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Teks -- Isaiah 4:1-6 (NET)

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Konteks
4:1 Seven women will grab hold of one man at that time. They will say, “We will provide our own food, we will provide our own clothes; but let us belong to you– take away our shame!”
The Branch of the Lord
4:2 At that time the crops given by the Lord will bring admiration and honor; the produce of the land will be a source of pride and delight to those who remain in Israel. 4:3 Those remaining in Zion, those left in Jerusalem, will be called “holy,” all in Jerusalem who are destined to live. 4:4 At that time the sovereign master will wash the excrement from Zion’s women, he will rinse the bloodstains from Jerusalem’s midst, as he comes to judge and to bring devastation. 4:5 Then the Lord will create over all of Mount Zion and over its convocations a cloud and smoke by day and a bright flame of fire by night; indeed a canopy will accompany the Lord’s glorious presence. 4:6 By day it will be a shelter to provide shade from the heat, as well as safety and protection from the heavy downpour.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Jerusalem the capital city of Israel,a town; the capital of Israel near the southern border of Benjamin
 · Zion one of the hills on which Jerusalem was built; the temple area; the city of Jerusalem; God's people,a town and citidel; an ancient part of Jerusalem


Topik/Tema Kamus: Israel | Isaiah | EZEKIEL, 2 | Gospel | Church | Afflictions and Adversities | Blessing | Branch | God | SALVATION | Jesus, The Christ | GRACE | Seven | GLORY | Washing | Righteous | Worship | Polygamy | Census | Women | selebihnya
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Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Calvin , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: Isa 4:1 - In that day In that calamitous time.

In that calamitous time.

Wesley: Isa 4:1 - Seven Many. A certain number for an uncertain.

Many. A certain number for an uncertain.

Wesley: Isa 4:1 - One man Because few men shall survive that dreadful stroke.

Because few men shall survive that dreadful stroke.

Wesley: Isa 4:1 - Only Own us for thy wives.

Own us for thy wives.

Wesley: Isa 4:1 - Our reproach Virginity was esteemed a reproach; children, the usual fruit of marriage, being both an honour to their parents, and a blessing of God, especially to ...

Virginity was esteemed a reproach; children, the usual fruit of marriage, being both an honour to their parents, and a blessing of God, especially to that people, from some of whose loins the Messiah was to spring.

Wesley: Isa 4:2 - In that day About that time: when the Lord shall have washed away the filth of Zion, by those dreadful judgments now described.

About that time: when the Lord shall have washed away the filth of Zion, by those dreadful judgments now described.

Wesley: Isa 4:2 - The branch The Messiah.

The Messiah.

Wesley: Isa 4:2 - The earth The land which for the sins of the people was made barren, upon their return to Christ shall recover its fertility. Under this one mercy he includes a...

The land which for the sins of the people was made barren, upon their return to Christ shall recover its fertility. Under this one mercy he includes all temporal blessings, together with spiritual and eternal.

Wesley: Isa 4:2 - For them That shall survive all the forementioned calamities.

That shall survive all the forementioned calamities.

Wesley: Isa 4:3 - Holy Shall be really holy.

Shall be really holy.

Wesley: Isa 4:3 - Jerusalem Of the people living in or belonging to Jerusalem.

Of the people living in or belonging to Jerusalem.

Wesley: Isa 4:4 - When This shall be accomplished when God hath throughly cleansed the Jewish nation from their sins.

This shall be accomplished when God hath throughly cleansed the Jewish nation from their sins.

Wesley: Isa 4:4 - The blood The blood - guiltiness, and especially that of killing the Lord of life.

The blood - guiltiness, and especially that of killing the Lord of life.

Wesley: Isa 4:4 - Burning This is opposed to the former legal way of purification, which was by water. The Holy Spirit of old accompanied the preaching of the gospel, and did t...

This is opposed to the former legal way of purification, which was by water. The Holy Spirit of old accompanied the preaching of the gospel, and did this work in part, and will do it fully. This spirit may well be called a spirit of judgment, because it executes judgment in the church, and in the consciences of men, separating the precious from the vile, convincing men of sin, and righteousness, and judgment. And the same spirit may be fitly called the spirit of burning, because he doth burn up and consume the dross which is in the church, and in the hearts of men, and inflames the souls of believers with love to God, and zeal for his glory.

Wesley: Isa 4:5 - Create Will in a marvellous manner produce, as it were by a new creation.

Will in a marvellous manner produce, as it were by a new creation.

Wesley: Isa 4:5 - A cloud A pillar of cloud and fire, like that wherewith he directed the Israelites, when they came out of Egypt: whereby he implies, that God would be their p...

A pillar of cloud and fire, like that wherewith he directed the Israelites, when they came out of Egypt: whereby he implies, that God would be their protector, and their glory.

Wesley: Isa 4:5 - The glory Upon all that church and people, which God will make so glorious; upon all holy assemblies of sincere Christians.

Upon all that church and people, which God will make so glorious; upon all holy assemblies of sincere Christians.

Wesley: Isa 4:6 - And there Or, he, the Lord, shall be a tabernacle, to defend them from the heat of the sun, and other injuries of the weather.

Or, he, the Lord, shall be a tabernacle, to defend them from the heat of the sun, and other injuries of the weather.

JFB: Isa 4:2 - -- (Isa 4:1-6) In contrast to those on whom vengeance falls, there is a manifestation of Jesus Christ to the "escaped of Israel" in His characteristic a...

(Isa 4:1-6)

In contrast to those on whom vengeance falls, there is a manifestation of Jesus Christ to the "escaped of Israel" in His characteristic attributes, beauty and glory, typified in Aaron's garments (Exo 28:2). Their sanctification is promised as the fruit of their being "written" in the book of life by sovereign love (Isa 4:3); the means of it are the "spirit of judgment" and that of "burning" (Isa 4:4). Their "defense" by the special presence of Jesus Christ is promised (Isa 4:5-6).

JFB: Isa 4:2 - branch The sprout of JEHOVAH. Messiah (Jer 23:5; Jer 33:15; Zec 3:8; Zec 6:12; Luk 1:78, Margin). The parallel clause does not, as MAURER objects, oppose thi...

The sprout of JEHOVAH. Messiah (Jer 23:5; Jer 33:15; Zec 3:8; Zec 6:12; Luk 1:78, Margin). The parallel clause does not, as MAURER objects, oppose this; for "fruit of the earth" answers to "branch"; He shall not be a dry, but a fruit-bearing branch (Isa 27:6; Eze 34:23-27). He is "of the earth" in His birth and death, while He is also "of the Lord" (Jehovah) (Joh 12:24). His name, "the Branch," chiefly regards His descent from David, when the family was low and reduced (Luk 2:4, Luk 2:7, Luk 2:24); a sprout with more than David's glory, springing as from a decayed tree (Isa 11:1; Isa 53:2; Rev 22:16).

JFB: Isa 4:2 - excellent (Heb 1:4; Heb 8:6).

JFB: Isa 4:2 - comely (Son 5:15-16; Eze 16:14).

JFB: Isa 4:2 - escaped of Israel The elect remnant (Rom 11:5); (1) in the return from Babylon; (2) in the escape from Jerusalem's destruction under Titus; (3) in the still future assa...

The elect remnant (Rom 11:5); (1) in the return from Babylon; (2) in the escape from Jerusalem's destruction under Titus; (3) in the still future assault on Jerusalem, and deliverance of "the third part"; events mutually analogous, like concentric circles (Zec 12:2-10; Zec 13:8-9, &c.; Zec 14:2; Eze 39:23-29; Joel 3:1-21).

JFB: Isa 4:3 - left in Zion Equivalent to the "escaped of Israel" (Isa 4:2).

Equivalent to the "escaped of Israel" (Isa 4:2).

JFB: Isa 4:3 - shall be called Shall be (Isa 9:6).

Shall be (Isa 9:6).

JFB: Isa 4:3 - holy (Isa 52:1; Isa 60:21; Rev 21:27).

JFB: Isa 4:3 - written In the book of life, antitypically (Phi 4:3; Rev 3:5; Rev 17:8). Primarily, in the register kept of Israel's families and tribes.

In the book of life, antitypically (Phi 4:3; Rev 3:5; Rev 17:8). Primarily, in the register kept of Israel's families and tribes.

JFB: Isa 4:3 - living Not "blotted out" from the registry, as dead; but written there as among the "escaped of Israel" (Dan 12:1; Eze 13:9). To the elect of Israel, rather ...

Not "blotted out" from the registry, as dead; but written there as among the "escaped of Israel" (Dan 12:1; Eze 13:9). To the elect of Israel, rather than the saved in general, the special reference is here (Joe 3:17).

JFB: Isa 4:4 - When That is, After.

That is, After.

JFB: Isa 4:4 - washed (Zec 13:1).

JFB: Isa 4:4 - filth Moral (Isa 1:21-25).

Moral (Isa 1:21-25).

JFB: Isa 4:4 - daughters of Zion Same as in Isa 3:16.

Same as in Isa 3:16.

JFB: Isa 4:4 - purged Purified by judgments; destroying the ungodly, correcting and refining the godly.

Purified by judgments; destroying the ungodly, correcting and refining the godly.

JFB: Isa 4:4 - blood (Isa 1:15).

JFB: Isa 4:4 - spirit Whatever God does in the universe, He does by His Spirit, "without the hand" of man (Job 34:20; Psa 104:30). Here He is represented using His power as...

