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Lukas 12:49-56

Not Peace, but Division

12:49 “I have come 1  to bring 2  fire on the earth – and how I wish it were already kindled! 12:50 I have a baptism 3  to undergo, 4  and how distressed I am until it is finished! 12:51 Do you think I have come to bring peace on earth? No, I tell you, but rather division! 5  12:52 For from now on 6  there will be five in one household divided, three against two and two against three. 12:53 They will be divided, 7  father against son and son against father, mother against daughter and daughter against mother, mother-in-law against her daughter-in-law and daughter-in-law against mother-in-law.”

Reading the Signs

12:54 Jesus 8  also said to the crowds, “When you see a cloud rising in the west, 9  you say at once, ‘A rainstorm 10  is coming,’ and it does. 12:55 And when you see the south wind 11  blowing, you say, ‘There will be scorching heat,’ and there is. 12:56 You hypocrites! 12  You know how to interpret the appearance of the earth and the sky, but how can you not know how 13  to interpret the present time?

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[12:49]  1 sn This mission statement, “I have come to bring fire on the earth,” looks to the purging and division Jesus causes: See Luke 3:9, 17; 9:54; 17:29 for fire, 5:32; 7:34; 9:58; 12:51 for the topic of mission.

[12:49]  2 tn Grk “cast.” For βάλλω (ballw) in the sense of causing a state or condition, see L&N 13.14.

[12:50]  3 sn The figure of the baptism is variously interpreted, as some see a reference (1) to martyrdom or (2) to inundation with God’s judgment. The OT background, however, suggests the latter sense: Jesus is about to be uniquely inundated with God’s judgment as he is rejected, persecuted, and killed (Ps 18:4, 16; 42:7; 69:1-2; Isa 8:7-8; 30:27-28; Jonah 2:3-6).

[12:50]  4 tn Grk “to be baptized with.”

[12:51]  5 tn Or “hostility.” This term pictures dissension and hostility (BDAG 234 s.v. διαμερισμός).

[12:52]  6 sn From now on is a popular phrase in Luke: 1:48; 5:10; 22:18, 69; see Mic 7:6.

[12:53]  7 tn There is dispute whether this phrase belongs to the end of v. 52 or begins v. 53. Given the shift of object, a connection to v. 53 is slightly preferred.

[12:54]  8 tn Grk “He”; the referent (Jesus) has been specified in the translation for clarity. Here καί (kai) has been translated as “also” and δέ (de) has not been translated.

[12:54]  9 sn A cloud rising in the west refers to moisture coming from the Mediterranean Sea.

[12:54]  10 tn The term ὄμβρος (ombro") refers to heavy rain, such as in a thunderstorm (L&N 14.12).

[12:55]  11 sn The south wind comes from the desert, and thus brings scorching heat.

[12:56]  12 sn In Luke, the term hypocrites occurs here, in 6:42, and in 13:15.

[12:56]  13 tc Most mss (Ì45 A W Ψ Ë1,13 Ï lat) have a syntax here that reflects a slightly different rhetorical question: “but how do you not interpret the present time?” The reading behind the translation, however, has overall superior support: Ì75 א B L Θ 33 892 1241 pc.

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