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Matius 27:57-61

Konteks
Jesus’ Burial

27:57 Now 1  when it was evening, there came a rich man from Arimathea, named Joseph, who was also a disciple of Jesus. 2  27:58 He went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 3  Then Pilate ordered that it be given to him. 27:59 Joseph 4  took the body, wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, 5  27:60 and placed it 6  in his own new tomb that he had cut in the rock. 7  Then he rolled a great stone across the entrance 8  of the tomb and went away. 27:61 (Now Mary Magdalene and the other Mary were sitting there, opposite the tomb.)

Markus 15:42-47

Konteks
Jesus’ Burial

15:42 Now 9  when evening had already come, since it was the day of preparation (that is, the day before the Sabbath), 10  15:43 Joseph of Arimathea, a highly regarded member of the council, 11  who was himself looking forward to 12  the kingdom of God, 13  went boldly to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 14  15:44 Pilate was surprised that he was already dead. He 15  called the centurion and asked him if he had been dead for some time. 15:45 When Pilate 16  was informed by the centurion, 17  he gave the body to Joseph. 15:46 After Joseph 18  bought a linen cloth 19  and took down the body, he wrapped it in the linen and placed it in a tomb cut out of the rock. 20  Then 21  he rolled a stone across the entrance 22  of the tomb. 15:47 Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses saw where the body 23  was placed.

Lukas 23:50-54

Konteks
Jesus’ Burial

23:50 Now 24  there was a man named Joseph who was a member of the council, 25  a good and righteous man. 23:51 (He 26  had not consented 27  to their plan and action.) He 28  was from the Judean town 29  of Arimathea, and was looking forward to 30  the kingdom of God. 31  23:52 He went to Pilate and asked for the body 32  of Jesus. 23:53 Then 33  he took it down, wrapped it in a linen cloth, 34  and placed it 35  in a tomb cut out of the rock, 36  where no one had yet been buried. 37  23:54 It was the day of preparation 38  and the Sabbath was beginning. 39 

Yohanes 19:38-42

Konteks
Jesus’ Burial

19:38 After this, Joseph of Arimathea, a disciple of Jesus (but secretly, because he feared the Jewish leaders 40 ), 41  asked Pilate if he could remove the body of Jesus. Pilate 42  gave him permission, so he went and took the body away. 43  19:39 Nicodemus, the man who had previously come to Jesus 44  at night, 45  accompanied Joseph, 46  carrying a mixture of myrrh and aloes 47  weighing about seventy-five pounds. 48  19:40 Then they took Jesus’ body and wrapped it, with the aromatic spices, 49  in strips of linen cloth 50  according to Jewish burial customs. 51  19:41 Now at the place where Jesus 52  was crucified 53  there was a garden, 54  and in the garden 55  was a new tomb where no one had yet been buried. 56  19:42 And so, because it was the Jewish day of preparation 57  and the tomb was nearby, 58  they placed Jesus’ body there.

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[27:57]  1 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “now” to indicate the transition to a new topic.

[27:57]  2 sn Though some dispute that Joseph of Arimathea was a disciple of Jesus, his actions regarding Jesus’ burial suggest otherwise.

[27:58]  3 sn Asking for the body of Jesus was indeed a bold move on the part of Joseph of Arimathea, for it clearly and openly identified him with a man who had just been condemned and executed, namely, Jesus. His faith is exemplary, especially for someone who was a member of the council that handed Jesus over for crucifixion (cf. Mark 15:43, Luke 23:51). He did this because he sought to give Jesus an honorable burial.

[27:59]  4 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated.

[27:59]  5 tn The term σινδών (sindwn) can refer to a linen cloth used either for clothing or for burial.

[27:60]  6 tcαὐτό (auto, “it”) is found after ἔθηκεν (eqhken, “placed”) in the majority of witnesses, including many important ones, though it seems to be motivated by a need for clarification and cannot therefore easily explain the rise of the shorter reading (which is read by א L Θ Ë13 33 892 pc). Regardless of which reading is original (though with a slight preference for the shorter reading), English style requires the pronoun. NA27 includes αὐτό here, no doubt due to the overwhelming external attestation.

