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Teks -- 2 Kings 1:1-18 (NET)

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Konteks
Elijah Confronts the King and His Commanders
1:1 After Ahab died, Moab rebelled against Israel. 1:2 Ahaziah fell through a window lattice in his upper chamber in Samaria and was injured. He sent messengers with these orders, “Go, ask Baal Zebub, the god of Ekron, if I will survive this injury.” 1:3 But the Lord’s angelic messenger told Elijah the Tishbite, “Get up, go to meet the messengers from the king of Samaria. Say this to them: ‘You must think there is no God in Israel! That explains why you are on your way to seek an oracle from Baal Zebub the god of Ekron. 1:4 Therefore this is what the Lord says, “You will not leave the bed you lie on, for you will certainly die!”’” So Elijah went on his way. 1:5 When the messengers returned to the king, he asked them, “Why have you returned?” 1:6 They replied, “A man came up to meet us. He told us, “Go back to the king who sent you and tell him, ‘This is what the Lord says: “You must think there is no God in Israel! That explains why you are sending for an oracle from Baal Zebub, the god of Ekron. Therefore you will not leave the bed you lie on, for you will certainly die.”’” 1:7 The king asked them, “Describe the appearance of this man who came up to meet you and told you these things.” 1:8 They replied, “He was a hairy man and had a leather belt tied around his waist.” The king said, “He is Elijah the Tishbite.” 1:9 The king sent a captain and his fifty soldiers to retrieve Elijah. The captain went up to him, while he was sitting on the top of a hill. He told him, “Prophet, the king says, ‘Come down!’” 1:10 Elijah replied to the captain, “If I am indeed a prophet, may fire come down from the sky and consume you and your fifty soldiers!” Fire then came down from the sky and consumed him and his fifty soldiers. 1:11 The king sent another captain and his fifty soldiers to retrieve Elijah. He went up and told him, “Prophet, this is what the king says, ‘Come down at once!’” 1:12 Elijah replied to them, “If I am indeed a prophet, may fire come down from the sky and consume you and your fifty soldiers!” Fire from God came down from the sky and consumed him and his fifty soldiers. 1:13 The king sent a third captain and his fifty soldiers. This third captain went up and fell on his knees before Elijah. He begged for mercy, “Prophet, please have respect for my life and for the lives of these fifty servants of yours. 1:14 Indeed, fire came down from the sky and consumed the two captains who came before me, along with their men. So now, please have respect for my life.” 1:15 The Lord’s angelic messenger said to Elijah, “Go down with him. Don’t be afraid of him.” So he got up and went down with him to the king. 1:16 Elijah said to the king, “This is what the Lord says, ‘You sent messengers to seek an oracle from Baal Zebub, the god of Ekron. You must think there is no God in Israel from whom you can seek an oracle! Therefore you will not leave the bed you lie on, for you will certainly die.’” 1:17 He died just as the Lord had prophesied through Elijah. In the second year of the reign of King Jehoram son of Jehoshaphat over Judah, Ahaziah’s brother Jehoram replaced him as king of Israel, because he had no son. 1:18 The rest of the events of Ahaziah’s reign, including his accomplishments, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Israel.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Ahab son and successor of Omri, king of Israel,son of Kolaiah; a false prophet in the time of King Zedekiah
 · Ahaziah son and successor of Jehu, King of Israel,son and successor of Josiah, King of Judah,youngest son and successor of King Jehoram of Judah
 · Baal a pagan god,a title of a pagan god,a town in the Negeb on the border of Simeon and Judah,son of Reaiah son of Micah; a descendant of Reuben,the forth son of Jeiel, the Benjamite
 · Ekron a town in the western foothills of Judah,residents of the town of Ekron
 · Elijah a prophet from the 9th century B.C.,a prophet from Tishbe in Gilead to Israel in King Ahab's time,son of Jeroham of Benjamin,a priest of the Harim clan who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Bani Elam clan who put away his heathen wife
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Jehoram a son of Jehoshaphat; the father of Uzziah; an ancestor of Jesus.,son of Toi or Tou, king of Hamath,son and successor of King Jehoshaphat of Judah,second son and second successor of King Ahab of Israel,son of Jeshaiah; a Levitical chief treasurer whose descendants returned from exile
 · Jehoshaphat the son and successor of king Asa of Judah; the father of Jehoram; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Ahilud; a recorder for King Solomon,an officer over collecting food supplies for King Solomon from Issachar; son of Paruah,son of Asa; King of Judah,son of Nimshi; father of King Jehu of Israel,a situation ("valley") of being judged (OS)
 · Judah the son of Jacob and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,a tribe, the land/country,a son of Joseph; the father of Simeon; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Jacob/Israel and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,the tribe of Judah,citizens of the southern kingdom of Judah,citizens of the Persian Province of Judah; the Jews who had returned from Babylonian exile,"house of Judah", a phrase which highlights the political leadership of the tribe of Judah,"king of Judah", a phrase which relates to the southern kingdom of Judah,"kings of Judah", a phrase relating to the southern kingdom of Judah,"princes of Judah", a phrase relating to the kingdom of Judah,the territory allocated to the tribe of Judah, and also the extended territory of the southern kingdom of Judah,the Province of Judah under Persian rule,"hill country of Judah", the relatively cool and green central highlands of the territory of Judah,"the cities of Judah",the language of the Jews; Hebrew,head of a family of Levites who returned from Exile,a Levite who put away his heathen wife,a man who was second in command of Jerusalem; son of Hassenuah of Benjamin,a Levite in charge of the songs of thanksgiving in Nehemiah's time,a leader who helped dedicate Nehemiah's wall,a Levite musician who helped Zechariah of Asaph dedicate Nehemiah's wall
 · Moab resident(s) of the country of Moab
 · Samaria residents of the district of Samaria
 · Tishbite a resident of the town of Tishbe


Topik/Tema Kamus: Elijah | Ahaziah | Reproof | Malice | Prophecy | Baal-zebub | Fire | Ekron | Meteorology and Celestial Phenomena | PHILISTINES | Afflictions and Adversities | BAALZEBUB | Obadiah, Book of | House | BAAL (1) | Leather | Miracles | BAAL | GIRDLE | Tishbite | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: 2Ki 1:1 - Moab This had been subdued by David, as Edom was; and upon the division of his kingdom, Moab was adjoined to that of Israel, and Edom to that of Judah, eac...

This had been subdued by David, as Edom was; and upon the division of his kingdom, Moab was adjoined to that of Israel, and Edom to that of Judah, each to that kingdom upon which it bordered. But when the kingdoms of Israel and Judah were weak and forsaken by God, they took that opportunity to revolt from them; Moab here, and Edom a little after.

Wesley: 2Ki 1:2 - Chamber In which, the lattess might be left to convey light into the lower room. But the words may be rendered, through the battlements (or through the lattes...

In which, the lattess might be left to convey light into the lower room. But the words may be rendered, through the battlements (or through the lattess in the battlements) of the roof of the house. Where, standing and looking through, and leaning upon this lattess, it broke, and he fell down into the court or garden.

Wesley: 2Ki 1:2 - Baal zebub - Properly, the god of flies; an idol so called, because it was supposed to deliver those people from flies; Jupiter and Hercules were called by...

zebub - Properly, the god of flies; an idol so called, because it was supposed to deliver those people from flies; Jupiter and Hercules were called by a like name among the Grecians. And it is evident, both from sacred and prophane histories, That the idol - gods, did sometimes through God's permission, give the answers; though they were generally observed, even by the Heathens themselves, to be dark and doubtful.

Wesley: 2Ki 1:3 - And say Dost thou not cast contempt on the God of Israel, as if he were either ignorant of the event of thy disease, or unable to give thee relief; and as if ...

Dost thou not cast contempt on the God of Israel, as if he were either ignorant of the event of thy disease, or unable to give thee relief; and as if Baal - zebub had more skill and power than he?

Wesley: 2Ki 1:5 - Why, &c. _Before you have been at Ekron: which he knew by their quick return.

_Before you have been at Ekron: which he knew by their quick return.

Wesley: 2Ki 1:8 - An hairy man His garment was rough and hairy, such as were worn by eminent persons in Greece, in ancient times; and were the proper habit of the prophets.

His garment was rough and hairy, such as were worn by eminent persons in Greece, in ancient times; and were the proper habit of the prophets.

Wesley: 2Ki 1:8 - Girdle As John the baptist also had. That by his very outward habit, he might represent Elijah, in whose spirit and power he came.

As John the baptist also had. That by his very outward habit, he might represent Elijah, in whose spirit and power he came.

Wesley: 2Ki 1:9 - Man of God So he calls him by way of scorn.

So he calls him by way of scorn.

Wesley: 2Ki 1:9 - Come The king commands thee to come to him: which if thou refuseth, I am to carry thee by force.

The king commands thee to come to him: which if thou refuseth, I am to carry thee by force.

Wesley: 2Ki 1:10 - Let fire, &c. _Elijah did this, not to secure himself, he could have done that some other way: nor to revenge himself, for it was not his own cause that he acted in...

_Elijah did this, not to secure himself, he could have done that some other way: nor to revenge himself, for it was not his own cause that he acted in: but to prove his mission, and to reveal the wrath of God from heaven against the ungodliness and unrighteousness of men.

