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Teks -- Jeremiah 52:1-34 (NET)

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Konteks
The Fall of Jerusalem
52:1 Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he ruled in Jerusalem for eleven years. His mother’s name was Hamutal daughter of Jeremiah, from Libnah. 52:2 He did what displeased the Lord just as Jehoiakim had done. 52:3 What follows is a record of what happened to Jerusalem and Judah because of the Lord’s anger when he drove them out of his sight. Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon. 52:4 King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon came against Jerusalem with his whole army and set up camp outside it. They built siege ramps all around it. He arrived on the tenth day of the tenth month in the ninth year that Zedekiah ruled over Judah. 52:5 The city remained under siege until Zedekiah’s eleventh year. 52:6 By the ninth day of the fourth month the famine in the city was so severe the residents had no food. 52:7 They broke through the city walls, and all the soldiers tried to escape. They left the city during the night. They went through the gate between the two walls that is near the king’s garden. (The Babylonians had the city surrounded.) Then they headed for the Jordan Valley. 52:8 But the Babylonian army chased after the king. They caught up with Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho, and his entire army deserted him. 52:9 They captured him and brought him up to the king of Babylon at Riblah in the territory of Hamath and he passed sentence on him there. 52:10 The king of Babylon had Zedekiah’s sons put to death while Zedekiah was forced to watch. He also had all the nobles of Judah put to death there at Riblah. 52:11 He had Zedekiah’s eyes put out and had him bound in chains. Then the king of Babylon had him led off to Babylon and he was imprisoned there until the day he died. 52:12 On the tenth day of the fifth month, in the nineteenth year of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon, Nebuzaradan, the captain of the royal guard who served the king of Babylon, arrived in Jerusalem. 52:13 He burned down the Lord’s temple, the royal palace, and all the houses in Jerusalem, including every large house. 52:14 The whole Babylonian army that came with the captain of the royal guard tore down the walls that surrounded Jerusalem. 52:15 Nebuzaradan, the captain of the royal guard, took into exile some of the poor, the rest of the people who remained in the city, those who had deserted to him, and the rest of the craftsmen. 52:16 But he left behind some of the poor and gave them fields and vineyards. 52:17 The Babylonians broke the two bronze pillars in the temple of the Lord, as well as the movable stands and the large bronze basin called the “The Sea.” They took all the bronze to Babylon. 52:18 They also took the pots, shovels, trimming shears, basins, pans, and all the bronze utensils used by the priests. 52:19 The captain of the royal guard took the gold and silver bowls, censers, basins, pots, lampstands, pans, and vessels. 52:20 The bronze of the items that King Solomon made for the Lord’s temple (including the two pillars, the large bronze basin called “The Sea,” the twelve bronze bulls under “The Sea,” and the movable stands) was too heavy to be weighed. 52:21 Each of the pillars was about 27 feet high, about 18 feet in circumference, three inches thick, and hollow. 52:22 The bronze top of one pillar was about seven and one-half feet high and had bronze latticework and pomegranate-shaped ornaments all around it. The second pillar with its pomegranate-shaped ornaments was like it. 52:23 There were ninety-six pomegranate-shaped ornaments on the sides; in all there were one hundred pomegranate-shaped ornaments over the latticework that went around it. 52:24 The captain of the royal guard took Seraiah the chief priest, Zephaniah the priest who was second in rank, and the three doorkeepers. 52:25 From the city he took an official who was in charge of the soldiers, seven of the king’s advisers who were discovered in the city, an official army secretary who drafted citizens for military service, and sixty citizens who were discovered in the middle of the city. 52:26 Nebuzaradan, the captain of the royal guard, took them and brought them to the king of Babylon at Riblah. 52:27 The king of Babylon ordered them to be executed at Riblah in the territory of Hamath. So Judah was taken into exile away from its land. 52:28 Here is the official record of the number of people Nebuchadnezzar carried into exile: In the seventh year, 3,023 Jews; 52:29 in Nebuchadnezzar’s eighteenth year, 832 people from Jerusalem; 52:30 in Nebuchadnezzar’s twenty-third year, Nebuzaradan, the captain of the royal guard, carried into exile 745 Judeans. In all 4,600 people went into exile.
Jehoiachin in Exile
52:31 In the thirty-seventh year of the exile of King Jehoiachin of Judah, on the twenty-fifth day of the twelfth month, Evil-Merodach, in the first year of his reign, pardoned King Jehoiachin of Judah and released him from prison. 52:32 He spoke kindly to him and gave him a more prestigious position than the other kings who were with him in Babylon. 52:33 Jehoiachin took off his prison clothes and ate daily in the king’s presence for the rest of his life. 52:34 He was given daily provisions by the king of Babylon for the rest of his life until the day he died.
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Nama Orang, Nama Tempat, Topik/Tema Kamus

Nama Orang dan Nama Tempat:
 · Arabah a town of Judea west of Jerusalem on the border of Benjamin
 · Babylon a country of Babylon in lower Mesopotamia
 · Evil-Merodach son and successor of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon
 · Evil-merodach son and successor of Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon
 · hamath a town of Syria on the Orontes between Aleppo and Damascus (OS)
 · Hamath a town of unknown location
 · Hamutal mother of kings Jehoahaz and Zedekiah of Judah; daughter of Jeremiah
 · Jehoiachin son and successor of King Jehoiakim of Judah
 · Jehoiakim son of Josiah; made king of Judah by Pharaoh Neco
 · Jeremiah a prophet of Judah in 627 B.C., who wrote the book of Jeremiah,a man of Libnah; father of Hamutal, mother of Jehoahaz, king of Judah,head of an important clan in eastern Manasseh in the time of Jotham,a Benjamite man who defected to David at Ziklag,the fifth of Saul's Gadite officers who defected to David in the wilderness,the tenth of Saul's Gadite officers who defected to David in the wilderness,a man from Anathoth of Benjamin; son of Hilkiah the priest; a major prophet in the time of the exile,an influential priest who returned from exile with Zerubbabel, who later signed the covenant to obey the law, and who helped dedicate Nehemiah's wall,one of Saul's Gadite officers who defected to David in the wilderness
 · Jericho a town five miles west of the Jordan and 15 miles northeast of Jerusalem,a town of Benjamin 11 km NW of the mouth of the Jordan River
 · Jerusalem the capital city of Israel,a town; the capital of Israel near the southern border of Benjamin
 · Jew the people descended from Israel
 · Judah the son of Jacob and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,a tribe, the land/country,a son of Joseph; the father of Simeon; an ancestor of Jesus,son of Jacob/Israel and Leah; founder of the tribe of Judah,the tribe of Judah,citizens of the southern kingdom of Judah,citizens of the Persian Province of Judah; the Jews who had returned from Babylonian exile,"house of Judah", a phrase which highlights the political leadership of the tribe of Judah,"king of Judah", a phrase which relates to the southern kingdom of Judah,"kings of Judah", a phrase relating to the southern kingdom of Judah,"princes of Judah", a phrase relating to the kingdom of Judah,the territory allocated to the tribe of Judah, and also the extended territory of the southern kingdom of Judah,the Province of Judah under Persian rule,"hill country of Judah", the relatively cool and green central highlands of the territory of Judah,"the cities of Judah",the language of the Jews; Hebrew,head of a family of Levites who returned from Exile,a Levite who put away his heathen wife,a man who was second in command of Jerusalem; son of Hassenuah of Benjamin,a Levite in charge of the songs of thanksgiving in Nehemiah's time,a leader who helped dedicate Nehemiah's wall,a Levite musician who helped Zechariah of Asaph dedicate Nehemiah's wall
 · Libnah a place where Israel encamped,a town in the western foothills of Judah 12 km SE of Gath & 23 km NE of Hebron
 · Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon who took Judah into exile
 · Nebuzaradan a man of Babylon; captain of the guard for Nebuchadnezzar
 · Riblah a town 80 km north of Damascus
 · Seraiah secretary of King David,a high priest; son of Azariah III,son of Tanhumeth; a militia leader who rallied to Gedaliah,son of Kenaz son of Jephunneh of Judah,son of Asiel; ancestor of a large influential family of Simeon,priest leader of some who returned from exile with Zerubbabel,son of Hilkiah; head of the priestly clan of Immer in Jerusalem,son of Azriel; a prince in the time of Jehoiakim,son of Neriah; quartermaster deported to Babylon with Zedekiah
 · Solomon the tenth son of David; the father of Rehoboam; an ancestor of Jesus; the third king of Israel.,son of David and Bath-Sheba; successor of King David
 · Zedekiah son of Chenaanah; a false prophet in the kingdom of King Ahab,son of King Josiah; made king of Judah by Nebuchadnezzar,son of King Jehoiachin,a signer of the covenant to obey the law with Nehemiah,son of Maaseiah; a false prophet in the time of King Jehoiachin,son of Hananiah; a prince of Judah in the time of Jehoiakim
 · Zephaniah the second high priest in the time of Zedekiah of Judah,son of Tahath of Kohath son of Levi,son of Cushi (Hezekiah Judah); minor prophet under King Josiah,father of Josiah, post-exile keeper of the temple treasures


Topik/Tema Kamus: Zedekiah | Siege | Babylon | Kings, The Books of | SEPTUAGINT, 2 | NEBUCHADNEZZAR; NEBUCHADREZZAR | JEREMIAH (2) | Month | Nebuzar-adan | Jerusalem | Jehoiachin | Evil-merodach | Zephaniah | Temple | Riblah | Seraiah | Fast | TEMPLE, A1 | JOB, BOOK OF | Captivity | selebihnya
Daftar Isi

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Wesley , JFB , Clarke , Defender , TSK

Catatan Kata/Frasa
Poole , Haydock , Gill

Catatan Ayat / Catatan Kaki
NET Notes , Geneva Bible

Catatan Rentang Ayat
Maclaren , MHCC , Matthew Henry , Keil-Delitzsch , Constable

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per frasa)

Wesley: Jer 52:2 - Zedekiah It is generally thought that this chapter was not penned by Jeremiah, who, it is not probable, would have so largely repeated what he had related befo...

It is generally thought that this chapter was not penned by Jeremiah, who, it is not probable, would have so largely repeated what he had related before; and could not historically relate what happened after his time, as some things did which are mentioned towards the end of the chapter. Probably it was penned by some of those in Babylon, and put in here as a preface to the book of Lamentations.

Wesley: Jer 52:24 - Three It is probable there were more keepers of the door, but the captain of the guard took only three of the chief.

It is probable there were more keepers of the door, but the captain of the guard took only three of the chief.

Wesley: Jer 52:30 - All the persons were four thousand and six hundred How amazingly were the Jews diminished, that this handful was all who were carried captive!

How amazingly were the Jews diminished, that this handful was all who were carried captive!

Wesley: Jer 52:34 - All the days of his life Here ends the history of the kingdom of Judah. I shall only observe the severe judgment of God upon this people, whose kingdom was made up of the two ...

Here ends the history of the kingdom of Judah. I shall only observe the severe judgment of God upon this people, whose kingdom was made up of the two tribes of Judah and Benjamin, and half the tribe of Manasseh. In the numbering of the persons belonging to these two tribes, Num 1:27, Num 1:35, Num 1:37, (counting half of the number of the tribe of Manasseh) we find one hundred twenty - six thousand one hundred: Num 26:22, Num 26:34, Num 26:41, we find of them one hundred forty - eight thousand four hundred and fifty. Here, Jer 52:30, we find no more of them carried into captivity, than four thousand and six hundred. From whence we may judge what a multitude of them were slain by the sword, by the famine, and pestilence! It is a dreadful thing to fall into the hands of the living God, to mock his messengers, despise his words, and misuse his prophets, 'till there be no remedy, 2Ch 36:16.

JFB: Jer 52:3 - through . . . anger of . . . Lord . . . Zedekiah rebelled His "anger" against Jerusalem, determining Him to "cast out" His people "from His presence" heretofore manifested there, led Him to permit Zedekiah to...

His "anger" against Jerusalem, determining Him to "cast out" His people "from His presence" heretofore manifested there, led Him to permit Zedekiah to rebel (2Ki 23:26-27; compare Exo 9:12; Exo 10:1; Rom 9:18). That rebellion, being in violation of his oath "by God," was sure to bring down God's vengeance (2Ch 36:13; Eze 17:15-16, Eze 17:18).

JFB: Jer 52:4 - forts Rather, towers of wood [KIMCHI], for watching the movements of the besieged from the height and annoying them with missiles.

Rather, towers of wood [KIMCHI], for watching the movements of the besieged from the height and annoying them with missiles.

JFB: Jer 52:7 - -- (See on Jer 39:4).

(See on Jer 39:4).

JFB: Jer 52:9 - gave judgment upon him As guilty of rebellion and perjury (Jer 52:3; compare Eze 23:24).

As guilty of rebellion and perjury (Jer 52:3; compare Eze 23:24).

JFB: Jer 52:11 - -- Eze 12:13 : "I will bring him to Babylon . . . yet shall he not see it."

Eze 12:13 : "I will bring him to Babylon . . . yet shall he not see it."

JFB: Jer 52:11 - prison Literally, "the house of visitations," or "punishments," that is, where there was penal work enforced on the prisoners, such as grinding. Hence the Se...

Literally, "the house of visitations," or "punishments," that is, where there was penal work enforced on the prisoners, such as grinding. Hence the Septuagint renders it "the house of the mill." So Samson, after his eyes were put out, "ground" in the Philistine prison-house (Jdg 16:21).

JFB: Jer 52:12 - tenth day But in 2Ki 25:8, it is said "the seventh day." Nebuzara-dan started from Riblah on the "seventh" day and arrived in Jerusalem on the "tenth" day. Seem...

