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Teks -- Psalms 97:1-12 (NET)

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Psalm 97
97:1 The Lord reigns! Let the earth be happy! Let the many coastlands rejoice! 97:2 Dark clouds surround him; equity and justice are the foundation of his throne. 97:3 Fire goes before him; on every side it burns up his enemies. 97:4 His lightning bolts light up the world; the earth sees and trembles. 97:5 The mountains melt like wax before the Lord, before the Lord of the whole earth. 97:6 The sky declares his justice, and all the nations see his splendor. 97:7 All who worship idols are ashamed, those who boast about worthless idols. All the gods bow down before him. 97:8 Zion hears and rejoices, the towns of Judah are happy, because of your judgments, O Lord. 97:9 For you, O Lord, are the sovereign king over the whole earth; you are elevated high above all gods. 97:10 You who love the Lord, hate evil! He protects the lives of his faithful followers; he delivers them from the power of the wicked. 97:11 The godly bask in the light; the morally upright experience joy. 97:12 You godly ones, rejoice in the Lord! Give thanks to his holy name.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Judah the son of Jacob and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,a tribe, the land/country,a son of Joseph; the father of Simeon; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Jacob/Israel and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,the tribe of Judah,citizens of the southern kingdom of Judah,citizens of the Persian Province of Judah; the Jews who had returned from Babylonian exile,"house of Judah", a phrase which highlights the political leadership of the tribe of Judah,"king of Judah", a phrase which relates to the southern kingdom of Judah,"kings of Judah", a phrase relating to the southern kingdom of Judah,"princes of Judah", a phrase relating to the kingdom of Judah,the territory allocated to the tribe of Judah, and also the extended territory of the southern kingdom of Judah,the Province of Judah under Persian rule,"hill country of Judah", the relatively cool and green central highlands of the territory of Judah,"the cities of Judah",the language of the Jews; Hebrew,head of a family of Levites who returned from Exile,a Levite who put away his heathen wife,a man who was second in command of Jerusalem; son of Hassenuah of Benjamin,a Levite in charge of the songs of thanksgiving in Nehemiah's time,a leader who helped dedicate Nehemiah's wall,a Levite musician who helped Zechariah of Asaph dedicate Nehemiah's wall
 · Zion one of the hills on which Jerusalem was built; the temple area; the city of Jerusalem; God's people,a town and citidel; an ancient part of Jerusalem


Topik/Tema Kamus: Praise | Jesus, The Christ | GLORY | PSALMS, BOOK OF | God | Joy | Wax | Darkness | GOD, NAMES OF | Love | Righteous | Lightning | GODS | LIGHT | Foundation | AFFLICTION | Wicked | Island | Idolatry | Holiness | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Calvin , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable

Lainnya
Evidence

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: Psa 97:1 - Isles The Gentile nations, as this word, used Isa 42:4, is expounded, Mat 12:21.

The Gentile nations, as this word, used Isa 42:4, is expounded, Mat 12:21.

Wesley: Psa 97:2 - Darkness A dark cloud doth encompass him.

A dark cloud doth encompass him.

Wesley: Psa 97:6 - Heavens The angels, yea God himself from heaven.

The angels, yea God himself from heaven.

Wesley: Psa 97:7 - Confounded Let them be ashamed of their folly.

Let them be ashamed of their folly.

Wesley: Psa 97:7 - Gods All you whom the Gentiles have made the objects of their worship.

All you whom the Gentiles have made the objects of their worship.

Wesley: Psa 97:8 - Zion Thy people dwelling in Zion or Jerusalem, to whom Christ came.

Thy people dwelling in Zion or Jerusalem, to whom Christ came.

Wesley: Psa 97:8 - Heard The fame of thy judgments, and the setting up the kingdom of the Messiah.

The fame of thy judgments, and the setting up the kingdom of the Messiah.

Wesley: Psa 97:11 - Light Joy and happiness.

Joy and happiness.

Wesley: Psa 97:11 - Sown Is laid up for them.

Is laid up for them.

JFB: Psa 97:1-2 - -- The writer celebrates the Lord's dominion over nations and nature, describes its effect on foes and friends, and exhorts and encourages the latter. (P...

The writer celebrates the Lord's dominion over nations and nature, describes its effect on foes and friends, and exhorts and encourages the latter. (Psa 97:1-12)

This dominion is a cause of joy, because, even though our minds are oppressed with terror before the throne of the King of kings (Exo 19:16; Deu 5:22), we know it is based on righteous principles and judgments which are according to truth.

JFB: Psa 97:3-5 - -- The attending illustrations of God's awful justice on enemies (Psa 83:14) are seen in the disclosures of His almighty power on the elements of nature ...

The attending illustrations of God's awful justice on enemies (Psa 83:14) are seen in the disclosures of His almighty power on the elements of nature (compare Psa 46:2; Psa 77:17; Hab 3:6, &c.).

JFB: Psa 97:6 - heavens Or, their inhabitants (Psa 50:6), as opposed to "nations" in the latter clause (compare Isa 40:5; Isa 66:18).

Or, their inhabitants (Psa 50:6), as opposed to "nations" in the latter clause (compare Isa 40:5; Isa 66:18).

JFB: Psa 97:7 - -- Idolaters are utterly put to shame, for if angels must worship Him, how much more those who worshipped them.

Idolaters are utterly put to shame, for if angels must worship Him, how much more those who worshipped them.

JFB: Psa 97:7 - all ye gods Literally, "all ye angels" (Psa 8:5; Psa 138:1; Heb 1:6; Heb 2:7). Paul quotes, not as a prophecy, but as language used in regard to the Lord Jehovah,...

Literally, "all ye angels" (Psa 8:5; Psa 138:1; Heb 1:6; Heb 2:7). Paul quotes, not as a prophecy, but as language used in regard to the Lord Jehovah, who in the Old Testament theophania is the second person of the Godhead.

JFB: Psa 97:8-9 - -- The exaltation of Zion's king is joy to the righteous and sorrow to the wicked.

The exaltation of Zion's king is joy to the righteous and sorrow to the wicked.

JFB: Psa 97:8-9 - daughters of Judah (Compare Psa 48:11).

(Compare Psa 48:11).

JFB: Psa 97:9 - above all gods (Psa 95:3).

JFB: Psa 97:10-12 - -- Let gratitude for the blessings of providence and grace incite saints (Psa 4:3) to holy living. Spiritual blessings are in store, represented by light...

Let gratitude for the blessings of providence and grace incite saints (Psa 4:3) to holy living. Spiritual blessings are in store, represented by light (Psa 27:1) and gladness.

JFB: Psa 97:11 - sown To spring forth abundantly for such, who alone can and well may rejoice in the holy government of their sovereign Lord (compare Psa 30:4; Psa 32:11).

To spring forth abundantly for such, who alone can and well may rejoice in the holy government of their sovereign Lord (compare Psa 30:4; Psa 32:11).

Clarke: Psa 97:1 - The Lord reigneth The Lord reigneth - Here is a simple proposition, which is a self-evident axiom, and requires no proof: Jehovah is infinite and eternal; is possesse...

The Lord reigneth - Here is a simple proposition, which is a self-evident axiom, and requires no proof: Jehovah is infinite and eternal; is possessed of unlimited power and unerring wisdom; as he is the Maker, so he must be the Governor, of all things. His authority is absolute, and his government therefore universal. In all places, on all occasions, and in all times, Jehovah reigns

But this supreme King is not only called hwhy Yehovah, which signifies his infinite and eternal being, unlimited power, and unerring wisdom; and, as Creator, his universal government; but he is also ynd) Adonai, the Director and Judge. He directs human actions by his word, Spirit, and Providence. Hence are his laws and revelation in general; for the governed should know their governor, and should be acquainted with his laws, and the reasons on which obedience is founded. As Adonai or Director, he shows them the difference between good and evil; and their duty to their God, their neighbors, and themselves: and he finally becomes the Judge of their actions. But as his law is holy, and his commandment holy, just, and good, and man is in a fallen, sinful state; hence he reveals himself as; אלהים Elohim , God, entering into a gracious covenant with mankind, to enlighten his darkness, and help his infirmities; that he may see what is just, and be able to do it. But as this will not cancel the sins already committed, hence the necessity of a Savior, an atonement; and hence the incarnation, passion, death, and resurrection of our Lord Jesus. This is the provision made by the great God for the more effectual administration of his kingdom upon earth. Jehovah, Adonai, Elohim reigneth; et his animadversis, and these points considered, it is no wonder that the psalmist should add

Clarke: Psa 97:1 - Let the earth rejoice; let the multitude of isles be glad Let the earth rejoice; let the multitude of isles be glad - The earth, the terraqueous globe; especially, here, the vast continents, over every part...

Let the earth rejoice; let the multitude of isles be glad - The earth, the terraqueous globe; especially, here, the vast continents, over every part of which God’ s dominion extends. But it is not confined to them; it takes in the islands of the sea; all the multitude of those islands, even to the smallest inhabited rock; which are as much the objects of his care, the number of their inhabitants considered, as the vastest continents on which are founded the mightiest empires. All this government springs from his holiness, righteousness, and benignity; and is exercised in what we call providence, from pro, for, before, and video, to see, which word is well defined and applied by Cicero: Providentia est, per quam futurism aliquid videtur, antequam factum sit . "Providence is that by which any thing future is seen before it takes place."De Invent. c. 53. And, in reference to a Divine providence, he took up the general opinion, viz., Esse deos, et eorum providentia mundum administrari . De Divinat. c. 51, ad finem. "There are gods; and by their providence the affairs of the world are administered.

