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Teks -- Psalms 133:1-3 (NET)

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Konteks
Psalm 133
133:1 A song of ascents, by David. Look! How good and how pleasant it is when brothers live together! 133:2 It is like fine oil poured on the head which flows down the beard– Aaron’s beard, and then flows down his garments. 133:3 It is like the dew of Hermon, which flows down upon the hills of Zion. Indeed that is where the Lord has decreed a blessing will be available– eternal life.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Aaron a son of Amram; brother of Moses,son of Amram (Kohath Levi); patriarch of Israel's priests,the clan or priestly line founded by Aaron
 · Hermon a mountain half way between Damascus and Tyre
 · Zion one of the hills on which Jerusalem was built; the temple area; the city of Jerusalem; God's people,a town and citidel; an ancient part of Jerusalem


Topik/Tema Kamus: Psalms | Prayer | Fraternity | PSALMS, BOOK OF | Church | Communion | Wicked | Hallel | Beard | Love | DEW | Unity | Hermon | OINTMENT | Immortality | Life | Peace | Symbols and Similitudes | Happiness | Meteorology and Celestial Phenomena | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Calvin , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , PBC , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable

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Wesley: Psa 133:2 - Ointment It is no less grateful and refreshing than that oil which was poured forth upon Aaron's head at the time of his consecration to the priestly office.

It is no less grateful and refreshing than that oil which was poured forth upon Aaron's head at the time of his consecration to the priestly office.

Wesley: Psa 133:2 - Skirts Not to the lower skirt or bottom of his sacerdotal garment, but to the upper skirt of it, or the mouth of it, as the Hebrew word properly signifies.

Not to the lower skirt or bottom of his sacerdotal garment, but to the upper skirt of it, or the mouth of it, as the Hebrew word properly signifies.

Wesley: Psa 133:3 - Zion It is as desirable as the dew which falls upon mount Hermon, nay, as desirable as that heavenly dew of God's ordinances and graces which he hath comma...

It is as desirable as the dew which falls upon mount Hermon, nay, as desirable as that heavenly dew of God's ordinances and graces which he hath commanded to fall upon the mountains of Zion and Moriah, and others which are round about Jerusalem.

Wesley: Psa 133:3 - There Where brethren live in peace and unity.

Where brethren live in peace and unity.

JFB: Psa 133:1-2 - -- The blessings of fraternal unity. (Psa 133:1-3) As the fragrant oil is refreshing, so this affords delight. The holy anointing oil for the high pries...

The blessings of fraternal unity. (Psa 133:1-3)

As the fragrant oil is refreshing, so this affords delight. The holy anointing oil for the high priest was olive oil mixed with four of the best spices (Exo 30:22, Exo 30:25, Exo 30:30). Its rich profusion typified the abundance of the Spirit's graces. As the copious dew, such as fell on Hermon, falls in fertilizing power on the mountains of Zion, so this unity is fruitful in good works.

JFB: Psa 133:3 - there That is, in Zion, the Church; the material Zion, blessed with enriching dews, suggests this allusion the source of the influence enjoyed by the spirit...

That is, in Zion, the Church; the material Zion, blessed with enriching dews, suggests this allusion the source of the influence enjoyed by the spiritual Zion.

JFB: Psa 133:3 - commanded the blessing (Compare Psa 68:28).

(Compare Psa 68:28).

JFB: Psa 133:3 - stand in the house of the Lord At the time of the evening sacrifice, to unite in praising God in their name and that of the people, using appropriate gestures, to which the priests ...

At the time of the evening sacrifice, to unite in praising God in their name and that of the people, using appropriate gestures, to which the priests reply, pronouncing the Mosaic blessing which they alone could pronounce. A fit epilogue to the whole pilgrim-book, Psalms 120-134.

JFB: Psa 133:3 - by night The evening service (Psa 141:2), as opposed to morning (Psa 92:2).

The evening service (Psa 141:2), as opposed to morning (Psa 92:2).

