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Teks -- 1 Chronicles 20:1-8 (NET)

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Konteks
20:1 In the spring, at the time when kings normally conduct wars, Joab led the army into battle and devastated the land of the Ammonites. He went and besieged Rabbah, while David stayed in Jerusalem. Joab defeated Rabbah and tore it down. 20:2 David took the crown from the head of their king and wore it (its weight was a talent of gold and it was set with precious stones). He took a large amount of plunder from the city. 20:3 He removed the city’s residents and made them do hard labor with saws, iron picks, and axes. This was his policy with all the Ammonite cities. Then David and all the army returned to Jerusalem.
Battles with the Philistines
20:4 Later there was a battle with the Philistines in Gezer. At that time Sibbekai the Hushathite killed Sippai, one of the descendants of the Rephaim, and the Philistines were subdued. 20:5 There was another battle with the Philistines in which Elhanan son of Jair the Bethlehemite killed the brother of Goliath the Gittite, whose spear had a shaft as big as the crossbeam of a weaver’s loom. 20:6 In a battle in Gath there was a large man who had six fingers on each hand and six toes on each foot– twenty-four in all! He too was a descendant of Rapha. 20:7 When he taunted Israel, Jonathan son of Shimea, David’s brother, killed him. 20:8 These were the descendants of Rapha who lived in Gath; they were killed by the hand of David and his soldiers.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Ammonites the tribe/nation of people descended from Ben-Ammi, Lot's son,Territory of the tribe/nation of Ammon
 · David a son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel,son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel
 · Elhanan son of Jaare-Oregim "the Bethlehemite", or Jair,son of Dodo of Bethlehem; one of David's military elite
 · Gath a town of the Anakim and Philistines in Judah 12 km south. of Ekron
 · Gezer a town of Ephraim 25 km SE of Joppa & 12 km NW of Beth-Shemesh
 · Gittite resident(s) of the town of Gath
 · Goliath a Philistine giant from Gath,a Philistine giant from Gath killed by Elhanan.
 · Hushathite a resident of the town of Hushah
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Jair son of Segub son of Hezron of Judah,a man of Gilead who judged Israel twenty-two years,son of Shime-i son of Kish of Benjamin; father of Mordecai,the father of Elhanan, who slew Lahmi the brother of Goliath
 · Jerusalem the capital city of Israel,a town; the capital of Israel near the southern border of Benjamin
 · Joab son of Zeruiah, David's sister; commander of King David's army,son of Seraiah son of Kenaz of Judah; grand nephew of Caleb of Moses' time,a man whose descendants returned from exile in Babylon,ancestor of a family group who returned from exile headed by Obadiah the son of Jehiel
 · Jonathan a man who was a descendant of Gershom son of Moses,son of Saul of Benjamin,son of the high priest Abiathar in David's time,the son of Shime-i, David's brother,son of Shammah/Shagee; one of David's military elite,son of Jada of Judah,son of Uzziah; overseer of the country treasuries for King David,a man who was uncle and counselor of King David,father of Ebed who accompanied Ezra leading the clan of Adin back from exile,a man who opposed Ezra's reforms; son of Asahel,a chief priest; son of Joiada,priest and head of the house of Malluchi under High Priest Joiakim in the time of Nehemiah,son of Shemaiah of Asaph of Levi; father of Zechariah,a man who was secretary and dungeon keeper for King Zedekiah; son of Kareah
 · Lahmi brother of Goliath; the Gittite whom Elhanan killed
 · Philistines a sea people coming from Crete in 1200BC to the coast of Canaan
 · Rabbah a town; the capital of the nation of Ammon. It is now called Amman, the capital of Jordan.,a town in the hill country of Judah
 · Shimea son of Jesse; David's brother,son of David and Bathsheba,son of Michael, of Gershom of Levi; ancestor of Asaph,son of Jesse (Judah); father of Jonathan who killed a giant
 · Sibbecai a man who was one of David's military elite from Hushah
 · Sippai a Philistine giant at Gezer slain by one of David's men


Topik/Tema Kamus: David | GIANTS | Samuel, Books of | GENEALOGY, 8 part 2 | Goliath | Rabbah | HEREDITY | Rapha | Saph | Elhanan | Gath | Jair | Hushathite | Lahmi | RAPHA, RAPHAH | Ammonites | GOB | Harrow | Sibbechai | Sippai | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: 1Ch 20:2 - To weigh a talent Or, to be worth a talent, that is, five thousand four hundred and seventy five pounds.

Or, to be worth a talent, that is, five thousand four hundred and seventy five pounds.

