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Teks -- Psalms 71:1-24 (NET)

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Konteks
Psalm 71
71:1 In you, O Lord, I have taken shelter! Never let me be humiliated! 71:2 Vindicate me by rescuing me! Listen to me! Deliver me! 71:3 Be my protector and refuge, a stronghold where I can be safe! For you are my high ridge and my stronghold. 71:4 My God, rescue me from the power of the wicked, from the hand of the cruel oppressor! 71:5 For you give me confidence, O Lord; O Lord, I have trusted in you since I was young. 71:6 I have leaned on you since birth; you pulled me from my mother’s womb. I praise you continually. 71:7 Many are appalled when they see me, but you are my secure shelter. 71:8 I praise you constantly and speak of your splendor all day long. 71:9 Do not reject me in my old age! age! When my strength fails, do not abandon me! 71:10 For my enemies talk about me; those waiting for a chance to kill me plot my demise. 71:11 They say, “God has abandoned him. Run and seize him, for there is no one who will rescue him!” 71:12 O God, do not remain far away from me! My God, hurry and help me! 71:13 May my accusers be humiliated and defeated! May those who want to harm me be covered with scorn and disgrace! 71:14 As for me, I will wait continually, and will continue to praise you. 71:15 I will tell about your justice, and all day long proclaim your salvation, though I cannot fathom its full extent. 71:16 I will come and tell about the mighty acts of the sovereign Lord. I will proclaim your justice– yours alone. 71:17 O God, you have taught me since I was young, and I am still declaring your amazing deeds. 71:18 Even when I am old and gray, O God, do not abandon me, until I tell the next generation about your strength, and those coming after me about your power. 71:19 Your justice, O God, extends to the skies above; you have done great things. O God, who can compare to you? 71:20 Though you have allowed me to experience much trouble and distress, revive me once again! Bring me up once again from the depths of the earth! 71:21 Raise me to a position of great honor! Turn and comfort me! 71:22 I will express my thanks to you with a stringed instrument, praising your faithfulness, O my God! I will sing praises to you accompanied by a harp, O Holy One of Israel! 71:23 My lips will shout for joy! Yes, I will sing your praises! I will praise you when you rescue me! 71:24 All day long my tongue will also tell about your justice, for those who want to harm me will be embarrassed and ashamed.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel


Topik/Tema Kamus: PSALMS, BOOK OF | David | Afflictions and Adversities | Faith | God | Testimony | Malice | Praise | Thankfulness | AGE; OLD AGE | Children | Zeal | Old Age | Hope | Prayer | Harp | Fort | Wisdom | Psaltery | Truth | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Calvin , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: Psa 71:7 - A wonder For my many and sore calamities.

For my many and sore calamities.

Wesley: Psa 71:15 - The numbers Of thy salvations and mercies vouchsafed to me.

Of thy salvations and mercies vouchsafed to me.

Wesley: Psa 71:16 - Make mention To support and comfort myself with the remembrance of it.

To support and comfort myself with the remembrance of it.

Wesley: Psa 71:16 - Righteousness Of thy faithfulness in making good all thy promises.

Of thy faithfulness in making good all thy promises.

Wesley: Psa 71:19 - Very high Most eminent.

Most eminent.

Wesley: Psa 71:20 - Bring me From the grave.

From the grave.

JFB: Psa 71:1-3 - -- The Psalmist, probably in old age, appeals to God for help from his enemies, pleading his past favors, and stating his present need; and, in confidenc...

The Psalmist, probably in old age, appeals to God for help from his enemies, pleading his past favors, and stating his present need; and, in confidence of a hearing, he promises his grateful thanks and praise. (Psa. 71:1-24)

(Compare Psa 30:1-3).

JFB: Psa 71:3 - given commandment Literally, "ordained," as in Psa 44:4; Psa 68:28.

Literally, "ordained," as in Psa 44:4; Psa 68:28.

JFB: Psa 71:3 - rock . . . fortress (Psa 18:2).

JFB: Psa 71:4-5 - cruel man Corrupt and ill-natured--literally, "sour."

Corrupt and ill-natured--literally, "sour."

JFB: Psa 71:5 - trust Place of trust.

Place of trust.

JFB: Psa 71:6-9 - -- His history from early infancy illustrated God's care, and his wonderful deliverances were at once occasions of praise and ground of confidence for th...

His history from early infancy illustrated God's care, and his wonderful deliverances were at once occasions of praise and ground of confidence for the future.

JFB: Psa 71:6-9 - my praise . . . of thee Literally, "in" or "by Thee" (Psa 22:25).

Literally, "in" or "by Thee" (Psa 22:25).

JFB: Psa 71:10-11 - -- The craft and malicious taunts of his enemies now led him to call for aid (compare the terms used, 2Sa 17:12; Psa 3:2; Psa 7:2).

The craft and malicious taunts of his enemies now led him to call for aid (compare the terms used, 2Sa 17:12; Psa 3:2; Psa 7:2).

JFB: Psa 71:12 - -- (Compare Psa 22:19; Psa 40:4).

(Compare Psa 22:19; Psa 40:4).

JFB: Psa 71:13 - -- (Compare Psa 35:4; Psa 40:14).

(Compare Psa 35:4; Psa 40:14).

JFB: Psa 71:14-16 - -- The ruin of his enemies, as illustrating God's faithfulness, is his deliverance, and a reason for future confidence.

The ruin of his enemies, as illustrating God's faithfulness, is his deliverance, and a reason for future confidence.

JFB: Psa 71:15 - for I know . . . thereof Innumerable, as he had not time to count them.

Innumerable, as he had not time to count them.

JFB: Psa 71:16 - in the strength Or, relying on it.

Or, relying on it.

JFB: Psa 71:16 - thy righteousness Or, faithful performance of promises to the pious (Psa 7:17; Psa 31:1).

Or, faithful performance of promises to the pious (Psa 7:17; Psa 31:1).

JFB: Psa 71:17-21 - -- Past experience again encourages.

Past experience again encourages.

JFB: Psa 71:17-21 - taught me, &c. By providential dealings.

By providential dealings.

JFB: Psa 71:19 - is very high Distinguished (Psa 36:5; Isa 55:9).

Distinguished (Psa 36:5; Isa 55:9).

JFB: Psa 71:20 - depths of the earth Debased, low condition.

Debased, low condition.

JFB: Psa 71:21 - increase, &c. That is, the great things done for me (Psa 71:19; compare Psa 40:5).

That is, the great things done for me (Psa 71:19; compare Psa 40:5).

JFB: Psa 71:22-24 - -- To the occasion of praise he now adds the promise to render it.

To the occasion of praise he now adds the promise to render it.

JFB: Psa 71:22-24 - will . . . praise Literally, "will thank."

Literally, "will thank."

JFB: Psa 71:22-24 - even thy truth As to Thy truth or faithfulness.

As to Thy truth or faithfulness.

Clarke: Psa 71:3 - Be thou my strong habitation Be thou my strong habitation - Instead of מען maon , habitation, many of Kennicott’ s and De Rossi’ s MSS. read מעז maoz , munitio...

Be thou my strong habitation - Instead of מען maon , habitation, many of Kennicott’ s and De Rossi’ s MSS. read מעז maoz , munition or defense. Be thou my rock of defense

Clarke: Psa 71:3 - Thou hast given commandment to save me Thou hast given commandment to save me - Thou hast determined my escape, and hast ordered thy angels to guard me. See Psa 91:11, Psa 91:12.

Thou hast given commandment to save me - Thou hast determined my escape, and hast ordered thy angels to guard me. See Psa 91:11, Psa 91:12.

Clarke: Psa 71:4 - Out of the hand of the wicked Out of the hand of the wicked - Probably his unnatural son Absalom, called here רשע rasha , the Wicked, because he had violated all laws, human ...

Out of the hand of the wicked - Probably his unnatural son Absalom, called here רשע rasha , the Wicked, because he had violated all laws, human and Divine

Clarke: Psa 71:4 - The unrighteous and cruel man The unrighteous and cruel man - Probably Ahithophel who was the iniquitous counsellor of a wicked and rebellious son.

The unrighteous and cruel man - Probably Ahithophel who was the iniquitous counsellor of a wicked and rebellious son.

Clarke: Psa 71:5 - My trust from my youth My trust from my youth - When I was born into the world, thou didst receive me, and thou tookest me under thy especial care. "My praise shall be con...

My trust from my youth - When I was born into the world, thou didst receive me, and thou tookest me under thy especial care. "My praise shall be continually of thee."Rather, I have always made thee my boast.

Clarke: Psa 71:7 - I am as a wonder unto many I am as a wonder unto many - I am כמופת kemopheth "as a portent,"or "type:"I am a typical person; and many of the things that happen to me a...

I am as a wonder unto many - I am כמופת kemopheth "as a portent,"or "type:"I am a typical person; and many of the things that happen to me are to be considered in reference to him of whom I am a type. But he may mean I am a continual prodigy. My low estate, my slaying the lion and the bear, conquering the Philistine, escaping the fury of Saul, and being raised to the throne of Israel, are all so many wonders of thy providence, and effects of thy power and grace.

Clarke: Psa 71:9 - Cast me not off in the time of old age Cast me not off in the time of old age - The original might be translated and paraphrased thus: "Thou wilt not cast me off till the time of old age;...

Cast me not off in the time of old age - The original might be translated and paraphrased thus: "Thou wilt not cast me off till the time of old age; and according to the failure of my flesh, thou wilt not forsake me."My expectation of rest and happiness will not be deferred till the time that I shall be an aged man, Thou wilt not withdraw thy presence from me as my flesh decays, and as my natural strength abates; but, on the contrary, as my outward man decays, my inward man shall be renewed day by day. It was in David’ s old age that the rebellion of Absalom took place.

Clarke: Psa 71:10 - Lay wait for my soul Lay wait for my soul - They seek to destroy my life.

Lay wait for my soul - They seek to destroy my life.

Clarke: Psa 71:11 - God hath forsaken him God hath forsaken him - " God, who has been his special help all through life, and who has guarded him so that no hand could be raised successfully ...

God hath forsaken him - " God, who has been his special help all through life, and who has guarded him so that no hand could be raised successfully against him, has now cast him off; therefore we shall easily prevail against him. His present adversity shows that God is no longer his friend."Thus men judge. "Secular prosperity is a proof of God’ s favor: adversity is a proof of his displeasure."But this is not God’ s way, except in especial judgments, etc. He never manifests his pleasure or displeasure by secular good or ill.

Clarke: Psa 71:13 - Let them be confounded Let them be confounded - They shall be confounded: these are prophetic denunciations.

Let them be confounded - They shall be confounded: these are prophetic denunciations.

Clarke: Psa 71:14 - I will hope continually I will hope continually - I shall expect deliverance after deliverance, and blessing after blessing; and, in consequence, I will praise thee more an...

I will hope continually - I shall expect deliverance after deliverance, and blessing after blessing; and, in consequence, I will praise thee more and more. As thy blessings abound, so shall my praises.

Clarke: Psa 71:15 - I know not the numbers I know not the numbers - I must be continually in the spirit of gratitude, praise, and obedience, for thy blessings to me are innumerable.

I know not the numbers - I must be continually in the spirit of gratitude, praise, and obedience, for thy blessings to me are innumerable.

Clarke: Psa 71:16 - I will go I will go - אבוא abo , I will enter, i.e., into the tabernacle, in the strength or mightinesses of Adonai Jehovah, the supreme God, who is my P...

I will go - אבוא abo , I will enter, i.e., into the tabernacle, in the strength or mightinesses of Adonai Jehovah, the supreme God, who is my Prop, Stay, and Support

Clarke: Psa 71:16 - I will make mention of thy righteousness I will make mention of thy righteousness - I will continually record and celebrate the acts of thy mercy and goodness. They are without number, (Psa...

I will make mention of thy righteousness - I will continually record and celebrate the acts of thy mercy and goodness. They are without number, (Psa 71:15), and of these alone will I speak.

Clarke: Psa 71:17 - Thou hast taught me from my youth Thou hast taught me from my youth - I have had thee for my continual instructor: and thou didst begin to teach me thy fear and love from my tenderes...

Thou hast taught me from my youth - I have had thee for my continual instructor: and thou didst begin to teach me thy fear and love from my tenderest infancy. Those are well taught whom God instructs; and when he teaches, there is no delay in learning.

Clarke: Psa 71:18 - Old and grey-headed Old and grey-headed - In the ninth verse he mentioned the circumstance of old age; here he repeats it, with the addition of hoary-headedness, which,...

Old and grey-headed - In the ninth verse he mentioned the circumstance of old age; here he repeats it, with the addition of hoary-headedness, which, humanly speaking, was calculated to make a deeper impression in his favor. Though all these things are well known to God, and he needs not our information, yet he is pleased to say, "Come now, and let us reason together."And when his children plead and reason with him, they are acting precisely as he has commanded.

Clarke: Psa 71:19 - Thy righteousness - is very high Thy righteousness - is very high - עד מרום ad marom - is up to the exalted place, reaches up to heaven. The mercy of God fills all space an...

Thy righteousness - is very high - עד מרום ad marom - is up to the exalted place, reaches up to heaven. The mercy of God fills all space and place. It crowns in the heavens what it governed upon earth

Clarke: Psa 71:19 - Who hast done great things Who hast done great things - גדלות gedoloth . Thou hast worked miracles, and displayed the greatest acts of power

Who hast done great things - גדלות gedoloth . Thou hast worked miracles, and displayed the greatest acts of power

Clarke: Psa 71:19 - Who is like unto thee! Who is like unto thee! - מי כמוך mi camocha . God is alone, - who can resemble him? He is eternal. He can have none before, and there can be...

Who is like unto thee! - מי כמוך mi camocha . God is alone, - who can resemble him? He is eternal. He can have none before, and there can be none after; for in the infinite unity of his trinity he is that eternal, unlimited, impartible, incomprehensible, and uncompounded ineffable Being, whose essence is hidden from all created intelligences, and whose counsels cannot be fathomed by any creature that even his own hand can form. Who is Like Unto Thee! will excite the wonder, amazement, praise, and adoration of angels and men to all eternity.

Clarke: Psa 71:20 - Thou, which hast showed me great and sore troubles Thou, which hast showed me great and sore troubles - Multiplied straits and difficulties. And thou hast only showed them Hadst thou permitted them t...

