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Teks -- Numbers 7:1-89 (NET)

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Konteks
The Leader’s Offerings
7:1 When Moses had completed setting up the tabernacle, he anointed it and consecrated it and all its furnishings, and he anointed and consecrated the altar and all its utensils. 7:2 Then the leaders of Israel, the heads of their clans, made an offering. They were the leaders of the tribes; they were the ones who had been supervising the numbering. 7:3 They brought their offering before the Lord, six covered carts and twelve oxen– one cart for every two of the leaders, and an ox for each one; and they presented them in front of the tabernacle.
The Distribution of the Gifts
7:4 Then the Lord spoke to Moses: 7:5 “Receive these gifts from them, that they may be used in doing the work of the tent of meeting; and you must give them to the Levites, to every man as his service requires.” 7:6 So Moses accepted the carts and the oxen and gave them to the Levites. 7:7 He gave two carts and four oxen to the Gershonites, as their service required; 7:8 and he gave four carts and eight oxen to the Merarites, as their service required, under the authority of Ithamar son of Aaron the priest. 7:9 But to the Kohathites he gave none, because the service of the holy things, which they carried on their shoulders, was their responsibility.
The Time of Presentation
7:10 The leaders offered gifts for the dedication of the altar when it was anointed. And the leaders presented their offering before the altar. 7:11 For the Lord said to Moses, “They must present their offering, one leader for each day, for the dedication of the altar.”
The Tribal Offerings
7:12 The one who presented his offering on the first day was Nahshon son of Amminadab, from the tribe of Judah. 7:13 His offering was one silver platter weighing 130 shekels, and one silver sprinkling bowl weighing 70 shekels, both according to the sanctuary shekel, each of them full of fine flour mixed with olive oil as a grain offering; 7:14 one gold pan weighing 10 shekels, full of incense; 7:15 one young bull, one ram, and one male lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering; 7:16 one male goat for a purification offering; 7:17 and for the sacrifice of peace offerings: two bulls, five rams, five male goats, and five male lambs in their first year. This was the offering of Nahshon son of Amminadab. 7:18 On the second day Nethanel son of Zuar, leader of Issachar, presented an offering. 7:19 He offered for his offering one silver platter weighing 130 shekels and one silver sprinkling bowl weighing 70, both according to the sanctuary shekel, each of them full of fine flour mixed with olive oil as a grain offering; 7:20 one gold pan weighing 10 shekels, full of incense; 7:21 one young bull, one ram, and one male lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering; 7:22 one male goat for a purification offering; 7:23 and for the sacrifice of peace offerings: two bulls, five rams, five male goats, and five male lambs in their first year. This was the offering of Nethanel son of Zuar. 7:24 On the third day Eliab son of Helon, leader of the Zebulunites, presented an offering. 7:25 His offering was one silver platter weighing 130 shekels and one silver sprinkling bowl weighing 70 shekels, both according to the sanctuary shekel, each of them full of fine flour mixed with olive oil as a grain offering; 7:26 one gold pan weighing 10 shekels, full of incense; 7:27 one young bull, one ram, and one male lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering; 7:28 one male goat for a purification offering; 7:29 and for the sacrifice of peace offerings: two bulls, five rams, five male goats, and five male lambs in their first year. This was the offering of Eliab son of Helon. 7:30 On the fourth day Elizur son of Shedeur, leader of the Reubenites, presented an offering. 7:31 His offering was one silver platter weighing 130 shekels and one silver sprinkling bowl weighing 70 shekels, both according to the sanctuary shekel, each of them full of fine flour mixed with olive oil as a grain offering; 7:32 one gold pan weighing 10 shekels, full of incense; 7:33 one young bull, one ram, and one male lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering; 7:34 one male goat for a purification offering; 7:35 and for the sacrifice of peace offerings: two bulls, five rams, five male goats, and five lambs in their first year. This was the offering of Elizur son of Shedeur. 7:36 On the fifth day Shelumiel son of Zurishaddai, leader of the Simeonites, presented an offering. 7:37 His offering was one silver platter weighing 130 shekels and one silver sprinkling bowl weighing 70 shekels, both according to the sanctuary shekel, each of them full of fine flour mixed with olive oil as a grain offering; 7:38 one gold pan weighing 10 shekels; 7:39 one young bull, one ram, and one male lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering; 7:40 one male goat for a purification offering; 7:41 and for the sacrifice of peace offerings: two bulls, five rams, five male goats, and five lambs in their first year. This was the offering of Sheloumiel son of Zurishaddai. 7:42 On the sixth day Eliasaph son of Deuel, leader of the Gadites, presented an offering. 7:43 His offering was one silver platter weighing 130 shekels and one silver sprinkling bowl weighing 70 shekels, both according to the sanctuary shekel, each of them full of fine flour mixed with olive oil as a grain offering; 7:44 one gold pan weighing 10 shekels; 7:45 one young bull, one ram, and one male lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering; 7:46 one male goat for a purification offering; 7:47 and for the sacrifice of peace offerings: two bulls, five rams, five male goats, and five lambs in their first year. This was the offering of Eliasaph son of Deuel. 7:48 On the seventh day Elishama son of Ammihud, leader of the Ephraimites, presented an offering. 7:49 His offering was one silver platter weighing 130 shekels and one silver sprinkling bowl weighing 70 shekels, both according to the sanctuary shekel, each of them full of fine flour mixed with olive oil as a grain offering; 7:50 one gold pan weighing 10 shekels, full of incense; 7:51 one young bull, one ram, and one male lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering; 7:52 one male goat for a purification offering; 7:53 and for the sacrifice of peace offerings: two bulls, five rams, five male goats, and five lambs in their first year. This was the offering of Elishama son of Ammihud. 7:54 On the eighth day Gamaliel son of Pedahzur, leader of the Manassehites, presented an offering. 7:55 His offering was one silver platter weighing 130 shekels and one silver sprinkling bowl weighing 70 shekels, both according to the sanctuary shekel, each of them full of fine flour mixed with olive oil as a grain offering; 7:56 one gold pan weighing 10 shekels, full of incense; 7:57 one young bull, one ram, and one male lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering; 7:58 one male goat for a purification offering; 7:59 and for the sacrifice of peace offerings: two bulls, five rams, five male goats, and five lambs in their first year. This was the offering of Gamaliel son of Pedahzur. 7:60 On the ninth day Abidan son of Gideoni, leader of the Benjaminites, presented an offering. 7:61 His offering was one silver platter weighing 130 shekels and one silver sprinkling bowl weighing 70 shekels, both according to the sanctuary shekel, each of them full of fine flour mixed with olive oil as a grain offering; 7:62 one gold pan weighing 10 shekels, full of incense; 7:63 one young bull, one ram, and one male lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering; 7:64 one male goat for a purification offering; 7:65 and for the sacrifice of peace offerings: two bulls, five rams, five male goats, and five lambs in their first year. This was the offering of Abidan son of Gideoni. 7:66 On the tenth day Ahiezer son of Amishaddai, leader of the Danites, presented an offering. 7:67 His offering was one silver platter weighing 130 shekels and one silver sprinkling bowl weighing 70 shekels, both according to the sanctuary shekel, each of them full of fine flour mixed with olive oil as a grain offering; 7:68 one gold pan weighing 10 shekels, full of incense; 7:69 one young bull, one ram, and one male lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering; 7:70 one male goat for a purification offering; 7:71 and for the sacrifice of peace offerings: two bulls, five rams, five male goats, and five lambs in their first year. This was the offering of Ahiezer son of Amishaddai. 7:72 On the eleventh day Pagiel son of Ocran, leader of the Asherites, presented an offering. 7:73 His offering was one silver platter weighing 130 shekels and one silver sprinkling bowl weighing 70 shekels, both according to the sanctuary shekel, each of them full of fine flour mixed with olive oil as a grain offering; 7:74 one gold pan weighing 10 shekels, full of incense; 7:75 one young bull, one ram, and one male lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering; 7:76 one male goat for a purification offering; 7:77 and for the sacrifice of peace offerings: two bulls, five rams, five male goats, and five lambs in their first year. This was the offering of Pagiel son of Ocran. 7:78 On the twelfth day Ahira son of Enan, leader of the Naphtalites, presented an offering. 7:79 His offering was one silver platter weighing 130 shekels and one silver sprinkling bowl weighing 70 shekels, both according to the sanctuary shekel, each of them full of fine flour mixed with olive oil as a grain offering; 7:80 one gold pan weighing 10 shekels; 7:81 one young bull, one ram, and one male lamb in its first year, for a burnt offering; 7:82 one male goat for a purification offering; 7:83 and for the sacrifice of peace offerings: two bulls, five rams, five male goats, and five lambs in their first year. This was the offering of Ahira son of Enan.
Summary
7:84 This was the dedication for the altar from the leaders of Israel, when it was anointed: twelve silver platters, twelve silver sprinkling bowls, and twelve gold pans. 7:85 Each silver platter weighed 130 shekels, and each silver sprinkling bowl weighed 70 shekels. All the silver of the vessels weighed 2,400 shekels, according to the sanctuary shekel. 7:86 The twelve gold pans full of incense weighed 10 shekels each, according to the sanctuary shekel; all the gold of the pans weighed 120 shekels. 7:87 All the animals for the burnt offering were 12 young bulls, 12 rams, 12 male lambs in their first year, with their grain offering, and 12 male goats for a purification offering. 7:88 All the animals for the sacrifice for the peace offering were 24 young bulls, 60 rams, 60 male goats, and 60 lambs in their first year. These were the dedication offerings for the altar after it was anointed. 7:89 Now when Moses went into the tent of meeting to speak with the Lord, he heard the voice speaking to him from above the atonement lid that was on the ark of the testimony, from between the two cherubim. Thus he spoke to him.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Aaron a son of Amram; brother of Moses,son of Amram (Kohath Levi); patriarch of Israel's priests,the clan or priestly line founded by Aaron
 · Abidan the son of Gideoni; Moses' officer over the tribe of Benjamin
 · Ahiezer son of Ammishaddai; Moses' officer over the tribe of Dan,son of Shemaah of Gibeah; chief of Benjamite defecters to David
 · Ahira son of Enan; Moses' officer over the tribe of Naphtali
 · Ammihud son of Ladan; father of Elishama, Moses' deputy over Ephraim,father of Shemuel, Moses' land distribution officer for Simeon,father of Pedahel, Moses' land distribution deputy for Naphtali,father of Talmai, king of Geshur with whom Absalom stayed,son of Omri (Judah); father of Uthai the returned exile
 · Amminadab A son of Ram; the father of Nahshon and an ancestor of Jesus,son of Ram (Judah); father of Nahshon, Moses' deputy over Judah,son of Kohath son of Levi,a man of Levi; head of the clan of Uzziel under David
 · Ammishaddai father of Ahiezer, Moses' officer over the tribe of Dan
 · Asher a tribe of Israel that came from Asher; son of Jacob and Zilpah,the man; son of Jacob and Zilpah,a tribe of Israel or its land
 · Benjamin the tribe of Benjamin of Israel
 · Dan residents of the town of Dan; members of the tribe of Dan,the tribe of Dan as a whole; the descendants of Dan in Israel
 · Deuel father of Eliasaph, Moses' officer over the tribe of Gad
 · Eliab son of Helon; Moses' officer over the tribe of Zebulun,son of Pallu of Reuben; father of Dathan and Abiram,son of Jesse; brother of David,a Levite worship leader in David's time,a Gadite officer of Saul's who defected to David,son of Nahath/Toah/Tohu of Levi; Samuel's great grandfather
 · Eliasaph son of Deuel; Moses' officer over the tribe of Gad
 · Elishama son of Ammihud of Ephraim; Moses' deputy over Ephraim,Elishama I; son of David,son of David; Elishama II,son of Jekamiah of Judah,grandfather of Ishmael who killed Gedaliah; the father of Nethaniah,a man who was the secretary of King Jehoiakim,a priest whom King Jehoshaphat sent to teach the law in Judah
 · Elizur son of Shedeur; Moses' officer over the tribe of Reuben
 · Enan father of Ahira, Moses' officer over the tribe of Naphtali
 · Ephraim the tribe of Ephraim as a whole,the northern kingdom of Israel
 · Gad the tribe of Israel descended from Gad, the son of Jacob,the man; the son of Jacob and Zilpah,the tribe of Gad in Israel,a prophet and long time advisor to King David
 · Gamaliel a man who was a highly regarded Pharisee and a member of the Sanhedrin,son of Pedahzur; Moses' officer over the tribe of Manasseh
 · Gershon the clan of Gershom/Gershon of the tribe of Levi
 · Gideoni father of Abidan Moses' officer over the tribe of Benjamin
 · Helon father of Eliab, Moses' officer over the tribe of Zebulun
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Issachar the tribe of Israel that came from his Jacob's son Issachar,son of Jacob and Leah; founder of the tribe of Issachar,the tribe of Issachar in Israel,son of Obed-Edom
 · Ithamar son of Aaron
 · Judah the son of Jacob and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,a tribe, the land/country,a son of Joseph; the father of Simeon; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Jacob/Israel and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,the tribe of Judah,citizens of the southern kingdom of Judah,citizens of the Persian Province of Judah; the Jews who had returned from Babylonian exile,"house of Judah", a phrase which highlights the political leadership of the tribe of Judah,"king of Judah", a phrase which relates to the southern kingdom of Judah,"kings of Judah", a phrase relating to the southern kingdom of Judah,"princes of Judah", a phrase relating to the kingdom of Judah,the territory allocated to the tribe of Judah, and also the extended territory of the southern kingdom of Judah,the Province of Judah under Persian rule,"hill country of Judah", the relatively cool and green central highlands of the territory of Judah,"the cities of Judah",the language of the Jews; Hebrew,head of a family of Levites who returned from Exile,a Levite who put away his heathen wife,a man who was second in command of Jerusalem; son of Hassenuah of Benjamin,a Levite in charge of the songs of thanksgiving in Nehemiah's time,a leader who helped dedicate Nehemiah's wall,a Levite musician who helped Zechariah of Asaph dedicate Nehemiah's wall
 · Kohath son of Levi; founder of the clan of Kohath,the clan of Kohath
 · Levites relating to Levi and the priesthood given to him,a tribal name describing people and ceremonies as sacred
 · Manasseh the tribe of Manasseh.
 · Merari the clan of Merari of the tribe of Levi
 · Moses a son of Amram; the Levite who led Israel out of Egypt and gave them The Law of Moses,a Levite who led Israel out of Egypt and gave them the law


Topik/Tema Kamus: Merarites | SPOON | Dedication | Tabernacle | Spoons | Israel | Altar | Liberality | Goat | Shekel | Silver | Plate, Platter | Bowl | Gamaliel | Pagiel | Wagon | Ahira | Ahiezer | Government | Bull | selebihnya
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Catatan Kata/Frasa
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Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Wesley: Num 7:1 - On the day It seems day is for time, and on the day, for about the time. For all the princes did not offer these things upon one and the same day, but on several...

