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Teks -- Psalms 87:1-7 (NET)

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Konteks
Psalm 87
87:1 Written by the Korahites; a psalm, a song. The Lord’s city is in the holy hills. 87:2 The Lord loves the gates of Zion more than all the dwelling places of Jacob. 87:3 People say wonderful things about you, O city of God. (Selah) 87:4 I mention Rahab and Babylon to my followers. Here are Philistia and Tyre, along with Ethiopia. It is said of them, “This one was born there.” 87:5 But it is said of Zion’s residents, “Each one of these was born in her, and the sovereign One makes her secure.” 87:6 The Lord writes in the census book of the nations, “This one was born there.” (Selah) 87:7 As for the singers, as well as the pipers– all of them sing within your walls.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Babylon a country of Babylon in lower Mesopotamia
 · Ethiopia a country south of Egypt
 · Jacob the second so of a pair of twins born to Isaac and Rebeccaa; ancestor of the 12 tribes of Israel,the nation of Israel,a person, male,son of Isaac; Israel the man and nation
 · Korah a man who led a rebellion against Moses and Aaron.,son of Esau and Oholibamah,son of Eliphaz son of Esau,son of Izhar son of Kohath son of Levi,son of Hebron of Judah,son of Izhar (Amminadab) son of Kohath son of Levi
 · Philistia the country of the Philistines which was the coastal plain of southwestern Palestine
 · Rahab a woman inkeeper in Jericho who hid two Hebrew spies; ancester of Boaz and of Jesus,an English name representing two different Hebrew names,as representing the Hebrew name 'Rahab',poetic synonym for Egypt and or the exodus (IBD),the mythical monster of chaos, mainly to do with an unruly sea,as representing the Hebrew name 'Raxab', which has a velar fricative in the middle.,a woman of Jericho; wife of Salmon (Matt. 1:5)
 · Selah a musical notation for crescendo or emphasis by action (IBD)
 · Tyre a resident of the town of Tyre
 · Zion one of the hills on which Jerusalem was built; the temple area; the city of Jerusalem; God's people,a town and citidel; an ancient part of Jerusalem


Topik/Tema Kamus: Psalms | Church | PSALMS, BOOK OF | ESCHATOLOGY OF THE OLD TESTAMENT | Korah | JESUS CHRIST, 2 | Israel | ETHICS, III | Jesus, The Christ | Zion | Rahab | Ethiopia | Regeneration | Philistia | GATE | Righteous | Tyre | House | God | Palestine | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Calvin , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: Psa 87:1 - Its foundation The foundation of the temple of God.

The foundation of the temple of God.

Wesley: Psa 87:2 - Zion That is, Zion itself, or Jerusalem, which was built upon and near mount Zion. He saith Zion rather than Jerusalem, to intimate that he loved Jerusalem...

That is, Zion itself, or Jerusalem, which was built upon and near mount Zion. He saith Zion rather than Jerusalem, to intimate that he loved Jerusalem for Zion's sake, or for the temple, which he chose for his peculiar dwelling place.

Wesley: Psa 87:4 - Rahab Egypt, so called, either from its pride or natural strength.

Egypt, so called, either from its pride or natural strength.

Wesley: Psa 87:4 - Babylon Under these two and Philistia, the constant enemies of Israel, he seems to understand all the enemies of the church of God, who shall now be not only ...

Under these two and Philistia, the constant enemies of Israel, he seems to understand all the enemies of the church of God, who shall now be not only reconciled but united to them.

Wesley: Psa 87:4 - Arabia The nations on every side of them, for Tyre was on the north, Arabia on the South; those nearest to them, and those more remote from them.

The nations on every side of them, for Tyre was on the north, Arabia on the South; those nearest to them, and those more remote from them.

Wesley: Psa 87:5 - Zion Of Jerusalem, or the church of God.

Of Jerusalem, or the church of God.

Wesley: Psa 87:5 - Said It shall be acknowledged.

It shall be acknowledged.

Wesley: Psa 87:5 - Man Heb. Man and man, all sorts of men without difference of nations.

Heb. Man and man, all sorts of men without difference of nations.

Wesley: Psa 87:5 - Establish And this shall not be a transient, but a lasting work; Zion shall continue in its strength and fertility because the Almighty God is her founder and p...

And this shall not be a transient, but a lasting work; Zion shall continue in its strength and fertility because the Almighty God is her founder and protector.

Wesley: Psa 87:6 - When When God, the maker and governor of this city shall take a survey of all his citizens. It is an allusion to princes or governors of cities that use to...

When God, the maker and governor of this city shall take a survey of all his citizens. It is an allusion to princes or governors of cities that use to write and keep a register of all their people.

Wesley: Psa 87:7 - Singers There shall be great rejoicing and praising God, both with vocal and instrumental musick, for this glorious work of the conversion of the Gentiles. He...

There shall be great rejoicing and praising God, both with vocal and instrumental musick, for this glorious work of the conversion of the Gentiles. He describe's evangelical worship, by legal phrases and customs, as the prophets frequently do.

Wesley: Psa 87:7 - In thee In Zion or the church. These words may be here added as the burden of the song, which these singers are supposed to have sung, in the name of all the ...

In Zion or the church. These words may be here added as the burden of the song, which these singers are supposed to have sung, in the name of all the people of God. All our desires and delights are in thee, all the springs of mercy, grace, and glory, flow to us only in and thro' thee.

JFB: Psa 87:1 - -- This triumphal song was probably occasioned by the same event as the forty-sixth [see on Psa 46:1, title]. The writer celebrates the glory of the Chur...

This triumphal song was probably occasioned by the same event as the forty-sixth [see on Psa 46:1, title]. The writer celebrates the glory of the Church, as the means of spiritual blessing to the nation. (Psa 87:1-7)

JFB: Psa 87:1 - His That is, God's

That is, God's

JFB: Psa 87:1 - foundation Or, what He has founded, that is, Zion (Isa 14:32).

Or, what He has founded, that is, Zion (Isa 14:32).

JFB: Psa 87:1 - is in the holy mountains The location of Zion, in the wide sense, for the capital, or Jerusalem, being on several hills.

The location of Zion, in the wide sense, for the capital, or Jerusalem, being on several hills.

JFB: Psa 87:2 - gates For the enclosures, or city to which they opened (Psa 9:14; Psa 122:2; compare Psa 132:13-14).

For the enclosures, or city to which they opened (Psa 9:14; Psa 122:2; compare Psa 132:13-14).

JFB: Psa 87:3 - spoken of thee Or, "in thee," that is, the city of God (Psa 46:4; Psa 48:2).

Or, "in thee," that is, the city of God (Psa 46:4; Psa 48:2).

JFB: Psa 87:4 - -- This is what is spoken by God.

This is what is spoken by God.

JFB: Psa 87:4 - to them . . . me Literally, "for My knowers," they are true worshippers (Psa 36:10; Isa 19:21). These are mentioned as specimens.

Literally, "for My knowers," they are true worshippers (Psa 36:10; Isa 19:21). These are mentioned as specimens.

JFB: Psa 87:4 - this That is, nation

That is, nation

JFB: Psa 87:4 - was born there Of each it is said, "This was born," or is a native of Zion, spiritually.

Of each it is said, "This was born," or is a native of Zion, spiritually.

JFB: Psa 87:5 - The writer resumes

JFB: Psa 87:5 - This and that man Literally, "man and man," or many (Gen 14:10; Exo 8:10, Exo 8:14), or all (Isa 44:5; Gal 3:28).

Literally, "man and man," or many (Gen 14:10; Exo 8:10, Exo 8:14), or all (Isa 44:5; Gal 3:28).

JFB: Psa 87:5 - the highest . . . her God is her protector.

God is her protector.

JFB: Psa 87:6 - -- The same idea is set forth under the figure of a register made by God (compare Isa 4:3).

The same idea is set forth under the figure of a register made by God (compare Isa 4:3).

JFB: Psa 87:7 - -- As in a great procession of those thus written up, or registered, seeking Zion (Isa 2:3; Jer 50:5), "the singers" and "players," or pipers, shall prec...

