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Teks -- 1 Samuel 27:1-12 (NET)

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David Aligns Himself with the Philistines
27:1 David thought to himself, “One of these days I’m going to be swept away by the hand of Saul! There is nothing better for me than to escape to the land of the Philistines. Then Saul will despair of searching for me through all the territory of Israel and I will escape from his hand.” 27:2 So David left and crossed over to King Achish son of Maoch of Gath accompanied by his six hundred men. 27:3 David settled with Achish in Gath, along with his men and their families. David had with him his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelite and Abigail the Carmelite, Nabal’s widow. 27:4 When Saul learned that David had fled to Gath, he did not mount a new search for him. 27:5 David said to Achish, “If I have found favor with you, let me be given a place in one of the country towns so that I can live there. Why should your servant settle in the royal city with you?” 27:6 So Achish gave him Ziklag on that day. (For that reason Ziklag has belonged to the kings of Judah until this very day.) 27:7 The length of time that David lived in the Philistine countryside was a year and four months. 27:8 Then David and his men went up and raided the Geshurites, the Girzites, and the Amalekites. (They had been living in that land for a long time, from the approach to Shur as far as the land of Egypt.) 27:9 When David would attack a district, he would leave neither man nor woman alive. He would take sheep, cattle, donkeys, camels, and clothing and would then go back to Achish. 27:10 When Achish would ask, “Where did you raid today?” David would say, “The Negev of Judah” or “The Negev of Jeharmeel” or “The Negev of the Kenites.” 27:11 Neither man nor woman would David leave alive so as to bring them back to Gath. He was thinking, “This way they can’t tell on us, saying, ‘This is what David did.’” Such was his practice the entire time that he lived in the country of the Philistines. 27:12 So Achish trusted David, thinking to himself, “He is really hated among his own people in Israel! From now on he will be my servant.”
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Abigail the widow of Nabal; wife of David,daughter of Jesse; sister of King David; wife of Ithra/Jether
 · Achish the king of Gath in David's time,the king of Gath in Solomon's time
 · Ahinoam a woman; Saul's wife, daughter of Ahimaaz,a woman; David's wife from Jezreel
 · Amalekites members of the nation of Amalek
 · Carmel a woman resident of the town of Carmel
 · David a son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel,son of Jesse of Judah; king of Israel
 · Egypt descendants of Mizraim
 · Gath a town of the Anakim and Philistines in Judah 12 km south. of Ekron
 · Geshurites residents of the town of Geshur
 · Girzites a tribe of alien people who lived in the Negeb in David's time
 · Israel a citizen of Israel.,a member of the nation of Israel
 · Jerahmeelites members of the clan of Jerahmeel
 · Jezreel a resident of the town or region of Jezreel
 · Judah the son of Jacob and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,a tribe, the land/country,a son of Joseph; the father of Simeon; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Jacob/Israel and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,the tribe of Judah,citizens of the southern kingdom of Judah,citizens of the Persian Province of Judah; the Jews who had returned from Babylonian exile,"house of Judah", a phrase which highlights the political leadership of the tribe of Judah,"king of Judah", a phrase which relates to the southern kingdom of Judah,"kings of Judah", a phrase relating to the southern kingdom of Judah,"princes of Judah", a phrase relating to the kingdom of Judah,the territory allocated to the tribe of Judah, and also the extended territory of the southern kingdom of Judah,the Province of Judah under Persian rule,"hill country of Judah", the relatively cool and green central highlands of the territory of Judah,"the cities of Judah",the language of the Jews; Hebrew,head of a family of Levites who returned from Exile,a Levite who put away his heathen wife,a man who was second in command of Jerusalem; son of Hassenuah of Benjamin,a Levite in charge of the songs of thanksgiving in Nehemiah's time,a leader who helped dedicate Nehemiah's wall,a Levite musician who helped Zechariah of Asaph dedicate Nehemiah's wall
 · Kenite resident(s) of the southeastern hill country of Judah
 · Maoch father of Achish, king of Gath in David's time
 · Nabal a man who was a rich descendant of Caleb in David's time
 · Negeb geographical region: South country
 · Philistines a sea people coming from Crete in 1200BC to the coast of Canaan
 · Saul the sixth king of Edom,son of Simeon and a Canaanite woman,son of Uzziah of Kohath son of Levi
 · Shur the wilderness region in the NW part of the Sinai isthmus
 · Ziklag a town in SE Judah; home of the Shime-i Clan of Simeon


Topik/Tema Kamus: David | Achish | Philistines | ABIMELECH | ALLIANCE | Gath | PALESTINE, 2 | Ziklag | Lies and Deceits | Robbery | Jezreel | War | Ahinoam | Maoch | Amalekites | Maachah | GERZITES | Geshur | KENITES | JEZREELITESS | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable , Guzik

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: 1Sa 27:1 - I shall perish But this was certainly a very great fault in David: for This proceeded from gross distrust of God's promise and providence; and that after such repeat...

But this was certainly a very great fault in David: for This proceeded from gross distrust of God's promise and providence; and that after such repeated demonstrations of God's peculiar care over him. He forsakes the place where god had settled him, 1Sa 22:5, and given him both assurance and experience of his protection there. He voluntarily runs upon that rock, which he cursed his enemies for throwing him upon, 1Sa 26:19, and upon many other snares and dangers, as the following history will shew; and withal, deprives the people of the Lord of those succours which he might have given them, in case of a battle. But God hereby designed to withdraw David from the Israelites, that they might fall by the hand of the Philistines, without any reproach or inconvenience to David.

Wesley: 1Sa 27:4 - Sought no more for him At their meeting Saul's heart was deeply wounded, and he had said, "Return, my son David, Be with me as in time past." Nor have we the least proof, th...

At their meeting Saul's heart was deeply wounded, and he had said, "Return, my son David, Be with me as in time past." Nor have we the least proof, that he would have sought for him again, with any other design.

Wesley: 1Sa 27:5 - Give me a place A prudent desire. Hereby David designed to preserve his people, both from the vices, which conversation with the Philistines would have exposed them t...

A prudent desire. Hereby David designed to preserve his people, both from the vices, which conversation with the Philistines would have exposed them to; and from that envy, and malice, which diversity of religion might have caused.

Wesley: 1Sa 27:5 - With thee Which is too great an honour for me, and too burdensome to thee, and may be an occasion of offence to thy people.

Which is too great an honour for me, and too burdensome to thee, and may be an occasion of offence to thy people.

Wesley: 1Sa 27:6 - Gave Ziklag Not only to inhabit, but to possess it as his own. Which he did, to lay the greater obligations upon David, whom he knew so able to serve him. It was ...

Not only to inhabit, but to possess it as his own. Which he did, to lay the greater obligations upon David, whom he knew so able to serve him. It was given to the tribe of Judah before, Jos 15:31, but the Philistines kept the possession of it 'till this time. And being given by them to David, it now belonged not to the tribe of Judah; but to the king of Judah, David and his heirs forever.

Wesley: 1Sa 27:6 - To this day This, and some such clauses seem to have been added, after the main substance of the several books was written.

This, and some such clauses seem to have been added, after the main substance of the several books was written.

