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Teks -- Ezra 5:1-17 (NET)

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Tattenai Appeals to Darius
5:1 Then the prophets Haggai and Zechariah son of Iddo prophesied concerning the Jews who were in Judah and Jerusalem in the name of the God of Israel who was over them. 5:2 Then Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel and Jeshua the son of Jozadak began to rebuild the temple of God in Jerusalem. The prophets of God were with them, supporting them. 5:3 At that time Tattenai governor of Trans-Euphrates, Shethar-Bozenai, and their colleagues came to them and asked, “Who gave you authority to rebuild this temple and to complete this structure?” 5:4 They also asked them, “What are the names of the men who are building this edifice?” 5:5 But God was watching over the elders of Judah, and they were not stopped until a report could be dispatched to Darius and a letter could be sent back concerning this. 5:6 This is a copy of the letter that Tattenai governor of Trans-Euphrates, Shethar-Bozenai, and his colleagues who were the officials of Trans-Euphrates sent to King Darius. 5:7 The report they sent to him was written as follows: “To King Darius: All greetings! 5:8 Let it be known to the king that we have gone to the province of Judah, to the temple of the great God. It is being built with large stones, and timbers are being placed in the walls. This work is being done with all diligence and is prospering in their hands. 5:9 We inquired of those elders, asking them, ‘Who gave you the authority to rebuild this temple and to complete this structure?’ 5:10 We also inquired of their names in order to inform you, so that we might write the names of the men who were their leaders. 5:11 They responded to us in the following way: ‘We are servants of the God of heaven and earth. We are rebuilding the temple which was previously built many years ago. A great king of Israel built it and completed it. 5:12 But after our ancestors angered the God of heaven, he delivered them into the hands of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon, the Chaldean, who destroyed this temple and exiled the people to Babylon. 5:13 But in the first year of King Cyrus of Babylon, King Cyrus enacted a decree to rebuild this temple of God. 5:14 Even the gold and silver vessels of the temple of God that Nebuchadnezzar had taken from the temple in Jerusalem and had brought to the palace of Babylon– even those things King Cyrus brought from the palace of Babylon and presented to a man by the name of Sheshbazzar whom he had appointed as governor. 5:15 He said to him, “Take these vessels and go deposit them in the temple in Jerusalem, and let the house of God be rebuilt in its proper location.” 5:16 Then this Sheshbazzar went and laid the foundations of the temple of God in Jerusalem. From that time to the present moment it has been in the process of being rebuilt, although it is not yet finished.’ 5:17 “Now if the king is so inclined, let a search be conducted in the royal archives there in Babylon in order to determine whether King Cyrus did in fact issue orders for this temple of God to be rebuilt in Jerusalem. Then let the king send us a decision concerning this matter.”
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Babylon a country of Babylon in lower Mesopotamia
 · Babylonia a region in lower Mesopotamia where the Chaldaeans lived
 · Cyrus the Persian king of Babylon known as Cyrus the Great (OS)
 · Darius king of Persia after Cyrus and Artaxerxes Smerdis; Darius I,son of Ahasuerus; Darius II the Mede,king of Persia after Darius II; Darius III the Persian
 · Haggai a prophet during the time of Zerubbabel
 · Iddo father of Ahinadab, Solomon's deputy for food from Mahanaim,son of Joah of Gershom son of Levi,son of Zechariah; chief over Manasseh in Gilead under David,a prophet who wrote about the times of Solomon,grandfather of the prophet Zechariah; father of Berekiah,priest leader of some who returned from exile with Zerubbabel,a leader of the Jews in Casiphia of Babylon
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Jerusalem the capital city of Israel,a town; the capital of Israel near the southern border of Benjamin
 · Jeshua chief of a division of priests serving in David's sanctuary,a man a Levite assistant to Kore in managing the free will offerings of the temple under King Hezekiah,a chief priest and leader among those who returned from exile with Zerubbabel; son of Jozadak; father of Joiakim,father of Jozabad, a Levite on duty in the time of Ezra,a man whose descendants returned from exile in Babylon,the father of Ezer who helped to repair the wall,a Levite who helped Ezra explain the reading of the law; son of Kadmiel,son of Nun; successor of Moses,son of Azaniah; a Levite leader who signed the covenant to obey God's law,a town of Judah
 · Jew the people descended from Israel
 · Jozadak father of Jeshua the priest in the time of Ezra
 · Judah the son of Jacob and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,a tribe, the land/country,a son of Joseph; the father of Simeon; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Jacob/Israel and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,the tribe of Judah,citizens of the southern kingdom of Judah,citizens of the Persian Province of Judah; the Jews who had returned from Babylonian exile,"house of Judah", a phrase which highlights the political leadership of the tribe of Judah,"king of Judah", a phrase which relates to the southern kingdom of Judah,"kings of Judah", a phrase relating to the southern kingdom of Judah,"princes of Judah", a phrase relating to the kingdom of Judah,the territory allocated to the tribe of Judah, and also the extended territory of the southern kingdom of Judah,the Province of Judah under Persian rule,"hill country of Judah", the relatively cool and green central highlands of the territory of Judah,"the cities of Judah",the language of the Jews; Hebrew,head of a family of Levites who returned from Exile,a Levite who put away his heathen wife,a man who was second in command of Jerusalem; son of Hassenuah of Benjamin,a Levite in charge of the songs of thanksgiving in Nehemiah's time,a leader who helped dedicate Nehemiah's wall,a Levite musician who helped Zechariah of Asaph dedicate Nehemiah's wall
 · Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon who took Judah into exile
 · Shealtiel a son of Neri; the father of Zerubbabel; an ancestor of Jesus,son of King Jehoiachin; father of Zerubbabel who was the governor of Judah
 · Shesh-Bazzar a prince of Judah who received the temple vessels from Cyrus.
 · Shethar-Bozenai a leader with Tattenai who opposed building the temple
 · Shethar-bozenai a leader with Tattenai who opposed building the temple
 · Tattenai a governor under King Artaxerxes
 · Zechariah the father of John the baptist,a son of Berekiah, a righteous man who was killed by the Jewish authorities,son and successor of King Jeroboam,father of Abi, the mother of King Hezekiah,a leader of the tribe of Reuben,son of Meshelemiah; a door keeper for the tent of meeting,son of Jeiel and Maacah of Gibeon,a Levite gate keeper and harpist in David's time,a priest and trumpeter in David's time,son of Isshiah (Uzziel Kohath Levi),son of Hosah; a pre-exile Levite gatekeeper,a man of Manasseh in Gilead in Saul and David's time,a prince whom Jehoshaphat sent to teach the law around Judah,son of Benaiah (Asaph Levi),son of King Jehoshaphat,son of Jehoiada the priest; a prophet,a man who influenced King Uzziah for good,a Levite (Asaph) who helped Hezekiah cleanse the temple,a Levite (Kohath) who helped King Josiah restore the temple,a chief officer of the house of God in Josiah's time,son of Berechiah; a priest; writer of the book of Zechariah,leader among the Parosh clansmen who returned from exile,son of Bebai; leader among Bebai clansmen returned from exile,a lay man of the Elam Clan who put away his heathen wife,a man who stood with Ezra when he read the law to the assembly,son of Amariah of Judah,a descendant of Shelah,son of Pashhur; a priest whose descendants returned from exile,son of Jonathan (Asaph Levi),son of Jeberechiah; a witness to Isaiah's prophesy
 · Zerubbabel a son of Shealtiel; the father of Abiud; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Pedaiah (Shealtiel?) son of King Jehoiachin


Topik/Tema Kamus: Zerubbabel | Zechariah | Darius | Chaldee language | Temple | Joshua | Israel | Temple, the Second | EPISTLE | Cyrus | Liberality | Tatnai | Shethar-boznai | Haggai | Shealtiel | Persia | Sheshbazzar | TATTENAI | SHETHAR-BOZENAI, SHETHAR-BOZNAI | SISINNES | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Wesley: Ezr 5:1 - The son His grand - child; for he was the son of Baraciah.

