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Teks -- Exodus 26:1-37 (NET)

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Konteks
The Tabernacle
26:1 “The tabernacle itself you are to make with ten curtains of fine twisted linen and blue and purple and scarlet; you are to make them with cherubim that are the work of an artistic designer. 26:2 The length of each curtain is to be forty-two feet, and the width of each curtain is to be six feet– the same size for each of the curtains. 26:3 Five curtains are to be joined, one to another, and the other five curtains are to be joined, one to another. 26:4 You are to make loops of blue material along the edge of the end curtain in one set, and in the same way you are to make loops in the outer edge of the end curtain in the second set. 26:5 You are to make fifty loops on the one curtain, and you are to make fifty loops on the end curtain which is on the second set, so that the loops are opposite one to another. 26:6 You are to make fifty gold clasps and join the curtains together with the clasps, so that the tabernacle is a unit. 26:7 “You are to make curtains of goats’ hair for a tent over the tabernacle; you are to make eleven curtains. 26:8 The length of each curtain is to be forty-five feet, and the width of each curtain is to be six feet– the same size for the eleven curtains. 26:9 You are to join five curtains by themselves and six curtains by themselves. You are to double over the sixth curtain at the front of the tent. 26:10 You are to make fifty loops along the edge of the end curtain in one set and fifty loops along the edge of the curtain that joins the second set. 26:11 You are to make fifty bronze clasps and put the clasps into the loops and join the tent together so that it is a unit. 26:12 Now the part that remains of the curtains of the tent– the half curtain that remains will hang over at the back of the tabernacle. 26:13 The foot and a half on the one side and the foot and a half on the other side of what remains in the length of the curtains of the tent will hang over the sides of the tabernacle, on one side and the other side, to cover it. 26:14 “You are to make a covering for the tent out of ram skins dyed red and over that a covering of fine leather. 26:15 “You are to make the frames for the tabernacle out of acacia wood as uprights. 26:16 Each frame is to be fifteen feet long, and each frame is to be two feet three inches wide, 26:17 with two projections per frame parallel one to another. You are to make all the frames of the tabernacle in this way. 26:18 So you are to make the frames for the tabernacle: twenty frames for the south side, 26:19 and you are to make forty silver bases to go under the twenty frames– two bases under the first frame for its two projections, and likewise two bases under the next frame for its two projections; 26:20 and for the second side of the tabernacle, the north side, twenty frames, 26:21 and their forty silver bases, two bases under the first frame, and two bases under the next frame. 26:22 And for the back of the tabernacle on the west you will make six frames. 26:23 You are to make two frames for the corners of the tabernacle on the back. 26:24 At the two corners they must be doubled at the lower end and finished together at the top in one ring. So it will be for both. 26:25 So there are to be eight frames and their silver bases, sixteen bases, two bases under the first frame, and two bases under the next frame. 26:26 “You are to make bars of acacia wood, five for the frames on one side of the tabernacle, 26:27 and five bars for the frames on the second side of the tabernacle, and five bars for the frames on the back of the tabernacle on the west. 26:28 The middle bar in the center of the frames will reach from end to end. 26:29 You are to overlay the frames with gold and make their rings of gold to provide places for the bars, and you are to overlay the bars with gold. 26:30 You are to set up the tabernacle according to the plan that you were shown on the mountain. 26:31 “You are to make a special curtain of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn and fine twisted linen; it is to be made with cherubim, the work of an artistic designer. 26:32 You are to hang it with gold hooks on four posts of acacia wood overlaid with gold, set in four silver bases. 26:33 You are to hang this curtain under the clasps and bring the ark of the testimony in there behind the curtain. The curtain will make a division for you between the Holy Place and the Most Holy Place. 26:34 You are to put the atonement lid on the ark of the testimony in the Most Holy Place. 26:35 You are to put the table outside the curtain and the lampstand on the south side of the tabernacle, opposite the table, and you are to place the table on the north side. 26:36 “You are to make a hanging for the entrance of the tent of blue, purple, and scarlet yarn and fine twined linen, the work of an embroiderer. 26:37 You are to make for the hanging five posts of acacia wood and overlay them with gold, and their hooks will be gold, and you are to cast five bronze bases for them.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Topik/Tema Kamus: Tabernacle | Silver | TENON | CRITICISM | CLASPS | Revelation | Israel | Curtains | Shittim | TABERNACLE, A | Tapestry | CURTAIN | BOARD | Veil, vail | Holy of Holies | HANGINGS | Linen | Embroidery | LOOP | Colors | selebihnya
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Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Calvin , TSK

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Poole , Haydock , Gill

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NET Notes , Geneva Bible

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MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: Exo 26:1 - -- The curtains were to be embroidered with cherubim, to intimate that the angels of God pitched their tents round about the church, Psa 34:7.

The curtains were to be embroidered with cherubim, to intimate that the angels of God pitched their tents round about the church, Psa 34:7.

Wesley: Exo 26:1 - As there were cherubim over the mercy seat, so there were round the tabernacle. There were to be two hangings, five breadths to each, sewed together, and the two hangings coupled together ...

seat, so there were round the tabernacle. There were to be two hangings, five breadths to each, sewed together, and the two hangings coupled together with golden clasps or tacks, so that it might be all one tabernacle, Exo 26:6. Thus the churches of Christ, though they are many, yet are one, being fitly joined together in holy love and by the unity of the Spirit, so growing into one holy temple in the Lord. This tabernacle was very strait and narrow, but at the preaching of the gospel, the church is bid to enlarge the place of her tent, and to stretch forth her curtains, Isa 54:2.

Wesley: Exo 26:14 - Badger skins So we translate it, but it should rather seem to have been some strong sort of leather, (but very fine) for we read of the best sort of shoes made of ...

So we translate it, but it should rather seem to have been some strong sort of leather, (but very fine) for we read of the best sort of shoes made of it. Eze 16:10.

Wesley: Exo 26:15 - -- Very particular directions are here given about the boards of the tabernacle, which were to bear up the curtains. These had tenons which fell into the...

Very particular directions are here given about the boards of the tabernacle, which were to bear up the curtains. These had tenons which fell into the mortaises that were made for them in silver bases. The boards were coupled together with gold rings at top and bottom, and kept firm with bars that run through golden staples in every board. Thus every thing in the tabernacle was very splendid, agreeable to that infant state of the church, when such things were proper to possess the minds of the worshippers with a reverence of the divine glory. In allusion to this, the new Jerusalem is said to be of pure gold, Rev 21:18. But the builders of the gospel church said, Silver and gold have we none; and yet the glory of their building far exceeded that of the tabernacle.

Wesley: Exo 26:31 - -- The veils are here ordered to be made, one for a partition between the holy place and the most holy, which not only forbad any to enter, but so much a...

The veils are here ordered to be made, one for a partition between the holy place and the most holy, which not only forbad any to enter, but so much as to look into the holiest of all. Under that dispensation divine grace was veiled, but now we behold it with open face. The apostle tells us, this veil, intimated that the ceremonial law could not make the comers thereunto perfect. The way into the holiest was not made manifest while the first tabernacle was standing; life and immortality lay concealed till they were brought to light by the gospel, which was therefore signified by the rending of this veil at the death of Christ. We have now boldness to enter into the holiest in all acts of devotion by the blood of Jesus; yet such as obliges us to a holy reverence, and a humble sense of our distance. Another veil was for the outward door of the tabernacle.

Wesley: Exo 26:31 - Through this the priests went in every day to minister in the holy place, but not the people, Heb 9:6. This veil was all the defence the tabernacle had against thieves and robbers, which might easily be broken through...

place, but not the people, Heb 9:6. This veil was all the defence the tabernacle had against thieves and robbers, which might easily be broken through, for it could be neither locked nor bared, and the abundance of wealth in it, one would think, might be a temptation. But by leaving it thus exposed, The priests and Levites would be so much the more obliged to keep a strict watch upon it: and, God would shew his care of his church on earth, though it be weak and defenceless, and continually exposed. A curtain shall be (if God please to make it so) as strong a defence, as gates of brass and bars of iron.

JFB: Exo 26:1 - cunning work That is, of elegant texture, richly embroidered. The word "cunning," in old English, is synonymous with "skilful."

That is, of elegant texture, richly embroidered. The word "cunning," in old English, is synonymous with "skilful."

JFB: Exo 26:2 - length Each curtain was to be fifteen yards in length and a little exceeding two in breadth.

Each curtain was to be fifteen yards in length and a little exceeding two in breadth.

JFB: Exo 26:3 - The five curtains shall be coupled together one to another, &c. So as to form two grand divisions, each eleven yards wide.

So as to form two grand divisions, each eleven yards wide.

JFB: Exo 26:6 - taches Clasps; supposed in shape, as well as in use, to be the same as hooks and eyes.

Clasps; supposed in shape, as well as in use, to be the same as hooks and eyes.

JFB: Exo 26:7-13 - curtains of goats' hair These coarse curtains were to be one more in number than the others, and to extend a yard lower on each side, the use of them being to protect and con...

These coarse curtains were to be one more in number than the others, and to extend a yard lower on each side, the use of them being to protect and conceal the richer curtains.

JFB: Exo 26:14 - a covering . . . of rams' skins dyed red That is, of Turkey red leather. [See on Exo 39:34.]|| 02251||1||16||0||@thou shalt make boards . . . rear up the tabernacle according to the fashion ....

That is, of Turkey red leather. [See on Exo 39:34.]|| 02251||1||16||0||@thou shalt make boards . . . rear up the tabernacle according to the fashion . . . which was showed thee==--The tabernacle, from its name as well as from its general appearance and arrangements, was a tent; but from the description given in these verses, the boards that formed its walls, the five (cross) bars that strengthened them, and the middle bar that "reached from end to end," and gave it solidity and compactness, it was evidently a more substantial fabric than a light and fragile tent, probably on account of the weight of its various coverings as well as for the protection of its precious furniture.

JFB: Exo 26:36 - an hanging for the door of the tent Curtains of rich and elaborate embroidery, made by the women, are suspended over the doors or entrances of the tents occupied by Eastern chiefs and pr...

Curtains of rich and elaborate embroidery, made by the women, are suspended over the doors or entrances of the tents occupied by Eastern chiefs and princes. In a similar style of elegance was the hanging finished which was to cover the door of this tabernacle--the chosen habitation of the God and King of Israel. It appears from Exo 26:12, Exo 26:22-23, that the ark and mercy seat were placed in the west end of the tabernacle, and consequently the door or entrance fronted the east, so that the Israelites in worshipping Jehovah, turned their faces towards the west; that they might be thus figuratively taught to turn from the worship of that luminary which was the great idol of the nations, and to adore the God who made it and them [HEWLETT].

Clarke: Exo 26:1 - Thou shalt make the tabernacle Thou shalt make the tabernacle - משכן mischan , from שכן shachan , to dwell, means simply a dwelling place or habitation of any kind, but h...

Thou shalt make the tabernacle - משכן mischan , from שכן shachan , to dwell, means simply a dwelling place or habitation of any kind, but here it means the dwelling place of Jehovah, who, as a king in his camp, had his dwelling or pavilion among his people, his table always spread, his lamps lighted, and the priests, etc., his attendants, always in waiting. From the minute and accurate description here given, a good workman, had he the same materials, might make a perfect facsimile of the ancient Jewish tabernacle. It was a movable building, and so constructed that it might be easily taken to pieces, for the greater convenience of carriage, as they were often obliged to transport it from place to place, in their various journeyings. For the twined linen, blue, purple, and scarlet, see Clarke’ s note on Exo 25:4, etc

Clarke: Exo 26:1 - Cherubims Cherubims - See Clarke’ s note on Exo 25:18

Cherubims - See Clarke’ s note on Exo 25:18

Clarke: Exo 26:1 - Cunning work Cunning work - חשב chosheb probably means a sort of diaper, in which the figures appear equally perfect on both sides; this was probably forme...

Cunning work - חשב chosheb probably means a sort of diaper, in which the figures appear equally perfect on both sides; this was probably formed in the loom. Another kind of curious work is mentioned, Exo 26:36, רקם rokem , which we term needle-work; this was probably similar to our embroidery, tapestry, or cloth of arras. It has been thought unlikely that these curious works were all manufactured in the wilderness: what was done in the loom, they might have brought with them from Egypt; what could be done by hand, without the use of complex machinery, the Israelitish women could readily perform with their needles, during their stay in the wilderness. But still it seems probable that they brought even their looms with them. The whole of this account shows that not only necessary but ornamental arts had been carried to a considerable pitch of perfection, both among the Israelites and Egyptians

The inner curtains of the tabernacle were ten in number, and each in length twenty-eight cubits, and four in breadth; about sixteen yards twelve inches long, and two yards twelve inches broad. The curtains were to be coupled together, five and five of a side, by fifty loops, Exo 26:5, and as many golden clasps, Exo 26:6, so that each might look like one curtain, and the whole make one entire covering, which was the first.

Clarke: Exo 26:7 - Curtains of goats’ hair Curtains of goats’ hair - Stuff made of goats’ hair. See Clarke’ s note on Exo 25:4. This was the second covering.

