105:12 When they were few in number,
just a very few, and resident aliens within it,
105:13 they wandered from nation to nation,
and from one kingdom to another. 1
105:14 He let no one oppress them;
he disciplined kings for their sake,
Don’t harm my prophets!”
105:16 He called down a famine upon the earth;
he cut off all the food supply. 4
Joseph was sold as a servant.
his neck was placed in an iron collar, 7
the ruler of nations set him free.
and made him manager of all his property,
and to teach his advisers. 14
[105:18] 7 tn Heb “his neck came [into] iron.” The Hebrew term נֶפֶשׁ (nefesh) with the suffix could mean simply “he” or “his life.” But the nuance “neck” makes good sense here (note the reference to his “feet” in the preceding line). See L. C. Allen, Psalms 101-150 (WBC), 38.
[105:19] 9 tn This line may refer to Joseph’s prediction of the famine in response to Pharaoh’s dream. Joseph emphasized to Pharaoh that the interpretation of the dream came from God (see Gen 41:16, 25, 28, 32, 39).