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Teks -- 1 Kings 15:1-34 (NET)

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Abijah’s Reign over Judah
15:1 In the eighteenth year of the reign of Jeroboam son of Nebat, Abijah became king over Judah. 15:2 He ruled for three years in Jerusalem. His mother was Maacah, the daughter of Abishalom. 15:3 He followed all the sinful practices of his father before him. He was not wholeheartedly devoted to the Lord his God, as his ancestor David had been. 15:4 Nevertheless for David’s sake the Lord his God maintained his dynasty in Jerusalem by giving him a son to succeed him and by protecting Jerusalem. 15:5 He did this because David had done what he approved and had not disregarded any of his commandments his entire lifetime, except for the incident involving Uriah the Hittite. 15:6 Rehoboam and Jeroboam were continually at war with each other throughout Abijah’s lifetime. 15:7 The rest of the events of Abijah’s reign, including all his accomplishments, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Judah. Abijah and Jeroboam had been at war with each other. 15:8 Abijah passed away and was buried in the city of David. His son Asa replaced him as king.
Asa’s Reign over Judah
15:9 In the twentieth year of Jeroboam’s reign over Israel, Asa became the king of Judah. 15:10 He ruled for forty-one years in Jerusalem. His grandmother was Maacah daughter of Abishalom. 15:11 Asa did what the Lord approved like his ancestor David had done. 15:12 He removed the male cultic prostitutes from the land and got rid of all the disgusting idols his ancestors had made. 15:13 He also removed Maacah his grandmother from her position as queen because she had made a loathsome Asherah pole. Asa cut down her Asherah pole and burned it in the Kidron Valley. 15:14 The high places were not eliminated, yet Asa was wholeheartedly devoted to the Lord throughout his lifetime. 15:15 He brought the holy items that he and his father had made into the Lord’s temple, including the silver, gold, and other articles. 15:16 Now Asa and King Baasha of Israel were continually at war with each other. 15:17 King Baasha of Israel attacked Judah and established Ramah as a military outpost to prevent anyone from leaving or entering the land of King Asa of Judah. 15:18 Asa took all the silver and gold that was left in the treasuries of the Lord’s temple and of the royal palace and handed it to his servants. He then told them to deliver it to Ben Hadad son of Tabrimmon, the son of Hezion, king of Syria, ruler in Damascus, along with this message: 15:19 “I want to make a treaty with you, like the one our fathers made. See, I have sent you silver and gold as a present. Break your treaty with King Baasha of Israel, so he will retreat from my land.” 15:20 Ben Hadad accepted King Asa’s offer and ordered his army commanders to attack the cities of Israel. They conquered Ijon, Dan, Abel Beth Maacah, and all the territory of Naphtali, including the region of Kinnereth. 15:21 When Baasha heard the news, he stopped fortifying Ramah and settled down in Tirzah. 15:22 King Asa ordered all the men of Judah (no exemptions were granted) to carry away the stones and wood that Baasha had used to build Ramah. King Asa used the materials to build up Geba (in Benjamin) and Mizpah. 15:23 The rest of the events of Asa’s reign, including all his successes and accomplishments, as well as a record of the cities he built, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Judah. Yet when he was very old he developed a foot disease. 15:24 Asa passed away and was buried with his ancestors in the city of his ancestor David. His son Jehoshaphat replaced him as king.
Nadab’s Reign over Israel
15:25 In the second year of Asa’s reign over Judah, Jeroboam’s son Nadab became the king of Israel; he ruled Israel for two years. 15:26 He did evil in the sight of the Lord. He followed in his father’s footsteps and encouraged Israel to sin. 15:27 Baasha son of Ahijah, from the tribe of Issachar, conspired against Nadab and assassinated him in Gibbethon, which was in Philistine territory. This happened while Nadab and all the Israelite army were besieging Gibbethon. 15:28 Baasha killed him in the third year of Asa’s reign over Judah and replaced him as king. 15:29 When he became king, he executed Jeroboam’s entire family. He wiped out everyone who breathed, just as the Lord had predicted through his servant Ahijah the Shilonite. 15:30 This happened because of the sins which Jeroboam committed and which he made Israel commit. These sins angered the Lord God of Israel. 15:31 The rest of the events of Nadab’s reign, including all his accomplishments, are recorded in the scroll called the Annals of the Kings of Israel. 15:32 Asa and King Nadab of Israel were continually at war with each other.
Baasha’s Reign over Israel
15:33 In the third year of Asa’s reign over Judah, Baasha son of Ahijah became king over all Israel in Tirzah; he ruled for twenty-four years. 15:34 He did evil in the sight of the Lord; he followed in Jeroboam’s footsteps and encouraged Israel to sin.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Abel the second son of Adam and Eve; the brother of Cain,an English name representing two different Hebrew names,as representing the Hebrew name 'Hebel' or 'Habel',the second son of Adam,as representing the Hebrew name 'Abel',a town in northern Israel near Dan (OS)
 · Abijam the son and successor of King Rehoboam
 · Abishalom the father of Maacah, the mother of King Abijam of Judah
 · Ahijah great grandson of Eli; brother of Ahimelech,son of Shisha; secretary of King Solomon,prophet from Shiloh in Jeroboam's time,a man of Issachar; father of Baasha who killed Jeroboam,son of Jerahmeel of Judah,son of Ehud son of Gera of Benjamin,a man from Beth-Pelet; one of David's military elite,a Levite guard of the Temple treasure under David
 · Asa a son of Abijah; the father of Jehoshaphat; an ancestor of Jesus.,son of Abijam and king of Judah,son of Elkanah; a Levite whose descendants returned from exile
 · Baasha the third king of Israel
 · Ben-hadad king of Syria during the time of King Asa of Judah,king of Syria during the time of King Ahab of Israel,king of Syria during the time of King Amaziah of Judah;,a title for Syrian kings when Babylon was rising to power
 · Ben-Hadad king of Syria during the time of King Asa of Judah,king of Syria during the time of King Ahab of Israel,king of Syria during the time of King Amaziah of Judah;,a title for Syrian kings when Babylon was rising to power
 · Benjamin the tribe of Benjamin of Israel
 · Chinneroth a lake in Galilee on the Jordan River,a region; the plain on the NW shoulder of Lake Chinneroth
 · City of David the capital of Israel, on the border of Benjamin and Judah
 · city of David the capital of Israel, on the border of Benjamin and Judah
 · Damascus a city-state in Syria, located near Mt. Hermon at the edge of the Syrian desert (OS),a town near Mt. Hermon at the edge of the Syrian desert (OS)
 · Dan residents of the town of Dan; members of the tribe of Dan,the tribe of Dan as a whole; the descendants of Dan in Israel
 · David a son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel,son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel
 · Geba a town of Judah 8 km north of Jerusalem, 5 km east of Gibeon (SMM)
 · Gibbethon a Philistine town in Dan, given to the Kohathite (OS)
 · Hezion grandfather of Ben-Hadad the king of Syria
 · Hittite a person/people living in the land of Syro-Palestine
 · Ijon a town in the north of Israel, 10 km north of Abel-Beth-Maacah
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Issachar the tribe of Israel that came from his Jacob's son Issachar,son of Jacob and Leah; founder of the tribe of Issachar,the tribe of Issachar in Israel,son of Obed-Edom
 · Jehoshaphat the son and successor of king Asa of Judah; the father of Jehoram; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Ahilud; a recorder for King Solomon,an officer over collecting food supplies for King Solomon from Issachar; son of Paruah,son of Asa; King of Judah,son of Nimshi; father of King Jehu of Israel,a situation ("valley") of being judged (OS)
 · Jeroboam son of Nebat; first king of Israel after it split away from Judah; Jeroboam I,son and successor of Joash/Jehoash, King of Israel; Jeroboam II
 · Jerusalem the capital city of Israel,a town; the capital of Israel near the southern border of Benjamin
 · Judah the son of Jacob and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,a tribe, the land/country,a son of Joseph; the father of Simeon; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Jacob/Israel and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,the tribe of Judah,citizens of the southern kingdom of Judah,citizens of the Persian Province of Judah; the Jews who had returned from Babylonian exile,"house of Judah", a phrase which highlights the political leadership of the tribe of Judah,"king of Judah", a phrase which relates to the southern kingdom of Judah,"kings of Judah", a phrase relating to the southern kingdom of Judah,"princes of Judah", a phrase relating to the kingdom of Judah,the territory allocated to the tribe of Judah, and also the extended territory of the southern kingdom of Judah,the Province of Judah under Persian rule,"hill country of Judah", the relatively cool and green central highlands of the territory of Judah,"the cities of Judah",the language of the Jews; Hebrew,head of a family of Levites who returned from Exile,a Levite who put away his heathen wife,a man who was second in command of Jerusalem; son of Hassenuah of Benjamin,a Levite in charge of the songs of thanksgiving in Nehemiah's time,a leader who helped dedicate Nehemiah's wall,a Levite musician who helped Zechariah of Asaph dedicate Nehemiah's wall
 · Kidron a brook and its valley,a brook and valley between Jerusalem and the Mt. of Olives
 · Maacah members of the clan of Maacah
 · Mizpah a town of Moab
 · Nadab son of Aaron,son and successor of King Jeroboam,son of Shammai of Judah,son of Jeiel of Benjamin
 · Naphtali region/territority and the tribe of Israel,the son of Jacob and Bilhah,the tribe of people descended from Naphtali,the territory of the people of Naphtali


Topik/Tema Kamus: Baasha | Asa | Nadab | Israel | ABIJAH | Abijam | Rulers | Maachah | Ramah | Rama | TEMPLE, A1 | Ahijah | Zeal | Ben-hadad | PALESTINE, 2 | ISRAEL, KINGDOM OF | Chronology | Tirzah | Hezion | Abishalom | selebihnya
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Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: 1Ki 15:1 - Abijam reigned So his reign began with Jeroboam's eighteenth year, continued his whole nineteenth year, and ended within his twentieth year, in which also Asa's reig...

So his reign began with Jeroboam's eighteenth year, continued his whole nineteenth year, and ended within his twentieth year, in which also Asa's reign began. And thus one and the same year may be attributed to two several persons.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:2 - Three years That is, part of three years.

That is, part of three years.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:2 - Abishalom Or, of Absalom, as he is called 2Ch 11:21. And because he is here mentioned as a known person, without any addition of his kindred or quality, some co...

Or, of Absalom, as he is called 2Ch 11:21. And because he is here mentioned as a known person, without any addition of his kindred or quality, some conceive that this was Absalom's daughter, called properly Tamar, 2Sa 14:27, and from her royal grandmother, 2Sa 3:3, Maacah.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:4 - A lamp A son and successor to perpetuate his name and memory, which otherwise had gone into obscurity.

A son and successor to perpetuate his name and memory, which otherwise had gone into obscurity.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:4 - Jerusalem That he might maintain that city, and temple, and worship, as a witness for God, in the world, against the Israelites and heathen world.

That he might maintain that city, and temple, and worship, as a witness for God, in the world, against the Israelites and heathen world.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:5 - Save only This and the like phrases are not to be understood as exclusive of every sinful action, hut only of an habitual and continued apostasy from God, as th...

This and the like phrases are not to be understood as exclusive of every sinful action, hut only of an habitual and continued apostasy from God, as the very phrase of turning aside from God, or from his commands, doth constantly imply. And thus it is most true. For David's other sins were either sudden and transient acts, soon repented of and blotted out, as in the cases of Nabal and Achish; or, mistakes of his judgment, which was not fully convinced of the sinfulness of such actions: whereas that which concerned Uriah's wife was a designed and studied sin, long continued in, defended with a succession of other sins, presumptuous, and scandalous to his government, and to the true religion.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:6 - War between, &c. _Upon Jeroboam's invading him with a great army: acting then in his own defence, he totally routed Jeroboam, so that he was quiet the rest of his reig...

_Upon Jeroboam's invading him with a great army: acting then in his own defence, he totally routed Jeroboam, so that he was quiet the rest of his reign.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:10 - Mother's That is, his grandmother's, as appears from 1Ki 15:2, who is called his mother, as David is called Abijam's father, 1Ki 15:3.

That is, his grandmother's, as appears from 1Ki 15:2, who is called his mother, as David is called Abijam's father, 1Ki 15:3.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:10 - And his grand mother's name may be here mentioned, rather than his mother's, because his mother was either an obscure person, or was dead, or unwilling to take care...

mother's name may be here mentioned, rather than his mother's, because his mother was either an obscure person, or was dead, or unwilling to take care of the education of her son, and so he was educated by the grand - mother, who, though she poisoned his father Abijam with her idolatrous principles, 1Ki 15:12, yet could not infect Asa, nor withhold him from prosecuting his good purposes of reforming religion.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:11 - Right As to the government of his kingdom, and the reformation, and establishment of God's worship. That is right indeed which is so in God's eyes. Those ar...

As to the government of his kingdom, and the reformation, and establishment of God's worship. That is right indeed which is so in God's eyes. Those are approved whom he commendeth.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:12 - Sodomites All whom he could find out; but some escaped his observation, as appears from 1Ki 22:46.

All whom he could find out; but some escaped his observation, as appears from 1Ki 22:46.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:12 - Idols, &c. And if his father had made them, he had the more need to remove them, that he might cut off the entail of the curse.

And if his father had made them, he had the more need to remove them, that he might cut off the entail of the curse.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:13 - He removed He took from her either the name and authority of queen regent, which she, having been Rehoboam's wife, and Abijam's mother, took to herself during As...

He took from her either the name and authority of queen regent, which she, having been Rehoboam's wife, and Abijam's mother, took to herself during Asa's minority; or, the dignity of the queen mother, and those guards, or instruments of power, which she had enjoyed and misemployed.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:13 - An Idol Heb. a terror, or horror, that is, an horrible idol; which it may be so called, because it was of a more terrible shape than ordinary, and not to be s...

Heb. a terror, or horror, that is, an horrible idol; which it may be so called, because it was of a more terrible shape than ordinary, and not to be seen without horror.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:13 - Kidron That when it was burnt to powder, it might be thrown into the water, and be unfit for any use.

That when it was burnt to powder, it might be thrown into the water, and be unfit for any use.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:14 - High places 2Ch 14:3. He took away the altars of the strange gods, and the high places where they were worshipped: but as for those high places where the true God...

2Ch 14:3. He took away the altars of the strange gods, and the high places where they were worshipped: but as for those high places where the true God was worshipped he did not take them away; partly, because he thought there was no great evil in them, which had been used by David and Solomon, and other good men; partly, because he thought the removal of them might do more hurt than their continuance, by occasioning the total neglect of God's worship by many of the people, who either could not, or, through want of faith and zeal, would not go up to Jerusalem to worship, now especially, when the Israelites, formerly their friends, were become their enemies, and watched all opportunities to invade or molest them.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:14 - Was perfect That is, he sincerely and constantly adhered to the worship of God. Though he could not hinder the people from using the high places, yet he entirely ...