Wesley: 1Sa 27:8 - Amalekites The remnant of those whom Saul destroyed, 1Sa 15:3-9, who retired into remote and desert places.

The remnant of those whom Saul destroyed, 1Sa 15:3-9, who retired into remote and desert places.

Wesley: 1Sa 27:9 - Let neither man, &c. _In that part where he came: but there were more of the Amalekites yet left in another part of that land.

_In that part where he came: but there were more of the Amalekites yet left in another part of that land.

Wesley: 1Sa 27:10 - David These and the following words are ambiguous, and contrary to that simplicity which became David, both as a prince, and as an eminent professor of the ...

These and the following words are ambiguous, and contrary to that simplicity which became David, both as a prince, and as an eminent professor of the true religion. The fidelity of Achish to him, and the confidence he put in him, aggravates his sin in thus deceiving him, which David seems penitently to reflect on, when he prays, Remove from me the way of lying.

JFB: 1Sa 27:1 - David said in his heart, . . . there is nothing better for me than that I should speedily escape into the land of the Philistines This resolution of David's was, in every respect, wrong: (1) It was removing him from the place where the divine oracle intimated him to remain (1Sa 2...

This resolution of David's was, in every respect, wrong: (1) It was removing him from the place where the divine oracle intimated him to remain (1Sa 22:5); (2) It was rushing into the idolatrous land, for driving him into which he had denounced an imprecation on his enemies (1Sa 26:19); (3) It was a withdrawal of his counsel and aid from God's people. It was a movement, however, overruled by Providence to detach him from his country and to let the disasters impending over Saul and his followers be brought on by the Philistines.

JFB: 1Sa 27:2-3 - Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath The popular description of this king's family creates a presumption that he was a different king from the reigning sovereign on David's first visit to...

The popular description of this king's family creates a presumption that he was a different king from the reigning sovereign on David's first visit to Gath. Whether David had received a special invitation from him or a mere permission to enter his territories, cannot be determined. It is probable that the former was the case. From the universal notoriety given to the feud between Saul and David, which had now become irreconcilable, it might appear to Achish good policy to harbor him as a guest, and so the better pave the way for the hostile measures against Israel which the Philistines were at this time meditating.

JFB: 1Sa 27:5 - let them give me a place in some town in the country It was a prudent arrangement on the part of David; for it would prevent him being an object of jealous suspicion, or of mischievous plots among the Ph...

It was a prudent arrangement on the part of David; for it would prevent him being an object of jealous suspicion, or of mischievous plots among the Philistines. It would place his followers more beyond the risk of contamination by the idolatries of the court and capital; and it would give him an opportunity of making reprisals on the freebooting tribes that infested the common border of Israel and the Philistines.

JFB: 1Sa 27:6 - Ziklag Though originally assigned to Judah (Jos 15:31), and subsequently to Simeon (Jos 19:5), this town had never been possessed by the Israelites. It belon...

Though originally assigned to Judah (Jos 15:31), and subsequently to Simeon (Jos 19:5), this town had never been possessed by the Israelites. It belonged to the Philistines, who gave it to David.

JFB: 1Sa 27:8 - David . . . went up, and invaded the Geshurites (See Jos 13:2).

(See Jos 13:2).

JFB: 1Sa 27:8 - and the Gezrites Or the Gerizi [GESENIUS], (Jos 12:12), some Arab horde which had once encamped there.

Or the Gerizi [GESENIUS], (Jos 12:12), some Arab horde which had once encamped there.

JFB: 1Sa 27:8 - and the Amalekites Part of the district occupied by them lay on the south of the land of Israel (Jdg 5:14; Jdg 12:15).

Part of the district occupied by them lay on the south of the land of Israel (Jdg 5:14; Jdg 12:15).

JFB: 1Sa 27:10 - Achish said, Whither have ye made a road to-day? That is, raid, a hostile excursion for seizing cattle and other booty.

That is, raid, a hostile excursion for seizing cattle and other booty.

JFB: 1Sa 27:10 - David said, Against the south of Judah, and against the south of the Jerahmeelites Jerahmeel was the great-grandson of Judah, and his posterity occupied the southern portion of that tribal domain.

Jerahmeel was the great-grandson of Judah, and his posterity occupied the southern portion of that tribal domain.

JFB: 1Sa 27:10 - the south of the Kenites The posterity of Jethro, who occupied the south of Judah (Jdg 1:16; Num 24:21). The deceit practised upon his royal host and the indiscriminate slaugh...

The posterity of Jethro, who occupied the south of Judah (Jdg 1:16; Num 24:21). The deceit practised upon his royal host and the indiscriminate slaughter committed, lest any one should escape to tell the tale, exhibit an unfavorable view of this part of David's history.

Clarke: 1Sa 27:1 - I shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul I shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul - This was a very hasty conclusion: God had so often interposed in behalf of his life, that he was au...

I shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul - This was a very hasty conclusion: God had so often interposed in behalf of his life, that he was authorized to believe the reverse. God had hitherto confounded all Saul’ s stratagems, and it was not at all likely that he would now abandon him: there was now no additional reason why he should withdraw from David his helping hand.

Clarke: 1Sa 27:2 - David arose, and he passed over - unto Achish David arose, and he passed over - unto Achish - There is not one circumstance in this transaction that is not blameable. David joins the enemies of ...

David arose, and he passed over - unto Achish - There is not one circumstance in this transaction that is not blameable. David joins the enemies of his God and of his country, acts a most inhuman part against the Geshurites and Amalekites, without even the pretense of a Divine authority; tells a most deliberate falsehood to Achish, his protector, relative to the people against whom he had perpetrated this cruel act; giving him to understand that he had been destroying the Israelites, his enemies. I undertake no defense of this conduct of David; it is all bad, all defenceless; God vindicates him not. The inspired penman tells what he did, but passes no eulogium upon his conduct; and it is false to say that, because these things are recorded, therefore they are approved. In all these transactions David was in no sense a man after God’ s own heart. Chandler attempts to vindicate all this conduct: those who can receive his saying, let them receive it.

Clarke: 1Sa 27:3 - Every man with his household Every man with his household - So it appears that the men who consorted with David had wives and families. David and his company resembled a tribe o...

Every man with his household - So it appears that the men who consorted with David had wives and families. David and his company resembled a tribe of the wandering Arabs.

Clarke: 1Sa 27:5 - Why should thy servant dwell in the royal city Why should thy servant dwell in the royal city - He seemed to intimate that two princely establishments in the same city were too many. Achish appea...

Why should thy servant dwell in the royal city - He seemed to intimate that two princely establishments in the same city were too many. Achish appears to have felt the propriety of his proposal, and therefore appoints him Ziklag.

Clarke: 1Sa 27:6 - Achish gave him Ziklag Achish gave him Ziklag - Ziklag was at first given to the tribe of Judah, but afterwards it was ceded to that of Simeon, Jos 15:31; Jos 19:5. The Ph...

Achish gave him Ziklag - Ziklag was at first given to the tribe of Judah, but afterwards it was ceded to that of Simeon, Jos 15:31; Jos 19:5. The Philistines had, however, made themselves masters of it, and held it to the time here mentioned; it then fell into the tribe of Judah again, and continued to be the property of the kings of Judah. This verse is a proof that this book was written long after the days of Samuel, and that it was formed by a later hand, out of materials which had been collected by a contemporary author. See the preface.

