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1 Tesalonika 1:1-5

Konteks
Salutation

1:1 From Paul 1  and Silvanus and Timothy, to the church of the Thessalonians 2  in God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. Grace and peace to you! 3 

Thanksgiving for Response to the Gospel

1:2 We thank God always for all of you as we mention you constantly 4  in our prayers, 1:3 because we recall 5  in the presence of our God and Father 6  your work of faith and labor of love and endurance of hope 7  in our Lord Jesus Christ. 1:4 We know, 8  brothers and sisters 9  loved by God, that he has chosen you, 10  1:5 in that 11  our gospel did not come to you merely in words, 12  but in power and in the Holy Spirit and with deep conviction (surely you recall the character we displayed when we came among you to help you). 13 

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[1:1]  1 tn Grk “Paul.” The word “from” is not in the Greek text, but has been supplied to indicate the sender of the letter.

[1:1]  2 map For the location of Thessalonica see JP1 C1; JP2 C1; JP3 C1; JP4 C1.

[1:1]  3 tc The majority of witnesses, including several early and important ones (א A [D] I 33 Ï bo), have ἀπὸ θεοῦ πατρὸς ἡμῶν καὶ κυριοῦ Ιησοῦ Χριστοῦ (apo qeou patro" Jhmwn kai kuriou Ihsou Cristou, “from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ”) at the end of v. 1. The more abrupt reading (“Grace and peace to you”) without this addition is supported by B F G Ψ 0278 629 1739 1881 pc lat sa. Apart from a desire to omit the redundancy of the mention of God and Christ in this verse, there is no good reason why scribes would have omitted the characteristically Pauline greeting. (Further, if this were the case, why did these same scribes overlook such an opportunity in 2 Thess 1:1-2?) On the other hand, since 1 Thessalonians is one of Paul’s earliest letters, what would become characteristic of his greetings seems to have been still in embryonic form (e.g., he does not yet call his audience “saints” [which will first be used in his address to the Corinthians], nor does he use ἐν (en) plus the dative to refer to the location of the church). Thus, the internal evidence is overwhelming in support of the shorter reading, for scribes would have been strongly motivated to rework this salutation in light of Paul’s style elsewhere. And the external evidence, though not overwhelming, is supportive of this shorter reading, found as it is in some of the best witnesses of the Alexandrian and Western texttypes.

[1:1]  tn Grk “Grace to you and peace.”

[1:2]  4 tn Or “mention you in our prayers, because we recall constantly…”

[1:3]  5 tn Grk “making mention…recalling.” The participle ποιούμενοι (poioumenoi) in v. 2 has been translated as temporal, and μνημονεύοντες (mnhmoneuonte") in v. 3 has been translated as causal.

[1:3]  6 tn Or the phrase may connect at the end of the verse: “hope…in the presence of our God and Father.”

[1:3]  7 tn These phrases denote Christian virtues in action: the work produced by faith, labor motivated by love, and endurance that stems from hope in Christ.

[1:4]  8 tn Grk “knowing.” Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, the participle εἰδότες (eidotes) has been translated as a finite verb and a new sentence started here in the translation.

[1:4]  9 tn Grk “brothers,” but the Greek word may be used for “brothers and sisters” or “fellow Christians” as here (cf. BDAG 18 s.v. ἀδελφός 1, where considerable nonbiblical evidence for the plural ἀδελφοί [adelfoi] meaning “brothers and sisters” is cited).

[1:4]  10 tn Grk “your election.”

[1:5]  11 tn Or “because.”

[1:5]  12 tn Or “speech,” or “an act of speaking.”

[1:5]  13 tn Grk “just as you know what sort of people we were among you for your sakes.” Verse 5 reflects on the experience of Paul and his fellow preachers; v. 6 begins to describe the Thessalonians’ response.



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