That is, he sincerely and constantly adhered to the worship of God. Though he could not hinder the people from using the high places, yet he entirely devoted himself to the worship of God in the manner and place prescribed by him.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:15 - His father Abijam, when he was in distress, and going to fight with Jeroboam, 2Ch 13:1-3, though afterwards he did not perform his vows, nor bring in what he had...

Abijam, when he was in distress, and going to fight with Jeroboam, 2Ch 13:1-3, though afterwards he did not perform his vows, nor bring in what he had devoted; probably he was prevented by death.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:17 - Built That is, repaired and fortified.

That is, repaired and fortified.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:18 - Were left What either Shishak had left, or Abijam, or Asa, or others, both of Israel or Judah had dedicated; which probably was not inconsiderable, because Asa ...

What either Shishak had left, or Abijam, or Asa, or others, both of Israel or Judah had dedicated; which probably was not inconsiderable, because Asa had got great spoils from Zerah, 2Ch 14:9-15, and he and his numerous and prosperous people, did at this time express a great zeal for the house and worship of God.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:18 - Sent them Wherein he committed three great faults, amongst many others, first, he alienated things consecrated to God, without necessity. Secondly, he did this ...

Wherein he committed three great faults, amongst many others, first, he alienated things consecrated to God, without necessity. Secondly, he did this out of distrust of that God whose power and goodness he had lately experienced. Thirdly, he did this for an ill intent, to hire him to the breach of his league and covenant with Baasha, 1Ki 15:19, and to take away part of that land which by right, and the special gift of God, belonged to the Israelites.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:21 - Tirzah Now the royal city of Israel. There he abode to defend his own kingdoms, and durst not return to oppose Asa, lest the Syrian king should make a second...

Now the royal city of Israel. There he abode to defend his own kingdoms, and durst not return to oppose Asa, lest the Syrian king should make a second invasion. So Asa met with success in this ungodly course as good men sometimes meet with disappointment in a good cause and course. So there is no judging of causes by events.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:22 - None, &c. _All sorts of persons were obliged to come, except those who were disabled by age, or infirmity, or absence, or by the public service of the king and ...

_All sorts of persons were obliged to come, except those who were disabled by age, or infirmity, or absence, or by the public service of the king and kingdom in other places.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:22 - Built Repaired and strengthened them, for they were built before.

Repaired and strengthened them, for they were built before.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:23 - Nevertheless Notwithstanding the great things which he had done, and the glory and prosperity which he enjoyed, he felt the effects of human infirmity, and of his ...

Notwithstanding the great things which he had done, and the glory and prosperity which he enjoyed, he felt the effects of human infirmity, and of his own sins.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:25 - Two years Not compleat, as appears from 1Ki 15:28 , 1Ki 15:33.

Not compleat, as appears from 1Ki 15:28 , 1Ki 15:33.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:26 - In his sin In the worship of the calves which his father had made.

In the worship of the calves which his father had made.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:28 - Even, &c. _It was threatened, 1Ki 14:15, that Israel should be as a reed shaken in the water. And so they were, when, during the single reign of Asa, their gove...

_It was threatened, 1Ki 14:15, that Israel should be as a reed shaken in the water. And so they were, when, during the single reign of Asa, their government was in seven or eight different hands. Jeroboam was upon the throne at the beginning of his reign, and Ahab at the end of it: between whom were Nadab, Baashah, Elah, Zimri, Tibni, and Omri, undermining and destroying one another. This they got by deserting the house both of God and of David.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:29 - Any Any of the males of that family.

Any of the males of that family.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:29 - According, &c. So God overruled Baasha's ambition and cruelty, to fulfil his own prediction.

So God overruled Baasha's ambition and cruelty, to fulfil his own prediction.

Wesley: 1Ki 15:30 - Because So that same wicked policy which he used to establish the kingdom in his family, proved his and their ruin: which is very frequently the event of ungo...

So that same wicked policy which he used to establish the kingdom in his family, proved his and their ruin: which is very frequently the event of ungodly counsels.

JFB: 1Ki 15:1 - Abijam His name was at first Abijah (2Ch 12:16); "Jah," the name of God, according to an ancient fashion, being conjoined with it. But afterwards, when he wa...

His name was at first Abijah (2Ch 12:16); "Jah," the name of God, according to an ancient fashion, being conjoined with it. But afterwards, when he was found "walking in all the sins of his father" [1Ki 15:3], that honorable addition was withdrawn, and his name in sacred history changed into Abijam [LIGHTFOOT].

JFB: 1Ki 15:2 - Three years reigned he (compare 1Ki 15:1 with 1Ki 15:9). Parts of years are often counted in Scripture as whole years. The reign began in Jeroboam's eighteenth year, continu...

(compare 1Ki 15:1 with 1Ki 15:9). Parts of years are often counted in Scripture as whole years. The reign began in Jeroboam's eighteenth year, continued till the nineteenth, and ended in the course of the twentieth.

JFB: 1Ki 15:2 - his mother's name was Maachah Or Michaiah (2Ch 13:2), probably altered from the one to the other on her becoming queen, as was very common under a change of circumstances. She is c...

Or Michaiah (2Ch 13:2), probably altered from the one to the other on her becoming queen, as was very common under a change of circumstances. She is called the daughter of Abishalom, or Absalom (2Ch 11:21), of Uriel (2Ch 13:2). Hence, it has been thought probable that Tamar, the daughter of Absalom (2Sa 14:27; 2Sa 18:18), had been married to Uriel, and that Maachah was their daughter.

JFB: 1Ki 15:3 - his heart was not perfect with the Lord . . . , as the heart of David his father (Compare 1Ki 11:4; 1Ki 14:22). He was not positively bad at first, for it appears that he had done something to restore the pillaged treasures of the ...

(Compare 1Ki 11:4; 1Ki 14:22). He was not positively bad at first, for it appears that he had done something to restore the pillaged treasures of the temple (1Ki 15:15). This phrase contains a comparative reference to David's heart. His doing that which was right in the eyes of the Lord (1Ki 15:5) is frequently used in speaking of the kings of Judah, and means only that they did or did not do that which, in the general course and tendency of their government, was acceptable to God. It furnishes no evidence as to the lawfulness or piety of one specific act.

JFB: 1Ki 15:4 - for David's sake did the Lord his God give him a lamp "A lamp" in one's house is an Oriental phrase for continuance of family name and prosperity. Abijam was not rejected only in consequence of the divine...

"A lamp" in one's house is an Oriental phrase for continuance of family name and prosperity. Abijam was not rejected only in consequence of the divine promise to David (see on 1Ki. 11:13-36).

JFB: 1Ki 15:10-13 - his mother's name was Maachah She was properly his grandmother, and she is here called "the king's mother," from the post of dignity which at the beginning of his reign she possess...

She was properly his grandmother, and she is here called "the king's mother," from the post of dignity which at the beginning of his reign she possessed. Asa, as a constitutional monarch, acted like the pious David, laboring to abolish the traces and polluting practices of idolatry, and in pursuance of his impartial conduct, he did not spare delinquents even of the highest rank.

JFB: 1Ki 15:13 - also Maachah his mother, even her he removed from being queen The sultana, or queen dowager, was not necessarily the king's natural mother (see 1Ki 2:19), nor was Maachah. Her title, and the privileges connected ...

The sultana, or queen dowager, was not necessarily the king's natural mother (see 1Ki 2:19), nor was Maachah. Her title, and the privileges connected with that honor and dignity which gave her precedency among the ladies of the royal family, and great influence in the kingdom, were taken away. She was degraded for her idolatry.

JFB: 1Ki 15:13 - because she had made an idol in a grove A very obscene figure, and the grove was devoted to the grossest licentiousness. His plans of religious reformation, however, were not completely carr...

A very obscene figure, and the grove was devoted to the grossest licentiousness. His plans of religious reformation, however, were not completely carried through, "the high places were not removed" (see 1Ki 3:2). The suppression of this private worship on natural or artificial hills, though a forbidden service after the temple had been declared the exclusive place of worship, the most pious king's laws were not able to accomplish.

JFB: 1Ki 15:15 - he brought in the things which his father had dedicated Probably the spoils which Abijam had taken from the vanquished army of Jeroboam (see 2Ch 13:16).

Probably the spoils which Abijam had taken from the vanquished army of Jeroboam (see 2Ch 13:16).

JFB: 1Ki 15:15 - and the things which himself had dedicated After his own victory over the Cushites (2Ch 14:12).

After his own victory over the Cushites (2Ch 14:12).

JFB: 1Ki 15:16-17 - there was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days Asa enjoyed a ten years' peace after Jeroboam's defeat by Abijam, and this interval was wisely and energetically spent in making internal reforms, as ...

Asa enjoyed a ten years' peace after Jeroboam's defeat by Abijam, and this interval was wisely and energetically spent in making internal reforms, as well as increasing the means of national defense (2Ch 14:1-7). In the fifteenth year of his reign, however, the king of Israel commenced hostilities against him, and, invading his kingdom, erected a strong fortress at Ramah, which was near Gibeah, and only six Roman miles from Jerusalem. Afraid lest his subjects might quit his kingdom and return to the worship of their fathers, he wished to cut off all intercourse between the two nations. Ramah stood on an eminence overhanging a narrow ravine which separated Israel from Judah, and therefore he took up a hostile position in that place.

JFB: 1Ki 15:18-20 - Then Asa took all the silver and the gold that were left in the . . . house of the Lord Asa's religious character is now seen to decline. He trusted not in the Lord (2Ch 16:7). In this emergency Asa solicited the powerful aid of the king ...

Asa's religious character is now seen to decline. He trusted not in the Lord (2Ch 16:7). In this emergency Asa solicited the powerful aid of the king of Damascene-Syria; and to bribe him to break off his alliance with Baasha, he transmitted to him the treasure lying in the temple and palace. The Syrian mercenaries were gained. Instances are to be found, both in the ancient and modern history of the East, of the violation of treaties equally sudden and unscrupulous, through the presentation of some tempting bribe. Ben-hadad poured an army into the northern provinces of Israel, and having captured some cities in Galilee, on the borders of Syria, compelled Baasha to withdraw from Ramah back within his own territories.

JFB: 1Ki 15:18-20 - Ben-hadad (See on 1Ki 11:14).

(See on 1Ki 11:14).

JFB: 1Ki 15:22 - Then king Asa made a proclamation The fortifications which Baasha had erected at Ramah were demolished, and with the materials were built other defenses, where Asa thought they were ne...

The fortifications which Baasha had erected at Ramah were demolished, and with the materials were built other defenses, where Asa thought they were needed--at Geba (now Jeba) and Mizpeh (now Neby Samuil), about two hours' travelling north of Jerusalem.

JFB: 1Ki 15:23 - in the time of his old age he was diseased in his feet (See on 2Ch 16:12, where an additional proof is given of his religious degeneracy.)

(See on 2Ch 16:12, where an additional proof is given of his religious degeneracy.)

JFB: 1Ki 15:25 - Nadab the son of Jeroboam began to reign No record is given of him, except his close adherence to the bad policy of his father.

No record is given of him, except his close adherence to the bad policy of his father.

JFB: 1Ki 15:27 - Baasha smote him at Gibbethon This town, within the tribe of Dan, was given to the Levites (Jos 19:44). It lay on the Philistine borders, and having been seized by that people, Nad...

This town, within the tribe of Dan, was given to the Levites (Jos 19:44). It lay on the Philistine borders, and having been seized by that people, Nadab laid siege to recover it.

JFB: 1Ki 15:29 - when he reigned, he smote all the house of Jeroboam It was according to a barbarous practice too common in the East, for a usurper to extirpate all rival candidates for the throne; but it was an accompl...

It was according to a barbarous practice too common in the East, for a usurper to extirpate all rival candidates for the throne; but it was an accomplishment of Ahijah's prophecy concerning Jeroboam (1Ki 14:10-11).

Clarke: 1Ki 15:1 - Reigned Abijam over Judah Reigned Abijam over Judah - Of this son of Rehoboam, of his brethren, and of Rehoboam’ s family in general, see 2 Chronicles 12, where many par...

Reigned Abijam over Judah - Of this son of Rehoboam, of his brethren, and of Rehoboam’ s family in general, see 2 Chronicles 12, where many particulars are added.

Clarke: 1Ki 15:3 - His heart was not perfect His heart was not perfect - He was an idolater, or did not support the worship of the true God. This appears to be the general meaning of the heart ...

His heart was not perfect - He was an idolater, or did not support the worship of the true God. This appears to be the general meaning of the heart not being perfect with God.

Clarke: 1Ki 15:4 - The Lord - give him a lamp The Lord - give him a lamp - That is, a son to succeed him; see 1Ki 11:36.

The Lord - give him a lamp - That is, a son to succeed him; see 1Ki 11:36.

Clarke: 1Ki 15:5 - Save only in the matter of Uriah Save only in the matter of Uriah - Properly speaking, this is the only flagrant fault or crime in the life of David. It was a horrible offense, or r...

Save only in the matter of Uriah - Properly speaking, this is the only flagrant fault or crime in the life of David. It was a horrible offense, or rather a whole system of offenses. See the notes on 2 Samuel 11 (note), and 2 Samuel 12 (note).

Clarke: 1Ki 15:6 - There was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam There was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam - This was mentioned in the preceding chapter, 1Ki 14:30, and it can mean no more than this: there was a...

There was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam - This was mentioned in the preceding chapter, 1Ki 14:30, and it can mean no more than this: there was a continual spirit of hostility kept up between the two kingdoms, and no doubt frequent skirmishing between bordering parties; but it never broke out into open war, for this was particularly forbidden. See 1Ki 12:24. Hostility did exist, and no doubt frequent skirmishes; but open war and pitched battles there were none

But why is this circumstance repeated, and the history of Abijam interrupted by the repetition? There is some reason to believe that Rehoboam is not the true reading, and that it should be Abijam: "Now there was war between Abijam and Jeroboam all the days of his life."And this is the reading of fourteen of Kennicott’ s and De Rossi’ s MSS. The Syriac has Abia the son of Rehoboam; the Arabic has Abijam. In the Septuagint the whole verse is omitted in the London Polyglot, but it is extant in those of Complutum and Antwerp. Some copies of the Targum have Abijam also, and the Editio Princeps of the Vulgate has Abia. This is doubtless the true reading, as we know there was a very memorable war between Abia and Jeroboam; see it particularly described 2Ch 13:3 (note), etc.

Clarke: 1Ki 15:10 - His mother’ s name His mother’ s name - Our translators thought that grandmother was likely to be the meaning, and therefore have put it in the margin

His mother’ s name - Our translators thought that grandmother was likely to be the meaning, and therefore have put it in the margin

Clarke: 1Ki 15:10 - The daughter of Abishalom The daughter of Abishalom - She is called, says Calmet, the daughter of Absalom, according to the custom of the Scriptures, which give the name of d...