Curtains of goats’ hair - Stuff made of goats’ hair. See Clarke’ s note on Exo 25:4. This was the second covering.

Clarke: Exo 26:14 - Rams’ skins dyed red Rams’ skins dyed red - See Clarke’ s note on Exo 25:5. This was the third covering; and what is called the badgers’ skins was the f...

Rams’ skins dyed red - See Clarke’ s note on Exo 25:5. This was the third covering; and what is called the badgers’ skins was the fourth. See Clarke’ s note on Exo 25:5. Why there should have been four coverings does not appear. They might have been designed partly for respect; and partly to keep off dust and dirt, and the extremely fine sand which in that desert rises as it were on every breeze; and partly to keep off the intense heat of the sun, which would otherwise have destroyed the poles, bars, boards, and the whole of the wood work. As to the conjecture of some that "the four coverings were intended the better to keep off the rain,"it must appear unfounded to those who know that in that desert rain was rarely ever seen.

Clarke: Exo 26:15 - Thou shalt make boards Thou shalt make boards - These formed what might be called the walls of the tabernacle, and were made of shittim wood, the acacia Nilotica , which D...

Thou shalt make boards - These formed what might be called the walls of the tabernacle, and were made of shittim wood, the acacia Nilotica , which Dr. Shaw says grows here in abundance. To have worked the acacia into these boards or planks, the Israelites must have had sawyers, joiners, etc., among them; but how they got the tools is a question. But as the Israelites were the general workmen of Egypt, and were brought up to every kind of trade for the service of their oppressors, we may naturally suppose that every artificer brought off some of his tools with him. For though it is not at all likely that they had any armor or defensive weapons in their power, yet for the reason above assigned they must have had the implements which were requisite for their respective trades.

Clarke: Exo 26:16 - Ten cubits shall be the length of a board Ten cubits shall be the length of a board - Each of these boards or planks was about five yards and two feet and a half long, and thirty-two inches ...

Ten cubits shall be the length of a board - Each of these boards or planks was about five yards and two feet and a half long, and thirty-two inches broad; and as they are said to be standing up, this was the Height of the tabernacle. The length being thirty cubits, twenty boards, one cubit and a half broad each, make about seventeen yards and a half, and the Breadth was about five yards.

Clarke: Exo 26:29 - Thou shalt overlay the boards with gold Thou shalt overlay the boards with gold - It is not said how thick the gold was by which these boards, etc., were overlaid; it was no doubt done wit...

Thou shalt overlay the boards with gold - It is not said how thick the gold was by which these boards, etc., were overlaid; it was no doubt done with gold plates, but these must have been very thin, else the boards, etc., must have been insupportably heavy. The gold was probably something like our gold leaf, but not brought to so great a degree of tenuity.

Clarke: Exo 26:31 - Thou shalt make a veil Thou shalt make a veil - פרכת parocheth , from פרך parach , to break or rend; the inner veil of the tabernacle or temple, (2Ch 3:14), which...

Thou shalt make a veil - פרכת parocheth , from פרך parach , to break or rend; the inner veil of the tabernacle or temple, (2Ch 3:14), which broke, interrupted, or divided between the holy place and the most holy; the Holy Ghost this signifying, that the way into the holiest of all was not yet made manifest, while as the first tabernacle was standing. Compare Heb 9:8. The Septuagint constantly render it by καταπετασμα . Does not the Hebrew name פרכת parocheth moreover intimate the typical correspondence of this veil to the body or flesh of Christ? For this καταπετασμα or veil was his flesh, (Heb 10:20), which, being rent, affords us a new and living way into the holiest of all, i.e., into heaven itself. Compare Heb 10:19, Heb 10:20; Heb 9:24. And accordingly when his blessed body was rent upon the cross, this veil also ( το καταπετασμα του ἱερου ) εσχισθη, was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; Mat 27:51 - See Parkhurst, under the word פרך

The veil in the tabernacle was exceedingly costly; it was made of the same materials with the inner covering, blue, purple, scarlet, fine twined linen, embroidered with cherubim, etc. It served to divide the tabernacle into two parts: one, the outermost, called the holy place; the other, or innermost, called the holy of holies, or the most holy place. In this was deposited the ark of the covenant, and the other things that were laid up by way of memorial. Into this the high priest alone was permitted to enter, and that only once in the year, on the great day of atonement. It was in this inner place that Jehovah manifested himself between the cherubim. The Jews say that this veil was four fingers’ breadth in thickness, in order to prevent any person from seeing through it; but for this, as Calmet observes, there was no necessity, as there was no window or place for light in the tabernacle, and consequently the most simple veil would have been sufficient to obstruct the discovery of any thing behind it, which could only be discerned by the light that came in at the door, or by that afforded by the golden candlestick which stood on the outside of this veil.

Clarke: Exo 26:32 - Their hooks shall be of gold Their hooks shall be of gold - וויהם vaveyhem , which we translate their hooks, is rendered κεφαλιδες, capitals, by the Septuagint, ...

Their hooks shall be of gold - וויהם vaveyhem , which we translate their hooks, is rendered κεφαλιδες, capitals, by the Septuagint, and capita by the Vulgate. As the word וו vav or vau , plural ווים vavim , occurs only in this book, Exo 26:32, Exo 26:37; Exo 27:10, Exo 27:11, Exo 27:17; Exo 36:36, Exo 36:38; Exo 38:10, Exo 38:11, Exo 38:12, Exo 38:17, Exo 38:19, Exo 38:28; and is used in these places in reference to the same subject, it is very difficult to ascertain its precise meaning. Most commentators and lexicographers think that the ideal meaning of the word is to connect, attach, join to, hook; and that the letter ו vau has its name from its hooklike form, and its use as a particle in the Hebrew language, because it serves to connect the words and members of a sentence, and the sentences of a discourse together, and that therefore hook must be the obvious meaning of the word in all the above texts. Calmet thinks this reason of no weight, because the ו vau of the present Hebrew alphabet is widely dissimilar from the vau of the primitive Hebrew alphabet, as may be seen on the ancient shekels; on these the characters appear as in the word Jehovah, Exo 28:36. This form bears no resemblance to a hook; nor does the Samaritan vau , which appears to have been copied from this ancient character

Calmet therefore contends

1.    That if Moses does not mean the capitals of the pillars by the ווים eht vavim of the text, he mentions them nowhere; and it would be strange that while he describes the pillars, their sockets, bases, fillets, etc., etc., with so much exactness, as will appear on consulting the preceding places, that he should make no mention of the capitals; or that pillars, every way so correctly formed, should have been destitute of this very necessary ornament

2.    As Moses was commanded to make the hooks, ווים vavim , of the pillars and their fillets of silver, Exo 27:10, Exo 27:11, and the hooks, vavim , of the pillars of the veil of gold, Exo 36:36; and as one thousand seven hundred and seventy-five shekels were employed in making these hooks, vavim , overlaying their chapiters, ראשיהם rasheyhem , their heads, and filleting them, Exo 38:28; it is more reasonable to suppose that all this is spoken of the capitals of the pillars than of any kind of hooks, especially as hooks are mentioned under the word taches or clasps in other places. On the whole it appears much more reasonable to translate the original by capitals than by hooks

After this verse the Samaritan Pentateuch introduces the ten first verses of Exodus 30, and this appears to be their proper place. Those ten verses are not repeated in the thirtieth chapter in the Samaritan, the chapter beginning with the 11th verse.

Clarke: Exo 26:36 - A hanging for the door of the tent A hanging for the door of the tent - This may be called the first veil, as it occupied the door or entrance to the tabernacle; the veil that separat...

A hanging for the door of the tent - This may be called the first veil, as it occupied the door or entrance to the tabernacle; the veil that separated the holy place from the holy of holies is called the second veil, Heb 9:3. These two veils and the inner covering of the tabernacle were all of the same materials, and of the same workmanship. See Exo 27:16

1. For the meaning and design of the tabernacle see Clarke’ s note on Exo 25:40 : and while the reader is struck with the curious and costly nature of this building, as described by Moses, let him consider how pure and holy that Church should be of which it was a very expressive type; and what manner of person he should be in all holy conversation and godliness, who professes to be a member of that Church for which, it is written, Christ has given himself, that he might sanctify and cleanse it; that he might present it unto himself a glorious Church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish. See Eph 5:25-27

2. In the Jewish tabernacle almost every thing was placed out of the sight of the people. The holy of holies was inaccessible, the testimony was comparatively hidden, as were also the mercy-seat and the Divine glory. Under the Gospel all these things are laid open, the way to the holiest is made manifest, the veil is rent, and we have an entrance to the holiest by the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way, which he hath consecrated for us, through the veil, that is to say, his flesh; Heb 10:19, Heb 10:20. How abundantly has God brought life and immortality to light by the Gospel! The awful distance is abolished, the ministry of reconciliation is proclaimed, the kingdom of heaven is opened to all believers, and the Lord is in his holy temple. Sinner, weary of thyself and thy transgressions, fainting under the load of thy iniquities, look to Jesus; he died for thee, and will save thee. Believer, stand fast in the liberty wherewith God has made thee free, and be not entangled again in the yoke of bondage.

Calvin: Exo 26:1 - Moreover, thou shalt make the tabernacle 1.Moreover, thou shalt make the tabernacle In the whole construction of the tabernacle we must remember what we have already seen, that the Israelite...

1.Moreover, thou shalt make the tabernacle In the whole construction of the tabernacle we must remember what we have already seen, that the Israelites were instructed by external figures how precious a thing is the worship of God, and therefore that they must diligently beware lest it should be polluted by any meanness. For all this richness and magnificence of ornament was the very contrast to meanness. They were also reminded that, if they would be accounted pure worshippers of God, they must avoid all uncleanness, for the tabernacle was the type of the Church. Thus it is certain that by its external ornaments the excellency of spiritual gifts was designated. On this ground Isaiah, discoursing of the perfect glory of the Church as it would be under the reign of Christ, says,

"I will lay thy stones with fair colors, and lay thy foundations with sapphires; and I will make thy windows of agates, and thy gates of carbuncles, and all thy borders of pleasant stones,”
(Isa 54:11;)

by which words he plainly signifies that the Church would be adorned with heavenly beauty, since all kinds of graces shone forth in her But the chief excellency of her adornment must be referred to the instruction which renews us into the image of God. Thus David, when he celebrates the beauty of God’s house, assigns this honor chiefly to the exercises of faith and piety:

"One thing have I desired of the Lord,” he says, “that will I seek after, that I may dwell in the house of the Lord all the days of my life, to behold the beauty of the Lord, and to inquire in his temple.” (Psa 27:4.)

Was this that he might feed his eyes with empty pictures, with its costly materials, and with the exquisite workmanship of it? Assuredly he does not speak of gazing inquisitively at it, but thus alludes to its visible workmanship, that with the spiritual eyes of faith he may consider the glory more excellent than the whole world, which was there represented. Nor indeed did anything magnificent appear in the tabernacle to delight men’s eyes, but rather was all its richness and excellence covered up with goats’ hair and paltry leather, in order that believers beneath that hidden beauty might reflect on something higher than the carnal sense.

It will suffice to have given these general hints; I now descend to particulars, in which let not my readers expect of me any conceits which may gratify their ears, since nothing is better than to contain ourselves within the limits of edification; and it would be puerile to make a collection of the minutiae wherewith some philosophize; since it was by no means the intention of God to include mysteries in every hook and loop; and even although no part were without a mystical meaning, which no one in his senses will admit, it is better to confess our ignorance than to indulge ourselves in frivolous conjectures. Of this sobriety, too, the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews is a fit master for us, who, although he professedly shews the analogy between the shadows of the Law and the truth manifested in Christ, yet sparingly touches upon some main points, and by this moderation restrains us from too curious disquisitions and deep speculations. In the first place, curtains are made of twilled linen, and blue, purple, and scarlet, which, when coupled together, made an inclosure of forty cubits; for they were ten in number, and the breadth of each was four cubits. By “cunning work,” commentators are agreed that embroidery is meant, especially when God commands that cherubim should be made in them. But some translate the word cherubim by the general name of pictures, 140 which, although it is not grammatically incorrect, yet, since we have before seen that angels were designated by this word, it; is more probable that figures of angels were everywhere scattered over them; for, when the majesty of God is represented to the life by Dan 7:10, “ten thousand times ten thousand” are said to stand around His judgment-seat, Ridiculous is it of the Papists 141 to infer from hence that churches would be empty and unsightly unless they are adorned with images; for in order that the similitude should hold good, they must needs hide their images under a triple covering, lest the people should be able to see them; and then, how would they be “the books of the unlearned” ( idiotarum), as they call them? 142

Now, since the seraphim, of which Isaiah makes mention, (Isa 6:2,) signify the same as the cherubim, and are said “with twain of their wings to cover their faces, and with twain their feet,” their images must be veiled, in order to correspond with them. Besides, it is preposterous, as I have said, forcibly to transfer these rudiments, which God delivered only to His ancient; people, to the fullness of time, when the Church has grown up and has passed out of its childhood. But how far the Jews were from worshipping the cherubim, the heathen poets bear them witness; for Juvenal, speaking of them, said,