Whatever God does in the universe, He does by His Spirit, "without the hand" of man (Job 34:20; Psa 104:30). Here He is represented using His power as Judge.

JFB: Isa 4:4 - burning (Mat 3:11-12). The same Holy Ghost, who sanctifies believers by the fire of affliction (Mal 3:2-3), dooms unbelievers to the fire of perdition (1Co 3...

(Mat 3:11-12). The same Holy Ghost, who sanctifies believers by the fire of affliction (Mal 3:2-3), dooms unbelievers to the fire of perdition (1Co 3:13-15).

JFB: Isa 4:5 - create The "new creation" needs as much God's creative omnipotence, as the material creation (2Co 4:6; Eph 2:10). So it shall be in the case of the Holy Jeru...

The "new creation" needs as much God's creative omnipotence, as the material creation (2Co 4:6; Eph 2:10). So it shall be in the case of the Holy Jerusalem to come (Isa 65:17-18).

JFB: Isa 4:5 - upon The pillar of cloud stood over the tabernacle, as symbol of God's favor and presence (Exo 13:21-22; Psa 91:1). Both on individual families ("every dwe...

The pillar of cloud stood over the tabernacle, as symbol of God's favor and presence (Exo 13:21-22; Psa 91:1). Both on individual families ("every dwelling") and on the general sacred "assemblies" (Lev 23:2). The "cloud" became a "fire" by night in order to be seen by the Lord's people.

JFB: Isa 4:5 - upon all the glory "upon the glorious whole"; namely, the Lord's people and sanctuary [MAURER]. May it not mean, "Upon whatever the glory (the Shekinah spoken of in the ...

"upon the glorious whole"; namely, the Lord's people and sanctuary [MAURER]. May it not mean, "Upon whatever the glory (the Shekinah spoken of in the previous clause) shall rest, there shall be a defense." The symbol of His presence shall ensure also safety. So it was to Israel against the Egyptians at the Red Sea (Exo 14:19-20). So it shall be to literal Jerusalem hereafter (Zec 2:5). Also to the Church, the spiritual "Zion" (Isa 32:18; Isa 33:15-17; Heb 12:22).

JFB: Isa 4:5 - tabernacle Christ's body (Joh 1:14). "The word 'tabernacled' (Greek for 'dwelt') among us" (Joh 2:21; Heb 8:2). It is a "shadow from the heat" and "refuge from t...

Christ's body (Joh 1:14). "The word 'tabernacled' (Greek for 'dwelt') among us" (Joh 2:21; Heb 8:2). It is a "shadow from the heat" and "refuge from the storm" of divine wrath against man's sins (Isa 25:4). Heat and storms are violent in the East; so that a portable tent is a needful part of a traveller's outfit. Such shall be God's wrath hereafter, from which the "escaped of Israel" shall be sheltered by Jesus Christ (Isa 26:20-21; Isa 32:2).

JFB: Isa 4:5 - covert Answering to "defense" (Isa 4:5). The Hebrew for defense in Isa 4:5, is "covering"; the lid of the ark or mercy seat was named from the same Hebrew wo...

Answering to "defense" (Isa 4:5). The Hebrew for defense in Isa 4:5, is "covering"; the lid of the ark or mercy seat was named from the same Hebrew word, caphar; the propitiatory; for it, being sprinkled with blood by the high priest once a year, on the day of atonement, covered the people typically from wrath. Jesus Christ is the true Mercy Seat, on whom the Shekinah rested, the propitiatory, or atonement, beneath whom the law is kept, as it was literally within the ark, and man is covered from the storm. The redeemed Israel shall also be, by union with Him, a tabernacle for God's glory, which, unlike that in the wilderness, shall not be taken down (Isa 38:20).

A new prophecy; entire in itself. Probably delivered about the same time as the second and third chapters, in Uzziah's reign. Compare Isa 5:15-16 with Isa 2:17; and Isa 5:1 with Isa 3:14. However, the close of the chapter alludes generally to the still distant invasion of Assyrians in a later reign (compare Isa 5:26 with Isa 7:18; and Isa 5:25 with Isa 9:12). When the time drew nigh, according to the ordinary prophetic usage, he handles the details more particularly (Isa. 7:1-8:22); namely, the calamities caused by the Syro-Israelitish invasion, and subsequently by the Assyrians whom Ahaz had invited to his help.

Clarke: Isa 4:1 - And seven women And seven women - The division of the chapters has interrupted the prophet’ s discourse, and broken it off almost in the midst of the sentence....

And seven women - The division of the chapters has interrupted the prophet’ s discourse, and broken it off almost in the midst of the sentence. "The numbers slain in battle shall be so great, that seven women shall be left to one man."The prophet has described the greatness of this distress by images and adjuncts the most expressive and forcible. The young women, contrary to their natural modesty, shall become suitors to the men: they will take hold of them, and use the most pressing importunity to be married. In spite of the natural suggestions of jealousy, they will be content with a share only of the rights of marriage in common with several others; and that on hard conditions, renouncing the legal demands of the wife on the husband, (see Exo 21:10), and begging only the name and credit of wedlock, and to be freed from the reproach of celibacy. See Isa 54:4, Isa 54:5. Like Marcia, on a different occasion, and in other circumstances: -

Da tantum nomen inane

Connubii: liceat tumulo scripsisse, Catonis Marcia

Lucan, 2:342

"This happened,"says Kimchi, "in the days of Ahaz, when Pekah the son of Remaliah slew in Judea one hundred and twenty thousand men in one day; see 2Ch 18:6. The widows which were left were so numerous that the prophet said, ‘ They are multiplied beyond the sand of the sea,’ "Jer 15:8

Clarke: Isa 4:1 - In that day In that day - These words are omitted in the Septuagint, and MSS.

In that day - These words are omitted in the Septuagint, and MSS.

Clarke: Isa 4:2 - -- The branch of the Lord "the branch of Jehovah"- The Messiah of Jehovah, says the Chaldee. And Kimchi says, The Messiah, the Son of David. The branch...

The branch of the Lord "the branch of Jehovah"- The Messiah of Jehovah, says the Chaldee. And Kimchi says, The Messiah, the Son of David. The branch is an appropriate title of the Messiah; and the fruit of the land means the great Person to spring from the house of Judah, and is only a parallel expression signifying the same; or perhaps the blessings consequent upon the redemption procured by him. Compare Isa 45:8 (note), where the same great event is set forth under similar images, and see the note there

Them that are escaped of Israel "the escaped of the house of Israel"- A MS. has בית ישראל beith yisrael , the house of Israel.

Clarke: Isa 4:3 - Written among the living Written among the living - That is, whose name stands in the enrolment or register of the people; or every man living, who is a citizen of Jerusalem...

Written among the living - That is, whose name stands in the enrolment or register of the people; or every man living, who is a citizen of Jerusalem. See Eze 13:9, where, "they shall not be written in the writing of the house of Israel,"is the same with what immediately goes before, "they shall not be in the assembly of my people."Compare Psa 69:28; Psa 87:6; Exo 32:32. To number and register the people was agreeable to the law of Moses, and probably was always practiced; being, in sound policy, useful, and even necessary. David’ s design of numbering the people was of another kind; it was to enroll them for his army. Michaelis Mosaisches Recht, Part iii., p. 227. See also his Dissert. de Censibus Hebraeorum.

Clarke: Isa 4:4 - The spirit of burning The spirit of burning - Means the fire of God’ s wrath, by which he will prove and purify his people; gathering them into his furnace, in order...

The spirit of burning - Means the fire of God’ s wrath, by which he will prove and purify his people; gathering them into his furnace, in order to separate the dross from the silver, the bad from the good. The severity of God’ s judgments, the fiery trial of his servants, Ezekiel (Eze 22:18-22) has set forth at large, after his manner, with great boldness of imagery and force of expression. God threatens to gather them into the midst of Jerusalem, as into the furnace; to blow the fire upon them, and to melt them. Malachi, Mal 3:2, Mal 3:3, treats the same subject, and represents the same event, under the like images: -

"But who may abide the day of his coming

And who shall stand when he appeareth

For he is like the fire of the refiner

And like the soap of the fullers

And he shall sit refining and purifying the silver

And he shall purify the sons of Levi

And cleanse them like gold, and like silver

That they may be Jehovah’ s ministers

Presenting unto him an offering in righteousness.

This is an allusion to a chemist purifying metals. He first judges of the state of the ore or adulterated metal. Secondly, he kindles the proper degree of fire, and applies the requisite test; and thus separates the precious from the vile.

Clarke: Isa 4:5 - And the Lord will create And the Lord will create - One MS., the Septuagint, and the Arabic, have יביא yabi , He shall bring: the cloud already exists; the Lord will br...

And the Lord will create - One MS., the Septuagint, and the Arabic, have יביא yabi , He shall bring: the cloud already exists; the Lord will bring it over. This is a blessed promise of the presence of God in all the assemblies of his people

Clarke: Isa 4:5 - Every dwelling place "the station"- The Hebrew text has, every station: but four MSS. (one ancient) omit כל col , all; very rightly, as it should seem: for the station was Mount Zion itself, and no other. See Exo 15:17. And the Septuagint, Arabic, and MSS., add the same word כל col , before מקראה mikraeha , probably right: the word has only changed its place by mistake. מקראיה mikrayeh , "the place where they were gathered together in their holy assemblies,"says Sal ben Melech. But twenty-five of Kennicott’ s MSS., and twenty-two of De Rossi’ s fifty-three editions, besides the Septuagint, Syriac, and Arabic, have the word in the plural number

A cloud and smoke by day Every dwelling place "the station"- The Hebrew text has, every station: but four MSS. (one ancient) omit כל col , all; very rightly, as it should...