Clarke: 1Sa 27:9 - David smote the land David smote the land - Here was a complete extirpation of all these people, not one being left alive, lest he should carry tidings of the disasters ...

David smote the land - Here was a complete extirpation of all these people, not one being left alive, lest he should carry tidings of the disasters of his country! The spoil which David took consisted of sheep, oxen, asses, camels, and apparel.

Clarke: 1Sa 27:10 - Whither have ye made a road today? Whither have ye made a road today? - He had probably been in the habit of making predatory excursions. This seems to be implied in the question of A...

Whither have ye made a road today? - He had probably been in the habit of making predatory excursions. This seems to be implied in the question of Achish.

Clarke: 1Sa 27:12 - He hath made his people - utterly to abhor him He hath made his people - utterly to abhor him - This deception, which Dr. Delaney says "did harm to nobody, and to the account of which he is at an...

He hath made his people - utterly to abhor him - This deception, which Dr. Delaney says "did harm to nobody, and to the account of which he is at an utter loss what degree of guilt to charge,"imposed upon Achish, had the most direct tendency to make him imagine himself secure, while in the utmost danger; and to have a faithful friend and able ally in David, while he was the veriest enemy he could possibly have. Shame on him who becomes the apologist of such conduct! As to Dr. Chandler, he should know that no lie is of the truth, and that all falsity is an abomination to the Lord.

TSK: 1Sa 27:1 - And David // I shall // perish // there is nothing // into the land am 2946, bc 1058, An, Ex, Is 433 And David : 1Sa 16:1, 1Sa 16:13, 1Sa 23:17, 1Sa 25:30; Psa 116:11; Pro 13:12; Isa 40:27-31, Isa 51:12; Mat 14:31; Mar...

am 2946, bc 1058, An, Ex, Is 433

And David : 1Sa 16:1, 1Sa 16:13, 1Sa 23:17, 1Sa 25:30; Psa 116:11; Pro 13:12; Isa 40:27-31, Isa 51:12; Mat 14:31; Mar 4:40; 2Co 7:5

I shall : This was a rash conclusion: God had caused him to be anointed king of Israel, and promised his accession to the throne, and had so often interposed in his behalf, that he was authorised to believe the very reverse.

perish : Heb. be consumed

there is nothing : 1Sa 22:5; Exo 14:12; Num 14:3; Pro 3:5, Pro 3:6; Isa 30:15, Isa 30:16; Lam 3:26, Lam 3:27

into the land : 1Sa 27:10, 1Sa 27:11, 1Sa 21:10-15, 1Sa 28:1, 1Sa 28:2, 1Sa 29:2-11, 1Sa 30:1-3

TSK: 1Sa 27:2 - David // the six // Achish David : This measure of David’ s, in uniting himself to the enemies of his God and people, was highly blameable; was calculated to alienate the a...

David : This measure of David’ s, in uniting himself to the enemies of his God and people, was highly blameable; was calculated to alienate the affections of the Israelites; and led to equivocation, if not downright falsehood.

the six : 1Sa 25:13, 1Sa 30:8

Achish : 1Sa 21:10; 1Ki 2:40

TSK: 1Sa 27:3 - with his two with his two : 1Sa 25:3, 18-35, 1Sa 25:42, 1Sa 25:43, 1Sa 30:5

with his two : 1Sa 25:3, 18-35, 1Sa 25:42, 1Sa 25:43, 1Sa 30:5

TSK: 1Sa 27:4 - he sought he sought : 1Sa 26:21

he sought : 1Sa 26:21

TSK: 1Sa 27:5 - some town some town : Gen 46:34; 2Co 6:17

some town : Gen 46:34; 2Co 6:17

TSK: 1Sa 27:6 - Ziklag Ziklag : Ziklag was at first given to the tribe of Judah, but was afterwards ceded to that of Simeon; but as it bordered on the Philistines, if they h...

Ziklag : Ziklag was at first given to the tribe of Judah, but was afterwards ceded to that of Simeon; but as it bordered on the Philistines, if they had ever been expelled, they had retaken it. Eusebius simply says it was situated in the south of Canaan. 1Sa 30:1, 1Sa 30:14, 1Sa 19:5; 2Sa 1:1; 1Ch 4:30, 1Ch 12:1, 1Ch 12:20; Neh 11:28

TSK: 1Sa 27:7 - the time // a full year the time : Heb. the number of days a full year : Heb. a year of days, 1Sa 29:3

the time : Heb. the number of days

a full year : Heb. a year of days, 1Sa 29:3

TSK: 1Sa 27:8 - the Geshurites // Gezrites // the Amalekites // as thou goest am 2948, bc 1056, An, Ex, Is, 435 the Geshurites : Jos 13:2, Jos 13:13; 2Sa 13:37, 2Sa 13:38, 2Sa 14:23, 2Sa 14:32, 2Sa 15:8; 1Ch 2:23 Gezrites : or, ...

am 2948, bc 1056, An, Ex, Is, 435

the Geshurites : Jos 13:2, Jos 13:13; 2Sa 13:37, 2Sa 13:38, 2Sa 14:23, 2Sa 14:32, 2Sa 15:8; 1Ch 2:23

Gezrites : or, Gerzites, These people seem to be the Gerrhenians (2; Mac 13:24) whose chief city, Gerrha, is mentioned by Strabo as lying between Gaza and Pelusium in Egypt.

the Amalekites : Jos 16:10; Jdg 1:29; 1Ki 9:15-17

as thou goest : 1Sa 15:7, 1Sa 15:8, 1Sa 30:1; Exo 17:14-16

TSK: 1Sa 27:9 - left neither // and the camels left neither : 1Sa 15:7; Gen 16:7, Gen 25:18; Exo 15:22 and the camels : 1Sa 15:3; Deu 25:17-19; Jos 6:21

left neither : 1Sa 15:7; Gen 16:7, Gen 25:18; Exo 15:22

and the camels : 1Sa 15:3; Deu 25:17-19; Jos 6:21

TSK: 1Sa 27:10 - Whither // And David // Against // the Jerahmeelites // Kenites Whither : etc. or, Did you not make a road And David : 1Sa 21:2; Gen 27:19, Gen 27:20, Gen 27:24; Jos 2:4-6; 2Sa 17:20; Psa 119:29, Psa 119:163; Pro 2...