Wesley: 1Ch 20:8 - They fell, &c We need not fear great men against us, while we have the great God for us.

We need not fear great men against us, while we have the great God for us.

JFB: 1Ch 20:1 - at the time when kings go out to battle In spring, the usual season in ancient times for entering on a campaign; that is, a year subsequent to the Syrian war.

In spring, the usual season in ancient times for entering on a campaign; that is, a year subsequent to the Syrian war.

JFB: 1Ch 20:1 - Joab led forth the power of the army, and wasted the country . . . of Ammon The former campaign had been disastrous, owing chiefly to the hired auxiliaries of the Ammonites; and as it was necessary, as well as just, that they ...

The former campaign had been disastrous, owing chiefly to the hired auxiliaries of the Ammonites; and as it was necessary, as well as just, that they should be severely chastised for their wanton outrage on the Hebrew ambassadors, Joab ravaged their country and invested their capital, Rabbah. After a protracted siege, Joab took one part of it, the lower town or "city of waters," insulated by the winding course of the Jabbok. Knowing that the fort called "the royal city" would soon fall, he invited the king to come in person, and have the honor of storming it. The knowledge of this fact (mentioned in 2Sa 12:26) enables us to reconcile the two statements--"David tarried at Jerusalem" (1Ch 20:1), and "David and all the people returned to Jerusalem" (1Ch 20:3).

JFB: 1Ch 20:2 - David took the crown of their king . . ., and found it to weigh a talent of gold Equal to one hundred twenty-five pounds. Some think that Malcom, rendered in our version "their king," should be taken as a proper name, Milcom or Mol...

Equal to one hundred twenty-five pounds. Some think that Malcom, rendered in our version "their king," should be taken as a proper name, Milcom or Molech, the Ammonite idol, which, of course, might bear a heavy weight. But, like many other state crowns of Eastern kings, the crown got at Rabbah was not worn on the head, but suspended by chains of gold above the throne.

JFB: 1Ch 20:2 - precious stones Hebrew, a "stone," or cluster of precious stones, which was set on David's head.

Hebrew, a "stone," or cluster of precious stones, which was set on David's head.

JFB: 1Ch 20:3 - cut them with saws, &c. The Hebrew word, "cut them," is, with the difference of the final letter, the same as that rendered "put them," in the parallel passage of Samuel [2Sa...

The Hebrew word, "cut them," is, with the difference of the final letter, the same as that rendered "put them," in the parallel passage of Samuel [2Sa 12:31]; and many consider that putting them to saws, axes, and so forth, means nothing more than that David condemned the inhabitants of Rabbah to hard and penal servitude.

JFB: 1Ch 20:4 - war at Gezer Or Gob (see 2Sa 21:18-22).

Or Gob (see 2Sa 21:18-22).

Clarke: 1Ch 20:1 - After the year was expired, at the time that kings go out to battle After the year was expired, at the time that kings go out to battle - About the spring of the year; see the note on 2Sa 11:1 After this verse the pa...

After the year was expired, at the time that kings go out to battle - About the spring of the year; see the note on 2Sa 11:1

After this verse the parallel place in Samuel relates the whole story of David and Bath-sheba, and the murder of Uriah, which the compiler of these books passes over as he designedly does almost every thing prejudicial to the character of David. All he states is, but David tarried at Jerusalem; and, while he thus tarried, and Joab conducted the war against the Ammonites, the awful transactions above referred to took place.

Clarke: 1Ch 20:2 - David took the crown of their king - off his head David took the crown of their king - off his head - See 2Sa 12:30

David took the crown of their king - off his head - See 2Sa 12:30

Clarke: 1Ch 20:2 - Precious stones in it Precious stones in it - The Targum says, "And there was set in it a precious stone, worth a talent of gold; this was that magnetic stone that suppor...

Precious stones in it - The Targum says, "And there was set in it a precious stone, worth a talent of gold; this was that magnetic stone that supported the woven gold in the air."What does he mean?

Clarke: 1Ch 20:3 - He brought out the people He brought out the people - See this transaction particularly explained in the notes on the parallel places, 2Sa 12:30-31 (note).

He brought out the people - See this transaction particularly explained in the notes on the parallel places, 2Sa 12:30-31 (note).

Clarke: 1Ch 20:5 - Elhanan the son of Jair Elhanan the son of Jair - See the note on 2Sa 21:19. The Targum says, "David, the son of Jesse, a pious man, who rose at midnight to sing praises to...

Elhanan the son of Jair - See the note on 2Sa 21:19. The Targum says, "David, the son of Jesse, a pious man, who rose at midnight to sing praises to God, slew Lachmi, the brother of Goliath, the same day on which he slew Goliath the Gittite, whose spear-staff was like a weaver’ s beam."