The daughter of Abishalom - She is called, says Calmet, the daughter of Absalom, according to the custom of the Scriptures, which give the name of daughter indifferently to the niece, the grand-daughter, and great grand-daughter.

Clarke: 1Ki 15:12 - The sodomites The sodomites - הקדשים hakkedeshim ; literally, the holy or consecrated ones. See on 1Ki 14:24 (note).

The sodomites - הקדשים hakkedeshim ; literally, the holy or consecrated ones. See on 1Ki 14:24 (note).

Clarke: 1Ki 15:13 - She had made an idol in a grove She had made an idol in a grove - The original word, מפלצת miphletseth , is variously understood. I shall give its different views in the vers...

She had made an idol in a grove - The original word, מפלצת miphletseth , is variously understood. I shall give its different views in the versions: -

"Besides, he removed his mother Maacha from being chief in the sacred rites of Priapus, and in his grove which she had consecrated.

- Vulgate

" And Ana, [other copies Maacha ], he removed from being governess, because she had made an assembly in her grove.

- Septuagint

"Moreover, he deprived Maacha, his mother, of her own magnificence, because she had celebrated a solemnity to her own worship.

- Syriac

"And even Maacha, his mother, he removed from the kingdom, because she had made an idol in a grove.

- Chaldee

"Besides, he removed Maacha, his mother, from her kingdom, because she had made a high tree into an idol.

- Arabic

"Also he removed Maacha, his mother, from the kingdom, because she had made a horrible statue; and our rabbins say that it was called מפלצת miphletseth , because מפליא ליצנותא maphli leytsanutha , it produced wonderful ridicule; for she made it ad instar membri virilis , and she used it daily.

- Rabbi Solomon Jarchi

From the whole, it is pretty evident that the image was a mere Priapus, or something of the same nature, and that Maachah had an assembly in the grove where this image was set up, and doubtless worshipped it with the most impure rites. What the Roman Priapus was I need not tell the learned reader; and as to the unlearned, it would not profit him to know. Maachah was most likely another Messalina; and Asa probably did for his mother what Claudius did for his wife.

Clarke: 1Ki 15:14 - The high places were not removed The high places were not removed - He was not able to make a thorough reformation; this was reserved for his son Jehoshaphat

The high places were not removed - He was not able to make a thorough reformation; this was reserved for his son Jehoshaphat

Clarke: 1Ki 15:14 - Asa’ s heart was perfect Asa’ s heart was perfect - He worshipped the true God, and zealously promoted his service; see on 1Ki 15:3 (note). And even the high places whi...

Asa’ s heart was perfect - He worshipped the true God, and zealously promoted his service; see on 1Ki 15:3 (note). And even the high places which he did not remove were probably those where the true God alone was worshipped; for that there were such high places the preceding history amply proves, and Jarchi intimates that these were places which individuals had erected for the worship of Jehovah.

Clarke: 1Ki 15:15 - Which his father had dedicated Which his father had dedicated - On what account he and his father dedicated the things mentioned below, we know not; but it appears that Asa though...

Which his father had dedicated - On what account he and his father dedicated the things mentioned below, we know not; but it appears that Asa thought himself bound by the vow of his father.

Clarke: 1Ki 15:16 - There was war There was war - That is, there was continual enmity; see on 1Ki 15:6 (note). But there was no open war till the thirty-sixth year of Asa, when Baash...

There was war - That is, there was continual enmity; see on 1Ki 15:6 (note). But there was no open war till the thirty-sixth year of Asa, when Baasha, king of Israel, began to build Ramah, that he might prevent all communication between Israel and Judah; see 2Ch 15:19; 2Ch 16:1. But this does not agree with what is said here, 1Ki 16:8, 1Ki 16:9, that Elah, the son and successor of Baasha, was killed by Zimri, in the twenty-sixth year of the reign of Asa. Chronologers endeavor to reconcile this by saying that the years should be reckoned, not from the beginning of the reign of Asa, but from the separation of the kingdoms of Israel and Judah. It is most certain that Baasha could not make war upon Asa in the thirty-sixth year of his reign, when it is evident from this chapter that he was dead in the twenty-sixth year of that king. We must either adopt the mode of solution given by chronologists, or grant that there is a mistake in some of the numbers; most likely in the parallel places in Chronicles, but which we have no direct means of correcting. But the reader may compare 2Ch 14:1, with 2Ch 15:10, 2Ch 15:19; 2Ch 16:1.

Clarke: 1Ki 15:17 - And Baasha - built Ramah And Baasha - built Ramah - As the word signifies a high place, what is here termed Ramah was probably a hill, (commanding a defile through which lay...

And Baasha - built Ramah - As the word signifies a high place, what is here termed Ramah was probably a hill, (commanding a defile through which lay the principal road to Jerusalem), which Baasha fortified in order to prevent all intercourse with the kingdom of Judah, lest his subjects should cleave to the house of David. Ramah was about two leagues northward of Jerusalem.

Clarke: 1Ki 15:18 - Asa took all the silver Asa took all the silver - Shishak, king of Egypt, had not taken the whole, or there had been some treasures brought in since that time

Asa took all the silver - Shishak, king of Egypt, had not taken the whole, or there had been some treasures brought in since that time

Clarke: 1Ki 15:18 - Ben-hadad Ben-hadad - This was the grandson of Rezon, called here Hezion, who founded the kingdom of Damascus. See 1Ki 11:23, 1Ki 11:24; and Calmet.

Ben-hadad - This was the grandson of Rezon, called here Hezion, who founded the kingdom of Damascus. See 1Ki 11:23, 1Ki 11:24; and Calmet.

Clarke: 1Ki 15:19 - There is a league between me and thee There is a league between me and thee - Or, Let there be a league between me and thee; as there was between my father and thy father. There was no r...

There is a league between me and thee - Or, Let there be a league between me and thee; as there was between my father and thy father. There was no reason why Asa should have emptied his treasures at this time to procure the aid of the Syrian king; as it does not appear that there was any danger which himself could not have turned aside. He probably wished to destroy the kingdom of Israel; and to effect this purpose, even robbed the house of the Lord.

Clarke: 1Ki 15:20 - Ijon, and Dan, etc. Ijon, and Dan, etc. - He appears to have attacked and taken those towns which constituted the principal strength of the kingdom of Israel.

Ijon, and Dan, etc. - He appears to have attacked and taken those towns which constituted the principal strength of the kingdom of Israel.

Clarke: 1Ki 15:21 - Dwelt in Tirzah Dwelt in Tirzah - This seems to have been the royal city; see 1Ki 15:33, and 1Ki 14:17; and in this Baasha was probably obliged to shut himself up.

Dwelt in Tirzah - This seems to have been the royal city; see 1Ki 15:33, and 1Ki 14:17; and in this Baasha was probably obliged to shut himself up.

Clarke: 1Ki 15:22 - None was exempted None was exempted - Every man was obliged to go and help to dismantle the fortress at Ramah which Baasha had built. This was a general levee en mass...

None was exempted - Every man was obliged to go and help to dismantle the fortress at Ramah which Baasha had built. This was a general levee en masse of the people: every one was obliged to lend a helping hand, as the state was then supposed to be in danger, and all exemptions necessarily ceased. This is a maxim of civil policy, Ubi adversus hostem muniendi sent limites, omnis immunitas cessat : "Where the boundaries are to be fortified against an enemy, then all exemptions cease.

Clarke: 1Ki 15:23 - And the cities which he built And the cities which he built - Such as Geba and Mizpah, which he built out of the spoils of Ramah

And the cities which he built - Such as Geba and Mizpah, which he built out of the spoils of Ramah

Clarke: 1Ki 15:23 - He was diseased in his feet He was diseased in his feet - Probably he had a strong rheumatic affection, or the gout. This took place in the thirty-ninth year of his reign, thre...

He was diseased in his feet - Probably he had a strong rheumatic affection, or the gout. This took place in the thirty-ninth year of his reign, three years before his death; and it is said that he sought to physicians rather than to the Lord, 2Ch 16:12, 2Ch 16:13.

Clarke: 1Ki 15:24 - Asa slept with his fathers Asa slept with his fathers - Of his splendid and costly funeral we read 1Ch 16:14.

Asa slept with his fathers - Of his splendid and costly funeral we read 1Ch 16:14.

Clarke: 1Ki 15:25 - Nadab - began to reign over Israel Nadab - began to reign over Israel - He began his reign in the second year of the reign of Asa, and reigned two years.

Nadab - began to reign over Israel - He began his reign in the second year of the reign of Asa, and reigned two years.

Clarke: 1Ki 15:27 - Smote him at Gabbethon Smote him at Gabbethon - This was a city in the tribe of Dan, and generally in the possession of the Philistines.

Smote him at Gabbethon - This was a city in the tribe of Dan, and generally in the possession of the Philistines.

Clarke: 1Ki 15:29 - He smote all the house of Jeroboam He smote all the house of Jeroboam - This was according to Ahijah’ s prophetic declaration; see 1Ki 14:10, 1Ki 14:14. Thus God made use of one ...

He smote all the house of Jeroboam - This was according to Ahijah’ s prophetic declaration; see 1Ki 14:10, 1Ki 14:14. Thus God made use of one wicked man to destroy another.

Clarke: 1Ki 15:32 - There was war There was war - See on 1Ki 15:16 (note).

There was war - See on 1Ki 15:16 (note).

Clarke: 1Ki 15:34 - Walked in the way of Jeroboam Walked in the way of Jeroboam - The entail of iniquity cannot be cut off but by a thorough conversion of the soul to God; and of this, these bad kin...

Walked in the way of Jeroboam - The entail of iniquity cannot be cut off but by a thorough conversion of the soul to God; and of this, these bad kings seem to have had no adequate notion. The wicked followed the steps of the wicked, and became still more wicked; sin gathers strength by exercise and age.

Defender: 1Ki 15:18 - Ben-hadad This is the first of three Ben-hadads mentioned in Scripture. See note on 1Ki 20:1."

This is the first of three Ben-hadads mentioned in Scripture. See note on 1Ki 20:1."

Defender: 1Ki 15:29 - destroyed him This utter destruction of Jeroboam and all his family (with the one exception of the child who had died before reaching an age of conscious sin - 1Ki ...

This utter destruction of Jeroboam and all his family (with the one exception of the child who had died before reaching an age of conscious sin - 1Ki 14:13) had been foretold by the prophet Ahijah (1Ki 14:10-14), the very same prophet who had earlier called Jeroboam to be king over Israel (1Ki 11:29-39)."

TSK: 1Ki 15:1 - -- 1Ki 14:31; 2Ch 13:1, 2-22

TSK: 1Ki 15:2 - his mother’ s // Maachah // Abishalom his mother’ s : 1Ki 15:13; 2Ch 11:20-22 Maachah : 2Ch 13:2, Michaiah the daughter of Uriel Abishalom : 2Ch 11:21, Absalom

his mother’ s : 1Ki 15:13; 2Ch 11:20-22

Maachah : 2Ch 13:2, Michaiah the daughter of Uriel

Abishalom : 2Ch 11:21, Absalom

TSK: 1Ki 15:3 - all the sins // and his heart all the sins : 1Ki 14:21, 1Ki 14:22 and his heart : 1Ki 3:14, 1Ki 11:4, 1Ki 11:33; 2Ki 20:3; 2Ch 25:2, 2Ch 31:20, 2Ch 31:21; Psa 119:80

TSK: 1Ki 15:4 - for David’ s // give him // lamp // and to establish for David’ s : 1Ki 11:12, 1Ki 11:32; Gen 12:2, Gen 19:29, Gen 26:5; Deu 4:37; 2Sa 7:12-16; Isa 37:35; Jer 33:20-26; Rom 11:28 give him : 1Ki 11:3...

TSK: 1Ki 15:5 - David // save only David : 1Ki 15:3, 1Ki 14:8; 2Ki 22:2; 2Ch 34:2; Psa 119:6; Luk 1:6; Act 13:22, Act 13:36 save only : 2Sa 11:4, 2Sa 11:15-17, 2Sa 12:9, 2Sa 12:10; Psa ...

TSK: 1Ki 15:6 - there was war there was war : Instead of Rehoboam fourteen manuscripts, the Arabic, and some copies of the Targum, read Abijam . The Syriac has ""Abia, the son o...

there was war : Instead of Rehoboam fourteen manuscripts, the Arabic, and some copies of the Targum, read Abijam . The Syriac has ""Abia, the son of Rehoboam;""and the Editio Princeps of the Vulgate has Abia . This is doubtless the true reading, as otherwise it would be an unnecessary repetition of 1Ki 14:30, and a repetition which interrupts the history of Abijah. (See note on 2Ch 13:3, etc.) 1Ki 14:30

TSK: 1Ki 15:7 - the rest // there was war the rest : 1Ki 14:29; 2Ch 13:2, 2Ch 13:21, 2Ch 13:22 there was war : 2Chr. 13:3-20

the rest : 1Ki 14:29; 2Ch 13:2, 2Ch 13:21, 2Ch 13:22

there was war : 2Chr. 13:3-20

TSK: 1Ki 15:8 - Abijam // Asa am 3049, bc 955 Abijam : 1Ki 14:1, 1Ki 14:31; 2Ch 14:1 Asa : 1Ch 3:9; Mat 1:7, Mat 1:8

am 3049, bc 955

Abijam : 1Ki 14:1, 1Ki 14:31; 2Ch 14:1

Asa : 1Ch 3:9; Mat 1:7, Mat 1:8

TSK: 1Ki 15:10 - mother’ s am 3049-3090, bc 955-914 mother’ s : that is, grandmother’ s. 1Ki 15:2, 1Ki 15:13; 2Ch 11:20, 2Ch 11:21, 2Ch 13:2

am 3049-3090, bc 955-914

mother’ s : that is, grandmother’ s. 1Ki 15:2, 1Ki 15:13; 2Ch 11:20, 2Ch 11:21, 2Ch 13:2

TSK: 1Ki 15:11 - Asa Asa : 1Ki 15:3; 2Ch 14:2, 2Ch 14:11, 2Ch 15:17, 2Ch 16:7-10

TSK: 1Ki 15:12 - the sodomites // all the idols the sodomites : 1Ki 14:24, 1Ki 22:46; Rom 1:26, Rom 1:27; Jud 1:7 all the idols : 1Ki 15:3, 1Ki 11:7, 1Ki 11:8, 1Ki 14:23; 2Ch 14:2-5; Eze 20:18, Eze ...

TSK: 1Ki 15:13 - Maachah // his mother // destroyed // and burnt // the brook Maachah : 1Ki 15:2, 1Ki 15:10; 2Ch 15:15, 2Ch 15:16-19 his mother : Deu 13:6-11, Deu 33:9; Zec 13:3; Mat 10:37, Mat 12:46-50; 2Co 5:16; Gal 2:5, Gal 2...