Every dwelling place "the station"- The Hebrew text has, every station: but four MSS. (one ancient) omit כל col , all; very rightly, as it should seem: for the station was Mount Zion itself, and no other. See Exo 15:17. And the Septuagint, Arabic, and MSS., add the same word כל col , before מקראה mikraeha , probably right: the word has only changed its place by mistake. מקראיה mikrayeh , "the place where they were gathered together in their holy assemblies,"says Sal ben Melech. But twenty-five of Kennicott’ s MSS., and twenty-two of De Rossi’ s fifty-three editions, besides the Septuagint, Syriac, and Arabic, have the word in the plural number

A cloud and smoke by day - This is a manifest allusion to the pillar of a cloud and of fire which attended the Israelites in their passage out of Egypt, and to the glory that rested on the tabernacle, Exo 13:21; Exo 40:38. The prophet Zechariah, Zec 2:5, applies the same image to the same purpose: -

"And I will be unto her a wall of fire round about

And a glory will I be in the midst of her.

That is, the visible presence of God shall protect her. Which explains the conclusion of this verse of Isaiah; where the makkaph between כל col , and כבוד cabod , connecting the two words in construction, which ought not to be connected, has thrown an obscurity upon the sentence, and misled most of the translators

Clarke: Isa 4:5 - For upon all the glory shall be a defense For upon all the glory shall be a defense - Whatever God creates, he must uphold, or it will fail, Every degree of grace brings with it a degree of ...

For upon all the glory shall be a defense - Whatever God creates, he must uphold, or it will fail, Every degree of grace brings with it a degree of power to maintain itself in the soul.

Clarke: Isa 4:6 - A tabernacle A tabernacle - In countries subject to violent tempests, as well as to intolerable heat, a portable tent is a necessary part of a traveller’ s ...

A tabernacle - In countries subject to violent tempests, as well as to intolerable heat, a portable tent is a necessary part of a traveller’ s baggage, for defense and shelter. And to such tents the words of the text make evident allusion. They are to be met with in every part of Arabia and Egypt, and in various other places in the East.

Calvin: Isa 4:1 - In that day shall seven women take hold of one man // Let thy name be called on us // And take away our reproach 1.In that day shall seven women take hold of one man He pursues the same subject, and unquestionably this discourse is immediately connected with wha...

1.In that day shall seven women take hold of one man He pursues the same subject, and unquestionably this discourse is immediately connected with what goes before. This verse certainly ought not to have been separated from the preceding. By this circumstance he describes more fully the nature of that desolation and calamity which he had formerly threatened against the Jews; for hypocrites; unless the threatening be conceived in strong terms, either disregard or palliate warnings, so that God’s severity never produces its proper effect upon them. From the effect, therefore, he describes the appalling nature of the approaching calamity, that they may not indulge the hope of making an easy escape. As if he had said, “Do not imagine that it will be of moderate extent, lessening your numbers in a small degree; for utter destruction awaits you, so that hardly one man will be found for seven women. ”

The phrase take hold of conveys the same meaning. It is, no doubt, inconsistent with the modesty of the sex that a woman should, of her own accord, offer herself to a man. But the Prophet says, that not only will they do this, but that seven women will, as it were, lay hands on a man, and keep hold of him; so small will be the number of men. The greatness of the calamity is likewise denoted by what immediately follows: we will eat our own bread, and wear our own apparel; for as it is a duty which belongs to a husband to support his wife and family, the women ask a husband for themselves on unreasonable conditions, when they release him from all concern about supplying them with food. Very great must, therefore, be the scarcity of men, when a great number of women, laying aside modesty, are not only constrained to solicit one man, but do not even shrink from the agreement to procure their own victuals, and request nothing more from a husband than to receive them within the bond of marriage.

Let thy name be called on us It may be rendered, Let us be called by thy name; for when a woman passes into the family of her husband, she is called by his name, and loses her own, because the husband is her head. (1Co 11:3.) Hence the vail is a token of subjection, and Abimelech said to Sarah,

Thy husband Abraham shall be a covering to thy head. (Gen 20:16.)

But if she remain unmarried, she is concealed under the name of her family. That this is the true meaning of that mode of expression is sufficiently evident from what Jacob says when blessing his grandchildren,

Let my name, and the name of my fathers,
Abraham and Isaac, be called on them; (Gen 48:16;)

that is, “Let them be reckoned as our descendants, and let them be partakers of the covenant, and never excluded from it, as were Esau and Ishmael.” In the same manner also do heathen writers speak; as, in Lucan, Marcia, wishing to return to Cato, says: “Grant me only the bare name of marriage; let permission be given that it may be inscribed on my tomb, Marcia the wife of Cato.” 70

And take away our reproach Their reason for saying so is, that women are sometimes treated with disdain, when they do not obtain husbands, not only because they appear to be despised as unworthy, but because among the ancient people offspring was reckoned an important blessing, and therefore the Prophet says that they will be desirous to wipe away this reproach, and will employ every argument for that purpose. Lastly, he declares that the calamity will be so great, that almost all the men will be carried off.

Calvin: Isa 4:2 - In that day shall the branch of the Lord be for beauty and glory 2.In that day shall the branch of the Lord be for beauty and glory 71 This consolation is seasonably added; for the announcement of a dreadful calami...

2.In that day shall the branch of the Lord be for beauty and glory 71 This consolation is seasonably added; for the announcement of a dreadful calamity might have alarmed the godly, and led them to doubt as to the stability of God’s covenant being maintained amidst the destruction of the people. For there is a wide difference between the two statements, that the people will be like the sand of the sea, (Gen 22:17; Isa 10:22,) and yet that they would be cut down by such a frightful massacre, that in the remnant there would be found no dignity, no magnificence, and hardly any name. Isaiah, therefore, according to the custom generally followed by himself and by the prophets, provides against this alarm, and, by adding a consolation, assuages their excessive terror, that believers may still rest assured that the Church will be safe, and may strengthen their hearts by good hope. As he spoke of the restoration of the Church in the second chapter, so he now promises that a new Church will arise, as a bud or shoot springs up in a field which was formerly uncultivated.

This passage is usually expounded as referring to Christ; and the opinion, plausible in itself, derives additional probability from the words of the prophet Zechariah:

Behold the man whose name shall be The Branch.
(Zec 6:12.)

It is still further strengthened by the consideration, that the Prophet does not barely name this Branch, but mentions it with a title expressive of respect, as if he had intended to honor the Divinity of Christ. When he afterwards adds the fruits of the earth, they consider this as referring to his human nature. But after a careful examination of the whole, I do not hesitate to regard the Branch of God and the fruit of the earth as denoting an unusual and abundant supply of grace, which will relieve the hungry; for he speaks as if the earth, barren and exhausted after the desolation, would hold out no promise of future produce, in order that the sudden fertility might render the kindness of God the more desirable; as if the parched and barren fields would yield unexpected herbage.

This metaphor is frequently employed in Scripture, that the gifts of God spring up in the world.

Truth shall spring out of the earth, and
righteousness shall look down from heaven. (Psa 85:11.)

In like manner the Prophet afterwards says:

Let the earth open and bring forth salvation. (Isa 45:8.)

These words unquestionably denote a rich supply both of spiritual and of earthly blessings. That such is the meaning of the passage now under consideration is evident from the context; for Isaiah immediately afterwards adds, that it will be for honor and lustre to the delivered of Israel, 72 that is, to the number left, whom the Lord will rescue from destruction.

The word פליטת ( pheletath) is commonly translated escape, but here, as in many other passages, it is a collective noun, denoting those who have escaped. He declares that the elect will enjoy that happy fertility which he had promised, and therefore (verse 3) that those who shall be left will be holy. The meaning of the Prophet is, that the glory of God will be illustriously displayed when a new Church shall arise; as if he would create a people for himself out of nothing, and to enrich it with every kind of blessings.

They who limit it to the person of Christ expose themselves to the ridicule of the Jews, as if it were in consequence of scarcity that they tortured passages of Scripture for their own convenience. But there are other passages of Scripture from which it may be more clearly proved that Christ is true God and true man, so that there is no need of ingenious glosses. Yet I acknowledge that the Prophet speaks here about the kingdom of Christ, on which the restoration of the Church is founded. But it ought to be observed, that the consolation is not addressed indiscriminately to all, but only to the remnant, which has been marvellously rescued from the jaws of death.

Besides, as it might be deemed a cold consolation if he had only said that a small number would be saved, he discourses about the magnificent glory and dazzling brightness, to lead believers to hope that this diminution will do no harm; because the excellence of the Church does not consist in multitude but in purity when God bestows splendid and glorious communications of the Spirit of God on his elect. Hence we ought to draw a very useful doctrine, that though believers be exceedingly few, when they are like brands plucked out of the fire, (Zec 3:2,) yet that God will glorify himself amongst them, and will display in the midst of them a proof of his unspeakable greatness not less illustrious than amidst a large number.