But in 2Ki 25:8, it is said "the seventh day." Nebuzara-dan started from Riblah on the "seventh" day and arrived in Jerusalem on the "tenth" day. Seeming discrepancies, when cleared up, confirm the genuineness of Scripture; for they show there was no collusion between the writers; as in all God's works there is latent harmony under outward varieties.

JFB: Jer 52:13 - all the houses . . . and all the houses of the great The "and" defines what houses especially are meant, namely, the houses of the great men.

The "and" defines what houses especially are meant, namely, the houses of the great men.

JFB: Jer 52:15 - poor of . . . people Added to the account in 2Ki 25:11. "The poor of the people" are of the city, as distinguished from "the poor of the land," that is, of the country.

Added to the account in 2Ki 25:11. "The poor of the people" are of the city, as distinguished from "the poor of the land," that is, of the country.

JFB: Jer 52:17 - brake That they might be more portable. Fulfilling the prophecy (Jer 27:19). See 1Ki 7:15, 1Ki 7:23, 1Ki 7:27, 1Ki 7:50. Nothing is so particularly related ...

That they might be more portable. Fulfilling the prophecy (Jer 27:19). See 1Ki 7:15, 1Ki 7:23, 1Ki 7:27, 1Ki 7:50. Nothing is so particularly related here as the carrying away of the articles in the temple. The remembrance of their beauty and preciousness heightens the bitterness of their loss and the evil of sin which caused it.

JFB: Jer 52:17 - brass . . . brazen Rather "copper . . . of copper."

Rather "copper . . . of copper."

JFB: Jer 52:18 - -- (Exo 27:3).

JFB: Jer 52:19 - of gold in gold Implying that the articles were of solid gold and silver respectively, not of a different metal inside, or alloyed [GROTIUS]. Whole: not breaking them...

Implying that the articles were of solid gold and silver respectively, not of a different metal inside, or alloyed [GROTIUS]. Whole: not breaking them as was done to the "brass" (Jer 52:17).

JFB: Jer 52:20 - bulls . . . under the bases But the bulls were not "under the bases," but under the sea (1Ki 7:25, 1Ki 7:27, 1Ki 7:38); the ten bases were not under the sea, but under the ten la...

But the bulls were not "under the bases," but under the sea (1Ki 7:25, 1Ki 7:27, 1Ki 7:38); the ten bases were not under the sea, but under the ten lavers. In English Version, "bases," therefore, must mean the lower parts of the sea under which the bulls were. Rather, translate, "the bulls were in the place of (that is, 'by way of'; so the Hebrew, 1Sa 14:9), bases," or supports to the sea [BUXTORF]. So the Septuagint. 2Ki 25:16 omits the "bulls," and has "and the bases"; so GROTIUS here reads "the bulls (which were) under (the sea) and the bases."

JFB: Jer 52:21 - eighteen cubits But in 2Ch 3:15, it is "thirty-five cubits." The discrepancy is thus removed. Each pillar was eighteen common cubits. The two together, deducting the ...

But in 2Ch 3:15, it is "thirty-five cubits." The discrepancy is thus removed. Each pillar was eighteen common cubits. The two together, deducting the base, were thirty-five, as stated in 2Ch 3:15 [GROTIUS]. Other ways (for example, by reference to the difference between the common and the sacred cubit) are proposed: though we are not able positively to decide now which is the true way, at least those proposed do show that the discrepancies are not irreconcilable.

JFB: Jer 52:22 - five cubits So 1Ki 7:16. But 2Ki 25:17 has "three cubits." There were two parts in the chapiter: the one lower and plain, of two cubits; the other, higher and cur...

So 1Ki 7:16. But 2Ki 25:17 has "three cubits." There were two parts in the chapiter: the one lower and plain, of two cubits; the other, higher and curiously carved, of three cubits. The former is omitted in 2Ki 25:17, as belonging to the shaft of the pillar; the latter alone is there mentioned. Here the whole chapiter of five cubits is referred to.

JFB: Jer 52:23 - on a side Literally, (on the side) towards the air or wind, that is, the outside of the capitals of the pillars conspicuous to the eye, opposed to the four rema...

Literally, (on the side) towards the air or wind, that is, the outside of the capitals of the pillars conspicuous to the eye, opposed to the four remaining pomegranates which were not seen from the outside. The pomegranates here are ninety-six; but in 1Ki 7:20 they are two hundred on each chapiter, and four hundred on the two (2Ch 4:13). It seems there were two rows of them, one above the other, and in each row a hundred. They are here said to be ninety-six, but immediately following one hundred, and so in 1Ki 7:20. Four seem to have been unseen to one looking from one point; and the ninety-six are only those that could be seen [VATABLUS]; or, the four omitted here are those separating the four sides, one pomegranate at each point of separation (or at the four corners) between the four sides [GROTIUS].

JFB: Jer 52:24 - Seraiah Different from the Seraiah (Jer 51:59), son of Neriah; probably son of Azariah (1Ch 6:14).

Different from the Seraiah (Jer 51:59), son of Neriah; probably son of Azariah (1Ch 6:14).

JFB: Jer 52:24 - Zephaniah Son of Maaseiah (see on Jer 21:1; Jer 29:25).

Son of Maaseiah (see on Jer 21:1; Jer 29:25).

JFB: Jer 52:25 - seven men But in 2Ki 25:19 it is "five." Perhaps two were less illustrious persons and are therefore omitted.

But in 2Ki 25:19 it is "five." Perhaps two were less illustrious persons and are therefore omitted.

JFB: Jer 52:25 - principal scribe of the host (Isa 33:18). His office was to preside over the levy and enroll recruits. RAWLINSON observes that the Assyrian records are free from the exaggerated ...

(Isa 33:18). His office was to preside over the levy and enroll recruits. RAWLINSON observes that the Assyrian records are free from the exaggerated expressions found in the Egyptian. A minute account was taken of the spoil. Two "scribes of the host" are seen in every bas-relief, writing down the various objects brought to them: the heads of the slain, the prisoners, cattle, sheep, &c.

JFB: Jer 52:28 - seventh year In 2Ki 24:12, 2Ki 24:14, 2Ki 24:16, it is said "the eighth year" of Nebuchadnezzar. No doubt it was in part about the end of the seventh year, in part...

In 2Ki 24:12, 2Ki 24:14, 2Ki 24:16, it is said "the eighth year" of Nebuchadnezzar. No doubt it was in part about the end of the seventh year, in part about the beginning of the eighth. Also in 2Ki. 24:1-20, ten thousand (Jer 52:14), and seven thousand men of might, and a thousand craftsmen (Jer 52:16), are said to have been carried away, But here three thousand twenty-three. Probably the latter three thousand twenty-three were of the tribe of Judah, the remaining seven thousand out of the ten thousand were of the other tribes, out of which many Israelites still had been left in the land. The a thousand "craftsmen" were exclusive of the ten thousand, as appears, by comparing 2Ki 24:14 with Jer 52:16. Probably the three thousand twenty-three of Judah were first removed in the end of "the seventh year"; the seven thousand and a thousand craftsmen in the "eighth year." This was at the first captivity under Jehoiachin.

JFB: Jer 52:29 - eighteenth year When Jerusalem was taken. But in Jer 52:15, and 2Ki 25:8, "the nineteenth year." Probably it was at the end of the eighteenth and the beginning of the...

When Jerusalem was taken. But in Jer 52:15, and 2Ki 25:8, "the nineteenth year." Probably it was at the end of the eighteenth and the beginning of the nineteenth [LYRA].

JFB: Jer 52:29 - eight hundred and thirty and two The most illustrious persons are meant, who no doubt were carried away first, at the end of the eighteenth year.

The most illustrious persons are meant, who no doubt were carried away first, at the end of the eighteenth year.

JFB: Jer 52:30 - -- Not recorded in Kings or Chronicles. Probably it took place during the commotions that followed the death of Gedaliah (Jer 41:18; 2Ki 25:26).

Not recorded in Kings or Chronicles. Probably it took place during the commotions that followed the death of Gedaliah (Jer 41:18; 2Ki 25:26).

JFB: Jer 52:30 - four thousand and six hundred The exact sum-total of the numbers specified here, namely, three thousand twenty-three, eight hundred thirty-two, seven hundred forty-five, not includ...

The exact sum-total of the numbers specified here, namely, three thousand twenty-three, eight hundred thirty-two, seven hundred forty-five, not including the general multitude and the women and children (Jer 52:15; Jer 39:9; 2Ki 25:11).

JFB: Jer 52:31 - -- (2Ki 25:27-30).

JFB: Jer 52:31 - five and twentieth day But in 2Ki 25:27, it is "the twenty-seventh day." Probably on the twenty-fifth the decree for his elevation was given, and the preparations for it mad...

But in 2Ki 25:27, it is "the twenty-seventh day." Probably on the twenty-fifth the decree for his elevation was given, and the preparations for it made by releasing him from prison; and on the twenty-seventh day it was carried into effect.

JFB: Jer 52:31 - Evil-merodach Son and successor of Nebuchadnezzar [LYRA]; and the Hebrew writers say that during Nebuchadnezzar's exclusion from men among beasts, Evil-merodach adm...

Son and successor of Nebuchadnezzar [LYRA]; and the Hebrew writers say that during Nebuchadnezzar's exclusion from men among beasts, Evil-merodach administered the government. When Nebuchadnezzar at the end of seven years was restored, hearing of his son's misconduct and that he had exulted in his father's calamity, he threw him into prison, where the latter met Jeconiah and contracted a friendship with him, whence arose the favor which subsequently he showed him. God, in his elevation, rewarded his having surrendered to Nebuchadnezzar (compare Jer 38:17 with 2Ki 24:12).

JFB: Jer 52:31 - lifted up . . . head (Compare Gen 40:13, Gen 40:20; Psa 3:3; Psa 27:6).

JFB: Jer 52:32 - set his throne above A mark of respect.

A mark of respect.

JFB: Jer 52:32 - the kings The Hebrew text reads (the other) kings." "The kings" is a Masoretic correction.

The Hebrew text reads (the other) kings." "The kings" is a Masoretic correction.

JFB: Jer 52:33 - changed . . . garments Gave him garments suitable to a king.

Gave him garments suitable to a king.

JFB: Jer 52:33 - did . . . eat bread before him (2Sa 9:13).

JFB: Jer 52:34 - every day a portion Rather, "its portion," (compare 1Ki 8:59, Margin).

Rather, "its portion," (compare 1Ki 8:59, Margin).

Clarke: Jer 52:1 - Zedekiah was one and twenty years old Zedekiah was one and twenty years old - See 2Ki 24:18.

Zedekiah was one and twenty years old - See 2Ki 24:18.

Clarke: Jer 52:2 - And he did - evil And he did - evil - This and the following verse are the same as 2Ki 24:19.

And he did - evil - This and the following verse are the same as 2Ki 24:19.

Clarke: Jer 52:3 - Through the anger of the Lord Through the anger of the Lord - Here is a king given to a people in God’ s anger, and taken away in his displeasure.

Through the anger of the Lord - Here is a king given to a people in God’ s anger, and taken away in his displeasure.

Clarke: Jer 52:4 - Ninth year - tenth month Ninth year - tenth month - Answering nearly to our January.

Ninth year - tenth month - Answering nearly to our January.

Clarke: Jer 52:5 - So the city was besieged So the city was besieged - It held out one year and six months.

So the city was besieged - It held out one year and six months.

Clarke: Jer 52:6 - And in the fourth month And in the fourth month - See the notes on Jer 39:1, etc. The fourth month answers nearly to our July.

And in the fourth month - See the notes on Jer 39:1, etc. The fourth month answers nearly to our July.

Clarke: Jer 52:8 - The army of the Chaldeans pursued The army of the Chaldeans pursued - See on 2Ki 25:5 (note).

The army of the Chaldeans pursued - See on 2Ki 25:5 (note).

Clarke: Jer 52:9 - King of Babylon to Riblah King of Babylon to Riblah - See the note on Jer 39:5.

King of Babylon to Riblah - See the note on Jer 39:5.

Clarke: Jer 52:11 - He put out the eyes of Zedekiah He put out the eyes of Zedekiah - See on Jer 39:7 (note).

He put out the eyes of Zedekiah - See on Jer 39:7 (note).

Clarke: Jer 52:12 - Now in the fifth month Now in the fifth month - Answering nearly to our August.

Now in the fifth month - Answering nearly to our August.

Clarke: Jer 52:13 - And burned the house of the Lord And burned the house of the Lord - Thus perished this magnificent structure, after it had stood four hundred and twenty-four years three months and ...

And burned the house of the Lord - Thus perished this magnificent structure, after it had stood four hundred and twenty-four years three months and eight days. It was built A.M. 2992, and destroyed A.M. 3416.

Clarke: Jer 52:15 - Those that fell away Those that fell away - The deserters to the Chaldeans during the siege.

Those that fell away - The deserters to the Chaldeans during the siege.

Clarke: Jer 52:16 - The poor of the land The poor of the land - See on Jer 39:1 (note).

The poor of the land - See on Jer 39:1 (note).

Clarke: Jer 52:17 - Also the pillars Also the pillars - See on Jer 27:19 (note).

Also the pillars - See on Jer 27:19 (note).

Clarke: Jer 52:18-23 - -- In reference to these verses see the parallel texts Exo 27:3 (note); 2Ki 25:14-16 (note); 1Ki 7:47 (note); 1Ki 7:15 (note); 2Ch 3:15 (note); 1Ki 7:20 ...

In reference to these verses see the parallel texts Exo 27:3 (note); 2Ki 25:14-16 (note); 1Ki 7:47 (note); 1Ki 7:15 (note); 2Ch 3:15 (note); 1Ki 7:20 (note), and the notes.

