keep God's law
 · Babylon a country of Babylon in lower Mesopotamia
 · Babylonia a region in lower Mesopotamia where the Chaldaeans lived
 · Bakbuk a Levite head of a group of temple servants in Ezra's time
 · Bani a man of Gad; one of David's military elite,son of Shemer (Merari Aaron Levi),a man descended from Perez of Judah,a non-Levite ancestor of men who put away their heathen wives,a non-Levite ancestor of others who put away heathen wives,a Levite who helped Ezra explain the reading of the law,son of Henadad (Levi); a signer of the pledge to keep the law,an Israelite chief who signed the covenant to obey God's law,son of Hashabiah and father of head Levite Uzzi under Nehemiah
 · Barkos a Levite; head of a group of temple servants in Ezra's time
 · Barzillai a man of Gilead from Rogelim who gave supplies to David,father-in-law of Merab, Saul's daughter; a Meholathite;,head of a clan of returnees lacking proof of being priests
 · Bazluth a Levite; head of a group of temple servants in Ezra's time
 · Beeroth a resident(s) of the town of Beeroth
 · Besai a Levite; head of a group of temple servants in Ezra's time
 · Bethel a town of Benjamin bordering Ephraim 18 km north of Jerusalem
 · Bethlehem a town 8 km south of Jerusalem,a town of Zebulun 10 km west of Nazareth and 15 km SW of Cana SMM,a town of Judah 8 km south. of Jerusalem
 · Bezai a man whose descendants returned from exile in Babylon,an Israelite chief who signed the covenant to obey God's law
 · Bigvai a leader of some who returned from exile with Zerubbabel,forefather of a clan of returnees with Zerubbabel and Ezra,an Israelite chief pledged to obey God's law
 · Bilshan leader among those who returned from exile with Zerubbabel
 · Chephirah a town of the Gibeonites in Benjamin
 · Cherub a place of Babylon where Israeli exiles once lived
 · Darkon head of the Solomon's Servants Clan who returned from exile.
 · Delaiah son of Eli-O-Enai (Hananiah Zerubbabel David Judah),chief of a division of priests serving in David's sanctuary,head of a clan of returnees lacking proof of being Israelites,son of Mehetabel; father of Shemaiah who tempted Nehemiah,son of Shemaiah; a prince of Judah under Jehoiakim


Topik/Tema Kamus: Zerubbabel | Temple, the Second | Captivity | Zechariah | Israel | GENEALOGY, 8 part 2 | CHILDREN OF ISRAEL | Levites | Priest | GENEALOGY, 8 part 1 | Nethinim | Jeshua | Ater | Immer | Shephatiah | Harim | LAW IN THE OLD TESTAMENT | Minister | Nekoda | Elam | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: Ezr 2:1 - The province Of Judah, called a province, Ezr 5:8. And he calls it thus emphatically to mind himself and his brethren of that sad change which their sins had made ...

Of Judah, called a province, Ezr 5:8. And he calls it thus emphatically to mind himself and his brethren of that sad change which their sins had made among them, that from an illustrious, independent, and formidable kingdom, were fallen to be an obscure, servile, and contemptible province, first under the Chaldeans, and now under the Persians.

Wesley: Ezr 2:2 - Who came, &c. _This catalogue, differs in some names and numbers from that Neh. 7:6-64, which might be because several names were given to the same persons; and bec...

_This catalogue, differs in some names and numbers from that Neh. 7:6-64, which might be because several names were given to the same persons; and because of the many changes which might happen in the same families between the time of the first making of this catalogue by Ezra, and the making it anew so many years after.

Wesley: Ezr 2:3 - The children The posterity, as that word is constantly taken in this catalogue.

The posterity, as that word is constantly taken in this catalogue.

Wesley: Ezr 2:3 - Of Parosh That descend either from Parosh, or from that family whereof Parosh was the chief. And so for the rest.

That descend either from Parosh, or from that family whereof Parosh was the chief. And so for the rest.

Wesley: Ezr 2:5 - Seven hundred, &c. _In Neh 7:10, they were only six hundred and fifty two, it seems seven hundred and seventy five marched out of Babylon, but some of them died, others ...

_In Neh 7:10, they were only six hundred and fifty two, it seems seven hundred and seventy five marched out of Babylon, but some of them died, others were hindered by sickness, or other casualties, and so there came only six hundred and fifty two to Jerusalem. And the like is to be said in the like differences: which it suffices to hint once for all.

Wesley: Ezr 2:21 - Beth lehem - And so these were the remainders of the inhabitants of that city. (And the like may be said of the two following names, Netophah and Anathoth,...

lehem - And so these were the remainders of the inhabitants of that city. (And the like may be said of the two following names, Netophah and Anathoth, or others of the like nature.

Wesley: Ezr 2:21 - ) So little was Beth lehem among the thousands of Judah! Yet thence must the Messiah arise.

lehem among the thousands of Judah! Yet thence must the Messiah arise.

Wesley: Ezr 2:39 - Harim The head of one of the twenty four courses which David appointed, 1Ch 24:8, of all which courses, some observe here are not above four or five that re...

The head of one of the twenty four courses which David appointed, 1Ch 24:8, of all which courses, some observe here are not above four or five that returned. There is another Harim mentioned above, Ezr 2:32, but that was no priest, as this was Ezr 2:36.

Wesley: Ezr 2:43 - Nethinims Persons devoted to the inferior services of the priests and Levites. Commonly supposed to be the Gibeonites, given, (so their name signifies) by Joshu...

Persons devoted to the inferior services of the priests and Levites. Commonly supposed to be the Gibeonites, given, (so their name signifies) by Joshua first, and again by David, when Saul had expelled them, to the priests and Levites, for those services.

Wesley: Ezr 2:55 - Servants Who had lived in Solomon's family, and after his death, called themselves and their families by that name, esteeming it a great honour that they had b...

Who had lived in Solomon's family, and after his death, called themselves and their families by that name, esteeming it a great honour that they had been servants to so great a prince.

Wesley: Ezr 2:62 - Genealogy The Jews were generally very exact in their genealogies from their own choice and interest, that they might preserve the distinctions of the several t...

The Jews were generally very exact in their genealogies from their own choice and interest, that they might preserve the distinctions of the several tribes and families, which was necessary both to make out their titles to offices or inheritances, and to govern themselves thereby in the matter of marriages, and from the special providence of God, that so it might be certainly known of what tribe and family the Messiah was born.

Wesley: Ezr 2:63 - Tirshatha The governor, Zerubbabel.

The governor, Zerubbabel.

Wesley: Ezr 2:63 - With Urim, &c. That this point which could not be found out by human skill, might be determined by Divine direction. Hereby it appears that the Urim and Thummim were...

That this point which could not be found out by human skill, might be determined by Divine direction. Hereby it appears that the Urim and Thummim were lost in the destruction of the city and temple, tho' the Jews fed themselves with hopes of recovering them, but in vain. And by the want of that oracle, they were taught to expect the great oracle, the Messiah.

Wesley: Ezr 2:64 - The whole, &c. _The particular sums here recited, come only to twenty and nine thousand eight hundred and eighteen. Unto whom are added in this total sum twelve thou...

_The particular sums here recited, come only to twenty and nine thousand eight hundred and eighteen. Unto whom are added in this total sum twelve thousand five hundred and forty two. Which, either were of the other tribes beside Judah and Benjamin: or were such as were supposed to be Israelites, but could not prove their pedigree by their genealogies.

Wesley: Ezr 2:65 - Women For women as well as men were employed in this exercise in the temple - service.

For women as well as men were employed in this exercise in the temple - service.

Wesley: Ezr 2:68 - The house That is, to the ruins of the house; or to the place were it stood.

That is, to the ruins of the house; or to the place were it stood.

Wesley: Ezr 2:69 - Sixty one thousand drams Sixty one thousand drams of gold amount to something more than so many pounds of our money. So bishop Cumberland, who likewise supposes five thousand ...

Sixty one thousand drams of gold amount to something more than so many pounds of our money. So bishop Cumberland, who likewise supposes five thousand pounds of silver, to be about thirty seven thousand pounds sterling.

Wesley: Ezr 2:70 - And all Israel in their cities And they dwelt in peace, in perfect harmony, a blessed presage of their settlement, as their discord in the latter times of that state, was of their r...

And they dwelt in peace, in perfect harmony, a blessed presage of their settlement, as their discord in the latter times of that state, was of their ruin.

JFB: Ezr 2:1 - children of the province That is, Judea (Ezr 5:8), so called as being now reduced from an illustrious, independent, and powerful kingdom to an obscure, servile, tributary prov...

That is, Judea (Ezr 5:8), so called as being now reduced from an illustrious, independent, and powerful kingdom to an obscure, servile, tributary province of the Persian empire. This name is applied by the sacred historian to intimate that the Jewish exiles, though now released from captivity and allowed to return into their own land, were still the subjects of Cyrus, inhabiting a province dependent upon Persia.

JFB: Ezr 2:1 - came again unto Jerusalem and Judah, every one unto his city Either the city that had been occupied by his ancestors, or, as most parts of Judea were then either desolate or possessed by others, the city that wa...

Either the city that had been occupied by his ancestors, or, as most parts of Judea were then either desolate or possessed by others, the city that was rebuilt and allotted to him now.

JFB: Ezr 2:2 - Which came with Zerubbabel He was the chief or leader of the first band of returning exiles. The names of other influential persons who were associated in the conducting of the ...

He was the chief or leader of the first band of returning exiles. The names of other influential persons who were associated in the conducting of the caravans are also mentioned, being extracted probably from the Persian archives, in which the register was preserved: conspicuous in the number are Jeshua, the high priest, and Nehemiah.

JFB: Ezr 2:3 - The children This word, as used throughout this catalogue, means "posterity" or "descendants."

This word, as used throughout this catalogue, means "posterity" or "descendants."

JFB: Ezr 2:5 - children of Arah, seven hundred seventy and five The number is stated in Neh 7:10 to have been only six hundred fifty-two. It is probable that all mentioned as belonging to this family repaired to th...

The number is stated in Neh 7:10 to have been only six hundred fifty-two. It is probable that all mentioned as belonging to this family repaired to the general place of rendezvous, or had enrolled their names at first as intending to go; but in the interval of preparation, some died, others were prevented by sickness or insurmountable obstacles, so that ultimately no more than six hundred fifty-two came to Jerusalem.

JFB: Ezr 2:23 - The men of Anathoth It is pleasant to see so many of this Jewish town returning. It was a city of the Levites; but the people spurned Jeremiah's warning and called forth ...

It is pleasant to see so many of this Jewish town returning. It was a city of the Levites; but the people spurned Jeremiah's warning and called forth against themselves one of his severest predictions (Jer 32:27-35). This prophecy was fulfilled in the Assyrian conquest. Anathoth was laid waste and continued a heap of ruins. But the people, having been brought during the captivity to a better state of mind, returned, and their city was rebuilt.

JFB: Ezr 2:36-39 - The priests Each of their families was ranged under its prince or head, like those of the other tribes. It will be remembered that the whole body was divided into...