As in a great procession of those thus written up, or registered, seeking Zion (Isa 2:3; Jer 50:5), "the singers" and "players," or pipers, shall precede.

JFB: Psa 87:7 - all my springs So each shall say, "All my sources of spiritual joy are in Thee" (Psa 46:4; Psa 84:6).

So each shall say, "All my sources of spiritual joy are in Thee" (Psa 46:4; Psa 84:6).

Clarke: Psa 87:1 - His foundation is in the holy mountains His foundation is in the holy mountains - Jerusalem was founded on the mountains or hills of Zion and Moriah. The after increase of the population o...

His foundation is in the holy mountains - Jerusalem was founded on the mountains or hills of Zion and Moriah. The after increase of the population obliged the inhabitants to inclose all the contiguous hills; but Zion and Moriah were the principal. We know that ancient Rome was built on seven hills.

Clarke: Psa 87:2 - The Lord loveth the gates of Zion more than all the dwellings of Jacob The Lord loveth the gates of Zion more than all the dwellings of Jacob - That is, he preferred Zion for his habitation, to be the place of his templ...

The Lord loveth the gates of Zion more than all the dwellings of Jacob - That is, he preferred Zion for his habitation, to be the place of his temple and sanctuary, before any other place in the promised land. Mystically, the Lord prefers the Christian Church to the Jewish: the latter was only a type of the former; and had no glory by reason of the glory that excelleth. To this position no exception can be made.

Clarke: Psa 87:3 - Glorious things are spoken of thee Glorious things are spoken of thee - Or, there are glorious words or doctrines in thee. Does this refer to the glorious doctrines of the Christian C...

Glorious things are spoken of thee - Or, there are glorious words or doctrines in thee. Does this refer to the glorious doctrines of the Christian Church? These are glorious sayings indeed.

Clarke: Psa 87:4 - I will make mention of Rahab I will make mention of Rahab - The meaning seems to be, Rahab, i.e., Egypt, Babylon, Tyre, Philistia, and Ethiopia are not so honorable as Jerusalem...

I will make mention of Rahab - The meaning seems to be, Rahab, i.e., Egypt, Babylon, Tyre, Philistia, and Ethiopia are not so honorable as Jerusalem. To be born in any of them is no privilege when compared with being a native of Jerusalem: their cities are but heads of villages; Jerusalem alone is a City. I have met with a very similar sentiment in a Persian work, of which I know not the author

Tche Mesr ,o tche Sham ,o tche Birr o Buhr .

Heme rustaee and ,we Sheerazee Shuhr

What celebrity can Egypt or Syria, or any thingon earth or on the sea, pretend to

"When compared to Sheeraz, those are but villages, but this alone is a City.

The meaning seems to be the same in both the Hebrew and Persian poet.

Clarke: Psa 87:5 - This and that man was born in her This and that man was born in her - It will be an honor to any person to have been born in Zion. But how great is the honor to be born from above, a...

This and that man was born in her - It will be an honor to any person to have been born in Zion. But how great is the honor to be born from above, and be a citizen of the Jerusalem that is from above! To be children of God, by faith in Christ Jesus! The Targum has, "David the king, and Solomon his son, were brought up here.

Clarke: Psa 87:5 - The Highest himself shall establish her The Highest himself shall establish her - The Christian Church is built on the foundation of the prophets and apostles; Jesus Christ himself being t...

The Highest himself shall establish her - The Christian Church is built on the foundation of the prophets and apostles; Jesus Christ himself being the Cornerstone.

Clarke: Psa 87:6 - The Lord shall count, when he writeth up the people The Lord shall count, when he writeth up the people - בכתוב עמים bichthob ammim , in the register of the people. When he takes account of ...

The Lord shall count, when he writeth up the people - בכתוב עמים bichthob ammim , in the register of the people. When he takes account of those who dwell in Jerusalem, he will particularly note those who were born in Zion

This has an easy spiritual meaning. When God takes an account of all professing Christians, he will set apart those for inhabitants of the New Jerusalem who were born in Zion, who were born again, received a new nature, and were fitted for heaven.

Clarke: Psa 87:7 - As well the singers, etc. As well the singers, etc. - Perhaps, this may mean no more than, The burden of the songs of all the singers and choristers shall be, "All my fountai...

As well the singers, etc. - Perhaps, this may mean no more than, The burden of the songs of all the singers and choristers shall be, "All my fountains (ancestors and posterity) are in thee;"and consequently, entitled to all thy privileges and immunities. Instead of שרים sharim , "singers,"many MSS. and early printed editions have, sarim, "princes."Some for מעיני mayenai , "my fountains,"would read with several of the Versions, מעוני meoney , "habitations;"but no MS. yet discovered supports this reading

It would be a very natural cause of exultation, when considering the great privileges of this royal city, to know that all his friends, family, and children, were citizens of this city, were entered in God’ s register, and were entitled to his protection and favor. Applied to the Christian Church, the privileges are still higher: born of God, enrolled among the living in Jerusalem, having their hearts purified by faith, and being washed and made clean through the blood of the covenant, and sealed by the Holy Spirit of promise, such have a right to the inheritance among the saints in light. I need not add that springs, wells, fountains, and cisterns, and waters are used metaphorically in the sacred writings for children, posterity, fruitful women, people, etc.; see among others Pro 5:15, Pro 5:16; Psa 68:26; Isa 48:1; and Rev 17:15. The old Psalter understands the whole as relating to Gospel times; and interprets it accordingly. Bishop Horne takes it in the same sense. The whole Psalm is obscure and difficult. I will venture a literal version of the whole, with a few explanatory interpolations, instead of notes, in order to cast a little more light upon it

1.    A Psalm to be sung by the posterity of Korah. A prophetic song

2.    "Jehovah loves his foundation, the city built by him on holy mountains. He loves the gates of Zion more than all the habitations of Jacob.

3.    "Honorable things are declared of thee, O city of God. Selah.

4.    "I will number Egypt and Babylon among my worshippers; behold Philistia and Tyre! They shall be born in the same place."They shall be considered as born in the city of God

5.    "But of Zion it shall be said, This one, and that one,"persons of different nations, "was born in it, and the Most High shall establish it.

6.    "Jehovah shall reckon in the registers of the people, This one was born there.

7.    "The people shall sing, as in leading up a choir, All my fountains,"the springs of my happiness, "are in thee.

I have nearly followed here the version of Mr. N. M. Berlin, who wonders that there should be any doubt concerning this translation of the last verse, when Symmachus and Aguila, who must have well known the sense of the Masoretic text, have translated: Και ᾳδοντης ῳς χοροι πασαι πηγαι εν σοι· "And they shall sing, as in leading up a dance, All my fountains are in thee."The translation cannot be far from the meaning

Calvin: Psa 87:1 - His foundations are in the holy mountains 1.His foundations are in the holy mountains Those who conceive that Jerusalem is here meant, as if it were said to be founded upon the holy mountain...

1.His foundations are in the holy mountains Those who conceive that Jerusalem is here meant, as if it were said to be founded upon the holy mountains, are in my judgment mistaken; for the relative is in the masculine gender. Some learned men, I am aware, defend this opinion, by supposing that the words, the people, are to be supplied, although it is the capital of Judea which is specified. But it is unnecessary for me to say any thing to prove what is apparent to all, that this exposition is forced. Some Jewish interpreters have thought it most probable that this opening sentence is to be referred to the psalm itself; and, accordingly, they explain foundations as denoting metaphorically the theme, or subject of the poem, because it treats of the holy city Jerusalem, which was situated upon mountains. But I am surprised that they should have been mistaken in a matter so very obvious. It being quite a common thing among the Hebrews to put a relative without its antecedent, 495 this manner of speaking ought not to seem harsh or strange. The name of God is mentioned a little after; and we know that he is everywhere represented as having founded Jerusalem.

