kecilkan semua  

Teks -- Ezra 10:1-44 (NET)

Tampilkan Strong
Konteks
The People Confess Their Sins
10:1 While Ezra was praying and confessing, weeping and throwing himself to the ground before the temple of God, a very large crowd of Israelites– men, women, and children alike– gathered around him. The people wept loudly. 10:2 Then Shecaniah son of Jehiel, from the descendants of Elam, addressed Ezra: “We have been unfaithful to our God by marrying foreign women from the local peoples. Nonetheless, there is still hope for Israel in this regard. 10:3 Therefore let us enact a covenant with our God to send away all these women and their offspring, in keeping with your counsel, my lord, and that of those who respect the commandments of our God. And let it be done according to the law. 10:4 Get up, for this matter concerns you. We are with you, so be strong and act decisively!” 10:5 So Ezra got up and made the leading priests and Levites and all Israel take an oath to carry out this plan. And they all took a solemn oath. 10:6 Then Ezra got up from in front of the temple of God and went to the room of Jehohanan son of Eliashib. While he stayed there, he did not eat food or drink water, for he was in mourning over the infidelity of the exiles. 10:7 A proclamation was circulated throughout Judah and Jerusalem that all the exiles were to be assembled in Jerusalem. 10:8 Everyone who did not come within three days would thereby forfeit all his property, in keeping with the counsel of the officials and the elders. Furthermore, he himself would be excluded from the assembly of the exiles. 10:9 All the men of Judah and Benjamin were gathered in Jerusalem within the three days. (It was in the ninth month, on the twentieth day of that month.) All the people sat in the square at the temple of God, trembling because of this matter and because of the rains. 10:10 Then Ezra the priest stood up and said to them, “You have behaved in an unfaithful manner by taking foreign wives! This has contributed to the guilt of Israel. 10:11 Now give praise to the Lord God of your fathers, and do his will. Separate yourselves from the local residents and from these foreign wives.” 10:12 All the assembly replied in a loud voice: “We will do just as you have said! 10:13 However, the people are numerous and it is the rainy season. We are unable to stand here outside. Furthermore, this business cannot be resolved in a day or two, for we have sinned greatly in this matter. 10:14 Let our leaders take steps on behalf of all the assembly. Let all those in our towns who have married foreign women come at an appointed time, and with them the elders of each town and its judges, until the hot anger of our God is turned away from us in this matter.” 10:15 Only Jonathan son of Asahel and Jahzeiah son of Tikvah were against this, assisted by Meshullam and Shabbethai the Levite. 10:16 So the exiles proceeded accordingly. Ezra the priest separated out by name men who were leaders in their family groups. They sat down to consider this matter on the first day of the tenth month, 10:17 and on the first day of the first month they finished considering all the men who had married foreign wives.
Those Who Had Taken Foreign Wives
10:18 It was determined that from the descendants of the priests, the following had taken foreign wives: from the descendants of Jeshua son of Jozadak, and his brothers: Maaseiah, Eliezer, Jarib, and Gedaliah. 10:19 (They gave their word to send away their wives; their guilt offering was a ram from the flock for their guilt.) 10:20 From the descendants of Immer: Hanani and Zebadiah. 10:21 From the descendants of Harim: Maaseiah, Elijah, Shemaiah, Jehiel, and Uzziah. 10:22 From the descendants of Pashhur: Elioenai, Maaseiah, Ishmael, Nethanel, Jozabad, and Elasah. 10:23 From the Levites: Jozabad, Shimei, Kelaiah (also known as Kelita), Pethahiah, Judah, and Eliezer. 10:24 From the singers: Eliashib. From the gatekeepers: Shallum, Telem, and Uri. 10:25 From the Israelites: from the descendants of Parosh: Ramiah, Izziah, Malkijah, Mijamin, Eleazar, Malkijah, and Benaiah. 10:26 From the descendants of Elam: Mattaniah, Zechariah, Jehiel, Abdi, Jeremoth, and Elijah. 10:27 From the descendants of Zattu: Elioenai, Eliashib, Mattaniah, Jeremoth, Zabad, and Aziza. 10:28 From the descendants of Bebai: Jehohanan, Hananiah, Zabbai, and Athlai. 10:29 From the descendants of Bani: Meshullam, Malluch, Adaiah, Jashub, Sheal, and Jeremoth. 10:30 From the descendants of Pahath-Moab: Adna, Kelal, Benaiah, Maaseiah, Mattaniah, Bezalel, Binnui, and Manasseh. 10:31 From the descendants of Harim: Eliezer, Ishijah, Malkijah, Shemaiah, Shimeon, 10:32 Benjamin, Malluch, and Shemariah. 10:33 From the descendants of Hashum: Mattenai, Mattattah, Zabad, Eliphelet, Jeremai, Manasseh, and Shimei. 10:34 From the descendants of Bani: Maadai, Amram, Uel, 10:35 Benaiah, Bedeiah, Keluhi, 10:36 Vaniah, Meremoth, Eliashib, 10:37 Mattaniah, Mattenai, and Jaasu. 10:38 From the descendants of Binnui: Shimei, 10:39 Shelemiah, Nathan, Adaiah, 10:40 Machnadebai, Shashai, Sharai, 10:41 Azarel, Shelemiah, Shemariah, 10:42 Shallum, Amariah, and Joseph. 10:43 From the descendants of Nebo: Jeiel, Mattithiah, Zabad, Zebina, Jaddai, Joel, and Benaiah. 10:44 All these had taken foreign wives, and some of them also had children by these women.
Paralel   Ref. Silang (TSK)   ITL  

Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Abdi a Levite of Merari's clan; forefather of Ethan and Kish.,an Israelite descended from Elam who put away his heathen wife
 · Adaiah a woman's name; King Josiah's grandmother,the son of Ethan (Gershom, Levi); ancestor of Asaph,the son of Shimei of Benjamin,son of Jeroham; a priestly leader of those returning from exile,father of Ma-Aseiah, a commander who helped enthrone Joash,an Israelite (Bani) who put away his heathen wife,an Israelite (Binnui) who put away his heathen wife,the son of Joiarib of Judah of pre-exile times,son of Jeroham; head of the priestly clan of Melchijah
 · Adna a commander (Manasseh) of Saul's who defected to David,a commander of 300,000 Judean men under King Jehoshaphat
 · Amariah a Levite (Hebron Kohath); founder of a sub-clan of Hebron,the chief priest, Amariah I; son of Marioth I; 1100 BC,son of Azariah II; chief priest under Jehoshaphat; Amariah II,a Levite temple assistant to Kore under King Hezekiah; 725 BC,son of King Hezekiah; 700 BC,an Israelite (Binnui) who put away his heathen wife; 458 BC,a priestly leader who returned with Zerubbabel 537 BC (NIVsn),son of Shephatiah of Judah
 · Amram son of Kohath son of Levi,an Israelite (Bani) who put away his heathen wife
 · Asahel son of Zeruiah, David's sister; brother of Joab,a Levite assigned to teach in Judah under Jehoshaphat,a Levite assistant to the temple treasurer under Hezekiah,father of Jonathan who opposed Ezra's policies
 · Athlai an Israelite (Bebai) who put away his heathen wife
 · Azarel a man of Benjamin who defected to David at Ziklag,chief of the 11th division of singers under David,son of Jeroham; chief of the tribe of Dan under David,an Israelite (Binnui) who put away his heathen wife,son of Ahzai; a returned exile priest musician
 · Aziza an Israelite (Zattu) who put away his heathen wife
 · Bani a man of Gad; one of David's military elite,son of Shemer (Merari Aaron Levi),a man descended from Perez of Judah,a non-Levite ancestor of men who put away their heathen wives,a non-Levite ancestor of others who put away heathen wives,a Levite who helped Ezra explain the reading of the law,son of Henadad (Levi); a signer of the pledge to keep the law,an Israelite chief who signed the covenant to obey God's law,son of Hashabiah and father of head Levite Uzzi under Nehemiah
 · Bebai father of Zechariah who lead the Bebai clan back from exile,an Israelite chief who signed the covenant to obey God's law
 · Bedeiah a layman of the Bani clan who put away his heathen wife
 · Benaiah son of Jehoiada; commander of King Solomon's army,son of Jehoiada of Pirathon in Ephraim; one of David's elite,head of a large influential family of Simeon in Hezekiah's time,a Levite worship leader in David's time,a priest in David's time,father of Jehoiada, one of king David's counselors,son of Jeiel; a priest under Jehoshaphat,a man who was a temple helper in the time of Hezekiah,a layman of the Parosh clan who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Pahath-Moab clan who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Bani clan who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Nebo clan who put away his heathen wife,the father of Pelatiah, a wicked counselor exposed by Ezekiel
 · Benjamin the tribe of Benjamin of Israel
 · Bezalel the son of Uri of Judah who made the things in the tabernacle,a layman of the Pahath-Moab clan who put away his heathen wife
 · Binnui a Levite whose son (or descendant), Noadiah returned from exile,a layman of the Pahath-Moab clan who put away his heathen wife,forefather of certain men who put away their heathen wives.,a man of the clan of Henadad who helped repair the wall,a man whose descendants returned from exile with Zerubbabel,a man of Levi who returned with Zerubbabel from exile
 · Chelal a layman of the Pahath-Moab clan who put away his heathen wife
 · Cheluhi a layman of the Bani clan who put away his heathen wife
 · Elam son of Shem son of Noah,a country east of the Tigris and Babylon in the territory of Media,son of Shashak of Benjamin,son of Meshelemiah; a Levite gatekeeper,a man whose descendants returned from exile in Babylon; Elam I,forefather of exile returnees with Zerubbabel; Elam II,forefather of returnees headed by Jeshaiah,forefather of Shecaniah who had to put away his heathen wife,an Israelite chief who signed the covenant to obey God's law,a priest who helped Nehemiah dedicate the new wall of Jerusalem
 · Elasah a priest of the Pashhur clan who put away his heathen wife,son of Shaphan; messenger for Jeremiah
 · Eleazar a son of Eliud; the father of Matthan; an ancestor of Jesus.,a chief priest; son of Aaron,son of Abinadab; caretaker of the Ark at Kiriath-Jearim,son of Dodo the Ahohite; one of David's military elite,son of Mahli the Levite,a priest who participated in the dedication of the wall,a priest under Ezra; son of Phinehas,a layman of the Parosh clan who put away his heathen wife
 · Eli-O-Enai son of Neariah, a descendant of Hananiah, Zerubbabel and David,head of an influential clan of Simeon in King Hezekiah's time,son of Becher son of Benjamin,a priest of the Pashhur clan who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Zattu clan who put away his heathen wife,a priest who played the trumpet at the dedication of the wall
 · Eliashib chief of a division of priests serving in David's sanctuary,son of Eli-O-Enai, (Hananiah Zerubbabel David),high priest in the days of Nehemiah,a Levite singer who agreed to put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Zattu clan who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Bani clan who put away his heathen wife,a chief priest; son of Joiakim
 · Eliezer a son of Jorim; the father of Joshua; an ancestor of Jesus,Abraham's servant from Damascus,son of Moses,son of Becher son of Benjamin,a priest in David's time,son of Zichri; David's chief officer over the Reubenites,son of Dodavahu of Mareshah who prophesied against Jehoshaphat.,one of the leaders Ezra sent to Iddo to ask for recruits,a priest of the Jeshua clan who put away his heathen wife,a man who put away his heathen wife; a Levite,a layman of the Harim clan who put away his heathen wife
 · Elijah a prophet from the 9th century B.C.,a prophet from Tishbe in Gilead to Israel in King Ahab's time,son of Jeroham of Benjamin,a priest of the Harim clan who put away his heathen wife,a layman of the Bani Elam clan who put away his heathen wife
 · Ezra a man of Judah; probably the son of Hodiah
 · Gedaliah son of Ahikam son of Shaphan,son of Jeduthun (Levi); worship leader under Jeduthun and David,a priest of the Jeshua clan who put away his heathen wife,son of Amariah (Hezekiah); grandfather of Zephaniah the prophet,son of Pashhur; a prince under King Zedekiah
 · Hanani son of Heman the Levite; worship leader under Heman and David,a prophet in the time of Asa King of Judah; father of Jehu,a priest of the Immer clan who put away his heathen wife,a man related to Nehemiah who was an administrator in Jerusalem; brother of Nehemiah,a Levite musician who helped Zechariah dedicate Nehemiah's wall
 · Hananiah son of Heman the Levite; worship leader under Heman and David,a man who was one of King Uzziah's commanders,son of Azzur; a false prophet of Zedekiah's from Gibeon,father of Zedekiah, a prince of Judah in the time of Jehoiakim,grandfather of Irijah the sentry who falsely accused Jeremiah; the father of Shelemiah,son of Shashak of Benjamin,a man of Judah who served Nebuchadnezzar with Daniel in Babylon,son of Zerubbabel,a layman of the Bebai clan who put away his heathen wife,a man who made perfume and helped rebuild the wall of Jerusalem; son of Shelemiah,governor of the castle and over Jerusalem under Nehemiah,an Israelite chief who signed the covenant to keep God's law,a priest and head of the clan of Jeremiah under Joiakim
 · Harim a chief of a division of priests serving in David's sanctuary,a priest leader of some who returned from exile with Zerubbabel,the forefather of certain men who put away their heathen wives,a priest who signed the covenant to keep God's law,an Israelite chief who signed the covenant to keep God's law
 · Hashabiah son of Amaziah of Levi; father of Malluch,a Merari Levite whose descendants returned from exile,son of Jeduthun the Levite leader under Jeduthun and King David,overseer of King David's work west of the Jordan River,son of Kemuel; David's chief officer over the Levites,a chief officer of the house of God in Josiah's time,a Levite descendant of Merari who led recruits to Ezra,a layman of the Parosh clan who put away his heathen wife,ruler of Keilah who helped repair the walls of Jerusalem,son of Henadad, a Levite who contracted to obey God's law,son of Bunni of Levi,son of Mattaniah of Asaph of Levi,priest and head of the house of Hilkiah,a chief of the Levites in Nehemiah's time


