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Hakim-hakim 20

TSK Full Life Study Bible

20:1 · orang(TB)/bani(TL) <01121> [Then all.]

· orang ........ serentak(TB)/orang satu(TL) <0259 0376> [as one man.]

· Dan(TB/TL) <01835> [from Dan.]

· tanah(TB)/benua(TL) <0776> [with the.]

· TUHAN(TB)/Tuhan(TL) <03068> [unto the.]

· Mizpa(TB/TL) <04709> [in Mizpeh.]

It does not appear that the Israelites on this occasion, were summoned by the authority of any one common head, but they came together by the consent and agreement, as it were, of one common heart, fired with a holy zeal for the honour of God and Israel. The place of their meeting was Mizpeh; they gathered together unto the Lord there; for Mizpeh was so very near to Shiloh, that their encampment might very well be supposed to reach from Mizpeh to Shiloh. Shiloh was a small town, and therefore, when there was a general meeting of the people to present themselves before God, they chose Mizpeh for their head quarters, which was the next adjoining city of note; perhaps, because they were not willing to give that trouble to Shiloh, which so great an assembly would occasion; it being the residence of the priests that attended the tabernacle.

20:1

Judul : Peperangan orang Israel melawan bani Benyamin

Perikop : Hak 20:1-48


orang Israel;

Hak 21:5

sampai Bersyeba

Kej 21:14; [Lihat FULL. Kej 21:14]; 1Sam 3:20; 2Sam 3:10; 17:11; 24:15; 1Raj 4:25; 2Taw 30:5 [Semua]

Gilead berkumpullah

1Sam 7:5

secara serentak

Hak 20:11; 1Sam 11:7 [Semua]

di Mizpa.

Yos 11:3; [Lihat FULL. Yos 11:3]


Catatan Frasa: LALU MAJULAH SEMUA ORANG ISRAEL.


20:2 · pedang pedang(TB)/menghunus pedang(TL) <02719 08025> [drew sword.]

20:2

ribu orang

1Sam 11:8



20:3 · bani Benyamin ... Benyamin ........ orang(TB)/bani Benyamin .... bani .......... bani(TL) <01144 01121> [the children of Benjamin.]

· <01961> [how was.]


20:4 · Lewi(TB/TL) <03881> [the Levite. Heb. the man the Levite. I came.]

20:4

di Gibea

Yos 15:57; [Lihat FULL. Yos 15:57]

untuk bermalam

Kej 24:23; [Lihat FULL. Kej 24:23]



20:5 · warga-warga(TB)/isi(TL) <01167> [And the men.]

· mengepung(TB)/dikepungnya(TL) <05437> [beset.]

· gundikku(TB/TL) <06370> [and my concubine.]

· diperkosa(TB)/digagahinya(TL) <06031> [forced. Heb. humbled.]

20:5

bermaksud membunuh

Hak 19:22; [Lihat FULL. Hak 19:22]

sehingga mati.

Hak 19:25-26 [Semua]



20:6 · kupotong-potong(TB)/kupenggal(TL) <05408> [cut her.]

· Israel .......... noda ..... Israel Israel(TB)/Israel ........... keji ..... Israel(TL) <03478 05039> [folly in Israel.]

20:6

milik pusaka

Hak 19:29; [Lihat FULL. Hak 19:29]

berbuat noda

Hak 19:23; [Lihat FULL. Hak 19:23]; 2Sam 13:12 [Semua]



20:7 · orang(TB)/bani(TL) <01121> [ye are all.]

· ada .... Berikanlah sekarang sini(TB)/berikanlah ... sekarang(TL) <03051 01988> [give here.]

20:7

dan nasihatmu.

Hak 19:30; [Lihat FULL. Hak 19:30]



20:8 · serentak orang ... Seorangpun ......... seorangpun masing-masing ......... masing-masing(TB)/orang satu ........... masing-masing ......... masing-masing(TL) <0259 0376> [as one man.]

· Seorangpun ......... seorangpun(TB)/orang ............ masing-masing ......... masing-masing(TL) <0376> [We will not.]


20:9 · undi(TB/TL) <01486> [by lot against it.]

20:9

membuang undi!

Im 16:8; [Lihat FULL. Im 16:8]



20:11

dengan serentak.

Hak 20:1; [Lihat FULL. Hak 20:1]



20:12 · mengirim orang ..... beberapa(TB)/menyuruhkan beberapa(TL) <07971 0582> [sent men.]