" Qui puras nubes, et coeli numen adorant;” 143

and God extorted these words from an impure and licentious man, that all might know that the Law of Moses lifted his disciples to things above. A threefold covering is then described, the inner one of goats’ hair, another of rams’ skins dyed red, and the outer one of badgers’ skins; a wooden frame is then added, to strengthen the tabernacle within by its firmness, since otherwise the curtains would have got out of place at the slightest motion. The boards were of shittim-wood, overlaid with gold, either only gilt or covered with gold plates; each of them was supported by two silver bases, 144 like feet, and they were joined together by bars, passed through rings of gold. In this space the whole tabernacle was contained, which then was distinguished into the outer sanctuary and the Holy of holies. Besides these there was the court in which the people were to stand, because it was not lawful for them to enter the sanctuary, to which the priests alone had access, and they only when clean. Thus David, after having exclaimed, “How amiable are thy tabernacles, O Lord of hosts,” immediately adds, “My soul longeth, yea, even fainteth for the courts of the Lord;” and again, “for a day in thy courts is better than a thousand,” (Psa 84:1;) and again, “Worship the Lord in his holy court.” 145 (Psa 29:2.) But on so plain a matter there is no need of the abundant proofs which he furnishes. The disposition of the tabernacle is said again, in Exo 26:30, to have been shewn in the mount, that the people should not rest their attention on the visible tabernacle, but with the understanding of faith should penetrate to heaven, and direct their minds to the spiritual pattern, the shadows and types of which they beheld. Neither here must we philosophize too curiously. The allegory will please the ears of many, that by the two bases are meant the Old and New Testament, or the two natures of Christ, because believers rest on these two supports. But with no less probability we might say, that two bases were placed beneath each of the boards; either because godliness hath the promise of this life and of that which is to come; or because we must resist on both sides the temptations which assail us from the right and from the left; or because faith must not limp nor turn to the right or left: thus there would be no bounds to trifling. They allegorically explain that the covering of the tabernacle was made of rams’ skins, 146 because the Church is protected by the blood of Christ, who is the spotless lamb; but I ask, what do the badgers’ skins, which were above, mean? Why was the covering of goats’ hair put below? Wherefore, sobriety is our best course.

Calvin: Exo 26:31 - And thou shalt make a vail 31.And thou shalt make a vail The inner shrine or recess was covered by one vail; the sanctuary was divided from the court by another. By both the pe...

31.And thou shalt make a vail The inner shrine or recess was covered by one vail; the sanctuary was divided from the court by another. By both the people were admonished how reverently God’s majesty must be regarded, and with what seriousness holy things are to be engaged in, so that they might not approach God’s presence without fear, nor boldly break in upon the mysteries of things sacred. But by the vail the obscurity of the shadows of the Law was principally denoted, that the Israelites might know that the time of full revelation had not yet come, but that the spiritual worship of God was as yet enshrouded in a vail; and thus might extend their faith to their promised Messiah, at whose coming the truth would be discovered and laid bare. Wherefore, when Christ rose again from the dead, “the vail of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom,” (Mat 27:51;) and an end was put to the ceremonies of the Law, because God then presented Himself in His living and express image, and the perfect reality of all the ceremonies was manifested. Now, therefore, in the light of the gospel, we behold “face to face,” what was then shewn afar off to the ancient people under coverings. (2Co 3:14.) Yet, although there is now no vail to prevent us from openly and familiarly looking upon Christ, let us learn from this figure that the manifestation of God in the flesh is a hidden and incomprehensible mystery. (1Ti 3:16.) It is not without reason that Christ Himself compares His body to the temple, because the fullness of the Godhead dwells in it. (Joh 2:19.) Let us then know assuredly that the Father is in the Son, and the Son in the Father, (Joh 17:21;) but if it be asked in what manner, this is ineffable, except that the eternal Son of God, who, before the creation of the world, possessed the same glory with the Father, (Joh 17:5,) that even He is now man, that “He might be the firstborn among many brethren.” (Rom 8:29.)

TSK: Exo 26:1 - the tabernacle with ten curtains // fine twined linen // cherubims // cunning work the tabernacle with ten curtains : The word mishcan , from shachan , to dwell, means simply a dwelling-place, or habitation. ""When God had broug...

the tabernacle with ten curtains : The word mishcan , from shachan , to dwell, means simply a dwelling-place, or habitation. ""When God had brought the children of Israel out of Egypt,""says the very learned Dr. Cudworth, ""resolving to manifest himself in a peculiar manner present among them, he thought good to dwell amongst them in a visible and external manner; and therefore, while they were in the wilderness, and sojourned in tents, he would have a tent or tabernacle built, to sojourn with them also. - Now, the tabernacle being thus a house for God to dwell in visibly, to make up the notion of dwelling or habitation complete, there must be all things suitable to a house belonging to it. Hence, in the holy place, there must be a table and a candlestick, because these were the ordinary furniture of a room. The table must have its dishes, and spoons, and bowls, and covers, belonging to it, though they were never used; and always be furnished with bread upon it. The candlestick must have its lamps continually burning, etc.""Exo 25:8, Exo 36:8-19, Exo 40:2, Exo 40:17-19; 1Ch 17:1, 1Ch 21:29; Joh 1:14, Joh 2:21; Heb 8:2; Heb 9:9, Heb 9:23, Heb 9:24; Rev 21:3

fine twined linen : Exo 26:36, Exo 25:4, Exo 35:6, Exo 35:35; Rev 19:8

cherubims : Exo 25:18

cunning work : Heb. the work of a cunning workman, or embroiderer

TSK: Exo 26:2 - curtain curtain : Exo 26:7, Exo 26:8; Num 4:25; 2Sa 7:2; 1Ch 17:1

TSK: Exo 26:3 - coupled together coupled together : Exo 26:9, Exo 36:10; Joh 17:21; 1Co 12:4, 12-27; Eph 2:21, Eph 2:22, Eph 4:3-6, Eph 4:16; Col 2:2, Col 2:19

TSK: Exo 26:4 - loops of blue loops of blue : Exo 26:5, Exo 26:10, Exo 26:11, Exo 36:11, Exo 36:12, Exo 36:17

TSK: Exo 26:6 - taches of gold // one tabernacle taches of gold : Exo 26:11, Exo 26:33, Exo 35:11, Exo 36:13, Exo 36:18, Exo 39:33 one tabernacle : Eph 1:22, Eph 1:23, Eph 4:16; 1Pe 2:4, 1Pe 2:5

TSK: Exo 26:7 - curtains // goats’ hair // a // eleven curtains : Exo 35:26, Exo 36:14-18; Num 4:25; Psa 45:13; 1Pe 3:4, 1Pe 5:5 goats’ hair : Izzim , goats, but used here elliptically for goats...

curtains : Exo 35:26, Exo 36:14-18; Num 4:25; Psa 45:13; 1Pe 3:4, 1Pe 5:5

goats’ hair : Izzim , goats, but used here elliptically for goats’ hair. In different parts of Asia Minor, Syria, Cilicia, and Phrygia, the goats have long, fine, and beautiful hair; in some cases, almost as fine as silk, which is shorn at proper times, and manufactured into garments. Exo 25:4, Exo 35:6, Exo 35:23; Num 31:20

a : Exo 26:14; Isa 4:5

eleven : Exo 26:1, Exo 26:9, Exo 26:12

TSK: Exo 26:8 - length of one curtain length of one curtain : Exo 26:2, Exo 26:13

length of one curtain : Exo 26:2, Exo 26:13

TSK: Exo 26:9 - five curtains by themselves five curtains by themselves : Exo 26:3

five curtains by themselves : Exo 26:3

TSK: Exo 26:10 - fifty loops fifty loops : Exo 26:4-6

fifty loops : Exo 26:4-6

TSK: Exo 26:11 - tent tent : or, covering, Exo 26:3, Exo 26:6

tent : or, covering, Exo 26:3, Exo 26:6

TSK: Exo 26:12 - shall hang over shall hang over : Exo 26:9

shall hang over : Exo 26:9

TSK: Exo 26:13 - a cubit // of that which remaineth a cubit : Exo 26:2, Exo 26:8 of that which remaineth : Heb. in the remainder or surplusage

a cubit : Exo 26:2, Exo 26:8

of that which remaineth : Heb. in the remainder or surplusage

TSK: Exo 26:14 - a covering // rams’ skins dyed red // badgers’ skins a covering : Exo 36:19; Num 4:5; Psa 27:5, Psa 121:4, Psa 121:5; Isa 4:6, Isa 25:4 rams’ skins dyed red : Oroth ailim meoddamim , literally,...

a covering : Exo 36:19; Num 4:5; Psa 27:5, Psa 121:4, Psa 121:5; Isa 4:6, Isa 25:4

rams’ skins dyed red : Oroth ailim meoddamim , literally, the skins of red rams. It is a fact, attested by many respectable travellers, that in the Levant, sheep are often met with having red or violet coloured fleeces. Almost all ancient writers speak of the same thing. Exo 25:5, Exo 35:7, Exo 35:23, Exo 39:34; Num 4:10; Eze 16:10

badgers’ skins : Oroth techashim , which nearly all the ancient versions have taken to be the name of a colour, though they differ very much with regard to the particular colour intended: the LXX, Vulgate, and Coptic, have skins dyed of a violet colour; the Syriac, azure; and the Arabic, black; and Bochart contends for the hysginus, a very deep blue. It may, however, denote an animal; for Dr. Geddes remarks, had the sacred writer meant to express only a variety of colour, he would hardly have repeated oroth , skins, after meoddamim , red, in Exo 25:5.

TSK: Exo 26:15 - boards // of shittim boards : Exo 26:18, Exo 26:22-29, Exo 36:20-33, Exo 40:17, Exo 40:18; Num 4:31, Num 4:32; Eph 2:20, Eph 2:21 of shittim : Exo 25:5

TSK: Exo 26:17 - tenons tenons : Heb. hands, Exo 26:19, Exo 36:22, Exo 36:24

tenons : Heb. hands, Exo 26:19, Exo 36:22, Exo 36:24

TSK: Exo 26:19 - forty sockets of silver forty sockets of silver : Exo 26:25, Exo 26:37, Exo 27:10, Exo 27:12-18, Exo 36:24-26, Exo 38:27, Exo 38:30, Exo 38:31, Exo 40:18; Num 3:36; Num 4:31,...

TSK: Exo 26:21 - two sockets under one board two sockets under one board : Exo 26:19

two sockets under one board : Exo 26:19

TSK: Exo 26:23 - corners corners : [Strong’ s H4742], Exo 36:28

corners : [Strong’ s H4742], Exo 36:28

TSK: Exo 26:24 - be coupled // and they shall be coupled together above be coupled : Heb. twined and they shall be coupled together above : Exo 36:29, Exo 36:30; Psa 133:1-3; 1Co 1:10, 1Co 3:16; 1Pe 2:5

be coupled : Heb. twined

and they shall be coupled together above : Exo 36:29, Exo 36:30; Psa 133:1-3; 1Co 1:10, 1Co 3:16; 1Pe 2:5

TSK: Exo 26:26 - bars of shittim wood bars of shittim wood : Exo 36:31-38; Num 3:36, Num 4:31; Rom 15:1; 1Co 9:19, 1Co 9:20; Gal 6:1, Gal 6:2; Eph 4:16; Col 2:19

TSK: Exo 26:28 - reach reach : lit, flee, 1Ch 12:15; Neh 13:28; Job 41:28; Pro 19:26

reach : lit, flee, 1Ch 12:15; Neh 13:28; Job 41:28; Pro 19:26

TSK: Exo 26:29 - overlay the boards with gold overlay the boards with gold : Exo 25:11, Exo 25:12

overlay the boards with gold : Exo 25:11, Exo 25:12

TSK: Exo 26:30 - rear up the tabernacle // according to the fashion rear up the tabernacle : Exo 40:2, Exo 40:17, Exo 40:18; Num 10:21; Jos 18:1; Heb 8:2 according to the fashion : Exo 25:9, Exo 25:40, Exo 27:8; Act 7:...

rear up the tabernacle : Exo 40:2, Exo 40:17, Exo 40:18; Num 10:21; Jos 18:1; Heb 8:2

according to the fashion : Exo 25:9, Exo 25:40, Exo 27:8; Act 7:44; Heb 8:5, Heb 9:23

TSK: Exo 26:31 - a veil of // blue // purple // scarlet // cunning work // cherubims shall it be made a veil of : Exo 36:35, Exo 40:3, Exo 40:21; Lev 16:2, Lev 16:15; 2Ch 3:14; Mat 27:51; Mar 15:38; Luk 23:45; Eph 2:14; Heb 9:3-8, Heb 10:20, Heb 10:21 ...

a veil of : Exo 36:35, Exo 40:3, Exo 40:21; Lev 16:2, Lev 16:15; 2Ch 3:14; Mat 27:51; Mar 15:38; Luk 23:45; Eph 2:14; Heb 9:3-8, Heb 10:20, Heb 10:21

blue : Exo 25:4, Exo 35:6, Exo 35:25, Exo 35:35, Exo 36:8

purple : Argaman , a very precious colour, extracted from the purpura , or murex , a species of shell-fish; and supposed to be the same with the costly and much celebrated Tyrian purple.

scarlet : Tolaâth ; properly the worm whence the scarlet colour was produced; which grew in a coccus, or excrescence, of a shrub of the ilex kind, like the cochineal worm in the Opuntia of America; which is arranged under the same genus as the Arabic Kermez , which also denotes this colour.

cunning work : Exo 26:1, Exo 28:15, Exo 38:23; 2Ch 2:7-13; Psa 137:5; Son 7:1

cherubims shall it be made : Exo 25:18

TSK: Exo 26:32 - pillars of shittim // their hooks shall be of gold pillars of shittim : Exo 26:37, Exo 36:38; Est 1:6 their hooks shall be of gold : The Hebrew waveyhem , which we translate their hooks, is rendered ...

pillars of shittim : Exo 26:37, Exo 36:38; Est 1:6

their hooks shall be of gold : The Hebrew waveyhem , which we translate their hooks, is rendered by the LXX κεφαλιδες , and by the Vulgate, capiata , capitals. Hence Calmet contends:

1.    That if Moses does not mean the capitals of the pillars by this word, he mentions them nowhere else; and it would seem strange, that while he describes them with so much exactness, that he should not mention the capitals; or that pillars every way so correctly formed, should have been destitute of this necessary ornament.

