16:7 The Lord’s angel 1 found Hagar near a spring of water in the desert – the spring that is along the road to Shur. 2 16:8 He said, “Hagar, servant of Sarai, where have you come from, and where are you going?” She replied, “I’m running away from 3 my mistress, Sarai.”
16:9 Then the Lord’s angel said to her, “Return to your mistress and submit 4 to her authority. 16:10 I will greatly multiply your descendants,” the Lord’s angel added, 5 “so that they will be too numerous to count.” 6 16:11 Then the Lord’s angel said to her,
“You are now 7 pregnant
and are about to give birth 8 to a son.
You are to name him Ishmael, 9
for the Lord has heard your painful groans. 10
[16:7] 1 tn Heb “the messenger of the
[16:9] 4 tn The imperative וְהִתְעַנִּי (vÿhit’anni) is the Hitpael of עָנָה (’anah, here translated “submit”), the same word used for Sarai’s harsh treatment of her. Hagar is instructed not only to submit to Sarai’s authority, but to whatever mistreatment that involves. God calls for Hagar to humble herself.
[16:11] sn This clause gives the explanation of the name Ishmael, using a wordplay. Ishmael’s name will be a reminder that “God hears” Hagar’s painful cries.