15:30 “‘But the person 1 who acts defiantly, 2 whether native-born or a resident foreigner, insults 3 the Lord. 4 That person 5 must be cut off 6 from among his people. 15:31 Because he has despised 7 the word of the Lord and has broken 8 his commandment, that person 9 must be completely cut off. 10 His iniquity will be on him.’” 11
[15:30] 2 tn The sin is described literally as acting “with a high hand” – בְּיָד רָמָה (bÿyad ramah). The expression means that someone would do something with deliberate defiance, with an arrogance in spite of what the
[15:30] 6 tn The clause begins with “and” because the verb is the perfect tense with vav (ו) consecutive. As discussed with Num 9:13, to be cut off could mean excommunication from the community, death by the community, or death by divine intervention.
[15:31] 10 tn The construction uses the Niphal imperfect with the modifying Niphal infinitive absolute. The infinitive makes the sentence more emphatic. If the imperfect tense is taken as an instruction imperfect, then the infinitive makes the instruction more binding. If it is a simple future, then the future is certain. In either case, there is no exclusion from being cut off.