Calvin: Isa 4:3 - And it shall come to pass that he who is left in Zion // And they shall all be written among the living [or, to life] in Jerusalem 3.And it shall come to pass that he who is left in Zion He follows out the same statement, that when the pollution of the people shall have been wash...

3.And it shall come to pass that he who is left in Zion He follows out the same statement, that when the pollution of the people shall have been washed away, what remains will be pure and holy. The explanation given by some, that they who shall be found written in the book of life will be called holy, appears to me to be too limited. These two clauses ought rather to be read separately, that all who shall be left in Zion will be holy, and that they who shall be left in Jerusalem will be written in the book of life. And this repetition is very frequent and customary among the Hebrews, when the prophets set forth under various titles the same gift of God. Thus, when it is said,

There shall be salvation in Jerusalem,
and forgiveness of sins in Zion, (Joe 2:32,)

both must be viewed as referring to the same subject; but the grace of God is more fully extolled when the cause of salvation is declared to consist in a free pardon. 73

In this passage the argument is of the same kind; for he says that, when the filth shall have been washed away, the Church will be clean, and that all who shall have a place in her will truly be the elect of God. Now, it is certain that this does not apply universally to the external Church, into which many have been admitted under the designation of believers who have nothing that corresponds to their profession, and who even exceed the small number of good people, as the chaff exceeds the wheat in the barn. And although the captivity in Babylon had been employed by God, as a sieve, to remove a large portion of chaff, yet we know that the Church was still very far from being as pure as she ought to have been. But as at that time there was displayed, in some measure, a resemblance of that purity which will be truly and perfectly manifested after that

the lambs shall have been separated from the kids,
(Mat 25:32,)

when Isaiah speaks of those beginnings, he includes, as his custom is, a period extending to the end, when God will bring to perfection that which he then began.

It is the same thing which we see every day going forward; for although chastisements and punishments do not entirely remove all spots from the Church, yet when spots have been washed out, she recovers a part of her purity. Thus she suffers no loss by the strokes inflicted on her; because, while she is diminished, she is at the same time comforted by casting out many hypocrites; just as it is only by casting out the offensive or corrupt matter that a diseased body can be restored to health.

Hence we obtain a most useful consolation; for we are wont always to desire a multitude, and to estimate by it the prosperity of the Church. On the contrary, we should rather desire to be few in number, and that in all of us the glory of God may shine brightly. But because our own glory leads us in another direction, the consequence is, that we regard more a great number of men than the excellence of a few.

We ought also to learn what is the true glory of a Church; for she is truly prosperous when the saints have a place in her; though they be few and despised in the world, yet they render her condition prosperous and desirable. But as it will never happen in the world that the saints alone will hold a place in the Church, we ought patiently to endure a mixture, and, in the meantime, we ought to reckon it a most valuable blessing when she makes a near approach to the cleanness which ought to be found in her.

And they shall all be written among the living [or, to life] in Jerusalem We have already said that by those who are written in the book of life are meant the elect of God; as if he had said that the profane multitude, which have only a name on the earth, will be cut off. The Prophet alludes to a mode of expression which often occurs in the Scriptures, as when Moses desires that he should be blotted out of the book of life, (Exo 32:32,) rather than that the whole nation should be destroyed. Christ also says to the Apostles,

Rejoice because your names are written in heaven,
(Luk 10:20;)

and Ezekiel says, They shall not be written in the catalogue of my people. 74 Now, although God has no other book than his eternal counsel, in which he has predestinated us to salvation by adopting us for his children, yet this comparison is exceedingly suitable to our weakness, because in no other way could our mind conceive that God’s flock is known to him, so that none of the elect can ever be deprived of eternal life. Since, therefore, God has the names of his people in some manner written down, the decree of adoption, by which their eternal blessedness is secured, is called the book of life. The reprobate, though for a time they appear to be on a level with the sons of God, are excluded from this catalogue, as we see that they are cut off when he collects and separates his own people. This matter will not be fully completed before the last day; but as the children of God, by continually persevering, when the reprobate fall off, have their election made sure, it is no small consolation amidst their afflictions, when the temptations by which they are assailed do not cause them to fall from their steadfastness.

Calvin: Isa 4:4 - When the // The blood of Jerusalem // By the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit of burning 4.When the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion. He still follows out the same statement; for in consequence of its being ...

4.When the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion. He still follows out the same statement; for in consequence of its being generally believed that those calamities by which the Church is diminished inflict upon her grievous injury, the Prophet more zealously inculcates the opposite opinion. And now, for the purpose of refuting that error, he argues, on the contrary, that by this method God washes away the filth, and removes the corruptions, of his Church.

The blood of Jerusalem By blood I understand not only murders or other atrocious crimes, but defilements and stains of every description. This metaphor is a reduplication, (ἀναδίπλωσις,) by which he repeats the same thing twice; for, having formerly spoken of pollution in general, he now particularly mentions blood as one kind of ceremonial uncleanness. In short, he shows the fruits which spring from God’s chastisements. By them our spots are washed away. When abounding iniquity is not punished, we become corrupted along with others; and therefore it is necessary that God should earnestly warn us, and, like a physician, apply physic, and the lancet, and sometimes proceed to burning

By the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit of burning Here judgment stands for uprightness from its effect; that is, when they who had deeply fallen are restored to their former condition. He adds, the spirit of burning, by which the filth must be burned and consumed. In this expression there are two things to be observed; first, that the purification of the Church is accomplished by the Spirit; and secondly, that from the effects which he produces the Spirit receives the name, sometimes of judgment and sometimes of burning; as if he had said, The judgment of the Spirit, The burning of the Spirit. Whenever, therefore, expressions of this sort occur in Scripture, “The Lord will do these things by the Spirit of truth, of power, of righteousness,” we may change the expression thus, “by the truth, by the power, by the righteousness, of the Spirit.” In this manner doth the Spirit of God work in us, from whom is both the beginning and the end of our salvation. From these terms, therefore, we ought to learn what are the chief effects which he produces. By his Spirit the Lord purifies our affections that he may renew and sanctify us. The word judgment explains what is of chief importance in the restoration of the Church; that is, when those things which were confused or decayed are restored to good order. Burning points out the plan and method by which the Lord restores the Church to her purity.

Calvin: Isa 4:5 - And Jehovah will create on every dwelling-place of Mount Zion // For on all the glory shall be a defense 5.And Jehovah will create on every dwelling-place of Mount Zion As if he had said that “there will not be a corner of Mount Zion on which the grace...

5.And Jehovah will create on every dwelling-place of Mount Zion As if he had said that “there will not be a corner of Mount Zion on which the grace of God does not shine.” Dwelling-place and assembly I understand to mean the same thing; for assembly does not here denote a congregation, but the place where men assemble. With the design to express a full blessing, he alludes to what Moses relates, when the Lord delivered the people from Egyptian bondage, and sent

pillars of cloud by day and pillars of fire by night.
(Exo 13:21.)

It was customary with the prophets, in describing any remarkable blessing, to remind them of that deliverance from Egypt as an extraordinary work of God; for on that occasion God made a remarkable display of the boundless treasures of his grace in establishing his Church, and left out no proof of his kindness, in order to make known the happiness of that nation. But what chiefly deserved to be commemorated was, that by the covering of a cloud by day he protected them from excessive heat, and that by night a pillar of fire went before them, to prevent them from wandering or going astray.

It amounts to this, that when God shall bring back the Church from the captivity in Babylon, the deliverance will be of a kind not less striking and magnificent than when, at an early period, the nation went out of Egypt. Not that during their journey from Babylon to Judea they would be accompanied, as in the wilderness, by a cloud and a pillar of fire, but that he would display his grace and kindness by other methods not less remarkable. Just as if we were to say at the present day, “God will enlighten us by his Spirit of fire; He will give cloven tongues, (Act 2:3,) to spread his Gospel throughout the whole world.” Such expressions ought not to be understood literally, as if the Spirit would be sent down from heaven under that visible sign; but by reminding them of the miracle, it would lead believers to expect that the same power of God, which the Apostles formerly experienced, will now be displayed in restoring the Church. Add to this, that the Prophet, by this mode of expression, points out an uninterrupted continuance of blessing; as if he had said, “Not only will God for a moment stretch out his hand for your deliverance, but as he always accompanied your fathers in the wilderness, so likewise he will deliver and protect you to the end.”

For on all the glory shall be a defense This is connected with what he formerly said, that the bud or branch which should afterwards spring up would be for glory. It is as if he had said, “on all who shall bear the proof and marks of their deliverance.” Perhaps also he alludes to the passage in which it is related that the destroying angel passed over the houses which were marked without doing them any injury, (Exo 12:23;) for as the sprinkling of blood at that time protected and saved them, so Isaiah promises that believers, when God has marked them, will be safe. This must be carefully observed; for we are reminded that we shall not become partakers of the grace of God in any other way than by bearing his image, and by his glory shining in us.

Calvin: Isa 4:6 - And a covering in the day-time shall be a shadow from the heat 6.And a covering in the day-time shall be a shadow from the heat Though the Prophet confirms what we have already noticed, that God will be our perpe...