Clarke: 1Ch 20:6 - Fingers and toes were four and twenty Fingers and toes were four and twenty - See the note on 2Sa 21:20.

Fingers and toes were four and twenty - See the note on 2Sa 21:20.

Clarke: 1Ch 20:8 - These were born unto the giant in Gath These were born unto the giant in Gath - "These were born להרפא leharapha , to that Rapha in Gath, or to Arapha."So the Vulgate, Septuagint, a...

These were born unto the giant in Gath - "These were born להרפא leharapha , to that Rapha in Gath, or to Arapha."So the Vulgate, Septuagint, and Chaldee

The compiler of these books passes by also the incest of Amnon with his sister Tamar, and the rebellion of Absalom, and the awful consequences of all these. These should have preceded the fourth verse. These facts could not be unknown to him, for they were notorious to all; but he saw that they were already amply detailed in books which were accredited among the people, and the relations were such as no friend to piety and humanity could delight to repeat. On these grounds the reader will give him credit for the omission. See on 1Ch 20:1 (note).

Defender: 1Ch 20:5 - brother of Goliath Several children of "the giant" are mentioned in 1Ch 20:4, 1Ch 20:6 and 1Ch 20:8. Whether this was a single giant or a generic term for a remnant trib...

Several children of "the giant" are mentioned in 1Ch 20:4, 1Ch 20:6 and 1Ch 20:8. Whether this was a single giant or a generic term for a remnant tribe of giants still surviving in this former land of giants is not clear (see note on 2Sa 21:19)."

TSK: 1Ch 20:1 - And it came // after the year was expired // wasted // Rabbah // Joab smote am 2969, bc 1035, An, Ex, Is, 456 And it came : 2Sa 11:1 after the year was expired : Heb. at the return of the year, 1Ki 20:22, 1Ki 20:26; 2Ki 13:20 ...

am 2969, bc 1035, An, Ex, Is, 456

And it came : 2Sa 11:1

after the year was expired : Heb. at the return of the year, 1Ki 20:22, 1Ki 20:26; 2Ki 13:20

wasted : Isa 6:11, Isa 54:16

Rabbah : Deu 3:11; 2Sa 12:26, 2Sa 17:27; Jer 49:2, Jer 49:3; Eze 21:20, Eze 25:5; Amo 1:14

Joab smote : 2Sa 11:16-25, 2Sa 12:26-31

TSK: 1Ch 20:2 - it // and he brought it : Heb. the weight of it and he brought : 1Ch 18:11; 2Sa 8:11, 2Sa 8:12

it : Heb. the weight of it

and he brought : 1Ch 18:11; 2Sa 8:11, 2Sa 8:12

TSK: 1Ch 20:3 - And he // and cut // with saws And he : 1Ch 19:2-5; Psa 21:8, Psa 21:9 and cut : Instead of wyyasar , ""and he cut,""the parallel passage is wyyasem , ""and he put them;""which ...

And he : 1Ch 19:2-5; Psa 21:8, Psa 21:9

and cut : Instead of wyyasar , ""and he cut,""the parallel passage is wyyasem , ""and he put them;""which is also the reading here of seven manuscripts collated by Dr. Kennicott. Sawing asunder, etc., of human beings, have no more place in the text, than they had in David’ s conduct towards the Ammonites.

with saws : Exo 1:14; Jos 9:23; Jdg 8:6, Jdg 8:7, Jdg 8:16, Jdg 8:17; 1Ki 9:21

TSK: 1Ch 20:4 - there arose // Gezer // Sibbechai // Sippai // the giant am 2986, bc 1018, An, Ex, Is, 473 there arose : or, there continued. Heb. there stood. 2Sa 21:15 Gezer : or, Gob, Jos 12:12, Jos 16:3; 2Sa 21:18-22 S...

am 2986, bc 1018, An, Ex, Is, 473

there arose : or, there continued. Heb. there stood. 2Sa 21:15

Gezer : or, Gob, Jos 12:12, Jos 16:3; 2Sa 21:18-22

Sibbechai : 1Ch 11:29

Sippai : 2Sa 21:18, Saph

the giant : or, Rapha

TSK: 1Ch 20:5 - Jair // Goliath Jair : 2Sa 21:19, Jaare-oregim Goliath : 1Sa 17:4, 1Sa 21:9, 1Sa 22:10; 2Sa 21:19

