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Teks -- 2 Samuel 15:1-37 (NET)

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Konteks
Absalom Leads an Insurrection against David
15:1 Some time later Absalom managed to acquire a chariot and horses, as well as fifty men to serve as his royal guard. 15:2 Now Absalom used to get up early and stand beside the road that led to the city gate. Whenever anyone came by who had a complaint to bring to the king for arbitration, Absalom would call out to him, “What city are you from?” The person would answer, “I, your servant, am from one of the tribes of Israel.” 15:3 Absalom would then say to him, “Look, your claims are legitimate and appropriate. But there is no representative of the king who will listen to you.” 15:4 Absalom would then say, “If only they would make me a judge in the land! Then everyone who had a judicial complaint could come to me and I would make sure he receives a just settlement.” 15:5 When someone approached to bow before him, Absalom would extend his hand and embrace him and kiss him. 15:6 Absalom acted this way toward everyone in Israel who came to the king for justice. In this way Absalom won the loyalty of the citizens of Israel. 15:7 After four years Absalom said to the king, “Let me go and repay my vow that I made to the Lord while I was in Hebron. 15:8 For I made this vow when I was living in Geshur in Aram: ‘If the Lord really does allow me to return to Jerusalem, I will serve the Lord.’” 15:9 The king replied to him, “Go in peace.” So Absalom got up and went to Hebron. 15:10 Then Absalom sent spies through all the tribes of Israel who said, “When you hear the sound of the horn, you may assume that Absalom rules in Hebron.” 15:11 Now two hundred men had gone with Absalom from Jerusalem. Since they were invited, they went naively and were unaware of what Absalom was planning. 15:12 While he was offering sacrifices, Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David’s adviser, to come from his city, Giloh. The conspiracy was gaining momentum, and the people were starting to side with Absalom.
David Flees from Jerusalem
15:13 Then a messenger came to David and reported, “The men of Israel are loyal to Absalom!” 15:14 So David said to all his servants who were with him in Jerusalem, “Come on! Let’s escape! Otherwise no one will be delivered from Absalom! Go immediately, or else he will quickly overtake us and bring disaster on us and kill the city’s residents with the sword.” 15:15 The king’s servants replied to the king, “We will do whatever our lord the king decides.” 15:16 So the king and all the members of his royal court set out on foot, though the king left behind ten concubines to attend to the palace. 15:17 The king and all the people set out on foot, pausing at a spot some distance away. 15:18 All his servants were leaving with him, along with all the Kerethites, all the Pelethites, and all the Gittites– some six hundred men who had come on foot from Gath. They were leaving with the king. 15:19 Then the king said to Ittai the Gittite, “Why should you come with us? Go back and stay with the new king, for you are a foreigner and an exile from your own country. 15:20 It seems like you arrived just yesterday. Today should I make you wander around by going with us? I go where I must go. But as for you, go back and take your men with you. May genuine loyal love protect you!” 15:21 But Ittai replied to the king, “As surely as the Lord lives and as my lord the king lives, wherever my lord the king is, whether dead or alive, there I will be as well!” 15:22 So David said to Ittai, “Come along then.” So Ittai the Gittite went along, accompanied by all his men and all the dependents who were with him. 15:23 All the land was weeping loudly as all these people were leaving. As the king was crossing over the Kidron Valley, all the people were leaving on the road that leads to the desert. 15:24 Zadok and all the Levites who were with him were carrying the ark of the covenant of God. When they positioned the ark of God, Abiathar offered sacrifices until all the people had finished leaving the city. 15:25 Then the king said to Zadok, “Take the ark of God back to the city. If I find favor in the Lord’s sight he will bring me back and enable me to see both it and his dwelling place again. 15:26 However, if he should say, ‘I do not take pleasure in you,’ then he will deal with me in a way that he considers appropriate.” 15:27 The king said to Zadok the priest, “Are you a seer? Go back to the city in peace! Your son Ahimaaz and Abiathar’s son Jonathan may go with you and Abiathar. 15:28 Look, I will be waiting at the fords of the desert until word from you reaches me.” 15:29 So Zadok and Abiathar took the ark of God back to Jerusalem and remained there. 15:30 As David was going up the Mount of Olives, he was weeping as he went; his head was covered and his feet were bare. All the people who were with him also had their heads covered and were weeping as they went up. 15:31 Now David had been told, “Ahithophel has sided with the conspirators who are with Absalom. So David prayed, “Make the advice of Ahithophel foolish, O Lord!” 15:32 When David reached the summit, where he used to worship God, Hushai the Arkite met him with his clothes torn and dirt on his head. 15:33 David said to him, “If you leave with me you will be a burden to me. 15:34 But you will be able to counter the advice of Ahithophel if you go back to the city and say to Absalom, ‘I will be your servant, O king! Previously I was your father’s servant, and now I will be your servant.’ 15:35 Zadok and Abiathar the priests will be there with you. Everything you hear in the king’s palace you must tell Zadok and Abiathar the priests. 15:36 Furthermore, their two sons are there with them, Zadok’s son Ahimaaz and Abiathar’s son Jonathan. You must send them to me with any information you hear.” 15:37 So David’s friend Hushai arrived in the city, just as Absalom was entering Jerusalem.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Abiathar a son of Ahimelech; a high priest and counselor of David,son of Ahimelech (Ahitub I Ithamar Aaron); counselor of David
 · Absalom the son of David and Maacah
 · Ahimaaz father of Ahinoam the wife of Saul,a chief priest; son of Zadok I,son-in-law and food collection officer (Naphtali) of Solomon
 · Ahithophel a man from Giloh; father of Eliam, the father of Bathsheba
 · Aram the country to the north of Palestine,a country of north western Mesopotamia
 · Archite a member of a clan of Canaanites who settled SW of Bethel (OS)
 · Cherethites a tribe of Philistines in southern Canaan (YC),officers who formed part of David's guard
 · David a son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel,son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel
 · Gath a town of the Anakim and Philistines in Judah 12 km south. of Ekron
 · Geshur a town and nation
 · Giloh a town in the hill country of Judah 10 km NW of Jerusalem
 · Gilonite a resident of the town of Giloh
 · Gittite resident(s) of the town of Gath
 · Hebron a valley and town of Judah 25 km west of the dead sea,son of Kohath son of Levi,son of Mareshah of Judah
 · Hushai father of Baana, Solomon's man for food from Asher and Bealoth
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Ittai a Gittite man who joined David just before Absalom's rebellion,son of Ribai of Gibeah in Benjamin; one of David's elite
 · Jerusalem the capital city of Israel,a town; the capital of Israel near the southern border of Benjamin
 · Jonathan a man who was a descendant of Gershom son of Moses,son of Saul of Benjamin,son of the high priest Abiathar in David's time,the son of Shime-i, David's brother,son of Shammah/Shagee; one of David's military elite,son of Jada of Judah,son of Uzziah; overseer of the country treasuries for King David,a man who was uncle and counselor of King David,father of Ebed who accompanied Ezra leading the clan of Adin back from exile,a man who opposed Ezra's reforms; son of Asahel,a chief priest; son of Joiada,priest and head of the house of Malluchi under High Priest Joiakim in the time of Nehemiah,son of Shemaiah of Asaph of Levi; father of Zechariah,a man who was secretary and dungeon keeper for King Zedekiah; son of Kareah
 · Kidron a brook and its valley,a brook and valley between Jerusalem and the Mt. of Olives
 · Levites relating to Levi and the priesthood given to him,a tribal name describing people and ceremonies as sacred
 · Pelethites a type of soldier among David's men, perhaps mercenaries (OS).
 · Syria the country to the north of Palestine,a country of north western Mesopotamia
 · Zadok a son of Azor; the father of Akim; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Ahitub II; high priest Zadok I in David's time,father of Jerusha, who was the mother of King Jotham,the chief priest Zadok II; son of Meraioth II,a man who was one of David's military elite from Aaron's clan,son of Baana; one of those who helped rebuild the wall,son of Immer; one of those who helped rebuild the wall,an Israelite chief who signed the covenant to keep God's law,a Levite who served as Nehemiah's scribe


Topik/Tema Kamus: David | Absalom | Rebellion | Children | JUDAH, KINGDOM OF | SAMUEL, BOOKS OF | Israel | Chronicles, Books of | Zadok | Ahimaaz | Ittai | Ambition | Hushai | Usurpation | Ahithophel | Politics | Diplomacy | Abiathar | PHILISTINES | Friendship | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
Maclaren , MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: 2Sa 15:1 - Prepared As being the king's eldest son, now Amnon was dead; for Chileab, who was his eldest brother, 2Sa 3:3, was either dead, or incapable of the government....

As being the king's eldest son, now Amnon was dead; for Chileab, who was his eldest brother, 2Sa 3:3, was either dead, or incapable of the government. And this course he knew would draw the eyes of the people to him, and make them conclude that David intended him for his successor.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:2 - Early Thereby making a shew of solicitude for the good of the public, and of every private person.

Thereby making a shew of solicitude for the good of the public, and of every private person.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:2 - Called him Preventing him with the offers of his assistance. And as if he were ready to make particular enquiry into the state of his cause.

Preventing him with the offers of his assistance. And as if he were ready to make particular enquiry into the state of his cause.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:3 - See Upon some very slight hearing of their cause, he approved it, that he might oblige all.

Upon some very slight hearing of their cause, he approved it, that he might oblige all.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:3 - No man None such as will do thee justice. The other sons and relations of the king, and the rest of the judges and rulers under him and them, are wholly corr...

None such as will do thee justice. The other sons and relations of the king, and the rest of the judges and rulers under him and them, are wholly corrupted; or, at least not careful and diligent as they should be: and my father being grown in years, is negligent of publick affairs. It is the way of turbulent, aspiring men, to reproach the government they are under. Even David himself, the best of kings, could not escape the worst of censures.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:7 - After forty years From the change of the government, into a monarchy, which was about ten years before David began to reign. So this fell out about the thirtieth year o...

From the change of the government, into a monarchy, which was about ten years before David began to reign. So this fell out about the thirtieth year of his reign.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:9 - Hebron This place he chose as being an eminent city, and next to Jerusalem, the chief of the tribe of Judah, and the place where his father began his kingdom...

This place he chose as being an eminent city, and next to Jerusalem, the chief of the tribe of Judah, and the place where his father began his kingdom, which he took for a good omen. And where it is probable he had secured many friends. It was also at a convenient distance from Jerusalem.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:11 - Called Such as Absalom had picked out as fit for his purpose; such as were of some reputation with the king and people, which would give a countenance to his...

Such as Absalom had picked out as fit for his purpose; such as were of some reputation with the king and people, which would give a countenance to his undertaking, and give occasion to people at first to think that this was done by his father's consent, as being now aged, and infirm, and willing to resign the kingdom to him. It is no new thing, for good men to be made use of by designing men to put a colour upon ill practices.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:12 - Sacrifices Which he did not in devotion to God; but merely that upon this pretence he might call great numbers of people together.

Which he did not in devotion to God; but merely that upon this pretence he might call great numbers of people together.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:14 - Let us flee For though the fort of Zion was strong, and he might have defended himself there; yet he had not laid in provisions for a long siege; and, if he had b...

For though the fort of Zion was strong, and he might have defended himself there; yet he had not laid in provisions for a long siege; and, if he had been once besieged there, Absalom would have got speedy possession of his whole kingdom; whereas if he marched abroad, he might raise a considerable army for his defence. Besides, the greatest part of Jerusalem could not be well defended against him.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:16 - After him Or, on foot, which the king chose to do, to humble himself under the hand of God; to encourage his companions in this hard and comfortless march; and ...

Or, on foot, which the king chose to do, to humble himself under the hand of God; to encourage his companions in this hard and comfortless march; and to move compassion in his people towards him.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:16 - Concubines For he supposed that their sex would protect them, and their relation to David would gain them some respect, or at least, safety from his son.

For he supposed that their sex would protect them, and their relation to David would gain them some respect, or at least, safety from his son.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:17 - Far off At some convenient distance, tho' not very far.

At some convenient distance, tho' not very far.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:18 - Gittites Or rather strangers, as Ittai their head is called, 2Sa 15:19, and they are called his brethren, 2Sa 15:20. Probably they were Philistines by birth, b...

Or rather strangers, as Ittai their head is called, 2Sa 15:19, and they are called his brethren, 2Sa 15:20. Probably they were Philistines by birth, born in the city or territory of Gath, as the following words imply, who by David's counsel, and example, were won to embrace the true religion, and had given good proof of their military skill, and valour, and fidelity to the king.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:19 - Thy place To Jerusalem, where thy settled abode now is.

To Jerusalem, where thy settled abode now is.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:19 - The king With Absalom who is now made king.

With Absalom who is now made king.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:19 - An exile Not much concerned in our affairs, and therefore not fit to be involved in our troubles.

Not much concerned in our affairs, and therefore not fit to be involved in our troubles.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:20 - Brethren Thy countrymen the Gittites, 2Sa 15:18.

Thy countrymen the Gittites, 2Sa 15:18.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:20 - Mercy, &c. Since I am now unable to recompense thy kindness and fidelity to me, my hearty prayer to God is, that he would shew to thee his mercy, in blessing the...

Since I am now unable to recompense thy kindness and fidelity to me, my hearty prayer to God is, that he would shew to thee his mercy, in blessing thee with all sorts of blessings, and his faithfulness in making good all these promises which he had made, not to Israelites only, but to all true hearted proselytes, such as thou art.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:21 - Will thy servant be He is a friend indeed, who loves at all times, and will cleave to us in adversity. Thus should we cleave to the Son of David, that neither life, nor d...

He is a friend indeed, who loves at all times, and will cleave to us in adversity. Thus should we cleave to the Son of David, that neither life, nor death may separate us from his love.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:22 - Little ones For being so deeply engaged for David, he durst not leave his little ones to Absalom's mercy.

For being so deeply engaged for David, he durst not leave his little ones to Absalom's mercy.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:23 - Kidron Or, Cedron, which was near Jerusalem. The very same brook that Christ passed over when he entered upon his sufferings, Joh 18:1.

Or, Cedron, which was near Jerusalem. The very same brook that Christ passed over when he entered upon his sufferings, Joh 18:1.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:23 - Wilderness Which was between Jerusalem and Jericho.

Which was between Jerusalem and Jericho.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:24 - Went up From the ark to the city, which was on higher ground, that so he being high-priest, might use his authority with the people, to persuade them to do th...

From the ark to the city, which was on higher ground, that so he being high-priest, might use his authority with the people, to persuade them to do their duty; and there he staid until all those whom he could persuade were gone forth.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:25 - Carry back Out of care and reverence to the ark, which though it might be carried our to a certain place; yet he might justly think unfit to carry it from place ...

Out of care and reverence to the ark, which though it might be carried our to a certain place; yet he might justly think unfit to carry it from place to place he knew not whither, and out of respect to the priests, whom, by this means, he thought he should expose to the rage of Absalom, as he had before exposed them to Saul's fury.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:25 - Habitation That is, the tabernacle which David had lately built for it, 2Sa 6:17, in which the ark, and God, by means hereof, ordinarily dwelt.

That is, the tabernacle which David had lately built for it, 2Sa 6:17, in which the ark, and God, by means hereof, ordinarily dwelt.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:26 - Let him do That we may not complain of what is, let us see God's hand in all events. And that we may not be afraid of what shall be, let us see all events in God...

That we may not complain of what is, let us see God's hand in all events. And that we may not be afraid of what shall be, let us see all events in God's hand.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:27 - A seer A seeing, discerning, or observing man: for so the Hebrew verb raah is often used. And this suits well with David's mind: Thou art a wise man, and the...

A seeing, discerning, or observing man: for so the Hebrew verb raah is often used. And this suits well with David's mind: Thou art a wise man, and therefore fit to manage this great business, which requires prudence and secrecy.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:30 - Barefoot In testimony of his deep sorrow, and humiliation and shame for his sins.

In testimony of his deep sorrow, and humiliation and shame for his sins.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:34 - And say That is, as faithful to thee, as I have been to thy father. David's suggesting this crafty counsel must be reckoned amongst his sins. Nevertheless God...

That is, as faithful to thee, as I have been to thy father. David's suggesting this crafty counsel must be reckoned amongst his sins. Nevertheless God was pleased to direct this evil advice to a good end.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:36 - There Not in Jerusalem, but in a place near it, to which they could easily send upon occasion.

Not in Jerusalem, but in a place near it, to which they could easily send upon occasion.

Wesley: 2Sa 15:37 - Absalom came, &c. _How soon do royal cities and royal palaces change their masters? But we look for a kingdom which cannot be moved.

_How soon do royal cities and royal palaces change their masters? But we look for a kingdom which cannot be moved.