Each of their families was ranged under its prince or head, like those of the other tribes. It will be remembered that the whole body was divided into twenty-four courses, one of which, in rotation, discharged the sacerdotal duties every week, and each division was called after the name of its first prince or chief. It appears from this passage that only four of the courses of the priests returned from the Babylonish captivity; but these four courses were afterwards, as the families increased, divided into twenty-four, which were distinguished by the names of the original courses appointed by David [1Ch 23:6-13]. Hence we find the course of Abijah or Abia (1Ch 24:10) subsisting at the commencement of the Christian era (Luk 1:5).

JFB: Ezr 2:55 - The children of Solomon's servants Either the strangers that monarch enlisted in the building of the temple, or those who lived in his palace, which was deemed a high honor.

Either the strangers that monarch enlisted in the building of the temple, or those who lived in his palace, which was deemed a high honor.

JFB: Ezr 2:61-62 - the children of Barzillai He preferred that name to that of his own family, deeming it a greater distinction to be connected with so noble a family, than to be of the house of ...

He preferred that name to that of his own family, deeming it a greater distinction to be connected with so noble a family, than to be of the house of Levi. But by this worldly ambition he forfeited the dignity and advantages of the priesthood.

JFB: Ezr 2:63 - Tirshatha A title borne by the Persian governors of Judea (see also Neh 7:65-70; Neh 8:9; Neh 10:1). It is derived from the Persian torsh ("severe"), and is equ...

A title borne by the Persian governors of Judea (see also Neh 7:65-70; Neh 8:9; Neh 10:1). It is derived from the Persian torsh ("severe"), and is equivalent to "your severity," "your awfulness."

JFB: Ezr 2:64 - The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore This gross amount is twelve thousand more than the particular numbers given in the catalogue, when added together, come to. Reckoning up the smaller n...

This gross amount is twelve thousand more than the particular numbers given in the catalogue, when added together, come to. Reckoning up the smaller numbers, we shall find that they amount to 29,818 in this chapter, and to 31,089 in the parallel chapter of Nehemiah [see Neh 7:66-69]. Ezra also mentions four hundred ninety-four persons omitted by Nehemiah, and Nehemiah mentions 1765 not noticed by Ezra. If, therefore, Ezra's surplus be added to the sum in Nehemiah, and Nehemiah's surplus to the number in Ezra, they will both become 31,583. Subtracting this from 42,360, there will be a deficiency of 10,777. These are omitted because they did not belong to Judah and Benjamin, or to the priests, but to the other tribes. The servants and singers, male and female, are reckoned separately (Ezr 2:65), so that putting all these items together, the number of all who went with Zerubbabel amounted to fifty thousand, with eight thousand beasts of burden [ALTING, quoted in DAVIDSON'S Hermeneutics].

JFB: Ezr 2:68 - some of the chief of the fathers, when they came to the house of the Lord offered freely for the house of God, &c. The sight of a place hallowed by the most endearing and sacred associations, but now lying in desolation and ruins, made the wellsprings of their piet...

The sight of a place hallowed by the most endearing and sacred associations, but now lying in desolation and ruins, made the wellsprings of their piety and patriotism gush out afresh. Before taking any active measures for providing accommodation to themselves and their families, the chief among them raised a large sum by voluntary contributions towards the restoration of the temple.

JFB: Ezr 2:69 - drams of gold Rather, "darics," a Persian coin (see on 1Ch 29:7).

Rather, "darics," a Persian coin (see on 1Ch 29:7).

JFB: Ezr 2:69 - priests' garments (compare Neh 7:70). This--in the circumstances--was a very appropriate gift. In general, it may be remarked that presents of garments, or of any other...

(compare Neh 7:70). This--in the circumstances--was a very appropriate gift. In general, it may be remarked that presents of garments, or of any other usable commodities, however singular it may seem to us, is in harmony with the established notions and customs of the East.

Clarke: Ezr 2:1 - These are the children of the province These are the children of the province - That is, of Judea; once a kingdom, and a flourishing nation; now a province, subdued, tributary, and ruined...

These are the children of the province - That is, of Judea; once a kingdom, and a flourishing nation; now a province, subdued, tributary, and ruined! Behold the goodness and severity of God! Some think Babylon is meant by the province; and that the children of the province means those Jews who were born in Babylon. But the first is most likely to be the meaning, for thus we find Judea styled, Ezr 5:8. Besides, the province is contradistinguished from Babylon even in this first verse, The children of the province - that had been carried away unto Babylon.

Clarke: Ezr 2:2 - Which came with Zerubbabel Which came with Zerubbabel - There are many difficulties in this table of names; but as we have no less than three copies of it, that contained here...

Which came with Zerubbabel - There are many difficulties in this table of names; but as we have no less than three copies of it, that contained here from Ezra 2:1-67, a second in Nehemiah 7:6-69, and a third in 1 Esdras 5:7-43, on a careful examination they will be found to correct each other. The versions also, and the Variae Lectiones of Kennicott and De Rossi, do much toward harmonizing the names

Though the sum total at the end of each of these enumerations is equal, namely 42,360, yet the particulars reckoned up make in Ezra only 29,818, and in Nehemiah 31,089. We find that Nehemiah mentions 1765 persons which are not in Ezra, and Ezra has 494 not mentioned by Nehemiah. Mr. Alting thinks that this circumstance, which appears to render all hope of reconciling them impossible, is precisely the very point by which they can be reconciled; for if we add Ezra’ s surplus to the sum in Nehemiah, and the surplus of Nehemiah to the number in Ezra, the numbers will be equal

Thus: -

The number in Ezra29,818
Surplus in Nehemiah.1,765
Sum total31,583
The number in Nehemiah31,089
The surplus in Ezra494
Sum total31,583

If we subtract this sum 31,583 from 42,360, we shall have a deficiency of 10,777 from the numbers as summed up in the text; and these are not named here, either because their registers were not found, or they were not of Judah and Benjamin, the tribes particularly concerned, but of the other Israelitish tribes; see Ezr 2:36.

Clarke: Ezr 2:3 - The children of Parosh The children of Parosh - Where the word children is found in this table, prefixed to the name of a man, it signifies the descendants of that person,...

The children of Parosh - Where the word children is found in this table, prefixed to the name of a man, it signifies the descendants of that person, as from Ezra 2:3-21. Where it is found prefixed to a place, town, etc., it signifies the inhabitants of that place, as from Ezr 2:21-35.

Clarke: Ezr 2:21 - The children of Beth-lehem The children of Beth-lehem - The inhabitants: see before.

The children of Beth-lehem - The inhabitants: see before.

Clarke: Ezr 2:33 - The children of Lod, Hadid, and Ono The children of Lod, Hadid, and Ono - These were cities in the tribe of Benjamin; see on 1Ch 8:12 (note).

The children of Lod, Hadid, and Ono - These were cities in the tribe of Benjamin; see on 1Ch 8:12 (note).

Clarke: Ezr 2:36 - The priests The priests - The preceding list takes in the census of Judah and Benjamin.

The priests - The preceding list takes in the census of Judah and Benjamin.

Clarke: Ezr 2:55 - The children of Solomon’ s servants The children of Solomon’ s servants - The Nethinim, and others appointed to do the meaner services of the holy house.

The children of Solomon’ s servants - The Nethinim, and others appointed to do the meaner services of the holy house.

Clarke: Ezr 2:63 - The Tirshatha The Tirshatha - This is generally supposed to be Nehemiah, or the person who was the commandant; see Neh 8:9; Neh 10:1, for the word appears to be t...

The Tirshatha - This is generally supposed to be Nehemiah, or the person who was the commandant; see Neh 8:9; Neh 10:1, for the word appears to be the name of an office. The Vulgate and Septuagint write it Atershatha, the Syriac and Arabic render it the princes of Judah. Some suppose the word to be Persian, but nothing like it of the same import occurs in that language at present. If, as Castel supposed, it signifies austerity, or that fear which is unpressed by the authority of a governor, it may come from ters , Fear, or tersh , Acid, the former from tarsidan , to Fear or Dread

Clarke: Ezr 2:63 - Should not eat of the most holy things Should not eat of the most holy things - There was a high priest then, but no Urim and Thummim, these having been lost in the captivity.

Should not eat of the most holy things - There was a high priest then, but no Urim and Thummim, these having been lost in the captivity.

Clarke: Ezr 2:66 - Their horses - seven hundred, etc. Their horses - seven hundred, etc. - They went into captivity, stripped of every thing; they now return from it, abounding in the most substantial r...

Their horses - seven hundred, etc. - They went into captivity, stripped of every thing; they now return from it, abounding in the most substantial riches, viz., horses 736, or, according to Esdras, 7036; mules, 245; camels, 435; asses, 6720; besides gold, and silver, and rich stuffs. See below.

Clarke: Ezr 2:69 - Threescore and one thousand drams of gold Threescore and one thousand drams of gold - דרכמונים darkemonim , drakmons or darics; a Persian coin, always of gold, and worth about 1£. ...

Threescore and one thousand drams of gold - דרכמונים darkemonim , drakmons or darics; a Persian coin, always of gold, and worth about 1£. 5s., not less than £76,250 sterling in gold

Clarke: Ezr 2:69 - Five thousand pounds of silver Five thousand pounds of silver - מנים manim , manehs or minas. As a weight, the maneh was 100 shekels; as a coin, 60 shekels in value, or about...

Five thousand pounds of silver - מנים manim , manehs or minas. As a weight, the maneh was 100 shekels; as a coin, 60 shekels in value, or about 9£.; 5000 of these manehs therefore will amount to £45,000, making in the whole a sum of about £120,000; and in this are not included the 100 garments for priests

Thus we find that God, in the midst of judgment, remembered mercy, and gave them favor in the land of their captivity.

Clarke: Ezr 2:70 - Dwelt in their cities Dwelt in their cities - They all went to those cities which belonged originally to their respective families.

Dwelt in their cities - They all went to those cities which belonged originally to their respective families.

Defender: Ezr 2:43 - Nethanims The Nethanims were an order of servants established by David for the more lowly aspects of the Levitical ministries (Ezr 8:20)."

The Nethanims were an order of servants established by David for the more lowly aspects of the Levitical ministries (Ezr 8:20)."

Defender: Ezr 2:63 - Tirshatha The "Tirshatha" was the governor appointed by Cyrus, presumably Zerubbabel (Ezr 2:2).

The "Tirshatha" was the governor appointed by Cyrus, presumably Zerubbabel (Ezr 2:2).

Defender: Ezr 2:63 - Thummim Evidently, since certain of the returning priests could not verify their right to the office through the remaining genealogies (Ezr 2:61, Ezr 2:62), t...

Evidently, since certain of the returning priests could not verify their right to the office through the remaining genealogies (Ezr 2:61, Ezr 2:62), they were not allowed to function as such until they could demonstrate their divine calling spiritually, though the prophetic gifts associated with the Urim and Thummim (see note on Exo 28:30)."