Wesley: 2Ki 1:11 - And said He discovers more petulancy than the former; and shews, how little he was moved by the former example.

He discovers more petulancy than the former; and shews, how little he was moved by the former example.

Wesley: 2Ki 1:13 - Besought Expressing both reverence to his person, and a dread of God's judgments. There is nothing to be got by contending with God: if we would prevail with h...

Expressing both reverence to his person, and a dread of God's judgments. There is nothing to be got by contending with God: if we would prevail with him, it must be by supplication. And those are wise who learn submission from the fatal consequences of obstinacy in others.

Wesley: 2Ki 1:16 - He said To his very face. Nor durst the king lay hands upon him, being daunted with the prophet's presence, and confidence; and affrighted by the late dreadfu...

To his very face. Nor durst the king lay hands upon him, being daunted with the prophet's presence, and confidence; and affrighted by the late dreadful evidence of his power with God.

Wesley: 2Ki 1:17 - Jehoram His brother.

His brother.

Wesley: 2Ki 1:17 - The son of Jehoshaphat Jehoshaphat, in his seventeenth year, when he went to Ahab, and with him to Ramoth - Gilead, appointed his son Jehoram his vice - roy, and (in case of...

Jehoshaphat, in his seventeenth year, when he went to Ahab, and with him to Ramoth - Gilead, appointed his son Jehoram his vice - roy, and (in case of his death) his successor. In the second year from that time, when Jehoram was thus made vice - king in his father's stead; this Jehoram, Ahab's son, began to reign: and in the fifth year of the reign of this Jehoram son of Ahab, which was about the twenty - fourth year of Jehoshaphat's reign, Jehoram son of Jehoshaphat was made king of Judah, together with his father.

JFB: 2Ki 1:1 - Then Moab rebelled Subdued by David (2Sa 8:2), they had, in the partition of Israel and Judah, fallen to the share of the former kingdom. But they took advantage of the ...

Subdued by David (2Sa 8:2), they had, in the partition of Israel and Judah, fallen to the share of the former kingdom. But they took advantage of the death of Ahab to shake off the yoke (see on 2Ki 3:6). The casualty that befell Ahaziah [2Ki 1:2] prevented his taking active measures for suppressing this revolt, which was accomplished as a providential judgment on the house of Ahab for all these crimes.

JFB: 2Ki 1:2-8 - Ahaziah fell down through a lattice in his upper chamber This lattice was either a part of the wooden parapet, or fence, which surrounds the flat roofs of houses, and over which the king was carelessly leani...

This lattice was either a part of the wooden parapet, or fence, which surrounds the flat roofs of houses, and over which the king was carelessly leaning when it gave way; or it might be an opening like a skylight in the roof itself, done over with lattice-work, which, being slender or rotten, the king stepped on and slipped through. This latter supposition is most probably the true one, as Ahaziah did not fall either into the street or the court, but "in his upper chamber."

JFB: 2Ki 1:2-8 - inquire of Baalzebub Anxious to learn whether he should recover from the effects of this severe fall, he sent to consult Baalzebub, that is, the god of flies, who was cons...

Anxious to learn whether he should recover from the effects of this severe fall, he sent to consult Baalzebub, that is, the god of flies, who was considered the patron deity of medicine. A temple to that idol was erected at Ekron, which was resorted to far and wide, though it afterwards led to the destruction of the place (Zec 9:5; Amo 1:8; Zep 2:4). "After visiting Ekron, 'the god of flies' is a name that gives me no surprise. The flies there swarmed, in fact so innumerably, that I could hardly get any food without these troublesome insects getting into it" [VAN DE VELDE].

JFB: 2Ki 1:3 - the angel of the Lord Not an angel, but the angel, who carried on all communications between the invisible God and His chosen people [HENGSTENBERG]. This angel commissioned...

Not an angel, but the angel, who carried on all communications between the invisible God and His chosen people [HENGSTENBERG]. This angel commissioned Elijah to meet the king's messengers, to stop them peremptorily on the idolatrous errand, and convey by them to the king information of his approaching death. This consultation of an idol, being a breach of the fundamental law of the kingdom (Exo 20:3; Deu 5:7), was a daring and deliberate rejection of the national religion. The Lord, in making this announcement of his death, designed that he should see in that event a judgment for his idolatry.

JFB: 2Ki 1:4 - Thou shalt not come down from that bed On being taken up, he had probably been laid on the divan--a raised frame, about three feet broad, extended along the sides of a room, covered with cu...

On being taken up, he had probably been laid on the divan--a raised frame, about three feet broad, extended along the sides of a room, covered with cushions and mattresses--serving, in short, as a sofa by day and a bed by night, and ascended by steps.

JFB: 2Ki 1:4 - Elijah departed To his ordinary abode, which was then at Mount Carmel (2Ki 2:25; 1Ki 18:42).

To his ordinary abode, which was then at Mount Carmel (2Ki 2:25; 1Ki 18:42).

JFB: 2Ki 1:5 - the messengers turned back They did not know the stranger; but his authoritative tone, commanding attitude, and affecting message determined them at once to return.

They did not know the stranger; but his authoritative tone, commanding attitude, and affecting message determined them at once to return.

JFB: 2Ki 1:8 - an hairy man This was the description not of his person, as in the case of Esau, but of his dress, which consisted either of unwrought sheep or goatskins (Heb 11:3...

This was the description not of his person, as in the case of Esau, but of his dress, which consisted either of unwrought sheep or goatskins (Heb 11:37), or of camel's haircloth--the coarser manufacture of this material like our rough haircloth. The Dervishes and Bedouins are attired in this wild, uncouth manner, while their hair flows loose on the head, their shaggy cloak is thrown over their shoulders and tied in front on the breast, naked, except at the waist, round which is a skin girdle--a broad, rough leathern belt. Similar to this was the girdle of the prophets, as in keeping with their coarse garments and their stern, uncompromising office.

JFB: 2Ki 1:9 - Then the king sent unto him a captain of fifty Any appearance of cruelty that there is in the fate of the two captains and their men will be removed, on a full consideration of the circumstances. G...

Any appearance of cruelty that there is in the fate of the two captains and their men will be removed, on a full consideration of the circumstances. God being the King of Israel, Ahaziah was bound to govern the kingdom according to the divine law; to apprehend the Lord's prophet, for discharging a commanded duty, was that of an impious and notorious rebel. The captains abetted the king in his rebellion; and they exceeded their military duty by contemptuous insults.

JFB: 2Ki 1:9 - man of God In using this term, they either spoke derisively, believing him to be no true prophet; or, if they regarded him as a true prophet, the summons to him ...

In using this term, they either spoke derisively, believing him to be no true prophet; or, if they regarded him as a true prophet, the summons to him to surrender himself bound to the king was a still more flagrant insult; the language of the second captain being worse than that of the first.

JFB: 2Ki 1:10 - let fire come down Rather, "fire shall come down." Not to avenge a personal insult of Elijah, but an insult upon God in the person of His prophet; and the punishment was...

Rather, "fire shall come down." Not to avenge a personal insult of Elijah, but an insult upon God in the person of His prophet; and the punishment was inflicted, not by the prophet, but by the direct hand of God.

JFB: 2Ki 1:15-16 - he arose, and went down with him A marvellous instance of faith and obedience. Though he well knew how obnoxious his presence was to the king, yet, on receiving God's command, he goes...

A marvellous instance of faith and obedience. Though he well knew how obnoxious his presence was to the king, yet, on receiving God's command, he goes unhesitatingly, and repeats, with his own lips, the unwelcome tidings conveyed by the messengers.

JFB: 2Ki 1:17 - Jehoram The brother of Ahaziah (see on 2Ki 3:1).

The brother of Ahaziah (see on 2Ki 3:1).

Clarke: 2Ki 1:1 - Moab rebelled Moab rebelled - The Moabites had been subdued by David, and laid under tribute, 2Ki 3:4, and 2Sa 8:2. After the division of the two kingdoms, the Mo...

Moab rebelled - The Moabites had been subdued by David, and laid under tribute, 2Ki 3:4, and 2Sa 8:2. After the division of the two kingdoms, the Moabites fell partly under the dominion of Israel, and partly under that of Judah, until the death of Ahab, when they arose and shook off this yoke. Jehoram confederated with the king of Judah and the king of Edom, in order to reduce them. See this war, 2Ki 3:5.

Clarke: 2Ki 1:2 - Fell down through a lattice Fell down through a lattice - Perhaps either through the flat root of his house, or over or through the balustrades with which the roof was surround...

Fell down through a lattice - Perhaps either through the flat root of his house, or over or through the balustrades with which the roof was surrounded

Clarke: 2Ki 1:2 - Go, inquire of Baal-zebub Go, inquire of Baal-zebub - Literally, the fly-god, or master of flies. The Septuagint has βααλ μυιαν, Baal the fly. He was the tutelary g...

Go, inquire of Baal-zebub - Literally, the fly-god, or master of flies. The Septuagint has βααλ μυιαν, Baal the fly. He was the tutelary god of Ekron, and probably was used at first as a kind of telesm, to drive away flies. He became afterwards a very respectable devil, and was supposed to have great power and influence. In the New Testament Beelzebub is a common name for Satan himself, or the prince of devils. See my notes on Mat 10:25 (note).