Clarke: Jer 52:24 - The second priest The second priest - See the note on 2Ki 25:18

The second priest - See the note on 2Ki 25:18

Clarke: Jer 52:24 - The three keepers The three keepers - The priests who stood at the door to receive the offerings of the people, see 2Ki 20:9, and 2Ki 23:4.

The three keepers - The priests who stood at the door to receive the offerings of the people, see 2Ki 20:9, and 2Ki 23:4.

Clarke: Jer 52:25 - Seven men - that were near the king’ s person Seven men - that were near the king’ s person - These were privy counsellors.

Seven men - that were near the king’ s person - These were privy counsellors.

Clarke: Jer 52:28-30 - -- On these verses Dr. Blayney has some sensible remarks; I will extract the substance. These verses are not inserted in 2 Kings 25. Are we to conclude f...

On these verses Dr. Blayney has some sensible remarks; I will extract the substance. These verses are not inserted in 2 Kings 25. Are we to conclude from these verses that the whole number of the Jews which Nebuchadnezzar, in all his expeditions, carried away, was no more than four thousand six hundred? This cannot be true; for he carried away more than twice that number at one time and this is expressly said to have been in the eighth year of his reign, 2Ki 24:12-16. Before that time he had carried off a number of captives from Jerusalem, in the first year of his reign, among whom were Daniel and his companions, Dan 1:3-6. These are confessedly not noticed here. And as the taking and burning of Jerusalem is in this very chapter said to have been in the fourth and fifth months of the nineteenth year of the reign of Nebuchadnezzar, those who were carried into captivity at the date of those events cannot possibly be the same with those that are said to be carried away either in the eighteenth or twenty-third year of that prince. Nor, indeed, is it credible that the number carried away at the time that the city was taken, and the whole country reduced, could be so few as eight hundred and thirty-two, (see Jer 52:29); supposing a mistake in the date of the year, which some are willing to do without sufficient grounds

Here then we have three deportations, and those the most considerable ones, in the first, in the eighth, and nineteenth years of Nebuchadnezzar, sufficiently distinguished from those in the seventh, eighteenth, and twenty-third years. So that it seems most reasonable to conclude with Abp. Usher, in Chronologia Sacra, that by the latter three the historian meant to point out deportations of a minor kind, not elsewhere noticed in direct terms in Scripture

The first of these, said to have been in the seventh year of Nebuchadnezzar, was one of those that had been picked up in several parts of Judah by the band of Chaldeans, Syrians, and others, whom the king of Babylon sent against the land previously to his own coming, 2Ki 24:2

That in the eighteenth year corresponds with the time when the Chaldean army broke off the siege before Jerusalem, and marched to meet the Egyptian army, at which time they might think it proper to send off the prisoners that were in camp, under a guard to Babylon

And the last, in the twenty-third year of Nebuchadnezzar, was when that monarch, being engaged in the siege of Tyre, sent off Nebuzaradan against the Moabites, Ammonites, and other neighboring nations, who at the same time carried away the gleanings of Jews that remained in their own land, amounting in all to no more than seven hundred and forty-five

Josephus speaks of this expedition against the Moabites and Ammonites, which he places in the twenty-third year or Nebuchadnezzar; but mentions nothing done in the land of Israel at that time. Only he says that after the conquest of those nations, Nebuchadnezzar carried his victorious arms against Egypt, which he in some measure reduced, and carried the Jews whom he found there captives to Babylon. But the Egyptian expedition was not till the twenty-seventh year of Jehoiachin’ s captivity, i.e., the thirty-fifth of Nebuchadnezzar, as may be collected from Eze 29:17; so that those who were carried away in the twenty-third year were not from Egypt, but were, as before observed, the few Jews that remained in the land of Judah.

Clarke: Jer 52:31 - In the twelfth month In the twelfth month - Answering nearly to our twenty-fifth of April, A.M. 3442

In the twelfth month - Answering nearly to our twenty-fifth of April, A.M. 3442

Clarke: Jer 52:31 - Lifted up the head of Jehoiachin Lifted up the head of Jehoiachin - This phrase is taken from Gen 40:13. It is founded on the observation that those who are in sorrow hold down thei...

Lifted up the head of Jehoiachin - This phrase is taken from Gen 40:13. It is founded on the observation that those who are in sorrow hold down their heads, and when they are comforted, or the cause of their sorrow removed, they lift up their heads. The Hebrew phrase, lift up the head, signifies to comfort, cheer, make happy.

Clarke: Jer 52:32 - Spake kindly Spake kindly - Conversed freely with him

Spake kindly - Conversed freely with him

Clarke: Jer 52:32 - Set his throne Set his throne - Gave him a more respectable seat than any of the captive princes, or better than even his own princes had, probably near his person...

Set his throne - Gave him a more respectable seat than any of the captive princes, or better than even his own princes had, probably near his person.

Clarke: Jer 52:33 - And changed his prison garments And changed his prison garments - That is, Jehoiachin changed his own garments, that he might be suited in that respect to the state of his elevatio...

And changed his prison garments - That is, Jehoiachin changed his own garments, that he might be suited in that respect to the state of his elevation. Kings also, in token of favor, gave caftans or robes to those whom they wish to honor

Clarke: Jer 52:33 - And he did continually eat bread before him And he did continually eat bread before him - Was a constant guest at the king’ s table.

And he did continually eat bread before him - Was a constant guest at the king’ s table.

Clarke: Jer 52:34 - And - there was a continual diet given him And - there was a continual diet given him - This was probably a ration allowed by the king for the support of Jehoiachin’ s household. For oth...

And - there was a continual diet given him - This was probably a ration allowed by the king for the support of Jehoiachin’ s household. For other particulars, see the note on 2Ki 25:30

Clarke: Jer 52:34 - All the days of his life All the days of his life - I believe these words have been by mistake added from the preceding verse. There, they are proper; here, they are tautolo...

All the days of his life - I believe these words have been by mistake added from the preceding verse. There, they are proper; here, they are tautological. They are wanting in the Septuagint and in the Arabic

The preceding words, עד יום מותו ad yom motho , "to the day of his death,"are wanting in two of De Rossi’ s and one of Kennicott’ s MSS

Coverdale ends thus: - All the days of his life until he died. This is better than the common Version

Immediately after this verse my old MS. Bible adds the following words: And done is aftir that into caitifte is brougt Israel, and Jerusalem is bestroide, satte Jeremye the prophet weepund, and weiled with this lamentation Jerusalem; and with bitter inwit sighand and criand weilawai, seide. Then follows in red letters: Here beginneth the Lamentation of Jeremye, that is intitle Cenoth; with the sortynge out of Ebrue letters

Aleph: How sitteth aloon the city, etc. See something of a similar kind from other authorities, at the beginning of Lamentations

Masoretic note

Number of verses in this Book, 1365

Middle verse, Jer 28:11

Masoretic sections, 31.

Defender: Jer 52:17 - carried all the brass of them to Babylon It is significant that none of the accounts of the vessels carried from the temple to Babylon - whether here in 2Ki 25:13-17, or 2Ch 36:7 - include th...

It is significant that none of the accounts of the vessels carried from the temple to Babylon - whether here in 2Ki 25:13-17, or 2Ch 36:7 - include the most important and valuable item of all. Even the brazen pillars and sea were taken, but not the ark of the covenant. God would never allow the ark and its contents - especially the stone tables of the law - to fall to pagan hands again. The ark was translated - like Enoch and Elijah - to the heavenly temple, and the Apostle John saw it there (Rev 11:19) when God translated him to the future to see and write the events of the last days."

Defender: Jer 52:29 - carried away captive Among those carried away to Babylon were Ezekiel and Daniel (Jer 52:24, Jer 52:25, Jer 52:28, Jer 52:30; Eze 1:1; Dan 1:1-6)."

Among those carried away to Babylon were Ezekiel and Daniel (Jer 52:24, Jer 52:25, Jer 52:28, Jer 52:30; Eze 1:1; Dan 1:1-6)."

TSK: Jer 52:1 - one // began to reign // Libnah am 3406-3416, bc 598-588 one : 2Ki 24:18; 2Ch 36:11 began to reign : Heb. reigned Libnah : Jos 10:29, Jos 15:42

am 3406-3416, bc 598-588

one : 2Ki 24:18; 2Ch 36:11

began to reign : Heb. reigned

Libnah : Jos 10:29, Jos 15:42

TSK: Jer 52:2 - he did // according he did : 1Ki 14:22; 2Ki 24:19, 2Ki 24:20; 2Ch 36:12, 2Ch 36:13; Eze 17:16-20, Eze 21:25 according : Jer 26:21-23, Jer 36:21-23, Jer 36:29-31

TSK: Jer 52:3 - through // Zedekiah through : 2Sa 24:1; 1Ki 10:9; Pro 28:2; Ecc 10:16; Isa 3:4, Isa 3:5, Isa 19:4 Zedekiah : 2Ch 36:13; Eze 17:15-21

TSK: Jer 52:4 - the ninth year // in the tenth month // pitched am 3414, bc 590 the ninth year : Jer 39:1; 2Kings 25:1-27; Eze 24:1, Eze 24:2 in the tenth month : Zec 8:19 pitched : Jer 52:7, Jer 6:3-6, Jer 32:24; ...

am 3414, bc 590

the ninth year : Jer 39:1; 2Kings 25:1-27; Eze 24:1, Eze 24:2

in the tenth month : Zec 8:19

pitched : Jer 52:7, Jer 6:3-6, Jer 32:24; Lev 26:25; Deu 28:52-57; Isa 29:3, Isa 42:24, Isa 42:25; Eze 4:1-7, Eze 21:22; Luk 19:43, Luk 21:20

TSK: Jer 52:6 - the fourth // the famine am 3416, bc 588 the fourth : Jer 39:2; 2Ki 25:3; Zec 8:19 the famine : Jer 15:2, Jer 19:9, Jer 21:9, Jer 25:10, Jer 38:9; Lev 26:26; Deu 28:52, Deu 28...

TSK: Jer 52:7 - the city // all the men the city : Jer 34:2, Jer 34:3; 2Ki 25:4 all the men : Jer 39:4-7, Jer 49:26, Jer 51:32; Lev 26:17, Lev 26:36; Deu 28:25, Deu 32:30; Jos 7:8-12

TSK: Jer 52:8 - -- Jer 21:7, Jer 32:4, Jer 34:21, Jer 37:18, Jer 38:23, Jer 39:5; Isa 30:16, Isa 30:17; Lam 4:19, Lam 4:20; Eze 12:12-14, Eze 17:20,Eze 17:21; Amo 2:14, ...

TSK: Jer 52:9 - they took // Riblah // Hamath they took : Jer 32:4, Jer 32:5; 2Ch 33:11; Eze 21:25-27 Riblah : Jer 39:5; 2Ki 23:33, 2Ki 25:6 Hamath : Num 13:21; Jos 13:5; 1Ki 8:65; 2Ch 8:3

TSK: Jer 52:10 - slew // he slew slew : Jer 22:30, Jer 39:6, Jer 39:7; Gen 21:16, Gen 44:34; Deu 28:34; 2Ki 25:7 he slew : Jer 52:24-27; 2Ki 25:18-21; Eze 9:6, Eze 11:7-11

TSK: Jer 52:11 - put out the eyes of Zedekiah // chains // prison put out the eyes of Zedekiah : Heb. blinded Zedekiah, Jer 34:3-5; Eze 12:13 chains : or, fetters prison : Heb. house of the wards

put out the eyes of Zedekiah : Heb. blinded Zedekiah, Jer 34:3-5; Eze 12:13

chains : or, fetters

prison : Heb. house of the wards

TSK: Jer 52:12 - fifth // the tenth // the nineteenth // captain of the guard // served fifth : 2Ki 25:8; Zec 7:3-5, Zec 8:19 the tenth : It appears from the parallel passage of Kings, that Nebuzar-adan came from Riblah to Jerusalem on th...

fifth : 2Ki 25:8; Zec 7:3-5, Zec 8:19

the tenth : It appears from the parallel passage of Kings, that Nebuzar-adan came from Riblah to Jerusalem on the seventh of the fifth month; but it seems that he did not set fire to the temple and city till the tenth day, being probably occupied on the intervening days in taking the vessels out of the house of the Lord, and collecting together all the riches that could be found. In memory of this calamity, the Jews devote two fasts to this day; the seventeenth of the fourth month, which falls in June, for the destruction of Jerusalem, and the ninth of the fifth month, which falls in July, for the destruction of the temple; both of which are mentioned by Zechariah as kept from this event till his time, a period of seventy years, under the names of the fast of the fourth month, and fast of the fifth month.

the nineteenth : Jer 52:29; 2Ki 24:12, 2Ki 25:8

captain of the guard : or, chief marshal, Heb. chief of the executioners, or slaughtermen, and so, Jer 52:14, Jer 39:9; Gen 37:36 *marg.

served : Heb. stood before

TSK: Jer 52:13 - burned // the king’ s burned : Jer 7:14; 2Ki 25:9; 2Ch 36:19; Psa 74:6-8, Psa 79:1; Isa 64:10,Isa 64:11; Lam 2:7; Eze 7:20-22, Eze 24:21; Mic 3:12; Zec 11:1; Mat 24:2; Act ...