JFB: 2Sa 15:1 - Absalom prepared him chariots and horses, and fifty men to run before him This was assuming the state and equipage of a prince. The royal guards, called runners, avant couriers, amounted to fifty (1Ki 1:5). The chariot, as t...

This was assuming the state and equipage of a prince. The royal guards, called runners, avant couriers, amounted to fifty (1Ki 1:5). The chariot, as the Hebrew indicates, was of a magnificent style; and the horses, a novelty among the Hebrew people, only introduced in that age as an appendage of royalty (Psa 32:9; Psa 66:12), formed a splendid retinue, which would make him "the observed of all observers."

JFB: 2Sa 15:2-6 - Absalom rose up early, and stood beside the way of the gate Public business in the East is always transacted early in the morning--the kings sitting an hour or more to hear causes or receive petitions, in a cou...

Public business in the East is always transacted early in the morning--the kings sitting an hour or more to hear causes or receive petitions, in a court held anciently, and in many places still, in the open air at the city gateway; so that, as those whose circumstances led them to wait on King David required to be in attendance on his morning levees, Absalom had to rise up early and stand beside the way of the gate. Through the growing infirmities of age, or the occupation of his government with foreign wars, many private causes had long lain undecided, and a deep feeling of discontent prevailed among the people. This dissatisfaction was artfully fomented by Absalom, who addressed himself to the various suitors; and after briefly hearing their tale, he gratified everyone with a favorable opinion of his case. Studiously concealing his ambitious designs, he expressed a wish to be invested with official power, only that he might accelerate the course of justice and advance the public interests. His professions had an air of extraordinary generosity and disinterestedness, which, together with his fawning arts in lavishing civilities on all, made him a popular favorite. Thus, by forcing a contrast between his own display of public spirit and the dilatory proceedings of the court, he created a growing disgust with his father's government, as weak, careless, or corrupt, and seduced the affections of the multitude, who neither penetrated the motive nor foresaw the tendency of his conduct.

JFB: 2Sa 15:7-9 - after forty years It is generally admitted that an error has here crept into the text, and that instead of "forty," we should read with the Syriac and Arabic versions, ...

It is generally admitted that an error has here crept into the text, and that instead of "forty," we should read with the Syriac and Arabic versions, and JOSEPHUS, "four years"--that is, after Absalom's return to Jerusalem, and his beginning to practice the base arts of gaining popularity.

JFB: 2Sa 15:7-9 - my vow, which I have vowed unto the Lord During his exile in Geshur. The purport of it was, that whenever God's providence should pave the way for his re-establishment in Jerusalem, he would ...

During his exile in Geshur. The purport of it was, that whenever God's providence should pave the way for his re-establishment in Jerusalem, he would offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving. Hebron was the spot selected for the performance of this vow, ostensibly as being his native place (2Sa 3:3), and a famous high place, where sacrifices were frequently offered before the temple was built; but really as being in many respects the most suitable for the commencement of his rebellious enterprise. David, who always encouraged piety and desired to see religious engagements punctually performed, gave his consent and his blessing.

JFB: 2Sa 15:10 - Absalom sent spies throughout all the tribes of Israel These emissaries were to sound the inclination of the people, to further the interests of Absalom, and exhort all the adherents of his party to be in ...

These emissaries were to sound the inclination of the people, to further the interests of Absalom, and exhort all the adherents of his party to be in readiness to join his standard as soon as they should hear that he had been proclaimed king. As the summons was to be made by the sound of trumpets, it is probable that care had been taken to have trumpeters stationed on the heights, and at convenient stations--a mode of announcement that would soon spread the news over all the country of his inauguration to the throne.

JFB: 2Sa 15:11 - with Absalom went two hundred men . . . that were called From their quality, reputation, and high standing, such as would create the impression that the king patronized the movement and, being aged and infir...

From their quality, reputation, and high standing, such as would create the impression that the king patronized the movement and, being aged and infirm, was willing to adopt his oldest and noblest son to divide with him the cares and honors of government.

JFB: 2Sa 15:12 - Absalom sent for Ahithophel Who he knew was ready to join the revolt, through disgust and revenge, as Jewish writers assert, at David's conduct towards Bath-sheba, who was his gr...

Who he knew was ready to join the revolt, through disgust and revenge, as Jewish writers assert, at David's conduct towards Bath-sheba, who was his granddaughter.

JFB: 2Sa 15:12 - Giloh Near Hebron.

Near Hebron.

JFB: 2Sa 15:12 - the conspiracy was strong The rapid accession of one place after another in all parts of the kingdom to the party of the insurgents, shows that deep and general dissatisfaction...

The rapid accession of one place after another in all parts of the kingdom to the party of the insurgents, shows that deep and general dissatisfaction existed at this time against the person and government of David. The remnant of Saul's partisans, the unhappy affair of Bath-sheba, the overbearing insolence and crimes of Joab, negligence and obstruction in the administration of justice--these were some of the principal causes that contributed to the success of this widespread insurrection.

JFB: 2Sa 15:14 - David said . . . Arise, and let us flee David, anxious for the preservation of the city which he had beautified, and hopeful of a greater support throughout the country, wisely resolved on l...

David, anxious for the preservation of the city which he had beautified, and hopeful of a greater support throughout the country, wisely resolved on leaving Jerusalem.

JFB: 2Sa 15:18-20 - all the Gittites, six hundred men These were a body of foreign guards, natives of Gath, whom David, when in the country of the Philistines, had enlisted in his service, and kept around...

These were a body of foreign guards, natives of Gath, whom David, when in the country of the Philistines, had enlisted in his service, and kept around his person. Addressing their commander, Ittai, he made a searching trial of their fidelity in bidding them (2Sa 15:19) abide with the new king.

JFB: 2Sa 15:23 - the brook Kidron A winter torrent that flows through the valley between the city and the eastern side of the Mount of Olives.

A winter torrent that flows through the valley between the city and the eastern side of the Mount of Olives.

JFB: 2Sa 15:24-25 - Zadok also, and all the Levites . . ., bearing the ark Knowing the strong religious feelings of the aged king, they brought it to accompany him in his distress. But as he could not doubt that both the ark ...

Knowing the strong religious feelings of the aged king, they brought it to accompany him in his distress. But as he could not doubt that both the ark and their sacred office would exempt them from the attacks of the rebels, he sent them back with it--not only that they might not be exposed to the perils of uncertain wandering, for he seems to place more confidence in the symbol of the divine presence than in God Himself--but that, by remaining in Jerusalem, they might render him greater service by watching the enemy's movements.

JFB: 2Sa 15:30 - David went up by the ascent of mount Olivet The same pathway over that mount has been followed ever since that memorable day.

The same pathway over that mount has been followed ever since that memorable day.

JFB: 2Sa 15:30 - had his head covered With a mourning wrapper. The humility and resignation of David marked strongly his sanctified spirit, induced by contrition for his transgressions. He...

With a mourning wrapper. The humility and resignation of David marked strongly his sanctified spirit, induced by contrition for his transgressions. He had fallen, but it was the fall of the upright; and he rose again, submitting himself meekly in the meantime to the will of God [CHALMERS].

JFB: 2Sa 15:31 - David said, Turn, O Lord, . . . the counsel of Ahithophel This senator being the mainstay of the conspiracy.

This senator being the mainstay of the conspiracy.

JFB: 2Sa 15:32 - when David was come to the top of the mount, where he worshipped Looking towards Jerusalem, where were the ark and tabernacle.

Looking towards Jerusalem, where were the ark and tabernacle.

JFB: 2Sa 15:32 - Hushai the Archite A native of Archi, on the frontiers of Benjamin and Ephraim (Jos 16:2). Comparing the prayer against Ahithophel with the counsel to Hushai, we see how...

A native of Archi, on the frontiers of Benjamin and Ephraim (Jos 16:2). Comparing the prayer against Ahithophel with the counsel to Hushai, we see how strongly a spirit of fervent piety was combined in his character with the devices of an active and far-seeing policy.

Clarke: 2Sa 15:1 - Absalom prepared him chariots and horses Absalom prepared him chariots and horses - After all that has been said to prove that horses here mean horsemen, I think it most likely that the wri...

Absalom prepared him chariots and horses - After all that has been said to prove that horses here mean horsemen, I think it most likely that the writer would have us to understand chariots drawn by horses; not by mules or such like cattle

Clarke: 2Sa 15:1 - Fifty men to run before him Fifty men to run before him - Affecting in every respect the regal state by this establishment. Of this man Calmet collects the following character:...

Fifty men to run before him - Affecting in every respect the regal state by this establishment. Of this man Calmet collects the following character: "He was a bold, violent, revengeful, haughty, enterprising, magnificent, eloquent, and popular prince; he was also rich, ambitious, and vain of his personal accomplishments: after the death of Amnon, and his reconciliation to his father, he saw no hindrance in his way to the throne. He despised Solomon because of the meanness of his birth, and his tender years. He was himself of the blood royal, not only by his father David, but also by his mother Maacah, daughter to Talmai, king of Geshur: and, doubtless, in his own apprehension, of sufficient age, authority, and wisdom, to sustain the weight of government. There was properly now no competitor in his way: Amnon, David’ s first-born, was dead. Of Chileab, his second son by Abigail, we hear nothing; and Absalom was the third: see 2Sa 3:2-5. He, therefore, seemed to stand nearest to the throne; but his sin was, that he sought it during his father’ s life, and endeavored to dethrone him in order to sit in his stead.

Clarke: 2Sa 15:6 - So Absalom stole the hearts So Absalom stole the hearts - His manner of doing this is circumstantially related above. He was thoroughly versed in the arts of the demagogue; and...

So Absalom stole the hearts - His manner of doing this is circumstantially related above. He was thoroughly versed in the arts of the demagogue; and the common people, the vile mass, heard him gladly. He used the patriot’ s arguments, and was every thing of the kind, as far as promise could go. He found fault with men in power; and he only wanted their place, like all other pretended patriots, that he might act as they did, or worse.

Clarke: 2Sa 15:7 - After forty years After forty years - There is no doubt that this reading is corrupt, though supported by the commonly printed Vulgate, the Septuagint, and the Chalde...

After forty years - There is no doubt that this reading is corrupt, though supported by the commonly printed Vulgate, the Septuagint, and the Chaldee. But the Syriac has arba shanin , Four years; the Arabic the same arba shinin , Four years; and Josephus has the same; so also the Sixtine edition of the Vulgate, and several MSS. of the same version. Theodoret also reads four, not forty; and most learned men are of opinion that ארבעים arbaim , Forty, is an error for אברע arba , Four; yet this reading is not supported by any Hebrew MS. yet discovered. But two of those collated by Dr. Kennicott have יום yom instead of שנה shanah , i.e., forty Days, instead of forty Years; and this is a reading more likely to be true than that in the commonly received text. We know that Absalom did stay Three years with his grandfather at Geshur, 2Sa 13:38; and this probably was a year after his return: the era, therefore, may be the time of his slaying his brother Amnon; and the four years include the time from his flight till the conspiracy mentioned here.

Clarke: 2Sa 15:8 - While I abode at Geshur in Syria While I abode at Geshur in Syria - Geshur, the country of Talmai, was certainly not in Syria, but lay on the south of Canaan, in or near Edom, as is...

While I abode at Geshur in Syria - Geshur, the country of Talmai, was certainly not in Syria, but lay on the south of Canaan, in or near Edom, as is evident from Jdg 1:10; 1Sa 27:8; 2Sa 13:37. Hence it is probable that ארם Aram, Syria, is a mistake for אדם Edom; ד daleth and ר resh being easily interchangeable. Edom is the reading both of the Syriac and Arabic

Clarke: 2Sa 15:8 - I will serve the Lord I will serve the Lord - Here he pretended to be a strict follower of Jehovah, even while he was in a heathen country; and now he desires liberty to ...

I will serve the Lord - Here he pretended to be a strict follower of Jehovah, even while he was in a heathen country; and now he desires liberty to go and perform a vow at Hebron, which he pretends to have made while he was resident at Geshur. And all this was the more perfectly to organize his system of rebellion against his venerable father.

Clarke: 2Sa 15:10 - Absalom sent spies Absalom sent spies - These persons were to go into every tribe; and the trumpet was to be blown as a signal for all to arise, and proclaim Absalom i...

Absalom sent spies - These persons were to go into every tribe; and the trumpet was to be blown as a signal for all to arise, and proclaim Absalom in every place. The trumpet was probably used as a kind of telegraph by the spies: trumpet exciting trumpet from place to place; so that, in a few minutes all Israel would hear the proclamation.

Clarke: 2Sa 15:11 - Went two hundred men Went two hundred men - These were probably soldiers, whom he supposed would be of considerable consequence to him. They had been seduced by his spec...

Went two hundred men - These were probably soldiers, whom he supposed would be of considerable consequence to him. They had been seduced by his specious conduct, but knew nothing of his present design.

Clarke: 2Sa 15:12 - Sent for Ahithophel Sent for Ahithophel - When Absalom got him, he in effect got the prime minister of the kingdom to join him.

Sent for Ahithophel - When Absalom got him, he in effect got the prime minister of the kingdom to join him.

Clarke: 2Sa 15:13 - The hearts of the men of Israel are after Absalom The hearts of the men of Israel are after Absalom - It is very difficult to account for this general defection of the people. Several reasons are gi...

The hearts of the men of Israel are after Absalom - It is very difficult to account for this general defection of the people. Several reasons are given

1.    David was old or afflicted, and could not well attend to the administration of justice in the land

2.    It does appear that the king did not attend to the affairs of state, and that there were no properly appointed judges in the land; see 2Sa 15:3

3.    Joab’ s power was overgrown; he was wicked and insolent, oppressive to the people, and David was afraid to execute the laws against him

4.    There were still some partisans of the house of Saul, who thought the crown not fairly obtained by David

5.    David was under the displeasure of the Almighty, for his adultery with Bath-sheba, and his murder of Uriah; and God let his enemies loose against him

6.    There are always troublesome and disaffected men in every state, and under every government; who can never rest, and are ever hoping for something from a change

7.    Absalom appeared to be the real and was the undisputed heir to the throne; David could not, in the course of nature, live very long; and most people are more disposed to hail the beams of the rising, than exult in those of the setting, sun

No doubt some of these causes operated, and perhaps most of them exerted less or more influence in this most scandalous business.

Clarke: 2Sa 15:14 - David said - Arise - let us flee David said - Arise - let us flee - This, I believe, was the first time that David turned his back to his enemies. And why did he now flee? Jerusalem...

David said - Arise - let us flee - This, I believe, was the first time that David turned his back to his enemies. And why did he now flee? Jerusalem, far from not being in a state to sustain a siege, was so strong that even the blind and the lame were supposed to be a sufficient defense for the walls, see 2Sa 5:6. And he had still with him his faithful Cherethites and Pelethites; besides six hundred faithful Gittites, who were perfectly willing to follow his fortunes. There does not appear any reason why such a person, in such circumstances, should not act on the defensive; at least till he should be fully satisfied of the real complexion of affairs. But he appears to take all as coming from the hand of God; therefore he humbles himself, weeps, goes barefoot, and covers his head! He does not even hasten his departure, for the habit of mourners is not the habit of those who are flying before the face of their enemies. He sees the storm, and he yields to what he conceives to be the tempest of the Almighty.

Clarke: 2Sa 15:17 - And tarried in a place And tarried in a place - He probably waited till he saw all his friends safely out of the city.

And tarried in a place - He probably waited till he saw all his friends safely out of the city.

Clarke: 2Sa 15:19 - Thou art a stranger, and also an exile Thou art a stranger, and also an exile - Some suppose that Ittai was the son of Achish, king of Gath, who was very much attached to David, and banis...

Thou art a stranger, and also an exile - Some suppose that Ittai was the son of Achish, king of Gath, who was very much attached to David, and banished from his father’ s court on that account. He and his six hundred men are generally supposed to have been proselytes to the Jewish religion.

Clarke: 2Sa 15:20 - Mercy and truth be with thee Mercy and truth be with thee - May God ever show thee mercy, as thou showest it to me, and his truth ever preserve thee from error and delusion!

Mercy and truth be with thee - May God ever show thee mercy, as thou showest it to me, and his truth ever preserve thee from error and delusion!

Clarke: 2Sa 15:23 - The brook Kidron The brook Kidron - This was an inconsiderable brook, and only furnished with water in winter, and in the rains. See Joh 18:1.

The brook Kidron - This was an inconsiderable brook, and only furnished with water in winter, and in the rains. See Joh 18:1.

Clarke: 2Sa 15:24 - Bearing the ark Bearing the ark - The priests knew that God had given the kingdom to David; they had no evidence that he had deposed him: they therefore chose to ac...