6.And a covering in the day-time shall be a shadow from the heat Though the Prophet confirms what we have already noticed, that God will be our perpetual guide till he has brought us to the end of our journey, yet we are reminded that believers will always be exposed to numerous calamities. Scorching heat, and piercing cold, and still heavier distresses, press on them severely; when they escape from one danger, they meet with another. But the highest consolation is that against every inconvenience the shadow of the Lord will of itself be sufficient; for it will cover them in such a manner that nothing can injure or do them any harm. Although, therefore, various calamities and afflictions surround us on every side, still the Lord promises that he will assist us; as it is said in the Psalm,

The sun shall not scorch thee by day, nor the moon by night; for the Lord will preserve thee from all evil. (Psa 121:6.)

Nothing more is necessary than that we follow our calling, and perform our duty faithfully. It belongs equally to the condition of the good and of the bad that they suffer many inconveniencies; but bad men have no refuge, no place of concealment in which they may hide themselves, and they must be utterly overwhelmed. But blessed is the condition of the godly; for although they endure heat and cold, still they have a safe refuge in God. But that glory of which we formerly spoke must shine in us; otherwise we shall have no share in these things; and if we carry about with us God’s mark, whenever we shall be assailed by a tempest, let us rest assured that he will be our protection.

Defender: Isa 4:1 - seven women The male population would be so devastated in the coming invasions of Assyria and Babylonia that women would be seven times as numerous as the remaini...

The male population would be so devastated in the coming invasions of Assyria and Babylonia that women would be seven times as numerous as the remaining men."

Defender: Isa 4:2 - In that day The term "that day" usually refers either to the day of the Lord, especially the end-time period of judgment, or to a more immediate period of judgmen...

The term "that day" usually refers either to the day of the Lord, especially the end-time period of judgment, or to a more immediate period of judgment.

Defender: Isa 4:2 - the branch "The branch" is a prophetic name for the coming Messiah (Jer 23:5; Jer 33:15; Zec 3:8; Zec 6:12). The reason for the use of this term is more clearly ...

"The branch" is a prophetic name for the coming Messiah (Jer 23:5; Jer 33:15; Zec 3:8; Zec 6:12). The reason for the use of this term is more clearly seen in Isa 11:1, where a "branch" is seen growing out of an apparently dead tree stump."

TSK: Isa 4:1 - And in // seven // We will eat // let us be called by thy name // to take away // reproach And in : Isa 2:11, Isa 2:17, Isa 10:20, Isa 17:7; Luk 21:22 seven : Isa 3:25, Isa 3:26, Isa 13:12 We will eat : 2Th 3:12 let us be called by thy name ...

And in : Isa 2:11, Isa 2:17, Isa 10:20, Isa 17:7; Luk 21:22

seven : Isa 3:25, Isa 3:26, Isa 13:12

We will eat : 2Th 3:12

let us be called by thy name : Heb. let thy name be called upon us

to take away : or, take thou away

reproach : Gen 30:23; 1Sa 1:6; Luk 1:25

TSK: Isa 4:2 - the branch // beautiful and glorious // the fruit // them that are escaped the branch : Isa 11:1, Isa 60:21; Jer 23:5, Jer 33:15; Eze 17:22, Eze 17:23; Zec 3:8, Zec 6:12 beautiful and glorious : Heb. beauty and glory, Exo 28:...

TSK: Isa 4:3 - shall be // written // among the living shall be : Isa 1:27, Isa 52:1, Isa 60:21; Eze 36:24-28, Eze 43:12; Zec 14:20,Zec 14:21; Eph 1:4; Col 3:12; Heb 12:14; 1Pe 2:9 written : Exo 32:32, Exo...

TSK: Isa 4:4 - washed away // have purged // by the spirit washed away : Isa 3:16-26; Lam 1:9; Eze 16:6-9, Eze 22:15, Eze 36:25, Eze 36:29; Joe 3:21; Zep 3:1; Zec 3:3, Zec 3:4, Zec 13:1, Zec 13:9; Mal 3:2, Mal...

TSK: Isa 4:5 - upon every // a cloud // upon // all the glory // a defence upon every : Isa 32:18, Isa 33:20; Psa 87:2, Psa 87:3, Psa 89:7, Psa 111:1; Mat 18:20, Mat 28:20 a cloud : Exo 13:21, Exo 13:22, Exo 14:19, Exo 14:20,...

TSK: Isa 4:6 - tabernacle // for a covert tabernacle : Isa 8:14, Isa 25:4; Psa 27:5, Psa 91:1, Psa 121:5, Psa 121:6; Pro 18:10; Eze 11:16; Heb 6:18; Rev 7:16 for a covert : Isa 32:2, Isa 32:18...

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Poole: Isa 4:1 - In that day // Seven // Of one man // We will eat our own bread, and wear our own apparel // Let us be called by thy name // Reproach In that day of which he hath hitherto been speaking, Isa 2 Isa 3 , and still continueth to speak. In that calamitous time. Seven many. A certain n...

In that day of which he hath hitherto been speaking, Isa 2 Isa 3 , and still continueth to speak. In that calamitous time.

Seven many. A certain number for an uncertain. Shall take hold ; shall sue to him, and even lay hands upon him, contrary to their custom, and their natural modesty.

Of one man because few men shall survive that dreadful stroke. They who before were not contented with their own husbands, are now glad of a seventh part of a husband.

We will eat our own bread, and wear our own apparel we will ease thee of that charge, which otherwise would fall upon thee by God’ s law, Exo 21:10 .

Let us be called by thy name own us for thy wives.

Reproach: virginity was esteemed a reproach, especially among that people, because it was a token of contempt from men, and of the curse of God; children, the usual fruit of marriage, being both an honour to their parents before men, and a great blessing of God, especially to that people, from some of whose loins the Messiah was to spring.

Poole: Isa 4:2 - In that day // the filth of Zion // beautiful and glorious // The fruit of the earth shall be excellent // That are escaped In that day about and after that time; when the Lord shall have washed away (as this time is particularly expressed, Isa 4:4 ) the filth of Zion by...

In that day about and after that time; when the Lord shall have washed away (as this time is particularly expressed, Isa 4:4 )

the filth of Zion by those dreadful judgments now described. The branch of the Lord; either,

1. The church and people of Israel, oft called God’ s vine or vineyard, as we saw before, and the branch of God’ s planting , Isa 60:21 . Or,

2. The Messiah, who is commonly defined in Scripture by this title, the Branch , Isa 11:1 Jer 23:5 33:15 Zec 3:8 , whose name is expressly said to be the Branch , Zec 6:12 , of whom not only Christians, but even the Hebrew doctors, understand it. For after the foregoing miseries were brought upon the Jews, by the remainders of the Grecian empire, of which Daniel prophesies of exactly and particularly, and afterwards by the Roman empire, the Messiah was born; and after that utter destruction brought upon the Jewish city, and temple, and nation by Titus, the kingdom of the Messiah became

beautiful and glorious as it here follows.

The fruit of the earth shall be excellent the land which for the sins of the people was made barren, upon their repentance and return to Christ, shall recover its former fertility. Under this one mercy he seems to understand all temporal blessings, which, together with spiritual and eternal, God shall confer upon them; and withal to intimate the fruitfulness of the people (the earth or land being oft put for its inhabitants,) in knowledge, and grace, and all good works.

That are escaped that shall survive all the forementioned calamities.

Poole: Isa 4:3 - Shall be called holy // Every one that is written among the living // In Jerusalem Shall be called holy i.e. shall be really holy, as is said, Isa 60:21 . To be called is oft put for to be, as Gen 21:12 Isa 1:26 44:5 . Every one th...

Shall be called holy i.e. shall be really holy, as is said, Isa 60:21 . To be called is oft put for to be, as Gen 21:12 Isa 1:26 44:5 .

Every one that is written among the living: so this is a restriction of the foregoing indefinite proposition. Not all that are left, but a great number of them, shall be holy, even all that are written, &c., i.e. all the elect, who are frequently described by this character, that they are written in God’ s or the Lamb’ s book , or in the book of life , or of the living , Psa 69:28 Dan 12:1 Phi 4:3 Rev 3:5 13:8 17:8 , &c. But this last clause of the verse is by some learned interpreters rendered thus, all that are in Jerusalem (i.e. a very great number of them, as such general expressions are frequently used, or the generality of them) shall be written unto life , i.e. shall be such as are elected unto salvation through sanctification; which may deserve consideration. So he notes the singular privilege of this people at this time above the former ages, in which many were called, but few were chosen.

In Jerusalem of the people living in or belonging to Jerusalem.

Poole: Isa 4:4 - When the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion // By the Spirit of judgment // the Spirit When the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion: this shall be accomplished when God hath thoroughly cleansed the Jewish nati...

When the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion: this shall be accomplished when God hath thoroughly cleansed the Jewish nation from their sins. The blood; the blood-guiltness, and especially that of killing the Lord of life, their own Messiah.

By the Spirit of judgment and by the Spirit of burning: this is opposed to the former legal way of purification, which was by water. By

the Spirit he seems to understand the Holy Spirit of God, to which this washing and purging work is commonly ascribed, as 1Co 6:11 , and elsewhere; which Spirit did accompany the preaching of the gospel, and did this work in part in some of the Jews, and will do it more fully in the body of the nation. And this Spirit may well be called a Spirit of judgment, because it executes judgment in the church, and in the consciences of men, separating the precious from the vile, convincing men of sin, and righteousness, and judgment, Joh 16:8-11 , manifesting the secrets of men’ s hearts in the preaching of the word, 1Co 14:25 ; accusing, and terrifying, and punishing some, witnessing for and with others, and filling them with peace and joy in believing; hardening some, and softening and subduing others to God, as this Spirit is particularly promised to do to the Jews, Zec 12:10 . And the same Spirit may be fitly called the Spirit of burning , as he is compared to fire, Mat 3:11 , because he doth burn up and consume the dross which is in the church, and in the minds and hearts of men, and inflames the souls of believers with love to God, and zeal for his glory.