TSK: Jer 52:14 - brake brake : 2Ki 25:10; Neh 1:3

brake : 2Ki 25:10; Neh 1:3

TSK: Jer 52:15 - carried carried : Jer 15:1, Jer 15:2; Zec 14:2

carried : Jer 15:1, Jer 15:2; Zec 14:2

TSK: Jer 52:16 - certain certain : Jer 39:9, Jer 39:10, Jer 40:5-7; 2Ki 25:12; Eze 33:24

TSK: Jer 52:17 - pillars // the bases pillars : Jer 52:21-23, Jer 27:19-22; 1Ki 7:15-22, 1Ki 7:27, 1Ki 7:50; 2Ki 25:13-17; 2Ch 4:12, 2Ch 4:13; 2Ch 36:18; Lam 1:10; Dan 1:2 the bases : 1Ki ...

TSK: Jer 52:18 - caldrons // the shovels // the snuffers // bowls // the spoons caldrons : Exo 27:3, Exo 38:3; 2Ki 25:14-16; Eze 46:20-24 the shovels : or, instruments to remove the ashes, Num 4:14; 1Ki 7:40,1Ki 7:45; 2Ch 4:11, 2C...

TSK: Jer 52:19 - and the candlesticks fire pans, or, censers, Lev 26:12; Num 16:46; Rev 8:3-5 and the candlesticks : Exo 25:31-39; 1Ki 7:49; 2Chr. 4:6-22

fire pans, or, censers, Lev 26:12; Num 16:46; Rev 8:3-5

and the candlesticks : Exo 25:31-39; 1Ki 7:49; 2Chr. 4:6-22

TSK: Jer 52:20 - two // the brass // without two : Jer 52:17 the brass : Heb. their brass without : 1Ki 7:47; 2Ki 25:16; 1Ch 22:14; 2Ch 4:18

two : Jer 52:17

the brass : Heb. their brass

without : 1Ki 7:47; 2Ki 25:16; 1Ch 22:14; 2Ch 4:18

TSK: Jer 52:21 - concerning // fillet concerning : 1Ki 7:15-21; 2Ki 25:17; 2Ch 3:15-17 fillet : Heb. thread

concerning : 1Ki 7:15-21; 2Ki 25:17; 2Ch 3:15-17

fillet : Heb. thread

TSK: Jer 52:22 - with network with network : Exo 28:14-22, Exo 28:25, Exo 39:15-18; 1Ki 7:17; 2Ch 3:15, 2Ch 4:12, 2Ch 4:13

TSK: Jer 52:23 - all the all the : 1Ki 7:20

all the : 1Ki 7:20

TSK: Jer 52:24 - the captain // Seraiah // Zephaniah // door the captain : Jer 52:12, Jer 52:15; 2Ki 25:18 Seraiah : 1Ch 6:14; Ezr 7:1 Zephaniah : Jer 21:1, Jer 29:25, Jer 29:29, Jer 37:3; 2Ki 25:18 door : Heb. ...

the captain : Jer 52:12, Jer 52:15; 2Ki 25:18

Seraiah : 1Ch 6:14; Ezr 7:1

Zephaniah : Jer 21:1, Jer 29:25, Jer 29:29, Jer 37:3; 2Ki 25:18

door : Heb. threshold, Jer 35:4; 1Ch 9:19-26; Psa 84:10 *marg.

TSK: Jer 52:25 - an eunuch // were near the king’ s person // principal scribe of the host an eunuch : 2Ki 25:19 were near the king’ s person : Heb. saw the face of the king, Est 1:14; Mat 18:10 principal scribe of the host : or, scribe...

an eunuch : 2Ki 25:19

were near the king’ s person : Heb. saw the face of the king, Est 1:14; Mat 18:10

principal scribe of the host : or, scribe of the captain of the host

TSK: Jer 52:27 - the king // Riblah // Thus the king : Jer 6:13-15; 2Ki 25:20,2Ki 25:21; Eze 8:11-18, Eze 11:1-11 Riblah : Jer 52:9; Num 34:8-11; 2Sa 8:9 Thus : Jer 24:9, Jer 24:10, Jer 25:9-11,...

TSK: Jer 52:28 - in the am 3404, bc 600 in the : 2Ki 24:2, 2Ki 24:3, 2Ki 24:12-16; Dan 1:1-3

am 3404, bc 600

in the : 2Ki 24:2, 2Ki 24:3, 2Ki 24:12-16; Dan 1:1-3

TSK: Jer 52:29 - the eighteenth // persons am 3415, bc 589 the eighteenth : Jer 52:12, Jer 39:9; 2Ki 25:11; 2Ch 36:20 persons : Heb. souls, Gen 12:5; Exo 1:5

am 3415, bc 589

the eighteenth : Jer 52:12, Jer 39:9; 2Ki 25:11; 2Ch 36:20

persons : Heb. souls, Gen 12:5; Exo 1:5

TSK: Jer 52:30 - carried carried : Jer 52:15, Jer 6:9

carried : Jer 52:15, Jer 6:9

TSK: Jer 52:31 - it came // in the twelfth // king of Babylon // lifted up am 3442, bc 562 it came : 2Ki 25:27-30 in the twelfth : Nearly answering to our 25th of April, am 3442. king of Babylon : Pro 21:1 lifted up : This ph...

am 3442, bc 562

it came : 2Ki 25:27-30

in the twelfth : Nearly answering to our 25th of April, am 3442.

king of Babylon : Pro 21:1

lifted up : This phrase is founded on the observation that those in sorrow hold down their heads; and, when comforted, or the cause of their sorrow removed, they lift up their heads. Gen 40:13, Gen 40:20; Job 22:29; Psa 3:3, Psa 27:6

TSK: Jer 52:32 - kindly unto him // set kindly unto him : Heb. good things with him, Pro 12:25 set : Gave him a more respectable seat than any of the captive princes. Jer 27:6-11; Dan 2:37, ...

kindly unto him : Heb. good things with him, Pro 12:25

set : Gave him a more respectable seat than any of the captive princes. Jer 27:6-11; Dan 2:37, Dan 5:18, Dan 5:19

TSK: Jer 52:33 - changed // he did changed : Presented him with a caftan, or robe, as a mark of favour, as is still the practice in the East. Gen 41:14, Gen 41:42; Psa 30:11; Isa 61:1-3...

changed : Presented him with a caftan, or robe, as a mark of favour, as is still the practice in the East. Gen 41:14, Gen 41:42; Psa 30:11; Isa 61:1-3; Zec 3:4

he did : 2Sa 9:7, 2Sa 9:13; 1Ki 2:7

TSK: Jer 52:34 - there was // every day a portion there was : 2Sa 9:10; Mat 6:11 every day a portion : Heb. the matter of the day in his day, Luk 11:3

there was : 2Sa 9:10; Mat 6:11

every day a portion : Heb. the matter of the day in his day, Luk 11:3

kecilkan semua
Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Kata/Frasa (per Ayat)

Poole: Jer 52:3 - -- It is generally thought that what we have in this chapter was not penned by the prophet Jeremiah, who it is not probable would have so largely repea...

It is generally thought that what we have in this chapter was not penned by the prophet Jeremiah, who it is not probable would have so largely repeated what he had related before, Jer 39 , and could not historically relate what happened after his time, as some things did, which are mentioned towards the end of the chapter, from Jer 52:31 to the end. They therefore rather think it penned by some or other of those in Babylon, and put in here as a preface to the Book of Lamentations. What we have in the three first verses is entirely taken out of 2Ki 24:18-20 . See the notes there.

Here the wicked actions of Zedekiah, and particularly his rebellion against the king of Babylon, who had made him king, as 2Ki 24:17 , and to whom he had given an oath of fealty, is ascribed to the wrath of the Lord ; God not putting any such wickedness into his heart, but suffering him so to miscarry, having a design to send Judah into captivity. Princes are often by God suffered to miscarry for the sins of their people, which should oblige us, when we think we have cause to complain of the errors of our rulers, to consider whether we have not by some sinful courses provoked God, which hath made him leave our rulers so to miscarry in order to our ruin and punishment.

Poole: Jer 52:11 - -- This history is found 2Ki 25:1-7 , much in the same words. See the annotations on that chapter. Jeremiah also hath the substance of it, Jer 39:1-7 ;...

This history is found 2Ki 25:1-7 , much in the same words. See the annotations on that chapter. Jeremiah also hath the substance of it, Jer 39:1-7 ; only neither of those places have the last words, from whence we learn that Zedekiah died in Babylon a prisoner.

Poole: Jer 52:16 - See Poole "2Ki 25:8" See Poole "2Ki 25:8" , See Poole "2Ki 25:9" , See Poole "2Ki 25:10" , See Poole "2Ki 25:11" , See Poole "2Ki 25:12" where all this is related, o...

See Poole "2Ki 25:8" , See Poole "2Ki 25:9" , See Poole "2Ki 25:10" , See Poole "2Ki 25:11" , See Poole "2Ki 25:12" where all this is related, only with a small difference as to the day of the month when Nebuzar-adan came to Jerusalem and burned the temple. In the Kings it is said he came the seventh day, here it is said he came the tenth day. See the solution of it in the annotations on 2Ki 25 . Probably he might come into Jerusalem the seventh day, and not burn the temple till the tenth. Much of it also is related by Jer 39 . The provost-marshal, about a month after the taking of the city, returned with a part of the army, burned the temple, the great men’ s houses in the city, and many other houses, and carried away divers prisoners, but left some of the poorer sort of the people to dress the vineyards and till the grounds, which is a thing very usual with conquerors, for their own advantage, that their conquests may yield them some revenue.

Poole: Jer 52:17 - -- The particular enumeration of the parts and utensils of the temple, mentioned in this and in the following verses, may be conceived to have been to ...

The particular enumeration of the parts and utensils of the temple, mentioned in this and in the following verses, may be conceived to have been to justify the prophecy of Jeremiah, Jer 27:19 , where there is a particular mention made of the pillars, the bases, and the sea, that they should all, with the residue of the vessels of the temple, be carried into Babylon. Of these pillars we read 1Ki 7:15 ; they were of brass, eighteen cubits high, they were in the porch of the temple, Jer 52:21 : of the bases we read there also largely, 1Ki 7:27-37 ; they also were all of brass: and of the sea, Jer 52:23-26 . These being all made of brass, were, for conveniency of carriage, broken by the Chaldeans.

Poole: Jer 52:18 - The caldrons also // And the shovels // The snuffers // The spoons The caldrons also: these were called pots, 2Ki 25:14 . And the shovels which were to remove the ashes from the altar. The snuffers: some think th...

The caldrons also: these were called pots, 2Ki 25:14 .

And the shovels which were to remove the ashes from the altar.

The snuffers: some think that this word in this place were better translated tongs , because he is speaking of instruments of brass; and that those utensils are not here understood with which they snuffed the lamps, because they were of gold. The bowls , or basons; it is uncertain which is here intended, there being in the temple both bowls to drink in, and also basens to receive the blood of the sacrifices.

The spoons the word is such as may signify ladles, or cups, or dishes.

Poole: Jer 52:19 - -- Some of these utensils were only of brass; others were some of them brass, some of silver, some of gold: the captain of the guard carried away all, ...

Some of these utensils were only of brass; others were some of them brass, some of silver, some of gold: the captain of the guard carried away all, both those of silver, and those of gold, and those of brass.

Poole: Jer 52:20 - -- Solomon made two pillars, 1Ki 7:15 , which, Jer 52:21 , he called Jachin and Boaz ; Jer 52:23 , a molten sea, ten cubits broad; this, Jer 52:25 , s...

Solomon made two pillars, 1Ki 7:15 , which, Jer 52:21 , he called Jachin and Boaz ; Jer 52:23 , a molten sea, ten cubits broad; this, Jer 52:25 , stood upon twelve oxen, and had ten bases, Jer 52:27 : the making of all these took up a vast quantity of brass, as any one will easily judge, who, 1Ki 7:27 , readeth the dimensions of these things.

Poole: Jer 52:21 - -- This agreeth with 1Ki 7:15 , where what is called here a fillet is called a thread; concerning the height of the pillars, we read the same 2Ki 25:17...

This agreeth with 1Ki 7:15 , where what is called here a fillet is called a thread; concerning the height of the pillars, we read the same 2Ki 25:17 2Ch 3:15 .

Poole: Jer 52:23 - -- There are some differences as to the measure of these chapiters betwixt 2Ki 25:17 and this text; here the height of them is made to be five cubits,...

There are some differences as to the measure of these chapiters betwixt 2Ki 25:17 and this text; here the height of them is made to be five cubits, there it is said to be three cubits: that which is said to resolve this difficulty is, that there were three parts in the chapiter, the square, the belly, and the crown, and that this text gives an account of the whole; but that text, 2Ki 25:17 , gives an account only of the belly and the crown, which were no more than three cubits. The like difference there is betwixt this text and 1Ki 7:20 , and 2Ch 4:13 , about the number of the pomegranates. In the Book of Kings it is said the pomegranates were in number two hundred ; 2Ch 4:13 , they are said to have been four hundred. The meaning is, there were a hundred in a row, in the two rows two hundred, in the four rows (two upon each pillar) four hundred. Some other difference also there is about the particular number of pomegranates on a side, which are here said to be but ninety-six, which make on the two sides but one hundred and ninety-two, on the four sides but three hundred and eighty-four, and comes up neither to the two hundred mentioned in the Book of Kings, nor to the number of four hundred mentioned in the Book of Chronicles. See the English Annotations, where the learned author hath observed that in the Hebrew, what we translate of a side, is word for word windward , that is, toward the four winds, so as the table was square , and there were twenty-four on each side, which made ninety-six in all, to which four being added. one at each corner, this made a hundred. But these are niceties, a satisfaction in which is of no great concernment to us, unless to satisfy such as would make use of these little things to question the authority of the Scriptures because of these seeming contradictions, of how little concernment soever they be as to our faith and holiness.