20:12

antara kamu

Ul 13:14



20:13 · serahkanlah(TB/TL) <05414> [deliver.]

· orang-orang jahat .............................. orang(TB)/jahat ................... bani .......... bani(TL) <01100 01121> [children of Belial.]

· menghapuskan(TB)/membuang(TL) <01197> [put away.]

· dengar .... mau mendengarkan(TB)/mau(TL) <014 08085> [would not.]

The conduct of the Israelites was very equitable in this demand; but perhaps the rulers or elders of Gibeah ought previously to have been applied to, to deliver up the criminals to justice. However, the refusal of the Benjamites, and their protection of those who had committed this horrible wickedness, because they were of their own tribe, prove them to have been deeply corrupted, and (all their advantages considered) as ripe for divine vengeance as the inhabitants of Sodom and Gomorrah had been. Confiding in their own valour and military skill, they seen to have first prepared for battle in this unequal contest with such superior numbers.

20:13

yakni orang-orang

Ul 13:13; [Lihat FULL. Ul 13:13]

orang Israel.

Ul 13:5; [Lihat FULL. Ul 13:5]; 1Kor 5:13; [Lihat FULL. 1Kor 5:13] [Semua]


Catatan Frasa: BANI BENYAMIN TIDAK MAU MENDENGARKAN.


20:14


20:15 · puluh(TB/TL) <06242> [twenty.]


20:16 · kidal(TB/TL) <0334> [left-handed.]

{Itter yad yemeeno,} "obstructed in his right hand;" so the Chaldee Targum, {gemid beedaih deyammeena,} contracted or impeded in his right hand." Le Clerc observes, that the 700 men left-handed seem therefore to have been made slingers, because they could not use the right hand, which is employed in managing heavier arms; and they could discharge the stones from the sling in a direction against which their opponents were not upon their guard, and thus do the greater execution.

· mengumban ... batu(TB)/mengali-ali batu(TL) <068 07049> [sling stones.]

The sling was a very ancient warlike instrument; and, in the hands of those who were skilled in the use of it, produced astonishing effects. The inhabitants of the islands of Baleares, now Majorca and Minorca, were the most celebrated slingers of antiquity. They did not permit their children to break their fast, till they had struck down the bread they had to eat from the top of a pole, or some distant eminence. Vegetius tells us, that slingers could in general hit the mark at 600 feet distance.

20:16

yang kidal,

Hak 3:15; [Lihat FULL. Hak 3:15]



20:17 · empat ratus ... ratus(TB)/empat ratus(TL) <0702 03967> [four hundred.]


20:18 · Allah ... Allah(TB) <01004 0430> [house of.]

· bertanya(TB)/bertanyakan(TL) <07592> [asked.]

· Suku Yehudalah(TB)/Yehuda(TL) <03063> [Judah.]

20:18

ke Betel.

Yos 12:9; [Lihat FULL. Yos 12:9]; Hak 18:31; [Lihat FULL. Hak 18:31] [Semua]

kepada Allah:

Hak 18:5; [Lihat FULL. Hak 18:5]

lebih dahulu

Hak 1:1; [Lihat FULL. Hak 1:1]

maju berperang

Hak 20:23,28 [Semua]

Suku Yehudalah

Kej 49:10; [Lihat FULL. Kej 49:10]



20:19 · Lalu(TB)/berangkatlah(TL) <06965> [rose up.]


20:21 · bani(TB/TL) <01121> [the children.]

· menggugurkan(TB)/diparangnya(TL) <07843> [destroyed.]

20:21

orang Israel

Hak 20:25



20:22 · mengumpulkan segenap kekuatannya(TB)/menguatkan(TL) <02388> [encouraged.]


20:23 · menangis(TB/TL) <01058> [wept.]

· orang-orang ....... TUHAN ......... TUHAN ........ bani ....... TUHAN(TB)/bani ........... Tuhan ......... Tuhan ......... bani ....... Tuhan(TL) <01121 03068> [And the.]

It seems most evident that the Israelites did not seek the protection of God. When they "went to the house of God," (ver. 18,) it was not to enquire concerning the expediency of the war, nor of its success, but which of the tribes should begin the attack: and here the question is, "Shall I go up again to battle against the children of Benjamin my brother?" Having so much right on their side, they had no doubt of the justice of their cause, and the propriety of their conduct; and having such a superiority of numbers, they had no doubt of success. But God humbled them, and delivered them into the hands of their enemies; and shewed them that the race was not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong.