Whither : etc. or, Did you not make a road

And David : 1Sa 21:2; Gen 27:19, Gen 27:20, Gen 27:24; Jos 2:4-6; 2Sa 17:20; Psa 119:29, Psa 119:163; Pro 29:25; Gal 2:11-13; Eph 4:25

Against : David here meant the Geshurites, and Gezrites, and Amalekites, which people occupied that part of the country which lies to the south of Judah. But Achish, as was intended, understood him in a different sense, and believed that he had attacked his own countrymen. David’ s answer, therefore, though not an absolute falsehood, was certainly an equivocation intended to deceive, and therefore incompatible with that sense of truth and honour which became him as a prince, and a professor of true religion. From these, and similar passages, we may observe the strict impartiality of the Sacred Scriptures. They present us with the most faithful delineation of human nature; they exhibit the frailties of kings, priests, and prophets, with equal truth; and examples of vice and frailty, as well as of piety and virtue, are held up, that we may guard against the errors to which the best men are exposed.

the Jerahmeelites : 1Ch 2:9, 1Ch 2:25

Kenites : 1Sa 15:6; Num 24:21; Jdg 1:16, Jdg 4:11, Jdg 5:24

TSK: 1Sa 27:11 - Lest Lest : 1Sa 22:22; Pro 12:19, Pro 29:25

TSK: 1Sa 27:12 - utterly to abhor utterly to abhor : Heb. to stink, 1Sa 13:4; Gen 34:30

utterly to abhor : Heb. to stink, 1Sa 13:4; Gen 34:30

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Poole: 1Sa 27:1 - I shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul // There is nothing better for me than that I should speedily escape into the land of the Philistines I shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul I see by this late experience his restless and implacable hatred against me, and how little heed is t...

I shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul I see by this late experience his restless and implacable hatred against me, and how little heed is to be given to all his pretences of repentance or friendship.

There is nothing better for me than that I should speedily escape into the land of the Philistines: but this was certainly a very great mistake and fault in David; for,

1. This proceeded from gross distrust of God’ s promise and providence; and that after such repeated demonstrations of God’ s peculiar care over him, which gave hint cause to conclude quite contrary to what is here said.

2. He forsakes the place where God had settled him, 1Sa 22:5 , and given him both assurance and experience of his protection there.

3. He voluntarily runs upon that rock which he cursed his enemies for throwing him upon, 1Sa 26:19 , and upon many other snares and dangers, as the following history will show; and withal, deprives the people of the Lord of those succours which he might have given them, in case of a battle. But it pleased God to leave David to himself in this, as well as in other particulars, that these might be sensible demonstrations of the infirmities of the best men; and of the necessity of God’ s grace, and daily direction and assistance; and of the freeness and richness of God’ s mercy, in passing by such great offences. And besides, God hereby designed to accomplish his own counsel, to withdraw David from the Israelites, that Saul and they might fall by the hand of the Philistines, without any reproach or inconvenience to David, whom God had put into a safe place.

Poole: 1Sa 27:2 - -- It might seem a bold adventure; but, 1. He thought himself forced to it by Saul’ s inveterate rage, and continued resolutions to persecute him...

It might seem a bold adventure; but,

1. He thought himself forced to it by Saul’ s inveterate rage, and continued resolutions to persecute him.

2. It is probable he had sent some persons to treat with him, and had agreed upon conditions, and received assurance of his safe and peaceable abode with him.

3. David reasonably thought that Achish would gladly receive him, as indeed he did; partly, because he saw Saul’ s implacable enmity against him; partly, because by this means he should be freed from the most formidable enemy which he had in all Israel, who might do him most mischief in the battle; which it seems at this time he designed; and partly, because he came not now alone, as he did before, but brought with him sufficient pledges of his fidelity to Achish; namely, all his soldiers, and his and their wives, 1Sa 27:3 .

Poole: 1Sa 27:4 - -- By which it is implied that he would have gone on in persecuting David, if he had continued in his dominions.

By which it is implied that he would have gone on in persecuting David, if he had continued in his dominions.

Poole: 1Sa 27:5 - Why should thy servant dwell in the royal city with thee? A prudent desire. Hereby David designed, 1. To preserve his people, both from the idolatry and other vices which conversation with the Philistines ...

A prudent desire. Hereby David designed,

1. To preserve his people, both from the idolatry and other vices which conversation with the Philistines would have exposed them to; and from that envy, and malice, and mischief, which diversity of religion, or other prejudices, might have caused.

2. That he might have opportunity of enterprising something against God’ s enemies, without the knowledge or observation of the Philistines.

Why should thy servant dwell in the royal city with thee? which is too great an honour for me, and too burdensome to thee, and may be an occasion of suspicion and offence to thy people, and of many other inconveniences.

Poole: 1Sa 27:6 - Gave him Ziklag // Pertaineth unto the kings of Judah // Unto this day Gave him Ziklag not only to inhabit, but to possess it as his own; which he did, to lay the greater obligations upon David, whom he knew so able to s...

Gave him Ziklag not only to inhabit, but to possess it as his own; which he did, to lay the greater obligations upon David, whom he knew so able to serve him.

Pertaineth unto the kings of Judah: it was given to the tribe of Judah before, Jos 15:31 , and afterwards to the tribe of Simeon, Jos 19:5 , whose inheritance was given them within the inheritance of the children of Judah, Jos 19 .

1. But the Philistines kept the possession of it till this time, and were hitherto permitted to do so. And being now given by them to David, it now belonged not to the people of the tribe of Judah, to whom it was allotted before; but to the king of Judah, David and his heirs for ever.

Unto this day: this and some such clauses seem to have been added by some sacred writers after the main substance of the several books was written.

Poole: 1Sa 27:7 - -- Heb. days and four months ; days being put for a year ; as Lev 25:29 . Or, some days and four months , i.e. some days above four months. Or, s...

Heb. days and four months ; days being put for a year ; as Lev 25:29 . Or, some days and four months , i.e. some days above four months. Or, some days and (for even , or that is , the conjunction and being oft so used, as hath been proved above) four months .

Poole: 1Sa 27:8 - The Gezrites // The Amalekites The Gezrites were anciently seated in other places, Jos 12:12 16:3 , but for some reasons not now known they changed their seats, as was then very us...

The Gezrites were anciently seated in other places, Jos 12:12 16:3 , but for some reasons not now known they changed their seats, as was then very usual, and seated themselves, and had for some considerable time lived, near the Amalekites.

The Amalekites the remnant of those whom Saul destroyed, 1Sa 15 , who fled from his sword, and retired into remote and desert places.

Poole: 1Sa 27:9 - Left neither man nor woman alive Left neither man nor woman alive to wit, in that part where he came; but there were more of the Amalekites yet left in another part of that land, 1Sa...

Left neither man nor woman alive to wit, in that part where he came; but there were more of the Amalekites yet left in another part of that land, 1Sa 30:1 .

Poole: 1Sa 27:10 - Against the south of Judah // And against // The Jerahmeelites // Kenites Against the south of Judah: these and the following words are ambiguous; for they may be understood, either of the southern parts from Judah, &c., wh...

Against the south of Judah: these and the following words are ambiguous; for they may be understood, either of the southern parts from Judah, &c., which he would have Achish understand; or of another country lying southward from Judah, &c., which David meant, and which was the truth. So though it was not a downright lie; yet it was an equivocation, with an intention to deceive, which is the formality of a lie, and was contrary to that simplicity which became David, both as a prince, and as an eminent professor of the true religion.

And against for that is against ; for in the following words he particularly expresseth what part of the south of Judah he went against, even that which was inhabited by the Jerahmeelites, and by the Kenites.

The Jerahmeelites the posterity of Hezron, a family of Judah, 1Ch 2:9,25 . The

Kenites the posterity of Jethro, which chose to dwell in the south of Judah, Jud 1:16 . See Num 24:21 .