Thou, which hast showed me great and sore troubles - Multiplied straits and difficulties. And thou hast only showed them

Hadst thou permitted them to have fallen upon me with all their own energy and natural consequences, they would have destroyed me. As it was, I was nearly buried under them

Clarke: Psa 71:20 - Shalt quicken me again Shalt quicken me again - Shalt revive me - put new life in me. This has been applied to the passion of our Lord, and his resurrection; for it is add...

Shalt quicken me again - Shalt revive me - put new life in me. This has been applied to the passion of our Lord, and his resurrection; for it is added, Thou: -

Clarke: Psa 71:20 - Shalt bring me up again from the depths of the earth Shalt bring me up again from the depths of the earth - Death shall not prey upon my body; thy Holy One can see no corruption. As applicable to David...

Shalt bring me up again from the depths of the earth - Death shall not prey upon my body; thy Holy One can see no corruption. As applicable to David, it might mean his being almost overwhelmed with afflictions; and his deliverance was like a life from the dead.

Clarke: Psa 71:21 - Thou shalt increase my greatness Thou shalt increase my greatness - Thou wilt restore me to my throne and kingdom; and it shall be done in such a way that all shall see it was the h...

Thou shalt increase my greatness - Thou wilt restore me to my throne and kingdom; and it shall be done in such a way that all shall see it was the hand of God; and I shall have the more honor on the account

Clarke: Psa 71:21 - Comfort me on every side Comfort me on every side - I shall have friends in all quarters; and the tribes on all sides will support me.

Comfort me on every side - I shall have friends in all quarters; and the tribes on all sides will support me.

Clarke: Psa 71:22 - I will also praise thee with the psaltery I will also praise thee with the psaltery - בכלי נבל bichli nebel , with the instrument nebel. Unto thee will I sing with the harp; בכנ...

I will also praise thee with the psaltery - בכלי נבל bichli nebel , with the instrument nebel. Unto thee will I sing with the harp; בכנור bechinnor , with the kinnor. Both were stringed instruments, and the principal used in the Jewish worship; and with which, or any thing like them, in Divine worship, we, as Christians, have nothing to do.

Clarke: Psa 71:23 - My lips shall greatly rejoice and my soul My lips shall greatly rejoice and my soul - My lips shall use words expressive of my soul’ s happiness and gratitude. Thou hast redeemed me; an...

My lips shall greatly rejoice and my soul - My lips shall use words expressive of my soul’ s happiness and gratitude. Thou hast redeemed me; and thou shalt have the eternal praise.

Clarke: Psa 71:24 - Talk of thy righteousness Talk of thy righteousness - The righteousness of God is frequently used in this Psalm, and in other places, to signify his justice, judgments, faith...

Talk of thy righteousness - The righteousness of God is frequently used in this Psalm, and in other places, to signify his justice, judgments, faithfulness, truth, mercy, etc. There are few words of more general import in the Bible

Clarke: Psa 71:24 - They are confounded They are confounded - The counsel of Ahithophel is confounded, and turned to foolishness, and he was so ashamed that he went and hanged himself. As ...

They are confounded - The counsel of Ahithophel is confounded, and turned to foolishness, and he was so ashamed that he went and hanged himself. As to the vain and wicked Absalom, he met with the fate that he had meditated against his father. Though not yet done, David sees all these things as actually accomplished; for he had got a Divine assurance that God would bring them to pass

Calvin: Psa 71:1 - In thee, O Jehovah! do I put my trust 1.In thee, O Jehovah! do I put my trust It has been thought that the occasion of the composition of this psalm was the conspiracy of Absalom; and the...

1.In thee, O Jehovah! do I put my trust It has been thought that the occasion of the composition of this psalm was the conspiracy of Absalom; and the particular reference which David makes to his old age renders this conjecture not improbable. As when we approach God, it is faith alone which opens the way for us, David, in order to obtain what he sought, protests, according to his usual manner, that he does not pour forth at the throne of grace hypocritical prayers, but betakes himself to God with sincerity of heart, fully persuaded that his salvation is laid up in the Divine hand. The man whose mind is in a state of constant fluctuation, and whose hope is divided by being turned in different directions, in each of which he is looking for deliverance, or who, under the influence of fear, disputes with himself, or who obstinately refuses the Divine assistance, or who frets and gives way to restless impatience, is unworthy of being succoured by God. The particle לעולם , leolam, in the end of the first verse, which we have translated for ever, admits of a twofold sense, as I have shown on Psa 31:1. It either tacitly implies a contrast between the present calamities of David and the happy issue which he anticipated; as if he had said, Lord, I lie in the dust at present as one confounded; but the time will come when thou wilt grant me deliverance. Or not to be ashamed for ever, means never to be ashamed. As these verses almost correspond with the beginning of the 31st psalm, I would refer to that place for those explanatory remarks which I here purposely omit, not wishing to tax the patience of my readers by unnecessary repetition.

In these words of the third verse, Into which I may at all times enter, which are not to be found in the other psalm, David briefly prays that he may have so ready and easy access to God for succor, as to find in him a secure refuge whenever threatened by any immediate danger. Lord! as if he had said, let me always find ready succor in thee, and do thou meet me with a smile of benignity and grace, when I betake myself to thee. The expression which follows, Thou hast given commandment to save me, is resolved by some interpreters into the optative mood; as if David requested that he might be committed to the guardianship of angels. But it is better to retain the past tense of the verb, and to understand him as encouraging himself, from his experience in times past, to hope for a happy issue to his present calamities. Nor is there any necessity for limiting to the angels the verb, thou hast given commandment. God, no doubt, employs them in defending his people; but as he is possessed of innumerable ways of saving them, the expression, I conceive, is used indefinitely, to teach us that he gives commandment concerning the salvation of his servants, according as he has purposed, whenever he gives some manifest token of his favor toward them in his providence; and what he has determined in his own mind, he executes sometimes by his nod alone, and sometimes by the instrumentality of men or other creatures. Meanwhile, David would intimate that such is the all-sufficient power of God intrinsically considered, that without having recourse to any foreign aid, his commandment alone is abundantly adequate for effecting our salvation.

Calvin: Psa 71:4 - O my God! deliver me from the hand of the wicked man 4.O my God! deliver me from the hand of the wicked man Here he uses the singular number; but he is not to be understood as indicating one man only. 1...

4.O my God! deliver me from the hand of the wicked man Here he uses the singular number; but he is not to be understood as indicating one man only. 102 It is highly probable that he comprehends the whole host of the enemies who assaulted him. We have elsewhere had occasion to observe how greatly it contributes to inspire us with the confidence of obtaining our requests, when we are so assured of our own integrity, as to be able freely to complain before God that we are unjustly and wickedly assaulted by our enemies; for we ought not to doubt that God, who has promised to become the defender of those who are unjustly oppressed, will, in that case, undertake our cause.

Calvin: Psa 71:5 - For thou art my expectation, O Lord Jehovah! 5.For thou art my expectation, O Lord Jehovah! The Psalmist here repeats what he had said a little before concerning his trust or confidence. But som...

5.For thou art my expectation, O Lord Jehovah! The Psalmist here repeats what he had said a little before concerning his trust or confidence. But some, perhaps, may be inclined to refer this sentence rather to the matter or ground afforded him for hope and confidence than to the emotions of his heart; supposing him to mean, that by the benefits which God had conferred upon him, he was furnished with well-grounded hope. And certainly he does not here simply declare that he hoped in God, but with this he conjoins experience, and acknowledges that even from his youth he had received tokens of the Divine favor, from which he might learn, that confidence is to be reposed in God alone. By adverting to what God had done for him, 106 he expresses the real cause of faith, (if I may so speak;) and from this we may easily perceive the powerful influence which the remembrance of God’s benefits had in nourishing his hope.

Calvin: Psa 71:6 - Upon thee have I been sustained from the womb 6.Upon thee have I been sustained from the womb This verse corresponds with the preceding, except that David proceeds farther. He not only celebrates...

6.Upon thee have I been sustained from the womb This verse corresponds with the preceding, except that David proceeds farther. He not only celebrates the goodness of God which he had experienced from his childhood, but also those proofs of it which he had received previous to his birth. An almost similar confession is contained in Psa 22:9, by which is magnified the wonderful power and inestimable goodness of God in the generation of men, the way and manner of which would be altogether incredible, were it not a fact with which we are quite familiar. If we are astonished at that part of the history of the flood, in which Moses declares (Gen 8:13) that Noah and his household lived ten months amidst the offensive nuisance produced by so many living creatures, when he could not draw the breath of life, have we not equal reason to marvel that the infant, shut up within its mother’s womb, can live in such a condition as would suffocate the strongest man in half an hour? But we thus see how little account we make of the miracles which God works, in consequence of our familiarity with them. The Spirit, therefore, justly rebukes this ingratitude, by commending to our consideration this memorable instance of the grace of God, which is exhibited in our birth and generation. When we are born into the world, although the mother do her office, and the midwife may be present with her, and many others may lend their help, yet did not God, putting, so to speak, his hand under us, receive us into his bosom, what would become of us? and what hope would there be of the continuance of our life? Yea, rather, were it not for this, our very birth would be an entrance into a thousand deaths. God, therefore, is with the highest propriety said to take us out of our mother’s bowels To this corresponds the concluding part of the verse, My praise is continually of thee; by which the Psalmist means that he had been furnished with matter for praising God without intermission.

Calvin: Psa 71:7 - I have been as a prodigy to the great ones 7.I have been as a prodigy to the great ones He now makes a transition to the language of complaint, declaring that he was held in almost universal a...

7.I have been as a prodigy to the great ones He now makes a transition to the language of complaint, declaring that he was held in almost universal abhorrence by reason of the great calamities with which he was afflicted. There is an apparent, although only an apparent, discrepancy between these two statements; first, that he had always been crowned with the benefits of God; and, secondly, that he was accounted as a prodigy on account of his great afflictions; but we may draw from thence the very profitable doctrine, that he was not so overwhelmed by his calamities, heavy though they were, as to be insensible to the goodness of God which he had experienced. Although, therefore, he saw that he was an object of detestation, yet the remembrance of the blessings which God had conferred upon him, could not be extinguished by the deepest shades of darkness which surrounded him, but served as a lamp in his heart to direct his faith. By the term prodigy 107 is expressed no ordinary calamity. Had he not been afflicted in a strange and unusual manner, those to whom the miserable condition of mankind was not unknown would not have shrunk from him with such horror, and regarded him as so repulsive a spectacle. It was, therefore, a higher and more commendable proof of his constancy, that his spirit was neither broken nor enfeebled with sham but reposed in God with the stronger confidence, the more he was cast off by the world. The sentence is to be explained adversatively, implying that, although men abhorred him as a monster, yet, by leaning upon God, he continued in despite of all this unmoved. If it should be thought preferable to translate the word רבים , rabbim, which I have rendered great ones, by the word many, the sense will be, That David’s afflictions were generally known, and had acquired great notoriety, as if he had been brought forth upon a stage and exposed to the view of the whole people. But in my opinion it will be more suitable to understand the word of great men, or the nobles. There is no heart so strong and impervious to outward influences as not to be deeply pierced when those who are considered to excel in wisdom and judgment, and who are invested with authority, treat a suffering and an afflicted man with such indignity, that they shrink with horror from him, as if he were a monster. In the next verse, as if he had obtained the desire of his heart, he expresses it to be his resolution to yield a grateful acknowledgement to God. To encourage himself to hope with the greater confidence for a happy issue to his present troubles, he promises loudly to celebrate the praises of God, and to do this not only on one occasion, but to persevere in the exercise without intermission.

Calvin: Psa 71:9 - Cast me not off in the time of my old age 9.Cast me not off in the time of my old age David having just now declared that God had been the protector of his life at his birth, and afterwards h...

9.Cast me not off in the time of my old age David having just now declared that God had been the protector of his life at his birth, and afterwards his foster-father in his childhood, and the guardian of his welfare during the whole course of his past existence; being now worn out with age, casts himself anew into the fatherly bosom of God. In proportion as our strength fails us — and then necessity itself impels us to seek God — in the same proportion should our hope in the willingness and readiness of God to succor us become strong. David’s prayer, in short, amounts to this: “Do thou, O Lord, who hast sustained me vigorous and strong in the flower of my youth, not forsake me now, when I am decayed and almost withered, but the more I stand in need of thy help, let the decrepitude and infirmities of age move thee to compassionate me the more.” From this verse expositors, not without good reason, conclude that the conspiracy of Absalom is the subject treated of in this psalm. And certainly it was a horrible and tragical spectacle, which tended to lead, not only the common people, but also those who excelled in authority, to turn away their eyes from him, as they would from a detestable monster, when the son, having driven his father from the kingdom, pursued him even through the very deserts to put him to death.

Calvin: Psa 71:10 - For my enemies have said of me, etc 10.For my enemies have said of me, etc He pleads, as an argument with God to show him mercy, the additional circumstance, that the wicked took greate...

10.For my enemies have said of me, etc He pleads, as an argument with God to show him mercy, the additional circumstance, that the wicked took greater license in cruelly persecuting him, from the belief which they entertained that he was rejected and abandoned of God. The basest of men, as we all know, become more bold and audacious, when, in tormenting the innocent, they imagine that this is a matter in which they have not to deal with God at all. Not only are they encouraged by the hope of escaping unpunished; but they also boast that all comes to pass according to their wishes, when no obstacle presents itself to restrain their wicked desires. What happened to David at that time is almost the ordinary experience of the children of God; namely, that the wicked, when once they come to believe that it is by the will of God that his people are exposed to them for a prey, give themselves uncontrolled license in doing them mischief. Measuring the favor of God only by what is the present condition of men, they conceive that all whom he suffers to be afflicted are despised, forsaken, and cast off by him. Such being their persuasion, they encourage and stimulate one another to practice every thing harassing and injurious against them, as persons who have none to undertake and avenge their cause. But this wanton and insulting 109 procedure on their part ought to encourage our hearts, since the glory of God requires that the promises which he has so frequently made of succouring the poor and afflicted should be actually performed. The ungodly may flatter themselves with the hope of obtaining pardon from him; but this foolish imagination does not by any means lessen the criminality of their conduct. On the contrary, they do a double injury to God, by taking away from him that which especially belongs to him.

Calvin: Psa 71:12 - O God! be not far from me 12.O God! be not far from me It is scarcely possible to express how severe and hard a temptation it was to David, when he knew that the wicked entert...