Some by the mountains understand Moriah and Zion, 496 which were the two tops of a mountain cleft into two, but this is too forced. As the country was mountainous, we are rather to understand the prophet as having in his eye the several neighboring and contiguous mountains which formed a chain around Jerusalem; for we will see in another place that Jerusalem was surrounded by mountains, (Psa 125:2.) The true and natural meaning then is, that God chose the holy mountains in order to found and erect his city in the midst of them. For a little after, in the prosecution of the subject, these words occur, “The Highest himself shall establish her.” He is indeed the founder of other cities also; yet we do not read of him saying with respect to any other city,

“This is my rest for ever; here will I dwell; for I have desired it,”
(Psa 132:14.)

There is this difference, which is always to be remembered, that while other cities were founded and built by the guidance and power of God, merely for the sake of civil government, Jerusalem was his peculiar sanctuary, and his royal seat. Isaiah also uses a similar form of expression, (Isa 14:32,) “The Lord hath founded Zion, and the poor of his people shall trust in it.” Besides, although the whole country of Judea was consecrated to God, yet he is said to have rejected all the other cities, and to have chosen this one for himself in which to reign. Here the question is not about earthly polity, but spiritual government; for the pure religion, and the true worship of God, and the doctrine of godliness, were at that time to be found nowhere but in Jerusalem.

Calvin: Psa 87:2 - Jehovah loveth the gates of Zion above all the dwellings of Jacob 2.Jehovah loveth the gates of Zion above all the dwellings of Jacob Here we are taught that all the excellence of the holy city depended on the free ...

2.Jehovah loveth the gates of Zion above all the dwellings of Jacob Here we are taught that all the excellence of the holy city depended on the free choice which God had made of it. With this agrees what is stated in Psa 78:60, that God rejected Shiloh, the tribe of Ephraim, and the tabernacle of Joseph, that he might dwell in Zion which he loved. The prophet then points out the cause why God preferred that one place before all others; and the cause which he assigns is, not the worth of the place itself, but the free love of God. If it is demanded why Jerusalem was so highly distinguished, let this short answer be deemed sufficient, Because it so pleased God. To this the divine love is to be traced as its source; but the end of such a choice was, that there might be some fixed place in which the true religion should be preserved, and the unity of the faith maintained, until the advent of Christ, and from which it might afterwards flow into all the regions of the earth. This, then, explains why the prophet celebrates Jerusalem as possessing the high distinction of having God for its master-builder, its founder and protector. Farther, he attributes to the divine favor and adoption whatever excellence it possessed above other places. In putting Zion for Jerusalem, and the gates for the whole compass of the city, there is a double synecdoche.

Calvin: Psa 87:3 - Glorious things are spoken of thee, O city of God! 3.Glorious things are spoken of thee, O city of God! The reading literally is, That which is spoken in thee are glorious things. We must consider t...

3.Glorious things are spoken of thee, O city of God! The reading literally is, That which is spoken in thee are glorious things. We must consider the design of the prophet, or rather the object of the Spirit of God, speaking by the mouth of the prophet. From the low and despised condition of the whole people, from the many and terrible enemies who pressed hard upon them on all sides, from the small number who had sufficient courage to surmount the obstacles in their way, from the new and unlooked-for changes which were daily springing up, from the danger there was lest the state of affairs gradually sinking more and more into decay, should at length become desperate, it was difficult to cherish the hope that the holy city would be restored. That despair might not overcome the hearts of the faithful, and cause them to fail, there is set before them the supporting and consolatory consideration, that the Lord hath spoken differently concerning the future condition of the Church. Their attention, there can be no doubt, is called away from the present aspect of things, and directed to the promises which inspired them with the hope of the wonderful glory with which she should be adorned. Although, therefore, nothing appeared to the eye of sense and reason, calculated greatly to rejoice the heart, yet the prophet would have them encouraged by the word to stand as it were on a watch-tower, waiting patiently for the fulfillment of what God had promised. In this way they were admonished, first, to direct their attention to the ancient prophecies, and to keep in remembrance, especially those which are contained in Isaiah from the fortieth chapter (Isa 40:0) to the end of the book; and, secondly, to give ear to the servants of God, who at that time preached the kingdom of Jesus Christ. Whence it follows that a right judgment cannot be formed of the happiness of the Church, except when we estimate it according to the standard of God’s word.

Calvin: Psa 87:4 - I will make mention of Rahab and Babel 4.I will make mention of Rahab and Babel The name of Rahab is put for Egypt in many other parts of Scripture; and this signification is very suitab...

4.I will make mention of Rahab and Babel The name of Rahab is put for Egypt in many other parts of Scripture; and this signification is very suitable to the present passage, the object of which is to portray the magnificent amplitude of the Church, which as yet was only matter of hope. It is therefore said that those who formerly were deadly enemies, or entire strangers, shall not only become familiar friends, but shall also be ingrafted into one body, that they may be accounted citizens of Jerusalem. In the first clause it is said, I will make mention of Egypt and Babylon among my household. In the second, it is added, that the Philistines, Tyrians, and Ethiopians, who hitherto had been so much at variance with the people of God, shall now be brought into as cordial harmony with them as if they were Jews by birth. What a glorious distinction of the Church, that even those who held her in contempt shall come flocking to her from every quarter, and that those who desired to see her completely cut up and destroyed, shall consider it the highest honor to have a place among the number of her citizens, and to be accounted such! All of them shall voluntarily renounce their own countries in which they had before proudly boasted. Wherever they may have been born, whether in Palestine, or Ethiopia, or Tyre, they shall profess themselves citizens of the holy city.

The Hebrew doctors explain this passage as meaning, that there shall spring from other nations very few who shall excel either in mental endowment or in virtuous attainment, but that in Israel such persons will be very numerous. Scarcely, say they, will there be found among the Tyrians, the Egyptians, the Ethiopians, and other nations, a man to each of them worthy of praise; so that if such an one be found among them, he may be pointed at with the finger, on account of his rarity; but in Zion man and man shall be born; 500 that is to say, the number of such men among the Jews shall be great. Christian doctors are almost unanimous in referring these words to Christ, and think that the cause is here assigned why those who hitherto were strangers, and even mortal enemies to each other, are now to be numbered among the citizens of Jerusalem, namely, because Christ shall be born there, 501 whose office it is to gather together into the unity of faith and hope of eternal life, men who were scattered like members torn from the body. The first of these interpretations being altogether forced, needs no refutation. Moreover, it is very evident that the Jews, actuated by a foolish ambition, wrest this passage as it were purposely. The exposition of the Christian doctors is, at first sight, plausible from its ingenuity; but it is destitute of solidity. The words clearly imply, that whatever nation men may belong to, they shall willingly renounce their own country, to be enrolled in the Register of the chosen people. When it is said, that they are born there, this does not mean that they are natives of the country, and have been brought up in it from their birth, but that they are its citizens. What is added afterwards, The Most High himself will establish her, may, with equal propriety, be translated, will order her; it being the work of God specially to govern his Church by his word.

Calvin: Psa 87:5 - And it shall be said of Zion, Man and man is born in her 5.And it shall be said of Zion, Man and man is born in her It is asserted, in the 4th verse, That new citizens shall be gathered into the Church of G...