Clarke: Psa 133:1 - Behold, how good and how pleasant Behold, how good and how pleasant - Unity is, according to this scripture, a good thing and a pleasant; and especially among brethren - members of t...

Behold, how good and how pleasant - Unity is, according to this scripture, a good thing and a pleasant; and especially among brethren - members of the same family, of the same Christian community, and of the same nation. And why not among the great family of mankind? On the other hand, disunion is bad and hateful. The former is from heaven; the latter, from hell.

Clarke: Psa 133:2 - Like the precious ointment Like the precious ointment - The composition of this holy anointing oil may be seen, Exo 30:23; sweet cinnamon, sweet calamus, cassia lignea, and ol...

Like the precious ointment - The composition of this holy anointing oil may be seen, Exo 30:23; sweet cinnamon, sweet calamus, cassia lignea, and olive oil. The odour of this must have been very agreeable, and serves here as a metaphor to point out the exquisite excellence of brotherly love

Clarke: Psa 133:2 - Ran down upon the beard Ran down upon the beard - The oil was poured upon the head of Aaron so profusely as to run down upon his garments. It is customary in the east to po...

Ran down upon the beard - The oil was poured upon the head of Aaron so profusely as to run down upon his garments. It is customary in the east to pour out the oil on the head so profusely as to reach every limb.

Clarke: Psa 133:3 - As the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended upon the mountains of Zion As the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended upon the mountains of Zion - This was not Mount Zion, ציון tsiyon , in Jerusalem, but Sion ...

As the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended upon the mountains of Zion - This was not Mount Zion, ציון tsiyon , in Jerusalem, but Sion , שיאן which is a part of Hermon, see Deu 4:48 : "Mount Sion, which is Hermon."On this mountain the dew is very copious. Mr. Maundrell says that "with this dew, even in dry weather, their tents were as wet as if it had rained the whole night."This seems to show the strength of the comparison

Clarke: Psa 133:3 - For there For there - Where this unity is

For there - Where this unity is

Clarke: Psa 133:3 - The Lord commanded the blessing The Lord commanded the blessing - That is, an everlasting life. There he pours out his blessings, and gives a long and happy life For other particul...

The Lord commanded the blessing - That is, an everlasting life. There he pours out his blessings, and gives a long and happy life

For other particulars, see the commentators passim, and the following analysis

Calvin: Psa 133:1 - Behold how good, 1.Behold how good, etc. I have no doubt that David in this Psalm renders thanks to God for the peace and harmony which had succeeded a long and melan...

1.Behold how good, etc. I have no doubt that David in this Psalm renders thanks to God for the peace and harmony which had succeeded a long and melancholy state of confusion and division in the kingdom, and that he would exhort all individually to study the maintenance of peace. This is the subject enlarged upon, at least so far as the shortness of the Psalm admits of it. There was ample ground to praise the goodness of God in the highest terms, for uniting in one a people which had been so deplorably divided. When he first came to the kingdom the larger part of the nation considered him in the light of an enemy to the public good, and were alienated from him. Indeed so mortal was the feud which existed, that nothing else than the destruction of the party in opposition seemed to hold out the prospect of peace. The hand of God was wonderfully seen, and most unexpectedly, in the concord which ensued among them, when these who had been inflamed with the most violent antipathy cordially coalesced. This 147 peculiarity in the circumstances which called forth the Psalm has been unfortunately by interpreters, who have considered that David merely passes a general commendation upon brotherly union, without any such particular reference. The exclamation with which the Psalm opens, Behold! is particularly expressive, not only as setting the state of things visibly before our eyes, but suggesting a tacit contrast between the delightfulness of peace and those civil commotions which had well­nigh rent the kingdom asunder. He sets forth the goodness of God in exalted terms, the Jews having by long experience of intestine feuds, which had gone far to ruin the nation, learned the inestimable value of union. That this is the sense of the passage appears still further from the particle גם , gam, at the end of the verse. It is not to be understood with some, who have mistaken the sense of the Psalmist, as being a mere copulative, but as adding emphasis to the context. We, as if he had said, who were naturally brethren, had become so divided, as to view one another with a more bitter hatred than any foreign foe, but now how well is it that we should cultivate a spirit of brotherly concord!