It seems day is for time, and on the day, for about the time. For all the princes did not offer these things upon one and the same day, but on several days, as here it follows. And so this chapter comes in its proper place, and those things were done in the second month of the second year after the tabernacle and altar, and all other instruments thereof were anointed, as is here expressed; and after the Levites were separated to the service of the tabernacle, and appointed to their several works, which was done about a month after the tabernacle was erected, and after the numbering of the people, Num. 1:2-49, when the princes here employed in the offerings were first constituted; and after the disposal of the tribes about the tabernacle, the order of which is here observed in the time of their offerings.

Wesley: Num 7:2 - Offered In the manner and days hereafter mentioned.

In the manner and days hereafter mentioned.

Wesley: Num 7:3 - Waggons For the more convenient and safe carriage of such things as were most cumbersome.

For the more convenient and safe carriage of such things as were most cumbersome.

Wesley: Num 7:5 - According to his service More or fewer, as the nature of their service and of the things to be carried required.

More or fewer, as the nature of their service and of the things to be carried required.

Wesley: Num 7:9 - Upon their shoulders Because of the greater worth and holiness of the things which they carried.

Because of the greater worth and holiness of the things which they carried.

Wesley: Num 7:10 - The altar Of burnt-offerings, and incense too, as appears from the matter of their offerings. Not for the first dedication of them, for it is apparent they were...

Of burnt-offerings, and incense too, as appears from the matter of their offerings. Not for the first dedication of them, for it is apparent they were dedicated or consecrated before this time by Moses and Aaron: but for a farther dedication of them, these being the first offerings that were made for any particular persons or tribes.

Wesley: Num 7:10 - In the day That is, about the time, as soon as it was anointed.

That is, about the time, as soon as it was anointed.

Wesley: Num 7:11 - On his day And in this offering they followed the order of their camp, and not of their birth.

And in this offering they followed the order of their camp, and not of their birth.

Wesley: Num 7:13 - Charger A large dish or platter; to be employed about the altar of burnt-offering, or in the court; not in the sanctuary, for all its vessels were of gold.

A large dish or platter; to be employed about the altar of burnt-offering, or in the court; not in the sanctuary, for all its vessels were of gold.

Wesley: Num 7:17 - Peace-offerings Which are more numerous because the princes and priests, and some of the people made a feast before the Lord out of them.

Which are more numerous because the princes and priests, and some of the people made a feast before the Lord out of them.

Wesley: Num 7:87 - Their meal-offering Which was not mentioned before, because it was sufficiently understood from the law which required it.

Which was not mentioned before, because it was sufficiently understood from the law which required it.

Wesley: Num 7:88 - After it was anointed Which words are very conveniently added to explain in what sense he had so oft said, that this was done in the day when it was anointed, namely, not e...

Which words are very conveniently added to explain in what sense he had so oft said, that this was done in the day when it was anointed, namely, not exactly, but in a latitude, a little after that it was anointed.

Wesley: Num 7:89 - To speak with him To consult God upon occasion.

To consult God upon occasion.

Wesley: Num 7:89 - The mercy seat - Which Moses standing without the veil could easily hear. And this seems to be added in this place, to shew that when men had done their part, G...

seat - Which Moses standing without the veil could easily hear. And this seems to be added in this place, to shew that when men had done their part, God was not wanting in the performance of his part, and promise. God's speaking thus to Moses by an audible voice, as if he had been cloathed with a body, was an earnest of the incarnation of the Son of God, when in the fulness of time the Word should be made flesh, and speak in the language of the sons of men. That he who spake to Moses was the Eternal Word, was the belief of many of the ancients. For all God's communion with man is by his Son, who is the same yesterday, to - day and for ever.

JFB: Num 7:1 - the day that Moses had fully set up the tabernacle Those who take the word "day" as literally pointing to the exact date of the completion of the tabernacle, are under a necessity of considering the sa...

Those who take the word "day" as literally pointing to the exact date of the completion of the tabernacle, are under a necessity of considering the sacred narrative as disjointed, and this portion of the history from the seventh to the eleventh chapters as out of its place--the chronology requiring that it should have immediately followed the fortieth chapter of Exodus, which relates that the tabernacle was reared on the first day of the first month of the second year [Exo 40:17]. But that the term "day" is used in a loose and indeterminate sense, as synonymous with time, is evident from the fact that not one day but several days were occupied with the transactions about to be described. So that this chapter stands in its proper place in the order of the history; after the tabernacle and its instruments (the altar and its vessels) had been anointed (Lev 8:10), the Levites separated to the sacred service--the numbering of the people, and the disposal of the tribes about the tabernacle, in a certain order, which was observed by the princes in the presentation of their offerings. This would fix the period of the imposing ceremonial described in this chapter about a month after the completion of the tabernacle.

JFB: Num 7:2-3 - the princes of Israel . . . brought their offering before the Lord The finishing of the sacred edifice would, it may well be imagined, be hailed as an auspicious occasion, diffusing great joy and thankfulness througho...

The finishing of the sacred edifice would, it may well be imagined, be hailed as an auspicious occasion, diffusing great joy and thankfulness throughout the whole population of Israel. But the leading men, not content with participating in the general expression of satisfaction, distinguished themselves by a movement, which, while purely spontaneous, was at the same time so appropriate in the circumstances and so equal in character, as indicates it to have been the result of concerted and previous arrangement. It was an offer of the means of carriage, suitable to the migratory state of the nation in the wilderness, for transporting the tabernacle from place to place. In the pattern of that sacred tent exhibited on the mount, and to which its symbolic and typical character required a faithful adherence, no provision had been made for its removal in the frequent journeyings of the Israelites. That not being essential to the plan of the divine architect, it was left to be accomplished by voluntary liberality; and whether we look to the judicious character of the gifts, or to the public manner in which they were presented, we have unmistakable evidence of the pious and patriotic feelings from which they emanated and the extensive interest the occasion produced. The offerers were "the princes of Israel, heads of the house of their fathers," and the offering consisted of six covered wagons or little cars, and twelve oxen, two of the princes being partners in a wagon, and each furnishing an ox.

JFB: Num 7:4-5 - The Lord spake unto Moses, saying, Take it of them, that they may be to do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation They exhibited a beautiful example to all who are great in dignity and in wealth, to be foremost in contributing to the support and in promoting the i...

They exhibited a beautiful example to all who are great in dignity and in wealth, to be foremost in contributing to the support and in promoting the interests of religion. The strictness of the injunctions Moses had received to adhere with scrupulous fidelity to the divine model of the tabernacle probably led him to doubt whether he was at liberty to act in this matter without orders. God, however, relieved him by declaring His acceptance of the freewill offerings, as well as by giving instructions as to the mode of their distribution among the Levites. It is probable that in doing so, He merely sanctioned the object for which they were offered, and that the practical wisdom of the offerers had previously determined that they should be distributed "unto the Levites, to every man according to his service"--that is, more or fewer were assigned to each of the Levitical divisions, as their department of duty seemed to require. This divine sanction it is of great importance to notice, as establishing the principle, that while in the great matters of divine worship and church government we are to adhere faithfully to the revealed rule of faith and duty, minor arrangements respecting them may be lawfully made, according to the means and convenience of God's people in different places. "There is a great deal left to human regulation--appendages of undoubted convenience, and which it were as absurd to resist on the ground that an express warrant cannot be produced for them, as to protest against the convening of the people to divine service, because there is no Scripture for the erection and ringing of a church bell" [CHALMERS].

JFB: Num 7:6-9 - Moses took the wagons and the oxen The Hebrew word seems to be fairly rendered by the word "wagons." Wheel carriages of some kind are certainly intended; and as they were covered, the b...

The Hebrew word seems to be fairly rendered by the word "wagons." Wheel carriages of some kind are certainly intended; and as they were covered, the best idea we can form of them is, that they bore some resemblance to our covered wagons. That wheel carriages were anciently used in Egypt, and in what is now Asiatic Turkey, is attested, not only by history, but by existing sculptures and paintings. Some of these the Israelites might have brought with them at their departure; and others, the skilful artisans, who did the mechanical work of the tabernacle, could easily have constructed, according to models with which they had been familiar. Each wagon was drawn by two oxen, and a greater number does not seem to have been employed on any of the different occasions mentioned in Scripture. Oxen seem to have been generally used for draught in ancient times among other nations as well as the Hebrews; and they continue still to be employed in dragging the few carts which are in use in some parts of Western Asia [KITTO].

JFB: Num 7:6-9 - gave them unto the Levites The principle of distribution was natural and judicious. The Merarites had twice the number of wagons and oxen appropriated to them that the Gershonit...

The principle of distribution was natural and judicious. The Merarites had twice the number of wagons and oxen appropriated to them that the Gershonites had, obviously because, while the latter had charge only of the coverings and hangings (the light but precious and richly-embroidered drapery, [Num 4:24-26]) the former were appointed to transport all the heavy and bulky materials (the boards, bars, pillars, and sockets) in short, all the larger articles of furniture [Num 4:31-32]. Whoever thinks only of the enormous weight of metal, the gold, silver, brass, &c., that were on the bases, chapiters, and pillars, &c., will probably come to the conclusion that four wagons and eight oxen were not nearly sufficient for the conveyance of so vast a load. Besides, the Merarites were not very numerous, as they amounted only to thirty-two hundred men from thirty years and upward [Num 4:44]; and, therefore, there is reason to suppose that a much greater number of wagons would afterwards be found necessary, and be furnished, than were given on this occasion [CALMET]. Others, who consider the full number of wagons and oxen to be stated in the sacred record, suppose that the Merarites may have carried many of the smaller things in their hands--the sockets, for instance, which being each a talent weight, was one man's burden (2Ki 5:23). The Kohathites had neither wheeled vehicles nor beasts of burden assigned them, because, being charged with the transport of the furniture belonging to the holy place, the sacred worth and character of the vessels entrusted to them (see on Num 4:15) demanded a more honorable mode of conveyance. These were carried by those Levites shoulder high. Even in this minute arrangement every reflecting reader will perceive the evidence of divine wisdom and holiness; and a deviation from the prescribed rule of duty led, in one recorded instance, to a manifestation of holy displeasure, calculated to make a salutary and solemn impression (2Sa 6:6-13).

JFB: Num 7:10-11 - the princes offered for dedicating of the altar, &c. "Altar" is here used in the singular for the plural; for it is evident, from the kind of offerings, that the altars of burnt offering and incense are ...

"Altar" is here used in the singular for the plural; for it is evident, from the kind of offerings, that the altars of burnt offering and incense are both referred to. This was not the first or proper dedication of those altars, which had been made by Moses and Aaron some time before [Lev 8:11]. But it might be considered an additional "dedication"--those offerings being the first that were made for particular persons or tribes.

JFB: Num 7:11 - They shall offer . . . each prince on his day, &c. Eastern princes were accustomed anciently, as they are in Persia still on a certain yearly festival, to sit upon their thrones in great state, when th...

Eastern princes were accustomed anciently, as they are in Persia still on a certain yearly festival, to sit upon their thrones in great state, when the princes and nobles, from all parts of their dominions, appear before them with tributary presents, which form a large proportion of their royal revenue. And in the offering of all gifts or presents to great personages, every article is presented singly and with ostentatious display. The tabernacle being the palace of their great King, as well as the sanctuary of their God, the princes of Israel may be viewed, on the occasion under notice, as presenting their tributary offerings, and in the same manner of successive detail, which accords with the immemorial usages of the East. A day was set apart for each, as much for the imposing solemnity and splendor of the ceremony, as for the prevention of disorder and hurry; and it is observable that, in the order of offering, regard was paid to priority not of birth, but of rank and dignity as they were ranked in the camp--beginning at the east, proceeding to the south, then to the west, and closing with the north, according to the course of the sun.

JFB: Num 7:12-17 - He that offered his offering the first day was Nahshon . . . of the tribe of Judah, &c. Judah having had the precedence assigned to it, the prince or head of that tribe was the first admitted to offer as its representative; and his offeri...

Judah having had the precedence assigned to it, the prince or head of that tribe was the first admitted to offer as its representative; and his offering, as well as that of the others, is thought, from its costliness, to have been furnished not from his own private means, but from the general contributions of each tribe. Some parts of the offering, as the animals for sacrifice, were for the ritual service of the day, the peace offerings being by much the most numerous, as the princes and some of the people joined with the priests afterwards in celebrating the occasion with festive rejoicing. Hence the feast of dedication became afterwards an anniversary festival. Other parts of the offering were intended for permanent use, as utensils necessary in the service of the sanctuary; such as an immense platter and bowl (Exo 25:29). Being of silver, they were to be employed at the altar of burnt offering, or in the court, not in the holy place, all the furniture of which was of solid or plated gold; and there was a golden spoon, the contents of which show its destination to have been the altar of incense. The word rendered "spoon" means a hollow cup, in the shape of a hand, with which the priests on ordinary occasions might lift a quantity from the incense-box to throw on the altar-fire, or into the censers; but on the ceremonial on the day of the annual atonement no instrument was allowed but the high priest's own hands (Lev 16:12).|| 03869||1||66||0||@On the second day Nethaneel . . . prince of Issachar, did offer==--This tribe being stationed on the right side of Judah, offered next through its representative; then Zebulun, which was on the left side; and so on in orderly succession, every tribe making the same kind of offering and in the same amount, to show that, as each was under equal obligation, each rendered an equal tribute. Although each offering made was the same in quantity as well as quality, a separate notice is given of each, as a separate day was appointed for the presentation, that equal honor might be conferred on each, and none appear to be overlooked or slighted. And as the sacred books were frequently read in public, posterity, in each successive age, would feel a livelier interest in the national worship, from the permanent recognition of the offerings made by the ancestors of the respective tribes. But while this was done in one respect, as subjects offering tribute to their king, it was in another respect, a purely religious act. The vessels offered were for a sacrificial use--the animals brought were clean and fit for sacrifice, both symbolically denoting, that while God was to dwell among them as their Sovereign, they were a holy people, who by this offering dedicated themselves to God.

JFB: Num 7:48 - On the seventh day Surprise has been expressed by some that this work of presentation was continued on the Sabbath. But assuming that the seventh day referred to was a S...

Surprise has been expressed by some that this work of presentation was continued on the Sabbath. But assuming that the seventh day referred to was a Sabbath (which is uncertain), the work was of a directly religious character, and perfectly in accordance with the design of the sacred day.

JFB: Num 7:84-88 - This was the dedication of the altar The inspired historian here sums up the separate items detailed in the preceding narrative, and the aggregate amount is as follows: 12 silver chargers...

The inspired historian here sums up the separate items detailed in the preceding narrative, and the aggregate amount is as follows: 12 silver chargers, each weighing 130 shekels equals 1560; 12 silver bowls, each 70 shekels equals 840: total weight. A silver charger at 130 shekels, reduced to troy weight, made 75 ounces, 9 pennyweights, 168.31 grains; and a silver bowl at 70 shekels amounts to 40 ounces, 12 pennyweights, 2121.31 grains. The total weight of the 12 chargers is therefore 905 ounces, 16 pennyweights, 33.11 grains; and that of the 12 bowls 487 ounces, 14 pennyweights, 204.31 grains; making the total weight of silver vessels 1393 ounces, 10 pennyweights, 237.31 grains; which at 5s. per ounce, is equal to £383 1s. 81/2d. The 12 golden spoons, allowing each to be 5 ounces, 16 pennyweights, 3.31 grains, amount to 69 ounces, 3 pennyweights, 135.31 grains, which, at £4 per ounce, is equal to £320 14s. 101/2d., and added to the amount of the silver, makes a total of £703 16s. 61/2d. Besides these the offerings comprised twelve bullocks, twelve rams, twelve lambs, twenty-four goats, sixty rams, sixty he-goats, sixty lambs--amounting in all to 240. So large a collection of cattle offered for sacrifice on one occasion proves both the large flocks of the Israelites and the abundance of pastures which were then, and still are, found in the valleys that lie between the Sinaitic Mountains. All travellers attest the luxuriant verdure of those extensive wadies; and that they were equally or still more rich in pasture anciently, is confirmed by the numerous flocks of the Amalekites, as well as of Nabal, which were fed in the wilderness of Paran (1Sa 15:9).