This providence is not only general, taking in the earth and its inhabitants, en masse; giving and establishing laws by which all things shall be governed; but it is also particular; it takes in the multitudes of the isles, as well as the vast continents; the different species as well as the genera; the individual, as well as the family. As every whole is composed of its parts, without the smallest of which it could not be a whole; so all generals are composed of particulars. And by the particular providence of God, the general providence is formed; he takes care of each individual; and, consequently, he takes care of the whole. Therefore, on the particular providence of God, the general providence is built; and the general providence could not exist without the particular, any more than a whole could subsist independently of its parts. It is by this particular providence that God governs the multitude of the isles, notices the fall of a sparrow, bottles; the tears of the mourner, and numbers the hairs of his followers. Now, as God is an infinitely wise and good Being, and governs the world in wisdom and goodness, the earth may well rejoice and the multitude of the isles be glad.

Clarke: Psa 97:2 - Clouds and darkness are round about him Clouds and darkness are round about him - It is granted that this is a subject which cannot be comprehended. And why? Because God is infinite; he ac...

Clouds and darkness are round about him - It is granted that this is a subject which cannot be comprehended. And why? Because God is infinite; he acts from his own counsels, which are infinite; in reference to ends which are also infinite: therefore, the reasons of his government cannot be comprehended by the feeble, limited powers of man. There must be clouds and darkness - an impenetrable obscurity, round about him; and we can no more comprehend him in what is called aeternitas a parte ante - the eternity that passed before time commenced, than we can in the aeternitas a parte post - the eternity that is to come, when time shall be no more. Yet such a Being cannot but see all things clearly, and do all things well; therefore the psalmist properly asserts: -

Righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne - Righteousness, צדק tsedek , the principle that acts according to justice and equity; that gives to all their due, and ever holds in all things an even balance. And judgment, משפט mishpat , the principle that discerns, orders, directs, and determines every thing according to truth and justice: these form the habitation of his throne; that is, his government and management of the world are according to these; and though we cannot see the springs, the secret counsels, and the times, which this omniscient and almight

Father must ever have in his own power, yet we may rest assured that all his administration is wise, just, holy, good, and kind. For, although his counsels be inscrutable, and the dispensations of his providence be sometimes apparently unequal, yet righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne

In this most sublime description,the psalmist, by the figure termed prosopopoeia, or personification, gives vitality and thought to all the subjects he employs; here, the very throne of God is animated; righteousness and judgment are two intellectual beings who support it. The fire, the lightnings, the earth, the heavens themselves, are all intellectual beings, which either accompany, go before him, or proclaim his majesty.

Clarke: Psa 97:3 - A fire goeth before him A fire goeth before him - Literally, this and the following verse may refer to the electric fluid, or to manifestations of the Divine displeasure, i...

A fire goeth before him - Literally, this and the following verse may refer to the electric fluid, or to manifestations of the Divine displeasure, in which, by means of ethereal fire, God consumed his enemies. But fire is generally represented as an accompaniment of the appearances of the Supreme Being. He appeared on Mount Sinai in the midst of fire, thunder, and lightninys, Exo 19:16-18. Daniel, Dan 7:9, Dan 7:10, represents the Sovereign Judge as being on a throne which was a fiery flame, and the wheels of his chariot like burning fire; and a fiery streamer issuing from it, and coming forth from before him. St. Paul tells us (2Th 1:8) that the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels, in faming fire; and St. Peter, (2Pe 3:7, 2Pe 3:10, 2Pe 3:11), that when the Lord shall come to judgment the heavens and the earth shall be destroyed by fire. the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, the elements melt with fervent heat, and the earth and its works be burnt up. Here then, will appear: -

"Our God in grandeur, and our world on fire.

Clarke: Psa 97:3 - Burneth up his enemies round about Burneth up his enemies round about - The fire is his pioneer which destroys all the hinderances in his way, and makes him a plain passage.

Burneth up his enemies round about - The fire is his pioneer which destroys all the hinderances in his way, and makes him a plain passage.

Clarke: Psa 97:4 - His lightnings enlightened the world His lightnings enlightened the world - Though this be no more than a majestic description of the coming of the Lord, to confound his enemies and suc...

His lightnings enlightened the world - Though this be no more than a majestic description of the coming of the Lord, to confound his enemies and succor his followers, yet some spiritualize the passage, and say, the lightnings signify the apostles, who enlightened the world by their heavenly doctrine

Clarke: Psa 97:4 - The earth saw, and trembled The earth saw, and trembled - The earth is represented as a sentient being. It saw the terrible majesty of God; and trembled through terror, fearing...

The earth saw, and trembled - The earth is represented as a sentient being. It saw the terrible majesty of God; and trembled through terror, fearing it should be destroyed on account of the wickedness of its inhabitants.

Clarke: Psa 97:5 - The hills melted like wax The hills melted like wax - The fire of God seized on and liquefied them, so that they no longer opposed his march; and the mountains before him bec...

The hills melted like wax - The fire of God seized on and liquefied them, so that they no longer opposed his march; and the mountains before him became a plain

Clarke: Psa 97:5 - The Lord of the whole earth The Lord of the whole earth - אדון כל הארץ adon col haarets , the Director, Stay, and Support of the whole earth. The universal Governor,...

The Lord of the whole earth - אדון כל הארץ adon col haarets , the Director, Stay, and Support of the whole earth. The universal Governor, whose jurisdiction is not confined to any one place; but who, having created all, governs all that he has made.

Clarke: Psa 97:6 - The heavens declare his righteousness The heavens declare his righteousness - They also, in this poetic description, become intelligent beings, and proclaim the majesty and the mercy of ...

The heavens declare his righteousness - They also, in this poetic description, become intelligent beings, and proclaim the majesty and the mercy of the Most High. Metaphorically, they may be said to declare his glory. Their magnitude, number, revolutions, order, influence, and harmony, proclaim the wondrous skill, matchless wisdom, and unlimited power of the Sovereign of the universe. See the notes on Psa 19:1-14 (note)

Clarke: Psa 97:6 - And all the people see his glory And all the people see his glory - Whatsoever God has made proclaims his eternal power and Godhead; and who, from a contemplation of the work of his...

And all the people see his glory - Whatsoever God has made proclaims his eternal power and Godhead; and who, from a contemplation of the work of his hands, can be ignorant of his being and providence?

Clarke: Psa 97:7 - Confounded be fell they Confounded be fell they - Rather, They shall be confounded that boast themselves in idols. There is a remarkable play on the letters here, המתה...

Confounded be fell they - Rather, They shall be confounded that boast themselves in idols. There is a remarkable play on the letters here, המתהללים hammithhalelim , who move like madmen; referring to the violent gestures practiced in idolatrous rites

Clarke: Psa 97:7 - Of idols Of idols - באלילים baelilim , in vanities, emptinesses; who "make much ado about nothing,"and take a mad and painful pleasure in ridiculous ...

Of idols - באלילים baelilim , in vanities, emptinesses; who "make much ado about nothing,"and take a mad and painful pleasure in ridiculous and unprofitable ceremonies of religion

Clarke: Psa 97:7 - Worship him Worship him - Who? Jesus: so says the apostle, Heb 1:6. Who will dare to dispute his authority

Worship him - Who? Jesus: so says the apostle, Heb 1:6. Who will dare to dispute his authority

Clarke: Psa 97:7 - All ye gods All ye gods - Οἱ αγγελοι αυτου, his angels: so the Septuagint and the apostle: "Let all the angels of God worship him:"and the word...

All ye gods - Οἱ αγγελοι αυτου, his angels: so the Septuagint and the apostle: "Let all the angels of God worship him:"and the words are most certainly applied to the Savior of the world by the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews; see the note there. The Chaldee says: "All nations who worship idols shall adore him."

Clarke: Psa 97:8 - Zion heard, and was glad Zion heard, and was glad - All the land of Israel, long desolated, heard of the judgments which God had shown among the enemies of his people

Zion heard, and was glad - All the land of Israel, long desolated, heard of the judgments which God had shown among the enemies of his people

Clarke: Psa 97:8 - And the daughters of Judah And the daughters of Judah - All the villages of the land - Zion as the mother, and all the villages in the country as her daughters, rejoice in the...

And the daughters of Judah - All the villages of the land - Zion as the mother, and all the villages in the country as her daughters, rejoice in the deliverance of God’ s people.

Clarke: Psa 97:9 - For thou, Lord, art high For thou, Lord, art high - Thou art infinitely exalted above men and angels.

For thou, Lord, art high - Thou art infinitely exalted above men and angels.

Clarke: Psa 97:10 - Ye that love the Lord hate evil Ye that love the Lord hate evil - Because it is inconsistent with his love to you, as well as your love to him

Ye that love the Lord hate evil - Because it is inconsistent with his love to you, as well as your love to him

Clarke: Psa 97:10 - He preserveth the souls of his saints He preserveth the souls of his saints - The saints, חסידיו chasidaiv , his merciful people: their souls - lives, are precious in his sight. H...