His grand - child; for he was the son of Baraciah.

Wesley: Ezr 5:1 - Prophesied Commanding them from God to return to building the temple, with a promise of his favour and assistance.

Commanding them from God to return to building the temple, with a promise of his favour and assistance.

Wesley: Ezr 5:2 - Helping Encouraging the people to work by their presence, and assurance of success. It is supposed, the work had stopt about fifteen years. The first chapter ...

Encouraging the people to work by their presence, and assurance of success. It is supposed, the work had stopt about fifteen years. The first chapter of Haggai is the best comment on these two verses.

Wesley: Ezr 5:3 - Shethar-boznai Not Rehum and Shimshai, &c. who were either dead, or removed from their office by Darius.

Not Rehum and Shimshai, &c. who were either dead, or removed from their office by Darius.

Wesley: Ezr 5:4 - We Jews.

Jews.

Wesley: Ezr 5:4 - Accordingly According to what they asked.

According to what they asked.

Wesley: Ezr 5:4 - That made this building That were the undertakers and encouragers of it.

That were the undertakers and encouragers of it.

Wesley: Ezr 5:8 - Great God And indeed, thus far the greater part of the Samaritans agreed with them.

And indeed, thus far the greater part of the Samaritans agreed with them.

Wesley: Ezr 5:17 - Now therefore. &c. If the case had been so fairly stated to Artaxerxes, he would hardly have hindered the work. The people of God could not be persecuted, if they were n...

If the case had been so fairly stated to Artaxerxes, he would hardly have hindered the work. The people of God could not be persecuted, if they were not belied.

JFB: Ezr 5:1 - Then the prophets . . . prophesied . . . in the name of the God of Israel From the recorded writings of Haggai and Zechariah, it appears that the difficulties experienced and the many obstacles thrown in the way had first co...

From the recorded writings of Haggai and Zechariah, it appears that the difficulties experienced and the many obstacles thrown in the way had first cooled the zeal of the Jews in the building of the temple, and then led to an abandonment of the work, under a pretended belief that the time for rebuilding it had not yet come (Hag 1:2-11). For fifteen years the work was completely suspended. These two prophets upbraided them with severe reproaches for their sloth, negligence, and worldly selfishness (Hag 1:4), threatened them with severe judgments if they continued backward, and promised that they would be blessed with great national prosperity if they resumed and prosecuted the work with alacrity and vigor.

JFB: Ezr 5:1 - Zechariah the son of Iddo That is, grandson (Zec 1:1).

That is, grandson (Zec 1:1).

JFB: Ezr 5:2 - Then rose up Zerubbabel . . . and Jeshua . . . began to build the house of God The strong appeals and animating exhortations of these prophets gave a new impulse to the building of the temple. It was in the second year of the rei...

The strong appeals and animating exhortations of these prophets gave a new impulse to the building of the temple. It was in the second year of the reign of Darius Hystaspes that the work, after a long interruption, was resumed.

JFB: Ezr 5:3-4 - At the same time came to them Tatnai, governor on this side the river The Persian empire west of the Euphrates included at this time Syria, Arabia, Egypt, Phœnicia, and other provinces subject to Darius. The empire was ...

The Persian empire west of the Euphrates included at this time Syria, Arabia, Egypt, Phœnicia, and other provinces subject to Darius. The empire was divided into twenty provinces, called satrapies. Syria formed one satrapy, inclusive of Palestine, Phœnicia, and Cyprus, and furnished an annual revenue of three hundred fifty talents. It was presided over by a satrap or viceroy, who at this time resided at Damascus. Though superior to the native governors of the Jews appointed by the Persian king, he never interfered with their internal government except when there was a threatened disturbance of order and tranquillity. Tatnai, the governor (whether this was a personal name or an official title is unknown), had probably been incited by the complaints and turbulent outrages of the Samaritans against the Jews; but he suspended his judgment, and he prudently resolved to repair to Jerusalem, that he might ascertain the real state of matters by personal inspection and enquiry, in company with another dignified officer and his provincial council.|| 12140||1||13||0||@But the eye of their God was upon the elders of the Jews, &c.==--The unusual presence, the imposing suite, the authoritative enquiries of the satrap appeared formidable, and might have produced a paralyzing influence or led to disastrous consequences, if he had been a partial and corrupt judge or actuated by unfriendly feelings towards the Jewish cause. The historian, therefore, with characteristic piety, throws in this parenthetical verse to intimate that God averted the threatening cloud and procured favor for the elders or leaders of the Jews, that they were not interrupted in their proceedings till communications with the court should be made and received. Not a word was uttered to dispirit the Jews or afford cause of triumph to their opponents. Matters were to go on till contrary orders arrived from Babylon. After surveying the work in progress, he inquired: first, by what authority this national temple was undertaken; and, secondly, the names of the principal promoters and directors of the undertaking. To these two heads of enquiry the Jews returned ready and distinct replies. Then having learned that it originated in a decree of Cyrus, who had not only released the Jewish exiles from captivity and permitted them to return to their own land for the express purpose of rebuilding the house of God, but, by an act of royal grace, had restored to them the sacred vessels which Nebuchadnezzar had carried off as trophies from the former temple, Tatnai transmitted all this information in an official report to his imperial master, accompanying it with a recommendatory suggestion that search should be made among the national archives at Babylon for the original decree of Cyrus, that the truth of the Jews' statement might be verified. The whole conduct of Tatnai, as well as the general tone of his despatch, is marked by a sound discretion and prudent moderation, free from any party bias, and evincing a desire only to do his duty. In all respects he appears in favorable contrast with his predecessor, Rehum (Ezr 4:9).

JFB: Ezr 5:8 - the house of the great God, which is builded with great stones Literally, "stones of rolling"; that is, stones of such extraordinary size that they could not be carried--they had to be rolled or dragged along the ...

Literally, "stones of rolling"; that is, stones of such extraordinary size that they could not be carried--they had to be rolled or dragged along the ground.

JFB: Ezr 5:13 - Cyrus the king . . . made a decree The Jews were perfectly warranted according to the principles of the Persian government to proceed with the building in virtue of Cyrus' edict. For ev...