Clarke: 2Ki 1:4 - But shalt surely die But shalt surely die - The true God tells you this; he in whose hands are both life and death, who can kill and make alive. Baal-zebub can do nothin...

But shalt surely die - The true God tells you this; he in whose hands are both life and death, who can kill and make alive. Baal-zebub can do nothing; God has determined that your master shall die.

Clarke: 2Ki 1:8 - He was a hairy man He was a hairy man - That is, he wore a rough garment, either made of camels’ hair, as his successor John Baptist’ s was, or he wore a sk...

He was a hairy man - That is, he wore a rough garment, either made of camels’ hair, as his successor John Baptist’ s was, or he wore a skin dressed with the hair on. Some think that the meaning is, he had very long hair and a long beard. The ancient prophets all wore rough garments, or upper coats made of the skins of beasts: They wandered about in sheep-skins and goat-skins, says the apostle, Heb 11:37.

Clarke: 2Ki 1:9 - A captain of fifty with his fifty A captain of fifty with his fifty - It is impossible that such a man as Ahaziah, in such circumstances, could have had any friendly designs in sendi...

A captain of fifty with his fifty - It is impossible that such a man as Ahaziah, in such circumstances, could have had any friendly designs in sending a captain and fifty soldiers for the prophet; and the manner in which they are treated shows plainly that they went with a hostile intent

Clarke: 2Ki 1:9 - And he spake unto him, Thou man of God And he spake unto him, Thou man of God - Thou prophet of the Most High.

And he spake unto him, Thou man of God - Thou prophet of the Most High.

Clarke: 2Ki 1:10 - And there came down fire And there came down fire - Some have blamed the prophet for destroying these men, by bringing down fire from heaven upon them. But they do not consi...

And there came down fire - Some have blamed the prophet for destroying these men, by bringing down fire from heaven upon them. But they do not consider that it was no more possible for Elijah to bring down fire from heaven, than for them to do it. God alone could send the fire; and as he is just and good, he would not have destroyed these men had there not been a sufficient cause to justify the act. It was not to please Elijah, or to gratify any vindictive humor in him, that God thus acted; but to show his own power and justice. No entreaty of Elijah could have induced God to have performed an act that was wrong in itself. Elijah, personally, had no concern in the business. God led him simply to announce on these occasions what he himself had determined to do. If I be a man of God, i.e., as surely as I am a man of God, fire Shall come down from heaven, and Shall consume thee and thy fifty. This is the literal meaning of the original; and by it we see that Elijah’ s words were only declarative, and not imprecatory.

Clarke: 2Ki 1:15 - And the angel of the Lord said - Go down with him And the angel of the Lord said - Go down with him - This is an additional proof that Elijah was then acting under particular inspirations: he had ne...

And the angel of the Lord said - Go down with him - This is an additional proof that Elijah was then acting under particular inspirations: he had neither will nor design of his own. He waited to know the counsel, declare the will, and obey the command, of his God

Clarke: 2Ki 1:15 - And he arose, and went down And he arose, and went down - He did not even regard his personal safety or his life; he goes without the least hesitation to the king, though he ha...

And he arose, and went down - He did not even regard his personal safety or his life; he goes without the least hesitation to the king, though he had reason to suppose he would be doubly irritated by his prediction, and the death of one hundred of his men. But with all these consequences he had nothing to do; he was the ambassador of the King eternal, and his honor and life were in the hands of his Master.

Clarke: 2Ki 1:17 - And Jehoram reigned in his stead And Jehoram reigned in his stead - The Vulgate, Septuagint, and Syriac say, Jehoram His Brother reigned in his stead, in the second year of Jehoram....

And Jehoram reigned in his stead - The Vulgate, Septuagint, and Syriac say, Jehoram His Brother reigned in his stead, in the second year of Jehoram. There were two Jehorams who were contemporary: the first, the son of Ahab, brother to Ahaziah, and his successor in the kingdom of Israel; the second, the son of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, who succeeded his father in Judah. But there is a difficulty here: "How is it that Jehoram the brother of Ahaziah began to reign in the second year of Jehoram son of Jehoshaphat, seeing that, according to 2Ki 3:1, he began his reign in the eighteenth year of the reign of Jehoshaphat; and, according to 2Ki 8:16, Jehoram son of Jehoshaphat began to reign in the fifth year of Jehoram king of Israel?"Calmet and others answer thus: "Jehoram king of Israel began to reign in the eighteenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, which was the second year after this same Jehoshaphat had given the viceroyalty to his son Jehoram; and afterwards Jehoshaphat communicated the royalty to Jehoram his successor, two years before his death, and the fifth year of Jehoram, king of Israel."Dr. Lightfoot takes another method: -

"Observe,"says he, "these texts, 1Ki 22:51 : Ahaziah the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah, and reigned two years; and 2Ki 1:17 : And Ahaziah died according to the word of the Lord which Elijah had spoken, and Jehoram reigned in his stead, in the second gear of Jehoram son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah; and 2Ki 3:1 : Now Jehoram the son of Ahab began to reign over Israel in Samaria the eighteenth year of Jehoshaphat king of Judah. By these scriptures it is most plain, that both Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat, and Ahaziah the son of Ahab, began to reign in the seventeenth of Jehoshaphat; for who sees not in these texts that Jehoshaphat’ s eighteenth, when Jehoram the son of Ahab began to reign, is called the second year of Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat? Now Jehoshaphat’ s reign was not yet expired by eight or nine years, for this was in his seventeenth year, and he reigned twenty-five years, 1Ki 22:42; nor was Ahab’ s reign expired by two or three years, for this was in his twentieth year, and he reigned twenty-two years. 1Ki 16:29. But the reason why both their sons came thus into their thrones in their lifetime, and both in the same year, was because their fathers, Jehoshaphat and Ahab, were both engaged in the war against the Syrians about Ramoth-gilead: and while they were providing for it, and carrying it on, they made their sons viceroys, and set them to reign in their stead, while they were absent or employed upon that expedition.

This is very probable, and seems well supported by the above texts, and would solve all the difficulties with which many have been puzzled and not a few stumbled, had we sufficient evidence for the viceroyalty here mentioned.

Defender: 2Ki 1:3 - not a God in Israel King Ahaziah, son of Ahab and Jezebel, reigned only two years and followed in the pagan idolatry of his parents. Although he certainly knew about the ...

King Ahaziah, son of Ahab and Jezebel, reigned only two years and followed in the pagan idolatry of his parents. Although he certainly knew about the total defeat of the priests of Baal by Elijah at Carmel, as well as his father's death as predicted by the prophet Micaiah, he nevertheless chose to seek help from a heathen prophet instead of the God of Israel. The sin of modern Christendom is much greater even than this, as 2000 years of Christian witness are being everywhere rejected in deference to the evolutionism and occultism of the ancient pagan gods."

Defender: 2Ki 1:14 - fire down from heaven The third captain recognized what the others had ignored - that the God of Elijah was the true God of heaven. This had been demonstrated ten years bef...

The third captain recognized what the others had ignored - that the God of Elijah was the true God of heaven. This had been demonstrated ten years before on Mount Carmel (also with fire from heaven) but self-centered pagan pantheists forget easily. Whether these heavenly fires were providentially directed lightning or specially created fires for the occasion, the deadly effect was the same."

TSK: 2Ki 1:1 - Moab // after the Moab : Num 24:7; 2Sa 8:2; 1Ch 18:2; Psa 60:8 after the : 2Ki 3:4, 2Ki 3:5, 2Ki 8:20, 2Ki 8:22

TSK: 2Ki 1:2 - a lattice // was sick // Baalzebub // god // whether a lattice : The flat roofs of the eastern houses are generally surrounded by a parapet wall breast high; but instead of this, some terraces are guarde...

a lattice : The flat roofs of the eastern houses are generally surrounded by a parapet wall breast high; but instead of this, some terraces are guarded with balustrades only, or latticed work. Of the same kind, probably, was the lattice, or net, as the term shevacha seems to import, through which Ahaziah fell into the court. This incident proves the necessity of the law for the formation of battlements for roof (Deu 22:8), which God graciously dictated from Sinai, which furnishes a beautiful example of his paternal care and goodness; for the terrace was a place where many offices of the family were performed, and business frequently transacted. Jdg 5:28; Son 2:9; Act 20:9

was sick : 1Ki 22:34 *marg. 2Ch 21:14, 2Ch 21:15; Job 31:3

Baalzebub : 2Ki 1:3, 2Ki 1:6, 2Ki 1:16; Mat 10:25, Mat 12:24-27; Mar 3:22; Luk 11:15, Beelzebub

god : Jdg 11:24; 1Sa 5:10; 1Ki 11:33; Isa 37:12, Isa 37:19

whether : 2Ki 8:7-10; 1Ki 14:3

TSK: 2Ki 1:3 - angel // Elijah // Arise // it // ye go angel : 2Ki 1:15; 1Ki 19:5, 1Ki 19:7; Act 8:26, Act 12:7-11 Elijah : 2Ki 1:8; 1Ki 17:1 Arise : 1Ki 18:1 it : 2Ki 1:6, 2Ki 1:16, 2Ki 5:8, 2Ki 5:15; 1Sa...

