2 Tawarikh 25:1-16Konteks
25:1 Amaziah was twenty-five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned for twenty-nine years in Jerusalem. 1 His mother was Jehoaddan, who was from Jerusalem. 25:2 He did what the Lord approved, 2 but not with wholehearted devotion. 3
25:3 When he had secured control of the kingdom, 4 he executed the servants who had assassinated his father. 5 25:4 However, he did not execute their sons. He obeyed the Lord’s commandment as recorded in the law scroll of Moses, 6 “Fathers must not be executed for what their sons do, 7 and sons must not be executed for what their fathers do. 8 A man must be executed only for his own sin.” 9
25:5 Amaziah assembled the people of Judah 10 and assigned them by families to the commanders of units of a thousand and the commanders of units of a hundred for all Judah and Benjamin. He counted those twenty years old and up and discovered there were 300,000 young men of fighting age 11 equipped with spears and shields. 12 25:6 He hired 100,000 Israelite warriors for a hundred talents 13 of silver.
25:7 But a prophet 14 visited him and said: “O king, the Israelite troops must not go with you, for the Lord is not with Israel or any of the Ephraimites. 15 25:8 Even if you go and fight bravely in battle, God will defeat you 16 before the enemy. God is capable of helping or defeating.” 17 25:9 Amaziah asked the prophet: 18 “But what should I do about the hundred talents of silver I paid the Israelite troops?” The prophet 19 replied, “The Lord is capable of giving you more than that.” 25:10 So Amaziah dismissed the troops that had come to him from Ephraim and sent them home. 20 They were very angry at Judah and returned home incensed. 25:11 Amaziah boldly led his army to the Valley of Salt, 21 where he defeated 22 10,000 Edomites. 23 25:12 The men 24 of Judah captured 10,000 men alive. They took them to the top of a cliff and threw them over. 25 All the captives 26 fell to their death. 27 25:13 Now the troops Amaziah had dismissed and had not allowed to fight in the battle 28 raided 29 the cities of Judah from Samaria 30 to Beth Horon. They killed 31 3,000 people and carried off a large amount of plunder.
25:14 When Amaziah returned from defeating the Edomites, he brought back the gods of the people 32 of Seir and made them his personal gods. 33 He bowed down before them and offered them sacrifices. 25:15 The Lord was angry at Amaziah and sent a prophet to him, who said, “Why are you following 34 these gods 35 that could not deliver their own people from your power?” 36 25:16 While he was speaking, Amaziah 37 said to him, “Did we appoint you to be a royal counselor? Stop prophesying or else you will be killed!” 38 So the prophet stopped, but added, “I know that the Lord has decided 39 to destroy you, because you have done this thing and refused to listen to my advice.”
[25:6] 13 tn The Hebrew word כִּכַּר (kikar, “circle”) refers generally to something that is round. When used of metals it can refer to a disk-shaped weight made of the metal or, by extension, to a standard unit of weight. According to the older (Babylonian) standard the “talent” weighed 130 lbs. (58.9 kg), but later this was lowered to 108.3 lbs. (49.1 kg). More recent research suggests the “light” standard talent was 67.3 lbs. (30.6 kg). Using this as the standard for calculation, the weight of the silver was 6,730 lbs. (3,060 kg).
[25:16] 39 tn The verb יָעַץ (ya’ats, “has decided”) is from the same root as יוֹעֵץ (yo’ets, “counselor”) in v. 16 and עֵצָה (’etsah, “advice”) later in v. 16. The wordplay highlights the appropriate nature of the divine punishment. Amaziah rejected the counsel of God’s prophet; now he would be the victim of God’s “counsel.”