The Jews were perfectly warranted according to the principles of the Persian government to proceed with the building in virtue of Cyrus' edict. For everywhere a public decree is considered as remaining in force until it is revoked but the "laws of the Medes and Persians changed not" [Dan 6:8, Dan 6:12, Dan 6:15].

JFB: Ezr 5:16 - Then came . . . Shesh-bazzar . . . since that time even until now hath it been in building This was not a part of the Jews' answer--they could not have said this, knowing the building had long ceased. But Tatnai used these expressions in his...

This was not a part of the Jews' answer--they could not have said this, knowing the building had long ceased. But Tatnai used these expressions in his report, either looking on the stoppage as a temporary interruption, or supposing that the Jews were always working a little, as they had means and opportunities.

Clarke: Ezr 5:1 - Haggai - and Zechariah Haggai - and Zechariah - These are the same whose writings we have among the twelve minor prophets

Haggai - and Zechariah - These are the same whose writings we have among the twelve minor prophets

Clarke: Ezr 5:1 - The son of Iddo The son of Iddo - That is, the grandson of Iddo; for Zechariah was the son of Barachiah, the son of Iddo. See his prophecy, Zec 1:1 (note).

The son of Iddo - That is, the grandson of Iddo; for Zechariah was the son of Barachiah, the son of Iddo. See his prophecy, Zec 1:1 (note).

Clarke: Ezr 5:2 - Then rose up Zerubbabel Then rose up Zerubbabel - Here we find three classes of men joining in the sacred work: Zerubbabel the civil governor; Jeshua the high priest or ecc...

Then rose up Zerubbabel - Here we find three classes of men joining in the sacred work: Zerubbabel the civil governor; Jeshua the high priest or ecclesiastical governor; and Haggai and Zechariah the prophets. How glorious it is when we see the civil government joining with the sacerdotal and prophetic for the establishment and extension of true religion!

Clarke: Ezr 5:3 - Tatnai, governor Tatnai, governor - He was governor of the provinces which belonged to the Persian empire on their side of the Euphrates, comprehending Syria, Arabia...

Tatnai, governor - He was governor of the provinces which belonged to the Persian empire on their side of the Euphrates, comprehending Syria, Arabia Deserta, Phoenicia, and Samaria. He seems to have been a mild and judicious man; and to have acted with great prudence and caution, and without any kind of prejudice. The manner in which he represented this to the king is a full proof of this disposition.

Clarke: Ezr 5:4 - What are the names What are the names - It is most evident that this is the answer of the Jews to the inquiry of Tatnai, Ezr 5:3, and the verse should be read thus: Th...

What are the names - It is most evident that this is the answer of the Jews to the inquiry of Tatnai, Ezr 5:3, and the verse should be read thus: Then said we unto them after this manner: These are the names of the men who make this building.

Clarke: Ezr 5:5 - The eye of their God was upon the elders The eye of their God was upon the elders - The watchful care of God was upon the elders. They were assured of his favor; and they found his especial...

The eye of their God was upon the elders - The watchful care of God was upon the elders. They were assured of his favor; and they found his especial providence working in their behalf.

Clarke: Ezr 5:8 - With great stones With great stones - They are making a very strong and a very costly building.

With great stones - They are making a very strong and a very costly building.

Clarke: Ezr 5:11 - We are the servants of the God of heaven We are the servants of the God of heaven - How simple, plain, and ingenuous is this confession! They were the servants of the God of heaven. How cam...

We are the servants of the God of heaven - How simple, plain, and ingenuous is this confession! They were the servants of the God of heaven. How came they then into bondage! Why, they provoked the God of heaven - repeatedly sinned against him, and then he gave them into the hands of their enemies.

Clarke: Ezr 5:16 - Sheshbazzar Sheshbazzar - Probably the military officer that conducted the people from Babylon, and had the oversight of the work; but some think that Ezra is m...

Sheshbazzar - Probably the military officer that conducted the people from Babylon, and had the oversight of the work; but some think that Ezra is meant.

Clarke: Ezr 5:17 - The - treasure house The - treasure house - גנזיא ginzaiya . This is a Persian word, gunji , a treasury There is a great deal of good sense and candour in this le...

The - treasure house - גנזיא ginzaiya . This is a Persian word, gunji , a treasury

There is a great deal of good sense and candour in this letter. Nothing of passion or prejudice appears in it. They laid before the king a fair statement without any attempt to prejudice his mind, and gave him those directions which were most likely to lead him to the truth, and to form a correct judgment on a business which, however it issued, must be of considerable importance to the state. God was in all this business; he was now giving an additional proof of his continued regard for a disobedient people, whom, though he had punished in his justice, he had spared in his mercy.

Defender: Ezr 5:1 - Then "Then" seems to refer back to Ezr 4:5, since both Ezr 4:5 and Ezr 4:24 of Ezra 4 describe events terminating with the reign of Darius. Ezra 4:6-24 giv...

"Then" seems to refer back to Ezr 4:5, since both Ezr 4:5 and Ezr 4:24 of Ezra 4 describe events terminating with the reign of Darius. Ezra 4:6-24 give a quick preview of the opposition to the temple project by the people of the land, from the time of Cyrus through the time of Darius and including the reigns of both Ahasuerus (Ezr 4:6) and Artaxerxes (Ezr 4:7). Ezr 4:24 repeats the statements of Ezr 4:5 - "until the reign of Darius" - the narrative of chapter 5 then reverting back to the time of Zerubbabel (Ezr 4:3; Ezr 5:2). The reign of Cyrus ended about 530 b.c., with Darius' reign beginning about 521 b.c. Ahasuerus came to power about 485 b.c. and Artaxerxes about 465 b.c.

Defender: Ezr 5:1 - Zechariah Both Haggai and Zechariah prophesied during the time of Darius (Hag 1:1; Zec 1:1) while Joshua and Zerubbabel were in Jerusalem (Ezr 5:2; Hag 1:1)."

Both Haggai and Zechariah prophesied during the time of Darius (Hag 1:1; Zec 1:1) while Joshua and Zerubbabel were in Jerusalem (Ezr 5:2; Hag 1:1)."

TSK: Ezr 5:1 - Haggai // Zechariah // the son of Iddo // in the name am 3484, bc 520 Haggai : These are the same Haggai and Zechariah, whose writings we have among the twelve minor prophets; and, as a great part of them...

am 3484, bc 520

Haggai : These are the same Haggai and Zechariah, whose writings we have among the twelve minor prophets; and, as a great part of them refer to the events here recorded, the reader will find it very profitable to compare them with the history. Hag 1:1-15

Zechariah : Zech. 1:1-21

the son of Iddo : That is, ""the grandson of Iddo;""for Zechariah was the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo.

in the name : Mic 5:4; Hag 1:2-8; Zec 1:3, Zec 1:4, Zec 4:6-10

TSK: Ezr 5:2 - rose up // Jeshua // the prophets rose up : Ezr 3:2; Hag 1:12-15 Jeshua : Zec 6:11, Joshua, Josedech. the prophets : Ezr 6:14; Hag 2:4-9, Hag 2:20-23; Zech. 3:1-4:14; 2Co 1:24

rose up : Ezr 3:2; Hag 1:12-15

Jeshua : Zec 6:11, Joshua, Josedech.

the prophets : Ezr 6:14; Hag 2:4-9, Hag 2:20-23; Zech. 3:1-4:14; 2Co 1:24

TSK: Ezr 5:3 - Tatnai // Who hath commanded you Tatnai : Tatnai was governor of the provinces which belonged to the Persian empire west of the Euphrates, comprehending Syria, Arabia Deserta, Phoenic...