Poole: Isa 4:5 - Will create // A cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flashing fire by night // Upon all the glory Will create will in a marvellous manner produce, as it were by a new work of creation. A cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flashing fire ...

Will create will in a marvellous manner produce, as it were by a new work of creation.

A cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flashing fire by night a pillar of cloud and fire, like that wherewith the Lord directed, and protected, and honoured the israelites, when they came out of Egypt; whereby he implies that God would be their protector and their glory.

Upon all the glory upon all that church and people, which God will make so glorious, not only in his own eyes, but even in the eyes of the world; upon all holy assemblies of sincere Christians.

Poole: Isa 4:6 - There shall be a tabernacle There shall be a tabernacle or, he, i.e. the Lord, shall be a tabernacle, or a tent, to defend them from the violent heat of the sun, and other injur...

There shall be a tabernacle or, he, i.e. the Lord, shall be a tabernacle, or a tent, to defend them from the violent heat of the sun, and other injuries of the weather, which was the use and benefit of tents.

Haydock: Isa 4:1 - Seven Seven. Many shall sue for a husband, men shall be so scarce. To continue unmarried was reproachful, Deuteronomy vii. 14. (Calmet) --- After the c...

Seven. Many shall sue for a husband, men shall be so scarce. To continue unmarried was reproachful, Deuteronomy vii. 14. (Calmet) ---

After the conversion of the Gentiles, pastors will be much wanted. (Worthington)

Haydock: Isa 4:2 - Bud Bud. That is, Christ, (Challoner) who was faintly prefigured by Zorobabel, Zacharias iii. 8. Our Saviour was the fruit of the earth, and sovereign ...

Bud. That is, Christ, (Challoner) who was faintly prefigured by Zorobabel, Zacharias iii. 8. Our Saviour was the fruit of the earth, and sovereign Lord. (Calmet)

Haydock: Isa 4:3 - Life Life. Only the faithful shall be saved. (Worthington) --- The Jews, after the captivity, shall be more obedient. But converts to the faith of Chr...

Life. Only the faithful shall be saved. (Worthington) ---

The Jews, after the captivity, shall be more obedient. But converts to the faith of Christ are styled saints, (Romans i. 7., &c.) such particularly as are predestined to glory, Romans viii. 30. (Calmet) ---

Those who are called to life and the true faith, may forfeit this honour, by their own fault. (Menochius)

Haydock: Isa 4:4 - Burning Burning. By baptism of water and fire, or of the Holy Ghost. (St. Jerome)

Burning. By baptism of water and fire, or of the Holy Ghost. (St. Jerome)

Haydock: Isa 4:5 - Protection Protection. God will protect his Church, more than he did the Israelites by the pillar, Exodus xiv. 20. (St. Basil, &c.)

Protection. God will protect his Church, more than he did the Israelites by the pillar, Exodus xiv. 20. (St. Basil, &c.)

Gill: Isa 4:1 - And in that day seven women shall take hold of one man // saying, we will eat our own bread, and wear our own apparel // only let us be called by thy name // to take away our reproach And in that day seven women shall take hold of one man,.... Not in the days of Ahaz, when Pekah, son of Remaliah, slew in Judah a hundred and twenty t...

And in that day seven women shall take hold of one man,.... Not in the days of Ahaz, when Pekah, son of Remaliah, slew in Judah a hundred and twenty thousand men in one day, 2Ch 28:6 as Kimchi thinks; for though there was then such a destruction of men, yet at the same time two hundred thousand women, with sons and daughters, were carried captive by the Israelites, 2Ch 28:8 but in the days of Vespasian and Titus, and in the time of their wars with the Jews; in which were made such slaughters of men, that there were not enough left for every woman to have a husband; and therefore "seven", or a great many, sue to one man to marry them, contrary to their natural bashfulness. It is a tradition of the Jews, mentioned both by Jarchi and Kimchi, that Nebuchadnezzar ordered his army, that none of them should marry another man's wife; wherefore every woman sought to get a husband; but the time of this prophecy does not agree with it:

saying, we will eat our own bread, and wear our own apparel; which used to be provided for wives by their husbands, and that according to law, Exo 21:10 but rather than be without a husband, they promise, in order to engage him to marry them, to provide food and raiment for themselves, by their own labour. The Arabic version adds,

"neither in anything will we be troublesome:''

only let us be called by thy name; let us be married to thee, let us become thy wives; for upon marriage the woman was called by her husband's name:

to take away our reproach: of being unmarried, and having no offspring: or it may be rendered in the imperative, "take away our reproach" l; so the Targum, Septuagint, and Oriental versions. The words may be accommodated in a spiritual sense to some professors of religion, who lay hold on Christ in a professional way, but spend their money for that which is not bread, and live upon their own duties and services, and not on Christ, and wear their own rags of righteousness, and not his robe; only they desire to be called by the name of Christians, to take away the reproach of being reckoned Pagans or infidels.

Gill: Isa 4:2 - In that day shall the branch of the Lord be beautiful and glorious // And the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and comely // for them that are escaped of Israel In that day shall the branch of the Lord be beautiful and glorious,.... When the beauty of the Jewish women shall be taken away, and their men shall h...

In that day shall the branch of the Lord be beautiful and glorious,.... When the beauty of the Jewish women shall be taken away, and their men shall he slain; by whom is meant, not the righteous and wise men left among the Jews, as Jarchi and Aben Ezra; nor Hezekiah; which is the sense of some, as the latter observes: but the Messiah, as Kimchi, and so the Targum, which paraphrases the words thus,

"at that time shall the Messiah of the Lord be for joy and glory;''

and the Septuagint understand it of a divine Person appearing on earth, rendering the words, "for in that day God shall shine in counsel with glory upon the earth"; and so the Arabic version. Christ is called "the branch", not as God, but as man, not as a son, but as a servant, as Mediator; and it chiefly regards his descent from David, and when his family was very mean and low; and a branch being but a tender thing, it denotes Christ's state of humiliation on earth, when he grew up as a tender plant before the Lord, and was contemptible in the eyes of men: and he is called the branch "of the Lord", because of his raising up, and bringing forth; see Zec 3:8 and yet this branch became "beautiful", being laden with the fruits of divine grace, such as righteousness, reconciliation, peace, pardon, adoption, sanctification, and eternal life; as well as having all his people as branches growing on him, and receiving their life and fruitfulness from him: and "glorious", being the branch made strong to do the work of the Lord, by his obedience and death; and especially he became glorious when raised from the dead, when he ascended up to heaven, and was exalted there at the right hand of God; and when his Gospel was spread and his kingdom increased in the Gentile world, as it did, both before and after the destruction of Jerusalem, the time here referred to; and which will he in a more glorious condition in the last days; and now he is glorious in the eyes of all that believe in him, and is glorified by them; and when he comes a second time, he will appear in his own and his father's glory, and in the glory of the holy angels.

And the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and comely; not the children of the righteous, as Jarchi; nor אוריתא עבדי, "the doers of the law", as the Targum; see Rom 2:13 but the Messiah, as before, as Kimchi well observes; called "the fruit of the earth", to show that he is not a dry and withered, but a fruitful branch, and which should fill the earth with fruit; and because he sprung from the earth as man, and was the fruit of a woman, that was of the earth, earthly; and so this, as the former, denotes the meanness of Christ in human nature, while here on earth; and yet he became, as these words foretold be should, "excellent": he appeared to be excellent in his person as the Son of God, and to have a more excellent name and nature than the angels, and fairer than the sons of men; to be excellent as the cedars, and more excellent than the mountains of prey; to have obtained a more excellent ministry than Aaron and his sons; to be excellent in all his offices of Prophet, Priest, and King; and particularly in the fruits and blessings of grace, which grew upon him, and came from him; see Deu 33:13 "and comely", in his person, as God and man, in the perfections of his divine nature, and in the fulness of his grace; and so are his people, as considered in him, who are made perfectly comely, through the comeliness he puts upon them: and so he is

for them that are escaped of Israel; not beautiful and glorious; excellent and comely, in the view of all men, only them that believe, who have seen his glory, and have tasted that he is gracious; these are the remnant according to the election of grace, the preserved of Israel, the chosen of God, and precious, who were saved from that untoward generation, the Jews, and escaped the destruction of Jerusalem, and were saved in the Lord with an everlasting salvation.

Gill: Isa 4:3 - And it shall come to pass, that he that is left in Zion, and he that remaineth in Jerusalem // shall be called holy // even everyone that is written among the living in Jerusalem And it shall come to pass, that he that is left in Zion, and he that remaineth in Jerusalem,.... These are the persons to whom Christ appears beauti...