There can at the same time be no doubt; that the Holy Ghost is to be viewed as commending in this passage that mutual harmony which should subsist amongst all God’s children, and exhorting us to make every endeavor to maintain it. So long as animosities divide us, and heart­burnings prevail amongst us, we may be brethren no doubt still by common relation to God, but cannot be judged one so long as we present the appearance of a broken and dismembered body. As we are one in God the Father, and in Christ, the union must be ratified amongst us by reciprocal harmony, and fraternal love. Should it so happen in the providence of God, that the Papists should return to that holy concord which they have apostatized from, it would be in such terms as these that we would be called to render thanksgiving unto God, and in the meantime we are bound to receive into our brotherly embraces all such as cheerfully submit themselves to the Lord. We are to set ourselves against those turbulent spirits which the devil will never fail to raise up in the Church, and be sedulous to retain intercourse with such as show a docile and tractable disposition. But we cannot extend this intercourse to those who obstinately persist in error, since the condition of receiving them as brethren would be our renouncing him who is Father of all, and from whom all spiritual relationship takes its rise. The peace which David recommends is such as begins in the true head, and this is quite enough to refute the unfounded charge of schism and division which has been brought against us by the Papists, while we have given abundant evidence of our desire that they would coalesce with us in God’s truth, which is the only bond of holy union.

Calvin: Psa 133:3 - Like the precious ointment upon the head 3.Like the precious ointment upon the head We have here clear proof that David, as we have just said, holds all true union among brethren to take its...

3.Like the precious ointment upon the head We have here clear proof that David, as we have just said, holds all true union among brethren to take its rise from God, and to have this for its legitimate object, that all may be brought to worship God in purity, and call upon iris name with one consent. Would the similitude have been borrowed from holy ointment if it had not been to denote, that religion must always hold the first place? 148 Any concord, it is thus insinuated, which may prevail amongst men, is insipid, if not pervaded by a sweet savor of God’s worship. We maintain, therefore, that men are to be united amongst themselves in mutual affection, with this as the great end., that they may be placed together under the government of God. If there be any who disagree with these terms, we would do well rather to oppose them strenuously, than purchase peace at the expense of God’s honor. We must hold, that when mention is made of the Priest, it is to intimate, that concord takes its rise in the true and pure worship of God, while by the beard and skirts of the garments, we are led to understand that the peace which springs from Christ as the head, is diffused through the whole length and breadth of the Church. The other figure, of the dew distilling upon Mount Zion and Hermon, denotes, that a holy unity has not only a sweet savor before God, but is productive of good effects, as the dew moistens the earth and supplies it with sap and freshness. Moses, we know, said of Judea, that it was not like Egypt fertilized by the overflowings of its river, but such as drank daily of the rain of heaven. (Deu 11:11.) David suggests, that the life of man would be sapless, unprofitable, and wretched, unless sustained by brotherly harmony. It is evident, that mount Hermon must have been rich and fruitful, being famed amongst places for pasture. Mountains depend principally for fertility upon the dews of heaven, and this was shown in the case of mount Zion. David adds in the close, that God commands his blessing where peace is cultivated; by which is meant, that he testifies how much tie is pleased with concord amongst men, by showering down blessings upon them. The same sentiment is expressed by Paul in other words, (2Co 13:11; Phi 4:9,) “Live in peace, and the God of peace shall be with you.” Let us then, as much as lies in us, study to walk in brotherly love, that we may secure the divine blessing. Let us even stretch out our arms to those who differ from us, desiring to bid them welcome if they will but return to the unity of the faith. Do they refuse? Then let them go. We recognize no brotherhood, as I have said already, except amongst the children of God.

TSK: Psa 133:1 - how good // together how good : Psa 122:6-8; Gen 13:8, Gen 45:24; 2Sa 2:26, 2Sa 2:27; Isa 11:6, Isa 11:9, Isa 11:13; Jer 32:39; Joh 13:35, Joh 17:21; 1Co 1:10; Eph 4:3-6; ...