Bearing the ark - The priests knew that God had given the kingdom to David; they had no evidence that he had deposed him: they therefore chose to accompany him, and take the ark, the object of their charge, with them.

Clarke: 2Sa 15:25 - Carry back the ark Carry back the ark - David shows here great confidence in God, and great humility. The ark was too precious to be exposed to the dangers of his migr...

Carry back the ark - David shows here great confidence in God, and great humility. The ark was too precious to be exposed to the dangers of his migrations; he knew that God would restore him if he delighted in him, and he was not willing to carry off from the city of God that without which the public worship could not be carried on. He felt, therefore, more for this public worship and the honor of God, than he did for his own personal safety.

Clarke: 2Sa 15:27 - Art not thou a seer? return into the city in peace Art not thou a seer? return into the city in peace - That is, As thou art the only organ of the public worship, that worship cannot be carried on wi...

Art not thou a seer? return into the city in peace - That is, As thou art the only organ of the public worship, that worship cannot be carried on without thee; and as thou art the priest of God, thou hast no cause to fear for thy personal safety: the nation has not abandoned their God, though they have abandoned their king. It appears also, that he wished these priests, by means of their sons, Ahimaaz the son of Zadok, and Jonathan the son of Abiathar, to send him frequent intelligence of the motions and operations of the enemy.

Clarke: 2Sa 15:30 - Had his head covered Had his head covered - This was not only the attitude of a mourner, but even of a culprit; they usually had their heads covered when condemned. See ...

Had his head covered - This was not only the attitude of a mourner, but even of a culprit; they usually had their heads covered when condemned. See the case of Haman. When the king had pronounced his condemnation, they immediately covered his face, and led him out to punishment; Est 7:8 (note). See also Quintus Curtius, De Philota, cap. vi.: I, Lictor; caput obnubito.

Clarke: 2Sa 15:31 - Turn the counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness Turn the counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness - Ahithophel was a wise man, and well versed in state affairs; and God alone could confound his devi...

Turn the counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness - Ahithophel was a wise man, and well versed in state affairs; and God alone could confound his devices.

Clarke: 2Sa 15:32 - Where he worshipped God Where he worshipped God - Though in danger of his life, he stops on the top of Mount Olivet for prayer! How true is the adage, Prayer and provender ...

Where he worshipped God - Though in danger of his life, he stops on the top of Mount Olivet for prayer! How true is the adage, Prayer and provender never hinder any man’ s journey! Reader, dost thou do likewise

Clarke: 2Sa 15:32 - Hushai the Archite Hushai the Archite - He was the particular friend of David, and was now greatly affected by his calamity.

Hushai the Archite - He was the particular friend of David, and was now greatly affected by his calamity.

Clarke: 2Sa 15:33 - Then thou shalt be a burden unto me Then thou shalt be a burden unto me - It appears that Hushai was not a warrior, but was a wise, prudent, and discreet man, who could well serve Davi...

Then thou shalt be a burden unto me - It appears that Hushai was not a warrior, but was a wise, prudent, and discreet man, who could well serve David by gaining him intelligence of Absalom’ s conspiracy; and he directs him to form a strict confederacy with the priests Zadok and Abiathar, and to make use of their sons as couriers between Jerusalem and David’ s place of retreat.

Clarke: 2Sa 15:37 - Absalom came into Jerusalem Absalom came into Jerusalem - It is very probable that he and his partisans were not far from the city when David left it, and this was one reason w...

Absalom came into Jerusalem - It is very probable that he and his partisans were not far from the city when David left it, and this was one reason which caused him to hurry his departure

Reader, behold in the case of David a sad vicissitude of human affairs, and a fearful proof of their instability. Behold a king, the greatest that ever lived, a profound politician, an able general, a brave soldier, a poet of the most sublime genius and character, a prophet of the Most High God, and the deliverer of his country, driven from his dominions by his own son, abandoned by his fickle people, and for a time even by his God! See in his desolate state that there is none so exalted that God cannot abase, and none so abased that God cannot exalt. He was forsaken for a time, and his enemies triumphed; God returned, and his enemies were confounded. His crime, it is true, was great and God had declared by Nathan what had now come to pass. God is just, and in numberless instances sees right to show his displeasure even at those sins which his mercy has forgiven. In all cases it is a fearful and bitter thing to sin against the Lord.

Defender: 2Sa 15:6 - stole the hearts Absalom was handsome and charming, but also cruel and ambitious. David, even with his faults, was God's chosen leader for Israel, and certainly the gr...

Absalom was handsome and charming, but also cruel and ambitious. David, even with his faults, was God's chosen leader for Israel, and certainly the greatest king Israel ever had. Absalom was treading on dangerous ground, therefore, when he attempted to undermine David's authority in this way, and it eventually cost him his life. This should be an example to those who would seek to displace God-called leaders from their positions. God can remove those in leadership, if it is needed, without human intervention."

Defender: 2Sa 15:7 - forty The number "forty" here is apparently a copyist error. The Septuagint and Syriac translations, as well as Josephus, all agree that it was "four" years...

The number "forty" here is apparently a copyist error. The Septuagint and Syriac translations, as well as Josephus, all agree that it was "four" years, a period which fits more realistically in the account."

TSK: 2Sa 15:1 - Absalom am 2980, bc 1024 Absalom : 2Sa 12:11; Deu 17:16; 1Sa 8:11; 1Ki 1:5, 1Ki 1:33, 1Ki 10:26-29; Psa 20:7; Pro 11:2; Pro 16:18, Pro 17:19; Jer 22:14-16

TSK: 2Sa 15:2 - rose up // came rose up : Job 24:14; Pro 4:16; Mat 27:1 came : Heb. to come, Exo 18:14, Exo 18:16, Exo 18:26; 1Ki 3:16-28

rose up : Job 24:14; Pro 4:16; Mat 27:1

came : Heb. to come, Exo 18:14, Exo 18:16, Exo 18:26; 1Ki 3:16-28

TSK: 2Sa 15:3 - thy matters // there is thy matters : Num 16:3, Num 16:13, Num 16:14; Psa 12:2; Dan 11:21; 2Pe 2:10 there is : etc. or, none will hear thee from the king downward, 2Sa 8:15; ...

thy matters : Num 16:3, Num 16:13, Num 16:14; Psa 12:2; Dan 11:21; 2Pe 2:10

there is : etc. or, none will hear thee from the king downward, 2Sa 8:15; Exo 20:12, Exo 21:17; Pro 30:11, Pro 30:17; Eze 22:7; Mat 15:4; Act 23:5; 1Pe 2:17

TSK: 2Sa 15:4 - Oh that I // I would do Oh that I : Jdg 9:1-5, Jdg 9:29; Pro 25:6; Luk 14:8-11 I would do : Pro 27:2; 2Pe 2:19

Oh that I : Jdg 9:1-5, Jdg 9:29; Pro 25:6; Luk 14:8-11

I would do : Pro 27:2; 2Pe 2:19

TSK: 2Sa 15:5 - took him // and kissed took him : Psa 10:9, Psa 10:10, Psa 55:21; Pro 26:25 and kissed : 2Sa 14:33

took him : Psa 10:9, Psa 10:10, Psa 55:21; Pro 26:25

and kissed : 2Sa 14:33

TSK: 2Sa 15:6 - stole stole : Pro 11:9; Rom 16:18; 2Pe 2:3

TSK: 2Sa 15:7 - forty years // let me go // pay am 2983, bc 1021, An, Ex, Is, 470 forty years : As David reigned in the whole only forty years, this reading is evidently corrupt, though supported by...

am 2983, bc 1021, An, Ex, Is, 470

forty years : As David reigned in the whole only forty years, this reading is evidently corrupt, though supported by the commonly printed Vulgate, LXX, and Chaldee. But the Syriac, Arabic, Josephus, Theodoret, the Sixtine edition of the Vulgate, and several manuscripts of the same version, read four years; and it is highly probable that arbaim , forty, is an error for arba , four, though not supported by any Hebrew manuscript yet discovered. Two of those collated by Dr. Kennicott, however, have yom , ""day,""instead of shanah , ""year,""i.e., forty days instead of forty years; but this is not sufficient to outweigh the other authorities. 2Sa 13:38; 1Sa 16:1, 1Sa 16:13

let me go : 2Sa 13:24-27

pay : 1Sa 16:2; Pro 21:27; Isa 58:4; Mat 2:8, Mat 23:14

TSK: 2Sa 15:8 - thy servant // Geshur // I will serve thy servant : Gen 28:20, Gen 28:21; 1Sa 1:11, 1Sa 16:2; Psa 56:12; Ecc 5:4 Geshur : 2Sa 13:37, 2Sa 13:38, 2Sa 14:23, 2Sa 14:32 I will serve : Jos 24:1...

TSK: 2Sa 15:10 - spies // reigneth // Hebron spies : 2Sa 13:28, 2Sa 14:30 reigneth : 2Sa 19:10; Job 20:5-29; Psa 73:18, Psa 73:19 Hebron : 2Sa 2:1, 2Sa 2:11, 2Sa 3:2, 2Sa 3:3, 2Sa 5:5; 1Ch 11:3, ...

TSK: 2Sa 15:11 - called // their simplicity called : 1Sa 9:13, 1Sa 16:3-5 their simplicity : Gen 20:5; 1Sa 22:15; Pro 14:15, Pro 22:3; Mat 10:16; Rom 16:18, Rom 16:19

TSK: 2Sa 15:12 - Ahithophel // David’ s // Giloh // while he offered // the people Ahithophel : 2Sa 15:31, 2Sa 16:20-23, 2Sa 17:14, 2Sa 17:23 David’ s : Psa 41:9, Psa 55:12-14; Mic 7:5, Mic 7:6; Joh 13:18 Giloh : Jos 15:51 while...

TSK: 2Sa 15:13 - The hearts The hearts : 2Sa 15:6, 2Sa 3:36; Jdg 9:3; Psa 62:9; Mat 21:9, Mat 27:22

TSK: 2Sa 15:14 - Arise // bring // and smite Arise : 2Sa 19:9; Psa 3:1 *title bring : Heb. thrust, Eze 46:18; Mat 11:12 *marg. Luk 10:15 and smite : 2Sa 23:16, 2Sa 23:17; Psa 51:18, Psa 55:3-11, ...

Arise : 2Sa 19:9; Psa 3:1 *title

bring : Heb. thrust, Eze 46:18; Mat 11:12 *marg. Luk 10:15

and smite : 2Sa 23:16, 2Sa 23:17; Psa 51:18, Psa 55:3-11, Psa 137:5, Psa 137:6

TSK: 2Sa 15:15 - Behold // appoint Behold : Pro 18:24; Luk 22:28, Luk 22:29; Joh 6:66-69, Joh 15:14 appoint : Heb. choose

Behold : Pro 18:24; Luk 22:28, Luk 22:29; Joh 6:66-69, Joh 15:14

appoint : Heb. choose

TSK: 2Sa 15:16 - the king // after him // ten women the king : Psa 3:1 *title after him : Heb. at his feet, Jdg 4:10; 1Sa 25:27, 1Sa 25:42 *marg. ten women : 2Sa 12:11, 2Sa 16:21, 2Sa 16:22, 2Sa 20:3; R...

the king : Psa 3:1 *title

after him : Heb. at his feet, Jdg 4:10; 1Sa 25:27, 1Sa 25:42 *marg.

ten women : 2Sa 12:11, 2Sa 16:21, 2Sa 16:22, 2Sa 20:3; Rom 12:2

TSK: 2Sa 15:17 - went forth went forth : Psa 3:1 *title Psa 3:2, Psa 66:12; Ecc 10:7

went forth : Psa 3:1 *title Psa 3:2, Psa 66:12; Ecc 10:7

TSK: 2Sa 15:18 - Cherethites // Gittites Cherethites : 2Sa 8:18, 2Sa 20:7, 2Sa 20:23; 1Sa 30:14; 1Ki 1:38; 1Ch 18:17 Gittites : 2Sa 15:19-22, 2Sa 6:10, 2Sa 18:2; 1Sa 27:3

TSK: 2Sa 15:19 - Ittai Ittai : 2Sa 18:2; Rth 1:11-13

TSK: 2Sa 15:20 - go up and down // seeing // mercy go up and down : Heb. wander in going, Psa 56:8, Psa 59:15; Amo 8:12; Heb 11:37, Heb 11:38 seeing : 1Sa 23:13 mercy : 2Sa 2:6; Psa 25:10, Psa 57:3, Ps...

TSK: 2Sa 15:21 - As the Lord // surely As the Lord : 1Sa 20:3, 1Sa 25:26; 2Ki 2:2, 2Ki 2:4, 2Ki 2:6, 2Ki 4:30 surely : Rth 1:16, Rth 1:17; Pro 17:17, Pro 18:24; Mat 8:19, Mat 8:20; Joh 6:66...

TSK: 2Sa 15:22 - and all the little and all the little : Sir John Chardin informs us,in a manuscript note on this place, that it is usual with the greatest part of the eastern people, es...

and all the little : Sir John Chardin informs us,in a manuscript note on this place, that it is usual with the greatest part of the eastern people, especially the Arabs, to carry their whole family with them when they go to war. 2Sa 15:22

TSK: 2Sa 15:23 - all the country // the brook // Kidron // the wilderness all the country : Rom 12:15 the brook : The brook Kidron, which is but a few paces broad, runs along the valley of Jehoshaphat, east of Jerusalem, to ...

all the country : Rom 12:15

the brook : The brook Kidron, which is but a few paces broad, runs along the valley of Jehoshaphat, east of Jerusalem, to the south-west corner of the city, and then, turning to the south-east, empties itself into the Dead Sea. Like the Ilissus, it is dry at least nine months in the year, being only furnished with water in the winter, and after heavy rainscaps1 . icaps0 ts bed is narrow and deep, which indicates that it must formerly have been the channel for waters which have found some other, and probably subterraneous course.

Kidron : 1Ki 2:37; Joh 18:1, Cedron

the wilderness : 2Sa 16:2; Mat 3:1, Mat 3:3; Luk 1:80

TSK: 2Sa 15:24 - Zadok // bearing Zadok : 2Sa 15:27, 2Sa 15:35, 2Sa 8:17, 2Sa 20:25; 1Ki 1:8, 1Ki 2:35, 1Ki 4:2-4; 1Ch 6:8-12; Eze 48:11 bearing : 2Sa 6:13; Num 4:15, Num 7:9; Jos 3:3,...

TSK: 2Sa 15:25 - Carry back // he will bring // habitation Carry back : 2Sa 12:10, 2Sa 12:11; 1Sa 4:3-11; Jer 7:4 he will bring : Psa 26:8, Psa 27:4, Psa 27:5, Psa 42:1, Psa 42:2, Psa 43:3, Psa 43:4, Psa 63:1,...

TSK: 2Sa 15:26 - let I have not, 2Sa 22:20; Num 14:8; 1Ki 10:9; 2Ch 9:8; Isa 42:1, Isa 62:4; Jer 22:28, Jer 32:41; Mat 1:10 let : Jdg 10:15; 1Sa 3:18; Job 1:20, Job 1:21; ...

TSK: 2Sa 15:27 - a seer // return a seer : 2Sa 24:11; 1Sa 9:9; 1Ch 25:5 return : 2Sa 15:34, 2Sa 15:36, 2Sa 17:17

TSK: 2Sa 15:28 - -- 2Sa 15:23, 2Sa 16:2, 2Sa 17:1, 2Sa 17:16

TSK: 2Sa 15:30 - the ascent // mount Olivet // and wept as he went up // his head covered // barefoot // weeping the ascent : Zec 14:4; Luk 19:29, Luk 19:37, Luk 21:37, Luk 22:39; Act 1:12 mount Olivet : Mount Olivet, so called from its abounding with olive trees...

the ascent : Zec 14:4; Luk 19:29, Luk 19:37, Luk 21:37, Luk 22:39; Act 1:12

mount Olivet : Mount Olivet, so called from its abounding with olive trees, is situated east of Jerusalem, being separated from it only by the valley of Jehoshaphat and the brook Kidron. Josephus says it is five stadia, i.e., 625 geometrical paces from Jerusalem; and St. Luke (Act 1:12) says it is a Sabbath day’ s journey, or about eight stadia distant, i.e., to the summit. It forms part of a ridge of limestone hills, extending from north to south for about a mile; and it is described as having three, or, according to others, four summits; the central and highest of which overlooks the whole of the city, over whose streets and walls the eye roves as if in the survey of a model.

and wept as he went up : Heb. going up and weeping, Psa 42:3-11, Psa 43:1, Psa 43:2, Psa 43:5; Luk 19:41

his head covered : This custom was only practised by persons in great distress, or when convicted of great crimes. Thus Darius, when informed by Tyriotes, the eunuch, that his queen was dead, and that she had suffered no violence from Alexander, covered his head, and wept a long time; then throwing off the garment that covered him, he thanked the gods for Alexander’ s moderation and justice. 2Sa 19:4; Est 6:12; Jer 14:3, Jer 14:4

barefoot : Isa 20:2, Isa 20:4; Eze 24:17, Eze 24:23

weeping : Psa 126:5, Psa 126:6; Mat 5:4; Rom 12:15; 1Co 12:26

TSK: 2Sa 15:31 - Ahithophel // O Lord // turn the counsel Ahithophel : 2Sa 15:12; Psa 3:1, Psa 41:9, Psa 55:12, Psa 55:14; Mat 26:14, Mat 26:15; Joh 13:18 O Lord : Psa 55:15, Psa 109:3 turn the counsel : 2Sa ...