And it shall come to pass, that he that is left in Zion, and he that remaineth in Jerusalem,.... These are the persons to whom Christ appears beautiful and glorious, excellent and comely, who will be left, and remain in Zion and Jerusalem; by which is meant the Gospel church, or church as in the latter day; in which these shall continue, abide by the truths and doctrines of the Gospel, and the ordinances thereof, and persevere unto the end; even when Christ shall take his fan in his hand, and purge his floor of the chaff; when the filth of the daughter of Zion shall be washed away by the spirit of judgment and burning, as in the following verse Isa 4:4; when it shall be a shocking and shaking time in the churches, and the hour of temptation shall come, that shall try those that dwell upon earth; these shall be pillars in the temple of God, that shall never go out. The doctrine of the saints' final perseverance is held forth in these words, as their sanctification and election are in the following clauses, which secure it to them: they

shall be called holy: in the original text it is added, "unto him"; either the person left, it shall be said to him, that he is holy or rather the branch; and Kimchi interprets it, "because of him"; for these are accounted holy, through the imputation of the holiness of Christ unto them; and they are really and inherently holy, through the grace of Christ implanted in them; they are called to be holy, to be saints, and they are called with a holy calling, and unto holiness; and, in effectual calling, principles of grace and holiness are wrought in them, and which appear in their lives and conversations. The principal meaning seems to be, that those who shall hold fast their profession, and hold out, and persevere through the trying dispensation in the latter day, they shall be remarkably holy; they shall shine in the beauties of holiness; holiness shall be upon their horses' bells, and they themselves shall be holiness unto the Lord, Zec 14:20.

even everyone that is written among the living in Jerusalem; or, "everyone that is written unto life" m, that is, unto eternal life, as the Targum paraphrases the words; and it is the same with being ordained unto eternal life, Act 13:48 or predestination unto life, which is a writing of the names of God's elect in the book of life: this writing is God's writing, it is his act and deed, the act of God the Father, and an eternal one, flowing from his sovereign will and pleasure, and is sure, certain, and unfrustrable; what is written is written, and can never be altered; and election being signified by writing names in a book, shows it to be particular and personal, not of nations, churches, and bodies of men, but of particular persons; and that it is irrespective of faith, holiness, and good works, and entirely unconditional; it is of naked persons, and not as so and so qualified; and that it is distinguishing of some, and not others, whom God has an exact knowledge of, and calls by name: and this writing is "unto life", or "lives", as in the original text; not to a temporal life, but to a spiritual and eternal one; in consequence of which, such become living, holy, and persevering Christians in Jerusalem, in the church of God, and shall be admitted into the New Jerusalem, and none else, Rev 21:27 and so Jarchi interprets it, everyone that is written to the life of the world to come, or to eternal life, shall be in Jerusalem; and the Targum adds,

"and he shall see the consolation of Jerusalem;''

from hence it appears that election is the source and spring of holiness, and the security of the saints final perseverance, Rom 8:30 and is not a licentious doctrine, but a doctrine according to godliness; holiness is a fruit and evidence of it; whoever are written or ordained to life become holy; and these being brought to Zion, remain there, and persevere unto the end.

Gill: Isa 4:4 - When (n) the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion // And shall have purged the blood of Jerusalem from the midst thereof // by the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit of burning When n the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion,.... By Zion is meant the church of Christ in general, his mystical body, th...

When n the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion,.... By Zion is meant the church of Christ in general, his mystical body, the general assembly and church of the firstborn, written in heaven, Heb 12:22 and by her "daughters" particular churches, that go by the name of Christian churches, who are called the reformed churches, being such as are separated from the church of Rome; among whom there is a great deal of "filth", and which will be removed in the latter times of the Gospel dispensation; by which are designed all false doctrines, such as are contrary to the deity and sonship of Christ, and the personality of the Holy Spirit; which derogate from the grace of God in election, justification, pardon, and salvation; which detract from the blood of Christ, and deny his imputed righteousness and satisfaction; and which exalt the power and free will of man, and tend to impurity and licentiousness; these will all be removed, and the true doctrine, which secures the glory of each divine Person, asserts the free grace of God, salvation by Christ, the operations of the Spirit, and influences and engages to holiness of life, will take place. This filth likewise includes all false worship; all ordinances and institutions of men; all corruptions in the ordinances of Christ, baptism, and the Lord's supper; all forms and modes of worship that are not of God; all offices and officers, except bishops and deacons, which are of the man of sin; and all immorality and profaneness; and all wicked men, even all that offend and do iniquity, shall be taken out of Christ's kingdom and churches; there will be a thorough clearing of his floor of all filth, dirt, and chaff.

And shall have purged the blood of Jerusalem from the midst thereof; that is, of the daughters of Jerusalem, particular churches, of which the Jerusalem above is the mother; for this is not to be understood literally of the city of Jerusalem, nor of the blood of Christ, and his servants, shed in it, purged away by the burning of it by the Romans; but of the bloodshed and persecution in Protestant churches; for a spirit of persecution has prevailed in some of them, but this shall be no more seen in the latter day; Christ's kingdom will be a peaceable kingdom, and of the peace of it there will be no end; as there will be no war in a civil sense, so neither in a religious sense; all animosities, disputes, and contentions, will cease; see Isa 9:7 and much less will there be any effusion of blood on account of religion, nor any that shed it; as the Targum paraphrases the words,

"and they that shed innocent blood in Jerusalem shall be removed out of it:''

it is added,

by the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit of burning; the Targum is,

"by the word of judgment, and by the word of consummation or perfection;''

by the former is meant a judicious spirit, which the Lord will give to his churches and ministers; a set of ministers will be raised up, having the everlasting Gospel, which they shall freely, fully, and openly preach unto all men; by which means the churches will be cleared of all false doctrines; clear and distinct light will be given to all the preachers of the word; the watchmen shall see eye to eye; and all Zion's children be taught of God; and this shall be universal all the world over; there will be a discerning of spirits of men and doctrines, whether of God, or not; by which good doctrines will be distinguished from bad ones, and good men from the wicked; and this will be part of the judgment which will be given to the saints of the most High, and will proceed from the Spirit of God; who will be poured out in a plenteous manner to guide the churches into all truth, as it is in Jesus; and by the latter, "the spirit of burning", is meant a burning flaming zeal; a zeal according to knowledge, against all false doctrine and worship, and for the pure doctrine and worship of Christ; which will appear in Christian ministers and churches, and also in Christian magistrates, who will hate the whore, and burn her flesh with fire; and who will be stirred up by the preachers of the Gospel to pour out the plagues on the antichristian states, Rev 15:6 and when the fire of God's word will burn up all the wood, hay, and stubble, which the day will declare; and then will be the trying winnowing time, and those that are left will be holy unto the Lord.

Gill: Isa 4:5 - And the Lord will create on every dwelling place of Mount Zion // and upon her assemblies // A cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night // for upon all the glory shall he a defence And the Lord will create on every dwelling place of Mount Zion,.... That is, on every particular church of Christ in Gospel times, and especially in t...

And the Lord will create on every dwelling place of Mount Zion,.... That is, on every particular church of Christ in Gospel times, and especially in the latter day; which are the dwelling places of Father, Son, and Spirit, and of believers in Christ. The word o used signifies a place well fitted up, and prepared, and established, and settled; and such will be the churches of Christ in the latter day glory; they will be fitly framed together and built up, a habitation for God, through the Spirit; they will be beautified, and made glorious, and will be established upon the top of the mountains, and be tabernacles that shall not be taken down, whose stakes and cords shall not be removed and broken, Eph 2:21 and so will be sure dwellings, and quiet resting places; and happy will those be who will be the inhabitants of them, since they will have the best of company, the best of provisions, and all health and prosperity, Isa 32:18,

and upon her assemblies; or "her convocations" p; in allusion to the holy convocations and solemn assemblies of the Israelites at their festivals, Lev 23:2 which are the churches of Christ, as before, consisting of men called by the grace of God, with a holy calling; called to be saints, and so are an assembly of saints, Psa 89:7 called by means of the Gospel, as the Israelites were by the blowing of the trumpets, to assemble together, to hear the word, and attend every part of divine worship, Num 10:2 and as the invisible church is called Zion, and the general assembly, Heb 12:22 so particular visible churches are called assemblies, Ecc 12:11 and which will be very numerous in the latter day, and well attended.

A cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night; alluding to the Lord's going before the children of Israel in the wilderness, in a pillar of cloud by day, and in a pillar of fire by night; and to their being upon and covering the tabernacle, when it rested; and also to the cloud and smoke that were upon Mount Sinai, when the Lord was present there, Exo 13:20 and as a cloud was frequently a symbol of the divine Presence, both in the Old and in the New Testament, Exo 19:9, 1Ki 8:10 so it may here signify that the presence of God with his churches in the latter day will be very manifest and remarkable; he will be seen over them, and be the glory in the midst of them, Zec 2:5 and it may also denote the gracious protection of the churches by Christ from all their enemies; as the cloud stood between the Israelites and the Egyptians, when they passed through the Red sea, and secured them from them, Exo 14:19 as well as a cloud, is refreshing and protecting from heat, as Christ then will be from heat of every kind. See Gill on Isa 4:6. And as the pillar of fire was to give light to the children of Israel, and direct them in their passage through the wilderness in the night time; so Christ will be the light of his people, by the very great illuminations of his spirit, and the clear preaching of the Gospel, which will give both light and heat; and from both which will arise such a bright shining light, as shall drive away the night of affliction, darkness, desertion, and sleepiness, which shall precede this glorious day. See Isa 60:1 and this will be all the Lord's doing, a work of his almighty power, and therefore signified by a "creation"; it will be a new, strange, and marvellous work; wonderful in the eyes of the saints, and in the eyes of the world, that those who have been forsaken and hated should be made an eternal excellency, and the joy of many generations, Isa 60:15,

for upon all the glory shall he a defence; the glory of the churches in the latter day will greatly consist in the presence of God and Christ; in the pouring forth of the Spirit upon them; in the purity of Gospel doctrine, worship, and discipline among them; in the holiness of their lives and conversation; and in the peace, harmony, and unity, that shall subsist with them; and the defence of this glory will be partly the ministers of the Gospel, in the pure administration of the word and ordinances, as means, but principally the Lord himself, who will be a wall of fire about them, and will appoint salvation as walls and bulwarks to them, Zec 2:5.

