20:11 Then 1 I saw a large 2 white throne and the one who was seated on it; the earth and the heaven 3 fled 4 from his presence, and no place was found for them. 20:12 And I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne. Then 5 books were opened, and another book was opened – the book of life. 6 So 7 the dead were judged by what was written in the books, according to their deeds. 8 20:13 The 9 sea gave up the dead that were in it, and Death 10 and Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and each one was judged according to his deeds.
[20:11] 3 tn Or “and the sky.” The same Greek word means both “heaven” and “sky,” and context usually determines which is meant. In this apocalyptic scene, however, it is difficult to be sure what referent to assign the term.
[20:11] sn The phrase the earth and the heaven fled from his presence can be understood (1) as visual imagery representing the fear of corruptible matter in the presence of God, but (2) it can also be understood more literally as the dissolution of the universe as we know it in preparation for the appearance of the new heaven and new earth (Rev 21:1).