He preserveth the souls of his saints - The saints, חסידיו chasidaiv , his merciful people: their souls - lives, are precious in his sight. He preserves them; keeps them from every evil, and every enemy

Clarke: Psa 97:10 - Out of the hand of the wicked Out of the hand of the wicked - From his power and influence.

Out of the hand of the wicked - From his power and influence.

Clarke: Psa 97:11 - Light is sown for the righteous Light is sown for the righteous - The Divine light in the soul of man is a seed which takes root, and springs up and increases thirty, sixty, and a ...

Light is sown for the righteous - The Divine light in the soul of man is a seed which takes root, and springs up and increases thirty, sixty, and a hundred fold. Gladness is also a seed: it is sown, and, if carefully improved and cultivated, will also multiply itself into thousands. Every grace of God is a seed which he intends should produce a thousand fold in the hearts of genuine believers. We do not so much require more grace from God, as the cultivation of what we have received. God will not give more, unless we improve what we have got. Remember the parable of the talents. Let the light and gladness be faithfully cultivated, and they will multiply themselves till the whole body shall be full of light, and the whole soul full of happiness. But it is the righteous only for whom the light is sown; and the upright in heart alone for whom the gladness is sown

The words may also signify that, however distressed or persecuted the righteous and the upright may be, it shall not be always so. As surely as the grain that is sown in the earth shall vegetate, and bring forth its proper fruit in its season, so surely shall light - prosperity, and gladness - comfort and peace, be communicated to them. They also will spring up in due time.

Clarke: Psa 97:12 - Rejoice in the Lord, ye righteous Rejoice in the Lord, ye righteous - It is your privilege to be happy. Exult in him through whom ye have received the atonement. Rejoice; but let it ...

Rejoice in the Lord, ye righteous - It is your privilege to be happy. Exult in him through whom ye have received the atonement. Rejoice; but let it be in the Lord. All other joy is the mirth of fools, which is as the crackling of thorns under a pot - it is a luminous blaze for a moment, and leaves nothing but smoke and ashes behind

Clarke: Psa 97:12 - At the remembrance of his holiness At the remembrance of his holiness - But why should you give thanks at the remembrance that God is holy? Because he has said, Be ye holy; for I am h...

At the remembrance of his holiness - But why should you give thanks at the remembrance that God is holy? Because he has said, Be ye holy; for I am holy: and in holiness alone true happiness is to be found. As he, therefore, who hath called you is holy; so be ye holy in all manner of conversation. False Christians hate the doctrine of Christian holiness; they are willing to be holy in another, but not holy in themselves. There is too much cross-bearing and self-denial in the doctrine of holiness for them. A perfect heart they neither expect nor wish

The analysis considers the whole Psalm as relating to Jesus Christ and the last judgment: so it was understood by several of the ancient fathers. The reader may take it in either sense

Calvin: Psa 97:1 - Jehovah reigns 1.Jehovah reigns His inviting men to rejoice, is a proof that the reign of God is inseparably connected with the salvation and best happiness of mank...

1.Jehovah reigns His inviting men to rejoice, is a proof that the reign of God is inseparably connected with the salvation and best happiness of mankind. And, the joy he speaks of being common to the whole world and to the regions beyond the seas, it is evident that he predicts the enlargement of God’s kingdom, which had been confined within the narrow boundaries of Judea, to a far wider extent. The Psalmist, in setting forth the various particulars of the Divine glory in the four verses which follow, would seek to impress all men with a reverential fear of him. Thus he gives us a representation of the formidable majesty attaching to God, that he may dash and humble vain confidence and carnal pride. A cloudy sky overawes us more than a clear one, as the darkness produces a peculiar effect upon the senses. The Psalmist makes use of this symbol, no doubt, to impress the world with the greater reverence of God. Others refine more upon the words, and think that clouds are said to be round about God, to check human rashness and presumption, and restrain that excessive curiosity which would pry more than is fit into the mysteries of Godhead. This is an interpretation of the words which makes them convey a very useful lesson; but I am against all refined renderings, and think that the Psalmist intended in associating darkness with God, to impress the hearts of men with a fear of him in general. 97 The same meaning is brought out in the remaining context, when fire is said to go before him, and burn up his enemies, his lightnings to shake the earth, and the mountains to flow down. Should any object that this does not agree with what was said of the joy which his kingdom diffuses, I might answer, first, that although God is ready on his part to diffuse blessedness wherever he reigns, all are not capable of appreciating it. Besides, as I have already hinted, the truth is one of use to believers, humbling the pride of the flesh, and deepening their adoration of God. God’s throne is represented as founded in justice and judgment, to denote the benefit which we derive from it. The greatest misery which can be conceived of, is that of living without righteousness and judgment, and the Psalmist mentions it as matter of praise exclusively due to God, that when he reigns, righteousness revives in the world. He as evidently denies that we can have any righteousness, till God subjects us to the yoke of his word, by the gentle but powerful influences of his Spirit. A great proportion of men obstinately resist and reject the government of God. Hence the Psalmist was forced to exhibit God in his severer aspect, to teach the wicked that their perverse opposition will not pass unpunished. When God draws near to men in mercy, and they fail to welcome him with becoming reverence and respect, this implies impiety of a very aggravated description; on which account it is that the language of denunciation suits with the kingdom of Christ. The Psalmist intimates that those who should despise God in the person of his only-begotten Son, will feel in due time and certainly the awful weight of his majesty. So much is implied in the expression used — The earth Shall See. For the wicked, when they find that their attempts are vain in fighting against God, resort to subterfuge and concealment. The Psalmist declares that they would not succeed by any such vain artifice in hiding themselves from God.

Calvin: Psa 97:6 - The heavens have declared his righteousness 6.The heavens have declared his righteousness Here he states that there would be such an illustrious display of the righteousness of God, that the he...

6.The heavens have declared his righteousness Here he states that there would be such an illustrious display of the righteousness of God, that the heavens themselves would herald it. The meaning is not the same as in the beginning of the nineteenth psalm, “The heavens declare the glory of God,” etc. In that psalm David means no more than that the wisdom and power of God are as conspicuous in the fabric of the heavens, as if God should assert them with an audible voice. The meaning of the passage before us is, that the spiritual righteousness of God should be so signally manifested under the reign of Christ as to fill both heaven and earth. There is much force in this personification, in which the heavens, as if even they were penetrated with a sense of the righteousness of God, are represented as speaking of it. It is equally probable, however, that the heavens signify here the angels, who are contained in heaven, by the figure of metonomy or synecdoche, while, in the corresponding clause, instead of the earth being mentioned, he speaks of the peoples who dwell upon it. The angels may very properly be said to announce and celebrate the Divine glory.

Calvin: Psa 97:7 - Confounded be all those who serve graven images 7.Confounded be all those who serve graven images The Psalmist draws a broad distinction here, as in the psalm next to this, between the true God and...

7.Confounded be all those who serve graven images The Psalmist draws a broad distinction here, as in the psalm next to this, between the true God and the false gods which men form for themselves. This he does that the praise which he had ascribed might not be applied to any but the true God. Men are all ready to admit that they ought to celebrate the praises of God, but, naturally prone as they are to superstition, few indeed will be bound down to worship God in the manner which is right. No sooner have they to do with God than they deviate into the most baseless delusions. Each fashions a god for himself, and all choose what suits them best in the medley of inventions. This is the reason why the sacred writers, under the apprehension that men may turn to false gods, are careful in giving exhortations to the worship of God, to state at the same time who the true God is. The order observed by the Psalmist suggests the remark, that corrupt superstitions will never be removed until the true religion obtains. Prevented from coming to the true God by the slowness of their spiritual apprehension, men cannot fail to wander in vanities of their own; and it is the knowledge of the true God which dispels these, as the sun disperses the darkness. All have naturally a something of religion born with them, 100 but owing to the blindness and stupidity, as well as the weakness of our minds, the apprehension which we conceive of God is immediately depraved. Religion is thus the beginning of all superstitions, not in its own nature, but through the darkness which has settled down upon the minds of men, and which prevents them from distinguishing between idols and the true God. The truth of God is effectual when revealed in dispelling and dissipating superstitions. Does the sun absorb the vapors which intervene in the air, and shall not the presence of God himself be effectual much more? We need not wonder then that the Psalmist, in predicting the Kingdom of God, triumphs over the ungodly nations, which boasted in graven images, as when Isaiah, speaking of the rise of the Gospel, adds,

“Then all the idols of Egypt shall fall,” (Isa 19:1)

Since the knowledge of God has been hid from the view of men, we are taught also that there is no reason to be surprised at the host of superstitions which have overspread the world. We have an exemplification of the same truth in our own day. The knowledge of the true doctrine is extinguished amongst the Turks, the Jews, and Papists, and, as a necessary consequence, they lie immersed in error; for they cannot possibly return to a sound mind, or repent of their errors, when they are ignorant of the true God. When the Psalmist speaks of their being confounded, he means that the time was come when those who were given to idolatry should repent, and return to the worship of the true God. Not that all without exception would be brought to genuine repentance, — for experience has taught us in these our own times how atheistical men 101 will cast off superstition, and yet assume the most shameless effrontery, but that this is one of those consequences which the knowledge of God should effect, the turning of men from their errors unto God. Some there are who obstinately resist God, of which we have many examples in the Papacy; but we have every reason to believe that they are secretly prostrated by that which they affect to despise, and confounded notwithstanding their opposition. What the Psalmist says a little after, Let all the gods 102 worship before him, properly applies to the angels, in whom there shines forth some small portion of divinity, yet it may, though less appropriately, be extended to fictitious gods; as if he had said, Whatever is accounted or held as a god must quit its place and renounce its claims, that God alone may be exalted. Hence it may be gathered that the true definition of piety is, when the true God is perfectly served, and when he alone is so exalted, that no creature obscures his divinity; and, accordingly, if we would not have true piety entirely destroyed amongst us, we must hold by this principle, That no creature whatever be exalted by us beyond measure,

Calvin: Psa 97:8 - Zion heard, and was glad 8.Zion heard, and was glad In the former part of the psalm he had spoken of that joy which should be common to all the world. Now he makes special me...