12.O God! be not far from me It is scarcely possible to express how severe and hard a temptation it was to David, when he knew that the wicked entertained the persuasion that he was rejected of God. They did not without consideration circulate this report; but after having seemed wisely to weigh all circumstances, they gave their judgment on the point as of a thing which was placed beyond all dispute. It was therefore an evidence of heroic fortitude on the part of David, 110 thus to rise superior to their perverse judgments, and, in the face of them all, to assure himself that God would be gracious to him, and to betake himself familiarly to him. Nor is it to be doubted that, in calling God his God, he makes use of this as a means of defending himself from this hard and grievous assault.

Calvin: Psa 71:13 - NO PHRASE While invoking the aid of God, he at the same time prays (verse 13) that his enemies may be filled with shame until they be consumed. These words, ho...

While invoking the aid of God, he at the same time prays (verse 13) that his enemies may be filled with shame until they be consumed. These words, however, may not improperly be read in the future tense; for it is frequently the practice of David, after having ended his prayer, to rise up against his enemies, and, as it were, to triumph over them. But I have followed that which seems more agreeable to the scope of the passage. Having had occasion elsewhere to explain this imprecation, it is unnecessary for me to repeat, in this place, what I have previously said.

Calvin: Psa 71:14 - But I will hope continually 14.But I will hope continually David again, as having obtained the victory, prepares himself for thanksgiving. There is, however, no doubt, that duri...

14.But I will hope continually David again, as having obtained the victory, prepares himself for thanksgiving. There is, however, no doubt, that during the time when the wicked derided his simplicity, he struggled manfully amidst his distresses, as may be gathered from the word hope. Although, to outward appearance, there was no prospect of deliverance from his troubles, and although the wicked ceased not proudly to pour contempt upon his trust in God, he nevertheless determined to persevere in the exercise of hope; even as it is a genuine proof of faith, to look exclusively to the Divine promise, in order to be guided by its light alone amidst the thickest darkness of afflictions. The strength, then, of the hope of which David speaks, is to be estimated by the conflicts which he at that time sustained. In saying, I will add to all thy praises, he shows the confidence with which he anticipated a desirable escape from his troubles. It is as if he had said — Lord, I have been long accustomed to receive benefits from thee, and this fresh accession to them, I doubt not, will furnish me with new matter for celebrating thy grace.

Calvin: Psa 71:15 - My mouth shall recount thy righteousness 15.My mouth shall recount thy righteousness Here he expresses more clearly what sacrifice of praise he resolved to present to God, promising to procl...

15.My mouth shall recount thy righteousness Here he expresses more clearly what sacrifice of praise he resolved to present to God, promising to proclaim continually his righteousness and salvation. I have often before had occasion to observe, that the righteousness of God does not mean that property of his nature by which he renders to every man his own, but the faithfulness which he observes towards his own people, when he cherishes, defends, and delivers them. Hence the inestimable consolation which arises from learning that our salvation is so inseparably linked with the righteousness of God, as to have the same stability with this Divine attribute. The salvation of God, it is very evident, is taken in this place actively. The Psalmist connects this salvation with righteousness, as the effect with the cause; for his confident persuasion of obtaining salvation proceeded solely from reflecting that God is righteous, and that he cannot deny himself. As he had been saved so often, and in so many different ways, and so wonderfully, he engages to apply himself continually to the celebration of the grace of God. The particle כי , ki, which we have translated for, is by some rendered adversatively although, and explained in this way: Although the salvation of God is to me incomprehensible, and transcends my capacity, yet I will recount it. But the proper signification of the word is more suitable in this place, there being nothing which ought to be more effectual in kindling and exciting our hearts to sing the praises of God, than the innumerable benefits which he has bestowed upon us. Although our hearts may not be affected from having experienced only one or two of the Divine benefits; although they may remain cold and unmoved by a small number of them, yet our ingratitude is inexcusable, if we are not awakened from our torpor and indifference when an innumerable multitude of them are lavished upon us. Let us learn then not to taste of the goodness of God slightly, and, as it were, with loathing, but to apply all our faculties to it in all its amplitude, that it may ravish us with admiration. It is surprising that the authors of the Greek version ever thought of translating this clause, I have not known learning, 112 an error unworthy of being noticed, were it not that some fanatics in former times, to flatter themselves in their ignorance, boasted that, after the example of David, all learning and liberal sciences should be despised; even as, in the present day, the Anabaptists have no other pretext for boasting of being spiritual persons, but that they are grossly ignorant 113 of all science.

Calvin: Psa 71:16 - I will go in the strength of the Lord Jehovah! 16.I will go in the strength of the Lord Jehovah! This may also very properly be translated, I will go into the strengths; and this interpretation ...

16.I will go in the strength of the Lord Jehovah! This may also very properly be translated, I will go into the strengths; and this interpretation is not less probable than the other. As fear and sorrow take possession of our minds in the time of danger, from our not reflecting with that deep and earnest attention which becomes us upon the power of God; so the only remedy for alleviating our sorrow in our afflictions is to enter into God’s strengths, that they may surround and defend us on all sides. But the other reading, which is more generally received, I have thought proper to retain, because it also is very suitable, although interpreters differ as to its meaning. Some explain it, I will go forth to battle depending upon the power of God. But this is too restricted. To go is equivalent to abiding in a steady, settled, and permanent state. True believers, it must indeed be granted, so far from putting forth their energies without difficulty, and flying with alacrity in their heavenly course, rather groan through weariness; but as they surmount with invincible courage all obstacles and difficulties, not drawing back, or declining from the right way, or at least not failing through despair, they are on this account said to go forward until they have arrived at the termination of their course. In short, David boasts that he will never be disappointed of the help of God till he reach the mark. And because nothing is more rare or difficult in the present state of weakness and infirmity than to continue persevering, he collects all his thoughts in order to rely with entire confidence exclusively on the righteousness of God. When he says that he will be mindful of it ONLY, the meaning is, that, forsaking all corrupt confidences with which almost the whole world is driven about, he will depend wholly upon the protection of God, not allowing himself to wander after his own imaginations, or to be drawn hither and thither by surrounding objects.

Augustine quotes this text more than a hundred times as an argument to overthrow the merit of works, and plausibly opposes the righteousness which God gratuitously bestows to the meritorious righteousness of men. It must, however, be confessed that he wrests the words of David, and puts a sense upon them foreign to their genuine meaning, which simply is, that he does not rely upon his own wisdom, nor upon his own skill, nor upon his own strength, nor upon any riches which he possessed, as a ground for entertaining the confident hope of salvation, but that the only ground upon which he rests this hope is, that as God is righteous, it is impossible for God to forsake him. The righteousness of God, as we have just now observed, does not here denote that free gift by which he reconciles men to himself, or by which he regenerates them to newness of life; but his faithfulness in keeping his promises, by which he means to show that he is righteous, upright, and true towards his servants. Now, the Psalmist declares that the righteousness of God alone will be continually before his eyes, and in his memory; for unless we keep our minds fixed upon this alone, Satan, who is possessed of wonderful means by which to allure, will succeed in leading us astray after vanity. As soon as hopes from different quarters begin to insinuate themselves into our minds, there is nothing of which we are more in danger than of falling away. And whoever, not content with the grace of God alone, seeks elsewhere for the least succor, will assuredly fall, and thereby serve as an example to teach others how vain it is to attempt to mingle the stays of the world with the help of God. If David, in regard to his mere external condition in life, could remain stable and secure only by renouncing all other confidences, and casting himself upon the righteousness of God; what stability, I pray you to consider, are we likely to have, when the reference is to the spiritual and everlasting life, if we fall away, let it be never so little, from our dependence upon the grace of God? It is, therefore, undeniable that the doctrine invented by the Papists, which divides the work of perseverance in holiness between man’s free will and God’s grace, 114 precipitates wretched souls into destruction.

Calvin: Psa 71:17 - O God! thou hast taught me from my youth 17.O God! thou hast taught me from my youth The Psalmist again declares the great obligations under which he lay to God for his goodness, not only wi...

17.O God! thou hast taught me from my youth The Psalmist again declares the great obligations under which he lay to God for his goodness, not only with the view of encouraging himself to gratitude, but also of exciting himself to continue cherishing hope for the time to come: which will appear from the following verse. Besides, since God teaches us both by words and deeds, it is certain that the second species of teaching is here referred to, the idea conveyed being, that David had learned by continual experience, even from his infancy, that nothing is better than to lean exclusively upon the true God. That he may never be deprived of this practical truth, he testifies that he had made great proficiency in it. When he promises to become a publisher of God’s wondrous works, his object in coming under this engagement is, that by his ingratitude he may not interrupt the course of the Divine beneficence.

Upon the truth here stated, he rests the prayer which he presents in the 18th verse, that he may not be forgotten in his old age. His reasoning is this: Since thou, O God! hast from the commencement of my existence given me such abundant proofs of thy goodness, wilt thou not stretch forth thy hand to succor me, when now thou seest me decaying through the influence of old age? And, indeed, the conclusion is altogether inevitable, that as God vouchsafed to love us when we were infants, and embraced us with his favor when we were children, and has continued without intermission to do us good during the whole course of our life, he cannot but persevere in acting toward us in the same way even to the end. Accordingly, the particle גם , gam, which we have translated still, here signifies therefore; it being David’s design, from the consideration that the goodness of God can never be exhausted, and that he is not mutable like men, to draw the inference that he will be the same towards his people in their old age, that he was towards them in their childhood. He next supports his prayer by another argument, which is, that if he should fail or faint in his old age, the grace of God, by which he had been hitherto sustained, would at the same time soon be lost sight of. If God were immediately to withdraw his grace from us after we have but just tasted it slightly, it would speedily vanish from our memory. In like manner, were he to forsake us at the close of our life, after having conferred upon us many benefits during the previous part of it, his liberality by this means would be divested of much of its interest and attraction. David therefore beseeches God to assist him even to the end, that he may be able to commend to posterity the unintermitted course of the Divine goodness, and to bear testimony, even at his very death, that God never disappoints the faithful who betake themselves to him. By the generation and those who are to come, he means the children and the children’s children to whom the memorial of the loving-kindness of God cannot be transmitted unless it be perfect in all respects, and has completed its course. He mentions strength and power as the effects of God’s righteousness. He is, however, to be understood by the way as eulogising by these titles the manner of his deliverance, in which he congratulates himself; as if he had said, that God, in the way in which it was accomplished, afforded a manifestation of matchless and all-sufficient power.

Calvin: Psa 71:19 - And thy righteousness, O God! is very high 19.And thy righteousness, O God! is very high 115 Some connect this verse with the preceding, and repeating the verb I will declare, as common to b...

19.And thy righteousness, O God! is very high 115 Some connect this verse with the preceding, and repeating the verb I will declare, as common to both verses, translate, And I will declare thy righteousness, O God! But this being a matter of small importance, I will not dwell upon it. David prosecutes at greater length the subject of which he had previously spoken. In the first place, he declares that the righteousness of God is very high; secondly, that it wrought mightily; and, finally, he exclaims in admiration, Who is like thee? It is worthy of notice, that the righteousness of God, the effects of which are near to us and conspicuous, is yet placed on high, inasmuch as it cannot be comprehended by our finite understanding. Whilst we measure it according to our own limited standard, we are overwhelmed and swallowed up by the smallest temptation. In order, therefore, to give it free course to save us, it behoves us to take a large and a comprehensive view — to look above and beneath, far and wide, that we may form some due conceptions of its amplitude. The same remarks apply to the second clause, which makes mention of the works of God: For thou hast done great things. If we attribute to his known power the praise which is due to it, we will never want ground for entertaining good hope. Finally, our sense of the goodness of God should extend so far as to ravish us with admiration; for thus it will come to pass that our minds, which are often distracted by an unholy disquietude, will repose upon God alone. If any temptation thrusts itself upon us, we immediately magnify a fly into an elephant; or rather, we rear very high mountains, which keep the hand of God from reaching us; and at the same time we basely limit the power of God. The exclamation of David, then, Who is like thee? tends to teach us the lesson, that we should force our way through every impediment by faith, and regard the power of God, which is well entitled to be so regarded, as superior to all obstacles. All men, indeed, confess with the mouth, that none is like God; but there is scarce one out of a hundred who is truly and fully persuaded that He alone is sufficient to save us.

Calvin: Psa 71:20 - Thou hast made me to see great and sore troubles 20.Thou hast made me to see great and sore troubles The verb to see among the Hebrews, as is well known, is applied to the other senses also. Accor...

20.Thou hast made me to see great and sore troubles The verb to see among the Hebrews, as is well known, is applied to the other senses also. Accordingly, when David complains that calamities had been shown to him, he means that he had suffered them. And as he attributes to God the praise of the deliverances which he had obtained, so he, on the other hand, acknowledges that whatever adversities he had endured were inflicted on him according to the counsel and will of God. But we must first consider the object which David has in view, which is to render by comparison the grace of God the more illustrious, in the way of recounting how hardly he had been dealt with. Had he always enjoyed a uniform course of prosperity, he would no doubt have had good reason to rejoice; but in that case he would not have experienced what it is to be delivered from destruction by the stupendous power of God. We must be brought down even to the gates of death before God can be seen to be our deliverer. As we are born without thought and understanding, our minds, during the earlier part of our life, are not sufficiently impressed with a sense of the Author of our existence; but when God comes to our help, as we are lying in a state of despair, this resurrection is to us a bright mirror from which is seen reflected his grace. In this way David amplifies the goodness of God, declaring, that though plunged in a bottomless abyss, he was nevertheless drawn out by the divine hand, and restored to the light. And he boasts not only of having been preserved perfectly safe by the grace of God, but of having also been advanced to higher honor — a change which was, as it were, the crowning of his restoration, and was as if he had been lifted out of hell, even up to heaven. What he repeats the third time, with respect to God’s turning, goes to the commendation of Divine Providence; the idea which he intends to be conveyed being, that no adversity happened to him by chance, as was evident from the fact that his condition was reversed as soon as the favor of God shone upon him.

Calvin: Psa 71:22 - I will also, O my God! praise thee 22.I will also, O my God! praise thee He again breaks forth into thanksgiving; for he was aware that the design of God, in so liberally succouring hi...