JFB: Num 7:89 - And when Moses was gone into the tabernacle of the congregation to speak with him As a king gives private audience to his minister, so special license was granted to Moses, who, though not a priest, was admitted into the sanctuary t...

As a king gives private audience to his minister, so special license was granted to Moses, who, though not a priest, was admitted into the sanctuary to receive instructions from his heavenly King as occasion demanded.

JFB: Num 7:89 - then he heard the voice of one speaking to him Though standing on the outer side of the veil, he could distinctly hear it, and the mention of this circumstance is important as the fulfilment, at th...

Though standing on the outer side of the veil, he could distinctly hear it, and the mention of this circumstance is important as the fulfilment, at the dedication of the tabernacle, of a special promise made by the Lord Christ Himself, the Angel of the Covenant, commanding its erection (Exo 25:22). It was the reward of Moses' zeal and obedience; and, in like manner, to all who love Him and keep His commandments He will manifest Himself (Joh 14:21).

Clarke: Num 7:1 - On the day that Moses had fully set up the tabernacle On the day that Moses had fully set up the tabernacle - The transactions mentioned in this chapter took place on the second day of the second month ...

On the day that Moses had fully set up the tabernacle - The transactions mentioned in this chapter took place on the second day of the second month of the second year after their departure from Egypt; and the proper place of this account is immediately after the tenth chapter of Leviticus.

Clarke: Num 7:3 - Six covered wagons Six covered wagons - שש עגלת צב shesh egloth tsab , six tilted wagons, the Septuagint translate ἑξ ἁμαξας λαμπηνικας...

Six covered wagons - שש עגלת צב shesh egloth tsab , six tilted wagons, the Septuagint translate ἑξ ἁμαξας λαμπηνικας, with which the Coptic agrees; but what lampenic chariots were, no person pretends to know. Covered or tilted is probably the meaning of the original. The wagons were given for the more convenient exporting of the heavier parts of the tabernacle, which could not be conveniently carried on men’ s shoulders.

Clarke: Num 7:5 - According to his service According to his service - That is, distribute them among the Levites as they may need them, giving most to those who have the heaviest burdens to b...

According to his service - That is, distribute them among the Levites as they may need them, giving most to those who have the heaviest burdens to bear.

Clarke: Num 7:7 - Two wagons - unto the sons of Gershon Two wagons - unto the sons of Gershon - The Gershonites carried only the curtains, coverings, and hangings, Num 4:25. And although this was a cumber...

Two wagons - unto the sons of Gershon - The Gershonites carried only the curtains, coverings, and hangings, Num 4:25. And although this was a cumbersome carriage, and they needed the wagons, yet it was not a heavy one.

Clarke: Num 7:8 - Four wagons - unto the sons of Merari Four wagons - unto the sons of Merari - Because they had the boards, bars, pillars, and sockets of the tabernacle to carry, Num 4:31, Num 4:32, ther...

Four wagons - unto the sons of Merari - Because they had the boards, bars, pillars, and sockets of the tabernacle to carry, Num 4:31, Num 4:32, therefore they had as many more wagons as the Gershonites.

Clarke: Num 7:9 - Unto the sons of Kohath he gave none Unto the sons of Kohath he gave none - Because they had the charge of the ark, table, candlestick, altars, etc., Num 4:5-15, which were to be carrie...

Unto the sons of Kohath he gave none - Because they had the charge of the ark, table, candlestick, altars, etc., Num 4:5-15, which were to be carried upon their shoulders; for those sacred things must not be drawn by beasts.

Clarke: Num 7:10 - And the princes offered And the princes offered - Every prince or chief offered in the behalf, and doubtless at the expense, of his whole tribe.

And the princes offered - Every prince or chief offered in the behalf, and doubtless at the expense, of his whole tribe.

Clarke: Num 7:13 - One silver charger One silver charger - קערת kaarath , a dish, or deep bowl, in which they kneaded the paste. See Exo 25:29. One silver bowl - מזרק mizrak , ...

One silver charger - קערת kaarath , a dish, or deep bowl, in which they kneaded the paste. See Exo 25:29. One silver bowl - מזרק mizrak , a bason, to receive the blood of the sacrifice in. See on Exo 27:3 (note).

Clarke: Num 7:14 - One spoon One spoon - כף caph , a censer, on which they put the incense. See Exo 25:29. It is worthy of remark that the different tribes are represented he...

One spoon - כף caph , a censer, on which they put the incense. See Exo 25:29. It is worthy of remark that the different tribes are represented here as bringing their offerings precisely in the same order in which they encamped about the tabernacle. See Numbers 2 and Numbers 10

TribeChiefVerseLocation
1. Judah Nahshon 12
2. Issachar Nethaneel 18 East
3. Zebulun Eliab 24
4. Reuben Elizur 30
5. Simeon Shelumiel 36 South
6. Gad Eliasaph 42
7. Ephraim Elishama 48
8. Manasseh Gamaliel 54 West
9. Benjamin Abidan 60
10. Dan Ahiezer 66
11. Asher Pagiel 72 North
12. Naphtali Ahira 78

It is worthy of remark also, that every tribe offers the same kind of offering, and in the same quantity, to show, that as every tribe was equally indebted to God for its support, so each should testify an equal sense of obligation. Besides, the vessels were all sacrificial vessels, and the animals were all clean animals, such as were proper for sacrifices; and therefore every thing was intended to point out that the people were to be a holy people, fully dedicated to God, and that God was to dwell among them; hence there were fine flour and oil, for a meat-offering, Num 7:13. A bullock, a ram, and a lamb, for a burnt-offering, Num 7:15, Num 7:16. Five oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five lambs, for a peace-offering, Num 7:17. Thus, as the priests, altars, etc., were anointed, and the tabernacle dedicated, so the people, by this offering, became consecrated to God. Therefore every act here was a religious act

"Thus,"says Mr. Ainsworth, "by sacrifices of all sorts, figuring the death of Christ, and the benefits that were to be received thereby, they reconciled and made themselves and theirs acceptable to God, and were made partakers of his grace, to remission of sins, and sanctification through faith, and in the work of the Holy Ghost, in the communion and feeling whereof they rejoiced before God."

Clarke: Num 7:48 - On the seventh day On the seventh day - Both Jewish and Christian writers have been surprised that this work of offering went forward on the seventh day, which they su...

On the seventh day - Both Jewish and Christian writers have been surprised that this work of offering went forward on the seventh day, which they suppose to have been a Sabbath, as well as on the other days. Bu

1.    There is no absolute proof that this seventh day of offering was a Sabbath

2.    Were it even so, could the people be better employed than in thus consecrating themselves and their services to the Lord

We have already seen that every act was a religious act; and we may rest assured that no day was too holy for the performance of such acts as are recorded here.

Clarke: Num 7:72 - On the eleventh day On the eleventh day - The Hebrew form of expression, here and in the 78th verse, has something curious in it. ביום עשתי עשר יום beyom...

On the eleventh day - The Hebrew form of expression, here and in the 78th verse, has something curious in it. ביום עשתי עשר יום beyom ashtey asar yom , In the day, the first and tenth day; ביום שנים עשר יום beyom sheneym asar yom , In the day, two and tenth day. But this is the idiom of the language, and to an original Hebrew our almost anomalous words eleventh and twelfth, by which we translate the original, would appear as strange as his, literally translated, would appear to us. In reckoning after twelve, it is easy to find out the composition of the words thirteen, as three and ten, fourteen, four and ten, and so on; but eleven and twelve bear scarcely any analogy to ten and one, and ten and two, which nevertheless they intend. But this is a subject of philology rather than of Biblical criticism.

Clarke: Num 7:84 - This was the dedication of the altar, in the day, etc. This was the dedication of the altar, in the day, etc. - Meaning here the time in which it was dedicated; for as each tribe had a whole day for its ...

This was the dedication of the altar, in the day, etc. - Meaning here the time in which it was dedicated; for as each tribe had a whole day for its representative or prince to present the offerings it had provided, consequently the dedication, in which each had his day, must have lasted twelve days: the words therefore, in this text, refer to the last day or twelfth, in which this dedication was completed.

Clarke: Num 7:88 - After that it was anointed After that it was anointed - By the anointing the altar was consecrated to God; by this dedication it was solemnly appointed to that service for whi...

After that it was anointed - By the anointing the altar was consecrated to God; by this dedication it was solemnly appointed to that service for which it had been erected.

Clarke: Num 7:89 - To speak with him To speak with him - To confer with God, and to receive farther discoveries of his will. He heard the voice of one speaking unto him - Though Moses s...

To speak with him - To confer with God, and to receive farther discoveries of his will. He heard the voice of one speaking unto him - Though Moses saw no similitude, but only heard a voice, yet he had the fullest proof of the presence as well as of the being of the Almighty. In this way God chose to manifest himself during that dispensation, till the fullness of the time came, in which the Word was made flesh, and Dwelt Among Us. No man hath seen God at any time; the only-begotten Son, who is in the bosom of the Father, he hath declared him

Clarke: Num 7:89 - The mercy-seat The mercy-seat - See the note on Exo 25:17. As God gave oracular answers from this place, and spoke to Moses as it were face to face, hence the plac...

The mercy-seat - See the note on Exo 25:17. As God gave oracular answers from this place, and spoke to Moses as it were face to face, hence the place was called the Oracle, דביר debir , or speaking place, from דבר dabar , he spoke, 1Ki 6:23. And as this mercy-seat represented our blessed Redeemer, so the apostle says that God, who had at sundry times, and in divers manners, Spoken in time past to the fathers by the prophets, hath, in these last days, Spoken unto us by his Son. Heb 1:1, Heb 1:2. Hence the incarnated Christ is the true דביר debir or oracle, in and by whom God speaks unto man. On this occasion we find there were offere

12 silver chargers each weighing 130 shekels

12 silver bowls, each 70 shekels

Total amount of silver vessels 2,400 shekels

12 golden spoons, each weighing 10 shekels

Total amount of golden vessels 120 shekels

A silver charger at 130 shekelsreduced to troy weight makes75 916 8/31
A silver bowlat 70 shekels amounts to 40 12 21 21/31
    
Total weight of the 12 chargers. 90516 3 3/31
Total weight of the 12 bowls48714 20 4/31
Total13931023 7/31
Which, at 5s. per oz., is equal to £348 7s. 9d
 oz.dwts.gr.
The 12 golden spoons, allowing each to be5 163 3/31
Amount to691313 5/31
Which, at £4 per ounce, equals£27814s.2 1/2 d
And added to the amount of the silver£3487s.9d.
Make a total of £6271s.11d.
    

Besides the above there wer

Bullocks12
Rams12
Lambs12
Goats24
Rams60
He-goats60
Lambs60

- Total 240 clean beasts for sacrifice

By which we may at once see that though the place in which they now sojourned was a wilderness, as to cities, villages, and regular inhabitants, yet there was plenty of pasturage, else the Israelites could not have furnished these cattle, with all the sacrifices necessary for different occasions, and especially for the passover, which was celebrated during their sojourning in the desert, and which itself must have required an immense number of lambs, (see Numbers 9) when each family of the 600,000 males was obliged to provide one for itself.

Calvin: Num 7:1 - And it came to pass on the day that Moses 1.And it came to pass on the day that Moses This was the second contribution of the people, after the completion of the Tabernacle; for although ment...

1.And it came to pass on the day that Moses This was the second contribution of the people, after the completion of the Tabernacle; for although mention is only made of the princes, it is probable that each of them presented what the whole tribe had subscribed, since there was no private person at that time wealthy enough to give so much gold and silver of his own. Let it be understood, then, that they brought in the name, and at the desire of all, what they had received from the members of their respective tribes. Before, however, I proceed any further, it must be remarked that the sacrifices were not killed, before the sanctuary was anointed. Moses himself is said to have anointed it, as he had his brother Aaron; for the exposition of some, that what properly applies to Aaron is attributed to his brother, does not appear to be sound. We have said elsewhere that God thus freely used the visible signs, in order that He might by no means bind the grace of the Spirit to particular persons. When Moses, therefore, who was not anointed himself, anointed both the sanctuary and the priest, it was manifestly shewn that the efficacy of consecration did not emanate from himself, inasmuch as He could not give of his own that which he did not possess. Consequently the entire virtue and utility of signs depend on the command of God. We have elsewhere seen why it was necessary to consecrate the tabernacle, the altar, and all the vessels by a sacred anointing. Here let us only observe, that the connection of the two words anointing and sanctifying is not superfluous: that we may understand that the symbol of the oil was not vain and inefficacious, but that true spiritual sanctity was annexed to it; for God institutes nothing in vain, but, by filling what He typifies with the secret influence of the Spirit, He effectually proves Himself to be true. It is said that the princes were set “over them that were numbered,” i.e., after the people were numbered, and separated into their several divisions, these were chosen as the chiefs of the tribes. The exposition which some give, that they assisted when the people were numbered, in my opinion, is far-fetched.

Calvin: Num 7:3 - And they brought their offering before the Lord, six covered waggons 3.And they brought their offering before the Lord, six covered waggons These waggons were dedicated for the conveyance of the tabernacle: for its pil...

3.And they brought their offering before the Lord, six covered waggons These waggons were dedicated for the conveyance of the tabernacle: for its pillars and many other parts of it could not be carried on men’s shoulders; and therefore they are said to have been covered, lest the things which were deposited in them should be exposed to the rain. For it is by no means suitable to suppose that they were litters; 400 and, in fact, a pair of oxen is assigned to every waggon. It is pretty clear, then, that the materials of the tabernacle were placed in them when they were travelling from one place to another.

This oblation is stated to have been made “before the Lord,” and then “before the tabernacle,” but the meaning is precisely the same; for God had, as it were, put on that face in which he might be beheld by believers. What follows, “But the Lord had spoken to Moses,” etc., I thus interpret, That God had required this tribute of the people: I have thought it well, therefore, to render it in the pluperfect tense, whereas others translate it, “The Lord said unto Moses,” as if Moses had not been ordered to receive it, before it was actually presented by the princes and the people. Indeed, it is probable that the number of the waggons was not accidentally determined, but by a just calculation of the things which they were to carry.

Calvin: Num 7:10 - And the princes offered for dedicating of the altar 10.And the princes offered for dedicating of the altar Here is another kind of offering, viz., a silver dish and bowl from every tribe, besides a gol...

