10:25 Now 1 an expert in religious law 2 stood up to test Jesus, 3 saying, “Teacher, what must I do to inherit eternal life?” 4 10:26 He said to him, “What is written in the law? How do you understand it?” 5 10:27 The expert 6 answered, “Love 7 the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your strength, and with all your mind, 8 and love your neighbor as yourself.” 9 10:28 Jesus 10 said to him, “You have answered correctly; 11 do this, and you will live.”
10:29 But the expert, 12 wanting to justify 13 himself, said to Jesus, “And who is my neighbor?” 10:30 Jesus replied, 14 “A man was going down 15 from Jerusalem 16 to Jericho, 17 and fell into the hands of robbers, who stripped him, beat 18 him up, and went off, leaving him half dead. 19 10:31 Now by chance 20 a priest was going down that road, but 21 when he saw the injured man 22 he passed by 23 on the other side. 24 10:32 So too a Levite, when he came up to 25 the place and saw him, 26 passed by on the other side. 10:33 But 27 a Samaritan 28 who was traveling 29 came to where the injured man 30 was, and when he saw him, he felt compassion for him. 31 10:34 He 32 went up to him 33 and bandaged his wounds, pouring oil 34 and wine on them. Then 35 he put him on 36 his own animal, 37 brought him to an inn, and took care of him. 10:35 The 38 next day he took out two silver coins 39 and gave them to the innkeeper, saying, ‘Take care of him, and whatever else you spend, I will repay you when I come back this way.’ 40 10:36 Which of these three do you think became a neighbor 41 to the man who fell into the hands of the robbers?” 10:37 The expert in religious law 42 said, “The one who showed mercy 43 to him.” So 44 Jesus said to him, “Go and do 45 the same.”
[10:25] 1 tn Grk “And behold.” Here καί (kai) has been translated as “now” to indicate the transition to a new topic. The Greek word ἰδού (idou) at the beginning of this statement has not been translated because it has no exact English equivalent here, but adds interest and emphasis (BDAG 468 s.v. 1).
[10:28] 11 sn Jesus commends the reply (you have answered correctly). What is assumed here, given the previous context, is that he will respond to Jesus’ message, as to love God is to respond to his Son; see v. 22.
[10:29] sn The expert in religious law picked up on the remark about the neighbor and sought to limit his responsibility for loving. Some believed this obligation would only be required toward the righteous (Sir 12:1-4). The lawyer was trying to see if that was right and thus confidently establish his righteousness (wanting to justify himself).
[10:30] 15 sn The journey from Jerusalem to Jericho was 17 mi (27 km), descending some 1800 ft (540 m) in altitude. It was known for its danger because the road ran through areas of desert and caves where the robbers hid.
[10:33] 27 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “but” to indicate the contrast present in this context between the previous characters (considered by society to be examples of piety and religious duty) and a hated Samaritan.
[10:33] sn Here is what made the Samaritan different: He felt compassion for him. In the story, compassion becomes the concrete expression of love. The next verse details explicitly six acts of compassion.
[10:34] 32 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style. Instead, because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation.
[10:34] 33 tn The words “to him” are not in the Greek text but are implied. The participle προσελθών (proselqwn) has been translated as a finite verb due to requirements of contemporary English style.
[10:34] 35 tn Here δέ (de) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative. Because of the length and complexity of this Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation.
[10:34] 36 tn It is not clear whether the causative nuance of the verb included actual assistance or not (“helped him on” versus “had him get on”; see L&N 15.98), but in light of the severity of the man’s condition as described in the preceding verses, some degree of assistance was almost certainly needed.
[10:35] sn The two silver coins were denarii. A denarius was a silver coin worth about a day’s pay for a laborer; this would be an amount worth about two days’ pay.
[10:37] 43 sn The neighbor did not do what was required (that is why his response is called mercy) but had compassion and out of kindness went the extra step that shows love. See Mic 6:8. Note how the expert in religious law could not bring himself to admit that the example was a Samaritan, someone who would have been seen as a racial half-breed and one not worthy of respect. So Jesus makes a second point that neighbors may appear in surprising places.