[27:60]  7 tn That is, cut or carved into an outcropping of natural rock, resulting in a cave-like structure (see L&N 19.25).

[27:60]  8 tn Or “to the door,” “against the door.”

[15:42]  9 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “now” to indicate the transition to a new topic and introduction of a new character.

[15:42]  10 sn The day of preparation was the day before the Sabbath when everything had to be prepared for it, as no work could be done on the Sabbath.

[15:43]  11 tn Grk “a councillor” (as a member of the Sanhedrin, see L&N 11.85). This indicates that some individuals among the leaders did respond to Jesus.

[15:43]  12 tn Or “waiting for.”

[15:43]  13 sn Though some dispute that Joseph of Arimathea was a disciple of Jesus, this remark that he was looking forward to the kingdom of God and his actions regarding Jesus’ burial suggest otherwise.

[15:43]  14 sn Asking for the body of Jesus was indeed a bold move on the part of Joseph of Arimathea, for it clearly and openly identified him with a man who had just been condemned and executed, namely, Jesus. His faith is exemplary, especially for someone who was a member of the council that handed Jesus over for crucifixion (cf. Luke 23:51). He did this because he sought to give Jesus an honorable burial.

[15:44]  15 tn Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation.

[15:45]  16 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Pilate) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

[15:45]  17 sn See the note on the word centurion in 15:39.

[15:46]  18 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Joseph of Arimathea) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

[15:46]  19 tn The term σινδών (sindwn) can refer to a linen cloth used either for clothing or for burial.

[15:46]  20 tn That is, cut or carved into an outcropping of natural rock, resulting in a cave-like structure (see L&N 19.25).

[15:46]  21 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.

[15:46]  22 tn Or “to the door,” “against the door.”

[15:47]  23 tn Grk “it”; the referent (Jesus’ body) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

[23:50]  24 tn Grk “And behold.” Here καί (kai) has been translated as “now” to indicate the transition to a new topic. The Greek word ἰδού (idou) at the beginning of this statement has not been translated because it has no exact English equivalent here, but adds interest and emphasis (BDAG 468 s.v. 1).

[23:50]  25 tn Grk “a councillor” (as a member of the Sanhedrin, see L&N 11.85). This indicates that some individuals among the leaders did respond to Jesus.

[23:51]  26 tn Grk “This one.” Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started in the translation at this point.

[23:51]  27 tc Several mss (א C D L Δ Ψ 070 Ë1,13 [579] 892 1424 2542 al) read the present participle συγκατατιθέμενος (sunkatatiqemeno") instead of the perfect participle συγκατατεθειμένος (sunkatateqeimeno"). The present participle could be taken to mean that Joseph had decided that the execution was now a mistake. The perfect means that he did not agree with it from the start. The perfect participle, however, has better support externally (Ì75 A B W Θ 33 Ï), and is thus the preferred reading.

[23:51]  sn The parenthetical note at the beginning of v. 51 indicates that Joseph of Arimathea had not consented to the action of the Sanhedrin in condemning Jesus to death. Since Mark 14:64 indicates that all the council members condemned Jesus as deserving death, it is likely that Joseph was not present at the trial.

[23:51]  28 tn Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started in the translation at this point.

[23:51]  29 tn Or “Judean city”; Grk “from Arimathea, a city of the Jews.” Here the expression “of the Jews” (᾿Iουδαίων, Ioudaiwn) is used in an adjectival sense to specify a location (cf. BDAG 478 s.v. ᾿Iουδαῖος 2.c) and so has been translated “Judean.”

[23:51]  30 tn Or “waiting for.”

[23:51]  31 sn Though some dispute that Joseph of Arimathea was a disciple of Jesus, this remark that he was looking forward to the kingdom of God, the affirmation of his character at the end of v. 50, and his actions regarding Jesus’ burial all suggest otherwise.