10.And the princes offered for dedicating of the altar Here is another kind of offering, viz., a silver dish and bowl from every tribe, besides a golden spoon, 401 which properly means a censer. Their use was as follows, — that the sacred cakes should be received in the dishes, the wine of libation in the bowls, and the frankincense in the censers. But God would have each tribe contribute their respective vessels, in order that the common interest of the whole people in the sacrifices might be the better testified. Although the word shekel 402 is derived front its being weighed, still it is almost everywhere used for a coined piece of money, which, as we have seen at Exo 30:0, was of the value of twenty oboli. Josephus estimates it at an Attic tetradrachm. But Ezekiel, when he is inveighing against their fraud in having diminished its weight, settles its value at twenty oboli, and adds that it is the third part of a pound or mina. (Eze 45:12.) But it must be borne in remembrance, as we have also seen elsewhere, that the shekel of the sanctuary was double the ordinary one, for it was worth four drachmas, whereas the common shekel was only worth two drachmas, or a staler. Now, if we calculate, we shall find that the value of each dish amounted to nearly a hundred French livres; and that of each bowl to forty-four. If we take the shekel in the same sense with reference to the censers, or spoons, they must have been very small, only being about seven livres in value: whereas a gold vessel of this size would scarcely hold three grains of frankincense. Wherefore, I doubt whether they had not also gold shekels; but I leave it undecided as a point on which we have no knowledge.

Lastly, follow the animals offered as victims, a young bullock, a ram, and a lamb for a burnt-offering; a kid for a sin-offering; two oxen, five rams, five he-goats, and five lambs for a sacrifice of thanksgiving. It would, however, have been difficult for each prince to present so many out of his own folds or stalls; whence it is probable that they were aided by a general contribution. God chose that each tribe should have its peculiar day appointed for it in order, not only that there might be no confusion or disturbance, but; also that by this lengthened exercise the hearts even of the careless might be stirred up to zealous devotion.

Calvin: Num 7:12 - And he that offered his offering the first day 12.And he that offered his offering the first day The oracular declaration which God made by the mouth of Jacob is well known. “The scepter shall n...

12.And he that offered his offering the first day The oracular declaration which God made by the mouth of Jacob is well known. “The scepter shall not depart from Judah,” etc. (Gen 49:10.) Non, although the time had not yet arrived when the truth of this prophecy should be manifested by its fulfillment, still it was brought to pass by the admirable counsel of God that certain marks of supremacy should exist in the tribe of Judah; and, by general consent, if not dominion, at least the chief dignity, was always lodged in it. The assignment of the first day to Nahshon was, therefore,a presage of that future kingdom which was at length set up in the person of David. If any should allege the absurdity that the tribe of Reuben, who was the first-born, should be kept back till the fourth day, I reply that the tribes of Zebulun and Issachar were ranked under the banner of Judah; since it will appear in chapter 10. 403 that the twelve tribes were divided into four divisions of three. Thus it was more honorable for the tribe of Reuben to have the fourth day, so as to have the two tribes over which it presided attached to it. But the fathers of the two tribes, which God placed under the banner of Judah, were the two youngest sons of Leah, who followed next after Judah, her fourth son. We see, therefore, that the kingdom was thus obscurely shadowed forth, from which salvation was to be hoped for by the whole people: in order that they might be the more attentive to the promise given them; although this indication of it had but little effect on their sluggish minds.

Calvin: Num 7:89 - And when Moses was gone into the tabernacle 89.And when Moses was gone into the tabernacle There seems at first sight to be a kind of contradiction between this passage and the other, in which ...

89.And when Moses was gone into the tabernacle There seems at first sight to be a kind of contradiction between this passage and the other, in which we saw that a thick cloud stood in the door of the tabernacle, so that Moses could not enter it. It might, indeed, be answered that this only occurred once; but to me it appears more probable that, Moses sought the replies of God at the mercy-seat, until Aaron began to exercise the priesthood, and then abandoned his dignity, which was only temporary, as far as regarded the entering of the sanctuary. For we know that by the established Law of God the priesthood was distinct from the civil government; and therefore that he could not, except by special privilege, be at the same time the leader and the priest. 404 If this exposition be accepted, he does not here record in its proper place that answers were given to him by God from the mercy-seat; since it is by no means unusual that what has preceded in order of time should be annexed at the end of a narrative. His intention, indeed, was to declare to posterity that God had not promised in vain that the Israelites should experience the presence of His favor; because He had chosen His dwelling-place in the sanctuary, to sit between the cherubim. By this testimony, therefore, of God’s grace, the external anointing was ratified and confirmed, inasmuch as God appeared to Moses upon the Ark of the Covenant.

Defender: Num 7:89 - the mercy seat The blood of atonement was to be sprinkled upon the mercy seat (Lev 16:14, Lev 16:15), where God's presence was manifested between the two cherubim. N...

The blood of atonement was to be sprinkled upon the mercy seat (Lev 16:14, Lev 16:15), where God's presence was manifested between the two cherubim. Note also Rom 3:25 where "propitiation" (hilasterion in Greek), speaking of the atoning blood of Christ, also means "mercy seat" (compare to Exo 25:22; Exo 33:9, Exo 33:11)."

TSK: Num 7:1 - had fully // anointed it // sanctified them had fully : Exo 40:17-19 anointed it : Exo 30:23-30; Lev 8:10, Lev 8:11, 9:1-24 sanctified them : Gen 2:3; Exo 13:2; 1Ki 8:64; Mat 23:19

had fully : Exo 40:17-19

anointed it : Exo 30:23-30; Lev 8:10, Lev 8:11, 9:1-24

sanctified them : Gen 2:3; Exo 13:2; 1Ki 8:64; Mat 23:19

TSK: Num 7:2 - the princes // and were over // offered the princes : Num 1:4-16, 2:1-34, 10:1-36 and were over : etc. Heb. who stood offered : Exo 35:27; 1Ch 29:6-8; 2Ch 35:8; Ezr 2:68, Ezr 2:69; Neh 7:70-...

the princes : Num 1:4-16, 2:1-34, 10:1-36

and were over : etc. Heb. who stood

offered : Exo 35:27; 1Ch 29:6-8; 2Ch 35:8; Ezr 2:68, Ezr 2:69; Neh 7:70-72

TSK: Num 7:3 - covered wagons covered wagons : The Hebrew egloth tzav , signifies ""tilted wagons;""so LXX αμαξας λαμπηνικας , with which the Coptic agrees. ...

covered wagons : The Hebrew egloth tzav , signifies ""tilted wagons;""so LXX αμαξας λαμπηνικας , with which the Coptic agrees. These were given for the more convenient exporting of the heavier parts of the tabernacle. Num 7:3

TSK: Num 7:5 - Take it // give them Take it : Exo 25:1-11, Exo 35:4-10; Psa 16:2, Psa 16:3; Isa 42:1-7, Isa 49:1-8; Eph 4:11-13; Tit 3:8 give them : i.e. distribute them among the Levite...

Take it : Exo 25:1-11, Exo 35:4-10; Psa 16:2, Psa 16:3; Isa 42:1-7, Isa 49:1-8; Eph 4:11-13; Tit 3:8

give them : i.e. distribute them among the Levites as they need them; giving most to those who have the heaviest burdens to bear.

TSK: Num 7:7 - Two wagons // sons of Gershon Two wagons : Num 3:25, Num 3:26, Num 4:24-28 sons of Gershon : The Gershonites being fewest in number of able men, had the less burdensome things to c...

Two wagons : Num 3:25, Num 3:26, Num 4:24-28

sons of Gershon : The Gershonites being fewest in number of able men, had the less burdensome things to carry; for they carried only the curtains, coverings, and hangings (Num 4:25, Num 4:40). And although this was a cumbersome carriage, and they needed waggons, yet it was not a heavy one, and they needed few.

TSK: Num 7:8 - four wagons // the sons four wagons : Num 3:36, Num 3:37, Num 4:28-33 the sons : Though the Merarites were the most numerous, yet they had the greatest burden, namely, the bo...

four wagons : Num 3:36, Num 3:37, Num 4:28-33

the sons : Though the Merarites were the most numerous, yet they had the greatest burden, namely, the boards, bars, pillars, and sockets, to carry (Num 4:31, Num 4:32, Num 4:48). Therefore they had double the number of waggons to what the Gershonites had assigned them.

TSK: Num 7:9 - unto the // because unto the : Because they had the charge of the ark, table, candlestick, altars, etc. (Num 4:4-15), which were to be carried upon their shoulderscaps1 ....

unto the : Because they had the charge of the ark, table, candlestick, altars, etc. (Num 4:4-15), which were to be carried upon their shoulderscaps1 . fcaps0 or those sacred things must not be drawn by beasts.

because : Num 3:31, Num 4:4-16; 2Sa 6:6, 2Sa 6:13; 1Ch 15:3, 1Ch 15:13, 1Ch 23:26

TSK: Num 7:10 - princes // dedicating princes : Every prince, or chief, offered in the behalf, and doubtless at the expense, of his whole tribe. dedicating : Deu 20:5; 1Ki 8:63; 2Ch 7:5, 2...

princes : Every prince, or chief, offered in the behalf, and doubtless at the expense, of his whole tribe.

dedicating : Deu 20:5; 1Ki 8:63; 2Ch 7:5, 2Ch 7:9; Ezr 6:16, Ezr 6:17; Neh 12:27, Neh 12:43; Psa 30:1 *title Joh 10:22

TSK: Num 7:11 - -- 1Co 14:33, 1Co 14:40; Col 2:5

TSK: Num 7:12 - -- Num 1:7, Num 2:3, Num 10:14; Gen 49:8, Gen 49:10; Rth 4:20; Mat 1:4; Luk 3:32, Naasson

TSK: Num 7:13 - charger // the shekel // a meat offering charger : Exo 25:29, Exo 37:16; 1Ki 7:43, 1Ki 7:45; 2Ki 25:14, 2Ki 25:15; Ezr 1:9, Ezr 1:10, Ezr 8:25; Jer 52:19; Dan 5:2; Zec 14:20; Mat 14:8, Mat 14...

TSK: Num 7:14 - spoon // incense spoon : Num 4:7; Exo 37:16; 1Ki 7:50; 2Ki 25:14, 2Ki 25:15; 2Ch 4:22, 2Ch 24:14 incense : Exo 30:7, Exo 30:8, Exo 30:34-38, Exo 35:8

TSK: Num 7:15 - -- Num. 25:1-18, 28:1-29:40; Lev. 1:1-17; Isa 53:4, Isa 53:10, Isa 53:11; Mat 20:28; Joh 17:19; Rom 3:24-26, Rom 5:6-11, Rom 5:16-21, Rom 8:34, Rom 10:4;...

TSK: Num 7:16 - -- Lev 4:23, Lev 4:25

TSK: Num 7:17 - peace // this was the offering peace : Lev. 3:1-17; 2Co 5:19-21 this was the offering : It is worthy of remark, that the different tribes are represented here as bringing their offe...

peace : Lev. 3:1-17; 2Co 5:19-21

this was the offering : It is worthy of remark, that the different tribes are represented here as bringing their offerings precisely in the same order in which they encamped about the tabernacle (see Num 2:1 and Num 10:1), beginning at the East, then proceeding to the South, then to the West, and ending with the North, according to the course of the sun. Their order may be thus viewed:

Encampment / Offerings
EAST
1. Judah Nahshon
2. Issachar Nathaneel
3. Zebulun Eliab
SOUTH
4. Reuben Elizur
5. Simeon Shelumiel
6. Gad Eliasaph
WEST
7. Ephraim Elishama
8. Manasseh Gamaliel
9. Benjamin Abidan
NORTH
10. Dan Ahiezer
11. Asher Pagiel
12. Naphtali Ahira
Thus God evinces that he ""is not the author of confusion, but of peace""(1Co 14:33). It is also worthy of remark, that every tribe offers the same kind of offering, and in the same quantity, to shew, that as every tribe was equally indebted to God for its support, so each should testify an equal sense of obligation. Besides, the vessels were all sacrificial vessels, and the animals were all clean animals, such as were proper for sacrifices; and therefore everything was intended to point out, that the people were to be a holy people, fully dedicated to God, and that God was to dwell among them. Thus, as the priests, altar, etc. were anointed, and the tabernacle dedicated, so the people, by this offering, became consecrated to God. Therefore every act here was a religious act.

TSK: Num 7:18 - -- Num 1:8, Num 2:5

TSK: Num 7:19 - -- Num 7:12-17

TSK: Num 7:21 - -- Gen 8:20; Rom 12:1; Eph 5:2

TSK: Num 7:23 - -- Lev 7:11-13; 1Ki 8:63; Pro 7:14; Col 1:1

TSK: Num 7:24 - -- Num 1:9, Num 2:7

TSK: Num 7:27 - -- Psa 50:8-14, Psa 51:16; Isa 1:11; Jer 7:22; Amo 5:22

TSK: Num 7:30 - -- Num 1:5, Num 2:10

TSK: Num 7:31 - offering // charger // Bowl offering : Num. 7:13-89 charger : Kaârah , in Arabic, kâran , from kuâra , to be deep, a large deep dish or bowl. It appears by the metal...

offering : Num. 7:13-89

charger : Kaârah , in Arabic, kâran , from kuâra , to be deep, a large deep dish or bowl. It appears by the metal of which this charger and bowl were made, that they were for the use of the altar of burnt offerings in the outer court; for all the vessels of the sanctuary were of gold. It was probably used for receiving the flesh of the sacrifices upon which the priests feasted, or the fine flour for the meat offerings.

Bowl : Mizrak , from zarak , to sprinkle, a bowl or bason, used in sprinkling the blood of the sacrifice (Exo 27:21).

TSK: Num 7:32 - spoon // incense spoon : Kaph , in Syriac, kaphtho , a pan or censer, on which the incense was put. Both the metal of which it was made, and that which it contain...

spoon : Kaph , in Syriac, kaphtho , a pan or censer, on which the incense was put. Both the metal of which it was made, and that which it contained, shew that it was for the use of the golden altar in the sanctuary.

incense : Psa 66:15; Mal 1:11; Luk 1:10; Rev 8:3

TSK: Num 7:35 - And for a sacrifice And for a sacrifice : These sacrifices were more numerous than the burnt offering or the sin offering; because the priests, the princes, and as many o...

And for a sacrifice : These sacrifices were more numerous than the burnt offering or the sin offering; because the priests, the princes, and as many of the people as they invited, had a share of them, and feasted, with great rejoicing, before the Lord. This custom, as Mr. Shelden observes, seems to have been imitated by the heathen, who dedicated their altars, temples, statues, etc., with much ceremony.

TSK: Num 7:36 - -- Num 1:6, Num 2:12

TSK: Num 7:37 - -- Num. 7:13-89

Num. 7:13-89

TSK: Num 7:39 - -- Exo 12:5; Joh 1:29; Act 8:32; 1Pe 1:19; Rev 5:6

TSK: Num 7:42 - -- Num 1:14, Num 2:14, Son of Reuel

Num 1:14, Num 2:14, Son of Reuel

TSK: Num 7:43 - offering // mingled with oil offering : Num. 7:13-89 mingled with oil : Lev 2:5, Lev 14:10; Heb 1:9; 1Jo 2:27

offering : Num. 7:13-89

mingled with oil : Lev 2:5, Lev 14:10; Heb 1:9; 1Jo 2:27

TSK: Num 7:45 - -- Psa 66:15; Isa 53:4; 2Co 5:21

TSK: Num 7:48 - On the seventh // Elishama On the seventh : Both Jewish and Christian writers have been surprised that this work of offering went forward on the seventh day (which they suppose ...