TSK: 2Ki 1:4 - Thou shalt // but shalt Thou shalt : etc. Heb. The bed whither thou art gone up, thou shalt not come down from it but shalt : Gen 2:17, Gen 3:4; Num 26:65; 1Sa 28:19; 1Ki 14:...

Thou shalt : etc. Heb. The bed whither thou art gone up, thou shalt not come down from it

but shalt : Gen 2:17, Gen 3:4; Num 26:65; 1Sa 28:19; 1Ki 14:12; Pro 11:19, Pro 14:32; Eze 18:4

TSK: 2Ki 1:6 - Thus saith // therefore Thus saith : Isa 41:22, Isa 41:23 therefore : 2Ki 1:3, 2Ki 1:4; 1Ch 10:13, 1Ch 10:14; Psa 16:4

TSK: 2Ki 1:7 - What manner of man was he What manner of man was he : Heb. What was the manner of the man, Jdg 8:18; 1Sa 28:14

What manner of man was he : Heb. What was the manner of the man, Jdg 8:18; 1Sa 28:14

TSK: 2Ki 1:8 - an hairy man an hairy man : That is, he wore a rough garment, either made of camels’ hair, as that of John Baptist, or of a skin, dressed with the hair on. ...

an hairy man : That is, he wore a rough garment, either made of camels’ hair, as that of John Baptist, or of a skin, dressed with the hair on. Sir J. Chardin informs us, in a manuscript note on this place, cited by Mr. Harmer, that the eastern dervishes and fakeers are clothed just as Elijah was, with a hairy garment, girded with a leathern girdle. Isa 20:2; Zec 13:4; Mat 3:4, Mat 11:8; Luk 1:17; Rev 11:3

TSK: 2Ki 1:9 - sent unto // he sat // Thou man sent unto : 2Ki 6:13, 2Ki 6:14; 1Ki 18:4, 1Ki 18:10, 1Ki 19:2, 1Ki 22:8, 1Ki 22:26, 1Ki 22:27; Mat 14:3 he sat : 1Ki 18:42; Luk 6:11, Luk 6:12 Thou ma...

TSK: 2Ki 1:10 - If I be a man // let fire // consumed If I be a man : 2Ki 2:23, 2Ki 2:24; Num 16:28-30; 1Ki 18:36-38, 1Ki 22:28; 2Ch 36:16; Psa 105:15; Mat 21:41, Mat 23:34-37; Act 5:3-10 let fire : Or, r...

If I be a man : 2Ki 2:23, 2Ki 2:24; Num 16:28-30; 1Ki 18:36-38, 1Ki 22:28; 2Ch 36:16; Psa 105:15; Mat 21:41, Mat 23:34-37; Act 5:3-10

let fire : Or, rather, as the original literally imports, and the LXX render, καταβησεται πυρ , fire shall come down; Elijah’ s words being simply declarative, and not imprecatory. Num 11:1, Num 16:35; Job 1:16; Psa 106:18; Luk 9:54; Heb 12:29; Rev 11:5

consumed : Dan 3:22, Dan 3:25, Dan 6:24; Act 12:19

TSK: 2Ki 1:11 - Again // O man Again : Num 16:41; 1Sa 6:9; Isa 26:11; Jer 5:3; Joh 18:5-12; Act 4:16, Act 4:17 O man : 1Sa 22:17-19; Pro 29:12; Isa 32:7; Mat 2:16; Luk 22:63, Luk 22...

TSK: 2Ki 1:12 - -- 2Ki 1:9, 2Ki 1:10

TSK: 2Ki 1:13 - he sent again // fell on // besought // O man of God he sent again : Job 15:25, Job 15:26; Pro 27:22; Ecc 9:3; Isa 1:5 fell on : Heb. bowed, Isa 66:2 besought : Exo 11:8; Num 12:11-13; 1Ki 13:6; Isa 60:1...

he sent again : Job 15:25, Job 15:26; Pro 27:22; Ecc 9:3; Isa 1:5

fell on : Heb. bowed, Isa 66:2

besought : Exo 11:8; Num 12:11-13; 1Ki 13:6; Isa 60:14; Rev 3:9

O man of God : Psa 102:17; Jam 4:7

TSK: 2Ki 1:14 - Behold // let my life Behold : 2Ki 1:10, 2Ki 1:11 let my life : 1Sa 26:21, 1Sa 26:24; Psa 49:8, Psa 72:14, Psa 116:15; Pro 6:26; Mat 16:25, Mat 16:26; Act 20:24

TSK: 2Ki 1:15 - be not afraid of him be not afraid of him : Gen 15:1; 1Ki 18:15; Psa 27:1; Isa 51:12; Jer 1:17, Jer 15:20; Eze 2:6; Mat 10:28; Heb 11:27

TSK: 2Ki 1:16 - Forasmuch // Baalzebub // on which thou art gone up Forasmuch : 2Ki 1:3, 2Ki 1:4, 2Ki 1:6; Exo 4:22, Exo 4:23; 1Ki 14:6-13, 1Ki 21:18-24, 1Ki 22:28 Baalzebub : Literally, ""the lord of flies;""or, as th...

Forasmuch : 2Ki 1:3, 2Ki 1:4, 2Ki 1:6; Exo 4:22, Exo 4:23; 1Ki 14:6-13, 1Ki 21:18-24, 1Ki 22:28

Baalzebub : Literally, ""the lord of flies;""or, as the LXX render, Βααλ μυεαν θεον , Baal the fly god. See note on Exo 8:24.

on which thou art gone up : In the East there is usually at the end of each chamber a little gallery, raised three or four feet above the floor, with a balustrade in front, to which they go up by a few stepscaps1 . hcaps0 ere they place their beds; an allusion to which situation is involved in this declaration of Elijah’ s, and frequently referred to in the Sacred Scriptures. See note on Gen 49:4. 2Ki 5:21; Psa 132:3

TSK: 2Ki 1:17 - Jehoram // in the second Jehoram : As it is said in 2Ki 3:1, that he began his reign in the eighteenth of Jehoshaphat, it is supposed that Jehoshaphat admitted his son Jehoram...

Jehoram : As it is said in 2Ki 3:1, that he began his reign in the eighteenth of Jehoshaphat, it is supposed that Jehoshaphat admitted his son Jehoram to reign with him eight or nine years before his death. ""The second year that Jehoram was Prorex, and the eighteenth of Jehoshaphat."

in the second : 2Ki 3:1, 2Ki 8:16, 2Ki 8:17; 1Ki 22:51

TSK: 2Ki 1:18 - in the book in the book : 1Ki 14:19, 1Ki 22:39

in the book : 1Ki 14:19, 1Ki 22:39

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: 2Ki 1:2 - In his upper chamber // Baal-zebub In his upper chamber in which the lattice might be left to convey light into the lower room; which if it now seem to be absurd in a king’ s pala...

In his upper chamber in which the lattice might be left to convey light into the lower room; which if it now seem to be absurd in a king’ s palace, we must not think it was so then, when the world was not arrived to that height of curiosity and art in which now it is. But the words may be, and are by some, rendered, through the battlements (or through the lattice in the battlements ) of the roof of the house ; where being first walking, after the manner, and then standing and looking through, and leaning upon this lattice, which was grown infirm, it broke, and he fell into the court or garden belonging to the house.

Baal-zebub properly, the god of flies ; an idol so called, because it was falsely supposed to deliver those people from flies, which were both vexatious and hurtful to them; as Jupiter and Hercules were called by a like name among the Grecians for thee same reason. And it is evident, both from sacred and profane histories, that the idol gods, being consulted by the heathens, did sometimes through God’ s permission and just judgment give them answers, though they were generally observed, even by the heathens themselves to be dark and doubtful.

Poole: 2Ki 1:3 - Is it not because there is not a God in Israel? Is it not because there is not a God in Israel? Dost thou not by this action cast contempt upon the God of Israel, as if he were either ignorant of t...

Is it not because there is not a God in Israel? Dost thou not by this action cast contempt upon the God of Israel, as if he were either ignorant of the event of thy disease, or un able to give thee any relief, and as if Baal-zebub had more skill and power than he?

Poole: 2Ki 1:4 - Now therefore // Elijah departed Now therefore for this was a very heinous crime, to deny the perfections of God, and to transfer them to an idol. See Lev 19:31 20:6,27 De 18:10 . E...

Now therefore for this was a very heinous crime, to deny the perfections of God, and to transfer them to an idol. See Lev 19:31 20:6,27 De 18:10 .

Elijah departed the messengers not daring to apprehend him, as suspecting him to be more than man, because he knew the secret message which the king delivered to them in his bedchamber.

Poole: 2Ki 1:5 - -- Before you have been at Ekron; which he easily knew by their quick return.

Before you have been at Ekron; which he easily knew by their quick return.

Poole: 2Ki 1:8 - An hairy man // With a girdle of leather about his loins An hairy man either, 1. As to his body; the hair of his head and beard being through neglect grown long, and spread over much of his time. Or rather...

An hairy man either,

1. As to his body; the hair of his head and beard being through neglect grown long, and spread over much of his time. Or rather,

2. As to his outward garment, which was rough and hairy, such as were sometimes worn by eminent persons in Greece in ancient times, and were the proper habit of the prophets. See Isa 20:2 Zec 13:4 Mat 3:4 Heb 11:37 .

With a girdle of leather about his loins as John the Baptist also had, Mat 3:4 , that by his very outward habit he might represent Elias, in whose spirit and power he came.

