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Bilangan 13:1-3

Konteks
Spies Sent Out

13:1 1 The Lord spoke 2  to Moses: 13:2 “Send out men to investigate 3  the land of Canaan, which I am giving 4  to the Israelites. You are to send one man from each ancestral tribe, 5  each one a leader among them.” 13:3 So Moses sent them from the wilderness of Paran at the command 6  of the Lord. All of them were leaders 7  of the Israelites.

Bilangan 13:27-33

Konteks
13:27 They told Moses, 8  “We went to the land where you sent us. 9  It is indeed flowing with milk and honey, 10  and this is its fruit. 13:28 But 11  the inhabitants 12  are strong, and the cities are fortified and very large. Moreover we saw the descendants of Anak there. 13:29 The Amalekites live in the land of the Negev; the Hittites, Jebusites, and Amorites live in the hill country; and the Canaanites live by the sea and along the banks 13  of the Jordan.” 14 

13:30 Then Caleb silenced the people before Moses, saying, “Let us go up 15  and occupy it, 16  for we are well able to conquer it.” 17  13:31 But the men 18  who had gone up with him said, “We are not able to go up against these people, because they are stronger than we are!” 13:32 Then they presented the Israelites with a discouraging 19  report of the land they had investigated, saying, “The land that we passed through 20  to investigate is a land that devours 21  its inhabitants. 22  All the people we saw there 23  are of great stature. 13:33 We even saw the Nephilim 24  there (the descendants of Anak came from the Nephilim), and we seemed liked grasshoppers both to ourselves 25  and to them.” 26 

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[13:1]  1 sn Chapter 13 provides the names of the spies sent into the land (vv. 1-16), their instructions (vv. 17-20), their activities (vv. 21-25), and their reports (vv. 26-33). It is a chapter that serves as a good lesson on faith, for some of the spies walked by faith, and some by sight.

[13:1]  2 tn The verse starts with the vav (ו) consecutive on the verb: “and….”

[13:2]  3 tn The imperfect tense with the conjunction is here subordinated to the preceding imperative to form the purpose clause. It can thus be translated “send…to investigate.”

[13:2]  4 tn The participle here should be given a future interpretation, meaning “which I am about to give” or “which I am going to give.”

[13:2]  5 tn Heb “one man one man of the tribe of his fathers.”

[13:3]  6 tn Heb “mouth.”

[13:3]  7 tn Heb “heads.”

[13:27]  8 tn Heb “told him and said.” The referent (Moses) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

[13:27]  9 tn The relative clause modifies “the land.” It is constructed with the relative and the verb: “where you sent us.”

[13:27]  10 sn This is the common expression for the material abundance of the land (see further, F. C. Fensham, “An Ancient Tradition of the Fertility of Palestine,” PEQ 98 [1966]: 166-67).

[13:28]  11 tn The word (אֶפֶס, ’efes) forms a very strong adversative. The land was indeed rich and fruitful, but….”

[13:28]  12 tn Heb “the people who are living in the land.”

[13:29]  13 tn Heb “by the side [hand] of.”

[13:29]  14 sn For more discussion on these people groups, see D. J. Wiseman, ed., Peoples of Old Testament Times.

[13:30]  15 tn The construction is emphatic, using the cohortative with the infinitive absolute to strengthen it: עָלֹה נַעֲלֶה (’aloh naaleh, “let us go up”) with the sense of certainty and immediacy.

[13:30]  16 tn The perfect tense with vav (ו) consecutive brings the cohortative idea forward: “and let us possess it”; it may also be subordinated to form a purpose or result idea.

[13:30]  17 tn Here again the confidence of Caleb is expressed with the infinitive absolute and the imperfect tense: יָכוֹל נוּכַל (yakhol nukhal), “we are fully able” to do this. The verb יָכַל (yakhal) followed by the preposition lamed means “to prevail over, to conquer.”

[13:31]  18 tn The vav (ו) disjunctive on the noun at the beginning of the clause forms a strong adversative clause here.

[13:32]  19 tn Or “an evil report,” i.e., one that was a defamation of the grace of God.

[13:32]  20 tn Heb “which we passed over in it”; the pronoun on the preposition serves as a resumptive pronoun for the relative, and need not be translated literally.

[13:32]  21 tn The verb is the feminine singular participle from אָכַל (’akhal); it modifies the land as a “devouring land,” a bold figure for the difficulty of living in the place.

[13:32]  22 sn The expression has been interpreted in a number of ways by commentators, such as that the land was infertile, that the Canaanites were cannibals, that it was a land filled with warlike dissensions, or that it denotes a land geared for battle. It may be that they intended the land to seem infertile and insecure.

[13:32]  23 tn Heb “in its midst.”

[13:33]  24 tc The Greek version uses gigantes (“giants”) to translate “the Nephilim,” but it does not retain the clause “the sons of Anak are from the Nephilim.”

[13:33]  sn The Nephilim are the legendary giants of antiquity. They are first discussed in Gen 6:4. This forms part of the pessimism of the spies’ report.

[13:33]  25 tn Heb “in our eyes.”

[13:33]  26 tn Heb “in their eyes.”



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