8.Zion heard, and was glad In the former part of the psalm he had spoken of that joy which should be common to all the world. Now he makes special mention of God’s chosen nation; and this partly, because they were to enjoy the first-fruits of this joy, and partly, because he would remove all occasion for rivalry or envy. Accordingly, having said that the Gentile nations should be brought to equal privileges with the posterity of Abraham, he adds, that the Jews would not suffer any diminution of honor by this co-partnership of privilege, but might rather reasonably rejoice in being chosen of God to be the fountain out of which the world was to be watered and refreshed. Those of whom the Psalmist speaks were the true children of Abraham and them only. They had a double reason for rejoicing, when God extended his government and glory from the rising to the setting sun; for, while he exhibited to them in Christ the complete fulfillment of that redemption which was promised, they, at the same time, saw the glory of God diffused from the narrow limits of Judea to all parts of the world. When the nations were blessed in the seed of Abraham, agreeably to the prediction which had gone before, this was no inconsiderable confirmation of their faith, as also, when they saw a religion which had been hated and despised universally embraced. But why, it may be asked, does he speak of those things being heard, rather than seen ? Two reasons may be given for this. First, he would have God’s believing people anticipate the blessing by hope, ere the consummation of it arrived; and, again, the language intimates, that the glory of the Gospel would be spread to such distant quarters, that the Jews would rather hear of it by report, than witness it with their own eyes.

Calvin: Psa 97:9 - For thou, Jehovah, art high above all the earth 9.For thou, Jehovah, art high above all the earth Having already, in another place, explained these words, I shall not say more at present upon them....

9.For thou, Jehovah, art high above all the earth Having already, in another place, explained these words, I shall not say more at present upon them. Only it is to be noticed, that there is a comparison drawn between God and the angels, and whatever has any claim to eminence. The Psalmist limits all other excellency in such a manner, as to leave no room for questioning that all majesty is comprehended in God only. This was the case more eminently when God manifested himself in his only-begotten Son, who is the express image of himself. Before that period his greatness was less apparent, because he was less known.

Calvin: Psa 97:10 - Ye that love Jehovah, hate evil 10.Ye that love Jehovah, hate evil Those that fear God are here enjoined to practice righteousness, as Paul says, “Let every one that nameth the n...

10.Ye that love Jehovah, hate evil Those that fear God are here enjoined to practice righteousness, as Paul says,

“Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity,”
(2Ti 2:19)

He shows from the very nature of God, that we cannot be judged and acknowledged to be his servants unless we depart from sin, and practice holiness. God is in himself the fountain of righteousness, and he must necessarily hate all iniquity, unless we could suppose that he should deny himself; and we have fellowship with him only on the terms of separation from unrighteousness. As the persecution of the wicked is apt to provoke us to seek revenge, and unwarrantable methods of escape, the Psalmist guards us against this temptation, by asserting that God is the keeper and protector of his people. If persuaded of being under the Divine guardianship, we will not strive with the wicked, nor retaliate injury upon those who have wronged us, but commit our safety to him who will faithfully defend it. This gracious act of condescension, by which God takes us under his care, should serve as a check to any impatience we might feel in abstaining from what is evil, 103 and preserving the course of integrity under provocation.

Calvin: Psa 97:11 - Light has been sown for the righteous 11.Light has been sown for the righteous He confirms the truth just advanced, and anticipates an objection which might be brought against it. We have...

11.Light has been sown for the righteous He confirms the truth just advanced, and anticipates an objection which might be brought against it. We have seen that the Lord’s people are often treated with the utmost cruelty and injustice, and would seem to be abandoned to the fury of their enemies. The Psalmist reminds us for our encouragement that God, even when he does not immediately deliver his children, upholds them by his secret power. 104 In the first clause of the verse there is a double metaphor. By light is meant joy, or a prosperous issue, (according to a phraseology which is common in Scripture,) as darkness denotes adversity. The latter metaphor of sowing is rather more difficult to understand. 105 Some think that gladness is sown for the just, as seed which, when cast into the ground, dies or lies buried in the earth a considerable time before it germinates. This idea may be a good one; but, perhaps, the simplest meaning of the words is the following, that though the righteous may be almost banished out of the world, and unable to venture themselves forth in public, and hidden from view, God will spread abroad their joy like seed, or bring forth to notice the light of their joy which had been shut up. The second clause of the verse is an exegesis of the first — light being interpreted to mean joy, and the righteous such as are upright in heart This definition of righteousness is worthy of notice, That it does not consist in a mere outward appearance, but comprehends integrity of heart, more being required to constitute us righteous in God’s sight than that we simply keep our tongue, hands, or feet, from wickedness. In the concluding verse he exhorts the Lord’s people to gratitude, that looking upon God as their Redeemer, they should lead a life corresponding to the mercy they have received, and rest contented under all the evils they encounter, with the consciousness that they enjoy his protection.

Defender: Psa 97:6 - heavens declare his righteousness Psalms 95-100 form a magnificent unit of praise centered on the future triumph of the Lord when He comes to purge the world of wickedness and all the ...

Psalms 95-100 form a magnificent unit of praise centered on the future triumph of the Lord when He comes to purge the world of wickedness and all the effects of the age-long curse. Appropriately, this verse is the central verse of these six psalms. When He comes from heaven, all the people will see His glory (Mat 24:30; Rev 1:7), and acknowledge His righteousness."

TSK: Psa 97:1 - Lord // the earth // let the multitude of isles am 3000, bc 1004 Lord : Psa 93:1, Psa 96:10, Psa 96:11, Psa 99:1; Oba 1:21; Mat 3:3, Mat 6:10, Mat 6:13; Mar 11:10; Col 1:13; Rev 11:17 the earth : Ps...

TSK: Psa 97:2 - Clouds // righteousness // habitation Clouds : Psa 18:11, Psa 18:12, Psa 77:19; Exo 20:21, Exo 24:16-18; Deu 4:11, Deu 4:12; 1Ki 8:10-12; Nah 1:3; Rom 11:33 righteousness : Psa 45:6, Psa 4...

TSK: Psa 97:3 - -- Psa 18:8, Psa 21:8, Psa 21:9, Psa 50:3; Deu 4:11, Deu 4:36, Deu 5:4, Deu 5:23, Deu 5:24, Deu 32:22; Dan 7:10; Nah 1:5, Nah 1:6; Hab 3:5; Mal 4:1; 2Th ...

TSK: Psa 97:4 - His // the earth His : Psa 77:18, Psa 144:5, Psa 144:6; Exo 19:16-18 the earth : Psa 104:32, Psa 114:7; Job 9:6; Jer 10:10; Mat 27:50, Mat 27:51, Mat 28:2, Mat 28:3; R...

TSK: Psa 97:5 - hills // the Lord of hills : Jdg 5:4, Jdg 5:5; Isa 24:19, Isa 24:20, Isa 64:1, Isa 64:2; Mic 1:3, Mic 1:4; Nah 1:5; Hab 3:6 the Lord of : Psa 47:2, Psa 83:18; Isa 54:5; Mi...

TSK: Psa 97:6 - The heavens // all the The heavens : Psa 19:1, Psa 36:5, Psa 36:6, Psa 50:6, Psa 89:2, Psa 89:5; Isa 1:2; Rev 19:2 all the : Psa 67:4, Psa 98:3; Num 14:21; 2Sa 22:47; Isa 6:...

TSK: Psa 97:7 - Confounded // worship Confounded : Exo 20:4; Lev 26:1; Deu 5:8, Deu 27:15; Isa 37:18, Isa 37:19, Isa 41:29, Isa 42:17, Isa 44:9-11; Jer 10:14; Rev 14:8-10 worship : Exo 25:...