Poole: Jer 52:24 - See Poole "2Ki 25:18" See Poole "2Ki 25:18" , where we have the same words. This Seraiah was not he mentioned Jer 51:59 , but the son of Azariah, 1Ch 6:14 . By the second...

See Poole "2Ki 25:18" , where we have the same words. This Seraiah was not he mentioned Jer 51:59 , but the son of Azariah, 1Ch 6:14 . By the

second priest interpreters understand him that supplied the place of the high priest in case he were sick, &c., he that was sent by Zedekiah to the prophet, Jer 21:1 , and whom Jeremiah chose by his letters, Jer 29:25 , for not setting Jeremiah in the stocks. It is probable there were more keepers of the door, but the captain of the guard took only three of the principal.

Poole: Jer 52:25 - -- See 2Ki 25:19 ; only there is mention out of five men , here there is mention of seven, but probably two of them were of less note.

See 2Ki 25:19 ; only there is mention out of five men , here there is mention of seven, but probably two of them were of less note.

Poole: Jer 52:27 - -- See 2Ki 25:20,21 .

See 2Ki 25:20,21 .

Poole: Jer 52:28 - -- That is, in the time of Jehoiachin, 2Ki 24:12-14 ; here it is said to be in the seventh year, there in the eighth year, it might be in part of both....

That is, in the time of Jehoiachin, 2Ki 24:12-14 ; here it is said to be in the seventh year, there in the eighth year, it might be in part of both. But there is a difference in the number of the captives, which are here said to be three thousand and twenty-three, and 2Ki 24:14,16 , seven thousand, or eight. It is thought by some that the number here mentioned were such as properly belonged to Judah, and the number mentioned 2Ki 24 , were the number of the captives of Judah and Benjamin. See the English Annotations.

Poole: Jer 52:29 - -- That was the year when the city was broken up.

That was the year when the city was broken up.

Poole: Jer 52:30 - -- Of this we read nothing in holy writ; some judge it to have been upon occasion of Ishmael’ s killing Gedaliah, but this was four years after th...

Of this we read nothing in holy writ; some judge it to have been upon occasion of Ishmael’ s killing Gedaliah, but this was four years after the taking of the city, and we are not certain what at this time brought again the Chaldean forces.

Poole: Jer 52:31 - lifted up the head Jehoiachin began his reign at eighteen years of age, 2Ki 24:8 , and reigned but three months, but that he yielded himself to the king of Babylon bes...

Jehoiachin began his reign at eighteen years of age, 2Ki 24:8 , and reigned but three months, but that he yielded himself to the king of Babylon besieging him, Jer 52:12 , in the eighth year of the king of Babylon’ s reign. He was a prisoner in Babylon, (as appeareth by this text,) in which circumstances he continued (as appears from this text) about thirty years; which was during the whole reign of Nebuchadrezzar, sometimes called Nebuchadnezzar, sometimes Nebuchodonosor. Evil-merodach was son to this Nebuchadrezzar, who, in the twelfth month of that year, the twenty-fifth day of the month , (saith this text, but, 2Ki 25:27 , it is the twenty-seventh day ; but that difference may easily be reconciled: the penman of this part of holy writ might count precisely from the day of his father’ s death, and the penman of the Book of Kings from the time of the coronation of Evil-merodach, or when he openly showed himself as king; or the one might reckon from the day that Evil-merodach decreed the thing, the other from the day when he put it in execution,)

lifted up the head which signifies in Scripture the altering of one’ s estate that is in misery, Gen 40:20 , which is all that is here meant, for his bringing him out of prison is mentioned in the next words. The reason of this favour is variously guessed at. The reverend author of our English Annotations fancieth that Evil-merodach might be much of the same age with him, and that Jehoiachin got into the acquaintance of this Evil-merodach during his thirty years’ captivity, who considering his long imprisonment, and that now there was no danger of his heading the Jews, (whose city had now been destroyed twenty-five years and upward,) this prince out of his humanity might show him this favour; nor are such things unusual in nations upon their changes of princes and counsellors.

Poole: Jer 52:32 - -- The king of Babylon might have other kings his prisoners, his father having been so great a conqueror, or he might have other kings his subjects, th...

The king of Babylon might have other kings his prisoners, his father having been so great a conqueror, or he might have other kings his subjects, that might reside at his court; and either out of a particular kindness he had to Jehoiachin, or in regard of the fame of David and Solomon, from whom Jehoiachin lineally descended, he might do him this honour.

Poole: Jer 52:34 - -- He treated him like a prince, with a respect becoming his former state, took care both for his habit and diet: for his habit, that it should be dece...

He treated him like a prince, with a respect becoming his former state, took care both for his habit and diet: for his habit, that it should be decent, such as became a person of his quality, though a captive: for his diet, that he should have it in his court, thereby learning others that humanity which becometh all men to treat others with that are fallen under their power; that decency which becometh them as men, and as men whose circumstances have been better; doing to others as we would they should do unto us. Thus Jehoiachin’ s lot was different from that of his father Jehoiakim, whose body was cast out, as we heard before; as also from that of his uncle Zedekiah, who did not only die in Babylon, but died a prisoner; his nephew Jehoiachin died there, and a captive, but not in durance.

Thee four last verses are found also 2Ki 25:27-30 ; and being found here in a narrative form , related as a piece of history relating a thing done not in a prophetical style, are an argument (as was said before) that this whole chapter is no part of the prophecy of Jeremiah, and probably not wrote by him; for he beginning his prophecy in the thirteenth year of Josiah, who reigned thirty-one years, and continuing it three months during the reign of Jehoahaz, and eleven years during the reign of Jehoiakim, and three months during the reign of Jehoiachin, (or Jeconiah,) and eleven years during the reign of Zedekiah, and Jehoiachin outliving the reign of Zedekiah twenty-five years, it must needs be sixty-five years and a half after the word of the Lord first came to Jeremiah before the death of Jehoiachin; so as the prophet, if he lived to that time, must be near a hundred years old, which is not probable.

Here now endeth the history of the kingdom of Judah. I shall only note the severe judgment of God upon this people, whose kingdom was made up of the two tribes of Judah and Benjamin, and half the tribe of Manasseh. In the numbering of the persons belonging to these two tribes, Nu 1 , (counting half of the number of the tribe of Manasseh,) we find one hundred twenty-six thousand one hundred . Nu 26 , we find of them one hundred forty-eight thousand four hundred and fifty . Here, Jer 52:30 , we find no more of them carried into captivity than four thousand and six hundred. From whence we may judge what a multitude of them were slain by the sword, or killed by the famine and the pestilence, though we make a great allowance for such as were left in the land to dress vineyards and to till the ground. It is a dreadful thing to fall into the hands of the living God, to mock his messengers, despise his words, and misuse his prophets, till there be no remedy , as this people did, 2Ch 36:16 .

Haydock: Jer 52:1 - Sedecias Sedecias. This is purely historical, taken from 4 Kings xxiv. 18., &c. Many doubt with reason the Jeremias inserted it, as he could not well be ali...

Sedecias. This is purely historical, taken from 4 Kings xxiv. 18., &c. Many doubt with reason the Jeremias inserted it, as he could not well be alive at the time when Joakim was honoured, ver. 31. If he had written both this and the Book of Kings, the variations which we here discover would not be seen. It seems, therefore, that Esdras or some other has inserted it, to explain the fall of Jerusalem and the lamentations; as a similar addition has been made to Isaias, chap. xxxvi., &c. See Grotius. (Calmet) ---

The history occurs more at large, Paralipomenon ultra.[last chapter?] (Worthington)

Haydock: Jer 52:3 - Revolted Revolted, breaking his oath, which greatly offended God.

Revolted, breaking his oath, which greatly offended God.

Haydock: Jer 52:12 - Tenth Tenth: 4 Kings seventh, on which day Nabuzardan set out from Reblatha, according to some. But it was above sixty leagues, or hours journey, distan...

Tenth: 4 Kings seventh, on which day Nabuzardan set out from Reblatha, according to some. But it was above sixty leagues, or hours journey, distant. (Calmet) ---

He entered the city on the 7th, and put his orders in execution on the 10th. (Usher) ---

Nothing of the king's imprisonment, or of the city poor occurs, 4 Kings.

Haydock: Jer 52:15 - Poor Poor. He took those of the city, and left the poor of the country, ver. 16. (Calmet) --- Alexandrian Septuagint omits this verse, which Grabe inse...

Poor. He took those of the city, and left the poor of the country, ver. 16. (Calmet) ---

Alexandrian Septuagint omits this verse, which Grabe inserts: 16. "And the rest of the people, the chief cook or general, left for," &c. (Haydock)

Haydock: Jer 52:20 - Under Under the sea the bases, (Haydock) or bowls, which, &c.

Under the sea the bases, (Haydock) or bowls, which, &c.

Haydock: Jer 52:23 - Hundred Hundred; four next the wall were not seen, or were fixed to the chaptrels.

Hundred; four next the wall were not seen, or were fixed to the chaptrels.

Haydock: Jer 52:24 - Second Second in dignity to the high priest, a chief officer of the temple.

Second in dignity to the high priest, a chief officer of the temple.

Haydock: Jer 52:25 - Seven // A scribe Seven: 4 Kings has five. But this seems more correct, as seven were commonly employed, Esther i. 10., and Tobias xii. 15. (Calmet) --- Two migh...

Seven: 4 Kings has five. But this seems more correct, as seven were commonly employed, Esther i. 10., and Tobias xii. 15. (Calmet) ---

Two might be taken later. (Haydock) ---

A scribe. St. Jerome has Sopher, (4 Kings) as if it were a proper name, and not an office.

Haydock: Jer 52:28 - Seventh year Seventh year of Nabuchodonosor, and last of Joakim, 4 Kings. Roman Septuagint omits this and the next verse, which are found in Theodoret and the Co...

Seventh year of Nabuchodonosor, and last of Joakim, 4 Kings. Roman Septuagint omits this and the next verse, which are found in Theodoret and the Complutensian edition. (Calmet) ---

Grabe supplies all from, And Juda, ver 27, to 31. (Haydock) ---

Zuinglius observes that the Septuagint have not a fragment of it, and that it has been added by some one to hide the ignominy of the Jews. It is interpolated in the Arabic of the Lond. Polyglot, and seems contrary to the true history, 4 Kings xxiv. 14. (Kennicott, Diss. 2.)

Haydock: Jer 52:31 - Joachin // Five Joachin. He had been thrown into prison when 18 years old, and continued there 37 years. It is not probable that Jeremias wrote this. Evilmerodach...

Joachin. He had been thrown into prison when 18 years old, and continued there 37 years. It is not probable that Jeremias wrote this. Evilmerodach had also been the same in prison. ---

Five: 4 Kings has seven. Probably Nabuchodonosor died on the 25th, and his son then resolved to liberate Joachin; which he did on the 27th.

Haydock: Jer 52:32 - Kings Kings, who had been conquered, and kept at court for parade. (Calmet)

Kings, who had been conquered, and kept at court for parade. (Calmet)

Gill: Jer 52:1 - Zedekiah was one and twenty years old when he began to reign // and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem // and his mother's name was Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah Zedekiah was one and twenty years old when he began to reign,.... Whose name was Mattaniah; and who was set on the throne by the king of Babylon, in ...

Zedekiah was one and twenty years old when he began to reign,.... Whose name was Mattaniah; and who was set on the throne by the king of Babylon, in the room of his brother's son Jehoiachin, 2Ki 24:17;

and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem; so that he was thirty two years of age when he was taken and carried captive into Babylon:

and his mother's name was Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah; see 2Ki 24:18.

Gill: Jer 52:2 - And he did that which was evil in the eyes of the Lord // according to all that Jehoiakim had done And he did that which was evil in the eyes of the Lord,.... Though we do not read of any idolatry he was guilty of; yet he was disobedient to the wor...

And he did that which was evil in the eyes of the Lord,.... Though we do not read of any idolatry he was guilty of; yet he was disobedient to the word of the Lord, and did not humble himself before Jeremiah the prophet of the Lord, that spoke in his name; and particularly he rebelled against the king of Babylon, and violated the oath he made to him, 2Ch 36:12;

according to all that Jehoiakim had done; an elder brother of his, who reigned after Josiah, and before Jehoiachin.

Gill: Jer 52:3 - For through the anger of the Lord it came to pass in Jerusalem and Judah // till he had cast them out from his presence // that Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon For through the anger of the Lord it came to pass in Jerusalem and Judah,.... Or, "besides the anger of the Lord that was in", or "against Jerusalem ...

For through the anger of the Lord it came to pass in Jerusalem and Judah,.... Or, "besides the anger of the Lord that was in", or "against Jerusalem and Judah" n; for their many sins and transgressions committed against him:

till he had cast them out from his presence; out of the land of Judea; out of Jerusalem, and the temple, where were the symbols of his presence; so the Targum,

"till he removed them from the land of the house of his Shechinah;''

or majesty:

that Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon: acted a very perfidious part, and broke a solemn covenant made with him by an oath, which was highly displeasing to God, and resented by him; the oath being made in his name, and by one that professed to worship him: this was an additional sin to those of the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem, which provoked the Lord to anger. According to our version the sense is, that because of the anger of the Lord for the sins of the Jews, God suffered Zedekiah to rebel against the king of Babylon, that so he might be provoked to come against them, and take vengeance on them; or for his former sins he suffered him to fall into this, to his own and his people's ruin.

Gill: Jer 52:4 - And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign // in the tenth month, in the tenth day of the month // that Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon came, he, and all his army // against Jerusalem // and pitched against it // and built forts against it round about And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign,.... Of Zedekiah's reign: in the tenth month, in the tenth day of the month; the month Tebet, w...