TSK: 1Ki 15:14 - the high places // was perfect the high places : 1Ki 22:43; 2Ki 12:3, 2Ki 14:4, 2Ki 15:4; 2Ch 14:3, 2Ch 14:5 was perfect : 1Ki 15:3, 1Ki 8:61, 1Ki 11:4; 2Ch 15:17, 2Ch 15:18, 2Ch 16...

TSK: 1Ki 15:15 - he brought // things he brought : 1Ki 7:51; 1Ch 26:26-28; 2Ch 14:13, 2Ch 15:18 things : Heb. holy

he brought : 1Ki 7:51; 1Ch 26:26-28; 2Ch 14:13, 2Ch 15:18

things : Heb. holy

TSK: 1Ki 15:16 - -- 1Ki 15:6, 1Ki 15:7, 1Ki 15:32, 1Ki 14:30; 2Ch 16:1-6

TSK: 1Ki 15:17 - Baasha // Ramah // he might not suffer am 3074, bc 930 Baasha : 1Ki 15:27; 2Ch 16:1-6 Ramah : By building Ramah is here meant fortifying it, in order to prevent all intercourse with the kin...

am 3074, bc 930

Baasha : 1Ki 15:27; 2Ch 16:1-6

Ramah : By building Ramah is here meant fortifying it, in order to prevent all intercourse with the kingdom of Judah, lest his subjects should cleave to the house of Davidcaps1 . fcaps0 or Ramah was a city of Benjamin, situated on the confines of both kingdoms, probably on a hill, as the name imports, commanding a narrow defile between the mountains, through which lay the principal road to Jerusalem; so that a fortification being erected here, no communication could be held between the people of Israel and Judah, without Baasha’ s permission. 1Ki 15:21; Jos 18:25; 1Sa 15:34; Jer 31:15

he might not suffer : 1Ki 12:27; 2Ch 11:13-17

TSK: 1Ki 15:18 - Asa // Benhadad // Damascus Asa : 1Ki 15:15, 1Ki 14:26; 2Ki 12:18, 2Ki 18:15, 2Ki 18:16; 2Ch 15:18, 2Ch 16:2-6 Benhadad : 1Ki 20:1-5, 1Ki 20:33, 1Ki 20:34; 2Ki 8:7-15 Damascus : ...

TSK: 1Ki 15:19 - There is a league // break thy league // depart There is a league : 2Ch 19:2; Isa 31:1 break thy league : 2Sa 21:2; 2Ch 16:3; Eze 17:13-16; Rom 1:31, Rom 3:8 depart : Heb. go up

There is a league : 2Ch 19:2; Isa 31:1

break thy league : 2Sa 21:2; 2Ch 16:3; Eze 17:13-16; Rom 1:31, Rom 3:8

depart : Heb. go up

TSK: 1Ki 15:20 - Ijon // Dan // Cinneroth Ijon : Probably the same as Hazar-enan, a frontier town to Damascus (Eze 48:1); and perhaps the Inna of Coele-Syria, long. 68 degrees and a half, lat....

Ijon : Probably the same as Hazar-enan, a frontier town to Damascus (Eze 48:1); and perhaps the Inna of Coele-Syria, long. 68 degrees and a half, lat. 33 degrees, according to Ptolemy. 2Ki 15:29

Dan : 1Ki 12:29; Gen 14:14; Jdg 18:29, Abel-beth-maachah, 2Sa 20:14, 2Sa 20:15

Cinneroth : Jos 11:2, Jos 12:3

TSK: 1Ki 15:21 - when Baasha // Tirzah when Baasha : 2Ch 16:5 Tirzah : 1Ki 14:17, 1Ki 16:15-18; Son 6:4

when Baasha : 2Ch 16:5

Tirzah : 1Ki 14:17, 1Ki 16:15-18; Son 6:4

TSK: 1Ki 15:22 - made a proclamation // exempted // Geba // Mizpah made a proclamation : 2Ch 16:6 exempted : Heb. free Geba : Jos 18:24, Gaba, Jos 21:17 Mizpah : Jos 18:26; 1Sa 7:5, Mizpeh, Jer 40:6, Jer 40:10

made a proclamation : 2Ch 16:6

exempted : Heb. free

Geba : Jos 18:24, Gaba, Jos 21:17

Mizpah : Jos 18:26; 1Sa 7:5, Mizpeh, Jer 40:6, Jer 40:10

TSK: 1Ki 15:23 - rest of all // in the time rest of all : 1Ki 15:7, 1Ki 15:8, 1Ki 14:29-31 in the time : 2Ch 16:12-14; Psa 90:10

rest of all : 1Ki 15:7, 1Ki 15:8, 1Ki 14:29-31

in the time : 2Ch 16:12-14; Psa 90:10

TSK: 1Ki 15:24 - was buried // Jehoshaphat am 3090, bc 914 was buried : Of his splendid and costly funeral we read in 2Ch 16:14. Jehoshaphat : 1Ki 22:41-43; 2Ch 17:1-9; Mat 1:8, Josaphat

am 3090, bc 914

was buried : Of his splendid and costly funeral we read in 2Ch 16:14.

Jehoshaphat : 1Ki 22:41-43; 2Ch 17:1-9; Mat 1:8, Josaphat

TSK: 1Ki 15:25 - Nadab // began to reign am 3050-3051, bc 954-953 Nadab : 1Ki 14:12, 1Ki 14:20 began to reign : Heb. reigned

am 3050-3051, bc 954-953

Nadab : 1Ki 14:12, 1Ki 14:20

began to reign : Heb. reigned

TSK: 1Ki 15:26 - he did evil // walked // in his sin he did evil : 1Ki 16:7, 1Ki 16:25, 1Ki 16:30 walked : 1Ki 12:28-33, 1Ki 13:33, 1Ki 13:34 in his sin : 1Ki 15:30, 1Ki 15:34, 1Ki 14:16, 1Ki 16:19, 1Ki ...

TSK: 1Ki 15:27 - Baasha the son // conspired // Gibbethon Baasha the son : 1Ki 15:16, 1Ki 15:17, 1Ki 14:14 conspired : 1Ki 16:9; 2Ki 12:20 Gibbethon : 1Ki 16:15, 1Ki 16:17; Jos 19:44, Jos 21:23

Baasha the son : 1Ki 15:16, 1Ki 15:17, 1Ki 14:14

conspired : 1Ki 16:9; 2Ki 12:20

Gibbethon : 1Ki 16:15, 1Ki 16:17; Jos 19:44, Jos 21:23

TSK: 1Ki 15:28 - -- Deu 32:35

TSK: 1Ki 15:29 - he left not he left not : 1Ki 14:9-16; 2Ki 9:7-10, 2Ki 9:36, 2Ki 9:37, 2Ki 10:10, 2Ki 10:11, 2Ki 10:31, 2Ki 19:25

TSK: 1Ki 15:30 - the sins // by his provocation the sins : 1Ki 15:26, 1Ki 14:9-16 by his provocation : 1Ki 14:22

the sins : 1Ki 15:26, 1Ki 14:9-16

by his provocation : 1Ki 14:22

TSK: 1Ki 15:31 - are they not written am 3050-3051, bc 954-953 are they not written : 1Ki 14:19, 1Ki 16:5, 1Ki 16:14, 1Ki 16:20, 1Ki 16:27

am 3050-3051, bc 954-953

are they not written : 1Ki 14:19, 1Ki 16:5, 1Ki 16:14, 1Ki 16:20, 1Ki 16:27

TSK: 1Ki 15:32 - there was war am 3051-3074, bc 953-930 there was war : That is, there was a constant spirit of hostility kept up between the two kingdoms, and no doubt frequent ski...

am 3051-3074, bc 953-930

there was war : That is, there was a constant spirit of hostility kept up between the two kingdoms, and no doubt frequent skirmishing between the bordering parties; but there was no open war till Baasha king of Israel began to build Ramah, which was, according to 2Ch 15:19; 2Ch 16:1, in the thirty-sixth year of Asa; but according to 1Ki 16:8, 1Ki 16:9, his son was killed by Zimri in the twenty-sixth year of Asa, and consequently he could not make war upon him in the thirty-sixth year of his reign. Chronologers endeavour to reconcile this, by saying that the years should be reckoned, not from the beginning of Asa’ s reign, but from the separation of the kingdoms of Israel and Judah. We must either adopt this mode of solution, or admit that there is a mistake in some of the numbers, probably in the parallel places in Chronicles, but which we have no direct means of correcting. 1Ki 15:16

TSK: 1Ki 15:33 - twenty and four years twenty and four years : 1Ki 16:8

twenty and four years : 1Ki 16:8

TSK: 1Ki 15:34 - he did evil // walked he did evil : 1Ki 15:26 walked : 1Ki 15:26, 1Ki 12:28, 1Ki 12:29, 1Ki 13:33, 1Ki 13:34, 1Ki 14:16; Isa 1:4

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Poole: 1Ki 15:1 - Object // Answ Object. How can this be, when he reigned three years, 1Ki 15:2 , and Asa his successor began his reign in the twentieth year of Jeroboam, 1Ki 15:9 ...

Object. How can this be, when he reigned three years, 1Ki 15:2 , and Asa his successor began his reign in the twentieth year of Jeroboam, 1Ki 15:9 ?

Answ Parts of years are commonly called and accounted years, both in the Old and New Testament, and in profane writers. So his reign began with Jeroboam’ s eighteenth year, and continued his whole nineteenth year, and ended within his twentieth year, in which also Asa’ s reign began. And thus one and the same year may well be, as it frequently is, attributed to two several persons.

Poole: 1Ki 15:2 - Three years // Of Abishalom Three years: See Poole "1Ki 15:1". Of Abishalom or, of Absalom , as he is called, 2Ch 11:21 . And because he is here mentioned as a known person, w...

Three years: See Poole "1Ki 15:1".

Of Abishalom or, of Absalom , as he is called, 2Ch 11:21 . And because he is here mentioned as a known person, without any addition of his kindred or quality, some conceive that this was Absalom’ s daughter, called properly Tamar , 2Sa 14:27 , and from her royal grandmother, 2Sa 3:3 Maachah ; and that she is called Michaiah (which differs not much from Maachah ) the daughter of Uriel , 2Ch 13:2 , because she was first married to Uriel, as Josephus affirms, Antiq. viii. 3, and afterwards to Rehoboam. Others think this was another person, and that both she and her father had each of them several names, which was not unusual among the Hebrews.

Poole: 1Ki 15:3 - In all the sins of his father In all the sins of his father which his father lived in; either, first, Before his humiliation. Or rather, secondly, After his deliverance from Shish...

In all the sins of his father which his father lived in; either, first, Before his humiliation. Or rather, secondly, After his deliverance from Shishak, when, though he did not openly renounce the worship of God, he seems to have relapsed into his former sins; which otherwise would not have been remembered against him; as David’ s name and memory is never loaded with the shame of his sins, because he truly repented of them.

Poole: 1Ki 15:4 - A lamp // To establish Jerusalem A lamp i.e. a son and successor to perpetuate his name and memory, which otherwise had gone into obscurity. The same phrase is used above, 1Ki 11:36 ...

A lamp i.e. a son and successor to perpetuate his name and memory, which otherwise had gone into obscurity. The same phrase is used above, 1Ki 11:36 2Ki 8:19 2Ch 21:7 .

To establish Jerusalem i.e. that he might maintain that city, and temple, and worship, as a witness for God in the world against the Israelites and heathen world, who should have inquired after it, and embraced the true religion there established and set up, as a beacon upon a high hill, that all men might take notice of it.

Poole: 1Ki 15:5 - Quest Quest How is this true, seeing David sinned in the matter of Nabal, 1Sa 25 , and Achish, 1Sa 27 , and Mephibosheth, and his indulgence to his childre...

Quest How is this true, seeing David sinned in the matter of Nabal, 1Sa 25 , and Achish, 1Sa 27 , and Mephibosheth, and his indulgence to his children, Adonijah, Amnon, and Absalom, and in the numbering of the people? Answ. This and the like phrases are not to be understood as exclusive of every sinful action, but only of a sinful course or state, or of an habitual and continued apostacy from God, or from his ways, as the very phrase of turning aside from God, or from his commands, doth constantly imply, as appears from Exo 32:8 Deu 9:12,16 1Sa 8:3 Psa 78:57 Isa 44:20 1Ti 1:6 5:15 , &c. And thus it is most true. For David’ s other sins were either sudden and transient acts, proceeding from human infirmity, and extraordinary temptations, and soon repented of and blotted out, as in the cases of Nabal and Achish; or mistakes of his judgment, which was not fully convinced of the sinfulness of such actions, as in the other cases alleged; whereas that which concerned Uriah’ s wife was a designed and studied sin, long continued in, defended with a succession of other sins, presumptuous, and scandalous to his government and to the true religion, which he so eminently professed.

Poole: 1Ki 15:6 - -- Which was said 1Ki 14:30 , and may be here repeated, to signify the cause and original of the war between Abijam and Jeroboam, which is implied here...

Which was said 1Ki 14:30 , and may be here repeated, to signify the cause and original of the war between Abijam and Jeroboam, which is implied here, and particularly described 2Ch 13 . Abijam continued the war which Rehoboam had begun, and pushed it on to a decisive battle. But the place may be thus rendered, Yet there was war, &c., i.e. although God was pleased to show so much respect to David, as for his sake to continue the succession to the kingdom in his posterity, yet he thought fit to manifest his displeasure against David’ s successors for their sins, and to mix their honour and happiness with wars and troubles.

Poole: 1Ki 15:7 - The chronicles of the kings of Judah The chronicles of the kings of Judah in their annals; whence they were long after this time translated into the sacred Book of Chronicles. See Poole...

The chronicles of the kings of Judah in their annals; whence they were long after this time translated into the sacred Book of Chronicles. See Poole "1Ki 14:19" .

Poole: 1Ki 15:9 - -- In or towards the end of the year. See Poole "1Ki 15:1" .

In or towards the end of the year. See Poole "1Ki 15:1" .

Poole: 1Ki 15:10 - -- i. e. His grandmother’ s, as appears from 1Ki 15:2 , who is called his mother, as David is called Abijam’ s father, 1Ki 15:3 , and this As...

i. e. His grandmother’ s, as appears from 1Ki 15:2 , who is called his mother, as David is called Abijam’ s father, 1Ki 15:3 , and this Asa’ s father, 1Ki 15:11 . And so the names of father, and mother, and sons, and daughters are oft taken, both in sacred and profane authors, for grandparents and grandchildren. And his grandmother’ s name may be here mentioned rather than his mother’ s, because his mother was either an obscure person, or was long since dead, or indisposed or unwilling to take care of the education of her son, and so he was educated by the grandmother, who, though she did poison his father Abijam with her idolatrous principles, 1Ki 15:12 , yet could not infect Asa, nor withhold him from prosecuting his good purposes of reforming religion; which is here remembered to his praise.