TSK: Psa 133:2 - It is like // that ran down It is like : Psa 141:5; Pro 27:9; Son 1:3; Joh 12:3 that ran down : Exo 30:25-30; Lev 8:12

It is like : Psa 141:5; Pro 27:9; Son 1:3; Joh 12:3

that ran down : Exo 30:25-30; Lev 8:12

TSK: Psa 133:3 - As the dew of Hermon // for there the Lord // even life As the dew of Hermon : Mr. Maundrell says, ""We were sufficiently instructed by experience what the holy Psalmist means by ‘ the dew of Hermon,&#...

As the dew of Hermon : Mr. Maundrell says, ""We were sufficiently instructed by experience what the holy Psalmist means by ‘ the dew of Hermon,’ our tents being as wet with it as if it had rained all night.""Some suppose that Zion here means a part of Mount Hermon (Deu 4:48); but it is not written Sion here, but Zion, which is at Jerusalem. Deu 3:8, Deu 3:9, Deu 4:48; Jos 13:11

for there the Lord : Psa 42:8; Lev 25:21; Deu 28:8

even life : Psa 16:11, Psa 21:4; Joh 4:14, Joh 5:24, Joh 5:29, Joh 6:50, Joh 6:51, Joh 6:68, Joh 11:25, Joh 11:26; Rom 5:21; Rom 6:23; 1Jo 2:25, 1Jo 5:11; Rev 1:18

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Poole: Psa 133:2 - Skirts It is no less grateful and refreshing than that oil which was plentifully poured forth upon Aaron’ s head at the time of his consecration to th...

It is no less grateful and refreshing than that oil which was plentifully poured forth upon Aaron’ s head at the time of his consecration to the priestly office, which was exceeding pleasant, not only for the extraordinary fragrancy of it, but because by this, together with the other rites prescribed, he was initiated into that sacred office, which was so acceptable to God, and so comfortable and beneficial to the people, as being the happy instrument of making atonement to God for them, and of procuring and maintaining their peace with God, upon which all their happiness of this life and of the next depends.

Skirts or, skirt ; for the Hebrew word is of the singular number. Not to the lower skirt or bottom of his sacerdotal garment, for that the sacred oil was poured forth in so great plenty is not probable, nor was it necessary or convenient; but to the upper skirt of it, or the mouth of it, as this Hebrew word properly signifies; or to the collar of his upper priestly garment, which the ointment falling upon his beard might easily reach.

Poole: Psa 133:3 - Hermon // upon the mountains of Zion // Zion // Moriah It is no less grateful than the dew is which falls upon that great and goodly hill of Hermon whereby it is both refreshed and made fruitful. And a...

It is no less grateful than the dew is which falls upon that great and goodly hill of

Hermon whereby it is both refreshed and made fruitful. And as the dew which falleth

upon the mountains of Zion i.e. either upon the several parts and ridges or tops of that mountain, whereof one was peculiarly called

Zion and another

Moriah or upon the mountains which are round about Jerusalem, Psa 125:2 , which is oft called Zion , as Psa 132:13 . And these may be opposed to Hermon, which was remote and beyond Jordan. But peradventure (which yet I propose with all submission) this dew is not to be taken literally, for the falling of the dew availed very little to the refreshment or improvement of the hills of Zion and Moriah, especially as now they were filled with buildings; but allegorically, for the favour or blessing of God, which is frequently called and compared to the dew, as Pro 19:12 Isa 18:4 Hos 14:5 Mic 5:7 . And thus it may seem to be explained in the following clause; and so the sense of the place is this, It is as desirable as the natural dew which falls upon Mount Hermon, nay, which is more, as that blessed and heavenly dew of God’ s ordinances and graces which he hath commanded to fall upon the mountains of Zion; i.e. either upon Mount Zion; the plural number being put for the singular, as it is Psa 132:7 , and oft elsewhere, as I have observed in several places; or upon the mountains of Zion and Moriah, and others which are round about Jerusalem, as was now said. And if it seem strange that the dew should be taken literally in the first clause, and mystically in the next, we have a like instance Mat 8:22 , Let the dead (spiritually) bury the dead (naturally). For : he now gives the reason either why this unity is so good a thing; or why the dew descending upon Zion, to which that is compared, is so desirable. And so upon this occasion he slides into the commendation of Zion’ s felicity, as the sacred writers frequently do upon other like occasions. There ; either,