TSK: Psa 97:8 - Zion // because Zion : Psa 48:11; Isa 51:3, Isa 52:7-10, Isa 62:11; Zep 3:14-17; Zec 9:9; Mat 21:4-9 because : Psa 52:6, Psa 58:10; Rev 18:20, Rev 19:1-7

TSK: Psa 97:9 - high // far high : Psa 83:18; Eph 1:21; Phi 2:9-11 far : Psa 95:3, Psa 96:4, Psa 115:3-8, Psa 135:5; Exo 18:11; Jer 10:8, Jer 10:10

TSK: Psa 97:10 - Ye that // hate // preserveth // delivereth Ye that : Psa 91:14; Rom 8:28; 1Co 8:3; Jam 1:12, Jam 2:5; 1Pe 1:8; 1Jo 4:19, 1Jo 5:2, 1Jo 5:3 hate : Psa 34:14, Psa 36:4, Psa 37:27, Psa 101:3, Psa 1...

TSK: Psa 97:11 - Light // sown Light : Psa 18:28, Psa 112:4; Est 8:16; Job 22:28; Pro 4:18; Isa 60:1, Isa 60:2, Isa 62:1; Mic 7:9; Joh 12:46; Rev 21:23, Rev 22:5 sown : Psa 126:5, P...

TSK: Psa 97:12 - Rejoice // give thanks // at the remembrance Rejoice : Psa 32:11, Psa 33:1; Hab 3:17, Hab 3:18; Zep 3:14-17; Phi 4:4 give thanks : Psa 30:4, Psa 60:6; Hab 1:12, Hab 1:13; Heb 12:10 at the remembr...

Rejoice : Psa 32:11, Psa 33:1; Hab 3:17, Hab 3:18; Zep 3:14-17; Phi 4:4

give thanks : Psa 30:4, Psa 60:6; Hab 1:12, Hab 1:13; Heb 12:10

at the remembrance : or, to the memorial

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Poole: Psa 97:2 - Clouds and darkness are round about him // Righteousness and judgment Clouds and darkness are round about him a dark cloud doth encompass him; wherein he seems to allude to that dark cloud in which God did anciently so ...

Clouds and darkness are round about him a dark cloud doth encompass him; wherein he seems to allude to that dark cloud in which God did anciently so often manifest his presence for the comfort of his saints, and for the terror and punishment of evil-doers. The design of these words is to describe either,

1. The depth and unsearchableness of God’ s judgments. Or,

2. The obscurity of Christ’ s coming, that the Divine Majesty did veil himself with flesh, and came not with that outward splendour which the Jews expected. Or rather,

3. The terror of his presence and coming to his enemies, of which he manifestly speaks in the following verses; and of which the prophets frequently speak when they make mention of his corning, as Joe 2:31,32 Mal 4:1 .

Righteousness and judgment i.e. righteous judgment, or righteousness in judgment. The habitation ; or, the foundation , or establishment ; for the throne is established (and the Hebrew verb there is the same from whence this word here comes) by righteousness, Pro 16:12 . All his decrees and administrations are grounded upon and managed with righteousness.

Poole: Psa 97:3 - -- This fire, and lightning, and earthquake, and the sad effects of them, mentioned here, and Psa 97:4,5 , signify those dreadful judgments of God whic...

This fire, and lightning, and earthquake, and the sad effects of them, mentioned here, and Psa 97:4,5 , signify those dreadful judgments of God which should be inflicted upon the Jews and others for their refusal and contempt of the Messias; which was foretold in the Old Testament, and accomplished in the New Testament.

Poole: Psa 97:4 - His lightnings enlightened the world His lightnings enlightened the world: this phrase signifies not so much illumination as terror and judgments, as appears both from the following word...

His lightnings enlightened the world: this phrase signifies not so much illumination as terror and judgments, as appears both from the following words, and from the constant use of the phrase in that sense, as Psa 18:14 144:6 , &c.

Poole: Psa 97:5 - The hills // The Lord of the whole earth The hills the strongest and loftiest parts of the earth; whereby he may understand the great potentates of the world who set themselves against the M...

The hills the strongest and loftiest parts of the earth; whereby he may understand the great potentates of the world who set themselves against the Messias.

The Lord of the whole earth whose dominion shall not then be confined in Canaan, as now in a manner it is, but shall be enlarged over the whole earth.

Poole: Psa 97:6 - The heavens // All the people see his glory The heavens either, 1. The thunders, and lightnings, and tempests sent from heaven to plead his righteous cause against his enemies. Or, 2. The ang...

The heavens either,

1. The thunders, and lightnings, and tempests sent from heaven to plead his righteous cause against his enemies. Or,

2. The angels, yea, God himself from heaven, who gave manifest testimony to the righteousness of the Messias.

All the people see his glory both Jews and Gentiles shall see and feel the glorious effects of his coming.

Poole: Psa 97:7 - Confounded be all they // All ye gods Confounded be all they let them be ashamed of their former folly herein, and be thereby brought to detest and forsake them; and those who will obstin...

Confounded be all they let them be ashamed of their former folly herein, and be thereby brought to detest and forsake them; and those who will obstinately persist in their impiety and idolatry, let them be brought to confusion. Or, they shall be confounded ; for this may be a prediction, and not an imprecation.

All ye gods all you whom the Gentiles have made the objects of their worship, and who are capable of giving him worship; which two qualifications agree principally, if not solely, to the angels of God, whom the heathens manifestly worshipped in their images as an inferior sort of gods, of whom therefore this text is expounded, Heb 1:6 .

Poole: Psa 97:8 - Zion // The daughters of Judah // Rejoiced Zion thy people dwelling in Zion, or Jerusalem, and Judah, to whom Christ came, and among whom the gospel was first preached. Or, thy church and peop...

Zion thy people dwelling in Zion, or Jerusalem, and Judah, to whom Christ came, and among whom the gospel was first preached. Or, thy church and people, who both in the prophetical writings are oft called Zion . Heard the fame of thy judgments, as the following words declare; the ruin of idolatry and the setting up the kingdom of the Messias in the world.

The daughters of Judah particular churches, or rather persons, members of Zion.

Rejoiced not that they took pleasure in the ruin of others, but because that made way for the advancement of God’ s glory and Christ’ s kingdom in the world.

Poole: Psa 97:9 - -- As thou always wert so in truth, so thou hast now proved and declared thyself to be such in the eyes of the whole world, by subduing them under thy ...

As thou always wert so in truth, so thou hast now proved and declared thyself to be such in the eyes of the whole world, by subduing them under thy feet.

Poole: Psa 97:10 - Ye that love the Lord // Hate evil Ye that love the Lord O all you who love and worship the true God and his anointed, and rejoice in the establishment of his kingdom. Hate evil show...

Ye that love the Lord O all you who love and worship the true God and his anointed, and rejoice in the establishment of his kingdom.

Hate evil show your love to him by your abhorrency of all idolatry, which is sometimes called evil or sin by way of eminency, and of all other wickedness. And although you that love the Lord Christ and his kingdom will meet with many troubles and persecutions, yet be not discouraged, for he will preserve you in troubles, and in his time deliver you out of them all.

Poole: Psa 97:11 - Light // Is sown Light i.e. joy and felicity, as this word is used, Est 8:16 Psa 112:4 , and oft elsewhere. Is sown is prepared or laid up for them, and shall in du...

Light i.e. joy and felicity, as this word is used, Est 8:16 Psa 112:4 , and oft elsewhere.

Is sown is prepared or laid up for them, and shall in due time be reaped by them, possibly in this life, but undoubtedly in the next. And therefore bear your afflictions for Christ with patience and cheerfulness.

Poole: Psa 97:12 - -- In consideration of his holy and righteous nature and government, or of his faithfulness in making good that great promise of sending the Messias in...

In consideration of his holy and righteous nature and government, or of his faithfulness in making good that great promise of sending the Messias into the world; for holiness is sometimes taken for faithfulness, which is one part or branch of it.

Haydock: Psa 97:1 - -- All are again invited to praise the Lord, for the victories of Christ.

All are again invited to praise the Lord, for the victories of Christ.

Haydock: Psa 97:1 - David // Things // For him David. His name occurs not in Hebrew, though the psalm is worthy of him. (Berthier) --- It may refer to the return from captivity, as a figure of ...

David. His name occurs not in Hebrew, though the psalm is worthy of him. (Berthier) ---

It may refer to the return from captivity, as a figure of the world's redemption. ---

Things. In rescuing his people from slavery, and in the incarnation. (Calmet) ---

For him. Or alone. (Menochius) ---

Christ raised himself by his own power. (Calmet) (Isaias lxii. 5.) ---

He redeemed mankind for his own glory, sibi. (Berthier)

Haydock: Psa 97:2 - Salvation Salvation. Cyrus, or the Messias, whose gospel is preached every where, (Calmet) and who has saved the world. (Worthington)

Salvation. Cyrus, or the Messias, whose gospel is preached every where, (Calmet) and who has saved the world. (Worthington)

Haydock: Psa 97:3 - Israel Israel. The prophets foretold the liberation of the Jew, and of mankind. The blessed Virgin Mary seems to allude to this passage, Luke i. 55. (Cal...

Israel. The prophets foretold the liberation of the Jew, and of mankind. The blessed Virgin Mary seems to allude to this passage, Luke i. 55. (Calmet) ---

Some Jews were converted, Romans xi. (Worthington)

Haydock: Psa 97:6 - Cornet Cornet. This was a crooked horn; the trumpets were of metal, Numbers x. 2. (Calmet)

Cornet. This was a crooked horn; the trumpets were of metal, Numbers x. 2. (Calmet)

Haydock: Psa 97:8 - Hands Hands. These strong oriental expressions hardly suit our language. (Calmet) --- They contain a metaphor, and denote the inhabitants of the world, ...