TSK: 2Sa 15:32 - the top // he worshipped // Hushai // Archite // coat rent the top : 2Sa 15:30; 1Ki 11:7; Luk 19:29 he worshipped : 1Ki 8:44, 1Ki 8:45; Job 1:20, Job 1:21; Psa 3:3-5, Psa 3:7, Psa 4:1-3, Psa 50:15, Psa 91:15 H...

TSK: 2Sa 15:33 - then thou then thou : 2Sa 19:35

then thou : 2Sa 19:35

TSK: 2Sa 15:34 - return // as I have been // then mayest return : 2Sa 15:20; Jos 8:2; Mat 10:16 as I have been : 2Sa 16:16-19 then mayest : 2Sa 17:5-14

return : 2Sa 15:20; Jos 8:2; Mat 10:16

as I have been : 2Sa 16:16-19

then mayest : 2Sa 17:5-14

TSK: 2Sa 15:35 - thou shalt tell thou shalt tell : 2Sa 17:15, 2Sa 17:16

thou shalt tell : 2Sa 17:15, 2Sa 17:16

TSK: 2Sa 15:36 - their two sons their two sons : 2Sa 15:27, 2Sa 17:17, 2Sa 18:19-33

their two sons : 2Sa 15:27, 2Sa 17:17, 2Sa 18:19-33

TSK: 2Sa 15:37 - friend // Absalom friend : 2Sa 16:16; 1Ch 27:33 Absalom : 2Sa 16:15

friend : 2Sa 16:16; 1Ch 27:33

Absalom : 2Sa 16:15

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: 2Sa 15:2 - Rose up early // Beside the way of the gate // Absalom called unto him // Of what city art thou? // Of one of the tribes of Israel Rose up early thereby making a show of self-denial, and diligence, and solicitude for the good of the public, and of every private person, as he had ...

Rose up early thereby making a show of self-denial, and diligence, and solicitude for the good of the public, and of every private person, as he had opportunity.

Beside the way of the gate either, first, Of the king’ s palace. Or rather, secondly, Of the city; for that was the place of judicature or judgment, for which these men came.

Absalom called unto him preventing him with the offers of his assistance.

Of what city art thou? as if he were ready to make particular inquiry into the state of his cause.

Of one of the tribes of Israel or rather, of one city (which word is easily understood out of the foregoing question) of the tribes of Israel , i.e. of an Israelitish city, either this or that; of such or such a city.

Poole: 2Sa 15:3 - Thy matters are good and right // No man deputed of the king to hear thee Thy matters are good and right: upon some very slight hearing of their case he approved it, that he might oblige all. No man deputed of the king to ...

Thy matters are good and right: upon some very slight hearing of their case he approved it, that he might oblige all.

No man deputed of the king to hear thee to wit, none such as will do thee justice. The other sons and relations of the king, and the rest of the judges and rulers under him and them, are wholly corrupted, and swayed by favour or bribes; or, at least, not careful and diligent, as they should be; and my father being grown in years, is negligent of public affairs, leaving them wholly to their conduct.

Poole: 2Sa 15:4 - Oh that I were made judge in the land! // I would do him justice Oh that I were made judge in the land! for the king had only restored Absalom to favour, but thought not fit to put him into any place of power and t...

Oh that I were made judge in the land! for the king had only restored Absalom to favour, but thought not fit to put him into any place of power and trust.

I would do him justice I should refuse no man, and decline no pains to do any man good. So he pretends to a very public spirit.

Poole: 2Sa 15:5 - -- Putting on the garb of singular humanity and good will to all men; for that seems to have been a ceremony in frequent use in those times of showing ...

Putting on the garb of singular humanity and good will to all men; for that seems to have been a ceremony in frequent use in those times of showing respect, as pulling off the hat, and bowing, or embracing, is at this day with us.

Poole: 2Sa 15:6 - -- i.e. He secretly and subtlety undermined his father, and robbed his father of the good opinions and affections of his people, that he might gain the...

i.e. He secretly and subtlety undermined his father, and robbed his father of the good opinions and affections of his people, that he might gain them to himself, by such insinuations into their affections, by his plausible and over-civil carriage.

Poole: 2Sa 15:7 - After forty years // Quest // Let me go and pay my vow // Hebron After forty years Quest. Whence are these to be computed? Answ . Not from Absalom’ s birth; for he was born in Hebron some considerable tim...

After forty years

Quest. Whence are these to be computed?

Answ . Not from Absalom’ s birth; for he was born in Hebron some considerable time after David had begun his reign, 2Sa 3:3 , much less from the time of his vow made, or of his return from banishment; but either, first, From the time of David’ s election or designation to the kingdom. 1Sa 16:13 . Or, secondly, From the beginning of Saul’ s reign; which being a solemn time, and observable for the change of the government in Israel, might very fitly be made an epochs, from which the computation or account of times begin; as the Greeks and Romans began their accounts in the same manner, and upon the same ground. Or rather, thirdly, From the beginning of David’ s reign, who reigned forty years; and so the words may be rendered, about or towards the end of forty years , i. e. in the beginning of the fortieth year. And so this very phrase is used Deu 15:1 , At the end of every seven years , i.e. in the seventh year, even from the beginning of it, as is manifested and confessed. So in a like expression, After three days will I rise again , Mar 8:31 , i.e. on the beginning of the third day, when Christ did rise; the number of three days being then completed when the third day is begun. And the forty years are here expressed as one motive or inducement to Absalom to rebel, because now his father’ s end grew near; and one of the Hebrew doctors affirms, that there was a tradition, or rumour, or prediction, that David should reign but forty years. And Absalom might easily understand that David intended to decline him, and to make Solomon his successor, as well by the conscience of his own wickedness and unfitness for so great a trust, as by that eminent wisdom and piety which appeared in Solomon in his tender years, and that great respect and affection which his father must needs have and manifest to him upon this account, and by that promise and oath given to Bathsheba concerning his succession mentioned 1Ki 1:30 , but made before that time, which also might come to Absalom’ s ear. Against this opinion two things are objected: first, That David was in the time of this rebellion a strong man, for he marched on foot, 2Sa 15:30 , whereas in his last year he was very infirm and bedrid. Secondly, That after this rebellion was ended divers other things happened, as the three years’ famine, 2Sa 21:1 , and other things following in the history. But it may be answered to the first, that David might in the beginning of his last year have so much strength and vigour left as to march on foot, especially when he did so humble and afflict himself, as it is apparent he did, 2Sa 15:30 ; and yet through his tedious marches, and the tormenting cares, fears, and griefs of his soul for Absalom, might be so strangely and suddenly impaired, as in the end of the same year to be very feeble and bedrid, it being a very common accident, especially in old men, and upon extraordinary occasions, to languish and decline exceedingly, and to fall from some competent degree of health and rigour, to be very infirm and bedrid, and that in the space of a few months. And to the second objection, That those histories related 2Sa 21 , &c., though they be placed after this rebellion, yet indeed were done before it; the proof of which see on 2Sa 21:1 . For it is so confessed and evident, that things are not always placed in the same order in which they were done, that it is a rule of the Hebrews, and approved by other learned men, Non datur pri us et posterius in Saetia literis; that is, There is no first and last in the order of Scripture relations . And here is a plain reason for this transplacing of this history, which is allowed in other like cases, that when once the history of Tamar’ s rape had been mentioned, it was very fit to subjoin the relation of all the mischiefs which followed upon that occasion. If any infidel will yet cavil with this text and number of years, let him know, that instead of forty , the Syriac, and Arabic, and Josephus the Jew read four years ; and that it is much more rational to acknowledge an error of the scribe, who copied out the sacred text, than upon so frivolous a ground to question the Divine authority of the Holy Scriptures. And that some men choose the latter way rather than the former, is an evidence that they are infidels by the choice of their wills, more than by the strength of their reasons.

Let me go and pay my vow : he pretends piety, which he knew would please his father, and easily procure his consent.

Hebron is mentioned as the place, not where the vow was made, for that was at Geshur, 2Sa 15:8 , but where he intended to perform it. The pretence for which was, that he was born in this place, 2Sa 3:3 , and that here was a famous high place; and, till the temple was built, it was permitted to sacrifice upon the high places.

Poole: 2Sa 15:8 - -- i.e. Worship him by the offering of sacrifices of thanksgiving to God, for restoring me to the place of his presence and service, and to my father&#...

i.e. Worship him by the offering of sacrifices of thanksgiving to God, for restoring me to the place of his presence and service, and to my father’ s favour. But why should not this service have been performed at Zion, or at Gibeon? Here was some ground of suspicion; but God blinded David’ s eyes, that he might bring upon David and upon Absalom the judgments which they deserved, and he designed.

Poole: 2Sa 15:9 - -- This place he chose, as being an eminent city, and next to Jerusalem, the chief of the tribe of Judah, and the place of his birth, and the place whe...

This place he chose, as being an eminent city, and next to Jerusalem, the chief of the tribe of Judah, and the place of his birth, and the place where his father began his kingdom, which he took for a good omen, and where it is probable that he had secured many friends, and which was at some convenient distance from Jerusalem, that his father could not suddenly reach him.

Poole: 2Sa 15:10 - Absalom sent // As soon as ye hear the sound of the trumpet Absalom sent from Hebron; or, had sent from Jerusalem; that when he went to Hebron, they should go into the several tribes to sift the people, and to...

Absalom sent from Hebron; or, had sent from Jerusalem; that when he went to Hebron, they should go into the several tribes to sift the people, and to dispose them to Absalom’ s party, and acquaint them with his success.

As soon as ye hear the sound of the trumpet which I shall take care to have sounded in several parts by other persons; and when that is done, you shall inform them of the reason of it. Or, as soon as you understand that the trumpet was sounded at Hebron; partly to call the people together for my assistance; and partly to celebrate my inauguration to the kingdom, which you shall speedily know by messengers whom I shall send to you to that end.

Poole: 2Sa 15:11 - That were called That were called such as Absalom had picked out as fit for his purpose; such as were of some quality and reputation with the king and people, which w...

That were called such as Absalom had picked out as fit for his purpose; such as were of some quality and reputation with the king and people, which would give a great countenance to his undertaking, and give occasion to people at first to think that this was done by his father’ s consent or connivance, as being now aged, and infirm, and willing to resign the kingdom to him, as his eldest son, and the noblest too, as being descended from a king by both parents; and such as by their wisdom and interest in the people might have done David much service in this needful time; yet such as were not very martial men, nor likely with violence to oppose his proceedings. They knew not any thing concerning Absalom’ s design.

Poole: 2Sa 15:12 - Ahithophel // While he offered sacrifices Ahithophel is thought to have been the author, or, at least, the fomenter of this rebellion; either because he was discontented with David, for which...

Ahithophel is thought to have been the author, or, at least, the fomenter of this rebellion; either because he was discontented with David, for which there might be many reasons; or because he saw the father was old and nigh his end, and he thought it best policy to worship the rising sun, and to follow the young prince, whom he observed to have so great an interest in the hearts of the people, and whom he supposed he could easily manage as he pleased, which he could not do with David.

While he offered sacrifices which he did not in devotion to God, for he neither feared God, nor reverenced man; nor to implore God’ s favour and assistance against his father, which he knew was a vain thing to expect; but merely that upon this pretence he might call great numbers of the people together, whereof many would come to join with him in the worship of God, and most to partake of the feasts which were made of the remainders of the sacrifices, according to the manner.

Poole: 2Sa 15:13 - -- The generality of the people are for him; which is not strange, considering either, first, David, whose many miscarriages had greatly lost him in th...

The generality of the people are for him; which is not strange, considering either, first, David, whose many miscarriages had greatly lost him in the hearts of his people. Or, secondly, The people, whose temper is generally unstable, weary of old things, and desirous of changes, and apt to expect great benefits thereby. Or, thirdly, Absalom, whose noble birth, and singular beauty, and most obliging carriage, and ample promises, had won the people’ s hearts; considering also that he was David’ s first-born, to whom the kingdom of right belonged, and yet that David intended to give away his right to Solomon, which the people thought might prove the occasion of a civil and dreadful war, which hereby they designed to prevent. Or, fourthly, The just and holy God, who ordered and overruled all these things for David’ s chastisement, and the instruction and terror of sinners in all future ages.

Poole: 2Sa 15:14 - Arise, and let us flee Arise, and let us flee for though the fort of Zion was strong and impregnable, and he might have defended himself there; yet he had not laid in provi...

Arise, and let us flee for though the fort of Zion was strong and impregnable, and he might have defended himself there; yet he had not laid in provisions for a long siege; and, if he had been once besieged there, Absalom would have got speedy and quiet possession of his whole kingdom; whereas if he marched abroad, he might raise a considerable army for his defence, and the suppression of the rebels. Besides, the greatest part of Jerusalem could not be well defended against him. And he suspected that a great number of the citizens might take part with Absalom, and possibly deliver him up into Absalom’ s hands. Besides, if he had made that the seat of the war, he feared the destruction of that city, which he vehemently desired to preserve, because it was the chief and royal city, and the place in which God had appointed to put his name and worship. Moreover, when David considered that God’ s hand was now against him, and that he was now bringing evil upon him out of his own house , as he had threatened, 2Sa 12:11 , it is no wonder if he was intimidated and disposed to flee.

Poole: 2Sa 15:16 - After him // The king left ten women After him or, on foot , by comparing 2Sa 15:30 , which the king chose to do rather than to ride; partly, to humble himself under the hand of God; pa...

After him or, on foot , by comparing 2Sa 15:30 , which the king chose to do rather than to ride; partly, to humble himself under the hand of God; partly, to encourage his companions in this hard and comfortless march; and partly, to move compassion in his people towards him.

The king left ten women for he supposed that their sex would protect them even among barbarians, and their relation to David would gain them some respect, and, at least, safety from his son. But it seems he did not now actually consider that clause of the threatening concerning his wives, (God diverting his mind to other things,) or he thought that would be accomplished some other way, conceiving that Absalom would abhor the thoughts of such incestuous converse, especially with persons which were now grown in years.

Poole: 2Sa 15:17 - A place that was far off Either to rest and refresh themselves a little; or rather, in expectation of others who should or would come after him, that they might march away i...

Either to rest and refresh themselves a little; or rather, in expectation of others who should or would come after him, that they might march away in a considerable body, which might both defend the king, and invite others to come in to their assistance.

A place that was far off at some convenient distance, but not very far.

Poole: 2Sa 15:18 - -- Of the Cherethites and the Pelethites See Poole on "2Sa 8:18" . The Gittites were either, first, Israelites by birth, called Gittites because th...

Of the Cherethites and the Pelethites See Poole on "2Sa 8:18" . The Gittites were either, first, Israelites by birth, called Gittites because they went with him to Gath, and abode with him in that country. Or rather, secondly, Strangers , as Ittai their head is called, 2Sa 15:19 , and they are called his brethren , 2Sa 15:20 ; and probably they were Philistines by birth born in the city or territory of Gath, as the following words imply, who by David’ s counsel, and example, and the success of his arms, were won to embrace and profess the true religion, and had given good proof of their military skill, and valour, and fidelity to the king.

Poole: 2Sa 15:19 - Return to thy place // And abide // Return // A stranger, and also an exile Return to thy place either, first, To thy native country of Gath, where thou wilt be remote from our broils. Or, secondly, To Jerusalem, where thy se...

Return to thy place either, first, To thy native country of Gath, where thou wilt be remote from our broils. Or, secondly, To Jerusalem, where thy settled abode now is.

And abide or, or abide ; for he could not both go to Gath, and tarry in Jerusalem with Absalom. Although this part of the verse lies otherwise in the Hebrew text, and may be rendered thus,

Return (to wit, to Jerusalem) and abide with the king (there);

for thou art a stranger and exile from thy own place ; or, in respect of thy own place , or, as concerning thy place , i. e. in regard of the place of thy birth and former habitation. With the king ; with Absalom, who is now made king by the choice of the people, and therefore is able to give thee that protection and encouragement which thou deservest; whereas I am in a manner deposed, and unable to do for thee what I desired and intended.

