32:30 So Jacob named the place Peniel, 1 explaining, 2 “Certainly 3 I have seen God face to face 4 and have survived.” 5
32:31 The sun rose 6 over him as he crossed over Penuel, 7 but 8 he was limping because of his hip. 32:32 That is why to this day 9 the Israelites do not eat the sinew which is attached to the socket of the hip, because he struck 10 the socket of Jacob’s hip near the attached sinew.
[32:30] sn I have survived. It was commonly understood that no one could see God and live (Gen 48:16; Exod 19:21, 24:10; and Judg 6:11, 22). On the surface Jacob seems to be saying that he saw God and survived. But the statement may have a double meaning, in light of his prayer for deliverance in v. 11. Jacob recognizes that he has survived his encounter with God and that his safety has now been guaranteed.