Tatnai : Tatnai was governor of the provinces which belonged to the Persian empire west of the Euphrates, comprehending Syria, Arabia Deserta, Phoenicia, and Samaria. He seems to have been a mild and judicious man, and to have acted with great prudence and caution, and without any passion or prejudice. Ezr 5:6, Ezr 6:6, Ezr 6:13, Ezr 7:21; Neh 2:7-9

Who hath commanded you : Ezr 5:9, Ezr 1:3; Mat 21:23; Act 4:7

TSK: Ezr 5:4 - What are // make this building What are : Ezr 5:10 make this building : Chal, build this building

What are : Ezr 5:10

make this building : Chal, build this building

TSK: Ezr 5:5 - But the eye // that they // then they returned But the eye : Ezr 7:6, Ezr 7:28, Ezr 8:22; 2Ch 16:9; Psa 32:8, Psa 33:18, Psa 34:15, Psa 76:10; Phi 1:28; 1Pe 3:12 that they : Psa 129:2-5 then they r...

But the eye : Ezr 7:6, Ezr 7:28, Ezr 8:22; 2Ch 16:9; Psa 32:8, Psa 33:18, Psa 34:15, Psa 76:10; Phi 1:28; 1Pe 3:12

that they : Psa 129:2-5

then they returned : Ezr 6:6-12

TSK: Ezr 5:6 - copy // Apharsachites am 3485, bc 519 copy : Ezr 4:11, Ezr 4:23 Apharsachites : Ezr 4:9, Apharsathchites, Ezr 6:6

am 3485, bc 519

copy : Ezr 4:11, Ezr 4:23

Apharsachites : Ezr 4:9, Apharsathchites, Ezr 6:6

TSK: Ezr 5:7 - wherein // all peace wherein : Chal, in the midst whereof all peace : Ezr 4:17; Dan 3:9, Dan 4:1, Dan 6:21; Joh 14:27; 2Th 3:16

wherein : Chal, in the midst whereof

all peace : Ezr 4:17; Dan 3:9, Dan 4:1, Dan 6:21; Joh 14:27; 2Th 3:16

TSK: Ezr 5:8 - the province // the great God // great stones the province : Ezr 2:1; Neh 7:6, Neh 11:3; Est 1:1, Est 1:22 the great God : Ezr 1:2, Ezr 1:3, Ezr 6:10, Ezr 7:23; Deu 10:17, Deu 32:31; Psa 145:3; Da...

the province : Ezr 2:1; Neh 7:6, Neh 11:3; Est 1:1, Est 1:22

the great God : Ezr 1:2, Ezr 1:3, Ezr 6:10, Ezr 7:23; Deu 10:17, Deu 32:31; Psa 145:3; Dan 2:47, Dan 3:26; Dan 4:2, Dan 4:34-37, Dan 6:26

great stones : Chal, stones of rolling, Mar 13:1, Mar 13:2

TSK: Ezr 5:9 - Who commanded Who commanded : Ezr 5:3, Ezr 5:4

Who commanded : Ezr 5:3, Ezr 5:4

TSK: Ezr 5:10 - asked asked : Ezr 5:4

asked : Ezr 5:4

TSK: Ezr 5:11 - We are // which a great We are : Jos 24:15; Psa 119:46; Dan 3:26; Jon 1:9; Mat 10:32; Luk 12:8; Act 27:23; Rom 1:16, Rom 6:16; Gal 6:14 which a great : 1Kings 6:1-7:51; 2Chr....

We are : Jos 24:15; Psa 119:46; Dan 3:26; Jon 1:9; Mat 10:32; Luk 12:8; Act 27:23; Rom 1:16, Rom 6:16; Gal 6:14

which a great : 1Kings 6:1-7:51; 2Chr. 3:1-5:14

TSK: Ezr 5:12 - But after // he gave // into the hand am 3408, bc 536 But after : 2Ki 21:12-15; 2Ch 34:24, 2Ch 34:25, 2Ch 36:16, 2Ch 36:17; Neh 9:26, Neh 9:27; Isa 59:1, Isa 59:2; Jer 5:29; Dan 9:5 he gav...

TSK: Ezr 5:13 - -- Ezr 1:1-8, Ezr 6:3-5; Isa 44:28, Isa 45:1

TSK: Ezr 5:14 - the vessels // the king // Sheshbazzar // whom // governor the vessels : Ezr 1:7-10, Ezr 6:5; 2Ch 36:7, 2Ch 36:18; Jer 52:19; Dan 5:2, Dan 5:3 the king : Ezr 7:27; Pro 21:1 Sheshbazzar : Ezr 5:16, Ezr 1:11 who...

the vessels : Ezr 1:7-10, Ezr 6:5; 2Ch 36:7, 2Ch 36:18; Jer 52:19; Dan 5:2, Dan 5:3

the king : Ezr 7:27; Pro 21:1

Sheshbazzar : Ezr 5:16, Ezr 1:11

whom : Hag 1:1, Hag 1:14, Hag 2:2, Hag 2:21

governor : or, deputy, Act 13:7, Act 13:8, Act 13:12

TSK: Ezr 5:15 - let the house let the house : Ezr 1:2, Ezr 3:3, Ezr 6:3

let the house : Ezr 1:2, Ezr 3:3, Ezr 6:3

TSK: Ezr 5:16 - Sheshbazzar // laid // it is not finished Sheshbazzar : Ezr 5:14 laid : Ezr 5:2, Ezr 3:8, Ezr 3:10; Hag 1:12-14, Hag 2:18; Zec 4:10, am 3468-3485, bc 536-519 it is not finished : Ezr 6:15

Sheshbazzar : Ezr 5:14

laid : Ezr 5:2, Ezr 3:8, Ezr 3:10; Hag 1:12-14, Hag 2:18; Zec 4:10, am 3468-3485, bc 536-519

it is not finished : Ezr 6:15

TSK: Ezr 5:17 - let there be // a decree am 3485, bc 519 let there be : Ezr 4:15, Ezr 4:19, Ezr 6:1, Ezr 6:2; Pro 25:2 a decree : Ezr 6:3-5

am 3485, bc 519

let there be : Ezr 4:15, Ezr 4:19, Ezr 6:1, Ezr 6:2; Pro 25:2

a decree : Ezr 6:3-5

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Poole: Ezr 5:1 - Zechariah the son of Iddo Zechariah the son of Iddo i.e. Iddo’ s grandchild; for he was the son of Berechiah. In the name of the God of Israel commanding them from God ...

