24:36 While they were saying these things, Jesus 1 himself stood among them and said to them, “Peace be with you.” 2 24:37 But they were startled and terrified, thinking 3 they saw a ghost. 4 24:38 Then 5 he said to them, “Why are you frightened, 6 and why do doubts 7 arise in your hearts? 24:39 Look at my hands and my feet; it’s me! 8 Touch me and see; a ghost 9 does not have flesh and bones like you see I have.” 24:40 When he had said this, he showed them his hands and his feet. 10 24:41 And while they still could not believe it 11 (because of their joy) and were amazed, 12 he said to them, “Do you have anything here to eat?” 13 24:42 So 14 they gave him a piece of broiled fish, 24:43 and he took it and ate it in front of them.
[24:36] 2 tc The words “and said to them, ‘Peace be with you’” are lacking in some Western
[24:37] 4 tc This is not a reference to “a phantom” as read by the Western ms D. For πνεῦμα (pneuma) having the force of “ghost,” or “an independent noncorporeal being, in contrast to a being that can be perceived by the physical senses,” see BDAG 833-34 s.v. πνεῦμα 4.
[24:38] sn Jesus calls the disciples to faith with a gentle rebuke about doubts and a gracious invitation to see for themselves the evidence of his resurrection.
[24:41] 11 sn They still could not believe it. Is this a continued statement of unbelief? Or is it a rhetorical expression of their amazement? They are being moved to faith, so a rhetorical force is more likely here.
[24:41] 13 sn Do you have anything here to eat? Eating would remove the idea that a phantom was present. Angelic spirits refused a meal in Jdt 13:16 and Tob 12:19, but accepted it in Gen 18:8; 19:3 and Tob 6:6.