Topik/Tema Kamus: Shallum | Israel | Ezra | Covenant | Zeal | GENEALOGY, 1-7 | Repentance | BACCHURUS | AZAELUS | STRANGER AND SOJOURNER (IN THE OLD TESTAMENT) | Church | Backsliders | ESDRAS, THE FIRST BOOK OF | Decision | Ammonites | GENEALOGY, 8 part 2 | Jebusites | Amorites | Divorce | Maaseiah | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: Ezr 10:1 - There assembled The account of his grief, and publick expressions thereof in the court before the temple, being in an instant dispersed over all the city, brought a g...

The account of his grief, and publick expressions thereof in the court before the temple, being in an instant dispersed over all the city, brought a great company together. See what an happy influence the example of great ones may have upon their inferiors!

Wesley: Ezr 10:2 - We He saith, we, in the name of the people, and their several families, and his own amongst the rest. For this man's name is not in the following catalog...

He saith, we, in the name of the people, and their several families, and his own amongst the rest. For this man's name is not in the following catalogue, but there we have his father, Jehiel, and his father's brethren, five other sons of his grandfather, Elam, Ezr 10:26. It was therefore an evidence of his great courage, and good conscience, that he durst so freely discharge his duty, whereby he shewed, that he honoured God more than his nearest and dearest relations.

Wesley: Ezr 10:2 - Hope In case of our repentance, and reformation.

In case of our repentance, and reformation.

Wesley: Ezr 10:3 - Such as are born These children were only cast out of the common - wealth of Israel, but were not utterly forsaken; probably care was taken by authority, that they sho...

These children were only cast out of the common - wealth of Israel, but were not utterly forsaken; probably care was taken by authority, that they should have provision made for them.

Wesley: Ezr 10:6 - Went That with the princes and elders, he might consult about the execution of their resolution.

That with the princes and elders, he might consult about the execution of their resolution.

Wesley: Ezr 10:6 - Thither 'Till he saw something done.

'Till he saw something done.

Wesley: Ezr 10:9 - Of Judah Not only of these two tribes, as appears from the following catalogue, where there are priests and Levites; but all the Israelites, Ezr 10:25, who are...

Not only of these two tribes, as appears from the following catalogue, where there are priests and Levites; but all the Israelites, Ezr 10:25, who are thus described, because the greatest part of them were of these tribes, though others were mixed with them: and because they all now dwelt in that land, which formerly was appropriated to those tribes.

Wesley: Ezr 10:9 - The street In that street of the city, which was next the temple, and within the view of it, that so they might be as in God's presence, whereby they might be aw...

In that street of the city, which was next the temple, and within the view of it, that so they might be as in God's presence, whereby they might be awed to a more faithful and vigorous prosecution of their work. And this place they might chuse rather than the court of the people, because they thought it might be polluted by the delinquents, who were all to come thither.

Wesley: Ezr 10:9 - Great rain Which they took for a token of God's displeasure against them.

Which they took for a token of God's displeasure against them.

Wesley: Ezr 10:14 - Our rulers Let the great council, called the Sanhedrim, be settled, and meet to determine of all particular causes.

Let the great council, called the Sanhedrim, be settled, and meet to determine of all particular causes.

Wesley: Ezr 10:14 - Judges Who are best able to inform the great council of the quality of the persons, and all matters of fact and circumstances.

Who are best able to inform the great council of the quality of the persons, and all matters of fact and circumstances.

Wesley: Ezr 10:14 - Until Until the thing be done, and God's wrath thereby removed.

Until the thing be done, and God's wrath thereby removed.

Wesley: Ezr 10:15 - Employed To take care that the business should be executed in the manner proposed, that the officers and delinquents of every city should come successively in ...

To take care that the business should be executed in the manner proposed, that the officers and delinquents of every city should come successively in convenient time and order, as these should appoint, to keep an exact account of the whole transaction, and of the names of the cities and persons whose causes were dispatched, to give notice to others to come in their turns, and to prepare the business for the hearing of the judges. These two were priests, as their helpers were Levites; that so they might inform the persons concerned, in any matter of doubt.

Wesley: Ezr 10:16 - Separated Sequestered themselves from all other business, and gave themselves wholly to this.

Sequestered themselves from all other business, and gave themselves wholly to this.

Wesley: Ezr 10:25 - Of Israel Of the people of Israel, distinguished from the priests and Levites hitherto named.

Of the people of Israel, distinguished from the priests and Levites hitherto named.

Wesley: Ezr 10:44 - Had children This implies that most of their wives were barren. Which came to pass by God's special providence, to manifest his displeasure against such matches, a...

This implies that most of their wives were barren. Which came to pass by God's special providence, to manifest his displeasure against such matches, and that the putting them away might not be encumbered with too many difficulties. One would think this grievance altogether removed. Yet we meet with it again, Neh 13:22. Such corruptions are easily and insensibly brought in, tho' not easily purged out. The best reformers can but do their endeavour. It is only the Redeemer himself, who when he cometh to Sion, will effectually turn away ungodliness from Jacob.

JFB: Ezr 10:1 - Now when Ezra had prayed As this prayer was uttered in public, while there was a general concourse of the people at the time of the evening sacrifice and as it was accompanied...

As this prayer was uttered in public, while there was a general concourse of the people at the time of the evening sacrifice and as it was accompanied with all the demonstrations of poignant sorrow and anguish, it is not surprising that the spectacle of a man so respected, a priest so holy, a governor so dignified as Ezra, appearing distressed and filled with fear at the sad state of things, should produce a deep sensation; and the report of his passionate grief and expressions in the court of the temple having rapidly spread through the city, a great multitude flocked to the spot.

JFB: Ezr 10:2-4 - Shechaniah . . . answered and said unto Ezra, We have trespassed This was one of the leading men, who was not himself a delinquent in the matter, for his name does not occur in the following list. He spoke in the ge...

This was one of the leading men, who was not himself a delinquent in the matter, for his name does not occur in the following list. He spoke in the general name of the people, and his conduct evinced a tender conscience, as well as no small fortitude in making such a proposal; for as his father and five paternal uncles (Ezr 10:26) were involved in the guilt of unlawful marriages, he showed, by the measure he recommended, that he deemed it better to obey God than to please his nearest relatives.

JFB: Ezr 10:2-4 - yet now there is hope in Israel concerning this thing This hope, however, depended on timely measures of reformation, and therefore, instead of surrendering themselves to despair or despondency, he counse...

This hope, however, depended on timely measures of reformation, and therefore, instead of surrendering themselves to despair or despondency, he counselled them to amend their error without delay, relying on God's mercy for the past. Though the proposal may seem harsh and cruel, yet in the peculiar circumstances of the Jews it was just as well as necessary; and he urged the duty of seeing it executed on Ezra, as the only person competent to carry it into effect, being possessed of skill and address for so delicate and difficult a work, and invested by God, and under Him by the Persian king (Ezr 7:23-28), with the requisite authority to enforce it.

JFB: Ezr 10:5-8 - Then Ezra . . . went into the chamber of Johanan At a private council of the princes and elders held there, under the presidency of Ezra, it was resolved to enter into a general covenant to put away ...

At a private council of the princes and elders held there, under the presidency of Ezra, it was resolved to enter into a general covenant to put away their foreign wives and children; that a proclamation should be made for all who had returned from Babylon to repair within three days to Jerusalem, under pain of excommunication and confiscation of their property.

JFB: Ezr 10:9-11 - Then all the men of Judah and Benjamin The returned captives belonged chiefly to these tribes; but other Israelites are also included under these names, as they all were then occupying the ...

The returned captives belonged chiefly to these tribes; but other Israelites are also included under these names, as they all were then occupying the territory formerly assigned to those two tribes.

JFB: Ezr 10:9-11 - It was the ninth month That is, between the end of December and the beginning of January, which is the coldest and most rainy season of the year in Palestine.

That is, between the end of December and the beginning of January, which is the coldest and most rainy season of the year in Palestine.

JFB: Ezr 10:9-11 - all the people sat in the street That is, the court.

That is, the court.