Zechariah the son of Iddo i.e. Iddo’ s grandchild; for he was the son of Berechiah. In the name of the God of Israel commanding them from God to return to the work of building the temple, with promise of his favour and assistance.

Poole: Ezr 5:2 - -- Encouraging the people to work by their presence, and assurance of success.

Encouraging the people to work by their presence, and assurance of success.

Poole: Ezr 5:3 - -- Tatuai and Shethar-boznai ; not Rehum and Shimshai &c., who were either dead, or removed from their offices by the new emperor Darius, as is very u...

Tatuai and Shethar-boznai ; not Rehum and Shimshai &c., who were either dead, or removed from their offices by the new emperor Darius, as is very usual.

Poole: Ezr 5:4 - Then said we // what were the names of the men that made this building Then said we either, 1. We Tatnai and Shethar-boznai. And so this is an additional and more express inquiry concerning the names of the builders. An...

Then said we either,

1. We Tatnai and Shethar-boznai. And so this is an additional and more express inquiry concerning the names of the builders. And this sense is favoured by comparing Ezr 5:9,10 , where the same questions here severally made, Ezr 5:3,4 , are in like manner distinguished. And so the sacred writer speaks this in their person; such variation of persons being frequent in the Hebrew language, as the learned know. Or,

2. We Jews; and so the translation must be a little varied, and the words read without an interrogation, thus, Then we told them accordingly (i.e. according to what they asked)

what were the names of the men that made this building i.e. who were the chief undertakers and encouragers of this work; for although the Hebrew particle mah , rendered what , seems always to be used interrogatively, yet the Chaldee particle man , here rendered what , is used otherwise, as is manifest from Dan 4:17 .

Poole: Ezr 5:5 - They could not cause them to cease They could not cause them to cease because God overruled their hearts and hands, that they did not hinder them by force, as they could have done.

They could not cause them to cease because God overruled their hearts and hands, that they did not hinder them by force, as they could have done.

Poole: Ezr 5:6 - The Apharsachites // Which were on this side the river The Apharsachites a people so called, sent hither as a colony. As the other people, mentioned Ezr 4:9 they seem to have had a greater power with Reh...

The Apharsachites a people so called, sent hither as a colony. As the other people, mentioned Ezr 4:9 they seem to have had a greater power with Rehum and Shimshai that with these new officers, who made choice of other companions.

Which were on this side the river whereby they are distinguished from those of their brethren who yet continued in their native country beyond the river, and were not transplanted hither.

Poole: Ezr 5:8 - The great God The great God whom the Jews account the great God, the God of gods, esteeming all others to be but little and false gods.

The great God whom the Jews account the great God, the God of gods, esteeming all others to be but little and false gods.

Poole: Ezr 5:16 - Even until now Even until now allowing for some interruptions.

Even until now allowing for some interruptions.

Haydock: Ezr 5:1 - Addo Addo was grand-father of the prophet, whose writings are extant. (Calmet) --- Both prophesied in the second year of Darius. (Menochius)

Addo was grand-father of the prophet, whose writings are extant. (Calmet) ---

Both prophesied in the second year of Darius. (Menochius)

Haydock: Ezr 5:2 - Them Them. Aggeus had rebuked the people for building houses for themselves, while they neglected the temple. The work was hereupon resumed without any ...

Them. Aggeus had rebuked the people for building houses for themselves, while they neglected the temple. The work was hereupon resumed without any fresh order from the king; as the edicts of the usurper, Oropastes, were considered as null, and the Jews only answer the governor, that they had been authorized by Cyrus, ver. 13, 17. Josephus, and 3 Esdras iii., and iv. 47., assert that Darius had given leave. (Calmet) (Menochius)

Haydock: Ezr 5:3 - River // Counsel River, over all Syria, &c. This man had not been bribed, but acted with great moderation, and in compliance with his duty. (Calmet) --- Counsel. ...

River, over all Syria, &c. This man had not been bribed, but acted with great moderation, and in compliance with his duty. (Calmet) ---

Counsel. Chaldean, "order....to make up this wall."

Haydock: Ezr 5:4 - In // We gave In. Septuagint, "Then I (or they; Greek: eipon. The Syriac and Arabic declare for the latter) said thus to them: What," &c. --- We gave. Chald...

In. Septuagint, "Then I (or they; Greek: eipon. The Syriac and Arabic declare for the latter) said thus to them: What," &c. ---

We gave. Chaldean, "what are the names?" (Haydock) ---

It seems Thathanai asked this question, ver. 10. The Jews might give in the names of Zorobabel, Josue, Aggeus, &c. (Calmet)

Haydock: Ezr 5:5 - Ancients // Hinder Ancients. Septuagint, "captivity of Juda." (Haydock) --- Divine Providence favoured the undertaking. (Delrio adag. 216.) (Menochius) (Psalm xxx...

Ancients. Septuagint, "captivity of Juda." (Haydock) ---

Divine Providence favoured the undertaking. (Delrio adag. 216.) (Menochius) (Psalm xxxii. 18.) ---

His eye sometimes threatens ruin, Amos ix. 8. (Calmet) ---

God did both on this occasion. (Worthington) ---

Hinder. Chaldean, "cause them to leave off, till the matter came to Darius, (Haydock) and his decision was brought back;" (Calmet) or Protestants, "and then they returned answer by letter concerning this matter." Septuagint, "and they did not molest them, till the sentence should be brought to (or from) Darius; and then it (word) was sent to the tax-gatherer, concerning this affair. "

Haydock: Ezr 5:8 - Unpolished // Walls Unpolished. Protestants, "great." (Haydock) --- Hebrew, "to be rolled." See Vitruv. x. 6. Septuagint, "choice stones." Kimchi, &c., "marble." ...

Unpolished. Protestants, "great." (Haydock) ---

Hebrew, "to be rolled." See Vitruv. x. 6. Septuagint, "choice stones." Kimchi, &c., "marble." (Calmet) ---

3 Esdras, "polished and precious stones." (Haydock) ---

Yet the Vulgate seems more conformable to chap. vi. 4., and Aggeus ii. 2. (Menochius) (Ribera) ---

Walls, every fourth course, 3 Kings vi. 36. (Calmet)

Haydock: Ezr 5:13 - Built Built. It did not appear that this edict had been revoked; (Calmet) nor could it be changed, if it had been passed by the advice of the Lord. (Hayd...

Built. It did not appear that this edict had been revoked; (Calmet) nor could it be changed, if it had been passed by the advice of the Lord. (Haydock)

Haydock: Ezr 5:14 - Governor Governor. Septuagint, "over the treasury."

Governor. Septuagint, "over the treasury."

Haydock: Ezr 5:16 - In building In building, being pretty far advanced, though for some time past it had been at a stand. (Haydock) --- It is not probable that Zorobabel said this...