2.    As Moses was commanded to make the wavim of the pillars, and their fillets, of silver (Exo 27:10, Exo 27:11), and the wavim of the pillars of the vail of gold (Exo 36:36), and that 1,775 shekels were employed in making them, overlaying their chapiters , rasheyhem , their heads, and filleting them (Exo 38:28), it is more reasonable to suppose that all this is spoken of the capitals of pillars, than of any kind of hooks, especially as hooks are mentioned under the word taches or clasps. But as the root wavah seems to signify to connect (for yww, in Arabic, is to marry a wife), and as the letter ww, wav , if it has not its name from its hook-like form, is yet used as a connective particle, it would rather appear to denote hooks, which connected the curtains or vails to the pillars. The LXX also render it αγκυλαι , ""handles"", and κρικοι , ""rings""or ""clasps"".

TSK: Exo 26:33 - the taches // within the veil // the ark of the testimony // the holy place the taches : Exo 27:10, Exo 36:36 within the veil : Gen 9:4, Gen 9:5 the ark of the testimony : Exo 25:16, Exo 40:21 the holy place : Lev 16:2; 1Ki 8:...

the taches : Exo 27:10, Exo 36:36

within the veil : Gen 9:4, Gen 9:5

the ark of the testimony : Exo 25:16, Exo 40:21

the holy place : Lev 16:2; 1Ki 8:6, 1Ki 8:10; 2Ch 5:7-10; Heb 9:2, Heb 9:3

TSK: Exo 26:34 - put the mercy seat put the mercy seat : Exo 25:21, Exo 40:20; Heb 9:5

put the mercy seat : Exo 25:21, Exo 40:20; Heb 9:5

TSK: Exo 26:35 - the table // the candlestick the table : Exo 40:22; Heb 9:2, Heb 9:8, Heb 9:9 the candlestick : Exo 25:31-37, Exo 40:24

the table : Exo 40:22; Heb 9:2, Heb 9:8, Heb 9:9

the candlestick : Exo 25:31-37, Exo 40:24

TSK: Exo 26:36 - hanging // the tent // of blue hanging : This may be termed the first vail, as it occupied the door or entrance to the tabernacle; the vail that separated the Holy of Holies is call...

hanging : This may be termed the first vail, as it occupied the door or entrance to the tabernacle; the vail that separated the Holy of Holies is called the second vail, Heb 9:3. Mr. Morier ( Second Journey Through Persia , p. 251), describing the tent of a chief of the Eelauts, says, ""It was composed of a wooden frame of circular laths, which were fixed on the ground, and then covered over with large felts, that were fastened down by a cord, ornamented by tassels of various colours. A curtain, curiously worked by the women, with coarse needle-work of various colours, was suspended over the door. In the king of Persia’ s tents, magnificent perdahs , or hangings of needle-work, are suspended, as well as on the doors of the great mosques in Turkey; and these circumstances combined, will, perhaps, illustrate Exo 26:36.""Exo 36:37, Exo 40:28; Joh 10:9, Joh 14:6

the tent : Exo 35:11, Exo 39:33, Exo 40:29; Num 3:25, Num 9:15; 2Sa 7:6; Psa 78:60

of blue : Exo 26:31

TSK: Exo 26:37 - overlay them with gold overlay them with gold : Exo 36:38

overlay them with gold : Exo 36:38

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: Exo 26:1 - The tabernacle The tabernacle or tent ; a little house wherein the ark, table, and candlestick were to be placed. And scarlet i.e. with materials of these colour...

The tabernacle or tent ; a little house wherein the ark, table, and candlestick were to be placed. And scarlet i.e. with materials of these colours, to wit, wool, as may be gathered from hence, that it is opposed to linen. Compare Exo 25:4 . Of cunning work either woven, or rather wrought with needle, wherein is most skill and curiosity.

Poole: Exo 26:4 - Loops // From the selvage Loops together with the taches were for the joining the curtains together, as appears from Exo 26:11 , which way of conjunction was most convenient f...

Loops together with the taches were for the joining the curtains together, as appears from Exo 26:11 , which way of conjunction was most convenient for the often taking them down and setting them up.

From the selvage , or from , or in the extremity, or end , or edge , Heb. lip . In the coupling , i.e. in the place where the two curtains are coupled together. And likewise the second curtain is to be made exactly like the first.

Poole: Exo 26:5 - -- Ver. 5.

Ver. 5.

Poole: Exo 26:6 - -- The taches, or hooks or buttons , which were put into the loops to unite and fasten the curtains.

The taches, or hooks or buttons , which were put into the loops to unite and fasten the curtains.

Poole: Exo 26:7 - Of goats’ hair // To be a covering Of goats’ hair , spun, Exo 35:26 , and woven into a stuff, like our camlet. To be a covering ; to be put next above the curtains.

Of goats’ hair , spun, Exo 35:26 , and woven into a stuff, like our camlet.

To be a covering ; to be put next above the curtains.

Poole: Exo 26:9 - -- For the better security of the inward covering.

For the better security of the inward covering.

Poole: Exo 26:14 - -- To preserve the rest from the injury of the weather.

To preserve the rest from the injury of the weather.

Poole: Exo 26:17 - Two tenons Two tenons , Heb. hands , i.e. parts of the boards, so cut and framed that like hands they may take hold of and be fastened into the sockets, Exo 26:...

Two tenons , Heb. hands , i.e. parts of the boards, so cut and framed that like hands they may take hold of and be fastened into the sockets, Exo 26:19 .

Poole: Exo 26:19 - Forty sockets Forty sockets , or bases, or pedestals, or feet , upon which the boards stood, and to which they were fastened.

Forty sockets , or bases, or pedestals, or feet , upon which the boards stood, and to which they were fastened.

Poole: Exo 26:23 - -- Which were of another fashion than the former, as may be gathered both from the distinct nomination and use of them, and from the laws of building. ...

Which were of another fashion than the former, as may be gathered both from the distinct nomination and use of them, and from the laws of building. And whereas the rest were but single boards, these were double, for greater strength and conveniency of joining them together.

Poole: Exo 26:24 - Coupled together // Unto one ring Coupled together , Heb. as twins , i.e. equal and equally joined together, and exactly answering one to the other. Unto one ring , which ring was ex...

Coupled together , Heb. as twins , i.e. equal and equally joined together, and exactly answering one to the other.

Unto one ring , which ring was exactly in the corner, and with the help of the bars kept the corner boards, and with them the other boards of the tabernacle, close together. But you must note, that here were two rings in each corner, the one in the upper, the other in the lower parts.

Poole: Exo 26:26 - Object // Answ By bars you may understand either, 1. Several rows or orders of bars, one bar beginning at the end of the other, and each containing four cubits i...

By bars you may understand either,

1. Several rows or orders of bars, one bar beginning at the end of the other, and each containing four cubits in length, and altogether twenty cubits, which was the length of the tabernacle; or,

2. Single bars, which seem truer,

1. Because the word signifies bars , not rows of bars ; and why should we go from the proper signification of the word without cause?

2. If bars be put for rows of bars, there must be five rows of bars on a side, there being so many bars said to be on a side. But the abettors of that opinion allow only four rows of bars on a side; and it is apparent the middle bar, which is one of the five, is but one single bar, Exo 26:28 , and therefore it may be presumed the rest were so too.

3. The name of the middle bar implies, that of the other four bars, two were above it, and two below it.

Object . But if they were each single bars, reaching the whole length of the building, why is it said peculiarly of the middle bar, that it should reach from end to end , or from extremity to extremity ? Exo 26:28 .

Answ . This may be peculiarly said of this, either because the other four might want something of the just length of the building, or because the middle bar might stand out beyond the two ends of it, for conveniency of the carriage of the building.

Poole: Exo 26:27 - westward There was but one side westward. Either therefore here is a transposition of the Hebrew words, which is usual, and the words are thus to be placed a...

There was but one side westward. Either therefore here is a transposition of the Hebrew words, which is usual, and the words are thus to be placed and rendered,

westward , looking to both sides , or, westward , according to both the other sides , now mentioned, to note that the number and length of bars in the west end should be equal to those on either of the other sides; or here is an enallage of the number, the dual or plural for the singular, of which there are many examples, and so the words are to be rendered, for the side looking westward .

Poole: Exo 26:28 - In the midst of the boards In the midst of the boards ; not within the thickness of the boards, as the Jews conceive, but in the length of them; as appears, 1. Because this bar...

In the midst of the boards ; not within the thickness of the boards, as the Jews conceive, but in the length of them; as appears,

1. Because this bar, as well as the rest, was gilded, Exo 26:29 , which was frivolous if it were never seen

2. Because all the bars had rings made to receive and hold them up, Exo 26:29 .

Poole: Exo 26:30 - -- Either by visible representation to his eye, or rather by mental vision or impression of it upon his imagination.

Either by visible representation to his eye, or rather by mental vision or impression of it upon his imagination.

Poole: Exo 26:31 - Thou shalt make a veil Thou shalt make a veil , which was thick and strong that none could see through it, called the second veil , Heb 9:3 , whereby the holy of holies, wh...

Thou shalt make a veil , which was thick and strong that none could see through it, called the second veil , Heb 9:3 , whereby the holy of holies, which represented the highest heaven, was divided from the holy place, where the church militant, or its representatives, met and served God, Exo 26:33 . For the signification of this veil, see Luk 23:45 Heb 9:8,24 10:19,20 .

Poole: Exo 26:32 - The hooks The hooks were fastened to the tops of the pillars, as the veil was fastened to them.

The hooks were fastened to the tops of the pillars, as the veil was fastened to them.

Poole: Exo 26:33 - Under the taches Under the taches , or, in the place (as the Hebrew tacheth oft signifies) of the taches, to wit, where the two curtains are joined together by tac...

Under the taches , or, in the place (as the Hebrew tacheth oft signifies) of the taches, to wit, where the two curtains are joined together by taches, Exo 26:6 .

Poole: Exo 26:36 - For the door of the tent For the door of the tent , i.e. of the holy place, where it was divided from the court of the people.

For the door of the tent , i.e. of the holy place, where it was divided from the court of the people.

Haydock: Exo 26:1 - Twisted // Diversified Twisted, for greater strength, with double threads. (Du Hamel) --- Diversified, &c. Hebrew, "cherubim wrought by a skilful workman." A cherubic ...

Twisted, for greater strength, with double threads. (Du Hamel) ---

Diversified, &c. Hebrew, "cherubim wrought by a skilful workman." A cherubic work is one extremely diversified, and wonderful; representing birds, flowers, monsters; either in gold, wood, painting, or tapestry. When it is done with a needle, it is styled rokom, "feathers," ( plumarium opus. ) But when the variety of colours is done with the loom, being more ingenious, the Hebrew call it essob "of an inventor." Such were these curtains.

Haydock: Exo 26:3 - Five curtains Five curtains, which would cover half the tabernacle, or 20 cubits. (Calmet) --- Being joined together, they remind us of fraternal charity and u...

Five curtains, which would cover half the tabernacle, or 20 cubits. (Calmet) ---

Being joined together, they remind us of fraternal charity and union; which ought to adorn the members of the church. (Worthington)

Haydock: Exo 26:6 - Rings Rings. Hooks or taches, ver. 11.

Rings. Hooks or taches, ver. 11.

Haydock: Exo 26:13 - A cubit A cubit. As these curtains were two cubits longer, and four broader, than those more precious ones below, they hung down to the ground. Josephus, [...

A cubit. As these curtains were two cubits longer, and four broader, than those more precious ones below, they hung down to the ground. Josephus, [Antiquities?] iii. 5.

Haydock: Exo 26:14 - Skins Skins. These two were probably as large as the last, to keep out rain; (Menochius) though the text only specifies the roof.