20:23

hadapan Tuhan

Bil 14:1; [Lihat FULL. Bil 14:1]

sampai petang,

Yos 7:6

kepada Tuhan:

Hak 18:5; [Lihat FULL. Hak 18:5]

kami berperang

Hak 20:18; [Lihat FULL. Hak 20:18]



20:25 · digugurkannya(TB)/diparangnya(TL) <07843> [destroyed.]

20:25

orang-orang Israel;

Hak 20:21



20:26 · orang(TB)/bani(TL) <01121> [all the children.]

· menangis(TB)/menangislah(TL) <01058> [wept.]

20:26

hadapan Tuhan,

Bil 14:1; [Lihat FULL. Bil 14:1]

berpuasa

2Sam 12:21

korban bakaran

Im 1:3

korban keselamatan

Kel 32:6; [Lihat FULL. Kel 32:6]

hadapan Tuhan.

Hak 21:4



20:27 · bertanya(TB)/bertanyakan(TL) <07592> [enquired.]

· tabut(TB/TL) <0727> [the ark.]

The loss of two battles at length brought this stiff-necked people to enquire of the Lord; for all the company at this time met at Shiloh, and kept a day of fasting and prayer with great earnestness and solemnity. "Behold, the Lord's hand is not shortened, that it cannot save; neither his ear heavy, that it cannot hear." .# Isa 59:1

20:27

kepada Tuhan

Hak 18:5; [Lihat FULL. Hak 18:5]

perjanjian Allah,

Bil 10:33; [Lihat FULL. Bil 10:33]



20:28 · Pinehas(TB/TL) <06372> [Phinehas.]

It is evident, from this mention of Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, that these transactions must have taken place not long after the death of Joshua.

· imam(TB)/di(TL) <05975> [stood.]

· sekali(TB)/pula(TL) <03254> [Shall I yet.]

· Majulah(TB)/Pergi(TL) <05927> [Go up.]

20:28

bin Eleazar

Bil 25:7

waktu itu

Ul 18:5

dalam tanganmu.

Yos 2:24; [Lihat FULL. Yos 2:24]



20:29 · Israel(TB/TL) <03478> [Israel.]

Though God had promised them success, they knew they could expect it only by the use of proper means. Hence they used all prudent precaution, and employed all their military skill.

· penghadang-penghadang(TB)/pengadang(TL) <0693> [liers.]

20:29

menempatkan penghadang-penghadang

Yos 8:2,4; [Lihat FULL. Yos 8:2]; [Lihat FULL. Yos 8:4] [Semua]



20:31 · terpancing(TB)/tertariklah(TL) <05423> [drawn.]

· laskar ............. menyerang laskar(TB)/orang .............. memarang ... menikam ... orang(TL) <05971 02491 05221> [smite of the people, and kill, as at. Heb. smite of the people wounded as at, etc. the house of God. or, Beth-el.]

Gibeah.

· tiga puluh(TB/TL) <07970> [thirty.]

20:31

mereka terpancing

Yos 8:16

ke Betel,

Yos 16:1



20:32 · lari(TB/TL) <05127> [Let us flee.]

This was done, not only because they had placed an ambuscade behind Gibeah, which was to enter and burn the city as soon as the Benjamites left it; but it would seem, that the slingers, by being within the city and its fortifications, had great advantage over the Israelites by their slings, when they could not come among them with their swords, unless they got them in the plain country.

20:32

seperti semula.

Hak 20:39



20:33 · bangun(TB) <06965> [rose up.]

· mengatur(TB)/diikatnya(TL) <06186> [put themselves.]

There appear to have been three divisions of the Israelitish army: one at Baal-tamar, (which was situated, says Eusebius, near Gibeah;) a second behind the city in ambush; and a third, who skirmished with the Benjamites before Gibeah.

20:33

dari tempatnya,

Yos 8:19



20:34 · sepuluh ribu(TB/TL) <06235 0505> [ten thousand.]

· tahu ... malapetaka ....... jahat(TB)/disangka(TL) <03045 07451> [knew not.]

20:34

tidak tahu

Yos 8:14

bahwa malapetaka

Hak 20:41



20:35 · puluh(TB/TL) <06242> [twenty.]