On the seventh : Both Jewish and Christian writers have been surprised that this work of offering went forward on the seventh day (which they suppose to have been a sabbath), as well as on the other days. But:

1.    There is no absolute proof that this seventh day of offering was a sabbath.

2.    Were it even so, could the people be better employed than in thus consecrating themselves and their services to the Lord?

We have already seen that every act was a religious act; and we may rest assured, that no day was too holy for the performance of such acts as are here recorded. Here it may be observed, that Moses has thought fit to set down distinctly, and at full length, the offerings of the princes of each tribe, though, as we have already observed, they were the very same, both in quantity and quality, that an honourable mention might be made of every one apart, and that none might think himself in the least neglected.

Elishama : Num 1:10, Num 2:18

TSK: Num 7:49 - -- Num. 7:13-89

Num. 7:13-89

TSK: Num 7:51 - -- Whether there were any prayers made for the gracious acceptance of the sacrifices which should be hereafter offered on the altar, we are not informed;...

Whether there were any prayers made for the gracious acceptance of the sacrifices which should be hereafter offered on the altar, we are not informed; but the sacrifices themselves were of the nature of supplications, and it is probable, that they who offered them, made humble petitions along with them.

TSK: Num 7:54 - -- Num 1:10, Num 2:20

TSK: Num 7:55 - -- Num. 7:13-89

Num. 7:13-89

TSK: Num 7:60 - -- Num 1:11, Num 2:22

TSK: Num 7:61 - -- Num. 7:13-89

Num. 7:13-89

TSK: Num 7:62 - -- Psa 112:2; Isa 66:20; Dan 9:27; Rom 15:16; Phi 4:18; Heb 13:15

TSK: Num 7:66 - On the tenth day // Ahiezer On the tenth day : When the twelve days of the dedication commenced cannot be easily determined; but the computation of F. Scacchus seems highly proba...

On the tenth day : When the twelve days of the dedication commenced cannot be easily determined; but the computation of F. Scacchus seems highly probable. He supposes, that the tabernacle being erected the first day of the first month of the second year after the departure from Egypt, seven days were spent in the consecration of it, and the altar, etc.; and that on the eight day, Moses began to consecrate Aaron and his sons, which lasted seven days more. Then, on the fourteenth day of that month, was the feast day of unleavened bread; which God commanded to be observed in the first month (Num 9:1), and which lasted till the 22nd. The rest of the month, we may well suppose, was spent in giving, receiving, and delivering the laws contained in the book of Leviticus; after which, on the first day of the second month, Moses began to number the people, according to the command in the beginning of this book; which may be supposed to have lasted three days. On the fourth, the Levites were numbered; on the next day we may suppose they were offered to God, and given to the Priests; and on the sixth, they were expiated and consecrated, as we read in the following chapter. On the seventh day, their several charges were assigned them (Num 4:1); after which, he supposes the princes began to offer, on the eight day of the second month, for the dedication of the altar, which lasted till the nineteenth day inclusively; and on the twentieth day of this month, they removed from Sinai to the wilderness of Paran (Num 10:11, Num 10:12).

Ahiezer : Num 1:12, Num 2:25

TSK: Num 7:67 - -- Num. 7:13-89

Num. 7:13-89

TSK: Num 7:72 - eleventh day // Pagiel eleventh day : Dr. Adam Clarke remarks, that the Hebrew form of expression here, and in Num 7:78, has something curious in it; beyom âshtey âsar...

eleventh day : Dr. Adam Clarke remarks, that the Hebrew form of expression here, and in Num 7:78, has something curious in it; beyom âshtey âsar yom , ""in the day, the first and tenth day;""beyom shenim âsar yom , ""in the day, two and tenth day.""But this is the idiom of the language; and to an original Hebrew, our almost anomalous words eleventh and twelfth, would appear as strange.

Pagiel : Num 1:13, Num 2:27

TSK: Num 7:73 - -- Num. 7:13-89; The oblations and sacrifices enumerated in vv.13-88 were simple and plain, though costly and magnificent. On this occasion we find ther...

Num. 7:13-89; The oblations and sacrifices enumerated in vv.13-88 were simple and plain, though costly and magnificent. On this occasion we find there were offered 12 silver chargers, each weighing 130 shekels; 12 silver bowls, each 70 shekels; Num 7:12 golden spoons, each 10 shekels; making the total amount of silver vessels 2,400 shekels, and that of golden vessels, 120 shekels. A silver charger, at 130 shekels, reduced to troy weight, makes 75 oz. 9 dwts. 16, 8/31 gr.; and a silver bowl, at 70 shekels, amounts to 40 oz. 12 dwts. 21, 21/31 gr. The total weight of the 12 chargers is therefore 905 oz. 16 dwts. Num 7:3, Num 7:3/31 gr.; and that of the 12 bowls, 487 oz. 14 dwts. 20; Num 7:4/31 gr.; making the total weight of silver vessels 1,393 oz. Num 7:10 dwts. 23, 7/31 gr. The golden spoons, allowing each to be Num 7:5 oz. 16 dwts. 3, 3/31 gr., amount to 69 oz. 3 dwts. 13, 5/31 gr. Besides these, there were for sacrifice -

Sacrifices
Bullocks 12
Rams 12
Lambs 12
Goats 24
Rams 60
He goats 60
Lambs 60
Total 240
By this we may at once see, that though the place in which they now sojourned was a wilderness as to cities, villages, and regular inhabitants, yet there was plenty of pasturage; else the Israelites could not have furnished these cattle, with all the sacrifices necessary for different occasions, and especially for the passover, which must of itself have required an immense number of lambs, when each family of 600,000 males was obliged to provide one (Num 9:1).

TSK: Num 7:78 - -- Num 1:15, Num 2:29

TSK: Num 7:79 - -- Num. 7:13-89

Num. 7:13-89

TSK: Num 7:84 - the dedication // the princes the dedication : Num 7:10; 1Ch 29:6-8; Ezr 2:68, Ezr 2:69; Neh 7:70-72; Isa 60:6-10; Heb 13:10; Rev 21:14 the princes : Jdg 5:9; Neh 3:9

TSK: Num 7:85 - two thousand // after the shekel two thousand : 1Ch 22:14, 1Ch 29:4, 1Ch 29:7; Ezr 8:25, Ezr 8:26 after the shekel : Num 7:13

two thousand : 1Ch 22:14, 1Ch 29:4, 1Ch 29:7; Ezr 8:25, Ezr 8:26

after the shekel : Num 7:13

TSK: Num 7:88 - that it was anointed that it was anointed : Num 7:1, Num 7:10, Num 7:84

that it was anointed : Num 7:1, Num 7:10, Num 7:84

TSK: Num 7:89 - to speak // him // he heard // two cherubims to speak : Num 12:8; Exo 33:9-11 him : that is, God he heard : Num 1:1; Exo 25:22; Lev 1:1; Heb 4:16 two cherubims : Exo 25:18-21; 1Sa 4:4; 1Ki 6:23; ...

to speak : Num 12:8; Exo 33:9-11

him : that is, God

he heard : Num 1:1; Exo 25:22; Lev 1:1; Heb 4:16

two cherubims : Exo 25:18-21; 1Sa 4:4; 1Ki 6:23; Psa 80:1; 1Pe 1:12

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: Num 7:1 - On the day // on the day On the day either, 1. Precisely; and so this history, as many others, is put out of its proper place, and this chapter, and the 8th, 9th, 10th, and...

On the day either,

1. Precisely; and so this history, as many others, is put out of its proper place, and this chapter, and the 8th, 9th, 10th, and 11th, should follow next after Ex 40 and this day is the same on which the tabernacle was erected, which was the first day of the first month of the second year, Exo 40:17,18 . Or,

2. Largely, day being put for time, and

on the day for about the time , or, a little after the time. And thus it seems to be taken here, because all the princes did not offer these things upon one and the same day, but on several days, as here it follows. And so there is no disorder in the history, and this chapter comes in its proper place, and those things were done in the second month of the second year after the tabernacle, and altar, and all other instruments thereof were anointed, as is here expressed; and after the Levites were separated to the service of the tabernacle, and appointed to their several works, as is manifest from Num 7:5-9 , which was done about a month after the tabernacle was erected, &c.; and after the numbering of the people, Nu 1 , when the princes here employed in the offerings were first constituted; and after the disposal of the tribes about the tabernacle, the order of which is here observed in the time of their offerings. Anointed it Lev 8:10 .

Poole: Num 7:2 - -- To wit, in the manner and days hereafter mentioned.

To wit, in the manner and days hereafter mentioned.

Poole: Num 7:3 - Covered wagons Covered wagons for the more convenient and safe carriage of such things as were most cumbersome.

Covered wagons for the more convenient and safe carriage of such things as were most cumbersome.

Poole: Num 7:5 - -- i.e. More or fewer of them, as the nature of their service and of the things to be carried required.

i.e. More or fewer of them, as the nature of their service and of the things to be carried required.

Poole: Num 7:8 - -- i.e. Under his care and inspection. See Gen 39:22 . And it must be noted that these words belong both to the Merarites here, and to the Gershonit...

i.e. Under his care and inspection. See Gen 39:22 . And it must be noted that these words belong both to the Merarites here, and to the Gershonites , Num 7:7 , because both of them were under his hands, as is affirmed, Num 4:28,33 .

Poole: Num 7:9 - -- Because of the greater worth and holiness of the things which they carried. See Num 4:6,8,10,12,14 2Sa 6:6,13 .

Because of the greater worth and holiness of the things which they carried. See Num 4:6,8,10,12,14 2Sa 6:6,13 .

Poole: Num 7:10 - The altar // In the day The altar to wit, of burnt-offerings, and incense too, as appears from the matter of their offerings. The singular number for the plural. Not for the...

The altar to wit, of burnt-offerings, and incense too, as appears from the matter of their offerings. The singular number for the plural. Not for the first dedication of them, for it is apparent they were dedicated or consecrated before this time by Moses and Aaron for divers days together, Le 8 Le 9 ; but for a further dedication of them, these being the first offerings that were made for any particular persons or tribes.

In the day i.e. about the time, as soon as it was anointed. See Poole Num 7:1.

Poole: Num 7:11 - -- As well for the greater solemnity and splendour of the work, as for the prevention of confusion. And in this offering they follow the order of their...

As well for the greater solemnity and splendour of the work, as for the prevention of confusion. And in this offering they follow the order of their camp, and not of their birth.

Poole: Num 7:12 - -- In whose name and behalf this offering was made, and so in the rest.

In whose name and behalf this offering was made, and so in the rest.

Poole: Num 7:13 - One silver charger One silver charger a large dish or platter; of which see Exo 25:29 , to be employed about the altar of burnt-offering, or in the court, not in the sa...

One silver charger a large dish or platter; of which see Exo 25:29 , to be employed about the altar of burnt-offering, or in the court, not in the sanctuary, for all its vessels were of gold.

Poole: Num 7:14 - Ten shekels of gold Ten shekels of gold and therefore belonging to the altar of incense.

Ten shekels of gold and therefore belonging to the altar of incense.

Poole: Num 7:17 - Peace-offerings Peace-offerings are more numerous, because the princes and priests, and some of the people, did make a feast before the Lord out of them, and celebra...

Peace-offerings are more numerous, because the princes and priests, and some of the people, did make a feast before the Lord out of them, and celebrated it with great rejoicing.

Poole: Num 7:84 - When it was anointed When it was anointed: this is again repeated, to show why it is called the dedication of the altar. because it was the first offering made by any par...

When it was anointed: this is again repeated, to show why it is called the dedication of the altar. because it was the first offering made by any particular persons or tribes.

Poole: Num 7:87 - The meat-offering The meat-offering was not mentioned before, because it was sufficiently understood from the law which required it, Num 15:3-5 , but for greater assur...

The meat-offering was not mentioned before, because it was sufficiently understood from the law which required it, Num 15:3-5 , but for greater assurance is here expressed.

Poole: Num 7:88 - in the day when it was anointed // after that it was anointed Which words are very conveniently added to explain in what sense he had so oft said that this was done in the day when it was anointed to wit, not...

Which words are very conveniently added to explain in what sense he had so oft said that this was done

in the day when it was anointed to wit, not exactly, but in a latitude, to wit, a little

after that it was anointed as is here said.

Poole: Num 7:89 - Into the tabernacle of the congregation // To speak with him // From off the mercy-seat Into the tabernacle of the congregation into which Moses, though no priest, was permitted to enter by God’ s special license. To speak with him...

Into the tabernacle of the congregation into which Moses, though no priest, was permitted to enter by God’ s special license.

To speak with him i.e. to consult God upon occasion.

From off the mercy-seat which Moses standing without the veil could easily hear. And this seems to be added in this place, to show that when men had done their part in the dedication of the tabernacle, altars, &c., God was not wanting in the performance of his part, and promise made, Exo 25:22 .

Haydock: Num 7:1 - The day The day. The second of the second month, the year after the Hebrews left Egypt. We might read this chapter immediately after the 10th of Leviticus.

The day. The second of the second month, the year after the Hebrews left Egypt. We might read this chapter immediately after the 10th of Leviticus.

Haydock: Num 7:3 - Covered Covered. Destined to carry some parts of the tabernacle. (Calmet) --- The Septuagint use a term which, according to Hesychius, denotes the chariot...

Covered. Destined to carry some parts of the tabernacle. (Calmet) ---

The Septuagint use a term which, according to Hesychius, denotes the chariots in which people of quality travelled, Lampenes. (Menochius)

Haydock: Num 7:8 - Four Four. The sons of Merari were not very numerous, (chap. iv. 44,) and they had the heaviest parts of the tabernacle to carry. The metal alone would ...

Four. The sons of Merari were not very numerous, (chap. iv. 44,) and they had the heaviest parts of the tabernacle to carry. The metal alone would weigh 274,875 Roman pounds, of 12 ounces each; not to mention the pillars, &c. If 100 waggons carried each 3000 pounds, and every man 50, they would not carry one half; so that the people must have furnished them with many more waggons besides these four of the princes. (Jansenius) (Calmet) ---

Abulensis thinks the Merarites carried all that was not laid on the four waggons. (Menochius)

Haydock: Num 7:9 - Serve in // Shoulders Serve in removing the most sacred vessels of the sanctuary, chap. iv. 4. --- Shoulders, out of respect. Yet the ark itself was placed on a cart,...

Serve in removing the most sacred vessels of the sanctuary, chap. iv. 4. ---

Shoulders, out of respect. Yet the ark itself was placed on a cart, (2 Kings vi. 3.; Haydock.) improperly. (Du Hamel)

Haydock: Num 7:10 - That day That day. About that time; the ceremony lasted at least twelve days, ver. 84. (Tirinus)

That day. About that time; the ceremony lasted at least twelve days, ver. 84. (Tirinus)

Haydock: Num 7:11 - Altar Altar of holocausts, the dedication of which continued seven days, Exodus xxix. 36. (Menochius)

Altar of holocausts, the dedication of which continued seven days, Exodus xxix. 36. (Menochius)

Haydock: Num 7:13 - Dish Dish, ( acetabulum. ) Hebrew kaharath. See Exodus xxv. 29. This present of the prince of Juda weighed five Roman pounds. It was of silver, and ...

