1:1 From Paul, 1 a prisoner of Christ Jesus, 2 and Timothy our 3 brother, to Philemon, our dear friend 4 and colaborer, 1:2 to Apphia 5 our sister, 6 to Archippus our 7 fellow soldier, and to the church that meets in your house. 1:3 Grace and peace to you 8 from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ!
[1:1] 2 sn The phrase a prisoner of Christ Jesus implies that Paul was being held prisoner because of his testimony for Christ Jesus. Paul’s imprisonment was due to his service to Christ, in the same manner as John was exiled to the Isle of Patmos because of his testimony (Rev 1:9).
[1:2] 6 tc Most witnesses (D2 Ψ Ï) here read τῇ ἀγαπητῇ (th agaphth, “beloved, dear”), a reading that appears to have been motivated by the masculine form of the same adjective in v. 1. Further, the earliest and best witnesses, along with a few others (א A D* F G I P 048 0278 33 81 104 1739 1881 pc), have ἀδελφῇ (adelfh, “sister”). Thus on internal and external grounds, ἀδελφῇ is the strongly preferred reading.