A stranger, and also an exile not much concerned in our affairs, and therefore not fit to be involved in our troubles.

Poole: 2Sa 15:20 - Thou camest but yesterday // yesterday // Go whither I may // Thy brethren // Mercy and truth be with thee Thou camest but yesterday by which it may be gathered that these were not the Israelitish soldiers which went with David to Gath, and came up with hi...

Thou camest but yesterday by which it may be gathered that these were not the Israelitish soldiers which went with David to Gath, and came up with him from thence to Hebron, which was above thirty years before this time, but some proselytes which came from thence more lately. For though this word

yesterday be sometimes used of a time long before past, as 2Ki 9:26 Job 8:9 Isa 30:33; yet it seems to be here restrained to a shorter compass by the following words, and by the argument here used.

Go whither I may I know not whither; having now no certain dwelling-place.

Thy brethren thy countrymen and soldiers the Gittites, 2Sa 15:18 .

Mercy and truth be with thee since I am now unable to recompense thy kindness and fidelity to me, my hearty prayer to God is, that he would show to thee his mercy, in blessing thee with all sorts of blessings, and his faithfulness, in making good all those promises which he hath made, not to Israelites only, but in and with them to all true-hearted proselytes, such as thou art.

Poole: 2Sa 15:22 - -- For being so deeply engaged for David, he durst not leave his little ones to Absalom’ s mercy.

For being so deeply engaged for David, he durst not leave his little ones to Absalom’ s mercy.

Poole: 2Sa 15:23 - All the country // The brook Kidron // Toward the way of the wilderness All the country i.e. the generality of the people by whom they passed; for it must be considered that Absalom’ s friends and partisans were gone...

All the country i.e. the generality of the people by whom they passed; for it must be considered that Absalom’ s friends and partisans were gone to him to Hebron, and the rest of the people thereabouts were either well-willers to David, or at least moved with compassion at the sad and sudden change of so great and good a king, which was able to affect a heart of stone.

The brook Kidron was near Jerusalem. See Mat 26:36 Joh 18:1 .

Toward the way of the wilderness which was between Jerusalem and Jericho.

Poole: 2Sa 15:24 - Bearing the ark of the covenant of God // They set down the ark of God // Abiathar went up Bearing the ark of the covenant of God as a pledge of God’ s presence and assistance, and that David might inquire at it upon occasion. They se...

Bearing the ark of the covenant of God as a pledge of God’ s presence and assistance, and that David might inquire at it upon occasion.

They set down the ark of God either in expectation of drawing forth more people to David’ s party, if not from their loyalty to their lawful king, yet from their piety and reverence to the ark; or that all the people might pass along, and the ark might come in the rear of them for their safeguard and encouragement.

Abiathar went up either,

1. From the ark, which now was in the low ground, being near the brook Cedron, to the top of the Mount of Olives, whence he had the prospect of the city and temple, as appears from Mar 13:3 , where he could discern when the people ceased to come out of the city after David; which when they did, he gave notice to David that he should wait no longer, but march away and carry the ark with him. Or,

2. From the ark to the city, which was in a higher ground, that so he being high priest, might use his authority and interest with the people to persuade them to do their duty, in going forth to defend and help their king against his rebellious son; and there he staid until all those whom he could persuade were gone forth.

Poole: 2Sa 15:25 - Carry back the ark of God into the city // His habitation Carry back the ark of God into the city partly, out of care and reverence to the ark, which though sometimes it was and might be carried out to a cer...

Carry back the ark of God into the city partly, out of care and reverence to the ark, which though sometimes it was and might be carried out to a certain place; yet he might justly think unfit to carry it from place to place he knew not whither, and to expose it to all the hazards and inconveniences to which he himself was likely to exposed; partly, out of respect to the priests, whom, by this means, he thought he should expose to the rage of Absalom, as he had before exposed them to Saul’ s fury on another occasion 1Sa 22 ; and partly, that by this, means he might have the better opportunity to search out and to counterwork Absalom’ s plots; which was so necessary, not only for himself, but for the defence and maintenance of the ark, and all God’ s ordinances, and of the true religion.

His habitation i.e. the tabernacle which David had lately built for it, 2Sa 6:17 , in which the ark, and God, by means thereof, ordinarily dwelt. And hereby he insinuates another reason of his returning the ark to Jerusalem, be cause there was the tabernacle made for the receipt of it.

Poole: 2Sa 15:26 - I have no delight in thee // Here am I I have no delight in thee I will not receive thee into my favour, nor restore thee to thy throne and city, and to the enjoyment of my ark and ordinan...

I have no delight in thee I will not receive thee into my favour, nor restore thee to thy throne and city, and to the enjoyment of my ark and ordinances.

Here am I ready to obey him, and to submit to his will and pleasure concerning me.

Poole: 2Sa 15:27 - The king said also unto Zadok // A seer // In peace The king said also unto Zadok either because Abiathar was gone from him, 2Sa 15:24 , and not yet returned; or because David put more confidence in Za...

The king said also unto Zadok either because Abiathar was gone from him, 2Sa 15:24 , and not yet returned; or because David put more confidence in Zadok.

A seer i.e. either,

1. A prophet, for such were called seers , 1Sa 9:9 2Sa 24:11 Amo 7:12 . And such he may be called, either because he really had the gift of prophecy or because as the name of prophets is sometimes given to those who had not prophetical gifts, but were only officers and minsters devoted to and employed in God’ s worship and service, as 1Sa 10:5 , &c.; 1Ki 18:4,13 ; compare 1Ch 25:1-3 ; so it is reasonable that the name of seers be extended to the same latitude; and therefore he may properly and fitly be called a

seer , as he was with and under Abiathar the chief governor of the house and worship of God; who, by his office, was to instruct and direct the people in those matters, whereby he had many opportunities both of sifting out Absalom’ s counsels, and of minding the people of their duty to David, as he saw opportunity: which sense suits well with David’ s scope and design. Or,

2. A seeing , or discerning , or observing man ; for so the Hebrew verb raah is oft used. And this suits well with David’ s mind: Thou art a wise man, and therefore fit to manage this great business, which requires prudence and secrecy.

In peace as men of peace, giving over all thoughts of war, and devoting yourselves entirely to God’ s service.

Poole: 2Sa 15:30 - He went barefoot He went barefoot in testimony of his deep sorrow, and humiliation and shame for his sins, whereby he had procured, this evil to himself; for these we...

He went barefoot in testimony of his deep sorrow, and humiliation and shame for his sins, whereby he had procured, this evil to himself; for these were the habits of mourners, 2Sa 19:4 Est 6:12 Isa 20:3,4 Jer 14:3,4 ; and to take a holy revenge upon himself for his former delicacy and luxury.

Poole: 2Sa 15:31 - One told David // Turn the counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness One told David or, David told , i.e. David being hereof informed, acquaints his friends and followers with it, to stir them up to join with him in t...

One told David or, David told , i.e. David being hereof informed, acquaints his friends and followers with it, to stir them up to join with him in the following prayer against him.

Turn the counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness either infatuate him, that he may give foolish counsel; or let his counsel be rejected as foolish, or spoiled by the foolish execution of it.

Poole: 2Sa 15:32 - He worshipped God He worshipped God looking towards Jerusalem, where the ark and tabernacle was. Compare 1Ki 8:44,48 Da 6:10 .

He worshipped God looking towards Jerusalem, where the ark and tabernacle was. Compare 1Ki 8:44,48 Da 6:10 .

Poole: 2Sa 15:33 - -- Increasing my charge, and care, and sorrow for what may befall thee, and being but of little use to me: for it may seem he was an old man, and fitte...

Increasing my charge, and care, and sorrow for what may befall thee, and being but of little use to me: for it may seem he was an old man, and fitter for counsel than for war.

Poole: 2Sa 15:34 - -- i.e. I will be as faithful to thee as I have been to thy father; which he neither was nor ought to be; and therefore the profession of this was grea...

i.e. I will be as faithful to thee as I have been to thy father; which he neither was nor ought to be; and therefore the profession of this was great dissimulation. And David’ s suggesting this crafty counsel may be reckoned amongst his errors; which, proceeding from a violent temptation, and his present and pressing straits, God was pleased mercifully to pardon, and to direct this evil advice to a good end.

Poole: 2Sa 15:36 - There with them There with them not in Jerusalem, but in a place near to it, to which they could easily send upon occasion. See 2Sa 17:17 .

There with them not in Jerusalem, but in a place near to it, to which they could easily send upon occasion. See 2Sa 17:17 .

Haydock: 2Sa 15:1 - To me To me, as he was perhaps advanced in years, though very prudent. (Menochius)

To me, as he was perhaps advanced in years, though very prudent. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Sa 15:1 - Before him Before him. Romulus instituted the 300 guards, whom he called Celeres, for the like purpose. (Calmet) --- Absalom's ambition could not wait pat...

Before him. Romulus instituted the 300 guards, whom he called Celeres, for the like purpose. (Calmet) ---

Absalom's ambition could not wait patiently for the death of his father, who was not yet sixty years old, and had been first anointed forty years before, ver. 7. He looked upon himself as the heir apparent, Amnon being now slain, and Cheliab (or Daniel) either dead, as it is thought, or unfit for government, while Solomon was only eight years old. (Salien) ---

The quality of his mother, and his own personal qualifications, made him despise his brethren, and he began to assume the equipage of a king. (Calmet) ---

David considered this as only the effect of juvenile vanity, and he had not a mind to irritate him, without the utmost necessity. (Salien) ---

Hebrew, "Absalom prepared for himself a chariot, (Protestants, chariots) and horses," &c. (Haydock) ---

It is not certain whether he had any other horsemen but those who mounted the chariots. Horses were then very scarce in Israel. (Calmet) ---

Adonias afterwards imitated his brother's ambition, during his father's life; (3 Kings i. 5.) so that evil was continually raised up against David, out of his own house, chap. xii. 11.

Haydock: 2Sa 15:2 - Israel Israel. Absalom rises early for wickedness. He assumes the character of a more zealous and disinterested judge, as if to contrast his conduct with ...

Israel. Absalom rises early for wickedness. He assumes the character of a more zealous and disinterested judge, as if to contrast his conduct with the remissness of some appointed by the king; though the Holy Ghost bears witness to the integrity of David, chap. viii. 15. Who would not be deceived by such appearances, if the arts of hypocrites had not taught us to examine things to the bottom, and to be upon our guard? If thy eye be evil, thy whole body will be darksome. [Matthew vi. 23.] The intention decides all. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Sa 15:5 - Kissed him Kissed him. Engaging affability! How often abused by the ambitious, for similar purposes! (Haydock) --- Thus acted Otho. Protendens manum, ador...

Kissed him. Engaging affability! How often abused by the ambitious, for similar purposes! (Haydock) ---

Thus acted Otho. Protendens manum, adorare vulgus, jacere oscula et omnia serviliter pro dominatione. (Tacitus, Hist. i.) ---

"Stretching out his hand, he bowed to the common people, dispensing his kisses at random, and performed all the acts of servility to obtain the throne." (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Sa 15:6 - Enticed Enticed. Hebrew, "stole." The people were not aware of his designs. (Calmet) --- Absalom rendered them dissatisfied with the present government, ...

Enticed. Hebrew, "stole." The people were not aware of his designs. (Calmet) ---

Absalom rendered them dissatisfied with the present government, and led them to expect better days, under his administration. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Sa 15:7 - Forty Forty, which Vatable dates from the time when the people petitioned for a king; Salien, from the first anointing of David. (Menochius) --- It is pr...

Forty, which Vatable dates from the time when the people petitioned for a king; Salien, from the first anointing of David. (Menochius) ---

It is probable enough that this number has been substituted instead of four, which Josephus, Theodoret, Syriac, Arabic, and many Latin manuscripts read; and Absalom would employ this term in securing the interest of Israel, before he declared himself openly their king. (Calmet) ---

He had been so long at Jerusalem, since his return. (Salien) ---

The canon of Hebrew verity, supposed to be made about the ninth century, is said (by Martinnay; Haydock) to be altered by some correcting hand, from four to forty. (Kennicott) ---

This is the famous Memmian canon, which Theodulph, bishop of Orleans, is believed to have ordered, as the standard of truth, according to the Hebrew copies of that day: (Haydock) and this seems to have guided the Ben. editor of St. Jerome's works, and of his translation; so that it is no wonder if "the printed copies agree in so many places with the corrupted Hebrew." Canon Memmianus pure leget juxta Hebræum, quod nos edidimus. (Note on 2 Paralipomenon xiii. 3, 17.) The Vulgate of Sixtus V, in that passage, as well as in the present, reads the smaller numbers, as he was guided by the best Latin copies, whereas Clement VIII has also consulted "the Hebrew fountains." The former, says Kennicott, (Diss. ii. p. 205) "seems to have been printed on a juster plan....and the old Latin version is likely to be found more pure in the edition of Sixtus than in that of Clement, since the latter seems to have corrected his Latin by the modern (i.e., the corrupted) Hebrew copies." Dr. James observes, that "almost all the Latin editions received in the Church, for many years, (preceding 1590) agree with Sixtus," who here reads quatuor, with many others; so that Grotius is well supported in having pronounced so decisively, "without doubt there is a mistake, two letters having been added at the end of arba. The thing itself declares that four years had elapsed." (Kennicott) ---

It appears to be indubitable, that some mistakes have taken place with regard to numbers. But that this place is incorrect may not be so certain, as the chronology of Salien, Usher, &c., explains it well enough. The Hebrew text was esteemed more correct when the last editions of St. Jerome, and of the Vulgate, were given, than it is at present. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Sa 15:8 - Lord Lord. The pretext seemed very bad, since he ought not to have delayed so long to perform his vow. Moreover, the usual places for sacrifice were Gab...

Lord. The pretext seemed very bad, since he ought not to have delayed so long to perform his vow. Moreover, the usual places for sacrifice were Gabaon or Sion. But Absalom might plead a respect for the patriarchs, who were buried at Hebron. (St. Jerome, Trad.) (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Sa 15:10 - Spies // Reigneth Spies, or men to give a plausible appearance to his ambition, and to insinuate that all was done according to order, and with David's approbation. "...

Spies, or men to give a plausible appearance to his ambition, and to insinuate that all was done according to order, and with David's approbation. "The first word (or step) is the most difficult," on such occasions; (Tacitus, Hist. ii.; Grotius) and those who find themselves incautiously entangled, find a repugnance to recede. (Haydock) ---

Reigneth. He was solemnly anointed, chap. xix. 10. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Sa 15:11 - Design Design. Their hearts had been stolen, ver. 6. They only meant to do honour to the prince, but by no means to join in his rebellion, like the rest. ...

Design. Their hearts had been stolen, ver. 6. They only meant to do honour to the prince, but by no means to join in his rebellion, like the rest. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Sa 15:12 - Achitophel Achitophel, the grandfather of Bethsabee; to revenge whose dishonour, he had instigated the young prince to revolt, and had planned his rebellion; (S...

Achitophel, the grandfather of Bethsabee; to revenge whose dishonour, he had instigated the young prince to revolt, and had planned his rebellion; (Salien) so that he was every ready to lend his assistance. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Sa 15:13 - Absalom Absalom. How came they to abandon a king, appointed by heaven, and adorned with so many virtues? God was resolved to punish him. Many are always d...

Absalom. How came they to abandon a king, appointed by heaven, and adorned with so many virtues? God was resolved to punish him. Many are always desirous of novelty. David had lately been guilty of two scandalous crimes. Joab remained unpunished, and arrogant; the judges neglected their duty, &c., ver. 3. Some had still a partiality for the family of Saul. (Calmet) (Grotius)

Haydock: 2Sa 15:14 - Ruin Ruin, of a house falling. Hebrew, "evil." David gives way to the fury of the rebels, hoping that they will enter into themselves, without bloodshed...

Ruin, of a house falling. Hebrew, "evil." David gives way to the fury of the rebels, hoping that they will enter into themselves, without bloodshed. He departs on foot, like a penitent, acknowledging the justice of God. Fear does not prompt him to leave Jerusalem, which was a place of such strength, (chap. v. 6.) nor are his attendants abandoned on a sudden by that courage, which made some of them a match for a whole army. David disposes of all things with great coolness and prudence. (Calmet) ---

He wishes to appease God. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Sa 15:16 - Concubines Concubines. That is, wives of an inferior degree, (Challoner; Genesis xxv.; Worthington) who might perhaps have some influence to pacify the rioters...

Concubines. That is, wives of an inferior degree, (Challoner; Genesis xxv.; Worthington) who might perhaps have some influence to pacify the rioters.