JFB: Ezr 10:10-17 - Ezra the priest stood up, and said Having fully represented the enormity of their sin and urged them to dissolve their unlawful connections, he was gratified by receiving a prompt ackno...

Having fully represented the enormity of their sin and urged them to dissolve their unlawful connections, he was gratified by receiving a prompt acknowledgment of the justice of his reproof and a promise of compliance with his recommendation. But as the weather was ungenial and the defaulters were too numerous to be passed in review at one time, it was resolved that a commission should be appointed to examine into the whole matter. These commissioners, assisted by the judges and elders of the respective cities, made a minute investigation into every case, and after three months' labor completely removed all traces of the abuse. Doubtless, an adequate provision was made for the repudiated wives and children, according to the means and circumstances of the husbands.

JFB: Ezr 10:18 - among the sons of the priests From the names of so many men of rank appearing in the following list, some idea may be formed of the great and complicated difficulties attending the...

From the names of so many men of rank appearing in the following list, some idea may be formed of the great and complicated difficulties attending the reformatory work.

JFB: Ezr 10:19 - they gave their hands That is, came under a solemn engagement, which was usually ratified by pledging the right hand (Pro 6:1; Eze 17:18). The delinquents of the priestly o...

That is, came under a solemn engagement, which was usually ratified by pledging the right hand (Pro 6:1; Eze 17:18). The delinquents of the priestly order bound themselves to do like the common Israelites (Ezr 10:25), and sought to expiate their sin by sacrificing a ram as a trespass offering.

Clarke: Ezr 10:1 - The people wept very sore The people wept very sore - They were deeply affected at the thought of God’ s displeasure, which they justly feared was about to light upon th...

The people wept very sore - They were deeply affected at the thought of God’ s displeasure, which they justly feared was about to light upon them, because of their transgressions.

Clarke: Ezr 10:2 - Shechaniah the son of Jehiel Shechaniah the son of Jehiel - He speaks here in the name of the people, not acknowledging himself culpable, for he is not in the following list. It...

Shechaniah the son of Jehiel - He speaks here in the name of the people, not acknowledging himself culpable, for he is not in the following list. It is in the same form of speech with that in James, Jam 3:9. With the tongue curse we men. He seems to have been a chief man among the people; and Ezra, at present, stood in need of his influence and support

Clarke: Ezr 10:2 - Yet now there is hope in Israel Yet now there is hope in Israel - מקוה mikveh , expectation, of pardon; for the people were convinced of the evil, and were deeply penitent: he...

Yet now there is hope in Israel - מקוה mikveh , expectation, of pardon; for the people were convinced of the evil, and were deeply penitent: hence it is said, Ezr 10:1, that they wept sore.

Clarke: Ezr 10:3 - Let us make a covenant Let us make a covenant - נכרת ברית nichrath berith , let us cut or divide the covenant sacrifice. See the notes on Gen 15:10.

Let us make a covenant - נכרת ברית nichrath berith , let us cut or divide the covenant sacrifice. See the notes on Gen 15:10.

Clarke: Ezr 10:4 - Arise; for this matter belongeth unto thee Arise; for this matter belongeth unto thee - By the decree of Artaxerxes, he was authorized to do everything that the law of God required: see Ezr 7...

Arise; for this matter belongeth unto thee - By the decree of Artaxerxes, he was authorized to do everything that the law of God required: see Ezr 7:23-28. And all officers were commanded to be aiding and assisting; hence Shechaniah says, We are with you.

Clarke: Ezr 10:5 - And they sware And they sware - The thing was evidently contrary to the law of God; and now he bound them by an oath to rectify the abuse.

And they sware - The thing was evidently contrary to the law of God; and now he bound them by an oath to rectify the abuse.

Clarke: Ezr 10:6 - Johanan the son of Eliashib Johanan the son of Eliashib - Eliashib was high priest, and was succeeded in that office by his son Joiada, Neh 12:10. Probably Johanan here is the ...

Johanan the son of Eliashib - Eliashib was high priest, and was succeeded in that office by his son Joiada, Neh 12:10. Probably Johanan here is the same as Jonathan in Nehemiah, who was the son of Joiada, and grandson of Eliashib. Some suppose that Johanan and Joiada were two names for the same person.

Clarke: Ezr 10:8 - All his substance should be forfeited All his substance should be forfeited - To the use of the temple So the Septuagint understood the place: Αναθεματισθησεται πασ...

All his substance should be forfeited - To the use of the temple

So the Septuagint understood the place: Αναθεματισθησεται πασα ἡ ὑπαρξις αυτου, "All his substance shall be devoted to a holy use.

Clarke: Ezr 10:8 - Himself separated Himself separated - Excommunicated from the Church of God, and exiled from Israel.

Himself separated - Excommunicated from the Church of God, and exiled from Israel.

Clarke: Ezr 10:9 - Ninth month Ninth month - Answering to a part of our December

Ninth month - Answering to a part of our December

Clarke: Ezr 10:9 - Trembling because of - the great rain Trembling because of - the great rain - Απο του χειμωνος, Because of the winter, Septuagint; it was now December, the coldest and mos...

Trembling because of - the great rain - Απο του χειμωνος, Because of the winter, Septuagint; it was now December, the coldest and most rainy part of the year in Palestine.

Clarke: Ezr 10:11 - Make confession Make confession - Acknowledge your sins before God, with deep compunction of heart, and the fullest resolution to forsake them.

Make confession - Acknowledge your sins before God, with deep compunction of heart, and the fullest resolution to forsake them.

Clarke: Ezr 10:12 - As thou hast said, so must we do As thou hast said, so must we do - They all resolved to do what Ezra then commanded, they did put away their wives, even those by whom they had chil...

As thou hast said, so must we do - They all resolved to do what Ezra then commanded, they did put away their wives, even those by whom they had children; Ezr 10:44 : this was a great hardship on the women and children. Though by the Jewish laws such marriages were null and void, yet as the women they had taken did not know these laws, their case was deplorable. However, we may take it for granted that each of them received a portion according to the circumstances of their husbands, and that they and their children were not turned away desolate, but had such a provision as their necessities required. Humanity must have dictated this, and no law of God is contrary to humanity. After all, there is some room to doubt whether they did put them finally away, for several years after Nehemiah found Jews that had married wives of Ashdod, Ammon, and Moab; Neh 13:23. And if these were not the same women, we find that the same offense was continued.

Clarke: Ezr 10:17 - The first day of the first month The first day of the first month - So they were three whole months in examining into this affair, and making those separations which the law require...

The first day of the first month - So they were three whole months in examining into this affair, and making those separations which the law required.

Clarke: Ezr 10:19 - They gave their hands They gave their hands - They bound themselves in the most solemn manner to do as the rest of the delinquents had done; and they made all acknowledgm...

They gave their hands - They bound themselves in the most solemn manner to do as the rest of the delinquents had done; and they made all acknowledgment of their iniquity to God by offering each a ram for a trespass-offering.

Clarke: Ezr 10:25 - Moreover of Israel Moreover of Israel - That is, as Calmet observes, simple Israelites, to distinguish them from the priests, Levites, and singers, mentioned in Ezr 10...

Moreover of Israel - That is, as Calmet observes, simple Israelites, to distinguish them from the priests, Levites, and singers, mentioned in Ezr 10:18, Ezr 10:23, Ezr 10:24.

Clarke: Ezr 10:44 - Some of them had wives by whom they had children Some of them had wives by whom they had children - This observation was probably intended to show that only a few of them had children; but it shows...

Some of them had wives by whom they had children - This observation was probably intended to show that only a few of them had children; but it shows also how rigorously the law was put in execution

According to a passage in Justin Martyr’ s dialogue with Trypho, a Jew, Ezra offered a paschal lamb on this occasion, and addressed the people thus: "And Ezra said to the people, This passover is our Savior and our Refuge; and if ye will be persuaded of it, and let it enter into your hearts, that we are to humble ourselves to him in a sign, and afterwards shall believe in him, this place shall not be destroyed for ever, saith the Lord of Hosts: but if ye will not believe in him, nor hearken to his preaching, ye shall be a laughing-stock to the Gentiles."- Dial. cum Tryphone, sec. 72

This passage, Justin says, the Jews, through their enmity to Christ, blotted out of the book of Ezra. He charges them with cancelling several other places through the same spirit of enmity and opposition

In the Hebrew text this and the following book make but one, though sometimes Nehemiah is distinguished as the second book of Esdras. In the Masoretic enumeration of sections, etc., both books are conjoined. This may be seen at the end of Nehemiah. I can add nothing of importance to the character of Ezra, which has already been given so much in detail in the introduction to this book

Corrected, March, 1828. - A. Clarke

Defender: Ezr 10:11 - separate yourselves This edict of complete separation from the people of the land, even to the point of divorcing their pagan wives, seems severe but it was necessary for...

This edict of complete separation from the people of the land, even to the point of divorcing their pagan wives, seems severe but it was necessary for the divine mission of Israel to be accomplished. It was his marriages with "strange wives" that first led to King Solomon's downfall and to the introduction of idolatry into the kingdom of Israel. Once again the same problem had produced a pervasive compromise with their "abominations," so it had to be stopped, cost what it may. Ezra had been given complete authority by Artaxerxes not only to teach to the people of Israel the laws of God but also to enforce those laws through magistrates and judges which He would establish, even to the extent of capital punishment when necessary (Ezr 7:25-26)."

Defender: Ezr 10:44 - strange wives These pagan wives and their children were not simply turned out to fend for themselves. The customs of the time - as well as simple considerations of ...

These pagan wives and their children were not simply turned out to fend for themselves. The customs of the time - as well as simple considerations of right and wrong - would require that any dowry a wife had brought into her marriage be returned to her and she would go back to her parents' home. Both she and her children, if any, would again become members of the family of her parents."

TSK: Ezr 10:1 - when Ezra // when he had // weeping // before the house // a very great // very sore when Ezra : Dan 9:3, Dan 9:4, Dan 9:20; Act 10:30 when he had : Lev 26:40, Lev 26:41; Psa 32:5; Hos 14:2; 1Jo 1:8-10 weeping : Psa 119:136; Jer 9:1, J...

when Ezra : Dan 9:3, Dan 9:4, Dan 9:20; Act 10:30

when he had : Lev 26:40, Lev 26:41; Psa 32:5; Hos 14:2; 1Jo 1:8-10

weeping : Psa 119:136; Jer 9:1, Jer 13:17; Zec 12:10; Luk 19:41; Rom 9:2

before the house : 1Ki 8:30, 1Ki 9:3; 2Ch 20:9

a very great : Deu 31:12; 2Ch 20:13; Neh 10:28; Joe 2:16-18; Act 21:5

very sore : Heb. a great weeping, Jdg 2:4, Jdg 2:5; Neh 8:9

TSK: Ezr 10:2 - Shechaniah // Elam // We have trespassed // yet now there is hope Shechaniah : Ezr 10:26; Neh 3:29 Elam : Ezr 2:7, Ezr 2:31; Neh 7:12, Neh 7:34 We have trespassed : Shechaniah here speaks in the name of the people, n...