1. Where brethren live in peace and unity; or rather,

2. In Zion last mentioned. Commandeth the blessing ; ordained, promised, conferred, and established his blessing, to wit, all manner of blessedness for his people that sincerely worship him in that place. Life , to wit, a happy and pleasant life; for to live in misery is accounted and oft called death, both in Scripture and in other authors.

PBC: Psa 133:1 - -- To dwell together in unity demands that we be in fellowship, which in turn necessitates that we love one another. How can we dwell together without lo...

To dwell together in unity demands that we be in fellowship, which in turn necessitates that we love one another. How can we dwell together without love for each other?

We should show our love for each other at every opportunity. The more love and respect we show toward others, the more love and respect they will show to us in return. We invest our finances where there is often doubt whether we will gain anything. If we invest our love and respect to others we are assured of a decent return on our investment.

" He hath shewed thee, O man, what is good; and what doth the Lord require of thee, but to do justly, and to love mercy, and to walk humbly with thy God?" - Mic 6:8.

235

Haydock: Psa 133:1 - Canticle // In the courts Canticle. David composed it for the Levites going on duty, (Haydock) or Solomon for the dedication of the temple. The people might use it on the la...

Canticle. David composed it for the Levites going on duty, (Haydock) or Solomon for the dedication of the temple. The people might use it on the last day of the three great festivals; or the Levites are exhorted to watch carefully. They may excite each other, (ver. 2.; Calmet) as all Christians should do, 1 Peter ii. 9. (Berthier) ---

In the courts, &c., seems to be taken from Psalm cxxxiv. 2., (Calmet) as it is not in Hebrew. (St. Hilary) ---

The court of the people was divided for the men and women, and perhaps there was a separate place for the priests, and for the Levites, in the court of allotted to them, where the latter kept watch. (Calmet)

Haydock: Psa 133:2-3 - -- PSALM CXXXIII. (ECCE NUNC BENEDICITE.) An exhortation to praise God continually.

PSALM CXXXIII. (ECCE NUNC BENEDICITE.)

An exhortation to praise God continually.

Haydock: Psa 133:2 - Lift up Lift up. This posture was very natural, and expressive, 1 Timothy ii. 8. (Haydock) --- Agatharcides testifies, that the Jews did no servile work o...

Lift up. This posture was very natural, and expressive, 1 Timothy ii. 8. (Haydock) ---

Agatharcides testifies, that the Jews did no servile work on the sabbath, but "stretched for their hands to pray in the temple, till the evening." (Josephus, contra App. 1.)

Haydock: Psa 133:3 - Thee // Earth Thee. "A Levite on guard answers the cantor," (Houbigant) or the priests say this to the people, when they were departing home, Numbers vi. 23. (Ca...

Thee. "A Levite on guard answers the cantor," (Houbigant) or the priests say this to the people, when they were departing home, Numbers vi. 23. (Calmet) ---

Earth. All things were made to praise God. (Worthington)

Gill: Psa 133:1 - Behold, how good and how pleasant it is // for brethren to dwell together in unity Behold, how good and how pleasant it is,.... Aben Ezra thinks the word thing should be supplied; the thing is what follows; for brethren to dwell ...