Poole: 1Ki 15:11 - That which was right in the eyes of the Lord That which was right in the eyes of the Lord as to the government of his kingdom and life, and the reformation and establishment of God’ s worsh...

That which was right in the eyes of the Lord as to the government of his kingdom and life, and the reformation and establishment of God’ s worship.

Poole: 1Ki 15:12 - The Sodomites The Sodomites of whom see 1Ki 14:24 , not all of them, but those whom he could find out; but some escaped his observation and censure, as appears fro...

The Sodomites of whom see 1Ki 14:24 , not all of them, but those whom he could find out; but some escaped his observation and censure, as appears from 1Ki 22:46 .

Poole: 1Ki 15:13 - Her he removed from being queen // he removed her from the queen // An idol // Burnt it by the brook Kidron Her he removed from being queen i.e. he took from her either the name and authority of queen-regent, which she, having been Rehoboam’ s wife, an...

Her he removed from being queen i.e. he took from her either the name and authority of queen-regent, which she, having been Rehoboam’ s wife, and Abijam’ s mother, took to herself during Asa’ s minority, and abused to the patronage of idolatry; or the dignity of the queen-mother, and those guards, or other ensigns of honour, or instruments of power, which, as such, she had enjoyed and misemployed. Otherwise,

he removed her from the queen i.e. from his wife, that she might not be infected by her, and afterwards infect his children; which was a prudent and necessary care, for the prevention of so great and public a mischief.

An idol Heb. a terror, or horror , i.e. a horrible idol; which it may be so called, either because all idols, though for a season they please, yet in the end will bring dreadful effects upon their worshippers; or because this was an idol of a more horrible or terrible shape, more abominable than ordinary, and not to be seen without horror; whether it was that filthy idol, called Priapus , which was commonly placed in groves or gardens; or Pan , or some other heathen god, to whose service she in a special manner devoted herself.

Burnt it by the brook Kidron that when it was burnt to powder, it might be thrown into the water, and be unfit for any use. See Exo 32:20 Deu 12:3 .

Poole: 1Ki 15:14 - The high places were not removed // Object // Answ // Asa’ s heart was perfect with the Lord The high places were not removed Object. He did take these away, 2Ch 14:3 . Answ He took away those which were devoted to the worship of idols, ...

The high places were not removed

Object. He did take these away, 2Ch 14:3 .

Answ He took away those which were devoted to the worship of idols, as is there said, he took away the altars of the strange gods, and the highplaces, to wit, where they were worshipped: but as for those high places where the true God was worshipped, he did not take them away; partly, because he thought there was no great evil in them, because they had been used by David and Solomon, and other good and wise men; and because the true God was there worshipped, and that in the manner, though not in the place, which God had appointed; and partly, because he thought the removal of them might do much more hurt than their continuance, to wit, by occasioning the total neglect of God’ s worship by many of the people, who either could not, or through want of competent faith and zeal would not, go up to Jerusalem to worship, now especially, when the Israelites, their near neighbours, formerly their friends, were become their enemies, and watched all opportunities to invade or molest them, which they concluded they would do when all their males were gone up to Jerusalem; and partly, because the people were so obstinately bent towards them, that it was, or at least seemed to him, impossible to remove them without great offence, or such commotions as were highly dangerous to that church and state.

Asa’ s heart was perfect with the Lord i.e. he did sincerely and constantly adhere to the worship and service of God. Though he could not hinder the people from using the high places, yet he did entirely devote himself to the worship of God in the manner and place prescribed by God.

Poole: 1Ki 15:15 - Which his father had dedicated Which his father had dedicated Abijam, to wit, when he was in distress, and going to fight with Jeroboam, 2Ch 13 though afterwards he did not perfor...

Which his father had dedicated Abijam, to wit, when he was in distress, and going to fight with Jeroboam, 2Ch 13 though afterwards he did not perform his vows, nor bring in what he had devoted; whether because he was prevented by death, or because he afterwards relapsed to idolatry, as may seem probable from the 12th verse of this chapter.

Poole: 1Ki 15:16 - -- So long as they two lived and reigned together; which is not so to be understood, as if there were a solemn and declared war continuing all that tim...

So long as they two lived and reigned together; which is not so to be understood, as if there were a solemn and declared war continuing all that time, (for Asa was quiet in a great measure for his first ten years, 2Ch 14:1 , till the Israelites had recovered themselves from that dreadfull blow given them by Abijah, 2Ch 13 , and Baasha began to reign in Asa’ s third year,) but so that there were many private and particular hostilities practised among them; in which sense the same phrase is used 1Ki 14:30 .

Poole: 1Ki 15:17 - Baasha went up against Judah // Built // That he might not suffer any to go out or come in to Asa king of Judah Baasha went up against Judah perceiving Asa’ s great success, of which see 2Ch 14 2Ch 15 , and the defection of many of his own subjects to him ...

Baasha went up against Judah perceiving Asa’ s great success, of which see 2Ch 14 2Ch 15 , and the defection of many of his own subjects to him upon that occasion, 2Ch 15:9 , he began to bestir himself, and commenceth a war against him.

Built i.e. repaired and fortified, Ramah, a city of Benjamin; which either belonged to the kingdom of Israel, from the division, (as some other places of that tribe are supposed to have done; of which See Poole "1Ki 11:13" ,) or belonged to Judah, but was now invaded and taken by Baasha, and fortified.

That he might not suffer any to go out or come in to Asa king of Judah therefore he chose this place, because it was in the way from his kingdom to Jerusalem, and, as some add, in or near the straits of the mountains, where they could easily discover and hinder all passengers that way.

Poole: 1Ki 15:18 - All the silver and the gold that were left // Asa sent them to Ben-hadad All the silver and the gold that were left these poor remainders, which either Shishak had left at that time, 1Ki 14:26 , or Abijam, or Asa, or other...

All the silver and the gold that were left these poor remainders, which either Shishak had left at that time, 1Ki 14:26 , or Abijam, or Asa, or others, both of Israel and Judah, had dedicated; which probably was not inconsiderable, because Asa had got great spoils from Zerah, 2Ch 14 , and he and his numerous and prosperous people did at this time express a great zeal for the house and worship of God.

Asa sent them to Ben-hadad wherein he committed three great faults, amongst many others. First, He alienated things consecrated to God without necessity. Secondly, He did this out of carnal fear and distrust of that God whose power and goodness he had lately experienced. Thirdly, He did this for an ill intent, to hire him to the breach of his league and covenant with Baasha, 1Ki 15:19 , and to take away part of that land which by right, and the special gift of God, belonged to the Israelites.

Poole: 1Ki 15:19 - There is a league between me and thee, and between my father and thy father // That he may depart from me There is a league between me and thee, and between my father and thy father whereby it appears, that albeit he was an adversary to Israel all Solomon...

There is a league between me and thee, and between my father and thy father whereby it appears, that albeit he was an adversary to Israel all Solomon’ s days, 1Ki 11:25 , yet after the division of the kingdoms of Israel and Judah he was in league with both of them; either because his designs lay upon the enlargement of his empire other ways; or rather, because he thought it his wisdom and interest to leave them to themselves, to undo one another by their intestine wars, and so to prepare the way to his conquest of both; whereas his invading of either of them might have made up the breach, and forced them to unite against their common enemy. And therefore as soon as he was free from this fear, and one of them needed and earnestly desired his help against the other, he gladly embraced the opportunity.

That he may depart from me that being called to defend himself, he may be forced to depart from my territories.

Poole: 1Ki 15:20 - -- The northern parts of Baasha’ s kingdom, which were nearest to his own kingdom of Damascus, and most remote from those parts where Baasha was n...

The northern parts of Baasha’ s kingdom, which were nearest to his own kingdom of Damascus, and most remote from those parts where Baasha was now employed, which were in the most southern parts of his dominions.

Poole: 1Ki 15:21 - -- Now the royal city of Israel. See 1Ki 14:17 . There he abode to defend his own kingdoms, and durst not return to oppose Asa, lest the Syrian king sh...

Now the royal city of Israel. See 1Ki 14:17 . There he abode to defend his own kingdoms, and durst not return to oppose Asa, lest the Syrian king should make a second and worse invasion. So Asa met with success in his ungodly course, as on the other side good men sometimes meet with disappointment in a good cause and course. So there is no judging of causes by events.

Poole: 1Ki 15:22 - None was exempted // Asa built with them Geba of Benjamin, and Mizpah // Quest // Answ None was exempted all sorts of persons were obliged to come, except those who were disenabled by age, or infirmity, or absence, or by the public serv...

None was exempted all sorts of persons were obliged to come, except those who were disenabled by age, or infirmity, or absence, or by the public service of the king and kingdom in other places.

Asa built with them Geba of Benjamin, and Mizpah i.e. repaired and strengthened them, for they were built before. See Jer 41:9 .

Quest. Why did he not rather perfect the fortifications of Ramah which Baasha had begun?

Answ Because Baasha might have returned and recovered it afterwards; and he thought it most convenient that there should be no city nor fort in that place.

Poole: 1Ki 15:23 - Nevertheless Nevertheless notwithstanding the great things which he had done, and the glory and prosperity which he enjoyed, he felt the effects of human infirmit...

Nevertheless notwithstanding the great things which he had done, and the glory and prosperity which he enjoyed, he felt the effects of human infirmity, and of his own sins; of which see 2Ch 16:12,13 .

Poole: 1Ki 15:25 - -- Not complete, as appears from 1Ki 15:28,33 .

Not complete, as appears from 1Ki 15:28,33 .

Poole: 1Ki 15:26 - -- i.e. In the worship of the calves which his father had made.

i.e. In the worship of the calves which his father had made.

Poole: 1Ki 15:27 - Of the house of Issachar Of the house of Issachar i.e. of the tribe, which is oft called a house, as Jud 10:9 Psa 135:20 Hos 1:7 . Which belonged to the Philistines; who, tak...

Of the house of Issachar i.e. of the tribe, which is oft called a house, as Jud 10:9 Psa 135:20 Hos 1:7 . Which belonged to the Philistines; who, taking advantage of the division between Israel and Judah, had retaken this town, which belonged to the tribe of Dan, Jos 19:44 , and belonged to the Levites, Jos 21:23 ; upon whose departure to Judah, 2Ch 11:14 , the kings of Israel seized their towns and lands to their own use, as was noted before; which made them so much concerned for this town, to besiege it both now and many years after this time, 1Ki 16:15 .

Poole: 1Ki 15:28 - In the third year of Asa // Did Baasha slay him In the third year of Asa: how this agrees with 2Ch 16:1 , see in the notes there. Did Baasha slay him which he did, not to fulfil God’ s threa...

In the third year of Asa: how this agrees with 2Ch 16:1 , see in the notes there.

Did Baasha slay him which he did, not to fulfil God’ s threatening, but only to advance himself; and therefore this is called murder, 1Ki 16:7 .

Poole: 1Ki 15:29 - Any that breathed Any that breathed i.e. any of the males of that family. See Deu 20:16 Jos 10:40 . According unto the saying of the Lord: so God overruled Baasha̵...

Any that breathed i.e. any of the males of that family. See Deu 20:16 Jos 10:40 . According unto the saying of the Lord: so God overruled Baasha’ s ambition and cruelty, to fulfil his own counsel and prediction.

Poole: 1Ki 15:30 - Which he made Israel sin Which he made Israel sin so that same wicked policy which he used to establish the kingdom in his family proved his and their ruin; which is very fre...

Which he made Israel sin so that same wicked policy which he used to establish the kingdom in his family proved his and their ruin; which is very frequently the event of ungodly counsels.

Haydock: 1Ki 15:2 - Years // Abessalom Years, wanting some months. Maacha. She is called elsewhere, Michaia, daughter of Uriel; but is was a common thing, in those days, for a person t...

Years, wanting some months. Maacha. She is called elsewhere, Michaia, daughter of Uriel; but is was a common thing, in those days, for a person to have two names. (Challoner) ---

Abessalom and Absalom, the son of David are the same, 2 Paralipomenon xi. 21. (Calmet) ---

St. Jerome (Trad.) is of a different opinion. (Menochius) ---

Josephus ([Antiquities?] viii. 10.) intimates that Maacha was the daughter of Thamar. The eldest daughter, in the kingdom of Gessur, seems to have been usually styled Maacha, ver. 10. (Tirinus)

Haydock: 1Ki 15:4 - Lamp Lamp, son; (chap. xi. 36.) though he deserved to have his family exterminated. (Calmet) --- He is preserved for his father's sake. (Worthington)

Lamp, son; (chap. xi. 36.) though he deserved to have his family exterminated. (Calmet) ---

He is preserved for his father's sake. (Worthington)

Haydock: 1Ki 15:5 - Hethite // Except David, Ezechias, and Josias, all Hethite. This could not be excused. But all his other imperfections might not appear criminal in the eyes of the world, as they had some pretext of...

Hethite. This could not be excused. But all his other imperfections might not appear criminal in the eyes of the world, as they had some pretext of virtue; so that God reserves the judgment of them to himself, and to David's conscience, who confessed that he had sinned, 2 Kings xxiv. 10. (Tirinus) ---

Except David, Ezechias, and Josias, all the kings of Juda committed sin; (Ecclesiasticus xlix. 5.; Calmet) and not one of those who ruled over Israel, gave an example of virtue. (Haydock) ---

David soon entered into himself, with respect to his other failings. But he continued for a long time involved in the guilt of adultery and murder. (Sanchez)

Haydock: 1Ki 15:6 - Roboam Roboam. This had been remarked, chap. xiv. 30. (Haydock) --- There was a domestic quarrel between the two families. (Calmet) --- Some suspect th...

Roboam. This had been remarked, chap. xiv. 30. (Haydock) ---

There was a domestic quarrel between the two families. (Calmet) ---

Some suspect that Roboam is placed to designate his successors, or that we ought to read, Abia. (Sanchez) ---

Castalion rashly ventures to alter the text. (Calmet) ---

Abiam gained a decisive victory over Jeroboam, ver. 7., and 2 Paralipomenon xiii. 3.

Haydock: 1Ki 15:9 - Year Year complete, when the 21st was running on. (Usher) --- Septuagint, "the 24th." (Calmet) --- But Grabe's edition agrees with the Hebrew. (Haydo...

Year complete, when the 21st was running on. (Usher) ---

Septuagint, "the 24th." (Calmet) ---

But Grabe's edition agrees with the Hebrew. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Ki 15:10 - His mother's His mother's, &c. That is, his grandmother; unless we suppose, which is not improbable, that the Maacha here named is different from the Maacha ment...

His mother's, &c. That is, his grandmother; unless we suppose, which is not improbable, that the Maacha here named is different from the Maacha mentioned [in] ver. 2. (Challoner) ---

She was probably another grand-daughter of David's son, (Calmet) as such are frequently styled simply daughters. So David is called the father of Asa, (ver. 11.; Haydock) though he was really his great-grandfather. (Menochius)

Haydock: 1Ki 15:12 - Effeminate Effeminate. See chap. xiv. 24. Yet his zeal could not entirely eradicate this evil. There was room for the exertions of his son Josaphat, chap. xx...