5.And it shall be said of Zion, Man and man is born in her It is asserted, in the 4th verse, That new citizens shall be gathered into the Church of God from different parts of the world; and here the same subject is prosecuted. Another figure is however employed, which is, that strangers by birth shall be accounted among the holy people, just as if they were descended from Abraham. It had been stated in the preceding verse, that the Chaldeans and Egyptians would be added to the household of the Church; and that the Ethiopians, Philistines, and Tyrians, would be enrolled among her children. Now, it is added, by way of confirmation, that the number of the new progeny shall be exceeding great, so that the city which had been for a time uninhabited, and afterwards only half filled with a few people, shall be crowded with a vast population. The prophet Isaiah describes more at length what is here promised, in a few words,

“Sing, O barren, thou that didst not bear; break forth into singing, and cry aloud, thou that didst not travail with child: for more are the children of the desolate than the children of the married wife, saith the Lord. Enlarge the place of thy tent, and let them stretch forth the curtains of thine habitations: spare not, lengthen thy cords, and strengthen thy stakes: for thou shalt break forth on the right hand and on the left; and thy seed shall inherit the Gentiles, and make the desolate cities to be inhabited.” (Isa 54:1)

Also,

“Lift up thine eyes round about, and see; all they gather themselves together, they come to thee: thy sons shall come from far, and thy daughters shall be nursed at thy side.”
(Isa 60:4)

And, in the 44th chapter, at the 5th verse, we meet with almost the same language as in the passage before us, or at least what comes very near to it: “One shall say, I am the Lord’s; and another shall call himself by the name of Jacob; and another shall subscribe with his hand unto the Lord, and surname himself by the name of Israel.” Nor is the word born inappropriately employed to express the fact, that the Egyptians, Chaldeans, and such like, shall be of the flock of God’s people. Although Zion was not the place of their natural birth, but they were to be grafted into the body of the holy people by adoption; yet as the way by which we enter into the Church is a second birth, this form of expression is used with great propriety. The condition upon which Christ espouses the faithful to himself is, that they should forget their own people and their father’s house, (Psa 45:11,) and that, being formed into new creatures, and born again of incorruptible seed, they should begin to be the children of God as well as of the Church, (Gal 4:19.) And the ministry of the Church, and it alone, is undoubtedly the means by which we are born again to a heavenly life. By the way, we should remember the difference which the Apostle sets forth as subsisting between the earthly Jerusalem, — which, being herself a bondwoman, brings forth children also in bondage, — and the heavenly Jerusalem, which brings forth free children by the instrumentality of the Gospel.

In the second part of the verse, there is expressed the stability and enduring character of Zion. It often happens, that in proportion to the rapidity with which cities rise to distinguished eminence, is the shortness of the continuance of their prosperity. That it may not be thought that the prosperity of the Church is of such a perishable and transitory nature, it is declared, that the Most High himself will establish her It is not surprising, as if it had been said, to find other cities shaken, and subject from time to time to a variety of vicissitudes; for they are carried round with the world in its revolutions, and do not enjoy everlasting defenders. But it is the very reverse with respect to the new Jerusalem, which, being founded upon the power of God, will continue even when heaven and earth shall fall into ruins.

Calvin: Psa 87:6 - The Lord will recount, when he writeth the peoples 6.The Lord will recount, when he writeth the peoples The meaning is, that Zion will acquire such renown as to excite all men with the greatest earnes...

6.The Lord will recount, when he writeth the peoples The meaning is, that Zion will acquire such renown as to excite all men with the greatest earnestness to desire to be admitted into the number and rank of her citizens. It is a highly honorable condition which is spoken of, the language implying, that when God shall take a census of the people on whom he will be graciously pleased to confer the highest honor, he will write them as belonging to Zion, rather than to Babylon or any other cities; for to be one of the common people among the citizens of Zion, will be a greater distinction than to be invested with the highest rank anywhere else. We are, at the same time, taught that the cause to which we are to trace the sudden elevation of these aliens to so great honor, is the favor of God. Those who are the bondslaves of Satan and of sin will assuredly never be able to obtain, by any efforts of their own, the right of citizenship in the heavenly Jerusalem. It is the Lord’s peculiar work to divide people into their respective ranks, distinguishing one from another, as seemeth good to him, all men being on a level by nature. This passage is to be understood as referring to effectual calling. God, it is true, wrote the names of his children in the Book of Life before the creation of the world; but he enrols them in the catalogue of his saints, only when, having regenerated them by the Spirit of adoption, he impresses his own mark upon them.

Calvin: Psa 87:7 - NO PHRASE The meaning of this verse is obscure, partly from its abrupt brevity, and partly from the ambiguity of one word. The word springs is, beyond all co...

The meaning of this verse is obscure, partly from its abrupt brevity, and partly from the ambiguity of one word. The word springs is, beyond all controversy, to be here taken metaphorically; but interpreters are not agreed as to the explanation of the metaphor. Some understand it as denoting hopes, some affections, and others thoughts. Did the idiom of the language admit, I would willingly subscribe to the opinion of those who translate it melodies or songs. But as this might be considered unsupported by the usage of the Hebrew term, I am rather inclined to adopt, as most suitable to the subject in hand, the opinion that lookings is the proper translation, the root of the word signifying an eye. It is as if the Psalmist had said, I will always be earnestly looking, as it were, with fixed eyes upon thee.

Let us now inquire what is meant by the other clause, The singers as the players upon instruments. This, it is true, is an abrupt form of expression; but the sense, about which there is a general agreement, is, that so great will be the ground for rejoicing, that the praises of God will resound in Zion continually, with the energy of the living voice, as well as with musical instruments. This, then, is a confirmation of what was spoken before concerning the glorious restoration of Zion; for by the greatness of the joy, and the manifold harmony and melody of praises, is portrayed the happiness which shall prevail in the midst of it. At the same time, we have here described the great design of all the gifts which God has conferred upon his Church with so liberal a hand; namely, that the faithful, by hymns and songs, should testify their remembrance of his benefits and gratefully acknowledge them. 503 The Hebrew word חוללים , cholelim, which we have rendered the players upon instruments, is translated by some, those who dance to the sound of instruments. 504 But this is a matter of no great importance, it being enough to consider the meaning, in short, as this, that there will be a continual concert of God’s praises in the Church, where he unfolds the treasures of his grace, and that the faithful will be heard singing successively and in response. Moreover, the prophet shows his singular love to the Church, and the singular care and zeal which he exercised about her, to encourage and stir up all the godly, by his example, to cultivate and manifest the same zeal, agreeably to what is stated in another psalm,

“If I forget thee, O Jerusalem! let my right hand forget her cunning. If I do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth; if I prefer not Jerusalem above my chief joy.” (Psa 137:5)

All our affections are then settled on the Church, when, gathered in from the vague and vain objects by which they are distracted, and regarding with indifference the honors, pleasures, riches, and pageantries of the world, they find enough to engage and satisfy them in the spiritual glory of Christ’s kingdom, and in that alone.

TSK: Psa 87:1 - for // His // the holy for : or, of His : 2Ch 3:1; Isa 28:16; Mat 16:18; 1Co 3:10, 1Co 3:11; Eph 2:20-22; 1Pe 2:4-8 the holy : Psa 48:1, Psa 48:2, Psa 68:16, Psa 121:1; Isa ...

TSK: Psa 87:2 - The Lord The Lord : Psa 78:67-69, Psa 132:13, Psa 132:14; Deu 12:5; 2Ch 6:6; Isa 14:32; Joe 2:32

TSK: Psa 87:3 - Glorious Glorious : Psa 48:2, Psa 48:3, Psa 48:11-13, Psa 125:1, Psa 125:2; Isa 12:6, Isa 49:14-26, Isa 54:2-10, Isa 59:20, Isa 59:21; Isa. 60:1-22, Isa 61:3-1...

TSK: Psa 87:4 - Rahab // Babylon // Tyre // Ethiopia // this man Rahab : Psa 89:10; Isa 51:9 Babylon : Psa 137:1, Psa 137:8, Psa 137:9; 2Ki 20:17, 2Ki 20:18; Isa. 13:1-22, Isa 14:4-6; Jer 25:9, 50:1-51:64; Dan 2:47,...

Rahab : Psa 89:10; Isa 51:9

Babylon : Psa 137:1, Psa 137:8, Psa 137:9; 2Ki 20:17, 2Ki 20:18; Isa. 13:1-22, Isa 14:4-6; Jer 25:9, 50:1-51:64; Dan 2:47, Dan 2:48, Dan 4:30; Rev 17:5, Rev 18:2

Tyre : Psa 45:12; Isa. 23:1-18; Ezek. 27:1-28:26

Ethiopia : 1Kings 10:1-29; Act 8:27

this man : Psa 68:31; 1Sa 17:8; 2Sa 21:16-22; Isa 19:11, Isa 19:23-25; Eze 28:2

TSK: Psa 87:5 - of Zion // highest of Zion : Isa 44:4, Isa 44:5, Isa 60:1-9; Joh 1:12-14, Joh 3:3-5; Gal 3:26-28; Heb 11:32-40; Heb 12:1, Heb 12:2, Heb 12:22-24; 1Pe 1:23, 1Pe 1:24 high...