Shechaniah : Ezr 10:26; Neh 3:29

Elam : Ezr 2:7, Ezr 2:31; Neh 7:12, Neh 7:34

We have trespassed : Shechaniah here speaks in the name of the people, not acknowledging himself culpable; for he is not in the following list., Compare, Jam 2:9; Exo 34:12; Neh 13:27

yet now there is hope : Exo 34:6, Exo 34:7; Isa 55:6, Isa 55:7; Jer 3:12, Jer 3:13; 1Jo 1:7-9

TSK: Ezr 10:3 - let us make // put away // according to the counsel // of those that // at the commandment // let it let us make : Nichrath berith , ""let us cut a covenant:""Deu 29:12; Jos 9:6; 2Ki 11:17; 2Ch 29:10, 2Ch 34:31, 2Ch 34:32; Neh 9:38; Neh 10:29-39 pu...

let us make : Nichrath berith , ""let us cut a covenant:""Deu 29:12; Jos 9:6; 2Ki 11:17; 2Ch 29:10, 2Ch 34:31, 2Ch 34:32; Neh 9:38; Neh 10:29-39

put away : Heb. bring forth

according to the counsel : 2Ch 30:12

of those that : Ezr 9:4; 2Ch 34:21, 2Ch 34:27; Psa 119:59, Psa 119:120; Isa 66:2; Eze 9:4

at the commandment : Deu 7:2, Deu 7:3; Jos 23:12, Jos 23:13

let it : Neh 8:14, Neh 13:1-3; Isa 8:20; Shechaniah’ s counsel, which he was then so clear in, will not hold nowcaps1 . scaps0 uch marriages, it is certain, are contrary to the will of God, and ought not to be made; but they are not null. Our rule under the gospel is Quod fieri non debuit , factum valet , ""That which ought not to have been done must, when done, abide.""See note on 1Co 7:12, 1Co 7:13

TSK: Ezr 10:4 - Arise // for this matter // we also will // be of good Arise : Josh. 7:10-26; 1Ch 22:16, 1Ch 22:19; Ecc 9:10 for this matter : By the decree of Artaxerxes, Ezra was authorised to do every thing that the la...

Arise : Josh. 7:10-26; 1Ch 22:16, 1Ch 22:19; Ecc 9:10

for this matter : By the decree of Artaxerxes, Ezra was authorised to do every thing that the law of God required. Ezr 7:23-28; Mar 13:34

we also will : Jos 1:16-18; 1Ch 28:10, 1Ch 28:21

be of good : Isa 35:3, Isa 35:4; Heb 10:24, Heb 12:12, Heb 12:13

TSK: Ezr 10:5 - arose // made arose : Pro 1:5, Pro 9:9, Pro 15:23, Pro 25:11, Pro 25:12, Pro 27:9 made : Ezr 10:3; Neh 5:12, Neh 10:29, Neh 13:25; Mat 26:63

TSK: Ezr 10:6 - the chamber // Johanan // he did eat // he mourned the chamber : Neh 13:5 Johanan : Neh 3:1, Neh 3:20, Neh 12:10, Neh 12:22, Neh 13:28 he did eat : Deu 9:18; Job 23:12; Joh 4:31-34 he mourned : Ezr 9:4...

the chamber : Neh 13:5

Johanan : Neh 3:1, Neh 3:20, Neh 12:10, Neh 12:22, Neh 13:28

he did eat : Deu 9:18; Job 23:12; Joh 4:31-34

he mourned : Ezr 9:4; Isa 22:12; Dan 9:3

TSK: Ezr 10:7 - they made they made : Ezr 1:1; 2Ch 30:5

they made : Ezr 1:1; 2Ch 30:5

TSK: Ezr 10:8 - And that whosoever // forfeited // himself separated And that whosoever : Ezr 7:26; Jdg 21:5; 1Sa 11:7 forfeited : Heb. devoted, Lev 27:28; Jos 6:19 himself separated : Neh 13:3; Mat 18:17; Joh 9:22, Joh...

And that whosoever : Ezr 7:26; Jdg 21:5; 1Sa 11:7

forfeited : Heb. devoted, Lev 27:28; Jos 6:19

himself separated : Neh 13:3; Mat 18:17; Joh 9:22, Joh 9:34, Joh 16:2; 1Co 5:13

TSK: Ezr 10:9 - the ninth month // trembling // great rain the ninth month : That is, some time in December, which is the coldest and most rainy time of the year in Palestine. Dr. Russel, in his account of th...

the ninth month : That is, some time in December, which is the coldest and most rainy time of the year in Palestine. Dr. Russel, in his account of the weather at Aleppo, which very much resembles that in Judea, says, that the natives reckon the severity of the winter, which they call marbania , to last but forty days, beginning from the 12th of December, and ending the 20th of January, and that this computation comes in fact very near the truth, and that the air during this time is excessively piercing, even to those that are just come from a cold climate. Ezr 7:8, Ezr 7:9; Est 2:16

trembling : 1Sa 12:17, 1Sa 12:18; Jer 10:10, Jer 10:13

great rain : Heb. showers

TSK: Ezr 10:10 - taken // to increase taken : Heb. caused to dwell, or, brought back to increase : Ezr 9:6; Num 32:14; Jos 22:17, Jos 22:18; 2Ch 28:13; Mat 23:32

taken : Heb. caused to dwell, or, brought back

to increase : Ezr 9:6; Num 32:14; Jos 22:17, Jos 22:18; 2Ch 28:13; Mat 23:32

TSK: Ezr 10:11 - make confession // do his // separate // and from the make confession : Lev 26:40-42; Jos 7:19; Psa 32:5; Pro 28:13; Jer 3:13; 1Jo 1:7-9 do his : Isa 1:16-18, Isa 56:4; Rom 12:2; Col 1:10; Heb 13:21 separ...

TSK: Ezr 10:12 - As thou hast said // so must we do As thou hast said : They all resolved to do what Ezra had commanded; and they did put away their wives, even those by whom they had children (Ezr 10:4...

As thou hast said : They all resolved to do what Ezra had commanded; and they did put away their wives, even those by whom they had children (Ezr 10:44), each of whom doubtless received a portion according to the circumstances of her husband, and was not turned away desolate. Humanity must have dictated this, and no law of God is contrary to humanity.

so must we do : Ezr 10:3, Ezr 10:4; Neh 13:23; Psa 78:37, Psa 78:57

TSK: Ezr 10:13 - the people // we are many that have transgressed in this thing the people : Ezra 10:18-44; Mat 7:13, Mat 7:14 we are many that have transgressed in this thing : or, we have greatly offended in this thing

the people : Ezra 10:18-44; Mat 7:13, Mat 7:14

we are many that have transgressed in this thing : or, we have greatly offended in this thing

TSK: Ezr 10:14 - our rulers // the fierce // for this matter be turned from us our rulers : Deu 17:9, Deu 17:18, Deu 17:19; 2Ch 19:5-7 the fierce : Num 25:4; Deu 13:17; Jos 7:26; 2Ch 29:10, 2Ch 30:8; Psa 78:38; Isa 12:1 for this ...

our rulers : Deu 17:9, Deu 17:18, Deu 17:19; 2Ch 19:5-7

the fierce : Num 25:4; Deu 13:17; Jos 7:26; 2Ch 29:10, 2Ch 30:8; Psa 78:38; Isa 12:1

for this matter be turned from us : or, be turned from us, till this matter be dispatched.

TSK: Ezr 10:15 - were employed // Meshullam // Shabbethai were employed : Heb. stood Meshullam : Neh 3:6, Neh 10:20, Neh 12:33 Shabbethai : Neh 11:16

were employed : Heb. stood

Meshullam : Neh 3:6, Neh 10:20, Neh 12:33

Shabbethai : Neh 11:16

TSK: Ezr 10:16 - to examine the matter to examine the matter : Deu 13:14; Job 29:16; Joh 7:51

to examine the matter : Deu 13:14; Job 29:16; Joh 7:51

TSK: Ezr 10:17 - the first day am 3548, bc 456 the first day : The cases brought before the council were either so many, or so complicated, that, though they separated themselves fr...

am 3548, bc 456

the first day : The cases brought before the council were either so many, or so complicated, that, though they separated themselves from other employments, yet they were three whole months in examining into their affairs, and making the necessary separations required by the law. Ezr 10:17

TSK: Ezr 10:18 - the sons // Jeshua // Maaseiah the sons : Ezr 9:1; Lev 21:7, Lev 21:13-15; 1Sa 2:22-24; Neh 13:28; Jer 23:11, Jer 23:14; Eze 44:22; Mal 2:8, Mal 2:9; 1Ti 3:11 Jeshua : Ezr 2:2, Ezr ...

TSK: Ezr 10:19 - gave their hands // a ram gave their hands : They bound themselves in the most solemn manner to do as the rest of the delinquents had done, and make and acknowledgment to God o...

gave their hands : They bound themselves in the most solemn manner to do as the rest of the delinquents had done, and make and acknowledgment to God of their iniquity, by offering each a ram for a trespass offering. 2Ki 10:15; 1Ch 29:24; 2Ch 30:8 *marg. Lam 5:6; Gal 2:9

a ram : Lev 5:15, Lev 5:16, Lev 6:4, Lev 6:6

TSK: Ezr 10:20 - Immer Immer : Ezr 2:37; 1Ch 24:14; Neh 7:40

TSK: Ezr 10:21 - Harim Harim : Ezr 2:39; 1Ch 24:8; Neh 7:42

TSK: Ezr 10:22 - Pashur Pashur : Ezr 2:38; 1Ch 9:12; Neh 7:41

TSK: Ezr 10:23 - Jozabad // Kelita Jozabad : Ezr 8:33; Neh 11:16 Kelita : Neh 10:10

Jozabad : Ezr 8:33; Neh 11:16

Kelita : Neh 10:10

TSK: Ezr 10:25 - Moreover of Israel // sons of Parosh Moreover of Israel : That is, as Calmet observes, simple Israelites; thus distinguished from the priests, Levites, and singers, mentioned in Ezr 10:18...

Moreover of Israel : That is, as Calmet observes, simple Israelites; thus distinguished from the priests, Levites, and singers, mentioned in Ezr 10:18, Ezr 10:23, Ezr 10:24.

sons of Parosh : Ezr 2:3; Neh 7:8

TSK: Ezr 10:26 - Elam // Jehiel Elam : Ezr 10:2, Ezr 2:7, Ezr 2:31, Ezr 8:7; Neh 7:12, Neh 7:34 Jehiel : Ezr 10:2

TSK: Ezr 10:27 - Zattu Zattu : Ezr 2:8; Neh 7:13

Zattu : Ezr 2:8; Neh 7:13

TSK: Ezr 10:28 - Bebai Bebai : Ezr 2:11, Ezr 8:11; Neh 7:16

TSK: Ezr 10:29 - Bani // Malluch Bani : Ezr 2:10; Neh 7:15, Binnui Malluch : Neh 10:4

Bani : Ezr 2:10; Neh 7:15, Binnui

Malluch : Neh 10:4

TSK: Ezr 10:30 - Pahathmoab Pahathmoab : Ezr 2:6, Ezr 8:4; Neh 7:11

Pahathmoab : Ezr 2:6, Ezr 8:4; Neh 7:11

TSK: Ezr 10:31 - Harim // Malchiah Harim : Ezr 2:32; Neh 7:35 Malchiah : This variation only exists in the translation, the original being uniformly Malchijah, or rather, Malkeeyah. Neh...