TSK: Ezr 2:1 - the children // whom Nebuchadnezzar the children : Ezr 5:8, Ezr 6:2; Neh. 7:6-73; Est 1:1, Est 1:3, Est 1:8, Est 1:11, Est 8:9; Act 23:34 whom Nebuchadnezzar : 2Ki 24:14-16, 2Ki 25:11; 2...

the children : Ezr 5:8, Ezr 6:2; Neh. 7:6-73; Est 1:1, Est 1:3, Est 1:8, Est 1:11, Est 8:9; Act 23:34

whom Nebuchadnezzar : 2Ki 24:14-16, 2Ki 25:11; 2Chr. 36:1-23; Jer. 39:1-18, 52:1-34; Lam 1:3, Lam 1:5; Lam 4:22; Zep 2:7

TSK: Ezr 2:2 - Zerubbabel // Jeshua // Seraiah // Rehum Zerubbabel : Ezr 1:11, Sheshbazzar, Neh 7:7; Hag 1:1, Hag 1:12, Hag 1:14, Hag 2:2, Hag 2:4, Hag 2:21; Zec 4:6-10; Mat 1:12, Mat 1:13, Zorobabel Jeshua...

Zerubbabel : Ezr 1:11, Sheshbazzar, Neh 7:7; Hag 1:1, Hag 1:12, Hag 1:14, Hag 2:2, Hag 2:4, Hag 2:21; Zec 4:6-10; Mat 1:12, Mat 1:13, Zorobabel

Jeshua : Ezr 3:8, Ezr 3:9, Ezr 4:3, Ezr 5:2; Hag 1:12, Hag 1:14, Hag 2:4; Zec 3:1, Zec 3:3, Zec 3:8, Zec 3:9, Joshua

Seraiah : Neh 7:7, Azariah, Raamiah, Nahamani, Mispereth, Nehum

Rehum : Ezr 4:8

TSK: Ezr 2:3 - children // Parosh children : The word children, in this table, when prefixed to the name of a man, signifies the descendants of that person, as from verses 3-21; and wh...

children : The word children, in this table, when prefixed to the name of a man, signifies the descendants of that person, as from verses 3-21; and when prefixed to the name of a town, place, etc., it signifies the inhabitants of that place, as from Ezr 2:21-25.

Parosh : Ezr 8:3, Pharosh, Ezr 10:25; Neh 7:8

TSK: Ezr 2:4 - Shephatiah Shephatiah : Ezr 8:8; Neh 7:9

Shephatiah : Ezr 8:8; Neh 7:9

TSK: Ezr 2:5 - Arah Arah : Neh 6:18, Neh 7:10. 652

Arah : Neh 6:18, Neh 7:10. 652

TSK: Ezr 2:6 - Pahathmoab // Joab Pahathmoab : Ezr 8:4, Ezr 10:30; Neh 7:11, Neh 7:2,818; Neh 10:14 Joab : Ezr 8:9

Pahathmoab : Ezr 8:4, Ezr 10:30; Neh 7:11, Neh 7:2,818; Neh 10:14

Joab : Ezr 8:9

TSK: Ezr 2:7 - Elam Elam : Ezr 2:31, Ezr 8:7, Ezr 10:26; Neh 7:12

TSK: Ezr 2:8 - Zattu Zattu : Ezr 10:27; Neh 7:13. 845

Zattu : Ezr 10:27; Neh 7:13. 845

TSK: Ezr 2:9 - Zaccai Zaccai : Neh 7:14

Zaccai : Neh 7:14

TSK: Ezr 2:10 - Bani Bani : The variation of Bani, בני [Strong’ s H1137], and Binnui, בנוי [Strong’ s H1131], arises from the elision of, ו , wav ...

Bani : The variation of Bani, בני [Strong’ s H1137], and Binnui, בנוי [Strong’ s H1131], arises from the elision of, ו , wav , but the LXX have here Βανουι , as in the parallel place. Ezr 10:34; Neh 7:15, Binnui. 648

TSK: Ezr 2:11 - Bebai Bebai : Ezr 8:11, Ezr 10:28; Neh 7:16. 628

Bebai : Ezr 8:11, Ezr 10:28; Neh 7:16. 628

TSK: Ezr 2:12 - Azgad Azgad : Ezr 8:12; Neh 7:17. 2,322

Azgad : Ezr 8:12; Neh 7:17. 2,322

TSK: Ezr 2:13 - Adonikam Adonikam : Ezr 8:13; Neh 7:18. 667

Adonikam : Ezr 8:13; Neh 7:18. 667

TSK: Ezr 2:14 - Bigvai Bigvai : Ezr 8:14; Neh 7:19. 2,067

Bigvai : Ezr 8:14; Neh 7:19. 2,067

TSK: Ezr 2:15 - Adin Adin : Ezr 8:6; Neh 7:20. 655

Adin : Ezr 8:6; Neh 7:20. 655

TSK: Ezr 2:16 - Ater Ater : Neh 7:21

Ater : Neh 7:21

TSK: Ezr 2:17 - Bezai Bezai : Neh 7:23. 324

Bezai : Neh 7:23. 324

TSK: Ezr 2:18 - Jorah Jorah : Neh 7:24, Hariph

Jorah : Neh 7:24, Hariph

TSK: Ezr 2:19 - Hashum Hashum : Ezr 10:33; Neh 7:22. 328

Hashum : Ezr 10:33; Neh 7:22. 328

TSK: Ezr 2:20 - Gibbar Gibbar : Neh 7:25, Gibeon

Gibbar : Neh 7:25, Gibeon

TSK: Ezr 2:21 - Bethlehem Bethlehem : 1Ch 2:50-52

Bethlehem : 1Ch 2:50-52

TSK: Ezr 2:22 - Netophah Netophah : 2Sa 23:28; 1Ch 2:54; Neh 7:26. 188, Jer 40:8

Netophah : 2Sa 23:28; 1Ch 2:54; Neh 7:26. 188, Jer 40:8

TSK: Ezr 2:23 - Anathoth Anathoth : Jos 21:18; Neh 7:27; Isa 10:30; Jer 1:1, Jer 11:21

TSK: Ezr 2:24 - Azmaveth Azmaveth : Neh 7:28, Beth-azmaveth

Azmaveth : Neh 7:28, Beth-azmaveth

TSK: Ezr 2:25 - Kirjatharim Kirjatharim : Jos 9:17; Neh 7:29, Kirjath-jearim

Kirjatharim : Jos 9:17; Neh 7:29, Kirjath-jearim

TSK: Ezr 2:26 - Ramah Ramah : Jos 18:24, Jos 18:25; Neh 7:30

TSK: Ezr 2:27 - Michmas Michmas : 1Sa 13:5, 1Sa 13:23; Isa 10:28, Michmash, Neh 7:31

Michmas : 1Sa 13:5, 1Sa 13:23; Isa 10:28, Michmash, Neh 7:31

TSK: Ezr 2:28 - Ai Ai : Gen 12:8, Hai. Jos 7:2, Jos 8:9, Jos 8:17; Neh 7:33. 133

TSK: Ezr 2:29 - Nebo Nebo : This Nebo was probably the Nabau which Eusebius and Jerome place eight miles south from Hebron. Num 32:3; Deu 32:49; Neh 7:33; Isa 15:2; Jer 48...

Nebo : This Nebo was probably the Nabau which Eusebius and Jerome place eight miles south from Hebron. Num 32:3; Deu 32:49; Neh 7:33; Isa 15:2; Jer 48:1, Jer 48:22

TSK: Ezr 2:30 - Magbish Magbish : i.e. congregating; crystallizing, [Strong’ s H4019]. The children of Magbish are not named in our present copies of Nehemiah; but the A...

Magbish : i.e. congregating; crystallizing, [Strong’ s H4019]. The children of Magbish are not named in our present copies of Nehemiah; but the Alexandrian manuscript of the LXX has the same reading as here. Ezr 2:30

TSK: Ezr 2:31 - Elam Elam : Ezr 2:7; Neh 7:34

Elam : Ezr 2:7; Neh 7:34

TSK: Ezr 2:32 - Harim Harim : Ezr 10:31; Neh 7:35

Harim : Ezr 10:31; Neh 7:35

TSK: Ezr 2:33 - Lod // Hadid Lod : 1Ch 8:12; Neh 6:2, Neh 7:37, Neh 11:34, Neh 11:35 Hadid : or, Harid, as it is in some copies, Hadid is probably the Adida of Josephus, and the M...

Lod : 1Ch 8:12; Neh 6:2, Neh 7:37, Neh 11:34, Neh 11:35

Hadid : or, Harid, as it is in some copies, Hadid is probably the Adida of Josephus, and the Maccabees (1Mac Neh 12:38; Neh 13:13), a city situated on a hill in the plain country of Judah, and the Aditha of Eusebius, which he places near Diospolis, Lydda, or Lod.

TSK: Ezr 2:34 - Jericho Jericho : 1Ki 16:34; Neh 7:36

Jericho : 1Ki 16:34; Neh 7:36

TSK: Ezr 2:35 - Senaah Senaah : Neh 7:38, Neh 7:3,930

Senaah : Neh 7:38, Neh 7:3,930

TSK: Ezr 2:36 - Jedaiah // Jeshua Jedaiah : 1Ch 9:10, 1Ch 24:7 Jeshua : Ezr 3:9; Neh 7:39

Jedaiah : 1Ch 9:10, 1Ch 24:7

Jeshua : Ezr 3:9; Neh 7:39

TSK: Ezr 2:37 - Immer Immer : Ezr 10:20; 1Ch 24:14; Neh 7:40

TSK: Ezr 2:38 - Pashur Pashur : Ezr 10:22; 1Ch 9:12; Neh 7:41

TSK: Ezr 2:39 - Harim Harim : Ezr 10:21; 1Ch 24:8; Neh 7:42

TSK: Ezr 2:40 - Hodaviah Hodaviah : Ezr 3:9, Judah, Neh 7:43, Hodevah

Hodaviah : Ezr 3:9, Judah, Neh 7:43, Hodevah

TSK: Ezr 2:41 - Asaph Asaph : 1Ch 6:39, 1Ch 15:17, 1Ch 25:1, 1Ch 25:2; Neh 7:44, Neh 11:17

TSK: Ezr 2:42 - the porters the porters : 1Chr. 26:1-19; Neh 7:45. 138

the porters : 1Chr. 26:1-19; Neh 7:45. 138

TSK: Ezr 2:43 - Nethinims // Hasupha Nethinims : Ezr 2:58; 1Ch 9:2; Neh 7:46-56, Neh 10:28 Hasupha : This variation only exists in the translation, the original being written here Husupha...

Nethinims : Ezr 2:58; 1Ch 9:2; Neh 7:46-56, Neh 10:28

Hasupha : This variation only exists in the translation, the original being written here Husupha, and in the parallel place defectively, Hasupha. Neh 7:46, Hashupha

TSK: Ezr 2:44 - Siaha Siaha : Sia , סיעא [Strong’ s H5517], is merely a contraction of, סיעהא [Strong’ s H5517], Siaha , by the elision of, ה ,...

Siaha : Sia , סיעא [Strong’ s H5517], is merely a contraction of, סיעהא [Strong’ s H5517], Siaha , by the elision of, ה , hay . Neh 7:47, Sia

TSK: Ezr 2:45 - Lebanah Lebanah : These variations merely arise from the mutation of, ה , hay , into, א , according to the Chaldee dialect; the original, being respecti...