Behold, how good and how pleasant it is,.... Aben Ezra thinks the word thing should be supplied; the thing is what follows;

for brethren to dwell together in unity: which the Targum interprets of Zion and Jerusalem, as two brethren; Aben Ezra of the priests; Kimchi of the King Messiah and the priest; and Jarchi, and Kimchi's father, of the Israelites; which is best of all, especially of those who are Israelites indeed; for this is not to be understood of all mankind, who are in some sense brethren, being all of one blood, and among whom peace is to be cultivated; nor merely of those of the same nation, under one and the same government, who should endeavour to live peaceably and quietly; nor of brethren in a strict natural state, who belong to the same family, and are of the same parents, and should be kindly affectioned one to another; but rather of such who are so in a spiritual sense, who have God for their fatherly adoption and regeneration, are related to Christ the firstborn among many brethren, and are members one of another, in the same church state; all which are a reason why they should love as brethren, and endeavour to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace, Mat 23:8, 1Pe 2:17; and "to dwell together in unity"; even as one man, as if one soul actuated them all; it is not only to dwell and abide in the house of God, where they have all a name and a place; but to associate together there, to go up to the house of God in company, and with delight to join together in acts of religious worship; to serve the Lord with one consent, with one mind and mouth to glorify God, and to be of one accord, having the same love; and to do all kind and good offices one to another in the most hearty and cordial manner; serving each other in love, bearing one another's burdens, sympathizing with each other in all circumstances, forgiving each other offences committed, praying with one another, and building up each other in their most holy faith, stirring up one another to love and to good works: now this is both "good" and "pleasant"; it is good, as being according to the will of God, the new command of Christ; what evidences the truth of regeneration, and of being the disciples of Christ; what makes the communion of saints comfortable and edifying, and without which a profession of religion is good for nothing: and it is pleasant to God and Christ, to angels and men, to the ministers of the Gospel, and to all about them and in a connection with them; and it is this which makes any particular dispensation in time delightful and agreeable; as the first times of the Gospel, and the latter day glory, the Philadelphian church state, which has its name from brotherly love; yea, it will be the glory and delight of heaven. Now this is ushered in with a note of attention and admiration, "behold", and with a note of exclamation, "how"; the psalmist pointing at some instance or instances of this kind, which were very amiable, and worthy of imitation; and suggesting that such a case is rare and wonderful, and inexpressibly good, profitable, and pleasant. Gussetius z renders it, "how good is the sabbatism of brethren, even gathered together"; for the exercise of religion, prayer, praise, &c.

Gill: Psa 133:2 - It is like the precious ointment upon the head // that ran down upon the beard, even Aaron's beard // that went down to the skirts of his garments It is like the precious ointment upon the head,.... The composition which Moses was ordered to make of the principal spices, and therefore called pre...

It is like the precious ointment upon the head,.... The composition which Moses was ordered to make of the principal spices, and therefore called precious; and which was poured on the heads of kings and priests, when they were anointed with it, Exo 30:23;

that ran down upon the beard, even Aaron's beard; this was put upon the head of Aaron when he was anointed, and so on any other high priest, and trickled down to his beard; see Exo 29:7. The reasons Kimchi and Ben Melech give, why the anointing of Aaron and other priests is mentioned, and not the anointing of a king, or of David himself, are, because the anointing of Aaron was first, and also more public and better known by the people;

that went down to the skirts of his garments; or, "the mouth" or "opening of his garments" a; not the extremity of them, as our version inclines to; for not so great a quantity of oil was poured upon him; nor would it have been decent to have his clothes thus greased from top to bottom: but the upper part of his garment, the top of the coat, on which the beard lay, as Jarchi; the neck or collar of it, as Kimchi and Ben Melech; the hole in which the head went through when it was put on, about which there was a band, that it might not be rent, Exo 28:32; where the Septuagint use the same word as here. Suidas b says, David means the superior aperture of the garment, that which we call the neck or collar band; and so Theodoret: and the Arabic version renders it, the "aperture", or opening of it; and hitherto the ointment came. This was typical of the grace of the Spirit, the unction from the Holy One; which has been poured on Christ, the head of the church, without measure; and with which he has been anointed above his fellows; and from him it is communicated to all his members; to every one of which is given grace, according to the measure of the gift of Christ; and who from his fulness receive, and grace for grace: and particularly brotherly love is compared to this ointment; because of the preciousness of it, which is true of every grace; and because of the extensiveness of it, reaching to head and members, to Christ and all his saints, the meanest and lowest of them; and because of its fragrancy and sweet odour to all that are sensible of it; and because of its delightful, cheering, and refreshing nature; like ointment and perfume it rejoices the heart; yea, the worst things said, or reproofs given, in brotherly love, are like oil, pleasant and useful, Pro 27:9; and is as necessary for the saints, who are all priests unto God, to offer up their spiritual sacrifices; particularly that of prayer, which should be "without wrath", as well as without doubting; and to do all other duties of religion, which should spring from charity or love; as the anointing oil was to Aaron and his sons, in order to their officiating in the priest's office.