Skins. These two were probably as large as the last, to keep out rain; (Menochius) though the text only specifies the roof.

Haydock: Exo 26:17 - Mortises Mortises, (incastraturæ). Hebrew, "tenons," which corresponded with the former. (Calmet)

Mortises, (incastraturæ). Hebrew, "tenons," which corresponded with the former. (Calmet)

Haydock: Exo 26:19 - Corners Corners. Hebrew tenons, literally, "hands," which has the same meaning as the Vulgate. Some think, the sockets or bases rested on the ground, and...

Corners. Hebrew tenons, literally, "hands," which has the same meaning as the Vulgate. Some think, the sockets or bases rested on the ground, and had a point which entered into the boards, to keep them in their places. (Lyranus) ---

The ornaments on the north and south were the same. (Calmet)

Haydock: Exo 26:22 - Six Six, at the western end, with two other strong boards, or pillars, to connect the whole, as they were placed at the two corners, and were half a cubi...

Six, at the western end, with two other strong boards, or pillars, to connect the whole, as they were placed at the two corners, and were half a cubit each. (Menochius)

Haydock: Exo 26:26 - Bars Bars, 30 cubits long, on two sides, and ten on the western end, to fasten the boards.

Bars, 30 cubits long, on two sides, and ten on the western end, to fasten the boards.

Haydock: Exo 26:31 - A veil A veil, to hang before the entrance of the tabernacle, at the east side, which had no boards. Within was the ark, ver. 33. (Haydock)

A veil, to hang before the entrance of the tabernacle, at the east side, which had no boards. Within was the ark, ver. 33. (Haydock)

Haydock: Exo 26:32 - Heads Heads. Chaptrels of setim-wood, overlaid with gold, --- ( Vovim ), not little hooks for curtains. (Calmet)

Heads. Chaptrels of setim-wood, overlaid with gold, ---

( Vovim ), not little hooks for curtains. (Calmet)

Haydock: Exo 26:33 - The sanctuary The sanctuary, &c. That part of the tabernacle, which was without the veil, into which the priests daily entered, is here called the sanctuary, or...

The sanctuary, &c. That part of the tabernacle, which was without the veil, into which the priests daily entered, is here called the sanctuary, or holy place; that part which was within the veil, into which no one but the high priest ever went in, and he but once a year, is called the holy of holies, (literally, the sanctuaries of the sanctuary, ) as being the most holy of all holy places. (Challoner) ---

It occupied only one-third of the tabernacle. (Menochius)

Haydock: Exo 26:36 - Hanging Hanging, or veil, suspended on five pillars, before the sanctuary. (Haydock) --- It was the other veil, which was rent at the death of Christ. Bar...

Hanging, or veil, suspended on five pillars, before the sanctuary. (Haydock) ---

It was the other veil, which was rent at the death of Christ. Baronius observes, that Christian temples were formerly built in imitation of the Jewish tabernacle. It was a figure of the Catholic church, 1 Timothy iii. 15.

Gill: Exo 26:1 - Moreover, thou shalt make the tabernacle // with ten curtains of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet // with cherubim of cunning work shall thou make them Moreover, thou shalt make the tabernacle,.... Which he was ordered to make before, the pattern of which was shown him in the mount: this was an habita...

Moreover, thou shalt make the tabernacle,.... Which he was ordered to make before, the pattern of which was shown him in the mount: this was an habitation for God to dwell in, as the word properly signifies, and into which the furniture before described was to be put; this tabernacle was a type both of the human nature of Christ, which is the true tabernacle which God pitched, and not man, the greater and more perfect one, Heb 8:2 in which the fulness of the Godhead dwells bodily, where the glory of God is seen, in whom he grants his gracious presence to his people, and accepts of them and their sacrifices of prayer and praise; and also of the church of God, Psa 43:3. Here Jehovah dwells, grants his presence to his people, and comes and blesses them; here he is worshipped, and spiritual sacrifices are offered up to him with acceptance: the tabernacle of Moses was made

with ten curtains of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet; the ground of these curtains was fine linen, twined or doubled: and the Jewish writers, as Maimonides, Ben Gersom, and others, say it was six times doubled, the word "Shesh", here used, signifying six; and this was interwoven with threads of yarn dyed blue, purple, and scarlet; according to Jarchi, the threads of which this tapestry was made were twenty four times doubled: he observes,"there were four sorts in every thread, one thread of fine linen, and three of wool, and every thread was doubled six times; lo, the four sorts, when they were twined together, there were twenty four double to a thread;''which if so, must make a stuff of a very great consistence and stiffness. This, as applied to the human nature of Christ, the fine linen may denote the purity of it; the various colours the different graces of the Spirit, with which it is adorned; or else the wounds, bruises, bloodshed, sufferings and death he endured in it: as applied to the church, may signify the clothing of the saints with the righteousness of Christ, that fine linen clean and white, and their being washed in his precious blood, and beautified with the graces of his Spirit:

with cherubim of cunning work shall thou make them; that is, with figures like those of the cherubim on the mercy seat, so disposed by the curious art and contrivance of the weaver, as to appear on both sides of this tapestry; for this was not wrought by a needle, which only shows the figure on one side, but by weaving, as Jarchi observes; and who says, that there was one figure on one side, and another on another; as, for instance, a lion on one side, and an eagle on the other; or, which is more likely, the same figure was seen on both sides, as Maimonides affirms, who says e, the work called Chosheb (which is what is here spoken of) is that whose figures appear on both sides, before and behind: this in the mystical sense may point either to the ministration of angels to Christ in his human nature, and to his people the heirs of salvation; or else to the service of Gospel ministers, done for the honour and glory of Christ, and the good of his church and people: Josephus f thinks these curtains had a mystical meaning in them, and represent the nature of the elements, and so Philo g.

Gill: Exo 26:2 - The length of one curtain shall be twenty eight cubits // and the breadth of one curtain four cubits // and everyone of the curtains shall have one measure The length of one curtain shall be twenty eight cubits,.... Or fourteen yards: and the breadth of one curtain four cubits; or two yards; according ...

The length of one curtain shall be twenty eight cubits,.... Or fourteen yards:

and the breadth of one curtain four cubits; or two yards; according to the common notion of a cubit being half a yard; but if, as Dr. Cumberland says, the Jewish and Egyptian cubit was three inches longer, this will make a considerable difference in the length and breadth of those curtains, especially in the former:

and everyone of the curtains shall have one measure; be of equal length and breadth.

Gill: Exo 26:3 - The five curtains shall be coupled together one to another // and other five curtains shall be coupled one to another The five curtains shall be coupled together one to another,.... Five of the ten curtains were to be sewed together, and make as it were one curtain: ...

The five curtains shall be coupled together one to another,.... Five of the ten curtains were to be sewed together, and make as it were one curtain:

and other five curtains shall be coupled one to another: the other five were to be joined together in like manner, and so made two large pieces of tapestry of fourteen yards long and ten broad, according to the common account of a cubit, but were much longer and broader.

Gill: Exo 26:4 - And thou shall make loops of blue upon the edge of the one curtain // from the selvedge in the coupling // and likewise shall thou make in the uppermost edge of another curtain, in the coupling of the second And thou shall make loops of blue upon the edge of the one curtain,.... The first large curtain, consisting of five sewed together, at the edge of tha...

And thou shall make loops of blue upon the edge of the one curtain,.... The first large curtain, consisting of five sewed together, at the edge of that:

from the selvedge in the coupling; where it was to be coupled with the other great curtain; "loops" or "eyelet holes" h, were to be made: these were not wove with the curtains, for they were not to be upon all of them, only at the two outermost of the largest ones, and therefore were made afterwards, probably with the needle:

and likewise shall thou make in the uppermost edge of another curtain, in the coupling of the second; loops also were to be made on the outermost edge of another curtain belonging to the second great curtain, where it was to be coupled with the first.

Gill: Exo 26:5 - Fifty loops shalt thou make in the one curtain // and fifty loops shalt thou make in the edge of the curtain that is in the coupling of the second // that the loops may take hold one of another Fifty loops shalt thou make in the one curtain,.... In the first great curtain, or in the outermost of the five that were sewed together: and fifty...

Fifty loops shalt thou make in the one curtain,.... In the first great curtain, or in the outermost of the five that were sewed together:

and fifty loops shalt thou make in the edge of the curtain that is in the coupling of the second; as many also were to be made in the outermost of the second great curtain where it was to be coupled with the first:

that the loops may take hold one of another; or rather that they might answer to one another in both curtains; for the loops could not take hold of one another, only were made to meet together by the taches, hooks, or clasps put into them, next mentioned.

Gill: Exo 26:6 - And thou shalt make fifty taches of gold // and couple the curtains together with the taches And thou shalt make fifty taches of gold,.... Which some render "buttons" i, others "hooks" k they seem to be "clasps"; the use of them follows: an...

And thou shalt make fifty taches of gold,.... Which some render "buttons" i, others "hooks" k they seem to be "clasps"; the use of them follows:

and couple the curtains together with the taches; the two great curtains were made out of the ten, which had in them fifty

Gill: Exo 26:7 - And thou shalt make curtains of goats' hair // to be a covering upon the tabernacle // eleven curtains shalt thou make And thou shalt make curtains of goats' hair,.... Jarchi calls it the flower or down of goats, the softer and finer part of their hair, which was spun ...

And thou shalt make curtains of goats' hair,.... Jarchi calls it the flower or down of goats, the softer and finer part of their hair, which was spun by women, as appears from Exo 35:26, and was made up into a stuff somewhat like our camelot; these curtains were coarser than the former, and were made to be put over them, to preserve them from the weather, as it follows:

to be a covering upon the tabernacle: which, by the curtains of linen coupled together, became one tabernacle, as in the preceding verse: and these curtains were to be a tent or covering over them: they were somewhat like, being made of the same matter, with the coverings with which the ancient Arabs covered their tents, which were made of goats' hair, as were the tents of Kedar alluded to in Son 1:5, these curtains of goats' hair denote the outward appearance of Christ in human nature, who, attended with all human infirmities, excepting sin, was in the form of a servant, in great meanness and poverty, covered with reproach, and had in the greatest contempt, and especially at the time of his sufferings and death; though all rich and glorious within, full of grace, and of all the blessings of grace, of righteousness and life, of light, joy, peace, and comfort for his people; and may also denote the mean appearance of the church and people of God outwardly; being, generally speaking, a poor and an afflicted people, subject to the scorn, reproach, and persecutions of men, but all glorious within, enriched with the grace of God and righteousness of Christ; and so, in one respect, like these curtains of goats' hair, and, in another respect, like the curtains of fine linen:

eleven curtains shalt thou make; one more than the other; the reason of which was, that there might be one at the entrance of the tabernacle, there being no linen curtain there, see Exo 26:9.

Gill: Exo 26:8 - The length of one curtain shall be thirty cubits, and the breadth of one curtain four cubits // and the eleven curtains shall be all of one measure The length of one curtain shall be thirty cubits, and the breadth of one curtain four cubits,.... The breadth of them is the same with the linen curta...

The length of one curtain shall be thirty cubits, and the breadth of one curtain four cubits,.... The breadth of them is the same with the linen curtains, but the length of them two cubits more; the reason of which was, that they might hang down lower on either side, and the better preserve them from any injury:

and the eleven curtains shall be all of one measure; as to length and breadth.

Gill: Exo 26:9 - And thou shall couple five curtains by themselves // and six curtains by themselves // and shall double the sixth curtain in the forefront of the tabernacle And thou shall couple five curtains by themselves,.... And make one large curtain of them, as was ordered with respect to the linen curtains: and s...

And thou shall couple five curtains by themselves,.... And make one large curtain of them, as was ordered with respect to the linen curtains:

and six curtains by themselves; as there were eleven of them, such a division was made of five into one large curtain, and six into another; and as that which had six in it would reach further than the other, provision is made for the disposal and use of that as follows:

and shall double the sixth curtain in the forefront of the tabernacle; at the entrance of it, in the east end of it; the sixth curtain reaching to that, and hanging down, was turned up, and so doubled, opposite the door or entrance; and was, as Jarchi says, like a modest bride that covers her face with a vail, which before this had no covering; for thus it was, as Dr. Lightfoot m describes it, the holy place was ten yards long, and the five curtains sewed together were just so broad, and so they covered only the top and the sides, but hung not down at the end, which was eastward--but the six (goat hair curtains) that lay east reached to the end, covered the pillars whereon that vail hung, and they hung half a curtain's breadth or a yard over the entrance.

Gill: Exo 26:10 - And thou shalt make fifty loops on the edge of the one curtain, that is outmost in the coupling And thou shalt make fifty loops on the edge of the one curtain, that is outmost in the coupling,.... Just in like manner, and in the same place where ...

And thou shalt make fifty loops on the edge of the one curtain, that is outmost in the coupling,.... Just in like manner, and in the same place where they were ordered to be put on the linen curtains, only these are not said to be of blue, but perhaps were wrought with goats hair: and fifty loops in the edge of the curtain which coupleth the second; these loops were set on each of the curtains where the two large pieces were to be coupled together.

