1 Raja-raja 9:10--10:29Konteks
9:10 After twenty years, during which Solomon built the Lord’s temple and the royal palace, 1 9:11 King Solomon gave King Hiram of Tyre 2 twenty cities in the region of Galilee, because Hiram had supplied Solomon with cedars, evergreens, and all the gold he wanted. 9:12 When Hiram went out from Tyre to inspect the cities Solomon had given him, he was not pleased with them. 3 9:13 Hiram asked, 4 “Why did you give me these cities, my friend 5 ?” He called that area the region of Cabul, a name which it has retained to this day. 6 9:14 Hiram had sent to the king one hundred twenty talents 7 of gold.
9:15 Here are the details concerning the work crews 8 King Solomon conscripted 9 to build the Lord’s temple, his palace, the terrace, the wall of Jerusalem, 10 and the cities of 11 Hazor, 12 Megiddo, 13 and Gezer. 9:16 (Pharaoh, king of Egypt, had attacked and captured Gezer. He burned it and killed the Canaanites who lived in the city. He gave it as a wedding present to his daughter, who had married Solomon.) 9:17 Solomon built up Gezer, lower Beth Horon, 9:18 Baalath, Tadmor in the wilderness, 14 9:19 all the storage cities that belonged to him, 15 and the cities where chariots and horses were kept. 16 He built whatever he wanted in Jerusalem, Lebanon, and throughout his entire kingdom. 17 9:20 Now several non-Israelite peoples were left in the land after the conquest of Joshua, including the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites, and Jebusites. 18 9:21 Their descendants remained in the land (the Israelites were unable to wipe them out completely). Solomon conscripted them for his work crews, and they continue in that role to this very day. 19 9:22 Solomon did not assign Israelites to these work crews; 20 the Israelites served as his soldiers, attendants, officers, charioteers, and commanders of his chariot forces. 21 9:23 These men were also in charge of Solomon’s work projects; there were a total of 550 men who supervised the workers. 22 9:24 Solomon built the terrace as soon as Pharaoh’s daughter moved up from the city of David 23 to the palace Solomon built for her. 24
9:25 Three times a year Solomon offered burnt offerings and peace offerings 25 on the altar he had built for the Lord, burning incense along with them before the Lord. He made the temple his official worship place. 26
9:26 King Solomon also built ships 27 in Ezion Geber, which is located near Elat in the land of Edom, on the shore of the Red Sea. 9:27 Hiram sent his fleet and some of his sailors, who were well acquainted with the sea, to serve with Solomon’s men. 28 9:28 They sailed 29 to Ophir, took from there four hundred twenty talents 30 of gold, and then brought them to King Solomon.
10:1 When the queen of Sheba heard about Solomon, 31 she came to challenge 32 him with difficult questions. 33 10:2 She arrived in Jerusalem 34 with a great display of pomp, 35 bringing with her camels carrying spices, 36 a very large quantity of gold, and precious gems. She visited Solomon and discussed with him everything that was on her mind. 10:3 Solomon answered all her questions; there was no question too complex for the king. 37 10:4 When the queen of Sheba saw for herself Solomon’s extensive wisdom, 38 the palace 39 he had built, 10:5 the food in his banquet hall, 40 his servants and attendants, 41 their robes, his cupbearers, and his burnt offerings which he presented in the Lord’s temple, she was amazed. 42 10:6 She said to the king, “The report I heard in my own country about your wise sayings and insight 43 was true! 10:7 I did not believe these things until I came and saw them with my own eyes. Indeed, I didn’t hear even half the story! 44 Your wisdom and wealth 45 surpass what was reported to me. 10:8 Your attendants, who stand before you at all times and hear your wise sayings, are truly happy! 46 10:9 May the Lord your God be praised because he favored 47 you by placing you on the throne of Israel! Because of the Lord’s eternal love for Israel, he made you king so you could make just and right decisions.” 48 10:10 She gave the king 120 talents 49 of gold, a very large quantity of spices, and precious gems. The quantity of spices the queen of Sheba gave King Solomon has never been matched. 50 10:11 (Hiram’s fleet, which carried gold from Ophir, also brought from Ophir a very large quantity of fine timber and precious gems. 10:12 With the timber the king made supports 51 for the Lord’s temple and for the royal palace and stringed instruments 52 for the musicians. No one has seen so much of this fine timber to this very day. 53 ) 10:13 King Solomon gave the queen of Sheba everything she requested, besides what he had freely offered her. 54 Then she left and returned 55 to her homeland with her attendants.