Harim : Ezr 2:32; Neh 7:35

Malchiah : This variation only exists in the translation, the original being uniformly Malchijah, or rather, Malkeeyah. Neh 3:11, Malchijah

TSK: Ezr 10:33 - Hashum Hashum : Ezr 2:19; Neh 7:22

Hashum : Ezr 2:19; Neh 7:22

TSK: Ezr 10:34 - Bani Bani : Ezr 10:29

Bani : Ezr 10:29

TSK: Ezr 10:40 - Machnadebai Machnadebai : or, Mabnadebai, according to some copies

Machnadebai : or, Mabnadebai, according to some copies

TSK: Ezr 10:43 - Nebo Nebo : Ezr 2:29; Neh 7:33

Nebo : Ezr 2:29; Neh 7:33

TSK: Ezr 10:44 - strange wives // and some of them strange wives : Pro 2:16, Pro 5:3, Pro 5:20 and some of them : This observation was probably intended to shew that only a few of them had children, an...

strange wives : Pro 2:16, Pro 5:3, Pro 5:20

and some of them : This observation was probably intended to shew that only a few of them had children, and also how rigorously the law was put in execution. According to a passage in Justin Martyr’ s Dialogue with Trypho, a Jew, Ezra offered a paschal lamb on this occasion, and addressed the people thus: ""And Ezra said to the people, This pass-over is our Saviour and our Refuge; and if ye will be persuaded of it, and let it enter into your hearts, that we are to humble to Him in a sign, and afterwards shall believe in Him, this place shall not be destroyed forever, saith the Lord of hosts; but, if ye will not believe in Him, nor hearken to his preaching, ye shall be a laughing-stock to the Gentiles.""This was probably a marginal note added by some early Christian.

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: Ezr 10:2 - we // There is hope concerning this thing He saith we either, 1. Because he was guilty in this matter. Or rather, 2. In the name of the people, and their several families, and his own am...

He saith

we either,

1. Because he was guilty in this matter. Or rather,

2. In the name of the people, and their several families, and his own amongst the rest. For this man’ s name is not in the following catalogue, but there we have his father, Jehiel, and his father’ s brethren, five other sons of his grandfather Elam, Ezr 10:26 . It was therefore an evidence of his great courage, and good conscience, that he durst so freely and fully discharge his duty, whereby he showed that he honored God more than his nearest and dearest relations.

There is hope concerning this thing in case of our repentance and reformation. Therefore let us not sorrow like persons without hope, nor sit down in despair, but let us fall upon action, and amend our errors, and then trust to God’ s mercy.

Poole: Ezr 10:3 - To put away all the wives // And such as are born of them // According to the counsel of my lord // And of those that tremble at the commandment of our God // Let it be done according to the law To put away all the wives which though it may seem harsh, yet is not unjust, if it be considered, 1. That marriages made between some prohibited per...

To put away all the wives which though it may seem harsh, yet is not unjust, if it be considered,

1. That marriages made between some prohibited persons; as suppose, between a father and his daughter, a brother and a sister, are not only unlawful, but void marriages, and ipso facto null, by the political laws of civil nations. And therefore these marriages with idolatrous and heathen women, being expressly and severely forbidden by God, might well be disannulled. And it was one of good Theodosius’ s laws, that those actions which were done against law, should be accounted not only unlawful, but null.

2. That there were many peculiar laws given to the Jews concerning the marrying and putting away of wives, as hath been observed before in their proper places, and therefore it is not strange if there be something more in this case that is now usual with us.

3. Supposing the matrimonial tie had continued, yet they might be excluded from cohabitation with them, as a just punishment upon them for the wilful breach of a known and positive law of God.

And such as are born of them: this may seem harder than the former, but many things may be said.

1. Whatsoever evil befell either them or their children, they had all reason to accept it as the just and deserved fruit of their own sin.

2. That children may and sometimes do suffer, at least temporal evils, for their parents’ sins, or upon occasion of them, is most evident, both by the Scripture instances, and by the laws and usages of nations in some cases.

3. This may seem to have been a necessary part of severity, partly, as a proper punishment of the parents’ sin herein, and to deter others more effectually from the like practices; partly, to prevent the corruption of their other children by the conversation and society of this ungodly and idolatrous brood; and partly, lest such children, being continually present with them, and stealing into their affections, might at last prevail with them to take their ejected wives again.

4. These children were only cast out of the families and commonwealth of Israel, but were not utterly forsaken and ruined; but due care was probably taken by authority that they should have some provision made for them, and some care taken about their education in the Jewish religion, &c.

According to the counsel of my lord either,

1. As thou counsellest and desirest us to do. Or,

2. Let us do it in such manner as thou shalt think fit and agreeable to the law, as it follows; for it requires great caution, as being a matter of no small difficulty.

And of those that tremble at the commandment of our God: and of other serious and religious persons who may with thee consider and regulate the business.

Let it be done according to the law: this is meant, either,

1. Of the matter of the business, let that be done which the law requires; let them be put away. Or,

2. Of the manner of it, which must be according to the rules of God’ s law.

Poole: Ezr 10:4 - This matter belongeth unto thee This matter belongeth unto thee because thou hast both skill to manage it, and authority both from God and from the Persian king to do it.

This matter belongeth unto thee because thou hast both skill to manage it, and authority both from God and from the Persian king to do it.

Poole: Ezr 10:6 - Went into the chamber Went into the chamber that he with the princes and elders, as it follows, Ezr 10:8 , might consult about the execution of their resolution.

Went into the chamber that he with the princes and elders, as it follows, Ezr 10:8 , might consult about the execution of their resolution.

Poole: Ezr 10:8 - -- Either by banishment; or rather, by excommunication from the church, and people, and house, and public worship of God.

Either by banishment; or rather, by excommunication from the church, and people, and house, and public worship of God.

Poole: Ezr 10:9 - All the men of Judah and Benjamin // In the street of the house of God // For the great rain All the men of Judah and Benjamin not only of these two tribes, as appears from the following catalogue, where there are priests and Levites; but all...

All the men of Judah and Benjamin not only of these two tribes, as appears from the following catalogue, where there are priests and Levites; but all the Israelites, Ezr 10:25 , who are thus described, partly because the greatest part of them were of these tribes, though others were mixed with them; and partly because they all now dwelt in that land which formerly was appropriated to those tribes.

In the street of the house of God in that street of the city which was next to the temple, and within the view of it, that so they might be as in God’ s presence, whereby they might be awed to a more faithful and vigorous prosecution of their work. And this place they might choose rather than the court of the people, because they thought it might be polluted by the delinquents, who were all to come thither.

For the great rain which they took for a token of God’ s displeasure against them.

Poole: Ezr 10:11 - Do his pleasure Do his pleasure you have sinfully pleased yourselves, now please God by your obedience to his command.

Do his pleasure you have sinfully pleased yourselves, now please God by your obedience to his command.

Poole: Ezr 10:14 - Let our rulers of all the congregation stand // Them which have taken strange wives // The elders of every city, and the judges thereof // Until the fierce wrath of our God be turned from us Let our rulers of all the congregation stand let the great council, called the Sanhedrim , be settled, and meet to judge and determine of all partic...

Let our rulers of all the congregation stand let the great council, called the Sanhedrim , be settled, and meet to judge and determine of all particular causes.

Them which have taken strange wives to wit, of these heathen nations, such as were not proselyted to the Jewish religion before their marriage, or since revolted from it.

The elders of every city, and the judges thereof who are best able to inform the great council of the quality of the persons, and of all matters of fact and circumstances.

Until the fierce wrath of our God be turned from us i.e. until the thing be done, and God’ s wrath thereby removed.

Poole: Ezr 10:15 - -- To wit, to take due care that the business should be executed in the manner proposed, that the officers and delinquents of every city should come su...

To wit, to take due care that the business should be executed in the manner proposed, that the officers and delinquents of every city should come successively in convenient time and order, as these should appoint, and to take and keep an exact account of the whole transaction, and of the names of the cities and persons whose causes were despatched, and to give notice to others to come in their turns, and to prepare the business for the hearing of the judges. And these two were priests, as their coadjutors or helpers were Levites; that so they might inform the persons concerned, if any matter of doubt did arise.

Poole: Ezr 10:16 - Were separated Were separated i.e. sequestered themselves from all other business, and gave themselves wholly to this.

Were separated i.e. sequestered themselves from all other business, and gave themselves wholly to this.

Poole: Ezr 10:19 - They gave their hand They gave their hand i.e. they covenanted or swore by giving their hand; which was the usual gesture in those cases; of which see Lev 6:2 Eze 17:18 ....

They gave their hand i.e. they covenanted or swore by giving their hand; which was the usual gesture in those cases; of which see Lev 6:2 Eze 17:18 .

Poole: Ezr 10:25 - Of Israel Of Israel i.e. of the people of Israel, distinguished from the priests and the Levites hitherto named, who before were called Judah and Benjamin, Ezr...

Of Israel i.e. of the people of Israel, distinguished from the priests and the Levites hitherto named, who before were called Judah and Benjamin, Ezr 10:9 , See Poole "Ezr 10:9" .

Poole: Ezr 10:44 - -- Whereby he implies that most of their wives were barren; which came to pass by God’ s special providence, partly to manifest his displeasure ag...

Whereby he implies that most of their wives were barren; which came to pass by God’ s special providence, partly to manifest his displeasure against such matches, and partly that the practice of this great and necessary duty might not be encumbered with too many difficulties.

Haydock: Ezr 10:1 - God God, in the court of the people, before the eastern gate.

God, in the court of the people, before the eastern gate.

Haydock: Ezr 10:2 - Sechenias // Repentance Sechenias. 3 Esdras calls him "Jechoias." See chap. viii. 5. The name of Sechenias is not found among the transgressors; (ver. 20.) but that of Je...

Sechenias. 3 Esdras calls him "Jechoias." See chap. viii. 5. The name of Sechenias is not found among the transgressors; (ver. 20.) but that of Jehiel is, ver. 26. It seems, however, that the former returned with Esdras, and speaks in the name of the people, to encourage them to confess their guilt, (Calmet) unless his name be omitted. (Menochius) ---

Repentance. Hebrew, "yet there is hope, (Protestants) or an assembly of Israel." (Du Dieu)

Haydock: Ezr 10:3 - Covenant // Of them Covenant. The marrying with strange women seemed to have annulled the covenant of God. --- Of them. The children were to follow the mothers, as i...