Gill: Exo 26:11 - And thou shalt make fifty taches of brass And thou shalt make fifty taches of brass,.... As these curtains were coarser, and also the loops, so the taches, hooks, or clasps, were made of meane...

And thou shalt make fifty taches of brass,.... As these curtains were coarser, and also the loops, so the taches, hooks, or clasps, were made of meaner metal, but answered the purpose of joining and coupling together full as well: and put the taches into the loops; one end of the hook or clasp into the loop on one of the curtains, and the other end of the hook or clasp into the loop on the other curtain answering to it: and couple the tent together, that it may be one; that the tent or covering over the tabernacle might be one, as the tabernacle by the like means was, Exo 26:6.

Gill: Exo 26:12 - And the remnant that remaineth of the curtains of the tent // the half curtain that remaineth // shall hang over the backside of the tabernacle And the remnant that remaineth of the curtains of the tent,.... Of the goat hair curtains, which were one more than the linen curtains: the half cu...

And the remnant that remaineth of the curtains of the tent,.... Of the goat hair curtains, which were one more than the linen curtains:

the half curtain that remaineth; for the other half extended to the east end of it, at the entrance of the tabernacle, and hung down and was doubled there, and the other that remained is here disposed of:

shall hang over the backside of the tabernacle; the west end of it, where was the holy of holies; or rather, as Dr. Lightfoot n describes it, thus, it was when those curtains (of goats' hair) were laid upon the other over the tabernacle; they were not laid as these brazen loops (clasps it should be) did light just upon the golden ones over the vail, but three quarters of a yard more westward, so that the five curtains that went west did reach to the ground and half a curtain to spare, Exo 26:12 the other six that lay east reached to the end, covered the pillars whereon that vail hung, and they hung half a curtain's breadth or a yard over the entrance.

Gill: Exo 26:13 - And a cubit on the one side, and a cubit on the other side o that which remaineth in the length of the curtains of the tent // it shall hang over the sides of the tabernacle // and on that side, to cover it And a cubit on the one side, and a cubit on the other side o that which remaineth in the length of the curtains of the tent,.... The curtains of the t...

And a cubit on the one side, and a cubit on the other side o that which remaineth in the length of the curtains of the tent,.... The curtains of the tent, or the goat hair curtains, were two cubits longer than the other, and these are the two cubits, one on one side and the other on the other, which remained, and by which they were longer than the linen curtains:

it shall hang over the sides of the tabernacle; the north and south sides: on this side:

and on that side, to cover it; and as the above learned doctor observes o, their length of fifteen yards reached half a yard lower on either side than the other curtains did, and yet they came not to the ground by a quarter of a yard; so that the silver foundations (of which afterwards) were always plain to be seen everywhere but at the west end.

Gill: Exo 26:14 - And thou shalt make a covering for the tent of rams' skins dyed red // and a covering above of badgers' skins And thou shalt make a covering for the tent of rams' skins dyed red,.... This was a covering that was put over the curtains of goats' skin; but whethe...

And thou shalt make a covering for the tent of rams' skins dyed red,.... This was a covering that was put over the curtains of goats' skin; but whether it went all over them, or only upon the roof of the tabernacle they covered, to keep out the rains from soaking through, is not certain, nor very evident; Jarchi thinks the roof was only covered with this covering of rams' skins; but others think it more reasonable that the whole was covered with them to preserve from dust and rain:

and a covering above of badgers' skins; of these skins See Gill on Exo 25:5, this was a fourth covering of the tabernacle; the first was of linen curtains, the second of goats' hair, the third of rams' skins, and the fourth of badgers' skins, which seems to have been thicker and courser, since shoes were made of them, Eze 16:10, R. Judah, as quoted by Jarchi, thinks the two last were but one covering, half of it consisting of rams' skins and half of it of badgers' skins; but the text is express that the latter was a covering above and over the former: these several coverings of the tabernacle show the care that God takes of his church and people, and how sufficiently they are provided for, that they may be in safety from all their enemies, being clothed with Christ's righteousness, and under the purple covering of his blood, and surrounded by his almighty power, see Isa 4:5.

Gill: Exo 26:15 - And thou shalt make the boards for the tabernacle // of shittim wood standing up And thou shalt make the boards for the tabernacle,.... Which were the pillars and supports, and properly the walls of it, which gave it its firmness a...

And thou shalt make the boards for the tabernacle,.... Which were the pillars and supports, and properly the walls of it, which gave it its firmness and security, or otherwise the curtains would have been blown about by every wind: they were to be made

of shittim wood standing up; just as they grew, as a Jewish writer observes p; these planks or boards were not to be laid along the lengthways of them, but to be set upright; and may denote such who are pillars in the house of God, and are to be upright both in heart and conversation, both ministers and private members; and indeed the church itself is the pillar and ground of truth, Gal 2:9.

Gill: Exo 26:16 - Ten cubits shall be the length of a board // and a cubit and a half shall be the breadth of one board Ten cubits shall be the length of a board,.... Or five yards, according to the common cubit: and a cubit and a half shall be the breadth of one boa...

Ten cubits shall be the length of a board,.... Or five yards, according to the common cubit:

and a cubit and a half shall be the breadth of one board; or three quarters of a yard; and from hence we may learn what were the height and the length of the tabernacle; according to the common computation of a cubit, it was but five yards high and fifteen long, since there were but twenty boards on each side, Exo 26:18, but if three inches are added to each cubit, it will make its measures considerably larger: Josephus q says the boards were four fingers thick: according to Bishop Cumberland the boards of the tabernacle, containing fifteen Jewish square cubits, were very near fifty English square feet in their length and breadth.

Gill: Exo 26:17 - Two tenons shall there be on one board // set in order one against another // thus shalt thou make for all the boards of the tabernacle Two tenons shall there be on one board,.... Every board was to be so cut and shaped at the lower end of it, as to have, as it were, "two hands" r, as ...

Two tenons shall there be on one board,.... Every board was to be so cut and shaped at the lower end of it, as to have, as it were, "two hands" r, as in the original, to enter into, lay hold on, and fasten in mortises:

set in order one against another; at a proper distance from each other, as the rounds of a ladder:

thus shalt thou make for all the boards of the tabernacle; everyone was to have two tenons.

Gill: Exo 26:18 - And thou shalt make the boards for the tabernacle // twenty boards on the south side southward And thou shalt make the boards for the tabernacle,.... As in the manner before described, so in number as follows: twenty boards on the south side ...

And thou shalt make the boards for the tabernacle,.... As in the manner before described, so in number as follows:

twenty boards on the south side southward; which being a cubit and a half broad, made the length of the tabernacle fifteen yards according to the common account; but if these were cubits of twenty one inches, then its length was much greater.

Gill: Exo 26:19 - And thou shall make forty sockets of silver under the twenty boards // two sockets under one board for his two tenons, and two sockets under another board for his two tenons And thou shall make forty sockets of silver under the twenty boards,.... Or bases s, and which were properly the foundation of the tabernacle, on whic...

And thou shall make forty sockets of silver under the twenty boards,.... Or bases s, and which were properly the foundation of the tabernacle, on which it was settled and established; these sockets were the mortises for the two tenons of each board or plank to be placed in, and were as broad as the plank, and, joining each other, made one entire basis for the whole structure; each socket contained a talent of silver, and was made of the silver given at the numbering of the people, Exo 38:25, and a talent of silver, according to Bishop Cumberland, amounted to three hundred and fifty three pounds, eleven shillings and some odd pence of our money: by which may be judged the whole value of this silver foundation, which, with the four sockets of the vail, consisted of one hundred of them, which answer to the one hundred talents of silver collected at the above offering:

two sockets under one board for his two tenons, and two sockets under another board for his two tenons; and so in all the twenty boards, which took up the whole forty on the south side.

Gill: Exo 26:20 - And for the second side of the tabernacle the north side // there shall be twenty boards And for the second side of the tabernacle the north side,.... The direction of the tabernacle was east and west; at the east end was the entrance into...

And for the second side of the tabernacle the north side,.... The direction of the tabernacle was east and west; at the east end was the entrance into the holy place, and at the west end the holy of holies; and the two sides were north and south; and as on the south side, so on the north

there shall be twenty boards: just the same number as the laws of building required.

Gill: Exo 26:21 - And their forty sockets of silver And their forty sockets of silver,.... answerable to the twenty boards, for their two tenons to be placed in as in mortises: two sockets under one boa...

And their forty sockets of silver,.... answerable to the twenty boards, for their two tenons to be placed in as in mortises: two sockets under one board, and two sockets under another board; and so under all the boards on the north side as on the south.

Gill: Exo 26:22 - And for the sides of the tabernacle // westward thou shalt make six boards And for the sides of the tabernacle,.... Or the ends of it, the east and west, and the account begins with the west: westward thou shalt make six b...

And for the sides of the tabernacle,.... Or the ends of it, the east and west, and the account begins with the west:

westward thou shalt make six boards; so that the breadth of the tabernacle was but nine cubits, or four yards and a half, according to a common cubit; but two boards more placed at the two corners of the sides, next observed, added to the breadth of it.

Gill: Exo 26:23 - And two boards shalt thou make for the corners of the tabernacle in the two sides. And two boards shalt thou make for the corners of the tabernacle in the two sides. For the northwest and southwest corners, in the north and south sid...

And two boards shalt thou make for the corners of the tabernacle in the two sides. For the northwest and southwest corners, in the north and south sides; concerning which Dr. Lightfoot thus writes t: and the west end had six planks entire, besides a plank at either corner, joining end and sides together; these corner planks were of the same breadth that all the others were, and, thus set, the middle of the breadth of the one plank was laid close to the end of the south side, or to that plank that was furthest west; so that a quarter of a yard of the breadth of the corner plank was inward, to make up the tabernacle breadth, a quarter was taken up with the thickness of the side plank to which it joined, and a quarter lay outward: thus at the southwest, just so was it at the northwest corner: then count; the two corner planks were inward a quarter of a yard apiece, and the six planks that stood between them of three quarters apiece, behold five yards, just the breadth of the house between wall and wall: these corners knit end and side together, and were the strength of the building; as, adds he,"Christ is of his church, making Jews and Gentiles one spiritual temple.''

Gill: Exo 26:24 - And they shall be coupled together beneath // and they shall be coupled together above the head of it unto one ring // thus shall it be for them both, they shall be for the two corners And they shall be coupled together beneath,.... At the bottom of the boards or planks: and they shall be coupled together above the head of it unto...

And they shall be coupled together beneath,.... At the bottom of the boards or planks:

and they shall be coupled together above the head of it unto one ring at the top of the boards there was a ring, to which they were coupled and fastened, and so at the bottom of them, though not expressed: some understand this of all the planks, both at the two sides and at the west end; but it seems rather to respect only the corner planks, since it follows:

thus shall it be for them both, they shall be for the two corners; which were coupled and joined alike at each corner as if they were twins, as the word used signifies; or the meaning is, that these were double boards, and so like twins, which were so closely put together that they seemed but one board; which was done that the corners might be thicker and stronger, and so for the greater firmness of the building.

Gill: Exo 26:25 - And they shall be eight boards // and their sockets of silver, sixteen sockets // two sockets under one board, and two sockets under another board And they shall be eight boards,.... Six at the west end and one at each corner, northwest and southwest: and their sockets of silver, sixteen socke...

And they shall be eight boards,.... Six at the west end and one at each corner, northwest and southwest:

and their sockets of silver, sixteen sockets the same as those for the boards on both sides north and south: they were of the same metal, silver; and they were two under one board, to receive its two tenons as follows:

two sockets under one board, and two sockets under another board; and so under all eight, and which sockets joining with those of the two sides, and in all made ninety six, were the basis and foundation of the tabernacle, and was a figure of Christ, the only foundation of his church and people; and the several tenons of the boards joined into those sockets of silver may denote the union of the members of Christ and ministers of his word to him, and their dependence on him.

Gill: Exo 26:26 - And thou shalt make bars of shittim wood // five for the boards of the one side of the tabernacle And thou shalt make bars of shittim wood, Which being put into rings or staples of gold, kept the boards tight, close, and firm together: five for...

And thou shalt make bars of shittim wood, Which being put into rings or staples of gold, kept the boards tight, close, and firm together:

five for the boards of the one side of the tabernacle: for instance, the south side; four of these were placed, two at the upper end of the boards, and two at the lower end, and the fifth in the middle, particularly taken notice of, Exo 26:28, how long these bars were it is not said, but it is reasonable to conclude that they reached the length of the tabernacle, which was thirty cubits; and as it was not easy to get bars of such a length, the notion of Josephus u perhaps, may be right, that each two consisted of divers parts which joined one another, the head of one entering into the hollow of the other and as he supposes they were five cubits long, a row of them must have six parts, which went along the sides, north and south, and the west end two, which was but ten cubits.

Gill: Exo 26:27 - And five bars for the boards of the other side of the tabernacle // and five bars for the boards of that side of the tabernacle // for the two sides westward And five bars for the boards of the other side of the tabernacle,.... Suppose the north, these bars were disposed of in the same manner as those on th...