Haydock: 2Sa 15:17 - House House, or palace, (Haydock) at the foot of the walls, (Calmet) that all who were well disposed, might join the king's standard. Hebrew, "in a place ...

House, or palace, (Haydock) at the foot of the walls, (Calmet) that all who were well disposed, might join the king's standard. Hebrew, "in a place that was far off;" (Haydock) or, "this house of flight (this family of David, in flight) stopped." (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Sa 15:18 - Phelethi // Gethites // Men Phelethi, the king's foreign guards, of Philistine extraction, chap. viii. 18. --- Gethites, who had been probably induced to enter his service by ...

Phelethi, the king's foreign guards, of Philistine extraction, chap. viii. 18. ---

Gethites, who had been probably induced to enter his service by Ethai, ver. 19. (Calmet) ---

Men. This number David kept up, in honour of those valiant companions who had defended him at Odollam, &c. (Salien) ---

It is observable, that David is attended only by his own family, and by strangers; representing Jesus Christ, who rejects the Synagogue and its sacrifices, while he makes choice of the Gentiles. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Sa 15:19 - Ethai // King Ethai. Many assert that he was the son of Achis, and had embraced the true religion. (Menochius) --- King; Absalom, who will not molest you. (Ha...

Ethai. Many assert that he was the son of Achis, and had embraced the true religion. (Menochius) ---

King; Absalom, who will not molest you. (Haydock) ---

Some translate the Hebrew, "Return from the king." (Syriac [and] Arabic)

Haydock: 2Sa 15:20 - The Lord The Lord. Hebrew, "mercy and truth with thee." As thou hast acted towards me, so mayest thou be rewarded. (Haydock)

The Lord. Hebrew, "mercy and truth with thee." As thou hast acted towards me, so mayest thou be rewarded. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Sa 15:23 - Cedron // Desert Cedron. Hebrew nachal Kidron, may signify, "the shady torrent," or "vale," as it is styled by Josephus. It does not take its name from cedars. I...

Cedron. Hebrew nachal Kidron, may signify, "the shady torrent," or "vale," as it is styled by Josephus. It does not take its name from cedars. It is dry in summer, and when filled with water, in only three steps across. (Doubdan xxvii.) ---

Desert, of Bethel, (Calmet) or of Jericho, where St. John the Baptist and our Saviour dwelt for some time. David passed over Kedron, only after he had dismissed the priests. (Menochius)

Haydock: 2Sa 15:24 - Went up Went up to the ark, or along with the rest. (Calmet)

Went up to the ark, or along with the rest. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Sa 15:25 - City City. Abiathar had consulted the Lord for David, and received no answer; whence the king concluded that he had not suffered enough. (Menochius) ---...

City. Abiathar had consulted the Lord for David, and received no answer; whence the king concluded that he had not suffered enough. (Menochius) ---

David displays a faith which could hardly have been expected of the carnal Jews. He confesses that God will reward the virtuous, and punish the wicked, independently of the ark, the symbol of his presence, and of which he deemed himself unworthy. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Sa 15:27 - Seer Seer, supposing he was high priest, along with Abiathar, he might be thus addressed as one who consulted God by the ephod, as he might also, if he pr...

Seer, supposing he was high priest, along with Abiathar, he might be thus addressed as one who consulted God by the ephod, as he might also, if he presided over the prophets, like Chonenias, 1 Paralipomenon xv. 22. (Dionysius) (Menochius) ---

Hebrew, " Art not thou a seer?" a prudent man, who may be of greater service to me in the city; (Haydock; or ) seest thou not "the state of my affairs?" Septuagint, "See and return." Follow my advice, or then act as your own wisdom dictates. (Calmet)

Haydock: 2Sa 15:30 - Weeping // Barefoot // Covered Weeping, &c. David on this occasion wept for his sins, which he knew were the cause of all his sufferings. (Challoner) --- Barefoot, like a crimi...

Weeping, &c. David on this occasion wept for his sins, which he knew were the cause of all his sufferings. (Challoner) ---

Barefoot, like a criminal, or one in mourning, Isaias xx. 4., and Ezechiel xxiv. 17. (Calmet) ---

Covered, that the people might not see him. (Worthington)

Haydock: 2Sa 15:31 - Infatuate Infatuate: "render useless;" (Theodotion) "dissipate," Septuagint. (Calmet) --- God hindered the wise counsel of Achitophel from being regarded. ...

Infatuate: "render useless;" (Theodotion) "dissipate," Septuagint. (Calmet) ---

God hindered the wise counsel of Achitophel from being regarded. (Haydock)

Haydock: 2Sa 15:32 - The Lord // Arachite The Lord, before he lost sight of the holy city, where the ark was kept. (Calmet) --- Arachite, a convert, (Menochius) from Arach, or Edessa. (St...

The Lord, before he lost sight of the holy city, where the ark was kept. (Calmet) ---

Arachite, a convert, (Menochius) from Arach, or Edessa. (St. Jerome, Trad. in Genesis x.)

Haydock: 2Sa 15:34 - Defeat Defeat; ( dissipabis ) "render of no effect." (Haydock) --- Thus princes keep spies in an enemy's country. (Calmet)

Defeat; ( dissipabis ) "render of no effect." (Haydock) ---

Thus princes keep spies in an enemy's country. (Calmet)

Gill: 2Sa 15:1 - And it came to pass after this // that Absalom prepared him chariots and horses // and fifty men to run before him And it came to pass after this,.... After the reconciliation of David and Absalom, and the latter was admitted to court again: that Absalom prepare...

And it came to pass after this,.... After the reconciliation of David and Absalom, and the latter was admitted to court again:

that Absalom prepared him chariots and horses; to make himself look grand and respectable among the people; perhaps he got these from his grandfather at Geshur in Syria:

and fifty men to run before him; which added to his pomp and magnificence; and such great personages in later time have had; Nero the Roman emperor never went on a journey with less than a thousand calashes or chariots, and a great number of men that ran before him c: and this was tacitly setting himself up for king, at least preparing for it, as Adonijah afterwards did in the same way and manner, 1Ki 1:5.

Gill: 2Sa 15:2 - And Absalom rose up early // and stood beside the way of the gate // and it was so, that when any man that had a controversy came to the king for judgment // then Absalom called unto him, and said, of what city art thou // and he said, thy servant is of one of the tribes And Absalom rose up early,.... Every morning, to show how diligent and industrious he should be, and closely apply himself to business, was he in any ...

And Absalom rose up early,.... Every morning, to show how diligent and industrious he should be, and closely apply himself to business, was he in any office trader the king, and especially when he should be king himself; this he did to ingratiate himself into the affections of the people:

and stood beside the way of the gate; either of the king's palace, so Josephus d, or of the city, where courts of judicature are held: the former seems most probable by what follows:

and it was so, that when any man that had a controversy came to the king for judgment; that had a controversy with another man on any account, and came to the king to have it decided according to law, or the rules of justice and equity:

then Absalom called unto him, and said, of what city art thou? which question he asked, only to lead on to some further discourse:

and he said, thy servant is of one of the tribes; that is, of one of the cities of the tribes of Israel, and not of a city of another nation.

Gill: 2Sa 15:3 - And Absalom said unto him // see, thy matters are good and right // but there is no man deputed of the king to hear thee And Absalom said unto him,.... After some further talk, and finding he had a suit at law to bring on, and either seeing it drawn up in writing, or hea...

And Absalom said unto him,.... After some further talk, and finding he had a suit at law to bring on, and either seeing it drawn up in writing, or hearing his account of it, at once declared, without hearing the other party:

see, thy matters are good and right; thy cause is a good cause, and if it could be heard by proper persons there is no doubt but things would go on thy side, and thou wouldest carry thy cause:

but there is no man deputed of the king to hear thee; the king is grown old himself and his sons are negligent, and do not attend to business, and there are none besides them appointed to hear causes; and he suggested, as appears by what follows, that he was not in commission, but if he was, or should he appointed a judge, he would attend to business, and people should not go away after this manner, without having justice administered unto them,

Gill: 2Sa 15:4 - Absalom said, moreover // oh that I were made judge in the land // that every man that hath any suit or cause might come unto me, and I would do him justice Absalom said, moreover,.... To the same persons, at the same time: oh that I were made judge in the land; by which it appears that he had no office...

Absalom said, moreover,.... To the same persons, at the same time:

oh that I were made judge in the land; by which it appears that he had no office under the king; partly either because of his crime, and so not thought fit, and partly because he appeared to be an ambitious aspiring man, and so it was thought not safe to put him into any office:

that every man that hath any suit or cause might come unto me, and I would do him justice; at once, without any further trouble, or coming often, and in vain, and to no purpose.

Gill: 2Sa 15:5 - And it was so, that when any man came nigh to him to do him obeisance // he put forth his hand, and took him, and kissed him And it was so, that when any man came nigh to him to do him obeisance,.... To pay his respects, and bow to him, as being the king's son, a prince of...

And it was so, that when any man came nigh to him to do him obeisance,.... To pay his respects, and bow to him, as being the king's son, a prince of the blood, and heir to the crown, as was supposed:

he put forth his hand, and took him, and kissed him; he put out his hand and shook hands with him, or took him about the neck and kissed him, and by this free, familiar, affable, and courteous manner, strangely won upon and gained the affections of the people, as follows. Fortunatus Schacchus e thinks he put forth his hand to be kissed by them, and then kissed them, which was more than was usual.

Gill: 2Sa 15:6 - And in this manner did Absalom to all Israel that came to the king for judgment // so Absalom stole the hearts of the men of Israel And in this manner did Absalom to all Israel that came to the king for judgment,.... Told them there was none to be had, wished that he was in office ...

And in this manner did Absalom to all Israel that came to the king for judgment,.... Told them there was none to be had, wished that he was in office to administer it to them, and behaved in the above loving manner towards them:

so Absalom stole the hearts of the men of Israel; got the affections of the people in a private and clandestine manner, and robbed the king of them, who had the best right unto them.

Gill: 2Sa 15:7 - And it came to pass after forty years // that Absalom said unto the king, I pray thee, let me go and pay my vow // which I have vowed unto the Lord, in Hebron And it came to pass after forty years,.... Or four years; so long it was from the reconciliation of Absalom to David, as Josephus f says; and so read ...

And it came to pass after forty years,.... Or four years; so long it was from the reconciliation of Absalom to David, as Josephus f says; and so read Theodoret on the place, the Syriac and Arabic versions: but some say it was either forty years from the time Israel first had a king; and which might be an era of reckoning with the Jews, as the era of Seleucidae was with the Greeks, on the like account; or from the time Saul slew the priests at Nob, as Jerom g; or from the time of David's being anointed by Samuel; or this was the year of Absalom's age, or of David's reign: but these, and other attempts made to account for this passage, are not entirely satisfactory; and therefore one may be tempted to conclude there must be a mistake in the copy, of "arbaim" for "arba", forty for four; which makes it quite easy, and confirms the first sense:

that Absalom said unto the king, I pray thee, let me go and pay my vow,

which I have vowed unto the Lord, in Hebron; not what he vowed in Hebron; for according to his own account he had vowed it in Geshur, as in 2Sa 15:8; but his request is, that he might pay it in Hebron; which place he fixed upon, being his native place, and where David was anointed king; and which, being about twenty miles from Jerusalem, was at a proper distance to lay the scene of his conspiracy in, and bring it to perfection.

Gill: 2Sa 15:8 - For thy servant vowed a vow while I abode at Geshur in Syria // saying, if the Lord will bring me again indeed to Jerusalem // then I will serve the Lord For thy servant vowed a vow while I abode at Geshur in Syria,.... When at his grandfather's court there: saying, if the Lord will bring me again in...

For thy servant vowed a vow while I abode at Geshur in Syria,.... When at his grandfather's court there:

saying, if the Lord will bring me again indeed to Jerusalem; which he might be sincerely desirous of:

then I will serve the Lord; but it is a question whether he ever made a vow to this purpose, or concerned himself about serving the Lord; but it rather may be, this was a lie of his, now framed in order to get leave of the king to go to Hebron.

Gill: 2Sa 15:9 - And the king said unto him, go in peace // so he arose and went to Hebron And the king said unto him, go in peace,.... He gave him leave to go, and wished happiness and prosperity might attend him: so he arose and went to...

And the king said unto him, go in peace,.... He gave him leave to go, and wished happiness and prosperity might attend him:

so he arose and went to Hebron; with a company of men, whose number is after mentioned.

Gill: 2Sa 15:10 - But Absalom sent spies throughout all the land of Israel // saying, as soon as ye hear the sound of the trumpet // then ye shall say, Absalom reigneth in Hebron But Absalom sent spies throughout all the land of Israel,.... To sound the disposition of the people towards him, to insinuate things into their minds...

But Absalom sent spies throughout all the land of Israel,.... To sound the disposition of the people towards him, to insinuate things into their minds in favour of him, and to improve every opportunity of recommending him to their esteem and affections:

saying, as soon as ye hear the sound of the trumpet; in any place; and which it is probable he employed men to sound in many places:

then ye shall say, Absalom reigneth in Hebron: which is the cause of the trumpet's sounding; and by this means they would learn how the people stood affected to him, whether the news was grateful or not.

Gill: 2Sa 15:11 - And with Absalom went two hundred men out of Jerusalem, that were called // and they went in their simplicity // and they knew not anything And with Absalom went two hundred men out of Jerusalem, that were called,.... Invited by him to go with him and partake of his peace offerings, as th...

And with Absalom went two hundred men out of Jerusalem, that were called,.... Invited by him to go with him and partake of his peace offerings, as the payment of his vow in Hebron; part of which was made a feast of for his friends, whomsoever he should think fit to invite, as he did to the number of two hundred, and for the entertainment of whom a large provision ought to be made; the Jews h have a tradition, that he had leave of his father only to invite two to go with him, and that he asked two more unknown to the first, and so on, two after two, until they amounted to two hundred:

and they went in their simplicity; to partake of the feast of the peace offerings, to which they were invited; being quite harmless and upright in their intentions, having no thought of disloyalty and rebellion in their breasts:

and they knew not anything; of an intended conspiracy; howbeit, doubtless many of them were drawn into it when got thither; and as these may be supposed to be some of the principal men of Jerusalem, it was a great weakening of David's interest, and laid a considerable foundation for Absalom to begin upon.

Gill: 2Sa 15:12 - And Absalom sent for Ahithophel, the Gilonite, David's counsellor // from his city, even from Giloh // while he offered sacrifices // and the conspiracy was strong // for the people increased continually with Absalom And Absalom sent for Ahithophel, the Gilonite, David's counsellor,.... To advise with about this treasonable affair he was engaged in, and to get out ...

And Absalom sent for Ahithophel, the Gilonite, David's counsellor,.... To advise with about this treasonable affair he was engaged in, and to get out of him David's secrets, who was reckoned the best counsellor in the land; and he might rather hope he would come to him, if he was the grandfather of Bathsheba, as say the Jews, 2Sa 11:3; since he might be disgusted with and resent David's adultery with Bathsheba his granddaughter, and the murder of her husband Uriah: him he sent for:

from his city, even from Giloh; a city in the tribe of Judah, in the mountainous part of it, near to Hebron, where Absalom now was; and, according to Bunting i, twenty miles from Jerusalem, see Jos 15:48,

while he offered sacrifices; not Ahithophel, but Absalom, his peace offerings at Hebron, to which he invited Ahithophel to come and partake of:

and the conspiracy was strong; or there was a great number in the conspiracy, who were assembled together:

for the people increased continually with Absalom; being drawn to him by the comeliness of his person, his affable behaviour, the pomp and magnificence in which he appeared, the great number of the principal inhabitants of Jerusalem with him, and he the king's eldest son, and so heir to the crown; whereas it might begin to be rumoured about, that David designed Solomon, a son of Bathsheba, a young prince, to be his successor, which did not meet with general approbation at first.

Gill: 2Sa 15:13 - And there came a messenger to David // saying, the hearts of the men of Israel are after Absalom And there came a messenger to David,.... Perhaps one of the two hundred that went with Absalom, ignorant of his design; which, when discovered, he dis...

And there came a messenger to David,.... Perhaps one of the two hundred that went with Absalom, ignorant of his design; which, when discovered, he disapproved of, and got away from him, and came to David, and informed him how things were:

saying, the hearts of the men of Israel are after Absalom; to make him king.

Gill: 2Sa 15:14 - And David said unto all his servants that were with him at Jerusalem // arise, and let us flee // for we shall not else escape from Absalom // make speed to depart, lest he overtake us suddenly // and bring evil upon us // and smite the city with the edge of the sword And David said unto all his servants that were with him at Jerusalem,.... His courtiers and ministers of state, the officers of his household, as man...