Poole: 2Ki 1:9 - Thou man of God // The king hath said, Come down Thou man of God so he calls him in way of scorn and contempt: q.d. Thou that vauntest as if thou wast more than a mere man. The king hath said, Come...

Thou man of God so he calls him in way of scorn and contempt: q.d. Thou that vauntest as if thou wast more than a mere man.

The king hath said, Come down the king commands thee to come to him; which if thou refusest, I am here to carry thee to him by force.

Poole: 2Ki 1:10 - -- Elijah’ s desire did not proceed from a carnal and malicious passion; but from a pure zeal to vindicate God’ s name and honour, which was ...

Elijah’ s desire did not proceed from a carnal and malicious passion; but from a pure zeal to vindicate God’ s name and honour, which was so horribly abused; and from the motion of God’ s Spirit, as is evident from God’ s miraculous answer to his desire. And therefore Christ doth not condemn this fact of Elias, but only reproves his disciples for their perverse imitation of it from another spirit and principle, and in a more unseasonable time, Luk 9:54,55 .

Poole: 2Ki 1:11 - -- Wherein he discovers more petulancy and impudence than the former, and shows how little he was moved or affrighted by the former example.

Wherein he discovers more petulancy and impudence than the former, and shows how little he was moved or affrighted by the former example.

Poole: 2Ki 1:13 - Fell on his knees, and besought him Fell on his knees, and besought him expressing both reverence to his person, and a belief of his power, and a dread of God’ s judgments.

Fell on his knees, and besought him expressing both reverence to his person, and a belief of his power, and a dread of God’ s judgments.

Poole: 2Ki 1:15 - -- Not fearing the rage of the king, nor of Jezebel, nor of all their forces; wherein he gives an eminent example of his faith and obedience; and witha...

Not fearing the rage of the king, nor of Jezebel, nor of all their forces; wherein he gives an eminent example of his faith and obedience; and withal, of his growth in grace since that time that he fled for fear of Jezebel, 1Ki 19:3 .

Poole: 2Ki 1:16 - And he said unto him And he said unto him to his very face. Nor durst the king lay hands upon him, being daunted with the prophet’ s presence, and great courage, and...

And he said unto him to his very face. Nor durst the king lay hands upon him, being daunted with the prophet’ s presence, and great courage, and confidence; and affrighted by the late dreadful evidence of his power with God and over men: and withal, struck with a Divine and extraordinary terror.

Poole: 2Ki 1:17 - Jehoram // In the second year of Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat // Answ // Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat Jehoram Ahaziah’ s brother, 2Ki 3:1 , for he had no son to succeed him, as it here follows. In the second year of Jehoram the son of Jehoshapha...

Jehoram Ahaziah’ s brother, 2Ki 3:1 , for he had no son to succeed him, as it here follows.

In the second year of Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat: other passages of Scripture seem to clash with this, as that Ahaziah, who reigned but two years, begun his reign in Jehoshaphat’ s seventeenth year , 1Ki 22:51 ; and therefore this Jehoram must begin his reign in Jehoshaphat’ s nineteenth year; and therefore before the reign of Jehoram, Jehoshaphat’ s son; and that Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat began to reign in the fifth year of Joram, Ahab’ s son , 2Ki 8:16 .

Answ These difficulties are easily resolved by this consideration, that it was a usual practice among kings in former ages, to make their sons sometimes their viceroys and deputies in the administration of the kingdom; and sometimes formally kings in conjunction with themselves, and whilst they lived; whereof there are instances, both in profane history, among the Persians, Greeks, and Romans, and in the sacred Scripture, as in David, 1Ch 23:1 29:22 , in Uzziah, 2Ch 26:21 , and (to come close to the point) in Jehoshaphat, 2Ki 8:16 ; who in his seventeenth year, when he went to Ahab, and with him to Ramoth-gilead, appointed his son Jehoram his viceroy, and (in case of his death) his successor. In the second year from that time, when Jehoram was thus made vice-king in his father’ s stead and absence, this Jehoram, Ahab’ s son, began to reign; and in the fifth year of the reign of this Joram, son of Ahab , which was about the twenty-fourth year of Jehoshaphat’ s reign,

Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat was formally made king of Judah , together with his father; or whilst Jehoshaphat lived, and was king of Judah also. And so all the places agree. To which some add, that this verse, or this part of it, wherein the difficulty consists, is wanting in some ancient copies, and is omitted by the LXX. interpreters; which is far more prudent and pious to grant, than upon such chronological difficulties to question the truth and divinity of the Holy Scriptures.

Haydock: 2Ki 1:1 - Rebelled Rebelled: literally, "prevaricated." (Haydock) --- The kings of Israel kept some of the nations, which David had conquered, in subjection, while th...

Rebelled: literally, "prevaricated." (Haydock) ---

The kings of Israel kept some of the nations, which David had conquered, in subjection, while the kings of Juda ruled over the others. In consequence of the late disaster, these people began to throw off the yoke. (Tirinus) ---

Joram made war upon Moab, chap. iii. 5. God began to punish the house of Achab, by these means. (Calmet) ---

The Moabites refused to pay tribute, (Menochius) as the Israelites would not acknowledge the divine authority. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Ki 1:2 - Lattices // Of // God // Accaron Lattices, by a skylight, (Haydock) or trap-door, designed to give light to the room below, into which the king fell. The roofs are generally flat in...

Lattices, by a skylight, (Haydock) or trap-door, designed to give light to the room below, into which the king fell. The roofs are generally flat in the East, and covered with earth mixed with straw, with the light at the top, to prevent the excessive heats. ---

Of. Hebrew, &c., "into." (Calmet) ---

If the lattices be understood to mean the rails, which were ordered to be placed round the roof, (Deuteronomy xxii. 8.) Ochozias might fall into the street. (Menochius) ---

Josephus thinks he fell from the staircase. At any rate, he was much hurt, (Haydock) and thus was made to feel the indignation of God. (Tirinus) ---

God. Septuagint, "Baal, the god-fly;" (Calmet) the Jupiter of the Greeks, or their chief god; and the prince of devils, Matthew xii. ---

Accaron. Hence Pliny ([Natural History?] viii. 29.) styles the god Achor, (Tirinus) and Myiodis, (B. xxxvi.) which is the name given to him by Josephus, ix. 2. (Haydock) ---

He was supposed to free the people of the country from being infested with flies; or the many victims offered up to him, drew those insects together. (Vatable) ---

Grotius supposes that the Phœnicians styled their god, Beelsemen, ( Balssomin ) "God of heaven;" and that the Hebrews called him, Balzobub, "god of flies," out of contempt. But perhaps his is too favourable to the idolaters. (Du Hamel) ---

Selden is convinced that Ochozias gives the idol its real name. Scaliger rather thinks that Balzobeim, "the lord of victims," was the original title. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Ki 1:4 - Away Away; probably to his usual abode, at Carmel, where the king sent to seize him.

Away; probably to his usual abode, at Carmel, where the king sent to seize him.

Haydock: 2Ki 1:5 - Messengers Messengers. They were perhaps citizens of Accaron, who had extolled the sagacity of their god, but were totally unacquainted with Elias. Yet as he ...

Messengers. They were perhaps citizens of Accaron, who had extolled the sagacity of their god, but were totally unacquainted with Elias. Yet as he shewed his knowledge of secret things, by telling them what they were going about, (Salien) and spoke with such assurance, (Haydock) they thought proper to return, lest they should incur a similar punishment. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Ki 1:8 - Man // Induitur // Elias Man. Hebrew ish bahal sehar, "a man lord of hair," or all covered with it, having a long beard, like the ancient sages, (St. Jerome, in Ezechiel x...

Man. Hebrew ish bahal sehar, "a man lord of hair," or all covered with it, having a long beard, like the ancient sages, (St. Jerome, in Ezechiel xxxv.) and clothed with a skin, (Bochart) as the first inhabitants of the earth, the heroes, prophets and St. John the Baptist, are described, Hebrews xi. 37., and Matthew iii. 4. So Statius (ii., and iv.) says: Tiresiæ vultus, voces et vellera nota

Induitur.

The monks imitated this poverty and simplicity of clothing; and it is still common among Arabs, who wear a sheep's skin, with the shorn side inwards in hot weather. (Calmet) ---

Elias. He was known by his long hair and distinct garment, from ordinary men. (Worthington) ---

Hence none ought to blame priests and monks, for wearing clothing which may designate their profession. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Ki 1:9 - Under him // Of God // Down Under him; his own guards. The captain was to request him to pray for the king's recovery; (Calmet) or rather, (Haydock) to punish him for what he h...

Under him; his own guards. The captain was to request him to pray for the king's recovery; (Calmet) or rather, (Haydock) to punish him for what he had said to the messengers. (Calmet) ---

Of God. Procopius and others think that he spoke contemptuously, and was therefore punished. (Menochius) ---

Down. The prophets are not bound to obey kings, in the exercise of their ministry. (Grotius) ---

Elias complies as soon as he had orders from God. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Ki 1:10 - Let fire Let fire, &c. Elias was inspired to call down fire from heaven upon these captains, who came to apprehend him; not out of a desire to gratify any pr...