[23:52]  32 sn Joseph went to Pilate and asked for the body because he sought to give Jesus an honorable burial. This was indeed a bold move on the part of Joseph of Arimathea, for it clearly and openly identified him with a man who had just been condemned and executed, namely, Jesus. His faith is exemplary, especially for someone who was a member of the council that handed Jesus over for crucifixion (cf. Mark 15:43).

[23:53]  33 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the narrative.

[23:53]  34 tn The term σινδών (sindwn) can refer to a linen cloth used either for clothing or for burial.

[23:53]  35 tn In the Greek text this pronoun (αὐτόν, auton) is masculine, while the previous one (αὐτό, auto) is neuter, referring to the body.

[23:53]  36 tn That is, cut or carved into an outcropping of natural rock, resulting in a cave-like structure (see L&N 19.26).

[23:53]  37 tc Codex Bezae (D), with some support from 070, one Itala ms, and the Sahidic version, adds the words, “And after he [Jesus] was laid [in the tomb], he [Joseph of Arimathea] put a stone over the tomb which scarcely twenty men could roll.” Although this addition is certainly not part of the original text of Luke, it does show how interested the early scribes were in the details of the burial and may even reflect a very primitive tradition. Matt 27:60 and Mark 15:46 record the positioning of a large stone at the door of the tomb.

[23:53]  tn Or “laid to rest.”

[23:54]  38 sn The day of preparation was the day before the Sabbath when everything had to be prepared for it, as no work could be done on the Sabbath.

[23:54]  39 tn Normally, “dawning,” but as the Jewish Sabbath begins at 6 p.m., “beginning” is more appropriate.

[19:38]  40 tn Or “the Jewish authorities”; Grk “the Jews.” Here the phrase refers to the Jewish leaders, especially the Pharisees (see John 12:42). See also the note on the phrase “Jewish leaders” in v. 7.

[19:38]  41 sn This is a parenthetical note by the author.

[19:38]  42 tn Grk “And Pilate.” The conjunction καί (kai, “and”) has not been translated here in keeping with the tendency of contemporary English style to use shorter sentences.

[19:38]  43 tn Grk “took away his body.”

[19:39]  44 tn Grk “him”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

[19:39]  45 sn See John 3:1-21.

[19:39]  46 tn Grk “came”; the words “accompanied Joseph” are not in the Greek text but are supplied for clarity.

[19:39]  47 sn Aloes refers to an aromatic resin from a plant similar to a lily, used for embalming a corpse.

[19:39]  48 sn The Roman pound (λίτρα, litra) weighed twelve ounces or 325 grams. Thus 100 Roman pounds would be about 32.5 kilograms or 75 pounds.

[19:40]  49 tn On this term see BDAG 140-41 s.v. ἄρωμα. The Jews did not practice embalming, so these materials were used to cover the stench of decay and slow decomposition.

[19:40]  50 tn The Fourth Gospel uses ὀθονίοις (oqonioi") to describe the wrappings, and this has caused a good deal of debate, since it appears to contradict the synoptic accounts which mention a σινδών (sindwn), a large single piece of linen cloth. If one understands ὀθονίοις to refer to smaller strips of cloth, like bandages, there would be a difference, but diminutive forms have often lost their diminutive force in Koine Greek (BDF §111.3), so there may not be any difference.

[19:40]  51 tn Grk “cloth as is the custom of the Jews to prepare for burial.”

[19:41]  52 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

[19:41]  53 sn See the note on Crucify in 19:6.

[19:41]  54 tn Or “an orchard.”

[19:41]  55 tn Or “orchard.”

[19:41]  56 tn Grk “been placed.”

[19:42]  57 sn The day of preparation was the day before the Sabbath when everything had to be prepared for it, as no work could be done on the Sabbath.

[19:42]  58 sn The tomb was nearby. The Passover and the Sabbath would begin at 6 p.m., so those who had come to prepare and bury the body could not afford to waste time.



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