TSK: Psa 87:6 - when // this man when : Psa 22:30; Isa 4:3; Eze 9:4, Eze 13:9; Luk 10:20; Phi 4:3; Rev 13:8 this man : Jer 3:19; Gal 4:26-31; Rev 20:15

TSK: Psa 87:7 - As well // all my As well : Psa 68:24, Psa 68:25; 1Ch 15:16-29, 1Ch 23:5, 1Ch 25:1-6; Rev 14:1-3 all my : Psa 46:4; Isa 12:3; Joh 1:16, Joh 4:10, Joh 4:14, Joh 7:37-39;...

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Poole: Psa 87:2 - The gates // Of Zion // More than all the dwellings of Jacob The gates i.e. the city gates, being oft put for cities, as Deu 15:7 16:5 Psa 9:14 . Of Zion largely so called, as was now said, to wit, of Jerusal...

The gates i.e. the city gates, being oft put for cities, as Deu 15:7 16:5 Psa 9:14 .

Of Zion largely so called, as was now said, to wit, of Jerusalem, which was built upon and near Mount Zion. He saith Zion rather than Jerusalem, to intimate that he loved Jerusalem for Zion’ s sake, or for the temple, which is oft said to be in Zion; which place he loved and chose for his peculiar dwelling-place.

More than all the dwellings of Jacob more than all other places of the land of Canaan in which the Israelites dwelt. For although the tabernacle was for a season in some other parts of the land, yet the temple, the place of God’ s fixed residence, was no where but in this city.

Poole: Psa 87:3 - -- O Jerusalem, though thou and thy temple are yet in some sort in your ruins, and desolate and contemptible not only to thine enemies, but also in the...

O Jerusalem, though thou and thy temple are yet in some sort in your ruins, and desolate and contemptible not only to thine enemies, but also in the eyes of thine own people, yet comfort thyself with these great and glorious things foretold concerning thee in the holy prophets, as Isa 62:1,7 65:18 , &c.; Isa 66:10 , &c.; Zec 1:14 , &c.; Zec 2:4,12 8:3 , &c. Zec 12:2 , &c. Among other things, it was foretold that the glory of the latter house should be greater than of the former , Hag 2:9 . All which prophecies are to be understood, as this place also is, of a spiritual and evangelical glory accruing to Jerusalem; as by the birth and presence of Christ in it, so also by the accession of all people and nations to it, of which he speaks in the next verse.

Poole: Psa 87:4 - I will make mention // Rahab // And Babylon // That know me // Behold // Philistia, and Tyre, with Ethiopia I will make mention i.e. I will reckon or account them in the number of my children and subjects. Rahab i.e. Egypt, so called, Psa 89:10 Isa 51:9 ,...

I will make mention i.e. I will reckon or account them in the number of my children and subjects.

Rahab i.e. Egypt, so called, Psa 89:10 Isa 51:9 , but whether from its pride, or natural strength, or figure, or shape, is not material.

And Babylon: under these two and Philistia, the old and constant enemies of Israel, he seems to understand all the keenest enemies of the Israel or church of God, who shall now be not only reconciled, but united to them; which also was foretold under the similitude of the wolf’ s dwelling with the lamb , &c., Isa 11:6 . To them ; or, with or among them, as the prefix lamed is frequently used.

That know me to wit, truly, clearly, affectionately, and practically, so as to love, serve, and obey me, as this phrase is very frequently used in Scripture. And upon this account, not only heathens, but wicked Israelites, are said not to know God , as 1Sa 2:12 , and oft elsewhere.

Behold take notice of it as a thing new, and strange, and comfortable.

Philistia, and Tyre, with Ethiopia the nations on every side of them; for Tyrus was on the north, Ethiopia or Arabia (for that seems rather to be meant by Cush, as hath been before observed) on the south, those nearest to them, and those more remote from them, that lived in the uttermost parts of the earth , as this very land is called, Mat 12:42 . This man was born there; or, saying, This man, &c., for this cohereth with the first words thus, I will make mention of Rahab , &c., saying, This man (i.e. these men or people now mentioned, the singular number put collectively for the plural; and the Scripture oft speaks of a nation as of one man, as Psa 25:22 130:8 ) was born there , or in her , as it is expressed, Psa 87:5 , to wit, in Zion; born by adoption and regeneration. See Joh 1:12 3:3,7 Ga 3:26 4:26 1Pe 1:23 . The Gentiles shall be ingrafted into the Jewish church, and into all their privileges.

Poole: Psa 87:5 - Of Zion // This and that man Of Zion i.e. of Jerusalem, or the church of God. It shall be said ; it shall be mentioned by God, as was said, Psa 87:4 , and it shall be observed a...

Of Zion i.e. of Jerusalem, or the church of God. It shall be said ; it shall be mentioned by God, as was said, Psa 87:4 , and it shall be observed and acknowledged by men, as a great and wonderful work of God.

This and that man i.e. men of this and that nation, i.e. of every nation, indifferently, Jews or Gentiles, according to that prediction, that Egypt, and Assyria, and Israel should be all joined together, and blessed and owned by God for his people, Isa 19:24,25 . Heb. Man and man , i.e. every man, or all sorts of men, without difference of nations; as this very phrase man and man , Lev 17:10,13 , is rendered every or whatsoever man ; and as by day and day is meant every day , or from day to day, Est 1:1,4 Ps 61:8 . And the Highest himself shall establish her : and this shall not be a sudden and transient, but a lasting work; Zion shall continue in its strength and fertility because the Almighty God is her Founder and Protector, and will finish the work which he hath begun.

Poole: Psa 87:6 - The people // the Lord The people or, his people . So it is only a defect of the pronoun his , which is very frequent, and easily understood out of the foregoing word, t...

The people or, his people . So it is only a defect of the pronoun his , which is very frequent, and easily understood out of the foregoing word,

the Lord The sense is, when God, the Maker and Governor of this city, shall take a survey of all his citizens and subjects. It is an allusion to princes or governors of cities that use to write and keep a register of all their people. Hence holy then and true Israelites are said to be written among the living in Jerusalem , Isa 4:3 ; or, in the writing of the house of Israel , Eze 13:9 .

Poole: Psa 87:7 - In thee There shall be great rejoicing and praising God, both with vocal and instrumental music, for this glorious and stupendous work of the conversion of ...

There shall be great rejoicing and praising God, both with vocal and instrumental music, for this glorious and stupendous work of the conversion of the Gentiles. He describes evangelical worship by legal phrases and customs, as the prophets frequently do.

In thee i.e. in Zion, or the church. These words may be here added as the burden or matter of the song, which these singers are supposed to have sung; and that either,

1. In their own names, and in the name of all the Zionites or people of God. So the sense is, All our desires and delights are in thee, all the springs of mercy, grace, and glory flow to us only in and through thee; for springs or fountains are oft put for all precious or desirable things, as Psa 36:9 Isa 12:3 Hos 13:15 . Or,

2. In God’ s name, whose words were frequently sung by the singers in the Old Testament. And so the sense is, All the springs or fountains of good things, or of my blessings are in Zion, or in the church, out of which no true blessings are to be expected or found. And this sense seems best to suit with the phrase, my springs ; partly because it seems more proper to call them God’ s springs, who is the author and giver of them, than men’ s springs, who are only the receivers of them; and partly because this is more agreeable to the phrase and usage of Scripture, which every where ascribes and appropriates them to God.

Haydock: Psa 87:1 - They // Shadow A prayer of one under grievous affliction: it agrees to Christ in his passion, and allude to his death and burial. They. Hebrew, "thou hast." --- ...

A prayer of one under grievous affliction: it agrees to Christ in his passion, and allude to his death and burial.

