9:9 “Look! I now confirm 1 my covenant with you and your descendants after you 2 9:10 and with every living creature that is with you, including the birds, the domestic animals, and every living creature of the earth with you, all those that came out of the ark with you – every living creature of the earth. 3 9:11 I confirm 4 my covenant with you: Never again will all living things 5 be wiped out 6 by the waters of a flood; 7 never again will a flood destroy the earth.”
9:12 And God said, “This is the guarantee 8 of the covenant I am making 9 with you 10 and every living creature with you, a covenant 11 for all subsequent 12 generations: 9:13 I will place 13 my rainbow 14 in the clouds, and it will become 15 a guarantee of the covenant between me and the earth. 9:14 Whenever 16 I bring clouds over the earth and the rainbow appears in the clouds, 9:15 then I will remember my covenant with you 17 and with all living creatures of all kinds. 18 Never again will the waters become a flood and destroy 19 all living things. 20 9:16 When the rainbow is in the clouds, I will notice it and remember 21 the perpetual covenant between God and all living creatures of all kinds that are on the earth.”
[9:11] 4 tn The verb וַהֲקִמֹתִי (vahaqimoti) is a perfect with the vav (ו) consecutive and should be translated with the English present tense, just as the participle at the beginning of the speech was (v. 9). Another option is to translate both forms with the English future tense (“I will confirm”).
[9:13] 13 tn The translation assumes that the perfect verbal form is used rhetorically, emphasizing the certainty of the action. Other translation options include “I have placed” (present perfect; cf. NIV, NRSV) and “I place” (instantaneous perfect; cf. NEB).
[9:13] 14 sn The Hebrew word קֶשֶׁת (qeshet) normally refers to a warrior’s bow. Some understand this to mean that God the warrior hangs up his battle bow at the end of the flood, indicating he is now at peace with humankind, but others question the legitimacy of this proposal. See C. Westermann, Genesis, 1:473, and G. J. Wenham, Genesis (WBC), 1:196.
[9:16] 21 tn The translation assumes that the infinitive לִזְכֹּר (lizkor, “to remember”) here expresses the result of seeing the rainbow. Another option is to understand it as indicating purpose, in which case it could be translated, “I will look at it so that I may remember.”