Lebanah : These variations merely arise from the mutation of, ה , hay , into, א , according to the Chaldee dialect; the original, being respectively לבנה [Strong’ s H3838], Lebanah , and לבנא [Strong’ s H3838] Lebana ; חגבה [Strong’ s H2286], Hagabah , and חגבא [Strong’ s H2286], Hagaba . Neh 7:48, Lebana, Hagaba

TSK: Ezr 2:46 - Shalmai Shalmai : or, Shamlai, Shamlai, of the Kethiv, is evidently a mistake for Shalmai, as the Keri and LXX have.

Shalmai : or, Shamlai, Shamlai, of the Kethiv, is evidently a mistake for Shalmai, as the Keri and LXX have.

TSK: Ezr 2:49 - Paseah Paseah : Neh 7:51, Phaseah

Paseah : Neh 7:51, Phaseah

TSK: Ezr 2:50 - Mehunim Mehunim : Neh 7:52, Meunim, Nephishesim

Mehunim : Neh 7:52, Meunim, Nephishesim

TSK: Ezr 2:52 - Bazluth Bazluth : Neh 7:54, Bazlith

Bazluth : Neh 7:54, Bazlith

TSK: Ezr 2:53 - Thamah Thamah : Neh 7:55, Tamah

Thamah : Neh 7:55, Tamah

TSK: Ezr 2:55 - Solomon’ s // Peruda Solomon’ s : 1Ki 9:21 Peruda : Neh 7:57, Perida

Solomon’ s : 1Ki 9:21

Peruda : Neh 7:57, Perida

TSK: Ezr 2:56 - Jaalah Jaalah : Neh 7:58, Jaala

Jaalah : Neh 7:58, Jaala

TSK: Ezr 2:57 - Pochereth // Ami Pochereth : Neh 7:59 Ami : Neh 7:59, Amon

Pochereth : Neh 7:59

Ami : Neh 7:59, Amon

TSK: Ezr 2:58 - Nethinims // Solomon’ s Nethinims : Ezr 7:7; Jos 9:21, Jos 9:23, Jos 9:27; 1Ch 9:2; Neh 3:26, Neh 7:60 Solomon’ s : 1Ki 9:21

Nethinims : Ezr 7:7; Jos 9:21, Jos 9:23, Jos 9:27; 1Ch 9:2; Neh 3:26, Neh 7:60

Solomon’ s : 1Ki 9:21

TSK: Ezr 2:59 - Telharsa // seed Telharsa : Neh 7:61, Tel-haresha, Addon seed : or, pedigree

Telharsa : Neh 7:61, Tel-haresha, Addon

seed : or, pedigree

TSK: Ezr 2:60 - of Delaiah of Delaiah : Neh 7:62. 642

of Delaiah : Neh 7:62. 642

TSK: Ezr 2:61 - the children // Barzillai the children : Neh 7:63, Neh 7:64 Barzillai : 2Sa 17:27, 2Sa 19:31-39; 1Ki 2:7

the children : Neh 7:63, Neh 7:64

Barzillai : 2Sa 17:27, 2Sa 19:31-39; 1Ki 2:7

TSK: Ezr 2:62 - therefore // were they, as polluted, put from the priesthood therefore : Lev 21:21-23; Num 3:10, Num 16:40, Num 18:7 were they, as polluted, put from the priesthood : Heb. they were polluted from the priesthood,...

therefore : Lev 21:21-23; Num 3:10, Num 16:40, Num 18:7

were they, as polluted, put from the priesthood : Heb. they were polluted from the priesthood, Eze 44:10-14

TSK: Ezr 2:63 - Tirshatha // should not // Urim Tirshatha : or, governor, The person who held this office at this time was probably Zerubbabel. The word Tirshatha is supposed to be Persian; and ...

Tirshatha : or, governor, The person who held this office at this time was probably Zerubbabel. The word Tirshatha is supposed to be Persian; and if, as Castel supposes, it signifies austerity, or that fear which is impressed by the authority of a governor, it may be derived from tars , ""ear,""or tursh , ""acid, austere.""Neh 7:65, Neh 8:9, Neh 10:1

should not : Lev 2:3, Lev 2:10, Lev 6:17, Lev 6:29, Lev 7:16, Lev 10:17, Lev 10:18, Lev 22:2, Lev 22:3, Lev 22:10, Lev 22:14-16; Num 18:9-11, Num 18:19; Num 18:32

Urim : Exo 28:30; Lev 8:8; Num 27:21; Deu 33:8; 1Sa 28:6

TSK: Ezr 2:64 - forty forty : Though the sum total, both here and in Nehemiah, is equal, namely, 42,360, yet the particulars reckoned up only make 29,818 in Ezra, and 31,08...

forty : Though the sum total, both here and in Nehemiah, is equal, namely, 42,360, yet the particulars reckoned up only make 29,818 in Ezra, and 31,089 in Nehemiah; and we find that Nehemiah mentions 1,765 persons who are not in Ezra, and Ezra has 494 not mentioned in Nehemiah. This last circumstance, which seems to render all hope of reconciling them impossible, Mr. Alting thinks is the very point by which they can be reconciled; for, if we add Ezra’ s surplus to the sum in Nehemiah, and Nehemiah’ s surplus to the number in Ezra, they will both amount to 31,583; which subtracted from 42,360, leaves a deficiency of 10,777, which are not named because they did not belong to the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, or to the priests, but to the other Israelitish tribes. Ezr 9:8; Neh 7:66-69; Isa 10:20-22; Jer 23:3

TSK: Ezr 2:65 - servants // two hundred servants : Isa 14:1, Isa 14:2 two hundred : Exo 15:20, Exo 15:21; 2Sa 19:35; Neh 7:67; Psa 68:25, Psa 148:12, Psa 148:13; Ecc 2:8; Jer 9:17, Jer 9:18;...

TSK: Ezr 2:68 - offered freely // in his place offered freely : Exo 35:5-19, Exo 35:29, Exo 36:3; Num. 7:3-89; 1Ch 29:5-17; Neh 7:70-73; Psa 110:3; Luk 21:1-4; 2Co 8:3, 2Co 8:12, 2Co 9:7 in his pla...

TSK: Ezr 2:69 - the treasure the treasure : Ezr 8:25-34; 1Ki 7:51; 1Ch 22:14, 1Ch 26:20-28; Neh 7:71, Neh 7:72

TSK: Ezr 2:70 - -- Ezr 6:16, Ezr 6:17; 1Ch 11:2; Neh 7:73, 11:3-36

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: Ezr 2:1 - The children of the province The children of the province i.e. the Israelites, called the children of the province , either, 1. Of Babylon, of which province we oft read, as E...

The children of the province i.e. the Israelites, called the children of the province , either,

1. Of Babylon, of which province we oft read, as Ezr 7:16 Dan 2:48 Dan 3:1,2,30 , called the province by way of eminency; of which they are called children, because of their birth and habitation in it for a long time, it being usual to call the inhabitants of any city or place its children. Or rather,

2. Of Judea, called a province , Ezr 5:8 . And he calls it thus emphatically, to mind himself and his brethren of that sad change which their sins had made among them, that from an illustrious, independent, and formidable kingdom, were fallen to be an obscure, servile, and contemptible province, first under the Chaldeans, and now under the Persians. Every one unto his city either unto those cities or towns which belonged to their several ancestors; or rather, to those which were now allotted to them, and from this time possessed by them. For their former cities were either demolished. or possessed by other persons, which they were not now in a capacity of disturbing.

Poole: Ezr 2:2 - -- As for this catalogue, it differs in some names and numbers from that Ne 7 , which might be from divers causes, partly because several names were gi...

As for this catalogue, it differs in some names and numbers from that Ne 7 , which might be from divers causes, partly because several names were given to one and the same person; and partly because of the many changes which might happen in the same families between the time of the first making of this catalogue by Ezra, and the making of it anew so many years as that catalogue, Ne 7 , was made after the former.

Poole: Ezr 2:3 - -- i.e. The posterity (as that word is for the most part, if not constantly, taken in this catalogue) that descended either from Parosh, or from that f...

i.e. The posterity (as that word is for the most part, if not constantly, taken in this catalogue) that descended either from Parosh, or from that family whereof Parosh was the chief. And so for the rest.

Poole: Ezr 2:5 - -- In Neh 7:10 , they were only six hundred and fifty-two. It seems seven hundred and seventy-five marched out of Babylon, or gave in their names that ...

In Neh 7:10 , they were only six hundred and fifty-two. It seems seven hundred and seventy-five marched out of Babylon, or gave in their names that they would go; but some of them died, others changed their minds, others were hindered by sickness, or other casualties, happening to themselves or near relations; and so there came only six hundred and fifty-two to Jerusalem. And the like is to be said in the like differences; which it suffices to hint once for all.

Poole: Ezr 2:6 - Of Jeshua and Joab Of Jeshua and Joab or of Jeshua-joab , as the former was Palath-moab.

Of Jeshua and Joab or of Jeshua-joab , as the former was Palath-moab.

Poole: Ezr 2:16 - Of Ater // of Hezekiah Of Ater the son of Hezekiah , not the king, but another famous person so called.

Of Ater the son

of Hezekiah , not the king, but another famous person so called.

Poole: Ezr 2:21 - Beth-lehem Either of a man called Beth-lehem or the Beth-lehemite , by way of eminency; or of the place so called. And so these were the remainders of the i...

Either of a man called

Beth-lehem or the Beth-lehemite , by way of eminency; or of the place so called. And so these were the remainders of the inhabitants of that city. And the like may be said of the two following names, Netophah and Anathoth, or others of the like nature.

Poole: Ezr 2:25 - -- Kirath-arim , or Kirjath-jearim , as it is Neh 7:29 .

Kirath-arim , or Kirjath-jearim , as it is Neh 7:29 .

Poole: Ezr 2:39 - -- The head of one of the twenty-four courses which David appointed, 1Ch 24:8 ; of all which courses, some observe, here are not above four or five tha...

The head of one of the twenty-four courses which David appointed, 1Ch 24:8 ; of all which courses, some observe, here are not above four or five that returned. There is another Harim mentioned above, Ezr 2:32 , but that was no priest as this was, Ezr 2:35 .

Poole: Ezr 2:43 - The Nethinims The Nethinims the persons devoted to the inferior services of the priests and Levites; of whom see 1Ch 9:2 .

The Nethinims the persons devoted to the inferior services of the priests and Levites; of whom see 1Ch 9:2 .

Poole: Ezr 2:55 - The children of Solomon’ s servants The children of Solomon’ s servants either of those strangers and proselytes whom Solomon used in the building of the temple, 1Ki 9:21 , to the ...

The children of Solomon’ s servants either of those strangers and proselytes whom Solomon used in the building of the temple, 1Ki 9:21 , to the service of which, as some add, he devoted them, as there should be occasion hereafter; or others who had lived in Solomon’ s family, and after his death called themselves and their families by that name, as esteeming it, a great honour to them that they had been servants to so great a prince.