Dish, ( acetabulum. ) Hebrew kaharath. See Exodus xxv. 29. This present of the prince of Juda weighed five Roman pounds. It was of silver, and consequently could not be used in the sanctuary, but in the court, (Calmet) at the altar of holocausts. (Tirinus)

Haydock: Num 7:14 - Mortar Mortar. Hebrew caph, which the Vulgate commonly renders phiala, "a cup," (Menochius) may signify a spoon for incense, as it generally accompanie...

Mortar. Hebrew caph, which the Vulgate commonly renders phiala, "a cup," (Menochius) may signify a spoon for incense, as it generally accompanies the censer, 3 Kings vii. 20. It means literally "the palm of the hand." The high priest took his hands full of incense on the day of expiation, Leviticus xvi. 12. But on other occasions, a spoon was probably used to throw incense on the altar, or on the coals which were burning in the censers. (Calmet)

Haydock: Num 7:23 - Buck-goats Buck-goats, ( hircos ). The same as the he-goats given by Nahasson. The presents of all the 12 princes are equal; and Moses mentions them in deta...

Buck-goats, ( hircos ). The same as the he-goats given by Nahasson. The presents of all the 12 princes are equal; and Moses mentions them in detail with equal honour. They give them according to the order in which they encamped. Juda, with his two tribes, first; then Ruben, &c.

Haydock: Num 7:89 - Oracle Oracle of God, whose majesty appeared, in the form of a bright cloud, upon the propitiatory, or mercy-seat. (Haydock) --- Moses is allowed to ent...

Oracle of God, whose majesty appeared, in the form of a bright cloud, upon the propitiatory, or mercy-seat. (Haydock) ---

Moses is allowed to enter in quality of God's messenger, to announce his will to the people; or perhaps he heard the mandates of God, standing without the veil. (Du Hamel)

Gill: Num 7:1 - And it came to pass on the day that Moses had fully set up the tabernacle // and had anointed it // and sanctified it // and all the instruments thereof // both the altars, and all the vessels thereof, and had anointed them // and sanctified them And it came to pass on the day that Moses had fully set up the tabernacle,.... Not on the very exact day on which it was first reared up, for that was...

And it came to pass on the day that Moses had fully set up the tabernacle,.... Not on the very exact day on which it was first reared up, for that was on the first day of the first month of the second year from the coming up of Israel out of Egypt, Exo 40:17; whereas the following offerings of the princes were not offered, and many other things previous to them, recorded in the preceding chapters, were not done, until after the first day of the second month of that year, Num 1:1; though the Jews say e the first of Nisan, or of the first month, was the first for various things, and the first on which the princes offered; but no one particular day can be intended, because the princes were twelve days successively offering their offerings; wherefore "the day" here only denotes the time about which it was when this service was performed; when the tabernacle was not only set up, but "fully" set up, when everything relating to it was in its proper place and order; when not only it was put together, and all the vessels and instruments of it in their due place, but also when the people of Israel, for whose sake it was erected, that the Lord God might dwell among them, were numbered, and their camps formed and pitched around the tabernacle; and the Levites were taken and numbered also, who were to serve at it, and their place and service were appointed unto them about it; for then, and not till then, was the service of it completed, and its proper place and situation fixed and settled:

and had anointed it; with the holy oil Moses was directed to make and anoint it with, Exo 30:23,

and sanctified it: set it apart for holy use and service, to be an habitation for God, and the place of his worship:

and all the instruments thereof; the ark, table, candlestick, &c.

both the altars, and all the vessels thereof, and had anointed them,

and sanctified them; the altar of incense, and the altar of burnt offering, and all appertaining: thereunto; according to Ben Gersom, this finishing of the whole was at the end of the seven days of consecration of Aaron and his sons, Exo 29:35.

Gill: Num 7:2 - That the princes of Israel // heads of the house of their fathers // who were princes of the tribes // and were over them that were numbered // offered That the princes of Israel,.... The princes of the twelve tribes of Israel: heads of the house of their fathers; of the each of the houses and fami...

That the princes of Israel,.... The princes of the twelve tribes of Israel:

heads of the house of their fathers; of the each of the houses and families the tribes were divided into, and took their name from each of their ancestors, as is next explained:

who were princes of the tribes; the twelve tribes, as before observed, Num 1:4,

and were over them that were numbered; over the children of Israel that were numbered, Num 1:19; by which it that these princes are the very same persons that are mentioned by name there, as they are here afterwards; and were with Moses and Aaron, and assisting to them when they took the number of them; but according to the Targum of Jonathan, and Jarchi, these were appointed over them in Egypt; but the former is right: these now

offered not sacrifices but gifts; they brought their presents to the Lord for the service of his sanctuary, and set them before him, as follows.

Gill: Num 7:3 - And they brought their offering before the Lord // six covered wagons, and twelve oxen // a wagon for two of the princes, and for each one an ox // and they brought them before the tabernacle And they brought their offering before the Lord,.... Before the tabernacle, as it is afterwards explained, where he had now taken up his habitation: ...

And they brought their offering before the Lord,.... Before the tabernacle, as it is afterwards explained, where he had now taken up his habitation:

six covered wagons, and twelve oxen; according to the number of the twelve tribes, of which they were princes, two oxen for each wagon, which were to carry the tabernacle, and its vessels, from place to place; and which wagons were covered, not only to hide the things to be put into them from the sight of the people, being sacred, but to preserve them from the rain and dust, and the like; and no doubt, but as they were made of the best materials, So they were covered with rich coverings for the honour of the vessels put into them, being the presents of princes, and in which they joined, and could not be ordinary carriages. The word is rendered "litters" in Isa 66:20; and by some, "coaches"; the Targum of Jonathan is,"six wagons yoked,''or drawn with a yoke of oxen; and Aben Ezra says, it signifies a kind of oxen which drew wagons; but the Targum of Jonathan, Jarchi, and Ben Gersom interpret it "covered", as we do:

a wagon for two of the princes, and for each one an ox; two princes joined in the present of one wagon, which shows it could not be a common wagon, but rich carriage, and ornamented, as the Targum of Jonathan adds; and each prince presented an ox, so that there was a yoke of them for each wagon:

and they brought them before the tabernacle; the Targum of Jonathan says, Moses would not receive them, and therefore they brought them before the tabernacle; and so, says Jarchi, Moses received them not at their hands, until it was declared to him by the mouth of the Lord what he should do, as follows.

Gill: Num 7:4 - And the Lord spake unto Moses // saying And the Lord spake unto Moses,.... Out of the tabernacle, before which the wagons and oxen were brought: saying: as follows.

And the Lord spake unto Moses,.... Out of the tabernacle, before which the wagons and oxen were brought:

saying: as follows.

Gill: Num 7:5 - Take it of them // that they may be to do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation // and thou shalt give them to the Levites // to every man according to his service Take it of them,.... The present of the wagons and oxen, by which it appears that this freewill offering of the princes was according to his mind and...

Take it of them,.... The present of the wagons and oxen, by which it appears that this freewill offering of the princes was according to his mind and will, and what they were influenced and guided to by his Spirit, and was well pleasing in his sight, and acceptable to him:

that they may be to do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation; be made use of, and employed in carrying the tabernacle, and the things of it, from place to place, when the Israelites journeyed:

and thou shalt give them to the Levites; to ease them, whose business it was to bear and carry the several parts of the tabernacle, and the vessels of it:

to every man according to his service; whether lighter or heavier, for such difference there was in the three divisions of the Levites; and according as their work was, they had more or fewer wagons and oxen given them, as it follows, Num 7:7.

Gill: Num 7:6 - And Moses took the wagons and the oxen // and gave them unto the Levites And Moses took the wagons and the oxen,.... Of the princes, as he was directed: and gave them unto the Levites; the Gershonites and Merarites; for,...

And Moses took the wagons and the oxen,.... Of the princes, as he was directed:

and gave them unto the Levites; the Gershonites and Merarites; for, as for the Kohathites, they had no part of them, for a reason after given, Num 7:9.

Gill: Num 7:7 - Two wagons and four oxen he gave unto the sons of Gershon // according to their service Two wagons and four oxen he gave unto the sons of Gershon,.... The eldest son of Levi: according to their service; which was to bear and take care ...

Two wagons and four oxen he gave unto the sons of Gershon,.... The eldest son of Levi:

according to their service; which was to bear and take care of the curtains, coverings, hangings and rails of the tabernacle; and which, when carrying from place to place, it was proper they should be covered from being exposed to rain and dust; and being so many as they were, must be heavy, burdensome, and cumbersome, and therefore two wagons, with two yoke of oxen, were given them, to ease them.

Gill: Num 7:8 - And four wagons and eight oxen he gave to the sons of Merari // according unto their service // under the hand of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest And four wagons and eight oxen he gave to the sons of Merari,.... All the remaining wagons and oxen, which were double the number given to the Gershon...

And four wagons and eight oxen he gave to the sons of Merari,.... All the remaining wagons and oxen, which were double the number given to the Gershonites:

according unto their service; being much heavier than theirs, having all the boards, pillars, sockets, pins; cords, &c. to bear and carry: thus Moses was directed of God wisely to dispose of those carriages, in proportion to the services each was employed in; and in a spiritual way, as the day, duty, and service of the people of God be, he proportions grace and strength to them to answer thereunto:

under the hand of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest; under whose care, inspection, and direction, were both the Gershonites and Merarites, Num 4:28; and by whom were delivered, according to the instruction of Moses, the several wagons and oxen, to them.

Gill: Num 7:9 - But unto the sons of Kohath he gave none // because the service of the sanctuary belonging unto them was that they should bear upon their shoulders But unto the sons of Kohath he gave none,.... Being all disposed of to the sons of Gershon and Merari: the reason of which follows: because the ser...

But unto the sons of Kohath he gave none,.... Being all disposed of to the sons of Gershon and Merari: the reason of which follows:

because the service of the sanctuary belonging unto them was that they should bear upon their shoulders; as the ark with the mercy seat, and cherubim, the shewbread table, the candlestick, and the two altars; though in later times we find the ark was sometimes not only carried by the priests, but upon a cart, Jos 3:17.

Gill: Num 7:10 - And the princes offered for dedicating of the altar // in the day that it was anointed // even the princes offered their offering before the altar And the princes offered for dedicating of the altar,.... For setting it apart to sacred use and service, even the altar of burnt offering; or rather a...

And the princes offered for dedicating of the altar,.... For setting it apart to sacred use and service, even the altar of burnt offering; or rather after it had bean sanctified and set apart, when it began to be made use of for sacrifice:

in the day that it was anointed; with the anointing oil, whereby it was devoted to sacred service:

even the princes offered their offering before the altar; the altar of burnt offering; they brought their vessels for the service of it, and the creatures for sacrifice, and set them before it; signifying what they meant, thereby, that the silver and golden vessels were for the use of it, and the beasts for sacrifice to be offered up on it: and here Jarchi also observes, that Moses would not receive their offering until he knew the mind of God about it, and it was declared to him from himself.

Gill: Num 7:11 - And the Lord said unto Moses // they shall offer their offering each prince on his day // for the dedicating of the altar And the Lord said unto Moses,.... For before this was said to him, even what follows, Moses knew not, as the same writer observes, how they should off...

And the Lord said unto Moses,.... For before this was said to him, even what follows, Moses knew not, as the same writer observes, how they should offer, in what order, whether according to their birth, or whether according to the journeying of their camps, or whether they should offer together, or one after another, one day after another g; this affair is set in a clear light:

they shall offer their offering each prince on his day; one on one day, and the other on the next, and so on successively for twelve days running; and this was ordered for the greater solemnity of the service, and that it might be taken notice of, and each have the honour and credit of it; and this was done, not according to the order of their birth, but as their standards were fixed, first Judah, and those under him, and so the rest in course:

for the dedicating of the altar; see Num 7:10.

Gill: Num 7:12 - And he that offered his offering on the first day // was Nahshon the son of Amminadab, of the tribe of Judah And he that offered his offering on the first day,.... Was he whose standard was pitched first, at the east, to the rising sun: and this was Nahsho...

And he that offered his offering on the first day,.... Was he whose standard was pitched first, at the east, to the rising sun: and this

was Nahshon the son of Amminadab, of the tribe of Judah; who was the prince and captain of that tribe, though the title is not here given him, as to the rest of the princes, this being left to be concluded from his offering first; for if they that offered after him were princes, he must needs be one; or it may be this title is omitted, because the chief prince, of the prince of the tribe of Judah, most peculiarly belongs to a greater Personage, even the Messiah, who was to spring, and did spring from that tribe, 1Ch 5:2; and, as Baal Hatturim says, from Nahshon; and who also observes, that Ben Nahshon is the Messiah.

Gill: Num 7:13 - And his offering was one silver charger // the weight thereof was an hundred and thirty shekels // one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary // both of them were full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering And his offering was one silver charger,.... Or dish, like one of those used in the shewbread table to hold the bread in, only they were of gold, thi...

And his offering was one silver charger,.... Or dish, like one of those used in the shewbread table to hold the bread in, only they were of gold, this of silver, and belonged to the altar of burnt offering; the use of which might be to hold the meat offering in, as it may seem from the latter part of the verse, or the wave breast or heave shoulder, which belonged to the priest:

the weight thereof was an hundred and thirty shekels; which were sixty one ounces, four drachms, one scruple, and seventeen grains h, worth about sixteen pounds and five shillings of our money:

one silver bowl of seventy shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; the standard that was kept in the sanctuary; this was a lesser vessel, and was either for holding the drink offering, or receiving the blood of the sacrifices; its weight was thirty three ounces, five drachms, and three grains, and was worth about eight pounds and fifteen shillings of our money:

both of them were full of fine flour mingled with oil for a meat offering; which always attended other sacrifices after mentioned, part of which was burnt on the altar of burnt offering, and the rest were the perquisites of the priests.

Gill: Num 7:14 - One spoon of ten shekels of gold, &c. // full of incense One spoon of ten shekels of gold, &c. Its weight was according to the shekels, its matter of gold; it weighed four ounces, one drachm, and nine grain...

One spoon of ten shekels of gold, &c. Its weight was according to the shekels, its matter of gold; it weighed four ounces, one drachm, and nine grains, and was worth about seven pounds and ten shillings of our money:

full of incense; this looks as if this spoon was designed for the golden altar of incense, which might be at this time also dedicated; but Jarchi understands it as for the altar of burnt offering, and observes, we never find incense belonging to a private person, nor to the outward altar (the altar of burnt offering), but this only, and which was temporary.

Gill: Num 7:15 - One young bullock // one ram // one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering One young bullock,.... Of three years old, as the Targums of Jonathan and Jerusalem: one ram; of two years old, as the same Targums: one lamb of...

One young bullock,.... Of three years old, as the Targums of Jonathan and Jerusalem:

one ram; of two years old, as the same Targums:

one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering; of which see Lev 1:3.

Gill: Num 7:16 - One kid of the goats for a sin offering. One kid of the goats for a sin offering. Though these offerings of the princes were by way of thanksgiving, and to express their joy and gladness at t...