Gill: Isa 4:6 - And there shall be a tabernacle // for a shadow in the day time from the heat // and for a place of refuge // and for a covert from storm and from rain And there shall be a tabernacle,.... Christ, who tabernacled in our nature, and is the minister of the true tabernacle, which God pitched, and not man...

And there shall be a tabernacle,.... Christ, who tabernacled in our nature, and is the minister of the true tabernacle, which God pitched, and not man; who will be spiritually present in the word and ordinances, where the shepherds pitch their tents; and who will be that to his people as shepherds' tents are to them, to which the allusion is:

for a shadow in the day time from the heat: from the heat of a fiery law, which works wrath; from the flaming sword of justice, which calls for vengeance; from the wrath of God, which is poured forth like fire; from Satan's temptations, compared to fiery darts; and from the violence of persecution; for there will be no more after the last struggle of the beast, and the slaying of the witnesses:

and for a place of refuge; until the indignation be over and past: as Christ is a refuge for sensible sinners to flee unto for safety, from avenging justice, and the wrath of God; so he is a place of security, and has his chambers of safety for saints, from all dangers, and from every enemy, Isa 26:20,

and for a covert from storm and from rain; from the blast of the terrible ones, the antichristian powers, which will be as a storm against a wall, Isa 25:4 this will be the hour of temptation, which will come upon and try them that dwell upon the earth, from which Christ will preserve his faithful ones, Rev 3:10.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Isa 4:1 This refers to the humiliation of being unmarried and childless. The women’s words reflect the cultural standards of ancient Israel, where a wom...

NET Notes: Isa 4:2 Heb “and the fruit of the land will become pride and beauty for the remnant of Israel.”

NET Notes: Isa 4:3 Heb “all who are written down for life in Jerusalem.” A city register is envisioned; everyone whose name appears on the roll will be spare...

NET Notes: Isa 4:4 Heb “by a spirit of judgment and by a spirit of burning.” The precise meaning of the second half of the verse is uncertain. רו...

NET Notes: Isa 4:5 Heb “indeed (or “for”) over all the glory, a canopy.” This may allude to Exod 40:34-35, where a cloud overshadows the meeting ...

NET Notes: Isa 4:6 Heb “a shelter it will be for shade by day from heat, and for a place of refuge and for a hiding place from cloudburst and rain.” Since bo...

Geneva Bible: Isa 4:1 And in that day ( a ) seven women shall take hold of one man, saying, We will eat our own bread, and wear our own apparel: only ( b ) let us be called...

Geneva Bible: Isa 4:2 In that day shall the ( d ) branch of the LORD be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth [shall be] the pride and glory of them that have ...

Geneva Bible: Isa 4:3 And it shall come to pass, [that he that is] left in Zion, and [he that] remaineth in Jerusalem, shall be called holy, [even] every one that is ( e ) ...

Geneva Bible: Isa 4:4 When the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion, and shall have purged the ( f ) blood of Jerusalem from the midst of it by th...

Geneva Bible: Isa 4:5 And the LORD will create upon every dwelling place of mount Zion, and upon her assemblies, ( h ) a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flamin...

Geneva Bible: Isa 4:6 And there shall be a tabernacle for a shade in the daytime from the heat, and for a place of refuge, and for a covert from storm ( k ) and from rain. ...

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MHCC: Isa 4:1 - --This first verse belongs to the third chapter. When the troubles should come upon the land, as the unmarried state was deemed reproachful among the Je...

MHCC: Isa 4:2-6 - --Not only the setting forth Christ's kingdom in the times of the apostles, but its enlargement by gathering the dispersed Jews into the church, is fore...

Matthew Henry: Isa 4:1 - -- It was threatened (Isa 3:25) that the mighty men should fall by the sword in war, and it was threatened as a punishment to the women that affected...

Matthew Henry: Isa 4:2-6 - -- By the foregoing threatenings Jerusalem is brought into a very deplorable condition: every thing looks melancholy. But here the sun breaks out from ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Isa 4:1 - -- When war shall thus unsparingly have swept away the men of Zion, a most unnatural effect will ensue, namely, that women will go in search of husband...

Keil-Delitzsch: Isa 4:2 - -- "In that day will the sprout of Jehovah become an ornament and glory, and the fruit of the land pride and splendour for the redeemed of Israel." Th...

Keil-Delitzsch: Isa 4:3 - -- "And it will come to pass, whoever is left in Zion and remains in Jerusalem, holy will he be called, all who are written down for life in Jerusalem...

Keil-Delitzsch: Isa 4:4 - -- "When the Lord shall have washed away the filth of the daughters of Zion, and shall have purged away the bloodguiltinesses of Jerusalem from the mi...

Keil-Delitzsch: Isa 4:5 - -- "And Jehovah creates over every spot of Mount Zion, and over its festal assemblies, a cloud by day, and smoke, and the shining of flaming fire by n...

Keil-Delitzsch: Isa 4:6 - -- Thus would Zion be a secure retreat from all adversities and disasters. "And it will be a booth for shade by day from the heat of the sun, and for a...

Constable: Isa 1:1--5:30 - --I. introduction chs. 1--5 The relationship of chapters 1-5 to Isaiah's call in chapter 6 is problematic. Do the ...

Constable: Isa 2:1--4:6 - --B. The problem with Israel chs. 2-4 This second major segment of the introduction to the book (chs. 1-5)...

Constable: Isa 2:5--4:2 - --2. God's discipline of Israel 2:5-4:1 In contrast to the hopeful tone of the sections that prece...

Constable: Isa 3:1--4:2 - --The folly of trusting in people 3:1-4:1 This section gives particular examples of the ge...

Constable: Isa 3:16--4:2 - --Death of liberty 3:16-4:1 The Lord's condemnation of His people continues, but there is a change in focus. In verses 1-5 it was the male leaders who r...

Constable: Isa 4:2-6 - --3. God's determination for Israel 4:2-6 Having begun this oracle by clarifying God's desire for Israel (2:1-4), the prophet proceeded to contrast her ...

Guzik: Isa 4:1-6 - The Messiah's Community Isaiah 4 - The Messiah's Community A. Judgment on the daughters of Zion and a glorious hope. 1. (1) The desperate condition of the daughters of Zion...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: Isaiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) ISAIAH, son of Amoz (not Amos); contemporary of Jonah, Amos, Hosea, in Israel, but younger than they; and of Micah, in Judah. His call to a higher deg...

JFB: Isaiah (Garis Besar) PARABLE OF JEHOVAH'S VINEYARD. (Isa. 5:1-30) SIX DISTINCT WOES AGAINST CRIMES. (Isa. 5:8-23) (Lev 25:13; Mic 2:2). The jubilee restoration of posses...

TSK: Isaiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) Isaiah has, with singular propriety, been denominated the Evangelical Prophet, on account of the number and variety of his prophecies concerning the a...

TSK: Isaiah 4 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Isa 4:1, In the extremity of evils, Christ’s kingdom shall be a sanctuary.

Poole: Isaiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE ARGUMENT THE teachers of the ancient church were of two sorts: 1. Ordinary, the priests and Levites. 2. Extraordinary, the prophets. These we...

Poole: Isaiah 4 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHAPTER 4 In the extremity of evils, Christ’ s glorious kingdom should appear to those who are left alive, Isa 4:1,2 . They shall be holy, Isa...

MHCC: Isaiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) Isaiah prophesied in the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah. He has been well called the evangelical prophet, on account of his numerous and...

MHCC: Isaiah 4 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (Isa 4:1) The havoc occasioned by war. (Isa 4:2-6) The times of the Messiah.

Matthew Henry: Isaiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, With Practical Observations, of The Book of the Prophet Isaiah Prophet is a title that sounds very great to those that understand it, t...

Matthew Henry: Isaiah 4 (Pendahuluan Pasal) In this chapter we have, I. A threatening of the paucity and scarceness of man (Isa 4:1), which might fitly enough have been added to the close of...

Constable: Isaiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title and writer The title of this book of the Bible, as is true of the o...

Constable: Isaiah (Garis Besar) Outline I. Introduction chs. 1-5 A. Israel's condition and God's solution ch. 1 ...

Constable: Isaiah Isaiah Bibliography Alexander, Joseph Addison. Commentary on the Prophecies of Isaiah. 1846, 1847. Revised ed. ...

Haydock: Isaiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE PROPHECY OF ISAIAS. INTRODUCTION. This inspired writer is called by the Holy Ghost, (Ecclesiasticus xlviii. 25.) the great prophet; from t...

Gill: Isaiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO ISAIAH This book is called, in the New Testament, sometimes "the Book of the Words of the Prophet Esaias", Luk 3:4 sometimes only t...

Gill: Isaiah 4 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO ISAIAH 4 The "first" verse of this chapter Isa 4:1 seems more properly to belong to the preceding chapter, which declares such a sc...

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