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Efesus 5:14

5:14 For everything made evident is light, and for this reason it says: 1 

“Awake, 2  O sleeper! 3 

Rise from the dead,

and Christ will shine on you!” 4 

1 Tesalonika 5:5-8

5:5 For you all are sons of the light and sons of the day. We are not of the night nor of the darkness. 5:6 So then we must not sleep as the rest, but must stay alert and sober. 5:7 For those who sleep, sleep at night and those who get drunk are drunk at night. 5:8 But since we are of the day, we must stay sober by putting on the breastplate 5  of faith and love and as a helmet our hope for salvation. 6 
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[5:14]  1 sn The following passage has been typeset as poetry because many scholars regard this passage as poetic or hymnic. These terms are used broadly to refer to the genre of writing, not to the content. There are two broad criteria for determining if a passage is poetic or hymnic: “(a) stylistic: a certain rhythmical lilt when the passages are read aloud, the presence of parallelismus membrorum (i.e., an arrangement into couplets), the semblance of some metre, and the presence of rhetorical devices such as alliteration, chiasmus, and antithesis; and (b) linguistic: an unusual vocabulary, particularly the presence of theological terms, which is different from the surrounding context” (P. T. O’Brien, Philippians [NIGTC], 188-89). Classifying a passage as hymnic or poetic is important because understanding this genre can provide keys to interpretation. However, not all scholars agree that the above criteria are present in this passage, so the decision to typeset it as poetry should be viewed as a tentative decision about its genre.

[5:14]  2 tn Grk “Rise up.”

[5:14]  3 tn The articular nominative participle ὁ καθεύδων (Jo kaqeudwn) is probably functioning as a nominative for vocative. Thus, it has been translated as “O sleeper.”

[5:14]  4 sn A composite quotation, possibly from Isa 26:19, 51:17, 52:1, and 60:1.

[5:8]  5 sn An allusion to Isa 59:17.

[5:8]  6 tn Grk “hope of salvation” (“a helmet…for salvation” is an allusion to Isa 59:17).

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