Covenant. The marrying with strange women seemed to have annulled the covenant of God. ---

Of them. The children were to follow the mothers, as in other unlawful connections. Their being suffered to remain behind, might have had dangerous consequences. (Calmet) ---

The custom of divorcing was then in force, (Tirinus) and the Jews looked upon all as null, which was done contrary to the law; (Ven. Bede; Estius; Calmet; Grotius) though here the law was only prohibitory. (Cajetan) (Tirinus) ---

As all was directed by the will of God, the dictates of humanity would not be disregarded (Calmet) on this trying occasion. (Haydock) ---

The children migth be placed in houses for education. (Cajetan) (Tirinus)

Haydock: Ezr 10:4 - Thy part Thy part. The high priest not acting, (Menochius) Esdras was appointed chief, (Haydock) and his abilities were universally acknowledged. (Calmet)

Thy part. The high priest not acting, (Menochius) Esdras was appointed chief, (Haydock) and his abilities were universally acknowledged. (Calmet)

Haydock: Ezr 10:6 - Before // Eliasib Before. 3 Esdras, "the court or hall of the temple." (Haydock) --- Eliasib. His son and successor is styled Joiada, 2 Esdras xii. 10. The sam...

Before. 3 Esdras, "the court or hall of the temple." (Haydock) ---

Eliasib. His son and successor is styled Joiada, 2 Esdras xii. 10. The same person had often many names, (Calmet) or Johanan might be a younger son. (Menochius) ---

Josephus ([Antiquities?] xi. 5.) says, that Esdras went to the apartments of John and Eliasib. (Haydock) ---

Esdras, though sent extraordinarily by God, repairs to the son of the priest, as St. Paul conferred with other apostles, Galatians ii. (Worthington)

Haydock: Ezr 10:8 - Away Away. Hebrew and Septuagint, "subjected to anathema," (Calmet) and utterly destroyed; (Haydock) or, according to some editions of the Septuagint and...

Away. Hebrew and Septuagint, "subjected to anathema," (Calmet) and utterly destroyed; (Haydock) or, according to some editions of the Septuagint and Josephus, "consecrated to the temple." Esdras exercised the power which had been entrusted to him, chap. vii. 16.

Haydock: Ezr 10:9 - Ninth // Street Ninth. Casleu, (Zacharias vii. 1.) which corresponds with our November and December. (Menochius) --- Street. Court, which afforded as yet no sh...

Ninth. Casleu, (Zacharias vii. 1.) which corresponds with our November and December. (Menochius) ---

Street. Court, which afforded as yet no shelter from the rain. (Calmet) ---

This would tend to punish them for their sin, and to make them more sensible to it. (Worthington)

Haydock: Ezr 10:11 - Confession Confession. Septuagint, "give praise;" which is done by repentance and virtue. (Menochius) --- Confess your faults, and submit to the justice of G...

Confession. Septuagint, "give praise;" which is done by repentance and virtue. (Menochius) ---

Confess your faults, and submit to the justice of God, Josue vii. 19. (Calmet)

Haydock: Ezr 10:14 - Cities Cities. It is not clear whether the rulers went to the different cities, or the principal men of each gave information, and caused the guilty to app...

Cities. It is not clear whether the rulers went to the different cities, or the principal men of each gave information, and caused the guilty to appear before Esdras, at Jerusalem. (Haydock)

Haydock: Ezr 10:16 - So // Went So. Cajetan improperly concludes, that the sentence was not put in execution; because Nehemias (chap. xiii. 23.) complains of such marriages. (Calm...

So. Cajetan improperly concludes, that the sentence was not put in execution; because Nehemias (chap. xiii. 23.) complains of such marriages. (Calmet) ---

But the guilty might have resumed their women. (Haydock) ---

Went. Hebrew, "were separated." (Haydock) ---

By making a small change, we may translate, with 3 Esdras, "and Esdras separated or chose the men." Josephus seems generally to have followed the Greek of 3 Esdras. The Syriac says there were 20 judges.

Haydock: Ezr 10:19 - Hands Hands. Thus the Persians confirmed their most solemn engagements. (Calmet)

Hands. Thus the Persians confirmed their most solemn engagements. (Calmet)

Haydock: Ezr 10:25 - Israel Israel. Laymen, (Calmet) not of the tribe of Levi. (Menochius)

Israel. Laymen, (Calmet) not of the tribe of Levi. (Menochius)

Haydock: Ezr 10:30 - Moab Moab. The inhabitants of this town, as well as of Nebo, (ver. 43.) are specified.

Moab. The inhabitants of this town, as well as of Nebo, (ver. 43.) are specified.

Haydock: Ezr 10:44 - Children Children. Hebrew may be, "and some of these women had exposed their children." But most follow the Septuagint and Vulgate. 3 Esdras ix. 36, "and t...

Children. Hebrew may be, "and some of these women had exposed their children." But most follow the Septuagint and Vulgate. 3 Esdras ix. 36, "and they ejected them with their children." None was spared. (Calmet) ---

One great inconvenience of such connections is, that the offspring is illegitimate. (Worthington) ---

Only 17 priests, 10 Levites, and 86 laymen, are stigmatized as guilty of this scandal; yet these fill Israel with confusion, and Esdras with extreme affliction. (Haydock)

Gill: Ezr 10:1 - Now when Ezra had prayed, and when he had confessed, weeping // and casting himself down before the house of God // there assembled to him out of Israel a very great congregation of men, and women, and children // for the people wept very sore Now when Ezra had prayed, and when he had confessed, weeping,.... Had confessed the sins of the people in prayer and supplication, with many tears: ...

Now when Ezra had prayed, and when he had confessed, weeping,.... Had confessed the sins of the people in prayer and supplication, with many tears:

and casting himself down before the house of God; in the outward court before the temple, his face turned towards it, where he lay prostrate:

there assembled to him out of Israel a very great congregation of men, and women, and children; it was quickly spread abroad, both in Jerusalem and places adjacent, that such a great man, a commissioner from the king of Persia, and a priest of the Jews, was in the utmost distress, rending his garments, and plucking off his hair, and was crying and praying in a vehement manner; which brought a great concourse of people, who concluded some great sins were committed, and sore judgments were coming upon them:

for the people wept very sore; being affected with his confessions, cries, and tears, and fearing wrath would come upon them for their sins.

Gill: Ezr 10:2 - And Shechaniah the son of Jehiel, one of the sons of Elam, answered and said unto Ezra // we have trespassed against our God, and have taken strange wives of the people of the land // yet now there is hope in Israel concerning this thing And Shechaniah the son of Jehiel, one of the sons of Elam, answered and said unto Ezra,.... This man seems to be one of those that now came with Ezra ...

And Shechaniah the son of Jehiel, one of the sons of Elam, answered and said unto Ezra,.... This man seems to be one of those that now came with Ezra from Babylon, see Ezr 8:3,

we have trespassed against our God, and have taken strange wives of the people of the land; not that he had taken any himself, being but just come into the land, nor is his name in the list of those that had; but inasmuch as many of the nation, of which he was a part, and his own father, and several of his uncles had, Ezr 10:26, he expresses himself in this manner:

yet now there is hope in Israel concerning this thing; of a reformation of this evil, and of pardon for it.

Gill: Ezr 10:3 - Now therefore let us make a covenant with our God // to put away all the wives, and such as are born of them // according to the counsel of my Lord // and of those that tremble at the commandment of our God // and let it be done according to the law Now therefore let us make a covenant with our God,.... Renew our covenant with him, and lay ourselves under fresh obligation by promise and oath, and ...

Now therefore let us make a covenant with our God,.... Renew our covenant with him, and lay ourselves under fresh obligation by promise and oath, and unanimously agree

to put away all the wives, and such as are born of them; he means all the strange wives, such marriages being unlawful; and such wives might the more easily be put away, since bills of divorce were in frequent use with the Jews, and the children of such also being illegitimate; and the rather they were to be put away, lest they should corrupt other children, or get into the affections of their fathers, which might lead on to receive their mothers again, and especially this was to be done as a punishment of their sin: though no doubt but a provision was to be made, and was made, for the maintenance both of wives and children:

according to the counsel of my Lord; either of Ezra, whom he honours with this title, being a ruler under the king of Persia; or of the Lord God, according to his will declared in his words, which is his counsel:

and of those that tremble at the commandment of our God; feared to break it, and dreaded the effect of such a breach; and who no doubt would follow the counsel of the Lord, and join in their advice to act according to the proposal made:

and let it be done according to the law; as that directs in such cases.

Gill: Ezr 10:4 - Arise // for this matter belongeth unto thee // we also will be with thee // be of good courage, and do it Arise,.... From the ground, where he lay prostrate: for this matter belongeth unto thee; as a priest and scribe of the law, well versed in it, and ...

Arise,.... From the ground, where he lay prostrate:

for this matter belongeth unto thee; as a priest and scribe of the law, well versed in it, and therefore could direct what was to be done according to it; and as a ruler under the king of Persia, and a commissioner of his, to inquire whether the law of God was observed by the Jews, Ezr 7:14 and so had authority to put the law in execution:

we also will be with thee; to help and assist in the reformation of this evil:

be of good courage, and do it; do not despair of going through it, though there may be some opposition to it; begin, and doubt not of succeeding.

Gill: Ezr 10:5 - Then arose Ezra // and made the chief priests, and the Levites, and all Israel, to swear that they should do according to this word // and they sware Then arose Ezra,.... From the ground where he lay: and made the chief priests, and the Levites, and all Israel, to swear that they should do accord...

Then arose Ezra,.... From the ground where he lay:

and made the chief priests, and the Levites, and all Israel, to swear that they should do according to this word: he took an oath of all that were present to do what was proposed, namely, to put away strange wives and their children:

and they sware; by means of which they were kept to their word of promise, an oath being a solemn, sacred, thing.

Gill: Ezr 10:6 - Then Ezra rose up from before the house of God // and went into the chamber of Johanan the son of Eliashib // and when he came thither, he did eat no bread, nor drink water // for he mourned for the transgression of them that had been carried away Then Ezra rose up from before the house of God,.... Departed from thence: and went into the chamber of Johanan the son of Eliashib; who was of the ...

Then Ezra rose up from before the house of God,.... Departed from thence:

and went into the chamber of Johanan the son of Eliashib; who was of the family of the high priest. Eliashib was grandson of Joshua the high priest, and succeeded his father Joiakim as such; but though Johanan was never high priest, being a younger son, however he was a person of note, and had a chamber in the temple, whither Ezra went, either to advise with the princes and elders in it, Ezr 10:8 or to refresh himself with food:

and when he came thither, he did eat no bread, nor drink water; or rather "not yet had he ate bread" o, as some render it; that is, not till he came thither, from the time he first heard of the evil the people had committed; which very probably was early in the morning, and it was now evening:

for he mourned for the transgression of them that had been carried away; into captivity, but were now returned from it, and it grieved him the more, that, after such kindness shown them, they should be guilty of such an evil.

Gill: Ezr 10:7 - And they made proclamation // throughout Judah and Jerusalem, unto all the children of the captivity // that they should gather themselves together unto Jerusalem And they made proclamation,.... By the voice of an herald: throughout Judah and Jerusalem, unto all the children of the captivity; who were returne...