And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign,.... Of Zedekiah's reign:

in the tenth month, in the tenth day of the month; the month Tebet, which answers to part of December and part of January; hence the fast of the tenth month, on account of the siege of Jerusalem, Zec 8:19;

that Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon came, he, and all his army,

against Jerusalem; from whence it appears that he came in person with his army at first to Jerusalem; but, during the siege, or some part of it, retired to Riblah; perhaps upon the news of the king of Egypt's coming to the assistance of the Jews:

and pitched against it; or encamped against it:

and built forts against it round about; wooden towers, as Jarchi and Kimchi explain it; from whence they could shoot their arrows and cast their stones.

Gill: Jer 52:5 - So the city was besieged unto the eleventh year of King Zedekiah. So the city was besieged unto the eleventh year of King Zedekiah. The siege continued about eighteen months; from the tenth day of the tenth month, in...

So the city was besieged unto the eleventh year of King Zedekiah. The siege continued about eighteen months; from the tenth day of the tenth month, in the ninth of Zedekiah's reign, to the ninth day of the fourth month, in the eleventh year of his reign; as follows:

Gill: Jer 52:6 - And in the fourth month, in the ninth day of the month // the famine was sore in the city, so that there was no bread for the people of the land And in the fourth month, in the ninth day of the month,.... The month Tammuz o, which answers to part of June and part of July; hence the fast of the...

And in the fourth month, in the ninth day of the month,.... The month Tammuz o, which answers to part of June and part of July; hence the fast of the fourth month, for the taking of the city, Zec 8:19;

the famine was sore in the city, so that there was no bread for the people of the land; for the common people; though there might be some in the king's palace, and in the houses of princes and noblemen, and officers of the army; yet none for the soldiers, and the meaner sort of people; who therefore were disheartened and enfeebled, that they could not defend the city, or hold out any longer: the famine had been before this time, but was now increased to a prodigious degree, so that the people had no bread to eat; see Jer 38:9.

Gill: Jer 52:7 - Then the city was broken up // and all the men of war fled // and went forth out of the city by night // by the way of the gate between the two walls, which was by the king's garden // now the Chaldeans were by the city round about // and they went by the way of the plain Then the city was broken up,.... Either its gates were broke open, some one or other of them; or a breach was made in the walls of it, through which t...

Then the city was broken up,.... Either its gates were broke open, some one or other of them; or a breach was made in the walls of it, through which the Chaldean army entered:

and all the men of war fled; the soldiers, with their officers, not being able to stand before the army of the king of Babylon:

and went forth out of the city by night; at which time, very probably, the attack was made, and the gates of the city forced open, or the walls broke down; Josephus p says it was taken in the middle of the night:

by the way of the gate between the two walls, which was by the king's garden; See Gill on Jer 39:4;

now the Chaldeans were by the city round about; as part of their army entered into it, the other part surrounded it; or, however, were placed at the gates and avenues all around, that none might escape:

and they went by the way of the plain; that is, the men of war or soldiers that fled, together with King Zedekiah, his family and princes; see Jer 39:4.

Gill: Jer 52:8 - But the army of the Chaldeans pursued after the king // and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho // and all his army was scattered from him But the army of the Chaldeans pursued after the king,.... Not finding him in his palace, and being informed of his flight, and which way he took: a...

But the army of the Chaldeans pursued after the king,.... Not finding him in his palace, and being informed of his flight, and which way he took:

and overtook Zedekiah in the plains of Jericho: See Gill on Jer 39:5;

and all his army was scattered from him; when they saw the enemy pursuing them, and near unto them, they left him, as Josephus q says, and shifted for themselves.

Gill: Jer 52:9 - Then they took the king // and carried him up unto the king of Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath // where he gave judgment upon him Then they took the king,.... King Zedekiah, being left alone, excepting some few with him: and carried him up unto the king of Babylon to Riblah in...

Then they took the king,.... King Zedekiah, being left alone, excepting some few with him:

and carried him up unto the king of Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath; which is supposed to be Antioch in Syria:

where he gave judgment upon him; or "spake with him judgments" r: chided and reproached him for his perfidy and ingratitude; expostulated and reasoned with him upon this subject, exposing his iniquity; and then passed sentence upon him, which was after executed; See Gill on Jer 39:5.

Gill: Jer 52:10 - And the king of Babylon slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes // he slew also all the princes of Judah in Riblah And the king of Babylon slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes,.... Or, however, ordered them to be slain; See Gill on Jer 39:6; he slew also al...

And the king of Babylon slew the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes,.... Or, however, ordered them to be slain; See Gill on Jer 39:6;

he slew also all the princes of Judah in Riblah; who, together with the king's sons, were taken with him; or, however, were taken in Jerusalem, and brought to Riblah; which of them is not certain, very probably the former.

Gill: Jer 52:11 - Then he put out the eyes of Zedekiah // and the king of Babylon bound him in chains, and carried him to Babylon // and put him in prison till the day of his death Then he put out the eyes of Zedekiah,.... After he had seen his children and princes executed, which must be very terrible to him; See Gill on Jer 39:...

Then he put out the eyes of Zedekiah,.... After he had seen his children and princes executed, which must be very terrible to him; See Gill on Jer 39:7;

and the king of Babylon bound him in chains, and carried him to Babylon; in Jer 39:7; it is said, he bound him, "to carry him" there; here it is affirmed he did carry him thither: and it is added,

and put him in prison till the day of his death; from this place only we learn that King Zedekiah was put into a prison, and died a prisoner.

Gill: Jer 52:12 - Now in the fifth month, in the tenth day of the month // which was the nineteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon // came Nebuzaradan captain of the guard, which served the king of Babylon, into Jerusalem Now in the fifth month, in the tenth day of the month,.... Hence the fast of the fifth month, for the burning of the city, which was the month Ab, an...

Now in the fifth month, in the tenth day of the month,.... Hence the fast of the fifth month, for the burning of the city, which was the month Ab, and answers to part of July and part of August, Zec 8:19;

which was the nineteenth year of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon; that is, the nineteenth year of his reign; who reigned in all forty three years, according to Ptolemy's canon:

came Nebuzaradan captain of the guard, which served the king of Babylon, into Jerusalem; or "stood before the king of Babylon" s; ministered to him, was a servant of his, the provost marshal, or chief marshal; he was sent, and came from Riblah to Jerusalem, with a commission to burn the city. In 2Ki 25:8; it is said to be on the "seventh" day of the fifth month that he came thither; here, on the "tenth" day; which difficulty may be solved, without supposing different copies, or any error: he might set out from Riblah on the seventh day, and come to Jerusalem on the tenth; or he might come thither on the seventh, and not set fire to the city till the tenth; or, if he set fire to it on the seventh, it might be burning to the tenth, before it was wholly consumed. The Jews t account for it thus,

"strangers entered into the temple, and ate in it, and defiled it, the seventh and eighth days; and on the ninth, towards dark, they set fire to it; and it burned and continued all that whole day, as it is said, Jer 6:4;''

R. Johanan was saying, if I had been in that generation, I should have fixed on that day, for the greatest part of the temple was burnt on that day. The authors of the Universal History say u it was on Wednesday the eleventh of the fourth month, answering to our twenty seventh of July; but, according to the express words of the text, the city was broke up on the ninth of the fourth month, and burnt on the tenth day of the fifth month; and which was, according to Bishop Usher w, the twenty seventh of August, on a sabbath day, and in the year of the world 3416, and before Christ 588; and is placed by them in the same years; and by Mr. Whiston x in 589; and by Mr. Bedford y in the year 587. This was a month after the taking of the city.

Gill: Jer 52:13 - And burnt the house of the Lord // and the king's house // and all the houses of Jerusalem // and all the houses of the great men burnt he with fire And burnt the house of the Lord,.... The temple built by Solomon, after it had stood four hundred and seventy years, six months, and ten days, accordi...

And burnt the house of the Lord,.... The temple built by Solomon, after it had stood four hundred and seventy years, six months, and ten days, according to Josephus z: but the Jews say it stood but four hundred ten years a:

and the king's house; the royal palace; probably that which was built by Solomon, 1Ki 7:1;

and all the houses of Jerusalem: of any note or strength:

and all the houses of the great men burnt he with fire; of the princes and nobles in Jerusalem; it is in the singular number, "and every house of the great one"; or "every great house" b; Jarchi interprets it of the synagogue, where prayer was magnified; and others, he says, understood it of the schools, where the law was magnified.

Gill: Jer 52:14 - And all the army of the Chaldeans, that were with the captain of the guard // broke down all the walls of Jerusalem round about And all the army of the Chaldeans, that were with the captain of the guard,.... Which he brought with him from Riblah, or were left at Jerusalem by t...

And all the army of the Chaldeans, that were with the captain of the guard,.... Which he brought with him from Riblah, or were left at Jerusalem by those that pursued after Zedekiah when the city was taken, which the captain of the guard now had the command of:

broke down all the walls of Jerusalem round about: See Gill on Jer 39:8.

Gill: Jer 52:15 - Then Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive certain of the poor of the people // and the residue of the people that remained in the city // and those that fell away, that fell to the king of Babylon // and the rest of the multitude Then Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive certain of the poor of the people,.... That is, of the city, as distinct from the poor...

Then Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive certain of the poor of the people,.... That is, of the city, as distinct from the poor of the land of Judea he left, afterwards observed:

and the residue of the people that remained in the city; that died not by the sword or famine, and fled not with Zedekiah: or "even the residue of the people"; and so are the same with the poor people in the former clause; though Kimchi explains it thus,

"some of the poor of the people he carried captive, and some of them he left:''

and those that fell away, that fell to the king of Babylon; that fell off from the Jews, and surrendered to the king of Babylon during the siege; or that voluntarily came in, and put themselves into the hands of the captain of the guard:

and the rest of the multitude; of the people, both in city and country.

Gill: Jer 52:16 - But Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard left certain of the poor of the land // for vinedressers, and for husbandmen But Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard left certain of the poor of the land,.... Of the land of Judea, who lived in the country, and had not been c...

But Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard left certain of the poor of the land,.... Of the land of Judea, who lived in the country, and had not been concerned in defending the city against the Chaldeans:

for vinedressers, and for husbandmen; to look after the vineyards and fields, and dress and manure them, that the king of Babylon might receive some advantage by the conquest he had made; See Gill on Jer 39:10.

Gill: Jer 52:17 - Also the pillars of brass that were in the house of the Lord // and the bases // and the brasen sea that was in the house of the Lord // the Chaldeans broke, and carried all the brass of them to Babylon Also the pillars of brass that were in the house of the Lord,.... The two pillars in the temple, called Jachin and Boaz, which were made of cast bras...

Also the pillars of brass that were in the house of the Lord,.... The two pillars in the temple, called Jachin and Boaz, which were made of cast brass, 1Ki 7:15;

and the bases; which were in number ten, and which were also made of cast brass, and were all of one measure and size; and on which the ten lavers of brass were set, five on the right side and five on the left side of the house, 1Ki 7:37;

and the brasen sea that was in the house of the Lord; called the molten sea; a sea, because of the large quantity of water it held; and brasen and molten, because made of molten brass, 1Ki 7:23;

the Chaldeans broke, and carried all the brass of them to Babylon: they broke them to pieces, that they might carry them the more easily. This account is given, and which is continued in some following verses, partly to show the accomplishment of the prophecy of Jeremiah, Jer 27:19; and partly to show that what was left in the temple, at the former captivities of Jehoiakim and Jeconiah, were now carried clear off.

Gill: Jer 52:18 - The cauldrons also // and the shovels // and the snuffers // and the bowls // and the spoons // and all the vessels of brass wherewith they ministered // took they away The cauldrons also,.... Or "pots", as it is rendered, 2Ki 25:14; which were made of bright brass, 1Ki 7:45; these were used to boil the flesh of the s...

The cauldrons also,.... Or "pots", as it is rendered, 2Ki 25:14; which were made of bright brass, 1Ki 7:45; these were used to boil the flesh of the sacrifices in:

and the shovels; used to remove the ashes from off the altar of burnt offerings, and were of brass also: the Targum renders them "besoms", whose handles perhaps were of brass:

and the snuffers; the Vulgate Latin translates it "psalteries"; and so Jarchi interprets it of musical instruments; some think "tongs" are meant:

and the bowls; or "basins"; either to drink out of, or to receive the blood of the sacrifice:

and the spoons: ladles, cups, or dishes, vessels used about the sacrifices:

and all the vessels of brass wherewith they ministered; that is, the priests in the temple:

took they away; the Chaldeans took them away.

Gill: Jer 52:19 - And the basins // and the firepans // and the bowls // and the cauldrons // and the candlesticks // and the spoons // and the cups // that which was of gold in gold, and that which was of silver in silver, took the captain of the guard away And the basins,.... Or "bowls"; these are omitted, 2Ki 25:15; they were of gold, 1Ki 7:50; and the firepans; or "censers"; these were those of gold...

And the basins,.... Or "bowls"; these are omitted, 2Ki 25:15; they were of gold, 1Ki 7:50;

and the firepans; or "censers"; these were those of gold, which belonged to the golden altar, 1Ki 7:50;

and the bowls; or "basins"; there were a hundred of them made of gold, 2Ch 4:8;

and the cauldrons; or "pots"; these are not mentioned, 2Ki 25:15; what they should be, that were either of gold or silver, cannot be said:

and the candlesticks; of which there were ten in number, made of pure gold, five on the right side, and five on the left, before the oracle, 1Ki 7:49;

and the spoons; which were also of gold, 1Ki 7:50;

and the cups: the word is rendered "bowls", to cover withal, Exo 25:29; it was some kind of instrument or vessel used about the shewbread table, made of pure gold; according to Jarchi, these were little golden forks, upon which they placed the shewbread, to keep it from moulding; according to the Misna c, there were four of them:

that which was of gold in gold, and that which was of silver in silver, took the captain of the guard away; that is, everything that was of gold or silver he took away; the golden things by themselves, and the silver things by themselves, as some think.