One kid of the goats for a sin offering. Though these offerings of the princes were by way of thanksgiving, and to express their joy and gladness at the erection of the tabernacle, its altars, and the service thereof; yet as this might not be without sin, which attends the best and purest performances of men, a sin offering was required, teaching us to look to Christ, who was made an offering for sin, for the taking away the sins of our holy things.

Gill: Num 7:17 - And for a sacrifice of peace offerings // two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year // this was the offering of Nahshon the son of Amminadab And for a sacrifice of peace offerings,.... So that here were all sorts of offerings on this occasion, meat and drink offerings, burnt offerings, sin ...

And for a sacrifice of peace offerings,.... So that here were all sorts of offerings on this occasion, meat and drink offerings, burnt offerings, sin offerings, and peace offerings: and for the latter were brought

two oxen, five rams, five he goats, five lambs of the first year; the reason why so many were brought and used for this sort of sacrifice was, because with these a feast was made, of which not only the priests partook, but the princes, and as many of their friends and acquaintance as they thought fit to invite:

this was the offering of Nahshon the son of Amminadab: which he offered out of his own substance, as the Targums of Jonathan and Jerusalem paraphrase it; though some have thought, that the presents and offerings were so large, and the princes not so very rich, or so much above the common people, as may be thought, that therefore they were assisted by the several tribes they were princes of: and as was this prince's offering, so were all the rest that follow in the order, according to their encampment under the several standards where they were fixed; and which were offered successively every day, the sabbath day or days not excepted, these being religious services, until the whole twelve were finished; and their presents and their offerings were exactly the same, and the account of them is given in the same words; they either agreeing together to make the same presents and offerings, or else they were directed to do so by the Spirit of God; whereby might be signified the common and equal right that they, and the tribes they represented, had in the altars, and the benefits arising from thence; as those that believe in Christ have an altar which is himself, they have a joint right to partake of, and have an equal share in the benefits of righteousness, peace, pardon, and atonement by him; see Heb 13:10; wherefore there is nothing more particularly to be observed in Num 7:17; only that in the several accounts of the presents and offerings of each prince, the vowel points in the Hebrew text are omitted, excepting in the names of persons that offer; which does not at all militate against the antiquity of the points, or their being coeval with the consonants, since, both in manuscripts and printed copies, these may be left out for brevity's sake, and quicker dispatch, and without any detriment, since they may be easily supplied from the first instance given; and they may be omitted on purpose, that these accounts might be the more taken notice of as a very wonderful thing, that their presents and offerings should be exactly alike; since the vowels being wanting, the naked letters may the more strike the eye, and lead the mind to notice them; and whereas the accents are all along continued, the reason of which may be, because the vowels once put, and read, might be more easily known, especially by one skilful in the Hebrew language, than the stops, distinctions, and divisions of the text, as a learned man has observed i.

Gill: Num 7:18 - On the second day Nethaneel the son of Zuar, prince of Issachar, did offer. On the second day Nethaneel the son of Zuar, prince of Issachar, did offer. See Num 1:8.

On the second day Nethaneel the son of Zuar, prince of Issachar, did offer. See Num 1:8.

Gill: Num 7:19 - He offered for his offering one silver charger He offered for his offering one silver charger,.... See Gill on Num 7:13.

He offered for his offering one silver charger,.... See Gill on Num 7:13.

Gill: Num 7:20 - One spoon of gold of ten shekels, full of incense. One spoon of gold of ten shekels, full of incense. See Gill on Num 7:14.

One spoon of gold of ten shekels, full of incense. See Gill on Num 7:14.

Gill: Num 7:21 - One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. See Gill on Num 7:15.

One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. See Gill on Num 7:15.

Gill: Num 7:22 - One kid of the goats for a sin offering. One kid of the goats for a sin offering. See Gill on Num 7:16.

One kid of the goats for a sin offering. See Gill on Num 7:16.

Gill: Num 7:23 - And for a sacrifice of peace offerings // Nethaneel the son of Zuar And for a sacrifice of peace offerings,.... See Gill on Num 7:17. Nethaneel the son of Zuar; see Num 1:8.

And for a sacrifice of peace offerings,.... See Gill on Num 7:17.

Nethaneel the son of Zuar; see Num 1:8.

Gill: Num 7:24 - On the third day Eliab the son of Helon, prince of the children of Zebulun, did offer. On the third day Eliab the son of Helon, prince of the children of Zebulun, did offer. See Num 1:9.

On the third day Eliab the son of Helon, prince of the children of Zebulun, did offer. See Num 1:9.

Gill: Num 7:25 - His offering was one silver charger His offering was one silver charger,.... See Gill on Num 7:13.

His offering was one silver charger,.... See Gill on Num 7:13.

Gill: Num 7:26 - One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. See Gill on Num 7:14.

One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. See Gill on Num 7:14.

Gill: Num 7:27 - One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. See Gill on Num 7:15.

One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. See Gill on Num 7:15.

Gill: Num 7:28 - One kid of the goats for a sin offering. One kid of the goats for a sin offering. See Gill on Num 7:16.

One kid of the goats for a sin offering. See Gill on Num 7:16.

Gill: Num 7:29 - And for a sacrifice of peace offerings // Eliab the son of Helon And for a sacrifice of peace offerings,.... See Gill on Num 7:17. Eliab the son of Helon; see Num 1:9.

And for a sacrifice of peace offerings,.... See Gill on Num 7:17.

Eliab the son of Helon; see Num 1:9.

Gill: Num 7:30 - On the fourth day Elizur the son of Shedeur, prince of the children of Reuben, did offer. On the fourth day Elizur the son of Shedeur, prince of the children of Reuben, did offer. See Num 1:5.

On the fourth day Elizur the son of Shedeur, prince of the children of Reuben, did offer. See Num 1:5.

Gill: Num 7:31 - His offering was one silver charger His offering was one silver charger,.... See Gill on Num 7:13.

His offering was one silver charger,.... See Gill on Num 7:13.

Gill: Num 7:32 - One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. See Gill on Num 7:14.

One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. See Gill on Num 7:14.

Gill: Num 7:33 - One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. See Gill on Num 7:15.

One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. See Gill on Num 7:15.

Gill: Num 7:34 - One kid of the goats for a sin offering. One kid of the goats for a sin offering. See Gill on Num 7:16.

One kid of the goats for a sin offering. See Gill on Num 7:16.

Gill: Num 7:35 - And for a sacrifice of peace offerings // Elizur the son of Shedeur And for a sacrifice of peace offerings,.... See Gill on Num 7:17. Elizur the son of Shedeur; see Num 1:5.

And for a sacrifice of peace offerings,.... See Gill on Num 7:17.

Elizur the son of Shedeur; see Num 1:5.

Gill: Num 7:36 - On the fifth day Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai, prince of the children of Simeon, did offer. On the fifth day Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai, prince of the children of Simeon, did offer. See Num 1:6.

On the fifth day Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai, prince of the children of Simeon, did offer. See Num 1:6.

Gill: Num 7:37 - His offering was one silver charger His offering was one silver charger,.... See Gill on Num 7:13.

His offering was one silver charger,.... See Gill on Num 7:13.

Gill: Num 7:38 - One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. See Gill on Num 7:14.

One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. See Gill on Num 7:14.

Gill: Num 7:39 - One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. See Gill on Num 7:15.

One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. See Gill on Num 7:15.

Gill: Num 7:40 - One kid of the goats for a sin offering. One kid of the goats for a sin offering. See Gill on Num 7:16.

One kid of the goats for a sin offering. See Gill on Num 7:16.

Gill: Num 7:41 - And for a sacrifice of peace offerings // Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai And for a sacrifice of peace offerings,.... See Gill on Num 7:17. Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai; see Num 1:6.

And for a sacrifice of peace offerings,.... See Gill on Num 7:17.

Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai; see Num 1:6.

Gill: Num 7:42 - On the sixth day Eliasaph the son of Deuel, prince of the children of Gad, offered. On the sixth day Eliasaph the son of Deuel, prince of the children of Gad, offered. See Num 1:14.

On the sixth day Eliasaph the son of Deuel, prince of the children of Gad, offered. See Num 1:14.

Gill: Num 7:43 - His offering was one silver charger His offering was one silver charger,.... See Gill on Num 7:13.

His offering was one silver charger,.... See Gill on Num 7:13.

Gill: Num 7:44 - One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. See Gill on Num 7:14.

One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. See Gill on Num 7:14.

Gill: Num 7:45 - One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. See Gill on Num 7:15.

One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. See Gill on Num 7:15.

Gill: Num 7:46 - One kid of the goats for a sin offering. One kid of the goats for a sin offering. See Gill on Num 7:16.

One kid of the goats for a sin offering. See Gill on Num 7:16.

Gill: Num 7:47 - And for a sacrifice of peace offerings // Eliasaph the son of Deuel And for a sacrifice of peace offerings,.... See Gill on Num 7:17. Eliasaph the son of Deuel; see Num 1:14.

And for a sacrifice of peace offerings,.... See Gill on Num 7:17.

Eliasaph the son of Deuel; see Num 1:14.

Gill: Num 7:48 - On the seventh day Elishama the son of Ammihud, prince of the children of Ephraim, offered. On the seventh day Elishama the son of Ammihud, prince of the children of Ephraim, offered. See Num 1:10.

On the seventh day Elishama the son of Ammihud, prince of the children of Ephraim, offered. See Num 1:10.

Gill: Num 7:49 - His offering was one silver charger His offering was one silver charger,.... See Gill on Num 7:13.

His offering was one silver charger,.... See Gill on Num 7:13.

Gill: Num 7:50 - One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. See Gill on Num 7:14.

One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. See Gill on Num 7:14.

Gill: Num 7:51 - One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. See Gill on Num 7:15.

One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. See Gill on Num 7:15.

Gill: Num 7:52 - One kid of the goats for a sin offering. One kid of the goats for a sin offering. See Gill on Num 7:16.

One kid of the goats for a sin offering. See Gill on Num 7:16.

Gill: Num 7:53 - And for a sacrifice of peace offerings // Elishama the son of Ammihud And for a sacrifice of peace offerings,.... See Gill on Num 7:17. Elishama the son of Ammihud; see Num 1:10.

And for a sacrifice of peace offerings,.... See Gill on Num 7:17.

Elishama the son of Ammihud; see Num 1:10.

Gill: Num 7:54 - On the eighth day offered Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur // prince of the children of Manasseh. On the eighth day offered Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur, prince of the children of Manasseh. See Num 1:10.

On the eighth day offered Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur,

prince of the children of Manasseh. See Num 1:10.

Gill: Num 7:55 - His offering was one silver charger His offering was one silver charger,.... See Gill on Num 7:13.

His offering was one silver charger,.... See Gill on Num 7:13.

Gill: Num 7:56 - One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. See Gill on Num 7:14.

One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. See Gill on Num 7:14.

Gill: Num 7:57 - One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. See Gill on Num 7:15.

One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. See Gill on Num 7:15.

Gill: Num 7:58 - One kid of the goats for a sin offering. One kid of the goats for a sin offering. See Gill on Num 7:16.

One kid of the goats for a sin offering. See Gill on Num 7:16.

Gill: Num 7:59 - And for a sacrifice of peace offerings // Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur And for a sacrifice of peace offerings,.... See Gill on Num 7:17. Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur; see Num 1:10.

And for a sacrifice of peace offerings,.... See Gill on Num 7:17.

Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur; see Num 1:10.

Gill: Num 7:60 - On the ninth day Abidan the son of Gideoni, prince of the children of Benjamin, offered. On the ninth day Abidan the son of Gideoni, prince of the children of Benjamin, offered. See Num 1:11.

On the ninth day Abidan the son of Gideoni, prince of the children of Benjamin, offered. See Num 1:11.

Gill: Num 7:61 - His offering was one silver charger His offering was one silver charger,.... See Gill on Num 7:13.

His offering was one silver charger,.... See Gill on Num 7:13.

Gill: Num 7:62 - One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. See Gill on Num 7:14.

One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. See Gill on Num 7:14.

Gill: Num 7:63 - One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. See Gill on Num 7:15.

One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. See Gill on Num 7:15.

Gill: Num 7:64 - One kid of the goats for a sin offering. One kid of the goats for a sin offering. See Gill on Num 7:16.

One kid of the goats for a sin offering. See Gill on Num 7:16.

Gill: Num 7:65 - And for a sacrifice of peace offerings // Abidan the son of Gideoni And for a sacrifice of peace offerings,.... See Gill on Num 7:17. Abidan the son of Gideoni; see Num 1:11.

And for a sacrifice of peace offerings,.... See Gill on Num 7:17.

Abidan the son of Gideoni; see Num 1:11.

Gill: Num 7:66 - On the tenth day Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai, prince of the children of Dan, offered. On the tenth day Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai, prince of the children of Dan, offered. See Num 1:12.

On the tenth day Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai, prince of the children of Dan, offered. See Num 1:12.

Gill: Num 7:67 - His offering was one silver charger His offering was one silver charger,.... See Gill on Num 7:13.

His offering was one silver charger,.... See Gill on Num 7:13.

Gill: Num 7:68 - One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. See Gill on Num 7:14.

One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. See Gill on Num 7:14.

Gill: Num 7:69 - One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. See Gill on Num 7:15.

One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. See Gill on Num 7:15.

Gill: Num 7:70 - One kid of the goats for a sin offering. One kid of the goats for a sin offering. See Gill on Num 7:16.

One kid of the goats for a sin offering. See Gill on Num 7:16.

Gill: Num 7:71 - And for a sacrifice of peace offerings // Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai And for a sacrifice of peace offerings,.... See Gill on Num 7:17. Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai; see Num 1:12.

And for a sacrifice of peace offerings,.... See Gill on Num 7:17.

Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai; see Num 1:12.

Gill: Num 7:72 - On the eleventh day Pagiel the son of Ocran, prince of the children of Asher, offered. On the eleventh day Pagiel the son of Ocran, prince of the children of Asher, offered. See Num 1:13.

On the eleventh day Pagiel the son of Ocran, prince of the children of Asher, offered. See Num 1:13.

Gill: Num 7:73 - His offering was one silver charger His offering was one silver charger,.... See Gill on Num 7:13.

His offering was one silver charger,.... See Gill on Num 7:13.

Gill: Num 7:74 - One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. See Gill on Num 7:14.

One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. See Gill on Num 7:14.

Gill: Num 7:75 - One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. See Gill on Num 7:15.

One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. See Gill on Num 7:15.

Gill: Num 7:76 - One kid of the goats for a sin offering. One kid of the goats for a sin offering. See Gill on Num 7:16.

One kid of the goats for a sin offering. See Gill on Num 7:16.

Gill: Num 7:77 - And for a sacrifice of peace offerings // Pagiel the son of Ocran And for a sacrifice of peace offerings,.... See Gill on Num 7:17. Pagiel the son of Ocran; see Num 1:13.

And for a sacrifice of peace offerings,.... See Gill on Num 7:17.

Pagiel the son of Ocran; see Num 1:13.

Gill: Num 7:78 - On the twelfth day Ahira the son of Enan, prince of the children of Naphtali, offered. On the twelfth day Ahira the son of Enan, prince of the children of Naphtali, offered. See Num 1:15.

On the twelfth day Ahira the son of Enan, prince of the children of Naphtali, offered. See Num 1:15.