And they made proclamation,.... By the voice of an herald:

throughout Judah and Jerusalem, unto all the children of the captivity; who were returned from it:

that they should gather themselves together unto Jerusalem; within a time after mentioned.

Gill: Ezr 10:8 - And that whosoever would not come within three days // according to the counsel of the princes, and of the elders // his substance should be forfeited // and himself separated from the congregation of those that had been carried away And that whosoever would not come within three days,.... Or at the end of three days, as Jarchi, this was the space of time allowed, and which was dec...

And that whosoever would not come within three days,.... Or at the end of three days, as Jarchi, this was the space of time allowed, and which was decided upon for the quick dispatch of this affair, to prevent any schemes that might be formed to obstruct it, and lest those who had agreed to it, and promised to assist in it, should repent and go from their word:

according to the counsel of the princes, and of the elders; for though Ezra had a commission at large from the king of Persia, to inquire into and reform all abuses, he chose not to act of himself, but to have the opinion and consent of the senate of the nation; this he prudently did to avoid their envy, and that he might have less opposition, and better success:

his substance should be forfeited; or "devoted" p to sacred uses, to be put into the treasury of the temple, and used in the service of it, and therefore never to be returned:

and himself separated from the congregation of those that had been carried away; into captivity, but now returned from it; that is, should be excommunicated from them as a church, and be no more reckoned of the body politic, or a freeman of Israel, and so deprived of all privileges both in church and state.

Gill: Ezr 10:9 - Then all the men of Judah and Benjamin // gathered themselves together unto Jerusalem within three days // it was the ninth month, on the twentieth day of the month // and all the people sat in the street of the house of God // trembling because of this matter // and for the great rain Then all the men of Judah and Benjamin,.... And such of the ten tribes that returned and dwelt among them: gathered themselves together unto Jerusa...

Then all the men of Judah and Benjamin,.... And such of the ten tribes that returned and dwelt among them:

gathered themselves together unto Jerusalem within three days; the time fixed: which they were the more careful to observe, since it was enjoined by the authority of princes and elders, and the punishment in case of disobedience very severe:

it was the ninth month, on the twentieth day of the month; the month Chisleu, which answers to part of November and part of December, so that the twentieth day must be in the beginning of December; this was almost five months after Ezra came to Jerusalem:

and all the people sat in the street of the house of God: the street which led to the temple, the east street, 2Ch 29:4 though some think this was the court of the people, called a street, because it lay open, not yet walled in; and, according to Josephus q, it was in an upper room of the temple in which Ezra was, perhaps the same with the chamber of Johanan, Ezr 10:6,

trembling because of this matter; they were met about; some that were guilty, not knowing what punishment would be inflicted on them, and others that were not, yet dreaded the wrath of God, lest that should break out upon the whole congregation for it:

and for the great rain; which now fell, and which they interpreted as a token of the divine displeasure: for though it was in winter time, yet not with them a time of rain, for the former rain had fallen a month before; so that this being unusual and unexpected, they understood it as betokening evil to them.

Gill: Ezr 10:10 - And Ezra the priest stood up // and said unto them, ye have transgressed // and have taken strange wives // to increase the trespass of Israel And Ezra the priest stood up,.... In the midst of the assembly to make his speech, acquainting them with the reason of their meeting together: and ...

And Ezra the priest stood up,.... In the midst of the assembly to make his speech, acquainting them with the reason of their meeting together:

and said unto them, ye have transgressed; the law of God in the following instance:

and have taken strange wives; of the people of the land and others, idolatrous persons:

to increase the trespass of Israel; to add to former iniquities, which had been the cause of the captivity.

Gill: Ezr 10:11 - Now therefore make confession to the Lord God of your fathers // and do his pleasure // and separate yourselves from the people of the land // and from the strange wives Now therefore make confession to the Lord God of your fathers,.... Of their sin, and express their detestation of it, and repentance for it: and do...

Now therefore make confession to the Lord God of your fathers,.... Of their sin, and express their detestation of it, and repentance for it:

and do his pleasure; obey his will, and particularly in this case:

and separate yourselves from the people of the land; the Canaanites, &c. have no fellowship with them, make no covenants, contracts, and alliances with them for the future:

and from the strange wives; they had taken; put them away.

Gill: Ezr 10:12 - Then all the congregation answered and said with a loud voice // as thou host said, so must we do Then all the congregation answered and said with a loud voice,.... That they might be heard, and to show that they were willing and ready to comply wi...

Then all the congregation answered and said with a loud voice,.... That they might be heard, and to show that they were willing and ready to comply with what was proposed:

as thou host said, so must we do; being convinced of their sin, they saw it was a duty incumbent on them to put away their strange wives, and that there was a necessity of it, to avert the wrath of God from them.

Gill: Ezr 10:13 - But the people are many // and it is a time of much rain, and we are not able to stand without // neither is this a work of one day or two // for we are many that have transgressed in this thing But the people are many,.... Who have been guilty of this evil: and it is a time of much rain, and we are not able to stand without: in the street,...

But the people are many,.... Who have been guilty of this evil:

and it is a time of much rain, and we are not able to stand without: in the street, because of the rain:

neither is this a work of one day or two; to inquire into this affair, who they are that have taken strange wives, and to persuade or oblige them to put them away:

for we are many that have transgressed in this thing; in marrying strange wives.

Gill: Ezr 10:14 - Let now our rulers of all the congregations stand // and let all them which have taken strange wives in our cities come at appointed times // and with the elders of every city and the judges thereof // until the fierce wrath of our God for this matter be turned from us Let now our rulers of all the congregations stand,.... Let the great sanhedrim, or court of judicature at Jerusalem, be fixed and continued, and other...

Let now our rulers of all the congregations stand,.... Let the great sanhedrim, or court of judicature at Jerusalem, be fixed and continued, and others:

and let all them which have taken strange wives in our cities come at appointed times; to the court at Jerusalem, at certain and fixed known times of their sittings there for this purpose:

and with the elders of every city and the judges thereof; the principal magistrates of it, who were to testify that upon search and inquiry those were the men and all the men in their city, that had taken strange wives, and that they had put them away according to the order of the princes and elders; and this they proposed to be done in every city, and the account to be brought to the sanhedrim at Jerusalem, who were to sit at certain times till this affair was finished:

until the fierce wrath of our God for this matter be turned from us: which it seems had broke out in some instances, and they feared would do yet more, unless this step was taken, whereby they hoped it would be averted.

Gill: Ezr 10:15 - Only Jonathan the son of Asahel, and Jahaziah the son of Tikvah, were employed about the matter // and Meshullam and Shabbethai the Levite helped them Only Jonathan the son of Asahel, and Jahaziah the son of Tikvah, were employed about the matter,.... To see that this affair was conducted in the mann...

Only Jonathan the son of Asahel, and Jahaziah the son of Tikvah, were employed about the matter,.... To see that this affair was conducted in the manner proposed; that the magistrates of every city brought the persons that had been delinquents, in their turns, of which they gave them notice, and took the account of them as they came:

and Meshullam and Shabbethai the Levite helped them; assisted them in this work; the other two perhaps were priests, and both these Levites; and these four were the only persons appointed over this matter, as the phrase in the preceding clause may signify; though Jarchi interprets it to a quite contrary sense, that they were the only persons that opposed and objected to it; and so Dr. Lightfoot r understands it, and renders it, "stood against this matter"; in which they were seconded by the two Levites, and the sense is very probable.

Gill: Ezr 10:16 - And the children of the captivity did so // and Ezra the priest, with certain chief of the fathers, after the house of their fathers, and all of them by their names, were separated // and sat down in the first day of the tenth month // to examine the matter And the children of the captivity did so,.... Put away their strange wives: and Ezra the priest, with certain chief of the fathers, after the house...

And the children of the captivity did so,.... Put away their strange wives:

and Ezra the priest, with certain chief of the fathers, after the house of their fathers, and all of them by their names, were separated; from all their other business, and gave themselves up to attend to this wholly:

and sat down in the first day of the tenth month; the month Tebeth, which answers to part of December and January; this was ten days after the assembly of all the people met and broke up: these took their places in the great court, and there sat

to examine the matter; the accounts brought in from the several cities by the magistrates thereof, and recorded them.

Gill: Ezr 10:17 - And they made an end with all the men that had taken strange wives // by the first day of the first month And they made an end with all the men that had taken strange wives,.... Finished their inquiry and examination of them: by the first day of the fir...

And they made an end with all the men that had taken strange wives,.... Finished their inquiry and examination of them:

by the first day of the first month; the month Nisan, answering to part of March and April; so that they were three months about this work.

Gill: Ezr 10:18 - And among the sons of the priests there were found that had taken strange wives // of the sons of Jeshua the son of Jozadak // and his brethren, Maaseiah, and Eliezer, and Jarib, and Gedaliah And among the sons of the priests there were found that had taken strange wives,.... So that it need not be wondered at that this evil should spread a...

And among the sons of the priests there were found that had taken strange wives,.... So that it need not be wondered at that this evil should spread among the people, when those who understood the law, and should have instructed the people in it, set such an example: namely:

of the sons of Jeshua the son of Jozadak; who was the high priest; and perhaps for this fault of his, in not restraining his sons from such unlawful marriages, is he represented in filthy garments, Zec 3:3,

and his brethren, Maaseiah, and Eliezer, and Jarib, and Gedaliah; these were the brethren of Jeshua.

Gill: Ezr 10:19-43 - And they gave their hands that they would put away their wives // and being guilty // they offered a ram of the flock for their trespass And they gave their hands that they would put away their wives,.... They proposed to do it, and actually did it: and being guilty; of which they we...

And they gave their hands that they would put away their wives,.... They proposed to do it, and actually did it:

and being guilty; of which they were fully convinced:

they offered a ram of the flock for their trespass; to make atonement for it, and thereby set an example to others to do the like. Aben Ezra observes, that we do not find that the trespass offering was a mulct to such who married strange wives, and conjectures, that it was the advice of the chief men to do it. From hence, to the end of Ezr 10:43, is a list of the men that had married strange wives, and put them away; those in Ezr 10:20, were priests; in Ezr 10:23, Levites, and those of them who were singers or porters; the rest were Israelites: and it is a very common distinction, in rabbinical writers, to distinguish the Jews into priests, Levites, and Israelites; of these we know no more than their names; some of the heads of the families may be observed in Ezr 2:1.

Gill: Ezr 10:44 - All these had taken strange wives // and some of them had wives by whom they had children All these had taken strange wives,.... In all about one hundred and thirteen: and some of them had wives by whom they had children; and yet they pu...

All these had taken strange wives,.... In all about one hundred and thirteen:

and some of them had wives by whom they had children; and yet they put them away, which made it the more difficult for them to do; and those that had none, it is thought to be a mark of God's displeasure at such marriages. No mention being made of the children being put away, as Shechaniah proposed, Ezr 10:3, it may be concluded they were not, but were taken care of, to be educated in the true religion, and entered proselytes at a proper time; and the rather, as Ezra gave no orders about their putting away, Ezr 10:11.

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Ezr 10:1 Heb “with much weeping.”