In building, being pretty far advanced, though for some time past it had been at a stand. (Haydock) ---

It is not probable that Zorobabel said this, but the author of the letter added it, as he supposed the Jews continued to do some little. (Calmet) ---

He desired to favour their cause, yet so as not to irritate the Samaritans. (Menochius)

Haydock: Ezr 5:17 - Library Library. Septuagint, "treasury-house." Arabic, "for the archives." It is called "the house of books," chap. vi. 1. (Calmet)

Library. Septuagint, "treasury-house." Arabic, "for the archives." It is called "the house of books," chap. vi. 1. (Calmet)

Gill: Ezr 5:1 - Then the prophets, Haggai the prophet, and Zechariah the son of Iddo // prophesied unto the Jews that were in Judah and Jerusalem, in the name of the God of Israel Then the prophets, Haggai the prophet, and Zechariah the son of Iddo,.... The grandson of Iddo; for he was the son of Berechiah, Zec 1:1, prophesie...

Then the prophets, Haggai the prophet, and Zechariah the son of Iddo,.... The grandson of Iddo; for he was the son of Berechiah, Zec 1:1,

prophesied unto the Jews that were in Judah and Jerusalem, in the name of the God of Israel; this they both did in the second year of Darius; the one began in the sixth month, and the other in the eighth month of the year, Hag 1:1, even "unto them"; or "against them", as De Dieu; reproving them for their sloth and neglect of building the temple, when they were careful enough to raise up goodly houses for themselves to dwell in; and for being intimidated by the command of the king of Persia, which only forbid the building of the city, that is, the walls of it, but not the temple any more than their own houses; and besides, there was now a new king, from whom they had not so much to fear.

Gill: Ezr 5:2 - Then rose up Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua the son of Jozadak // and began to build the house of God which is at Jerusalem // and with them were the prophets of God helping them Then rose up Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua the son of Jozadak,.... Whose spirits were stirred up and quickened by the ministry of the pr...

Then rose up Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua the son of Jozadak,.... Whose spirits were stirred up and quickened by the ministry of the prophets, the Lord accompanying it by his Spirit, Hag 1:12,

and began to build the house of God which is at Jerusalem; to go on with the building of it; for they had laid the foundation before, and perhaps had carried it up to some little height, at least, before they ceased from it, Ezr 3:10

and with them were the prophets of God helping them; with words of counsel, comfort, and exhortation, directing and encouraging them, and promising them protection and success: these are the prophets before named.

Gill: Ezr 5:3 - At the same time came to them Tatnai, governor on this side the river, and Shetharboznai, and their companions // and said thus unto them, who hath commanded you to build this house, and to make up this wall At the same time came to them Tatnai, governor on this side the river, and Shetharboznai, and their companions,.... These were new governors and offic...

At the same time came to them Tatnai, governor on this side the river, and Shetharboznai, and their companions,.... These were new governors and officers under the king of Persia in those parts, the old ones, Rehum, Shimshai, &c. being either dead, or removed upon this new king coming to the throne: these came to the Jews:

and said thus unto them, who hath commanded you to build this house, and to make up this wall? for it seems by this time they had raised up the walls of the temple from its foundation to some height; for of these it must be understood, see Ezr 4:8 for it can hardly be thought they were as yet enclosing it with a wall round about it; now they asked them by what authority they did this? who set them to work? and what were their names? for that this question was asked, though not here expressed, is clear from Ezr 4:10 and to which an answer is given in the next verse.

Gill: Ezr 5:4 - Then said we unto them after this manner // what were the names of the men that did make this building Then said we unto them after this manner,.... In answer to their questions; namely, Ezra and other Jews replied; for though Ezra is said after this to...

Then said we unto them after this manner,.... In answer to their questions; namely, Ezra and other Jews replied; for though Ezra is said after this to come from Babylon in the seventh year of Artaxerxes, he might go thither on some business, and then return again at that time; some indeed think these are the words of Tatnai and those with him; so Ben Melech, which seems to be favoured by Ezr 4:10, and by reading the words with an interrogation, as we do; Aben Ezra says they are either the words of the builders, or of the scribes, the secretaries that came to question them; but they are the words of the former, as order requires, or otherwise no answer would be returned, at least as expressed; and the next clause may be read without an interrogation, and the sense be, that they told them not only that they acted according to an edict of Cyrus king of Persia, for this was said, as appears from Ezr 5:13, but they declared

what were the names of the men that did make this building; or employed them in it, namely, Zerubbabel, Jeshua, and the chief men of the Jews; they made no scruple of telling them who they were; neither ashamed of their masters nor of their work, nor afraid of any ill consequences following hereafter.

Gill: Ezr 5:5 - But the eye of their God was upon the elders of the Jews // that they could not cause them to cease, till the matter came to Darius // and then they returned answer by letter concerning this matter But the eye of their God was upon the elders of the Jews,.... He in his providence looked favourably at them, smiled upon them, encouraged them in the...

But the eye of their God was upon the elders of the Jews,.... He in his providence looked favourably at them, smiled upon them, encouraged them in the work by his good Spirit, and by the prophets, and gave them success, and protected and defended them, see 2Ch 16:9,

that they could not cause them to cease, till the matter came to Darius; they were not intimidated by what the governor and those with him said to them, but went on in their work; nor did the governor attempt to interrupt them, they having referred him and their cause to Darius for the truth of what they had said, and for further information from him:

and then they returned answer by letter concerning this matter; that is, Tatnai and those with him sent a letter to Darius about this affair, to which they had an answer, which are both related in this and the following chapters.

Gill: Ezr 5:6 - The copy of the letter that Tatnai, governor on this side the river, and Shetharboznai, and his companions the Apharsachites, which were on this side the river // these sent unto Darius the king The copy of the letter that Tatnai, governor on this side the river, and Shetharboznai, and his companions the Apharsachites, which were on this side ...

The copy of the letter that Tatnai, governor on this side the river, and Shetharboznai, and his companions the Apharsachites, which were on this side the river,.... Which is thought by some to be one of the nations mentioned, Ezr 4:9 the name being pretty near alike to two of them; but perhaps might be a distinct colony in those parts Tatnai was governor of:

these sent unto Darius the king; and is as follows.

Gill: Ezr 5:7 - They sent a letter unto him, wherein was written thus // unto Darius the king, all peace They sent a letter unto him, wherein was written thus,.... Or this was the inscription of it: unto Darius the king, all peace; wishing him all kind...

They sent a letter unto him, wherein was written thus,.... Or this was the inscription of it:

unto Darius the king, all peace; wishing him all kind of happiness and prosperity.

Gill: Ezr 5:8 - Be it known unto the king // which is builded with great stones // and timber is laid in the walls // and this work goeth fast on, and prospereth in their hands Be it known unto the king,.... This seems to have been the usual form of beginning a letter to a king in those days, Ezr 4:12 that we went into the pr...

Be it known unto the king,.... This seems to have been the usual form of beginning a letter to a king in those days, Ezr 4:12 that we went into the province of Judea; which from a kingdom was reduced to a province, and was become a part of the Babylonian, now Persian, monarchy, see Ezr 2:1 to the house of the great God; as the Jews called the Lord their God; and even the Heathens had a notion that there was one supreme God, though they worshipped inferior ones; and some had a notion that Jehovah the God of the Jews was he:

which is builded with great stones; marble stones; as Jarchi q, stones of rolling, as it may be rendered; which, according to Aben Ezra, were so large and heavy, that they could not be carried, but were obliged to roll them:

and timber is laid in the walls, cedar wood, as Aben Ezra interprets it, for beams, for flooring and raftering; or rather, is put upon the walls, for the lining and wainscoting of them, which was done with cedar wood:

and this work goeth fast on, and prospereth in their hands; and, unless timely prevented, will soon be finished.