And five bars for the boards of the other side of the tabernacle,.... Suppose the north, these bars were disposed of in the same manner as those on the south side:

and five bars for the boards of that side of the tabernacle; or the end of it, the west end, as follows:

for the two sides westward; that is, the two corners at the west end, the southwest and the northwest corners; and these five bars reached from the one to the other, two at the upper part of the boards, and two at the lower part, and one in the middle.

Gill: Exo 26:28 - And the middle bar in the midst of the boards shall reach from end to end. And the middle bar in the midst of the boards shall reach from end to end. From east to west, as Jarchi interprets it; but this can only be said of th...

And the middle bar in the midst of the boards shall reach from end to end. From east to west, as Jarchi interprets it; but this can only be said of the middle bar on the north and south sides of the tabernacle, for the middle bar at the west end was north to south: about this bar there is some difficulty, as that it is said to be "from end to end", as if that only was; whereas it is reasonable to suppose that the rest were so likewise; it may be, they might come somewhat short of reaching the end, whereas this did entirely; or rather the truer reason is, because the rest of the bars consisted of various parts; whereas this was a long bar of one entire piece, reaching from one end of the tabernacle to the other: likewise it is said to be "in the midst of the boards"; and the Jewish writers are generally of opinion, that it did not run along in rings as the other bars did, but the boards and planks being bored, this went through the thickness of the wood throughout; and in this they are followed by Arias Moatanus, Vatablus, Dr. Lightfoot, and others: but to this it may be objected, that the boards must be very thick indeed, even incredibly so, to admit of such a bore as to let in a bar of this kind, and is not so consistent with its being a portable house; and besides, when it was at any time taken down, in order to be removed, such a bar must give a great deal of trouble, and be in danger of being broke to pieces; besides, if it was thus covered in the boards, as it must be, what need was there that it should be overlaid with gold, as in the next verse? it is more probable, therefore, that it went not through the midst of the thickness of the wood, but in the middle of the length of the planks, and so expresses its different situation from the rest of the bars, which were at or towards the top and bottom of the planks, and this in the middle of them. It is not said of these bars, whether they were within or on the outside of the tabernacle; it is most likely they were on the outside, as Josephus w says they were; since they would not have made a good appearance within side, where they would have been always seen by the priests within, whereas being without they were covered with the curtains.

Gill: Exo 26:29 - And thou shalt overlay the boards with gold // and make their rings of gold, for places for the bars // and thou shalt overlay the bars with gold And thou shalt overlay the boards with gold,.... Not merely gild them, but cover them with thin plates of gold; and which, because it would take up a ...

And thou shalt overlay the boards with gold,.... Not merely gild them, but cover them with thin plates of gold; and which, because it would take up a great quantity of gold, and make the boards very heavy, unless the plates were very thin, when they were taken down and carried from place to place, some have thought they were only glided:

and make their rings of gold, for places for the bars; these were made of solid gold, and were as staples to let the bars into: and, according to Jarchi, there were two rings to every board:

and thou shalt overlay the bars with gold: cover them with plates of gold; and these bars and staples of gold show how compact and firm the church of God is, through his almighty power, as well as how glorious and splendid it is by his grace.

Gill: Exo 26:30 - And thou shall rear up the tabernacle // according to the fashion thereof, which was showed thee in the mount And thou shall rear up the tabernacle,.... When thus finished, and all the furniture belonging to it completed: according to the fashion thereof, w...

And thou shall rear up the tabernacle,.... When thus finished, and all the furniture belonging to it completed:

according to the fashion thereof, which was showed thee in the mount; this is the third time that this is observed to Moses in the account of the tabernacle; which shows how punctually God would have the pattern observed he had given him, and that all things might be particularly and exactly done according to it, see Heb 8:5.

Gill: Exo 26:31 - And thou shalt make a vail // blue, and purple, and scarlet, of fine twined linen of cunning work // with cherubim shall it be made And thou shalt make a vail,.... The use of this, as follows, was to divide the holy place from the most holy place in the tabernacle; it has its name ...

And thou shalt make a vail,.... The use of this, as follows, was to divide the holy place from the most holy place in the tabernacle; it has its name from hardness, it being very stiff and strong, for it was made of thread six times doubled, and was four fingers thick, as the Jewish writers say: this vail may represent the sin of man, which separates between God and man, was removed by the death of Christ when the vail was rent, and so the way to heaven opened; or the obscurity of the legal dispensation, the Gospel being veiled under the shadows of the law, and the way into the holiest of all then not so manifest, and particularly the ceremonial law, which separated between Jew and Gentile, and is now abolished by the death of Christ; or rather it was typical of the human nature of Christ, his flesh, called in allusion to it the vail of his flesh, Heb 10:20. This vail was made of

blue, and purple, and scarlet, of fine twined linen of cunning work; it seems to have been made of the same materials, and in the same curious manner of workmanship with the curtains of the tabernacle, Exo 26:1, and was itself no other than a curtain, and so it is interpreted by some Jewish writers x. It being made of "fine linen" denotes the purity of Christ, of his nature, life, and righteousness; of "twined linen", his strength, courage and steadiness; "of blue, purple, and scarlet", the several graces of the Spirit, with which his human nature was adorned, his flaming zeal for his Father's glory and the good of his people, his bloody wounds, sufferings, and death, the preciousness of his blood, the dignity of his person, and his glorious exaltation, purple and scarlet being the colours wore by kings:

with cherubim shall it be made; signifying either the ministration of angels to him in his incarnate state, or the mission of Gospel ministers by him, see Psa 139:15.

Gill: Exo 26:32 - And thou shalt hang it upon four pillars of shittim wood, overlaid with gold // their hooks shall be of gold // upon the four sockets of silver And thou shalt hang it upon four pillars of shittim wood, overlaid with gold,.... For it was ten cubits long, and as many broad; and being of such a s...

And thou shalt hang it upon four pillars of shittim wood, overlaid with gold,.... For it was ten cubits long, and as many broad; and being of such a stiffness and thickness as it was, required so many pillars to support it: these pillars may signify the deity of Christ, which is the support of his human nature, and in which it has its personal subsistence, and gives all its actions and sufferings virtue and efficacy; and being of "shittim wood", which is incorruptible, may denote his eternity, and being covered with gold, his glory:

their hooks shall be of gold; which were upon the tops of the pillars on which the vail was hung: and the pillars were

upon the four sockets of silver; which were properly the pedestals or feet of the pillars; and these sockets, into which the pillars were let and placed, and the hooks the vail hung by, may hint to the union of the two natures in Christ, who is God and man in one person, God manifest in the flesh; see Son 5:15.

Gill: Exo 26:33 - And thou shall hang up the vail under the taches // that thou mayest bring in thither within the vail the ark of the testimony // and the vail shall divide unto you between the holy place and the most holy And thou shall hang up the vail under the taches,.... Or clasps, which coupled the two grand curtains, or pieces of tapestry, each consisting of five ...

And thou shall hang up the vail under the taches,.... Or clasps, which coupled the two grand curtains, or pieces of tapestry, each consisting of five curtains, of which the tabernacle was made, Exo 26:6, and by this it seems that the place where they met, and were clasped, was where the vail was hung between the holy and the most holy place: for, as Dr. Lightfoot y observes, according to the division of the house was the division of the curtains, the vail that parted the holy from the most holy was hung just under the golden clasps that knit the five curtains together; so that five curtains lay over the holy place, and the other five over the most holy; but with this difference, the holy place was ten yards long, and the five curtains sewed together were just so broad, and so they covered only the top and sides, but hung not down at the end which was eastward; but the most holy was but five yards long, and the five curtains over that did not only cover the top, but also hung down at the west end to the silver bases; and of what he says of the goat hair curtains, and their brazen clasps or taches, and where they met, and what they covered; see Gill on Exo 26:12,

that thou mayest bring in thither within the vail the ark of the testimony; the ark in which the testimony or law of God, testifying his will, was put; of which see Exo 25:10, &c. this was to be set in the most holy place, as being holy, spiritual, just, and good; and as being fulfilled by Christ, signified by the ark in which it was, through whose righteousness alone there is admission into the holy of holies, by which this law is fulfilled, magnified, and made honourable:

and the vail shall divide unto you between the holy place and the most holy; which was so thick, that there was no seeing through it; and none might enter by it into the holiest of all but the high priest, and he only on the day of atonement; and into the holy place might none come but the priests, to do the service of the sanctuary. The holy place was typical of the church on earth, where all the saints, who are priests to God, worship, and the most holy of heaven, the perfect state of bliss and happiness.

Gill: Exo 26:34 - And thou shalt put the mercy seat upon ark of the testimony And thou shalt put the mercy seat upon ark of the testimony,.... With the cherubim of glory overshadowing it; all which were a representation of the w...

And thou shalt put the mercy seat upon ark of the testimony,.... With the cherubim of glory overshadowing it; all which were a representation of the way of man's salvation flowing from the mercy and grace of God, through the propitiation by Christ, and his perfect righteousness, by which the law is fulfilled; and all this is published in the Gospel by the ministers of it, signified by the cherubim: and these are all the things that were "in the most holy place"; and they were placed at the west end of it.

Gill: Exo 26:35 - And thou shalt set the table without the vail // on the side of the tabernacle, toward the south // and thou shalt put the table on the north side And thou shalt set the table without the vail,.... The table of shewbread, of which see Exo 25:23, this was not to be within the vail, but without it,...

And thou shalt set the table without the vail,.... The table of shewbread, of which see Exo 25:23, this was not to be within the vail, but without it, in the holy place: and the candlestick opposite the table, of which see Exo 25:31, &c. signifying, that in the church of God, in the present state of things, which the holy place was an emblem of, there are both food and light: the candlestick was placed

on the side of the tabernacle, toward the south; according to Jarchi, two cubits and a half from the side of it:

and thou shalt put the table on the north side; of the tabernacle, directly opposite the candlestick, two cubits and a half from the south side, as the same writer says;

Gill: Exo 26:36 - And thou shalt make an hanging for the door of the tent // of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen // wrought with needle work And thou shalt make an hanging for the door of the tent,.... At the east end of the tabernacle, which lay open and exposed, and for which as yet there...

And thou shalt make an hanging for the door of the tent,.... At the east end of the tabernacle, which lay open and exposed, and for which as yet there was no provision; the west end of it, where stood the holy of holies, was enclosed with six boards, and two corner ones, Exo 26:22 and the linen curtains hung down there to the silver bases, and so did the curtains of goats' hair, even to the ground, and half a curtain to spare, see Exo 26:12 but for the east end, or entrance into the tabernacle, there was nothing till now ordered, only the sixth curtain of the goats' hair curtains was there turned up double, Exo 26:9, but now here an "hanging" is ordered, or rather a "covering" z, as the word signifies; Jarchi calls it a vail; and this was instead of a door to the tabernacle, and divided the holy place, into which only the priests might enter, from the place where the people stood and worshipped: and this also was made

of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen; as was the vail between the holy and the holy of holies; only with this difference, this was

wrought with needle work, and that was of "cunning work": the difference between these two, "Rokem" and "Chosheb", was, as Ben Melech from the Misnah relates, that "Rokem" is the work of a needle, and therefore but one face or figure is seen, that is, it is only seen on one side; but "Chosheb" is the work of a weaver, and therefore two faces or figures are seen, that is, they are seen on both sides; and with this account Maimonides agrees; see Gill on Exo 26:1, besides this hanging, Josephus a tells us there was another of linen, of the same size with this, and which covered it, and preserved it from the weather, and which on festival days was turned back, that the people might have a prospect of the other; just as there were curtains of goats' hair to preserve the linen ones.

Gill: Exo 26:37 - And thou shalt make for the hanging five pillars of shittim wood // and overlay them with gold // and their hooks shall be of gold // and thou shalt cast five sockets of brass for them And thou shalt make for the hanging five pillars of shittim wood,.... One at each corner of the entrance into the tabernacle, and the other three at a...

And thou shalt make for the hanging five pillars of shittim wood,.... One at each corner of the entrance into the tabernacle, and the other three at a proper distance from each other, so as to make four ways for the priests to enter in at; as there might very well be, since there was a breadth of ten cubits, or five yards or more:

and overlay them with gold; with plates of gold, for a gild would soon wear off by continual use in passing and repassing. This is to be understood not of the whole pillars, but of the chapiters, heads, tops, or knobs of them, and of their fillets or girdles; in some parts of them the wood appearing, as is plain from Exo 36:38,

and their hooks shall be of gold; on which the hanging, covering, or vail was hung:

and thou shalt cast five sockets of brass for them; for the pillars to stand upon them, and were of a meaner metal than those on which the pillars for the vail before mentioned; that being the entrance into the holy of holies, where the divine Majesty dwelt, this into the holy place where the priests did their service.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Exo 26:1 The construction is difficult in this line because of the word order. “Cherubim” is an adverbial accusative explaining how they were to ma...

NET Notes: Exo 26:2 Heb “twenty-eight cubits” long and “four cubits” wide.

NET Notes: Exo 26:3 The phrase “the other” has been supplied.

NET Notes: Exo 26:4 Here “loops” has been supplied.

NET Notes: Exo 26:5 Heb “a woman to her sister.”