Let fire, &c. Elias was inspired to call down fire from heaven upon these captains, who came to apprehend him; not out of a desire to gratify any private passion, but to punish the insult offered to religion, to confirm his mission, and to shew how vain are the efforts of men against God and his servants, whom he has a mind to protect. (Challoner) ---

The Roman laws authorized a person, in authority, to punish those who refuse to obey. (Ulpin 1 D.) Si quis jus dicenti non obtemperaverit, omnibus concessum est suam jurisdictionem defendere pœnali judicio. Elias acted as God's envoy, and the insult reverted upon him. (St. Thomas Aquinas, [Summa Theologiae] 2. 2. q. 108, a. 2.) ---

The Manichees have blamed the conduct of the prophet: but the miracle justifies him, as God would never countenance the private revenge of any one; and the Holy Ghost places this transaction on a level with that when Elias shut up the heavens, Ecclesiasticus xlviii. 3. St. Peter was moved with the like zeal, Acts v. 5. The sons of Zebedee gave way to some private indignation, when they wished our Saviour to call down fire from heaven upon a city of Samaria, Luke ix. 54. But he reprimanded them for it; as the citizens might not be so well acquainted with him, as these soldiers must have been with Elias: and he came to display the spirit of mildness, (Calmet) to attract all to his holy religion; while Elias had manifested the severity of the divine judgments, conformably to the law of terror, under which he lived. (Haydock) ---

In zeal of justice, Elias procured fire to burn these wicked men, as he had done for the holocaust. (St. Augustine) (Worthington)

Haydock: 2Ki 1:11 - Another Another, not knowing what was become of the first, or why he did not return; as Ochozias was eager to have the prophet in his power. (Menochius) ---...

Another, not knowing what was become of the first, or why he did not return; as Ochozias was eager to have the prophet in his power. (Menochius) ---

If he were acquainted with his fate, (Haydock) this second captain was guilty of greater insolence. But there are such generally to be found at courts; men who are ready to execute the king's orders, without considering whether they be contrary to God's law or not.

Haydock: 2Ki 1:13 - Again // Despise not Again. This third captain is commonly supposed to be Abdias, (3 Kings xviii. 3.) though without much reason. (Calmet) --- John of Jerus, (c. 15) s...

Again. This third captain is commonly supposed to be Abdias, (3 Kings xviii. 3.) though without much reason. (Calmet) ---

John of Jerus, (c. 15) says he left the court, and became a disciple of Elias, and a prophet. (Menochius) ---

But he is very different from the prophet, whose writings are still extant. (Calmet) ---

The report of the two miracles had come to his ears, and filled him with fear. (Menochius) ---

Despise not. Hebrew, "let my life....be precious in thy sight," 1 Kings xxvi. 21., and Psalm cxv. 15.

Haydock: 2Ki 1:17 - The second year of Joram // His brother The second year of Joram, &c., counted from the time that he was associated to the throne of his father Josaphat; (Challoner) so that it is said that...

The second year of Joram, &c., counted from the time that he was associated to the throne of his father Josaphat; (Challoner) so that it is said that he reigned also in the 18th year of Josaphat, chap. iii. 1. See also chap. viii. 16. To obviate there apparent contradictions, chronologists suppose that Joram reigned over Israel in the 18th of Josaphat, king of Juda, and in the second year after the latter had appointed his son Joram viceroy. He was associated with his father on the throne two years before his death, and in the 5th of Joram, king of Israel. Examples of this kind are frequent among the Hebrews, and particularly among the Persians, whose chronology is thus rendered very difficult. Why should we allow that the numbers are erroneous, when this explanation will suffice? (Calmet) ---

Grotius leaves the matter undecided. (Du Hamel) ---

Capel (Crit. p. 414.) maintains that the numbers have been ill transcribed; and so does Houbigant, who asserts that such a mode of writing whould not be tolerated in a profane author; thus the mention of different dates, without intimating how they are to be reconciled. If we should read, that Heraclius began to reign "in the 18th year of Chosroes," and a little after, that he ascended the throne "in the second year of the son of Chosroes," without ever specifying how Heraclius began his reign at two different periods, who would not suspect a mistake? Is it not more rational to throw the blame on the transcriber, than on the author? The modern chronologists seem to have invented the idea of viceroys and simultaneous kings, among the Hebrews, merely to get over difficulties; though the Scripture be entirely silent on this head. Houbigant would therefore read, "in the 22d year of Josaphat," as the mention of Joram seems here improper, ( absurda ) his father reigning 25 years. Ochozias began to reign when Josaphat had almost completed his 17th year. See 3 Kings xxii. 52. (Haydock) ---

His brother is not specified in Hebrew, Chaldean, Arabic, and in some copies of the Septuagint, but it is in most others, as well as in the Syriac, (Calmet) Josephus, &c., (Haydock) and this is the common opinion. The Roman edition here inserts (Calmet) after Elias spoke, ( 18 ) "And the, &c....and Joram," &c., nearly as chap. iii. 1, 2, 3; only for father, it substitutes, "not like his brothers;" and adds, "the wrath of the Lord was enkindled against the house of Achab." No mention is made of the second year of Joram, &c., (Haydock) in any edition of the Septuagint. (Capel) ---

In the mean time Josaphat, being returned from the unfortunate expedition with Achab, set his kingdom in order, purifying it from all the vestiges of idolatry, as much as he was able, and appointing proper judges, 2 Paralipomenon xix.

Gill: 2Ki 1:1 - Then Moab rebelled against Israel after the death of Ahab. Then Moab rebelled against Israel after the death of Ahab. Which had been in subjection to them from the times of David, 2Sa 8:2 refusing to pay a tri...

Then Moab rebelled against Israel after the death of Ahab. Which had been in subjection to them from the times of David, 2Sa 8:2 refusing to pay a tribute as they had done; taking advantage of Ahab's ill success with the king of Syria, and of his death, and the condition and circumstances of his successor.

Gill: 2Ki 1:2 - And Ahaziah fell down a lattice in his upper chamber that was in Samaria // and was sick // and he sent messengers, and said unto them, go inquire of Baalzebub, the god of Ekron, whether I shall recover of this disease And Ahaziah fell down a lattice in his upper chamber that was in Samaria,.... Which was either a window or lattice in the form of network, to let in l...

And Ahaziah fell down a lattice in his upper chamber that was in Samaria,.... Which was either a window or lattice in the form of network, to let in light; or rather were the rails of a balcony or battlement on the roof of his palace, in this form, on which leaning, it broke down, and he fell into the garden or court yard; or walking on the roof of his house, and treading unawares on a sky light, which let in light into a room underneath, he fell through it into it:

and was sick; the fall perhaps threw him into a fever, and which seemed threatening, being violent:

and he sent messengers, and said unto them, go inquire of Baalzebub, the god of Ekron, whether I shall recover of this disease; not to heal him of it, but to know the issue of it; a vain curiosity this! Ekron was one of the principalities of the Philistines, and this idol was the god they worshipped, which signifies a master fly: which some think was a large metallic fly; made under a planet that rules over flies; and the Heathens had deities they called Myiodes, Myagros, and απομυιος, which signifies a driver away of flies; as Jupiter and Hercules were called by the Eleans and Romans, and worshipped and sacrificed to by them on that account a; and so the Cyreneans, a people of Lybia, worshipped the god Achor, which seems to be a corruption of the word Ekron, because he freed them from flies, after they had been infested with a pestilence through them b; and Ekron being a place near the sea, and both hot and moist, might be much infested with those creatures. Within the haven of Ptolemais, or Acco, was formerly a temple of Baalzebub, called in later times "the tower of flies", and used as a Pharus c.

Gill: 2Ki 1:3 - But the angel of the Lord said unto Elijah // arise, go up to meet the messengers of the king of Samaria // is it not because there is not a God in Israel // that ye go to inquire of Baalzebub the god of Ekron But the angel of the Lord said unto Elijah,.... One of the ministering spirits sent by the Lord to him: arise, go up to meet the messengers of the ...

But the angel of the Lord said unto Elijah,.... One of the ministering spirits sent by the Lord to him:

arise, go up to meet the messengers of the king of Samaria: that is, the king of Israel, whose capital city was Samaria:

is it not because there is not a God in Israel; known, acknowledged, and worshipped there, of whom there had been sufficient proof of his deity and divine perfections, as omniscience, omnipotence, &c.

that ye go to inquire of Baalzebub the god of Ekron? about future things, when they had God nigh unto them, fully acquainted with them, as this message shows.

Gill: 2Ki 1:4 - Now therefore thus saith the Lord // thou shalt not come down from that bed on which thou art gone up, but shall surely die // and Elijah departed Now therefore thus saith the Lord,.... Jehovah, the only true God: thou shalt not come down from that bed on which thou art gone up, but shall sure...

Now therefore thus saith the Lord,.... Jehovah, the only true God:

thou shalt not come down from that bed on which thou art gone up, but shall surely die; this sickness should be unto death, and the bed he had betaken himself to should be his deathbed. The phrases of going up to bed, and coming down, are used with great propriety; for in the eastern countries, in their bedchambers, they had a gallery raised four or five feet above the floor, with a balustrade on the front d, and steps leading up to it; or ladders, which had more or fewer rounds, according as the beds were higher or lower e:

and Elijah departed; having met the messengers, and delivered his message from the Lord unto them.