Gill: Ezr 5:9 - Then asked we those elders // who commanded you to build this house, and to make up these walls Then asked we those elders,.... The elders of the province of Judea; the chief men of it: who commanded you to build this house, and to make up the...

Then asked we those elders,.... The elders of the province of Judea; the chief men of it:

who commanded you to build this house, and to make up these walls? see Ezr 5:3.

Gill: Ezr 5:10 - We asked their names also // to certify that we might write the names of the men that were the chief of them We asked their names also,.... The names of the elders, those that set men about this work: to certify that we might write the names of the men tha...

We asked their names also,.... The names of the elders, those that set men about this work:

to certify that we might write the names of the men that were the chief of them; take the names of them in writing, that they might with certainty acquaint the king who they were, and that if it was necessary they might be called to an account for what they were doing.

Gill: Ezr 5:11 - And thus they returned us answer // saying, we are the servants of the God of heaven and earth // and build the house that was builded these many years ago // which a great king of Israel builded and set up And thus they returned us answer,.... To the purpose and in the manner following: saying, we are the servants of the God of heaven and earth; signi...

And thus they returned us answer,.... To the purpose and in the manner following:

saying, we are the servants of the God of heaven and earth; signifying that they were doing his work, in obedience to his will, and to whom they were accountable:

and build the house that was builded these many years ago; even five hundred years ago, or thereabout; so that they were not erecting a building where there was none before, but were rebuilding what was in ruins:

which a great king of Israel builded and set up; King Solomon, who was a great king for wisdom, honour, riches, peace, prosperity, and extent of his kingdom.

Gill: Ezr 5:12 - But after that our fathers had provoked the God of heaven unto wrath // he (God) gave them into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon the Chaldean, who destroyed this house, and carried the people away into Babylon But after that our fathers had provoked the God of heaven unto wrath,.... By their idolatries; which accounts for it how it was that they who were the...

But after that our fathers had provoked the God of heaven unto wrath,.... By their idolatries; which accounts for it how it was that they who were the servants of the great God of heaven and earth, and this temple built for the honour of his name, were not preserved by him; but they were carried captive, and this house left desolate: it was for their sins for which

he (God) gave them into the hand of Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon the Chaldean, who destroyed this house, and carried the people away into Babylon; see 2Ch 36:19.

Gill: Ezr 5:13 - But in the first year of Cyrus the king of Babylon // the same King Cyrus made a decree to build this house of God But in the first year of Cyrus the king of Babylon,.... That is, the first year he was king of Babylon, having taken it, otherwise he was king of Pers...

But in the first year of Cyrus the king of Babylon,.... That is, the first year he was king of Babylon, having taken it, otherwise he was king of Persia many years before:

the same King Cyrus made a decree to build this house of God; see Ezr 1:1.

Gill: Ezr 5:14-15 - -- Of which, and of what is said concerning them, and particularly of the delivery of them to Sheshbazzar, whom Cyrus made governor of Judah, and ordered...

Of which, and of what is said concerning them, and particularly of the delivery of them to Sheshbazzar, whom Cyrus made governor of Judah, and ordered him to carry them to Jerusalem, and build the temple there, and put them in it, see Ezr 1:7.

Gill: Ezr 5:16 - Then came the same Sheshbazzar, and laid the foundation of the house of God which is in Jerusalem // and since that time even until now // hath it been in building, and yet it is not finished; Then came the same Sheshbazzar, and laid the foundation of the house of God which is in Jerusalem,.... Which makes it clear, that by Sheshbazzar is me...

Then came the same Sheshbazzar, and laid the foundation of the house of God which is in Jerusalem,.... Which makes it clear, that by Sheshbazzar is meant Zerubbabel; for he it was that laid the foundation of the temple, or at least by whose order it was laid, see Zec 4:9

and since that time even until now; from the first of Cyrus to the second of Darius, a space of about eighteen years, and just seventy from the destruction of the temple:

hath it been in building, and yet it is not finished; the work going on slowly, not without interruption and intermission, through the enmity of the Samaritans unto them, who had made false representations of them; but these men, Tatnai and those with him, as the Jews gave them a very particular account of things, as above, so they fairly and fully related them in this their letter to the king.

Gill: Ezr 5:17 - Now therefore, if it seem good to the king, let there be search made in the king's treasure house, which is there at Babylon // whether it be so, that a decree was made of Cyrus the king to build this house of God at Jerusalem // and let the king send his pleasure to us concerning this matter Now therefore, if it seem good to the king, let there be search made in the king's treasure house, which is there at Babylon,.... Where were the archi...

Now therefore, if it seem good to the king, let there be search made in the king's treasure house, which is there at Babylon,.... Where were the archives of the kingdom, where the laws, decrees, edicts, and proclamations, and other things relating to the state, were laid up, that recourse might be had to them upon occasion:

whether it be so, that a decree was made of Cyrus the king to build this house of God at Jerusalem; which the Jews affirmed was made by him, and upon which they proceeded:

and let the king send his pleasure to us concerning this matter; whether the Jews should be allowed to go on with the building of their temple, and finish it, or whether they should be restrained from it; signifying they were ready to do his will and pleasure either way, as he thought fit.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Ezr 5:1 For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

NET Notes: Ezr 5:2 Aram “arose and began.” For stylistic reasons this has been translated as a single concept.

NET Notes: Ezr 5:3 The exact meaning of the Aramaic word אֻשַּׁרְנָא (’ussarna’) here and i...

NET Notes: Ezr 5:4 The translation reads with one medieval Hebrew MS, the LXX, and the Syriac Peshitta אֲמַרוּ (’amaru, &...

NET Notes: Ezr 5:5 Aram “[could] go.” On this form see F. Rosenthal, Grammar, 58, §169.

NET Notes: Ezr 5:7 Aram “all peace.”

NET Notes: Ezr 5:8 Aram “stones of rolling.” The reference is apparently to stones too large to carry.

NET Notes: Ezr 5:11 This great king of Israel would, of course, be Solomon.

NET Notes: Ezr 5:12 A reference to the catastrophic events of 586 b.c.

NET Notes: Ezr 5:13 Cyrus was actually a Persian king, but when he conquered Babylon in 539 b.c. he apparently appropriated to himself the additional title “king of...

NET Notes: Ezr 5:14 Aram “they were given.”

NET Notes: Ezr 5:15 Aram “upon its place.”

NET Notes: Ezr 5:16 Aram “from then and until now.”

NET Notes: Ezr 5:17 Aram “the house of the treasures of the king.”

