1 Tawarikh 11:1--13:14Konteks
11:1 All Israel joined David at Hebron and said, “Look, we are your very flesh and blood! 1 11:2 In the past, even when Saul was king, you were Israel’s commanding general. 2 The Lord your God said to you, ‘You will shepherd my people Israel; you will rule over my people Israel.’” 11:3 When all the leaders 3 of Israel came to the king at Hebron, David made an agreement 4 with them in Hebron before the Lord. They anointed 5 David king over Israel, just as the Lord had announced through Samuel. 6
11:4 David and the whole Israelite army 7 advanced to Jerusalem (that is, Jebus). 8 (The Jebusites, the land’s original inhabitants, lived there.) 9 11:5 The residents of Jebus said to David, “You cannot invade this place!” But David captured the fortress of Zion (that is, the City of David). 11:6 10 David said, “Whoever attacks 11 the Jebusites first will become commanding general!” 12 So Joab son of Zeruiah attacked 13 first and became commander. 14 11:7 David lived in the fortress; for this reason it is called the City of David. 11:8 He built up the city around it, from the terrace to the surrounding walls; 15 Joab restored the rest of the city. 11:9 David’s power steadily grew, for the Lord who commands armies was with him. 16
11:12 Next in command 21 was Eleazar son of Dodo the Ahohite. He was one of the three elite warriors. 11:13 He was with David in Pas Dammim 22 when the Philistines assembled there for battle. In an area of the field that was full of barley, the army retreated before the Philistines, 11:14 but then they made a stand in the middle of that area. They defended it 23 and defeated the Philistines; the Lord gave them a great victory. 24
11:15 Three of the thirty leaders went down to David at the rocky cliff at the cave of Adullam, while a Philistine force was camped in the Valley of Rephaim. 11:16 David was in the stronghold at the time, while a Philistine garrison was in Bethlehem. 25 11:17 David was thirsty and said, “How I wish someone would give me some water to drink 26 from the cistern in Bethlehem near the city gate!” 11:18 So the three elite warriors 27 broke through the Philistine forces and drew some water from the cistern in Bethlehem near the city gate. They carried it back to David, but David refused to drink it. He poured it out as a drink offering to the Lord 11:19 and said, “God forbid that I should do this! 28 Should I drink the blood of these men who risked their lives?” 29 Because they risked their lives to bring it to him, he refused to drink it. Such were the exploits of the three elite warriors. 30
11:20 Abishai the brother of Joab was head of the three 31 elite warriors. He killed three hundred men with his spear 32 and gained fame along with the three elite warriors. 33 11:21 From 34 the three he was given double honor and he became their officer, even though he was not one of them. 35
11:22 Benaiah son of Jehoiada was a brave warrior from Kabzeel who performed great exploits. He struck down the two sons of Ariel of Moab; 36 he also went down and killed a lion inside a cistern on a snowy day. 11:23 He even killed an Egyptian who was seven and a half feet 37 tall. The Egyptian had a spear as big as the crossbeam of a weaver’s loom; Benaiah attacked 38 him with a club. He grabbed the spear out of the Egyptian’s hand and killed him with his own spear. 11:24 Such were the exploits of Benaiah son of Jehoiada, who gained fame along with the three elite warriors. 11:25 He received honor from 39 the thirty warriors, though he was not one of the three elite warriors. David put him in charge of his bodyguard.
11:26 The mighty warriors were:
Asahel the brother of Joab,
Elhanan son of Dodo, from Bethlehem, 40
Helez the Pelonite, 42
11:28 Ira son of Ikkesh the Tekoite,
Abiezer the Anathothite,
Ilai 44 the Ahohite,
11:30 Maharai the Netophathite,
Heled son of Baanah the Netophathite,
Benaiah the Pirathonite,
Abiel 47 the Arbathite,
Eliahba the Shaalbonite,
Jonathan son of Shageh 50 the Hararite,
Eliphal son of Ur, 52
11:36 Hepher the Mekerathite,
Ahijah the Pelonite,
Naarai son of Ezbai,
Mibhar son of Hagri,
11:39 Zelek the Ammonite,
Naharai the Beerothite, the armor-bearer of Joab son of Zeruiah,
11:40 Ira the Ithrite,
Gareb the Ithrite,
11:41 Uriah the Hittite,
Zabad son of Achli,
11:42 Adina son of Shiza the Reubenite, leader of the Reubenites and the thirty warriors with him,
11:43 Hanan son of Maacah,
Joshaphat the Mithnite,
11:44 Uzzia the Ashterathite,
Shama and Jeiel, the sons of Hotham the Aroerite,
11:45 Jediael son of Shimri,
and Joha his brother, the Tizite,
11:46 Eliel the Mahavite,
and Jeribai and Joshaviah, the sons of Elnaam,
and Ithmah the Moabite,
and Jaasiel the Mezobaite.