Hands. These strong oriental expressions hardly suit our language. (Calmet) ---

They contain a metaphor, and denote the inhabitants of the world, (Haydock) or those rivers, which spring from Jesus Christ, and mountains, which are raised to heaven by his grace, to praise the Redeemer. (St. Augustine) ---

Then the just are exhorted to lift up their heads. (Menochius)

Gill: Psa 97:1 - The Lord reigneth // let the earth rejoice // the desire of all nations // let the multitude of isles be glad thereof The Lord reigneth,.... He has reigned, now reigns, will and must reign until all enemies are made his footstool; See Gill on Psa 93:1; see Gill on Psa...

The Lord reigneth,.... He has reigned, now reigns, will and must reign until all enemies are made his footstool; See Gill on Psa 93:1; see Gill on Psa 96:10,

let the earth rejoice: not the land of Judea only, and the inhabitants of it, to whom the King Messiah came; for there were but few among them that received him, and rejoiced at his coming; but the whole earth, the vast continent, as distinguished from the isles after mentioned, and they that dwell upon it; the Gentiles, who had a concern in his coming, in whom they were to be blessed, to whom they were to be gathered, and in whom they should find a glorious rest; and therefore he is called

the desire of all nations: the first preaching of the Gospel was occasion and matter of great joy to them; not only the blessings contained in it of peace, pardon, righteousness, and salvation by Christ; but the effects of it, delivering them from the dominion of Satan, the god of this world; and from superstition, and idolatry, with which they were enslaved; and the bringing them into the glorious liberty of the children of God:

let the multitude of isles be glad thereof; the isles of the sea are many, even many thousands: Columbus, when he first discovered America, sailing by Cuba westward, gave names, as he passed along, to seven hundred islands, leaving three thousand more without names r: Gejerus reports, from some writers, that an Indian king, in 1553, was converted to the Christian faith, that ruled over eleven thousand islands; and that in Maldivar there are reckoned to be sixteen thousand: well may the text speak of a multitude of them: or, "let the great islands", &c. such as ours of Great Britain and Ireland; these isles are said to wait for Christ and his doctrine, Isa 42:4 and therefore must be glad to hear of his coming and kingdom: the Gospel was very early sent to the isles, as to Cyprus, Crete, &c. see Act 13:4 and to our northern isles likewise, who have great reason to be glad at its coming among us, continuance with us, and the success it has had; and that it is yet in the midst of us for further usefulness; and that Christ reigns, and will reign evermore.

Gill: Psa 97:2 - Clouds and darkness are round about him // righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne Clouds and darkness are round about him,.... Either as a garment; so Apollinarius paraphrases it, "near is the King clothed with a cloud and tempes...

Clouds and darkness are round about him,.... Either as a garment; so Apollinarius paraphrases it,

"near is the King clothed with a cloud and tempest;''

and it is usual with the Heathens to represent their deities as surrounded or clothed with a cloud s: here the allusion is to the tabernacle and temple, when reared up and dedicated, Exo 40:34 1Ki 8:10 and to other appearances of God, or Christ, in a cloud, Exo 19:9, it may denote the obscurity of his divine nature at his first coming; he appearing in the form of a servant, and in the likeness of sinful flesh, so that few discerned his glory as the glory of the only begotten of the Father; as also the darkness and blindness of the Jews concerning him, who could not perceive him to be the Messiah; notwithstanding all the characters of him; clouds and darkness were about him to them; as they were, in a literal sense, when he hung on the cross; the sun withdrew and hid itself, and darkness was upon the face of the earth for three hours; Christ was enveloped in it; and a greater darkness surrounded his soul when his divine Father hid his face from him: dark providences attended the first setting up of his kingdom, and the ministration of his Gospel in the world; the apostles, the first preachers of it, were persecuted by their own countrymen the Jews; the whole Gentile world was against them; the Roman empire, emperors, and governors of provinces, opposed them; wherever there was an open door, there were many adversaries, so that things looked very unpromising: nevertheless these clouds were dissipated, and the difficulties got over; though this has sometimes been the case since, and will be again, ere the kingdom of Christ is in all its glory; he now sits enthroned in heaven, surrounded with clouds and darkness, and unseen to us; whose being and perfections are inscrutable to us, his providences unsearchable, and his ways past finding out; and when he comes a second time, it will be at midnight, and in the clouds of heaven:

righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne; the seat, basis, and support of it; he sits on a throne doing right, and by it his throne is established; See Gill on Psa 89:14.

Gill: Psa 97:3 - A fire goeth before him // and burneth up his enemies round about A fire goeth before him, Not the fiery law, which went forth from his right hand on Mount Sinai; but rather his Gospel, which, as it enlightens, warm...

A fire goeth before him, Not the fiery law, which went forth from his right hand on Mount Sinai; but rather his Gospel, which, as it enlightens, warms, comforts, and refreshes his people, searches, torments, and destroys his enemies, and is the savour of death unto death to them; see Jer 23:29. Some apply this to the gifts of the Spirit on the day of Pentecost, signified by cloven tongues of fire; but then no such effect followed as mentioned in the next clause: it seems best to interpret it of his wrath, which, like fire, was poured out to the uttermost on the Jews, for their disbelief and rejection of him; they would not have him to reign over them; they despised his Gospel, and slew his servants; wherefore he sent the Roman armies to them, who destroyed those murderers, and burnt their city, Mat 22:7, this will be also verified in the second coming of Christ, who will descend in flaming fire, and the earth will be burnt up, and all that is therein, 2Th 1:7, some Jewish writers interpret this of the war of Gog and Magog, in Ezekiel, which they suppose still future; as, when it is, fire will be sent and rained upon them, Eze 38:22, but may be better applied to the Gog and Magog in Rev 20:8.

and burneth up his enemies round about; so that none can escape: this was true of the Jewish nation, who were burnt up; so that there was not left root nor branch in it, Mal 4:1, and will be true of the wicked, at the general conflagration of the world, upon Christ's second coming; and of the Gog and Magog army, after the resurrection.

Gill: Psa 97:4 - His lightnings enlightened the world // the earth saw, and trembled His lightnings enlightened the world,.... Either the doctrines of the Gospel, compared thereunto, because of the swift progress they made, and the lar...

His lightnings enlightened the world,.... Either the doctrines of the Gospel, compared thereunto, because of the swift progress they made, and the large extent of them in the world, in a very little time; by the apostles they were published in all nations, and were the means of enlightening them in the true knowledge of themselves, and of the way of salvation by Christ: hence they are called the "lights of the world", Mat 5:14, as the coming of Christ, in his kingdom and power, by them, is compared to lightning, and so are the arrows of his word, Mat 24:27, or else his judgments on the Jewish nation are meant, which were manifest and clear, and obvious to all the world; see Psa 18:14,

the earth saw, and trembled; the inhabitants of the earth, of the Gentile world, saw the judgments of God upon the Jews, and were astonished at them; see Deu 29:24, it is usual for lightnings and earthquakes to go together; see Rev 11:19.

Gill: Psa 97:5 - The hills melted like wax at the presence of the Lord // at the presence of the Lord of the whole earth The hills melted like wax at the presence of the Lord,.... Kimchi interprets the "hills" of the kings of the wicked; and it was verified in Herod and ...

The hills melted like wax at the presence of the Lord,.... Kimchi interprets the "hills" of the kings of the wicked; and it was verified in Herod and his nobles, and the citizens of Jerusalem, who, when they heard of the coming of the Messiah, of the birth of the King of the Jews, were exceedingly moved and troubled; their hearts melted like wax within them, Mat 2:1, so when he appeared, in the power of his Gospel, in the Gentile world, and went forth in the ministration of it, conquering, and to conquer, all fled before him; every mountain and island were moved out of their places; and the kings of the earth, and great men, ran to the rocks to hide them from his face, which they could not bear, Rev 6:14, and the like events, and more terrible, will they be, when he comes to destroy antichrist, and especially to judge the world, Rev 16:19.

at the presence of the Lord of the whole earth; as Christ is; he is Lord of all, the Prince of the kings of the earth, Act 10:36, Rev 1:5, and as he will show himself to be at the great day; and that is the reason why the proud and lofty, comparable to hills and mountains, shall melt at his presence.

Gill: Psa 97:6 - The heavens declare his righteousness // and all the people see his glory The heavens declare his righteousness,.... His justice in punishing his enemies; the lightning and the thunder in the heavens, the tokens of his wrath...

The heavens declare his righteousness,.... His justice in punishing his enemies; the lightning and the thunder in the heavens, the tokens of his wrath, and instruments of it; his wrath itself, which is revealed from heaven, Rom 1:18, or the inhabitants of heaven, as Aben Ezra; the angels of heaven; so the Targum, "the angels on high (or of heaven, as in the king's Bible) declare his righteousness"; see Rev 16:5, it is true of the ministers of the Gospel, who are Christ's angels or messengers, men of heavenly gifts and grace, whose work it is to declare the justifying righteousness of Christ, which is revealed in the Gospel from faith to faith, and which is therefore called the word of righteousness, and the ministration of it, Rom 1:17,

and all the people see his glory; the glory of his justice in the destruction of his enemies; the glory of his power and grace in the salvation of his chosen; the glory of God in the face of Christ; the glory of Christ himself, as the only begotten of the Father; the glory of his person, office, grace, and righteousness, in the glass of the Gospel; the glory and honour he is now crowned with in heaven; and all the people, even all the chosen, redeemed, and called people, shall behold his glory to all eternity: it seems chiefly to respect the revelation of his glory, and his people's view of it at his first coming; see Isa 60:5.