Gill: Jer 52:20 - The two pillars, one sea, and twelve brasen bulls // that were under the bases // which King Solomon had made in the house of the Lord // the brass of all these vessels was without weight The two pillars, one sea, and twelve brasen bulls,.... The two pillars of Jachin and Boaz before mentioned, and the molten or brasen sea, with the twe...

The two pillars, one sea, and twelve brasen bulls,.... The two pillars of Jachin and Boaz before mentioned, and the molten or brasen sea, with the twelve bulls or oxen the sea stood upon, 1Ki 7:25;

that were under the bases; or "by the bases", as Jarchi; or rather, "that were instead of bases" d; for the twelve oxen were the bases on which the molten sea stood:

which King Solomon had made in the house of the Lord; this is mentioned to show that these were the selfsame pillars, sea, and oxen, and other vessels, that Solomon made, that were now carried away; for though Ahaz took down the sea from off the brasen oxen, and put it on a pavement of stones, yet it seems not to have been destroyed; and might be restored to its proper place by Hezekiah, or some other prince;

the brass of all these vessels was without weight; there was no weight sufficient to weigh them; the weight of them could not very well be told; they were so heavy, that in Solomon's time the weight of them was not taken, when they were placed in the temple, so neither when they were taken away, 1Ki 7:47.

Gill: Jer 52:21 - And concerning the pillars, the height of one pillar was eighteen cubits // and a fillet of twelve cubits did compass it // and the thickness thereof was four fingers // it was hollow And concerning the pillars, the height of one pillar was eighteen cubits,.... As in 1Ki 7:15; said to be thirty five, 2Ch 3:15; of the reconciliatio...

And concerning the pillars, the height of one pillar was eighteen cubits,.... As in 1Ki 7:15; said to be thirty five, 2Ch 3:15; of the reconciliation of which; see Gill on 2Ch 3:15,

and a fillet of twelve cubits did compass it; a thread or line of that measure encompassed each of the pillars, 1Ki 7:15;

and the thickness thereof was four fingers; either of the pillar, or the fillet about it; that is, the brass of it was four fingers thick:

it was hollow; that is, the pillar was hollow.

Gill: Jer 52:22 - And a chapiter of brass was upon it // and the height of one chapiter was five cubits // with network and pomegranates upon the chapiters round about, all of brass // the second pillar also, and the pomegranates, were like unto these And a chapiter of brass was upon it,.... Or a coronet of brass, of molten brass, was set upon the top of the pillar: and the height of one chapite...

And a chapiter of brass was upon it,.... Or a coronet of brass, of molten brass, was set upon the top of the pillar:

and the height of one chapiter was five cubits; as in 1Ki 7:16; but in 2Ki 25:17; the height is said to be but three cubits; which is reconciled by the Jewish Rabbins thus, the three superior cubits of it were with ornaments, the two inferior without any; the whole together was five cubits; but, as ornamented, only three:

with network and pomegranates upon the chapiters round about, all of brass; the nets were of chequer work, and wreaths of chain work, and there were seven of them to each chapiter, 1Ki 7:17;

the second pillar also, and the pomegranates, were like unto these; one pillar was exactly like the other, and the ornaments of it the same.

Gill: Jer 52:23 - And there were ninety and six pomegranates on a side // and all the pomegranates upon the network were an hundred round about And there were ninety and six pomegranates on a side,.... Or, "to the wind" e; to the four winds; towards every corner or wind twenty four, which make...

And there were ninety and six pomegranates on a side,.... Or, "to the wind" e; to the four winds; towards every corner or wind twenty four, which make up ninety six:

and all the pomegranates upon the network were an hundred round about; four, standing upon the four angles, made the ninety six a hundred; in 1Ki 7:20; they are said to be two hundred; and in 2Ch 4:13; are said to be four hundred upon the two wreaths; which may be accounted for thus, there were two rows of them on each pillar, in every row were a hundred, which made two hundred in one pillar, and four hundred in both. These were the things in the temple carried away in the last captivity.

Gill: Jer 52:24 - And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest // and Zephaniah the second priest // and the three keepers of the door And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest,.... That is, out of the temple, where he was ministering, or fled for safety; this is supp...

And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest,.... That is, out of the temple, where he was ministering, or fled for safety; this is supposed to be the father of Ezra, 1Ch 6:14;

and Zephaniah the second priest: or deputy priest: the "sagan" of the priests, as the Targum calls him, who was deputed to minister for the high priest, in case anything happened which hindered him from officiating; such an one there always was in later times on the day of atonement, as appears from the Misna f; this man is thought to be the same with Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah the priest, Jer 21:1;

and the three keepers of the door; that is, of the temple. The Targum calls them three "amarcalin"; who had, as Jarchi says, the keys of the court committed to them. The number seems better to agree with the "gizbarim" or treasurers; of whom, it is said, they never appoint less than three treasurers, and seven "amarcalin" g.

Gill: Jer 52:25 - He took also out of the city an eunuch, which had the charge of the men of war // and seven men of them which were near the king's person which were found in the city // and the principal scribe of the host, who mustered the people of the land // and threescore men of the people of the land, that were found in the midst of the city He took also out of the city an eunuch, which had the charge of the men of war,.... The master-master-general of the army: and seven men of them wh...

He took also out of the city an eunuch, which had the charge of the men of war,.... The master-master-general of the army:

and seven men of them which were near the king's person which were found in the city; or, "saw the face of the king": or rather, "made to see his face" h; these were ministers of state, who were always at court, and assisted in councils of state, and introduced persons into the king's presence; in 2Ki 25:19; they are said to be but "five"; but Josephus i has seven, as here; perhaps two of them were of less note, and so not reckoned, as Jarchi observes: some will have it, that the two scribes of the judges are left out; but others, more probably, Jeremiah and Baruch, who were first taken, and afterwards dismissed:

and the principal scribe of the host, who mustered the people of the land; or the scribe of the prince of the army, as the Targum; the general's secretary:

and threescore men of the people of the land, that were found in the midst of the city: persons of prime note, who, upon the invasion, betook themselves from the country to the city of Jerusalem with their effects, and to defend it. Josephus k calls them rulers or governors.

Gill: Jer 52:26 - So Nebuzaradan captain of the guard took them // and brought them to the king of Babylon to Riblah So Nebuzaradan captain of the guard took them,.... In the city, and made them captives: and brought them to the king of Babylon to Riblah; to knew ...

So Nebuzaradan captain of the guard took them,.... In the city, and made them captives:

and brought them to the king of Babylon to Riblah; to knew his mind concerning them; how they should be disposed of; and for him to pass sentence on them: as he had done on the king of Judah, his sons, and his princes, in the same place.

Gill: Jer 52:27 - And the king of Babylon smote them // and put them to death in Riblah in the land of Hamath // thus Judah was carried away captive out of his own land And the king of Babylon smote them,.... Or ordered them to be smitten with the sword; to have their heads cut off, according to Josephus l: and put...

And the king of Babylon smote them,.... Or ordered them to be smitten with the sword; to have their heads cut off, according to Josephus l:

and put them to death in Riblah in the land of Hamath; these being such, no doubt, who obstinately defended the city, and persuaded the prince and people not to surrender the city into the hand of the Chaldeans; and therefore were put to death in cold blood:

thus Judah was carried away captive out of his own land: at different times, of which this was the completion; and of which a particular account is given, even of the number of the captives at these several times, in Jer 52:28.

Gill: Jer 52:28 - This is the people whom Nebuchadnezzar carried away captive in the seventh year // three thousand Jews, and three and twenty This is the people whom Nebuchadnezzar carried away captive in the seventh year,.... That is, of his reign: in 2Ki 24:12; it is said to be in the eig...

This is the people whom Nebuchadnezzar carried away captive in the seventh year,.... That is, of his reign: in 2Ki 24:12; it is said to be in the eighth year of his reign; it being at the latter end of the seventh, and the beginning of the eighth, as Kimchi observes; this was the captivity of Jeconiah: the number of the captives then were

three thousand Jews, and three and twenty; but in 2Ki 24:14; they are said to be ten thousand; which may be reconciled thus, there were three thousand twenty and three of the tribe of Judah, here called Jews; and the rest were of the tribe of Benjamin, and of the ten tribes that were mixed among them; see 2Ki 24:16.

Gill: Jer 52:29 - In the eighteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar // he carried away captive from Jerusalem, eight hundred thirty and two persons In the eighteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar,.... Said to be the nineteenth, Jer 52:12; it was at the end of the eighteenth, and the beginning of the nine...

In the eighteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar,.... Said to be the nineteenth, Jer 52:12; it was at the end of the eighteenth, and the beginning of the nineteenth, as Kimchi; or this was before the taking of the city, when he raised the siege, and departed to meet the king of Egypt, at which time he might carry captive many, as here said:

he carried away captive from Jerusalem, eight hundred thirty and two persons; which is more likely to be then done than at the taking of the city; when it is very probable a greater number was carried captive, which are not here taken notice of.

Gill: Jer 52:30 - In the three and twentieth year of Nebuchadnezzar // Nebuzaradan captain of the guard carried away captive of the Jews seven hundred forty and five persons // all the persons were four thousand and six hundred In the three and twentieth year of Nebuchadnezzar,.... In this year of his reign, the Jews say m, Tyre was delivered into his hands; and he carried of...

In the three and twentieth year of Nebuchadnezzar,.... In this year of his reign, the Jews say m, Tyre was delivered into his hands; and he carried off the Jews in Moab, Ammon, and the neighbouring nations, to the number after mentioned; though some think these were the poor people of the land he took from thence, after the murder of Gedaliah, and in revenge of that:

Nebuzaradan captain of the guard carried away captive of the Jews seven hundred forty and five persons; all which being put together make the following sum:

all the persons were four thousand and six hundred; this is the sum total of the three mentioned captivities.

Gill: Jer 52:31 - And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah // in the twelfth month, in the five and twentieth day of the month // that Evilmerodach king of Babylon, in the first year of his reign // lifted up the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah, and brought him forth out of prison And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah,.... He was eighteen years of age when he was carried...

And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah,.... He was eighteen years of age when he was carried captive; so that he must be now fifty five years old; see 2Ki 24:8;

in the twelfth month, in the five and twentieth day of the month; in the month Adar, which answers to part of February, and part of March: in 2Ki 25:27; the favour shown by the king of Babylon to Jeconiah, after related, is said to be in the twenty seventh day of the month; it might have been determined and notified on the twenty fifth, but not executed till the twenty seventh; or it might be begun to be put in execution on the twenty fifth, and not finished till the twenty seventh, The Jews, in their chronicle, say n that Nebuchadnezzar died on the twenty fifth, and was buried; that, on the twenty sixth, Evilmerodach took him out of his grave, and dragged him about, to abolish his decrees, and to confirm what is said of him in Isa 14:19; and on the twenty seventh he brought Jeconiah out of prison; but this is no reconciliation at all; the former is best;

that Evilmerodach king of Babylon, in the first year of his reign; who succeeded Nebuchadnezzar, having reigned forty three years; this king is called by Ptolemy o Iloarudamus; by Abydenus p Evilmaluruch; by Josephus q Abilamarodach; but by Berosus r as here: his proper name was Merodach, a name of one of the Chaldean idols, Jer 50:2. "Evil" was a nickname, which signifies "foolish"; he was called "foolish Merodach", on account of his ill conduct, or bad life: as soon as he came to the throne, he

lifted up the head of Jehoiachin king of Judah, and brought him forth out of prison; that is, he changed his condition for the better; he raised him out of a low estate to a more honourable one; he brought him out of a state of imprisonment and misery into a state of liberty and honour; what was the reason of this is not easy to say. The Jews have a tradition, that Nebuchadnezzar, after seven years' madness, coming to himself, and to his kingdom, and understanding that his son Evilmerodach had been guilty of mal-administration during that time, and particularly that he rejoiced at his madness, cast him into prison, where he contracted a friendship with Jeconiah; and when he came to the throne, upon the death of his father, released him: but others think that Jeconiah being a comely young man, when he was brought a captive to Babylon, and about the age of this prince, he took a liking to him, and, pitying his case, showed him this favour, as soon as he had an opportunity.

Gill: Jer 52:32 - And spake kindly unto him // and set his throne above the throne of the kings that were with him in Babylon And spake kindly unto him,.... Used him with great familiarity, treated him with great respect: or, "spake good things to him" s; comforted him in his...

And spake kindly unto him,.... Used him with great familiarity, treated him with great respect: or, "spake good things to him" s; comforted him in his captive state, and promised him many favours; and was as good as his word:

and set his throne above the throne of the kings that were with him in Babylon; these kings were either petty kings over the several provinces that belonged to the Chaldean monarchy, that were occasionally at Babylon; or rather the kings Nebuchadnezzar had conquered, and taken captive, as Jehoiachin; such as the kings of Moab, Ammon, Edom, &c. these, notwithstanding they were captives, had thrones of state, partly in consideration of their former dignity, and partly for the glory of the Babylonish monarch; now Jehoiachin's throne was higher and more grand and stately than the rest, to show the particular respect the king of Babylon had for him.

Gill: Jer 52:33 - And changed his prison garments // and he did continually eat bread before him all the days of his life And changed his prison garments,.... Which were filthy, and of an ill smell; and put on him raiment more comfortable, as well as more honourable, and ...