They. Hebrew, "thou hast." ---

Shadow. Hebrew, "in the depths," seem to have read a, v, and m, in those two places, which are now wanting. (Houbigant) ---

The Chaldean has, the shadow of death, as well as the Vulgate. All this regards Jesus Christ, though it may be applied to any in distress. (Berthier) -- The wicked endeavour to kill the soul by sin, as well as the body. (Worthington) ---

Great difficulties entangle the psalmist: Christ descends into hell. (Menochius)

Haydock: Psa 87:1 - Maheleth // Understanding // The Ezrahite Maheleth. A musical instrument, or chorus of musicians, to answer one another, (Challoner) in doleful music. (Worthington) --- See Psalm xli., and...

Maheleth. A musical instrument, or chorus of musicians, to answer one another, (Challoner) in doleful music. (Worthington) ---

See Psalm xli., and lii. (Menochius) ---

Hebrew may imply, "on infirmity, (Montanus) or sorrow," from ele. (Berthier) ---

The subject is very mournful, and relates to the captives, and to Christ's suffering. (Calmet) ---

Understanding. Or a psalm of instruction, composed by Eman, the Ezrahite, or by David, in his name. (Challoner) ---

We read of Eman, a descendant of Juda by Zara, (1 Paralipomenon ii. 6.; Calmet) and if he composed this piece, as the Jews and Lightfoot improbably suppose, it must be the most ancient (Calmet) writing extant. (Haydock) ---

There was a son of Joel, and a seer of king David, of the same name, 1 Paralipomenon vi. 33., and xxv. 1. But they are not styled Ezrahites. This person was probably the brother of Ethan, the Ezrahite, who might be young under David, and a man of consummate wisdom under his successor, 3 Kings iv. 31. The psalm may express the sentiments of David, or of any other under tribulation, as well as those of Jesus Christ, (Berthier) who speaks herein, (Houbigant) and who expects that we should answer him by an imitation of his virtues. (St. Augustine) (Worthington) ---

The Ezrahite. Hebrew haezrachi. (Haydock) ---

Septuagint, &c., read incorrectly, "Israelite," (Calmet) and some copies have "Aitham," or Ethan, as in the following psalm, instead of Eman. (Haydock)

Haydock: Psa 87:2 - Thee Thee. The psalm 21st is nearly similar to this. My prayer is continual. (Calmet)

Thee. The psalm 21st is nearly similar to this. My prayer is continual. (Calmet)

Haydock: Psa 87:3 - Prayer Prayer. It represented as a person prostrated before God. Homer (Iliad ix.) says, that "supplications are the daughters of Jupiter, lame....with th...

Prayer. It represented as a person prostrated before God. Homer (Iliad ix.) says, that "supplications are the daughters of Jupiter, lame....with the eyes downcast, and following after injuries," which admirably shews the conditions requisite for prayer. (Calmet)

Haydock: Psa 87:4 - Hell Hell. The grave, or captivity. (Calmet) --- Our Saviour said, My soul is sorrowful unto death. [Matthew xxvi. 38.] David, Jeremias, or the capti...

Hell. The grave, or captivity. (Calmet) ---

Our Saviour said, My soul is sorrowful unto death. [Matthew xxvi. 38.] David, Jeremias, or the captives, were not reduced to this extremity. (Berthier)

Haydock: Psa 87:5 - Pit Pit. Like a slave confined every night in prison, Exodus xii. 29.

Pit. Like a slave confined every night in prison, Exodus xii. 29.

Haydock: Psa 87:6 - Free // Hand Free. Hebrew also "separated" from society, 4 Kings xv. 5., and 2 Paralipomenon xxvi. 21. (Calmet) --- Christ, after enduring the greatest miserie...

Free. Hebrew also "separated" from society, 4 Kings xv. 5., and 2 Paralipomenon xxvi. 21. (Calmet) ---

Christ, after enduring the greatest miseries was still free. He could resign his life, and take it up again, John x. 18. (Haydock) ---

The Fathers adopt this explanation, which is very striking. (Calmet) ---

Hand. Thou actest as if thou hadst forgotten the corpse in the dust, till the time of the resurrection. (St. Augustine) (Berthier) ---

In the mean while, those who formerly made such a noise in the world, are effaced from the book of life, or from God's register. He is often represented as a great monarch, keeping an account of his troops. (Calmet) ---

He cannot forget any of his creatures, (Berthier) though he may not restore them to life as yet. (Menochius) ---

Christ possessed infinite power among the dead, (Worthington) who are free from the cares of this world. (Menochius)

Gill: Psa 87:1 - His foundation is in the holy mountains. His foundation is in the holy mountains. The Jewish writers connect these words with the title of the psalm, and make the sense to be this; "the found...

His foundation is in the holy mountains. The Jewish writers connect these words with the title of the psalm, and make the sense to be this; "the foundation" or argument "of it", the psalm, "is concerning the holy mountains" of Zion and Jerusalem; so Aben Ezra, Jarchi, and Kimchi; and the Targum joins them together thus,

"by the hands of the sons of Korah is said a song, which is founded by the mouth of the fathers that were of old:''

but the words are a part of the song or psalm, which begins in an abrupt manner, just as Son 1:2 and may be rendered either "its foundation", or "his foundation", and refer either to the church, or to the Lord, and the sense is the same either way; for the church's foundation is also the Lord's foundation, a foundation of his laying; see Isa 14:32 and is laid "in the holy mountains"; alluding to the mountains of Zion and Moriah, where the temple stood, a type of the church; or to the mountains about Jerusalem, by which also the church is frequently signified; and by those, in a mystical and spiritual sense, may be meant the purposes and decrees of God, which are as mountains of brass, Zec 6:1, they are like the ancient mountains for the antiquity of them, and are high, and not to be reached and searched into, and are firm, solid, and immoveable; and are also holy, particularly the decree of election, that source of all true holiness, which has sanctification for its end and means; and is the foundation of the church, which supports and secures it, and stands sure, 2Ti 2:19, also the covenant of grace, which is sure and immoveable, and in which are provisions for holiness, internal and external; and is the foundation and security of the church, and all believers; but especially Jesus Christ, the Rock of ages, is meant, the Holy One of Israel, the sure foundation laid in Zion: some interpret these holy mountains of the holy apostles, who were in an high and eminent station in the church, and were doctrinally foundations, as they ministerially laid Christ, as the only foundation; see Eph 2:20, it may be rendered, "among the holy mountains" w; and so may regard, as Cocceius explains it, the several kingdoms and provinces of the world in which the Gospel shall be preached; and the church shall be established and settled in the latter day even upon the tops of mountains, which shall become holy to the Lord, Isa 2:2.

Gill: Psa 87:2 - The Lord loveth the gates of Zion // more than all the dwellings of Jacob The Lord loveth the gates of Zion,.... Which the Targum interprets of the schools, as preferable to the synagogues: the Lord loves Zion herself; that ...

The Lord loveth the gates of Zion,.... Which the Targum interprets of the schools, as preferable to the synagogues: the Lord loves Zion herself; that is, the church, and therefore has chosen it for his habitation, took up his rest and residence in it, has founded it, and set Christ as King over it, and by whom he has redeemed it; and he loves her gates, the public ordinances; he loves them that come to Zion's gates, and wait and worship there, and who enter in and become members thereof; and he loves what is done there, he being there publicly prayed unto, and publicly praised by a large number of his people; where his word is faithfully preached, and reverently attended to, and his ordinances truly administered, and the graces of his saints exercised on him: wherefore, because all this is done socially, and in a public manner, and so much for his own manifestative glory, he esteems these

more than all the dwellings of Jacob; the private habitations of his people; yet he has a regard to these, the bounds of which he fixed from eternity, and where he was delighting himself before they were in being; and he loves the persons that dwell in them, and what is done there in a right manner, as closet and family worship; but when these are put in competition with public worship, the latter is preferred unto them, because done by more, and more publicly; Zion and its gates, the church and its ordinances, are preferable to all the dwellings of Jacob put together.

Gill: Psa 87:3 - Glorious things are spoken of thee, O city of God. // Selah Glorious things are spoken of thee, O city of God. Which is to be understood not of the city of Jerusalem literally, which was a magnificent city, com...