Poole: Ezr 2:59 - Tel-mela, Tel-harsa // Cherub, Addan, and Immer Tel-mela, Tel-harsa the names of the places whence they came, and where they had lived in the time of their captivity. Cherub, Addan, and Immer the...

Tel-mela, Tel-harsa the names of the places whence they came, and where they had lived in the time of their captivity.

Cherub, Addan, and Immer the names either of the heads of the families living in the places last mentioned, or of other places where the persons here understood had dwelt.

Poole: Ezr 2:61 - -- To wit, Barzillai; which name he preferred before that of his own family, accounting it, as it seems, a greater honour to be allied to so noble a fa...

To wit, Barzillai; which name he preferred before that of his own family, accounting it, as it seems, a greater honour to be allied to so noble a family, than to be a priest of the Lord. But by this ambition he deprived himself of the honour and advantage of the priesthood, as it is here noted, Ezr 2:62 .

Poole: Ezr 2:62 - -- The Jews were generally very exact and careful in their genealogies, partly from their own choice and interest, that they might preserve the distinc...

The Jews were generally very exact and careful in their genealogies, partly from their own choice and interest, that they might preserve the distinctions of the several tribes and families, which was necessary both to make out their claims or titles to offices or inheritances, which might belong to them by death, or otherwise, as here we see, and to govern themselves thereby in the matter of marriages, and some other things wherein the practice of some laws required the knowledge of these things; and partly by the special providence of God, that so it might be certainly known of what tribe and family the Messiah was born. For as they took care of all their families, so doubtless they took a more punctual and singular care about the royal family, upon which all their hopes depended.

Poole: Ezr 2:63 - The Tirshatha // Till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim The Tirshatha i.e. the governor, to wit, Zerubbabel; whence Nehemiah also is so called, Neh 8:9 10:1 . Till there stood up a priest with Urim and wi...

The Tirshatha i.e. the governor, to wit, Zerubbabel; whence Nehemiah also is so called, Neh 8:9 10:1 .

Till there stood up a priest with Urim and with Thummim that this point, which could not be found out by any human skill or industry, might be determined by Divine direction. Hereby it appears that the Urim and Thummim were lost in the destruction of the city and temple, though the Jews fed themselves with hopes of recovering them, but in vain. Of the Urim and Thummim, see Exo 28:30 Num 27:21 1Sa 23:9 .

Poole: Ezr 2:64 - -- The particular sums here recited come only 29,818; unto whom are added in this total sum, 12,542; which either were of the other tribes beside Judah...

The particular sums here recited come only 29,818; unto whom are added in this total sum, 12,542; which either were of the other tribes beside Judah and Benjamin, or were such as were supposed by themselves and others to be Israelites, but could not prove their pedigree by their genealogies, and therefore could not be so punctually and particularly described as the former.

Poole: Ezr 2:65 - -- For women as well as men were devoted to and employed in this exercise in the temple service, as appears from 1Ch 25:5,6 . And the parents of these ...

For women as well as men were devoted to and employed in this exercise in the temple service, as appears from 1Ch 25:5,6 . And the parents of these persons had taken care to instruct and exercise them as far as they could in this art, both for God’ s service, and for their own benefit, when Jerusalem and the temple should be rebuilt; which they knew would be done after Jeremiah’ s seventy years were expired.

Poole: Ezr 2:68 - To the house of the Lord To the house of the Lord i.e. to the ruins of the house; or to the place where that house stood.

To the house of the Lord i.e. to the ruins of the house; or to the place where that house stood.

Poole: Ezr 2:69 - -- A dram of gold is supposed to be of the weight of the fourth part of a shekel, and of the value of a French crown.

A dram of gold is supposed to be of the weight of the fourth part of a shekel, and of the value of a French crown.

Haydock: Ezr 2:1 - Now // Province // Nabuchodonosor // Juda Now. This catalogue is given again, 2 Esdras vii. 6., and 3 Esdras v. 7., immediately (Haydock) after the long interpolated story (Kennicott) of the...

Now. This catalogue is given again, 2 Esdras vii. 6., and 3 Esdras v. 7., immediately (Haydock) after the long interpolated story (Kennicott) of the three guards, concerning the superior strength of wine, the king, women or truth, in which Zorobabel gains the victory, in favour of the latter. (Haydock) ---

The rest of the book is taken from other inspired writings; (Sandford) and this story may be borrowed Josephus: so that there is no reason for asserting "that one whole book is now lost out of the sacred canon." (Kennicott) ---

Yet this argument is by no means conclusive, as the Paralipomenon consists of such supplements, &c. These three catalogues very considerably, not only in the proper names, but also in the numbers, (Haydock) though they must have been the same originally, and still give the same total, 42,360. We cannot find that number at present, by above 8,400. In many cases, the disagreement consists of a single unit, hundred, &c., which may lead us to suspect that the Palmyrene, or the more ancient Sidonian notation, may have been adopted in some Hebrew manuscripts, being used about the time of Christ. See Swinton's tables, (Phil. Trans. xlviii., and l.) where the Sidonian coins express the units by small perpendicular strokes; and the Palmyrene inscriptions only admit four of these together, having an arbitrary mark for 5: "the hundreds and units after the tens, are expressed in both, in the same manner as the single units." (Kennicott, 2 Diss.) ---

Cordell (manuscript note on this author) disapproves of this mode of correcting, and says that the females are included in the total sum, being 12,542, not recorded in the separate sums. But this number seems too small, as there are generally as many of that sex as of the other. (Haydock) ---

Some find the total 31,583, which leaves 10,777 wanting to complete 42,360, as these could not make out their genealogies, or were of the ten tribes. In this chapter only 29,818 are specified, whereas [in] 2 Esdras vii. has 31,089; the latter reckons 1765 unnoticed by Esdras, who has 494 not specified in Nehemias. The difference, that seems to make a reconciliation impossible, is what make these authors agree; for, if you add the surplus of each to the other, the same total, 31,583, will arise. (Alting. ep. 59.) This solution, though ingenious, is not solid or satisfactory. (Rondet, t. v. p. 176.) ---

De Vence rather thinks that the difference is to be laid to the charge of transcribers, or that some people enrolled themselves after the registers had been made up; so that they are only included in the general sum. (Haydock) ---

Some things may have been inserted from 2 Esdras, though here out of place, (Grotius) as we find similar anachronisms, 1 Paralipomenon ix. 2., and perhaps Genesis xxxvi. 31. Nehemias may also have included those whom he brought back along with these; unless we allow that some one, by attempting to reconcile the two, has thrown all into confusion. It seems undeniable, that some additions have been made to the latter book, chap. xii. 11., and 22. The list given [in] 1 Paralipomenon ix. 4., comprises only those who came first from Babylon. (Calmet) ---

After this remark, it will hardly be requisite to specify all the variations of names and numbers. (Haydock) ---

"For what can be hence inferred, but that there are some arithmetical mistakes in Scripture, which no one denies?" (Huet) ---

"Almost all who are conversant with ancient copies, agree in the decision of St. Jerome, as they cannot but perceive that some variations have crept in, particularly with respect to numbers and proper names." (Walton) ---

Province, born in Chaldea, (Menochius) or rather belonging to Judea, which was now considered as a province of the empire, (Calmet) and paid tribute, chap. iv. 13., and 2 Esdras ix. 36. (Tirinus) ---

In 3 Esdras, we read, "These are they of Judea." ---

Nabuchodonosor had taken some of these; the rest were chiefly their descendants. ---

Juda now is used to denote Judea. (Haydock)

Haydock: Ezr 2:2 - Zorobabel // Baana Zorobabel was the prince, Josue the high priest. (Calmet) --- There are 12 mentioned in 2 and 3 Esdras. But here the sixth Nahamani, or Enenion,...

Zorobabel was the prince, Josue the high priest. (Calmet) ---

There are 12 mentioned in 2 and 3 Esdras. But here the sixth Nahamani, or Enenion, is omitted. (Haydock) ---

There represent the 12 tribes, (Kennicott) and were chiefs. (Menochius) ---

It is wonderful that Esdras is not here mentioned, as well as Nehemias, who led a company after him, many of whom are here recorded. (Calmet) ---

They might come to take care of their patrimony, and return into Chaldea, like Mardochai, (Tirinus.; though it does not seem to be Esther's uncle, Du Hamel) and Nehemias, who is styled also Athersatha, ver. 63. (Tirinus) ---

Baana. 3 Esdras adds, "their leaders." (Haydock)

Haydock: Ezr 2:3 - Children Children. When this term precedes the name of a man, it means his offspring; (ver. 3, 20.) when placed before a city, it denotes the inhabitants, ve...

Children. When this term precedes the name of a man, it means his offspring; (ver. 3, 20.) when placed before a city, it denotes the inhabitants, ver. 21, 35. (Calmet) ---

The lay Israelites are placed here; then the Levitical tribe; (ver. 36.) the Nathineans, &c., ver. 43. It is very difficult to decide when the names designate places, and when persons. (Menochius)

Haydock: Ezr 2:5 - Seven Seven. 2 Esdras, only 652. These arrived at Jerusalem; the rest altered their mind. (Junius) (Calmet) --- But 3 Esdras has 756: so that there is...

Seven. 2 Esdras, only 652. These arrived at Jerusalem; the rest altered their mind. (Junius) (Calmet) ---

But 3 Esdras has 756: so that there is most probably a mistake somewhere. (Haydock)

Haydock: Ezr 2:6 - Moab // Josue Moab. This seems to be the name of a place, where the descendants of Josue and Joab might reside; (chap. viii. 4.; Calmet) or Phahath might have t...

Moab. This seems to be the name of a place, where the descendants of Josue and Joab might reside; (chap. viii. 4.; Calmet) or Phahath might have this title, on account of some victory, or residence in the country. His descendants, with those of Josue and Joab, where 2812, (Tirinus) or 2818, 2 Esdras vii. 11. (Calmet) ---

Josue. Protestants, "Jeshua and Joab." (Haydock) ---

Some translate Pahath, "the chief of" Moab, &c. (Du Hamel) ---

Grotius suspects that to ver. 68 may be inserted from Nehemias.

Haydock: Ezr 2:13 - Six Six. Other 60 returned afterwards with Esdras. (Haydock) (Chap. viii. 13.)

Six. Other 60 returned afterwards with Esdras. (Haydock) (Chap. viii. 13.)

Haydock: Ezr 2:16 - Ather Ather. 3 Esdras, Ator-Ezekios, 92: but 2 Esdras has Ater, children of Hezecias, 98. (Haydock)

Ather. 3 Esdras, Ator-Ezekios, 92: but 2 Esdras has Ater, children of Hezecias, 98. (Haydock)

Haydock: Ezr 2:17 - Besai Besai. We should perhaps read Hasum, (ver. 19.; Calmet) then Besai, and afterwards Jora, who may be the same with Hareph, 2 Esdras vii. 24. (Hayd...