Geneva Bible: Ezr 5:2 Then rose up Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and began to build the house of God which [is] at Jerusalem: and with the...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 5:4 ( b ) Then said we unto them after this manner, What are the names of the men that make this building? ( b ) That is, the enemies asked this, as in (...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 5:5 But the ( c ) eye of their God was upon the elders of the Jews, that they could not cause them to cease, till the matter came to Darius: and then they...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 5:11 And thus they returned us answer, saying, We are the servants of the God of heaven and earth, and build the house that was builded these many years ag...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 5:13 But in the ( e ) first year of Cyrus the king of Babylon [the same] king Cyrus made a decree to build this house of God. ( e ) Read ( Ezr_1:1,2).

Geneva Bible: Ezr 5:14 And the vessels also of gold and silver of the house of God, which Nebuchadnezzar took out of the temple that [was] in Jerusalem, and brought them int...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 5:17 Now therefore, if [it seem] good to the king, let there be search made in the king's ( g ) treasure house, which [is] there at Babylon, whether it be ...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: Ezr 5:1-2 - --The building of the temple was stopped about fifteen years. Then they had two good ministers, who urged them to go on with the work. It is a sign that...

MHCC: Ezr 5:3-17 - --While employed in God's work, we are under his special protection; his eye is upon us for good. This should keep us to our duty, and encourage us ther...

Matthew Henry: Ezr 5:1-2 - -- Some reckon that the building of the temple was suspended for only nine years; I am willing to believe that fifteen years were the utmost. During th...

Matthew Henry: Ezr 5:3-17 - -- We have here, I. The cognizance which their neighbours soon took of the reviving of this good work. A jealous eye, it seems, they had upon them, and...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 5:1-2 - -- "The prophets, Haggai the prophet, and Zechariah the son ofIddo, prophesied to the Jews in Judah and Jerusalem, in the name of theGod of Israel upon...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 5:3-5 - -- When the building was recommenced, the governor on this side Euphrates,and other royal officials, evidently informed of the undertaking by theadvers...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 5:6-8 - -- In Ezr 5:6-17 follows the letter which the royal officials sent to the king. Ezr 5:6 and Ezr 5:7 form the introduction to this document, and corres...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 5:9-10 - -- Hereupon the royal officials asked the elders of the Jews who hadcommanded them to build, and inquired concerning their names, that theymight write ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 5:11 - -- The answer of the elders of the Jews. They returned us answer in thefollowing manner ( לממר = לאמר ): "We are His, theservants of the God o...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 5:12 - -- For this reason ( להן ), because ( מן־דּי = מאשׁר , e.g., Isa 43:4) our fathers provoked the God of heaven, He gave them into the hando...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 5:13-14 - -- In the first year, however, of Cyrus king of Babylon, King Cyrus made adecree, etc.; comp. Ezr 1:3. The infin. לבנא like Ezr 5:3. - On Ezr 5:14...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 5:15 - -- Take these vessels, go forth, place them in the temple. For אלּה the Keri reads אל , according to 1Ch 20:8. אחת isimperat. Aphel of נח...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 5:16 - -- In virtue of this command of Cyrus, this Sheshbazzar came (from Babylonto Jerusalem), and laid then the foundations of the house of God, and fromtha...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 5:17 - -- After thus representing the state of affairs, the royal officials requestDarius to cause a search to be made among the archives of the kingdom, asto...

Constable: Ezr 1:1--6:22 - --I. THE FIRST RETURN UNDER SHESHBAZZAR chs. 1--6 "This whole section (Ezra 1-6) emphasizes God's sovereignty and ...

Constable: Ezr 3:1--6:22 - --B. The Rebuilding of the Temple chs. 3-6 Construction of the temple began soon after the exiles returned...

Constable: Ezr 5:1-17 - --3. The delay in construction ch. 5 As a result of Samaritan intimidation (4:1-5) the restoration...

Constable: Ezr 5:1-2 - --The resumption of work 5:1-2 The Book of Haggai contains four messages that Haggai deliv...

Constable: Ezr 5:3-5 - --Tattenai's question 5:3-5 The text does not say if the Jews' antagonistic neighbors had ...

Constable: Ezr 5:6-17 - --Tattenai's letter 5:6-17 In contrast to Rehum and Shimshai's letter to Artaxerxes (4:11-...

Guzik: Ezr 5:1-17 - The Construction Is Resumed Ezra 5 - The Construction Is Resumed A. God helps His people. 1. (1-2) God helps by sending prophets to move the work again. Then the prophet Hagg...

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JFB: Ezra (Pendahuluan Kitab) EZRA was, along with Nehemiah, reckoned one book by the ancient Jews, who called them the First and Second Books of Ezra, and they are still designate...

JFB: Ezra (Garis Besar) PROCLAMATION OF CYRUS FOR BUILDING THE TEMPLE. (Ezr 1:1-6) CYRUS RESTORES THE VESSELS. (Ezr 1:7-11) NUMBER OF THE PEOPLE THAT TURNED. (Ezra 2:1-70) T...

TSK: Ezra (Pendahuluan Kitab) This book details the events of a very interesting period of the Sacred History, when, according to the decree of Providence, the Jewish people were t...

TSK: Ezra 5 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Ezr 5:1, Zerubbabel and Jeshua, incited by Haggai and Zechariah, set forward the building of the temple; Ezr 5:3, Tatnai and Shethar-bozn...

Poole: Ezra (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE ARGUMENT THAT this book of EZRA is part of the canonical Scripture is evident, partly from the testimony of the Jewish church, to which were c...

Poole: Ezra 5 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHAPTER 5 Zerubbabel, being encouraged by Haggai and Zechariah the prophets, setteth forward the work, Ezr 5:1 2 . Their adversaries oppose them ag...

MHCC: Ezra (Pendahuluan Kitab) The history of this book is the accomplishment of Jeremiah's prophecy concerning the return of the Jews out of Babylon. From its contents we especiall...

MHCC: Ezra 5 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (Ezr 5:1, Ezr 5:2) The leaders forward the building of the temple. (Ezr 5:3-17) Letter against the Jews.

Matthew Henry: Ezra (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Book of Ezra The Jewish church puts on quite another face in this book from what it had appeared wi...

Matthew Henry: Ezra 5 (Pendahuluan Pasal) We left the temple-work at a full stop; but, being God's work, it shall be revived, and here we have an account of the reviving of it. It was hinde...

Constable: Ezra (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title The title in the English text comes from the main character in the ...

Constable: Ezra (Garis Besar) Outline I. The first return under Sheshbazzar chs. 1-6 A. The return from Babylon chs. 1-2 ...

Constable: Ezra Ezra Bibliography Ackroyd, Peter R. I and II Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah. London: SCM Press, 1973. ...

Haydock: Ezra (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST BOOK OF ESDRAS. INTRODUCTION. This Book taketh its name from the writer, who was a holy priest and doctor of the law. He is called by...

Gill: Ezra (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO EZRA This book, in the Vulgate Latin and Arabic versions, is called the "First" Book of Ezra, Nehemiah being reckoned the "second";...

Gill: Ezra 5 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO EZRA 5 This chapter relates, how that the people of the Jews were stirred up by the prophecies of Haggai and Zechariah to set about...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


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