22.I will also, O my God! praise thee He again breaks forth into thanksgiving; for he was aware that the design of God, in so liberally succouring his servants, is, that his goodness may be celebrated. In speaking of employing the psaltery and the harp in this exercise, he alludes to the generally prevailing custom of that time. To sing the praises of God upon the harp and psaltery unquestionably formed a part of the training of the law, and of the service of God under that dispensation of shadows and figures; but they are not now to be used in public thanksgiving. We are not, indeed, forbidden to use, in private, musical instruments, but they are banished out of the churches by the plain command of the Holy Spirit, when Paul, in 1Co 14:13, lays it down as an invariable rule, that we must praise God, and pray to him only in a known tongue. By the word truth, the Psalmist means that the hope which he reposed in God was rewarded, when God preserved him in the midst of dangers. The promises of God, and his truth in performing them, are inseparably joined together. Unless we depend upon the word of God, all the benefits which he confers upon us will be unsavoury or tasteless to us; nor will we ever be stirred up either to prayer or thanksgiving, if we are not previously illuminated by the Divine word. So much the more revolting, then, is the folly of that diabolical man, Servetus, who teaches that the rule of praying is perverted, if faith is fixed upon the promises; as if we could have any access into the presence of God, until he first invited us by his own voice to come to him.

Calvin: Psa 71:23 - My lips shall rejoice 23.My lips shall rejoice 118 when I sing to thee. In this verse David expresses more distinctly his resolution not to give thanks to God hypocritic...

23.My lips shall rejoice 118 when I sing to thee. In this verse David expresses more distinctly his resolution not to give thanks to God hypocritically, nor in a superficial manner, but to engage with unfeigned earnestness in this religious exercise. By the figures which he introduces, he briefly teaches us, that to praise God would be the source of his greatest pleasure; and thus he indirectly censures the profane mirth of those who, forgetting God, confine their congratulations to themselves in their prosperity. The scope of the last verse is to the same effect, implying that no joy would be sweet and desirable to him, but such as was connected with the praises of God, and that to celebrate his Redeemer’s praises would afford him the greatest satisfaction and delight.

Defender: Psa 71:18 - old and grayheaded This is a worthy prayer for all elderly believers as well as a reminder to younger Christians that the older generation still has much to contribute t...

This is a worthy prayer for all elderly believers as well as a reminder to younger Christians that the older generation still has much to contribute to the present spiritual conflict having accumulated experience and wisdom. "There is no discharge in that war" (Ecc 8:8). A concerned Christian should continue to serve the Lord, in prayer if nothing else, as long as he has breath."

TSK: Psa 71:1 - do I // let me do I : Psa 22:5, Psa 25:2, Psa 25:3, Psa 31:1-3, Psa 125:1, Psa 146:5; 2Ki 18:5; 1Ch 5:20; Rom 9:33; 1Pe 2:6 let me : Isa 45:17; Jer 17:18

TSK: Psa 71:2 - in thy // cause // incline in thy : Psa 17:2, Psa 31:1, Psa 34:15, Psa 43:1, Psa 143:1, Psa 143:11; Dan 9:16 cause : 1Co 10:13 incline : Psa 10:17, Psa 10:18, Psa 17:6, Psa 116:...

TSK: Psa 71:3 - my strong habitation // thou hast // my rock my strong habitation : Heb. to me for a rock of habitation, Psa 31:2, Psa 31:3, Psa 91:1, Psa 91:2; Pro 18:10; Isa 33:16 thou hast : Psa 44:4, Psa 68:...

my strong habitation : Heb. to me for a rock of habitation, Psa 31:2, Psa 31:3, Psa 91:1, Psa 91:2; Pro 18:10; Isa 33:16

thou hast : Psa 44:4, Psa 68:28, Psa 91:11, Psa 91:12; Eze 9:6; Rev 7:2, Rev 7:3

my rock : Psa 18:2, Psa 144:2

TSK: Psa 71:4 - out of the out of the : Psa 17:8, Psa 17:9, Psa 17:13, Psa 59:1, Psa 59:2, Psa 140:1-4; 2Sa 16:21, 2Sa 16:22, 2Sa 17:1, 2Sa 17:2, 2Sa 17:12-14, 2Sa 17:21

TSK: Psa 71:5 - For thou // my trust For thou : Psa 13:5, Psa 39:7, Psa 42:11, Psa 119:81, Psa 119:166; Jer 17:7, Jer 17:13, Jer 17:17; Rom 15:13 my trust : Psa 71:17, Psa 22:9, Psa 22:10...

TSK: Psa 71:6 - By thee // thou art // my praise By thee : Psa 22:9, Psa 22:10; Pro 8:17; Isa 46:3, Isa 46:4; Jer 3:4 thou art : Psa 139:15, Psa 139:16, Psa 145:1, Psa 145:2; Isa 49:1, Isa 49:5; Jer ...

TSK: Psa 71:7 - as a wonder // thou art as a wonder : Kemopaton , ""as a prodigy,""my low estate: - my slaying the lion and bear, - conquering the Philistine, - escaping the fury of S...

as a wonder : Kemopaton , ""as a prodigy,""my low estate:

- my slaying the lion and bear,

- conquering the Philistine,

- escaping the fury of Saul,

- being raised to the throne of Israel,

- enduring such uncommon trials and afflictions,

- and experiencing such wonderful deliverances.

These all mark me out as the subject of ""wonder unto many; but Thou art my strong Refuge.""Isa 8:18; Zec 3:6; Luk 2:34; Act 4:13; 1Co 4:9; 2Co 4:8-12, 2Co 6:8-10

thou art : Psa 62:7, Psa 142:4, Psa 142:5; Jer 16:19

TSK: Psa 71:8 - -- Psa 71:15, Psa 71:24, Psa 35:28, Psa 51:14, Psa 51:15, Psa 145:1, Psa 145:2, Psa 146:2

TSK: Psa 71:9 - Cast // old age // when Cast : Psa 71:18, Psa 92:13-15; Isa 46:4; 2Ti 1:12, 2Ti 4:18 old age : This determines the period when this Psalm was composed; for it was in David...

Cast : Psa 71:18, Psa 92:13-15; Isa 46:4; 2Ti 1:12, 2Ti 4:18

old age : This determines the period when this Psalm was composed; for it was in David’ s old age that the rebellion of Absalom took place.

when : Psa 73:26, Psa 90:10; 2Sa 19:35, 2Sa 21:15-17; Ecc 12:1-7

TSK: Psa 71:10 - and they // lay wait for // take and they : Psa 10:9, Psa 56:6; Pro 1:11 lay wait for : Heb. watch or observe, Psa 37:32, Psa 37:33; 1Sa 19:11; Jer 20:10 take : Psa 2:2, Psa 83:3; 2Sa...

and they : Psa 10:9, Psa 56:6; Pro 1:11

lay wait for : Heb. watch or observe, Psa 37:32, Psa 37:33; 1Sa 19:11; Jer 20:10

take : Psa 2:2, Psa 83:3; 2Sa 17:1-14; Mat 26:3, Mat 26:4, Mat 27:1

TSK: Psa 71:11 - God // for there God : Psa 3:2, Psa 37:25, Psa 37:28, Psa 41:7, Psa 41:8, Psa 42:10; Mat 27:42, Mat 27:43, Mat 27:46, Mat 27:49 for there : Psa 7:2, Psa 50:22; 2Ch 32:...

TSK: Psa 71:12 - O God // make O God : Psa 22:11, Psa 22:19, Psa 35:22, Psa 38:21, Psa 38:22, Psa 69:18 make : Psa 70:1, Psa 70:2, Psa 143:7

TSK: Psa 71:13 - Let them be // covered Let them be : etc. ""They shall be confounded,""etc.caps1 . tcaps0 hese are prophetic denunciations. Psa 71:24, Psa 6:10, Psa 35:4, Psa 35:26, Psa 40...

Let them be : etc. ""They shall be confounded,""etc.caps1 . tcaps0 hese are prophetic denunciations. Psa 71:24, Psa 6:10, Psa 35:4, Psa 35:26, Psa 40:14, Psa 40:15; Isa 41:11; Jer 20:11

covered : Psa 109:29, Psa 132:18; 1Pe 5:5

TSK: Psa 71:14 - But // praise But : Psa 43:5; Job 13:15; Lam 3:21, Lam 3:26; Heb 10:35; 1Pe 1:13; 1Jo 3:3 praise : Psa 71:6; Phi 1:9; 1Th 4:10; 2Pe 3:18

TSK: Psa 71:15 - My mouth // all the day // I know My mouth : Psa 71:8, Psa 71:24, Psa 22:22-25, Psa 30:12, Psa 40:9, Psa 40:10, Psa 145:2, Psa 145:5-14 all the day : Psa 35:28, Psa 89:16 I know : Psa ...

TSK: Psa 71:16 - I will go // I will make // thy righteousness I will go : Psa 29:11; Deu 33:25; Isa 40:31, Isa 45:24, Isa 45:25; Zec 10:12; Eph 3:16, Eph 6:10; Phi 4:13; 2Ti 2:1 I will make : Isa 26:13, Isa 63:7 ...

TSK: Psa 71:17 - thou hast // hitherto thou hast : Psa 71:5, Psa 119:9, Psa 119:102 hitherto : Psa 66:16; 1Sa 17:36, 1Sa 17:37; 2Sa 4:9, 22:1-51; 1Chr. 16:4-36

thou hast : Psa 71:5, Psa 119:9, Psa 119:102

hitherto : Psa 66:16; 1Sa 17:36, 1Sa 17:37; 2Sa 4:9, 22:1-51; 1Chr. 16:4-36

TSK: Psa 71:18 - Now // when I am old and greyheaded // until I // strength Now : Psa 71:9; Gen 27:1; 1Sa 4:15, 1Sa 4:18; Isa 46:4 when I am old and greyheaded : Heb. until old age and grey hairs until I : Psa 78:4, Psa 78:6, ...

Now : Psa 71:9; Gen 27:1; 1Sa 4:15, 1Sa 4:18; Isa 46:4

when I am old and greyheaded : Heb. until old age and grey hairs

until I : Psa 78:4, Psa 78:6, Psa 145:4, Psa 145:5; Exo 13:8, Exo 13:14-17; 1Chr. 29:10-30; Act 13:36

strength : Heb. arm, Isa 51:9, Isa 53:1

TSK: Psa 71:19 - Thy righteousness // who hast // who is like Thy righteousness : Psa 36:5, Psa 36:6, Psa 57:10, Psa 139:6; Pro 15:24, Pro 24:7; Isa 5:16, Isa 55:9 who hast : Psa 72:18, Psa 126:2, Psa 126:3; Job ...

Thy righteousness : Psa 36:5, Psa 36:6, Psa 57:10, Psa 139:6; Pro 15:24, Pro 24:7; Isa 5:16, Isa 55:9

who hast : Psa 72:18, Psa 126:2, Psa 126:3; Job 5:9

who is like : God is alone - who can resemble Him? He is that eternal, illimitable, unimpartible, unchangeable, incomprehensible, uncompounded, ineffable Being, whose essence is hidden from all created intelligences, and whose counsels cannot be fathomed by any creature. Psa 35:10, Psa 86:8, Psa 89:6-8; Exo 15:11; Isa 40:18, Isa 40:25; Jer 10:7

TSK: Psa 71:20 - which // quicken // shalt bring which : Psa 40:1-3, Psa 60:3, Psa 66:10-12, Psa 88:6-18, Psa 138:7; 2Sa 12:11; Mar 14:33, Mar 14:34; Mar 15:34; 2Co 11:23-31; Rev 7:14 quicken : Psa 8...

TSK: Psa 71:21 - increase // comfort increase : Psa 72:11; 2Sa 3:1; Isa 9:7, Isa 49:6; Rev 11:15 comfort : Psa 32:10; 2Co 1:4, 2Co 1:5, 2Co 2:14, 2Co 7:6, 2Co 7:13; 1Th 3:9

TSK: Psa 71:22 - psaltery // even // O thou psaltery : Heb. instrument of psaltery, Psa 92:1-3, Psa 150:3-5; Hab 3:18, Hab 3:19 even : Psa 25:10, Psa 56:4, Psa 89:1, Psa 98:3, Psa 138:2; Mic 7:2...

TSK: Psa 71:23 - My lips // my soul My lips : Psa 63:5, Psa 104:33; Luk 1:46, Luk 1:47 my soul : Psa 103:4; Gen 48:16; 2Sa 4:9; Rev 5:9

TSK: Psa 71:24 - My tongue // for they My tongue : Psa 71:8, Psa 71:15, Psa 37:30; Deu 11:19; Pro 10:20, Pro 10:21; Mat 12:35; Eph 4:29 for they : Psa 71:13, Psa 18:37-43, Psa 92:11; 1Co 15...

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: Psa 71:3 - Commandment Commandment by which he understands God’ s purpose and promise, and his providence watching to execute them; all which are as certain and powerf...

Commandment by which he understands God’ s purpose and promise, and his providence watching to execute them; all which are as certain and powerful as a command.

Poole: Psa 71:6 - From the womb // My mother’ s bowels From the womb i.e. from the time when I came out of the womb. My mother’ s bowels i.e. out of her womb; which he justly mentions as a great an...

From the womb i.e. from the time when I came out of the womb.

My mother’ s bowels i.e. out of her womb; which he justly mentions as a great and wonderful, though a common and neglected, work of God’ s power and goodness.

Poole: Psa 71:7 - A wonder // But thou art my strong refuge A wonder or prodigy ; either, 1. Of mercy, for the wonderful protections and deliverances which God hath given me. Or rather, 2. Of judgment, for ...

A wonder or prodigy ; either,

1. Of mercy, for the wonderful protections and deliverances which God hath given me. Or rather,

2. Of judgment, for my many and sore calamities, as appears from the next words. They wondered both at the calamities themselves which befell me; which were great, and various, and strange; and that they should befall me, one who have made it the chief care and business of my life to please, and serve, and glorify God; and one whom God hath owned in so eminent a degree, and crowned with such a constant succession of blessings and deliverances from time to time. That such a man should be forsaken by so gracious a God; and persecuted even to death by his own son, whom he had so tenderly loved; and deserted by the body of his own people, who had generally expressed so great an opinion of him and affection to him, and had so many obligations to him, and such singular benefits by his wise, and just, and pious government; this was indeed cause of wonder.

But thou art my strong refuge but although men desert me, and look askew at me, God is a sure refuge to me.

Poole: Psa 71:8 - -- Give me occasion to multiply my praises to thee, for delivering me out of my present distress.

Give me occasion to multiply my praises to thee, for delivering me out of my present distress.

Poole: Psa 71:9 - -- When I am most feeble, and most need thy help, and one who is grown old in thy service.