Glorious things are spoken of thee, O city of God. Which is to be understood not of the city of Jerusalem literally, which was a magnificent city, compact together, full of inhabitants, and spacious houses, the metropolis of Judea, and seat of the kings of Judah; and what was most glorious of all that could be said of it, it was the city of God; and so Jarchi interprets it, the glory spoken of it is, that it is the city of God; here the temple was built, and many glorious things were in it; here God granted his presence, and his worship was kept up: and besides, there were other and more glorious things spoken of it, by way of prophecy; as, that the Messiah should come in person into it, as the owner of it, and give it a greater glory than the first temple had; here he was to preach his doctrines, and do his miracles, which he accordingly did; near this city he suffered, died, and was buried; rose again, ascended to heaven; and here he poured forth the gifts of the Holy Spirit in an extraordinary manner: but rather this is to be interpreted of the church of God, comparable to a city, and which is of God's building, and where he dwells; See Gill on Psa 48:1 of which glorious things are spoken for the present; as, that it is the city of the King of kings, the name of which is "Jehovah Shammah", the Lord is there; its foundation is Christ; its walls and bulwarks are salvation; its gates are praise; glorious ordinances are administered in it, and glorious truths are preached here; and so the words may be rendered, "glorious things are spoken in thee" x: and of it also glorious things are spoken, by way of prophecy, as, what shall be in the latter day; a great effusion of the Spirit upon it; the gracious presence of Christ in it in a more visible manner; a great increase of converts both among Jews and Gentiles, which shall flock into it; and the great spread of the Gospel, which shall be the means of it; the unity, harmony, and concord of professors of religion; the holiness of their lives and conversation; and the very great peace and prosperity which will everywhere abound; and especially glorious things are spoken of the New Jerusalem, the city of our God; of which see Rev 21:1.

Selah. See Gill on Psa 3:2.

Gill: Psa 87:4 - I will make mention of Rahab // to them that know me // or among them that know me // behold Philistia, and Tyre, with Ethiopia // this man was born there I will make mention of Rahab,.... Not of Rahab the harlot, as Jerom and others of the ancients y interpret it; for the letters of both words are not t...

I will make mention of Rahab,.... Not of Rahab the harlot, as Jerom and others of the ancients y interpret it; for the letters of both words are not the same in Hebrew; though mention is made of her in the Gospel, and Gospel times, in the genealogy of Christ, and by two of the apostles, Mat 1:5, but of Egypt; and so the Targum interprets it, which is so called, as it is in Psa 89:10 either from the pride of its inhabitants, the word having in it the sense of pride and haughtiness, and these being naturally proud and haughty, as Philo z the Jew observes; or from some city of this name in it; or rather this respects that part of Egypt called Delta, which was in the form of a pear; which "raab", or "rib", in the Egyptian language, signifies; in the midst of which was the city of Athribis of Ptolemy a, which has its name from hence, and signifies the heart of a pear; and still this part of the country is called Errifia, as Leo Africanus b relates, and is here put for the whole country: the passage respects the conversion of it, and are the words of God foretelling it, and of which mention is made in Isa 19:18 and had its accomplishment, at least in part, on the day of Pentecost, Act 2:10 and will be further accomplished in the latter day, when the people that now inhabit that country shall be converted, which will be when the kingdoms of this world become Christ's: and Babylon; the country of the Assyrians and Chaldeans, of which Babylon was the metropolis: mention is made of the conversion of these in Isa 19:24 and which also was fulfilled, in part, on the day of Pentecost, Act 2:9 and in Babylon there was a church, in the times of the Apostle Peter, 1Pe 5:13 these the Lord promises that he would make mention of:

to them that know me; says he, that so they might expect their conversion, and take notice of them, and receive them, when converted;

or among them that know me c; that is, I will make mention of them, as such that know me, and belong to that number; even such that love the Lord, believe in him, own and confess him, and yield obedience to him, and whom he takes into communion and fellowship with himself, and makes his friends, familiars, and acquaintance:

behold Philistia, and Tyre, with Ethiopia; where also will be many converts, regenerate persons, and such as know the Lord; of which there has been a partial accomplishment already; of Philistia, see Act 8:40, for Azotus, or Ashdod, was a city of the Philistines; and of Tyre, see Psa 45:12 and of Ethiopia, and its conversion, mention is made in Psa 68:31, and the Ethiopian eunuch is one instance of it, Act 8:27 of all which there will be abundance of instances in the latter day; and thus, as the church is commended from her foundation, from the superlative love the Lord bears to her, and the glorious things spoken of her; so from the number of her converts in different nations, in which her glory in Gospel times would greatly lie; see Isa 49:18,

this man was born there; not any particular man; any single individual, famous for piety, wisdom, wealth, or power; as if it suggested that now and then such a person might be born in the above countries; whereas in Zion there were frequently many such persons born: nor is it to be understood of the Messiah, that should come out of Zion, as if that was the reason why multitudes from the above places should flock thither, because of the birth of this illustrious Person: the Targum understands it of a great personage, a king; and paraphrases it,

"a king is educated there;''

but it designs many persons in each of those countries that should be born again, of water, and of the Spirit, of the incorruptible seed of grace, by the ministry of the word; who, because they should be regenerated by means of the Gospel preached in Zion, therefore are said to be born there; and besides, being born again, they are admitted members of Zion, and to all the privileges of Zion, as true born Israelites; and are brought up there, are nourished with the sincere milk of the word, and nursed with the breasts of Gospel ordinances there administered; and so Zion, or Jerusalem, the Gospel church, is truly the mother of them all, Gal 4:26.

Gill: Psa 87:5 - And of Zion it shall be said // this and that man was born in her // and the Highest himself shall establish her // it is tossed with tempests And of Zion it shall be said,.... The same with the city of God, the church before commended: this and that man was born in her; this and that grea...

And of Zion it shall be said,.... The same with the city of God, the church before commended:

this and that man was born in her; this and that great man, in opposition to a mean person, in the preceding verse: "or a man and man" d; men of all sorts, and of different nations, Jews and Gentiles, and great numbers of them:

and the Highest himself shall establish her; the church of God, though founded by him, and laid on a sure foundation, on the Rock of ages, against which the gates of hell cannot prevail, yet is sometimes fluctuating and unsettled;

it is tossed with tempests, the persecutions of men, the errors and heresies of false teachers, and the contentions and divisions of its own members; and is not always in one place, but is removed from one place to another, and is obliged to flee into the wilderness; but in the latter day it will be established and settled; it will be a tabernacle that shall not be taken down nor removed; but shall be established for ever, Psa 89:37, and this is the work of God, the most high God, the possessor of heaven and earth, whatever instruments he may make use of, as ministers of the word, and kings of the earth; as it is his work, and his only, to establish particular believers, 2Co 1:21, so it is his to establish the church in general: or it may be rendered, "he shall establish her on high" e, which will be the case when she is established upon the top of the mountains, and exalted above the hills, Isa 2:2.

Gill: Psa 87:6 - The Lord shall count when he writeth up the people // and cause them again to pass under the rod of him that telleth them // that this man was born there // Selah The Lord shall count when he writeth up the people, Not in the Lamb's book of life; for that was written from eternity, Rev 13:8 but in the writing o...

The Lord shall count when he writeth up the people, Not in the Lamb's book of life; for that was written from eternity, Rev 13:8 but in the writing of the house of Israel, among the living in Jerusalem, and with his righteous ones; which is done at effectual calling, and when admitted members of Gospel churches, whereby they openly appear to be the children of God, and are taken into the list and catalogue of saints; see Eze 13:9 or in the last day, when the Lord will take the number of his people,

and cause them again to pass under the rod of him that telleth them; and will make up his jewels, complete the number of them in conversion, and collect them all together; and his counting and writing them may denote his exact knowledge of them, and his care that he lose none; but this will only concern regenerate persons; the Lord will not count nor make any account of any others, as follows:

that this man was born there; and the man that is born in Zion, even every regenerate man, will be counted and numbered by him, and declared to be his, when he makes a general survey and muster of his saints another day.