12:1 These were the men who joined David in Ziklag, when he was banished 55 from the presence of Saul son of Kish. (They were among the warriors who assisted him in battle. 12:2 They were armed with bows and could shoot arrows or sling stones right or left-handed. They were fellow tribesmen of Saul from Benjamin. 56 ) These were: 57
12:3 Ahiezer, the leader, and Joash, the sons of Shemaah the Gibeathite; Jeziel and Pelet, the sons of Azmaveth;
Jehu the Anathothite,
12:4 Ishmaiah the Gibeonite, one of the thirty warriors and their leader,(12:5)
Jozabad the Gederathite,
12:5 (12:6) Eluzai,
Shephatiah the Haruphite,
12:6 Elkanah, Isshiah, Azarel, Joezer, and Jashobeam, who were Korahites,
12:7 and Joelah and Zebadiah, the sons of Jeroham from Gedor.
12:8 Some of the Gadites joined David at the stronghold in the desert. They were warriors who were trained for battle; they carried shields and spears. They were as fierce as lions and could run as quickly as gazelles across the hills. 59 12:9 Ezer was the leader, Obadiah the second in command, Eliab the third, 12:10 Mishmannah the fourth, Jeremiah the fifth, 12:11 Attai the sixth, Eliel the seventh, 12:12 Johanan the eighth, Elzabad the ninth, 12:13 Jeremiah the tenth, and Machbannai the eleventh. 12:14 These Gadites were military leaders; the least led a hundred men, the greatest a thousand. 60 12:15 They crossed the Jordan River 61 in the first month, 62 when it was overflowing its banks, and routed those living in all the valleys to the east and west. 63
12:16 Some from Benjamin and Judah also came to David’s stronghold. 12:17 David went out to meet them and said, 64 “If you come to me in peace and want to help me, then I will make an alliance with you. 65 But if you come to betray me to my enemies when I have not harmed you, 66 may the God of our ancestors 67 take notice and judge!” 12:18 But a spirit 68 empowered 69 Amasai, the leader of the thirty warriors, and he said: 70
“We are yours, O David!
We support 71 you, O son of Jesse!
May you greatly prosper! 72
May those who help you prosper! 73
Indeed 74 your God helps you!”
So David accepted them and made them leaders of raiding bands.
12:19 Some men from Manasseh joined 75 David when he went with the Philistines to fight against Saul. (But in the end they did not help the Philistines because, after taking counsel, the Philistine lords sent David away, saying: “It would be disastrous for us if he deserts to his master Saul.”) 76 12:20 When David 77 went to Ziklag, the men of Manasseh who joined him were Adnach, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, leaders of a thousand soldiers each in the tribe of Manasseh. 12:21 They helped David fight against raiding bands, for all of them were warriors and leaders in the army. 12:22 Each day men came to help David until his army became very large. 78
12:25 From Simeon there were 7,100 warriors.
12:31 From the half tribe of Manasseh there were 18,000 who had been designated by name to come and make David king.
12:34 From Naphtali there were 1,000 officers, along with 37,000 men carrying shields and spears.
12:35 From Dan there were 28,600 men prepared for battle.
12:36 From Asher there were 40,000 warriors prepared for battle.
12:37 From the other side of the Jordan, from Reuben, Gad, and the half tribe of Manasseh, there were 120,000 men armed with all kinds of weapons.