When I am most feeble, and most need thy help, and one who is grown old in thy service.

Poole: Psa 71:10 - Lay wait for my soul Lay wait for my soul or watch it , that they may find occasion to destroy it, and that it may not escape their hands.

Lay wait for my soul or watch it , that they may find occasion to destroy it, and that it may not escape their hands.

Poole: Psa 71:11 - God hath forsaken him God hath forsaken him for his adultery, and murder, and other wickednesses, and therefore we shall certainly prevail against him.

God hath forsaken him for his adultery, and murder, and other wickednesses, and therefore we shall certainly prevail against him.

Poole: Psa 71:14 - -- For which I know thou wilt yet give me abundant occasion.

For which I know thou wilt yet give me abundant occasion.

Poole: Psa 71:15 - -- i.e. Of thy salvations and mercies vouchsafed to me, which being innumerable, oblige me the more to celebrate thy praises.

i.e. Of thy salvations and mercies vouchsafed to me, which being innumerable, oblige me the more to celebrate thy praises.

Poole: Psa 71:16 - Make mention // Of thy righteousness I will not sit down in despair, but I will go on or proceed in my business courageously and cheerfully, in making necessary provisions for my own ...

I will not sit down in despair, but I will go on or proceed in my business courageously and cheerfully, in making necessary provisions for my own defence; relying only upon thy strength, and not upon my own military preparations.

Make mention partly to praise and celebrate it, and partly to support and comfort myself with the remembrance of it.

Of thy righteousness either,

1. Of thy mercy and goodness. Or rather,

2. Of thy faithfulness in making good all thy promises to me, as this word is commonly used in this book. Of thine only ; not of my subjects’ and friends’ , who are false and perfidious to thee and to me; nor of my own; for I have been most unfaithful to thee, and have broken my covenant with thee.

Poole: Psa 71:17 - Taught me Taught me partly by thy word and Spirit, convincing and assuring me; and partly by my own experience of thy righteousness last mentioned, the wondr...

Taught me partly by thy word and Spirit, convincing and assuring me; and partly by my own experience of thy righteousness last mentioned, the wondrous effects whereof I have received and declared from time to time, as it here follows.

Poole: Psa 71:18 - Thy strength // To every one that is to come Thy strength either, 1. This further act or instance of thy strength. Or rather, 2. Thy great power, which will more eminently appear in this than ...

Thy strength either,

1. This further act or instance of thy strength. Or rather,

2. Thy great power, which will more eminently appear in this than it hath done in former deliverances, as my danger is now greater, because this is a civil war, and the generality of mine own people are engaged against me, and my forces are very inconsiderable to theirs, and without thy help my case is desperate.

To every one that is to come i.e. to all succeeding generations, to whom I will leave a lasting monument of this glorious example of all-sufficiency, such as this Psalm is.

Poole: Psa 71:19 - Very high Very high i.e. most eminent and evident, as high things are.

Very high i.e. most eminent and evident, as high things are.

Poole: Psa 71:20 - -- i.e. From the grave; for I was like one dead and buried, and past all hope of deliverance, without thy almighty assistance.

i.e. From the grave; for I was like one dead and buried, and past all hope of deliverance, without thy almighty assistance.

Poole: Psa 71:21 - -- I am assured that thou wilt not only restore to me that royal majesty which my son hath invaded, but also increase my honour and power.

I am assured that thou wilt not only restore to me that royal majesty which my son hath invaded, but also increase my honour and power.

Haydock: Psa 71:1 - -- A prophecy of the coming of Christ, and of his kingdom: prefigured by Solomon and his happy reign.

A prophecy of the coming of Christ, and of his kingdom: prefigured by Solomon and his happy reign.

Haydock: Psa 71:1 - Psalm Psalm. Some copies add, "of David." But the Hebrew has only Lishlomo, "to Solomon;" (St. Jerome; Haydock) or, composed by Solomon. The former se...

Psalm. Some copies add, "of David." But the Hebrew has only Lishlomo, "to Solomon;" (St. Jerome; Haydock) or, composed by Solomon. The former sense is more generally adopted, (Berthier) though the Chaldean and Eusebius look upon the latter as most plausible. David, however, seems to have written this last most beautiful piece, when he placed his son upon the throne; (3 Kings i. 47.) and being transported with a divine enthusiasm, he described the reign of the Messias, (Calmet) to whom alone many of the passages can be applied, (St. Augustine; Worthington) as the Jews, Chaldean, Kimchi, &c., confess, though they will not allow Jesus to be the Christ, ver. 5, 11, 17. (Calmet)

Haydock: Psa 71:2 - Son // Judgment Son. Solomon, (Berthier) or Cyrus, (Pr. disc.) or the Messias. Most blessed Trinity, enable the Son of man, or of David, to judge the world. (Wo...

Son. Solomon, (Berthier) or Cyrus, (Pr. disc.) or the Messias. Most blessed Trinity, enable the Son of man, or of David, to judge the world. (Worthington) (Isaias x. 3., and John v. 22.) ---

Judgment. Equity is the duty of governors, as obedience is that of subjects. Solomon acts with the greatest sagacity, 1 Paralipomenon xxii. 10., and xxix. 23., and 2 Paralipomenon i. 10. The psalmist inculcates the obligation of defending the rights of the poor, who are under God's protection. To him even judges and monarchs must give an account, Deuteronomy i. 17., and 2 Paralipomenon xix. 6.

Haydock: Psa 71:3 - Justice Justice. These blessings shall be so common; (Psalm xxxv. 6., and Joel iii. 18.) or, let princes pursue the paths of justice and peace, Micheas vi. ...

Justice. These blessings shall be so common; (Psalm xxxv. 6., and Joel iii. 18.) or, let princes pursue the paths of justice and peace, Micheas vi. 1. Solomon was to enjoy a perpetual peace, (1 Paralipomenon xxii. 9.) as he was a figure of Jesus Christ, who has procured a more solid one for us, Ephesians ii. 14., John xiv. 27., and Isaias lii. 7. (Calmet) ---

Hebrew has "by righteousness," as this is the source of true peace, Romans xiv. 17. These virtues are publicly enforced in the Church, as from a mountain, Isaias ii. 2. (Berthier) ---

Christ, the rock, (Haydock) and his ministers, the hills, preach reconciliation. (Worthington)

Haydock: Psa 71:4 - Oppressor Oppressor. Literally, "calumniator." Christ has chained down the devil, the accuser of our brethren, Apocalypse xii. 10., and xx. 2. (Menochius) -...

Oppressor. Literally, "calumniator." Christ has chained down the devil, the accuser of our brethren, Apocalypse xii. 10., and xx. 2. (Menochius) ---

He hath taken away his spoils, (John viii. 44.) and undertaken the defence of the humble, Isaias xi. 4. Solomon was also the reverse of those wicked princes, who received bribes, and neglect the poor, Isaias i. 23. (Calmet)

Haydock: Psa 71:5 - Before Before. Or, in the presence of the moon, as the Hebrew indicates, (Berthier) though St. Jerome translates, ultra, "beyond, or after." (Haydock) -...

Before. Or, in the presence of the moon, as the Hebrew indicates, (Berthier) though St. Jerome translates, ultra, "beyond, or after." (Haydock) ---

Yea, Christ existed before all the creation, (Psalm cix. 3.; Calmet) and these comparisons do not insinuate that he will ever cease to be. (Theodoret) ---

The kingdom of David and Solomon is described in the same poetic language, (Psalm lxxxviii. 28., and 37.; Calmet) as it will remain for ever in the hands of the Messias. (Haydock) ---

Hebrew makes a sudden address to the king, "they shall fear thee with the sun," which Houbigant dislikes. Some letters may have been changed, though the sense is not bad. (Berthier) ---

"They shall fear thee at the rising of the sun, and shall pray to they by the light of the moon," Chaldean, both day and night. (Calmet) ---

Solomon, as a figure of Christ, was good for some time; but no king, except our Saviour, will reign for ever. (Worthington) ---

The mind of the prophet is now raised to behold him. (Menochius)

Haydock: Psa 71:6 - Fleece Fleece. Or, "new cut grass," as the original term also signifies. Yet the explanation given by the Vulgate seems preferable, (Berthier) as an allus...

Fleece. Or, "new cut grass," as the original term also signifies. Yet the explanation given by the Vulgate seems preferable, (Berthier) as an allusion is made to what happened to Gideon, (Judges vi. 37.; Houbigant) prefiguring the miraculous conception of our Saviour. He shall call both the strayed sheep of the house of Israel, and the inhabitants of all the earth: as Solomon gave the greatest satisfaction to his people, during the early part of his reign, (Haydock) and spoke with the utmost eloquence, 3 Kings iv. 34. (Calmet) ---

Some supply His justice, (ver. 7.) or rather, "his word" shall come, Deuteronomy xxii. 2. (Calmet) ---

The incarnation was effected sweetly, and in silence. (Worthington)

Haydock: Psa 71:7 - Justice // Away Justice. Hebrew, "the just," who appear most under a good king, being animated by his example. (Haydock) --- Away. Chaldean, "till those who ado...

Justice. Hebrew, "the just," who appear most under a good king, being animated by his example. (Haydock) ---

Away. Chaldean, "till those who adore the moon be exterminated." This idolatry pervaded almost all the east. Solomon's reign was very peaceable, 3 Kings iv. 25. But this was only a feeble representation of the peace which Christ should bring. At his birth, the whole world was at peace. Angels proclaimed it to all the earth, Luke ii. 14., and Isaias ii. 4. (Calmet) ---

It is certain, that the internal peace of Solomon's reign did not continue to the end, (Haydock) much less till the moon should be taken away. (Berthier)

Haydock: Psa 71:8 - To sea // The earth To sea. Solomon ruled from the Mediterranean, Red, and Indian Seas, to the Persian Gulf, and the Euphrates, having al Arabia tributary to him, (Hayd...

To sea. Solomon ruled from the Mediterranean, Red, and Indian Seas, to the Persian Gulf, and the Euphrates, having al Arabia tributary to him, (Haydock) and the countries as far as Syria; so that he enjoyed all that had been promised by God, Genesis xv. 18., Numbers xxxiv. 3., and 2 Paralipomenon ix. 26., and 3 Kings iv. 24. ---

The earth, denotes this kingdom. (St. Jerome in Isaias xiii. 4.) But if we explain it of Christ, his Church has no limits. In spite of the corruption of the world, she still asserts her title of Catholic. (Calmet) ---

She is universal, both as to time and place, and always visible, ver. 15. (Worthington) ---

Her divine head began to propagate this kingdom, after he had been baptized in the river Jordan, (Berthier) as the Fathers agree. This unlimited dominion was promised, (Psalm ii. 7.; Calmet) and the prophet Zachary, (Zacharias ix.) seems to quote this passage, when speaking of the Messias alone; so that it is best to understand it in this sense, as the Septuagint have done, by Greek: oikoumenes. (Berthier) (Isaias ix. 6.)

Haydock: Psa 71:9 - Ethiopians // Ground Ethiopians. So St. Jerome, Aquila, &c., translate Tsiim, (Haydock) which denotes any nations living at a distance from commerce, (Berthier) or isl...

Ethiopians. So St. Jerome, Aquila, &c., translate Tsiim, (Haydock) which denotes any nations living at a distance from commerce, (Berthier) or islanders, and those who are accustomed to sail, Isaias xiii. 21. People on the continent, as well as those in islands, and ships, shall submit to Solomon, 3 Kings x. 11.) as all shall yield to Christ, (Calmet) at least at the day of judgment. ---

Ground. Prostrating to adore him, Isaias xlix. 23. (Berthier) ---

Thus the Persians approach their kings, (Val. Max. vii. 3.) as the Muscovites and Chinese do still. (Calmet) ---

The eunuch of the queen of Ethiopia was the first convert of those who did not live in the holy land, Acts viii. 27. (Menochius)

Haydock: Psa 71:10 - Tharsis // Saba // Gifts Tharsis. Bordering on "the sea," (Berthier) or in Cilicia, though we find not that Solomon ever claimed any authority there, or that the Mediterrane...

Tharsis. Bordering on "the sea," (Berthier) or in Cilicia, though we find not that Solomon ever claimed any authority there, or that the Mediterranean was under his control. He sent his fleet indeed to Tharsis; (3 Kings x. 22.) but Arabia and Saba brought presents, or tribute to him. Under the name of islands, the Hebrews comprise all places, to which they had to go by water, as Asia Minor, &c., Isaias lxvi. 19. (Calmet) ---

The three kings were the first who verified this prediction concerning our Saviour; [Matthew ii.] and afterwards Constantine and other potentates embraced his religion. Among the islands, Britain, which is the greatest in Europe, was partly converted in the days of the apostles, (Theodoret in Timothy, &c.) and more under Eleutherius; though the English nation received the faith from St. Augustine of Canterbury and others, sent by Pope Gregory the Great, A.D. 596. (Worthington) ---

Saba. Hebrew Seba. The preceding Arabia is sheba, (Haydock) and refers to some of those who people that country. ---

Gifts, or tribute, 1 Paralipomenon xviii. (Calmet) ---

If the former term, presents, (Hebrew mincha, "a sacrifice of flour," &c.; Haydock) be taken in the strict sense, the text cannot be applicable to any but the true God, the Messias. (Berthier) ---

The wise men, who came from this country, adored and offered presents to Christ, Matthew ii. (Menochius)

Haydock: Psa 71:11 - Earth Earth, is omitted in Hebrew, Roman Septuagint, &c., so that this cannot regard Solomon, (Berthier) though he was reverenced by all the neighbouring k...

Earth, is omitted in Hebrew, Roman Septuagint, &c., so that this cannot regard Solomon, (Berthier) though he was reverenced by all the neighbouring kings, 3 Kings x. 23. Christ alone is the universal king, (Apocalypse xix. 16., and Philippians ii. 10.; Calmet) to whom every knee shall bend, at least when all shall appear in judgment. Many kings shall submit before. (Berthier)

Haydock: Psa 71:14 - Usuries // Name Usuries. Hebrew toc, (Haydock) means "fraud and usury." Eternal torment is the usury which God exacts for murder, &c., (St. Augustine) or a trans...