Selah. See Gill on Psa 3:2.

Gill: Psa 87:7 - As well the singers as the players on the instruments shall be there // all my springs are in thee // all my springs or fountains are in thee As well the singers as the players on the instruments shall be there,.... In Zion, in the church; signifying that there should be great spiritual joy ...

As well the singers as the players on the instruments shall be there,.... In Zion, in the church; signifying that there should be great spiritual joy there when the above things should be accomplished; great joy in the churches, because of the conversion of Jews and Gentiles; and great joy in the persons themselves, born again, and brought to Zion; in allusion to the vocal and instrumental music used in the temple service; see Isa 35:10.

all my springs are in thee; which are either the words of the psalmist, or rather of the souls born in Zion; who, in their spiritual songs, will thus express themselves concerning the church, in which are the word and ordinances, compared to fountains of living water, and are springs of spiritual peace and refreshment to converted persons; see Joe 3:18, where also the Spirit and his graces are communicated by the ministry of the word and ordinances in the church, which are signified by wells and rivers of living water, Joh 4:14 and particularly here stands Christ, the fountain of gardens, and well of living waters, for the supply and comfort of saints, and his blood a fountain opened for cleansing and purification, Son 4:15, yea, here flows the river of God's love, the streams whereof make glad the city of God; and which, like the waters in Ezekiel's vision, come from under the threshold of the sanctuary, Psa 46:4 or the words may be considered as an address of the psalmist, or of the church, or of regenerate persons, unto Christ:

all my springs or fountains are in thee; the fulness of grace dwells in him, the springs of all joy, and peace, and comfort, are with him; the wells of salvation are in him, and both grace and glory are from him; he is the spring of all grace now, and the fountain of all happiness hereafter. Gussetius z has a very peculiar version of the whole text, which he renders thus

"all my fountains will be singing in thee, or of thee, as those that dance at the sound of the pipe:''

taking the allusion to be to the playing of fountains in gardens, and to the delightful sound the waters make; but the accents will not admit of such a sense.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Psa 87:1 Heb “his foundation [is] in the hills of holiness.” The expression “his foundation” refers here by metonymy to the Lord’...

NET Notes: Psa 87:3 Heb “glorious things are spoken about you.” The translation assumes this is a general reference to compliments paid to Zion by those who l...

NET Notes: Psa 87:4 Heb “and this one was born there.” The words “It is said of them” are not in the Hebrew text, but are supplied for clarificati...

NET Notes: Psa 87:5 Heb “and he makes her secure, the Most High.”

NET Notes: Psa 87:6 As noted in v. 4, the translation assumes a contrast between “there” (the various foreign lands) and “in her” (Zion). In contr...

NET Notes: Psa 87:7 Heb “and singers, like pipers, all my springs [are] in you.” The participial form חֹלְלִים...

Geneva Bible: Psa 87:1 "A Psalm [or] Song for the sons of Korah." His ( a ) foundation [is] in the holy mountains. ( a ) God chose that place among the hills to establish J...

Geneva Bible: Psa 87:3 ( b ) Glorious things are spoken of thee, O city of God. Selah. ( b ) Though your glorious estate does not yet appear, wait with patience and God wil...

Geneva Bible: Psa 87:4 I will make mention of ( c ) Rahab and Babylon to them that know me: behold Philistia, and Tyre, with Ethiopia; ( d ) this [man] was born there. ( c ...

Geneva Bible: Psa 87:5 And of Zion it shall be said, ( e ) This and that man was born in her: and the highest himself shall establish her. ( e ) Out of all quarters they wi...

Geneva Bible: Psa 87:6 The LORD shall count, when he ( f ) writeth up the people, [that] this [man] was born there. Selah. ( f ) When he calls them by his word into the Chu...

Geneva Bible: Psa 87:7 As well the singers as the players on instruments [shall be there]: all my ( g ) springs [are] in thee. ( g ) The prophet sets his whole affections a...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: Psa 87:1-3 - --Christ himself is the Foundation of the church, which God has laid. Holiness is the strength and firmness of the church. Let us not be ashamed of the ...

MHCC: Psa 87:4-7 - --The church of Christ is more glorious and excellent than the nations of the earth. In the records of heaven, the meanest of those who are born again s...

Matthew Henry: Psa 87:1-3 - -- Some make the first words of the psalm to be part of the title; it is a psalm or song whose subject is the holy mountains - the temple built in Zion...

Matthew Henry: Psa 87:4-7 - -- Zion is here compared with other places, and preferred before them; the church of Christ is more glorious and excellent than the nations of the eart...

Keil-Delitzsch: Psa 87:1-4 - -- The poet is absorbed in the contemplation of the glory of a matter which he begins to celebrate, without naming it. Whether we render it: His founde...

Keil-Delitzsch: Psa 87:5-7 - -- Inasmuch now as the nations come thus into the church (or congregation) of the children of God and of the children of Abraham, Zion becomes by degre...

Constable: Psa 73:1--89:52 - --I. Book 3: chs 73--89 A man or men named Asaph wrote 17 of the psalms in this book (Pss. 73-83). Other writers w...

Constable: Psa 87:1-7 - --Psalm 87 This psalm speaks about the glories of Zion where the temple stood. The presence of God reignin...

Constable: Psa 87:1-3 - --1. The importance of Zion 87:1-3 God chose Zion as the place where He would meet with His people...

Constable: Psa 87:4-6 - --2. The population of Zion 87:4-6 The English translators have rendered verse 4 as a quotation. W...

Constable: Psa 87:7 - --3. The joy in Zion 87:7 Zion will be a place of joy and singing in the future. All those who rej...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) The Hebrew title of this book is Tehilim ("praises" or "hymns"), for a leading feature in its contents is praise, though the word occurs in the title ...

JFB: Psalms (Garis Besar) ALEPH. (Psa 119:1-8). This celebrated Psalm has several peculiarities. It is divided into twenty-two parts or stanzas, denoted by the twenty-two let...

TSK: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) The Psalms have been the general song of the universal Church; and in their praise, all the Fathers have been unanimously eloquent. Men of all nation...

TSK: Psalms 87 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Psa 87:1, The nature and glory of the church; Psa 87:4, The increase, honour, and comfort of the members thereof. It is highly probable ...

Poole: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) OF PSALMS THE ARGUMENT The divine authority of this Book of PSALMS is so certain and evident, that it was never questioned in the church; which b...

Poole: Psalms 87 (Pendahuluan Pasal) THE ARGUMENT This Psalm was doubtless composed after the building of the temple; and, as learned men think, and it seems probable, when the people ...

MHCC: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) David was the penman of most of the psalms, but some evidently were composed by other writers, and the writers of some are doubtful. But all were writ...

MHCC: Psalms 87 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (Psa 87:1-3) The glory of the church. (Psa 87:4-7) It is filled with the Divine blessing.

Matthew Henry: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Book of Psalms We have now before us one of the choicest and most excellent parts of all the Old Te...

Matthew Henry: Psalms 87 (Pendahuluan Pasal) The foregoing psalm was very plain and easy, but in this are things dark and hard to be understood. It is an encomium of Zion, as a type and figure...

Constable: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title The title of this book in the Hebrew Bible is Tehillim, which means...

Constable: Psalms (Garis Besar) Outline I. Book 1: chs. 1-41 II. Book 2: chs. 42-72 III. Book 3: chs. 73...

Constable: Psalms Psalms Bibliography Allen, Ronald B. "Evidence from Psalm 89." In A Case for Premillennialism: A New Consensus,...

Haydock: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE BOOK OF PSALMS. INTRODUCTION. The Psalms are called by the Hebrew, Tehillim; that is, hymns of praise. The author, of a great part of ...

Gill: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO PSALMS The title of this book may be rendered "the Book of Praises", or "Hymns"; the psalm which our Lord sung at the passover is c...

Gill: Psalms 87 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO PSALM 87 A Psalm or Song for the sons of Korah. Whether this psalm was composed by David, in a view of the temple to be built by hi...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


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