Effeminate. See chap. xiv. 24. Yet his zeal could not entirely eradicate this evil. There was room for the exertions of his son Josaphat, chap. xxii. 47. (Calmet) ---

The king punished with death such as he could discover. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Ki 15:13 - Priapus // Maxima formido // To him Priapus. He would not spare such abominations in his own family. (Menochius) He took from his mother the direction of the palace, (Vatable) and he...

Priapus. He would not spare such abominations in his own family. (Menochius) He took from his mother the direction of the palace, (Vatable) and her guards. (Grotius) ---

Hebrew, "even her he removed from being queen, because she had made a Miphlatstah." (Haydock) ---

Septuagint render this term a synod, "meeting," or something shameful; also a cavern, or den; and in Paralipomenon, the "idol" Astarte. St. Jerome also gives different meanings; so that the precise import is not well known. Most people translate, "a scarecrow;" (Calmet) terriculum. In the gardens of Greece and or Rome, the figure of Priapus was set up (Du Hamel) to frighten thieves and birds away. Inde ego furum aviumque

Maxima formido. (Horace, Sat. l. 8.)

Others understand that Pan, another frightening idol, is here meant; (Castalion) or the abominations of Phallus and Ithyphallus, derived from the same Hebrew word. (Seldon) ---

As the goddess Astarte, or Asera, "the grove," here the object of adoration, was the wife of Adonis, it is probable, that the same obscenities were carried in triumph, as Herodotus (ii. 28., and 49.) specifies in the description of the festival of Bacchus, celebrated by the Egyptians. ---

To him. Protestants, "She had made an idol in the grove." Hebrew also, "to Asera; and Asa destroyed her idol, (miphlatstah) and burnt it." (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Ki 15:14 - The high places // Lord The high places. There were excelsa, or high places, of two different kinds. Some were set up and dedicated to the worship of idols, or strange...

The high places. There were excelsa, or high places, of two different kinds. Some were set up and dedicated to the worship of idols, or strange gods: and these Asa removed, 2 Paralipomenon xiv. 2. Others were only altars of the true God, but were erected contrary to the law, which allowed of no sacrifices but in the temple; and these were not removed by Asa. (Challoner) ---

They had been built before the temple, and tolerated by the prophets; (Calmet) and, though they were now improper for sacrifices, (Haydock) Asa thought it would be imprudent to molest them, (Calmet) as perhaps he could not take them away. (Du Hamel) ---

He left also the ruins of (Haydock) the temples built by Solomon, (Worthington) on Mount Olivet, (4 Kings xxiii.; Menochius) as no longer dangerous. (Salien) ---

Lord. Asa had his faults; but never forsook the worship of the Lord. (Challoner) ---

In the same sense, David is so often praised as a just prince. Asa threw a prophet into prison, and placed his trust as much in physicians, &c., 2 Paralipomenon xvi. 10, 12. But he did penance, and deserves to be ranked (Calmet) among the few just kings of Juda. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Ki 15:15 - Vowed Vowed. Hebrew, "which he himself had dedicated," or vowed, 2 Paralipomenon xv. 18. (Haydock) --- Asa made liberal presents to the Lord, and gave...

Vowed. Hebrew, "which he himself had dedicated," or vowed, 2 Paralipomenon xv. 18. (Haydock) ---

Asa made liberal presents to the Lord, and gave what his father had promised, (Menochius) probably during the famous battle against Jeroboam, 2 Paralipomenon xiii. 5. (Abulensis, q. 17.) ---

Abiam was a wicked prince, and had neglected this duty, though he reigned three years. Hence he was slain by God, ibid. v. 20. It seems that heirs were bound to execute the vows of their parents, though Moses does not express it. (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Ki 15:16 - Their days Their days: not that they were always fighting. (Haydock) --- Open war was declared only in the 35 th year of Asa, (2 Paralipomenon xv. 19.) which...

Their days: not that they were always fighting. (Haydock) ---

Open war was declared only in the 35 th year of Asa, (2 Paralipomenon xv. 19.) which must be dated from the schism, and not from the commencement of his reign; since his rival, Baasa, enjoyed the sovereignty only 24 years, and died in the 26th of Asa, which was the 36th from the division of the two kingdoms. Thus Hardouin observes that the years of Commodus, in some ancient Egyptians medals, are dated from the reign of M. Aurelius, chief of that family; so that the first of Commodus is inscribed the twenty-first of Aurelius. Asa defeated Zara in the fifteenth, and attacked Israel in the sixteen year of his reign. (Usher) (Tirinus) (Calmet) ---

Others would substitute 25 for 35, (Grotius; Capel.) though contrary to the text, and to all the versions. (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Ki 15:17 - Rama // Rama Rama, fortifying it with a wall all round, 2 Paralipomenon xvi. (Haydock) --- Rama signifies, "a height." This fort commanded a narrow pass, be...

Rama, fortifying it with a wall all round, 2 Paralipomenon xvi. (Haydock) ---

Rama signifies, "a height." This fort commanded a narrow pass, between the two kingdoms, (Calmet) and cut off all communication; which Baasa dreaded, lest his subjects should return to the service of the true God, and of Juda. (Haydock) ---

Josue (xviii. 25.) mentions Rama, near Gaboan, (Calmet) about five miles north of Jerusalem. (St. Jerome) ---

There was another towards the south. (Menochius) ---

But there the king of Israel would have no power. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Ki 15:18 - House // Tabremon // Hezion House. Sesac had not carried off all the treasures, (Calmet) and the losses had been since in a great measure repaired, ver. 15. (Haydock) --- Asa...

House. Sesac had not carried off all the treasures, (Calmet) and the losses had been since in a great measure repaired, ver. 15. (Haydock) ---

Asa thought himself justified in employing these treasures in such a pressing necessity, (Calmet) perhaps (Haydock) without reason, as the danger was not so great; and he might have gained the victory without having recourse to an infidel, if he had placed more confidence in God, 2 Paralipomenon xvi. 7, 9. (Menochius) ---

He had already discomfited Zara, king of Ethiopia, and had an army of 580,000 men. (Calmet) (2 Paralipomenon xiv. 8.) ---

Tabremon, "Good Remmon," idol of Damascus. (Haydock) ---

Hezion, the same with Razon, chap. xi. 23. (Menochius)

Haydock: 1Ki 15:19 - League League. The infidel is ready to take part with the best bidder. (Haydock) --- Benadad gains a double reward, as he plunders the conquered. (Menoc...

League. The infidel is ready to take part with the best bidder. (Haydock) ---

Benadad gains a double reward, as he plunders the conquered. (Menochius)

Haydock: 1Ki 15:20 - Ahion // Maacha // Ceneroth Ahion, or Ain, remote in the north, whence Theglathphalasar took away captives, (4 Kings xv. 29.) is perhaps the Enan of Ezechiel xlviii. 1., and N...

Ahion, or Ain, remote in the north, whence Theglathphalasar took away captives, (4 Kings xv. 29.) is perhaps the Enan of Ezechiel xlviii. 1., and Numbers xxxiv. 9. ---

Maacha. In Paralipomenon, Abel-maim, "Abela of the waters," 2 Kings xx. 14. ---

Ceneroth, near the sea of Tiberias, Josue xi. 2. Benadad kept possession of some of these places, and even built streets in Samaria, chap. xx. 34.

Haydock: 1Ki 15:21 - Returned Returned. So the Septuagint. Hebrew, "dwelt." (Calmet) --- He returned to protect his own dominions, (Menochius) and shut himself up in his capit...

Returned. So the Septuagint. Hebrew, "dwelt." (Calmet) ---

He returned to protect his own dominions, (Menochius) and shut himself up in his capital. (Calmet)

Haydock: 1Ki 15:22 - Excused // Rama // Gabaa Excused. "When the country is to be defended, all exemptions cease." (Leg. ult.) (Calmet) --- Septuagint seem to preserve the terms of the origin...

Excused. "When the country is to be defended, all exemptions cease." (Leg. ult.) (Calmet) ---

Septuagint seem to preserve the terms of the original untranslated, "Asa called all....to Annacim." Hebrew en naki, (Haydock) means, "no one exempt." (Calmet) ---

Rama belonged to the enemy; and, as it appears from this passage, was in the vicinity of Maspha. (Haydock) ---

Gabaa, the city of Saul, (Menochius) adding fresh fortifications, as this and Maspha were frontier towns, against the inroads of Israel. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Ki 15:23 - Strength // Feet Strength. Septuagint, "dynasty," or power, whether of his dominions or of his person. (Calmet) --- Feet, with the gout, (Menochius) three years b...

Strength. Septuagint, "dynasty," or power, whether of his dominions or of his person. (Calmet) ---

Feet, with the gout, (Menochius) three years before his death. He did not confide in the Lord sufficiently, 2 Paralipomenon xvi. 12. His body was embalmed or burnt, unless aromatic spices evaporated with it was laid on a bed of state, before it was consigned to the tomb, which Asa had prepared for himself in the city of David, 2 Paralipomenon xvi. 14.

Haydock: 1Ki 15:25 - Two years Two years, incomplete; since he commenced his reign in the second, and died in the third year of Asa, ver. 28. (Calmet) --- Petau only allows him, ...

Two years, incomplete; since he commenced his reign in the second, and died in the third year of Asa, ver. 28. (Calmet) ---

Petau only allows him, "a few months;" and supposes, that he had been associated on the throne with Jeroboam. But this is unnecessary. (Houbigant) ---

Nadab was the first king of Israel, who fell a pray to the fury of his subjects. (Salien, the year before Christ 971.)

Haydock: 1Ki 15:27 - Gebbethon Gebbethon, of the tribe of Dan, occupied by the Philistines. It was often attacked, chap. xvi. 15. (Calmet) --- The occasion of this war is not kn...

Gebbethon, of the tribe of Dan, occupied by the Philistines. It was often attacked, chap. xvi. 15. (Calmet) ---

The occasion of this war is not known. (Menochius)

Haydock: 1Ki 15:29 - Jeroboam Jeroboam. The author of schism is punished in his posterity. (Worthington) --- The body of Nadab was left unburied, chap. xiv. 11. (Menochius)

Jeroboam. The author of schism is punished in his posterity. (Worthington) ---

The body of Nadab was left unburied, chap. xiv. 11. (Menochius)

Gill: 1Ki 15:1 - Now in the eighteenth year of King Jeroboam the son of Nebat reigned Abijam over Judah. Now in the eighteenth year of King Jeroboam the son of Nebat reigned Abijam over Judah. That is, began to reign; and by this it appears that Rehoboam ...

Now in the eighteenth year of King Jeroboam the son of Nebat reigned Abijam over Judah. That is, began to reign; and by this it appears that Rehoboam was in the eighteenth year of his reign when he died, for he and Jeroboam began their reign at the same time.

Gill: 1Ki 15:2 - Three years reigned he in Jerusalem // and his mother's name was Maachah the daughter of Abishalom Three years reigned he in Jerusalem,.... And three only; his reign was short, and indeed not three full years, only one whole year and part of two oth...

Three years reigned he in Jerusalem,.... And three only; his reign was short, and indeed not three full years, only one whole year and part of two others; for Asa his son began to reign in the twentieth of Jeroboam, 1Ki 15:9 so that he reigned part of his eighteenth, this whole nineteenth, and part of his twentieth:

and his mother's name was Maachah the daughter of Abishalom; called Absalom, 2Ch 11:20, generally supposed by the Jews to be Absalom the son of David, and which may seem not improbable, since his other two wives were of his father's family, 2Ch 11:18. Josephus says q she was the daughter of Tamar the daughter of Absalom, and so his granddaughter; and which may account for her being called Michaiah the daughter of Uriel of Gibeah, 2Ch 13:2 since the difference between Maachah and Michaiah is not very great; and Uriel might he the name of Tamar's husband; though it is most likely that both father and daughter had two names; she seems to be mentioned here, to observe that she was the cause and means of her son's disagreeable walk, as follows, see 1Ki 15:13.

Gill: 1Ki 15:3 - And he walked in all the sins of his father, which he had done before him // and his heart was not perfect with the Lord his God // as the heart of David his father And he walked in all the sins of his father, which he had done before him,.... Having such bad examples as both parents to copy after; it chiefly resp...

And he walked in all the sins of his father, which he had done before him,.... Having such bad examples as both parents to copy after; it chiefly respects idolatrous practices, see 1Ki 14:23,

and his heart was not perfect with the Lord his God; he did profess the true God, and worshipped him, but not wholly, and only, and sincerely; he worshipped other gods besides him: and so his heart was not

as the heart of David his father; who was a sole and sincere worshipper of God, never departed from him and his service.

Gill: 1Ki 15:4 - Nevertheless, for David's sake did the Lord his God give him a lamp in Jerusalem // and to establish Jerusalem Nevertheless, for David's sake did the Lord his God give him a lamp in Jerusalem,.... A kingdom there, as the Targum, splendid and glorious, to be con...

Nevertheless, for David's sake did the Lord his God give him a lamp in Jerusalem,.... A kingdom there, as the Targum, splendid and glorious, to be continued in his posterity: to set up his son after him; in it:

and to establish Jerusalem: to continue that in which the temple was, for the sake of which, and the worship of God in it, there was a succession of David's posterity on the throne of Judah.

Gill: 1Ki 15:5 - Because David did that which was right in the eyes of the Lord // save only in the matter of Uriah the Hittite Because David did that which was right in the eyes of the Lord,.... With respect to worship: and turned not aside from anything that he commanded him ...

Because David did that which was right in the eyes of the Lord,.... With respect to worship: and turned not aside from anything that he commanded him all the days of his life; especially in matters of religion, nor even in his moral walk and conversation, deliberately, studiously, and with design:

save only in the matter of Uriah the Hittite; the killing of him, and other sins which led on to it, and were in connection with it; Abarbinel thinks, because the affair of Bathsheba is not mentioned, that was not reckoned to David as a sin; but no doubt it was, and is included here.

Gill: 1Ki 15:6 - And there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all the days of his life. And there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all the days of his life. Not the days of Rehoboam, though that was true, and is observed, 1Ki 14:30, ...

And there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all the days of his life. Not the days of Rehoboam, though that was true, and is observed, 1Ki 14:30, but all the days of Abijam, before he came to the throne, and in which, when a young man, he was concerned, and which still continued between him and Jeroboam; though some think he is called by his father's name, as Rehoboam is called David, 1Ki 12:16.

Gill: 1Ki 15:7 - Now the rest of the acts of Abijam, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah // and there was war between Abijam and Jeroboam Now the rest of the acts of Abijam, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?.... Which seem to b...