12:38 All these men were warriors who were ready to march. 86 They came to Hebron to make David king over all Israel by acclamation; 87 all the rest of the Israelites also were in agreement that David should become king. 88 12:39 They spent three days feasting 89 there with David, for their relatives had given them provisions. 12:40 Also their neighbors, from as far away as Issachar, Zebulun, and Naphtali, were bringing food on donkeys, camels, mules, and oxen. There were large supplies of flour, fig cakes, raisins, wine, olive oil, beef, and lamb, 90 for Israel was celebrating. 91
13:1 David consulted with his military officers, including those who led groups of a thousand and those who led groups of a hundred. 92 13:2 David said to the whole Israelite assembly, “If you so desire and the Lord our God approves, 93 let’s spread the word 94 to our brothers who remain in all the regions of Israel, and to the priests and Levites in their cities, 95 so they may join us. 13:3 Let’s move the ark of our God back here, 96 for we did not seek his will 97 throughout Saul’s reign.” 98 13:4 The whole assembly agreed to do this, 99 for the proposal seemed right to all the people. 100 13:5 So David assembled all Israel from the Shihor River 101 in Egypt to Lebo Hamath, 102 to bring the ark of God from Kiriath Jearim. 13:6 David and all Israel went up to Baalah (that is, Kiriath Jearim) in Judah to bring up from there the ark of God the Lord, who sits enthroned between the cherubim – the ark that is called by his name. 103
13:7 They transported the ark on a new cart from the house of Abinadab; Uzzah and Ahio were guiding the cart, 13:8 while David and all Israel were energetically 104 celebrating before God, singing and playing various stringed instruments, 105 tambourines, cymbals, and trumpets. 13:9 When they arrived at the threshing floor of Kidon, Uzzah reached out his hand to take hold of 106 the ark, because the oxen stumbled. 13:10 The Lord was so furious with Uzzah, 107 he killed him, because he reached out his hand and touched the ark. 108 He died right there before God. 109
13:11 David was angry because the Lord attacked Uzzah; 110 so he called that place Perez Uzzah, 111 which remains its name to this very day. 13:12 David was afraid of God that day and said, “How will I ever be able to bring the ark of God up here?” 13:13 So David did not move the ark to the City of David; 112 he left it in the house of Obed-Edom the Gittite. 13:14 The ark of God remained in Obed-Edom’s house for three months; the Lord blessed Obed-Edom’s family and everything that belonged to him.
[11:10] 17 tn Heb “and these were the heads of the warriors who were David’s, who held strongly with him in his kingdom and with all Israel to make him king, according to the word of the
[11:22] 36 tc Heb “the two of Ariel, Moab.” The precise meaning of אֲרִיאֵל (’ari’el) is uncertain; some read “warrior.” The present translation assumes that the word is a proper name and that בְּנֵי (bÿney, “sons of”) has accidentally dropped from the text by homoioarcton (note the preceding שְׁנֵי, shÿney).
[12:4] 58 sn In the Hebrew text (BHS) a verse division occurs at this point, and for the remainder of the chapter the verse numbers of the Hebrew Bible differ by one from the English Bible. Thus 1 Chr 12:4b ET = 12:5 HT, and 12:5-40 ET = 12:6-41 HT. Beginning with 13:1 the verse numbers in the ET and HT are again the same.
[12:14] 60 tn Heb “one for a hundred the small, and the great for a thousand.” Another option is to translate the preposition -לְ (lamed) as “against” and to understand this as a hyperbolic reference to their prowess: “the least could stand against a hundred, the greatest against a thousand.”
[12:22] 78 tn Heb “for at the time of day in a day they were coming to David to help him until [there was] a great camp like the camp of God.” The term אֱלֹהִים (’elohim, “God”) is probably used idiomatically here to indicate the superlative.
[13:5] sn The Shihor River was a river on the border of Egypt, probably the eastern branch of the Nile.
[13:10] 109 sn The modern reader might think God seemed to overreact here, but Israel needed a vivid object lesson of God’s holiness. By loading the ark on a cart, David had violated the instructions in God’s law (Exod 25:12-14; Num 4:5-6, 15). Uzzah’s action, however innocent it may seem, betrayed a certain lack of reverence for God’s presence. God had to remind his people that his holiness could not under any circumstances be violated.