And David said unto all his servants that were with him at Jerusalem,.... His courtiers and ministers of state, the officers of his household, as many of them as were with him in the city; for some of them very probably were in the country, as Ahithophel was, and some might be along with Absalom, whom he had invited to his peace offerings:

arise, and let us flee; it is much that a man of such courage and valour as David should be so intimidated at once as to make a flight as soon as he heard of a conspiracy forming against him:

for we shall not else escape from Absalom; his fears ran so high, that he fancied he would be upon them presently:

make speed to depart, lest he overtake us suddenly; which still more clearly shows the panic he was in:

and bring evil upon us; kill them, or make them prisoners:

and smite the city with the edge of the sword; the inhabitants of it, should they make resistance.

Gill: 2Sa 15:15 - And the king's servants said unto the king // behold, thy servants are ready to do whatsoever my lord the king shalt appoint And the king's servants said unto the king,.... In answer to him, and to show that they were quite conformable to his pleasure: behold, thy servant...

And the king's servants said unto the king,.... In answer to him, and to show that they were quite conformable to his pleasure:

behold, thy servants are ready to do whatsoever my lord the king shalt appoint; or "choose" k, whether to prepare to fight, and defend him and the city, or to depart and make their escape.

Gill: 2Sa 15:16 - And the king went forth // and all his household after him family and his court // and the king left ten women, which were concubines, to keep the house And the king went forth,.... Which determined the case: and all his household after him family and his court; they followed his example, and attend...

And the king went forth,.... Which determined the case:

and all his household after him family and his court; they followed his example, and attended him in his flight:

and the king left ten women, which were concubines, to keep the house; not to defend it, which they were unable to do, but to look after the household goods and furniture, that they were not damaged by the conspirators; though one would think they could be of little service, and may wonder what he should leave them behind for; but this seems to be ordered by the overruling providence of God, to bring about what was threatened him, 2Sa 12:11; and it is much he had not thought of it; but it was hid from his eyes, that it might be fulfilled.

Gill: 2Sa 15:17 - And the king went forth // and all the people after him // and tarried at a place that was afar off And the king went forth,.... From Jerusalem; which is repeated, that it might be observed in what a hurry and fright he was: and all the people aft...

And the king went forth,.... From Jerusalem; which is repeated, that it might be observed in what a hurry and fright he was:

and all the people after him; his family, court, and servants, and as many of the people of Jerusalem as chose to go with him:

and tarried at a place that was afar off; when they had got at some distance from the city, they stopped and stayed a while; it could not be a great way from it, for they had not as yet passed over the brook Kidron, 2Sa 15:23.

Gill: 2Sa 15:18 - And all his servants passed on beside him // and all the Cherethites, and all the Pelethites // and all the Gittites, six hundred men which came after him from Gath // passed on before the king And all his servants passed on beside him,.... Or at his hand or side; his household servants walking perhaps some on one side of him, and some on the...

And all his servants passed on beside him,.... Or at his hand or side; his household servants walking perhaps some on one side of him, and some on the other, see 2Sa 16:6,

and all the Cherethites, and all the Pelethites; which were his bodyguards, see 2Sa 8:18,

and all the Gittites, six hundred men which came after him from Gath; which either came with him from Gath, when he conquered that city, and took it out of the hands of the Philistines, 2Sa 8:1; compared with 1Ch 18:1; and who might become proselytes, and be incorporated into the commonwealth of Israel, and into David's army, a troop of men, of which Ittai, after mentioned, was captain, 2Sa 15:22; or else these were Israelites, so called, because with David they sojourned in Gath a while, when he fled from Saul; and so Josephus l says, they were companions of him in his first flight, when Saul was living; and this number is just the number of the men that were with him at Gath, 1Sa 27:2; and it may be David kept a troop of men always of the same number, to whom he gave this name in memory of them, having been a set of trusty and faithful men to him: these, with the Cherethites and Pelethites:

passed on before the king: in this form and manner David and his men marched in their flight.

Gill: 2Sa 15:19 - Then said the king to Ittai the Gittite // wherefore goest thou also with us // return to this place // and abide with the king // for thou art a stranger, and also an exile Then said the king to Ittai the Gittite,.... Who was over the band of Gittites, the six hundred men, 2Sa 15:22, wherefore goest thou also with us? ...

Then said the king to Ittai the Gittite,.... Who was over the band of Gittites, the six hundred men, 2Sa 15:22,

wherefore goest thou also with us? one should think the king should not have discouraged any from joining and following him, when his numbers were not very large, and the in such fear on account of Absalom:

return to this place; to Jerusalem, where his station was:

and abide with the king; with Absalom, who set himself up for king, and whom the people perhaps had proclaimed as such in Hebron, where the conspiracy began:

for thou art a stranger, and also an exile; not a native of Israel, but of another nation, and at a distance from it, and therefore not altogether under the same obligations to attend David in his troubles as others were; and by this it seems that he was a Gittite by nation, whatever the six hundred men were, and rather favours the first sense given of them in 2Sa 15:18.

Gill: 2Sa 15:20 - Whereas thou camest but yesterday // should I this day make thee, go up and down with us // seeing I go whither I may // return thou, and take back thy brethren // mercy and truth be with thee Whereas thou camest but yesterday,.... From Gath, or from an expedition he and his men had been on: should I this day make thee, go up and down wi...

Whereas thou camest but yesterday,.... From Gath, or from an expedition he and his men had been on:

should I this day make thee, go up and down with us? wander up and down from place to place with David, when he was but just come off a journey, weary and fatigued:

seeing I go whither I may; where it will be most safe for me, I know not where; may be obliged to flee here and there, which would be very inconvenient to Ittai in his circumstances:

return thou, and take back thy brethren; the six hundred men under him, and whom David could ill spare at this time, and yet, consulting their ease, advises to return to Jerusalem with them:

mercy and truth be with thee; the Lord show mercy and kindness to thee, in that thou hast shown favour and respect to me, and make good all his promises to thee, who hast been true and faithful to me.

Gill: 2Sa 15:21 - And Ittai answered the king, and said // as the Lord liveth, and as my lord the king liveth // surely, in what place my lord the king shall be, whether in death or life, even there also will thy servant be And Ittai answered the king, and said,.... With an oath, as follows: as the Lord liveth, and as my lord the king liveth; which he took to confirm...

And Ittai answered the king, and said,.... With an oath, as follows:

as the Lord liveth, and as my lord the king liveth; which he took to confirm what he after says, and to put an end to the debate between them:

surely, in what place my lord the king shall be, whether in death or life, even there also will thy servant be; signifying that he would attend him wherever he went, hazard his life in his cause, and live and die with him.

Gill: 2Sa 15:22 - And David said unto Ittai, go, and pass over // and Ittai the Gittite passed over, and all his men // and all the little ones that were with him And David said unto Ittai, go, and pass over,.... It being his resolution to abide with him, he urged him no more to depart, but bid him pass over the...

And David said unto Ittai, go, and pass over,.... It being his resolution to abide with him, he urged him no more to depart, but bid him pass over the brook Kidron before him:

and Ittai the Gittite passed over, and all his men; the six hundred Gittites that were under his command:

and all the little ones that were with him; that belonged to him and his men, and no doubt their wives also.

Gill: 2Sa 15:23 - And all the country wept with a loud voice // and all the people passed over // the king also himself passed over the brook Kidron // and all the people passed over to the way of the wilderness And all the country wept with a loud voice,.... The people that came out of the country villages round about, upon the report of the king's leaving Je...

And all the country wept with a loud voice,.... The people that came out of the country villages round about, upon the report of the king's leaving Jerusalem, because of his son's conspiracy against him; these wept when they saw him in the circumstances in which he was, obliged to fly from a rebellious son:

and all the people passed over; the people that were with David passed over Kidron, and so the Cherethites, and Pelethites:

the king also himself passed over the brook Kidron; this explains what place it was they passed over, which is not before mentioned, but is particularly named in the account of the king's passing over it; over which same brook the Messiah, his antitype, passed a little before his sufferings and death; of which brook; see Gill on Joh 18:1. It is often by Josephus m called a valley, sometimes a brook, it having little water, except in winter; Mr. Maundrell n says, it ran along the bottom of the valley of Jehoshaphat, a brook in the wintertime; but without the least drop of water in it all the time, says he, we were in Jerusalem; and so Reland o, that in summertime it ceases to be a river, and has the name of a valley; and Le Bruyn says p, it is at present dried up; it runs along the valley of Jehoshaphat, and is not above three paces broad; it has no other but rain water, which flows from the adjacent hills:

and all the people passed over to the way of the wilderness; which lay between Jerusalem and Jericho.

Gill: 2Sa 15:24 - And, lo, Zadok also // and all the Levites were with him // bearing the ark of the covenant of God // and they set down the ark of God // and Abiathar went up // until all the people had done passing out of the city And, lo, Zadok also,.... The priest, as he is called, 2Sa 15:27, and all the Levites were with him: with Zadok, or with David, and indeed with bot...

And, lo, Zadok also,.... The priest, as he is called, 2Sa 15:27,

and all the Levites were with him: with Zadok, or with David, and indeed with both; but the former is rather meant here, being the immediate antecedent:

bearing the ark of the covenant of God: these were the Kohathite Levites, whose business it was to bear the ark when carried from place to place, Num 3:31; called the ark of the covenant, because the law which was the covenant between God and the people, was put into it:

and they set down the ark of God: from off their shoulders, on which they carried it:

and Abiathar went up; who was the high priest, and whose business it was to attend the ark, and inquire before it, as occasion required; he went up very probably to the mount of Olives, later mentioned, 2Sa 15:30,

until all the people had done passing out of the city; for from the top of that mountain he could see the city of Jerusalem, and the people as they passed out of it, and observe when they were all come out, or however ceased coming, and so knew when it was a proper time to march forward.

Gill: 2Sa 15:25 - And the king said unto Zadok, carry back the ark of God into the city // if I shall find favour in the eyes of the Lord // he will bring me again // and show me both it and his habitation And the king said unto Zadok, carry back the ark of God into the city,.... The reason of which is not easy to account for, since being carried back it...

And the king said unto Zadok, carry back the ark of God into the city,.... The reason of which is not easy to account for, since being carried back it would fall into the hands of the conspirators; and now the priests were with it to take care of it, and there might be occasion to inquire at it before the Lord; but David thought it being a sacred thing would not be violated by Absalom and his men, and that it would be safest in its own habitation or tabernacle, which David had built for it; for, that the reason of it should be, what Procopius Gazaeus suggests, cannot be given into, that he could not bear to carry about him the law, which accused of adulteries and murders:

if I shall find favour in the eyes of the Lord: if he will appear for me, be on my side, and deliver me from those who have risen up against me:

he will bring me again: to Jerusalem, and to his palace there:

and show me both it and his habitation; the ark, and the tabernacle he had erected for it, 2Sa 6:17.

Gill: 2Sa 15:26 - But if he thus say, I have no delight in thee // behold, here am I // let him do to me as seemeth good unto him But if he thus say, I have no delight in thee,.... As a king, or in his temporal prosperity, though he might and had delight in him as a chosen vessel...

But if he thus say, I have no delight in thee,.... As a king, or in his temporal prosperity, though he might and had delight in him as a chosen vessel of salvation, as a saint and child of God, and in his spiritual and everlasting welfare:

behold, here am I; his humble servant, ready to be, and do and suffer whatever is his pleasure:

let him do to me as seemeth good unto him; strip me of all the ensigns of royalty, dispossess me of my crown and kingdom, and dispose of me as seems good in his sight; who is a sovereign Being, and has a right to do with his creatures what he pleases.

Gill: 2Sa 15:27 - And the king said unto Zadok the priest, art not thou a seer // return into the city in peace // and your two sons with you, Ahimaaz thy son, and Jonathan the son of Abiathar And the king said unto Zadok the priest, art not thou a seer?.... A prophet, as well as a priest; see 1Sa 9:9; or a seeing, knowing, man; one that ca...

And the king said unto Zadok the priest, art not thou a seer?.... A prophet, as well as a priest; see 1Sa 9:9; or a seeing, knowing, man; one that can penetrate into men and things, and so might be of more service to David at Jerusalem than with him: wherefore he said to him:

return into the city in peace; to the city of Jerusalem with peace, quietness, and satisfaction of mind; where he doubted not, at least hoped and wished, he would be in safety and prosperity, being one of the Lord's priests:

and your two sons with you, Ahimaaz thy son, and Jonathan the son of Abiathar; the one was of the line of Eleazar, and the other of the line of Ithamar.

Gill: 2Sa 15:28 - See, I will tarry in the plain of the wilderness // until there come word from you to certify me See, I will tarry in the plain of the wilderness,.... Towards the way of which David and the people went when they came over Kidron, 2Sa 15:23, unt...

See, I will tarry in the plain of the wilderness,.... Towards the way of which David and the people went when they came over Kidron, 2Sa 15:23,

until there come word from you to certify me; of the truth of the conspiracy, of the number of the conspirators, and who they are, what progress they have made, whether come to Jerusalem, and how they behave there, if come; or of anything relative hereunto he could get intelligence of.

Gill: 2Sa 15:29 - Zadok therefore and Abiathar carried the ark of God again to Jerusalem // and they tarried there Zadok therefore and Abiathar carried the ark of God again to Jerusalem,.... That is, ordered it to be carried, and took care that it was carried, by t...

Zadok therefore and Abiathar carried the ark of God again to Jerusalem,.... That is, ordered it to be carried, and took care that it was carried, by the Kohathite Levites, and they themselves attended it:

and they tarried there; at Jerusalem; though their two sons that went with them entered not into the city, but stayed at a place called Enrogel, at some little distance from it, 2Sa 17:17.

Gill: 2Sa 15:30 - And David went up by the ascent of Mount Olivet // and wept as he went up // and had his head covered // and he went barefoot // and all the people that was with him covered every man his head // and they went up, weeping as they went up And David went up by the ascent of Mount Olivet,.... So called from the olive trees that grew upon it, which is often mentioned in the New Testament,...

And David went up by the ascent of Mount Olivet,.... So called from the olive trees that grew upon it, which is often mentioned in the New Testament, and where our Lord Jesus Christ, the antitype of David, often was, in his state of humiliation, Mat 26:30, and from whence he ascended to heaven after his resurrection, Act 1:12; it was about a mile from Jerusalem, to the east of it:

and wept as he went up; thinking perhaps of the wickedness and rebellion of his son, of his own hard case, to be obliged to quit his metropolis and palace, and make his flight afoot; and perhaps also of his own sins, which were the cause of his calamities:

and had his head covered; with his mantle, with which he enwraped himself as a mourner, 2Sa 19:4; so the Egyptians used to cover their heads in mourning, and the Romans in later times q; so Megara in sorrowful circumstances is represented as having her head covered with a garment r:

and he went barefoot; in token of mourning also, and like one forlorn, and going into captivity, see Isa 20:2,

and all the people that was with him covered every man his head; as David did, and in imitation of him, and sympathizing with him; and which was sometimes done when men were ashamed and confounded, Jer 14:3,

and they went up, weeping as they went up; the mount of Olivet, grieved for their king, and the distresses and calamities that were coming upon them.

Gill: 2Sa 15:31 - And one told David // Ahithophel is among the conspirators with Absalom // and David said, O Lord, I pray thee, turn the counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness And one told David,.... That came either from Hebron or from Jerusalem: Ahithophel is among the conspirators with Absalom; Absalom sent for him, ...

And one told David,.... That came either from Hebron or from Jerusalem:

Ahithophel is among the conspirators with Absalom; Absalom sent for him, and it seems he came to him, and continued with him, see 2Sa 15:12,

and David said, O Lord, I pray thee, turn the counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness; either suffer him to give foolish counsel, or confound the schemes projected by him, and let them not be carried into execution; for God can, and sometimes does, disappoint crafty counsellors, that they cannot perform what they devise, but they are taken in their own craftiness, and their counsel is carried headlong, Job 5:12; this prayer was answered, 2Sa 17:14.

Gill: 2Sa 15:32 - And it came to pass, that when David was come to the top of the mount // where he worshipped God // behold, Hushai the Archite came to meet him, with his coat rent, and earth upon his head And it came to pass, that when David was come to the top of the mount,.... Of the mount of Olives: where he worshipped God; by prayer and praise;...

And it came to pass, that when David was come to the top of the mount,.... Of the mount of Olives:

where he worshipped God; by prayer and praise; here very probably he composed and sung the third psalm Psa 3:1, which, as the title shows, was made when he fled from Absalom:

behold, Hushai the Archite came to meet him, with his coat rent, and earth upon his head; in token of mourning, and as a bringer of bad tidings, see 2Sa 1:2; perhaps he was an inhabitant of Archi, at least originally, which lay on the borders of the tribe of Ephraim, Jos 16:2; from whence he had his name.