Gill: Psa 97:7 - Confounded be all they that serve graven images // that boast themselves of idols // worship him, all ye gods Confounded be all they that serve graven images,.... Images of gold, silver, and stone, graven by art and man's device; to serve and worship which mus...

Confounded be all they that serve graven images,.... Images of gold, silver, and stone, graven by art and man's device; to serve and worship which must be the grossest ignorance and stupidity, which, when convinced of, must fill with shame and confusion: this may be considered either as a prayer, that the idolatrous Gentiles might be enlightened to see the vanity of their idols, and their worship of them, and turn to the living God; or as a prophecy that it should be; for it may be rendered, "they are" or "shall be confounded", or "ashamed" t, as the Targum, Jarchi, and Kimchi; which had its accomplishment in the first times of the Gospel; when, being preached in the Gentile world, multitudes forsook their idols and served the true God; and especially at the opening of the sixth seal, when Pagan worship was abolished throughout the Roman empire; and when the kings and great men in it, through shame, confusion, and dread, fled to the rocks and mountains, to hide them from the wrath of the Lamb, Rev 6:12, and will have a further accomplishment, when the Papists, the worshippers of the beast, shall be ashamed of their graven images, of the Virgin Mary, and other saints; which will be when the Gospel shall be published throughout the world, Rev 14:6,

that boast themselves of idols; as their saviours and deliverers, which yet are nothing, as the word u signifies; that praise and extol them, as the givers of good things to them, or the procurers of them for them; that glory in them, and in their worship of them, than which nothing can be a greater instance of folly and madness:

worship him, all ye gods; those that are so called, the graven images and idols before mentioned; let them bow down, and be prostrate before the Lord, as Dagon before the ark; or they that serve other gods, as Kimchi; so the Targum,

"and all the nations that serve idols shall worship before him;''

rather kings and princes, civil magistrates, who are sometimes called gods, are meant, Psa 95:3, and who, in the latter day especially, shall serve and worship the Messiah, Psa 72:10 though it is best of all to interpret it of angels, as this word Elohim is rendered in Psa 8:5, and Aben Ezra says there are some of their interpreters that understand it of angels: the Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, and all the Oriental versions, and so Apollinarius, render it, "worship him, all his angels": Gussetius w interprets it, "all that is God's"; all that belong to him, angels and men, and all creatures; particularly angels, the most noble of all: and this sense is confirmed by an inspired writer, who manifestly refers to and quotes this passage, and applies it to the angels worshipping Christ, the first begotten Son of God, when he came into the world, Heb 1:6, with which compare Luk 2:13, from whence it appears not only that Christ is superior to angels, for the proof of which it is produced by the apostle; but that he is truly God, since God only is the object of religions worship; and that, if he is worshipped by angels, he ought to be worshipped by men; and that angels are not the proper objects of worship, since they are worshippers.

Gill: Psa 97:8 - Zion heard, and was glad // and the daughters of Judah rejoiced // because of thy judgments, O Lord Zion heard, and was glad,.... Or, the congregation of Zion, as the Targum; the church of Christ, and the members of it, called Zion, in allusion to th...

Zion heard, and was glad,.... Or, the congregation of Zion, as the Targum; the church of Christ, and the members of it, called Zion, in allusion to the mountain of that name, in which the temple stood; a type of the church, Heb 12:22, these heard the Gospel, the good news and glad tidings of good things; they heard that Zion's King reigned, and that his kingdom was enlarged, and interest increased; they heard the heavenly men declare his righteousness, by which they are justified from all things; they heard of the conversion of the Gentiles, and the confusion of idolaters; of the incarnation of Christ, and of his being worshipped by angels; all which filled them with joy and gladness:

and the daughters of Judah rejoiced; particular congregated churches, particular believers and professors of Christ and his Gospel; these rejoiced at the above things, as well as because of what follows:

because of thy judgments, O Lord; either the doctrines of the Gospel, which come from the God of judgment, and are according to his justice and holiness; and are matter of joy and gladness when they are spread in the world, and succeed to the conversion of sinners, the comfort of saints and the glory of Christ; see Psa 19:9, or his judgments upon his enemies, and the enemies of his church and people; which also are an occasion of rejoicing to them, because Christ is thereby glorified in his power, justice, truth, and faithfulness, Rev 19:1.

Gill: Psa 97:9 - For thou, Lord, art high above all the earth // thou art exalted far above all gods For thou, Lord, art high above all the earth,.... Above all the inhabitants of the earth, as the Targum; he is highly exalted above every name, men of...

For thou, Lord, art high above all the earth,.... Above all the inhabitants of the earth, as the Targum; he is highly exalted above every name, men of the greatest name that is named in the world; he is made higher than the heavens, and the inhabitants of it; and has all power in heaven and earth, as Mediator; and, as a divine Person, he is the most high God, as the word "Elion", here used, signifies; and all this lays a foundation for joy and gladness in the saints; even the dignity of Christ's person, and the exaltation of him in the human nature:

thou art exalted far above all gods: not only the fictitious deities of the Gentiles, or the greatest potentates upon earth, being made higher than the kings of the earth, who are called gods; but also than the angels in heaven; he is set down at the right hand of God, where they are not, and never were, nor shall be; angels, authorities, and powers, being subject to him, Heb 1:13.

Gill: Psa 97:10 - Ye that love the Lord, hate evil // he preserveth the souls of his saints // he delivereth them out of the hand of the wicked Ye that love the Lord, hate evil,.... The evil of sin, which is to be hated, because of the evil nature of it, it being exceeding sinful; and because ...

Ye that love the Lord, hate evil,.... The evil of sin, which is to be hated, because of the evil nature of it, it being exceeding sinful; and because of its evil consequences, bringing death, ruin, and destruction with it to the souls of men, unless grace prevents; and disquietude, distress, and trouble to the saints themselves; and because it is hateful to God, being contrary to his nature, will, and law, and is hated by Christ; and therefore those that love him should hate that, shun it, avoid it, depart from it, and abstain from all appearance of it; as all such will that love him in sincerity above all persons and things; and all of him, and that belong to him, his people, ways, worship, truths, and ordinances: and such are they that have seen the loveliness of him, and know his love, and have had it shed abroad in their hearts; and these will not only hate the evil of sin, but evil men; not their persons, but their actions and conversations; and will avoid them, and have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness:

he preserveth the souls of his saints; that are set apart by him, and chosen in him to be holy; that are sanctified by his blood, and by his Spirit and grace, and to whom he is made sanctification: the "souls" of these, their better and more noble part, which are dear to him, and he has redeemed by his blood, and whose salvation he has obtained, and they still receive, he "preserves" from the evil of sin, from its governing and damning power, from a final and total apostasy by it, from ruin and destruction through it, from being hurt by the second death; and he preserves them from all their enemies, sin, Satan, and the world, from being destroyed by them, safe to his kingdom and glory; therefore he is to be loved, and sin to be hated by them:

he delivereth them out of the hand of the wicked; of wicked and unreasonable men, into whose hands they sometimes fall, cruel and bloodthirsty persecutors; as he is able to deliver them, so oftentimes he does; and will, ere long, put them entirely out of their reach. Kimchi interprets this of the deliverance of the Jews from the captivity of Babylon, Media, and Persia.

Gill: Psa 97:11 - Light is sown for the righteous // and gladness for the upright in heart Light is sown for the righteous,.... Who are made righteous by the obedience of Christ, and live soberly and righteously; the light of joy and gladnes...

Light is sown for the righteous,.... Who are made righteous by the obedience of Christ, and live soberly and righteously; the light of joy and gladness, as it is explained in the next clause; see Est 8:16 so, φοως, "light", is frequently used by Homer x for joy and gladness: these sometimes are without it, through the hidings of God's face, the prevalence of corruptions, the force of Satan's temptations, and the many afflictions they meet with; but joy and gladness, peace and comfort, are sown for them in the counsels and purposes of God, in his covenant, in the Scriptures, in the Gospel, and in the promises of it; and, though at present hidden, will spring up in God's due time, Psa 112:4, and which also may be interpreted of the light of glory, which at present does not appear; but it is prepared in the purpose of God, and in his promise, and shall be enjoyed by the heirs of it. The Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, and all the Oriental versions, render it, "light is risen for the righteous"; and so the Targum,

"light is risen and prepared for the righteous;''

Christ, the light of the world, the sun of righteousness, is risen for them, and upon them, with healing in his wings, which bring joy and comfort to them:

and gladness for the upright in heart; such as have new hearts and right spirits formed in them, and are Israelites indeed, that have the truth of grace and the root of the matter in them: gladness is prepared, provided, and promised to them, and sooner or later they shall have it; the seed of it is sown, and it will spring up, and a large crop shall be enjoyed. Kimchi's note is,

"light is sown for the righteous in this world, and they shall reap light and joy in time to come, in the days of the Messiah.''

