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Roma 9:30-33

Israel’s Rejection Culpable

9:30 What shall we say then? – that the Gentiles who did not pursue righteousness obtained it, that is, a righteousness that is by faith, 9:31 but Israel even though pursuing 1  a law of righteousness 2  did not attain it. 3  9:32 Why not? Because they pursued 4  it not by faith but (as if it were possible) by works. 5  They stumbled over the stumbling stone, 6  9:33 just as it is written,

Look, I am laying in Zion a stone that will cause people to stumble

and a rock that will make them fall, 7 

yet the one who believes in him will not be put to shame. 8 

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[9:31]  1 tn Or “who pursued.” The participle could be taken adverbially or adjectivally.

[9:31]  2 tn Or “a legal righteousness,” that is, a righteousness based on law. This translation would treat the genitive δικαιοσύνης (dikaiosunh") as an attributed genitive (see ExSyn 89-91).

[9:31]  3 tn Grk “has not attained unto the law.”

[9:32]  4 tn Grk “Why? Because not by faith but as though by works.” The verb (“they pursued [it]”) is to be supplied from the preceding verse for the sake of English style; yet a certain literary power is seen in Paul’s laconic style.

[9:32]  5 tc Most mss, especially the later ones (א2 D Ψ 33 Ï sy), read νόμου (nomou, “of the law”) here, echoing Paul’s usage in Rom 3:20, 28 and elsewhere. The qualifying phrase is lacking in א* A B F G 6 629 630 1739 1881 pc lat co. The longer reading thus is weaker externally and internally, being motivated apparently by a need to clarify.

[9:32]  tn Grk “but as by works.”

[9:32]  6 tn Grk “the stone of stumbling.”

[9:33]  7 tn Grk “a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense.”

[9:33]  8 sn A quotation from Isa 28:16; 8:14.

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