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Yoel 3:1-2

Konteks
The Lord Plans to Judge the Nations

3:1 (4:1) 1  For look! In those 2  days and at that time

I will return the exiles 3  to Judah and Jerusalem. 4 

3:2 Then I will gather all the nations,

and bring them down to the valley of Jehoshaphat. 5 

I will enter into judgment 6  against them there

concerning my people Israel who are my inheritance, 7 

whom they scattered among the nations.

They partitioned my land,

Yoel 3:12-14

Konteks

3:12 Let the nations be roused and let them go up

to the valley of Jehoshaphat,

for there I will sit in judgment on all the surrounding nations.

3:13 Rush forth with 8  the sickle, for the harvest is ripe!

Come, stomp the grapes, 9  for the winepress is full!

The vats overflow.

Indeed, their evil is great! 10 

3:14 Crowds, great crowds are in the valley of decision,

for the day of the Lord is near in the valley of decision! 11 

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[3:1]  1 sn Joel 3:1 in the English Bible is 4:1 in the Hebrew text (BHS). See also the note at 2:28.

[3:1]  2 tc The MT and LXX read “in those days,” while MurXII reads “in that day.”

[3:1]  3 tc The Kethib reads אָשִׁיב (’ashiv, “return the captivity [captives]), while the Qere is אָשׁוּב (’ashuv, “restore the fortunes”). Many modern English versions follow the Qere reading. Either reading seems to fit the context. Joel refers to an exile of the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem in 3:2-6 and their return from exile in 3:7. On the other hand, 2:25-26 describes the reversal of judgment and restoration of the covenant blessings. However, the former seems to be the concern of the immediate context.

[3:1]  4 map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

[3:2]  5 sn There is a play on words here. Jehoshaphat in Hebrew means “the Lord has judged,” and the next line in v. 2 further explicates this thought. The location of this valley is uncertain (cf. v. 12). Many interpreters have understood the Valley of Jehoshaphat to be the Kidron Valley, located on the east side of old Jerusalem. Since this is described as a scene of future messianic activity and judgment, many Jews and Muslims have desired to be buried in the vicinity, a fact attested to in modern times by the presence of many graves in the area. A variation of this view is mentioned by Eusebius, Onomasticon 1:10. According to this view, the Valley of Jehoshaphat is located in the Hinnom Valley, on the south side of the old city. Yet another view is held by many modern scholars, who understand the reference to this valley to be one of an idealized and nonliteral scene of judgment.

[3:2]  6 tn Heb “I will execute judgment.”

[3:2]  7 tn Heb “concerning my people and my inheritance Israel.”

[3:13]  8 tn Heb “send.”

[3:13]  9 tn Heb “go down” or “tread.” The Hebrew term רְדוּ (rÿdu) may be from יָרַד (yarad, “to go down”) or from רָדָה (radah, “have dominion,” here in the sense of “to tread”). If it means “go down,” the reference would be to entering the vat to squash the grapes. If it means “tread,” the verb would refer specifically to the action of those who walk over the grapes to press out their juice. The phrase “the grapes” is supplied in the translation for clarity.

[3:13]  10 sn The immediacy of judgment upon wickedness is likened to the urgency required for a harvest that has reached its pinnacle of development. When the harvest is completely ripe, there can be no delay by the reapers in gathering the harvest. In a similar way, Joel envisions a time when human wickedness will reach such a heightened degree that there can be no further stay of divine judgment (cf. the “fullness of time” language in Gal 4:4).

[3:14]  11 sn The decision referred to here is not a response on the part of the crowd, but the verdict handed out by the divine judge.



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