Usuries. Hebrew toc, (Haydock) means "fraud and usury." Eternal torment is the usury which God exacts for murder, &c., (St. Augustine) or a transient pleasure. (Haydock) ---

From this Christ has redeemed us, (Berthier) as well as from iniquity. (St. Augustine) ---

Original sin is the capital, for which the devil claims usury. (Bellarmine) ---

Name. Hebrew, "blood." Septuagint properly wrote Greek: aima, which has been changed for Greek: onoma. The sense is not very different, as those who respect a person's name, are careful to defend him from death. (Berthier) ---

Hebrew, "their blood is precious," Psalm cxv. 15., and 1 Kings xxvi. 21. Solomon repressed all injustice, so that usury was banished, and the poor was so much enriched, as not to be forced to borrow. (Calmet) ---

Yet, after his fall, he laid heavy burdens on his people. (Haydock) ---

How much has the name and blood of Christians cost! Yet we fear not to scandalize those (Berthier) for whom Christ died! The most beautiful qualification of all in power is, to protect the poor, and to promote the work of God, for which he lends them his authority. (Haydock)

Haydock: Psa 71:15 - Arabia // For him // He shall live // They shall adore Arabia. Hebrew sheba, ver. 10. (Haydock) --- This was accomplished by the wise men. [Matthew ii.] (Eusebius) --- For him, ( de ipso. ) They ...

Arabia. Hebrew sheba, ver. 10. (Haydock) ---

This was accomplished by the wise men. [Matthew ii.] (Eusebius) ---

For him, ( de ipso. ) They shall adopt the form of prayer which he has taught, (St. Augustine) or they shall adore him on his own account. (Berthier) ---

Through him we have access in one spirit to the Father, Ephesians ii. 18., and Romans v. 1. People might pay a civil respect also to Solomon. ---

He shall live. The prolongation of the ruler's life is sometimes (Haydock) a blessing, Proverbs xxviii. 2. The poor shall live, and pay the taxes cheerfully, praying for his prince, &c. (Calmet) ---

They shall adore God, and offer their vows for him, (Haydock) as subjects would do for Solomon, and the crowds did for Jesus Christ, crying out, Hosanna, &c., Matthew xxi. (Menochius)

Haydock: Psa 71:16 - A firmament on the earth A firmament on the earth, &c. This may be understood of the Church of Christ, ever firm and visible: and of the flourishing condition of its congreg...

A firmament on the earth, &c. This may be understood of the Church of Christ, ever firm and visible: and of the flourishing condition of its congregation. (Challoner) ---

The strength or staff of bread shall not fail, Psalm civ. 16., and Isaias iii. 1. (Calmet) ---

Protestants, "there shall be a handful of corn in the," &c. (Haydock) ---

Thus moderns follow the Rabbins, who greatly exaggerate the abundance which will take place under the Messias, as expecting that wheat will then grow as high as cedars. The country was indeed very luxuriant and populous in the reign of Solomon. But the fathers explain this of the Church, founded on Christ, the rock, and enriched with all virtues, (Calmet) and the most efficacious sacraments, particularly with the holy Eucharist, to which St. Jerome may allude: "there shall be memorable wheat," &c. (Haydock) ---

By these hyperbolical allegories, the abundance enjoyed in the Church was denoted. (Menochius)

Haydock: Psa 71:17 - Continueth // Blessed Continueth. Protestants marginal note, "shall be as a son, to continue his father's name for ever." The Messias is the eternal son of God. Hebrew ...

Continueth. Protestants marginal note, "shall be as a son, to continue his father's name for ever." The Messias is the eternal son of God. Hebrew yinnin, (Keri.) might be rendered (Haydock) filiabitur, (Montanus) if this word were Latin. The ancient Jews considered this as one of the titles of the Messias. Chaldean, "before the sun was, his name was prepared." (Berthier) ---

This is the third time that the glory of Christ is pronounced eternal, ver. 5., and 7. (Haydock) ---

He is for ever blessed: but we cannot think of Solomon, without remembering his almost incredible fall. (Calmet) ---

Blessed. This was spoken only of the Messias, (Berthier) who is the cause of salvation to all the elect. None are saved who do not continue in Him, (Menochius) by faith and good works.

Haydock: Psa 71:18 - The God // Alone The God. Hebrew repeats this word, (Haydock) as the Septuagint of St. Jerome did. (Ep. ad Sun.) (Calmet) --- Alone. Miracles can be wrought onl...

The God. Hebrew repeats this word, (Haydock) as the Septuagint of St. Jerome did. (Ep. ad Sun.) (Calmet) ---

Alone. Miracles can be wrought only by God's power. (Worthington)

Haydock: Psa 71:19 - So be it So be it. Hebrew, "And amen." See Psalm xl. (Haydock) --- This glory of God was David's most ardent wish. (Worthington) --- It is suspected tha...

So be it. Hebrew, "And amen." See Psalm xl. (Haydock) ---

This glory of God was David's most ardent wish. (Worthington) ---

It is suspected that the collector of the psalms added these two verses, (Muis) as all the books end alike. (Calmet)

Haydock: Psa 71:20 - Are ended Are ended. By this it appears that this psalm, though placed here, was in order of time the last of those which David composed, (Challoner) as he di...

Are ended. By this it appears that this psalm, though placed here, was in order of time the last of those which David composed, (Challoner) as he died soon after. (Menochius) ---

The subject which he has here treated, (Haydock) concentrated all his thoughts and desires. (Eusebius) ---

"The prayers of David, son of Jesse, have been summed up." (Theodotion and V Edition.) (Haydock) ---

It is probable that the collections of the psalms were made at different times; (Berthier) and though many were found after this second book was completed, it was not judged expedient to make any alteration. The Syriac and Arabic pass over this sentence entirely, (Calmet) which might be added by Esdras. (Worthington) ---

The following psalms have the name of Asaph, &c., in the titles. (Flaminius) ---

Yet it is certain that David composed some at least, which are place after this. See Psalm cix., &c. (Haydock) ---

The true David ceaseth not to sing new canticles in his Church. (St. Augustine) (Worthington)

Gill: Psa 71:1 - In thee, O Lord, do I put my trust // let me never be put to confusion In thee, O Lord, do I put my trust,.... The Targum is, "in thy Word;'' See Gill on Psa 31:1; let me never be put to confusion; or "be ashamed...

In thee, O Lord, do I put my trust,.... The Targum is,

"in thy Word;''

See Gill on Psa 31:1;

let me never be put to confusion; or "be ashamed"; see the note as before.

Gill: Psa 71:2 - Deliver me in thy righteousness // and cause me to escape // incline thine ear unto me // and save me Deliver me in thy righteousness,.... By it, or "for the sake of it" q; See Gill on Psa 31:1; and cause me to escape; present danger, and out of th...

Deliver me in thy righteousness,.... By it, or "for the sake of it" q; See Gill on Psa 31:1;

and cause me to escape; present danger, and out of the hands of enemies, as well as wrath to come, and eternal death; which nothing but the righteousness of God can deliver from, or cause to escape;

incline thine ear unto me; or "bow it"; See Gill on Psa 31:2;

and save me; out of all troubles and afflictions, and from wicked and unreasonable men.

Gill: Psa 71:3 - Be thou my strong habitation // whereunto I may continually resort // thou hast given commandment to save me // for thou art my rock and my fortress Be thou my strong habitation,.... This is very appropiately said, when David was driven out of his dwelling place, and palace at Jerusalem, by his son...

Be thou my strong habitation,.... This is very appropiately said, when David was driven out of his dwelling place, and palace at Jerusalem, by his son, as Kimchi observes. When God's people have no certain dwelling place, which is sometimes their case, they always find one in the Lord; particularly in his heart's love; for he that dwelleth in love dwelleth in God, 1Jo 4:16; and a strong habitation he is: wherefore he is called a strong rock, a strong hold, a strong tower; he is as a wall of fire around his people, a munition of rocks; his salvation is as walls and bulwarks, and his power as a garrison in which they are kept. The psalmist adds,

whereunto I may continually resort; or "may go into daily" r, in times of danger and distress, for safety; the name of the Lord being a strong tower, whither the righteous run, and are safe, Pro 18:10; and his perfections, his power, faithfulness, lovingkindness, and unchangeableness, being as so many secret chambers, where they may enter into, and hide themselves, till calamities are over, Psa 57:1; and every day indeed for food, for comfort, for refreshment and pleasure, through communion with him; and God in Christ is always to be come at: Christ is the way of access and acceptance; and through his blood, sacrifice, and righteousness, the believer has boldness to enter into the holiest of all, and go up to the seat of God, the throne of his grace; and even to enter into him himself, who has been the dwelling place of his people in all generations, Psa 90:1;

thou hast given commandment to save me; either to the ministering angels, as Aben Ezra and Kimchi interpret it, comparing it with Psa 91:11; or rather to his Son, in the council and covenant of grace and peace; when he enjoined him the salvation of his people, which he readily agreed to, and with which David was acquainted, Psa 40:7; of this command our Lord speaks, Joh 10:18; and to which he was obedient, Phi 2:8; it may respect David's salvation from present trouble, and his assurance of it, believing that the Lord had determined it, and by his mighty power would effect it; see Psa 44:4;

for thou art my rock and my fortress; see Psa 18:2.

Gill: Psa 71:4 - Deliver me, O my God, out of the hand of the wicked // out of the hand of the unrighteous and cruel man Deliver me, O my God, out of the hand of the wicked,.... Meaning Absalom his son, as Arama, who had risen up in rebellion against him; and he may not ...

Deliver me, O my God, out of the hand of the wicked,.... Meaning Absalom his son, as Arama, who had risen up in rebellion against him; and he may not only intend him, but all those wicked men that had joined with him: it was David's mercy he had a covenant God to go to, and could claim his interest in him, who had power to deliver him, and from whom he might expect it;

out of the hand of the unrighteous and cruel man; or "leavened" s; a sour ill natured man; one leavened with malice and wickedness: perhaps Ahithophel is intended. It may be applied to any wicked, lawless, and tyrannical persecutor of God's people; and particularly to the lawless and wicked one, the man of sin, the son of perdition, antichrist, 2Th 2:4.

Gill: Psa 71:5 - For thou art my hope, O Lord God // thou art my trust from my youth For thou art my hope, O Lord God,.... The object, ground, and foundation of it, even of present deliverance, and of future and eternal salvation; ...

For thou art my hope, O Lord God,.... The object, ground, and foundation of it, even of present deliverance, and of future and eternal salvation;

thou art my trust from my youth; in whom he trusted in his youthful days, of which there is an eminent instance in 1Sa 17:33.

Gill: Psa 71:6 - By thee have I been holden up from the womb // thou art he that took me out of my mother's bowels // my praise shall be continually of thee By thee have I been holden up from the womb,.... Supported in being, upheld in life, and sustained with food and raiment, and followed with the mercie...

By thee have I been holden up from the womb,.... Supported in being, upheld in life, and sustained with food and raiment, and followed with the mercies and blessings of life from thence to this present moment; which the psalmist takes notice of, as he does of what goes before and follows after, to encourage his faith and hope in God as to present deliverance;

thou art he that took me out of my mother's bowels; See Gill on Psa 22:9; the Syriac version is, "thou art my hope from my mother's bowels"; the Arabic version, "thou art my helper"; and the Septuagint and Vulgate Latin versions, "thou art my protector"; the word is only used here, and in Psa 90:10; and is there rendered "cut off"; the Lord was, as it were, his "cutter off" t; that cut the navel string, and loosed him from his mother, and safely brought him into the world, and preserved him ever since: wherefore he adds,

my praise shall be continually of thee; as the God of nature and providence; and also as the God of grace, who had blessed him both with temporal and spiritual blessings; and these being continued with him, he determines that God should be the subject of his praise always. The Targum is,

"in thy Word my praise is continually.''

Gill: Psa 71:7 - I am as a wonder unto many // but thou art my strong refuge I am as a wonder unto many,.... To the multitude, to the populace, or "to the great" u and mighty; and indeed to both: which respects not his wonderfu...

I am as a wonder unto many,.... To the multitude, to the populace, or "to the great" u and mighty; and indeed to both: which respects not his wonderful preservation from the womb, he had before observed; nor his being in a wonderful manner raised to the throne of Israel; nor the wonderful things and amazing exploits done by him, and victories he obtained; nor the wonderful instances of divine grace and goodness to him; but rather the forlorn and distressed state and condition he was now in, being obliged to quit his palace, and flee from the face of his son, accompanied only with a few of his servants; and so was a shocking sight, a spectacle, as the apostle says of himself, to others, to the world, to angels, and to men, 1Co 4:9; so the Messiah and his children are said to be set for signs and wonders, Isa 8:18; and Joshua and his fellows to be men wondered at, Zec 3:8; as the saints are by themselves, that they should partake of such favours; and by the angels, that they should be the objects of electing, redeeming, calling, adopting, justifying, and pardoning grace; and by the world, that they should choose to suffer affliction and reproach for Christ, bear it with so much patience, and be supported, and thrive under it; see 2Co 6:8;

but thou art my strong refuge; or "my refuge of strength" w; his refuge and strength, as in Psa 46:1; his refuge, to which he betook himself, when refuge failed him, and no man cared for him, and which he found to be a strong one, and in it safety.

Gill: Psa 71:8 - Let my mouth be filled with thy praise // and with thy honour all the day Let my mouth be filled with thy praise,.... Or "thy praise shall fill my mouth" x; which shows that his heart was affected with the goodness of God t...

Let my mouth be filled with thy praise,.... Or "thy praise shall fill my mouth" x; which shows that his heart was affected with the goodness of God to him, and that he had a deep impression and sense of it upon him; for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks; and for the mouth to be filled with the praise of God, is to speak largely, publicly, and with great delight, in the praise of God, his divine perfections and benefits;

and with thy honour all the day; the excellency of his nature, the glory of his majesty, the honour due unto him, on account of his being, attributes, and blessings of providence and grace; a work to be employed in all the day, evening, morning, and at noon; as often as prayer is made to God, praise, honour, and glory, should be given him; since his mercies are new every morning, and they continue all the day long; his goodness endures for ever.

Gill: Psa 71:9 - Cast me not off in the time of old age // forsake me not when my strength faileth Cast me not off in the time of old age,.... The Lord never casts off nor casts away his people, whom he foreknew; they are near unto him; they are on ...

Cast me not off in the time of old age,.... The Lord never casts off nor casts away his people, whom he foreknew; they are near unto him; they are on his heart, and are engraven on the palms of his hands; and they shall never be removed from his heart's love, nor out of his arms, nor out of his covenant, and shall always be the objects of his care: he bears and carries them to old age, and even to hoary hairs: the Lord had been the guide of David's youth, and his trust then, Psa 71:5; and now he desires he would be the staff of his old age; at which age he was when Absalom rebelled against him;

forsake me not when my strength faileth: as it does when old age comes on; then the keepers of the house tremble, and the strong men bow themselves, and especially at death, when flesh and heart fail; but God will never forsake his people, neither in youth nor in old age, neither in life nor at death.