Gill: 2Sa 15:33 - Unto whom David said // and if thou passest on with me // then thou shalt be a burden to me Unto whom David said,.... After he had heard what he had to say, and what tidings he brought: and if thou passest on with me; in his march and flig...

Unto whom David said,.... After he had heard what he had to say, and what tidings he brought:

and if thou passest on with me; in his march and flight:

then thou shalt be a burden to me; being to be maintained by him; and David having but scanty provisions, and so could not receive useless persons, as Hushai might be, perhaps an old man, that could be of no service to him, and unfit for travelling, and so would rather be an hinderance than an help unto him.

Gill: 2Sa 15:34 - But if thou return to the city // and say unto Absalom, I will be thy servant, O king // as I have been thy father's servant hitherto // so will I now also be thy servant // then mayest thou for me defeat the counsel of Ahithophel But if thou return to the city,.... To the city of Jerusalem, from whence it seems he came: and say unto Absalom, I will be thy servant, O king; as...

But if thou return to the city,.... To the city of Jerusalem, from whence it seems he came:

and say unto Absalom, I will be thy servant, O king; as he was by usurpation, and by the proclamation of the people with him. David directs him to address him thus, that he might have no suspicion of him, having been an old friend of his:

as I have been thy father's servant hitherto; perhaps in the character of a counsellor, as it should seem, since as such he was afterwards employed by Absalom:

so will I now also be thy servant; in whatsoever thou shall please to employ me under thee:

then mayest thou for me defeat the counsel of Ahithophel; for being taken into Absalom's service, and made one of his counsellors, he would be privy to the advice of Ahithophel, and so be able to work against him.

Gill: 2Sa 15:35 - And hast thou not there with thee Zadok and Abiathar the priests // therefore it shall be that what thing soever thou shalt hear out of the king's house // thou shalt tell it to Zadok and Abiathar the priests And hast thou not there with thee Zadok and Abiathar the priests?.... To assist in forming schemes directly opposite to Ahithophel's, or to whom he c...

And hast thou not there with thee Zadok and Abiathar the priests?.... To assist in forming schemes directly opposite to Ahithophel's, or to whom he could communicate the secrets of Absalom's court:

therefore it shall be that what thing soever thou shalt hear out of the king's house; Absalom's, who had now, at possession of the house and palace of David:

thou shalt tell it to Zadok and Abiathar the priests; to whom he might have recourse without suspicion, pretending he had business with them as priests, on religious accounts, to offer sacrifices for him, &c.

Gill: 2Sa 15:36 - Behold, they have there with them two sons, Ahimaaz, Zadok's son, and Jonathan, Abiathar's son // and by whom ye shall send unto me everything that ye can hear Behold, they have there with them two sons, Ahimaaz, Zadok's son, and Jonathan, Abiathar's son,.... As in 2Sa 15:27; not that they were in the city...

Behold, they have there with them two sons, Ahimaaz, Zadok's son, and Jonathan, Abiathar's son,.... As in 2Sa 15:27; not that they were in the city with them, but they were near it, 2Sa 17:17; with whom they had a communication:

and by whom ye shall send unto me everything that ye can hear; that is, by the sons of the priests; he telling the priests how things were at court, and they sending their sons with messages to David; which was a good scheme to get intelligence, and easy to be put into execution.

Gill: 2Sa 15:37 - So Hushai David's friend came into the city // and Absalom came into Jerusalem So Hushai David's friend came into the city,.... The city of Jerusalem, by the direction and persuasion of David, and in obedience to him, in order to...

So Hushai David's friend came into the city,.... The city of Jerusalem, by the direction and persuasion of David, and in obedience to him, in order to serve him to the uttermost:

and Absalom came into Jerusalem: just at the same time; so that he knew not that Hushai had been out of it, and been with David, and which also appears from what he said to him, 2Sa 16:17.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:1 Heb “to run ahead of him.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:2 Heb “your servant.” So also in vv. 8, 15, 21.

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:3 Heb “good and straight.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:4 Heb “a complaint and a judgment.” The expression is a hendiadys.

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:5 Heb “he”; the referent (Absalom) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:6 Heb “the men.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:7 The MT has here “forty,” but this is presumably a scribal error for “four.” The context will not tolerate a period of forty ye...

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:8 For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:9 Heb “he”; the referent (Absalom) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:10 Heb “say.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:11 Heb “being invited and going naively and they did not know anything.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:12 Heb “Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, the adviser of David, from his city, from Giloh, while he was sacrificing.” It is not entir...

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:13 Heb “the heart of the men of Israel is with Absalom.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:14 Heb “and strike the city with the edge of the sword.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:15 Heb “according to all that my lord the king will choose, behold your servants!”

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:16 Heb “women, concubines.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:17 Heb “house.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:18 Heb “crossing over near the face of.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:19 Heb “place.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:20 Heb “be with.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:21 Heb “your servant.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:22 Heb “all the little ones.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:23 Heb “crossing near the face of.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:24 Heb “crossing from.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:26 Heb “as [is] good in his eyes.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:27 Heb “And Ahimaaz your son, and Jonathan the son of Abiathar, two of your sons, with you.” The pronominal suffix on the last word is plural...

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:28 The pronoun is plural, referring to Zadok and Abiathar.

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:31 Heb “said.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:33 Heb “cross over.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:35 Heb “from the house of the king.”

NET Notes: 2Sa 15:36 Heb “and you must send by their hand to me every word which you hear.” Both of the second person verb forms are plural with Zadok, Abiatha...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 15:1 And it came to pass after this, that Absalom prepared him chariots and horses, and fifty men to ( a ) run before him. ( a ) Which were as a guard to ...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 15:2 And Absalom rose up early, and stood beside the way of the gate: and it was [so], that when any man that had a controversy came to the king for judgme...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 15:4 Absalom said moreover, ( c ) Oh that I were made judge in the land, that every man which hath any suit or cause might come unto me, and I would do him...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 15:6 And on this manner did Absalom to all Israel that came to the king for judgment: so Absalom ( d ) stole the hearts of the men of Israel. ( d ) By ent...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 15:7 And it came to pass after ( e ) forty years, that Absalom said unto the king, I pray thee, let me go and pay my vow, which I have vowed unto the LORD,...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 15:8 For thy servant vowed a vow while I abode at Geshur in Syria, saying, If the LORD shall bring me again indeed to Jerusalem, then I will ( f ) serve th...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 15:11 And with Absalom went two hundred men out of Jerusalem, [that were] ( g ) called; and they went in their simplicity, and they knew not any thing. ( g...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 15:14 And David said unto all his servants that [were] with him at Jerusalem, Arise, and let us flee; for we shall not [else] escape from ( h ) Absalom: mak...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 15:17 And the king went forth, and all the people after him, and tarried in a place that was ( i ) far off. ( i ) That is, from Jerusalem.

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 15:18 And all his servants passed on beside him; and all the ( k ) Cherethites, and all the Pelethites, and all the Gittites, six hundred men which came aft...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 15:19 Then said the king to ( l ) Ittai the Gittite, Wherefore goest thou also with us? return to thy place, and abide with the king: for thou [art] a stran...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 15:20 Whereas thou camest [but] yesterday, should I this day make thee go up and down with us? seeing I go whither I may, return thou, and take back thy ( m...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 15:23 And all the country wept with a loud voice, and ( o ) all the people passed over: the king also himself passed over the brook Kidron, and all the peop...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 15:24 And lo Zadok also, and all the Levites [were] with him, ( p ) bearing the ark of the covenant of God: and they set down the ark of God; and Abiathar w...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 15:26 But if he thus say, I have no delight in thee; behold, ( r ) [here am] I, let him do to me as seemeth good unto him. ( r ) The faithful in all their ...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 15:30 And David went up by the ascent of [mount] Olivet, and wept as he went up, and had his head ( s ) covered, and he went barefoot: and all the people th...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 15:31 And [one] told David, saying, Ahithophel [is] among the conspirators with Absalom. And David said, O LORD, I pray thee, turn the ( t ) counsel of Ahit...

Geneva Bible: 2Sa 15:34 But if thou return to the city, and say unto Absalom, I will be thy ( u ) servant, O king; [as] I [have been] thy father's servant hitherto, so [will]...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

Maclaren: 2Sa 15:1-12 - Pardoned Sin Punished 2 Samuel 15:1-12 There was little brightness in David's life after his great sin. Nathan had told him, even while announcing his forgiveness, that the...

Maclaren: 2Sa 15:15 - A Loyal Vow 2 Samuel 15:15 We stand here at the darkest hour of King David's life. Bowed down by the consciousness of his past sin, and recognizing in the rebelli...

Maclaren: 2Sa 15:21 - Ittai Of Gath 2 Samuel 15:21 It was the darkest hour in David's life. No more pathetic page is found in the Old Testament than that which tells the story of his fli...

MHCC: 2Sa 15:1-6 - --David allows Absalom's pomp. Those parents know not what they do, who indulge a proud humour in their children: many young people are ruined by pride....

MHCC: 2Sa 15:7-12 - --See how willing tender parents are to believe the best concerning their children. But how easy and how wicked is it, for children to take advantage of...

MHCC: 2Sa 15:13-23 - --David determined to quit Jerusalem. He took this resolve, as a penitent submitting to the rod. Before unrighteous Absalom he could justify himself, an...

MHCC: 2Sa 15:24-30 - --David is very careful for the safety of the ark. It is right to be more concerned for the church's prosperity than our own; to prefer the success of t...

MHCC: 2Sa 15:31-37 - --David prays not against Ahithophel's person, but against his counsel. He prayed this, in firm belief that God has all hearts in his hand, and tongues ...

Matthew Henry: 2Sa 15:1-6 - -- Absalom is no sooner restored to his place at court than he aims to be in the throne. He that was unhumbled under his troubles became insufferably p...

Matthew Henry: 2Sa 15:7-12 - -- We have here the breaking out of Absalom's rebellion, which he had long been contriving. It is said to be after forty years, 2Sa 15:7. But whence ...

Matthew Henry: 2Sa 15:13-23 - -- Here is, I. The notice brought to David of Absalom's rebellion, 2Sa 15:13. The matter was bad enough, and yet it seems to have been made worse to hi...

Matthew Henry: 2Sa 15:24-30 - -- Here we have, I. The fidelity of the priests and Levites and their firm adherence to David and his interest. They knew David's great affection to th...

Matthew Henry: 2Sa 15:31-37 - -- Nothing, it seems, appeared to David more threatening in Absalom's plot than that Ahithophel was in it; for one good head, in such a design, is wort...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 15:1-6 - -- 2Sa 15:1-3 Absalom seeks to secure the people's favour. - 2Sa 15:1. Soon afterwards (this seems to be the meaning of כּן מאחרי as disting...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 15:7-8 - -- Absalom's rebellion. - 2Sa 15:7, 2Sa 15:8. After the lapse of forty (?) years Absalom said to the king, "Pray I will go (i.e., pray allow me to go...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 15:9 - -- The king consented, and Absalom went to Hebron. Absalom had selected this city, probably assigning as the reason that he was born there, but really ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 15:10-11 - -- When Absalom went to Hebron, he sent spies into all the tribes of Israel to say, "When ye hear the sound of the trumpet, say, Absalom has become ki...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 15:12 - -- Moreover, Absalom sent for Ahithophel, David's councillor, to come from his own town Giloh, when he offered the sacrifices. The unusual construction...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 15:13-14 - -- David's flight from Jerusalem. - 2Sa 15:13, 2Sa 15:14. When this intelligence reached David, "The heart of the men of Israel is after Absalom" ( ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 15:15-16 - -- As his servants declared themselves ready to follow him, the king went out of the city with all his family in his train ( lit . at his feet, as in J...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 15:17 - -- When outside the city the king and all the people in his suite (i.e., the royal family and their servants) halted at "the house of the distance." ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 15:18 - -- And all his servants, i.e., his state officers and attendants, went along by his side, and the whole body-guard (the Crethi and Plethi : see at 2S...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 15:19 - -- A military commander named Ittai , who had emigrated from Gath and come over to David not long before, also accompanied the king from the city. It ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 15:20 - -- "Thy coming is yesterday (from yesterday), and should I disturb thee to-day to go with us, when I am going just where I go?" i.e., wherever my way...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 15:21 - -- But Ittai replied with a solemn oath, "Assuredly at the place where my lord the king shall be (stay), whether for death or life, there will thy ser...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 15:22-29 - -- After this assurance of his devotedness, David let Ittai do as he pleased. ועבר לך , "go and pass on." עבר does not mean to pass by, but ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 15:30-31 - -- Ahithophel and Hushai. - 2Sa 15:30, 2Sa 15:31. When David was going by the height of the olive-trees, i.e., the Mount of Olives, weeping as he went...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 15:32-34 - -- On David's arrival at the height where people were accustomed to worship, i.e., upon the top of the Mount of Olives, the Archite Hushai came to mee...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 15:35-36 - -- David then commissioned him to communicate to the priests Zadok and Abiathar all that he should hear of the king's house, and send word to him throu...

Keil-Delitzsch: 2Sa 15:37 - -- So Hushai went into the city when Absalom came to Jerusalem. The w| before the second clause, followed by the imperfect יבוא , indicates contem...

Constable: 2Sa 9:1--20:26 - --VI. DAVID'S TROUBLES chs. 9--20 Chapters 9-20 contrast with chapters 2-8 in that this later section is negative ...

Constable: 2Sa 13:1--20:26 - --C. David's Rejection and Return chs. 13-20 This is the longest literary section in the Court History of ...

Constable: 2Sa 15:1--20:26 - --2. Absalom's attempt to usurp David's throne chs. 15-20 Absalom was never Yahweh's choice to suc...

Constable: 2Sa 15:1-12 - --Absalom's conspiracy 15:1-12 Two sub-sections each begin with a reference to time (vv. 1...

Constable: 2Sa 15:13-37 - --David's flight from Jerusalem 15:13-37 The people of Israel had formerly given the kingd...

Guzik: 2Sa 15:1-37 - Absalom's Rebellion 2 Samuel 15 - Absalom's Rebellion A. Absalom's deceptive take-over. 1. (1-6) Absalom steals the hearts of the men of Israel. After this it happene...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: 2 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF SAMUEL. The two were, by the ancient Jews, conjoined so as to make one book, and in that form could be called the Book o...

JFB: 2 Samuel (Garis Besar) AN AMALEKITE BRINGS TIDINGS OF SAUL'S DEATH. (2Sa. 1:1-16) DAVID LAMENTS SAUL AND JONATHAN. (2Sa 1:17-27) DAVID, BY GOD'S DIRECTION, GOES UP TO HEBRO...

TSK: 2 Samuel 15 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview 2Sa 15:1, Absalom, by fair speeches and courtesies, steals the hearts of Israel; 2Sa 15:7, Under pretence of a vow, he obtains leave to g...

Poole: 2 Samuel 15 (Pendahuluan Pasal) SAMUEL CHAPTER 15 Absalom stealeth the hearts of Israel, 2Sa 15:1-6 . Under pretence of a vow obtaineth leave to go to Hebron: there with Ahithophe...

MHCC: 2 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) This book is the history of the reign of king David. It relates his victories, the growth of the prosperity of Israel, and his reformation of the stat...

MHCC: 2 Samuel 15 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (2Sa 15:1-6) Absalom's ambition. (2Sa 15:7-12) His conspiracy. (2Sa 15:13-23) David leaves Jerusalem. (2Sa 15:24-30) David sends back the ark. (2S...

Matthew Henry: 2 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Second Book of Samuel This book is the history of the reign of king David. We had in the foregoing ...

Matthew Henry: 2 Samuel 15 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Absalom's name signifies " the peace of his father," yet he proves his greatest trouble; so often are we disappointed in our expectations from the...

Constable: 2 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Second Samuel continues the history begun in 1 Samuel. Please see my comments regarding 2 Samuel's title, d...

Constable: 2 Samuel (Garis Besar) Outline (Continued from notes on 1 Samuel) V. David's triumphs chs. 1-8 ...

Constable: 2 Samuel 2 Samuel Bibliography Achtemeier, Paul J., and Elizabeth Achtemeier. The Old Testament Roots of Our Faith. Phil...

Haydock: 2 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE SECOND BOOK OF SAMUEL; otherwise called, THE SECOND BOOK OF KINGS. INTRODUCTION. This Book contains the transactions of David till the end ...

Gill: 2 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO 2 SAMUEL This book, in many copies of the Hebrew Bible, is carried on without any new title put unto it; the reason of it is, becau...

Gill: 2 Samuel 15 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO SECOND SAMUEL 15 This chapter relates how that Absalom by various artful methods stole away the hearts of the people of Israel, 2Sa...

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