And changed his prison garments,.... Which were filthy, and of an ill smell; and put on him raiment more comfortable, as well as more honourable, and suitable to his dignity, and more fit to appear in, in the presence of the king and his court:

and he did continually eat bread before him all the days of his life: either at the same table with the king; or at other near him, in his sight, in the same apartment; though the former seems more likely; and this he did as long as he lived; either Evilmerodach, or rather Jeconiah; though perhaps they both died much about the same time. All this was done about the year of the world 3444, and about five hundred sixty years before Christ, according to Bishop Usher t and Mr. Bedford u; the authors of the Universal History w place it a year earlier.

Gill: Jer 52:34 - And for his diet, there was a continual diet given him of the king of Babylon // every day a portion, until the day of his death, all the days of his life And for his diet, there was a continual diet given him of the king of Babylon,.... This seems to design not food only, and for himself, which he had ...

And for his diet, there was a continual diet given him of the king of Babylon,.... This seems to design not food only, and for himself, which he had daily at the king's table, but all necessary provisions for himself, family, and servants:

every day a portion, until the day of his death, all the days of his life; that is, of Jeconiah's; how long he lived after this is not known; he was now fifty five years of age, and cannot be thought to have lived a great while after, having been imprisoned so many years; and it is certain he did not live to the return from the captivity. Of the death of Zedekiah we have no account, only that he died in prison. The Jews say x he died at this very time, when Jeconiah was advanced. The account here given of Jeconiah has led some to conclude that this chapter was not written by Jeremiah; since it cannot be well thought he should live so long as to the death of this prince; and, besides, had given an account of the destruction of Jerusalem in the thirty ninth chapter, which he would hardly repeat: though that he might do, partly for the sake of new circumstances here added; and partly as an introduction to the book of the Lamentations, which follows.

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NET Notes: Jer 52:1 Some textual witnesses support the Kethib (consonantal text) in reading “Hamital.”

NET Notes: Jer 52:2 Heb “what was evil in the eyes of the Lord.”

NET Notes: Jer 52:3 Heb “Surely (or “for”) because of the anger of the Lord this happened in Jerusalem and Judah until he drove them out from upon his f...

NET Notes: Jer 52:4 This would have been January 15, 588 b.c. The reckoning is based on the calendar that begins the year in the spring (Nisan = March/April).

NET Notes: Jer 52:6 Heb “the people of the land.”

NET Notes: Jer 52:7 Heb “toward the Arabah.” The Arabah was the rift valley north and south of the Dead Sea. Here the intention was undoubtedly to escape acro...

NET Notes: Jer 52:8 For location see Map5 B2; Map6 E1; Map7 E1; Map8 E3; Map10 A2; Map11 A1.

NET Notes: Jer 52:9 Riblah was a strategic town on the Orontes River in Syria. It was at a crossing of the major roads between Egypt and Mesopotamia. Pharaoh Necho had ea...

NET Notes: Jer 52:11 Heb “fetters of bronze.” The more generic “chains” is used in the translation because “fetters” is a word unfamili...

NET Notes: Jer 52:12 Heb “stood before.”

NET Notes: Jer 52:15 Heb “poor of the people.”

NET Notes: Jer 52:16 Heb “poor of the land.”

NET Notes: Jer 52:17 For discussion of the items listed here, see the study notes at Jer 27:19.

NET Notes: Jer 52:18 Heb “with which they served (or “fulfilled their duty”).”

NET Notes: Jer 52:19 These vessels were used for drink offerings.

NET Notes: Jer 52:20 The translation follows the LXX (Greek version), which reflects the description in 1 Kgs 7:25-26. The Hebrew text reads, “the twelve bronze bull...

NET Notes: Jer 52:21 Heb “four fingers.”

NET Notes: Jer 52:22 Heb “five cubits.” A “cubit” was a unit of measure, approximately equivalent to a foot and a half.

NET Notes: Jer 52:24 See the note at Jer 35:4.

NET Notes: Jer 52:25 Heb “men, from the people of the land” (also later in this verse).

NET Notes: Jer 52:27 Heb “struck them down and killed them.”

NET Notes: Jer 52:28 This would be 597 b.c.

NET Notes: Jer 52:29 This would be 586 b.c.

NET Notes: Jer 52:30 This would be 581 b.c.

NET Notes: Jer 52:31 Heb “lifted up the head of.”

NET Notes: Jer 52:32 Heb “made his throne above the throne of

NET Notes: Jer 52:33 The subject is unstated in the Hebrew text, but Jehoiachin is clearly the subject of the following verb.

Geneva Bible: Jer 52:3 ( a ) For through the anger of the LORD it came to pass in Jerusalem and Judah, till he had cast them out from his presence, that Zedekiah rebelled ag...

Geneva Bible: Jer 52:7 Then the city was broken up, and all the men of war fled, and went forth from the city by night by the ( b ) way of the gate between the two walls, wh...

Geneva Bible: Jer 52:9 Then they took the king, and carried him to the king of Babylon to Riblah in the land of Hamath; ( c ) where he gave judgment upon him. ( c ) Read (2...

Geneva Bible: Jer 52:12 Now in the fifth month, in the ( d ) tenth [day] of the month, which [was] the nineteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, came Nebuzaradan, ca...

Geneva Bible: Jer 52:17 Also the ( f ) pillars of brass that [were] in the house of the LORD, and the bases, and the brasen sea that [was] in the house of the LORD, the Chald...

Geneva Bible: Jer 52:18 The caldrons also, and the ( g ) shovels, and the snuffers, and the bowls, and the spoons, and all the vessels of brass with which they ministered, th...

Geneva Bible: Jer 52:20 The two pillars, one sea, and twelve brasen bulls that [were] under the bases, which king Solomon had made in the house of the LORD: the brass of all ...

Geneva Bible: Jer 52:23 And there were ninety and six pomegranates on a side; [and] all the pomegranates upon the network [were] an ( i ) hundred on all sides. ( i ) But bec...

Geneva Bible: Jer 52:24 And the captain of the guard took Seraiah the chief priest, and Zephaniah ( k ) the second priest, and the three keepers of the door: ( k ) Which ser...

Geneva Bible: Jer 52:25 He took also out of the city an eunuch, who had the charge of the men of war; and ( l ) seven men of them that were near the king's person, who were f...

Geneva Bible: Jer 52:28 This [is] the people whom Nebuchadnezzar carried away captive: in the ( m ) seventh year three thousand Jews and three and twenty: ( m ) Which was th...

Geneva Bible: Jer 52:29 In the ( n ) eighteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar he carried away captive from Jerusalem eight hundred thirty and two persons: ( n ) To the latter end a...

Geneva Bible: Jer 52:31 And it came to pass in the seven and thirtieth year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, in the five and twentieth [day...

Geneva Bible: Jer 52:33 And changed his prison ( p ) garments: and he continually ate bread before him all the days of his life. ( p ) And gave him princely apparel.

Geneva Bible: Jer 52:34 And [for] his food, there was a ( q ) continual diet given him of the king of Babylon, every day a portion until the day of his death, all the days of...

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Tafsiran/Catatan -- Catatan Rentang Ayat

Maclaren: Jer 52:1-11 - A Libation To Jehovah As Sodom' Zedekiah was one and twenty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Hamutal t...

MHCC: Jer 52:1-11 - --This fruit of sin we should pray against above any thing; Cast me not away from thy presence, Psa 51:11. None are cast out of God's presence but those...

MHCC: Jer 52:12-23 - --The Chaldean army made woful havoc. But nothing is so particularly related here, as the carrying away of the articles in the temple. The remembrance o...

MHCC: Jer 52:24-30 - --The leaders of the Jews caused them to err; but now they are, in particular, made monuments of Divine justice. Here is an account of two earlier capti...

MHCC: Jer 52:31-34 - --See this history of king Jehoiachin in 2Ki 25:27-30. Those under oppression will find it is not in vain for them to hope and quietly to wait for the s...

Matthew Henry: Jer 52:1-11 - -- This narrative begins no higher than the beginning of the reign of Zedekiah, though there were two captivities before, one in the fourth year of Jeh...

Matthew Henry: Jer 52:12-23 - -- We have here an account of the woeful havoc that was made by the Chaldean army, a month after the city was taken, under the command of Nebuzaradan, ...

Matthew Henry: Jer 52:24-30 - -- We have here a very melancholy account, 1. Of the slaughter of some great men, in cold blood, at Riblah, seventy-two in number (according to the num...

Matthew Henry: Jer 52:31-34 - -- This passage of story concerning the reviving which king Jehoiachin had in his bondage we had likewise before (2Ki 25:27-30), only there it is said ...

Keil-Delitzsch: Jer 52:1-11 - -- Fate of King Zedekiah at the taking of Jerusalem; cf. 2Ki 24:18; 2Ki 25:7, and Jer 39:1-7. The statements regarding Zedekiah's ascension and his gov...

Keil-Delitzsch: Jer 52:12-14 - -- The destruction of Jerusalem and of the temple, and the carrying away of the people, which are only very summarily stated in Jer 39:8-10, are here r...

Keil-Delitzsch: Jer 52:15-16 - -- The first words, "And of the poor of the people," are wanting in Kings, and have been brought here, through an error on the part of the copyist, fro...

Keil-Delitzsch: Jer 52:17-23 - -- The carrying away of the vessels of the temple is more fully stated than in 2Ki 25:13-17. The large brazen articles, the two pillars at the porch (c...

Keil-Delitzsch: Jer 52:24-30 - -- The account given regarding the arrest of the chief officers of the temple and of the city, and concerning their transportation to Riblah, where Neb...

Keil-Delitzsch: Jer 52:31-34 - -- The closing portion of this chapter, viz., the notice regarding the liberation of Jehoiachin from imprisonment, ad his elevation to royal honours by...

Constable: Jer 52:1-34 - --IV. Conclusion ch. 52 This chapter has many similarities to 2 Kings 24:18-25:30 with the exception of 25:22-26, ...

Constable: Jer 52:1-16 - --A. The fall of Jerusalem and the capture of Zedekiah 52:1-16 This is one of four accounts of the fall of Jerusalem in the Old Testament (cf. 2 Kings 2...

Constable: Jer 52:17-23 - --B. The sacking of the temple 52:17-23 This section reprises the destruction of the temple just described. Before the Babylonians burned the temple, th...

Constable: Jer 52:24-30 - --C. The numbers deported to Babylon 52:24-30 The number of exiles who went into captivity was important because it was with this group that the future ...

Constable: Jer 52:31-34 - --D. The release of Jehoiachin from prison 52:31-34 This section is an almost verbatim repetition of 2 Kings 25:27-30. It closes the book on a note of h...

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Pendahuluan / Garis Besar

JFB: Jeremiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) JEREMIAH, son of Hilkiah, one of the ordinary priests, dwelling in Anathoth of Benjamin (Jer 1:1), not the Hilkiah the high priest who discovered the ...

JFB: Jeremiah (Garis Besar) EXPOSTULATION WITH THE JEWS, REMINDING THEM OF THEIR FORMER DEVOTEDNESS, AND GOD'S CONSEQUENT FAVOR, AND A DENUNCIATION OF GOD'S COMING JUDGMENTS FOR...

TSK: Jeremiah 52 (Pendahuluan Pasal) Overview Jer 52:1, Zedekiah rebels; Jer 52:4, Jerusalem is besieged and taken; Jer 52:8, Zedekiah’s sons killed, and his own eyes put out; Jer 5...

Poole: Jeremiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) BOOK OF THE PROPHET JEREMIAH THE ARGUMENT IT was the great unhappiness of this prophet to be a physician to, but that could not save, a dying sta...

Poole: Jeremiah 52 (Pendahuluan Pasal) CHAPTER 52 A repetition of the reign of Zedekiah: of the siege, taking, and destruction of Jerusalem; with the causes thereof; and what further hap...

MHCC: Jeremiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) Jeremiah was a priest, a native of Anathoth, in the tribe of Benjamin. He was called to the prophetic office when very young, about seventy years afte...

MHCC: Jeremiah 52 (Pendahuluan Pasal) (Jer 52:1-11) The fate of Zedekiah. (Jer 52:12-23) The destruction of Jerusalem. (Jer 52:24-30) The captivities. (Jer 52:31-34) The advancement of ...

Matthew Henry: Jeremiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) An Exposition, with Practical Observations, of The Book of the Prophet Jeremiah The Prophecies of the Old Testament, as the Epistles of the New, are p...

Matthew Henry: Jeremiah 52 (Pendahuluan Pasal) History is the best expositor of prophecy; and therefore, for the better understanding of the prophecies of this book which relate to the destructi...

Constable: Jeremiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) Introduction Title The title of this book derives from its writer, the late seventh an...

Constable: Jeremiah (Garis Besar) Outline I. Introduction ch. 1 A. The introduction of Jeremiah 1:1-3 B. T...

Constable: Jeremiah Jeremiah Bibliography Aharoni, Yohanan, and Michael Avi-Yonah. The Macmillan Bible Atlas. Revised ed. London: C...

Haydock: Jeremiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) THE PROPHECY OF JEREMIAS. INTRODUCTION. Jeremias was a priest, a native of Anathoth, a priestly city, in the tribe of Benjamin, and was sanct...

Gill: Jeremiah (Pendahuluan Kitab) INTRODUCTION TO JEREMIAH The title of the book in the Vulgate Latin version is, "the Prophecy of Jeremiah"; in the Syriac and Arabic versions, "the...

Gill: Jeremiah 52 (Pendahuluan Pasal) INTRODUCTION TO JEREMIAH 52 This chapter contains the history of the besieging, taking, and destroying of Jerusalem; the moving cause of it, the wi...

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