Gill: Psa 133:3 - As the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended upon the mountains of Zion // for there the Lord commanded the blessing // even life for evermore As the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended upon the mountains of Zion,.... Hermon was a very high hill beyond Jordan; the Sidonians called it...

As the dew of Hermon, and as the dew that descended upon the mountains of Zion,.... Hermon was a very high hill beyond Jordan; the Sidonians called it Sirion, and the Amorites Shenir, Deu 3:8; hence Shenir and Hermon are mentioned together, Son 4:8; and sometimes Sion or Seon, Deu 4:48; and is the Zion here intended; for the dew of Hermon could never descend on the mountain of Zion near Jerusalem, which was a hundred miles distant; besides Zion was but one mountain, these many. Hermon was remarkable for its dew, which still continues: a traveller c, one of our own country, and whose fidelity is to be depended on, lying in tents near this hill one night, says,

"we were sufficiently instructed by experience what the holy psalmist means by the dew of Hermon; our tents being as wet with it as if it had rained all night.''

The mountains of Zion were those that were near to Zion, and not the mountain itself, those that were round about Jerusalem, on which the dew also fell in great plenty; and to which unity among brethren is here compared, because it comes from God in heaven, as the dew does. Saints are taught of God to love one another; contentions and quarrels come from lusts within, but this comes from above, from the Father of lights; and, because of its gentle nature, this makes men pure, and peaceable, and gentle, and easy to be entreated; as the dew falls gently in a temperate and moderate air, not in stormy and blustering weather: and because of its cooling nature; it allays the heats and animosities in the minds of men; and because it makes the saints fruitful, and to grow and increase in good works;

for there the Lord commanded the blessing; either in the mountains of Zion; so Kimchi: and if Mount Zion is meant by it, the church, often signified thereby, is the dwelling place of the Lord; here he records his name and blesses; here his word is preached, which is full of blessings; and here ordinances are administered, which are blessed of God to his people. Theodoret thinks some respect is had to the pouring down of the Spirit on the apostles in Jerusalem, on the day of Pentecost: but rather the sense is, where brethren dwell together in unity, there the God of love and peace is; the Gospel of the grace of God is continued; and the ordinances of it made beneficial to the souls of men, they meeting together in peace and concord; see 2Co 13:11. God is said to "command the blessing" when he promises it, and makes it known to his people, or bestows it on them, Psa 105:8;

even life for evermore: the great blessing of all, which includes all others, and in which they issue, the promise of the covenant, the blessing of the Gospel; which is in the hands of Christ, and comes through him to all his people; to the peacemakers particularly, that live in love and peace; these shall live for ever in a happy eternity, and never die, or be hurt of the second death.

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki

NET Notes: Psa 133:1 This statement refers to the extended family structure of ancient Israel, where brothers would often live in proximity to one another (Deut 25:5), giv...

NET Notes: Psa 133:2 Heb “which goes down in accordance with his measured things.” The Hebrew phrase מִדּוֹתָ&#...

NET Notes: Psa 133:3 Heb “there the Lord has commanded the blessing, life forever.”

Geneva Bible: Psa 133:1 "A Song of degrees of David." Behold, how good and how pleasant [it is] for brethren to dwell ( a ) together in unity! ( a ) Because the greatest par...