Gill: Psa 71:10 - For mine enemies speak against, me // and they that lay wait for my soul // take counsel together For mine enemies speak against, me,.... Or "say unto me" y what is expressed in the following verse, "God hath forsaken him"; and so these words are a...

For mine enemies speak against, me,.... Or "say unto me" y what is expressed in the following verse, "God hath forsaken him"; and so these words are a reason of the above petitions: or "mine enemies speak to me"; or "of me" z; not good, but evil, and so the Targum paraphrases it,

"for mine enemies speak evil against me;''

or concerning me. David had his enemies, and many, as Ahithophel, and others, who spake against him to the people, and thereby drew many with them into rebellion against him; and particularly Shimei spoke against him, and cursed him, calling him a bloody man, a man of Belial, 2Sa 16:7;

and they that lay wait for my soul; or "life"; that laid snares for him; or lay in ambush, and sought for an opportunity to take away his life: or "they that keep my soul", or "life" a; that were his bodyguards that were about his person for the preservation of him; and so the Targum seems to understand it;

take counsel together; lay schemes and form plots how to destroy him, as Ahithophel did, 2Sa 16:20.

Gill: Psa 71:11 - Saying, God hath forsaken him // persecute and take him // for there is none to deliver him Saying, God hath forsaken him,.... Good men may seem to others to be forsaken of God; and they themselves may sometimes think they are; and they may b...

Saying, God hath forsaken him,.... Good men may seem to others to be forsaken of God; and they themselves may sometimes think they are; and they may be forsaken for a small moment, when God withdraws his gracious presence, or does not afford immediate help; but never finally and totally. This David's enemies concluded, from the distressed condition he was in, being obliged to leave his family and court, and flee from his son, and wander up and down with a small retinue; and this they said to one another, to encourage themselves to lay violent hands upon him, which they thought they might do with ease and impunity; wherefore it follows,

persecute and take him; pursue after him eagerly and diligently; lose no time; and, when come up to him, seize upon him, without any fear of God or man;

for there is none to deliver him; out of our hands. God will not, for he has forsaken him; and men cannot, for he has not an army sufficient to defend him or recover him.

Gill: Psa 71:12 - O God, be not far from me // O my God, make haste for my help O God, be not far from me,.... God is everywhere, at hand and afar off, with regard to his being, power, and providence; his glorious presence is in h...

O God, be not far from me,.... God is everywhere, at hand and afar off, with regard to his being, power, and providence; his glorious presence is in heaven, his gracious presence is with his people; but, when he hides his face, he seems to be at a distance; and this they cannot bear, and therefore deprecate it; see Psa 10:1;

O my God, make haste for my help; he knew that his help was in God, and that there was none for him elsewhere; and that he could help him when none else could, and was a present help in time of trouble; and it being such a time with him, and his case desperate, he desires the Lord that he would make haste; and he addresses him as his own God, the consideration of which encouraged his faith and hope in him, and carried in it an argument to help him; see Psa 119:94.

Gill: Psa 71:13 - Let them be confounded // and consumed // that are adversaries to my soul // let them be covered with reproach and dishonour // that seek my hurt Let them be confounded,.... See Psa 70:2; and consumed; like smoke; see Psa 37:20; as antichrist will be with the breath of Christ's mouth, and th...

Let them be confounded,.... See Psa 70:2;

and consumed; like smoke; see Psa 37:20; as antichrist will be with the breath of Christ's mouth, and the brightness of his coming, 2Th 2:8;

that are adversaries to my soul; that hated him with a diabolical hatred, as the devil hates the souls of men, and who has his name "Satan" from the word here used; all wicked men are Satans, full of enmity against God, and all good men; and such were David's enemies, spiteful and malicious, and nothing would satisfy them but his life;

let them be covered with reproach and dishonour; as with a garment:

that seek my hurt; see Psa 35:26; as Absalom and his company; so Arama.

Gill: Psa 71:14 - But I will hope continually // and will yet praise thee more and more But I will hope continually,.... For deliverance and salvation from present outward troubles, for; more grace here and glory hereafter: it is the exce...

But I will hope continually,.... For deliverance and salvation from present outward troubles, for; more grace here and glory hereafter: it is the excellency of the grace of hope to be exercised in times of affliction and distress, and with Abraham to believe in hope against hope; and then it is that this grace is eminently and remarkably useful: it is an anchor to the soul when in distress, which keeps it firm and steadfast; and an helmet, which covers the head in the day of battle; in the exercise of which the believer glories in tribulation: it is an abiding grace, and should be continually exercised by those that have it, which is to abound in it; but this must be through the power of the Holy Ghost, Rom 15:13;

and will yet praise thee more and more; or "will add to all thy praise" b; to former praises and thanksgivings, fresh ones, as his mercies were renewed to him, and he was daily loaded with benefits.

Gill: Psa 71:15 - My mouth shall show forth thy righteousness // and thy salvation all the day // for I know not the numbers thereof My mouth shall show forth thy righteousness,.... Both his punitive justice in taking vengeance on his enemies, agreeably to the above imprecations; an...

My mouth shall show forth thy righteousness,.... Both his punitive justice in taking vengeance on his enemies, agreeably to the above imprecations; and his faithfulness in the performance of promises of good things unto him; as also his essential righteousness displayed and glorified in the redemption that is by Christ; and particularly the righteousness of Christ, accepted of God, and imputed by him; which the psalmist with his mouth declared his faith in, expressed his joy at, and set forth in a strong manner the glory and excellency of it, and determined to make mention of it, and of that only, as in Psa 71:16;

and thy salvation all the day; both temporal and eternal; the glory of both, and praise for the same;

for I know not the numbers thereof; of that righteousness and salvation, the numerous blessings which are contained in them; see Psa 40:5; or "though I know not the numbers of them" c; though he could not fully declare the glories and excellencies of the righteousness and salvation of God, and the numerous mercies and rich grace included in them; yet he would attempt to set them forth in the best way he could, though in a feeble and imperfect manner.

Gill: Psa 71:16 - I will go in the strength of the Lord God // I will make mention of thy righteousness, even of thine only I will go in the strength of the Lord God,.... Go on praising him, as he had determined to do in the preceding verses; not in his own strength, knowin...

I will go in the strength of the Lord God,.... Go on praising him, as he had determined to do in the preceding verses; not in his own strength, knowing that his heart was not always disposed aright or prepared and fit for such service; and that though the daily continuance of favours required constant praise, yet he needed always the aids of divine grace to raise his affection and song: or "I will go into the strengths of the Lord God" d; the power of God is expressed in the plural number, to show the greatness of it, which is as a garrison to the believer; see 1Pe 1:5; a strong hold, a strong tower, a strong habitation, as in Psa 71:3; into which he goes by faith, and is there safe, in all times of distress and danger: or the sense is, that he would go into the house of God, the temple and sanctuary, and in his strength perform the duties of public worship there; and it may include all religious actions, private and public, and every, spiritual undertaking; which ought to be attempted and performed, not in our own strength, but in the strength of the Lord: man is become, through sin, a weak and impotent creature; though he is very hard to be brought to a sense and acknowledgment of his weakness; true believers are sensible of it, and own it; and such, knowing that there is a sufficiency of strength in Christ for them, look and go to him for it; to do otherwise, to attempt to do anything in our own strength, betrays our weakness, folly, and vanity, and is dangerous, attended with bad consequences, and never succeeds well: the Apostle Peter is an instance of this, Mat 26:33;

I will make mention of thy righteousness, even of thine only; and that before the Lord himself: not his own righteousness, which he knew would not justify him in his sight, nor render him acceptable to him; nor furnish out a plea or argument why he should receive any favour from him; and therefore resolves not to mention it; but the righteousness of Christ, which is the righteousness of God, which he approves of, accepts, and imputes. This is a pure, perfect, and spotless righteousness, which God is well pleased with; honours his law, satisfies his justice, and so justifies in his sight; and renders person and service acceptable to him; and therefore with great pleasure and boldness, may be mentioned unto as it should be to Christ himself also; by ascribing it to him, as the author of it; by expressing a desire to be found in it; to have faith of interest in it, and joy on account of it; and by owning him openly and freely as the Lord our righteousness: and we should make mention of it to others, in praise of it; extolling it as the righteousness of God, and not a creature; and so sufficient to justify many, even all the seed of Israel; as the best robe of righteousness, better than the best of man's, better than Adam's in innocence, or than the angels' in heaven; as a law honouring and justice satisfying one, and as an everlasting one. And we should put ourselves in mind of it, and, by repeated acts of faith, put it on as our justifying righteousness; since much of our joy, peace, and comfort, depend upon it. And this, and this only, is to be made mention of; it is only in the Lord that there is righteousness: as there is salvation in him, and in no other, so there is righteousness in him, and in no other; wherefore no other is to be mentioned along with it: justification is not partly by Christ's righteousness, and partly by our own; but only by his, and through faith in it; see Rom 9:32.

Gill: Psa 71:17 - O God, thou hast taught me from my youth // and hitherto have I declared thy wondrous works O God, thou hast taught me from my youth,.... The corruption of human nature; the weakness and impotence of it, to everything that is spiritually good...

O God, thou hast taught me from my youth,.... The corruption of human nature; the weakness and impotence of it, to everything that is spiritually good; and the need of continual strength and grace from Christ, to go to him for righteousness and strength, life and salvation, and to walk by faith on him; the doctrine of justification by the righteousness of Christ, and the insufficiency of his own; the will, ways, and worship of God; and all the duties of religion, prayer, praise, &c. and whoever were the instruments, or whatever were the means, of teaching David these things, he ascribes it to God. Whether his parents, or the priests and Levites, taught him the sacrifices and ordinances of the law, it was the Lord that blessed instructions to him; and that taught him by providences and precepts, and by his Holy Spirit. And a wonderful blessing it is to be taught of God, and not of men, things relating both to doctrine and practice; and it is an addition to it to be taught these things early, as David was from his youth; and therefore the Lord was so soon the object of his faith and trust, Psa 71:5; and, as Timothy, from a child, was acquainted with the holy Scriptures, and the things contained in them, which are able to make wise unto salvation, Isa 29:13;

and hitherto have I declared thy wondrous works: not only of nature and providence, but of grace; the treasuring up of all grace, and the blessings of it in Christ; the work of redemption by him; the work of regeneration and conversion by his Spirit; and the perseverance of the saints by his grace and strength; which are all wonderful and amazing. And as the psalmist saw his interest in these things, and had an experience of them, he declared them to others for their encouragement, and to the glory of all the three Persons; see Psa 66:16.

Gill: Psa 71:18 - Now also, when I am old and grayheaded, O God, forsake me not // until I have showed thy strength unto this generation // and thy power // to everyone that is to come Now also, when I am old and grayheaded, O God, forsake me not,.... A repetition of his request, Psa 71:9; with a reason annexed to it, suggested in th...

Now also, when I am old and grayheaded, O God, forsake me not,.... A repetition of his request, Psa 71:9; with a reason annexed to it, suggested in the following words:

until I have showed thy strength unto this generation; or, "thine arm" e; which sometimes the Messiah, Isa 53:1; who is the power of by whom he made the worlds, and in whom all things consist; and who has wrought out the salvation people; and is the arm on which they lean, and they are upheld. And the psalmist may be thought to desire that he might be continued a little longer, and be favoured with the presence of God, and the influences of his Spirit and grace; that he might show forth in prophecy, both by word and writing, to the men of the then present age, more things concerning the person, office, and grace of Christ; his sufferings, death, resurrection from the dead, and session at the right hand of God; things which are spoken of in the book of Psalms. Sometimes the arm of the Lord denotes his power and strength, Psa 44:3; and so it may be taken here; and the next clause seems to be an explanation of it:

and thy power; or " even thy power",

to everyone that is to come; that is, to come into the world, that is to be born into it; namely, the power of God, not only in creating all things out of nothing, and supporting what is made; but in the redemption of men, in the conversion of sinners, and in the preservation of the saints, and in enabling them to hold on and out unto the end: and which is shown forth by the psalmist in what he has committed to writing; and which continue, and will continue, to the end of the world, for the instruction of those that come into it; see Psa 22:31.

Gill: Psa 71:19 - Thy righteousness also, O God, is very high // who hast done great things // O God, who is like unto thee Thy righteousness also, O God, is very high,.... Or, "unto the place on high" f; it reaches unto heaven, as the mercy, truth, and faithfulness of Go...

Thy righteousness also, O God, is very high,.... Or, "unto the place on high" f; it reaches unto heaven, as the mercy, truth, and faithfulness of God, are said to do, Psa 36:5. The righteousness of Christ is accepted of with God the Father in heaven; it is in Christ, who is there at the right hand of God; and it is higher and infinitely above any righteousness of a creature, angel's or man's;

who hast done great things; in nature, in forming the world out of nothing, and in upholding all creatures in their beings; in providence, in governing the world, and ordering all things in it for the best, and to answer the wisest purposes; in grace, in the salvation of lost sinners by Christ; in the justification of them by his righteousness; and in the atonement and pardon of their sins, through his blood and sacrifice; in the regeneration of them by his grace; in making and performing exceeding great and precious promises, and in giving them eternal life;

O God, who is like unto thee? either for greatness or goodness; for power or for mercy; for justice, truth, and faithfulness; for the perfections of his nature, or the works of his hands; and to be praised, reverenced and adored, as he is; see Psa 89:6.

Gill: Psa 71:20 - Thou, which hast showed me great and sore troubles // shalt quicken me again // and shalt bring me up again from the depths of the earth Thou, which hast showed me great and sore troubles,.... Or, "made him to see" g; that is, to experience. David had his troubles, and these were grea...