Gill: 2Ki 1:5 - And when the messengers turned back unto him // he said unto them, why are ye now turned back And when the messengers turned back unto him,.... To Ahaziah king of Israel, as they did as soon as Elijah was gone from them; concluding from his hab...

And when the messengers turned back unto him,.... To Ahaziah king of Israel, as they did as soon as Elijah was gone from them; concluding from his habit, his gravity, and the authority with which he spoke, that he was a prophet of the Lord, and especially from his knowledge of them, and of what they were sent about:

he said unto them, why are ye now turned back? for, by the time they had been gone, he knew they could never have been at Ekron and returned.

Gill: 2Ki 1:6 - And they said unto him, there came a man up to meet us, and said unto us, go, turn again unto the king that sent you // and say unto him And they said unto him, there came a man up to meet us, and said unto us, go, turn again unto the king that sent you,.... King Ahaziah: and say unt...

And they said unto him, there came a man up to meet us, and said unto us, go, turn again unto the king that sent you,.... King Ahaziah:

and say unto him; and then they repeated all that is said by the angel to Elijah, and he had delivered to them, 2Ki 1:3 and which was a sufficient reason for their turning back, since they got a full answer from a man of God, of what they were to inquire of at Ekron; which was, whether the king would recover of this disease or not.

Gill: 2Ki 1:7 - And he said unto them, what manner of man was he // which came up to meet you, and told you these words And he said unto them, what manner of man was he,.... What appearance or figure did he make? what his habit or clothing? which came up to meet you,...

And he said unto them, what manner of man was he,.... What appearance or figure did he make? what his habit or clothing?

which came up to meet you, and told you these words? they had related to him.

Gill: 2Ki 1:8 - And they answered him, he was an hairy man // girt with a girdle of leather about his loins // and he said, it is Elijah the Tishbite And they answered him, he was an hairy man,.... Either the hair of his head and beard were grown very long, having been much neglected for a great whi...

And they answered him, he was an hairy man,.... Either the hair of his head and beard were grown very long, having been much neglected for a great while; or he had an hairy garment on, either of goats' hair, such as the Chinese wear f, whose women spin it, see Exo 35:26 and of which garments are made; or of camels' hair, such as John the Baptist wore, who came in his spirit and power, and imitated him in his dress, being also, as Elijah here:

girt with a girdle of leather about his loins: for more expeditious travelling, not for warmth, the climate being hot:

and he said, it is Elijah the Tishbite; for he had seen him formerly in his father's court in this dress.

Gill: 2Ki 1:9 - Then the king sent unto him a captain of fifty with his fifty // and he went up to him, and, behold, he sat on the top of an hill // and he spake unto him // thou man of God // the king hath said, come down Then the king sent unto him a captain of fifty with his fifty,.... Not in honour to him, but to bring him by force if he refused to come willingly: ...

Then the king sent unto him a captain of fifty with his fifty,.... Not in honour to him, but to bring him by force if he refused to come willingly:

and he went up to him, and, behold, he sat on the top of an hill; generally supposed to be Mount Carmel:

and he spake unto him; at the bottom of the hill, so loud that he might hear him:

thou man of God; or the prophet of the Lord, as the Targum, as thou callest thyself; for this was said in a sneering, flouting, manner:

the king hath said, come down; and in the king's name he ordered him to come down, signifying, if he would not, he would send his men to fetch him down.

Gill: 2Ki 1:10 - And Elijah answered and said to the captain of fifty, if I be a man of God // then let fire come down from heaven, and consume thee and thy fifty // and there came down fire from heaven, and consumed him and his fifty And Elijah answered and said to the captain of fifty, if I be a man of God,.... As I am, and thou shalt know it by the following token, though thou ca...

And Elijah answered and said to the captain of fifty, if I be a man of God,.... As I am, and thou shalt know it by the following token, though thou callest me so jeeringly:

then let fire come down from heaven, and consume thee and thy fifty; this he said not in a passion, and from a private spirit of revenge, but for the vindication of the honour and glory of God, and under the impulse of his spirit, who was abused through the insult on him as his prophet:

and there came down fire from heaven, and consumed him and his fifty; a flash of lightning, which destroyed them at once; the Lord hearkening to the voice of his prophet, in vindication of him in his office, and of his own glory.

Gill: 2Ki 1:11 - Again also he sent unto him another captain of fifty with his fifty // and he answered and said unto him, O man of God, thus hath the king said, come down quickly Again also he sent unto him another captain of fifty with his fifty,.... The king, not being at all terrified with the awful judgment upon the former,...

Again also he sent unto him another captain of fifty with his fifty,.... The king, not being at all terrified with the awful judgment upon the former, sends another:

and he answered and said unto him, O man of God, thus hath the king said, come down quickly; he flouts the prophet in the same manner as the former, and in the king's name commands him to come down, and that immediately; which the king added to his orders, or he himself, signifying he would not be trifled with, if he did not come down directly, he would force him.

Gill: 2Ki 1:12 - And Elijah answered and said unto them And Elijah answered and said unto them,.... The same as he had to the first captain, and made the same request of fire from heaven; which accordingly ...

And Elijah answered and said unto them,.... The same as he had to the first captain, and made the same request of fire from heaven; which accordingly came down, and destroyed this captain and his fifty also.

Gill: 2Ki 1:13 - And he sent again a captain of the third fifty with his fifty // and came and fell on his knees before Elijah // and besought him, and said unto him, O man of God, I pray thee, let my life, and the life of these fifty thy servants, be precious in thy sight And he sent again a captain of the third fifty with his fifty,.... Which was most daring and insolent, and showed him to be dreadfully hardened, to pe...

And he sent again a captain of the third fifty with his fifty,.... Which was most daring and insolent, and showed him to be dreadfully hardened, to persist in his messages after such rebuffs: and the third captain of fifty went up; instead of calling to the prophet at the bottom of the hill as the other did, he went up to the top of it:

and came and fell on his knees before Elijah: in reverence of him as a prophet of the Lord, and under a dread of the power he was possessed of, of calling for fire from heaven on him and his men, as the former instances showed:

and besought him, and said unto him, O man of God, I pray thee, let my life, and the life of these fifty thy servants, be precious in thy sight: he owns their lives lay at his mercy; he begs they might be spared, since it was not in contempt of him, and through ill will to him as the prophet of the Lord, but in obedience to the king's command, that they were come to him.

Gill: 2Ki 1:14 - Behold, there came fire down from heaven and burnt up the two captains of the former fifties with their fifties // therefore let my life now be precious in thy sight Behold, there came fire down from heaven and burnt up the two captains of the former fifties with their fifties,.... He owns the facts, and ascribes t...

Behold, there came fire down from heaven and burnt up the two captains of the former fifties with their fifties,.... He owns the facts, and ascribes the death of them to the true cause, and appears to have an awful sense of the judgment of God on them, fearing the same would befall him and his:

therefore let my life now be precious in thy sight; by sparing it, what is precious and valuable being spared.

Gill: 2Ki 1:15 - And the angel of the Lord said unto Elijah // go down with him // and be not afraid of him // and he arose, and went down with him unto the king And the angel of the Lord said unto Elijah, The same as in 2Ki 1:3 or "had said" g, as some render it, before this captain came: go down with him;...

And the angel of the Lord said unto Elijah, The same as in 2Ki 1:3 or "had said" g, as some render it, before this captain came:

go down with him; the captain and his men:

and be not afraid of him; of King Ahaziah, whom he might fear, because of the message he had sent him, that he should die of that sickness, and for turning back his messengers to the god of Ekron, and for destroying his two captains and their fifties; nor of his mother Jezebel, who had threatened his life for killing her prophets:

and he arose, and went down with him unto the king; boldly and courageously, not fearing his wrath; so that the captain not only had his life and the life of his men spared, but answered the end of his message also.

Gill: 2Ki 1:16 - And he said unto him And he said unto him,.... Elijah to King Ahaziah when introduced into his chamber; and after some discourse passed between them, he confirmed what he ...

And he said unto him,.... Elijah to King Ahaziah when introduced into his chamber; and after some discourse passed between them, he confirmed what he had said to his messengers, and expressed it in the same language as in 2Ki 1:3; see Gill on 2Ki 1:3, 2Ki 1:4

Gill: 2Ki 1:17 - So he died, according to the word of the Lord which Elijah had spoken // and Jehoram reigned in his stead // because he had no son So he died, according to the word of the Lord which Elijah had spoken,.... How long or how soon after this is not said; however, he died of the sickne...

So he died, according to the word of the Lord which Elijah had spoken,.... How long or how soon after this is not said; however, he died of the sickness, and on the bed to which he went up, as he said:

and Jehoram reigned in his stead: who was another son of Ahab, and brother of Ahaziah, 2Ki 3:1, in the second year of Jehoram the son of Jehoshaphat king of Judah; but as he must begin his reign in the nineteenth, or in the latter end of the eighteenth year of Jehoshaphat, see 1Ki 22:51 and Jehoshaphat reigned in all twenty five years, 1Ki 22:42, he must live and reign after this six or seven years; this therefore is to be reconciled by observing, that this son of Jehoshaphat was made viceroy, or was taken into partnership in the throne by his father when he went with Ahab to Ramothgilead; and it was in the second year of this his reign with his father that the other Jehoram began his:

because he had no son; that is, Ahaziah, wherefore his brother reigned in his stead.