Now the rest of the acts of Abijam, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?.... Which seem to be written by Iddo the prophet, see 2Ch 13:22,

and there was war between Abijam and Jeroboam; and a famous pitched battle between them we read of in 2Ch 13:3.

Gill: 1Ki 15:8 - And Abijam slept with his fathers // and they buried him in the city of David // and Asa his son reigned in his stead And Abijam slept with his fathers,.... That is, died as they did: and they buried him in the city of David, in the sepulchre of his royal ancestors...

And Abijam slept with his fathers,.... That is, died as they did:

and they buried him in the city of David, in the sepulchre of his royal ancestors, David, Solomon, and Rehoboam:

and Asa his son reigned in his stead; who perhaps was the eldest of his twenty two sons, 2Ch 13:21.

Gill: 1Ki 15:9 - And in the twentieth year of Jeroboam king of Israel reigned Asa over Judah. And in the twentieth year of Jeroboam king of Israel reigned Asa over Judah. How this is to be accounted for See Gill on 1Ki 15:2.

And in the twentieth year of Jeroboam king of Israel reigned Asa over Judah. How this is to be accounted for See Gill on 1Ki 15:2.

Gill: 1Ki 15:10 - And forty one years reigned he in Jerusalem // and his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom And forty one years reigned he in Jerusalem,.... Being a good king, had the blessing of a long reign, and reached, and even exceeded, the years of the...

And forty one years reigned he in Jerusalem,.... Being a good king, had the blessing of a long reign, and reached, and even exceeded, the years of the reigns of David and Solomon:

and his mother's name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom; that is the name of his grandmother, see 1Ki 15:2 she is called his mother, not because she brought him forth, but because she brought him up; and this is observed to his commendation, that though he was educated by an idolatrous woman, yet was not corrupted by her as his father was.

Gill: 1Ki 15:11 - And Asa did that which was right in the eyes of the Lord, as did David his father. And Asa did that which was right in the eyes of the Lord, as did David his father. In his personal walk and conversation, in his government of the nat...

And Asa did that which was right in the eyes of the Lord, as did David his father. In his personal walk and conversation, in his government of the nation, and especially in the matters of his God, and of religion, he made David his pattern and example to copy after.

Gill: 1Ki 15:12 - And he took away the Sodomites out of the land // and removed all the idols that his fathers had made And he took away the Sodomites out of the land,.... Which were in the times of Rehoboam, 1Ki 14:24, and continued in his father's reign; those he took...

And he took away the Sodomites out of the land,.... Which were in the times of Rehoboam, 1Ki 14:24, and continued in his father's reign; those he took away, either by driving them out of the land, or by putting them to death according to the law of God, Lev 20:13 even as many of them as he had knowledge of, for some remained, see 1Ki 22:46,

and removed all the idols that his fathers had made; or suffered to be made, as Solomon, Rehoboam, and Abijam, see 1Ki 11:7.

Gill: 1Ki 15:13 - And also Maachah his mother, even her he removed from being queen // because she had made an idol in a grove // and Asa destroyed her idol, and burnt it by the brook Kidron And also Maachah his mother, even her he removed from being queen,.... From the kingdom, as the Targum; from having any share in the government, as sh...

And also Maachah his mother, even her he removed from being queen,.... From the kingdom, as the Targum; from having any share in the government, as she might have had during his minority, his mother being dead, as some conjecture; and not only took away her power and authority, but all the ensigns of it, and perhaps forbid her the court: or he removed her from the queen, his own wife, that she might not be corrupted by her; or rather it was from presiding over the rites of the idol next mentioned, and the worshipping of it:

because she had made an idol in a grove; which had its name from horror and trembling; either because it was of a terrible aspect, or injected horror into its worshippers, or brought terrible calamities and judgments upon them: according to some Jewish writers r, it was a Priapus, of an obscene figure; and so others s, who suppose she presided over the sacred rites of this impure deity, the same with Baalpeor; and the Heathens used to place Priapus in their gardens t, to fright away birds; see Gill on Jer 49:16, others take it to be Pan, from whence the word "Panic", used for any great fright:

and Asa destroyed her idol, and burnt it by the brook Kidron: and cast the ashes of it into it, that none might have any profit by it, the gold and silver on it, and in indignation to it, see Exo 32:20.

Gill: 1Ki 15:14 - But the high places were not removed // nevertheless, Asa's heart was perfect all his days But the high places were not removed,.... That is, such as had been used for the worship of God, before the temple was built, which yet now should hav...

But the high places were not removed,.... That is, such as had been used for the worship of God, before the temple was built, which yet now should have been removed, since sacrifice was now only to be offered there; but he might think they were still lawful, or the people had such an opinion of them, that it was difficult and dangerous to attempt to remove them; otherwise high places for idolatry were removed by him, 2Ch 14:3,

nevertheless, Asa's heart was perfect all his days; he was sincere in the worship of God, and did everything to the best of his knowledge and capacity for restoring true religion, and destroying idolatry.

Gill: 1Ki 15:15 - And he brought in the things which his father had dedicated // and the things which himself had dedicated And he brought in the things which his father had dedicated,.... The spoils he had taken in war from Jeroboam, and which he had devoted to religious u...

And he brought in the things which his father had dedicated,.... The spoils he had taken in war from Jeroboam, and which he had devoted to religious uses, but lived not to perform his vows, which his son now did for him; so that it seems, notwithstanding the sins he fell into, he had some regard to God and his worship, see 2Ch 13:19.

and the things which himself had dedicated; out of the spoils taken from the Ethiopians, 2Ch 14:13, these he brought into the house of the Lord, silver, and gold, and vessels; of various sorts.

Gill: 1Ki 15:16 - And there was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days: And there was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days: That is as long as they lived together; for Baasha died many years before Asa,...

And there was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days: That is as long as they lived together; for Baasha died many years before Asa, and this must be reckoned from the time the war began between them. Baasha did not begin his reign until the third year of Asa, 1Ki 15:25 and in the first ten years of Asa's reign the land was quiet and free from war, 2Ch 14:1 of which there must be seven in the reign of Baasha, who is here made mention of out of course, for Nadab reigned before him, 1Ki 15:25, the reason of which Abarbinel thinks is, that the historian, having given an account of the good deeds of Asa, relates his failings before he proceeds to the other part of his history.

Gill: 1Ki 15:17 - And Baasha king of Israel went up against Judah // and built Ramah // that he might not suffer any to go out or come in to Asa king of Judah And Baasha king of Israel went up against Judah,.... Which, in 2Ch 16:1 is said to be in the thirty sixth year of Asa's reign, or rather of his kingdo...

And Baasha king of Israel went up against Judah,.... Which, in 2Ch 16:1 is said to be in the thirty sixth year of Asa's reign, or rather of his kingdom; for it can never mean the year of his reign, for Baasha was dead many years before that, since his reign began in the third of Asa, and he reigned but twenty four years, and therefore must die in the twenty seventh of Asa; but it is to be understood of the kingdom of Judah, when it was divided from Israel; from that time to this were thirty six years, seventeen under Rehoboam, three under Abijam, so that this year must be the sixteenth of Asa; thus it is calculated in the Jewish chronology u, and which is followed by many of the best of our chronologers:

and built Ramah; a city in the tribe of Benjamin, Jos 18:25, but taken by the king of Israel, which he rebuilt or fortified:

that he might not suffer any to go out or come in to Asa king of Judah; that his people might not go to and from Jerusalem, and worship at the temple there; this garrison lying on the borders of both kingdoms, he thought hereby to cut off all communication between them.

Gill: 1Ki 15:18 - Then Asa took all the silver and the gold that were left in the treasures of the house of the Lord, and the treasures of the king's house // and delivered them into the hands of his servants // and King Asa sent them to Benhadad the son of Tabrimon, the son of Hezion king of Syria, that dwelt at Damascus // saying Then Asa took all the silver and the gold that were left in the treasures of the house of the Lord, and the treasures of the king's house,.... What wa...

Then Asa took all the silver and the gold that were left in the treasures of the house of the Lord, and the treasures of the king's house,.... What was left untaken away by Shishak king of Egypt, 1Ki 14:26, or what he had put there dedicated by his father and himself, 1Ki 15:15 and be they either, they were not to be taken, especially the treasures of the house of the Lord, and put to profane use, and particularly to such bad purposes as these were:

and delivered them into the hands of his servants: to be disposed of as next directed:

and King Asa sent them to Benhadad the son of Tabrimon, the son of Hezion king of Syria, that dwelt at Damascus; according to some chronologers w, Hezion, the grandfather of this Benhadad, is the same with Rezon the first king of Damascus, 1Ki 11:23, who was succeeded by Tabrimon, and he by Benhadad:

saying: as follows.

Gill: 1Ki 15:19 - There is a league between me and thee, and between my father and thy father // behold, I have sent unto thee a present of silver and gold // come and break thy league with Baasha king of Israel, that he may depart from me There is a league between me and thee, and between my father and thy father,.... For though Hezion, if he is the same with Rezon, was an adversary to ...

There is a league between me and thee, and between my father and thy father,.... For though Hezion, if he is the same with Rezon, was an adversary to Israel in the days of Solomon, 1Ki 11:25, yet it seems his son was not, but was a confederate with the kings of Israel and Judah:

behold, I have sent unto thee a present of silver and gold; taken out of the treasury of the temple and his own treasury:

come and break thy league with Baasha king of Israel, that he may depart from me; it was sinful in him to take the money out of the temple, to which it was dedicated; it was more so to make use of it to bribe an Heathen to break his covenant and alliance with another, in order to serve him; in which he betrayed great distrust of the Lord, and of his power to help him; which was the more aggravated, when he had had such a wonderful appearance of God for him against the Ethiopians, see 2Ch 16:7.

Gill: 1Ki 15:20 - So Benhadad hearkened unto King Asa, and sent the captains of the hosts which he had against the cities of Israel // and he smote Ijon, and Dan, and Abelbethmaachah, and all Cinneroth, with all the land of Naphtali So Benhadad hearkened unto King Asa, and sent the captains of the hosts which he had against the cities of Israel,.... He broke off his alliance with ...

So Benhadad hearkened unto King Asa, and sent the captains of the hosts which he had against the cities of Israel,.... He broke off his alliance with the king of Israel; and as he had a standing army, with proper officers, he sent them directly to take the cities of Israel:

and he smote Ijon, and Dan, and Abelbethmaachah, and all Cinneroth, with all the land of Naphtali; places which lay on the northern part of Israel, the nearest to Syria. Ijon some place in the tribe of Naphtali, others in Asher; it seems to be on the extreme border of the land northward, as Dan also was; hence the phrase from Dan to Beersheba, i.e. from north to south. Abelbethmaachah is the same with Abelmaim, 2Ch 16:4 which perhaps is the same with that Abela, placed by Jerome x between Damascus and Paneas, supposed to be the Enhydra of Pliny y. Cinneroth is the same with Gennesaret, a fruitful country in Galilee, from which is a sea or lake of that name, mentioned in the New Testament, and was in the tribe of Naphtali, the land of which was seized upon at this time.

Gill: 1Ki 15:21 - And it came to pass, when Baasha heard thereof // that he left off building of Ramah // and dwelt in Tirzah And it came to pass, when Baasha heard thereof,.... What was doing in the northern part of his kingdom: that he left off building of Ramah; which w...

And it came to pass, when Baasha heard thereof,.... What was doing in the northern part of his kingdom:

that he left off building of Ramah; which was the thing designed to be answered by this diversion:

and dwelt in Tirzah; in the tribe of Manasseh, nearer at hand, to observe and stop the motions of the Syrian king.

Gill: 1Ki 15:22 - Then King Asa made a proclamation throughout all Judah // (none was exempted;) // and they took away the stones of Ramah, and the timber thereof, wherewith Baasha had builded // and King Asa built with them Geba of Benjamin, and Mizpah Then King Asa made a proclamation throughout all Judah,.... Summoned men of all sorts, ranks, and degrees: (none was exempted;) the Jews z say, not...

Then King Asa made a proclamation throughout all Judah,.... Summoned men of all sorts, ranks, and degrees:

(none was exempted;) the Jews z say, not so much as a newly married man, whom the law excused from war the first year, nor the disciples of the wise men:

and they took away the stones of Ramah, and the timber thereof, wherewith Baasha had builded; or fortified the place; these; the men of Judah, whom Asa summoned, carried off:

and King Asa built with them Geba of Benjamin, and Mizpah; which were both in the tribe of Benjamin, and which he fortified, Jos 18:24.

Gill: 1Ki 15:23 - The rest of all the acts of Asa, and all his might, and all that he did, and the cities which he built, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah // nevertheless, in the time of his old age he was diseased in his feet The rest of all the acts of Asa, and all his might, and all that he did, and the cities which he built, are they not written in the book of the chroni...

The rest of all the acts of Asa, and all his might, and all that he did, and the cities which he built, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?.... Some of which are to be met with in the canonical book of that name, 2Ch 14:1, and others in the annals of the kings, out of which the Scripture account was taken:

nevertheless, in the time of his old age he was diseased in his feet; seized with the gout, as the Jews say a, and which was two years before his death, see 2Ch 16:12.

Gill: 1Ki 15:24 - And Asa slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father // and Jehoshaphat his son reigned in his stead And Asa slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father,.... In a sepulchre there he himself had made, and in ...

And Asa slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father,.... In a sepulchre there he himself had made, and in great pomp and solemnity, being laid on a bed filled with sweet odours and spices, prepared according to art, and which were burned for him, 2Ch 16:14,

and Jehoshaphat his son reigned in his stead; a very pious and worthy prince.

Gill: 1Ki 15:25 - And Nadab the son of Jeroboam began to reign over Israel in the second year of Asa king of Judah // and reigned over Israel two years And Nadab the son of Jeroboam began to reign over Israel in the second year of Asa king of Judah,.... Before Baasha did: and reigned over Israel tw...

And Nadab the son of Jeroboam began to reign over Israel in the second year of Asa king of Judah,.... Before Baasha did:

and reigned over Israel two years, not two whole years; for he began in the second of Asa, and in the third of that king's reign Baasha slew him, and reigned in his stead, 1Ki 15:28.

Gill: 1Ki 15:26 - And he did evil in the sight of the Lord // and walked in the way of his father, and in his sin wherewith he made Israel to sin And he did evil in the sight of the Lord,.... Committed idolatry, than which nothing is a greater evil in his sight: and walked in the way of his f...

And he did evil in the sight of the Lord,.... Committed idolatry, than which nothing is a greater evil in his sight:

and walked in the way of his father, and in his sin wherewith he made Israel to sin: in making and worshipping of golden calves.

Gill: 1Ki 15:27 - And Baasha the son of Ahijah, of the house of Issachar // conspired against him // and Baasha smote him at Gibbethon // which belongeth to the Philistines // for Nadab and all Israel laid siege to Gibbethon And Baasha the son of Ahijah, of the house of Issachar,.... A man of that tribe; but who he was, or his father, is nowhere else said, very probably an...