Gill: Num 7:79 - His offering was one silver charger His offering was one silver charger,.... See Gill on Num 7:13.

His offering was one silver charger,.... See Gill on Num 7:13.

Gill: Num 7:80 - One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. See Gill on Num 7:14.

One golden spoon of ten shekels, full of incense. See Gill on Num 7:14.

Gill: Num 7:81 - One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. See Gill on Num 7:15.

One young bullock, one ram, one lamb of the first year, for a burnt offering. See Gill on Num 7:15.

Gill: Num 7:82 - One kid of the goats for a sin offering. One kid of the goats for a sin offering. See Gill on Num 7:16.

One kid of the goats for a sin offering. See Gill on Num 7:16.

Gill: Num 7:83 - And for a sacrifice of peace offerings // Ahira the son of Enan And for a sacrifice of peace offerings,.... See Gill on Num 7:17. Ahira the son of Enan; see Num 1:15.

And for a sacrifice of peace offerings,.... See Gill on Num 7:17.

Ahira the son of Enan; see Num 1:15.

Gill: Num 7:84 - This was the dedication of the altar by the princes // in the day when it was anointed // twelve chargers of silver, twelve silver bowls, twelve spoons of gold This was the dedication of the altar by the princes,.... These the presents they made, and the offerings they offered when the altar first began to b...

This was the dedication of the altar by the princes,.... These the presents they made, and the offerings they offered when the altar first began to be made use of, after it had been anointed and sanctified for sacred service:

in the day when it was anointed: this shows that it was not the precise and exact day of the setting up of the tabernacle, and the anointing of the altar, that the above presents and offerings were brought, since they were twelve successive days in bringing; but that the sense is, that about that time, or quickly after it was anointed, the princes dedicated it in the manner before described:

twelve chargers of silver, twelve silver bowls, twelve spoons of gold; according to the number of the princes, and the tribes they were princes of; a noble instance both of devotion and piety, and of liberality and generosity; and is a standing example on record to all princes and great personages in all successive ages, to promote religion and godliness, by their own personal conduct and behaviour, and to encourage and support it by their generous benefactions and donations: the sum total of what they contributed is in this and the following verses given.

Gill: Num 7:85 - Each charger of silver weighing an hundred and thirty shekels, each bowl seventy // all the silver vessels weighed two thousand and four hundred shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary Each charger of silver weighing an hundred and thirty shekels, each bowl seventy,.... See Gill on Num 7:13, all the silver vessels weighed two t...

Each charger of silver weighing an hundred and thirty shekels, each bowl seventy,.... See Gill on Num 7:13,

all the silver vessels weighed two thousand and four hundred shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary; which amounted to 1,139 ounces and four drachms k, which were worth about three hundred pounds of our money.

Gill: Num 7:86 - The golden spoons were twelve, full of incense // weighing ten shekels apiece, after the shekel of the sanctuary // all the gold of the spoons was twenty shekels The golden spoons were twelve, full of incense,.... Which points at the use those spoons or cups were of, namely, to carry incense in them, such as w...

The golden spoons were twelve, full of incense,.... Which points at the use those spoons or cups were of, namely, to carry incense in them, such as were used on the day of atonement l:

weighing ten shekels apiece, after the shekel of the sanctuary; See Gill on Num 7:14,

all the gold of the spoons was twenty shekels; which amounted to forty nine ounces, five drachms, scruples, and eight gains, worth about seventy five pounds of our money.

Gill: Num 7:87 - All the oxen for the burnt offering were twelve bullocks // the rams twelve, the lambs of the first year twelve // with their meat offering // and the kids of the goats, for a sin offering, twelve All the oxen for the burnt offering were twelve bullocks,.... According to the number of the princes and their tribes, and so: the rams twelve, th...

All the oxen for the burnt offering were twelve bullocks,.... According to the number of the princes and their tribes, and so:

the rams twelve, the lambs of the first year twelve; which were also for the burnt offering:

with their meat offering; which always went along with the burnt offering:

and the kids of the goats, for a sin offering, twelve; thus the twelve princes, and by them the twelve tribes, expressed their faith in Christ, the antitype of those sacrifices, and their hope of his coming into the world to be a sacrifice for sin, and of their atonement, reconciliation, peace, pardon, and salvation by him; see Act 26:6.

Gill: Num 7:88 - And all the oxen for the sacrifice of the peace offerings were twenty and four bullocks // the rams sixty, the he goats sixty, the lambs of the first year sixty // this was the dedication of the altar after that it was anointed And all the oxen for the sacrifice of the peace offerings were twenty and four bullocks,.... Each prince bringing two: the rams sixty, the he goat...

And all the oxen for the sacrifice of the peace offerings were twenty and four bullocks,.... Each prince bringing two:

the rams sixty, the he goats sixty, the lambs of the first year sixty; five of each being brought by every prince; so that the whole number of beasts for peace offerings only, which were to feast with, were two hundred four:

this was the dedication of the altar after that it was anointed; this clearly shows, that it was not the precise day the altar was anointed the dedication was made, but some little time after; even that the first prince brought his presents and offerings for the dedication of it.

Gill: Num 7:89 - And when Moses was gone into the tabernacle of the congregation, to speak with him // then he heard the voice of one speaking unto him // from off the mercy seat that was upon the ark of the testimony, from between the two cherubim And when Moses was gone into the tabernacle of the congregation, to speak with him,.... With God, to consult him on some affair or another, or to lear...

And when Moses was gone into the tabernacle of the congregation, to speak with him,.... With God, to consult him on some affair or another, or to learn whether he had anything else to communicate to him, to be delivered to the children of Israel; or whether he had any directions and instructions to give him about the presents and gifts of the princes, since this seems to be immediately after their offerings:

then he heard the voice of one speaking unto him; the Targum of Jonathan paraphrases it, the voice of the Spirit; but rather the voice of the Shechinah, or Word of God, the eternal "Logos", is what was heard; who in the fulness of time was to be made flesh, and dwell among men, and be heard, and seen, and handled by them; for as for the voice of the Father, the was not heard at any time, Joh 5:37,

from off the mercy seat that was upon the ark of the testimony, from between the two cherubim; upon the ark in which the law was, called the testimony, was the mercy seat; over that were placed two cherubim shadowing it, and between these was the seat of the divine Majesty, which he had now taken, and from hence the voice of him speaking, was heard; which, as it follows upon the presents and offerings of the princes, may be interpreted, of the divine approbation and acceptance of them, since it was promised by the Lord to Moses, that upon their building a tabernacle for him he would dwell in it; and upon the making a mercy seat with the cherubim over the ark, he would there meet with Moses, and commune with him; all which being done to his mind he fulfils his promise: though it seems that at this time Moses did not go into the most holy place, only into the tabernacle of the congregation, the outward sanctuary, the court of the tabernacle; and there he heard the voice, as Jarchi observes, coming out of the most holy place, and from the mercy seat there, which was so loud, clear, and distinct, as to be well heard and understood by him; he supposes the voice went out from heaven to between the two cherubim, and from thence to the tabernacle of the congregation: and he spake unto him; what he spoke is not said, unless it is what follows in the next chapter.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Num 7:1 This chapter belongs chronologically after Lev 8:11, because Aaron and his sons were not yet made the celebrants and officiants of the new shrine (com...

NET Notes: Num 7:2 The form is the Qal active participle from the verb “to stand” (עָמַד, ’amad). The form describes thes...

NET Notes: Num 7:3 For a discussion and drawings, see W. S. McCullough, IDB 1:540. But see also D. J. Wiseman, IBD 1:254.

NET Notes: Num 7:5 The expression כְּפִי (kÿfi) is “according to the mouth of.” Here, it would say “according ...

NET Notes: Num 7:8 Heb “hand.”

NET Notes: Num 7:9 Heb “upon them,” meaning “their duty.”

NET Notes: Num 7:10 Heb “offered,” but this is redundant and has been translated as “presented” for stylistic reasons. The same phrase occurs in v...

NET Notes: Num 7:11 The distributive sense is achieved by repetition: “one leader for the day, one leader for the day.”

NET Notes: Num 7:12 The tribe of Judah is listed first. It seems that it had already achieved a place of prominence based on the patriarchal promise of the Messiahship in...

NET Notes: Num 7:13 The word “shekels” has been supplied in the translation for clarity. So also in vv. 19, 20, 25, 26, 31, 32, 37, 38, 43, 44, 49, 50, 55, 56...

NET Notes: Num 7:24 The phrase “presented an offering” is not found in the Hebrew text at this point but has been supplied to clarify what action is being don...

NET Notes: Num 7:88 Even though the chapter seems wearisome and repetitious to the modern reader, it is a significant document. A. Rainey shows how it matches the exact l...

NET Notes: Num 7:89 The cherubim are the carved forms of the angels attached to the ark. They indicate the guarding role of this order of angels in the holy of holies. Th...

Geneva Bible: Num 7:3 And they brought their offering before the LORD, six ( a ) covered wagons, and twelve oxen; a wagon for two of the princes, and for each one an ox: an...

Geneva Bible: Num 7:5 Take [it] of them, that they may be to do the ( b ) service of the tabernacle of the congregation; and thou shalt give them unto the Levites, to every...

Geneva Bible: Num 7:7 Two wagons and four oxen he gave unto the sons of Gershon, ( c ) according to their service: ( c ) For their use to carry with.

Geneva Bible: Num 7:9 But unto the sons of Kohath he gave none: ( d ) because the service of the sanctuary belonging unto them [was that] they should bear upon their should...

Geneva Bible: Num 7:10 And the princes offered for ( e ) dedicating of the altar in the day that it was anointed, even the princes offered their offering before the altar. ...

Geneva Bible: Num 7:84 This [was] the ( f ) dedication of the altar, in the day when it was anointed, by the princes of Israel: twelve chargers of silver, twelve silver bowl...

Geneva Bible: Num 7:88 And all the oxen for the sacrifice of the peace offerings [were] twenty and four bullocks, the rams sixty, the he goats sixty, the lambs of the first ...

Geneva Bible: Num 7:89 And when Moses was gone into the ( h ) tabernacle of the congregation to speak with him, then he heard the voice of one speaking unto him from off the...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: Num 7:1-9 - --The offering of the princes to the service of the tabernacle was not made till it was fully set up. Necessary observances must always take place of fr...

MHCC: Num 7:10-89 - --The princes and great men were most forward in the service of God. Here is an example to those in authority, and of the highest rank; they ought to us...

Matthew Henry: Num 7:1-9 - -- Here is the offering of the princes to the service of the tabernacle. Observe, I. When it was; not till it was fully set up, Num 7:1. When all thi...

Matthew Henry: Num 7:10-89 - -- We have here an account of the great solemnity of dedicating the altars, both that of burnt-offerings and that of incense; they had been sanctified ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Num 7:1 - -- Presentation of Dedicatory Gifts by the Princes of the Tribes. - Num 7:1. This presentation took place at the time ( יום ) when Moses, after havi...

Keil-Delitzsch: Num 7:2-3 - -- The presentation of six waggons and twelve oxen for the carriage of the materials of the tabernacle is mentioned first, and was no doubt the first ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Num 7:4-6 - -- At the command of God, Moses received them to apply them to the purposes of the tabernacle, and handed them over to the Levites, " to every one acco...

Keil-Delitzsch: Num 7:7-9 - -- He gave two waggons and four oxen to the Gershonites, and four waggons and eight oxen to the Merarites, as the former had less weight to carry, in t...

Keil-Delitzsch: Num 7:10-11 - -- Presentation of dedicatory gifts for the altar . - Num 7:10. Every prince offered" the dedication of the altar, "i.e., what served for the dedicati...

Keil-Delitzsch: Num 7:12-88 - -- All the princes brought the same gifts. The order in which the twelve princes, whose names have already been given at Num 1:5-15, made their present...

Keil-Delitzsch: Num 7:89 - -- Whilst the tribe-princes had thus given to the altar the consecration of a sanctuary of their God, through their sacrificial gifts, Jehovah acknowle...

Constable: Num 1:1--10:36 - --A. Preparations for entering the Promised Land from the south chs. 1-10 The first 10 chapters in Numbers...

Constable: Num 5:1--9:23 - --2. Commands and rituals to observe in preparation for entering the land chs. 5-9 God gave the fo...

Constable: Num 7:1--9:23 - --The dedication of the tabernacle chs. 7-9 The revelation of ordinances and instructions ...

Constable: Num 7:1-89 - --The offerings at the dedication ch. 7 The presentation this chapter records took...

Guzik: Num 7:1-89 - The Gifts of the Twelve Tribes Numbers 7 - The Gifts of the Twelve Tribes A. The giving of the first gifts. 1. (1-3) Six carts and twelve oxen offered at the conclusion of the bui...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: Numbers (Pendahuluan Kitab) NUMBERS. This book is so called because it contains an account of the enumeration and arrangement of the Israelites. The early part of it, from the fi...

JFB: Numbers (Garis Besar) MOSES NUMBERING THE MEN OF WAR. (Num. 1:1-54) THE ORDER OF THE TRIBES IN THEIR TENTS. (Num. 2:1-34) THE LEVITES' SERVICE. (Num. 3:1-51) OF THE LEVITE...

TSK: Numbers (Pendahuluan Kitab) The book of Numbers is a book containing a series of the most astonishing providences and events. Every where and in every circumstance God appears; ...

TSK: Numbers 7 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Num 7:1, The offering of the princes at the dedication of the tabernacle; Num 7:10, Their several offerings at the dedication of the alta...

Poole: Numbers (Pendahuluan Kitab) FOURTH BOOK OF MOSES, CALLED NUMBERS THE ARGUMENT This Book giveth us a history of almost forty years travel of the children of Israel through th...

Poole: Numbers 7 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHAPTER 7 The tabernacle being fully finished, the twelve princes offer gifts; which are delivered to the Gershonites and the Merarites, Num 7:1-11...

MHCC: Numbers (Pendahuluan Kitab) This book is called NUMBERS from the several numberings of the people contained in it. It extends from the giving of the law at Sinai, till their arri...

MHCC: Numbers 7 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (Num 7:1-9) The offerings of the princes at the dedication of the tabernacle. (v. 10-89) The offerings of the princes at the dedication of the altar.

Matthew Henry: Numbers (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Fourth Book of Moses, Called Numbers The titles of the five books of Moses, which we use in our Bib...

Matthew Henry: Numbers 7 (Pendahuluan Pasal) God having set up house (as it were) in the midst of the camp of Israel, the princes of Israel here come a visiting with their presents, as tenants...

Constable: Numbers (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title The title the Jews used in their Hebrew Old Testament for this book...

Constable: Numbers (Garis Besar) Outline I. Experiences of the older generation in the wilderness chs. 1-25 A. Preparations f...

Constable: Numbers Numbers Bibliography Aharoni, Yohanan. The Land of the Bible. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1979. ...

Haydock: Numbers (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION. This fourth Book of Moses is called Numbers , because it begins with the numbering of the people. The Hebrews, from its first words...

Gill: Numbers (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO NUMBERS This book has its name from the account it gives of the "numbers" of the children of Israel, twice taken particularly; whic...

Gill: Numbers 7 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO NUMBERS 7 This chapter gives an account of the presents brought, by the princes of the twelve tribes at the setting up of the taber...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


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