26:40 However, when 1 they confess their iniquity and their ancestors’ iniquity which they committed by trespassing against me, 2 by which they also walked 3 in hostility against me 4 26:41 (and I myself will walk in hostility against them and bring them into the land of their enemies), and 5 then their uncircumcised hearts become humbled and they make up for 6 their iniquity, 26:42 I will remember my covenant with Jacob and also my covenant with Isaac and also my covenant with Abraham, 7 and I will remember the land. 26:43 The land will be abandoned by them 8 in order that it may make up for 9 its Sabbaths while it is made desolate 10 without them, 11 and they will make up for their iniquity because 12 they have rejected my regulations and have abhorred 13 my statutes. 26:44 In spite of this, however, when they are in the land of their enemies I will not reject them and abhor them to make a complete end of them, to break my covenant with them, for I am the Lord their God. 26:45 I will remember for them the covenant with their ancestors 14 whom I brought out from the land of Egypt in the sight of the nations to be their God. I am the Lord.’”
[26:40] 1 tn Heb “And.” Many English versions take this to be a conditional clause (“if…”) though there is no conditional particle (see, e.g., NASB, NIV, NRSV; but see the very different rendering in B. A. Levine, Leviticus [JPSTC], 190). The temporal translation offered here (“when”) takes into account the particle אָז (’az, “then”), which occurs twice in v. 41. The obvious contextual contrast between vv. 39 and 40 is expressed by “however” in the translation.
[26:45] sn For similar expressions referring back to the ancestors who refused to follow the stipulations of the Mosaic covenant see, for example, Deut 19:14, Jer 11:10, and Ps 79:8 (see B. A. Levine, Leviticus [JPSTC], 192, and J. E. Hartley, Leviticus [WBC], 471).