Thou, which hast showed me great and sore troubles,.... Or, "made him to see" g; that is, to experience. David had his troubles, and these were great, both as to quantity and quality; and very grievous and hard to be borne, and were very trying and afflictive: some outward, such as he endured when persecuted by Saul; and afterwards in his own family, though the incest of Ammon, the murder of him by Absalom, and Absalom's rebellion against him; the curses of Shimei, and the bickerings of the sons of Zeruiah; with many others: and some inward, arising from the corruptions of his heart, the hidings of God's face, and the temptations of Satan. His experience of all which he ascribes, not to instruments or second causes, but to God himself; who had either laid them upon him, or suffered them to befall him, for wise ends of his glory, and his servant's good. There is in this clause and the following, a "Keri" and a "Cetib"; according to the "Cetib", or writing in the text, it is, "who hast showed us"; and so the Targum renders it: but according to the "Keri" in the margin, and the points, it is as we read; so it is in the Septuagint and Oriental versions, and both may be retained; for David's troubles, and those of other saints, are much the same;

shalt quicken me again; either raise him from so great a death of afflictions, in which he seemed to be as a dead man, both by himself and others, to a more comfortable and happy state and condition, in which he might live more free from vexation and trouble: or, in a spiritual sense, quicken him, being dead and lifeless, in the exercise of grace, and discharge of duty; which is usually done by the word and ordinances, and to purpose, by the discoveries of the love of God, which excite grace, and animate to duty. And this is God's work, and may be called a quickening again in distinction from the first quickening, when dead in trespasses and sins;

and shalt bring me up again from the depths of the earth; expressive of a very low estate, either of body or mind, into which he had been brought; see Psa 130:1. Could the psalm be understood of Christ, this and the preceding clause might be applied to his resurrection from the dead; see Eph 4:9; and to the resurrection of the saints; on which the faith of Christ and his people is exercised,

Gill: Psa 71:21 - Thou shalt increase my greatness // and comfort me on every side Thou shalt increase my greatness,.... His temporal greatness, as he did, by crushing the rebellion of his son; returning him to his palace and family;...

Thou shalt increase my greatness,.... His temporal greatness, as he did, by crushing the rebellion of his son; returning him to his palace and family; and giving him rest from his enemies all around: and his spiritual greatness, by favouring him with his presence; by shedding abroad his love in his heart; by enlarging his experience; increasing his faith, causing his love to abound, and him to grow in every grace, and in the knowledge of Christ;

and comfort me on every side; by his Spirit, word, and ordinances; by his truths and promises; with his rod and staff; and with mercy, grace, and lovingkindness. The phrase denotes the abundance of comfort, which should come as it were from every quarter, and encompass him about.

Gill: Psa 71:22 - I will also praise thee with the psaltery // even thy truth, O my God // unto thee will I sing with the harp // O thou Holy One of Israel I will also praise thee with the psaltery,.... An instrument of music; See Gill on Psa 33:2; even thy truth, O my God; that is, his faithfulness i...

I will also praise thee with the psaltery,.... An instrument of music; See Gill on Psa 33:2;

even thy truth, O my God; that is, his faithfulness in fulfilling his promises, which is never suffered to fail;

unto thee will I sing with the harp; another instrument of music; and both typical of the spiritual melody in the heart, which believers make in praising the Lord, when they sing the Lamb's new song; see Rev 14:2;

O thou Holy One of Israel; the God of Israel, that dwells among them, and sanctifies them; and who is essentially and perfectly holy in himself, and in all his ways and works; the remembrance of which occasions praise and thankfulness, Psa 97:12.

Gill: Psa 71:23 - My lips shall greatly rejoice when I sing unto thee // and my soul, which thou hast redeemed My lips shall greatly rejoice when I sing unto thee,.... Both with vocal and instrumental music; this is praising the Lord with joyful lips, Psa 63:5;...

My lips shall greatly rejoice when I sing unto thee,.... Both with vocal and instrumental music; this is praising the Lord with joyful lips, Psa 63:5;

and my soul, which thou hast redeemed; signifying that it would not be lip labour, or bodily service, only that he should perform; but that his heart would go along with his lips in praise; and that under a sense of redeeming love, than which nothing can more strongly engage in such work, Psa 103:1. For the redemption of the soul is exceeding precious; being the contrivance of infinite wisdom, the fruit of divine grace, and owing to the blood and sacrifice of Christ.

Gill: Psa 71:24 - My tongue also shall talk of thy righteousness all the day long // for they are confounded // for they are brought unto shame that seek my hurt My tongue also shall talk of thy righteousness all the day long,.... See Gill on Psa 71:16; for they are confounded; his adversaries, for whose con...

My tongue also shall talk of thy righteousness all the day long,.... See Gill on Psa 71:16;

for they are confounded; his adversaries, for whose confusion he prayed, Psa 71:13;

for they are brought unto shame that seek my hurt; as Absalom and Ahithophel, being both brought to a shameful end.

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Psa 71:1 Psalm 71. The psalmist prays for divine intervention and expresses his confidence that God will protect and vindicate him. The first three verses are ...

NET Notes: Psa 71:2 Ps 31:2 adds “quickly” before “deliver.”

NET Notes: Psa 71:3 You are my high ridge. This metaphor pictures God as a rocky, relatively inaccessible summit, where one would be able to find protection from enemies....

NET Notes: Psa 71:4 Heb “hand.”

NET Notes: Psa 71:5 Heb “O Lord, my source of confidence from my youth.”

NET Notes: Psa 71:6 Heb “in you [is] my praise continually.”

NET Notes: Psa 71:7 Heb “like a sign [i.e., portent or bad omen] I am to many.”

NET Notes: Psa 71:8 Heb “my mouth is filled [with] your praise, all the day [with] your splendor.”

NET Notes: Psa 71:9 Heb “do not cast me away at the time of old age.”

NET Notes: Psa 71:10 Heb “those who watch for my life consult together.”

NET Notes: Psa 71:11 Heb “saying.”

NET Notes: Psa 71:12 Heb “hurry to my help.”

NET Notes: Psa 71:13 Heb “those who seek my harm.”

NET Notes: Psa 71:14 Heb “and I add to all your praise.”

NET Notes: Psa 71:15 Heb “though I do not know [the] numbers,” that is, the tally of God’s just and saving acts. HALOT 768 s.v. סְפ...

NET Notes: Psa 71:16 Heb “I will come with.”

NET Notes: Psa 71:17 Heb “and until now I am declaring.”

NET Notes: Psa 71:18 Heb “until I declare your arm to a generation, to everyone who comes your power.” God’s “arm” here is an anthropomorphis...

NET Notes: Psa 71:19 Or “Who is like you?”

NET Notes: Psa 71:20 Heb “you return, you bring me up.” The Hebrew term שׁוּב (shuv, “return”) is used here in an adv...

NET Notes: Psa 71:21 The imperfects are understood here as expressing the psalmist’s prayer or wish. (Note the use of a distinctly jussive form at the beginning of v...

NET Notes: Psa 71:22 The basic sense of the word “holy” is “set apart from that which is commonplace, special, unique.” The Lord’s holiness i...

NET Notes: Psa 71:23 Heb “and my life [or “soul”] which you will have redeemed.” The perfect verbal form functions here as a future perfect. The ps...

NET Notes: Psa 71:24 Heb “will have become embarrassed and ashamed.” The perfect verbal forms function here as future perfects, indicating future actions which...

Geneva Bible: Psa 71:1 In ( a ) thee, O LORD, do I put my trust: let me never be put to confusion. ( a ) He prays to God with full assurance of faith, that he will deliver ...

Geneva Bible: Psa 71:2 Deliver me in thy ( b ) righteousness, and cause me to escape: incline thine ear unto me, and save me. ( b ) By declaring yourself true to your promi...

Geneva Bible: Psa 71:3 Be thou my strong habitation, whereunto I may continually resort: thou ( c ) hast given commandment to save me; for thou [art] my rock and my fortress...

Geneva Bible: Psa 71:4 Deliver me, O my God, out of the hand ( d ) of the wicked, out of the hand of the unrighteous and cruel man. ( d ) That is, from Absalom, Ahithophel ...

Geneva Bible: Psa 71:5 For thou [art] my hope, O Lord GOD: [thou art] my ( e ) trust from my youth. ( e ) He strengthens his faith by the experience of God's benefits, who ...

Geneva Bible: Psa 71:7 I am as a ( f ) wonder unto many; but thou [art] my strong refuge. ( f ) All the world wonders at me because of my miseries: both those in authority ...

Geneva Bible: Psa 71:9 Cast me not off in the time of ( g ) old age; forsake me not when my strength faileth. ( g ) You who helped me in my youth when I had more strength, ...

Geneva Bible: Psa 71:11 Saying, ( h ) God hath forsaken him: persecute and take him; for [there is] none to deliver [him]. ( h ) Thus the wicked both blaspheme God and trium...

Geneva Bible: Psa 71:12 O God, be not far from me: O ( i ) my God, make haste for my help. ( i ) In calling him his God, he puts back the false reports of the adversaries wh...

Geneva Bible: Psa 71:15 My mouth shall shew forth thy righteousness [and] thy salvation all the day; ( k ) for I know not the numbers [thereof]. ( k ) Because your benefits ...

Geneva Bible: Psa 71:16 I will ( l ) go in the strength of the Lord GOD: I will make mention of thy righteousness, [even] of thine only. ( l ) I will remain steadfast, being...

Geneva Bible: Psa 71:18 ( m ) Now also when I am old and grayheaded, O God, forsake me not; until I have shewed thy strength unto [this] generation, [and] thy power to every ...

Geneva Bible: Psa 71:19 Thy ( n ) righteousness also, O God, [is] very high, who hast done great things: O God, who [is] like unto thee! ( n ) Your just performance of your ...

Geneva Bible: Psa 71:20 [Thou], which hast shewed me great and ( p ) sore troubles, shalt quicken me again, and shalt bring me up again from the depths of the earth. ( p ) A...

Geneva Bible: Psa 71:22 I will also praise thee with the psaltery, [even] thy ( q ) truth, O my God: unto thee will I sing with the harp, O thou Holy One of Israel. ( q ) He...

Geneva Bible: Psa 71:23 My lips shall greatly rejoice when I sing unto thee; and my ( r ) soul, which thou hast redeemed. ( r ) For there is no true praising of God, unless ...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: Psa 71:1-13 - --David prays that he might never be made ashamed of dependence upon God. With this petition every true believer may come boldly to the throne of grace....

MHCC: Psa 71:14-24 - --The psalmist declares that the righteousness of Christ, and the great salvation obtained thereby, shall be the chosen subject of his discourse. Not on...

Matthew Henry: Psa 71:1-13 - -- Two things in general David here prays for - that he might not be confounded and that his enemies and persecutors might be confounded. I. He prays t...

Matthew Henry: Psa 71:14-24 - -- David is here in a holy transport of joy and praise, arising from his faith and hope in God; we have both together Psa 71:14, where there is a sudde...

Keil-Delitzsch: Psa 71:1-6 - -- Stayed upon Jahve, his ground of trust, from early childhood up, the poet hopes and prays for deliverance out of the hand of the foe. The first of t...

Keil-Delitzsch: Psa 71:7-12 - -- Brought safely through dangers of every kind, he is become כּמופת , as a wonder, a miracle (Arabic aft from afata , cognate afaka , הפך...

Keil-Delitzsch: Psa 71:13-18 - -- In view of Psa 40:15 (Psa 70:3), Psa 35:4, Psa 35:26; Psa 109:29, and other passages, the reading of יכּלמוּ , with the Syriac, instead of י...

Keil-Delitzsch: Psa 71:19-24 - -- The thought of this proclamation so thoroughly absorbs the poet that he even now enters upon the tone of it; and since to his faith the deliverance ...

Constable: Psa 42:1--72:20 - --II. Book 2: chs. 42--72 In Book 1 we saw that all the psalms except 1, 2, 10, and 33 claimed David as their writ...

Constable: Psa 71:1-24 - --Psalm 71 This psalm expresses the faith of an older person in need who had trusted in God for many years...

Constable: Psa 71:1-4 - --1. A prayer for the Lord's help 71:1-4 The writer began by reaffirming his confidence in God in ...

Constable: Psa 71:5-13 - --2. A review of the psalmist's faith 71:5-13 71:5-6 The writer had trusted in the Lord from his youth since God had sustained him from the day of his b...

Constable: Psa 71:14-24 - --3. A new commitment to continued trust 71:14-24 71:14-18 Regardless of the outcome in his case the writer determined to continue trusting and praising...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) The Hebrew title of this book is Tehilim ("praises" or "hymns"), for a leading feature in its contents is praise, though the word occurs in the title ...

JFB: Psalms (Garis Besar) ALEPH. (Psa 119:1-8). This celebrated Psalm has several peculiarities. It is divided into twenty-two parts or stanzas, denoted by the twenty-two let...

TSK: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) The Psalms have been the general song of the universal Church; and in their praise, all the Fathers have been unanimously eloquent. Men of all nation...

TSK: Psalms 71 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Psa 71:1, David, in confidence of faith, and experience of God’s favour, prays both for himself, and against the enemies of his soul; P...

Poole: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) OF PSALMS THE ARGUMENT The divine authority of this Book of PSALMS is so certain and evident, that it was never questioned in the church; which b...

Poole: Psalms 71 (Pendahuluan Pasal) THE ARGUMENT The matter of this Psalm plainly showeth that it was written in a time of David’ s great distress, and his old age, mentioned Psa...

MHCC: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) David was the penman of most of the psalms, but some evidently were composed by other writers, and the writers of some are doubtful. But all were writ...

MHCC: Psalms 71 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (Psa 71:1-13) Prayers that God would deliver and save. (Psa 71:14-24) Believing praises.

Matthew Henry: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Book of Psalms We have now before us one of the choicest and most excellent parts of all the Old Te...

Matthew Henry: Psalms 71 (Pendahuluan Pasal) David penned this psalm in his old age, as appears by several passages in it, which makes many think that it was penned at the time of Absalom's re...

Constable: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title The title of this book in the Hebrew Bible is Tehillim, which means...

Constable: Psalms (Garis Besar) Outline I. Book 1: chs. 1-41 II. Book 2: chs. 42-72 III. Book 3: chs. 73...

Constable: Psalms Psalms Bibliography Allen, Ronald B. "Evidence from Psalm 89." In A Case for Premillennialism: A New Consensus,...

Haydock: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE BOOK OF PSALMS. INTRODUCTION. The Psalms are called by the Hebrew, Tehillim; that is, hymns of praise. The author, of a great part of ...

Gill: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO PSALMS The title of this book may be rendered "the Book of Praises", or "Hymns"; the psalm which our Lord sung at the passover is c...

Gill: Psalms 71 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO PSALM 71 This psalm is without a title, but is thought to be David's: the Septuagint and Vulgate Latin versions, and all the Orient...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


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