And Baasha the son of Ahijah, of the house of Issachar,.... A man of that tribe; but who he was, or his father, is nowhere else said, very probably an officer in Nadab's army:

conspired against him; laid a scheme to take away his life, and seize the kingdom:

and Baasha smote him at Gibbethon; a city in the tribe of Dan, Jos 19:44.

which belongeth to the Philistines; it was a city given to the Levites, Jos 21:23 and they being driven from it by Jeroboam, the Philistines seized on it, or had heretofore made a conquest of it; and Nadab was desirous of getting it out of their hands, and therefore besieged it, as follows:

for Nadab and all Israel laid siege to Gibbethon; and while he was besieging it, Baasha took the opportunity to slay him, where his carcass lay exposed to dogs, or fowls of the air, and had no burial, as Ahijah predicted, 1Ki 14:11.

Gill: 1Ki 15:28 - Even in the third year of Asa king of Judah did Baasha slay him, and reigned in his stead. Even in the third year of Asa king of Judah did Baasha slay him, and reigned in his stead. Which seems to be his only or chief view in slaying him, to...

Even in the third year of Asa king of Judah did Baasha slay him, and reigned in his stead. Which seems to be his only or chief view in slaying him, to get possession of his kingdom.

Gill: 1Ki 15:29 - And it came to pass, when he reigned, that he smote all the house of Jeroboam // he left not Jeroboam any that breathed, until he had destroyed him, according to the saying of the Lord, which he spake by his servant Ahijah the Shilonite And it came to pass, when he reigned, that he smote all the house of Jeroboam,.... That he might have no rival, or any that could pretend any title to...

And it came to pass, when he reigned, that he smote all the house of Jeroboam,.... That he might have no rival, or any that could pretend any title to the crown:

he left not Jeroboam any that breathed, until he had destroyed him, according to the saying of the Lord, which he spake by his servant Ahijah the Shilonite; not that his intention in destroying Jeroboam's family was to fulfil that prophecy, but so it was eventually; see 1Ki 14:10.

Gill: 1Ki 15:30 - Because of the sins of Jeroboam which he sinned, and which he made Israel sin, by his provocation wherewith he provoked the Lord God of Israel. Because of the sins of Jeroboam which he sinned, and which he made Israel sin, by his provocation wherewith he provoked the Lord God of Israel. Not th...

Because of the sins of Jeroboam which he sinned, and which he made Israel sin, by his provocation wherewith he provoked the Lord God of Israel. Not that Baasha destroyed the family of Jeroboam because of his sins, which did so much mischief to Israel, and were so provoking to the Lord, from any dislike or hatred of them, for he walked in the same, 1Ki 15:34, but the Lord threatened this by his prophet, and suffered it to be done because of his abominations.

Gill: 1Ki 15:31 - Now the rest of the acts of Nadab, and all that he did // are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel Now the rest of the acts of Nadab, and all that he did,.... In his short reign, which yet were more than here related: are they not written in the ...

Now the rest of the acts of Nadab, and all that he did,.... In his short reign, which yet were more than here related:

are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel? in which those of his father Jeroboam were written, 1Ki 14:19.

Gill: 1Ki 15:32 - And there was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days. And there was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days. For being a wicked man, and an idolater, Asa had no respect for him, though he...

And there was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days. For being a wicked man, and an idolater, Asa had no respect for him, though he had slain the family of Jeroboam; nor had Baasha any regard to Judah, nor to the worship of God at Jerusalem, so that there was no good understanding between them, but frequent acts of hostility, see 1Ki 15:16.

Gill: 1Ki 15:33 - In the third year of Asa king of Judah began Baasha the son of Ahijah to reign over all Israel in Tirzah // twenty four years In the third year of Asa king of Judah began Baasha the son of Ahijah to reign over all Israel in Tirzah,.... Which is repeated, partly to observe tha...

In the third year of Asa king of Judah began Baasha the son of Ahijah to reign over all Israel in Tirzah,.... Which is repeated, partly to observe that the whole kingdom submitted to him, though an usurper and murderer, and the place where he kept his court, as also the time of his reign, as follows:

twenty four years; which were as long as both Jeroboam and his son reigned.

Gill: 1Ki 15:34 - And he did evil in the sight of the Lord // and walked in the way of Jeroboam // and in his sin wherewith he made Israel to sin And he did evil in the sight of the Lord,.... As Nadab did, whom he slew: and walked in the way of Jeroboam; whose family he destroyed: and in h...

And he did evil in the sight of the Lord,.... As Nadab did, whom he slew:

and walked in the way of Jeroboam; whose family he destroyed:

and in his sin wherewith he made Israel to sin; in worshipping the golden calves; so that it was not out of dislike to idolatry, but out of malice and ambition, that he slew the family of Jeroboam.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:1 The Old Greek also has the phrase “the son of Rehoboam.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:2 Abishalom (also in v. 10) is a variant of the name Absalom (cf. 2 Chr 11:20). The more common form is used by TEV, NLT.

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:3 Heb “his heart was not complete with the Lord his God, like the heart of David his father.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:4 Heb “and by causing Jerusalem to stand firm.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:5 Heb “and had not turned aside from all which he commanded him.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:6 Heb “his”; the referent (Abijah) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:7 Heb “As for the rest of the events of Abijah, and all which he did, are they not written on the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of...

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:8 Heb “and they buried him.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:10 Heb “mother,” but Hebrew often uses the terms “father” and “mother” for grandparents and more remote ancestors.

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:11 Heb “father,” but Hebrew often uses the terms “father” and “mother” for grandparents and more remote ancestors.

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:12 Heb “fathers” (also in v. 24).

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:13 Heb “mother,” but Hebrew often uses the terms “father” and “mother” for grandparents and more remote ancestors.

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:14 Heb “yet the heart of Asa was complete with the Lord all his days.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:15 Heb “and he brought the holy things of his father and his holy things (into) the house of the Lord, silver, gold, and items.” Instead of &...

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:16 Heb “There was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:17 Heb “and he built up Ramah so as to not permit going out or coming in to Asa king of Judah.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:18 Heb “King Asa sent it.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:19 Heb “so he will go up from upon me.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:20 Heb “and all Kinnereth together with all the land of Naphtali.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:21 Heb “building.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:22 Heb “and King Asa built with them.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:23 Heb “Yet in the time of his old age he became sick in his feet.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:24 Heb “lay down with his fathers.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:26 Heb “and he walked in the way of his father and in his sin which he made Israel sin.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:27 Heb “against him”; the referent (Nadab) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:29 Heb “according to the word of the Lord which he spoke.”

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:30 Heb “because of Jeroboam which he committed and which he made Israel commit, by his provocation by which he made the Lord God of Israel angry.&#...

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:31 Heb “As for the rest of the events of Nadab, and all which he did, are they not written on the scroll of the events of the days of the kings of ...

NET Notes: 1Ki 15:34 Heb “and he walked in the way of Jeroboam and in his sin which he made Israel sin.”

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 15:2 Three years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother's name [was] Maachah, the daughter of ( a ) Abishalom. ( a ) Some think that this was Absalom Sol...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 15:4 Nevertheless for David's sake did the LORD his God give him a ( b ) lamp in Jerusalem, to set up his son after him, and to establish Jerusalem: ( b )...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 15:10 And forty and one years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his ( c ) mother's name [was] Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom. ( c ) That is, his grandmother...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 15:13 And also Maachah his mother, even her he ( d ) removed from [being] queen, because she had made an idol in a grove; and Asa destroyed her idol, and bu...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 15:14 But the high places were not removed: nevertheless Asa's heart was ( e ) perfect with the LORD all his days. ( e ) Though he permitted them to worshi...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 15:17 And Baasha king of Israel went up against Judah, and built ( f ) Ramah, that he might not suffer any to go out or come in to Asa king of Judah. ( f )...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 15:19 [There is] a league between me and thee, [and] between my father and thy father: behold, I have sent unto thee a present of silver and gold; come and ...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 15:23 The rest of all the acts of Asa, and all his might, and all that he did, and the cities which he built, [are] they not written in the book of the chro...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 15:24 And Asa slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his ( i ) father: and Jehoshaphat his son reigned in his stead. ...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 15:29 And it came to pass, when he reigned, [that] he ( k ) smote all the house of Jeroboam; he left not to Jeroboam any that breathed, until he had destroy...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 15:30 Because of the sins of Jeroboam which he sinned, and which he made Israel sin, by his ( l ) provocation wherewith he provoked the LORD God of Israel t...

Geneva Bible: 1Ki 15:33 In the third year of Asa king of Judah began Baasha the son of Ahijah to reign over all Israel in ( m ) Tirzah, twenty and four years. ( m ) Which wa...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: 1Ki 15:1-8 - --Abijam's heart was not perfect with the Lord his God; he wanted sincerity; he began well, but he fell off, and walked in all the sins of his father, f...

MHCC: 1Ki 15:9-24 - --Asa did what was right in the eyes of the Lord. That is right indeed which is so in God's eyes. Asa's times were times of reformation. He removed that...

MHCC: 1Ki 15:25-34 - --During the single reign of Asa in Judah, the government of Israel was in six or seven different hands. Observe the ruin of the family of Jeroboam; no ...

Matthew Henry: 1Ki 15:1-8 - -- We have here a short account of the short reign of Abijam the son of Rehoboam king of Judah. He makes a better figure, 2 Chr. 13, where we have an a...

Matthew Henry: 1Ki 15:9-24 - -- We have here a short account of the reign of Asa; we shall find a more copious history of it 2Ch 14:1-15, 15, and 2Ch 16:1-14. Here is, I. The lengt...

Matthew Henry: 1Ki 15:25-34 - -- We are now to take a view of the miserable state of Israel, while the kingdom of Judah was happy under Asa's good government. It was threatened that...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ki 15:1-2 - -- Reign of Abijam (cf., 2 Chron 13). - Abijam reigned three years, and his mother's name was Maacah , daughter (i.e., grand-daughter) of Absalom. We...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ki 15:3-5 - -- Abijam walked as king in the footsteps of his father. Although he made presents to the temple (1Ki 15:15), his heart was not שׁלם , wholly or un...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ki 15:6-8 - -- "And there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all his life;"i.e., the state of hostility which had already existed between Rehoboam and Jeroboam...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ki 15:9-24 - -- Reign of Asa (cf., 2 Chron 14-16). - As Asa ascended the throne in the twentieth year of the reign of Jeroboam, his father Abijam, who began to reig...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ki 15:25-32 - -- The Reign of Nadab lasted not quite two years, as he ascended the throne in the second year of Asa, and was slain in his third year. 1Ki 15:26-31 ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Ki 15:33-34 - -- The Reign of Baasha is described very briefly according to its duration (two years) and its spirit, namely, the attitude of Baasha towards the Lord ...

Constable: 1Ki 15:1-8 - --4. Abijam's evil reign in Judah 15:1-8 Abijam (or Abijah, lit. my father is Yah[weh]) reigned fr...

Constable: 1Ki 15:9-24 - --5. Asa's good reign in Judah 15:9-24 Asa was the first of eight kings of Judah whom the writer o...

Constable: 1Ki 15:9-15 - --Asa's godliness 15:9-15 Asa came to power close to the end of Jeroboam's reign over Isra...

Constable: 1Ki 15:16-22 - --Asa's victory over Israel 15:16-22 Antagonism continued between Israel and Judah in Asa'...

Constable: 1Ki 15:23-24 - --Asa's death 15:23-24 Asa experienced some personal discipline for his trust in the flesh...

Constable: 1Ki 15:25-32 - --6. Nadab's evil reign in Israel 15:25-32 Nadab ruled Israel from 910-909 B.C. Evidently Baasha a...

Constable: 1Ki 15:33--16:8 - --7. Baasha's evil reign in Israel 15:33-16:7 Baasha's 24-year reign (909-886 B.C.), the third lon...

Guzik: 1Ki 15:1-34 - The Reigns of Abijam, Asa, Nadab and Baasha 1 Kings 15 - The Reigns of Abijam, Asa, Nadab and Baasha A. Two kings of Judah. 1. (1-8) The reign of King Abijam (known as Abijah in 2 Chronicles 1...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF KINGS, in the ancient copies of the Hebrew Bible, constitute one book. Various titles have been given them; in the Septu...

JFB: 1 Kings (Garis Besar) ABISHAG CHERISHES DAVID IN HIS EXTREME AGE. (1Ki 1:1-4) ADONIJAH USURPS THE KINGDOM. (1Ki. 1:5-31) SOLOMON, BY DAVID'S APPOINTMENT, IS ANOINTED KING....

TSK: 1 Kings 15 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview 1Ki 15:1, Abijam’s wicked reign; 1Ki 15:7, Asa succeeds him; 1Ki 15:9, Asa’s good reign; 1Ki 15:16, The war between Baasha and him ca...

Poole: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) FIRST BOOK OF KINGS COMMONLY CALLED THE THIRD BOOK OF THE KINGS THE ARGUMENT THESE two Books called Of the Kings, because they treat of the kings of...

Poole: 1 Kings 15 (Pendahuluan Pasal) KINGS CHAPTER 15 Abijam followeth his father’ s sins; God however keepeth promise: he dieth, and Asa his son succeedeth him, 1Ki 15:1-8 . His ...

MHCC: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) The history now before us accounts for the affairs of the kingdoms of Judah and Israel, yet with special regard to the kingdom of God among them; for ...

MHCC: 1 Kings 15 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (1Ki 15:1-8) Wicked reign of Abijam, king of Judah. (v. 9-24) Good reign of Asa, king of Judah. (1Ki 15:25-34) The evil reigns of Nadab and Baasha i...

Matthew Henry: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The First Book of Kings Many histories are books of kings and their reigns, to which the affairs of the...

Matthew Henry: 1 Kings 15 (Pendahuluan Pasal) In this chapter we have an abstract of the history, I. Of two of the kings of Judah, Abijam, the days of whose reign were few and evil (1Ki 15:1-8...

Constable: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title The Books of 1 and 2 Kings received their names because they docume...

Constable: 1 Kings (Garis Besar) Outline I. The reign of Solomon chs. 1-11 A. Solomon's succession to David's throne 1:1-2:12...

Constable: 1 Kings 1 Kings Bibliography Aharoni, Yohanan. "The Building Activities of David and Solomon." Israel Exploration Journ...

Haydock: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE THIRD BOOK OF KINGS. INTRODUCTION. This and the following Book are called by the holy Fathers, The Third and Fourth Book of Kings; but b...

Gill: 1 Kings (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO 1 KINGS This, and the following book, properly are but one book, divided into two parts, and went with the Jews under the common na...

Gill: 1 Kings 15 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO 1 KINGS 15 In this chapter we have a short history of the reign of Abijam, 1Ki 15:1 and of Asa, 1Ki 14:9, both kings of Judah; and ...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


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