1:43 On the next day Jesus 1 wanted to set out for Galilee. 2 He 3 found Philip and said 4 to him, “Follow me.” 1:44 (Now Philip was from Bethsaida, 5 the town of 6 Andrew and Peter.) 1:45 Philip found Nathanael 7 and told him, “We have found the one Moses wrote about in the law, and the prophets also 8 wrote about – Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph.” 1:46 Nathanael 9 replied, 10 “Can anything good come out of Nazareth?” 11 Philip replied, 12 “Come and see.”
1:47 Jesus saw Nathanael coming toward him and exclaimed, 13 “Look, a true Israelite in whom there is no deceit!” 14 1:48 Nathanael asked him, “How do you know me?” Jesus replied, 15 “Before Philip called you, when you were under the fig tree, 16 I saw you.”
6:5 Then Jesus, when he looked up 17 and saw that a large crowd was coming to him, said to Philip, “Where can we buy bread so that these people may eat?” 6:6 (Now Jesus 18 said this to test him, for he knew what he was going to do.) 19 6:7 Philip replied, 20 “Two hundred silver coins worth 21 of bread would not be enough for them, for each one to get a little.”
12:21 So these approached Philip, 22 who was from Bethsaida in Galilee, and requested, 23 “Sir, we would like to see Jesus.” 12:22 Philip went and told Andrew, and they both 24 went and told Jesus.
14:8 Philip said, 25 “Lord, show us the Father, and we will be content.” 26 14:9 Jesus replied, 27 “Have I been with you for so long, and you have not known 28 me, Philip? The person who has seen me has seen the Father! How can you say, ‘Show us the Father’?
[1:43] 1 tn Grk “he”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity. Jesus is best taken as the subject of εὑρίσκει (Jeuriskei), since Peter would scarcely have wanted to go to Galilee.
[1:44] 5 sn Although the author thought of the town as in Galilee (12:21), Bethsaida technically was in Gaulanitis (Philip the Tetrarch’s territory) across from Herod’s Galilee. There may have been two places called Bethsaida, or this may merely reflect popular imprecision – locally it was considered part of Galilee, even though it was just east of the Jordan river. This territory was heavily Gentile (which may explain why Andrew and Philip both have Gentile names).
[1:44] 6 tn Probably ἀπό (apo) indicates “originally from” in the sense of birthplace rather than current residence; Mark 1:21, 29 seems to locate the home of Andrew and Peter at Capernaum. The entire remark (v. 44) amounts to a parenthetical comment by the author.
[1:45] 7 sn Nathanael is traditionally identified with Bartholomew (although John never describes him as such). He appears here after Philip, while in all lists of the twelve except in Acts 1:13, Bartholomew follows Philip. Also, the Aramaic Bar-tolmai means “son of Tolmai,” the surname; the man almost certainly had another name.
[1:48] 16 sn Many have speculated about what Nathanael was doing under the fig tree. Meditating on the Messiah who was to come? A good possibility, since the fig tree was used as shade for teaching or studying by the later rabbis (Ecclesiastes Rabbah 5:11). Also, the fig tree was symbolic for messianic peace and plenty (Mic 4:4, Zech 3:10.)
[12:21] 22 sn These Greeks approached Philip, although it is not clear why they did so. Perhaps they identified with his Greek name (although a number of Jews from border areas had Hellenistic names at this period). By see it is clear they meant “speak with,” since anyone could “see” Jesus moving through the crowd. The author does not mention what they wanted to speak with Jesus about.