NET Notes: Exo 26:6 Heb “one”; KJV “it shall be one tabernacle”; NRSV “that the tabernacle may be one whole”; NLT “a single unit...

NET Notes: Exo 26:7 Heb “you will make them”

NET Notes: Exo 26:8 Heb “one”

NET Notes: Exo 26:9 The text seems to describe this part as being in front of the tabernacle, hanging down to form a valence at the entrance (S. R. Driver, Exodus, 284).

NET Notes: Exo 26:11 Heb “one”

NET Notes: Exo 26:12 U. Cassuto (Exodus, 353) cites b. Shabbat 98b which says, “What did the tabernacle resemble? A woman walking on the street with her train traili...

NET Notes: Exo 26:13 U. Cassuto states the following: “To the north and to the south, since the tent curtains were thirty cubits long, there were ten cubits left ove...

NET Notes: Exo 26:14 See the note on this phrase in Exod 25:5.

NET Notes: Exo 26:15 The plural participle “standing” refers to how these items will be situated; they will be vertical rather than horizontal (U. Cassuto, Exo...

NET Notes: Exo 26:16 Heb “the frame.”

NET Notes: Exo 26:17 Or “being joined each to the other.”

NET Notes: Exo 26:18 Heb “on the south side southward.”

NET Notes: Exo 26:19 The clause is repeated to show the distributive sense; it literally says, “and two bases under the one frame for its two projections.”

NET Notes: Exo 26:22 Or “westward” (toward the sea).

NET Notes: Exo 26:23 The term rendered “corners” is “an architectural term for some kind of special corner structure. Here it seems to involve two extra ...

NET Notes: Exo 26:24 Heb “they will be for the two corners.” This is the last clause of the verse, moved forward for clarity.

NET Notes: Exo 26:28 These bars served as reinforcements to hold the upright frames together. The Hebrew term for these bars is also used of crossbars on gates (Judg 16:3;...

NET Notes: Exo 26:30 The noun is מִשְׁפָּט (mishpat), often translated “judgment” or “decision̶...

NET Notes: Exo 26:31 The verb is the third masculine singular form, but no subject is expressed. It could be translated “one will make” or as a passive. The ve...

NET Notes: Exo 26:32 Heb “on four silver bases.”

NET Notes: Exo 26:33 Or “the Holy of Holies.”

NET Notes: Exo 26:36 The word רֹקֵם (roqem) refers to someone who made cloth with colors. It is not certain, however, whether the colors were...

NET Notes: Exo 26:37 In all the details of this chapter the expositor should pay attention to the overall message rather than engage in speculation concerning the symbolis...

Geneva Bible: Exo 26:1 Moreover thou shalt make the tabernacle [with] ten curtains [of] fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet: [with] cherubims of ( a ) cunni...

Geneva Bible: Exo 26:4 And thou shalt make loops of blue upon the edge of the one curtain from the selvedge ( b ) in the coupling; and likewise shalt thou make in the utterm...

Geneva Bible: Exo 26:5 Fifty loops shalt thou make in the one curtain, and fifty loops shalt thou make in the edge of the curtain that [is] in the coupling of the ( c ) seco...

Geneva Bible: Exo 26:7 And thou shalt make curtains [of] goats' [hair] to be a ( d ) covering upon the tabernacle: eleven curtains shalt thou make. ( d ) Lest rain and weat...

Geneva Bible: Exo 26:9 And thou shalt couple five curtains by themselves, and six curtains by themselves, and shalt double the ( e ) sixth curtain in the forefront of the ta...

Geneva Bible: Exo 26:12 And the ( f ) remnant that remaineth of the curtains of the tent, the half curtain that remaineth, shall hang over the backside of the tabernacle. ( ...

Geneva Bible: Exo 26:14 And thou shalt make a ( g ) covering for the tent [of] rams' skins dyed red, and a covering above [of] ( h ) badgers' skins. ( g ) To be put on the c...

Geneva Bible: Exo 26:24 And they shall be coupled together beneath, and they shall be ( i ) coupled together above the head of it unto one ring: thus shall it be for them bot...

Geneva Bible: Exo 26:32 And thou shalt hang it upon four pillars of shittim [wood] overlaid with gold: their ( k ) hooks [shall be of] gold, upon the four sockets of silver. ...

Geneva Bible: Exo 26:33 And thou shalt hang up the vail under the taches, that thou mayest bring in thither within the vail the ark of the testimony: and the vail shall divid...

Geneva Bible: Exo 26:35 And thou shalt set the table ( m ) without the vail, and the candlestick over against the table on the side of the tabernacle toward the south: and th...

Geneva Bible: Exo 26:36 And thou shalt make an ( n ) hanging for the door of the tent, [of] blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, wrought with needlework. ( ...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: Exo 26:1-6 - --God manifested his presence among the Israelites in a tabernacle or tent, because of their condition in the wilderness. God suits the tokens of his fa...

MHCC: Exo 26:7-14 - --The curtains of meaner materials, being made both longer and broader, covered the others, and were defended by coverings of skins. The whole represent...

MHCC: Exo 26:15-30 - --The sockets of silver each weighed about 115 pounds; they were placed in rows on the ground. In every pair of these sockets, a strong board of shittim...

MHCC: Exo 26:31-37 - --A vail, or curtain, separated the holy place from the most holy place. It was hung upon pillars. This vail was for a partition between the holy place ...

Matthew Henry: Exo 26:1-6 - -- I. The house must be a tabernacle or tent, such as soldiers now use in the camp, which was both a mean dwelling and a movable one; and yet the a...

Matthew Henry: Exo 26:7-14 - -- Moses is here ordered to make a double covering for the tabernacle, that it might not rain in, and that the beauty of those fine curtains might not ...

Matthew Henry: Exo 26:15-30 - -- Very particular directions are here given about the boards of the tabernacle, which were to bear up the curtains, as the stakes of a tent which had ...

Matthew Henry: Exo 26:31-37 - -- Two veils are here ordered to be made, 1. One for a partition between the holy place and the most holy, which not only forbade any to enter, but for...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 26:1 - -- (cf. Ex 36:8-38). The Dwelling-Place. - This was to be formed of a framework of wood, and of tapestry and curtains. The description commences with t...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 26:2-3 - -- The length of each piece was to be 28 cubits, and the breadth 4 cubits, one measure for all; and five of these pieces were to be "joined together on...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 26:4-5 - -- They were also to make 50 hyacinth loops " on the border of the one piece of tapestry, from the end in the join, "i.e., on the extreme edge of the f...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 26:6 - -- Fifty golden clasps were also to be made, to fasten the pieces of drapery (the two halves of the tent-cloth) together, " that it might be a dwelling...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 26:7-8 - -- The outer tent-cloth, "for the tent over the dwelling,"was to consist of eleven lengths of goats' hair, i.e., of cloth made of goats' hair; (Note...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 26:9 - -- Five of these were to be connected (sewed together) by themselves ( לבד ), and the other six in the same manner; and the sixth piece was to be ma...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 26:10-11 - -- Fifty loops and clasps were to be made to join the two halves together, as in the case of the inner tapestry, only the clasps were to be of brass or...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 26:12-13 - -- This tent-cloth was two cubits longer than the inner one, as each piece was 30 cubits long instead of 28; it was also two cubits broader, as it was ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 26:14 - -- " The other coverings were placed on the top of this tent: one made of rams' skins dyed red, "as a covering for the tent,"and another upon the top o...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 26:15-16 - -- The wooden framework . - Exo 26:15, Exo 26:16. The boards for the dwelling were to be made "of acacia-wood standing,"i.e., so that they could stand...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 26:17 - -- Every board was to have two ידות (lit., hands or holders) to hold them upright, pegs therefore; and they were to be " bound to one another "( ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 26:18-21 - -- Twenty of these boards were to be prepared for the side of the dwelling that was turned towards the south, and forty sockets ( אדנים foundation...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 26:22-24 - -- Six boards were to be made for the back of the dwelling westwards ( ימּה ), and two boards "for the corners or angels of the dwelling at the two ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 26:25-27 - -- Sixteen sockets were to be made for these eight boards, two for each. - Exo 26:26-29. To fasten the boards, that they might not separate from one an...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 26:28-29 - -- " And the middle bar in the midst of the boards (i.e., at an equal distance from both top and bottom) shall be fastening ( מבריח ) from one e...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 26:30 - -- " And set up the dwelling according to its right, as was shown thee upon the mountain "(cf. Exo 25:9). Even the setting up and position of the dwell...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 26:31-32 - -- To divide the dwelling into two rooms, a curtain was to be made, of the same material, and woven in the same artistic manner as the inner covering...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 26:33-34 - -- "Thither (where the curtain hands under the loops) within the curtain shalt thou bring the ark of testimony (Exo 25:16-22), and the curtain shall di...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 26:35 - -- The two other things (already described) were to be placed outside the curtain, viz., in the holy place; the candlestick opposite to the table, the ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Exo 26:36-37 - -- For the entrance to the tent they were also to make a curtain ( מסך , lit., a covering, from סכך to cover) of the same material as the inner ...

Constable: Exo 15:22--Lev 1:1 - --II. THE ADOPTION OF ISRAEL 15:22--40:38 The second major section of Exodus records the events associated with Go...

Constable: Exo 24:12--32:1 - --C. Directions regarding God's dwelling among His people 24:12-31:18 Having given directions clarifying I...

Constable: Exo 26:1-37 - --4. The tabernacle structure ch. 26 The tabernacle walls consisted of rigid supports with curtain...

Constable: Exo 26:1-14 - --The curtains 26:1-14 The extent to which these curtains were visible from inside the tab...

Constable: Exo 26:15-25 - --The boards 26:15-25 It is not clear whether these boards were solid or simply "frames" (...

Constable: Exo 26:26-30 - --The bars 26:26-30 These were evidently rods that the priests threaded through the boards...

Constable: Exo 26:31-35 - --The veil 26:31-35 The veil and curtains were alike in design and construction. The veil ...

Constable: Exo 26:36-37 - --The screen 26:36-37 This was a drapery, as were the veil and curtains, that served as th...

Guzik: Exo 26:1-37 - Coverings and Curtains for the Tabernacle Exodus 26 - Coverings and Curtains for the Tabernacle A. Four sets of curtains for the tent itself. 1. (1-6) The fine linen curtain. "Moreove...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: Exodus (Pendahuluan Kitab) EXODUS, a "going forth," derives its name from its being occupied principally with a relation of the departure of the Israelites from Egypt, and the i...

JFB: Exodus (Garis Besar) INCREASE OF THE ISRAELITES. (Exo. 1:1-22) BIRTH AND PRESERVATION OF MOSES. (Exo 2:1-10) there went a man of the house of Levi, &c. Amram was the hus...

TSK: Exodus (Pendahuluan Kitab) The title of this Book is derived from the Septuagint; in which it is called ΕΞΟΔΟΣ , " Exodus;" or, as it is in the Codex Alexandrinus, Ε...

TSK: Exodus 26 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Exo 26:1, The ten curtains of the tabernacle; Exo 26:7, The eleven curtains of goats’ hair, and the covering of rams’ and badgers’ ...

Poole: Exodus (Pendahuluan Kitab) SECOND BOOK OF MOSES CALLED EXODUS. THE ARGUMENT. AFTER the death of Joseph, who had sent for his father’ s house into Egypt, the children o...

Poole: Exodus 26 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHAPTER 26 Moses is commanded to make the tabernacle with ten curtains, Exo 26:1 The length and breadth of the curtains, Exo 26:2 . The form of th...

MHCC: Exodus (Pendahuluan Kitab) The Book of Exodus relates the forming of the children of Israel into a church and a nation. We have hitherto seen true religion shown in domestic lif...

MHCC: Exodus 26 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (Exo 26:1-6) The curtains of the tabernacle. (Exo 26:7-14) The curtains of goats' hair. (v. 15-30) The boards, sockets, and bars. (Exo 26:31-37) Th...

Matthew Henry: Exodus (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Second Book of Moses, Called Exodus Moses (the servant of the Lord in writing for him as well as ...

Matthew Henry: Exodus 26 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Moses here receives instructions, I. Concerning the inner curtains of the tent or tabernacle, and the coupling of those curtains (Exo 26:1-6). II...

Constable: Exodus (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title The Hebrew title of this book (we'elleh shemot) originated from the...

Constable: Exodus (Garis Besar) Outline I. The liberation of Israel 1:1-15:21 A. God's preparation of Israel and Moses chs. ...

Constable: Exodus Exodus Bibliography Adams, Dwayne H. "The Building Program that Works (Exodus 25:4--36:7 [31:1-11])." Exegesis ...

Haydock: Exodus (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE BOOK OF EXODUS. INTRODUCTION. The second Book of Moses is called Exodus from the Greek word Exodos, which signifies going out; becaus...

Gill: Exodus (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO EXODUS This book is called by the Jews Veelleh Shemoth, from the first words with which it begins, and sometimes Sepher Shemoth, an...

Gill: Exodus 26 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO EXODUS 26 In this chapter a description is given of the tabernacle itself, and first of its inward curtains, of their number, matte...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


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