Poole: 1Sa 27:11 - Lest they should tell on us Lest they should tell on us that the tidings of this action against this people (who were, it seems, either tributaries to or confederates with Achis...

Lest they should tell on us that the tidings of this action against this people (who were, it seems, either tributaries to or confederates with Achish) might neither come quickly nor certainly to Achish’ s court; which he might the rather promise himself, because Achish and all his men were now busily employed in their warlike preparations against the Israelites; and if any flying rumour came thither, he thought by his interest and artifices he could easily discredit and dash it. Besides, the consideration of God’ s curse denounced against the people whom he had now destroyed, and of God’ s particular promises made to him, and of his special providence which he constantly experienced watching over him, made him more secure and confident in this and in many other hazardous attempts.

Poole: 1Sa 27:12 - Achish believed David Achish believed David partly, because of his confidence in David’ s authority and fidelity; partly, because most men easily believe what they he...

Achish believed David partly, because of his confidence in David’ s authority and fidelity; partly, because most men easily believe what they heartily wish to be true; and partly, from God’ s providence, which blinded him in this and in divers other particulars relating to David’ s coming hither, and abiding here.

Haydock: 1Sa 27:1 - Hands Hands. God requires that we should act with prudence. (Du Hamel) --- David probably consulted the Lord, and sent ambassadors to Achis, before he w...

Hands. God requires that we should act with prudence. (Du Hamel) ---

David probably consulted the Lord, and sent ambassadors to Achis, before he went into his dominions, (Menochius) where he had been in such danger before. (Du Hamel)

Haydock: 1Sa 27:2 - Maoch Maoch, or Maacha, 3 Kings ii. 29. This king had perhaps seen David, when he counterfeited madness. But now he was convinced that, by granting him...

Maoch, or Maacha, 3 Kings ii. 29. This king had perhaps seen David, when he counterfeited madness. But now he was convinced that, by granting him protection, he would greatly annoy Saul, and draw many brave men out of his dominions.

Haydock: 1Sa 27:3 - Household Household. They were aware of the cruelty of Saul. The names of these valiant men are specified, 1 Paralipomenon xii. 1., &c.

Household. They were aware of the cruelty of Saul. The names of these valiant men are specified, 1 Paralipomenon xii. 1., &c.

Haydock: 1Sa 27:5 - Country // With thee Country, less peopled, and more remote from the sea. --- With thee. David was attended like a king, so that he wished to avoid giving umbrage to A...

Country, less peopled, and more remote from the sea. ---

With thee. David was attended like a king, so that he wished to avoid giving umbrage to Achis, and, at the same time, keep his own men at a greater distance from the contagious morals of the idolaters.

Haydock: 1Sa 27:6 - Day // Siceleg Day. This was written some time after the death of Samuel. --- Siceleg belonged at first to Juda, and was afterwards given to the tribe of Simeon,...

Day. This was written some time after the death of Samuel. ---

Siceleg belonged at first to Juda, and was afterwards given to the tribe of Simeon, till it fell into the hands of the Philistines, and being restored by them to David, was considered afterwards as the property of the kings of Juda. It lay not far from Horma, Josue xix. 4.

Haydock: 1Sa 27:7 - Months Months. Hebrew, "days and four months." The former expression denotes a year; though some would have it, that David remained "four months and a few...

Months. Hebrew, "days and four months." The former expression denotes a year; though some would have it, that David remained "four months and a few days" in the country. He probably continued so many months at Geth, (ver. 9, 11,) and about a year at Siceleg. (Calmet) ---

Septuagint have "days, four months;" and Salien adopts that term. (Haydock) See chap. xxix. 3. (Du Hamel)

Haydock: 1Sa 27:8 - Pillaged Gessuri Pillaged Gessuri, &c. These probably were enemies of the people of God; and some, if not all of them, were of the number of those whom God had order...

Pillaged Gessuri, &c. These probably were enemies of the people of God; and some, if not all of them, were of the number of those whom God had ordered to be destroyed; which justifies David's proceedings in their regard. Though it is to be observed here, that we are not under an obligation of justifying every thing that he did: for the Scripture, in relating what was done, doth not say that it was well done. And even such as are true servants of God, are not to be imitated in all they do. (Challoner) ---

The nations of Chanaan, who inhabited as far as Egypt, and the Amalecites, who had escaped the arms of Saul, were devoted to destruction, Exodus xvii., &c. In such cases, any man might fall upon them, without any other formal declaration of war. (Calmet) ---

There was another Gessuri of Syria, in the tribe of Manasses, across the Jordan. (Menochius) ---

The country which these people inhabited, to the south of Palestine, was afterwards depopulated by the kings of Egypt and of Syria, in their continual wars, so that many of the cities which are mentioned in Scripture, were never known to profane geographers. (Calmet) ---

St. Jerome, (Trad.) Sa, and others, think that David attacked some of the Philistines. But it is as probable at least that he would abstain from molesting them, whom had so generously afforded him an asylum. Salien concludes, that he did not attack the other nations, (except the Amalecites, who were sufficiently marked out for destruction, Deuteronomy xxv. 19,) without consulting the Lord, by the high priest, as he was accustomed to do in every difficulty. (Salien, the year of the world 2979) (Menochius) ---

They all dwelt in part of the land of Chanaan, (Worthington) which was sufficient. (Haydock)

Haydock: 1Sa 27:9 - Apparel Apparel. Saul alone had been ordered to destroy all the property of Amalec. (Abulensis)

Apparel. Saul alone had been ordered to destroy all the property of Amalec. (Abulensis)

Haydock: 1Sa 27:10 - Jerameel // Ceni Jerameel, the son of Esron, inhabited the most southern part of Juda. --- Ceni, or the Cinites, descendants of Jethro, (Calmet) who dwelt at Arad a...

Jerameel, the son of Esron, inhabited the most southern part of Juda. ---

Ceni, or the Cinites, descendants of Jethro, (Calmet) who dwelt at Arad and the environs. The words of David might signify that he attacked these people of Israel, as Achis understood him; or that he made inroads upon those who dwelt to the south of them, which was really the case. (Haydock) ---

At his return, he passed by Siceleg, where he left the spoil, carrying some of the choicest things, as a present, to Achis. (Menochius) ---

But he suffered none of the human race to be carried away captive, lest any of them might disclose the true state of affairs to the king, who might have apprehended that the injured nations would make an attack upon his dominions. (Salien)

Haydock: 1Sa 27:12 - Harm Harm. Hebrew, "he hath made himself stinking (an object of horror) to his people." A strong expression used, Genesis xxxiv. 30., and Exodus v. 21. ...

Harm. Hebrew, "he hath made himself stinking (an object of horror) to his people." A strong expression used, Genesis xxxiv. 30., and Exodus v. 21. (Calmet) ---

Septuagint, "he is quite covered with confusion." Achis supposed that David had thus forfeited all his pretensions to dwell among, much less, to reign over Israel: so that he might keep him always in his service. (Haydock) ---

In the mean time, Saul was exterminating the people of Gabaon, which brought a pestilence on Israel, 40 years later. (Theodoret) ---

He perhaps supposed that the oath of Josue had not been yet put in execution, as it ought to be, herein indulging too much his cruel temper. (Salien)

Gill: 1Sa 27:1 - And David said in his heart // I shall now one day perish by the hand of Saul // there is nothing better for me than that I should speedily escape into the land of the Philistines // and Saul shall despair of me, to seek me any more in any coast of Israel // so shall I escape out of his hand And David said in his heart,.... Within himself, and to himself; while he was pondering things in his own mind, and considering the circumstances in w...