Besai. We should perhaps read Hasum, (ver. 19.; Calmet) then Besai, and afterwards Jora, who may be the same with Hareph, 2 Esdras vii. 24. (Haydock)

Haydock: Ezr 2:20 - Gebbar Gebbar. 2 Esdras, Gabaon. 3 Esdras, "Baitereus, 3005." (Haydock)

Gebbar. 2 Esdras, Gabaon. 3 Esdras, "Baitereus, 3005." (Haydock)

Haydock: Ezr 2:22 - Six Six. 2 Esdras puts the inhabitants of those two cities together, and makes 188, instead of the present calculation 179. (Calmet) --- Netupha was i...

Six. 2 Esdras puts the inhabitants of those two cities together, and makes 188, instead of the present calculation 179. (Calmet) ---

Netupha was in Ephraim. (Du Hamel)

Haydock: Ezr 2:29 - Nebo Nebo. 2 Esdras (vii. 33.) adds, "of the other Nebo," as in some Latin copies a first had been mentioned, (ver. 30.) where we have Geba, (Calmet) her...

Nebo. 2 Esdras (vii. 33.) adds, "of the other Nebo," as in some Latin copies a first had been mentioned, (ver. 30.) where we have Geba, (Calmet) here written Gabaa, ver. 26. (Haydock) ---

Nebo belonged to some of the other tribes, as well as Phahath-Moab; which shews that some of the people returned, (Calmet) and are particularized, as well as the men of the three tribes of Juda, Benjamin, and Levi. (Haydock)

Haydock: Ezr 2:30 - Megbis Megbis. 3 Esdras, "Niphis;" (Calmet) or, according to the Alexandrian Manuscript, "Phineis." (Haydock) --- The verse is omitted [in] 2 Esdras. Bu...

Megbis. 3 Esdras, "Niphis;" (Calmet) or, according to the Alexandrian Manuscript, "Phineis." (Haydock) ---

The verse is omitted [in] 2 Esdras. But Megphias occurs below, chap. x. 20. Megabyse is a Persian name. (Herodotus iii. 20., and 160.)

Haydock: Ezr 2:31 - Other Elam Other Elam. The first is mentioned (ver. 7.) with exactly the same number. Is not this verse redundant? (Calmet) --- Who would not be astonished? ...

Other Elam. The first is mentioned (ver. 7.) with exactly the same number. Is not this verse redundant? (Calmet) ---

Who would not be astonished? (Tirinus) ---

3 Esdras omits this and the following name. (Haydock)

Haydock: Ezr 2:33 - Hadid // Senaa Hadid. These cities were in the tribe of Benjamin. (Calmet) --- Senaa was in Ephraim, eight miles from Jericho. (Eusebius)

Hadid. These cities were in the tribe of Benjamin. (Calmet) ---

Senaa was in Ephraim, eight miles from Jericho. (Eusebius)

Haydock: Ezr 2:36 - Josue Josue, the high priest, ver. 2.

Josue, the high priest, ver. 2.

Haydock: Ezr 2:40 - Odovia Odovia, called Juda, chap. iii. 9. (Calmet)

Odovia, called Juda, chap. iii. 9. (Calmet)

Haydock: Ezr 2:43 - Nathinites Nathinites, "people given" (1 Paralipomenon ix. 2.; Haydock) by Josue, David, and Solomon. (Tirinus)

Nathinites, "people given" (1 Paralipomenon ix. 2.; Haydock) by Josue, David, and Solomon. (Tirinus)

Haydock: Ezr 2:55 - Servants Servants, proselytes, 1 Paralipomenon xxii. 2. (Menochius)

Servants, proselytes, 1 Paralipomenon xxii. 2. (Menochius)

Haydock: Ezr 2:57 - Pocereth-Hasebaim Pocereth-Hasebaim, in Hebrew (Calmet) or "of Zebaim." (Protestants)

Pocereth-Hasebaim, in Hebrew (Calmet) or "of Zebaim." (Protestants)

Haydock: Ezr 2:59 - Thelmela // Thelharsa // Cherub Thelmela, "the height of Mela, or of salt." The river Melas empties itself into the Euphrates. (Strabo xii.) --- The cities here mentioned were i...

Thelmela, "the height of Mela, or of salt." The river Melas empties itself into the Euphrates. (Strabo xii.) ---

The cities here mentioned were in Chaldea. Some of the ten tribes had probably been transported into Cappadocia, where Herodotus (ii. 35,) place some circumcised Syrians. ---

Thelharsa, or Thelassar, 4 Kings xix. 12. ---

Cherub, &c., were cities of Chaldea, (Tirinus) or chief men; but as they had been carried away by Theglathphalassar, they had lost their genealogies, and could only produce circumcision as a proof that they were Israelites.

Haydock: Ezr 2:61 - Their name Their name. The priest, Berzellai, assumed the name of the family, from which he had chosen a wife. (Haydock) --- It was that of the famous old ma...

Their name. The priest, Berzellai, assumed the name of the family, from which he had chosen a wife. (Haydock) ---

It was that of the famous old man, who was so hospitable to David, 2 Kings xix. 31. (Calmet)

Haydock: Ezr 2:62 - Priesthood Priesthood. Those who cannot prove that they are priests, ought not to exercise the functions. (Worthington) --- The Jews were particularly carefu...

Priesthood. Those who cannot prove that they are priests, ought not to exercise the functions. (Worthington) ---

The Jews were particularly careful to preserve their genealogical tables, and transcribed them again after any very troublesome times. (Josephus, contra Apion 1, and in his own Life.) ---

The Rabbins falsely assert that only the mother's side was examined, and that the children followed her condition. (Calmet)

Haydock: Ezr 2:63 - Athersatha // Learned Athersatha. Protestants' marginal note, "the governor," (Haydock) in the Persian language. (Du Hamel) --- Nehemias had this title, 2 Esdras viii. ...

Athersatha. Protestants' marginal note, "the governor," (Haydock) in the Persian language. (Du Hamel) ---

Nehemias had this title, 2 Esdras viii. 9. (Haydock) ---

It means "a cup-bearer." (Calmet) (Menochius) ---

3 Esdras, "And Nehemias, who is also Atharias, said unto them, that they should not partake of the holy things, till a high priest, clothed with manifestation and truth, should arise." (Haydock) ---

Learned. Hebrew, "with Urim and Thummim." We do not find that God had been consulted, in this manner, since the time of David: and the Jews inform us that the ornament was not used after the captivity, (Calmet) as it had been, perhaps, concealed with the ark, by Jeremias, 2 Machabees ii. 4. (Tirinus) ---

Nehemias hoped that it would be soon recovered. In the mean time, he followed the spirit of the law, but with additional rigour, as it permitted such priests to eat consecrated meats, Leviticus xxi. 22. It seems that this decision is out of its proper place, since Nehemias came 80 years after Zorobabel. (Calmet) ---

But he might have been present on this occasion, (Haydock) though he returned afterwards to Babylon, where he officiated as cup-bearer to the king. (Tirinus)

Haydock: Ezr 2:64 - Forty-two thousand Forty-two thousand, &c. Those who are reckoned up above of the tribes of Juda, Benjamin, and Levi, fall short of this number. The rest, who must be...

Forty-two thousand, &c. Those who are reckoned up above of the tribes of Juda, Benjamin, and Levi, fall short of this number. The rest, who must be taken in to make up the whole sum, were of the other tribes. (Challoner) ---

This explanation is given by R. Solomon. (Worthington) ---

But we have seen that cities belonging to the ten tribes are specified. See ver. 1, and 29. (Haydock) ---

Some might not be able to make out their genealogies, (Calmet) ver. 62. Yet some of these also are counted, ver. 60. (Haydock) ---

The particular sums may therefore be incorrect. Josephus ([Antiquities?] xi. 1,) adds 102 to the number. (Calmet) ---

3 Esdras has, "But they were all of Israel from 12 years old and upwards, exclusive of boys and girls, (or male and female servants) 42,300." Grabe has in another character "sixty. The men and women servants of these, 7300." Then the Alexandrian Manuscript continues, "thirty-seven." So that without the addition it would give for the total, 42,337. Some copies (Haydock) have 40. (Calmet) ---

But the most correct (Haydock) read 60. (Kennicott) The small number of servants and cattle shew that the people were poor. (Du Hamel)

Haydock: Ezr 2:65 - Servants // Hundred Servants. Probably strangers. (Calmet) --- Yet the Hebrews might renounce their liberty, Exodus xxi. 6. (Haydock) --- Hundred, comprised in the...

Servants. Probably strangers. (Calmet) ---

Yet the Hebrews might renounce their liberty, Exodus xxi. 6. (Haydock) ---

Hundred, comprised in the last number; (Calmet) or they belong to Israel, but were different from those mentioned [in] ver. 41. We find 45 more in 2 and 3 Esdras. (Haydock) ---

These might be inserted by Nehemias, after they had proved themselves to be of the tribe of Levi. (Tournemine) ---

There were in all 49,942. (Haydock) So much was the power of this kingdom now reduced! Sulp Severus says above 50,000 of every sex and rank could not be found. (Haydock)

Haydock: Ezr 2:69 - Solids // Pounds Solids. Hebrew darcemonim. (Haydock) --- "Darics," worth as much as a golden sicle. (Pelletier) (Calmet) (1 Paralipomenon xxix. 7.) --- Poun...

Solids. Hebrew darcemonim. (Haydock) ---

"Darics," worth as much as a golden sicle. (Pelletier) (Calmet) (1 Paralipomenon xxix. 7.) ---

Pounds, (mnas) or 60 sicles. (Menochius) ---

3 Esdras has "mnas" in both places.

Haydock: Ezr 2:70 - Some Some. The laics, mentioned from ver. 2., to 35. (Haydock)

Some. The laics, mentioned from ver. 2., to 35. (Haydock)

Gill: Ezr 2:1 - Now these are the children of the province // that went out of the captivity, of those which had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had carried away unto Babylon // and came again unto Jerusalem and Judah, everyone unto his city Now these are the children of the province,.... Either of the province of Babylon, as Aben Ezra, where they were either born, or had dwelt for many ye...

Now these are the children of the province,.... Either of the province of Babylon, as Aben Ezra, where they were either born, or had dwelt for many years; or else rather, according to Jarchi, of the province of Judea, as it is called, Ezr 5:8 once a flourishing kingdom, but reduced to a province of the Babylonian monarchy, now in the hands of the Medes and Persians, of which province they and their fathers originally were:

that went out of the captivity, of those which had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had carried away unto Babylon; who either in person, or in their parents, were carried captive by him, and who were the tribes of Judah and Benjamin; and they are only mentioned, because they were the principal that returned, though there were some of the other tribes that also came up with them:

and came again unto Jerusalem and Judah, everyone unto his city; that he dwelt in before, or was now assigned to him by lot, see Neh 11:1, &c.

Gill: Ezr 2:2 - Which came with Zerubbabel // the number of the men of the people of Israel Which came with Zerubbabel,.... The head of them, the prince of Judah; and the chief that came with him are the ten following; Jeshua, Nehemiah, Serai...