Geneva Bible: Psa 133:2 [It is] like the precious ( b ) ointment upon the head, that ran down upon the beard, [even] Aaron's beard: that went down to the skirts of his garmen...

Geneva Bible: Psa 133:3 As the dew of ( c ) Hermon, [and as the dew] that descended upon the mountains of Zion: for ( d ) there the LORD commanded the blessing, [even] life f...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

MHCC: Psa 133:1-3 - --We cannot say too much, it were well if enough could be said, to persuade people to live together in peace. It is good for us, for our honour and comf...

Matthew Henry: Psa 133:1-3 - -- Here see, I. What it is that is commended - brethren's dwelling together in unity, not only not quarrelling, and devouring one another, but deligh...

Keil-Delitzsch: Psa 133:1-3 - -- In this Psalm, says Hengstenberg, "David brings to the consciousness of the church the glory of the fellowship of the saints, that had so long been ...

Constable: Psa 107:1--150:6 - --V. Book 5: chs. 107--150 There are 44 psalms in this section of the Psalter. David composed 15 of these (108-110...

Constable: Psa 133:1-3 - --Psalm 133 This psalm is a classic description of the beauty of believers' unity.

Constable: Psa 133:1 - --1. The desirability of unity 133:1 The psalmist called the Israelites to consider the beauty of ...

Constable: Psa 133:2-3 - --2. The descriptions of unity 133:2-3 133:2 The writer compared brotherly unity to the oil that Moses poured over Aaron's head when he anointed him as ...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) The Hebrew title of this book is Tehilim ("praises" or "hymns"), for a leading feature in its contents is praise, though the word occurs in the title ...

JFB: Psalms (Garis Besar) ALEPH. (Psa 119:1-8). This celebrated Psalm has several peculiarities. It is divided into twenty-two parts or stanzas, denoted by the twenty-two let...

TSK: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) The Psalms have been the general song of the universal Church; and in their praise, all the Fathers have been unanimously eloquent. Men of all nation...

TSK: Psalms 133 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Psa 133:1, The blessedness of unity among brethren. This Psalm was probably composed when David was made king over all Israel. Psa 122:1...

Poole: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) OF PSALMS THE ARGUMENT The divine authority of this Book of PSALMS is so certain and evident, that it was never questioned in the church; which b...

Poole: Psalms 133 (Pendahuluan Pasal) THE ARGUMENT . This Psalm was composed by David upon the happy occasion of the ending of the civil war between the two houses of Saul and David; in w...

MHCC: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) David was the penman of most of the psalms, but some evidently were composed by other writers, and the writers of some are doubtful. But all were writ...

MHCC: Psalms 133 (Pendahuluan Pasal) The excellency of brotherly love.

Matthew Henry: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Book of Psalms We have now before us one of the choicest and most excellent parts of all the Old Te...

Matthew Henry: Psalms 133 (Pendahuluan Pasal) This psalm is a brief encomium on unity and brotherly love, which, if we did not see the miseries of discord among men, we should think needless; b...

Constable: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title The title of this book in the Hebrew Bible is Tehillim, which means...

Constable: Psalms (Garis Besar) Outline I. Book 1: chs. 1-41 II. Book 2: chs. 42-72 III. Book 3: chs. 73...

Constable: Psalms Psalms Bibliography Allen, Ronald B. "Evidence from Psalm 89." In A Case for Premillennialism: A New Consensus,...

Haydock: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE BOOK OF PSALMS. INTRODUCTION. The Psalms are called by the Hebrew, Tehillim; that is, hymns of praise. The author, of a great part of ...

Gill: Psalms (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO PSALMS The title of this book may be rendered "the Book of Praises", or "Hymns"; the psalm which our Lord sung at the passover is c...

Gill: Psalms 133 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO PSALM 133 A Song of degrees of David. This psalm was penned by David, as some think when all the tribes of Israel united and chose ...

Advanced Commentary (Kamus, Lagu-Lagu Himne, Gambar, Ilustrasi Khotbah, Pertanyaan-Pertanyaan, dll)


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