And David said in his heart,.... Within himself, and to himself; while he was pondering things in his own mind, and considering the circumstances in which he was, and things appearing, very gloomy to him, he falls into a fit of unbelief and thus addresses himself:

I shall now one day perish by the hand of Saul; for though he was returned to his place, he knew he was restless and uneasy, very inconstant and unstable, and not at all to be depended on; yea, he might conclude that Saul, observing that God was with him in protecting and defending him, and by delivering him into his hands once and again, he would be the more jealous of him, and envious at him, and seek all opportunities and advantages against him; and he feared that one time or another such would offer, and would be taken, and so he should perish by him: this was a strange fit of unbelief he was sunk into, and very unaccountable and unreasonable it was, had he but considered his being anointed king by the Lord, the promise of God to him, which could not fail, and the providence of God that watched over him from time to time:

there is nothing better for me than that I should speedily escape into the land of the Philistines; which may seem strange, when he was advised by the Prophet Gad to depart from the land of Moab, and go into the land of Judah, 1Sa 22:5, and where he had been so wonderfully preserved; and when he was in so much danger, when in the land of the Philistines before, insomuch that he was obliged to feign himself mad, 1Sa 21:13; and seeing this also was the very thing he lately dreaded, and cursed the men that should be the cause of his going out of his own land into an idolatrous one:

and Saul shall despair of me, to seek me any more in any coast of Israel; hearing that he was gone into a foreign country, would seek for him no more in any part of the land of israel, and so despair of ever getting him into his hands, would lay aside all thoughts about him for the future:

so shall I escape out of his hand; and be for ever safe: these were the carnal reasonings of his mind, under the prevalence of unbelief; and shows what poor weak creatures the best of men are, and how low their graces may sink as to exercise, when left to themselves.

Gill: 1Sa 27:2 - And David arose // and he passed over // with the six hundred men that were with him // unto Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath And David arose,.... From the place where he was: and he passed over; the borders of land of Canaan: with the six hundred men that were with hi...

And David arose,.... From the place where he was:

and he passed over; the borders of land of Canaan:

with the six hundred men that were with him; having neither lost any, nor had any added to him, since he was at Keilah, 1Sa 23:13,

unto Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath; whether this was the same Achish David was with before, 1Sa 21:10, is not certain; it seems as if he was not the same, since he is described as the son of Maoch, as if it was to distinguish him from him; though it is not improbable that he was the same person. Some think a that he is described not from his father, but from his mother, whose name was Maacha. The circumstances of David were now very much altered from what they were when he went to Gath before; then he went secretly, now openly; then as a person unknown, now as well known; then alone, now with six hundred men; then when discovered he was seized by the princes of Gath, and brought before the king, and was driven from his presence; but now he came either at the invitation of Achish, hearing how he had been treated by Saul, and thinking to attach him to his interest, and make him more and more the enemy of Saul, and so free himself from a very powerful one, and of whose wisdom and prudence, and military skill, and courage, and valour, he might hope to avail himself; or David sent an embassy to him, to treat with him about his coming into his country, and settlement in it, and terms to mutual satisfaction were agreed upon.

Gill: 1Sa 27:3 - And David dwelt with Achish at Gath // he and his men, every man with his household // even David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal's wife And David dwelt with Achish at Gath,.... The metropolis of his kingdom, called, 1Sa 27:5, the royal city: he and his men, every man with his househ...

And David dwelt with Achish at Gath,.... The metropolis of his kingdom, called, 1Sa 27:5, the royal city:

he and his men, every man with his household; or family; which they brought with them, to secure them from the malice of Saul; who in their absence might have destroyed them, as being the families of traitors and fugitives, and might be the more readily received by Achish, as he might hope for some advantage front them; and besides were pledges of their fidelity to him, and of their design to continue with him:

even David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal's wife; who had been the wife of Nabal; of these See Gill on 1Sa 25:43.

Gill: 1Sa 27:4 - And it was told Saul that David was fled to Gath // and he sought no more again for him And it was told Saul that David was fled to Gath,.... Who very probably had his spies out to watch his motions, and report to him where he was, and wh...

And it was told Saul that David was fled to Gath,.... Who very probably had his spies out to watch his motions, and report to him where he was, and what he was doing:

and he sought no more again for him; by which it seems as if he would have sought after him again, had he continued in the land of Israel; but now being gone, and in an enemy's country, and having nothing to fear from him while there, he laid aside all thoughts of seeking after him.

Gill: 1Sa 27:5 - And David said unto Achish // if I have now found grace in thine eyes // let them give me a place in some town in the country, that I may dwell there // for why should thy servant dwell in the royal city with thee And David said unto Achish,.... After he had been some time with him: if I have now found grace in thine eyes; or was in favour, as he thought hims...

And David said unto Achish,.... After he had been some time with him:

if I have now found grace in thine eyes; or was in favour, as he thought himself to be, by various instances of respect shown him:

let them give me a place in some town in the country, that I may dwell there: he does not ask for a city or town, but a place in one of them, though one was given him; but of whom he asks it, it is not easy to say; though it is certain that Achish gave it him, 1Sa 27:6. Perhaps he might desire it might be given him by Achish, with the consent of his princes and nobles, or at least of his privy council; that so it might be to general satisfaction, and the grant more authentic; though it may be impersonally read, as in the Vulgate Latin version, "let there be given me", &c. David's view in this might be partly to prevent the envy of the courtiers of Achish, who might think that David was too near the king, and might have too great an interest in him, and receive too many of his favours, and become his chief confidant and prime minister; and partly to preserve himself and people from all temptations to idolatry, and corruptions in religion; as also that ho might have an opportunity, without the knowledge of Achish, to fall upon the enemies of Israel; though the excuse he made was as follows:

for why should thy servant dwell in the royal city with thee? for so Gath was; and six hundred men and their families might seem to crowd the city; and this reasoning of his might suggest, that he and his men were a straitening of him, and a burden on him; and it might seem as if he was a rival with him in state and dignity, when he was no other than a servant of his.

Gill: 1Sa 27:6 - Then Achish gave him Ziklag that day // wherefore Ziklag pertaineth unto the kings of Judah unto this day Then Achish gave him Ziklag that day,.... A city which in the division of the land was given to the tribe of Judah, and after that to the tribe of Sim...

Then Achish gave him Ziklag that day,.... A city which in the division of the land was given to the tribe of Judah, and after that to the tribe of Simeon, Jos 15:31; though it seems not to have been possessed by either of them, at least not long, but soon came into the hands of the Philistines, who kept it till this time, and now it returned to its right owners; according to Bunting g it was twelve miles from Gath:

wherefore Ziklag pertaineth unto the kings of Judah unto this day; not to the tribe of Judah, though it originally belonged to it, but to the kings of it, it, being granted to David, who quickly after this became king of Judah; and this was annexed to the crown lands, and ever after enjoyed by the kings, of the house of Judah; for this was not given for a temporary habitation, but for perpetual possession. This clause seems to be added by the continuator of this history, after the death of Samuel; who might be Gad or Nathan; some say Ezra, and Abarbinel that Jeremiah was the writer of it.