10:14 Solomon received 666 talents 56 of gold per year, 57 10:15 besides what he collected from the merchants, 58 traders, Arabian kings, and governors of the land. 10:16 King Solomon made two hundred large shields of hammered gold; 600 measures 59 of gold were used for each shield. 10:17 He also made three hundred small shields of hammered gold; three minas 60 of gold were used for each of these shields. The king placed them in the Palace of the Lebanon Forest. 61
10:18 The king made a large throne decorated with ivory and overlaid it with pure gold. 10:19 There were six steps leading up to the throne, and the back of it was rounded on top. The throne had two armrests with a statue of a lion standing on each side. 62 10:20 There were twelve statues of lions on the six steps, one lion at each end of each step. There was nothing like it in any other kingdom. 63
10:21 All of King Solomon’s cups were made of gold, and all the household items in the Palace of the Lebanon Forest were made of pure gold. There were no silver items, for silver was not considered very valuable in Solomon’s time. 64 10:22 Along with Hiram’s fleet, the king had a fleet of large merchant ships 65 that sailed the sea. Once every three years the fleet 66 came into port with cargoes of 67 gold, silver, ivory, apes, and peacocks. 68
10:23 King Solomon was wealthier and wiser than any of the kings of the earth. 69 10:24 Everyone 70 in the world wanted to visit Solomon to see him display his God-given wisdom. 71 10:25 Year after year visitors brought their gifts, which included items of silver, items of gold, clothes, perfume, spices, horses, and mules. 72
10:26 Solomon accumulated 73 chariots and horses. He had 1,400 chariots and 12,000 horses. He kept them in assigned cities and in Jerusalem. 74 10:27 The king made silver as plentiful 75 in Jerusalem as stones; cedar was 76 as plentiful as sycamore fig trees are in the lowlands. 77 10:28 Solomon acquired his horses from Egypt 78 and from Que; the king’s traders purchased them from Que. 10:29 They paid 600 silver pieces for each chariot from Egypt and 150 silver pieces for each horse. They also sold chariots and horses to all the kings of the Hittites and to the kings of Syria. 79
[9:13] 6 tn Heb “he called them the land of Cabul to this day.” The significance of the name is unclear, though it appears to be disparaging. The name may be derived from a root, attested in Akkadian and Arabic, meaning “bound” or “restricted.” Some propose a wordplay, pointing out that the name “Cabul” sounds like a Hebrew phrase meaning, “like not,” or “as good as nothing.”
[9:14] 7 tn The Hebrew term כִּכָּר (kikkar, “circle”) refers generally to something that is round. When used of metals it can refer to a disk-shaped weight made of the metal or to a standard unit of weight, generally regarded as a talent. Since the accepted weight for a talent of metal is about 75 pounds, this would have amounted to about 9,000 pounds of gold (cf. NCV, NLT); CEV “five tons”; TEV “4,000 kilogrammes.”
[9:28] 30 tn The Hebrew term כִּכָּר (kikkar, “circle”) refers generally to something that is round. When used of metals it can refer to a disk-shaped weight made of the metal or to a standard unit of weight, generally regarded as a talent. Since the accepted weight for a talent of metal is about 75 pounds, this would have amounted to about 31,500 pounds of gold (cf. NCV); CEV, NLT “sixteen tons”; TEV “more than 14,000 kilogrammes.”
[10:1] 31 tn Heb “the report about Solomon.” The Hebrew text also has, “to the name of the
[10:2] 35 tn Heb “with very great strength.” The Hebrew term חַיִל (khayil, “strength”) may refer here to the size of her retinue (cf. NAB, NASB, NIV, NRSV) or to the great wealth she brought with her.
[10:3] 37 tn Heb “Solomon declared to her all her words; there was not a word hidden from the king which he did not declare to her.” If riddles are specifically in view (see v. 1), then one might translate, “Solomon explained to her all her riddles; there was no riddle too complex for the king.”
[10:10] 49 tn The Hebrew term כִּכָּר (kikkar, “circle”) refers generally to something that is round. When used of metals it can refer to a disk-shaped weight made of the metal or to a standard unit of weight, generally regarded as a talent. Since the accepted weight for a talent of metal is about 75 pounds, this would have amounted to about 9,000 pounds of gold (cf. NCV, NLT); CEV “five tons”; TEV “4,000 kilogrammes.”
[10:12] 51 tn This Hebrew architectural term occurs only here. The meaning is uncertain; some have suggested “banisters” or “parapets”; cf. TEV, NLT “railings.” The parallel passage in 2 Chr 9:11 has a different word, meaning “tracks,” or perhaps “steps.”
[10:14] 56 tn The Hebrew term כִּכָּר (kikkar, “circle”) refers generally to something that is round. When used of metals it can refer to a disk-shaped weight made of the metal or to a standard unit of weight, generally regarded as a talent. Since the accepted weight for a talent of metal is about 75 pounds, this would have amounted to about 50,000 pounds of gold (cf. NCV); CEV, NLT “twenty-five tons”; TEV “almost 23,000 kilogrammes.”
[10:17] 61 sn The Palace of the Lebanon Forest. This name was appropriate because of the large amount of cedar, undoubtedly brought from Lebanon, used in its construction. The cedar pillars in the palace must have given it the appearance of a forest.
[10:28] 78 sn From Egypt. Because Que is also mentioned, some prefer to see in vv. 28-29 a reference to Mutsur. Que and Mutsur were located in Cilicia/Cappadocia (in modern southern Turkey). See HALOT 625 s.v. מִצְרַיִם.
[10:29] 79 tn Heb “and a chariot went up and came out of Egypt for six hundred silver [pieces], and a horse for one hundred fifty, and in the same way to all the kings of the Hittites and to the kings of Aram by their hand they brought out.”