Gill: 2Ki 1:18 - Now the rest of the acts of Ahaziah which he did // are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel Now the rest of the acts of Ahaziah which he did,.... During his two years' reign, which yet were imperfect, and his acts must be but few: are they...

Now the rest of the acts of Ahaziah which he did,.... During his two years' reign, which yet were imperfect, and his acts must be but few:

are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? in which were written his father Ahab's also, and his predecessors', see 1Ki 22:39.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: 2Ki 1:1 This statement may fit better with the final paragraph of 1 Kgs 22.

NET Notes: 2Ki 1:2 Apparently Baal Zebub refers to a local manifestation of the god Baal at the Philistine city of Ekron. The name appears to mean “Lord of the Fli...

NET Notes: 2Ki 1:3 Heb “Is it because there is no God in Israel [that] you are going to inquire of Baal Zebub, the god of Ekron?” The translation seeks to br...

NET Notes: 2Ki 1:5 The narrative is elliptical and telescoped here. The account of Elijah encountering the messengers and delivering the Lord’s message is omitted;...

NET Notes: 2Ki 1:6 Heb “Is it because there is no God in Israel [that] you are sending to inquire of Baal Zebub, the god of Ekron?” The translation seeks to ...

NET Notes: 2Ki 1:7 Heb “What was the manner…?”

NET Notes: 2Ki 1:8 Heb “he”; the referent (the king) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

NET Notes: 2Ki 1:9 Heb “man of God” (also in vv. 10, 11, 12, 13).

NET Notes: 2Ki 1:10 Wordplay contributes to the irony here. The king tells Elijah to “come down” (Hebrew יָרַד, yarad), but Elij...

NET Notes: 2Ki 1:11 In this second panel of the three-paneled narrative, the king and his captain are more arrogant than before. The captain uses a more official sounding...

NET Notes: 2Ki 1:12 Or “intense fire.” The divine name may be used idiomatically to emphasize the intensity of the fire. Whether one translates אֱ...

NET Notes: 2Ki 1:13 Heb “went up and approached and kneeled.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 1:14 Heb “their fifty.”

NET Notes: 2Ki 1:15 In this third panel the verb “come down” (יָרַד, yarad) occurs again, this time describing Elijah’s de...

NET Notes: 2Ki 1:16 For the third time in this chapter we read the Lord’s sarcastic question to king and the accompanying announcement of judgment. The repetition e...

NET Notes: 2Ki 1:17 Heb “Jehoram replaced him as king…because he had no son.” Some ancient textual witnesses add “his brother,” which was li...

NET Notes: 2Ki 1:18 Heb “As for the rest of the acts of Ahaziah which he did, are they not recorded in the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of Israel?&...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 1:1 Then Moab rebelled against Israel after the death of Ahab. The Argument - This second book contains the acts of the kings of Judah and Israel: that i...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 1:2 And ( a ) Ahaziah fell down through a lattice in his upper chamber that [was] in Samaria, and was sick: and he sent messengers, and said unto them, Go...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 1:3 But the angel of the LORD said to Elijah the Tishbite, Arise, go up to meet the messengers of the king of Samaria, and say unto them, ( c ) [Is it] no...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 1:6 And they said unto him, There came a man up to meet us, and said unto us, Go, turn again unto the king that sent you, and say unto him, Thus saith the...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 1:8 And they answered him, [He was] an ( e ) hairy man, and girt with a girdle of leather about his loins. And he said, It [is] Elijah the Tishbite. ( e ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 1:9 Then the king sent unto him a captain of fifty with his fifty. And he went up to him: and, behold, he sat on the top ( f ) of an hill. And he spake un...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 1:10 And Elijah answered and said to the captain of fifty, If I [be] a man of God, then let fire come down from heaven, and consume thee and thy fifty. ( g...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 1:11 Again also he sent unto him another captain of fifty with his fifty. And he answered and said unto him, ( h ) O man of God, thus hath the king said, C...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 1:12 And Elijah answered and said unto them, ( i ) If I [be] a man of God, let fire come down from heaven, and consume thee and thy fifty. And the fire of ...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 1:13 And he sent again a captain of the third fifty with his fifty. And the third captain of fifty went up, and came and fell on his knees before Elijah, a...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 1:15 And the angel of the LORD said unto Elijah, Go down with him: be ( m ) not afraid of him. And he arose, and went down with him unto the king. ( m ) T...

Geneva Bible: 2Ki 1:17 So he died according to the word of the LORD which Elijah had spoken. And ( n ) Jehoram reigned in his stead in the second year of Jehoram the son of ...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: 2Ki 1:1-8 - --When Ahaziah rebelled against the Lord, Moab revolted from him. Sin weakens and impoverishes us. Man's revolt from God is often punished by the rebell...

MHCC: 2Ki 1:9-18 - --Elijah called for fire from heaven, to consume the haughty, daring sinners; not to secure himself, but to prove his mission, and to reveal the wrath o...

Matthew Henry: 2Ki 1:1-8 - -- We have here Ahaziah, the wicked king of Israel, under God's rebukes both by his providence and by his prophet, by his rod and by his word. I. He is...

Matthew Henry: 2Ki 1:9-18 - -- Here, I. The king issues out a warrant for the apprehending of Elijah. If the God of Ekron had told him he should die, it is probable he would have ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 1:1-8 - -- After the death of Ahab, Moab rebelled against Israel (2Ki 1:1). The Moabites, who had been subjugated by David (2Sa 8:2), had remained tributary to...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 1:9-10 - -- After having executed the divine command, Elijah returned to the summit of the mountain, on which he dwelt. Most of the commentators suppose it to h...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 1:11-12 - -- The same fate befell a second captain, whom the king sent after the death of the first. He was more insolent than the first, "both because he was no...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 1:13-14 - -- The king, disregarding the punishing hand of the Lord, which, even if it might possibly have been overlooked in the calamity that befell the captain...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 1:15-16 - -- Then Elijah followed him to the king ( מפּניו , before him, i.e., before the king, not before the captain; and אתו for ?????? , see Ewald...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Ki 1:17-18 - -- When Ahaziah died, according to the word of the Lord through Elijah, as he had no son, he was followed upon the throne by his brother Joram, "in the...

Constable: 2Ki 1:1-18 - --3. Ahaziah's evil reign in Israel 1 Kings 22:51-2 Kings 1:1-18 (continued) Second Kings begins w...

Guzik: 2Ki 1:1-18 - Ahaziah and Elijah 2 Kings 1 - Ahaziah and Elijah A. Ahaziah's injury. 1. (1-2) Ahaziah seeks Baal-Zebub. Moab rebelled against Israel after the death of Ahab. Now A...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF KINGS, in the ancient copies of the Hebrew Bible, constitute one book. Various titles have been given them; in the Septu...

JFB: 2 Kings (Garis Besar) MOAB REBELS. (2Ki 1:1) AHAZIAH'S JUDGMENT BY ELIJAH. (2Ki 1:2-8) ELIJAH BRINGS FIRE FROM HEAVEN ON AHAZIAH'S MESSENGERS. (2Ki 1:9-16) AHAZIAH DIES, A...

TSK: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) The events detailed in these books (Kings) are highly interesting and important. The account of the wisdom, magnificence, and extended commerce of So...

TSK: 2 Kings 1 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview 2Ki 1:1, Moab rebels; 2Ki 1:2, Ahaziah, sending to Baal-zebub, hath his judgment by Elijah; 2Ki 1:5, Elijah twice brings fire from heaven...

Poole: 2 Kings 1 (Pendahuluan Pasal) SECOND BOOK OF THE KINGS COMMONLY CALLED , THE FOURTH BOOK OF THE KINGS 2 KINGS CHAPTER 1 Moab rebelleth against Israel, 2Ki 1:1 . Ahaziah being sic...

MHCC: 2 Kings 1 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (2Ki 1:1-8) The revolt of Moab-Sickness of Ahaziah, king of Israel. (2Ki 1:9-18) Fire called from heaven by Elijah-Death of Ahaziah.

Matthew Henry: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Second Book of Kings This second book of the Kings (which the Septuagint, numbering from Samuel, ca...

Matthew Henry: 2 Kings 1 (Pendahuluan Pasal) We here find Ahaziah, the genuine son and successor of Ahab, on the throne of Israel. His reign continued not two years; he died by a fall in his o...

Constable: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Second Kings continues the narrative begun in 1 Kings. It opens with the translation of godly Elijah to hea...

Constable: 2 Kings (Garis Besar) Outline (Continued from notes on 1 Kings) 3. Ahaziah's evil reign in Israel -1 Kings 22:51-2...

Constable: 2 Kings 2 Kings Bibliography Ackroyd, Peter R. "An Interpretation of the Babylonian Exile: A Study of 2 Kings 20, Isaia...

Haydock: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FOURTH BOOK OF KINGS. INTRODUCTION. This Book brings us to the conclusion of the kingdom of Israel, (chap. xvii.) and to the captivity of ...

Gill: 2 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO 2 KINGS This, and the preceding book, are properly but one book divided into two parts, because of the size of it, as the book of S...

Gill: 2 Kings 1 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO 2 KINGS 1 This chapter begins with the rebellion of Moab against Israel, 2Ki 1:1, relates a fall of the king of Israel in his house...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


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