Jair : 2Sa 21:19, Jaare-oregim

Goliath : 1Sa 17:4, 1Sa 21:9, 1Sa 22:10; 2Sa 21:19

TSK: 1Ch 20:6 - of great stature // the son of the giant of great stature : Heb. of measure, 2Sa 21:20 the son of the giant : Heb. born to the giant, or Rapha

of great stature : Heb. of measure, 2Sa 21:20

the son of the giant : Heb. born to the giant, or Rapha

TSK: 1Ch 20:7 - defied // Shimea defied : or, reproached, 1Sa 17:10, 1Sa 17:26, 1Sa 17:36; Isa 37:23 Shimea : 1Ch 2:13, Shimma, 1Sa 16:9, Shammah

defied : or, reproached, 1Sa 17:10, 1Sa 17:26, 1Sa 17:36; Isa 37:23

Shimea : 1Ch 2:13, Shimma, 1Sa 16:9, Shammah

TSK: 1Ch 20:8 - they fell they fell : Jos 14:12; Ecc 9:11; Jer 9:23; Rom 8:31

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Haydock: 1Ch 20:1 - Year Year. Hebrew, "at the return of the year," in spring. (Calmet)

Year. Hebrew, "at the return of the year," in spring. (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Ch 20:2 - Melchom Melchom. Septuagint add the explanation, "their king." It may also be referred to the idol of Ammon. (Haydock) --- The massy crown was suspended ...

Melchom. Septuagint add the explanation, "their king." It may also be referred to the idol of Ammon. (Haydock) ---

The massy crown was suspended over David's head. (Tirinus) (Du Hamel)

Haydock: 1Ch 20:3 - Harrows Harrows. Hebrew, "cut them with saws, and with harrows; (Haydock) or, rollers of iron, and with saws." But some other term was probably used, a...

Harrows. Hebrew, "cut them with saws, and with harrows; (Haydock) or, rollers of iron, and with saws." But some other term was probably used, as we find saws before. (Calmet) ---

Protestants have "axes." This exemplary punishment was in consequence of the violation of the law of nations. Abulensis pronounced it lawful. Tirinus accuses David of a grievous sin of cruelty; observing that he was at this time involved in the sin of adultery: and people easily fall from one abyss into another. Cruelty and lust often go together. Yet it seems best to suspend our judgment. (Haydock) ---

David might only treat the most guilty in this manner. (Du Hamel)

Haydock: 1Ch 20:4 - Gazer Gazer, which seems preferable to Gob, 2 Kings xxi. 18.

Gazer, which seems preferable to Gob, 2 Kings xxi. 18.

Haydock: 1Ch 20:5 - Adeodatus // Brother Adeodatus. Hebrew, "Elchanan, the son of Jair, of Lehem;" or, "slew Lechemi, brother of Goliath;" or equal to him in strength. (Calmet) --- Brothe...

Adeodatus. Hebrew, "Elchanan, the son of Jair, of Lehem;" or, "slew Lechemi, brother of Goliath;" or equal to him in strength. (Calmet) ---

Brother is here supplied, as it is wanting, 2 Kings. (Du Hamel)

Haydock: 1Ch 20:7 - Rapha Rapha, head of the giants of Palestine. (Calmet)

Rapha, head of the giants of Palestine. (Calmet)

Gill: 1Ch 20:1-8 - -- See Gill on 1Ch 20:1, 2Sa 11:1, 1Ch 20:2, 2Sa 12:30, 2Sa 21:15, and 1Ch 21:1.

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NET Notes: 1Ch 20:1 Heb “and it was at the time of the turning of the year, at the time of the going out of kings.”

NET Notes: 1Ch 20:2 See the note on the word “talents” in 19:6.

NET Notes: 1Ch 20:3 Heb “and so he would do.”

NET Notes: 1Ch 20:4 Heb “they”; the referent (the Philistines) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

NET Notes: 1Ch 20:5 See tc note on the parallel passage in 2 Sam 21:19.

NET Notes: 1Ch 20:6 Heb “and there was another battle, in Gath.”

NET Notes: 1Ch 20:7 The parallel text in 2 Sam 21:21 has the variant spelling “Shimeah.”

NET Notes: 1Ch 20:8 Heb “his servants.”

Geneva Bible: 1Ch 20:1 And it came to pass, that after the year was expired, at the time that kings go out [to battle], Joab led forth the power of the army, and wasted the ...

Geneva Bible: 1Ch 20:2 And David took the crown of their king from off his head, and found it to weigh a ( b ) talent of gold, and [there were] precious stones in it; and it...

Geneva Bible: 1Ch 20:5 And there was war again with the Philistines; and Elhanan the son of Jair slew ( c ) Lahmi the brother of Goliath the Gittite, whose spear staff [was]...