Though the numbers of the Israelites were immensely superior to those of Benjamin, though the stratagem was well laid and ingeniously executed, and the battle bravely fought, yet the inspired historian ascribes the victory to the hand of the Lord, as entirely as if he had smitten the Benjamites by a miracle.

20:35

suku Benyamin

1Sam 9:21



20:36 · [for the man.]

20:36

agak mundur

Yos 8:15

mempercayai penghadang-penghadang

Yos 8:2



20:37 · dengan segeranya ....... maju(TB)/dengan segeranya ... pengadang .......... pengadang(TL) <02363 0693> [the liers in wait hasted.]

· bergerak(TB)/berjalan langsung dialahkannya(TL) <04900> [drew themselves along. or, made a long sound with the trumpets.]

20:37

mata pedang.

Yos 8:19



20:38 · bermupakat(TB)/berjanji(TL) <04150> [Now there.]

From this verse to the end of the chapter, we have the details of the same operations which are mentioned, in a general way, in the preceding verses of this chapter.

· bermupakat(TB)/berjanji(TL) <04150> [sign. or, time.]

· dengan(TB/TL) <05973> [and. Heb. with. flame. Heb. elevation.]

20:38

gumpalan asap

Yos 8:20

dari kota

Yos 8:4-8 [Semua]



20:39 · orang-orang ............ orang ........ orang(TB)/orang ............... orang ...... orang(TL) <0376> [And when.]

· menyerang .... menikam terbunuh(TB)/memarang ... menikam(TL) <02491 05221> [smite and kill. Heb. smite the wounded.]

20:39

dalam pertempuran

Hak 20:32; Mazm 78:9 [Semua]



20:40 · tiang(TB/TL) <05982> [a pillar.]

· menoleh(TB/TL) <06437> [looked.]

· gumpalan asap .................. seluruhnya(TB)/asap(TL) <04864 03632> [flame. Heb. whole consumption.]

20:40

ke langit.

Yos 8:20



20:41 · gemetarlah(TB)/terkejutlah(TL) <0926> [were amazed.]

· datang menimpa(TB)/berlaku(TL) <05060> [was come upon them. Heb. touched them.]

20:41

Israel maju

Yos 8:21

datang menimpa

Hak 20:34



20:42 · pertempuran(TB)/perang(TL) <04421> [the battle.]


20:43 · mengepung(TB)/Dikepungnya(TL) <03803> [inclosed.]

· henti-hentinya(TB) <04496> [with ease. or, from Menuchah, etc. over against. Heb. unto over against.]


20:44

gagah perkasa.

1Sam 10:26; Mazm 76:6 [Semua]



20:45 · Rimon(TB/TL) <07417> [Rimmon.]

20:45

batu Rimon.

Yos 15:32; [Lihat FULL. Yos 15:32]



20:46 · puluh(TB/TL) <06242> [twenty.]

20:46

suku Benyamin

1Sam 9:21



20:47 · enam ratus ................... ratus(TB)/enam ratus(TL) <03967 08337> [six hundred.]

· bukit ... Rimon ........ bukit(TB)/gunung batu Rimon .......... gunung batu Rimon(TL) <07417 05553> [rock of Rimmon.]

The rock Rimmon was doubtless a strong place; but it is uncertain where situated. It is probable however, that it was near, and took its name from, the village of Remmon, mentioned by Eusebius, fifteen miles north from Jerusalem. It appears that rocks are still resorted to in the East, as places of security; and some of them are even capable of sustaining a siege. De La Roque says, that "The Grand Seignior, wishing to seize the person of the emir (Fakr-eddin, prince of the Druses,) gave orders to the pacha to take him prisoner: he accordingly came in search of him, with a new army, in the district of Chouf, which is part of mount Lebanon, wherein is the village of Gesin, and close to it, the rock which served for a retreat to the emir. It is named in Arabic, Magara Gesin, i.e., the cavern of Gessin, by which name it is famous. The pacha pressed the emir so closely, that this unfortunate prince was obliged to shut himself up in the cleft of a great rock, with a small number of his officers. The pacha besieged him there several months; and was going to blow up the rock by a mine, when the emir capitulated."


20:48 · memukul .... mata ... mata(TB)/diparangnya(TL) <05221 06310> [smote them.]

· terdapat ........ terdapat(TB/TL) <04672> [came to hand. Heb. was found. they came to. Heb. were found.]

20:48

dengan api.

Hak 21:23




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