Which came with Zerubbabel,.... The head of them, the prince of Judah; and the chief that came with him are the ten following; Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, Reelaiah, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar, Bigvai, Rehum, Baanah; the first of these, Jeshua, was Joshua the high priest, the son of Josedech, Hag 1:1. Dr. Lightfoot s thinks that Nehemiah is the same, whose name the following book bears; and that Mordecai is he who was uncle to Esther, so Aben Ezra; but, if so, they must both return again; for that Nehemiah came to Jerusalem in the twentieth year of Artaxerxes, Neh 1:1, and that Mordecai brought up his niece in the city of Shushan, in the times of Ahasuerus, is certain; and this, with respect to both, is denied by others t, who take them to be different men of the same name; and the same writer is of opinion that Seraiah, and who is called Azariah, Neh 7:7 is the same with Ezra, who therefore must and did return, since he went up to Jerusalem in the seventh year of Artaxerxes, Ezr 7:1, as for the others, we know nothing more of them than their names:

the number of the men of the people of Israel; either of the principal of them before named, or of the common people, which next follows.

Gill: Ezr 2:3-35 - The children of Parosh, two thousand an hundred and seventy two. The children of Parosh, two thousand an hundred and seventy two. From hence, to the end of Ezr 2:35, a list is given of the captives that returned, de...

The children of Parosh, two thousand an hundred and seventy two. From hence, to the end of Ezr 2:35, a list is given of the captives that returned, described by the families they were of, their ancestors from whence they sprung, or the towns and cities to which they originally belonged, and by their numbers; otherwise nothing more of them is known.

Gill: Ezr 2:36-39 - The priests The priests,.... An account of them is given in this and the three following verses, and only four families are mentioned, those of Jedaiah, Immer, Pa...

The priests,.... An account of them is given in this and the three following verses, and only four families are mentioned, those of Jedaiah, Immer, Pashur, and Harim, and the number of them amounted to 4289; these, according to the Jews, were heads of four courses, which were all that returned from Babylon u.

Gill: Ezr 2:40-42 - The Levites The Levites,.... Singers and porters, who are reckoned in this, and the two following verses, whose numbers were no more than three hundred and forty ...

The Levites,.... Singers and porters, who are reckoned in this, and the two following verses, whose numbers were no more than three hundred and forty one; whereas, in the times of David, they were 38,000, 1Ch 23:3.

Gill: Ezr 2:43-58 - The Nethinims The Nethinims,.... Supposed by Aben Ezra and Jarchi to be the Gibeonites, who were "given" by Joshua, as the word Nethinims signifies, to the congrega...

The Nethinims,.... Supposed by Aben Ezra and Jarchi to be the Gibeonites, who were "given" by Joshua, as the word Nethinims signifies, to the congregation, to be hewers of wood and drawers of water; but rather were those that were given by David to assist the Levites; of these is an account from hence to the end of Ezr 2:58, together with those who descended from Solomon's servants, who seem to be the remains of the Canaanites in the land, whom Solomon made bondservants of, 1Ki 9:20, who, and their posterity, became proselytes; or those sprung from men that were domestic servants of Solomon's, and valued themselves on that account; the number of the Nethinims and these together were three hundred ninety and two.

Gill: Ezr 2:59 - And these were they that went up from Telmelah, Telharsa // Cherub, Addan, and Immer; but they could not show their father's house, and their seed, whether they were of Israel And these were they that went up from Telmelah, Telharsa,.... Places in the land of Babylon, see Isa 37:12. Cherub, Addan, and Immer; but they coul...

And these were they that went up from Telmelah, Telharsa,.... Places in the land of Babylon, see Isa 37:12.

Cherub, Addan, and Immer; but they could not show their father's house, and their seed, whether they were of Israel; these were such that professed the Jewish religion, and went for Jews in Babylon, but could not trace their pedigree, and tell what family they were of, who their ancestors, and where they had lived in Judea; they had lost their genealogical tables, if they ever had any, and could not make it out, whether their parents were Israelites or proselyted Gentiles; or they were such who had been exposed, and taken out of the streets, and their parents unknown.

Gill: Ezr 2:60 - The children of Delaiah, the children of Tobiah, and the children of Nekoda, six hundred fifty and two. The children of Delaiah, the children of Tobiah, and the children of Nekoda, six hundred fifty and two. These, though their immediate parents were kno...

The children of Delaiah, the children of Tobiah, and the children of Nekoda, six hundred fifty and two. These, though their immediate parents were known, yet by their being mentioned here, it seems as if they could not carry their genealogy further, and make it clearly appear what was the house of their fathers, or what their family.

Gill: Ezr 2:61 - And of the children of the priests // the children of Habaiah, the children of Koz, the children of Barzillai // which took a wife of the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite, and was called after their name And of the children of the priests,.... Who could not make out their pedigree, for those that could are mentioned before: the children of Habaiah, ...

And of the children of the priests,.... Who could not make out their pedigree, for those that could are mentioned before:

the children of Habaiah, the children of Koz, the children of Barzillai; how the latter came by this name follows:

which took a wife of the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite, and was called after their name; this man married a woman that descended from the famous Barzillai the Gileadite, in the times of David; and the priesthood being in disuse, and mean and despicable, in Babylon, he chose to take the name of his wife's family, and pass for a descendant from that, and perhaps destroyed, or at least neglected, to take care of the genealogy of his own family.

Gill: Ezr 2:62 - These sought their register among those that were reckoned by genealogy // but they were not found // therefore were they, as polluted, put from the priesthood These sought their register among those that were reckoned by genealogy,.... To find their names written and registered there; for the Jews kept publi...

These sought their register among those that were reckoned by genealogy,.... To find their names written and registered there; for the Jews kept public registers of their priests, their descent, marriages, and offspring, that it might be known who were fit, and who not, to officiate as such:

but they were not found; their names were not there, nor any account taken of them:

therefore were they, as polluted, put from the priesthood; were not suffered to attend at the altar, and offer sacrifice, and enjoy the privileges belonging to that office.

Gill: Ezr 2:63 - And the Tirshatha said unto them // that they should not eat of the most holy things // till there stood up a priest with Urim and Thummim And the Tirshatha said unto them,.... By whom Jarchi understands Nehemiah, and observes, that their rabbins say he was so called, because the wise men...

And the Tirshatha said unto them,.... By whom Jarchi understands Nehemiah, and observes, that their rabbins say he was so called, because the wise men allowed him to drink the wine of the Gentiles, he being cupbearer to the king; but Aben Ezra, with greater probability, takes it to be a name of honour and grandeur in the Chaldee language, as a prince or governor; and no doubt Zerubbabel is meant, the prince of the Jews, the same with Sheshbazzar, Ezr 1:8 according to Gussetius w, this office was the same with that of the king's commissary in a province, delegated to carry his orders, make them known, and see them put in execution; and that this name Tirshatha is the same with Tithraustes in Aelian x; but that seems to be not the title of an office, but the personal name of a man that was a chiliarch:

that they should not eat of the most holy things; as of the shewbread, and those parts of the sin offerings, and of the peace offerings and meat offerings, which belonged to the priests, which the governor forbid these to eat of, who were rejected from the priesthood:

till there stood up a priest with Urim and Thummim; as yet there was not any priest that had them; they were not to be found at the return from Babylon; the governor might hope they would be found, and a priest appear clothed with them, when it might be inquired of the Lord by them, whether such priests, before described, might eat of the holy things or not; but since the Jews y acknowledge that these were one of the five things wanting in the second temple; it is all one, as the Talmudists z express it, as if it had been said, until the dead rise, or the Messiah comes; and who is come, the true High Priest, and with whom are the true Urim and Thummim, lights and perfections to the highest degree, being full of grace and truth; of the Urim and Thummim; see Gill on Exo 28:30.

Gill: Ezr 2:64 - The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore. The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore. But the sums before given make no more, with Zerubbabel, and...

The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore. But the sums before given make no more, with Zerubbabel, and the ten principal men, than 29,829, so that there are more than 12,000 wanting; wherefore, in answer to the question, where are the 12,000? the Jews say in their chronology a these are they of the other tribes, who set up the altar on its bases, and gave money to the masons, &c. Ezr 3:1, this was a much larger number than were carried captive; see 2Ki 24:14, but not to be compared with the number that came out of Egypt, Exo 12:37. An Arabic writer b makes them 50,000, but wrongly.

Gill: Ezr 2:65 - Besides their servants and their maids, of whom there were seven thousand three hundred thirty and seven // and there were among them two hundred singing men and singing women Besides their servants and their maids, of whom there were seven thousand three hundred thirty and seven,.... This shows that the greater part of thos...

Besides their servants and their maids, of whom there were seven thousand three hundred thirty and seven,.... This shows that the greater part of those that returned were of the poorer sort, since there were so few servants that belonged unto them; these came not into the above account:

and there were among them two hundred singing men and singing women; among the servants, who were kept by persons of figure for their pleasure and recreation, see Ecc 2:8, for that these were such as were employed in sacred service is not so clear, especially the latter, though some conclude it from 1Ch 25:5, but rather they were such as were employed at marriages, festivals, and funerals; though Jarchi thinks they were employed by the returning captives, to make them cheerful as they travelled along; see Gill on Isa 55:12.

Gill: Ezr 2:66 - -- So that the far greatest part of them must walk on foot, since these can be thought to be little more than sufficient to carry their goods or baggage;...

So that the far greatest part of them must walk on foot, since these can be thought to be little more than sufficient to carry their goods or baggage; some copies of the Vulgate Latin read six hundred and thirty six horses c.

Gill: Ezr 2:68 - And some of the chief of the fathers, when they came to the house of the Lord that is at Jerusalem // offered freely for the house of God, to set it up in its place And some of the chief of the fathers, when they came to the house of the Lord that is at Jerusalem,.... That is, when they came to the place where it ...

And some of the chief of the fathers, when they came to the house of the Lord that is at Jerusalem,.... That is, when they came to the place where it formerly stood, and where were still the ruins of it:

offered freely for the house of God, to set it up in its place; to rebuild it upon the spot where it formerly stood; this they did besides the freewill offerings they brought with them from Babylon.

Gill: Ezr 2:69 - They gave after their ability unto the treasure of the world threescore and one thousand drachms of gold // and five thousand pounds of silver // and one hundred priests' garments They gave after their ability unto the treasure of the world threescore and one thousand drachms of gold,.... These "darcemons or darics" were a Persi...

They gave after their ability unto the treasure of the world threescore and one thousand drachms of gold,.... These "darcemons or darics" were a Persian coin; one of which, according to Brerewood k, was of the value of fifteen shillings of our money, and so this quantity of them amounted to 45,750 pounds; but according to Bishop Cumberland l they were of the value of twenty shillings and four pence of our money, and so came to upwards of 61,000 pounds; these everyone, according to his ability, put into the common stock or treasury for the work of building the temple; the Vulgate Latin m reads 40,000:

and five thousand pounds of silver; and an Hebrew "mina", or pound, being of our money seven pounds, ten shillings, according to Brerewood n, amounted to 31,250 pounds: but others o, reckoning a drachm of gold at ten shillings, and a mina or pound of silver at nine pounds, make the whole to amount only to 75,500 pounds of our money:

and one hundred priests' garments; which, as they were laid up among treasures, so were necessary for the service of the temple.

Gill: Ezr 2:70 - So the priests and the Levites, and some of the people, and the singers, and the Nethinims, dwelt in their cities // and all Israel in their cities So the priests and the Levites, and some of the people, and the singers, and the Nethinims, dwelt in their cities,.... Which were assigned to them out...