Geneva Bible: 1Ch 20:6 And yet again there was war at Gath, where was a man of [great] stature, whose fingers and toes [were] four and twenty, ( d ) six [on each hand], and ...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: 1Ch 20:1-8 - --Though the Lord will severely correct the sins of his believing people, he will not leave them in the hands of their enemies. His assistance will over...

Matthew Henry: 1Ch 20:1-3 - -- How the army of the Ammonites and their allies was routed in the field we read in the foregoing chapters. Here we have the destruction of Rabbah, th...

Matthew Henry: 1Ch 20:4-8 - -- The Philistines were nearly subdued (1Ch 18:1); but, as in the destruction of the Canaanites by Joshua the sons of Anak were last subdued (Jos 11:21...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ch 20:1-8 - -- The account of the siege of Rabbah, the capital, in the following year, 1Ch 20:1-3, is much abridged as compared with that in 2Sa 11:1; 2Sa 12:26-31...

Constable: 1Ch 10:1--29:30 - --II. THE REIGN OF DAVID chs. 10--29 In all of Chronicles the writer assumed his readers' acquaintance with the ot...

Constable: 1Ch 17:1--29:30 - --E. God's Covenant Promises to David chs. 17-29 The dominating theme in 1 Chronicles is the Davidic Coven...

Constable: 1Ch 17:1--21:30 - --1. The first account of God's promises to David chs. 17-21 In some particulars the promises God ...

Constable: 1Ch 18:1--20:8 - --David's victories over his enemies chs. 18-20 These chapters record the fulfillment of G...

Guzik: 1Ch 20:1-8 - Ammon is Defeated at Rabbah 1 Chronicles 20 - Ammon is Defeated at Rabbah A. The defeat of Ammon. 1. (1) Joab goes back out the next year to get Rabbah of Ammon. It happened ...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: 1 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF CHRONICLES were also considered as one by the ancient Jews, who called them "words of days," that is, diaries or journal...

JFB: 1 Chronicles (Garis Besar) ADAM'S LINE TO NOAH. (1Ch. 1:1-23) SHEM'S LINE TO ABRAHAM. (1Ch 1:24-28) SONS OF ISHMAEL. (1Ch 1:29-31) SONS OF KETURAH. (1Ch 1:32-33) POSTERITY OF A...

TSK: 1 Chronicles 20 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview 1Ch 20:1, Rabbah is besieged by Joab, spoiled by David, and the people thereof tortured; 1Ch 20:4, Three giants are slain in three severa...

Poole: 1 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) FIRST BOOK OF THE CHRONICLES THE ARGUMENT THESE Books of the CHRONICLES are not the same which are so called, 1Ki 14:19 , and elsewhere, (because...

Poole: 1 Chronicles 20 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHRONICLES CHAPTER 20 Rabbah besieged, spoiled, and tortured by David, 1Ch 20:1-3 . Three giants slain, 1Ch 20:4-8 . Of this first verse, see my ...

MHCC: 1 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) The books of Chronicles are, in a great measure, repetitions of what is in the books of Samuel and of the Kings, yet there are some excellent useful t...

MHCC: 1 Chronicles 20 (Pendahuluan Pasal) David's wars.

Matthew Henry: 1 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The First Book of Chronicles In common things repetition is thought needless and nauseous; but, in sacr...

Matthew Henry: 1 Chronicles 20 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Here is a repetition of the story of David's wars, I. With the Ammonites, and the taking of Rabbah (1Ch 20:1-3). II. With the giants of the Phili...

Constable: 1 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title The earliest Hebrew title for the Books of Chronicles translates as...

Constable: 1 Chronicles (Garis Besar) Outline I. Israel's historical roots chs. 1-9 A. The lineage of David chs. 1-3 ...

Constable: 1 Chronicles 1 Chronicles Bibliography Ackroyd, Peter R. I and II Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah. London: SCM Press, 1973. ...

Haydock: 1 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST BOOK OF PARALIPOMENON. INTRODUCTION. These Books are called by the Greek Interpreters, Paralipomenon; ( Greek: Paraleipomenon, ) tha...

Gill: 1 Chronicles (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO 1 CHRONICLES This and the following book were reckoned by the Jews as one book, as appears by the Masoretic note at the end of the ...

Gill: 1 Chronicles 20 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO 1 CHRONICLES 20 Agrees with various passages in the second book of Samuel; 1Ch 20:1 with 2Sa 11:1 and 1Ch 20:2 with 2Sa 12:30 and t...

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