Gill: 1Sa 27:7 - And the time that David dwelt in the country of the Philistines // was a full year and four months And the time that David dwelt in the country of the Philistines,.... At Gath and Ziklag: was a full year and four months; or "days and four months"...

And the time that David dwelt in the country of the Philistines,.... At Gath and Ziklag:

was a full year and four months; or "days and four months"; days being sometimes put for a year, Jdg 17:10; though some interpret it not of a year, but of some few days out of the fifth month, besides the four months; so Jarchi and Kimchi; and Josephus h makes his abode to be four months and twenty days; but, according to the Septuagint and Vulgate Latin versions, it was only four months; and so it may be rendered, "days, that is, four months"; for according to the Jewish chronology i Samuel died four months before Saul, and this flight of David was after the death of Samuel, and when Saul died he left the land of the Philistines, and took the throne of Judah; See Gill on 1Sa 25:1.

Gill: 1Sa 27:8 - And David and his men went up // and invaded the Geshurites // and the Gezrites // and the Amalekites // for these nations were of old the inhabitants of the land // as thou goest to Shur, even unto the land of Egypt And David and his men went up,.... From Ziklag, where they dwelt: and invaded the Geshurites; some of the old inhabitants of the land of Canaan, th...

And David and his men went up,.... From Ziklag, where they dwelt:

and invaded the Geshurites; some of the old inhabitants of the land of Canaan, the remains of the Amorites, whose land was given to the half tribe of Manasseh, but could never be expelled; and therefore David had a just right to invade them, and, if he could, either expel or destroy them; see Deu 3:14; these are the Geshurites which are joined with the Philistines, Jos 13:2,

and the Gezrites; the inhabitants of Gezer, which place fell to the tribe of Ephraim; but that tribe could not drive out the inhabitants of it, and therefore David now fell upon them as the enemies of Israel, and seized on their country, as belonging to them, Jos 16:3,

and the Amalekites; the sworn and implacable enemies of Israel, and whose memory they were laid under obligation to root out. These were such as had escaped the sword of Saul, and had fled to the more distant parts, against whom David now went; and perhaps these had fled to and mixed themselves with the people here mentioned:

for these nations were of old the inhabitants of the land; of the land of Canaan:

as thou goest to Shur, even unto the land of Egypt; see 1Sa 15:7.

Gill: 1Sa 27:9 - And David smote the land // and left neither man nor woman alive // and took away the sheep, and the oxen, and the asses, and the camels // and the apparel, and returned, and came to Achish And David smote the land,.... In which the above mentioned people dwelt, that is, the inhabitants of it: and left neither man nor woman alive; for ...

And David smote the land,.... In which the above mentioned people dwelt, that is, the inhabitants of it:

and left neither man nor woman alive; for these being the old Canaanites and Amalekites, according to the law of God were not to be spared, but utterly destroyed; which may be observed to remove the charge of cruelty that might be brought against David on this account, Deu 7:2; though this must be understood of such that came within his reach; for it is certain there were people of these several names after this; see 1Sa 30:1,

and took away the sheep, and the oxen, and the asses, and the camels,

and the apparel, and returned, and came to Achish; at Gath, to make a report of what he had been about and done; and what he brought was a good booty for the support of his men and their families.

Gill: 1Sa 27:10 - And Achish said, whither have ye made a road today // and David said, against the south of Judah // and against the south of the Jerahmeelites // and against the south of the Kenites And Achish said, whither have ye made a road today?.... Or whither had they rushed in, or poured in and spread themselves? or where had they made thei...

And Achish said, whither have ye made a road today?.... Or whither had they rushed in, or poured in and spread themselves? or where had they made their excursion to fetch in the prey and booty they now brought?

and David said, against the south of Judah; he meant against some people that lay to the south of the land of Judah, without it; but expressed himself so, that Achish might think he meant the southern parts of Judah within the country; which, though not a downright lie, was an equivocation, and made with a design to deceive; and was by no means agreeably to the character of David, nor to be defended nor imitated:

and against the south of the Jerahmeelites; these were the descendants of Jerahmeel, the son of Hezron, the grandson of Judah, and so inhabited in the tribe of Judah, and very probably in the southern part of it, 1Ch 2:9,

and against the south of the Kenites; the posterity of Jethro; these, at least some of them, at the first seating of the children of Israel in the land of Canaan, went with the children of Judah into the wilderness of Judah, which lieth in the south of Arad, Jdg 1:16.

Gill: 1Sa 27:11 - And David saved neither man nor woman alive to bring tidings to Gath // saying, lest they should tell on us, saying, so did David // and so will be his manner all the while he dwelleth in the country of the Philistines And David saved neither man nor woman alive to bring tidings to Gath,.... How David had fallen upon these people, and destroyed great numbers of them...

And David saved neither man nor woman alive to bring tidings to Gath,.... How David had fallen upon these people, and destroyed great numbers of them, and carried off their substance; which would have given great offence to Achish, and caused him to have driven him out of his country once more; though Abarbinel is of opinion that these Geshurites, &c. were haters and enemies of Achish, and therefore were smitten and spoiled by David; or otherwise it would have been such a piece of perfidy, rebellion, and ingratitude, as mast have made the name of David to stink, since it could not but be known sooner or later; but being the enemies of Achish, no notice was taken of it afterwards, nor inquiry made about it, nor complaint made of it, by any of their neighbours: nor does he suppose they were all cut off, and much less that this was done that it might not be told in Gath what destruction he had made; but that the sense is, that he did not carry the captives to Gath, to be disposed of there; for they would have told from whence they came, and so have contradicted what David said, and what he would have Achish understand, as if he had been out against and smote some of the cities of Judah, that he might place the greater confidence in him; which end would not have been answered, if he had brought any of them to Gath; and so the words may be read without the supplement we make, "spared neither man nor woman alive to bring to Gath": and so could tell no tales. Though Josephus expressly says k that David spared the men, and abstained from the slaughter of them, fearing lest they should declare to the king what he had done in plundering them:

saying, lest they should tell on us, saying, so did David: in such and such places, such numbers of people he destroyed, and such quantities of cattle and goods he carried off:

and so will be his manner all the while he dwelleth in the country of the Philistines: this is what may be expected will be done by him in one place or another, as long as he stays here; nothing will be heard of but desolation and destruction, in some part of the country of the Philistines or another; or among those that were tributaries to them; so that it was not safe that he should be allowed to abide in it.

Gill: 1Sa 27:12 - And Achish believed David // saying, he hath made his people Israel utterly to abhor him // therefore he shall be my servant for ever And Achish believed David,.... As he would have him understand his story; imposing upon him by ambiguous terms, insinuating he had been against the so...