So the priests and the Levites, and some of the people, and the singers, and the Nethinims, dwelt in their cities,.... Which were assigned to them out of the several tribes, and in which they or their forefathers had dwelt before the captivity:

and all Israel in their cities; as those of the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, so of the other ten, as many as returned and joined those who were left in the land.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Ezr 2:1 For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

NET Notes: Ezr 2:2 The words “was as follows” are not in the Hebrew text but are used in the translation for clarity.

NET Notes: Ezr 2:3 Heb “the sons of.”

NET Notes: Ezr 2:6 The MT reads יוֹאָב (yo’av, “Joab”). However, syntax demands the reading וְי&#...

NET Notes: Ezr 2:16 Heb “to.” So also in vv. 36, 40.

NET Notes: Ezr 2:21 For location see Map5 B1; Map7 E2; Map8 E2; Map10 B4.

NET Notes: Ezr 2:24 Heb “the men of the house of Azmaveth”; some regard בֵּית (bet, “house of”) as a part of the pla...

NET Notes: Ezr 2:25 The translation, with the support of many manuscripts, reads יְעָרִים (yÿ’arim) here rather...

NET Notes: Ezr 2:28 For location see Map4 G4; Map5 C1; Map6 E3; Map7 D1; Map8 G3.

NET Notes: Ezr 2:34 For location see Map5 B2; Map6 E1; Map7 E1; Map8 E3; Map10 A2; Map11 A1.

NET Notes: Ezr 2:36 Heb “the house of.”

NET Notes: Ezr 2:42 Here it is preferable to delete the reading בְּנֵי (bÿne, “the sons of”) found in the MT.

NET Notes: Ezr 2:46 The translation follows the Qere reading “Shalmai” (so KJV, NASB, NIV, NLT) rather than the MT Kethib “Shamlai” (so ASV, NAB, ...

NET Notes: Ezr 2:59 Heb “their seed.”

NET Notes: Ezr 2:61 Heb “their.”

NET Notes: Ezr 2:62 Heb “they were desecrated.”

NET Notes: Ezr 2:63 Heb “to stand.”

NET Notes: Ezr 2:64 The same total is given in Neh 7:66, but it is difficult to understand how this number is reached, since the numbers of people listed in the constitue...

NET Notes: Ezr 2:65 Heb “besides” or “in addition to.”

NET Notes: Ezr 2:68 Heb “cause it to stand.”

NET Notes: Ezr 2:69 Or “garments.”

Geneva Bible: Ezr 2:1 Now these [are] the children ( a ) of the province that went up out of the captivity, of those which had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnezzar the ki...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 2:2 Which came with ( b ) Zerubbabel: Jeshua, Nehemiah, Seraiah, Reelaiah, ( c ) Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispar, Bigvai, Rehum, Baanah. The number ( d ) of the...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 2:16 The children of Ater of ( e ) Hezekiah, ninety and eight. ( e ) Who were of the posterity of Hezekiah.

Geneva Bible: Ezr 2:21 ( f ) The children of Bethlehem, an hundred twenty and three. ( f ) That is inhabitants, for so this word ( some ) signifies when it is joined with ...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 2:36 The ( g ) priests: the children of Jedaiah, of the house of Jeshua, nine hundred seventy and three. ( g ) Before he has declared the two tribes of Ju...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 2:43 The ( h ) Nethinims: the children of Ziha, the children of Hasupha, the children of Tabbaoth, ( h ) So called because they were given to the temple, ...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 2:55 The children of Solomon's ( i ) servants: the children of Sotai, the children of Sophereth, the children of Peruda, ( i ) Which came of them that Sol...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 2:61 And of the children of the priests: the children of Habaiah, the children of Koz, the children of ( k ) Barzillai; which took a wife of the daughters ...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 2:63 And the ( l ) Tirshatha said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with ( m ) Urim and with Thummi...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 2:69 They gave after their ability unto the treasure of the work threescore and one thousand ( n ) drams of gold, and five thousand ( o ) pounds of silver,...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: Ezr 2:1-35 - --An account was kept of the families that came up out of captivity. See how sin lowers a nation, which righteousness would exalt!

MHCC: Ezr 2:36-63 - --Those who undervalue their relation to the Lord in times of reproach, persecution, or distress, will have no benefit from it when it becomes honourabl...

MHCC: Ezr 2:64-70 - --Let none complain of the needful expenses of their religion. Seek first the kingdom of God, his favour and his glory, then will all other things be ad...

Matthew Henry: Ezr 2:1-35 - -- We may observe here, 1. That an account was kept in writing of the families that came up out of captivity, and the numbers of each family. This was ...

Matthew Henry: Ezr 2:36-63 - -- Here is an account, I. Of the priests that returned, and they were a considerable number, about a tenth part of the whole company: for the whole wer...

Matthew Henry: Ezr 2:64-70 - -- Here is, I. The sum total of the company that returned out of Babylon. The particular sums before mentioned amount not quite to 30,000 (29,818), so ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 2:1-2 - -- The title . - "These are the children of the province that went upout of the captivity, of the carrying away (i.e., of those which had beencarried ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 2:3-35 - -- List of the houses and families of the people. Comp. Neh 7:8-38. - To showthe variations in names and numbers between the two texts, we here placet...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 2:36-39 - -- The list of the priests is identical, both in names and numbers, with that ofNeh 7:39-42. These are: The sons of Jedaiah, of the house of Jeshua973 ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 2:40-58 - -- Levites, Nethinim, and Solomon's servants. Comp. Neh. 7:43-60. Levites: the sons of Jeshua and Kadmiel, of the sons of Hodivah 7474 Singers: sons of...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 2:59-60 - -- Those who went up with, but could not prove that they pertained to, thenation of Israel. Comp. Neh 7:61 and Neh 7:62. - Three such families are name...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 2:61-62 - -- Priests who could not prove themselves members of the priesthood. Comp. Neh 7:63-65. - Three such families are named: the sons of Habaiah,the sons ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 2:63 - -- The Tirshatha, the secular governor of the community, i.e., as is obviousfrom a comparison of Neh 7:65 with Neh 7:70, Zerubbabel, called Hag 1:1 י...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 2:64-67 - -- The whole number of those who returned, their servants, maids, andbeasts of burden. Comp. Neh 7:66-69. - The sum-total of the congregation( כּאח...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 2:68-70 - -- Contributions towards the rebuilding of the temple, and concludingremarks. Comp. Neh 7:70-73. - Some of the heads of houses, when theycame to the h...

Constable: Ezr 1:1--6:22 - --I. THE FIRST RETURN UNDER SHESHBAZZAR chs. 1--6 "This whole section (Ezra 1-6) emphasizes God's sovereignty and ...

Constable: Ezr 2:1-70 - --2. The exiles who returned ch. 2 This chapter contains a record of the people who responded to C...

Constable: Ezr 2:1-2 - --The leaders 2:1-2a The "province" referred to was probably Judah38 rather than Babylonia...

Constable: Ezr 2:2-35 - --The general population 2:2b-35 The designations "sons of" and "men of" in these verses p...

Constable: Ezr 2:36-39 - --The priests 2:36-39 Only four of the 24 priestly families that David organized (1 Chron....

Constable: Ezr 2:40-42 - --The Levites 2:40-42 Few Levites, only 341, chose to leave the comforts of life in Babylo...

Constable: Ezr 2:43-54 - --The temple servants 2:43-54 The "temple servants" were an order of Israelites that David...

Constable: Ezr 2:55-58 - --The descendants of Solomon's servants 2:55-58 These people seem to have been those who d...

Constable: Ezr 2:59-60 - --Israelites of doubtful origin 2:59-60 "We may infer from this pericope as it is clearly ...

Constable: Ezr 2:61-63 - --Priests of doubtful origin 2:61-63 These men returned but could not serve as priests unt...

Constable: Ezr 2:64-67 - --The totals 2:64-67 There is a discrepancy between the total number of exiles the writer ...

Constable: Ezr 2:68-70 - --Arrival in Jerusalem 2:68-70 The Israelites contributed to the rebuilding of the temple ...

Guzik: Ezr 2:1-70 - List of the Returning Exiles Ezra 2 - List of the Returning Exiles A. Those returning from exile. 1. (1-2) Those immediately associated with Zerubbabel. Now these are the peop...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: Ezra (Pendahuluan Kitab) EZRA was, along with Nehemiah, reckoned one book by the ancient Jews, who called them the First and Second Books of Ezra, and they are still designate...

JFB: Ezra (Garis Besar) PROCLAMATION OF CYRUS FOR BUILDING THE TEMPLE. (Ezr 1:1-6) CYRUS RESTORES THE VESSELS. (Ezr 1:7-11) NUMBER OF THE PEOPLE THAT TURNED. (Ezra 2:1-70) T...

TSK: Ezra (Pendahuluan Kitab) This book details the events of a very interesting period of the Sacred History, when, according to the decree of Providence, the Jewish people were t...

TSK: Ezra 2 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Ezr 2:1, The number that return of the people; Ezr 2:36, of the priests; Ezr 2:40, of the Levites; Ezr 2:43, of the Nethinims; Ezr 2:55, ...

Poole: Ezra (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE ARGUMENT THAT this book of EZRA is part of the canonical Scripture is evident, partly from the testimony of the Jewish church, to which were c...

Poole: Ezra 2 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHAPTER 2 The number of the people that returned, Ezr 2:1-35 ; and of the priests, Ezr 2:36-39 ; of the Levites, Ezr 2:40 ; of the singers, Ezr 2:4...

MHCC: Ezra (Pendahuluan Kitab) The history of this book is the accomplishment of Jeremiah's prophecy concerning the return of the Jews out of Babylon. From its contents we especiall...

MHCC: Ezra 2 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (v. 1-35) The numbers that returned. (v. 36-63) The numbers of the priests and Levites. (Ezr 2:64-70) The offerings for the temple.

Matthew Henry: Ezra (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Book of Ezra The Jewish church puts on quite another face in this book from what it had appeared wi...

Matthew Henry: Ezra 2 (Pendahuluan Pasal) That many returned out of Babylon upon Cyrus's proclamation we were told in the foregoing chapter; we have here a catalogue of the several families...

Constable: Ezra (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title The title in the English text comes from the main character in the ...

Constable: Ezra (Garis Besar) Outline I. The first return under Sheshbazzar chs. 1-6 A. The return from Babylon chs. 1-2 ...

Constable: Ezra Ezra Bibliography Ackroyd, Peter R. I and II Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah. London: SCM Press, 1973. ...

Haydock: Ezra (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST BOOK OF ESDRAS. INTRODUCTION. This Book taketh its name from the writer, who was a holy priest and doctor of the law. He is called by...

Gill: Ezra (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO EZRA This book, in the Vulgate Latin and Arabic versions, is called the "First" Book of Ezra, Nehemiah being reckoned the "second";...

Gill: Ezra 2 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO EZRA 2 This chapter contains a list of those that went up from Babylon to Jerusalem, of their leaders, their chief men, princes and...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


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