NET Notes: Ezr 10:2 Heb “upon this.”

NET Notes: Ezr 10:3 Heb “who tremble at”; NAB, NIV “who fear.”

NET Notes: Ezr 10:5 Heb “to do according to this plan.”

NET Notes: Ezr 10:6 The translation reads וַיָּלֶן (vayyalen, “and he stayed”) rather than the reading ו...

NET Notes: Ezr 10:7 For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

NET Notes: Ezr 10:11 Heb “the peoples of the land.”

NET Notes: Ezr 10:12 Heb “thus according to your word [singular = Qere] concerning us, to do.”

NET Notes: Ezr 10:13 Heb “the time [is] rain showers.”

NET Notes: Ezr 10:14 Heb “stand.”

NET Notes: Ezr 10:15 Heb “stood.”

NET Notes: Ezr 10:16 Heb “the heads of the fathers, to the house of their fathers, and all of them by name.”

NET Notes: Ezr 10:18 Heb “found.”

NET Notes: Ezr 10:19 Heb “hand.”

NET Notes: Ezr 10:31 The translation reads with many medieval Hebrew MSS and ancient versions וּמִבְּנֵי (umibb...

NET Notes: Ezr 10:34 The name “Bani” appears in both v. 29 and v. 34. One of these names has probably undergone alteration in the transmission process, but it ...

NET Notes: Ezr 10:38 The translation reads וּמִבְּנֵי בִנּוּי (umibb&...

NET Notes: Ezr 10:44 The final statement in v. 44 is difficult in terms of both its syntax and its meaning. The present translation attempts to make sense of the MT. But t...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 10:1 Now when Ezra had prayed, and when he had ( a ) confessed, weeping and casting himself down before the house of God, there assembled unto him out of I...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 10:2 And Shechaniah the son of Jehiel, [one] of the sons of Elam, answered and said unto Ezra, We have trespassed against our God, and have taken strange w...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 10:3 Now therefore let us make a covenant with our God to put away ( c ) all the wives, and such as are born of them, according to the counsel of my lord, ...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 10:4 Arise; for [this] matter ( d ) [belongeth] unto thee: we also [will be] with thee: be of good courage, and do [it]. ( d ) Because God has given you a...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 10:9 Then all the men of Judah and Benjamin gathered themselves together unto Jerusalem within three days. It [was] the ( e ) ninth month, on the twentieth...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 10:10 And Ezra the priest stood up, and said unto them, Ye have transgressed, and have taken strange wives, to ( g ) increase the trespass of Israel. ( g )...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 10:11 Now therefore ( h ) make confession unto the LORD God of your fathers, and do his pleasure: and separate yourselves from the people of the land, and f...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 10:14 Let now our rulers of all the congregation stand, ( i ) and let all them which have taken strange wives in our cities come at appointed times, and wit...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 10:16 And the children of the captivity did so. And Ezra the priest, [with] certain chief of the fathers, after the house of their fathers, and all of them ...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 10:19 And they gave ( l ) their hands that they would put away their wives; and [being] guilty, [they offered] a ram of the flock for their trespass. ( l )...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 10:25 Moreover of ( m ) Israel: of the sons of Parosh; Ramiah, and Jeziah, and Malchiah, and Miamin, and Eleazar, and Malchijah, and Benaiah. ( m ) Meaning...

Geneva Bible: Ezr 10:44 All these had taken strange wives: and [some] of them had wives by whom they had ( n ) children. ( n ) Who also were made illegitimate because the ma...

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: Ezr 10:1-5 - --Shechaniah owned the national guilt. The case is sad, but it is not desperate; the disease threatening, but not incurable. Now that the people begin t...

MHCC: Ezr 10:6-14 - --There is hope concerning people, when they are convinced, not only that it is good to part with their sins, but that it is necessary; we must do it, o...

MHCC: Ezr 10:15-44 - --The best reformers can but do their endeavour; when the Redeemer himself shall come to Zion, he shall effectually turn away ungodliness from Jacob. An...

Matthew Henry: Ezr 10:1-5 - -- We are here told, I. What good impressions were made upon the people by Ezra's humiliation and confession of sin. No sooner was it noised in the cit...

Matthew Henry: Ezr 10:6-14 - -- We have here an account of the proceedings upon the resolutions lately taken up concerning the strange wives; no time was lost; they struck when the...

Matthew Henry: Ezr 10:15-44 - -- The method of proceeding in this matter being concluded on, and the congregation dismissed, that each in his respective place might gain and give in...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 10:1 - -- The separation of the strange wives from the congregation. - Ezr 10:1-5. WhileEzra was making this confession before God, a numerous assemblagegath...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 10:2-3 - -- Then one of the sons of Elam, Shecaniah, the son of Jehiel, stood forthfrom amidst the assembly, and uttered the confession: "We have beenunfaithful...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 10:4 - -- "Up! for this matter concerns thee (thou art called to carry it out), and weare with thee (will assist thee therein); be strong (courageous) and do ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 10:5 - -- Then Ezra (who during this speech had continued upon his knees) arose,and made the chiefs of the priests, of the Levites, and of all Israel swear to...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 10:6 - -- Hereupon Ezra left the place before the house of God, and went into thechamber of Johanan the son of Eliashib, to fast and mourn there for theunfait...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 10:7-8 - -- The resolution carried into execution. - Ezr 10:7, Ezr 10:8. A proclamation was sentforth throughout Judah and Jerusalem ( קול העביר , comp...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 10:9 - -- After three days all the men of Judah and Benjamin assembled atJerusalem. This took place on the twentieth day of the ninth month. Onthis statement ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 10:10-11 - -- Ezra then stood up and reproved the assembled multitude, saying: Youhave brought home ( הושׁיב , comp. Ezr 10:2) strange wives to increase thet...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 10:12-13 - -- The whole assembly replied with a loud voice, and therefore with firmresolve: According to thy word it is our duty to do. עלינוּ must not be d...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 10:14 - -- "Let then our rulers stand for the whole congregation, and let all who in allour cities have brought home strange wives come at appointed times, and...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 10:15-16 - -- Jonathan the son of Asahel, and Jahaziah the son of Tikvah, indeedopposed this proposal on the part of the community, and were supportedin their opp...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 10:17 - -- And they made an end with all, with respect to the men who had broughthome strange wives. בּכּל (with the article) cannot be so connectedwith ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 10:18-22 - -- Among the priests there stand first, four names of sons and brethren of thehigh priest Jeshua, the son of Jozadak, who returned to Jerusalem withZer...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 10:23 - -- Of Levites, only six names are given, and that without stated the houses towhich they belonged. From Ezr 2:40, however, it appears that they wereof ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 10:24 - -- Of singers one, and of porters three names are given; comp. Ezr 2:41-42. In all, ten Levites.

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 10:25-43 - -- Of Israel, as distinguished from priests and Levites, i.e., of the laity. Ofthese latter are given in all eighty-six names, belonging to ten races, ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Ezr 10:44 - -- Ezr 10:44 contains the statement with which the account of this transactioncloses. The Chethiv נשׂאיּ seems to be an error of transcription for...

Constable: Ezr 7:1--10:44 - --II. THE SECOND RETURN UNDER EZRA chs. 7--10 A period of 58 years separates Ezra 6 from Ezra 7 (515-458 B.C.). Du...

Constable: Ezr 10:1-44 - --2. The solution to the problem ch. 10 This chapter illustrates the fact that we should respond t...

Constable: Ezr 10:1-4 - --The proposal of Shecaniah 10:1-4 The writer did not list Shecaniah among those who had m...

Constable: Ezr 10:5-8 - --The assembling of the people 10:5-8 Ezra first secured the cooperation of Israel's leade...

Constable: Ezr 10:9-15 - --The cooperation of the people 10:9-15 This general assembly took place in late November ...

Constable: Ezr 10:16-44 - --The completion of the proceedings 10:16-44 The people were able to complete the divorce ...

Guzik: Ezr 10:1-44 - Confession and Repentance Ezra 10 - Confession and Repentance A. The people decide to forsake their sin. 1. (1) The example of Ezra's confession. Now while Ezra was praying...

buka semua
Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: Ezra (Pendahuluan Kitab) EZRA was, along with Nehemiah, reckoned one book by the ancient Jews, who called them the First and Second Books of Ezra, and they are still designate...

JFB: Ezra (Garis Besar) PROCLAMATION OF CYRUS FOR BUILDING THE TEMPLE. (Ezr 1:1-6) CYRUS RESTORES THE VESSELS. (Ezr 1:7-11) NUMBER OF THE PEOPLE THAT TURNED. (Ezra 2:1-70) T...

TSK: Ezra (Pendahuluan Kitab) This book details the events of a very interesting period of the Sacred History, when, according to the decree of Providence, the Jewish people were t...

TSK: Ezra 10 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Ezr 10:1, Ezra encouraged to reform the strange marriages; Ezr 10:6, Ezra assembles the people; Ezr 10:9, The people repent, and promise ...

Poole: Ezra (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE ARGUMENT THAT this book of EZRA is part of the canonical Scripture is evident, partly from the testimony of the Jewish church, to which were c...

Poole: Ezra 10 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHAPTER 10 Shechaniah encourageth Ezra to reform the strange marriages, Ezr 10:1-4 . All Israel swear to do accordingly, Ezr 10:5 . Ezra, mourning,...

MHCC: Ezra (Pendahuluan Kitab) The history of this book is the accomplishment of Jeremiah's prophecy concerning the return of the Jews out of Babylon. From its contents we especiall...

MHCC: Ezra 10 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (Ezr 10:1-5) Ezra encourages to reformation. (Ezr 10:6-14) He assembles the people. (v. 15-44) Reformation effected.

Matthew Henry: Ezra (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Book of Ezra The Jewish church puts on quite another face in this book from what it had appeared wi...

Matthew Henry: Ezra 10 (Pendahuluan Pasal) In this chapter we have that grievance redressed which was complained of and lamented in the foregoing chapter. Observe, I. How the people's heart...

Constable: Ezra (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title The title in the English text comes from the main character in the ...

Constable: Ezra (Garis Besar) Outline I. The first return under Sheshbazzar chs. 1-6 A. The return from Babylon chs. 1-2 ...

Constable: Ezra Ezra Bibliography Ackroyd, Peter R. I and II Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah. London: SCM Press, 1973. ...

Haydock: Ezra (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST BOOK OF ESDRAS. INTRODUCTION. This Book taketh its name from the writer, who was a holy priest and doctor of the law. He is called by...

Gill: Ezra (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO EZRA This book, in the Vulgate Latin and Arabic versions, is called the "First" Book of Ezra, Nehemiah being reckoned the "second";...

Gill: Ezra 10 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO EZRA 10 Upon Ezra's prayer and confession, it was proposed by Shechaniah, that those who had married strange wives should put them ...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


TIP #33: Situs ini membutuhkan masukan, ide, dan partisipasi Anda! Klik "Laporan Masalah/Saran" di bagian bawah halaman. [SEMUA]
dibuat dalam 2.27 detik
dipersembahkan oleh
bible.org - YLSA