And Achish believed David,.... As he would have him understand his story; imposing upon him by ambiguous terms, insinuating he had been against the southern parts of Judah, when he had been against foreign nations that lay to the south of Judah:

saying, he hath made his people Israel utterly to abhor him; they shall never forgive him the destruction of their cities, and the inhabitants of them, and the plunder of their goods and cattle; his name will be had in the utmost detestation and abhorrence, and he must never return thither any more:

therefore he shall be my servant for ever: would be glad to continue with him as a servant, and be obliged to serve him faithfully and truly, since his own people, and even those of his own tribe, would never more receive him; it being, as he understood it, the south of Judah that he had been plundering.

buka semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: 1Sa 27:1 Heb “said to his heart.”

NET Notes: 1Sa 27:3 Heb “a man and his house.”

NET Notes: 1Sa 27:7 Heb “days.” The plural of the word “day” is sometimes used idiomatically to refer specifically to a year. In addition to this ...

NET Notes: 1Sa 27:8 Heb “from where you come.”

NET Notes: 1Sa 27:9 Heb “the land.”

NET Notes: 1Sa 27:10 The translation follows the LXX (ἐπι τίνα, epi tina) and Vulgate (in quem) which assume אֶל ...

NET Notes: 1Sa 27:11 Heb “all the days.”

NET Notes: 1Sa 27:12 Heb “permanently.”

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 27:1 And David said in his heart, I shall now ( a ) perish one day by the hand of Saul: [there is] nothing better for me than that I should speedily escape...

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 27:3 And David ( b ) dwelt with Achish at Gath, he and his men, every man with his household, [even] David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, an...

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 27:5 And David said unto Achish, If I have now found grace in thine eyes, ( c ) let them give me a place in some town in the country, that I may dwell ther...

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 27:8 And David and his men went up, and invaded the ( d ) Geshurites, and the Gezrites, and the Amalekites: for those [nations were] of old the inhabitants...

Geneva Bible: 1Sa 27:10 And Achish said, Whither have ye made a road to day? And David said, Against the south of Judah, and against the south of the ( e ) Jerahmeelites, and...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: 1Sa 27:1-7 - --Unbelief is a sin that easily besets even good men, when without are fightings, and within are fears; and it is a hard matter to get over them. Lord, ...

MHCC: 1Sa 27:8-12 - --While David was in the land of the Philistines, he attacked some remains of the devoted nations. The people whom he cut off were long before doomed to...

Matthew Henry: 1Sa 27:1-7 - -- Here is, I. The prevalency of David's fear, which was the effect of the weakness of his faith (1Sa 27:1): He said to his heart (so it may be read)...

Matthew Henry: 1Sa 27:8-12 - -- Here is an account of David's actions while he was in the land of the Philistines, a fierce attack he made upon some remains of the devoted nations,...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Sa 27:1-7 - -- The result of the last affair with Saul, after his life had againbeen spared, could not fail to confirm David in his conviction that Saulwould not d...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Sa 27:8-9 - -- From Ziklag David made an attack upon the Geshurites, Gerzites, andAmalekites, smote them without leaving a man alive, and returned withmuch booty. ...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Sa 27:10-11 - -- Achish said, " Ye have not made an invasion to-day, have ye? " אל ,like μὴ , is an interrogative sense; the ה has dropped out: vid., Ewald...

Keil-Delitzsch: 1Sa 27:12 - -- 1Sa 27:12 is connected with 1Sa 27:10; Achish believed David's words, and said (tohimself), " He hath made himself stinking (i.e., hated) among his...

Constable: 1Sa 16:1--31:13 - --IV. SAUL AND DAVID 1 Sam. 16--31 The basic theme in Samuel, that blessing, and in particular fertility of all ki...

Constable: 1Sa 21:1--30:31 - --C. David in Exile chs. 21-30 In chapters 21-30 we see David's forces growing stronger and stronger while...

Constable: 1Sa 27:1--31:13 - --4. The end of Saul's reign chs 27-31 David's commitment to God resulted in his continuing to be ...

Constable: 1Sa 27:1-7 - --David's relocation to Ziklag 27:1-7 Was it God's will for David to leave Israel ...

Constable: 1Sa 27:8-12 - --David's raids to the south 27:8-12 David used his opportunity to defeat and to a...

Guzik: 1Sa 27:1-12 - David Flees to the Philistines 1 Samuel 27 - David Flees to the Philistines A. David joins with the Philistine leader Achish. 1. (1) David's discouraged decision. And David said...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: 1 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST AND SECOND BOOKS OF SAMUEL. The two were, by the ancient Jews, conjoined so as to make one book, and in that form could be called the Book o...

JFB: 1 Samuel (Garis Besar) OF ELKANAH AND HIS TWO WIVES. (1Sa 1:1-8) HANNAH'S PRAYER. (1Sa 1:9-18) SAMUEL BORN. (1Sa 1:20) HANNAH'S SONG IN THANKFULNESS TO GOD. (1Sa 2:1-11) TH...

TSK: 1 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) The First Book of SAMUEL, otherwise called " The First Book of the KINGS."

TSK: 1 Samuel 27 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview 1Sa 27:1, Saul, hearing David to be in Gath, seeks no more for him; 1Sa 27:5, David begs Ziklag of Achish; 1Sa 27:8, He, invading other c...

Poole: 1 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) FIRST BOOK OF SAMUEL OTHERWISE CALLED THE FIRST BOOK OF THE KINGS. THE ARGUMENT. IT is not certainly known who was the penman of this Book, or whe...

Poole: 1 Samuel 27 (Pendahuluan Pasal) SAMUEL CHAPTER 27 David with his six hundred men, and all his faith, goeth to king Achish, and abideth there a while; Saul pursueth no more after h...

MHCC: 1 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) In this book we have an account of Eli, and the wickedness of his sons; also of Samuel, his character and actions. Then of the advancement of Saul to ...

MHCC: 1 Samuel 27 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (1Sa 27:1-7) David retires to Gath. (1Sa 27:8-12) David deceives Achish.

Matthew Henry: 1 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The First Book of Samuel This book, and that which follows it, bear the name of Samuel in the title, ...

Matthew Henry: 1 Samuel 27 (Pendahuluan Pasal) David was a man after God's own heart, and yet he had his faults, which are recorded, not for our imitation, but for our admonition; witness the st...

Constable: 1 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title First and Second Samuel were originally one book called the Book of...

Constable: 1 Samuel (Garis Besar) Outline I. Eli and Samuel chs. 1-3 A. The change from barrenness to fertility 1:1-2:10 ...

Constable: 1 Samuel 1 Samuel Bibliography Ackroyd, Peter R. The First Book of Samuel. Cambridge Bible Commentary on the New English...

Haydock: 1 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE FIRST BOOK OF SAMUEL; otherwise called, THE FIRST BOOK OF KINGS. INTRODUCTION. This and the following Book are called by the Hebrews, the...

Gill: 1 Samuel (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO 1 SAMUEL This book, in the Hebrew copies, is commonly called Samuel, or the Book of Samuel; in the Syriac version, the Book of Samu...

Gill: 1 Samuel 27 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO FIRST SAMUEL 27 David, fearing he should perish by the hand of Saul at one time or another, went into the land of the Philistines, ...

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