Gill: Psa 97:12 - Rejoice in the Lord, ye righteous // and give thanks at the remembrance of his holiness Rejoice in the Lord, ye righteous,.... In the word of the Lord, as the Targum; in Christ, the essential Word, in his person, the greatness, glory, and...

Rejoice in the Lord, ye righteous,.... In the word of the Lord, as the Targum; in Christ, the essential Word, in his person, the greatness, glory, and fulness of it; in his righteousness, and in salvation by him, and that always; see Phi 4:4,

and give thanks at the remembrance of his holiness; of his essential holiness, as a divine Person, in which he is glorious, and which appears in all that he has done; and of the holiness of his nature and life, as man and Mediator, which are imputed to his people for their justification; and at the remembrance of that holiness which they have from him, and are made partakers of in sanctification: and at the remembrance of that perfect holiness which they shall have with him in heaven to all eternity. Holiness may also signify his faithfulness in the discharge of his work and office as Mediator, and in the fulfilment of his promises to his people; See Gill on Psa 30:4.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Psa 97:1 Psalm 97. The psalmist depicts the Lord as the sovereign, just king of the world who comes in power to vindicate his people.

NET Notes: Psa 97:2 The Lord’s throne symbolizes his kingship.

NET Notes: Psa 97:3 Heb “all around.”

NET Notes: Psa 97:7 The translation assumes that the prefixed verbal form in the first line is an imperfect (“are ashamed”) and that the ambiguous form in the...

NET Notes: Psa 97:8 Heb “daughters.” The term “daughters” refers to the cities of Judah surrounding Zion (see Ps 48:11 and H. Haag, TDOT 2:336).

NET Notes: Psa 97:9 Traditionally “Most High.”

NET Notes: Psa 97:10 Heb “hand.”

NET Notes: Psa 97:11 Heb “Light is planted for the godly, and for the upright of heart joy.” The translation assumes an emendation of זָר...

NET Notes: Psa 97:12 Heb “to his holy remembrance.” The Hebrew noun זָכַר (zakhar, “remembrance”) here refers to the ...

Geneva Bible: Psa 97:1 The ( a ) LORD reigneth; let the earth rejoice; let the ( b ) multitude of isles be glad [thereof]. ( a ) He shows that where God reigns, there is al...

Geneva Bible: Psa 97:2 ( c ) Clouds and darkness [are] round about him: righteousness and judgment [are] the habitation of his throne. ( c ) He is thus described to keep hi...

Geneva Bible: Psa 97:4 His lightnings enlightened the world: the earth saw, and ( d ) trembled. ( d ) This fear does not bring the wicked to true obedience, but makes them ...

Geneva Bible: Psa 97:7 ( e ) Confounded be all they that serve graven images, that boast themselves of idols: worship him, ( f ) all [ye] gods. ( e ) He signifies that God'...

Geneva Bible: Psa 97:8 Zion heard, and was glad; and the ( g ) daughters of Judah rejoiced because of thy judgments, O LORD. ( g ) The Jews will have opportunity to rejoice...

Geneva Bible: Psa 97:10 Ye that ( h ) love the LORD, hate evil: he preserveth the souls of his saints; he delivereth them out of the hand of the wicked. ( h ) He requires tw...

Geneva Bible: Psa 97:11 ( i ) Light is sown for the righteous, and gladness for the upright in heart. ( i ) Though God's deliverance does not appear suddenly, yet it is sown...

Geneva Bible: Psa 97:12 Rejoice in the LORD, ye righteous; and give thanks at the ( k ) remembrance of his holiness. ( k ) Be mindful of his benefits and only trust in his d...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: Psa 97:1-7 - --Though many have been made happy in Christ, still there is room. And all have reason to rejoice in Christ's government. There is a depth in his counse...

MHCC: Psa 97:8-12 - --The faithful servants of God may well rejoice and be glad, because he is glorified; and whatever tends to his honour, is his people's pleasure. Care i...

Matthew Henry: Psa 97:1-7 - -- What was to be said among the heathen in the foregoing psalm (Psa 97:10) is here said again (Psa 97:1) and is made the subject of this psalm, and of...

Matthew Henry: Psa 97:8-12 - -- The kingdom of the Messiah, like the pillar of cloud and fire, as it has a dark side towards the Egyptians, so it has a bright side towards the Isra...

Keil-Delitzsch: Psa 97:1-3 - -- We have here nothing but echoes of the older literature: Psa 97:1, cf. Isa 42:10-12; Isa 51:5; Psa 97:2 , cf. Psa 18:10, Psa 18:12; Psa 97:2 = Psa...

Keil-Delitzsch: Psa 97:4-6 - -- Again we have nothing but echoes of the older literature: Psa 97:4 = Psa 77:19; Psa 97:4 , cf. Psa 77:17; Psa 97:5 , cf. Mic 1:4; Psa 97:5 , cf....

Keil-Delitzsch: Psa 97:7-8 - -- When the glory of Jahve becomes manifest, everything that is opposed to it will be punished and consumed by its light. Those who serve idols will be...

Keil-Delitzsch: Psa 97:9 - -- This distichic epiphonema ( Psa 97:9 = Ps 83:19; Psa 97:9 , cf. Psa 47:3, 10) might close the Psalm; there follows still, however, a hortatory stro...

Keil-Delitzsch: Psa 97:10-12 - -- It is true Psa 97:12 is = Psa 32:11, Psa 97:12 = Psa 30:5, and the promise in Psa 97:10 is the same as in Psa 37:28; Psa 34:21; but as to the rest...

Constable: Psa 90:1--106:48 - --IV. Book 4: chs. 90--106 Moses composed one of the psalms in this section of the Psalter (Ps. 90). David wrote t...

Constable: Psa 97:1-12 - --Psalm 97 The writer of this psalm saw the Lord coming to rule and reign on the earth. He exhorted his re...

Constable: Psa 97:1 - --1. The announcement of God's earthly reign 97:1 How do we know that the psalmist was describing ...

Constable: Psa 97:2-9 - --2. The appearance of the King 97:2-9 97:2-5 These verses reveal the appearance of the Lord in terms similar to other visions God gave His prophets (cf...

Constable: Psa 97:10-12 - --3. The appropriate response 97:10-12 97:10 Since God loves righteousness it is only fitting that those who love Him should hate evil. By doing so, the...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Lainnya

Evidence: Psa 97:2 Righteousness and justice are the very essence of God’s character.

Evidence: Psa 97:3-6 This is perhaps a reference to the giving of the Law on Mount Sinai (Exodus 19).

Evidence: Psa 97:10 Do we truly hate evil, or do we secretly embrace lust and take pleasure in violent entertainment?

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) The Hebrew title of this book is Tehilim ("praises" or "hymns"), for a leading feature in its contents is praise, though the word occurs in the title ...

JFB: Psalms (Garis Besar) ALEPH. (Psa 119:1-8). This celebrated Psalm has several peculiarities. It is divided into twenty-two parts or stanzas, denoted by the twenty-two let...

TSK: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) The Psalms have been the general song of the universal Church; and in their praise, all the Fathers have been unanimously eloquent. Men of all nation...

TSK: Psalms 97 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Psa 97:1, The majesty of God’s kingdom; Psa 97:7, The church rejoices at God’s judgments upon idolaters; Psa 97:10, An exhortation to...

Poole: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) OF PSALMS THE ARGUMENT The divine authority of this Book of PSALMS is so certain and evident, that it was never questioned in the church; which b...

Poole: Psalms 97 (Pendahuluan Pasal) THE ARGUMENT This Psalm seems to have both the same author and the same scope with the former. And although the psalmist might take occasion to pen...

MHCC: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) David was the penman of most of the psalms, but some evidently were composed by other writers, and the writers of some are doubtful. But all were writ...

MHCC: Psalms 97 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (Psa 97:1-7) The Lord Jesus reigns in power that cannot be resisted. (Psa 97:8-12) His care of his people, and his provision for them.

Matthew Henry: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Book of Psalms We have now before us one of the choicest and most excellent parts of all the Old Te...

Matthew Henry: Psalms 97 (Pendahuluan Pasal) This psalm dwells upon the same subject, and is set to the same tune, with the foregoing psalm. Christ is the Alpha and the Omega of both; they are...

Constable: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title The title of this book in the Hebrew Bible is Tehillim, which means...

Constable: Psalms (Garis Besar) Outline I. Book 1: chs. 1-41 II. Book 2: chs. 42-72 III. Book 3: chs. 73...

Constable: Psalms Psalms Bibliography Allen, Ronald B. "Evidence from Psalm 89." In A Case for Premillennialism: A New Consensus,...

Haydock: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE BOOK OF PSALMS. INTRODUCTION. The Psalms are called by the Hebrew, Tehillim; that is, hymns of praise. The author, of a great part of ...

Gill: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO PSALMS The title of this book may be rendered "the Book of Praises", or "Hymns"; the psalm which our Lord sung at the passover is c...

Gill: Psalms 97 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO PSALM 97 This psalm is ascribed to David by the Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, Syriac, Arabic, and Ethiopic versions. It is of the same...

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